US (United States) Code. Title 13. Chapter 5: Censuses

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Census

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13 USC CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES 01/06/03

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TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

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CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

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SUBCHAPTER I - MANUFACTURES, MINERAL INDUSTRIES, AND OTHER

BUSINESSES

Sec.

131. Collection and publication; five-year periods.

132. Controlling law; effect on other agencies.

SUBCHAPTER II - POPULATION, HOUSING, AND UNEMPLOYMENT

141. Population and other census information.

(142 to 146. Repealed.)

SUBCHAPTER III - GOVERNMENTS

161. Quinquennial censuses; inclusion of certain data.

(162. Repealed.)

163. Authority of other agencies. (FOOTNOTE 1)

(FOOTNOTE 1) Item 163 editorially inserted because section 163

is still in existence. Item 163 was eliminated in the general

amendment of analysis by Pub. L. 85-207, Sec. 7, Aug. 28, 1957, 71

Stat. 482.

SUBCHAPTER IV - INTERIM CURRENT DATA

181. Population.

182. Surveys.

183. Use of most recent population data.

184. Definitions.

SUBCHAPTER V - GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE, PRELIMINARY AND SUPPLEMENTAL

STATISTICS, AND USE OF SAMPLING

191. Geographic scope of censuses.

193. Preliminary and supplemental statistics.

195. Use of sampling.

196. Special censuses.

AMENDMENTS

1997 - Pub. L. 105-113, Sec. 3(b)(2), Nov. 21, 1997, 111 Stat.

2275, substituted ''POPULATION, HOUSING, AND UNEMPLOYMENT'' for

''POPULATION, HOUSING, AGRICULTURE, IRRIGATION, AND UNEMPLOYMENT''

in the item for subchapter II, and struck out item 142

''Agriculture and irrigation''.

1986 - Pub. L. 99-544, Sec. 1(c), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3046,

substituted ''IRRIGATION, AND UNEMPLOYMENT'' for ''IRRIGATION,

DRAINAGE, AND UNEMPLOYMENT'' in item for subchapter II, and

''Agriculture and irrigation'' for ''Agriculture, irrigation, and

drainage'' in item 142.

1976 - Pub. L. 94-521, Sec. 7(b), 8(b), 11(b), Oct. 17, 1976, 90

Stat. 2462-2464, substituted ''Population and other census

information'' for ''Population, unemployment, and housing'' in item

141, without reference to amendment thereto by Pub. L. 94-171, and

added items 181 to 184 and 196, respectively.

1975 - Pub. L. 94-171, Sec. 2(b), Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1024,

inserted ''; tabulation for legislative apportionment'' in item

141.

1957 - Pub. L. 85-207, Sec. 7, Aug. 28, 1957, 71 Stat. 482, in

amending analysis generally, substituted ''MANUFACTURES'' for

''MANUFACTURERS'' in item for subchapter I; substituted in item 141

''Population, unemployment, and housing'' for ''Population,

agriculture, irrigation, drainage, and unemployment; territory

included'', and in item 142 ''Agriculture, irrigation, and

drainage.'' for ''Housing, scope of inquiries; territory included;

supplementary statistics.'', struck out items 143 to 146, 162 and

163; and added Subchapter V.

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CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in sections 25, 307 of this title.

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13 USC SUBCHAPTER I - MANUFACTURES, MINERAL INDUSTRIES,

AND OTHER BUSINESSES 01/06/03

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TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER I - MANUFACTURES, MINERAL INDUSTRIES, AND OTHER

BUSINESSES

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SUBCHAPTER I - MANUFACTURES, MINERAL INDUSTRIES, AND OTHER

BUSINESSES

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SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in sections 221, 223, 225 of this

title.

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13 USC Sec. 131 01/06/03

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TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER I - MANUFACTURES, MINERAL INDUSTRIES, AND OTHER

BUSINESSES

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Sec. 131. Collection and publication; five-year periods

-STATUTE-

The Secretary shall take, compile, and publish censuses of

manufactures, of mineral industries, and of other businesses,

including the distributive trades, service establishments, and

transportation (exclusive of means of transportation for which

statistics are required by law to be filed with, and are compiled

and published by, a designated regulatory body), in the year 1964,

then in the year 1968, and every fifth year thereafter, and each

such census shall relate to the year immediately preceding the

taking thereof.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 31, 1954, ch. 1158, 68 Stat. 1019; Pub. L. 85-207, Sec. 8,

Aug. 28, 1957, 71 Stat. 482; Pub. L. 88-532, Aug. 31, 1964, 78

Stat. 737.)

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HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 13, U.S.C., 1952 ed., Sec. 121 (June 19, 1948, ch.

502, Sec. 1, 62 Stat. 478; June 18, 1954, ch. 315, 68 Stat. 258).

Section was subsection (a) of section 121 of title 13, U.S.C.,

1952 ed. The remainder of such section 121, which constituted

subsection (b) thereof, is incorporated in subchapter IV of this

chapter.

At the beginning, ''The Secretary'', meaning the Secretary of

Commerce, was substituted for a reference to the Director of the

Bureau of the Census, and, at the end, the provision that the

territorial scope of the censuses should be determined by the

Secretary was substituted for the provision of section 121 of title

13, U.S.C., 1952 ed., that such determination should be made by the

Director with the approval of the Secretary, to conform with 1950

Reorganization Plan No. 5, Sec. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R.

3174, 64 Stat. 1263, which transferred all functions of all

officers and employees, agencies and bureaus of the Department of

Commerce to the Secretary. However, the Secretary, under that plan,

may delegate any of such transferred functions, as well as any

other of his functions, to any of such officers, employees,

agencies and bureaus. See, also, section 4 of this title.

The reference in section 121 of title 13, U.S.C., 1952 ed., to

the year ''1949'' as the year for commencement of the quinquennial

censuses was changed to the year ''1954'', since the former

designation is obsolete, and the provision of such section that the

census of manufacturers should not be taken in 1949 was omitted as

obsolete.

Changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

1964 - Pub. L. 88-532 substituted ''in the year 1964, then in the

year 1968, and'' for ''in the year 1954 and'' and struck out

provisions which related to the taking of certain censuses in the

year 1955.

1957 - Pub. L. 85-207 struck out sentence which included the

United States and its territories and such possessions as the

Secretary might determine in the censuses to be taken. See section

191 of this title.

CENSUS DATA ON WOMEN OWNED BUSINESSES; STUDY AND REPORT

Pub. L. 100-533, title V, Sec. 501, Oct. 25, 1988, 102 Stat.

2697, provided that:

''(a) Bureau of Labor Statistics. - The Bureau of Labor

Statistics of the Department of Labor shall include in any census

report it may prepare on women owned business data on -

''(1) sole proprietorships;

''(2) partnerships; and

''(3) corporations.

''(b) Bureau of the Census. - The Bureau of the Census of the

Department of Commerce shall include in its Business Census for

1992 and each such succeeding census data on the number of

corporations which are 51 per centum or more owned by women.

''(c) Combined Study. - Not later than one hundred and eighty

days after the effective date of this section (Oct. 25, 1988), the

Office of the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business

Administration (hereinafter referred to in this subsection as the

'Office') shall conduct a study and prepare a report recommending

the most cost effective and accurate means to gather and present

the data required to be collected pursuant to subsections (a) and

(b). The Department of Commerce and the Department of Labor shall

provide the Office such assistance and cooperation as may be

necessary and appropriate to achieve the purposes of this

subsection.''

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13 USC Sec. 132 01/06/03

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TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER I - MANUFACTURES, MINERAL INDUSTRIES, AND OTHER

BUSINESSES

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Sec. 132. Controlling law; effect on other agencies

-STATUTE-

To the extent that the provisions of this subchapter or

subchapter IV of this chapter conflict with any other provision of

this title or other law, pertaining to the Secretary of the

Department of Commerce, the provisions of this title shall control;

but nothing in this title shall be deemed to revoke or impair the

authority of any other Federal agency with respect to the

collection or release of information.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 31, 1954, ch. 1158, 68 Stat. 1019.)

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HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 13, U.S.C., 1952 ed., Sec. 123 (June 19, 1948, ch.

502, Sec. 3, 62 Stat. 479).

Section was derived from all of section 123 of title 13, U.S.C.,

1952 ed., except the first sentence. That sentence is incorporated

with other provisions in chapter 1 of this title. See Distribution

Table.

The reference ''Secretary or Department of Commerce'' was

substituted for reference to the Bureau of the Census to conform

with 1950 Reorganization Plan No. 5, Sec. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950,

15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1263. See Revision Note to section 4 of this

title.

Changes were made in phraseology.

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13 USC SUBCHAPTER II - POPULATION, HOUSING, AND

UNEMPLOYMENT 01/06/03

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TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER II - POPULATION, HOUSING, AND UNEMPLOYMENT

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SUBCHAPTER II - POPULATION, HOUSING, AND UNEMPLOYMENT

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AMENDMENTS

1997 - Pub. L. 105-113, Sec. 3(b)(1), Nov. 21, 1997, 111 Stat.

2275, substituted ''POPULATION, HOUSING, AND UNEMPLOYMENT'' for

''POPULATION, HOUSING, AGRICULTURE, IRRIGATION,, AND

UNEMPLOYMENT''.

1986 - Pub. L. 99-544, Sec. 1(b), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3046,

struck out ''DRAINAGE'' after ''IRRIGATION,''.

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SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in sections 221, 222, 223, 225 of

this title.

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13 USC Sec. 141 01/06/03

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TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER II - POPULATION, HOUSING, AND UNEMPLOYMENT

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Sec. 141. Population and other census information

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(a) The Secretary shall, in the year 1980 and every 10 years

thereafter, take a decennial census of population as of the first

day of April of such year, which date shall be known as the

''decennial census date'', in such form and content as he may

determine, including the use of sampling procedures and special

surveys. In connection with any such census, the Secretary is

authorized to obtain such other census information as necessary.

(b) The tabulation of total population by States under subsection

(a) of this section as required for the apportionment of

Representatives in Congress among the several States shall be

completed within 9 months after the census date and reported by the

Secretary to the President of the United States.

(c) The officers or public bodies having initial responsibility

for the legislative apportionment or districting of each State may,

not later than 3 years before the decennial census date, submit to

the Secretary a plan identifying the geographic areas for which

specific tabulations of population are desired. Each such plan

shall be developed in accordance with criteria established by the

Secretary, which he shall furnish to such officers or public bodies

not later than April 1 of the fourth year preceding the decennial

census date. Such criteria shall include requirements which assure

that such plan shall be developed in a nonpartisan manner. Should

the Secretary find that a plan submitted by such officers or public

bodies does not meet the criteria established by him, he shall

consult to the extent necessary with such officers or public bodies

in order to achieve the alterations in such plan that he deems

necessary to bring it into accord with such criteria. Any issues

with respect to such plan remaining unresolved after such

consultation shall be resolved by the Secretary, and in all cases

he shall have final authority for determining the geographic format

of such plan. Tabulations of population for the areas identified

in any plan approved by the Secretary shall be completed by him as

expeditiously as possible after the decennial census date and

reported to the Governor of the State involved and to the officers

or public bodies having responsibility for legislative

apportionment or districting of such State, except that such

tabulations of population of each State requesting a tabulation

plan, and basic tabulations of population of each other State,

shall, in any event, be completed, reported, and transmitted to

each respective State within one year after the decennial census

date.

(d) Without regard to subsections (a), (b), and (c) of this

section, the Secretary, in the year 1985 and every 10 years

thereafter, shall conduct a mid-decade census of population in such

form and content as he may determine, including the use of sampling

procedures and special surveys, taking into account the extent to

which information to be obtained from such census will serve in

lieu of information collected annually or less frequently in

surveys or other statistical studies. The census shall be taken as

of the first day of April of each such year, which date shall be

known as the ''mid-decade census date''.

