Verbos

Gramática. Conjugación verbal en inglés

  • Enviado por: Alfonso
  • Idioma: castellano
  • País: España España
  • 2 páginas
publicidad
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PASIVA

To be + p.p.

PRES. SIMPLE

HE KEEPS

IS KEPT

PRES. PERFECTO

HAVE KEPT

HAVE BEEN KEPT

PRES. CONTINUO

IS KEEPING

IS BEING KEPT

PASD. SIMPLE

KEPT

WAS/WERE KEPT

PASD. CONTINUO

WAS KEEPING

" " BEING KEPT

PASD. PERFECTO

HAD KEPT

HAD BEEN KEPT

FUTURO

WILL KEEP

WILL BE KEPT

CONDICIONAL

WOULD KEEP

WOULD BE KEPT

MODALES

CAN KEEP

CAN BE KEPT

BE GOING TO

IS GOING TO KEEP

IS GOING TO BE KEPT

Paul writes a book = A book is written by Paul

El by se utiliza sólo con los nombres personales.

Cuando aparecen los verbos: KNOW, THINK, CONSIDER, BELIVE, SAY, ......

People say that Peter is jealous=Peter is said to be jealous

People said that Peter was jealous=Peter was said to be jealous

People said ghat he went by plene=He was said to go by plane

INTERROGATIVA:

What did they steal ?=What was stolen ?

PRETERITO PERFECTO

ACABA LA ACCION, ACCION CORTA

TO HAVE / HAS + P.P. del Verbo

I HAVE WORKED I HAVEN'T HAVE I WORKED?

SHE HAD WORKED SHE HASN'T HAS SHE WORKED?

YOU HAVE WORKED YOU HAVEN'T HAVE TOU WORKED?

WE HAS WORKED WE HASN'T HAS WE WORKED?

Cuando una accion ha ocurrido en el pasado pero el resultado sigue manteniendose en el presente

I have lived in Vélez-Rubio.

FOR_________For five years (durante cinco años) PERIODO

SINCE_______Since 1992 (desde 1992) INICIO

PRETER. PERFECTO CONTINUO

MAS RECIENTE, ACCION LARGA

HAVE / HAS + BEEN + Verbo ING

I HAVE BEEN PLAYING SHE HAS BEEN PLAYING

I HAVEN'T BEEN PLAYING SHE HASN'T BEEN PLAYING

HAVE I BEEN PLAYING? HAS SHE BEEN PLAYING?

PALABRAS QUE APARECEN EN EL P. PERFECTO

YET______________todavía

ALWAYS _________siempre

NEVER

EVER

JUST

ALREADY

PASADO SIMPLE

COSAS DEL PASADO QUE YA SE HAN ACABADO

AFIRMATIVA________________________ I WORKED

NEGATIVA______________________I DIDN'T WORK

INTERROGATIVA__________________DID I WORK ?

PASADO CONTINUO

LA ACCION MAS LARGA

AFIRMATIVA___________________I WAS WRITING

NEGATIVA__________________I WASN'T WRITING

INTERROGATIVA______________WAS I WRITING ?

USED TO + VERBO = YO SOLÍA

COSTUMBRE DEL PASADO

I used to wath TV every saturday.

I used to go to France with my grandmother.

Did you used to go to France?.

ESTILO INDIRECTO

PRESENTE SIMPLE____________PASADO SIMPLE

I EAT MEAT_____________________HE SAID (THAT)HEATE MEAT

PRESENTE CONTINUO_____PASADO CONTINUO

I AM DRINKING A BEER____HE SAID HE WAS DRINKING A BEER

PRESENTE PERFECTO_____PASADO PERFECTO

I GAVE FOUND A DOG_________HE SAID HE HAD FOUND A DOG

PASADO SIMPLE___________PASADO PERFECTO

I MAKE JAM______________________HE SAID HE HAD MADE JAM

FUTURO________________________CONDICIONAL

I WILL BE WITH YOU________HE SAID HE WOULD BE WITH YOU

PALABRAS QUE SE SUSTITUYEN POR OTRAS:

THIS, THESE____________________________________THAT

I, YOU_______________________________________HE, SHE

MY, YOUR___________________________________HIS, HER

HERE_________________________________________THERE

TODAY___________________________________THAT DAY

YESTERDAY________________________THE DAY BEFORE

TOMORROW__________________________THE NEXT DAY

NEXT WEEK__________________THE FOLLOWING WEEK

LAST WEEK_____________________THE PREVIOUS WEEK

A YEAR AGO________________________A YEARS BEFORE

CAN__________________________________________COULD

WILL________________________________________WOULD

SHALL______________________________________SHOULD

MAY_________________________________________MIGHT

PRESENTE SIMPLE

I WORK / SHE WORKS

I DON'T WORK / SHE DOESN'T WORK

DO I WORK / DOES SHE WORK?

ACCION HABITUAL

I wake up a nine o'clock

ACCIONES SIEMPRE VERDADERAS

Water boils al 100º

VERBOS DE ESTADO (SENTIMIENTOS)

I don't feel well

PRESENTE CONTINUO

I AM WORKING / THEY ARE WORKING

I AM NOT WORKING / THEY AREN'T WORKING

AM I WORKING / ARE THE WORKING?

HECHO QUE ESTA SUCEDIENDO AHORA MISMO

We are learning English

HECHO O ACCION QUE DURA

We are drawing a big picture

Now

Today

At the moment

Trese days

PAS.PERFECTO SIMPLE

ES EL PASADO MAS LEJANO

HAD + P.P.

YOU HAD WORKED

THEY HADN'T WORKED

HAD SHE WORKED?

PAS.PERFE.CONTINUO

UNA COSA QUE SUCEDIÓ EN EL PASADO MAS LEJANO, PERO ERA UNA ACCION QUE DURO TIEMPO

HAD + BEEN + Verbo ING

I HAD BEEN WORKING

SHE HADN'T BEEN WORKING

HAD IT BEEN WORKING?