Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia Standard 2001.
How We Invented The Airplane: An Illustrated History / by Orville Wright.
Steve Jobs, The Journey Is The Reward / by Jeffrey S. Young.
Wright, Orville and Wilbur: Orville was born in August 1871 in Dayton, Ohio. Wilbur was born in April 1867 in Millville, Indiana. They attended High School, but neither one graduated from high school. They shared an interest in mechanical things and learned a lot about Mathematics and engineering when they were in high school.
After leaving school, the brothers made several attempts at editing and printing small local newspapers. In 1892 they formed the Wright Cycle Company. For the next ten years they designed, built, and sold bicycles.
The Wright brothers must have been aware of the possibility of powered flight and some of the efforts being made toward that end. The work of German aeronautical pioneer Otto Lilienthal in the 1890s inspired the Wrights to pursue their own glider and airplane designs. Lilienthal died in a glider crash in 1896, convincing Wilbur that the stability of the design and the skill of the pilot were as important as getting an airplane into the air.
The Wright brothers concentrated on developing techniques to stabilize and provide directional control for their gliders from 1896 to 1899. In August 1899 they flew a kite with a wingspan of about 1.5 m (5 ft). The kite incorporated controls that could twist the ends of the wings. This wing-warping technique provided stability and directional control and was the forerunner of the idea of ailerons. Ailerons are flaps on the trailing edges of modern airplane wings that move independently of the wings to provide stability and steering controls.
In 1900 the Wrights built a larger kite with a 5-m (17-ft) wingspan that could carry a pilot. They decided to begin their test flights near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, because the steady winds provided power for their flights and the sandy banks made crashing safer for machines and pilots. The kite flew well and even carried Wilbur for a few seconds of piloted flight.
They went back to North Carolina for the following three years. They were improving the airplane until the first Wright Biplane took to the air and made a successful flight on December 17, 1903, at Kill Devil Hills near Kitty Hawk.
Wozniac, Stephen: Was born in 1950 in California, attended college at the university of California at Berkeley. Then he went to work for Hewlett-Packard. In his spare time he was instrumental in working with other young computer enthusiasts in Palo Alto at the Homebrew Computer Club. Steven Jobs, also of Hewlett-Packard, began attending meetings of the club in 1975 and persuaded Wozniak to work with him on a marketable computer design.
Jobs, Steven: Was born in 1955 in California. Attended college but dropped out after one semester. He worked for Atari in 1974; he left his job after a few months and went to India looking for spiritual help. Then he went back to The US and persuaded Wozniak to work with him because he was interested in marketing.
Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak made a natural team inventing the first ready-made personal computer. To Wozniak's engineering talent, Jobs added ingenuity and marketing instincts, the ingredients that tuned Apple into a billion-dollar company.
When the two first met, Wozniak (born 1950) was 18, Jobs (born 1955) only 13. The pair put their electronics and inventing talents to work making unusual devices, and a few years later purchased a $25 microprocessor with the intention of building a computer. Although this first computer was crude and came without memory, a power supply or even a keyboard, it was very reliable. Jobs and Wozniak decided on a name that would convey the simplicity of the product's design and use: the Apple.
Jobs had a passionate belief in bringing computer technology to everyone. So in 1977, Jobs and Wozniak started a company to build and distribute their invention. In true American-dream fashion, their company began in a garage.
To finance their venture, Jobs sold his Volkswagen van and Wozniak sold his programmable calculator to raise $1,300. Weeks later, Jobs secured the company's first sale: 50 Apple I computers at $666 each.
In a mere six years, Apple was listed in the Fortune 500, becoming the youngest firm on this prestigious list.
November 12, 2001.
Created by Luis Prieto.
Second Research Paper.
Wright Brothers / Wozniac and Jobs.
I have to say that both the Wright brothers and the Wozniac - Jobs team did do what they did in the right place and in the right moment.
They made two important things for society. These are the airplane and the first personal computer. They also created several important things in order to generate their main idea.
For example Wright brothers produced an efficient wing shape, the elevators to control pitch, and wing warping to control roll and Rudder to control yaw. Jobs and Wozniac produced a personal computer that utilized existing small central processor, built in BASIC programming language, and an inexpensive floppy disc system.
Wright brothers were the kind of inventors who created the idea of the product, and Jobs and Wozniac were the variety of improvers.
If the Wright brothers hadn't made the airplane in that moment maybe the Germans would have made their own airplane. If Jobs and Vozniac hadn't made the personal computer, somebody else in California would have invented it.
Wright brothers had a lot of support from their parents; actually they lived in their house. Jobs and Wozniac did not have support from their parents, and actually they had many troubles with them.
The Wright brothers financed their project with the money they earned selling bicycles. The Jobs-Wozniac group financed their projects with savings they had and they had to sell some goods.