(e)(1) If -

(A) in the administration of any program established by or

under Federal law which provides benefits to State or local

governments or to other recipients, eligibility for or the amount

of such benefits would (without regard to this paragraph) be

determined by taking into account data obtained in the most

recent decennial census, and

(B) comparable data is obtained in a mid-decade census

conducted after such decennial census,

then in the determination of such eligibility or amount of benefits

the most recent data available from either the mid-decade or

decennial census shall be used.

(2) Information obtained in any mid-decade census shall not be

used for apportionment of Representatives in Congress among the

several States, nor shall such information be used in prescribing

congressional districts.

(f) With respect to each decennial and mid-decade census

conducted under subsection (a) or (d) of this section, the

Secretary shall submit to the committees of Congress having

legislative jurisdiction over the census -

(1) not later than 3 years before the appropriate census date,

a report containing the Secretary's determination of the subjects

proposed to be included, and the types of information to be

compiled, in such census;

(2) not later than 2 years before the appropriate census date,

a report containing the Secretary's determination of the

questions proposed to be included in such census; and

(3) after submission of a report under paragraph (1) or (2) of

this subsection and before the appropriate census date, if the

Secretary finds new circumstances exist which necessitate that

the subjects, types of information, or questions contained in

reports so submitted be modified, a report containing the

Secretary's determination of the subjects, types of information,

or questions as proposed to be modified.

(g) As used in this section, ''census of population'' means a

census of population, housing, and matters relating to population

and housing.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 31, 1954, ch. 1158, 68 Stat. 1019; Pub. L. 85-207, Sec. 9,

Aug. 28, 1957, 71 Stat. 483; Pub. L. 94-171, Sec. 1, 2(a), Dec. 23,

1975, 89 Stat. 1023, 1024; Pub. L. 94-521, Sec. 7(a), Oct. 17,

1976, 90 Stat. 2461.)

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HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 13, U.S.C., 1952 ed., Sec. 201 (June 18, 1929, ch.

28, Sec. 1, 46 Stat. 21; May 17, 1932, ch. 190, 47 Stat. 158).

References to the Secretary, meaning the Secretary of Commerce,

were substituted for references to the Director of the Census, to

conform with 1950 Reorganization Plan No. 5, Sec. 1, 2, eff. May

24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1263. See Revision Note to section

4 of this title.

The provision for taking the censuses in ''1930 and every ten

years thereafter'' was changed to ''1960 and every ten years

thereafter'' since the censuses for the years 1930, 1940 and 1950

have been completed.

The requirement that decennial censuses of ''distribution'' and

''mines'' should also be taken was omitted as superseded by section

121 of title 13, U.S.C., 1952 ed. (enacted in 1948), the provisions

of which were carried into subchapter I of this chapter.

Section 1442 of title 42, U.S.C., 1952 ed., the Public Health and

Welfare (which section has been transferred in its entirety to this

revised title), made all provisions of chapter 4 of title 13,

U.S.C., 1952 ed., applicable to the housing censuses provided for

in such section. However, section 201 of such title 13 (which

section was a part of such chapter 4), which, as indicated above,

has been carried into this revised section, could not, except,

possibly, for the provisions thereof relating to the territorial

scope of the censuses and to the census duties of the governors of

Guam, Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and the Canal Zone, have any

relevancy to such housing censuses, and such section 1442 of title

42, U.S.C., 1952 ed., contained its own provisions relating to

territorial scope of the housing censuses. Therefore the

provisions of this revised section have not been made so

applicable.

Changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

1976 - Pub. L. 94-521 substituted ''Population and other census

information'' for ''Population, unemployment, and housing'' in

section catchline, without reference to amendment of catchline by

Pub. L. 94-171.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94-521 substituted ''1980'' for ''1960'' and

''decennial census of population'' for ''census of population,

unemployment, and housing (including utilities and equipment)'',

inserted ''of such year'' after ''April'', substituted ''which date

shall be known as the decennial census date'' for ''which shall be

known as the census date'', and inserted provisions authorizing the

Secretary to take the decennial census in whatever form and content

he determines, using sampling procedures and special surveys, and

authorizing him to obtain other such census information as is

necessary, in connection with the decennial census.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94-521 inserted ''under subsection (a) of

this section'' after ''population by States'', inserted ''in

Congress among the several States'' after ''Representatives'', and

substituted ''9 months after the census date'' for ''eight months

of the census date''.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94-521 substituted ''the decennial census

date'' for ''the census date'' wherever appearing.

Subsecs. (d) to (g). Pub. L. 94-521 added subsecs. (d) to (g).

1975 - Pub. L. 94-171, Sec. 2(a), inserted ''; tabulation for

legislative apportionment'' in section catchline.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94-171, Sec. 1, added subsec. (c).

1957 - Pub. L. 85-207 substituted ''Population, unemployment, and

housing'' for ''Population, agriculture, irrigation, drainage, and

unemployment; territory excluded'' in section catchline; inserted

in text housing census provisions, struck out census coverage of

agriculture, irrigation, and drainage and geographical provisions,

and designated existing provisions as so amended as subsec. (a);

and added subsec. (b). Census of agriculture, irrigation, and

drainage and the geographical provisions are covered by sections

142 and 191 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1976 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 94-521 effective Oct. 17, 1976, see section

17 of Pub. L. 94-521, set out as a note under section 1 of this

title.

STATISTICAL SAMPLING OR ADJUSTMENT IN DECENNIAL ENUMERATION OF

POPULATION

Pub. L. 105-119, title II, Sec. 209, Nov. 26, 1997, 111 Stat.

