US (United States) Code. Title 7. Chapter 64: Agricultural research, extension and teaching

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Agriculture

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-CITE-

7 USC CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND

TEACHING 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-MISC1-

SUBCHAPTER I - FINDINGS, PURPOSES, AND DEFINITIONS

Sec.

3101. Purposes of agricultural research, extension, and education.

3102. Additional purposes of agricultural research and extension.

3103. Definitions.

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

3121. Responsibilities of Secretary and Department of Agriculture.

3122. Repealed.

3123. National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and

Economics Advisory Board.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Membership.

(c) Duties.

(d) Consultation.

(e) Appointment.

(f) Federal Advisory Committee Act.

(g) Annual limitation on Advisory Board expenses.

(h) Termination.

3123a. Repealed.

3124. Existing research programs.

3124a. Federal-State partnership and coordination.

(a) Covered programs; statement of purposes.

(b) Establishment, etc., of cooperative centers.

(c) Designation of State cooperative institutions;

reports; research grants.

(d) Designation of State agricultural experiment

stations and Agricultural Research Service

facilities; pilot projects; additional

research.

(e) Applicability of Federal Advisory Committee Act.

3125. Annual report of Secretary of Agriculture to President and

Congress.

3125a. National Agricultural Library.

(a) Purpose.

(b) Establishment.

(c) Director.

(d) Functions of Director.

(e) Library products and services.

(f) Receipts.

(g) Agreements.

(h) Authorization of appropriations.

3125b. National Rural Information Center Clearinghouse.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Functions.

(c) Federal agencies.

(d) State and local agencies and nonprofit

organizations.

(e) Limitation on authorization of appropriations.

3125c. Repealed.

3126. Libraries and information network.

(a) Congressional declaration of policy.

(b) Food and Nutrition and Education Resources

Center.

(c) Authorization of appropriations.

3127. Support for Advisory Board.

(a) Appointment of staff.

(b) Additional clerical assistance and staff

personnel.

(c) Assistance of outside personnel.

3128. General provisions.

(a) Vacancies in Advisory Board.

(b) Compensation and expenses of members of Advisory

Board.

(c) Authorization of appropriations.

3129. Accountability.

(a) Review of information technology systems.

(b) Monitoring and evaluation system.

(c) Consistency with other requirements.

(d) Authorization of appropriations.

3129a. Federal Advisory Committee Act exemption for competitive

research, extension, and education programs.

3130. Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER III - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION GRANTS AND

FELLOWSHIPS

3151. Grants to enhance research capacity in schools of veterinary

medicine.

(a) Competitive grant program.

(b) Preference.

(c) Apportionment and distribution of funds.

3152. Grants and fellowships for food and agricultural sciences

education.

(a) Higher education teaching programs.

(b) Grants.

(c) Priorities.

(d) Eligibility for grants.

(e) Food and agricultural education information

system.

(f) Evaluation of teaching programs.

(g) Continuing education.

(h) Transfers of funds and functions.

(i) National Food and Agricultural Sciences Teaching

Awards.

(j) Secondary education and 2-year postsecondary

education teaching programs.

(k) Administration.

(l) Authorization of appropriations.

3153. National Agricultural Science Award.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Amount and term.

(c) Eligibility.

(d) Categories.

(e) Nominating and selection committees.

3154. Grants for research on production and marketing of alcohols

and industrial hydrocarbons from agricultural commodities and

forest products.

(a) Authority of Secretary.

(b) Set aside of funds for certain grant projects.

(c) Minority groups.

(d) Authorization of appropriations.

3155. Policy research centers.

(a) In general.

(b) Eligible recipients.

(c) Activities.

(d) Authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

3171. Congressional findings and declaration of policy.

(a) Findings.

(b) Declaration of policy.

3172. Duties of Secretary of Agriculture.

3173. Research by Department of Agriculture.

(a) Increase in level of support.

(b) Periodic consultation with administrators of

other Federal departments and agencies.

3174. Human nutrition intervention and health promotion research

program.

(a) Authority of Secretary.

(b) Emphasis of initiative.

(c) Administration of funds.

(d) Authorization of appropriations.

3174a. Pilot research program to combine medical and agricultural

research.

(a) Findings.

(b) Pilot research program.

(c) Agreements.

(d) Authorization of appropriations.

3175. Nutrition education program.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Expansion of existing programs.

(c) Funding requirements.

3175a. Nutrition and consumer education; Congressional findings.

3175b. Expansion of effective food, nutrition, and consumer

education services.

3175c. Program of food, nutrition, and consumer education by State

cooperative extension services.

3175d. Administration of program of food, nutrition, and consumer

education by State cooperative extension services.

(a) Administration by Secretary of Agriculture.

(b) Evaluation and report.

3175e. Authorization of appropriations.

3176, 3177. Repealed.

3178. Nutritional status monitoring.

(a) Formulation of system.

(b) Coordination of existing activities;

recommendation for necessary additional

authorities.

3178a. Nutrition monitoring.

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

3191. Purposes and findings relating to animal health and disease

research.

(a) Purposes.

(b) Findings.

3192. Definitions.

3193. Authorization to Secretary of Agriculture.

(a) Authority to cooperate with, encourage, and

assist States.

(b) Study of animal care delivery system.

3194. Repealed.

3195. Continuing animal health and disease research programs.

(a) Authorization of appropriations.

(b) Apportionment of appropriated funds.

(c) Development of program for each State.

(d) Use of excess funds.

(e) Reallocation of funds to new colleges of

veterinary medicine.

(f) Joint establishment or support of accredited

regional college of veterinary medicine.

3196. Research on national and regional animal health or disease

problems.

(a) Authorization of appropriations.

(b) Duration of grants.

(c) Establishment of annual priority lists for

allocation of funds.

(d) Assignment of priorities for grants.

(e) Distribution of multiyear grants.

(f) Applicability of Federal Advisory Committee Act.

3197. Availability of appropriated funds.

3198. Withholding of appropriated funds.

3199. Requirements for use of funds.

3200. Matching funds.

3201. Funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant to

other provisions of law.

SUBCHAPTER VI - 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE FUNDING

3221. Extension at 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee

University.

(a) Authorization of appropriations.

(b) Allocation and distribution of appropriated

funds.

(c) Comprehensive program of extension for each

State.

(d) Ascertainment of entitlement to funds; time and

manner of payment; State reporting

requirements; plans of work.

(e) Diminution, loss, or misapplication of funds.

(f) Mailing of correspondence, bulletins, and

reports.

3222. Agricultural research at 1890 land-grant colleges, including

Tuskegee University.

(a) Authorization of appropriations.

(b) Allocation and distribution of appropriated

funds.

(c) Program and plans of work.

(d) Payment of funds to eligible institutions.

(e) Mailing of bulletins, reports, periodicals,

reprints, articles, and other publications.

(f) Administration; rules and regulations;

cooperation by and between institutions.

(g) Entitlement.

(h) Existing legal relationships not impaired or

modified.

3222a. Repealed.

3222b. Grants to upgrade agricultural and food sciences facilities

at 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University.

(a) Purpose.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

(c) Use of grant funds.

(d) Method of awarding grants.

(e) Prohibition of certain uses.

(f) Regulations.

3222c. National research and training virtual centers.

(a) Competitive grants authorized.

(b) Use of grants.

(c) Priority.

(d) Payments.

(e) Prohibited uses of funds.

(f) Authorization of appropriations.

(g) ''Center'' defined.

(h) Coordination of center activities.

3222d. Matching funds requirement for research and extension

activities at eligible institutions.

(a) Definitions.

(b) Determination of non-Federal sources of funds.

(c) Matching formula.

(d) Waiver authority.

(e) Use of matching funds.

(f) Redistribution of funds.

3223. Grants for acquisition and improvement of research facilities

and equipment.

(a) Eligible institutions; statement of purposes.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

(c) Allocation of funds.

(d) Amount, terms, and conditions.

(e) Restrictions.

(f) Rules and regulations.

3224. Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER VII - PROGRAMS FOR HISPANIC, ALASKA NATIVE, AND NATIVE

HAWAIIAN SERVING INSTITUTIONS

3241. Education grants programs for Hispanic-serving institutions.

(a) Grant authority.

(b) Use of grant funds.

(c) Authorization of appropriations.

3242. Education grants to Alaska Native serving institutions and

Native Hawaiian serving institutions.

(a) Education grants program for Alaska Native

serving institutions.

(b) Education grants program for Native Hawaiian

serving institutions.

SUBCHAPTER VIII - INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

3291. International agricultural research, extension, and teaching.

(a) Authority of Secretary.

(b) Enhancing linkages.

(c) Provision of specialized or technical services.

(d) Reports.

(e) Full payment of funds made available for certain

binational projects.

3292. Repealed.

3292a. United States-Mexico joint agricultural research.

(a) Research and development program.

(b) Administration.

(c) Matching requirements.

(d) Limitation on use of funds.

3292b. Competitive grants for international agricultural science

and education programs.

(a) Competitive grants authorized.

(b) Purpose of grants.

(c) Authorization of appropriations.

3293. Agricultural fellowship program for middle income countries,

emerging democracies, and emerging markets.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Eligible countries.

(c) Purpose of fellowships.

(d) Individuals who may receive fellowships.

(e) Program implementation.

(f) Authorization of appropriations.

(g) Complementary funds.

3294. Center For North American Studies.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Location.

(c) Authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER IX - STUDIES

3301 to 3304. Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

3310. Limitation on indirect costs for agricultural research,

education, and extension programs.

(a) In general.

(b) Exception.

3310a. Research equipment grants.

(a) In general.

(b) Eligible institutions.

(c) Maximum amount.

(d) Prohibition on charge of equipment as indirect

costs.

(e) Authorization of appropriations.

3311. Authorization of appropriations.

(a) Existing programs.

(b) Agricultural research at State agricultural

experiment stations.

(c) Funding requirements for programs.

3312. Authorization of appropriations for extension education.

3313. Payment of funds.

3314. Repealed.

3315. Auditing, reporting, bookkeeping, and administrative

requirements.

(a) In general.

(b) Community food projects.

(c) Peer panel expenses.

(d) ''In-kind support'' defined.

3315a. Availability of competitive grant funds.

3316. Rules and regulations.

3317. Program evaluation studies.

3318. Contract, grant, and cooperative agreement authorities.

(a) Purposes, nature and construction.

(b) Authority of Secretary; legal effect of

agreement; participation by other Federal

agencies.

(c) Duration and eligibility.

(d) Vesting of title.

(e) Applicable requirements.

3319. Restriction on treatment of indirect costs and tuition

remission.

3319a. Cost-reimbursable agreements.

3319b. Joint requests for proposals.

(a) In general.

(b) Administration.

(c) Regulations.

(d) Joint peer review panels.

3319c. Repealed.

3319d. Supplemental and alternative crops.

(a) Research and pilot project program.

(b) Importance to producers.

(c) Research funding, special or competitive grants,

etc.; program requirements; agreements, grants

and other arrangements.

(d) Use of expertise and resources of other Federal

agencies and land-grant colleges and

universities.

3319e. Repealed.

3319f. Beginning farmer and rancher development program.

(a) Definition of beginning farmer or rancher.

(b) Program.

(c) Grants.

(d) Education teams.

(e) Curriculum and training clearinghouse.

(f) Stakeholder input.

(g) Participation by other farmers and ranchers.

(h) Authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER XI - AQUACULTURE

3321. Statement of purpose.

3322. Assistance programs.

(a) Research and extension program.

(b) Grants.

(c) Aquaculture development plans.

(d) Aquacultural centers.

(e) Listing of laws on aquaculture.

(f) Fish disease program.

3323. Repealed.

3324. Authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER XII - RANGELAND RESEARCH

3331. Congressional statement of purpose.

3332. Program; development, purposes, scope, etc.

3333. Rangeland research grants.

(a) In general.

(b) Matching requirements.

3334, 3335. Repealed.

3336. Authorization of appropriations; allocation of funds.

SUBCHAPTER XIII - BIOSECURITY

3351. Special authorization for biosecurity planning and response.

(a) Authorization of appropriations.

(b) Use of funds.

3352. Agriculture research facility expansion and security

upgrades.

(a) In general.

(b) Limitation on grants.

(c) Requirements for grants.

(d) Additional requirements for grants for facility

expansion.

(e) Amount of grant.

(f) Federal share.

(g) Authorization of appropriations.

3353. Agricultural biosecurity.

(a) Security at colleges and universities.

(b) Guidelines for agricultural biosecurity.

(c) Authorization of appropriations.

3354. Agricultural bioterrorism research and development.

(a) In general.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER XIV - INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN INSULAR AREAS

3361. Definition.

3362. Distance education grants for insular areas.

(a) In general.

(b) Use.

(c) Limitation on use of grant funds.

(d) Administration of program.

(e) Matching requirement.

(f) Authorization of appropriations.

3363. Resident instruction grants for insular areas.

(a) In general.

(b) Grant requirements.

(e) Authorization of appropriations.

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in section 450i of this title; title

16 sections 1647, 1676.

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7 USC SUBCHAPTER I - FINDINGS, PURPOSES, AND DEFINITIONS 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER I - FINDINGS, PURPOSES, AND DEFINITIONS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER I - FINDINGS, PURPOSES, AND DEFINITIONS

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7 USC Sec. 3101 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER I - FINDINGS, PURPOSES, AND DEFINITIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3101. Purposes of agricultural research, extension, and

education

-STATUTE-

The purposes of federally supported agricultural research,

extension, and education are to -

(1) enhance the competitiveness of the United States

agriculture and food industry in an increasingly competitive

world environment;

(2) increase the long-term productivity of the United States

agriculture and food industry while maintaining and enhancing the

natural resource base on which rural America and the United

States agricultural economy depend;

(3) develop new uses and new products for agricultural

commodities, such as alternative fuels, and develop new crops;

(4) support agricultural research and extension to promote

economic opportunity in rural communities and to meet the

increasing demand for information and technology transfer

throughout the United States agriculture industry;

(5) improve risk management in the United States agriculture

industry;

(6) improve the safe production and processing of, and adding

of value to, United States food and fiber resources using methods

that maintain the balance between yield and environmental

soundness;

(7) support higher education in agriculture to give the next

generation of Americans the knowledge, technology, and

applications necessary to enhance the competitiveness of United

States agriculture; and

(8) maintain an adequate, nutritious, and safe supply of food

to meet human nutritional needs and requirements.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1402, as added Pub. L. 101-624,

title XVI, Sec. 1602(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3705; amended

Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 801, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.

1156.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 3101, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1402, Sept.

29, 1977, 91 Stat. 981; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1402, Dec.

22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1294; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1402, Dec.

23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1542, stated Congressional findings, prior to

repeal by Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(f)(1)(A), Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3704.

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-127 amended section generally, substituting

present provisions for provisions which set out six purposes of

federally funded agricultural research and extension programs.

SHORT TITLE OF 1985 AMENDMENT

Section 1401 of title XIV of Pub. L. 99-198 provided that: ''This

title (enacting sections 1632, 3224, 3292, 3319a to 3319d, and 4701

to 4710 of this title, amending this section and sections 178c,

342, 343, 390 to 390d, 390f, 390h, 390i, 390j, 450i, 2266, 2662,

2663, 3103, 3121 to 3123, 3124a, 3125, 3151, 3152, 3194 to 3196,

3221 to 3223, 3291, 3311, 3312, 3318, 3319, 3322, 3324, 3335, and

3336 of this title, repealing sections 390e, 390g, 3174, 3177, 3301

to 3304, and 3323 of this title, enacting provisions set out as

notes under sections 343, 390, 390c, 450i, 3173, 3292, 3311, 3312,

and 4701 of this title, amending provisions set out as a note under

section 3222 of this title, and repealing provisions set out as a

note under section 2281 of this title) may be cited as the

'National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act

Amendments of 1985'.''

SHORT TITLE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Section 1401 of title XIV of Pub. L. 97-98 provided that: ''This

title (enacting sections 2271, 2661 to 2667, 3124a, 3223, 3317 to

3319, 3321 to 3324, and 3331 to 3336 of this title, amending this

section and sections 322, 361c, 390c, 450i, 3102, 3103, 3121 to

3124, 3125 to 3128, 3151 to 3154, 3175, 3177, 3191, 3192, 3194 to

3196, 3221, 3222, 3263, 3282, 3291, 3311, and 3312 of this title,

section 5315 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees,

sections 582a, 582a-1, and 582a-3 to 582a-5 of Title 16,

Conservation, section 483 of former Title 40, Public Buildings,

Property, and Works, and sections 6651 and 8852 of Title 42, The

Public Health and Welfare, repealing sections 2670 and 3176 of this

title, omitting section 2668 of this title, and enacting provisions

set out as notes under sections 2281 and 3176 of this title) may be

cited as the 'National Agricultural Research, Extension, and

Teaching Policy Act Amendments of 1981'.''

SHORT TITLE

Section 1401 of title XIV of Pub. L. 95-113 provided that: ''This

title (enacting this chapter and sections 2669 and 2670 of this

title, amending sections 341, 342, 343, 361c, 390 to 390j, 427,

450i, 1923, 1942, 2662, 2663, and 2667 of this title and section

6651 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, and repealing

section 390k of this title) may be cited as the 'National

Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of

1977'.''

REVIEW OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7404, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

457, provided that:

''(a) In General. - Not later than 90 days after the date of

enactment of this Act (May 13, 2002), the Secretary (of

Agriculture) shall establish a task force to -

''(1) conduct a review of the Agricultural Research Service;

and

''(2) evaluate the merits of establishing one or more National

Institutes focused on disciplines important to the progress of

food and agricultural science.

''(b) Membership. -

''(1) In general. - The Task Force shall consist of 8 members,

appointed by the Secretary, that -

''(A) have a broad-based background in plant, animal, and

agricultural sciences research, food, nutrition, biotechnology,

crop production methods, environmental science, or related

disciplines; and

''(B) are familiar with the role and infrastructure used to

conduct Federal and private research, including -

''(i) the Agricultural Research Service;

''(ii) the National Institutes of Health;

''(iii) the National Science Foundation;

''(iv) the National Aeronautics and Space Administration;

''(v) the Department of Energy laboratory system; or

''(vi) the Cooperative State Research, Education, and

Extension Service.

''(2) Private sector. - Of the members appointed under

paragraph (1), the Secretary shall appoint at least 6 members

that are members of the private sector or come from institutions

of higher education.

''(3) Plant and agricultural sciences research. - Of the

members appointed under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall

appoint at least 3 members that have an extensive background and

preeminence in the field of plant, animal, and agricultural

sciences research.

''(4) Chairperson. - Of the members appointed under paragraph

(1), the Secretary shall designate a Chairperson that has

significant leadership experience in educational and research

institutions and indepth knowledge of the research enterprises of

the United States.

''(5) Consultation. - Before appointing members of the Task

Force under this subsection, the Secretary shall consult with the

National Academy of Sciences and the Office of Science and

Technology Policy.

''(c) Duties. - The Task Force shall -

''(1) conduct a review of the purpose, efficiency,

effectiveness, and impact on agricultural research of the

Agricultural Research Service;

''(2) conduct a review and evaluation of the merits of

establishing one or more National Institutes (such as National

Institutes for Plant and Agricultural Sciences) focused on

disciplines important to the progress of food and agricultural

sciences, and, if establishment of one or more National

Institutes is recommended, provide further recommendations to the

Secretary, including the structure for establishing each

Institute, the multistate area location of each Institute, and

the amount of funding necessary to establish each Institute; and

''(3) submit the reports required by subsection (d).

''(d) Reports. - Not later than 12 months after the date of

enactment of this Act (May 13, 2002), the Task Force shall submit

to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives,

the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the

Senate, and the Secretary -

''(1) a report on the review and evaluation required under

subsection (c)(1); and

''(2) a report on the review and evaluation required under

subsection (c)(2).

''(e) Funding. - The Secretary shall use to carry out this

section not more than 0.1 percent of the amount of appropriations

available to the Agricultural Research Service for fiscal year

2003.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 390a, 3123, 3363, 7612 of

this title.

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7 USC Sec. 3102 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER I - FINDINGS, PURPOSES, AND DEFINITIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3102. Additional purposes of agricultural research and

extension

-STATUTE-

The purposes of this chapter are to -

(1) establish firmly the Department of Agriculture as the lead

agency in the Federal Government for the food and agricultural

sciences, and to emphasize that agricultural research, extension,

and teaching are distinct missions of the Department of

Agriculture;

(2) undertake the special measures set forth in this chapter to

improve the coordination and planning of agricultural research,

extension, and teaching programs, identify needs and establish

priorities for these programs, assure that national agricultural

research, extension, and teaching objectives are fully achieved,

and assure that the results of agricultural research are

effectively communicated and demonstrated to farmers, processors,

handlers, consumers, and all other users who can benefit

therefrom;

(3) increase cooperation and coordination in the performance of

agricultural research by Federal departments and agencies, the

States, State agricultural experiment stations, colleges and

universities, and user groups;

(4) enable the Federal Government, the States, colleges and

universities, and others to implement needed agricultural

research, extension, and teaching programs, through the

establishment of new programs and the improvement of existing

programs, as provided for in this chapter;

(5) establish a new program of grants for high-priority

agricultural research to be awarded on the basis of competition

among research workers and all colleges and universities;

(6) establish a new program of grants for facilities and

instrumentation used in agricultural research; and

(7) establish a new program of education grants and fellowships

to strengthen research, extension, and teaching programs in the

food and agricultural sciences, to be awarded on the basis of

competition.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1403, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

983; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1403, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1296; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1602(b), Nov. 28, 1990, 104

Stat. 3705.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original this

''title'', meaning title XIV of Pub. L. 95-113, Sept. 29, 1977, 91

Stat. 981, as amended, which enacted this chapter and sections 2669

and 2670 of this title, amended sections 341, 342, 343, 361c, 390

to 390j, 427, 450i, 1923, 1942, 2662, 2663, and 2667 of this title

and section 6651 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, and

repealed section 390k of this title. For complete classification

of such title to the Code, see Short Title note set out under

section 3101 of this title and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1990 - Pub. L. 101-624 amended section catchline generally.

1981 - Par. (2). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1403(1), inserted

''extension, and teaching programs,'' and substituted ''these

programs'' for ''such research, assure that high priority research

is given adequate funding''.

Par. (4). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1403(2), substituted ''programs

through'' for ''programs, including the initiatives specified in

section 3101(8) of this title, through''.

