US (United States) Code. Title 7. Chapter 96: Global Climate Change

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Agriculture

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7 USC CHAPTER 96 - GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 96 - GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 96 - GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

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Sec.

6701. Global Climate Change Program.

(a) Establishment.

(b) General duties.

(c) Specific responsibilities.

6702. Study of global climate change, agriculture, and forestry.

(a) Crops.

(b) Forests.

(c) Reports.

6703. Repealed.

6704. Office of International Forestry.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Deputy Chief designation.

(c) Duties.

(d) Authorization of appropriations.

6705. Line item.

6706. Institutes of Tropical Forestry.

6707. Urban forestry demonstration projects.

6708. Biomass energy demonstration projects.

6709. Interagency cooperation to maximize biomass growth.

6710. Authorization of appropriations.

6711. Carbon cycle research.

(a) In general.

(b) Land grant universities.

(c) Use.

(d) Cooperative research.

(e) Extension projects.

(f) Administrative costs.

(g) Authorization of appropriations.

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7 USC Sec. 6701 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 96 - GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

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Sec. 6701. Global Climate Change Program

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(a) Establishment

For the purpose of having within the Department of Agriculture a

focal point for coordinating all issues of climate change, the

Secretary of Agriculture (hereafter in this chapter referred to as

the ''Secretary'') shall establish a Global Climate Change Program

(hereafter in this section referred to as the ''Program''). The

Secretary shall designate a director of the Program who shall be

responsible to the Secretary for carrying out the duties specified

in subsections (b) and (c) of this section.

(b) General duties

The Director shall -

(1) coordinate policy analysis, long range planning, research,

and response strategies relating to climate change issues;

(2) provide liaison with other Federal agencies, through the

Office of Science and Technology Policy, regarding issues of

climate change;

(3) inform the Department of scientific developments and policy

issues relating to the effects of climate change on agriculture

and forestry, including broader issues that affect the impact of

climate change on the farms and forests of the United States;

(4) recommend to the Secretary alternative courses of action

with which to respond to such scientific developments and policy

issues; and

(5) ensure that recognition of the potential for climate change

is fully integrated into the research, planning, and

decision-making processes of the Department.

(c) Specific responsibilities

The Director shall -

(1) coordinate the global climate change studies required by

section 6702 of this title;

(2) provide, through such other agencies as the Secretary

determines appropriate, competitive grants for research in

climatology relating to the potential impact of climate change on

agriculture;

(3) coordinate the participation of the Department in

interagency climate-related activities;

(4) consult with the National Academy of Sciences and private,

academic, State, and local groups with respect to climate

research and related activities;

(5) represent the Department to the Office of Science and

Technology Policy and coordinate the activities of the Department

in response to requirements of this chapter;

(6) represent the Department on the Intergovernmental Panel on

Climate Change; and

(7) review all Department budget items relating to climate

change issues, including specifically the research budget to be

submitted by the Secretary to the Office of Science and

Technology Policy and the Office of Management and Budget.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XXIV, Sec. 2402, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

4058.)

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REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (c)(5), was in the

original ''this title'', meaning title XXIV of Pub. L. 101-624,

Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4058, which is classified generally to

this chapter. For complete classification of title XXIV to the

Code, see Short Title note below and Tables.

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SHORT TITLE

Section 2401 of title XXIV of Pub. L. 101-624 provided that:

''This title (enacting this chapter and amending sections 1601 and

1602 of Title 16, Conservation) may be cited as the 'Global Climate

Change Prevention Act of 1990'.''

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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 6704 of this title.

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7 USC Sec. 6702 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 96 - GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

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Sec. 6702. Study of global climate change, agriculture, and

forestry

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(a) Crops

(1) In general

The Secretary shall study the effects of global climate change

on agriculture and forestry. The study shall, at a minimum

address -

(A) the effects of simultaneous increases in temperature and

carbon dioxide on crops of economic significance;

(B) the effects of more frequent or more severe weather

events on such crops;

(C) the effects of potential changes in hydrologic regimes on

current crop yields;

(D) the economic effects of widespread and increased drought

frequency in the south, midwest, and plains States; and

(E) changes in pest problems due to higher temperatures.