2480, provided that:

''(a) Congress finds that -

''(1) it is the constitutional duty of the Congress to ensure

that the decennial enumeration of the population is conducted in

a manner consistent with the Constitution and laws of the United

States;

''(2) the sole constitutional purpose of the decennial

enumeration of the population is the apportionment of

Representatives in Congress among the several States;

''(3) section 2 of the 14th article of amendment to the

Constitution clearly states that Representatives are to be

'apportioned among the several States according to their

respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each

State';

''(4) article I, section 2, clause 3 of the Constitution

clearly requires an 'actual Enumeration' of the population, and

section 195 of title 13, United States Code, clearly provides

'Except for the determination of population for purposes of

apportionment of Representatives in Congress among the several

States, the Secretary shall, if he considers it feasible,

authorize the use of the statistical method known as ''sampling''

in carrying out the provisions of this title.';

''(5) the decennial enumeration of the population is one of the

most critical constitutional functions our Federal Government

performs;

''(6) it is essential that the decennial enumeration of the

population be as accurate as possible, consistent with the

Constitution and laws of the United States;

''(7) the use of statistical sampling or statistical adjustment

in conjunction with an actual enumeration to carry out the census

with respect to any segment of the population poses the risk of

an inaccurate, invalid, and unconstitutional census;

''(8) the decennial enumeration of the population is a complex

and vast undertaking, and if such enumeration is conducted in a

manner that does not comply with the requirements of the

Constitution or laws of the United States, it would be

impracticable for the States to obtain, and the courts of the

United States to provide, meaningful relief after such

enumeration has been conducted; and

''(9) Congress is committed to providing the level of funding

that is required to perform the entire range of constitutional

census activities, with a particular emphasis on accurately

enumerating all individuals who have historically been

undercounted, and toward this end, Congress expects -

''(A) aggressive and innovative promotion and outreach

campaigns in hard-to-count communities;

''(B) the hiring of enumerators from within those

communities;

''(C) continued cooperation with local government on address

list development; and

''(D) maximized census employment opportunities for

individuals seeking to make the transition from welfare to

work.

''(b) Any person aggrieved by the use of any statistical method

in violation of the Constitution or any provision of law (other

than this Act (see Tables for classification)), in connection with

the 2000 or any later decennial census, to determine the population

for purposes of the apportionment or redistricting of Members in

Congress, may in a civil action obtain declaratory, injunctive, and

any other appropriate relief against the use of such method.

''(c) For purposes of this section -

''(1) the use of any statistical method as part of a dress

rehearsal or other simulation of a census in preparation for the

use of such method, in a decennial census, to determine the

population for purposes of the apportionment or redistricting of

Members in Congress shall be considered the use of such method in

connection with that census; and

''(2) the report ordered by title VIII of Public Law 105-18

(111 Stat. 217) and the Census 2000 Operational Plan shall be

deemed to constitute final agency action regarding the use of

statistical methods in the 2000 decennial census, thus making the

question of their use in such census sufficiently concrete and

final to now be reviewable in a judicial proceeding.

''(d) For purposes of this section, an aggrieved person

(described in subsection (b)) includes -

''(1) any resident of a State whose congressional

representation or district could be changed as a result of the

use of a statistical method challenged in the civil action;

''(2) any Representative or Senator in Congress; and

''(3) either House of Congress.

''(e)(1) Any action brought under this section shall be heard and

determined by a district court of three judges in accordance with

section 2284 of title 28, United States Code. The chief judge of

the United States court of appeals for each circuit shall, to the

extent practicable and consistent with the avoidance of unnecessary

delay, consolidate, for all purposes, in one district court within

that circuit, all actions pending in that circuit under this

section. Any party to an action under this section shall be

precluded from seeking any consolidation of that action other than

is provided in this paragraph. In selecting the district court in

which to consolidate such actions, the chief judge shall consider

the convenience of the parties and witnesses and efficient conduct

of such actions. Any final order or injunction of a United States

district court that is issued pursuant to an action brought under

this section shall be reviewable by appeal directly to the Supreme

Court of the United States. Any such appeal shall be taken by a

notice of appeal filed within 10 days after such order is entered;

and the jurisdictional statement shall be filed within 30 days

after such order is entered. No stay of an order issued pursuant

to an action brought under this section may be issued by a single

Justice of the Supreme Court.

''(2) It shall be the duty of a United States district court

hearing an action brought under this section and the Supreme Court

of the United States to advance on the docket and to expedite to

the greatest possible extent the disposition of any such matter.

''(f) Any agency or entity within the executive branch having

authority with respect to the carrying out of a decennial census

may in a civil action obtain a declaratory judgment respecting

whether or not the use of a statistical method, in connection with

such census, to determine the population for the purposes of the

apportionment or redistricting of Members in Congress is forbidden

by the Constitution and laws of the United States.

''(g) The Speaker of the House of Representatives or the

Speaker's designee or designees may commence or join in a civil

action, for and on behalf of the House of Representatives, under

any applicable law, to prevent the use of any statistical method,

in connection with the decennial census, to determine the

population for purposes of the apportionment or redistricting of

Members in Congress. It shall be the duty of the Office of the

General Counsel of the House of Representatives to represent the

House in such civil action, according to the directions of the

Speaker. The Office of the General Counsel of the House of

Representatives may employ the services of outside counsel and

other experts for this purpose.

''(h) For purposes of this section and section 210 (set out

below) -

''(1) the term 'statistical method' means an activity related

to the design, planning, testing, or implementation of the use of

representative sampling, or any other statistical procedure,

including statistical adjustment, to add or subtract counts to or

from the enumeration of the population as a result of statistical

inference; and

''(2) the term 'census' or 'decennial census' means a decennial

enumeration of the population.

''(i) Nothing in this Act shall be construed to authorize the use

of any statistical method, in connection with a decennial census,

for the apportionment or redistricting of Members in Congress.

''(j) Sufficient funds appropriated under this Act or under any

other Act for purposes of the 2000 decennial census shall be used

by the Bureau of the Census to plan, test, and become prepared to

implement a 2000 decennial census, without using statistical

methods, which shall result in the percentage of the total

population actually enumerated being as close to 100 percent as

possible. In both the 2000 decennial census, and any dress

rehearsal or other simulation made in preparation for the 2000

decennial census, the number of persons enumerated without using

statistical methods must be publicly available for all levels of

census geography which are being released by the Bureau of the

Census for: (1) all data releases before January 1, 2001; (2) the

data contained in the 2000 decennial census Public Law 94-171

(amending this section) data file released for use in

redistricting; (3) the Summary Tabulation File One (STF-1) for the

2000 decennial census; and (4) the official populations of the

States transmitted from the Secretary of Commerce through the

President to the Clerk of the House used to reapportion the

districts of the House among the States as a result of the 2000

decennial census. Simultaneously with any other release or

reporting of any of the information described in the preceding

sentence through other means, such information shall be made

available to the public on the Internet. These files of the Bureau

of the Census shall be available concurrently to the release of the

original files to the same recipients, on identical media, and at a

comparable price. They shall contain the number of persons

enumerated without using statistical methods and any additions or

subtractions thereto. These files shall be based on data gathered

and generated by the Bureau of the Census in its official capacity.

