US (United States) Code. Title 7. Chapter 8A: Rubber and other critical agricultural materials

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Agriculture

  • Enviado por: El remitente no desea revelar su nombre
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
  • 35 páginas
publicidad

-CITE-

7 USC CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL

AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-MISC1-

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec.

171. Program for development of guayule and other rubber-bearing

plants.

172. Authorization of Secretary to appoint employees; delegation of

powers; cooperation with other agencies; allotment of funds;

leases of facilities and disposal of water.

173. Authorization of appropriations.

174. Omitted.

175. Lease or sublease of unsuitable lands; disposal of water

supply.

176. Sale of guayule shrub to Reconstruction Finance Corporation.

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

178. Congressional findings and declaration of policy.

178a. Definitions.

178b. Joint Commission on Research and Development of Critical

Agricultural Materials.

(a) Establishment; function.

(b) Membership.

(c) Chairman.

(d) Delegation of responsibilities to Joint

Commission; transfer and use of appropriated

funds.

(e) Duties.

(f) Administrative support services.

(g) Advice of scientific, engineering and business

communities.

178c. Research and development program by Secretary of Agriculture.

(a) Designation of Department as lead agency.

(b) Scope of program.

(c) Office of Critical Agricultural Materials.

(d) Authority of Secretary in carrying out

demonstration project.

178d. Research and development program by Secretary of Commerce.

178e. Cooperative projects with Mexico, Australia, and Israel.

178f. Assistance from States and public agencies; contracts and

agreements.

178g. Powers of Secretary of Agriculture.

178h. Powers of Secretary of Commerce.

178i. Coordination of activities with Federal agencies.

178j. Laws governing inventions under this subchapter.

178k. Disposition of byproducts and strategic and industrially

important products.

178l. Rules and regulations.

178m. Report to President and Congress.

178n. Administration and funding.

(a) Authorization of appropriations to Secretary of

Agriculture.

(b) Administration and management.

(c) Contract authority as limited by amounts provided

in appropriations acts.

(d) Activities limited to critical materials other

than native latex after fiscal 1988.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 171 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 171. Program for development of guayule and other

rubber-bearing plants

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture (hereinafter called the

''Secretary'') is authorized -

(1) To acquire by purchase, license, or other agreement, the

right to operate under processes or patents relating to the

growing and harvesting of guayule or the extraction of rubber

therefrom, and such properties, processes, records, and data as

are necessary to such operation, including but not limited to any

such rights owned or controlled by the Intercontinental Rubber

Company, or any of its subsidiaries, and all equipment,

materials, structures, factories, real property, seed, seedlings,

growing shrub, and other facilities, patents and processes of the

Intercontinental Rubber Company, or any of its subsidiaries,

located in California, and for such rights, properties, and

facilities of the Intercontinental Rubber Company or any of its

subsidiaries, the Secretary is authorized to pay not to exceed

$2,000,000;

(2) To plant, or contract for the planting of, not in excess of

five hundred thousand acres of guayule in areas in the Western

Hemisphere where the best growth and yields may be expected in

order to maintain a nucleus planting of guayule to serve as a

domestic source of crude rubber as well as of planting material

for use in further expanding guayule planting to meet emergency

needs of the United States for crude rubber; to establish and

maintain nurseries to provide seedlings for field plants; and to

purchase necessary equipment, facilities, land for nurseries and

administrative sites and water rights;

(3) To acquire by lease, or other agreement, for not exceeding

ten years, rights to land for the purpose of making plantings of

guayule; to acquire water rights; to erect necessary buildings on

leased land where suitable land cannot be purchased; to make

surveys, directly or through appropriate Government agencies, of

areas in the Western Hemisphere where guayule might be grown; and

to establish and maintain records indicating areas to which

guayule cultivation could be extended for emergency production;

(4) To construct or operate, or to contract for the operation

of, factories for the extraction of rubber from guayule, and from

Chrysothamnus, commonly known as rabbit brush; to purchase

guayule shrub; and to purchase, operate, and maintain equipment

for the harvesting, storing, transporting, and complete

processing of guayule, and Chrysothamnus, commonly known as

rabbit brush, and to purchase land as sites for processing

plants;

(5) To conduct studies, in which he may cooperate with any

other public or private agency, designed to increase the yield of

guayule by breeding to by selection, and to improve planting

methods; to make surveys of areas suitable for cultivating

guayule; to make experimental plantings; and to conduct agronomic

tests;

(6) To conduct tests, in which he may cooperate with any other

public or private agency, to determine the qualities of rubber

obtained from guayule and to determine the most favorable methods

of compounding and using guayule in rubber manufacturing

processes;

(7) To improve methods of processing guayule shrubs and rubber

and to obtain and hold patents on such new processes;

(8) To sell guayule or rubber processed from guayule and to use

funds so obtained in replanting and maintaining an area not in

excess of five hundred thousand acres of guayule inside the

Western Hemisphere; and

(9) To exercise with respect to rubber-bearing plants other

than guayule the same powers as are granted in the foregoing

provisions of this section with respect to guayule.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 5, 1942, ch. 140, Sec. 1, 56 Stat. 126; Oct. 20, 1942, ch.

617, Sec. 1-4, 56 Stat. 796, 797.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1942 - Par. (2). Act Oct. 20, 1942, Sec. 1, increased acreage

from 75,000 to 500,000 and inserted reference to land for

administrative sites and water rights.

