Gramática inglesa. Expresiones. Adjetivos. Verbos. Vocabulario

  • Enviado por: Gator
  • Idioma: castellano
  • País: España España
  • 4 páginas

To look into:investigar.To look after:cuidar.To look at:mirar.To look for/search:buscar.To look up:Buscar en diccionario.To look through:atraves de.To look forward:desear que algo ocurra.To go along:***To turn down:bajar.To take away:llevarse algo.To put/turn/ switch:*on(encender)*off/postpone(apagar).To get on:subirse.To get off:bajarse.To make up: maquillarse.To find out/to get at something/discover:descubrir.To give away:revelar.To take in: engañar.To take on:emplear,dar trabajo.To get at:descubrir.To get off:explotar.To put out: extinguir un fuego.To take after/look like:parecerse a...To run out of:quedarse sin.To give up/stop:Dejar de.To cut down/decrease:reducir.To take over:controlar.To go over:pasar x encima o examinar.To get over:recuperarse de...To get off:comenzar un viaje.To put up with:tolerar.To bring up/educate: educar.To break down:estropearse.To take off:despegar.To come across:encontrarse algo x casualidad.To call of:cancelar.To get up:levantarse.To wake up:levantarse.To take back: regresar.To do away with:causar un final,llegar a un final.To turn up/arrive:llegar.To pick up:recoger.To take in/full/lie:EngañarTo turn off/disconnect:desconectar.To go on/continue:continuar. To come out/be published. /Such us:tales como. put up with:tolerate, turn off:disconnect, give up:stop, bring up:educate, find out:discover, turn up:discover, turn up:arive, go on:continue, come out:be published, , to look like, fall of:caer, take off:despegar, quitar, look after:cuidar, getting over: recuperando, take after:parecerse a, look through:examinar con detalle, go off:explicar,to explode, come across :encontrarse algo x casualidad, to explode:to go off, to come across:to find by chauce, to examine: to look through, to reach:to get at, to take back:devolver, take out:sacar, take over:hacerse cargo de, put out:apagar, put off:aplazar, go go with:acompañar,hacer juego con, go up:subir, go down: bajar, go through: atravesar, go over:pasar x encima de, go for:ir a buscar, votar por, get on (with): profresar, llevarse bien, get up:levantarse, get over:reponerse,superar,salvar, get into:subir, get out of:bajar, get on/off:subir/bajar, get by:arreglarselas,defenderse, get at:insinuar, llegar a, come along:venir tambien, come off:desprenderse,salir, come out:salir, publicarse, lood forward to: esperar con ilusion, cut down on:reducir, get over:recuperarse de, pick up from:recoger de

Contents:(contento,contenido), Announced:anunciado, Comprised:comprender, Purpose:proposito, Enterprise:empresa, Disease:??, Encounter:encuentro, Adjust:austar,Account:informe, Rearing:(de atrás, criar)Continues to be:Continuara,Disease:enfermedad**** Although:aunque. Large:grande. Sympathetic:compasivo. Actually:De hecho. As=because. Survives=lives on. Most=mayority. Daily=every day. Passage=text. Among:entre mas de dos. Eventually:finalmente. Limbs:Restablecer. Developed:desarrollado. Fancy:antojo. Get along: sobrevivir. Whipped out:sacar. Brought up: educados. Wage:salario. Smuggle:traficar. Defy: desafiar. Foreigner:extranjero. Within:dentro de. Useless:inutil. Straightforwardness:simplicidad. Embarrassing:embarazoso. Deeper sense:sentido mas profundo. Unpromising:descorazonadores. Bursts upon:estallar/aparecer. Beats:derrotar. Contemptuous:despectiva. Successive:exitoso/sucesivo. Point:apuntar. Beats:late. Polished:pulido. Fellow:compañeros. Invested:invertir. Ensuring:invertir. Reshaped:reformar. Perched:situado. Churchyard:cementerio. Handful:un puñado. Charm:encanto. Widow:viuda. Tiny:muy pequeña. Delightful:brillante. Spoilt:visitado. Lung:pulmon