Par. (5). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1403(3), substituted ''among

research workers'' for ''among scientific research workers''.

Par. (7). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1403(4), substituted ''research,

extension, and teaching'' for ''training and research''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 of Pub. L.

95-113, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under

section 1307 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3103 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER I - FINDINGS, PURPOSES, AND DEFINITIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3103. Definitions

-STATUTE-

When used in this chapter:

(1) The term ''Advisory Board'' means the National Agricultural

Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board.

(2) The term ''agricultural research'' means research in the

food and agricultural sciences.

(3) The term ''aquaculture'' means the propagation and rearing

of aquacultural species, including, but not limited to, any

species of finfish, mollusk, or crustacean (or other aquatic

invertebrate), amphibian, reptile, ornamental fish, or aquatic

plant, in controlled or selected environments.

(4) The terms ''college'' and ''university'' mean an

educational institution in any State which (A) admits as regular

students only persons having a certificate of graduation from a

school providing secondary education, or the recognized

equivalent of such a certificate, (B) is legally authorized

within such State to provide a program of education beyond

secondary education, (C) provides an educational program for

which a bachelor's degree or any other higher degree is awarded,

(D) is a public or other nonprofit institution, and (E) is

accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or

association.

(5) The term ''cooperative extension services'' means the

organizations established at the land-grant colleges and

universities under the Smith-Lever Act of May 8, 1914 (38 Stat.

372-374, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 341-349), and section 209(b) of the

Act of October 26, 1974 (88 Stat. 1428, as amended; D.C. Code,

sec. 31-1719(b)).

(6) The term ''Department of Agriculture'' means the United

States Department of Agriculture.

(7) The term ''extension'' means the informal education

programs conducted in the States in cooperation with the

Department of Agriculture.

(8) Food and agricultural sciences. - The term ''food and

agricultural sciences'' means basic, applied, and developmental

research, extension, and teaching activities in food and fiber,

agricultural, renewable natural resources, forestry, and physical

and social sciences, including activities relating to the

following:

(A) Animal health, production, and well-being.

(B) Plant health and production.

(C) Animal and plant germ plasm collection and preservation.

(D) Aquaculture.

(E) Food safety.

(F) Soil and water conservation and improvement.

(G) Forestry, horticulture, and range management.

(H) Nutritional sciences and promotion.

(I) Farm enhancement, including financial management, input

efficiency, and profitability.

(J) Home economics.

(K) Rural human ecology.

(L) Youth development and agricultural education, including

4-H clubs.

(M) Expansion of domestic and international markets for

agricultural commodities and products, including agricultural

trade barrier identification and analysis.

(N) Information management and technology transfer related to

agriculture.

(O) Biotechnology related to agriculture.

(P) The processing, distributing, marketing, and utilization

of food and agricultural products.

(9) The term ''Hispanic-serving institution'' has the meaning

given the term by section 1059c(b)(1) (FOOTNOTE 1) of title 20.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(10) Insular area. - The term ''insular area'' means -

(A) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;

(B) Guam;

(C) American Samoa;

(D) the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands;

(E) the Federated States of Micronesia;

(F) the Republic of the Marshall Islands;

(G) the Republic of Palau; and

(H) the Virgin Islands of the United States.

(11) The term ''land-grant colleges and universities'' means

those institutions eligible to receive funds under the Act of

July 2, 1862 (12 Stat. 503-505, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 301-305, 307

and 308), or the Act of August 30, 1890 (26 Stat. 417-419, as

amended; 7 U.S.C. 321-326 and 328), including Tuskegee

University.

(12) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture

of the United States.

(13) State. - The term ''State'' means -

(A) a State;

(B) the District of Columbia; and

(C) any insular area.

(14) The term ''State agricultural experiment stations'' means

those institutions eligible to receive funds under the Act of

March 2, 1887 (24 Stat. 440-442, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 361a-361i).

(15) Teaching and education. - The terms ''teaching'' and

''education'' mean formal classroom instruction, laboratory

instruction, and practicum experience in the food and

agricultural sciences and matters relating thereto (such as

faculty development, student recruitment and services, curriculum

development, instructional materials and equipment, and

innovative teaching methodologies) conducted by colleges and

universities offering baccalaureate or higher degrees.

(16) The term ''cooperating forestry schools'' means those

institutions eligible to receive funds under the Act of October

10, 1962 (16 U.S.C. 582a et seq.), commonly known as the

McIntire-Stennis Act of 1962.

(17) The term ''State cooperative institutions'' or ''State

cooperative agents'' means institutions or agents designated by -

(A) the Act of July 2, 1862 (7 U.S.C. 301 et seq.), commonly

known as the First Morrill Act;

(B) the Act of August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.),

commonly known as the Second Morrill Act, including Tuskegee

University;

(C) the Act of March 2, 1887 (7 U.S.C. 361a et seq.),

commonly known as the Hatch Act of 1887;

(D) the Act of May 8, 1914 (7 U.S.C. 341 et seq.), commonly

known as the Smith-Lever Act;

(E) the Act of October 10, 1962 (16 U.S.C. 582a et seq.),

commonly known as the McIntire-Stennis Act of 1962; and

(F) subchapters V, VI, XI, and XII of this chapter.

(18) The term ''sustainable agriculture'' means an integrated

system of plant and animal production practices having a

site-specific application that will, over the long-term -

(A) satisfy human food and fiber needs;

(B) enhance environmental quality and the natural resource

base upon which the agriculture economy depends;

(C) make the most efficient use of nonrenewable resources and

on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural

biological cycles and controls;

(D) sustain the economic viability of farm operations; and

(E) enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a

whole.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1404, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

983; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1404, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1297; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1403, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1544; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1603, Nov. 28, 1990, 104

Stat. 3705; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 402(3), Dec. 13, 1991,

105 Stat. 1863; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 802(b)(1),

815(b), 820(a), 853(b)(1), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1159, 1167,

1168, 1172; Pub. L. 105-185, title II, Sec. 221, 226(c)(1), June

23, 1998, 112 Stat. 537, 543; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec.

7502(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 463.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For definition of ''this chapter'', referred to in text, see note

set out under section 3102 of this title.

The Smith-Lever Act of May 8, 1914, referred to in pars. (5) and

(17)(D), is act May 8, 1914, ch. 79, 38 Stat. 372, as amended,

which is classified generally to subchapter IV (Sec. 341 et seq.)

of chapter 13 of this title. For complete classification of this

Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 341 of

this title and Tables.

Section 1059c of title 20, referred to in par. (9), was amended

generally by Pub. L. 105-244, title III, Sec. 303(e), Oct. 7, 1998,

112 Stat. 1639, and, as so amended, no longer relates to

Hispanic-serving institutions.

Act of July 2, 1862, 12 Stat. 503, referred to in pars. (11) and

(17)(A), is popularly known as the ''Morrill Act'' and also as the

''First Morrill Act'', which is classified generally to subchapter

I (Sec. 301 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 301 of this title and Tables.

Act of August 30, 1890, 26 Stat. 417, referred to in pars. (11)

and (17)(B), is popularly known as the ''Agricultural College Act

of 1890'' and also as the ''Second Morrill Act'', which is

classified generally to subchapter II (Sec. 321 et seq.) of chapter

13 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the

Code, see Short Title note set out under section 321 of this title

and Tables.

Act of March 2, 1887, referred to in pars. (14) and (17)(C), is

act Mar. 2, 1887, ch. 314, 24 Stat. 440, as amended, popularly

known as the Hatch Act of 1887, which is classified generally to

sections 361a to 361i of this title. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

361a of this title and Tables.

Act of October 10, 1962, referred to in pars. (16) and (17)(E),

is Pub. L. 87-788, Oct. 10, 1962, 76 Stat. 806, as amended, known

as the McIntire-Stennis Act of 1962, which is classified generally

to subchapter III (Sec. 582a et seq.) of chapter 3 of Title 16,

Conservation. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pars. (10) to (12). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7502(a)(1), (2),

redesignated pars. (10) and (11) as (11) and (12), respectively,

and added par. (10). Former par. (12) redesignated (13).

Par. (13). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7502(a)(3), added par. (13) and

struck out former par. (13) which read as follows: ''The term

'State' means any one of the fifty States, the Commonwealth of

Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern

Marianas, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Virgin

Islands of the United States, and the District of Columbia.''

Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7502(a)(1), redesignated par. (12) as (13).

Former par. (13) redesignated (14).

Pars. (14) to (18). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7502(a)(1),

redesignated pars. (13) to (17) as (14) to (18), respectively.

1998 - Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(c)(1), substituted ''chapter:''

for ''chapter - '' in introductory provisions.

Pars. (1) to (3). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(c)(2), (5),

substituted ''The term'' for ''the term'' and period for semicolon

at end.

Par. (4). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(c)(3), (5), substituted ''The

terms'' for ''the terms'' and period for semicolon at end.

Pars. (5) to (7). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(c)(2), (5),

substituted ''The term'' for ''the term'' and period for semicolon

at end.

Par. (8). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(a), added par. (8) and struck

out former par. (8) which defined term ''food and agricultural

sciences'' in broadest sense of terms, including but not limited to

activities relating to agriculture, food processing, forestry,

acquaculture, home economics, rural community welfare, youth

development, market expansion, improvement of productivity, and

international food and agricultural issues.

Par. (9). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(c)(4), (5), substituted ''The

term'' for ''the term'' after ''(9)'' and substituted period for

semicolon at end.

Par. (10). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(c)(2), (5), 226(c)(1),

substituted ''The term'' for ''the term'', ''Tuskegee University''

for ''the Tuskegee Institute'', and period for semicolon at end.

Pars. (11) to (13). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(c)(2), (5),

substituted ''The term'' for ''the term'' and period for semicolon

at end.

Par. (14). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(b), (c)(5), inserted par.

heading, substituted ''The terms 'teaching' and 'education' mean''

for ''the term 'teaching' means'', and substituted period for

semicolon at end.

Par. (15). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(c)(2), (5), substituted

''The term'' for ''the term'' and period for semicolon at end.

Par. (16). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(c)(2), substituted ''The

term'' for ''the term'' in introductory provisions.

Par. (16)(B). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 226(c)(1), substituted

''Tuskegee University'' for ''the Tuskegee Institute''.

Par. (16)(F). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(c)(6), substituted period

for ''; and'' at end.

Par. (17). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 221(c)(2), substituted ''The

term'' for ''the term''.

1996 - Par. (1). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 802(b)(1), substituted

''National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and

Economics Advisory Board'' for ''National Agricultural Research and

Extension Users Advisory Board''.

Par. (3). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 820(a), inserted ''ornamental

fish,'' after ''reptile,''.

Par. (9). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 815(b), amended par. (9)

generally. Prior to amendment, par. (9) read as follows: ''the

term 'Joint Council' means the Joint Council on Food and

Agricultural Sciences;''.

Pars. (16) to (18). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 853(b)(1), inserted

''and'' at end of par. (16), substituted a period for ''; and'' at

end of par. (17), and struck out par. (18) which read as follows:

''the term 'Technology Board' means the Agricultural Science and

Technology Review Board established in section 3123a of this

title.''

1991 - Par. (18). Pub. L. 102-237 inserted ''and'' after

''Science''.

1990 - Par. (16)(F). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1603(2), inserted

reference to subchapter VI of this chapter.

Pars. (17), (18). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1603(1), (3), added pars.

(17) and (18).

1985 - Par. (8)(J). Pub. L. 99-198 added subpar. (J).

1981 - Par. (8). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1404(1), substituted in

provision preceding subpar. (A) ''basic, applied, and developmental

research, extension, and teaching activities in the food,

agricultural, renewable natural resources, forestry, and physical

and social sciences, in the broadest sense of these terms,

including but not limited to, activities relating to'' for

''sciences relating to food and agriculture in the broadest sense,

including the social, economic, and political considerations of'',

in subpar. (E) ''including consumer affairs, food and nutrition,

clothing and textiles, housing, and family well-being and financial

management;'' for ''human nutrition, and family life; and'', and in

subpar. (F) ''community welfare and development'' for ''and

community development'', and added subpars. (G) to (I).

Par. (12). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1404(2), struck out ''except as

provided in subchapter VII of this chapter,'' before ''the term''

and included within term ''State'' American Samoa, the Commonwealth

of the Northern Marianas, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific

Islands.

Par. (14). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1404(4), struck out reference to

laboratory training, inserted reference to practicum experience and

matters relating to formal classroom instruction, laboratory

instruction, and practicum experience, and substituted provision

that the teaching be conducted at colleges or universities offering

baccalaureate or higher degrees for provision that the teaching be

conducted at colleges and universities leading to a baccalaureate

and other recognized degrees.

Pars. (15), (16). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1404(5), added pars. (15)

and (16).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 of Pub. L.

95-113, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under

section 1307 of this title.

-TRANS-

TERMINATION OF TRUST TERRITORY OF THE PACIFIC ISLANDS

For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see

note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and

Insular Possessions.

-MISC5-

CONSTRUCTION OF 2002 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7502(b), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

463, provided that: ''The amendments made by subsection (a)

(amending this section) shall not affect any basis for distribution

of funds by formula (in effect on the date of enactment of this Act

(May 13, 2002)) to -

''(1) the Federated States of Micronesia;

''(2) the Republic of the Marshall Islands; or

''(3) the Republic of Palau.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 390, 450i, 2027, 2279,

3319, 3352, 3353, 5801, 6711, 7626, 8105 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND

TEACHING 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3121 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3121. Responsibilities of Secretary and Department of

Agriculture

-STATUTE-

The Department of Agriculture is designated as the lead agency of

the Federal Government for agricultural research (except with

respect to the biomedical aspects of human nutrition concerned with

diagnosis or treatment of disease), extension, and teaching in the

food and agricultural sciences, and the Secretary, in carrying out

the Secretary's responsibilities, shall -

(1) establish jointly with the Secretary of Health and Human

Services procedures for coordination with respect to nutrition

research in areas of mutual interest;

(2) keep informed of developments in, and the Nation's need

for, research, extension, teaching, and manpower development in

the food and agricultural sciences and represent such need in

deliberations within the Department of Agriculture, elsewhere

within the executive branch of the United States Government, and

with the several States and their designated land-grant colleges

and universities, other colleges and universities, agricultural

and related industries, and other interested institutions and

groups;

(3) coordinate all agricultural research, extension, and

teaching activity conducted or financed by the Department of

Agriculture and, to the maximum extent practicable, by other

agencies of the executive branch of the United States Government;

(4) take the initiative in establishing coordination of

State-Federal cooperative agricultural research, extension, and

teaching programs, funded in whole or in part by the Department

of Agriculture in each State, through the administrative heads of

land-grant colleges and universities and the State directors of

agricultural experiment stations and cooperative extension

services, and other appropriate program administrators;

(5) consult the Advisory Board and appropriate advisory

committees of the Department of Agriculture in the formulation of

basic policies, goals, strategies, and priorities for programs of

agricultural research, extension, and teaching;

(6) report (as a part of the Department of Agriculture's annual

budget submissions) to the House Committee on Agriculture, the

House Committee on Appropriations, the Senate Committee on

Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, and the Senate Committee on

Appropriations actions taken or proposed to support the

recommendations of the Advisory Board;

(7) establish appropriate review procedures to assure that

agricultural research projects are timely and properly reported

and published and that there is no unnecessary duplication of

effort or overlapping between agricultural research units;

(8) establish Federal or cooperative multidisciplinary research

teams on major agricultural research problems with clearly

defined leadership, budget responsibility, and research programs;

(9) in order to promote the coordination of agricultural

research of the Department of Agriculture, conduct a continuing

inventory of ongoing and completed research projects being

conducted within or funded by the Department;

(10) coordinate all agricultural research, extension, and

teaching activities conducted or financed by the Department of

Agriculture with the periodic renewable resource assessment and

program provided for in sections 1601 and 1602 of title 16 and

the appraisal and program provided for in sections 2004 and 2005

of title 16;

(11) coordinate the efforts of States, State cooperative

institutions, State extension services, the Advisory Board, and

other appropriate institutions in assessing the current status

of, and developing a plan for, the effective transfer of new

technologies, including biotechnology, to the farming community,

with particular emphasis on addressing the unique problems of

small- and medium-sized farms in gaining information about those

technologies; and

(12) establish appropriate controls with respect to the

development and use of the application of biotechnology to

agriculture.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1405, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

985; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1405, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1298; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1404, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1544; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1605(b)(3), Nov. 28, 1990,

104 Stat. 3714; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 852(b)(1),

853(b)(2), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1171, 1172.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Par. (5). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 852(b)(1)(A), substituted

''Advisory Board'' for ''Joint Council, Advisory Board,''.

Par. (11). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 852(b)(1)(B), struck out ''the

Joint Council,'' before ''the Advisory Board''.

Par. (12). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 853(b)(2), struck out '', after

coordination with the Technology Board,'' after ''establish''.

1990 - Par. (12). Pub. L. 101-624 inserted '', after coordination

with the Technology Board,'' after ''establish''.

1985 - Pars. (11), (12). Pub. L. 99-198 added pars. (11) and (12)

and struck out former par. (11) which required the Secretary to

''take the initiative in overcoming barriers to long-range planning

by developing, in conjunction with the States, State cooperative

institutions, the Joint Council, the Advisory Board, and other

appropriate institutions, a long-term needs assessment for food,

fiber, and forest products, and by determining the research

requirements necessary to meet the identified needs.''

1981 - Par. (1). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1405(1), substituted

''Secretary of Health and Human Services'' for ''Secretary of

Health, Education, and Welfare''.

Par. (5). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1405(2), substituted ''and

appropriate advisory'' for ''and other appropriate advisory''.

Par. (6). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1405(3), inserted ''or proposed''.

Pars. (10), (11). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1405(4)-(6), added pars.

(10) and (11).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Subchapter effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 of Pub. L.

95-113, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under

section 1307 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3122 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3122. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 852(a), Apr.

4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1171

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1407, Sept. 29, 1977, 91

Stat. 986; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1407, Dec. 22, 1981, 95

Stat. 1299; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1405, Dec. 23, 1985, 99

Stat. 1545; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1604(a), Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3706; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 402(1),

407(1), Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1863, 1864; Pub. L. 104-66, title

I, Sec. 1012(d), (e), Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 712, related to

establishment of Joint Council on Food and Agricultural Sciences.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3123 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3123. National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education,

and Economics Advisory Board

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary shall establish within the Department of

Agriculture a board to be known as the ''National Agricultural

Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board''.

(b) Membership

(1) In general

The Advisory Board shall consist of 31 members, appointed by

the Secretary.

(2) Selection of members

The Secretary shall appoint members of the Advisory Board from

nominations submitted by organizations, associations, societies,

councils, federations, groups, and companies fitting the criteria

specified in paragraph (3).

(3) Membership categories

The Advisory Board shall consist of members from each of the

following categories:

(A) 1 member representing a national farm organization.

(B) 1 member representing farm cooperatives.

(C) 1 member actively engaged in the production of a food

animal commodity.

(D) 1 member actively engaged in the production of a plant

commodity.

(E) 1 member representing a national animal commodity

organization.

(F) 1 member representing a national crop commodity

organization.

(G) 1 member representing a national aquaculture association.

(H) 1 member representing a national food animal science

society.

(I) 1 member representing a national crop, soil, agronomy,

horticulture, or weed science society.

(J) 1 member representing a national food science

organization.

(K) 1 member representing a national human health

association.

(L) 1 member representing a national nutritional science

society.

(M) 1 member representing the land-grant colleges and

universities eligible to receive funds under the Act of July 2,

1862 (7 U.S.C. 301 et seq.).

(N) 1 member representing the land-grant colleges and

universities eligible to receive funds under the Act of August

30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.), including Tuskegee University.

(O) 1 member representing the 1994 Institutions (as defined

in section 532 of the Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status

Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-382; 7 U.S.C. 301 note)).

(P) 1 member representing Hispanic-serving institutions.

(Q) 1 member representing the American Colleges of Veterinary

Medicine.

(R) 1 member representing a non-land grant college or

university with a historic commitment to research in the food

and agricultural sciences.

(S) 1 member representing that portion of the scientific

community not closely associated with agriculture.

(T) 1 member engaged in the transportation of food and

agricultural products to domestic and foreign markets.

(U) 1 member representing food retailing and marketing

interests.

(V) 1 member representing food and fiber processors.

(W) 1 member actively engaged in rural economic development.

(X) 1 member representing a national consumer interest group.

(Y) 1 member representing a national forestry group.

(Z) 1 member representing a national conservation or natural

resource group.

(AA) 1 member representing private sector organizations

involved in international development.

(BB) 1 member representing an agency within the Department of

Agriculture that lacks research capabilities.

(CC) 1 member representing a research agency of the Federal

Government (other than the Department of Agriculture).

(DD) 1 member representing a national social science

association.

(EE) 1 member representing national organizations directly

concerned with agricultural research, education, and extension.

(4) Ex officio members

The Secretary, the Under Secretary of Agriculture for Research,

Education, and Economics, the Administrator of the Agricultural

Research Service, the Administrator of the Cooperative State

Research, Education, and Extension Service, the Administrator of

the Economic Research Service, and the Administrator of the

National Agricultural Statistics Service shall serve as ex

officio members of the Advisory Board.

(5) Officers

At the first meeting of the Advisory Board each year, the

members shall elect from among the members of the Advisory Board

a chairperson, vice chairperson, and 7 additional members to

serve on the executive committee established under paragraph (6).

(6) Executive committee

The Advisory Board shall establish an executive committee

charged with the responsibility of working with the Secretary and

officers and employees of the Department of Agriculture to

summarize and disseminate the recommendations of the Advisory

Board.

(7) Equal representation of public and private sector members

In appointing members to serve on the Advisory Board, the

Secretary shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, equal

representation of public and private sector members.

(c) Duties

The Advisory Board shall -

(1) review and provide consultation to the Secretary,

land-grant colleges and universities, and the Committee on

Agriculture of the House of Representatives, the Committee on

Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, the

Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug

Administration and Related Agencies of the Committee on

Appropriations of the House of Representatives, and the

Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Related

Agencies of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate on

long-term and short-term national policies and priorities, as set

forth in section 3101 of this title, relating to agricultural

research, extension, education, and economics;

(2) evaluate the results and effectiveness of agricultural

research, extension, education, and economics with respect to the

policies and priorities;

(3) review and make recommendations to the Under Secretary of

Agriculture for Research, Education, and Economics on the

research, extension, education, and economics portion of the

draft strategic plan required under section 306 of title 5; and

(4) review the mechanisms of the Department of Agriculture for

technology assessment (which should be conducted by qualified

professionals) for the purposes of -

(A) performance measurement and evaluation of the

implementation by the Secretary of the strategic plan required

under section 306 of title 5;

(B) implementation of the national research policies and

priorities set forth in section 3101 of this title; and

(C) the development of mechanisms for the assessment of

emerging public and private agricultural research and

technology transfer initiatives.