Par. (3). Act Oct. 20, 1942, Sec. 2, inserted ''to acquire water

rights; to erect necessary buildings on leased land where suitable

land cannot be purchased;''.

Par. (4). Act Oct. 20, 1942, Sec. 3, inserted ''to purchase

guayule shrub;''.

Par. (8). Act Oct. 20, 1942, Sec. 4, substituted ''not in excess

of five hundred'' for ''of seventy-five''.

ADDITIONAL ACREAGE AUTHORIZED

Act Oct. 26, 1942, ch. 629, title II, 56 Stat. 1002, provided

that: ''The Secretary of Agriculture, in connection with the

appropriations herein and heretofore made for such project, is

authorized to plant, or contract for the planting of, not to exceed

twenty-five thousand acres of guayule in areas in the Western

Hemisphere in addition to the acreage permitted under the

provisions of paragraph (1), section 1 of the act of March 5, 1942

(Public Law 473) (par. (1) of this section).''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 172, 173, 175 of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 172 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 172. Authorization of Secretary to appoint employees;

delegation of powers; cooperation with other agencies;

allotment of funds; leases of facilities and disposal of water

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary is authorized to appoint such employees,

including citizens of other countries, as may be necessary for

carrying out the provisions of sections 171 to 173 of this title.

Such appointments may be made without regard to the provisions of

the civil-service laws. (Sections 321, 322, 324, and 325a of title

40 (FOOTNOTE 1) shall not apply to any nursery, planting,

cultivating or harvesting operations conducted pursuant to sections

171 to 173 of this title.) All appointments so made by the

Secretary shall be made only on the basis of merit and efficiency.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(b) The Secretary may delegate any of the powers and duties

conferred on him by sections 171 to 173 of this title to any agency

or bureau of the Department of Agriculture.

(c) The Secretary, with the consent of any board, commission,

independent establishment, corporation, or executive department of

the Government, including any field service thereof, may avail

himself of the use of information, services, facilities, officers

and employees thereof, in carrying out the provisions of sections

171 to 173 of this title.

(d) The Secretary may allot to bureaus and offices of the

Department of Agriculture, or may transfer to such other agencies

of the State and Federal Governments as may be requested by him to

assist in carrying out sections 171 to 173 of this title, any funds

made available to him under said sections.

(e) In carrying out the provisions of sections 171 to 173 of this

title the Secretary shall have all of the authority conferred upon

him by section 502 of title 16.

(f) The Secretary may lease at reasonable rentals structures

erected by the Government with essential facilities for such

periods as such structures and facilities are not required for the

purposes of sections 171 to 173 of this title; and any part of land

or structures with essential facilities acquired by lease, deed, or

other agreement pursuant to said sections, which are not required

or suitable for the purposes of said sections during the period the

United States is entitled to possession thereof may be leased or

subleased at a reasonable rental; and any surplus water controlled

by the United States on land owned or leased by the United States

for the purposes of said sections may be disposed of at reasonable

rates.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 5, 1942, ch. 140, Sec. 2, 56 Stat. 127; Oct. 20, 1942, ch.

617, Sec. 5-7, 56 Stat. 797.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The civil service laws, referred to in subsec. (a), are set forth

in Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. See,

particularly, section 3301 et seq. of Title 5.

Sections 321, 322, 324, and 325a of title 40, referred to in

subsec. (a), mean sections 321, 322, 324, and 325a of former title

40 which were repealed by Pub. L. 87-581, title II, Sec. 203, Aug.

13, 1962, 76 Stat. 360. See sections 3702, 3703, and 3708 of Title

40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

In the second sentence of subsec. (a), the words ''and the

compensation of the persons so appointed may be fixed without

regard to the provisions of the Classification Act of 1923, as

amended'' were omitted as obsolete. Sections 1202 and 1204 of the

Classification Act of 1949, 63 Stat. 972, 973, repealed the 1923

Act and all laws or parts of laws inconsistent with the 1949 Act.

While section 1106(a) of the 1949 Act provided that references in

other laws to the 1923 Act should be held and considered to mean

the 1949 Act, it did not have the effect of continuing the

exceptions contained in this subsection because of section 1106(b)

which provided that the application of the 1949 Act of any

position, officer, or employee shall not be affected by section

1106(a). The Classification Act of 1949 was repealed by Act Sept.

6, 1966, Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 8(a), 80 Stat. 632 (of which section

1 revised and enacted Title 5, U.S.C., into law). Section 5102 of

Title 5 contains the applicability provisions of the 1949 Act, and

section 5103 of Title 5 authorizes the Office of Personnel

Management to determine the applicability to specific positions and

employees.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1942 - Subsec. (a). Act Oct. 20, 1942, Sec. 5, 7, substituted

''other countries'' for ''countries in the Western Hemisphere'' and

inserted sentence relating to inapplicability of certain sections

of title 40.

Subsecs. (e), (f). Act Oct. 20, 1942, Sec. 6, added subsecs. (e)

and (f).