ADJETIVO - NOMBRE: Beautiful:beauty. Courageous:corage. Misterious:mistery. Brave:bravery. Safe:safety. Young:yougth. High:height. Difficult:difficulty. Long:length. Honest:honesty. Dangerous: danger. Hot:heat. Warm:warmth. Dead:death. Wide:widness. Broad(ancho):broadness. Deep:depth. True:truth. Thirsty:thisrt. Hungry:hunger. Angry:anger. Strong:strange. Wise(sabiduria):wisedon. Certain:certainty

NOMBRE-ADJETIVO: Happy:happiness. Dense:density. Regular:Regularity. Populated: population. Generous:generosity. Weak:weadness. Patient:patience. Destructive:destruction. Equal: equality. Resident:residence. Deficient:deficienty. Accurate:accuration. Fluent:fluency. Elegant: elegance. Sad:sadness. Loneyly:lonelyness.

VERBO--NOMBRE: Inspire:inspiration. Associate:association. Invent:invention. Admire: admiration. Prefer:preference. Arrange:arrangement. Insist:insistence. Employ:employment. Discuss: discussion. Disappear:disappearance. Arrive:arrival. Perfom:performance. Advertise:advertisemente. Revise:revision. Survive:survival. Assist:assitance. Engage:engagement. Propose:proposal. Punish: punishment. Receive:reception. Invite:invitation. Conserve:conservation. Refer:reference.

Die:deadSing:song. Succeed(exito):success. Know: knowledge(conocimiento). Depart:departure. Mean:meaning. Choose:choice. Behave:behaviour. Create:creation. Sign:signature. Complain:complaint. Deliver:delivery. Weigh:weight(poco) See: sight Rob:robbery. Fly:flight. Live:life. Marry:marriage. Laugh:laughter

A radio station, a shopping list, mother tongue, a headache, a sealt belt, an apple paper, a credit card, an application set, a disc jockey, the weather forecast, a question mark, a weekend, a bank account, a taxi driver, a newspaper, an alarm clock, a hair dresser

NOUNS FROM VERBS:al, ance, ation, ion, ment, ing.

ADJECTIVES FROM VERBS: able, al, ful , ible, ing, ive, y.

GERUNDIO:Detras de preposicion,****detras de phrasal verbs,****detras de:To be accustomed to/to be used to:estar acostumbrado a... It's no use:No sirve de nada.Ti's no good:No vale la pena.It's worth(while):merece la pena.Wouldn't mind:no m importaria..****Detras de los siguientes verbos:Admit ,Avoid, Can't help,Can't stand, Consider,Deny,Dislike,Enjoy,Fancy,Feel like,Finish,Give up,Go on,Imagine, Involve, It's worth, Mind, Need(con sentido pasivo) Practise, Resent, Resist, Risk Suggest, Keep( continue), Excuse.****Como sujeto de una frase.****En expresiones d tipo prohibitivo.****Having + past participle: Having got. ****Detras de busy(ocupado)

REDACCION: In my opinion/In my view/Personally/As for as i'm concerned(x lo q a mi respecta)***However(sin embargo)/Nevertheless(no obstante)/ On the other hand(x otra parte)/Although(aunque)***Apat of this/that(aparte de esto)/Actually(de hecho, en realidad)/Moreover(Ademas)***For example,For instance (x ejemplo)***Because of this(a causa de esto)/ Therefore(x lo tanto)/So(Asi q; X eso)/Consequently(en consecuencia)***That is(es decir)/ In other words*** Especially/In particular/Basically***On the whole(En general)/In conclusion***First of all(primero)/Next,Then(luego)/After that(despues)/Finally/In the end

SINONIMOS:While:when,during... Overcome(superar,vencer), Sober:sobrio, Outcome(rtdo)