(2) Further studies

If the results of the study conducted under paragraph (1)

warrant, the Secretary shall conduct further studies that address

the means of mitigating the effects of global climate change on

crops of economic significance that shall, at a minimum -

(A) identify whether climate change tolerance can be bred

into these crops, the amount of time necessary for any such

breeding, and the effects on the income of farmers;

(B) evaluate existing genetic resource and breeding programs

for crops for their ability to develop new varieties that can

tolerate potential climate changes; and

(C) assess the potential for the development of crop

varieties that are tolerant to climate changes and other

environmental stresses, such as drought, pests, and salinity.

(b) Forests

The Secretary shall conduct a study on the emissions of methane,

nitrous oxide, and hydrocarbons from tropical and temperate

forests, the manner in which such emissions may affect global

climate change; the manner in which global climate change may

affect such emissions; and the manner in which such emissions may

be reduced through management practices. The study shall, at a

minimum -

(1) obtain measurements of nitrous oxide, methane, and

nonmethane hydrocarbons from tropical and temperate forests;

(2) determine the manner in which the nitrous oxide, methane,

and nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions from temperate and tropical

forest systems will respond due to climate change; and

(3) identify and address alternative management strategies for

temperate and tropical forests that may mitigate any negative

effects of global climate change.

(c) Reports

The Secretary shall submit reports of the studies conducted under

subsections (a) and (b) of this section within 3 and 6 years,

respectively, after November 28, 1990, to the Committee on

Agriculture and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of

the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Agriculture,

Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate. In addition, interim reports

regarding such studies shall be provided by the Secretary to such

Committees annually, with recommendations for actions which may be

taken to mitigate the negative effects of global climate change and

to adapt to global climate changes and related phenomena.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XXIV, Sec. 2403, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

4059.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Science of

House of Representatives by section 1(a) of Pub. L. 104-14, set out

as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2, The Congress.

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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 6701 of this title.

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7 USC Sec. 6703 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 96 - GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

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Sec. 6703. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 868, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1175

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Section, Pub. L. 101-624, title XXIV, Sec. 2404, Nov. 28, 1990,

104 Stat. 4060, required Secretary of Agriculture to establish

technical advisory committee to provide advice to Secretary

concerning major study areas required under this chapter.

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7 USC Sec. 6704 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 96 - GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

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Sec. 6704. Office of International Forestry

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary, acting through the Chief of the Forest Service,

shall establish an Office of International Forestry within the

Forest Service within six months after November 28, 1990.

(b) Deputy Chief designation

The Chief shall appoint a Deputy Chief for International

Forestry.

(c) Duties

The Deputy Chief shall -

(1) be responsible for the international forestry activities of

the Forest Service;

(2) coordinate the activities of the Forest Service in

implementing the provisions of this chapter; and

(3) serve as Forest Service liaison to the director for the

program established pursuant to section 6701 of this title.

(d) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated for each of fiscal years

1996 through 2007 such sums as are necessary to carry out this

section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XXIV, Sec. 2405, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

4060; Pub. L. 104-127, title III, Sec. 371, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.

1015; Pub. L. 107-171, title VIII, Sec. 8102, May 13, 2002, 116

Stat. 475.)

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AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1996 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-127 added subsec. (d).

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7 USC Sec. 6705 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 96 - GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

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Sec. 6705. Line item

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The President's proposed budget to Congress for the first fiscal

year beginning after November 28, 1990, and for each subsequent

fiscal year shall specifically identify funds to be spent on Forest

Service international cooperation and assistance.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XXIV, Sec. 2406, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

4060.)