''(k) This section shall apply in fiscal year 1998 and succeeding

fiscal years.''

CENSUS MONITORING BOARD

Pub. L. 105-119, title II, Sec. 210(a)-(j), Nov. 26, 1997, 111

Stat. 2483-2487, provided that:

''(a) There shall be established a board to be known as the

Census Monitoring Board (hereafter in this section referred to as

the 'Board').

''(b) The function of the Board shall be to observe and monitor

all aspects of the preparation and implementation of the 2000

decennial census (including all dress rehearsals and other

simulations of a census in preparation therefor).

''(c)(1) The Board shall be composed of 8 members as follows:

''(A) Two individuals appointed by the majority leader of the

Senate.

''(B) Two individuals appointed by the Speaker of the House of

Representatives.

''(C) Four individuals appointed by the President, of whom -

''(i) one shall be on the recommendation of the minority

leader of the Senate; and

''(ii) one shall be on the recommendation of the minority

leader of the House of Representatives.

All members of the Board shall be appointed within 60 days after

the date of enactment of this Act (Nov. 26, 1997). A vacancy in the

Board shall be filled in the manner in which the original

appointment was made.

''(2) Members shall not be entitled to any pay by reason of their

service on the Board, but shall receive travel expenses, including

per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with sections 5702

and 5703 of title 5, United States Code.

''(3) The Board shall have -

''(A) a co-chairman who shall be appointed jointly by the

members under subsection (c)(1)(A) and (B), and

''(B) a co-chairman who shall be appointed jointly by the

members under subsection (c)(1)(C).

''(4) The Board shall meet at the call of either co-chairman.

''(5) A quorum shall consist of five members of the Board.

''(6) The Board may promulgate any regulations necessary to carry

out its duties.

''(d)(1) The Board shall have -

''(A) an executive director who shall be appointed jointly by

the members under subsection (c)(1)(A) and (B), and

''(B) an executive director who shall be appointed jointly by

the members under subsection (c)(1)(C),

each of whom shall be paid at a rate not to exceed level IV of the

Executive Schedule.

''(2) Subject to such rules as the Board may prescribe, each

executive director -

''(A) may appoint and fix the pay of such additional personnel

as that executive director considers appropriate; and

''(B) may procure temporary and intermittent services under

section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, but at rates for

individuals not to exceed the daily equivalent of the maximum

annual rate of pay payable for grade GS-15 of the General

Schedule.

Such rules shall include provisions to ensure an equitable division

or sharing of resources, as appropriate, between the respective

staff of the Board.

''(3) The staff of the Board shall be appointed without regard to

the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing

appointments in the competitive service, and shall be paid without

regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of

chapter 53 of such title (relating to classification and General

Schedule pay rates).

''(4) The Administrator of the General Services Administration,

in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce, shall locate

suitable office space for the operation of the Board in the W.

Edwards Deming Building in Suitland, Maryland. The facilities shall

serve as the headquarters of the Board and shall include all

necessary equipment and incidentals required for the proper

functioning of the Board.

''(e)(1) For the purpose of carrying out its duties, the Board

may hold such hearings (at the call of either co-chairman) and

undertake such other activities as the Board determines to be

necessary to carry out its duties.

''(2) The Board may authorize any member of the Board or of its

staff to take any action which the Board is authorized to take by

this subsection.

''(3)(A) Each co-chairman of the Board and any members of the

staff who may be designated by the Board under this paragraph shall

be granted access to any data, files, information, or other matters

maintained by the Bureau of the Census (or received by it in the

course of conducting a decennial census of population) which they

may request, subject to such regulations as the Board may prescribe

in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce.

''(B) The Board or the co-chairmen acting jointly may secure

directly from any other Federal agency, including the White House,

all information that the Board considers necessary to enable the

Board to carry out its duties. Upon request of the Board or both

co-chairmen, the head of that agency (or other person duly

designated for purposes of this paragraph) shall furnish that

information to the Board.

''(4) The Board shall prescribe regulations under which any

member of the Board or of its staff, and any person whose services

are procured under subsection (d)(2)(B), who gains access to any

information or other matter pursuant to this subsection shall, to

the extent that any provisions of section 9 or 214 of title 13,

United States Code, would apply with respect to such matter in the

case of an employee of the Department of Commerce, be subject to

such provisions.

''(5) Upon the request of the Board, the head of any Federal

agency is authorized to detail, without reimbursement, any of the

personnel of such agency to the Board to assist the Board in

carrying out its duties. Any such detail shall not interrupt or

otherwise affect the civil service status or privileges of the

Federal employee.

''(6) Upon the request of the Board, the head of a Federal agency

shall provide such technical assistance to the Board as the Board

determines to be necessary to carry out its duties.

''(7) The Board may use the United States mails in the same

manner and under the same conditions as Federal agencies and shall,

for purposes of the frank, be considered a commission of Congress

as described in section 3215 of title 39, United States Code.

''(8) Upon request of the Board, the Administrator of General

Services shall provide to the Board on a reimbursable basis such

administrative support services as the Board may request.

''(9) For purposes of costs relating to printing and binding,

including the cost of personnel detailed from the Government

Printing Office, the Board shall be deemed to be a committee of the

Congress.

''(f)(1) The Board shall transmit to the Congress -

''(A) interim reports, with the first such report due by April

1, 1998;

''(B) additional reports, the first of which shall be due by

February 1, 1999, the second of which shall be due by April 1,

1999, and subsequent reports at least semiannually thereafter;

''(C) a final report which shall be due by September 1, 2001;

and

''(D) any other reports which the Board considers appropriate.