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of all officers, agencies, and employees of Department

of Agriculture transferred, with certain exceptions, to Secretary

of Agriculture by 1953 Reorg. Plan No. 2, Sec. 1, eff. June 4,

1953, 18 F.R. 3219, 67 Stat. 633, set out as a note under section

2201 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 173, 175 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 173 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 173. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

There are authorized to be appropriated such amounts as may be

necessary to carry out the provisions of sections 171 to 173 of

this title. Any amounts so appropriated, and any funds received by

the Secretary under said sections, shall remain permanently

available for the purposes of said sections without regard to the

provisions of any other laws relating to the availability and

disposition of appropriated funds and the disposition of funds

collected by officers or agencies of the United States.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 5, 1942, ch. 140, Sec. 3, 56 Stat. 128.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 172, 175 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 174 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 174. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was from the Department of Agriculture Appropriation Act,

1946, act July 5, 1945, ch. 271, title I, 59 Stat. 423, provided

for the disposition of proceeds from the sale of guayule and other

rubber-bearing plants, and was not repeated in subsequent

appropriation acts. Similar provisions were contained in prior

appropriation acts as follows:

May 5, 1945, ch. 109, 59 Stat. 152.

June 28, 1944, ch. 296, 58 Stat. 447.

July 12, 1943, ch. 215, 57 Stat. 415.

July 2, 1942, ch. 476, title I, 56 Stat. 597.

Apr. 28, 1942, ch. 247, title III, 56 Stat. 240.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 175 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 175. Lease or sublease of unsuitable lands; disposal of water

supply

-STATUTE-

Subject to conditions prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture,

any part of the land acquired by lease, deed, or other agreement

pursuant to sections 171 to 173 of this title, which is not

required or suitable for the purposes of said sections may be

leased or subleased at a reasonable rental during the period the

United States is entitled to possession thereof; and any surplus

water supplies controlled by the United States on such land may be

disposed of at reasonable rates.

-SOURCE-

(July 2, 1942, ch. 476, title I, 56 Stat. 597.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 172, 173 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 176 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 176. Sale of guayule shrub to Reconstruction Finance

Corporation

-STATUTE-

Guayule shrub may be sold to the Reconstruction Finance

Corporation at a price reflecting the net realization from the sale

of the rubber recovered from such shrub in mills operated by said

Corporation after deducting the cost of milling and amortization of

the cost of mills constructed for the purpose by said Corporation.

-SOURCE-

(June 30, 1945, ch. 215, Sec. 1, 59 Stat. 310; July 5, 1945, ch.

271, title I, 59 Stat. 423.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Rubber Reserve Company dissolved and functions transferred to

Reconstruction Finance Corporation by Joint Res. June 30, 1945,

eff. July 1, 1945.

ABOLITION OF RECONSTRUCTION FINANCE CORPORATION

Section 6(a) of 1957 Reorg. Plan No. 1, eff. June 30, 1957, 22

F.R. 4633, 71 Stat. 649, set out as a note under section 601 of

Title 15, Commerce and Trade, abolished Reconstruction Finance

Corporation.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in section 3311 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178. Congressional findings and declaration of policy

-STATUTE-

(a)(1) Congress recognizes that natural latex rubber is a

commodity of vital importance to the economy, the defense, and the

general well-being of the Nation. The United States is totally

dependent upon foreign sources for its supplies of natural (Hevea)

latex, which total about one million tons per year. Synthetic

rubber, manufactured from petroleum feedstocks, cannot be

substituted for natural rubber.

(2) Congress further recognizes that certain plant species of the

genus Parthenium (Guayule), native to Texas and the Republic of

Mexico, as well as other plants, are known to contain commercial

quantities of extractable rubber. During World War II, through

research carried out by the Secretary of Agriculture in the

Emergency Rubber Project, the United States demonstrated that

Parthenium latex is a promising and realistic substitute for Hevea

latex.

(3) Congress further recognizes that additional research and

development are needed, especially into methods for increasing

latex yields, before commercialization of native Parthenium latex

or other hydrocarbon-containing plants by private industry is

feasible.

(4) Congress further recognizes that the development of a

domestic natural rubber industry, based on Parthenium and other

hydrocarbon-containing plants, would not only relieve the Nation's

dependence upon foreign latex sources but also convey substantial

economic benefits to people living in arid and semiarid regions of

the United States. Such an industry would comprise the agricultural

production of the hydrocarbon-containing plants and the development

of commercial processing and manufacturing facilities to extract

the latex and other products.

(5) Congress further recognizes that ongoing research into the

development and commercialization of native latex has been

conducted by the Department of Agriculture, the Department of

Commerce, the National Science Foundation, and other public as well

as private and industrial research groups, and that these research

efforts should be continued and expanded.

(b) In addition, Congress recognizes that the development of a

domestic industry or industries for the production and manufacture

from native agricultural crops of products other than rubber which

are of strategic and industrial importance but for which the Nation

is now dependent upon foreign sources, would benefit the economy,

the defense, and the general well-being of the Nation, and that

additional research efforts in this area should be undertaken or

continued and expanded.

(c) It is therefore the policy of the United States to provide

for the development and demonstration of economically feasible

means of culturing and manufacturing Parthenium and other

hydrocarbon-containing plants, along with other native agricultural

crops, for the production of critical agricultural materials to

benefit the Nation and promote economic development.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 2, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2529; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 2, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 181.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 2(1), redesignated

existing provisions of subsec. (a) as par. (1).

Subsec. (a)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 2(2), redesignated

subsecs. (b), (c), and (d) as pars. (2), (3), and (4),

respectively, of subsec. (a).

Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 2(2), (3), redesignated

subsec. (e) as par. (5) of subsec. (a), and in par. (5), as so

redesignated, substituted ''development and commercialization of

native latex has been conducted by the Department of Agriculture,

the Department of Commerce, the National Science Foundation, and

other public as well as private and industrial research groups,''

for ''commercialization of native latex has been conducted by the

Department of Agriculture and by the Department of Commerce through

the regional commissions''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 2(4), added subsec. (b). Former

subsec. (b) redesignated (a)(2).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 2(4), added subsec. (c). Former

subsec. (c) redesignated (a)(3).

Subsecs. (d) and (e). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 2(2), redesignated

subsecs. (d) and (e) as (a)(4) and (a)(5), respectively.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 2(4), struck out subsec. (f)

which provided: ''It is the policy of the Congress, therefore, to

provide for the development and demonstration of economically

feasible means of culturing and manufacturing Parthenium and other

hydrocarbon-containing plants for the extraction of natural rubber

and other products to benefit the Nation and promote economic

development''. See subsec. (c).

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 95-592, as amended by Pub. L. 98-284, Sec.

1, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 181, provided: ''That this Act (enacting

this subchapter and amending section 1314f of this title) may be

cited as the 'Critical Agricultural Materials Act'.'' As originally

enacted Pub. L. 95-592 had been cited as the ''Native Latex

Commercialization and Economic Development Act of 1978''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178a. Definitions

-STATUTE-

As used in this subchapter -

(a) The term ''State'' means each of the fifty States, the

District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

(b) The term ''Secretaries'' means the Secretary of Agriculture

and/or the Secretary of Commerce acting each separately or jointly.

(c) The term ''commercialization'' means the stage in the

development or advancement of a technology at which point private

enterprise is willing to invest in a full-scale production

facility.

(d) The term ''native'' means hydrocarbon-containing plants and

other agricultural crops of strategic and industrial importance

which may be cultured in North America, especially plants which are

members of the genus Parthenium known as Guayule.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 3, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2529; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 3, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 181.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 3(a), inserted ''and

other agricultural crops of strategic and industrial importance''

and ''plants which are''.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 3(b), struck out subsec. (e)

which defined ''Regional Commissions'' as the Regional Action

Planning Commissions established pursuant to title V of the Public

Works and Economic Development Act of 1965.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178b. Joint Commission on Research and Development of Critical

Agricultural Materials

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment; function

There is established a Joint Commission on Research and

Development of Critical Agricultural Materials, hereinafter

referred to as the Joint Commission. The function of the Joint

Commission shall be to assist the Secretaries in carrying out the

purposes of this subchapter.

(b) Membership

The Joint Commission shall consist of the following members:

Three individuals designated by the Secretary of Agriculture from

among the staff of the Department of Agriculture; three individuals

designated by the Secretary of Commerce from among the staff of the

Department of Commerce; a representative of the Bureau of Indian

Affairs of the Department of the Interior; a representative of the

National Science Foundation; a representative of the Department of

State; a representative of the Department of Defense; and a

representative of the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Each of

the members of the Joint Commission shall be an individual who, on

behalf of the Department or agency which such individual

represents, is engaged in the support of research, development,

demonstration, and commercialization activities involving native

latex and the production of other critical agricultural materials

from native agricultural crops.

(c) Chairman

The Joint Commission shall be headed by a Chairman who shall be

selected by the Secretary of Agriculture from among the three

individuals designated by the Secretary as members under subsection

(b) of this section.

(d) Delegation of responsibilities to Joint Commission; transfer

and use of appropriated funds

The Secretaries may delegate to the Joint Commission one or more

of their responsibilities under this subchapter, and transfer to

the Joint Commission funds appropriated to carry out the purposes

of this subchapter as they deem appropriate to achieve the purposes

of this subchapter, and the Joint Commission is authorized to carry

out such functions and expend such funds to achieve the purposes of

the subchapter.

(e) Duties

The Joint Commission shall -

(1) develop a plan establishing goals, timetables, and tasks to

be undertaken in carrying out the purposes of this subchapter;

(2) establish broad policy for implementing the plan carrying

out the purposes of this subchapter;

(3) establish criteria for evaluating and awarding contracts

for research, development, and demonstration projects; and

(4) review and advise the Secretaries with respect to grants,

contracts, and other project expenditures.

(f) Administrative support services

The Secretaries are authorized to provide without reimbursement

such administrative support services, including the detail of staff

personnel not to exceed a total of five persons from each

Department, as the Joint Commission may need to carry out its

functions.

(g) Advice of scientific, engineering and business communities

To the maximum extent possible, the Secretaries and the Joint

Commission shall seek the advice of the scientific, engineering and

business communities with respect to the activities carried out

under this subchapter. The Secretaries and the Commission shall

specifically seek the advice of persons with expertise in

appropriate fields of agricultural research in land grant colleges

and other universities, in State agricultural experiment stations,

and in other appropriate organizations; and, persons with expertise

in manufacturing and commerce involving rubber and other critical

agricultural materials in private enterprise and other appropriate

organizations.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 4, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2530; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 4, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 181; Pub. L. 104-127, title

VIII, Sec. 881(a), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1175.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsecs. (g), (h). Pub. L. 104-127 redesignated subsec.

(h) as (g), and struck out former subsec. (g) which read as

follows: ''One year after November 4, 1978, and each year

thereafter, the Joint Commission shall provide to the Congress a

report on the implementation of the subchapter. Such report shall

(1) recommend specific directions for further research,

development, and other work, and (2) recommend funding levels for

various elements of the overall project.''