(d) Consultation

(1) Duties of Advisory Board

In carrying out this section, the Advisory Board shall consult

with any appropriate agencies of the Department of Agriculture

and solicit opinions and recommendations from persons who will

benefit from and use federally funded agricultural research,

extension, education, and economics.

(2) Duties of Secretary

To comply with a provision of this chapter or any other law

that requires the Secretary to consult or cooperate with the

Advisory Board or that authorizes the Advisory Board to submit

recommendations to the Secretary, the Secretary shall -

(A) solicit the written opinions and recommendations of the

Advisory Board; and

(B) provide a written response to the Advisory Board

regarding the manner and extent to which the Secretary will

implement recommendations submitted by the Advisory Board.

(e) Appointment

A member of the Advisory Board shall be appointed by the

Secretary for a term of up to 3 years. The members of the Advisory

Board shall be appointed to serve staggered terms.

(f) Federal Advisory Committee Act

The Advisory Board shall be deemed to have filed a charter for

the purpose of section 9(c) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act

(5 U.S.C. App.).

(g) Annual limitation on Advisory Board expenses

(1) Maximum amount

Not more than $350,000 may be used to cover the necessary

expenses of the Advisory Board for each fiscal year.

(2) General limitation

The expenses of the Advisory Board shall not be counted toward

any general limitation on the expenses of advisory committees,

panels, commissions, and task forces of the Department of

Agriculture contained in any Act making appropriations for the

Department of Agriculture, whether enacted before, on, or after

June 23, 1998, unless the appropriation Act specifically refers

to this subsection and specifically includes this Advisory Board

within the general limitation.

(h) Termination

The Advisory Board shall remain in existence until September 30,

2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1408, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

988; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1408, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1300; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1406, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1545; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1604(b), Nov. 28, 1990, 104

Stat. 3709; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 402(2), Dec. 13, 1991,

105 Stat. 1863; Pub. L. 104-66, title I, Sec. 1011(t), 1012(f),

Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 710, 712; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII,

Sec. 802(a), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1156; Pub. L. 105-185, title

II, Sec. 222, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 538; Pub. L. 107-171, title

VII, Sec. 7133, 7209(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 435, 444.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Act of July 2, 1862, referred to in subsec. (b)(3)(M), is act

July 2, 1862, ch. 130, 12 Stat. 503, as amended, popularly known as

the First Morrill Act, which is classified generally to subchapter

I (Sec. 301 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 301 of this title and Tables.

Act of August 30, 1890, referred to in subsec. (b)(3)(N), is act

Aug. 30, 1890, ch. 841, 26 Stat. 417, as amended, popularly known

as the Agricultural College Act of 1890 and also as the Second

Morrill Act, which is classified generally to subchapter II (Sec.

321 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 321 of this title and Tables.

For definition of ''this chapter'', referred to in subsec.

(d)(2), see note set out under section 3102 of this title.

Section 9 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to in

subsec. (f), is section 9 of Pub. L. 92-463, which is set out in

the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7209(a)(1),

substituted ''31 members'' for ''30 members''.

Subsec. (b)(3)(R) to (EE). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7209(a)(2),

added subpar. (R) and redesignated former subpars. (R) to (DD) as

(S) to (EE), respectively.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7209(a)(3), substituted

''Secretary, land-grant colleges and universities, and the

Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives, the

Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate,

the Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug

Administration and Related Agencies of the Committee on

Appropriations of the House of Representatives, and the

Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Related Agencies

of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate'' for ''Secretary

and land-grant colleges and universities''.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7209(a)(4), inserted

''consult with any appropriate agencies of the Department of

Agriculture and'' after ''The Advisory Board shall''.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7133, substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 222(a), added par.

(7).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 222(b), designated existing

provisions as par. (1), inserted heading, and added par. (2).

Subsecs. (g), (h). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 222(c), added subsec.

(g) and redesignated former subsec. (g) as (h).

1996 - Pub. L. 104-127 amended section generally, substituting

present provisions for provisions which established National

Agricultural Research and Extension Users Advisory Board and

provided for membership, chairperson and vice-chairperson,

meetings, panels of the Board, responsibilities of the Board,

reports by the Board, and a report by the Secretary of Agriculture

on manner in which recommendations of Board had been incorporated

into programs of Department of Agriculture.

1995 - Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 104-66, Sec. 1012(f), inserted

''may provide'' before ''a written report'' in first sentence.

Subsec. (g)(2), (3). Pub. L. 104-66, Sec. 1011(t), redesignated

par. (3) as (2) and struck out former par. (2) which required

Advisory Board to submit to the President and congressional

committees a report containing appraisal by Board of President's

proposed budget for food and agricultural sciences and

recommendations of Secretary.

1991 - Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 402(2)(A), substituted

''Government'' for ''government''.

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 402(2)(B), substituted

''federally'' for ''Federally''.

1990 - Pub. L. 101-624 amended section generally, substituting

present provisions for provisions which established National

Agricultural Research and Extension Users Advisory Board to expire

on Sept. 30, 1990, authorized membership of Board at 25

representatives, provided for selection of chairman and

vice-chairman, provided for meetings at least once during each

three month period, authorized establishment of panels to assist

Board in meeting its responsibilities, and outlined general and

specific responsibilities of Board, including the submission of

reports.

1985 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1406(a), substituted

''1990'' for ''1985''.

Subsec. (f)(2)(G). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1406(b), added subpar.

(G).

1981 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1408(a), substituted

''that expires September 30, 1985'' for ''of five years''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1408(b), in provision preceding

par. (1) substituted ''twenty-five'' for ''twenty-one'' and

inserted ''to serve staggered terms'' and in par. (1) substituted

''eight'' for ''four'' and ''agricultural, forestry, and

aquacultural products, from various geographical regions'' for

''agricultural commodities, forest products, and aquacultural

products''.

Subsec. (f)(2)(E). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1408(c)(1), substituted

''July 1'' for ''October 1''.

Subsec. (f)(2)(F). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1408(c)(2), substituted

''February 20 of'' for ''March 1 of''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 344, 361g, 450i, 7601 of

this title; title 16 section 1673.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3123a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3123a. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 853(a),

Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1172

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1408A, as added Pub. L.

101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1605(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3711;

amended Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 402(3), (4), Dec. 13, 1991,

105 Stat. 1863, related to establishment of Agricultural Science

and Technology Review Board.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3124 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3124. Existing research programs

-STATUTE-

It is the intent of Congress in enacting this chapter to augment,

coordinate, and supplement the planning, initiation, and conduct of

agricultural research programs existing prior to September 29,

1977, except that it is not the intent of Congress in enacting this

title to limit the authority of the Secretary of Health and Human

Services under any Act which the Secretary of Health and Human

Services administers.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1409, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

989; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1409, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1301.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For definition of ''this chapter'', referred to in text, see note

set out under section 3102 of this title.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1981 - Pub. L. 97-98 substituted ''Secretary of Health and Human

Services'' for ''Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare'' in

two places.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3124a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3124a. Federal-State partnership and coordination

-STATUTE-

(a) Covered programs; statement of purposes

A unique partnership arrangement exists in food and agricultural

research, extension, and teaching between the Federal Government

and the governments of the several States whereby the States have

accepted and have supported, through legislation and appropriations

-

(1) research programs under -

(A) the Act of March 2, 1887 (7 U.S.C. 361a et seq.),

commonly known as the Hatch Act of 1887;

(B) the Act of October 10, 1962 (16 U.S.C. 582a et seq.),

commonly known as the McIntire-Stennis Act of 1962;

(C) subchapter V of this chapter; and

(D) subchapter VI of this chapter;

(2) extension programs under subchapter VI of this chapter and

the Act of May 8, 1914 (7 U.S.C. 341 et seq.), commonly known as

the Smith-Lever Act;

(3) teaching programs under -

(A) the Act of July 2, 1862 (7 U.S.C. 301 et seq.), commonly

known as the First Morrill Act;

(B) the Act of August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.),

commonly known as the Second Morrill Act; and

(C) the Act of June 29, 1935 (7 U.S.C. 329, commonly known as

the Bankhead-Jones Act; and

(4) international agricultural programs under title XII of the

Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2220a et seq.).

This partnership in publicly supported agricultural research,

extension, and teaching involving the programs of Federal agencies

and the programs of the States has played a major role in the

outstanding successes achieved in meeting the varied, dispersed,

and in many cases, site-specific needs of American agriculture.

This partnership must be preserved and enhanced.

(b) Establishment, etc., of cooperative centers

In order to promote research and education in food and human

nutrition, the Secretary may establish cooperative human nutrition

centers to focus resources, facilities, and scientific expertise on

particular high priority nutrition problems identified by the

Department. Such centers shall be established at State cooperative

institutions; and at other colleges and universities, having a

demonstrable capacity to carry out human nutrition research and

education.

(c) Designation of State cooperative institutions; reports;

research grants

(1) To promote research for purposes of developing agricultural

policy alternatives, the Secretary is encouraged -

(A) to designate at least one State cooperative institution to

conduct research in an interdisciplinary fashion; and

(B) to report on a regular basis with respect to the effect of

emerging technological, economic, sociological, and environmental

developments on the structure of agriculture.

(2) Support for this effort should include grants to examine the

role of various food production, processing, and distribution

systems that may primarily benefit small- and medium-sized family

farms, such as diversified farm plans, energy, water, and soil

conservation technologies, direct and cooperative marketing,

production and processing cooperatives, and rural community

resource management.

(d) Designation of State agricultural experiment stations and

Agricultural Research Service facilities; pilot projects;

additional research

To address more effectively the critical need for reducing farm

input costs, improving soil, water, and energy conservation on

farms and in rural areas, using sustainable agricultural methods,

adopting alternative processing and marketing systems, and

encouraging rural resources management, the Secretary is encouraged

to designate at least one State agricultural experiment station and

one Agricultural Research Service facility to examine these issues

in an integrated and comprehensive manner, while conducting ongoing

pilot projects contributing additional research through the

Federal-State partnership.

(e) Applicability of Federal Advisory Committee Act

(1) Public meetings

All meetings of any entity described in paragraph (3) shall be

publicly announced in advance and shall be open to the public.

Detailed minutes of meetings and other appropriate records of the

activities of such an entity shall be kept and made available to

the public on request.

(2) Exemption

The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) and title

XVIII of this Act (7 U.S.C. 2281 et seq.) shall not apply to any

entity described in paragraph (3).

(3) Entities described

This subsection shall apply to any committee, board,

commission, panel, or task force, or similar entity that -

(A) is created for the purpose of cooperative efforts in

agricultural research, extension, or teaching; and

(B) consists entirely of -

(i) full-time Federal employees; and

(ii) one or more individuals who are employed by, or are

officials of -

(I) a State cooperative institution or State cooperative

agency; or

(II) a public college or university or other

postsecondary institution.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1409A, as added Pub. L. 97-98,

title XIV, Sec. 1410(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1301; amended Pub.

L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1407, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1545; Pub.

L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(f)(1)(B), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3704; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 803, Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1159.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Act of March 2, 1887, referred to in subsec. (a)(1)(A), is act

Mar. 2, 1887, ch. 314, 24 Stat. 440, as amended, popularly known as

the Hatch Act of 1887, which is classified generally to sections

361a to 361i of this title. For complete classification of this

Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 361a of

this title and Tables.

Act of October 10, 1962, referred to in subsec. (a)(1)(B), is

Pub. L. 87-788, Oct. 10, 1962, 76 Stat. 806, as amended, known as

the McIntire-Stennis Act of 1962, which is classified generally to

subchapter III (Sec. 582a et seq.) of chapter 3 of Title 16,

Conservation. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Tables.

Act of May 8, 1914, referred to in subsec. (a)(2), is act May 8,

1914, ch. 79, 38 Stat. 372, as amended, popularly known as the

Smith-Lever Act, which is classified generally to subchapter IV

(Sec. 341 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 341 of this title and Tables.

Act of July 2, 1862, referred to in subsec. (a)(3)(A), is act

July 2, 1862, ch. 130, 12 Stat. 503, as amended, popularly known as

the First Morrill Act, which is classified generally to subchapter

I (Sec. 301 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 301 of this title and Tables.

Act of August 30, 1890, referred to in subsec. (a)(3)(B), is act

Aug. 30, 1890, ch. 841, 26 Stat. 417, as amended, popularly known

as the Agricultural College Act of 1890 and also as the Second

Morrill Act, which is classified generally to subchapter II (Sec.

321 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 321 of this title and Tables.

The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, referred to in subsec.

(a)(4), is Pub. L. 87-195, Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 424, as

amended. Title XII of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 probably

means title XII of chapter 2 of part I of the Act, which is

classified generally to subpart XII (Sec. 2220a et seq.) of part II

of subchapter I of chapter 32 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and

Intercourse. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Short Title note set out under section 2151 of Title 22 and

Tables.

The Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to in subsec.

(e)(2), is Pub. L. 92-463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, as amended,

which is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

Title XVIII of this Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(2), is title

XVIII of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977, Pub. L. 95-113,

Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 1041, as amended, which is classified

generally to chapter 55A (Sec. 2281 et seq.) of this title. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of

1977 Amendment note set out under section 1281 of this title and

Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104-127 added subsec. (e).

1990 - Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 101-624 redesignated subsecs.

(d) and (e) as (c) and (d), respectively, and struck out former

subsec. (c) which read as follows: ''In order to meet the

increasing needs of consumers and to promote the health and welfare

of people, the Secretary shall ensure that the cooperative

research, extension, and teaching programs of the various States

adequately address the challenges described in paragraph (10) of

section 3101 of this title. The Secretary may implement new

cooperative initiatives in home economics and related disciplines

to address such challenges.''

1985 - Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1407(a), added par.

(4).

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1407(b), added subsecs.

(d) and (e).

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section 1801 of Pub. L.

97-98, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3125 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3125. Annual report of Secretary of Agriculture to President

and Congress

-STATUTE-

The Secretary shall submit to the President and Congress by

January 1 of each year a report on the Nation's agricultural

research, extension, and teaching activities, and such report shall

include -

(1) a review covering the following three categories of

activities of the Department of Agriculture with respect to

agricultural research, extension, and teaching activities and the

relationship of these activities to similar activities of other

departments and agencies of the Federal Government, the States,

colleges and universities, and the private sector -

(A) a current inventory of such activities organized by

statutory authorization and budget outlay;

(B) a current inventory of such activities organized by field

of basic and applied science; and

(C) a current inventory of such activities organized by

commodity and product category;

(2) any recommendations of the Advisory Board; and

(3) in the second and succeeding years, a five-year projection

of national priorities with respect to agricultural research,

extension, and teaching, taking into account both domestic and

international needs.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1410, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

989; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1411, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1302; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1408, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1546; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1605(b)(4), Nov. 28, 1990,

104 Stat. 3714; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 802(b)(2),

852(b)(2), 853(b)(3), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1159, 1171, 1172.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Par. (2). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''any

recommendations of the Advisory Board'' for ''the recommendations

of the Joint Council developed under section 3122(f) of this title,

the recommendations of the Advisory Board developed under section

3123(g) of this title, and the recommendations of the Technology

Board developed under section 3123a(d) of this title''.

1990 - Par. (2). Pub. L. 101-624 amended par. (2) generally.

Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: ''the statements of

recommendations of the Joint Council developed pursuant to the

provisions of section 3122(d)(2)(G) of this title and the statement

of recommendations of the Advisory Board developed pursuant to the

provisions of section 3123(f)(2)(E) of this title; and''.

1985 - Par. (4). Pub. L. 99-198 struck out par. (4) which

provided for inclusion ''in the report of January 1, 1984, the

Secretary's needs assessment developed pursuant to the provisions

of section 3121(11) of this title''.

1981 - Pub. L. 97-98 substituted in provision preceding par. (1)

''January 1'' for ''February 1'' and added par. (4).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

TERMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of this

section relating to submittal to Congress of annual report on

agricultural research, extension, and teaching activities, see

section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, set out as a note under

section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance, and page 44 of House

Document No. 103-7.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3125a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3125a. National Agricultural Library

-STATUTE-

(a) Purpose

The purpose of this section is to consolidate and expand the

statutory authority for the operation of the library of the

Department of Agriculture established pursuant to section 2201 of

this title as the primary agricultural information resource of the

United States.

(b) Establishment

There is established in the Department of Agriculture the

National Agricultural Library to serve as the primary agricultural

information resource of the United States.

(c) Director

The Secretary shall appoint a Director for the National

Agricultural Library who shall be subject to the direction of the

Secretary.

(d) Functions of Director

The Director may -

(1) acquire, preserve, and manage information and information

products and services in all phases of agriculture and allied

sciences;

(2) organize agricultural information and information products

and services by cataloging, indexing, bibliographical listing,

and other appropriate techniques;

(3) provide agricultural information and information products

and services to agencies of the Department of Agriculture and the

Federal Government, public and private organizations, and

individuals, within the United States and internationally;

(4) plan for, coordinate, and evaluate information and library

needs related to agricultural research and education;

(5) cooperate with and coordinate efforts among agricultural

college and university libraries, in conjunction with private

industry and other agricultural library and information centers,

toward the development of a comprehensive agricultural library

and information network; and

(6) coordinate the development of specialized subject

information services among the agricultural and library

information communities.

(e) Library products and services

The Director may -

(1) make copies of the bibliographies prepared by the National

Agricultural Library;

(2) make microforms and other reproductions of books and other

library materials in the Department;

(3) provide any other library and information products and

services; and

(4) sell those products and services at such prices (not less

than the estimated total cost of disseminating the products and

services) as the Secretary may determine appropriate.

(f) Receipts

Funds received from sales under subsection (e) of this section

shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States to the

credit of the applicable appropriation and shall remain available

until expended.

(g) Agreements

(1) In general

The Director may enter into agreement with, and receive funds

from any State, and other political subdivision, organization,

business, or individual for the purpose of conducting activities

to carry out this section.

(2) Funds

Funds received under this subsection for payments for library

products and services or other activities shall be deposited to

the miscellaneous contributed fund account, and shall remain

available until expended.

(h) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year such

sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1410A, as added Pub. L. 101-624,

title XVI, Sec. 1606(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3714.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3125b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3125b. National Rural Information Center Clearinghouse

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary shall establish, within the National Agricultural

Library, in coordination with the Extension Service, a National

Rural Information Center Clearinghouse (in this section referred to

as the ''Clearinghouse'') to perform the functions specified in

subsection (b) of this section.

(b) Functions

The Clearinghouse shall provide and distribute information and

data to any industry, organization, or Federal, State, or local

government entity, on request, about programs and services provided

by Federal, State, and local agencies and private nonprofit

organizations and institutions under which individuals residing in,

or organizations and State and local government entities operating

in, a rural area may be eligible for any kind of assistance,

including job training, education, health care, and economic

development assistance, and emotional and financial counseling. To

the extent possible, the National Agricultural Library shall use

telecommunications technology to disseminate information to rural

areas.

(c) Federal agencies

On request of the Secretary, the head of a Federal agency shall

provide to the Clearinghouse such information as the Secretary may

request to enable the Clearinghouse to carry out subsection (b) of

this section.

(d) State and local agencies and nonprofit organizations

The Secretary shall request State and local governments and

private nonprofit organizations and institutions to provide to the

Clearinghouse such information as such agencies and organizations

may have about any program or service of such agencies,

organizations, and institutions under which individuals residing in

a rural area may be eligible for any kind of assistance, including

job training, educational, health care, and economic development

assistance, and emotional and financial counseling.

(e) Limitation on authorization of appropriations

To carry out this section, there are authorized to be

appropriated $500,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991 through

2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XXIII, Sec. 2381, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

4049; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 842, Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1170; Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 301(b)(3), June 23,

1998, 112 Stat. 563; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7101, May 13,

2002, 116 Stat. 431.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Rural Economic Development Act

of 1990, and also as part of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation,

and Trade Act of 1990, and not as part of the National Agricultural

Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 which

comprises this chapter.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''2002'' for

''1997''.

1996 - Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''1997'' for

''1995''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 917 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3125c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3125c. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 859(a),

Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1173

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 101-624, title XIV, Sec. 1499A, as added Pub. L.

102-237, title II, Sec. 201(h)(1), Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1847,

related to education program regarding handling of agricultural

chemicals and agricultural chemical containers.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3126 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3126. Libraries and information network

-STATUTE-

(a) Congressional declaration of policy

It is declared to be the policy of Congress that -

(1) cooperation and coordination among, and the more effective

utilization of, disparate agricultural libraries and information

units be facilitated;

(2) information and library needs related to agricultural

research and education be effectively planned for, coordinated,

and evaluated;

(3) a structure for the coordination of the agricultural

libraries of colleges and universities, Department of Agriculture

libraries, and their closely allied information gathering and

disseminating units be established in close conjunction with

private industry and other research libraries;

(4) effective access by all colleges and universities and

Department of Agriculture personnel to literature and information

regarding the food and agricultural sciences be provided;

(5) programs for training in information utilization with

respect to the food and agricultural sciences, including research

grants for librarians, information scientists, and agricultural

scientists be established or strengthened; and

(6) the Department of Agriculture establish mutually valuable

working relationships with international and foreign information

and data programs.

(b) Food and Nutrition and Education Resources Center

There is established within the National Agricultural Library of

the Department of Agriculture a Food and Nutrition Information and

Education Resources Center. Such Center shall be responsible for -

(1) assembling and collecting food and nutrition education

materials, including the results of nutrition research, training

methods, procedures, and other materials related to the purpose

of this chapter;

(2) maintaining such information and materials in a library;

and

(3) providing notification about these collections on a regular

basis to the State cooperative extension services, State

educational agencies, and other interested persons.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

Funds are authorized to be appropriated annually in such amounts

as Congress may determine necessary to support the purposes of this

section. The Secretary is authorized to carry out this section

with existing facilities through the use of grants, contracts, or

such other means as the Secretary deems appropriate and to require

matching of funds. No funds appropriated to support the purposes

of this section shall be used to purchase additional equipment

unless specifically authorized by law subsequent to September 29,

1977.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1411, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

990; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1412, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1302.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For definition of ''this chapter'', referred to in subsec.

