Frank Francisco Bahamonde: (from 1892 to 1975), military man and Spanish politician, head of the State (1936-1975) responsible for the authoritarian regime that began during the Civil War (1936-1939) and concluded with the death of the holder (Francoism).
Military specialty: until the headquarters of the State
- Born in the ferrol in 4 of december of 1982
- 1907 Enter in the militar academi of toledo
- 1910 second lieutenant becomes of Infantry.
- 1912 begin its military specialty in the Army of Africa.
- 1923 returned to Morocco, and Pole married with Carmen.
- 1926 promoted brigadier general, the youngest general of Europe
1936 Triunfa in the vote of the Popular Front, becomes commander-in-chief of the Canary Islands. From this position it took part in the military rise against the republican government, initiate the 17 of July in Morocco, arriving at Tetuán the 19 of July to take the control from the Army from Africa. Among other agreements, the National defense Council distributed to the control of the rebellious Army of the North and the South between generals Emilio Mola and Frank Francisco. Little it took in being solved the unit of military command and political in favor of Franc. Later it was named generalissimo of the incited to rebellion troopses and, the 1 of October, head of the State.
1937 were promulgated the Decree of Unification, united to the Traditionalistic Spanish phalange and of the Meetings of Offensive Nacional-Sindicalista (FET and of the JONS), only authorized party by the regime, and soon diluted under the expression National Movement.
1938 Franc presided over the first government of its long dictatorship.
Ever since the 1 of April of 1939 finished to the war and until its death (20 of November of 1975), it monopolized a regime (the Francoism).
1973 derechá, admiral Luis White, Frank Carrero For the first time yielded the headquarters from the government at its ' hand was at the same time head of the State, the Government and the Army.
It understands an expanded process that intermingles continuismo and changes during almost four decades. From the Rise (denomination that the insurrectionists gave the beginning of their rebellion with which the Civil War began), nobody doubted that, in case of winning, the predicted regime would be a rupture respect to the republican past.
Thus they were it the first created governmental institutions for national Spain (name with that the insurrectionists recognized the territory on which they exerted his control) in total Civil War: National defense council, Technical board of the State and first government presided over by Franc, that would be the germ of the dictatorship.
The received supports from the beginning allowed successively to presume the future politician of the New Be in favor that, through its long duration, happened, of the phases of personal dictatorship, authoritarian totalitarianism of ' pluralism limitadó, tecnocrático or, as it pleased to repeat his creator, of organic democracy. In any case, one was a regime without no democratic character, not only for his origin (generating sedition of a civil war) but by its later development, characterized by the personal control of the caudillo, the nonexistence of political parties, the division of powers, the liberties and the strong control exerted from the power, whose nature agreed with the pro-Franco ideology: antiliberalism, antiComunism, antirepublicanism, nationalism, hierarchic-authoritarian conception and national catholicism. In their last phase, without leaving the trauma of the Civil War and the despolitización like resources, other factors were gotten up.
My Personal Opinión
In the franquism, much of the people that not are agree with franquism come to Mexico for fine help, and a pacific and shure place to live, teh mayotity of the people that came, are intelectuals, and childrens. They came in finding a best life, a place with other ideologies.
In the franquism Mexico cut teh relations with spain, because we do not are agree, with teh situation.
I believe that in general the Francoism has been bad, I believe that most of the people, and of the countries that lived at that time, they underwent great discriminations, familiar, economic losses, of freedom, rights, many things
Simply it is necessary to observe Josemaria Escrivá de Balaguer, Pedro Casiaro, (called affectionately Perico), in the principles of the Opus Dei, when as soon as it began to form, and to there were 11 integral people much of, if we read the short book of you dream and you quedareís you would comprenderan what I say.
Jose Maria Escrivá had to hide, in general the parents, did not go out dressed like parents, so that they were assassinated, good, although Jose Maria if it did it.
Good, by the simple fact that she caused a war, I believe that or it is sufficient to say that it was not very good, aside, the people could not think as they wanted, they did not have the freedom of opinion, and with that I believe that or she is to abuse the power that she had, becoming authoritarianism, instead of authority.
Nonsingle that, Frank Francisco, knew very well to squash the women, saying that we were in decay, and helped much to squash the head of the woman, and in places like in Mexico that the machismo was with much force - and to date, although not as much as before -, it put us to the women in the level lower than it could exist, putting to the society the idea to him that the women we were like objects, that single we served to have babies without stopping.
It knew to put to the catholics bad fame for many people, and others the opposite, for example, the parents who were assassinated to be against the opinions of Frank Francisco of: It is necessary to be catholic to force, gave a great example, but by the same of which Frank Francisco was catholic, it made think the typical stupid people, who all the catholics were like.
I believe that Frank Francisco noncriminal a good person, although I must say that he was not nothing stupid, so that he knew to disguise or his bad acts very, and to vary, caused that people thought that they were good, which gives the more pity of Franc, she is that its intelligence was not for or, if not on the contrary, affected everybody, for some positively and others negatively.
|Enviado por:||Alejandra Sofía Sánchez Ávila|