1984 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 4(a), substituted

''Research and Development of Critical Agricultural Materials'' for

''Guayule Research and Commercialization''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 4(b), struck out provision

mandating that two of the designees of the Secretary of Commerce be

Federal Cochairmen of Regional Commissions engaged in the support

of native latex research, development, demonstration, or

commercialization activities, inserted provisions for the

appointment of a representative of the Department of State, a

representative of the Department of Defense, and a representative

of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and inserted provisions

that each of the members of the Joint Commission be an individual

who, on behalf of the Department or agency which such individual

represents, is engaged in the support of research, development,

demonstration, and commercialization activities involving native

latex and the production of other critical agricultural materials

from native agricultural crops.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 4(c), substituted ''The Joint

Commission shall be headed by a Chairman who shall be selected by

the Secretary of Agriculture from among the three individuals

designated by the Secretary as members under subsection (b) of this

section'' for ''The Joint Commission shall be headed by a Chairman.

The Secretary of Agriculture shall designate one of the two members

from his Department to serve as Joint Commission Chairman during

the first two-year period following November 4, 1978, and the

Secretary of Commerce shall designate one of the two members from

his Department as Joint Commission Chairman during the second

two-year period following November 4, 1978. And the same process of

designating Joint Commission Chairmen shall be followed in ensuing

years''.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 4(d), substituted

''manufacturing and commerce involving rubber and other critical

agricultural materials'' for ''rubber manufacturing and commerce''.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of

the Federal Emergency Management Agency, including the functions of

the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency relating

thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment

of related references, see sections 313(1), 551(d), 552(d), and 557

of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland

Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set

out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178c. Research and development program by Secretary of

Agriculture

-STATUTE-

(a) Designation of Department as lead agency

The Department of Agriculture shall be the lead agency in

carrying out this subchapter.

(b) Scope of program

The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct, sponsor, promote, and

coordinate basic and applied research, technology development, and

technology transfer leading to effective and economical methods for

large-scale culturing of plantations and the extraction of latex

from Parthenium or other hydrocarbon-containing plants, and for the

development of other critical agricultural materials from native

agricultural crops having strategic and industrial importance.

Such research shall include, but not be limited to -

(1) carrying out extensive seed collections from wild plants in

Texas, Mexico, and other areas and borrowing or purchasing seeds

from other sources;

(2) developing a stockpile of Parthenium seeds, such stockpile

to be appropriately classified and stored at a suitable facility;

(3) accelerating present plant breeding, genetics, and

selection programs for the purpose of improving and increasing

latex yields, expanding insect and disease resistance, broadening

the ranges of drought and cold resistance of the Parthenium

plant, and providing a system of regional research trials for

enhancing and increasing the supply of foundation seed for

certified seed production;

(4) establishing a system of large-scale experimental plantings

(aggregating ten thousand acres or more) to provide shrub for

feedstock to process in the developmental rubber processing

facility described in paragraph (7);

(5) carrying out specific studies on the effects of irrigation

on plant growth and latex yield and survival potential;

(6) developing equipment needed to carry out nursery

operations, planting, cultivating, harvesting, transporting the

crop, and other necessary agricultural activities;

(7) accelerating the refinement of present extraction and

processing technologies and future extraction technologies,

including the development and construction of a developmental

rubber processing facility for the extraction and production of

test quantities of guayule natural rubber;

(8) establishing and maintaining a bank of all pertinent

research data on native latex including extant United States

Government publications and records from the emergency rubber

project. Such data shall be made available to other Federal and

State agencies and private persons who are interested or involved

in native latex research, development, or manufacture; and

(9) studying the economic feasibility of developing other

native agricultural crops (in addition to Parthenium and other

hydrocarbon-containing plants) that would supply critical

agricultural materials for strategic and industrial purposes,

carrying out demonstration projects to promote the development or

commercialization of such crops (including projects designed to

expand domestic or foreign markets for such crops), and, to the

extent appropriate, carrying out research activities with respect

to such crops in the manner specified in paragraphs (1) through

(8).

(c) Office of Critical Agricultural Materials

The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish within the

Department of Agriculture an Office of Critical Agricultural

Materials, as a central location where such Department can address

research and development with respect to agricultural crops that

have the potential of producing critical materials for strategic

and industrial purposes.

(d) Authority of Secretary in carrying out demonstration project

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in carrying out a

demonstration project referred to in subsection (b)(9) of this

section, the Secretary may -

(1) enter into a contract or cooperative agreement with, or

provide a grant to, any person, or public or private agency or

organization, to participate in, carry out, support, or stimulate

such project;

(2) make available for purposes of clause (1) agricultural

commodities or the products thereof acquired by the Commodity

Credit Corporation under price support operations conducted by

the Corporation; or

(3) use any funds appropriated pursuant to section 178n(a) of

this title, or any funds provided by any person, or public or

private agency or organization, to carry out such project or

reimburse the Commodity Credit Corporation for agricultural

commodities or products that are utilized in connection with such

project.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 5, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2531; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 5, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 182; Pub. L. 99-198, title

XIV, Sec. 1439, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1559; Pub. L. 102-237,

title X, Sec. 1005(1), Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1894.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Subsec. (b)(9). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''industrial

purposes,'' for ''industrial purposes,,''.