(b)(1), see note set out under section 3102 of this title.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1981 - Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1412(1)-(3), added

par. (6).

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1412(4), substituted

''notification about these collections on a regular basis to the

State cooperative extension services, State educational agencies,

and other interested persons'' for ''for the dissemination of such

information and materials on a regular basis to State educational

agencies and other interested persons''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3127 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3127. Support for Advisory Board

-STATUTE-

(a) Appointment of staff

To assist the Advisory Board in the performance of its duties,

the Secretary may appoint, after consultation with the chairperson

of the Advisory Board -

(1) a full-time executive director who shall perform such

duties as the chairperson of the Advisory Board may direct and

who shall receive compensation at a rate not to exceed the rate

payable for GS-18 of the General Schedule established in section

5332 of title 5; and

(2) a professional staff of not more than five full-time

employees qualified in the food and agricultural sciences, of

which one shall serve as the executive secretary to the Advisory

Board.

(b) Additional clerical assistance and staff personnel

The Secretary shall provide such additional clerical assistance

and staff personnel as may be required to assist the Advisory Board

in carrying out its duties.

(c) Assistance of outside personnel

In formulating its recommendations to the Secretary, the Advisory

Board may obtain the assistance of Department of Agriculture

employees, and, to the maximum extent practicable, the assistance

of employees of other Federal departments and agencies conducting

related programs of agricultural research, extension, and teaching

and of appropriate representatives of colleges and universities,

including State agricultural experiment stations, cooperative

extension services, and other non-Federal organizations conducting

significant programs in the food and agricultural sciences.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1412, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

991; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1413, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1302; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1605(b)(1), Nov. 28, 1990,

104 Stat. 3713; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 402(5), Dec. 13,

1991, 105 Stat. 1863; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 852(b)(3),

853(b)(4), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1171, 1172; Pub. L. 105-185,

title VI, Sec. 606(c)(1), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 603.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 606(c)(1)(A),

substituted ''its duties'' for ''their duties''.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 606(c)(1)(B), substituted

''its recommendations'' for ''their recommendations''.

1996 - Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 852(b)(3)(A), 853(b)(4)(A), in

section catchline, substituted ''Advisory Board'' for ''Joint

Council, Advisory Board, and Technology Board''.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 852(b)(3)(B)(i), (ii),

853(b)(4)(B)(i), in introductory provisions, substituted ''To

assist the Advisory Board in'' for ''To assist the Joint Council,

the Advisory Board, and the Technology Board in'' and ''with the

chairperson of the Advisory Board'' for ''with the cochairpersons

of the Joint Council and the chairperson of the Advisory Board and

the Technology Board''.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 852(b)(3)(B)(ii),

853(b)(4)(B)(i), substituted ''the chairperson of the Advisory

Board'' for ''the cochairpersons of the Joint Council and the

chairperson of the Advisory Board and the Technology Board''.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 852(b)(3)(B)(iii),

853(b)(4)(B)(ii), substituted ''one shall serve as the executive

secretary to the Advisory Board'' for ''one shall serve as the

executive secretary to the Joint Council, one shall serve as the

executive secretary to the Advisory Board, and one shall serve as

the executive secretary to the Technology Board''.

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 852(b)(3)(C),

853(b)(4)(C), substituted ''Advisory Board'' for ''Joint Council,

Advisory Board, and Technology Board''.

1991 - Subsecs. (b) and (c). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted '',

Advisory Board, and Technology Board'' for ''and Advisory Board''.

1990 - Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1605(b)(1)(A), amended section

catchline generally.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1605(b)(1)(B), in introductory

provision, substituted '', the Advisory Board, and the Technology

Board'' for ''and the Advisory Board'' and inserted ''and the

Technology Board'' before the dash, in par. (1), inserted ''and the

Technology Board'' before ''may direct'', and in par. (2),

substituted ''Council,'' for ''Council and'' and inserted before

period at end '', and one shall serve as the executive secretary to

the Technology Board''.

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1605(b)(1)(C), (D),

which directed the substitution of '', the Advisory Board, and the

Technology Board'' for ''and the Advisory Board'', could not be

executed because the phrase ''and the Advisory Board'' did not

appear in text.

1981 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97-98 inserted in provision preceding

par. (1) provision requiring consultation with the cochairpersons

of the Joint Council and the chairperson of the Advisory Board,

redesignated former par. (2) as (1) and substituted provision that

a full-time executive director perform such duties as the

cochairpersons of the Joint Council and chairperson of the Advisory

Board direct for provision that an executive director perform such

duties as the chairman of the Joint Council and the chairman of the

Advisory Board direct, and redesignated former par. (1) as (2) and

inserted provision that one of the full-time staff serve as the

executive secretary to the Joint Council and one serve as executive

secretary to the Advisory Board.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

REFERENCES IN OTHER LAWS TO GS-16, 17, OR 18 PAY RATES

References in laws to the rates of pay for GS-16, 17, or 18, or

to maximum rates of pay under the General Schedule, to be

considered references to rates payable under specified sections of

Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, see section 529

(title I, Sec. 101(c)(1)) of Pub. L. 101-509, set out in a note

under section 5376 of Title 5.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 3128 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3128 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3128. General provisions

-STATUTE-

(a) Vacancies in Advisory Board

Any vacancy in the Advisory Board shall not affect its duties

under this title and shall be filled in the same manner as the

original position.

(b) Compensation and expenses of members of Advisory Board

Members of the Advisory Board shall serve without compensation,

if not otherwise officers or employees of the United States, except

that they shall, while away from their homes or regular places of

business in the performance of services under this chapter, be

allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence,

in the same manner as persons employed intermittently in the

Government service are allowed expenses under sections 5701 through

5707 of title 5.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated annually such sums as

Congress may determine necessary to carry out the provisions of

section 3127 of this title and subsection (b) of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1413, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

991; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1414(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95

Stat. 1303; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1605(b)(2), Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3713; Pub. L. 103-354, title II, Sec. 218(e)(7),

Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3213; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec.

852(b)(4), 853(b)(5), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1171, 1172; Pub. L.

105-185, title VI, Sec. 606(b), (c)(2), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

603, 604.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For definition of ''this chapter'', referred to in subsec. (b),

see note set out under section 3102 of this title.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 606(c)(2), substituted

''its duties'' for ''their powers''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 606(b), substituted ''Advisory

Board'' for ''Joint Council, the Advisory Board,''.

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 852(b)(4)(A),

853(b)(5)(A), substituted ''the Advisory Board'' for ''the Joint

Council, the Advisory Board, or the Technology Board''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 853(b)(5)(B), struck out ''and

the Technology Board'' before ''shall serve without''.

Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 852(b)(4)(B), which directed substitution

of ''Advisory Board'' for ''Joint Council, Advisory Board,'' could

not be executed because those words did not appear in text.

1994 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103-354 struck out subsec. (d) which

read as follows: ''The President shall appoint, by and with the

advice and consent of the Senate, an Assistant Secretary of

Agriculture who shall perform such duties as are necessary to carry

out this chapter and who shall receive compensation at the rate now

or hereafter prescribed by law for Assistant Secretaries of

Agriculture.''

1990 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1605(b)(2)(A),

substituted '', the Advisory Board, or the Technology Board'' for

''or the Advisory Board''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1605(b)(2)(B), substituted '',

the Advisory Board, and the Technology Board'' for ''and Advisory

Board''.

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1605(b)(2)(C),

redesignated subsec. (e) as (d) and struck out former subsec. (d)

which read as follows: ''The Subcommittee on Food, Agricultural,

and Forestry Research, the Joint Council, and the Advisory Board

shall improve communication and interaction among themselves and

with others in the agricultural science and education system

through such mechanisms as the exchange of reports, joint meetings,

and the use of liaison representatives.''

1981 - Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 97-98 added subsecs. (c) to

(e).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3129 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3129. Accountability

-STATUTE-

(a) Review of information technology systems

The Secretary shall conduct a comprehensive review of

state-of-the-art information technology systems that are available

for use in developing the system required by subsection (b) of this

section.

(b) Monitoring and evaluation system

The Secretary shall develop and carry out a system to monitor and

evaluate agricultural research and extension activities conducted

or supported by the Department of Agriculture that will enable the

Secretary to measure the impact and effectiveness of research,

extension, and education programs according to priorities, goals,

and mandates established by law. In developing the system, the

Secretary shall incorporate information transfer technologies to

optimize public access to research information.

(c) Consistency with other requirements

The Secretary shall develop and implement the system in a manner

consistent with the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993

(Public Law 103-62; 107 Stat. 285) and amendments made by the Act.

(d) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1413A, as added Pub. L. 104-127,

title VIII, Sec. 804, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1160.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Government Performance and Results Act of 1993, referred to

in subsec. (c), is Pub. L. 103-62, Aug. 3, 1993, 107 Stat. 285,

which enacted section 306 of Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees, sections 1115 to 1119, 9703, and 9704 of Title 31, Money

and Finance, and sections 2801 to 2805 of Title 39, Postal Service,

amended section 1105 of Title 31, and enacted provisions set out as

notes under sections 1101 and 1115 of Title 31. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1993

Amendment note set out under section 1101 of Title 31 and Tables.

-MISC2-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 3129, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1413A, as

added Pub. L. 96-294, title II, Sec. 255(a), June 30, 1980, 94

Stat. 707, provided for biomass energy educational and technical

assistance programs, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI,

Sec. 1601(f)(1)(C), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3704.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3129a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3129a. Federal Advisory Committee Act exemption for

competitive research, extension, and education programs

-STATUTE-

The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) and title

XVIII of this Act (7 U.S.C. 2281 et seq.) shall not apply to any

committee, board, commission, panel, or task force, or similar

entity, created solely for the purpose of reviewing applications or

proposals requesting funding under any competitive research,

extension, or education program carried out by the Secretary.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1413B, as added Pub. L. 104-127,

title VIII, Sec. 804, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1160.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to in text, is Pub.

L. 92-463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, as amended, which is set out

in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Title XVIII of this Act, referred to in text, is title XVIII of

the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977, Pub. L. 95-113, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1041, as amended, which is classified generally to

chapter 55A (Sec. 2281 et seq.) of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1977

Amendment note set out under section 1281 of this title and Tables.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 3319b of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3130 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER II - COORDINATION AND PLANNING OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3130. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 858, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1173

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 101-624, title XIV, Sec. 1456, Nov. 28, 1990,

104 Stat. 3614, related to composting research and extension

program.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER III - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND

EDUCATION GRANTS AND FELLOWSHIPS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER III - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION GRANTS AND

FELLOWSHIPS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER III - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION GRANTS AND

FELLOWSHIPS

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3151 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER III - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION GRANTS AND

FELLOWSHIPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3151. Grants to enhance research capacity in schools of

veterinary medicine

-STATUTE-

(a) Competitive grant program

The Secretary shall conduct a program of competitive grants to

States for the purpose of meeting the costs of renovation,

improving compliance with Federal regulations, employing faculty,

acquiring equipment, and taking other action related to the

improvement of schools of veterinary medicine to ensure

agricultural competitiveness on a worldwide basis. This grant

program shall be based on a matching formula of 50 per centum

Federal and 50 per centum State funding.

(b) Preference

Except with respect to the States of Alaska and Hawaii, the

Secretary shall give preference in awarding grants to States which

file, with their application for funds under this section,

assurances satisfactory to the Secretary that -

(1) the State has established a veterinary medical training

program with one or more States without colleges of veterinary

medicine which consists of appropriate cooperative agreements

providing for a sharing of curriculum and costs by the individual

States;

(2) the clinical training of the school to be improved shall

emphasize care and preventive medical programs for food animals

and companion animals (including horses) which support industries

of major economic importance; and

(3) the Secretary may set aside a portion of funds appropriated

for the award of grants under this section and make such amounts

available only for grants to eligible colleges and universities

that the Secretary determines have unique capabilities for

achieving the objective of full participation of minority groups

in research in the Nation's schools of veterinary medicine.

Notwithstanding clause (1) of this subsection, no State which the

Secretary determines has made a reasonable effort to establish

appropriate cooperative agreements shall be denied a grant or

otherwise prejudiced because of its failure to establish such

cooperative agreements.

(c) Apportionment and distribution of funds

Funds appropriated to carry out this section for any fiscal year

shall be apportioned and distributed as follows:

(1) Five per centum shall be retained by the Department of

Agriculture for administration, program assistance to eligible

States, and program coordination.

(2) The remainder shall be apportioned and distributed by the

Secretary to those States which have applied for funds under this

section on such basis as the Secretary may deem appropriate.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1415, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

993; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1417, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1305; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1410, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1547; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1607(a), (b), Nov. 28, 1990,

104 Stat. 3716.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1990 - Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1607(b)(1), amended section

catchline generally.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1607(b)(1), inserted heading.

Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1607(a)(1), amended first sentence

generally. Prior to amendment, first sentence read as follows:

''The Secretary shall conduct a program of grants to States for the

purpose of meeting the costs of construction, employing faculty,

acquiring equipment, and taking other action relating to the

initial establishment and initial operation of schools of

veterinary medicine, or the expansion of existing schools of

veterinary medicine, as determned (sic) by the Secretary by

regulations.''

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1607(b)(2), inserted heading.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1607(a)(2), struck out '',

or has made a reasonable effort to establish,'' after

''established'', and ''and'' after ''States;''.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1607(a)(3), amended par.

(2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: ''the

clinical training of the school to be established or expanded shall

emphasize care and preventive medical programs for food-producing

animals.''

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1607(a)(3), added par. (3).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1607(b)(3), inserted heading.

1985 - Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 99-198 substituted ''Five'' for

''Four''.

1981 - Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 97-98 struck out proviso that not

less than 50 per centum of such funds shall be made available to

States which have accredited schools of veterinary medicine.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Subchapter effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 of Pub. L.

95-113, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under

section 1307 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3152 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER III - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION GRANTS AND

FELLOWSHIPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3152. Grants and fellowships for food and agricultural

sciences education

-STATUTE-

(a) Higher education teaching programs

The Secretary shall promote and strengthen higher education in

the food and agricultural sciences by formulating and administering

programs to enhance college and university teaching programs in

agriculture, natural resources, forestry, veterinary medicine, home

economics, disciplines closely allied to the food and agricultural

system, and rural economic, community, and business development.

(b) Grants

The Secretary may make competitive grants (or grants without

regard to any requirement for competition) to land-grant colleges

and universities, to colleges and universities having significant

minority enrollments and a demonstrable capacity to carry out the

teaching of food and agricultural sciences, and to other colleges

and universities having a demonstrable capacity to carry out the

teaching of food and agricultural sciences, for a period not to

exceed 5 years -

(1) to strengthen institutional capacities, including

curriculum, faculty, scientific instrumentation, instruction

delivery systems, and student recruitment and retention, to

respond to identified State, regional, national, or international

educational needs in the food and agricultural sciences, or in

rural economic, community, and business development;

(2) to attract and support undergraduate and graduate students

in order to educate the students in national need areas of the

food and agricultural sciences, or in rural economic, community,

and business development;

(3) to facilitate cooperative initiatives between two or more

eligible institutions, or between eligible institutions and units

of State government or organizations in the private sector, to

maximize the development and use of resources such as faculty,

facilities, and equipment to improve food and agricultural

sciences teaching programs, or teaching programs emphasizing

rural economic, community, and business development;

(4) to design and implement food and agricultural programs, or

programs emphasizing rural economic, community, and business

development, to build teaching and research capacity at colleges

and universities having significant minority enrollments;

(5) to conduct undergraduate scholarship programs to meet

national and international needs for training food and

agricultural scientists and professionals, or professionals in

rural economic, community, and business development; and

(6) to conduct graduate and postdoctoral fellowship programs to

attract highly promising individuals to research or teaching

careers in the food and agricultural sciences.

(c) Priorities

In awarding grants under subsection (b) of this section, the

Secretary shall give priority to -

(1) applications for teaching enhancement projects that

demonstrate enhanced coordination among all types of institutions

eligible for funding under this section; and

(2) applications for teaching enhancement projects that focus

on innovative, multidisciplinary education programs, material,

and curricula.

(d) Eligibility for grants

(1) In general

To be eligible for a grant under subsection (b) of this

section, a recipient institution must have a significant

demonstrable commitment to higher education teaching programs in

the food and agricultural sciences, or in rural economic,

community, and business development, and to each specific subject

area for which the grant is to be used.

(2) Minority groups

The Secretary may set aside a portion of the funds appropriated

for the awarding of grants under subsection (b) of this section,

and make such amounts available only for grants to eligible

colleges and universities that the Secretary determines have

unique capabilities for achieving the objective of full

representation of minority groups in the food and agricultural

sciences workforce, or in the rural economic, community, and

business development workforce, of the United States.

(3) Research foundations

An eligible college or university under subsection (b) includes

a research foundation maintained by the college or university.

(e) Food and agricultural education information system

From amounts made available for grants under this section, the

Secretary may maintain a national food and agricultural education

information system that contains -

(1) information on enrollment, degrees awarded, faculty, and

employment placement in the food and agricultural sciences; and

(2) such other similar information as the Secretary considers

appropriate.

(f) Evaluation of teaching programs

The Secretary shall conduct programs to develop, analyze, and

provide to colleges and universities data and information that are

essential to the evaluation of the quality of teaching programs and

to facilitate the design of more effective programs comprising the

food and agricultural sciences higher education system of the

United States.

(g) Continuing education

The Secretary shall conduct special programs with colleges and

universities, and with organizations in the private sector, to

support educational initiatives to enable food and agricultural

scientists and professionals to maintain their knowledge of

changing technology, the expanding knowledge base, societal issues,

and other factors that impact the skills and competencies needed to

maintain the expertise base available to the agricultural system of

the United States. The special programs shall include grants and

technical assistance.

(h) Transfers of funds and functions

Funds authorized in section 22 of the Act of June 29, 1935 (49

Stat. 439, chapter 338; 7 U.S.C. 329) are transferred to and shall

be administered by the Secretary of Agriculture. There are

transferred to the Secretary all the functions and duties of the

Secretary of Education under such Act applicable to the activities

and programs for which funds are made available under section 22 of

such Act.

(i) National Food and Agricultural Sciences Teaching Awards

(1) Establishment

The Secretary shall establish a National Food and Agricultural

Sciences Teaching Awards program to recognize and promote

excellence in teaching food and agricultural sciences at a

college or university. The Secretary shall make at least one

cash award in each fiscal year to a nominee selected by the

Secretary for excellence in teaching a food and agricultural

science at a college or university.

(2) Funding

The Secretary may transfer funds from amounts appropriated for

the conduct of any agricultural research, extension, or teaching

program to an account established pursuant to this section for

the purpose of making the awards. The Secretary may accept gifts

in accordance with section 2269 of this title for the purpose of

making the awards.

(j) Secondary education and 2-year postsecondary education teaching

programs

(1) Definitions

In this subsection:

(A) Institution of higher education

The term ''institution of higher education'' has the meaning

given the term in section 1001 of title 20.

(B) Secondary school

The term ''secondary school'' has the meaning given the term

in section 7801 of title 20.

(2) Agriscience and agribusiness education

The Secretary shall -

(A) promote and strengthen secondary education and 2-year

postsecondary education in agriscience and agribusiness in

order to help ensure the existence in the United States of a

qualified workforce to serve the food and agricultural sciences

system; and

(B) promote complementary and synergistic linkages among

secondary, 2-year postsecondary, and higher education programs

in the food and agricultural sciences in order to promote

excellence in education and encourage more young Americans to

pursue and complete a baccalaureate or higher degree in the

food and agricultural sciences.

(3) Grants

The Secretary may make competitive or noncompetitive grants,

for grant periods not to exceed 5 years, to public secondary

schools, and institutions of higher education that award an

associate's degree, that the Secretary determines have made a

commitment to teaching agriscience and agribusiness -

(A) to enhance curricula in agricultural education;

(B) to increase faculty teaching competencies;

(C) to interest young people in pursuing higher education in

order to prepare for scientific and professional careers in the

food and agricultural sciences;

(D) to promote the incorporation of agriscience and

agribusiness subject matter into other instructional programs,

particularly classes in science, business, and consumer

education;

(E) to facilitate joint initiatives by the grant recipient

with other secondary schools, institutions of higher education

that award an associate's degree, and institutions of higher

education that award a bachelor's degree to maximize the

development and use of resources, such as faculty, facilities,

and equipment, to improve agriscience and agribusiness

education; and

(F) to support other initiatives designed to meet local,

State, regional, or national needs related to promoting

excellence in agriscience and agribusiness education.

(k) Administration

The Federal Advisory Committee Act and title XVIII of the Food

and Agriculture Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2281 et seq.) shall not apply

to a panel or board created for the purpose of reviewing

applications and proposals for grants or nominations for awards

submitted under this section.

(l) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated for carrying out this

section $60,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1990 through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1417, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

996; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1418, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1305; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1412, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1548; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1608, Nov. 28, 1990, 104

Stat. 3716; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 402(6), Dec. 13, 1991,

105 Stat. 1863; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 805, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1160; Pub. L. 105-185, title II, Sec. 223, title

III, Sec. 301(a)(1), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 539, 562; Pub. L.

105-244, title I, Sec. 102(a)(1)(B), Oct. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1617;

Pub. L. 107-110, title X, Sec. 1076(c), Jan. 8, 2002, 115 Stat.

2091; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7102, May 13, 2002, 116

Stat. 431.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Act of June 29, 1935, referred to in subsec. (h), is act June 29,

1935, ch. 338, 49 Stat. 436, as amended, known as the

Bankhead-Jones Act, which was classified principally to sections

329 and 427 to 427j of this title, and was repealed by act Aug. 11,

1966, ch. 790, Sec. 2, 69 Stat. 674, except for sections 1, 10, and

22 of the Act, which are classified to sections 427, 427i, and 329

of this title, respectively. For complete classification of this

Act to the Code, see Tables.

The Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to in subsec. (k),

is Pub. L. 92-463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, as amended, which is

set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees.

The Food and Agriculture Act of 1977, referred to in subsec. (k),

is Pub. L. 95-113, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 913, as amended. Title

XVIII of the Act is classified generally to chapter 55A (Sec. 2281

et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to

the Code, see Short Title of 1977 Amendment note set out under

section 1281 of this title and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7102(1), struck out

''and'' after ''home economics,'' and inserted '', and rural

economic, community, and business development'' before period at

end.