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7 USC Sec. 6706 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 96 - GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

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Sec. 6706. Institutes of Tropical Forestry

-STATUTE-

The Secretary is authorized and directed to establish an

Institute of Tropical Forestry in Puerto Rico and an Institute of

Pacific Islands Forestry (hereafter in this section referred to as

the ''Institutes''). The Institutes shall conduct research on

forest management and natural resources that shall include -

(1) management and development of tropical forests;

(2) the relationship between climate change and tropical

forests;

(3) threatened and endangered species;

(4) recreation and tourism;

(5) development of tropical forest resources on a sustained

yield basis;

(6) techniques to monitor the health and productivity of

tropical forests;

(7) tropical forest regeneration and restoration; and

(8) the effects of tropical deforestation on biodiversity,

global climate, wildlife, soils, and water.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XXIV, Sec. 2407, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

4060.)

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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 16 section 4503d.

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7 USC Sec. 6707 01/06/03

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CHAPTER 96 - GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

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Sec. 6707. Urban forestry demonstration projects

-STATUTE-

The Secretary is authorized to undertake, through the Forest

Service's Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry program, a

study and pilot implementation project to demonstrate the benefits

of retaining and integrating forests in urban development. The

focus of such a study and implementation project should be to

protect the environment and associated natural resource values, for

current and future generations.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XXIV, Sec. 2409, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

4061.)

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7 USC Sec. 6708 01/06/03

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Sec. 6708. Biomass energy demonstration projects

-STATUTE-

The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy, may

carry out projects that demonstrate the potential of short-rotation

silvicultural methods to produce wood for electricity production

and industrial energy needs. In carrying out such projects, the

Secretary shall cooperate with private industries, Federal and

State agencies, and other organizations.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XXIV, Sec. 2410, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

4061.)

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7 USC Sec. 6709 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

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Sec. 6709. Interagency cooperation to maximize biomass growth

-STATUTE-

The Secretary may enter into an agreement with the Secretary of

Defense to -

(1) conduct a study of reforestation and improved management of

Department of Defense military installations and lands; and

(2) develop a program to manage such forests and lands so as to

maximize their potential for biomass growth and sequestering

carbon dioxide.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XXIV, Sec. 2411, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

4062.)

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7 USC Sec. 6710 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 96 - GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

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Sec. 6710. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be

necessary for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 1997, to carry

out this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XXIV, Sec. 2412, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

4062; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 843, Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1170.)

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AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''1997'' for ''1996''.

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7 USC Sec. 6711 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 96 - GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

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Sec. 6711. Carbon cycle research

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

To the extent funds are made available for this purpose, the

Secretary shall provide a grant to the Consortium for Agricultural

Soils Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases, acting through Kansas State

University, to develop, analyze, and implement, through the land

grant universities described in subsection (b) of this section,

carbon cycle research at the national, regional, and local levels.

(b) Land grant universities

The land grant universities referred to in subsection (a) of this

section are the following:

(1) Colorado State University.

(2) Iowa State University.

(3) Kansas State University.

(4) Michigan State University.

(5) Montana State University.

(6) Purdue University.

(7) Ohio State University.

(8) Texas A&M University.

(9) University of Nebraska.

(c) Use

Land grant universities described in subsection (b) of this

section shall use funds made available under this section -

(1) to conduct research to improve the scientific basis of

using land management practices to increase soil carbon

sequestration, including research on the use of new technologies

to increase carbon cycle effectiveness, such as biotechnology and

nantechnology;

(2) to enter into partnerships to identify, develop, and

evaluate agricultural best practices, including partnerships

between -

(A) Federal, State, or private entities; and

(B) the Department of Agriculture;

(3) to develop necessary computer models to predict and assess

the carbon cycle;

(4) to estimate and develop mechanisms to measure carbon levels

made available as a result of -

(A) voluntary Federal conservation programs;

(B) private and Federal forests; and

(C) other land uses;

(5) to develop outreach programs, in coordination with

Extension Services, to share information on carbon cycle and

agricultural best practices that is useful to agricultural

producers; and

(6) to collaborate with the Great Plains Regional Earth Science

Application Center to develop a space-based carbon cycle remote

sensing technology program to -

(A) provide, on a near-continual basis, a real-time and

comprehensive review of vegetation conditions;

(B) assess and model agricultural carbon sequestration; and

(C) develop commercial products.