1985 - Subsec. (b)(9). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1439(a), extended

research program to carrying out demonstration projects to promote

the development or commercialization of native agricultural crops,

including projects designed to expand domestic or foreign markets

for such crops.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1439(b), added subsec. (d).

1984 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 5(1), added subsec. (a).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 5(1), designated existing

provisions as subsec. (b) and in first sentence of subsec. (b) as

so designated inserted provision relating to development of other

critical agricultural materials from native agricultural crops

having strategic and industrial importance.

Subsec. (b)(1), (2). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 5(2), redesignated cls.

(a) and (b) as pars. (1) and (2) of subsec. (b).

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 5(2), (3), redesignated cl.

(c) as par. (3) of subsec. (b) and substituted ''accelerating

present plant breeding, genetics, and selection programs for the

purpose of improving and increasing latex yields, expanding insect

and disease resistance, broadening the ranges of drought and cold

resistance of the Parthenium plant, and providing a system of

regional research trials for enhancing and increasing the supply of

foundation seed for certified seed production'' for ''carrying out

breeding and selection programs for the purpose of improving latex

yields, expanding insect and disease resistance, and broadening the

ranges of drought and cold tolerance of the Parthenium plant''.

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 5(2), (4), redesignated cl.

(d) as par. (4) of subsec. (b) and substituted ''establishing a

system of large-scale experimental plantings (aggregating ten

thousand acres or more) to provide shrub for feedstock to process

in the developmental rubber processing facility described in

paragraph (7)'' for ''establishing a system of experimental

plantings in arid and semiarid regions of the United States having

suitable climatic and soil conditions for the culture of

Parthenium''.

Subsec. (b)(5), (6). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 5(2), redesignated cls.

(e) and (f) as pars. (5) and (6), respectively, of subsec. (b).

Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 5(2), (5), redesignated cl.

(g) as par. (7) of subsec. (b) and substituted ''accelerating the

refinement of present extraction and processing technologies and

future extraction technologies, including the development and

construction of a developmental rubber processing facility for the

extraction and production of test quantities of guayule natural

rubber;'' for ''further refining present extraction technologies

and future extraction technologies, including technologies which

utilize solar energy; and''.

Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 5(2), redesignated cl. (h)

as par. (8) of subsec. (b).

Subsec. (b)(9). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 5(7), added par. (9).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 5(8), added subsec. (c).

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178d. Research and development program by Secretary of

Commerce

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Commerce is authorized and directed to initiate

and carry out research, technology development, technology

transfer, and demonstration projects to test and demonstrate the

economic feasibility of the manufacture and commercialization of

natural rubber from Parthenium or other hydrocarbon-containing

plants or the manufacture and commercialization of other critical

agricultural materials from native agricultural crops having

strategic and industrial importance. Such research shall include

but not be limited to -

(a) conducting research and development on extraction and

processing techniques;

(b) economic analysis of the production of native latex,

including usable byproducts;

(c) studying the environmental, social, and economic impacts of

the commercial development of native latex;

(d) evaluating the commercial marketability of Parthenium and

rubber derived from other hydrocarbon-containing plants;

(e) further refining present extraction and manufacturing

technologies and future extraction and manufacturing

technologies, including technologies which utilize solar energy;

(f) developing pertinent material and records on manufacturing

of natural rubber which shall be available to other Federal and

State agencies and private persons who are interested in or

involved in natural rubber development, or manufacture; and

(g) to the extent appropriate, carrying out research activities

with respect to native agricultural crops (other than Parthenium

and other hydrocarbon-containing plants) that would supply

critical agricultural materials for strategic and industrial

purposes, in the manner specified in clauses (a) through (f).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 6, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2531; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 6, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 183.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 6(1), (2), inserted in provisions

preceding cl. (a) reference to the manufacture and

commercialization of other critical agricultural materials from

native agricultural crops having strategic and industrial

importance, and struck out ''may be carried out through the

Regional Commissions or otherwise and'' after ''Such research''.

Cl. (g). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 6(5), added cl. (g).

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178e. Cooperative projects with Mexico, Australia, and Israel

-STATUTE-

The Secretaries, in consultation with the Secretary of State, are

authorized and encouraged to enter into cooperative projects with

the Government of Mexico, the Government of Australia, and the

Government of Israel in order to accomplish appropriate aspects of

the research and development provided for in this subchapter. Such

cooperative projects should include, but not be limited to,

projects to determine the economic feasibility of extraction and

processing of latex and other critical agricultural materials

produced in the United States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 7, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2532; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 7, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 183.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Pub. L. 98-284 inserted '', the Government of Australia,

and the Government of Israel'', and substituted ''extraction and

processing of latex and other critical agricultural materials

produced in the United States'' for ''latex extraction and

processing''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178f 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178f. Assistance from States and public agencies; contracts

and agreements

-STATUTE-

The Secretaries are authorized to accept financial or other

assistance from any State or public agency to aid in carrying out

the provisions of this subchapter and to enter into contracts with

respect to such assistance and to enter into agreements with any

State or public agency for the purpose of demonstrating,

transferring, or applying results of research or methods of

economic development relating to native latex or to other critical

agricultural materials.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 8, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2532; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 8, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 183.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Pub. L. 98-284 inserted ''or to other critical

agricultural materials''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178g 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178g. Powers of Secretary of Agriculture

