Verbs

Inglés # English grammare. Conjugation

  • Enviado por: Paxuli
  • Idioma: castellano
  • País: España España
  • 6 páginas
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INGLÉS:

To Be: To be (pasado)

I am. I was

You are. You were

He is. He was

She is. She was

It is. It was

We are We were

You are You were

They are They were

To have: To have(pasado):

I have I had

You have You had

He has He has

She has She has

It has It has

We have We had

You have You had

They have They had

LOS VERBOS:

1. Presente Simple Suj+Verbo(presente)

Afirm: Interrogativa: Negativa:

I eat Do you eat? I don´t eat

He eats Does you eat? He doesn´t eat

(Yo como)

2.Pasado Simple afirm: suj+Vb(pasado)

Neg: suj+ didn´t+vb(presente)

Interro: Did+ suj + vb (presnte)

Afirm: Interrogativa: Negativa:

I ate Did you eat? I didn´t eat.

(yo comí)

3. Presente Continuo Suj+Vb to be+ Ving

Afirm: Interrogativa: Negativa:

I am eating Are you eating? I am not eating

He is eating Is he eating? He is not eating

(Yo estaba comiendo)

4. Pasado Continuo Suj+was+Ving

Afirm: Interrogativa: Negativa:

I was eating Were you eating? I wasn´t eating

(Yo estuve comiendo)

5. Pasado Perfecto Suj+ had +vb(pasado -ed)

Afirm: Interrogativa: Negativa:

I had eaten Had you eaten? I haden´t eaten

He has eaten Has he eaten?

(yo habia comido)

6. Presente Perfecto Suj+have/has+Vb ed)

Afirm: Interrogativa: Negativa:

I have eaten Have you eaten? I haven´t eaten

(yo he comido)

7. Presente Perfecto Continuo

Afirm: Interrogativa Negativa:

I have been eating Have you been eating? I haven´t

(yo he estado comiendo) been eating.

8. Pasado Perfecto Continuo:

Afirm: Interrogativa: Negativa:

I had been eating Have you been eating? I hadn´t

(yo habia estado comiendo) been eating.

LAS PREGUNTAS:

  • How.....¿cómo?

  • Where....¿donde?

  • When.....¿cuando?

  • Why.........¿por que?

  • Who.........¿quién?

  • What............¿qué?

  • Which.............¿cual?

  • How often.......¿con que frecuencia..?

  • Whose..........¿ de quien?

  • What time.......¿ a que hora?

  • How long.....¿ A que distancia....?¿cuánto tiempo...?

  • How many......¿Cuántos....? (nombre contable)

  • How much....¿cuántos? (nombre incontable)

APUNTES:

What

How

How often

How much/many +Aux+Sujeto+Verbo+C.C......

Why

When

Where

Which

Who

Who ( persona)

+ Verbo.....?

What (cosa)

So that: (para que)

Sujeto+Verbo+Complemento+So that+Suje(2)+ Can/Could/Won´t/woluldn´t/ +Verbo+ c+c.......

  • can--- Presente afrimativa

  • Could--- Pasado Afirmativa

  • Won´t--- Presente Negativa

  • Wouldn´t--- Pasado Negativa

  • Suggestion:

    • Shall we go...? Mi feet are killing me.

    • Let´s go I have no money on me

    • Why don´t we go...?

    • How about going to...?

    • What about going to...?

    • Shall I....?

    Expresiones para redactar:

    Prefiero.....a........= I´d rather.......than.......

    Seria mejor.........= You´d better....

    Prefiero a.... i´d rather ...than...:

    Afirm: I´d rather + Vrbo. = prefiero o preferiría

    Negat: I´d rather + not + Verbo

    Seria mejor... You´d better...

    Afirm: You´d better + Vrbo

    Negat: You´d better + not + Vrbo

    Comparativa de igualdad:

    Det+Suj+Is+As+V+As+ Your/his/her....

    Ejemplo: My car is as fast as yours.

    Las Condicionales:

  • General (zero)

  • If+Sujeto+V.presente simple ; Suj+V.Presente simple

  • Primer tipo:

  • If+Sujeto+Vpresent simpre; Suj+Verbo en future(will)/ Imperativo/ Can+V

  • Segundo Tipo:

  • If+Sujeto+V.Pasado simple; suj+Could/Would + Verbo

  • Unless...... sino......

  • If....... verbo en negativa

    Los Modales:

    • no lleva ´s´ en la tercera persona

    • solo en presente

    • si va en verbo va con el infinitivo + ´Verbo´

    May:

    - posibilidad

    • permiso PUEDE = May

    • Negativa: mayn´t

    Can:

    • Posibilidad real

    • Tambien = Saber PUEDE QUE = Can

    • Permiso

    Could:

    • Posibilidad

    • Permiso

    • Saber(pasado)

    MusTn´t:

    • Prohibición

    • MusTn´t

    * Have to..... Obligación (es necesario traer) AMustB a CI have to

    EL FUTURO:

    Presente simple: horario

    Presente continuo: Futuro prolongado

    Will: Inevitable

    Ofrecimiento

    Uso instantáneo (lo que acabo de decidir)

    Going to: Intención

    Evidencia

    Para For y Since:

    For ; Periodo de tiempo

    Since ; Un punto en el tiempo

    Ago ; Solo Pasado Simple

    * Used to = solia

    I didn´t use to = No solia

    * Too = bastante

    Enought = Suficiente

    Momento en el que se usan los verbos:

    Presente continuo:

    • At the moment

    • Now

    • Today

    Presente Simpe:

    • On sunday

    • Everyday

    • Adverbio de frecuencia: always, usually(delante del verbo)

    • In the morning

    Pasado Simple:

    • Last year; last saturday;

    • Two days ago

    • Yesterday

    • When....

    Pasado Continuo:

    • while

    • as

    RELATIVOS:

    • which (Cosa o animal)

    • who (persona)

    • where (lugar) Donde; en el cual

    • When ( tiempo) Cuando; en el que

    • Why (razon, causa) Por la cual; porque?

    • Whom- preposición ; con quien, por quien, para quien....

    De Pasiva a Activa:

  • Cc sujeto

  • Tiempo verbal

  • To Be

  • V. Participio