The final report shall contain a detailed statement of the findings

and conclusions of the Board with respect to the matters described

in subsection (b).

''(2) In addition to any matter otherwise required under this

subsection, each such report shall address, with respect to the

period covered by such report -

''(A) the degree to which efforts of the Bureau of the Census

to prepare to conduct the 2000 census -

''(i) shall achieve maximum possible accuracy at every level

of geography;

''(ii) shall be taken by means of an enumeration process

designed to count every individual possible; and

''(iii) shall be free from political bias and arbitrary

decisions; and

''(B) efforts by the Bureau of the Census intended to

contribute to enumeration improvement, specifically, in

connection with -

''(i) computer modernization and the appropriate use of

automation;

''(ii) address list development;

''(iii) outreach and promotion efforts at all levels designed

to maximize response rates, especially among groups that have

historically been undercounted (including measures undertaken

in conjunction with local government and community and other

groups);

''(iv) establishment and operation of field offices; and

''(v) efforts relating to the recruitment, hiring, and

training of enumerators.

''(3) Any data or other information obtained by the Board under

this section shall be made available to any committee or

subcommittee of Congress of appropriate jurisdiction upon request

of the chairman or ranking minority member of such committee or

subcommittee. No such committee or subcommittee, or member

thereof, shall disclose any information obtained under this

paragraph which is submitted to it on a confidential basis unless

the full committee determines that the withholding of that

information is contrary to the national interest.

''(4) The Board shall study and submit to Congress, as part of

its first report under paragraph (1)(A), its findings and

recommendations as to the feasibility and desirability of using

postal personnel or private contractors to help carry out the

decennial census.

''(g) There is authorized to be appropriated $4,000,000 for each

of fiscal years 1998 through 2001 to carry out this section.

''(h) To the extent practicable, members of the Board shall work

to promote the most accurate and complete census possible by using

their positions to publicize the need for full and timely responses

to census questionnaires.

''(i)(1) No individual described in paragraph (2) shall be

eligible -

''(A) to be appointed or to continue serving as a member of the

Board or as a member of the staff thereof; or

''(B) to enter into any contract with the Board.

''(2) This subsection applies with respect to any individual who

is serving or who has ever served -

''(A) as the Director of the Census; or

''(B) with any committee or subcommittee of either House of

Congress, having jurisdiction over any aspect of the decennial

census, as -

''(i) a Member of Congress; or

''(ii) a congressional employee.

''(j) The Board shall cease to exist on September 30, 2001.''

CENSUS DATA ON GRANDPARENTS AS PRIMARY CAREGIVERS FOR THEIR

GRANDCHILDREN

Pub. L. 104-193, title I, Sec. 105, Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat.

2163, provided that:

''(a) In General. - Not later than 90 days after the date of the

enactment of this Act (Aug. 22, 1996), the Secretary of Commerce,

in carrying out section 141 of title 13, United States Code, shall

expand the data collection efforts of the Bureau of the Census (in

this section referred to as the 'Bureau') to enable the Bureau to

collect statistically significant data, in connection with its

decennial census and its mid-decade census, concerning the growing

trend of grandparents who are the primary caregivers for their

grandchildren.

''(b) Expanded Census Question. - In carrying out subsection (a),

the Secretary of Commerce shall expand the Bureau's census question

that details households which include both grandparents and their

grandchildren. The expanded question shall be formulated to

distinguish between the following households:

''(1) A household in which a grandparent temporarily provides a

home for a grandchild for a period of weeks or months during

periods of parental distress.

''(2) A household in which a grandparent provides a home for a

grandchild and serves as the primary caregiver for the

grandchild.''

DECENNIAL CENSUS IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 1991

Pub. L. 102-135, Oct. 24, 1991, 105 Stat. 635, provided that:

''SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

''This Act may be cited as the 'Decennial Census Improvement Act

of 1991'.

''SEC. 2. STUDY.

''(a) In General. - The Secretary of Commerce shall, within 30

days after the date of enactment of this Act (Oct. 24, 1991), and

subject to the availability of appropriations, contract with the

National Academy of Sciences (hereinafter in this Act referred to

as the 'Academy') to study -

''(1) means by which the Government could achieve the most

accurate population count possible; and

''(2) consistent with the goal under paragraph (1), ways for

the Government to collect other demographic and housing data.

''(b) Specific Considerations. - In conducting its study, the

Academy shall consider such matters as -

''(1) with respect to subsection (a)(1) -

''(A) ways to improve the Government's enumeration methods,

especially with regard to those involving the direct collection

of data from respondents;

''(B) alternative methods for collecting the data needed for

a basic population count, such as any involving administrative

records, information from subnational or other surveys, and

cumulative or rolling data-collection techniques; and

''(C) the appropriateness of using sampling methods, in

combination with basic data-collection techniques or otherwise,

in the acquisition or refinement of population data, including

a review of the accuracy of the data for different levels of

geography (such as States, places, census tracts and census

blocks); and

''(2) with respect to subsection (a)(2) -

''(A) the degree to which a continuing need is anticipated

with respect to the types of data (besides data relating to the

basic population count) which were collected through the last

decennial census; and

''(B) with respect to data for which such a need is

anticipated, whether there are more effective ways to collect

information using traditional methods and whether alternative

sources or methodologies exist or could be implemented for

obtaining reliable information in a timely manner.

''(c) Reports. - (1) The Academy shall submit to the Secretary

and to the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service of the House

of Representatives and the committee on Governmental Affairs of the

Senate -

''(A) within 18 months after the date on which a contract is

entered into under subsection (a), an interim report on its

activities under this Act; and

''(B) within 36 months after the date on which a contract is

entered into under subsection (a), a final report which shall

include a detailed statement of the Academy's findings and

conclusions, as well as recommendations for any legislation or

administrative action which the Academy considers appropriate.

