ENGLISH VERB TENSES
Aff: Subj + Inf= I work
(he/she/it: Subj + Inf-S); He works
Neg: Sub + do + not + Inf
(he/she/ it: does) =He doesn´t swim
Int: Do + Subj + Inf?
Does + (he/ she / it) + Inf?
USO: Acciones habituales
Aff: Subj + be (pres)+ Inf-ing
He is playing football
Neg: S + be (pres)+ not + Inf-ing
He is not playing football
Int: Be (pres) + S + Inf-ing?
Is he playing football? USO: 1 Acción que ocurre en este momento “Ahora mismo”; “Ultimamente”. 2. Ac. en curso = no acabada. 3. Con always: ac. habi-
tual disgustante. 4. Futuro organizado.
Aff: S + have (=´ve) /has (=´s) + Inf-ed. / 3rd column. I have worked here for a year. He has drunk.
Neg: S + have/has + not + inf-ed/3rd col.
They haven´t finished; I haven´t drunk.
Int: Have/has + S + Inf-ed. /3rd col
Has she finished?;Have you drunk? USO: 1 - Período de tiempo inacabado. 2 - Acción pasada con resultado en pre-sente. 3- Experiencias. 4- A. recientes.
Aff: S + have + been + inf-ing.
They have been working
Neg: S + have + not + been + inf -ing
They haven´t been working
Int: Have + S+ been + Inf-ing?
Have they been working?
USO: Acción no acabada en un período de tiempo que tampoco ha acabado :
I have been learning English for 6 years:
“Llevo” estudiando inglés seis años.
Aff: Subj + Inf-ed: You worked
(Irreg.: 2nd column) She swam
Neg: Subj + did + not (=didn´t) + Inf.
I didn`t work; She didn´t swim.
Int: Did + Subj + Inf:
Did I work?; Did I swim?
USO: Acciones en un punto del pasado.
Aff: Subj + be (past)+ Inf-ing
He was playing football
Neg: S + be (past)+ not + Inf-ing
They were not playing football
Int: Be (past) + S + Inf-ing?
Was he playing football?
USO: Acciones largas, inacabadas, cortadas por una acción corta.
Aff: S + had (=´d)+ Inf-ed. / 2nd column:
I had worked here for thee years before I left work.
Neg: S + had+ not + inf-ed/3rd col.
They hadn´t finished when I met them.
Int: Had + S + Inf-ed /3rd col?
Had they done their homework that day?
USO: Ac. Anteriores a una ac. pasada.
Aff: S + had + been + inf-ing.
They had been working before she left.
Neg: S + had + not + been + inf -ing
They hadn´t been speaking until he came
Int: Had + S+ been + Inf-ing?
Had he been drinking before he drove?
USO: Acciones inacabadas anteriores a un punto en el pasado.
Aff: Subj + will (=´ll)+ Inf :I´ll work Neg:S + will + not (= won´t)+ Inf. I won´t work Int: Will + Subj + Inf? Will you work? USO: predicciones en futuro.
Aff: S + be (present) + going to + Inf
I´m going to buy a nice present for Pam.
Neg: S+be (present)+ not+ going to+ Inf
Int: Be (present) + S + going to + Inf. ?
Aff: Subj+ will+ be (future)+Inf-ing
He will be playing football
Neg: S + be (fut.)+ not + Inf-ing
He won´t be playing football
Int: Be (future) + S + Inf-ing? Will he be playing football? USO: 1. Ac. futuras que se dan por supuesto: Tomorrow at 10 I´ll be attending classes.2.Preguntas edu- cadas sobre el fut.: Will you be coming ?
Aff: S + will + have + Inf-ed.
Then, I will have worked here for a year.
Neg: S + will + not + have + Inf-ed.
She will not have finished by tomorrow.
Int: Will + S+ have + inf-ed ? Will you have lived here for a year next May?
USO: Acciones que habrán acabado en un punto concreto del futuro, al cumplirse el tiempo indicado.
Aff: S + will + have + been + inf-ing.
Tomorrow, he´ll have been working for a week.
Neg: S +Will+not + have + been+inf-ing
Probably, she won´t have been studying.
Int: Will + S + have + been + Inf-ing?
Will they have been fixing the car ?
USO: Ac. inacabada en período inacaba- do en un punto en el futuro.
Aff: Subj + would (= ´d) + inf:
I would eat an icecream, if I had money.
Neg: Subj + would not (=wouldn´t) + inf:
I would not eat much even if I could.
Int: Would + subj + inf?
Would you eat an icecram if you had it?
USO: 1. Acciones hipotéticas, condicionadas por una acción presente.
2. Futuro hipotético del tiempo pasado real.
Aff: Subj+ would+ be +Inf-ing
He would be lying in bed if he were ill.
Neg: S + would + not +be + Inf-ing
He wouldn´t be waiting for us if he had to.
Int: Would + S + be + Inf-ing?
Would he be keeping a diet if he wasen´t fat ?
USO: 1. Acción hipotética en curso.
Aff: S + would + have + Inf-ed. If you had met him, you´d have seen him..
Neg: S + would + not + have + Inf-ed. If he had let her,she´d have driven the car.
Int: Would + S+ have + inf-ed ? Would I have left you if you had been alone?
USO: Acción hipotética del pasado, condicionada a otra acción hipotética del pasado.