Subsec. (b)(1), (2). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7102(2)(A), (B),

inserted '', or in rural economic, community, and business

development'' before semicolon.

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7102(2)(C), inserted '', or

teaching programs emphasizing rural economic, community, and

business development'' before semicolon.

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7102(2)(D), inserted '', or

programs emphasizing rural economic, community, and business

development,'' after ''agricultural programs''.

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7102(2)(E), inserted '', or

professionals in rural economic, community, and business

development'' before semicolon.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7102(3)(A), inserted '', or

in rural economic, community, and business development,'' after

''food and agricultural sciences''.

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7102(3)(B), inserted '', or

in the rural economic, community, and business development

workforce,'' after ''food and agricultural sciences workforce''.

Subsec. (j)(1)(B). Pub. L. 107-110 substituted ''7801'' for

''8801(25)''.

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7102(4), substituted ''2007''

for ''2002''.

1998 - Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 223(1), (2),

added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).

Former subsec. (d) redesignated (f).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 223(3), added subsec. (e).

Former subsec. (e) redesignated (g).

Subsecs. (f) to (i). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 223(1), redesignated

subsecs. (d) to (g) as (f) to (i), respectively. Former subsecs.

(h) and (i) redesignated (j) and (k), respectively.

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 223(1), redesignated subsec.

(h) as (j). Former subsec. (j) redesignated (l).

Subsec. (j)(1)(A). Pub. L. 105-244 substituted ''section 1001 of

title 20'' for ''section 1141(a) of title 20''.

Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 223(1), redesignated subsec.

(i) as (k).

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 301(a)(1), substituted

''2002'' for ''1997''.

Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 223(1), redesignated subsec. (j) as (l).

1996 - Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 805(a), added par.

(4) and struck out former par. (4) which read as follows: ''to

design and implement innovative food and agricultural educational

programs;''.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 805(b), added par. (3).

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 805(d)(2), added subsec. (h).

Former subsec. (h) redesignated (i).

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 805(d)(1), redesignated

subsec. (h) as (i). Former subsec. (i) redesignated (j).

Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 805(c), substituted ''1997'' for ''1995''.

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 805(d)(1), redesignated

subsec. (i) as (j).

1991 - Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 102-237 struck out at end ''Of

amounts appropriated to carry out this section for a fiscal year,

not less than $10,000,000 shall be used for the national needs

graduate fellowship program referred to in subsection (b)(6) of

this section.''

1990 - Pub. L. 101-624 amended section generally, substituting

present provisions for provisions which established grant

categories for promotion and development of higher education in

food and agricultural sciences, provided for program of predoctoral

and postdoctoral fellowships in food and agricultural sciences,

provided for transfer of funds, functions and duties to Secretary

of Agriculture, authorized appropriations to carry out the section,

and provided for nonapplicability of certain Federal laws to any

panel or board created to review applications submitted under the

section.

1985 - Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1412(a)(1),

substituted ''Each'' for ''Such grants shall be made without regard

to matching funds, but each''.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1412(a)(2), substituted

''Each recipient institution shall have a significant ongoing

commitment to the food and agricultural sciences generally and to

the specific subject area for which such grant is to be used.'' for

''Such grants shall be made without regard to matching funds

provided by recipients.''

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1412(b), amended subsec. (d)

generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (d) read as follows:

''There are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the purposes

of carrying out the provisions of this section $25,000,000 for the

fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, $30,000,000 for the fiscal

year ending September 30, 1979, $35,000,000 for the fiscal year

ending September 30, 1980, $40,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1981, and $50,000,000 for each of the fiscal years

ending September 30, 1982, September 30, 1983, September 30, 1984,

and September 30, 1985, and not in excess of such sums as may after

the date of enactment of this title be authorized by law for any

subsequent fiscal year.''

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1412(c), added subsec. (e).

1981 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1418(a), substituted

provisions authorizing the Secretary to promote and develop higher

education in the food and agricultural science by formulating and

administering higher education programs, to make grants to

land-grant colleges and universities and other institutions capable

of teaching food and agricultural education for specified purposes

for a period not to exceed five years without regard to matching

funds and to make competitive grants to colleges and universities

to develop or administer programs to meet unique food and

agricultural educational problems, and to administer and conduct

specialized programs and graduate fellowship programs for a period

not to exceed five years without regard to matching funds for

provisions relating to competitive grants to all colleges and

universities for the purpose of furthering education in the food

and agricultural sciences in two specified categories.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97-98 inserted provisions relating to the

transfer to the Secretary of all the functions and duties of the

Secretary of Education under the act of June 29, 1935, applicable

to the activities and programs for which funds are made available

under section 329 of this title.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1418(c), inserted provisions

relating to the authorization of appropriations for fiscal years

ending Sept. 30, 1983, Sept. 30, 1984, and Sept. 30, 1985.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2002 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 107-110 effective Jan. 8, 2002, except with

respect to certain noncompetitive programs and competitive

programs, see section 5 of Pub. L. 107-110, set out as an Effective

Date note under section 6301 of Title 20, Education.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-244 effective Oct. 1, 1998, except as

otherwise provided in Pub. L. 105-244, see section 3 of Pub. L.

105-244, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20,

Education.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 3311 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3153 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER III - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION GRANTS AND

FELLOWSHIPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3153. National Agricultural Science Award

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary shall establish the National Agricultural Science

Award for research or advanced studies in the food and agricultural

sciences, including the social sciences. Two such awards, one for

each of the categories described in subsection (d) of this section,

shall be made in each fiscal year.

(b) Amount and term

The awards shall not exceed $50,000 per year for a period of not

to exceed three years to support research or study by the

recipient.

(c) Eligibility

The awards shall be open to persons in agricultural research,

extension, teaching, or any combination thereof.

(d) Categories

Awards under this section shall be made in each fiscal year in

two categories as follows:

(1) to a scientist in recognition of outstanding contributions

to the advancement of the food and agricultural sciences; and

(2) to a research scientist in early career development or a

graduate student, in recognition of demonstrated capability and

promise of significant future achievement in the food and

agricultural sciences.

(e) Nominating and selection committees

The Secretary may establish such nominating and selection

committees, to consist of scientists and others, to receive

nominations and make recommendations for awards under this section,

as the Secretary deems appropriate.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1418, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

997; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1420(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95

Stat. 1306.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1981 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1420(a)(2), substituted

''Science Award'' for ''Research Award'', and ''subsection (d)''

for ''subsection (c)''.

Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1420(a)(3), (4), added

subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsecs. (c) and (d) as (d) and

(e), respectively.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3154 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER III - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION GRANTS AND

FELLOWSHIPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3154. Grants for research on production and marketing of

alcohols and industrial hydrocarbons from agricultural

commodities and forest products

-STATUTE-

(a) Authority of Secretary

The Secretary may award grants under this section to colleges,

universities, and Federal laboratories for the purpose of

conducting research related to -

(1) alcohol fuels, including ethanol and methanol or their

ethers;

(2) industrial oilseed crops and animal fats and oils for

diesel fuel and petrochemical substitutes;

(3) other forms of biomass fuels, including gaseous and solid

fuels;

(4) other industrial hydrocarbons or triglycerides made from

agricultural commodities and forest products; and

(5) the development of the most economical and commercially

feasible means of producing, collecting, and transporting

agricultural crops, wastes, residues, and byproducts for use as

feedstocks for the production of alcohol and other forms of

biomass energy and the development of new markets for byproducts.

(b) Set aside of funds for certain grant projects

Of the amounts appropriated in any fiscal year pursuant to the

authorization contained in subsection (d) of this section, not less

than 50 percent of those amounts shall be made available for grants

for research relating to the development of technologies for

increasing the energy efficiency and commercial feasibility of

alcohol production, including -

(1) processes of cellulose conversion and membrane technology,

(2) research to improve the quality and value of byproducts to

increase digestibility and performance of livestock, poultry, and

fish, and

(3) development of new markets for byproducts.

(c) Minority groups

The Secretary may set aside a portion of funds appropriated for

the award of grants under this section and make such amounts

available only for grants to eligible colleges and universities

that the Secretary determines have unique capabilities for

achieving the objective of full participation of minority groups in

research on the production and marketing of alcohols and industrial

hydrocarbons from agricultural commodities and forest products.

(d) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of

carrying out this section $20,000,000 for each of the fiscal years

1991 through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1419, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

997; Pub. L. 96-294, title II, Sec. 252, June 30, 1980, 94 Stat.

705; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1422, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1306; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1609(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104

Stat. 3718; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 402(7), Dec. 13, 1991,

105 Stat. 1863; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 806, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1162; Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 301(a)(2),

June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 562; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec.

7134, 7209(b), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 436, 445.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7209(b)(1), inserted

''and animal fats and oils'' after ''industrial oilseed crops''.

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7209(b)(2), inserted ''or

triglycerides'' after ''other industrial hydrocarbons''.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7134, substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''2002'' for

''1997''.

1996 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''1997'' for

''1995''.

1991 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''subsection

(d)'' for ''subsection (c)''.

1990 - Pub. L. 101-624 amended section generally, substituting

present provisions for provisions which authorized grants to

conduct research related to production and marketing of coal tar

and other coal derivatives, alcohol and other forms of biomass

energy, and other industrial hydrocarbons made from agricultural

commodities and forest products, authorized appropriations for such

activities, and defined terms ''biomass'', ''biomass energy'', and

''municipal wastes''.

1981 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97-98 inserted reference to Federal

laboratories in two places, extended authorization of

appropriations through fiscal years ending September 30, 1985, in

first proviso, substituted ''$40,000,000 during the eight-year

period beginning October 1, 1977, and shall not exceed such sums as

may be authorized by law for any fiscal year subsequent to such

period'' for ''$24,000,000 during the five-year period beginning

October 1, 1977, and ending September 30, 1982, and not in excess

of such sums as may after September 29, 1977, be authorized by law

for any subsequent fiscal year'', and in second proviso, increased

maximum amount awardable from $3,000,000 to $5,000,000.

1980 - Pub. L. 96-294 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a), inserted provisions relating to grants to Government

corporations for conducting research in production and marketing of

agricultural chemicals, etc., and provisions relating to authority

to conduct research under paragraph (2) and authorizations of

appropriations for grants to conduct such research, substituted

''subsection'' for ''section'' wherever appearing, substituted

''and other forms of biomass energy as substitutes for petroleum or

natural gas'' for ''made from agricultural commodities and forest

products as a substitute for alcohol made from petroleum

products'', in par. (2), and added subsec. (b).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 3311 of this title; title

42 section 8852.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3155 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER III - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION GRANTS AND

FELLOWSHIPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3155. Policy research centers

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

Consistent with this section, the Secretary may make grants,

competitive grants, and special research grants to, and enter into

cooperative agreements and other contracting instruments with,

policy research centers described in subsection (b) of this section

to conduct research and education programs that are objective,

operationally independent, and external to the Federal Government

and that concern the effect of public policies and trade agreements

on -

(1) the farm and agricultural sectors;

(2) the environment;

(3) rural families, households, and economies; and

(4) consumers, food, and nutrition.

(b) Eligible recipients

State agricultural experiment stations, colleges and

universities, other research institutions and organizations,

private organizations, corporations, and individuals shall be

eligible to apply for funding under subsection (a) of this section.

(c) Activities

Under this section, funding may be provided for disciplinary and

interdisciplinary research and education concerning policy research

activities consistent with this section, including activities that

-

(1) quantify the implications of public policies and

regulations;

(2) develop theoretical and research methods;

(3) collect, analyze, and disseminate data for policymakers,

analysts, and individuals; and

(4) develop programs to train analysts.

(d) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1996

through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1419A, as added Pub. L. 104-127,

title VIII, Sec. 807, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1162; amended Pub. L.

105-185, title II, Sec. 224, title III, Sec. 301(a)(3), June 23,

1998, 112 Stat. 540, 562; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7103,

7216, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 432, 449.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7216, substituted

''collect, analyze, and disseminate data'' for ''collect and

analyze data''.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7103, substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 224, inserted ''and

trade agreements'' after ''public policies'' in introductory

provisions.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 301(a)(3), substituted ''each

of fiscal years 1996 through 2002'' for ''fiscal years 1996 and

1997''.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION

RESEARCH AND EXTENSION PROGRAM 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3171 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3171. Congressional findings and declaration of policy

-STATUTE-

(a) Findings

Congress finds that there is increasing evidence of a

relationship between diet and many of the leading causes of death

in the United States: that improved nutrition is an integral

component of preventive health care; that there is a serious need

for research on the chronic effects of diet on degenerative

diseases and related disorders; that nutrition and health

considerations are important to United States agricultural policy;

that there is insufficient knowledge concerning precise human

nutritional requirements, the interaction of the various

nutritional constituents of food, and differences in nutritional

requirements among different population groups such as infants,

children, adolescents, elderly men and women, and pregnant women;

and that there is a critical need for objective data concerning

food safety, the potential of food enrichment, and means to

encourage better nutritional practices.

(b) Declaration of policy

It is declared to be the policy of the United States that the

Department of Agriculture conduct research in the fields of human

nutrition and the nutritive value of foods and conduct human

nutrition education activities, as provided in this subchapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1421, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

999.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Subchapter effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 of Pub. L.

95-113, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under

section 1307 of this title.

NUTRITION INFORMATION AND AWARENESS PILOT PROGRAM

Pub. L. 107-171, title IV, Sec. 4403, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

334, provided that:

''(a) Establishment. - The Secretary of Agriculture may

establish, in not more than 5 States, for a period not to exceed 4

years for each participating State, a pilot program to increase the

domestic consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables.

''(b) Purpose. -

''(1) In general. - Subject to paragraph (2), the purpose of

the program shall be to provide funds to States solely for the

purpose of assisting eligible public and private sector entities

with cost-share assistance to carry out demonstration projects -

''(A) to increase fruit and vegetable consumption; and

''(B) to convey related health promotion messages.

''(2) Limitation. - Funds made available to a State under the

program shall not be used to disparage any agricultural

commodity.

''(c) Selection of States. -

''(1) In general. - In selecting States to participate in the

program, the Secretary shall take into consideration, with

respect to projects and activities proposed to be carried out

under the program -

''(A) experience in carrying out similar projects or

activities;

''(B) innovative approaches; and

''(C) the ability of the State to promote and track increases

in levels of fruit and vegetable consumption.

''(2) Enhancement of existing state programs. - The Secretary

may use the pilot program to enhance existing State programs that

are consistent with the purpose of the pilot program specified in

subsection (b).

''(d) Eligible Public and Private Sector Entities. -

''(1) In general. - A participating State shall establish

eligibility criteria under which the State may select public and

private sector entities to carry out demonstration projects under

the program.

''(2) Limitation. - No funds made available to States under the

program shall be provided by a State to any foreign for-profit

corporation.

''(e) Federal Share. - The Federal share of the cost of any

project or activity carried out using funds provided under this

section shall be 50 percent.

''(f) Authorization of Appropriations. - There is authorized to

be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of

fiscal years 2002 through 2007.''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3172 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3172. Duties of Secretary of Agriculture

-STATUTE-

In order to carry out the policy of this subchapter, the

Secretary shall develop and implement a national food and human

nutrition research and extension program that shall include, but

not be limited to -

(1) research on human nutritional requirements;

(2) research on the nutrient composition of foods and the

effects of agricultural practices, handling, food processing, and

cooking on the nutrients they contain;

(3) surveillance of the nutritional benefits provided to

participants in the food programs administered by the Department

of Agriculture;

(4) research on the factors affecting food preference and

habits; and

(5) the development of techniques and equipment to assist

consumers in the home or in institutions in selecting food that

supplies a nutritionally adequate diet.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1422, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

999.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3173 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3173. Research by Department of Agriculture

-STATUTE-

(a) Increase in level of support

The Secretary shall establish research into food and human

nutrition as a separate and distinct mission of the Department of

Agriculture, and the Secretary shall increase support for such

research to a level that provides resources adequate to meet the

policy of this subchapter.

(b) Periodic consultation with administrators of other Federal

departments and agencies

The Secretary, in administering the food and human nutrition

research program, shall periodically consult with the

administrators of the other Federal departments and agencies that

have responsibility for programs dealing with human food and

nutrition, as to the specific research needs of those departments

and agencies.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1423, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

999.)

-MISC1-

NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH PROGRAM; CONGRESSIONAL

FINDINGS; COMPREHENSIVE PLAN; ANNUAL REPORT; JOINT DIETARY

ASSESSMENT, STUDIES AND REPORTS; SUBMISSION OF PLAN AND REPORTS TO

CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES

Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, subtitle B, Sec. 1451-1453, Dec. 23,

1985, 99 Stat. 1561, 1562, as amended by Pub. L. 104-127, title

VIII, Sec. 872, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1175, provided that:

''FINDINGS

''Sec. 1451. Congress finds that -

''(1) nutrition and health considerations are important to

United States agricultural policy;

''(2) section 1405 of the National Agricultural Research,

Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3121)

designates the Department of Agriculture as the lead agency of

the Federal Government for human nutrition research (except with

respect to the biomedical aspects of human nutrition concerned

with diagnosis or treatment of disease);

''(3) section 1423 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 3173) requires the

Secretary of Agriculture to establish research into food and

human nutrition as a separate and distinct mission of the

Department of Agriculture;

''(4) the Secretary has established a nutrition education

program; and

''(5) nutrition research continues to be of great importance to

those involved in agricultural production.

''(Sec. 1452. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 872,

Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1175.)

''DIETARY ASSESSMENT AND STUDIES

''Sec. 1453. (a) The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary

of Health and Human Services shall jointly conduct an assessment of

existing scientific literature and research relating to -

''(1) the relationship between dietary cholesterol and blood

cholesterol and human health and nutrition; and

''(2) dietary calcium and its importance in human health and

nutrition.

In conducting the assessments under this subsection, the

Secretaries shall consult with agencies of the Federal Government

involved in related research. On completion of such assessments,

the Secretaries shall each recommend such further studies as the

Secretaries consider useful.

''(b) Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this

Act (Dec. 23, 1985), the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary

of Health and Human Services shall each submit to the House

Committees on Agriculture and Energy and Commerce and the Senate

Committees on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry and Labor and

Human Resources a report that shall include the results of the

assessments conducted under subsection (a) and recommendations made

under such subsection, for more complete studies of the issues

examined under such subsection, including a protocol, feasibility

assessment, budget estimates and a timetable for such research as

each Secretary shall consider appropriate.''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3174 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3174. Human nutrition intervention and health promotion

research program

-STATUTE-

(a) Authority of Secretary

The Secretary may establish, and award grants for projects for, a

multi-year research initiative on human nutrition intervention and

health promotion.

(b) Emphasis of initiative

In administering human nutrition research projects under this

section, the Secretary shall give specific emphasis to -

(1) coordinated longitudinal research assessments of

nutritional status; and

(2) the implementation of unified, innovative intervention

strategies,

to identify and solve problems of nutritional inadequacy and

contribute to the maintenance of health, well-being, performance,

and productivity of individuals, thereby reducing the need of the

individuals to use the health care system and social programs of

the United States.

(c) Administration of funds

The Administrator of the Agricultural Research Service shall

administer funds made available to carry out this section to ensure

a coordinated approach to health and nutrition research efforts.

(d) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1996

through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1424, as added Pub. L. 104-127,

title VIII, Sec. 808, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1162; amended Pub. L.

105-185, title III, Sec. 301(a)(4), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 562;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7104, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

432.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 3174, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1424, as

added Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1610(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104

Stat. 3719, provided for establishment of food science and

nutrition research center for Southeast region of United States

prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 808, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1162.

Another prior section 3174, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1424,

Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 1000, provided for a study assessing

potential value and cost of establishing regional food and human

nutrition research centers and a report thereon, with findings and

recommendations, to be submitted to the Congress not later than one

year after Oct. 1, 1977, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99-198, title

XIV, Sec. 1413, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1549.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''each of fiscal

years 1996 through 2002'' for ''fiscal years 1996 and 1997''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3174a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3174a. Pilot research program to combine medical and

agricultural research

-STATUTE-

(a) Findings

Congress finds the following:

(1) Although medical researchers in recent years have

demonstrated that there are several naturally occurring compounds

in many vegetables and fruits that can aid in the prevention of

certain forms of cancer, coronary heart disease, stroke, and

atherosclerosis, there has been almost no research conducted to

enhance these compounds in food plants by modern breeding and

molecular genetic methods.

(2) By linking the appropriate medical and agricultural

research scientists in a highly-focused, targeted research

program, it should be possible to develop new varieties of

vegetables and fruits that would provide greater prevention of

diet-related diseases that are a major cause of death in the

United States.

(b) Pilot research program

The Secretary shall conduct, through the Cooperative State

Research, Education, and Extension Service, a pilot research

program to link major cancer and heart and other circulatory

disease research efforts with agricultural research efforts to

identify compounds in vegetables and fruits that prevent these

diseases. Using information derived from such combined research

efforts, the Secretary shall assist in the development of new

varieties of vegetables and fruits having enhanced therapeutic

properties for disease prevention.

(c) Agreements

The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program through

agreements entered into with land-grant colleges or universities,

other universities, State agricultural experiment stations, the

State cooperative extension services, nonprofit organizations with

demonstrable expertise, or Federal or State governmental entities.

The Secretary shall enter into the agreements on a competitive

basis.

(d) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for each of

fiscal years 1997 through 2007 to carry out the pilot program.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1424A, as added Pub. L. 104-127,

title VIII, Sec. 808, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1163; amended Pub. L.

105-185, title III, Sec. 301(a)(5), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 562;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7105, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

432.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''each of fiscal

years 1997 through 2002'' for ''fiscal year 1997''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3175 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3175. Nutrition education program

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary shall establish a national education program which

shall include, but not be limited to, the dissemination of the

results of food and human nutrition research performed or funded by

the Department of Agriculture.

(b) Expansion of existing programs

In order to enable low-income individuals and families to engage

in nutritionally sound food purchasing and preparation practices,

the expanded food and nutrition education program presently

conducted under section 343(d) of this title, shall provide for the

employment and training of professional and paraprofessional aides

to engage in direct nutrition education of low-income families and

in other appropriate nutrition education programs. To the maximum

extent practicable, program aides shall be hired from the

indigenous target population.

(c) Funding requirements

Beginning with the fiscal year ending September 30, 1982 -

(1) Any funds annually appropriated under section 343(d) of

this title, for the conduct of the expanded food and nutrition

education program, up to the amount appropriated under such

section for such program for the fiscal year ending September 30,

1981, shall be allocated to each State in the same proportion as

funds appropriated under such section for the conduct of the

program for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981, are

allocated among the States; with the exception that the Secretary

may retain up to 2 per centum of such amount for the conduct of

such program in States that did not participate in such program

in the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981.