-STATUTE-

In carrying out the provisions of this subchapter, the Secretary

of Agriculture is authorized to -

(a) make grants to States, education institutions, scientific

organizations, and Indian tribes as defined in the Indian

Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (Public Law

93-638, 25 U.S.C. 450), and enter into contracts with such

institutions and organizations and with industrial or engineering

firms;

(b) acquire the services of biologists, agronomists, foresters,

geneticists, chemists, engineers, economists, and other personnel

by contract or otherwise;

(c) utilize the facilities of Federal and State scientific

laboratories;

(d) establish and operate necessary facilities and plantations

to carry out the continuous research, testing, development, and

programing necessary to effectuate the purposes of this

subchapter;

(e) acquire secret processes, technical data, inventions,

patent applications, patents, licenses, land and interest in land

(including water rights), facilities, and other property or

rights by purchase, license, lease, or donation;

(f) assemble and maintain pertinent and current literature and

publications, patents and licenses, land and interests in land;

(g) cause onsite inspections to be made of promising projects,

domestic or foreign, and, in the case of projects located in the

United States, cooperate and participate in their development

when the Secretary determines that the purpose of this subchapter

will be served thereby;

(h) foster and participate in regional, national, and

international conferences relating to native latex culture or the

culture of other native agricultural crops which could supply

critical agricultural materials;

(i) coordinate, correlate, and publish information with a view

to advancing the development of native latex technology or the

technology of other native agricultural crops which could supply

critical agricultural materials; and

(j) cooperate with other Federal departments and agencies, with

State and local departments, agencies, and instrumentalities, and

with interested persons, firms, institutions, and organizations.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 9, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2532; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 9, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 183.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act

(Public Law 93-638, 25 U.S.C. 450), as amended, referred to in cl.

(a), is Pub. L. 93-638, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2203, as amended,

which is classified principally to subchapter II (Sec. 450 et seq.)

of chapter 14 of Title 25, Indians. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

450 of Title 25 and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Cl. (h). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 9(1), inserted ''or the

culture of other native agricultural crops which could supply

critical agricultural materials''.

Cl. (i). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 9(2), inserted ''or the technology

of other native agricultural crops which could supply critical

agricultural materials''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178h 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178h. Powers of Secretary of Commerce

-STATUTE-

In carrying out the provisions of this subchapter, the Secretary

of Commerce is authorized to -

(a) make grants to States, education institutions, scientific

organizations, and Indian tribes as defined in the Indian

Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (Public Law

93-638, 25 U.S.C. 450), and enter into contracts with such

institutions and organizations and with industrial or engineering

firms;

(b) acquire the services of biologists, agronomists, foresters,

geneticists, engineers, economists, and other personnel having

expertise in native agricultural crops which could supply

critical agricultural materials by contract or otherwise;

(c) utilize the facilities of Federal and State institutions

and other scientific laboratories;

(d) establish and operate necessary facilities and pilot plants

to carry out the continuous research, testing, development, and

programing necessary to effectuate the purposes of this section;

(e) acquire secret processes, technical data, invention, patent

applications, patents, licenses, land and interests in land

(including water rights), plants and facilities, and other

property or rights by purchase, license, lease, or donation; and

(f) foster and participate in regional, national, and

international conferences relating to the activities authorized

by this subchapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 10, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2533; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 10, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 184.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act

(Public Law 93-638, 25 U.S.C. 450), as amended, referred to in cl.

(a), is Pub. L. 93-638, Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2203, as amended,

which is classified principally to subchapter II (Sec. 450 et seq.)

of chapter 14 of Title 25, Indians. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

450 of Title 25 and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 10(1), (2), in provisions preceding

cl. (a) substituted ''this subchapter'' for ''this section'' and

struck out '', acting through the Regional Commissions or

otherwise,'' after ''the Secretary of Commerce''.

Cl. (b). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 10(3), inserted ''having expertise

in native agricultural crops which could supply critical

agricultural materials''.

Cl. (f). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 10(4), substituted ''the activities

authorized by this subchapter'' for ''natural rubber manufacture''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178i 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178i. Coordination of activities with Federal agencies

-STATUTE-

In carrying out the provisions of this subchapter, the

Secretaries and the Joint Commission shall cooperate with each

other in the conduct of their activities under this subchapter, and

shall ensure that their activities under this subchapter are

closely coordinated with the activities of other Federal agencies

such as the Department of the Interior, National Science

Foundation, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of Energy,

Department of State, Department of Defense, Treasury Department,

Federal Emergency Management Agency, and others, in order to

prevent duplication of effort, ensure compatibility with ongoing

programs and policies, and to fully exploit the opportunities

inherent in the culture and manufacture of native latex.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 11, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2533; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 11, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 184; Pub. L. 102-237, title

X, Sec. 1005(2), Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1894.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''ensure'' for ''insure'' in

two places.