To realise:darse cuenta de.To warm/advice:aconsejar.Report:informe. Disappointed: Decepcionar.Upset:preocupado.Take-tock-taken:llevar, Pay-paid-paid:pagar. Allow: ********To down:Amanecer.Anochecer:To down.At down:al amanecer. Sunset=/Sunrise:puesta de sol=/al salir el sol.Oscurece muy pronto aqui por lo q tengo q encender la luz de mi habitacion antes de cenar:It gets dark very early here so I have to turn on my bedroom('s) light.La teconologia moderna se ha desarrollado tanto que nadie sabe donde estan sus limites:Modern technology has developed so much that nobody knows where its limits will be.Me pregunto si todos los viajeros seran tan arrogantes,crueles y tacaños:I wonder if all travellers will be so arrogant,cruel and mean.Los psicologos indican q los ejecutivos tienen q demostrar un gran entusiasmo para la compañia en la q trabajan:Psychologists point out that executives have to demoustrate great enthusiasm for the company wich they work.Colleagues:Colegas.Unless:a menos q.llegar:arrive.Encontrar:to find.Derrepente:Suddenly.Sonar:Toring.Dueño:landlord,landlady.Timbre:bell.Preocupado:worried.Dar:to give.Recibir:to receive. Correr:to pass.:to hide.Como: how.Recibir:to receive.Quedar:to stay. Regresar:return.Seguir:to follow.Oir:to hear. Esconder:to hide.

RELATIVE CLAUSES: Si van entre comas, no s pone that. No son necesarias para el funcionamiento d la oracion. Ej: That's the woman.She had an accident last week That's the woman ahd an accident las week Para personas:who y that, Para cosas:which y that, Posesivo:whose, Lugar:where, Oraciones especificativas. Como sujeto:who/that*** la persona que diseña edificios s llama arquitecto, which/that.**** El jarron que esta en el estanque de arriba era de mi abuela. Como objeto:which/that. La novela que compre ayer esta escrita en aleman. El relativo puede sustituirse cuando es objeto directo, indirecto o complemento d preposicion d la oracion de relativoLo que:what

Comparativos y Superlativos:Interesting-more interesting-most interesting. Boring-more boring- most boring. Adj d 1 silaba acabados en t,d,g,m,n: fat-fatter-fattest.Superlativos:the -est, the most. Comparativos: superioridad: -er than, more -than. * Igualdad: *Inferioridad: less ...than. *****Little,few:less, the least. Much, many:more, the most. Far:farther, the farthest, Good:better, the beast.

Much, Many, Penty Of: much y little con sustantivos incontables: David hasn`t got much patience, david's got little patience. *Many y few delante d sustantivos contables en plural. Sheila hasn't got many books, sheila's got few books. *Much y many s utilizan en frases neg e interrogativas en af a lot of, lots of o bien plenty of con sust incontable o contables en pl. We have got a lot of time. *Plenty of con significado mas q suficiente. There's plenty of room in the wardrobe. Queda mucho espacio en el armario. *Little y few tienen significado positivo si van con a. He's got a few friends.El tiene unos cuantos amigos. Too y Enough:demasiado, suficiente. Going to:planes e intenciones—i'm going to get slimmer-voy a adelgazar. *Hablar d planes:they are going to open a pub in the centre-van a abrir un pub en el centro. *Para hacer predicciones d futuro a traves d hechos evidentes en el presente. Hold tight. You're going to fall down-Agarrate fuerte.t vas a caer. *Para hablar de hechos q van a ocurrir con seguridad en el futuro. I'm going to take the selectividad exam next year-Voy a hacer el examen d selectividad el año q viene.

Condicionales: 1 tipo:if + present, will + infinitivo sin to: if you help me i will give you a present. (Pres,Prese contin, Present perfect)(futuro, Imperativo, Verbos modales:must, should, may,can) 2do tipo:If + past, would + infinitivo sin to. If we had a bigger house, we sould buy some more furniture, If she relaxed more, she wouldn't be so tired all the time.(Past, Past cont, Past Perfect)(Condicional, Could, Might) 3er tipo: If + past perfect, would have + past participle.If we had saved more money, we would have gone on holiday, If we hadn't spent so much money, we wouldn't have stayed at home last summer.(past perfect, Past perfect continuo)(past participle)

PROPOSICIONES:Distinto sujeto so that, Mismo sujeto in order that (querer)

SOLIA: I used to eat...//I didn't use to... /// Did I use to... ESTAR ACOSTUMBRADO

A:I'm used to + eating.../// I'm not... ///Am I... ACOSTUMBRARSE A: I got used to _ing

YO ME HABIA:I have got... ///Did I get use...? /// I didin't get...