(2) Any funds appropriated annually under section 343(d) of

this title, for the conduct of the expanded food and nutrition

education program in excess of the amount appropriated under such

section for the conduct of the program for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1981, shall be allocated as follows:

(A) 4 per centum shall be available to the Secretary for

administrative, technical, and other services necessary for the

administration of the program.

(B) The remainder shall be allocated among the States as

follows:

(i) 10 per centum shall be distributed equally among all

States; and

(ii) the remainder shall be allocated to each State in an

amount which bears the same ratio to the total amount to be

allocated under this subparagraph as the population of the

State living at or below 125 per centum of the income poverty

guidelines prescribed by the Office of Management and Budget

(adjusted pursuant to section 9902(2) of title 42), bears to

the total population of all the States living at or below 125

per centum of the income poverty guidelines, as determined by

the last preceding decennial census at the time each such

additional amount is first appropriated. The provisions of

this subparagraph shall not preclude the Secretary from

developing educational materials and programs for persons in

income ranges above the level designated in this

subparagraph.

(3) There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out the

expanded food and nutrition education program established under

section 343(d) of this title and this section, $83,000,000 for

each of fiscal years 1996 through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1425, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1000; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1423, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1307; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVII, Sec. 1776(b), Nov. 28, 1990, 104

Stat. 3814; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 809, Apr. 4, 1996,

110 Stat. 1164; Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 301(a)(6), June

23, 1998, 112 Stat. 562; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7106, May

13, 2002, 116 Stat. 432.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''through

2002'' for ''and 1997''.

1996 - Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted '',

$83,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997'' for

''$63,000,000 for fiscal year 1991, $68,000,000 for fiscal year

1992, $73,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, $78,000,000 for fiscal year

1994, and $83,000,000 for fiscal year 1995''.

1990 - Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 101-624 added par. (3).

1981 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97-98 substantially retained existing

provisions of the subsection relating to expanded food and

nutrition education programs and transferred remaining provisions

relating to allocation of funds to States and the authority of the

Secretary to develop educational materials and programs for persons

in certain income ranges to a new subsec. (c).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97-98 added subsec. (c), and included

therein provisions relating to allocation of funds to States and

the authority of the Secretary to develop educational materials and

programs for persons in certain income ranges formerly contained in

subsec. (b).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 101-624 effective Oct. 1, 1990, see section

1781(b)(1) of Pub. L. 101-624, set out as a note under section 2012

of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 3175e of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3175a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3175a. Nutrition and consumer education; Congressional

findings

-STATUTE-

Congress finds that individuals in households eligible to

participate in programs under the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C.

2011 et seq.) and other low-income individuals, including those

residing in rural areas, should have greater access to nutrition

and consumer education to enable them to use their food budgets,

including food assistance, effectively and to select and prepare

foods that satisfy their nutritional needs and improve their diets.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-198, title XV, Sec. 1584, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1596.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Food Stamp Act of 1977, referred to in text, is Pub. L.

88-525, Aug. 31, 1964, 78 Stat. 703, as amended, which is

classified generally to chapter 51 (Sec. 2011 et seq.) of this

title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see

Short Title note set out under section 2011 of this title and

Tables.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Food Security Act of 1985, and

not as part of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and

Teaching Policy Act of 1977 which comprises this chapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 3175b, 3175e of

this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3175b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3175b. Expansion of effective food, nutrition, and consumer

education services

-STATUTE-

The purpose of the program provided for under sections 3175a

through 3175e of this title is to expand effective food, nutrition,

and consumer education services to the greatest practicable number

of low-income individuals, including those participating in or

eligible to participate in the programs under the Food Stamp Act of

1977 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), to assist them to -

(1) increase their ability to manage their food budgets,

including food stamps and other food assistance;

(2) increase their ability to buy food that satisfies

nutritional needs and promotes good health; and

(3) improve their food preparation, storage, safety,

preservation, and sanitation practices.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-198, title XV, Sec. 1585, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1596.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Food Stamp Act of 1977, referred to in text, is Pub. L.

88-525, Aug. 31, 1964, 78 Stat. 703, as amended, which is

classified generally to chapter 51 (Sec. 2011 et seq.) of this

title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see

Short Title note set out under section 2011 of this title and

Tables.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Food Security Act of 1985, and

not as part of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and

Teaching Policy Act of 1977 which comprises this chapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 3175c, 3175e of

this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3175c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3175c. Program of food, nutrition, and consumer education by

State cooperative extension services

-STATUTE-

The cooperative extension services of the States shall, with

funds made available under this subtitle, carry out an expanded

program of food, nutrition, and consumer education for low-income

individuals in a manner designed to achieve the purpose set forth

in section 3175b of this title. In operating the program, the

cooperative extension services may use the expanded food and

nutrition education program, and other food, nutrition, and

consumer education activities of the cooperative extension services

or similar activities carried out by them in collaboration with

other public or private nonprofit agencies or organizations. In

carrying out their responsibilities under the program, the

cooperative extension services are encouraged to -

(1) provide effective and meaningful food, nutrition, and

consumer education services to as many low-income individuals as

possible;

(2) employ educational methodologies, including innovative

approaches, that accomplish the purpose set forth in section

3175b of this title; and

(3) to the extent practicable, coordinate activities carried

out under the program with the delivery to low-income individuals

of benefits under food assistance programs.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-198, title XV, Sec. 1586, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1596.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This subtitle, referred to in text, is subtitle C (Sec.

1581-1589) of title XV of Pub. L. 99-198 which is classified as

follows: sections 1581 and 1582 are not classified to the Code;

section 1583 is set out as a note under section 2011 of this title;

sections 1584 through 1588 are classified, respectively, to

sections 3175a to 3175e of this title; and section 1589 is

classified to section 3178a of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Food Security Act of 1985, and

not as part of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and

Teaching Policy Act of 1977 which comprises this chapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 3175b, 3175d, 3175e

of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3175d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3175d. Administration of program of food, nutrition, and

consumer education by State cooperative extension services

-STATUTE-

(a) Administration by Secretary of Agriculture

The program provided for under section 3175c of this title shall

be administered by the Secretary of Agriculture through the

Extension Service, in consultation with the Food and Nutrition

Service and the Human Nutrition Information Service. The Secretary

shall ensure that the Extension Service coordinates activities

carried out under this subtitle with the ongoing food, nutrition,

and consumer education activities of other agencies of the

Department of Agriculture.

(b) Evaluation and report

The Secretary of Agriculture, not later than April 1, 1989, shall

submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of

Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and

Forestry of the Senate a report evaluating the effectiveness of the

program provided for under section 3175c of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-198, title XV, Sec. 1587, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1596.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This subtitle, referred to in subsec. (a), is subtitle C (Sec.

1581-1589) of title XV of Pub. L. 99-198, which is classified as

follows: sections 1581 and 1582 are not classified to the Code;

section 1583 is set out as a note under section 2011 of this title;

sections 1584 through 1588 are classified, respectively, to

sections 3175a to 3175e of this title; and section 1589 is

classified to section 3178a of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Food Security Act of 1985, and

not as part of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and

Teaching Policy Act of 1977 which comprises this chapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 3175b, 3175e of

this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3175e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3175e. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

(a) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated to carry out

sections 3175a through 3175e of this title $8,000,000 for each of

the fiscal years 1991 through 1995.

(b) Any funds appropriated under this section for a fiscal year

shall be allocated in the manner specified in subparagraphs (A) and

(B) of section 3175(c)(2) of this title.

(c) Any funds appropriated to carry out sections 3175a through

3175e of this title shall supplement any other funds appropriated

to the Department of Agriculture for use by the Department and the

cooperative extension services of the States for food, nutrition,

and consumer education for low-income households.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-198, title XV, Sec. 1588, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1597;

Pub. L. 101-624, title XVII, Sec. 1776(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3814.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Food Security Act of 1985, and

not as part of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and

Teaching Policy Act of 1977 which comprises this chapter.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1990 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624 substituted ''$8,000,000 for

each of the fiscal years 1991 through 1995.'' for ''$5,000,000 for

the fiscal year ending September 30, 1986; $6,000,000 for the

fiscal year ending September 30, 1987; and $8,000,000 for each of

the fiscal years ending September 30, 1988, September 30, 1989, and

September 30, 1990.''

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 101-624 effective Oct. 1, 1990, see section

1781(b)(1) of Pub. L. 101-624, set out as a note under section 2012

of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 3175b of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3176 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3176. Repealed. Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1424(a), Dec.

22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1308

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1426, Sept. 29, 1977, 91

Stat. 1000, related to preparation and distribution of a

comprehensive set of educational materials on food and nutrition

education by Secretary to State departments of education.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section 1801

of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under section

4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3177 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3177. Repealed. Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1413, Dec. 23,

1985, 99 Stat. 1549

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1427, Sept. 29, 1977, 91

Stat. 1000; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1425(a), Dec. 22, 1981,

95 Stat. 1308, required submission to Congress of a plan for a

human nutrition research management system.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3178 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3178. Nutritional status monitoring

-STATUTE-

(a) Formulation of system

The Secretary and the Secretary of Health and Human Services

shall formulate and submit to Congress, within ninety days after

September 29, 1977, a proposal for a comprehensive nutritional

status monitoring system, to include:

(1) an assessment system consisting of periodic surveys and

continuous monitoring to determine: the extent of risk of

nutrition-related health problems in the United States; which

population groups or areas of the country face greatest risk; and

the likely causes of risk and changes in the above risk factors

over time;

(2) a surveillance system to identify remediable

nutrition-related health risks to individuals or for local areas,

in such a manner as to tie detection to direct intervention and

treatment. Such system should draw on screening and other

information from other health programs, including those funded

under titles V, XVIII, and XIX of the Social Security Act (42

U.S.C. 701 et seq., 1395 et seq., and 1396 et seq.) and section

330 of the Public Health Service Act; (FOOTNOTE 1) and

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(3) program evaluations to determine the adequacy, efficiency,

effectiveness, and side effects of nutrition-related programs in

reducing health risks to individuals and populations.

(b) Coordination of existing activities; recommendation for

necessary additional authorities

The proposal shall provide for coordination of activities under

existing authorities and contain recommendations for any additional

authorities necessary to achieve a comprehensive monitoring system.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1428, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1001; Pub. L. 96-88, title V, Sec. 509(b), Oct. 17, 1979, 93 Stat.

695.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Social Security Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(2), is act

Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620, as amended. Title V of the

Social Security Act is classified principally to subchapter V (Sec.

701 et seq.) of chapter 7 of Title 42, The Public Health and

Welfare. Titles XVIII and XIX of the Social Security Act are

classified generally to subchapters XVIII (Sec. 1395 et seq.) and

XIX (Sec. 1396 et seq.), respectively, of chapter 7 of Title 42.

For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section

1305 of Title 42 and Tables.

Section 330 of the Public Health Service Act, referred to in

subsec. (a)(2), is section 330 of act July 1, 1944, which was

classified to section 254c of Title 42, The Public Health and

Welfare, and was omitted in the general amendment of subpart I

(Sec. 254b et seq.) of part D of subchapter II of chapter 6A of

Title 42 by Pub. L. 104-299, Sec. 2, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3626.

Sections 2 and 3(a) of Pub. L. 104-299 enacted new sections 330 and

330A of act July 1, 1944, which are classified, respectively, to

sections 254b and 254c of Title 42.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

''Secretary of Health and Human Services'' substituted for

''Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare'' in subsec. (a)

pursuant to section 509(b) of Pub. L. 96-88, which is classified to

section 3508(b) of Title 20, Education.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5302 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3178a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IV - NATIONAL FOOD AND HUMAN NUTRITION RESEARCH AND

EXTENSION PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 3178a. Nutrition monitoring

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture shall -

(1) in conducting the Department of Agriculture's continuing

survey of food intakes of individuals and any nationwide food

consumption survey, include a sample that is representative of

low-income individuals and, to the extent practicable, the

collection of information on food purchases and other household

expenditures by such individuals;

(2) to the extent practicable, continue to maintain the

nutrient data base established by the Department of Agriculture;

and

(3) encourage research by public and private entities relating

to effective standards, methodologies, and technologies for

accurate assessment of the nutritional and dietary status of

individuals.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-198, title XV, Sec. 1589, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1597.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Food Security Act of 1985, and

not as part of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and

Teaching Policy Act of 1977 which comprises this chapter.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in sections 3103, 3124a of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3191 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3191. Purposes and findings relating to animal health and

disease research

-STATUTE-

(a) Purposes

The purposes of this subchapter are to -

(1) promote the general welfare through the improved health and

productivity of domestic livestock, poultry, aquatic animals, and

other income-producing animals that are essential to the food

supply of the United States and the welfare of producers and

consumers of animal products;

(2) improve the health of horses;

(3) facilitate the effective treatment of, and, to the extent

possible, prevent animal and poultry diseases in both

domesticated and wild animals that, if not controlled, would be

disastrous to the United States livestock and poultry industries

and endanger the food supply of the United States;

(4) improve methods for the control of organisms and residues

in food products of animal origin that could endanger the human

food supply;

(5) improve the housing and management of animals to improve

the well-being of livestock production species;

(6) minimize livestock and poultry losses due to transportation

and handling;

(7) protect human health through control of animal diseases

transmissible to humans;

(8) improve methods of controlling the births of predators and

other animals; and

(9) otherwise promote the general welfare through expanded

programs of research and extension to improve animal health.

(b) Findings

Congress finds that -

(1) the total animal health and disease research and extension

efforts of State colleges and universities and of the Federal

Government would be more effective if there were close

coordination between the efforts; and

(2) colleges and universities having accredited schools or

colleges of veterinary medicine and State agricultural experiment

stations that conduct animal health and disease research are

especially vital in training research workers in animal health

and related disciplines.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1429, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1001; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1426, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1309; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 810, Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1164.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-127 amended section generally, substituting

present provisions for provisions which outlined congressional

findings and declaration of purpose of subchapter.

1981 - Pub. L. 97-98 substituted ''schools or colleges of

veterinary medicine and State agricultural experiment stations that

conduct animal health and disease research'' for ''colleges of

veterinary medicine or departments of veterinary sciences or animal

pathology, and similar units conducting animal health and disease

research in the State agricultural experiment stations,''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Subchapter effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 of Pub. L.

95-113, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under

section 1307 of this title.

STUDIES ON AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY

Pub. L. 107-171, title X, Sec. 10907, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

538, provided that:

''(a) Scientific Studies. -

''(1) In general. - The Secretary of Agriculture may conduct

scientific studies on -

''(A) the transmission of spongiform encephalopathy in deer,

elk, and moose; and

''(B) chronic wasting disease (including the risks that

chronic wasting disease poses to livestock).

''(2) Report. - The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on

Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on

Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report on

the results of any scientific studies conducted under paragraph

(1).

''(b) Vaccines. -

''(1) Vaccine storage study. - The Secretary may -

''(A) conduct a study to determine the number of doses of

livestock disease vaccines that should be available to protect

against livestock diseases that could be introduced into the

United States; and

''(B) compare that number with the number of doses of the

livestock disease vaccines that are available as of that date.

''(2) Stockpiling of vaccines. - If, after conducting the study

and comparison described in paragraph (1), the Secretary

determines that there is an insufficient number of doses of a

particular vaccine referred to in that paragraph, the Secretary

may take such actions as are necessary to obtain the required

additional doses of the vaccine.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 3199 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3192 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3192. Definitions

-STATUTE-

When used in this subchapter -

(1) the term ''eligible institution'' means an accredited

school or college of veterinary medicine or a State agricultural

experiment station that conducts animal health and disease

research;

(2) the term ''dean'' means the dean of an accredited school or

college of veterinary medicine;

(3) the term ''director'' means the director of a State

agricultural experiment station which qualifies as an eligible

institution; and

(4) the term ''animal health research capacity'' means the

capacity of an eligible institution to conduct animal health and

disease research, as determined by the Secretary.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1430, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1002; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1427, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1309; Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 606(d)(1), June 23, 1998, 112

Stat. 604.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pars. (3) to (5). Pub. L. 105-185 inserted ''and'' at end

of par. (3), redesignated par. (5) as (4), and struck out former

par. (4) which read as follows: ''the term 'Board' means the Animal

Health Science Research Advisory Board; and''.

1981 - Par. (1). Pub. L. 97-98 substituted ''an accredited school

or college of veterinary medicine or a State agricultural research

experiment station that conducts animal health and disease

research'' for ''any college or university having an accredited

college of veterinary medicine or a department of veterinary

science or animal pathology, or a similar unit conducting animal

health and disease research in a State agricultural experiment

station''.

Par. (2). Pub. L. 97-98 substituted ''an accredited school or

college of veterinary medicine'' for ''a college or university

which qualifies as an eligible institution''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3193 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3193. Authorization to Secretary of Agriculture

-STATUTE-

(a) Authority to cooperate with, encourage, and assist States

In order to carry out the purpose of this subchapter, the

Secretary is authorized to cooperate with, encourage, and assist

the States in carrying out programs of animal health and disease

research at eligible institutions in the manner hereinafter

described in this subchapter.

(b) Study of animal care delivery system

(1) The Secretary shall commission the National Academy of

Sciences, working through the Board on Agriculture of the National

Research Council, to conduct a study of the delivery system

utilized to provide farmers, including small and limited resource

farmers, and ranchers with animal care and veterinary medical

services, including animal drugs.

(2) The study required by this subsection shall assess

opportunities to -

(A) improve the flow of information to producers regarding

animal husbandry practices, and diagnostic and treatment methods,

including the costs and conditions necessary for the effective

use of such practices and methods;

(B) foster achievement of food safety goals; and

(C) advance the well-being and treatment of farm animals, with

particular emphasis on disease prevention strategies.

(3) The study required by this subsection shall include

recommendations for changes in research and extension policies or

priorities, food safety programs and policies, and policies and

procedures governing the approval, use, and monitoring of animal

drugs.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1431, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1002; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1611(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104

Stat. 3720.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1990 - Pub. L. 101-624 amended section catchline generally,

designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading,

and added subsec. (b).

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3194 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3194. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 854, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1172

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1432, Sept. 29, 1977, 91

Stat. 1002; Pub. L. 96-88, title V, Sec. 509(b), Oct. 17, 1979, 93

Stat. 695; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1428, Dec. 22, 1981, 95

Stat. 1309; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1414(a), Dec. 23, 1985,

99 Stat. 1549; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1611(b), Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3721; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 402(8), Dec.

13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1863, related to establishment of Animal Health

Science Research Advisory Board.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3195 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3195. Continuing animal health and disease research programs

-STATUTE-

(a) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such funds as Congress

may determine necessary to support continuing animal health and

disease research programs at eligible institutions, but not to

exceed $25,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 2007,

and not in excess of such sums as may after September 29, 1977, be

authorized by law for any subsequent fiscal year. Funds

appropriated under this section shall be used: (1) to meet expenses

of conducting animal health and disease research, publishing and

disseminating the results of such research, and contributing to the

retirement of employees subject to the provisions of section 331 of

this title; (2) for administrative planning and direction; and (3)

to purchase equipment and supplies necessary for conducting such

research.

(b) Apportionment of appropriated funds

Funds appropriated under subsection (a) of this section for any

fiscal year shall be apportioned as follows:

(1) Four per centum shall be retained by the Department of

Agriculture for administration, program assistance to the

eligible institutions, and program coordination.

(2) Forty-eight per centum shall be distributed among the

several States in the proportion that the value of and income to

producers from domestic livestock, poultry, and commercial

aquaculture species in each State bears to the total value of and

income to producers from domestic livestock, poultry, and

commercial aquaculture species in all the States. The Secretary

shall determine the total value of and income from domestic

livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture species in all the

States and the proportionate value of and income from domestic

livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture species for each

State, based on the most current inventory of all cattle, sheep,

swine, horses, poultry, and commercial aquaculture species

published by the Department of Agriculture.

(3) Forty-eight per centum shall be distributed among the

several States in the proportion that the animal health research

capacity of the eligible institutions in each State bears to the

total animal health research capacity in all the States. The

Secretary shall determine the animal health research capacity of

the eligible institutions.

(c) Development of program for each State

In each State with one or more accredited colleges of veterinary

medicine, the deans of the accredited college or colleges and the

director of the State agricultural experiment station shall develop

a comprehensive animal health and disease research program for the

State based on the animal health research capacity of each eligible

institution in the State, which shall be submitted to the Secretary

for approval and shall be used for the allocation of funds

available to the State under this section.

(d) Use of excess funds

When the amount available under this section for allotment to any

State on the basis of domestic livestock, poultry, and commercial

aquaculture species values and income exceeds the amount for which

the eligible institution or institutions in the State are eligible

on the basis of animal health research capacity, the excess may be

used, at the discretion of the Secretary, for remodeling of

facilities, construction of new facilities, or increase in

staffing, proportionate to the need for added research capacity.

(e) Reallocation of funds to new colleges of veterinary medicine

Whenever a new college of veterinary medicine is established in a

State and is accredited, the Secretary, after consultation with the

dean of such college and the director of the State agricultural

experiment station and, where applicable, deans of other accredited

colleges in the State, shall provide for the reallocation of funds

available to the State pursuant to subsection (b) of this section

between the new college and other eligible institutions in the

State, based on the animal health research capacity of each

eligible institution.

(f) Joint establishment or support of accredited regional college

of veterinary medicine

Whenever two or more States jointly establish an accredited

regional college of veterinary medicine or jointly support an

accredited college of veterinary medicine serving the States

involved, the Secretary is authorized to make funds which are

available to such States pursuant to subsection (b)(2) of this

section available for such college in such amount that reflects the

combined relative value of and income from domestic livestock,

poultry, and commercial aquaculture species in the cooperating

States, such amount to be adjusted, as necessary, pursuant to the

provisions of subsections (c) and (e) of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1433, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1003; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1429, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1309; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1414(b), Dec. 23, 1985, 99

Stat. 1549; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(b)(1), Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3703; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 811, Apr.

4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1165; Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec.

301(a)(7), title VI, Sec. 606(d)(2), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 562,

604; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7107, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

432.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 301(a)(7), substituted

''2002'' for ''1997'' in first sentence.

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 606(d)(2), struck out

''with the advice, when available, of the Board'' before period at

end of second sentence.