''(2) With respect to each alternative proposed or discussed in

its final report, the Academy shall include -

''(A) an evaluation of such alternative's relative advantages

and disadvantages, as well as an analysis of its cost

effectiveness; and

''(B) for any alternative that does not involve the direct

collection of data from individuals (about themselves or members

of their household), an analysis of such alternative's potential

effects on -

''(i) privacy;

''(ii) public confidence in the census; and

''(iii) the integrity of the census.''

STUDY OF COUNTING OF HOMELESS FOR NATIONAL CENSUS

Pub. L. 101-645, title IV, Sec. 402, Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat.

4723, provided that: ''Not later than 1 year after the date of the

enactment of this Act (Nov. 29, 1990), the General Accounting

Office shall conduct a study of the methodology and procedures used

by the Bureau of the Census in counting the number of homeless

persons for the most recent decennial census conducted pursuant to

title 13, United States Code, to determine the accuracy of such

count, and report to the Congress the results of that study.''

MONITORING ECONOMIC PROGRESS OF RURAL AMERICA

Pub. L. 101-624, title XXIII, Sec. 2382, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

4050, provided that Director of Bureau of the Census was to expand

data collection efforts of Bureau to enable it to collect

statistically significant data concerning changing economic

condition of rural counties and communities in United States,

including data on rural employment, poverty, income, and other

information concerning rural labor force, and authorized to be

appropriated $1,000,000 for each fiscal year for such efforts,

prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 707, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1112.

AMERICANS OF SPANISH ORIGIN OR DESCENT; STUDY FOR DEVELOPMENT OF

CREDITABLE ESTIMATES IN FUTURE CENSUSES

Pub. L. 94-311, Sec. 4, June 16, 1976, 90 Stat. 688, provided

that: ''The Department of Commerce, in cooperation with appropriate

Federal, State and local agencies and various population study

groups and experts, shall immediately undertake a study to

determine what steps would be necessary for developing creditable

estimates of undercounts of Americans of Spanish origin or descent

in future censuses.''

NEEDS AND CONCERNS OF SPANISH-ORIGIN POPULATION; USE OF SPANISH

LANGUAGE QUESTIONNAIRES AND BILINGUAL ENUMERATORS

Pub. L. 94-311, Sec. 5, June 16, 1976, 90 Stat. 689, provided

that: ''The Secretary of Commerce shall ensure that, in the Bureau

of the Census data-collection activities, the needs and concerns of

the Spanish-origin population are given full recognition through

the use of Spanish language questionnaires, bilingual enumerators,

and other such methods as deemed appropriate by the Secretary.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 181 of this title.

-CITE-

13 USC Sec. 142 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER II - POPULATION, HOUSING, AND UNEMPLOYMENT

-HEAD-

(Sec. 142. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-113, Sec. 3(a), Nov. 21, 1997, 111

Stat. 2275)

-MISC1-

Section, acts Aug. 31, 1954, ch. 1158, 68 Stat. 1020; Aug. 28,

1957, Pub. L. 85-207, Sec. 10, 71 Stat. 483; Mar. 15, 1976, Pub. L.

94-229, Sec. 1, 90 Stat. 210; Oct. 27, 1986, Pub. L. 99-544, Sec.

1(a), 100 Stat. 3046, provided that Secretary of Commerce take

periodic censuses of agriculture and irrigation.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Oct. 1, 1998, see section 3(d) of Pub. L.

105-113, set out as an Effective Date of 1997 Amendment note note

under section 1991 of Title 7, Agriculture.

1997 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE

Pub. L. 105-86, title I, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 2083, provided

in part: ''That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, the

Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct the 1997 Census of

Agriculture, to the extent practicable, pursuant to the provisions

of title 13, United States Code.''

-CITE-

13 USC Sec. 143 to 146 01/06/03

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TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER II - POPULATION, HOUSING, AND UNEMPLOYMENT

-HEAD-

(Sec. 143 to 146. Repealed. Pub. L. 85-207, Sec. 11, Aug. 28, 1957,

71 Stat. 483)

-MISC1-

Sections, act Aug. 31, 1954, ch. 1158, 68 Stat. 1020, related to

the following subject matter:

Section 143, decennial census period; completion of reports upon

inquiries. See section 141 of this title.

Section 144, restriction on inquiries. See sections 141(a) and

142 of this title.

Section 145, commencement of inquiries as to population,

agriculture, and housing; time for completion. See sections 141(a)

and 142(a) of this title.

Section 146, mid-decade censuses of agriculture; exclusion of

certain areas; preliminary statistics. See sections 142(a), 191,

and 193 of this title.

-CITE-

13 USC SUBCHAPTER III - GOVERNMENTS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER III - GOVERNMENTS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER III - GOVERNMENTS

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in sections 9, 225 of this title.

-CITE-

13 USC Sec. 161 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER III - GOVERNMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 161. Quinquennial censuses; inclusion of certain data

-STATUTE-

The Secretary shall take, compile, and publish for the year 1957

and for every fifth year thereafter a census of governments. Each

such census shall include, but shall not be limited to, data on

taxes and tax valuations, governmental receipts, expenditures,

indebtedness, and employees of States, counties, cities, and other

governmental units.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 31, 1954, ch. 1158, 68 Stat. 1021; Pub. L. 85-207, Sec. 12,

Aug. 28, 1957, 71 Stat. 483.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 13, U.S.C., 1952 ed., Sec. 251 (Sept. 7, 1950, ch.

910, Sec. 1, 64 Stat. 784).

Section was derived from subsection (a) of section 251 of title

13, U.S.C., 1952 ed. For remainder of such section 251, see

Distribution Table.

Reference to the year 1957 was substituted for reference to the

year 1952, since the latter reference is now obsolete.

Changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

1957 - Pub. L. 85-207 struck out ''in the United States and in

such of its Territories and possessions as may be determined by the

Secretary'' in last sentence. Geographical provisions now covered

by section 191 of this title.