(d) Cooperative research

(1) In general

Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary,

in cooperation with departments and agencies participating in the

U.S. Global Change Research Program (which may use any of their

statutory authorities) and with eligible entities, may carry out

research to promote understanding of -

(A) the flux of carbon in soils and plants (including trees);

and

(B) the exchange of other greenhouse gases from agriculture.

(2) Eligible entities

Research under this subsection may be carried out through the

competitive awarding of grants and cooperative agreements to

colleges and universities (as defined in section 3103 of this

title).

(3) Cooperative research purposes

Research conducted under this subsection shall encourage

collaboration among scientists with expertise in the areas of

soil science, agronomy, agricultural economics, forestry, and

other agricultural sciences to focus on -

(A) developing data addressing carbon losses and gains in

soils and plants (including trees) and the exchange of methane

and nitrous oxide from agriculture;

(B) understanding how agricultural and forestry practices

affect the sequestration of carbon in soils and plants

(including trees) and the exchange of other greenhouse gases,

including the effects of new technologies such as biotechnology

and nanotechnology;

(C) developing cost-effective means of measuring and

monitoring changes in carbon pools in soils and plants

(including trees), including computer models;

(D) evaluating the linkage between federal conservation

programs and carbon sequestration;

(E) developing methods, including remote sensing, to measure

the exchange of carbon and other greenhouse gases sequestered,

and to evaluate leakage, performance, and permanence issues;

and

(F) assessing the applicability of the results of research

conducted under this subsection for developing methods to

account for the impact of agricultural activities (including

forestry) on the exchange of greenhouse gases.

(4) Authorization of appropriation

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this subsection for each of fiscal years

2002 through 2007.

(e) Extension projects

(1) In general

The Secretary, in cooperation with departments and agencies

participating in the U.S. Global Change Research Program (which

may use any of their statutory authorities), and local extension

agents, experts from institutions of higher education that offer

a curriculum in agricultural and biological sciences, and other

local agricultural or conservation organizations, may implement

extension projects (including on-farm projects with direct

involvement of agricultural producers) that combine measurement

tools and modeling techniques into integrated packages to monitor

the carbon sequestering benefits of conservation practices and

the exchange of greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture which

demonstrate the feasibility of methods of measuring and

monitoring -

(A) changes in carbon content and other carbon pools in soils

and plants (including trees); and

(B) the exchange of other greenhouse gases.

(2) Extension project results

The Secretary may disseminate to farmers, ranchers, private

forest landowners, and appropriate State agencies in each State

information concerning -

(A) the results of projects under this subsection; and

(B) the manner in which the methods used in the projects

might be applicable to the operations of the farmers, ranchers,

private forest landowners, and State agencies.

(3) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this subsection for each of fiscal years

2002 through 2007.

(f) Administrative costs

Not more than 3 percent of the funds made available for this

section may be used by the Secretary to pay administrative costs

incurred in carrying out this section.

(g) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years 2002

through 2007 such sums as may be necessary to carry out this

section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-224, title II, Sec. 221, June 20, 2000, 114 Stat. 407;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7223, title IX, Sec. 9009, May 13,

2002, 116 Stat. 454, 483.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Agricultural Risk Protection

Act of 2000, and not as part of the Global Climate Change

Prevention Act of 1990 which comprises this chapter.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7223(1), substituted

''To the extent funds are made available for this purpose, the

Secretary shall provide'' for ''Of the amount made available under

section 261(a)(2), the Secretary shall use $15,000,000 to

provide''.

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 9009, added subsecs. (d)

and (e). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (f).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 9009(1), redesignated subsec.

(d) as (f).

Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7223(2), substituted ''for this section''

for ''under subsection (a) of this section''.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7223(3), added subsec. (g).

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