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 811(1), substituted

''1997'' for ''1995'' in first sentence.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 811(2), substituted

''domestic livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture species''

for ''domestic livestock and poultry'' wherever appearing, and

''horses, poultry, and commercial aquaculture species'' for

''horses, and poultry'' in second sentence.

Subsecs. (d), (f). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 811(3), (4), substituted

''domestic livestock, poultry, and commercial aquaculture species''

for ''domestic livestock and poultry''.

1990 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624 substituted ''for each of the

fiscal years 1991 through 1995,'' for ''annually for the period

beginning October 1, 1981, and ending September 30, 1990,''.

1985 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-198 substituted ''1990'' for

''1985''.

1981 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97-98 substituted ''as Congress may

determine necessary to support continuing animal health and disease

research programs at eligible institutions, but not to exceed

$25,000,000 annually for the period beginning October 1, 1981, and

ending September 30, 1985, and not in excess of such sums as may

after September 29, 1977, be authorized by law for any subsequent

fiscal year'' for '', not to exceed $25,000,000 annually, as

Congress may determine necessary to support continuing animal

health and disease research programs at eligible institutions''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 3198, 3199, 3311 of this

title; title 40 section 525.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3196 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3196. Research on national and regional animal health or

disease problems

-STATUTE-

(a) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such funds as Congress

may determine necessary to support research on specific national or

regional animal health or disease problems, or national or regional

problems relating to pre-harvest, on-farm food safety, or animal

well-being, but not to exceed $35,000,000 for each of the fiscal

years 1991 through 2007, and not in excess of such sums as may

after September 29, 1977, be authorized by law for any subsequent

fiscal year.

(b) Duration of grants

Notwithstanding the provisions of section 3197 of this title,

funds appropriated under this section shall be awarded in the form

of grants, for periods not to exceed five years, to State

agricultural experiment stations, colleges and universities, other

research institutions and organizations, Federal agencies, private

organizations or corporations, and individuals.

(c) Establishment of annual priority lists for allocation of funds

In order to establish a rational allocation of funds appropriated

under this section, the Secretary shall establish annually priority

lists of animal health and disease, food safety, and animal

well-being problems of national or regional significance. Such

lists shall be prepared after consultation with the Advisory Board.

Any recommendations made in connection with such consultation shall

not be controlling on the Secretary's determination of priorities.

In establishing such priorities, the Secretary and the Advisory

Board shall consider the following factors:

(1) any health or disease problem which causes or may cause

significant economic losses to any part of the livestock

production industry;

(2) any food safety problem that has a significant pre-harvest

(on-farm) component and is recognized as posing a significant

health hazard to the consuming public;

(3) issues of animal well-being related to production methods

that will improve the housing and management of animals to

improve the well-being of livestock production species;

(4) whether current scientific knowledge necessary to prevent,

cure, or abate such a health or disease problem is adequate; and

(5) whether the status of scientific research is such that

accomplishments may be anticipated through the application of

scientific effort to such health or disease problem.

(d) Assignment of priorities for grants

Without regard to any consultation under subsection (c) of this

section, the Secretary shall, to the extent feasible, award grants

on the basis of the priorities assigned through a peer review

system. Grantees shall be selected on a competitive basis in

accordance with such procedures as the Secretary may establish.

(e) Distribution of multiyear grants

In the case of multiyear grants, the Secretary shall distribute

funds to grant recipients on a schedule which is reasonably related

to the timetable required for the orderly conduct of the research

project involved.

(f) Applicability of Federal Advisory Committee Act

The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) and title

XVIII of this Act (7 U.S.C. 2281 et seq.) shall not apply to a

panel or board created solely for the purpose of reviewing

applications or proposals submitted under this subchapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1434, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1004; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1430, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1309; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1414(c), Dec. 23, 1985, 99

Stat. 1549; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(b)(2), Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3703; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 812,

852(b)(5), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1165, 1171; Pub. L. 105-185,

title III, Sec. 301(a)(8), title VI, Sec. 606(d)(3), June 23, 1998,

112 Stat. 562, 604; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7108, May 13,

2002, 116 Stat. 432.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to in subsec. (f),

is Pub. L. 92-463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, as amended, which is

set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees.

Title XVIII of this Act, referred to in subsec. (f), is title

XVIII of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977, Pub. L. 95-113,

Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 1041, as amended, which is classified

generally to chapter 55A (Sec. 2281 et seq.) of this title. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of

1977 Amendment note set out under section 1281 of this title and

Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 301(a)(8), substituted

''2002'' for ''1997''.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 606(d)(3), struck out ''and

the Board'' after ''Advisory Board'' in second sentence and

substituted ''and the Advisory Board'' for '', the Advisory Board,

and the Board'' in fourth sentence.

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 812(1), inserted ''or

national or regional problems relating to pre-harvest, on-farm food

safety, or animal well-being,'' after ''problems,'' and substituted

''1997'' for ''1995''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 812(2), substituted ''State

agricultural experiment stations, colleges and universities, other

research institutions and organizations, Federal agencies, private

organizations or corporations, and individuals'' for ''eligible

institutions''.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 852(b)(5), in introductory

provisions, substituted ''after consultation with the Advisory

Board'' for ''after consultation with the Joint Council, the

Advisory Board,'' and ''the Secretary, the Advisory Board,'' for

''the Secretary, the Joint Council, the Advisory Board,''.

Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 812(3)(A), in introductory provisions,

inserted '', food safety, and animal well-being'' after ''animal

health and disease''.

Subsec. (c)(2) to (5). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 812(3)(B), added

pars. (2) and (3) and redesignated former pars. (2) and (3) as (4)

and (5), respectively.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 812(4), struck out ''to

eligible institutions'' after ''award grants''.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 812(5), added subsec. (f).

1990 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624 substituted ''for each of the

fiscal years 1991 through 1995,'' for ''annually for the period

beginning October 1, 1981, and ending September 30, 1990,''.

1985 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-198 substituted ''1990'' for

''1985''.

1981 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1430(a), substituted ''as

Congress may determine necessary to support research on specific

national or regional animal health or disease problems, but not to

exceed $35,000,000 annually for the period beginning October 1,

1981, and ending September 30, 1985, and not in excess of such sums

as may after September 29, 1977, be authorized by law for any

subsequent fiscal year'' for '', not to exceed $15,000,000

annually, as Congress may determine necessary to support research

on specific national or regional animal health or disease

problems''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1430(b), substituted provisions

that funds appropriated under this section shall be awarded in the

form of grants, for periods not to exceed five years, to eligible

institutions for provisions that such funds shall be allocated by

the Secretary to eligible institutions for work to be done, as

mutually agreed upon between the Secretary and the eligible

institution or institutions and that the Secretary shall consult

the Board in developing plans for the use of these funds whenever

possible.

Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1430(c), added subsecs.

(c) to (e).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 3200, 3311 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3197 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3197. Availability of appropriated funds

-STATUTE-

Funds available for allocation under the terms of this subchapter

shall be paid to each State or eligible institution at such times

and in such amounts as shall be determined by the Secretary. Funds

shall remain available for payment of unliquidated obligations for

one additional fiscal year following the year of appropriation.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1435, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1004.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 3196 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3198 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3198. Withholding of appropriated funds

-STATUTE-

If the Secretary determines that a State is not entitled to

receive its allocation of the annual appropriation under section

3195 of this title because of its failure to satisfy requirements

of this subtitle or regulations issued under it, the Secretary

shall withhold such amount. The facts and reasons concerning the

determination and withholding shall be reported to the President;

and the amount involved shall be kept separate in the Treasury

until the close of the next Congress. If the next Congress does not

direct such sum to be paid, it shall be carried to surplus.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1436, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1004.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3199 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3199. Requirements for use of funds

-STATUTE-

With respect to research projects on problems of animal health

and disease to be performed at eligible institutions and supported

with funds allocated to the States under section 3195 of this

title, the dean or director of each eligible institution shall

cause to be prepared and shall review proposals for such research

projects, which contain data showing compliance with the purpose in

section 3191 of this title and the provisions for use of funds

specified in section 3195(a) of this title, and with general

guidelines for project eligibility to be provided by the Secretary.

Such research proposals that are approved by the dean or director

shall be submitted to the Secretary prior to assignment of funds

thereto with a brief summary showing compliance with the provisions

of this subtitle and the Secretary's general guidelines.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1437, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1004; Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 606(d)(4), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

604.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-185 struck out ''with the advice, when

available, of the Board'' after ''by the Secretary'' in first

sentence.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3200 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3200. Matching funds

-STATUTE-

No funds in excess of $100,000, exclusive of the funds provided

for research on specific national or regional animal health and

disease problems under the provisions of section 3196 of this

title, shall be paid by the Federal Government to any State under

this subchapter during any fiscal year in excess of the amount from

non-Federal sources made available to and budgeted for expenditure

by eligible institutions in the State during the same fiscal year

for animal health and disease research. The Secretary is

authorized to make such payments in excess of $100,000 on the

certificate of the appropriate official of the eligible institution

having charge of the animal health and disease research for which

such payments are to be made. If any eligible institution

certified for receipt of matching funds fails to make available and

budget for expenditure for animal health and disease research in

any fiscal year sums at least equal to the amount for which it is

certified, the difference between the Federal matching funds

available and the funds made available to and budgeted for

expenditure by the eligible institution shall be reapportioned by

the Secretary among other eligible institutions of the same State,

if there are any which qualify therefor, and, if there are none,

the Secretary shall reapportion such difference among the other

States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1438, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1005.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3201 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER V - ANIMAL HEALTH AND DISEASE RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3201. Funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant

to other provisions of law

-STATUTE-

The sums appropriated and allocated to States and eligible

institutions under this subchapter shall be in addition to, and not

in substitution for, sums appropriated or otherwise made available

to such States and institutions pursuant to other provisions of

law.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1439, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1005.)

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER VI - 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE FUNDING 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VI - 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE FUNDING

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER VI - 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE FUNDING

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in sections 3103, 3124a of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3221 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VI - 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE FUNDING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3221. Extension at 1890 land-grant colleges, including

Tuskegee University

-STATUTE-

(a) Authorization of appropriations

(1) In general

There are authorized to be appropriated annually such sums as

Congress may determine necessary to support continuing

agricultural and forestry extension at colleges eligible to

receive funds under the Act of August 30, 1890 (26 Stat. 417-419,

as amended; 7 U.S.C. 321-326 and 328), including Tuskegee

University (hereinafter in this section referred to as ''eligible

institutions'').

(2) Minimum amount

Beginning with fiscal year 2003, there shall be appropriated

under this section for each fiscal year an amount that is not

less than 15 percent of the total appropriations for such year

under the Act of May 8, 1914 (7 U.S.C. 341 et seq.), and related

acts pertaining to cooperative extension work at the land-grant

institutions identified in the Act of May 8, 1914 (38 Stat. 372,

chapter 79; 7 U.S.C. 341 et seq.), except that for the purpose of

this calculation, the total appropriations shall not include

amounts made available after September 30, 1995, under section

3(d) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 343(d)), to carry out programs or

initiatives for which no funds were made available under section

3(d) of that Act for fiscal year 1995, or any previous fiscal

year, as determined by the Secretary, and shall not include

amounts made available after September 30, 1995, to carry out

programs or initiatives funded under section 3(d) of that Act

prior to that date that are in excess of the highest amount made

available for the programs or initiatives for fiscal year 1995,

or any previous fiscal year, as determined by the Secretary.

(3) Uses

Funds appropriated under this section shall be used for

expenses of conducting extension programs and activities, and for

contributing to the retirement of employees subject to the

provisions of section 331 of this title.

(4) Carryover

No more than 20 per centum of the funds received by an

institution in any fiscal year may be carried forward to the

succeeding fiscal year.

(b) Allocation and distribution of appropriated funds

Beginning with the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979 -

(1) any funds annually appropriated under this section up to

the amount appropriated for the fiscal year ending September 30,

1978, pursuant to section 343(d) of this title, for eligible

institutions, shall be allocated among the eligible institutions

in the same proportion as funds appropriated under section 343(d)

of this title for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, are

allocated among the eligible institutions; and

(2) any funds appropriated annually under this section in

excess of an amount equal to the amount appropriated under

section 343(d) of this title, for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1978, for eligible institutions, shall be

distributed as follows:

(A) A sum equal to 4 per centum of the total amount

appropriated each fiscal year under this section shall be

allotted to the Extension Service of the Department of

Agriculture for administrative, technical, and other services,

and for coordinating the extension work of the Department of

Agriculture and the several States.

(B) Of the remainder, 20 per centum shall be allotted among

the eligible institutions in equal proportions; 40 per centum

shall be allotted among the eligible institutions in the

proportion that the rural population of the State in which each

eligible institution is located bears to the total rural

population of all the States in which eligible institutions are

located, as determined by the last preceding decennial census

current at the time each such additional sum is first

appropriated; and the balance shall be allotted among the

eligible institutions in the proportion that the farm

population of the State in which each eligible institution is

located bears to the total farm population of all the States in

which the eligible institutions are located, as determined by

the last preceding decennial census current at the time each

such additional sum is first appropriated.

In computing the distribution of funds allocated under paragraph

(2) of this subsection, the allotments to Tuskegee University and

Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University shall be determined

as if each institution were in a separate State.

(c) Comprehensive program of extension for each State

The State director of the cooperative extension service and the

extension administrator at the eligible institution in each State

where an eligible institution is located shall jointly develop, by

mutual agreement, a comprehensive program of extension for such

State to be submitted for approval by the Secretary within one year

after September 29, 1977 and each five years thereafter.

(d) Ascertainment of entitlement to funds; time and manner of

payment; State reporting requirements; plans of work

(1) Ascertainment of entitlement

On or about the first day of October in each year after

September 29, 1977, the Secretary shall ascertain whether each

eligible institution is entitled to receive its share of the

annual appropriation for extension work under this section and

the amount which it is entitled to receive. Before the funds

herein provided shall become available to any eligible

institution for any fiscal year, plans for the work to be carried

out under this section shall be submitted, as part of the State

plan of work, and approved by the Secretary.

(2) Time and manner of payment; related reports

The amount to which an eligible institution is entitled shall

be paid in equal quarterly payments on or about October 1,

January 1, April 1, and July 1 of each year to the treasurer or

other officer of the eligible institution duly authorized to

receive such payments and such officer shall be required to

report to the Secretary on or about the first day of December of

each year a detailed statement of the amount so received during

the previous fiscal year and its disbursement, on forms

prescribed by the Secretary.

(3) Requirements related to plan of work

Each plan of work for an eligible institution required under

this section shall contain descriptions of the following:

(A) The critical short-term, intermediate, and long-term

agricultural issues in the State in which the eligible

institution is located and the current and planned extension

programs and projects targeted to address the issues.

(B) The process established to consult with extension users

regarding the identification of critical agricultural issues in

the State and the development of extension programs and

projects targeted to address the issues.

(C) The efforts made to identify and collaborate with other

colleges and universities within the State, and within other

States, that have a unique capacity to address the identified

agricultural issues in the State and the extent of current and

emerging efforts (including regional extension efforts) to work

with those other institutions.

(D) The manner in which research and extension, including

research and extension activities funded other than through

formula funds, will cooperate to address the critical issues in

the State, including the activities to be carried out

separately, the activities to be carried out sequentially, and

the activities to be carried out jointly.

(E) The education and outreach programs already underway to

convey currently available research results that are pertinent

to a critical agricultural issue, including efforts to

encourage multicounty cooperation in the dissemination of

research results.

(4) Extension protocols

(A) In general

The Secretary shall develop protocols to be used to evaluate

the success of multistate, multi-institutional, and

multidisciplinary extension activities and joint research and

extension activities in addressing critical agricultural issues

identified in the plans of work submitted under this section.

(B) Consultation

The Secretary shall develop the protocols in consultation

with the Advisory Board and land-grant colleges and

universities.

(5) Treatment of plans of work for other purposes

To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall consider

a plan of work submitted under this section to satisfy other

appropriate Federal reporting requirements.

(e) Diminution, loss, or misapplication of funds

If any portion of the moneys received by any eligible institution

for the support and maintenance of extension work as provided in

this section shall by any action or contingency be diminished or

lost or be misapplied, it shall be replaced by such institution and

until so replaced no subsequent appropriation shall be apportioned

or paid to such institution. No portion of such moneys shall be

applied, directly or indirectly, to the purchase, erection,

preservation, or repair of any building or buildings, or the

purchase or rental of land, or in college course teaching, lectures

in college, or any other purpose not specified in this section. It

shall be the duty of such institution, annually, on or about the

first day of January, to make to the Governor of the State in which

it is located a full and detailed report of its operations in

extension work, including a detailed statement of receipts and

expenditures from all sources for this purpose, a copy of which

report shall be sent to the Secretary.

(f) Mailing of correspondence, bulletins, and reports

To the extent that the official mail consists of correspondence,

bulletins, and reports for furtherance of the purposes of this

section, it shall be transmitted in the mails of the United States

under penalty indicia: Provided, That each item shall bear such

indicia as are prescribed by the Postmaster General and shall be

mailed under such regulations as the Postmaster General may from

time to time prescribe. Such items may be mailed from a principal

place of business of each eligible institution or from an

established subunit of such institution.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1444, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1007; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1431, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1310; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1415, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1549; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 883(b), Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1176; Pub. L. 105-185, title I, Sec. 103(f)(3)(A), title II,

Sec. 225(a), 226(c)(2), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 528, 540, 543;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7203(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

438.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Act of August 30, 1890, 26 Stat. 417, as amended, referred to in

subsec. (a)(1), is popularly known as the ''Agricultural College

Act of 1890'' and also as the ''Second Morrill Act'', and is

classified generally to subchapter II (Sec. 321 et seq.) of chapter

13 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the

Code, see Short Title note set out under section 321 of this title

and Tables.

Act of May 8, 1914, 38 Stat. 372, as amended, referred to in

subsec. (a)(2), is popularly known as the ''Smith-Lever Act'', and

is classified generally to subchapter IV (Sec. 341 et seq.) of

chapter 13 of this title. For complete classification of this Act

to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 341 of this

title and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171 inserted subsec. heading,

designated first, third, fourth, and fifth sentences as pars. (1)

to (4), respectively, inserted headings, struck out ''Beginning

with the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979, and ending with the

fiscal year ending September 30, 1981, there shall be appropriated

under this section for each fiscal year an amount not less than 4

per centum of the total appropriations for such year under the Act

of May 8, 1914 (38 Stat. 372-374, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 341-349):

Provided, That the amount appropriated for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1979, shall not be less than the amount made

available for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, to such

eligible institutions under section 3(d) of the Act of May 8, 1914

(38 Stat. 373, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 343(d).'' after ''(hereinafter

in this section referred to as ''eligible institutions'').'' in

par. (1), and substituted ''Beginning with fiscal year 2003, there

shall be appropriated under this section for each fiscal year an

amount that is not less than 15 percent'' for ''Beginning with the

fiscal year ending September 30, 1982, there shall be appropriated

under this section an amount not less than 5 1/2 per centum, and

for each fiscal year thereafter an amount not less than 6 per

centum'' in par. (2).

1998 - Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 226(c)(2)(A), substituted

''University'' for ''Institute'' in section catchline.

Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 226(c)(2)(B),

substituted ''Tuskegee University'' for ''Tuskegee Institute'' in

first sentence of subsec. (a) and concluding provisions of subsec.

(b).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 225(a), inserted subsec.

heading, designated existing provisions as pars. (1) and (2) and

inserted par. headings, in par. (2) substituted ''The amount to

which an eligible institution is entitled'' for ''Such sums'', and

added pars. (3) to (5).

Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 103(f)(3)(A),

redesignated subsec. (g) as (f) and struck out former subsec. (f)

which read as follows: ''If the Secretary finds that an eligible

institution is not entitled to receive its share of the annual

appropriation, the facts and reasons therefor shall be reported to

the President, and the amount involved shall be kept separate in

the Treasury until the expiration of the next Congress in order

that the institution may, if it should so desire, appeal to

Congress from the determination of the Secretary. If the next

Congress does not direct such sum to be paid, it shall be carried

to surplus.''

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127 inserted before period at end

of third sentence '', except that for the purpose of this

calculation, the total appropriations shall not include amounts

made available after September 30, 1995, under section 3(d) of that

Act (7 U.S.C. 343(d)), to carry out programs or initiatives for

which no funds were made available under section 3(d) of that Act

for fiscal year 1995, or any previous fiscal year, as determined by

the Secretary, and shall not include amounts made available after

September 30, 1995, to carry out programs or initiatives funded

under section 3(d) of that Act prior to that date that are in

excess of the highest amount made available for the programs or

initiatives for fiscal year 1995, or any previous fiscal year, as

determined by the Secretary''.

1985 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-198 in third sentence, struck out

'', through the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985,'' after

''fiscal year thereafter'' and inserted at end '', and related acts

pertaining to cooperative extension work at the land-grant

institutions identified in the Act of May 8, 1914 (38 Stat. 372,

chapter 79; 7 U.S.C. 341 et seq.)''.

1981 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1431(1), (2), inserted

provisions designating the fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1981, as

the last of the fiscal years for which the appropriation under this

section had to be 4 per centum or more of the total appropriation

for each year under the Act of May 8, 1914, and inserted provisions

that, beginning with the fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1982, there

must be appropriated under this section an amount not less than 5

1/2 per centum and for each fiscal year thereafter, through the

fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1985, an amount not less than 6 per

centum of the total appropriations for such year under the Act of

May 8, 1914.

Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L., 97-98, Sec. 1431(3), inserted

''current at the time each such additional sum is first

appropriated'' after ''the last preceding decennial census'' in two

places.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1431(4), substituted ''extension

administrator'' for ''administrative head for extension'' and

inserted provision for the submission of a comprehensive program of

extension for approval by the Secretary each five years after Sept.

29, 1977.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1431(5), substituted

''submitted, as part of the State plan of work,'' for ''submitted

by the proper officials of each institution''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 105-185, title II, Sec. 225(c), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

542, provided that: ''The amendments made by this section (amending

this section and section 3222 of this title) take effect on October

1, 1999.''

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Subchapter effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 of Pub. L.

95-113, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under

section 1307 of this title.