-CITE-

13 USC Sec. 162 01/06/03

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TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER III - GOVERNMENTS

-HEAD-

(Sec. 162. Repealed. Pub. L. 85-207, Sec. 13, Aug. 28, 1957, 71

Stat. 483)

-MISC1-

Section, act Aug. 31, 1954, ch. 1158, 68 Stat. 1021, related to

acquisition of reports and material from governmental units,

private persons, and agencies. See section 6(b) of this title.

-CITE-

13 USC Sec. 163 01/06/03

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TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER III - GOVERNMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 163. Authority of other agencies

-STATUTE-

This subchapter does not revoke or impair the authority of any

other Federal agency with respect to the collection or release of

information.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 31, 1954, ch. 1158, 68 Stat. 1021.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 13, U.S.C., 1952 ed., Sec. 251 (Sept. 7, 1950, ch.

910, Sec. 1, 64 Stat. 784).

Section was derived from part of subsection (b) of section 251 of

title 13, U.S.C., 1952 ed. Subsection (a) of such section 251 is

also incorporated in this subchapter, and the remainder of such

subsection (b) thereof is incorporated in subchapter I of chapter 1

of this title. See Distribution Table.

Changes were made in phraseology.

-CITE-

13 USC SUBCHAPTER IV - INTERIM CURRENT DATA 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER IV - INTERIM CURRENT DATA

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER IV - INTERIM CURRENT DATA

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in sections 9, 132, 221, 222, 223,

225 of this title.

-CITE-

13 USC Sec. 181 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER IV - INTERIM CURRENT DATA

-HEAD-

Sec. 181. Population

-STATUTE-

(a) During the intervals between each census of population

required under section 141 of this title, the Secretary, to the

extent feasible, shall annually produce and publish for each State,

county, and local unit of general purpose government which has a

population of fifty thousand or more, current data on total

population and population characteristics and, to the extent

feasible, shall biennially produce and publish for other local

units of general purpose government current data on total

population. Such data shall be produced and published for each

State, county, and other local unit of general purpose government

for which data is compiled in the most recent census of population

taken under section 141 of this title. Such data may be produced

by means of sampling or other methods, which the Secretary

determines will produce current, comprehensive, and reliable data.

(b) If the Secretary is unable to produce and publish current

data during any fiscal year on total population for any county and

local unit of general purpose government as required by this

section, a report shall be submitted by the Secretary to the

President of the Senate and to the Speaker of the House of

Representatives not later than 90 days before the commencement of

the following fiscal year, enumerating each government excluded and

giving the reasons for such exclusion.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 94-521, Sec. 8(a), Oct. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 2462.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

A prior section 181, act Aug. 31, 1954, ch. 1158, 68 Stat. 1021,

authorizing the Secretary to conduct surveys necessary to furnish

current data on subjects covered by the censuses under this title,

was repealed by section 8(a) of Pub. L. 94-521. See section 182 of

this title.

-MISC3-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 17, 1976, see section 17 of Pub. L.

94-521, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 42 section 10403.

-CITE-

13 USC Sec. 182 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER IV - INTERIM CURRENT DATA

-HEAD-

Sec. 182. Surveys

-STATUTE-

The Secretary may make surveys deemed necessary to furnish annual

and other interim current data on the subjects covered by the

censuses provided for in this title.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 94-521, Sec. 8(a), Oct. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 2463.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 17, 1976, see section 17 of Pub. L.

94-521, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

-CITE-

13 USC Sec. 183 01/06/03

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TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER IV - INTERIM CURRENT DATA

-HEAD-

Sec. 183. Use of most recent population data

-STATUTE-

(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), for the purpose of

administering any law of the United States in which population or

other population characteristics are used to determine the amount

of benefit received by State, county, or local units of general

purpose government, the Secretary shall transmit to the President

for use by the appropriate departments and agencies of the

executive branch the data most recently produced and published

under this title.

(b) This section shall not apply with respect to any law of the

United States which, for purposes of determining the amount of

benefit received by State, county, or local units of general

purpose government, provides that only population or population

characteristics data obtained in the most recent decennial census

may be used in such determination.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 94-521, Sec. 8(a), Oct. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 2463.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 17, 1976, see section 17 of Pub. L.

94-521, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

-CITE-

13 USC Sec. 184 01/06/03

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TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER IV - INTERIM CURRENT DATA

-HEAD-

Sec. 184. Definitions

-STATUTE-

For purposes of this subchapter -

(1) the term ''local unit of general purpose government'' means

the government of a county, municipality, township, Indian tribe,

Alaskan native village, or other unit of government (other than a

State) which is a unit of general government, and

(2) the term ''State'' includes the District of Columbia.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 94-521, Sec. 8(a), Oct. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 2463.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 17, 1976, see section 17 of Pub. L.

94-521, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 16 of this title.

-CITE-

13 USC SUBCHAPTER V - GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE, PRELIMINARY AND

SUPPLEMENTAL STATISTICS, AND USE OF

SAMPLING 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER V - GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE, PRELIMINARY AND SUPPLEMENTAL

STATISTICS, AND USE OF SAMPLING

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER V - GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE, PRELIMINARY AND SUPPLEMENTAL

STATISTICS, AND USE OF SAMPLING

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in sections 221, 222, 223 of this

title.

-CITE-

13 USC Sec. 191 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 13 - CENSUS

CHAPTER 5 - CENSUSES

SUBCHAPTER V - GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE, PRELIMINARY AND SUPPLEMENTAL

STATISTICS, AND USE OF SAMPLING

-HEAD-

Sec. 191. Geographic scope of censuses

-STATUTE-

(a) Each of the censuses authorized by this chapter shall include

each State, the District of Columbia, the Virgin Islands, Guam, the

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Commonwealth

of Puerto Rico, and as may be determined by the Secretary, such

other possessions and areas over which the United States exercises

jurisdiction, control, or sovereignty. Inclusion of other areas

over which the United States exercises jurisdiction or control

shall be subject to the concurrence of the Secretary of State.

(b) For censuses taken in the Virgin Islands, Guam, the

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or any possession or

area not specifically designated in subsection (a) of this section,

the Secretary may use census information collected by the Gover