Verbos modales

Idiomas. Gerundio infinitivo # Modal verbs. Perfect. Phrasal verb turn. Idioms acting

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  • Complete the pasaje with the words and expressions below.

  • stormy, made a point of, was released, sword, take pride in, supposedly,

    previous, dismay (“working with words”, page 36)

    I was very excited when the film Romans ................................. I had seen all the .............................. films in the series and I ...................................... going to see this one. Despite the ............................... weather, I walked all the way to the cinema just to see the film on its first night. When I watch a film, I .................................. trying to find slip-ups that the director has made - and I am usually quite successful! Sure enough, I found one in Romans 5. One of the soldiers used a sword which he had .................................... taken from an Egyptian prisoner. However, I happen to be very interested in ancient weapons, and I know for a fact that this kind of ........................................ was never used by Egyptian soldiers. Although I was very pleased to find the mistake, I couldn't help imagining the ...................... of the director of Romans 5 when he realised his mistake.

  • Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. (“D”, page 36).

    • He forgot ..................... (attend) the Oscar ceremony.

    • He is used to .................. (work) with difficult actors.

    • Will they remember .................. (lock) the door?

    • I'm getting used to ....................... (see) myself in films.

    • I can't begin ....................... (imagine) who you are.

    • The actor apologised for ......................... (forget) the door last night?

    • ......................... (take) photos is a hobby of mine.

    • He will never forget ...................... (attend) the ceremony yesterday.

    • I can't help .......................... (think) about you.

  • Replace the words in bold in the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs below. You may use the phrasal verbs more than once as some have more than one meaning. (“phrasal verbs: turn”, (page 37).

  • turn down, turn off, turn on, turn up, turn into.

    • I am not watching TV anymore. You can switch it off.

    • No one invited her, but she arrived anyway.

    • I really want that job. I hope they won't reject me.

    • Your radio is very loud. Please reduce the volume.

    • Don't switch on the computer. It has got a bug.

    • Can you hear the TV? Should I increase the volume?

  • Replace the words in bold in the sentences with the idioms below. (“Idioms: acting”, page 37).

  • get stage fright, behind the scenes, act up, get my act together, put on an act.

    • I'll have to get organised before the exams.

    • Be natural! You don't have to pretend.

    • The children always behave badly when visitors arrive.

    • Publicly, the politicians seem to be great friends, but in private they can't stand each other.

    • I'm sure when I see all the faces, I'll feel nervous in front of the audience.

  • Modal verbs (dictado).

    • You have got the ability to speak german.

    • Permision to stand up.

    • Prohibition to speak spanish for the people.

    • Certainy that Mary is not working.

    • Advice to Peter to eat more vegetables.

    • Sara has no necessity to travel.

    • You have the possibility to repeat your exam.

    • You have the obligation to repeat your exam.

  • Choose the correct answer. (“test yourself”, page 38).

    • She is your friend. You really ................ to help her.

    a. ought b. should

    • Yes, the children ................. go to the beach, but they mustn't stay for long.

    a. ara able b. can

    • .................. you like me to help you?

    a. Would b. May

    • ................... I help you with the dishes?

    a. Would b. Shall

    • ................... you help me with my homework, please?

    a. May b. Could

    • You ............. touch the ball with your hands.

    a. don't have to b. mustn't

    • I heard you the first time! You .......... tell me again!

    a. mustn't b. needn't

    • You .................... bring a cake, unless you really want to.

    a. mustn't b. don't have to

    • She ................. work hard to pay the high rent for her flat.

    a. can b. must

    • You ......................... go there on your own. It's dangerous.

    a. can b. mustn't

    • ................ you please help me with my bags?

    a. Must b. Can

    • Don't depend on others. You .................... try to be more independent.

    a. should b. may

    • Don't mention that to her. She ..................... be embarrassed.

    a. should b. might

    • You .................. arrive at exactly 10 o'clock. We'll wait for you.

    a. didn't have to b. don't have to

    • The bank was closed, so I .......................... withdraw any money.

    a. wasn't able to b. am not able to

    • I ....................... go to the lecture yesterday as I was ill.

    a. couldn't b. can't

    • I can hear the siren now. It .................... be the police.

    a. would b. must

    • It is warm here. ................. I open the window?

    a. Would b. May

    • Martine didn't have any money, so she ................ beg.

    a. need to b. had to

    • .................... I pick you up at 9.00?

    a. Shall b. Would

  • Modal perfects (dictado).

