Phrasal verbs

Gramática inglesa. Verbos. Conjugación verbal

  • Enviado por: Luli
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
  • 5 páginas
publicidad
publicidad

PHRASAL VERBS:

  • Ask after: to ask for news of ------ preguntar por

  • ask sb in: allow sb to get in

  • be away: to be on a trip ------ estar de viaje

  • be back: to return

  • be blown down: to be knoked to the ground

  • be cut off: be unable to leave or reach a place or communicate with sb

  • be for: =in favour of

  • be in: to be in a place

  • be made up of: consist of ------ estar hecho de

  • be off (rotten): to be rotten ------ estar podrido o estropeado

  • be off (to) (leave): to leave

  • be off: be disconnected

  • be on: be connected

  • be on: to be programmed ------ what is on? (qué hay en el cine?)

  • be on about: speak with tiresome persistence of sth

  • be out: be outside, not in the home or at work

  • be over: =at an end

  • be sick: =vomit

  • be up (happen):happen ------ what's up?

  • be up (up from bed): be up from bed

  • be up to: to be doing, usually negatively meant ------ estar tramando

  • blow up: (cause to) explode

  • break down: collapse, stop working, start to cry

  • break out: =start fighting ------ estallar

  • bring back: return

  • bring in: carry inside

  • bring up: carry upstairs, educate ------ educar

  • bring up sth: =mention

  • burn sth off: consume to the limit

  • burst in: enter a place all of a sudden ------ entar de repente

  • burst into: begin suddenly to cry, to flower or to burn ------ romper a

  • call for sb: collect sb, pick up sb

  • call in: make a short visit

  • cheer up: be happier

  • clear sth away: put sth away

  • clear up: (of the weather) become bright, sunny. Make tidy

  • close down: stop operating

  • carry around: take from one place to another

  • carry on with: continue

  • come across: be understood or communicated. Find sb/sth by chance --------------- encontrarse con alguien/algo casualmente

  • come along: arrive, turn up at sb's place ------ llegar//pasarse por un sitio

  • come down: travel from north to south

  • come off: be able to be removed. Be successful

  • come on!: hurry!, try harder!

  • come round: visit someone or a place

  • crash into: to bump against sth ------ estrellarse

  • crash out: fall asleep ------ quedarse dormido

  • cut down on: reduce the amount or quatity of sth. Consume, buy less --------------- cortar el gasto

  • deal with sth: handle

  • dig up: to excavate ------ excavar/ descubrir algo

  • doze off: fall asleep ------ quedarse dormido

  • ease up: make things more easily or smoothly, and less pressing

  • end up: reach or come to a certain place or state

  • fall in love: to get in love ------ enamorarse

  • fall off: to fall from a place ------ caerse

  • fall out with sb: quarrel with sb ------ dejar de hablar con alguien

  • fill in: add what is necessary to complete

  • fill sth up: become or make sth completely full ------ llenar

  • find out: learn by study, discover ------ encontrar

  • fit in: have sufficient space or room for sth in a place

  • force sb (to do sth): to make sb do sth

  • get at ------ atacar

  • get at sb: =criticize

  • get away ------ marcharse

  • get away with ------ hacer impunemente

  • get back to sb: return, go back

  • get down:to get to a lower position ------ bajar

  • get held up: be stopped

  • get hold of sb: =contact

  • get into sth: become involved, develop sth, aquire a habit

  • get lost: to go away

  • get off: leave, remove, escape without harm or punishment

  • get off sth: leave a place

  • get on with sb: have a friendly relationship with sb

  • get on with sth: to have success

  • get out ------ salir

  • get over: recover from ------ recuperarse (de una enfermedad)

  • get round ------ engatusar a

  • get sth back: return, especially after having lost it. Recover ------ recuperar algo perdido

  • get sth over: =communicate

  • get through to: communicate, to establish a connection with the other end

  • get through: =pass an exam; =spend

  • get up ------ levantarse

  • get up to: =reach; sth naughty

  • get worked up: get excited or angry

  • give away: give sth free of charge. Distribute or present sth

  • give up: =stop, stop doing sth

  • go away: to leave, usually on a trip ------ salir de viaje

  • go down: go from a northern to a southern place

  • go for sth: be attracted by sb

  • go on: continue, happen

  • go on strike ------ ir a la huelga

  • go out with sb: to have a closed relation

  • go round: visit sb or a place. Pass from one person to another, spread

  • go up: go from a smaller or a southern place to a bigger or northern place

  • go with: be included with sth. Combine well with sth ------ ir bien/conjuntar

  • grow into: transform into

  • grow out of: become too big to wear. Become too old to do sth and stop doing it