1984 - Pub. L. 98-284 substituted ''shall cooperate with each

other in the conduct of their activities under this subchapter, and

shall insure that their activities under this subchapter are

closely coordinated with the activities of other Federal agencies''

for ''shall insure that their activities are closely coordinated

with the activities of other Federal agencies'' and ''Federal

Emergency Management Agency, and others,'' for ''Federal

Preparedness Agency, and others'', and inserted ''Department of

State,''.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of

the Federal Emergency Management Agency, including the functions of

the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency relating

thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment

of related references, see sections 313(1), 551(d), 552(d), and 557

of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland

Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set

out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178j 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178j. Laws governing inventions under this subchapter

-STATUTE-

Relative to the definitions of, title to, and licensing of

inventions made or conceived in the course of or under any contract

or grant pursuant to this subchapter, and notwithstanding any other

provisions of law, the provisions of sections 5908 and 5909 of

title 42 shall govern.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 12, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2533.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 35 section 210.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178k 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178k. Disposition of byproducts and strategic and industrially

important products

-STATUTE-

The Secretaries may dispose of any latex, resin, wax, pulp, and

any other byproducts, as well as products, other than rubber,

developed from agricultural crops which are of strategic and

industrial importance, resulting from operations under this

subchapter. Dispositions under this section may include sales of

the materials involved to other Federal departments and agencies

for testing purposes. All moneys received from dispositions under

this section shall be paid into the Treasury as miscellaneous

receipts.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 13, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2533; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 12, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 184.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Pub. L. 98-284, substituted ''The Secretaries'' for ''The

Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Commerce'', and

inserted '', as well as products, other than rubber, developed from

agricultural crops which are of strategic and industrial

importance,'' and ''Dispositions under this section may include

sales of the materials involved to other Federal departments and

agencies for testing purposes.''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178l 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178l. Rules and regulations

-STATUTE-

The Secretaries may issue rules and regulations necessary to

effectuate the purposes of this subchapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 14, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2533; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 13, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 184.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Pub. L. 98-284 substituted ''The Secretaries'' for ''The

Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Commerce''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178m 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178m. Report to President and Congress

-STATUTE-

The Secretaries shall submit to the President and the Congress,

no later than December 31, 1980, and each year thereafter through

1987, a report on the status of the research, development, and

other work underway under this subchapter. Such report shall (1)

recommend specific directions for further research, development and

other work, and (2) recommend funding levels for various elements

of the overall project.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 15, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2533; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 14, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 184.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Pub. L. 98-284 substituted ''The Secretaries'' for ''The

Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Commerce'' and

''1987'' for ''1982''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 178n 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 8A - RUBBER AND OTHER CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

SUBCHAPTER II - CRITICAL AGRICULTURAL MATERIALS

-HEAD-

Sec. 178n. Administration and funding

-STATUTE-

(a) Authorization of appropriations to Secretary of Agriculture

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of

Agriculture such sums as are necessary to carry out this subchapter

in each of the fiscal years 1991 through 2007.

(b) Administration and management

No more than 3 per centum of funds authorized under subsection

(a) of this section shall be available for administration and

management of the program.

(c) Contract authority as limited by amounts provided in

appropriations acts

Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter the

authority to enter into contracts shall be effective for any fiscal

year only to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in

appropriations Acts.

(d) Activities limited to critical materials other than native

latex after fiscal 1988

Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, the

Secretaries and the Joint Commission shall limit their activities

under this subchapter to critical agricultural materials other than

native latex after the close of the fiscal year ending September

30, 1988.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-592, Sec. 16, Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2534; Pub. L.

98-284, Sec. 15, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 184; Pub. L. 101-624, title

XVI, Sec. 1601(e), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3704; Pub. L. 104-127,

title VIII, Sec. 881(b), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1175; Pub. L.

105-185, title III, Sec. 301(c), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 563; Pub.

L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7138, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 436.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''2002'' for

''1997''.

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''1997'' for

''1995''.

1990 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1601(e)(1), added

subsec. (a) and struck out former subsec. (a) which read as

follows: ''There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary

of Agriculture $2,500,000 for each of the fiscal years ending

September 30, 1980, and September 30, 1981, $5,000,000 for each of

the fiscal years ending September 30, 1982, and September 30, 1983,

$5,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984,

$5,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985,

$6,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1986,

$7,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1987, and

$8,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1988, to carry

out the purposes of this subchapter. Funds appropriated under this

paragraph shall be available for obligation until the last day of

the fiscal year after the year for which such funds are

authorized.''

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1601(e)(2)-(4), redesignated

subsec. (c) as (b) and substituted ''subsection (a)'' for

''subsections (a) and (b)'', and struck out former subsec. (b)

which read as follows: ''There is authorized to be appropriated to

the Secretary of Commerce $2,500,000 for each of the fiscal years

ending September 30, 1980, and September 30, 1981, $5,000,000 for

each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1982, and September

30, 1983, $2,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984,

$3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985,

$3,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1986,

$4,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1987, and

$4,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1988, to carry

out the purposes of this subchapter. Funds appropriated under this

paragraph shall be available for obligation until the last day of

the fiscal year after the year for which such funds are

authorized.''

Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1601(e)(4),

redesignated subsecs. (c) to (e) as (b) to (d), respectively.

1984 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 15(a), inserted

''$5,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984,

$5,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985,

$6,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1986,

$7,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1987, and

$8,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1988,'' and

struck out ''and'' after ''1981,''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 15(b), inserted ''$2,500,000

for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984, $3,000,000 for the

fiscal year ending September 30, 1985, $3,500,000 for the fiscal

year ending September 30, 1986, $4,000,000 for the fiscal year

ending September 30, 1987, and $4,500,000 for the fiscal year

ending September 30, 1988,'' and struck out ''and'' after

''1981,''.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98-284, Sec. 15(c), added subsec. (e).

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 178c of this title.

-CITE-