    • Alguien ha llamado. Debe haber sido mi padre.

    • Ella no debería haber viajado a Indonesia.

    • Puede que él haya trabajado aquí.

    • Ana no puede haber venido con nosotros. Está enferma.

    • Deberías haber comprado aquel coche, era muy barato.

  • Complete the sentences with the correct formo f the verbs in brackets. Use modal perfects. There may be more than one suitable answer. (“A”, page 39)

    • I don't understand why you didn't help her. You.............................(offer) some help.

    • I was surprised that Rosie didn't visit me. She ..................................... (know) I was ill.

    • Michelle wasn't well when I saw her. It was obvious that she ..................... (go) to the doctor.

    • The lights are out. Everyone .................................... (leave).

    • Terry ...................................... (read) that book. I'm not sure.

  • Choose the correct answer.

    • How does she know that today is my birthday? Someone (must tell / must have told) her.

    • There (may have been / may be) a storm tonight. Do you want to stay home?

    • We (needn't / needn't have) shot that scene again.

    • He crossed the road without looking. He (could have been / could be) killed!

    • Actors (need / need to) learn their lines very well.

  • Complete the passage with the words below. You may need to change the form of some of the words. (“Vocabulary, page 43)

  • film-maker, dismay behind the scenes, century, in order to,

    avoid, set in, released, make a point of, pay attention

    If you saw what goes on ................................ of a film, you would realise that being a ..................................... is no easy task. It involves many people and a lot of hard word ........................................ produce a successful film. When James Cameron produced Titanic, a film which is ............................... the beginning of the 20th ................................., he wasn't aware of a small detail - there really was a Jack Dawson (the character played by Leonardo Di Caprio) aboard the Titanic! Imagine his .................................... when he saw the tombstone of the real Jack Dawson who was buried in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Even though Cameron had .............................. to historical accuracy and had ........................................ ensuring continuity, he couldn't have .......................................... making this mistake, which of couse was discovered after the film was .................................... .

  • Complete each sentence with a suitable modal or modal perfect below. (“Grammar: modals and modals perfects, page 43)

  • must have, couldn't have, would, needn't, should have

    • You ...................................... go to see that film. It's very boring.

    • Tom Hanks ...................................... driven a 1998 jeep if the film took place in 1995.

    • The sign says: “Do not use lift in case of fire”. It .......................................... been a mistake as Americans use elevators.

    • You said you ..................................... ensure that there weren't any shadows from the camera on the screen.

    • The stamp on the postcard ........................................ been French, but it wasn't.

  • Choose the correct answer. (“Grammar: review, page 43)

  • We ................................................ (have not talked / had not talked) about the problematic area which .............................................. (concerns / is concerning) improbabilities, in other words, things which ................... (aren't / don't) logical. For example, in Independence Day, the President's wife is rescued by a helicopter, after .................. (which/ who) the city is hit in an attack and the ground temperature ............................. (reached / reaches) 1,650º Celsius. According to science, the President's wife .................................................... (must not have survived / could not have survived) such extreme heat, even if the helicopter ........................... (flies / was flying) above the ground. Once again, we ...................................... (must have asked / must ask) ourselves the all-important questions: ....................... (Was / Did) this spoil the film for us? Can we really expect the people .................... (whose / who) made to be experts in every field?

  • Complete these sentences using infinitive, gerund or infinitive without to. (dictado)

    • Put that cigarette out. You are not allowed ................................ in here (smoke)

    • It is hot here. Would you mind .................................... the window (open/close)

    • He found the work difficult, but he managed ............................ the exam (pass)

    • She always travels by train because she is afraid of ........................ (fly)

    • Where do you want ......................... tonight? (go)

    • I always avoid ........................... up (mess)

    • Her doctor advised her ............................ a specialist (see)

    • I hate ........................... (be insulted)

    • A kettle is used for ........................ (boil) water.

    • I hope ............................ (work) in a good office in the future.

    • She doesn't feel like .............................. (go out) this evening. It is cold.

    • She always suggested .............................. (buy) a house in the mountains.

    • She began ..........................(cry) when she heard about the bad news.