  • grow up: become bigger ------ crecer

  • hang on: wait; grip sth firmly ------ esperar/agarrar fuerte

  • keep away from: not to go near sth

  • keep on: continue

  • hold on: to hang on, to wait

  • hold up: =rob ------ asaltar

  • knock sth down: cause to fall ------ hacer que algo caiga

  • knock sb over: to run over ------ atropellar

  • let sb down: fail to help sb, disappoint sb

  • lock oneself out: prevent oneself from entering by locking a door

  • long for sb: miss sb or sth you can't have ------ añorar/hechar de menos

  • look after sb/sth: take care of

  • look at sth: to gaze

  • look back on: think about one's past ------ recordar

  • look down on: consider sb inferior to oneself ------ mirar por encima del hombro

  • look for sth: to try to find

  • look forward to: to expect eagerly for sth to happen

  • look like sb: be similar

  • look out (for): to be careful for possible dangers

  • look sth up: to look for some information ------ buscar (en el diccionario)

  • make sb redundant: no longer needed

  • make sth up: invent. Improve the aspect of sth

  • make up: prepare by mixing different ingredients together. Make oneself more attractive

  • open up: to open widely ------ abrir de par en par

  • own up ------ admitir responsabilidad

  • pay sb back: return some money

  • pick sb up: collect ------ recoger

  • pick sth up: grab, get, get hold of ------ coger, agarrar

  • pick up: =get better

  • pour down: flowing in great quantities downwards, rainig a lot

  • pull sb out: to take sb out of a place by making an effort into one's direction

  • pull sth up: to carry upwards

  • put away: confine, put sth in a box after use. Save money to use later ------ guardar

  • put off: postpone. Make sb feel dislike. Disturb, distract

  • put out: cause inconvenience to sb

  • put pressure on sb: press

  • put sth on: to wear, to get

  • put sb up: to give accommodation for a brief period of time ------ dar alojamiento

  • put sth down: to place on a table, shelf, etc… ------ bajar//almacenar

  • put sth out: take sth out of one's house and leave it there for collectin. Cause to stop burning ------ sacar algo fuera /apagar el fuego

  • put sth up: to put into a higher position, to pitch ------ subir

  • put up: tolerate

  • put up with ------ soportar

  • run away with: escape with sth, or without punishment

  • run out of: come to an end with one's supplies of sth ------ quedarse sin

  • run sb over: to kill by knocking with a car ------ atropellar

  • run up: to run into a higher position

  • send sb off: dispatch, send usually on a mission or by post, a player out of the field ------ enviar

  • set off: to leave, begin a journey ------ marchar/ponerse en marcha

  • settle down:have a calmer, more stable life ------ asentarse

  • show off: boast, try to impress others with one's abilities ------ alardear

  • shut down: close down due to lack of business ------ cerrar el negocio

  • shut up: (rude) stop talking ------ callarse

  • shut up: be quiet

  • sort out: arrange things in groups, separate by classes ------ ordenar

  • sort out: solve ------ resolver

  • speak up: talk louder ------ hablar alto

  • split up: separate, usually a relationship ------ romper una relación

  • spring up: =appear suddenly ------ aparecer de repente

  • stand for: mean

  • stay in: not go out, stay at home ------ quedarse en casa

  • step down: walk down ------ bajar paso a paso//dimitir

  • sum up: summarize ------ resumir

  • switch sth off: to extinguish, to turn off ------ apagar

  • take after sb: look like sb (appearance, character)

  • take back: (in a shop) accepting goods previously sold. Admit that what one said was wrong ------ aceptar devoluciones

  • take off: lose the contact with a surface. For a place ------ despegar

  • take sb out: to invite to go to a public place

  • take sth away: buy a dish at a restaurant and take it home. Cause a feeling to disappear ------ servicio a domicilio

  • take off: =become successful

  • take off (of a plane): leave the ground ------ levantar vuelo

  • take sth up: become interested

  • take up: start doing an activity, usually as a hobby

  • take up: (time) consume ------ consumir el tiempo

  • tear sth out: remove, separate by pulling sharply ------ arrancar

  • tell sb off: criticize ------ criticar

  • tell sb out ------ arrancar

  • throw off: produce sth without effort. Manage to get rid of sth or sb

  • throw (sth) away: discard sth as useless or unwanted ------ lanzar, tirar

  • try sth on: put on clothes etc. to see if it fits and how it looks ------------------- probarse

  • try sth out: test sth or sb by using it ------ testar o comprobar

  • turn sth down: reject or refuse to consider, adjust in order to reduce the heat, noise

  • turn sth on: cause to start functioning

  • turn up: make one's appearance, arrive. Cause sth to face or point upwards

  • twist off: cause sth to come or break off easily with a twisting movement ---- girar y abrir

  • walk up: take steps into an upward direction

  • wind up: tighten the spring of a watch, etc. to make it work. Raise sb to a pitch of excitement ------ dar cuerda/acelerarse

  • wipe up: remove, pick sth up with a cloth ------ limpiar con un trapo

  • work sth out: calculate, find the answer to sth

  • wrap up: cover or enclose (in soft or flexible material) ------ envolver

  • zoom up: go up at a very high speed