** Present perfect 1/Con el adv.just se expresan acciones q acaban d ocurrir:We have just arrived(acabamos de llegar)2/Con las preposiciones for y since: I have lived here for three years:Vivo aqui desde hace tres años(I have lived here for three years.3/Con los adv. already y yet:I have already finished it(ya lo he acabado)4/Con el superlativo:It is the funniest story I've ever read(Es la historia mas divertida q hamas he leido)5/En las expresiones it's the first....:It is the first time i have travelled by plane:Es la primera vez q viajo en avion. Nosotros no lo hemos compradoWe haven't bought it.


**Present Perfect Continuo 1/Actividad q empezo en el pasado y continua en el presente,se rsalta la duracion de la actividad(we have been living here for twelve years:llevamos viviendo aqui doce años)2/Para hablar d una accion que empezo en el pasado y puede haber acabado recientemente(the dog's been barking all night:el perro ha estado ladrando toda la noche) 3/Para hablar de acciones pasadas q acaban de concluir cuyo resultado es evidente(have you been painting?:has estado pintando?)

Vosotros no lo habeis estado comprandoYou haven't been buying it (HAS/HAVE)

**Presente Continuo1/Acciones que ocurren en el momento de hablar. 2/Planes futuros q han sido confirmados.3/Acciones habituales pero con sentido negativo(always)

**Past Continuo(WAS/WERE)

**Past PerfectI had learned English perfectly. Past perfectYo lo habia compradoI had bought it.

**Condicional simpleTu lo comprariasHe would buy it.

**ImperativoNo lo compresYou don't buy it.

**Present Perfect con pasivaHa estado siendo compradoIt has been being bought.

. **Futuro continuoYo lo estare comprandoI will be buying it

**Futuro PerfectoWill have + Past participle

Estilo directoEstilo indirecto: *Presentepasado(must-had to). *P.continuoPast continuo. *Present perfectPast perfect. *Past simplePast perfect. *FuturoCondicional. *CondicionalCondicional. *Futuro continuoCondicional continuo. *Past continuoPast perfect continuo.CanCould, WillWould, MustHad to, MayMight Estilo directoEstilo indirecto: *Ihe/she. *MeHim/her. *MyHis/her. *WeThey.

*Usthem. *Ourtheir. *this/thesethat/those. *Heretheir. *NowThem. *TodayThat day. *Tonightthat night. *YesterdayThe day before. *Tomorrowthe next day.

QUESTION FORMS:how long will, how long have, when does, how often/When do, where is, what are.

Pasadodid + Vb presente. SujetoQuita Did o S pone Presente Simple

Present Perfect Continuous: She has been Has she been.


Present ContinuousSe deja igual

PASIVA:uses/use:is/are used, is/are using:is/are being used, used:was/were used, has/have used: has/had been used, had used:had been used, will use:will be used, will have used: will have been used, would use:would be used, would have used:would have been used, to use:to be used, to have used:to have been used, using:being used, having used:having been used////give,send, show, lend, ask , tell, offer, order y pay

MODAL VERBS: *Menos ought to, have to y used to el vb ppal va siemrpe en infinitivo sin to, van siempre delante dl vb ppal en las oraciones af y neg: they showld be more careful:deberian tener mas cuidado, cuando los vb modales s utilizan en pasado van seguido d have + participio pasado.can:expresar habilidad, pedir algo, expresar im/posibilidad, be able to s usa para completar los tiempos verbales d can, expresar y pedir permiso, en negativa expresar deduccion, could: expresar habilidad en el pasado, pedir algo educadamente, expresar imposibilidad en el pasado, hacer especualciones como might, hacer sugerencias,may:pedir algo, expresar permiso, expresar posibilidad, hacer especulaciones como could y might, might:expresar la posibilidad de q algo ocurra, hacer especulacioens.

CERTEZAMust, Can't. POSSIBILITYmay,might,could,may not,mitht not. DEDUCTIONmust have been,must have sent, can¡t have/couldn't have posted. SSPECULATIONmay,might,could or may not, might not

InglesasBritanicas: honorhonour. *Colorcolour. *Theatertheatre. *Centercentre. *Fiberfibre. *Defensedefence. *Offenseoffence. *Railawayrailroad. *Baby carriagepram. *Mailmanpostman. *Baggageluggage. *Sickill. *Trucklorry. *More theatercinema. *Sidewalkpavement