    • I can't ............................ (help) you. I am sorry.

    • Don't give up yet. We must keep on ........................... (try)

    • They should .............................. (speak) English more often.

    • My grandfather enjoyed ....................... (tease) me at Christmas.

    • They finished .......................... (work) last Sunday.

    • I deny ................................. (be) the culprit of the crime.

    • My wife could ..................................(swim) when she was 7.

  • Complete the sentences with a suitable particle below. (“Phrasal verbs: turn” page 21 workbook)

  • up, down, into, off

    • Could you please turn your stereo .................? It's too loud.

    • I didn't expect John to turn .......... at my party.

    • It's going to turn ............... a butterfly one day.

    • Did you forget to turn ............. the water?

  • Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. There may be more than one possible answer. (“Gerunds and infinitives, page 21 workbook)

    • Sharon loves ......................... (be) the centre of attention.

    • I think I forgot ..........................(post) your letter.

    • Jodi remembers ........................ (visit) London as a child.

    • Andy can't help ............................ (live) in a dream world.

    • Please stop at the supermarket ................... (buy) some milk.

    • He is used to ......................... (work) long hours at work.

  • Complete the sentences with the correct form of the idioms below. (“Idioms: acting”, page 21 workbook)

  • behind the scenes, act up, puts on an act, stage fright, get

    your act together

    • You'd better ................................... or you won't pass your exams this year.

    • He always .............................. of being happy to see me, but I'm sure he can't satand me.

    • The students often .................................. when they have a substitute teacher.

    • It would be interesting to know what happens .................................. in the wordl of diplomacy.

    • Whenever I have to speak in public, I get ................................ .

  • Choose the correct answer. (“Vocabulary, page 26 workbook)

    • What a surprise! I didn't expect you to ................................ (turn up / pay attention) here.

    • The film is suppossed to be .................................. (spoiled / set) in Vietnam, but it was shot in Thailand.

    • Please take these steps to ............................... (ensure / produce) your safety.

    • Three of us will leave early, and two will ........................ (notice / remain) behind to clean up.

    • Look at these ........................... (shots / details) of Meryl. She looks just like a model!

    • Jan's great-uncle, who is 96, was born almost a .................. (pride / century) ago.

  • Choose the correct answer. (“grammar: modals / modals perfects, page 26 workbook)

    • I'm going to check if there are any messages on the answering machine. Someone ................................(may call / may have called) us.

    • Why didn't you wear your helmet? You .............................. (could have hurt / could hurt) yourself!

    • If you need some fresh air, you ................................... (should go for / should have gone for) a wald in the park.

    • There is a light on in the room on the second floor. Someone ............................... ( must have been / must be) at home

    • Sally .................................. (needn't have bought / needn't buy) the newspaper. I already had one.

    • It's dark outside, but my watch says it's 3.30. My watch .............................. (must stop / must have stopped)

  • Complete the paragraph with the words below. (“Vocabulary”, page 27 workbook)

  • took place, dismay, film-maker, in order to, behind the scenes, take pride in, stormy

    Thirty-nine-year-old Stephen Altman is the son of famous ......................... Robert Altman, who is known for films such as Nashville, California Split and Gosford Park. Since the start of his career, Stephen has worked .................................... as a production designer on his father's films. Altman has found that often, .............................. get the shots that a film-maker is looking for, the location must be radically altered. For instance, the filming of Popeye ........................................... on the island of Malta. Everyone thought that it was a perfect location, however, Altman had to build an entire town there. The building of the sets began in the winter, and then, to the ........................................ of Altman and the film crew, ....................................... weather stopped the project in its tracks for several weeks. Altman's word is full of challenges like these, yet he continues to enjoy himself and .................................. his work.

  • Complete each sentence with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Use modals and modal perfects. (“Grammar: modal and modal perfects”, page 27 workbook)

    • We ................................. (should / buy) the items yerterday. The shops are all closed now.

    • The keys are not here. Danny .................................... (must / take) them.

    • If you stay home, you .................................. (can / watch) a film on television.

    • You .......................................... (needn't / type) the letter for me. I could have done it myself.

    • There's no one on the platform. I'm afraid that you ......................... (may / miss) your train.

    • Nancy broke her leg yesterday. You ...................................... (should / go) to visit her.

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