WEST VIRGINIA STATE COLLEGE, INSTITUTE, WEST VIRGINIA

Pub. L. 106-78, title I, Oct. 22, 1999, 113 Stat. 1141, provided

in part that West Virginia State College in Institute, West

Virginia: ''for fiscal year 2000 and thereafter shall be designated

as an eligible institution under section 1444 of the National

Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977

(7 U.S.C. 3221)''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 3222d of this title; title

40 section 525.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3222 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VI - 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE FUNDING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3222. Agricultural research at 1890 land-grant colleges,

including Tuskegee University

-STATUTE-

(a) Authorization of appropriations

(1) In general

There are authorized to be appropriated annually such sums as

Congress may determine necessary to support continuing

agricultural research at colleges eligible to receive funds under

the Act of August 30, 1890 (26 Stat. 417-419, as amended; 7

U.S.C. 321-326 and 328), including Tuskegee University

(hereinafter referred to in this section as ''eligible

institutions'').

(2) Minimum amount

Beginning with fiscal year 2003, there shall be appropriated

under this section for each fiscal year an amount that is not

less than 25 percent of the total appropriations for the fiscal

year under section 361c of this title.

(3) Uses

Funds appropriated under this section shall be used for

expenses of conducting agricultural research, printing,

disseminating the results of such research, contributing to the

retirement of employees subject to the provisions of section 331

of this title, administrative planning and direction, and

purchase and rental of land and the construction, acquisition,

alteration, or repair of buildings necessary for conducting

agricultural research.

(4) Coordination

The eligible institutions are authorized to plan and conduct

agricultural research in cooperation with each other and such

agencies, institutions, and individuals as may contribute to the

solution of agricultural problems, and moneys appropriated

pursuant to this section shall be available for paying the

necessary expenses of planning, coordinating, and conducting such

cooperative research.

(5) Carryover

(A) In general

The balance of any annual funds provided to an eligible

institution for a fiscal year under this section that remains

unexpended at the end of the fiscal year may be carried over

for use during the following fiscal year.

(B) Failure to expend full amount

(i) In general

If any unexpended balance carried over by an eligible

institution is not expended by the end of the second fiscal

year, an amount equal to the unexpended balance shall be

deducted from the next succeeding annual allotment to the

eligible institution.

(ii) Redistribution

Federal funds that are deducted under clause (i) for a

fiscal year shall be redistributed by the Secretary in

accordance with the formula set forth in subsection (b)(2)(B)

of this section to those eligible institutions for which no

deduction under clause (i) has been taken for that fiscal

year.

(b) Allocation and distribution of appropriated funds

Beginning with the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979, the

funds appropriated in each fiscal year under this section shall be

distributed as follows:

(1) Three per centum shall be available to the Secretary for

administration of this section. These administrative funds may

be used for transportation of scientists who are not officers or

employees of the United States to research meetings convened for

the purpose of assessing research opportunities or research

planning.

(2) The remainder shall be allotted among the eligible

institutions as follows:

(A) Funds up to the total amount made available to all

eligible institutions in the fiscal year ending September 30,

1978, under section 450i of this title, shall be allocated

among the eligible institutions in the same proportion as funds

made available under section 450i of this title, for the fiscal

year ending September 30, 1978, are allocated among the

eligible institutions.

(B) Of funds in excess of the amount allocated under

subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, 20 per centum shall be

allotted among eligible institutions in equal proportions; 40

per centum shall be allotted among the eligible institutions in

the proportion that the rural population of the State in which

each eligible institution is located bears to the total rural

population of all the States in which eligible institutions are

located, as determined by the last preceding decennial census

current at the time each such additional sum is first

appropriated; and the balance shall be allotted among the

eligible institutions in the proportion that the farm

population of the State in which each eligible institution is

located bears to the total farm population of all the States in

which the eligible institutions are located, as determined by

the last preceding decennial census current at the time each

such additional sum is first appropriated. In computing the

distribution of funds allocated under this subparagraph, the

allotments to Tuskegee University and Alabama Agricultural and

Mechanical University shall be determined as if each

institution were in a separate State.

(c) Program and plans of work

(1) Initial comprehensive program of agricultural research

The director of the State agricultural experiment station in

each State where an eligible institution is located and the

research director specified in subsection (d) of this section in

each of the eligible institutions in such State shall jointly

develop, by mutual agreement, a comprehensive program of

agricultural research in such State, to be submitted for approval

by the Secretary within one year after September 29, 1977.

(2) Plan of work required

Before funds may be provided to an eligible institution under

this section for any fiscal year, a plan of work to be carried

out under this section shall be submitted by the research

director specified in subsection (d) of this section and shall be

approved by the Secretary.

(3) Requirements related to plan of work

Each plan of work required under paragraph (2) shall contain

descriptions of the following:

(A) The critical short-term, intermediate, and long-term

agricultural issues in the State in which the eligible

institution is located and the current and planned research

programs and projects targeted to address the issues.

(B) The process established to consult with users of

agricultural research regarding the identification of critical

agricultural issues in the State and the development of

research programs and projects targeted to address the issues.

(C) Other colleges and universities within the State, and

within other States, that have a unique capacity to address the

identified agricultural issues in the State.

(D) The current and emerging efforts to work with those other

institutions to build on each other's experience and take

advantage of each institution's unique capacities.

(E) The manner in which research and extension, including

research and extension activities funded other than through

formula funds, will cooperate to address the critical issues in

the State, including the activities to be carried out

separately, the activities to be carried out sequentially, and

the activities to be carried out jointly.

(4) Research protocols

(A) In general

The Secretary shall develop protocols to be used to evaluate

the success of multistate, multi-institutional, and

multidisciplinary research activities and joint research and

extension activities in addressing critical agricultural issues

identified in the plans of work submitted under paragraph (2).

(B) Consultation

The Secretary shall develop the protocols in consultation

with the Advisory Board and land-grant colleges and

universities.

(5) Treatment of plans of work for other purposes

To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall consider

a plan of work submitted under paragraph (2) to satisfy other

appropriate Federal reporting requirements.

(d) Payment of funds to eligible institutions

Sums available for allotment to the eligible institutions under

the terms of this section shall be paid to such institutions in

equal quarterly payments beginning on or about the first day of

October of each year upon vouchers approved by the Secretary. The

President of each eligible institution shall appoint a research

director who shall be responsible for administration of the program

authorized herein. Each eligible institution shall designate a

treasurer or other officer who shall receive and account for all

funds allotted to such institution under the provisions of this

section and shall report, with the approval of the research

director, to the Secretary on or before the first day of December

of each year a detailed statement of the amount received under the

provisions of this section during the preceding fiscal year and its

disbursement on schedules prescribed by the Secretary. If any

portion of the allotted moneys received by any eligible institution

shall by any action or contingency be diminished, lost, or

misapplied, it shall be replaced by such institution and until so

replaced no subsequent appropriation shall be allotted or paid to

such institution. Funds made available to eligible institutions

shall not be used for payment of negotiated overhead or indirect

cost rates.

(e) Mailing of bulletins, reports, periodicals, reprints, articles,

and other publications

Bulletins, reports, periodicals, reprints or articles, and other

publications necessary for the dissemination of results of the

research and experiments funded under this section, including lists

of publications available for distribution by the eligible

institutions, shall be transmitted in the mails of the United

States under penalty indicia: Provided, That each publication shall

bear such indicia as are prescribed by the Postmaster General and

shall be mailed under such regulations as the Postmaster General

may from time to time prescribe. Such publications may be mailed

from the principal place of business of each eligible institution

or from an established subunit of such institution.

(f) Administration; rules and regulations; cooperation by and

between institutions

The Secretary shall be responsible for the proper administration

of this section, and is authorized and directed to prescribe such

rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out its

provisions. It shall be the duty of the Secretary to furnish such

advice and assistance as will best promote the purposes of this

section, including participation in coordination of research

initiated under this section by the eligible institutions, from

time to time to indicate such lines of inquiry as to the Secretary

seem most important, and to encourage and assist in the

establishment and maintenance of cooperation by and between the

several eligible institutions, the State agricultural experiment

stations, and between them and the Department of Agriculture.

(g) Entitlement

On or before the first day of October in each year after

September 29, 1977, the Secretary shall ascertain whether each

eligible institution is entitled to receive its share of the annual

appropriations under this section and the amount which thereupon

each is entitled, respectively, to receive.

(h) Existing legal relationships not impaired or modified

Nothing in this section shall be construed to impair or modify

the legal relationship existing between any of the eligible

institutions and the government of the States in which they are

respectively located.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1445, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1009; Pub. L. 95-547, Oct. 28, 1978, 92 Stat. 2063; Pub. L. 97-98,

title XIV, Sec. 1432(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1311; Pub. L.

99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1417, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1550; Pub. L.

105-185, title I, Sec. 103(f)(3)(B), title II, Sec. 225(b), 226(b),

(c)(3), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 528, 541, 543; Pub. L. 105-362,

title I, Sec. 101(e), Nov. 10, 1998, 112 Stat. 3281; Pub. L.

107-171, title VII, Sec. 7203(b), 7204, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

438.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Act of August 30, 1890, 26 Stat. 417, as amended, referred to in

subsec. (a)(1), is popularly known as the ''Agricultural College

Act of 1890'' and also as the ''Second Morrill Act'', and is

classified generally to subchapter II (Sec. 321 et seq.) of chapter

13 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the

Code, see Short Title note set out under section 321 of this title

and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7203(b), inserted

heading, designated existing provisions as pars. (1) to (5),

inserted headings, and substituted in par. (2) ''Beginning with

fiscal year 2003, there shall be appropriated under this section

for each fiscal year an amount that is not less than 25 percent of

the total appropriations for the fiscal year under section 361c of

this title.'' for ''Beginning with the fiscal year ending September

30, 1979, there shall be appropriated under this section for each

fiscal year an amount not less than 15 per centum of the total

appropriations for such year under section 361c of this title:

Provided, That the amount appropriated for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1979, shall not be less than the amount made

available in the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978, to such

eligible institutions under the Act of August 4, 1965 (79 Stat.

431, 7 U.S.C. 450i).''

Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7204, added par. (5) and

struck out heading and text of former par. (5). Text read as

follows: ''No more than 5 percent of the funds received by an

institution in any fiscal year, under this section, may be carried

forward to the succeeding fiscal year.''

1998 - Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 226(c)(3)(A), substituted

''University'' for ''Institute'' in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 226(c)(3)(B), substituted

''Tuskegee University'' for ''Tuskegee Institute'' in first

sentence.

Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 226(c)(3)(B),

substituted ''Tuskegee University'' for ''Tuskegee Institute''.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 225(b), inserted subsec.

heading, designated existing provisions as par. (1) and inserted

par. heading, and added pars. (2) to (5).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105-362, Sec. 101(e)(1), struck out ''(1)''

before ''On or before''.

Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 105-362, Sec. 101(e)(2), struck out par.

(2) which read as follows: ''The Secretary shall make an annual

report to Congress during the first regular session of each year of

the receipts and expenditures and work of the eligible institutions

under the provisions of this section and also whether any portion

of the appropriation available for allotment to any institution has

been withheld and if so the reasons therefor.''

Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 226(b) redesignated par. (4) as (2) and

struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: ''If it appears

to the Secretary from the annual statement of receipts and

expenditures of funds by any eligible institution that an amount in

excess of 5 percent of the preceding annual appropriation allotted

to that institution under this section remains unexpended, such

amount in excess of 5 percent of the preceding annual appropriation

allotted to that institution shall be deducted from the next

succeeding annual allotment to the institution.''

Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 103(f)(3)(B), struck out

par. (3) which read as follows: ''If the Secretary withholds from

any eligible institution any portion of the appropriations

available for allotment, the facts and reasons therefor shall be

reported to the President and the amount involved shall be kept

separate in the Treasury until the close of the next Congress. If

the next Congress does not direct such sum to be paid, it shall be

carried to surplus.''

Subsec. (g)(4). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 226(b)(2), redesignated

par. (4) as (2).

1985 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1417(a), provided that

not more than 5 percent of the funds received by an institution in

any fiscal year, under this section, may be carried forward to the

succeeding fiscal year.

Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1417(b), in amending par.

(2) generally, substituted ''If it appears'' for ''Whenever it

shall appear'' before ''to the Secretary'' and ''that an amount in

excess of 5 percent'' for ''that any portion'' before ''of the

preceding annual appropriation'' and inserted ''in excess of 5

percent of the preceding annual appropriation allotted to that

institution'' before ''shall be deducted''.

1981 - Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1432(a)(1), inserted

provision authorizing use of administrative funds for

transportation of scientists to research meetings convened for

purpose of assessing research opportunities or research planning.

Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1432(a)(2), inserted

''current at the time each such additional sum is first

appropriated'' after ''the last preceding decennial census'' in two

places.

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1432(a)(3), substituted

''research director'' for ''chief administrative officer'' wherever

appearing.

1978 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95-547 amended subsec. (b) generally,

substituting in par. (A) provisions relating to allocation of funds

among eligible institutions in same proportion as funds made

available under section 450i of this title, for fiscal year ending

Sept. 30, 1978, are allocated among eligible institutions for

provisions relating to allocation of $100,000 to each eligible

institution, and substituting in par. (B) provisions relating to

allocation among eligible institutions of 20 per centum of the

excess funds in equal proportions, 40 per centum in proportion that

the rural population of the State in which each eligible

institution is located bears to total rural population of all

States in which such institutions are located, and balance in

proportion that farm population of State in which each eligible

institution is located bears to total farm population of all States

in which such institutions are located for provisions relating to

allocation among eligible institutions of one-half of remaining

funds in an amount which bore same ratio to total amount to be

allocated as rural population of State in which eligible

institution was located bore to total rural population of all

States in which such institutions were located, and one-half in an

amount which bore same ratio to total amount to be allocated as

farm population of State in which eligible institution was located

bore to total farm population of all States in which such

institutions were located.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by section 225(b) of Pub. L. 105-185 effective Oct. 1,

1999, see section 225(c) of Pub. L. 105-185, set out as a note

under section 3221 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

WEST VIRGINIA STATE COLLEGE, INSTITUTE, WEST VIRGINIA

Pub. L. 106-78, title I, Oct. 22, 1999, 113 Stat. 1140, provided

in part that West Virginia State College in Institute, West

Virginia: ''for fiscal year 2000 and thereafter shall be designated

as an eligible institution under section 1445 of the National

Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977

(7 U.S.C. 3222)''.

GRANT FOR DAIRY GOAT RESEARCH PROGRAM

Section 1432(b) of Pub. L. 97-98, as amended by Pub. L. 99-198,

title XIV, Sec. 1432, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1557; Pub. L.

101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(c), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3703;

Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 887, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.

1180, authorized grant for dairy goat research, described uses for

grant and times of payment, and authorized appropriations for

fiscal years 1991 through 1997, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 105-185,

title III, Sec. 302(b), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 563.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 450i, 3222d of this

title; title 40 section 525.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3222a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VI - 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE FUNDING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3222a. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 855, Apr.

4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1172

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1446, as added Pub. L.

101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1612(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3721;

amended Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 402(9), (10), Dec. 13,

1991, 105 Stat. 1863, related to resident instruction at 1890

land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3222b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VI - 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE FUNDING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3222b. Grants to upgrade agricultural and food sciences

facilities at 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee

University

-STATUTE-

(a) Purpose

It is hereby declared to be the intent of Congress to assist the

institutions eligible to receive funds under the Act of August 30,

1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.), including Tuskegee University

(hereafter referred to in this section as ''eligible

institutions'') in the acquisition and improvement of agricultural

and food sciences facilities and equipment, including libraries, so

that the eligible institutions may participate fully in the

production of human capital.

(b) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of

Agriculture for the purposes of carrying out the provisions of this

section, $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2002 through 2007,

and such sums shall remain available until expended.

(c) Use of grant funds

Four percent of the sums appropriated pursuant to this section

shall be available to the Secretary for administration of this

grants program. The remaining funds shall be available for grants

to eligible institutions for the purpose of assisting them in the

purchase of equipment and land, the planning, construction,

alteration, or renovation of buildings to strengthen their capacity

in the production of human capital in the food and agricultural

sciences and can be used at the discretion of the eligible

institutions in the areas of research, extension, and resident

instruction or any combination thereof.

(d) Method of awarding grants

Grants awarded pursuant to this section shall be made in such

amounts and under such terms and conditions as the Secretary shall

determine necessary for carrying out the purposes of this section.

(e) Prohibition of certain uses

Federal funds provided under this section may not be utilized for

the payment of any overhead costs of the eligible institutions.

(f) Regulations

The Secretary may promulgate such rules and regulations as the

Secretary may consider necessary to carry out the provisions of

this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1447, as added Pub. L. 101-624,

title XVI, Sec. 1612(b), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3722; amended

Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 813, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.

1166; Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 301(a)(9), June 23, 1998,

112 Stat. 562; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7109, May 13, 2002,

116 Stat. 432.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Act of August 30, 1890, referred to in subsec. (a), is act Aug.

30, 1890, ch. 841, 26 Stat. 417, as amended, popularly known as the

''Agricultural College Act of 1890'' and also as the ''Second

Morrill Act'', which is classified generally to subchapter II (Sec.

321 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 321 of this title and Tables.

-MISC2-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 1447 of Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1011, amended sections 341 and 342 of this title,

prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(f)(1)(D),

Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3704.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''$25,000,000 for

each of fiscal years 2002 through 2007'' for ''$15,000,000 for each

of fiscal years 1996 through 2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''through 2002''

for ''and 1997''.

1996 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted '', $15,000,000

for each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997'' for ''$8,000,000 for each

of the fiscal years 1991 through 1995''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3222c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VI - 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE FUNDING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3222c. National research and training virtual centers

-STATUTE-

(a) Competitive grants authorized

The Secretary of Agriculture may make a competitive grant to five

national research and training virtual centers located at colleges

(or a consortia of such colleges) eligible to receive funds under

the Act of August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.), including

Tuskegee University, that -

(1) have been designated by the Secretary for the fiscal years

1991 through 1995, or fiscal years 1996 through 2007, as national

research and training virtual centers; and

(2) have the best demonstrable capacity, as determined by the

Secretary, to provide administrative leadership as -

(A) a National Center for Goat Research and Training;

(B) a National Center for Agricultural Engineering

Development, Research, and Training;

(C) a National Center for Water Quality and Agricultural

Production Research and Training;

(D) a National Center for Sustainable Agriculture Research

and Training; and

(E) a National Center for Domestic and International Trade

and Development Research and Training.

(b) Use of grants

A grant made under subsection (a) of this section may be expended

by a center to -

(1) pay expenses incurred in conducting research for which the

center was designated;

(2) print and disseminate the results of such research;

(3) plan, administer, and direct such research; and

(4) alter or repair buildings necessary to conduct such

research.

(c) Priority

In making a grant determination under subsection (a) of this

section, the Secretary shall give priority to those centers that -

(1) will assure dissemination of information between eligible

institutions described in subsection (a) of this section and

among agricultural producers; and

(2) will attract students and needed professionals in the food

and agricultural sciences.

(d) Payments

(1) Under the terms of a grant made under subsection (a) of this

section, funds appropriated under subsection (f) of this section

for a fiscal year shall be paid (upon vouchers approved by the

Secretary) to a center receiving the grant in equal quarterly

installments beginning on or about the first day of October of such

year.

(2) Not later than 60 days after the end of each fiscal year for

which funds are paid under this section to a center, the research

director of such center shall submit to the Secretary a detailed

statement of the disbursements in such fiscal year of funds

received by such center under this section.

(3) If any of the funds received by a center under this section

are misapplied, lost, or diminished by any action or contingency on

the part of the center -

(A) the center shall replace such funds; and

(B) the Secretary shall not distribute to such center any other

funds under this subsection until such funds are replaced.

(e) Prohibited uses of funds

Funds provided under this section may not be used -

(1) to acquire or construct a building; or

(2) to pay the overhead costs of the college (or consortia of

colleges) receiving the grant.

(f) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated $2,000,000 for each of

the fiscal years 1991 through 2007 for grants under this section.

(g) ''Center'' defined

For purposes of this section, the term ''center'' means a

national research and training virtual center that receives a grant

under this subsection.

(h) Coordination of center activities

(1) The center designated under subsection (a)(2)(C) of this

section shall coordinate its activities with the water quality

research activities conducted under subtitle G of title XIV of the

Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990. (FOOTNOTE

1)

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(2) The center designated under subsection (a)(2)(D) of this

section shall coordinate its activities with the sustainable

agriculture research and education program established under

subtitle B of title XVI of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and

Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1448, as added Pub. L. 101-624,

title XVI, Sec. 1612(c), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3723; amended

Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 814, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.

1166; Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 301(a)(10), June 23, 1998,

112 Stat. 562; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7110, May 13, 2002,

116 Stat. 433.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Act of August 30, 1890, referred to in subsec. (a), is act Aug.

30, 1890, ch. 841, 26 Stat. 417, as amended, popularly known as the

''Agricultural College Act of 1890'' and also as the ''Second

Morrill Act'', which is classified generally to subchapter II (Sec.

321 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 321 of this title and Tables.

The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990,

referred to in subsec. (h), is Pub. L. 101-624, Nov. 28, 1990, 104

Stat. 3359, as amended. Subtitle G of title XIV of the Act,

popularly known as the ''Agriculture and Water Policy Coordination

Act'', was classified generally to chapter 86 (Sec. 5501 et seq.)

of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec.

302(c), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 563. Subtitle B of title XVI of

the Act enacted subchapter I (Sec. 5801 et seq.) of chapter 88 of

this title and repealed chapter 78 (Sec. 4701 et seq.) of this

title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see

Tables.

-MISC2-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 1448 of Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1011, amended sections 1923 and 1942 of this title,

prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(f)(1)(D),

Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3704.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7110(b)(1), substituted ''virtual''

for ''centennial'' in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7110(b)(2), substituted

''virtual centers'' for ''centennial centers'' in introductory

provisions.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7110(a), (b)(2),

substituted ''2007'' for ''2002'' and ''virtual centers'' for

''centennial centers''.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7110(a), substituted ''2007''

for ''2002''.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7110(b)(2), substituted

''virtual'' for ''centennial''.

1998 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 301(a)(10)(A),

substituted ''through 2002'' for ''and 1997''.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 301(a)(10)(B), substituted

''2002'' for ''1997''.

1996 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 814(1), inserted '',

or fiscal years 1996 and 1997,'' after ''1995''.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 814(2), substituted ''1997''

for ''1995''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3222d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VI - 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE FUNDING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3222d. Matching funds requirement for research and extension

activities at eligible institutions

-STATUTE-

(a) Definitions

In this section:

(1) Eligible institution

The term ''eligible institution'' means a college eligible to

receive funds under the Act of August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et

seq.) (commonly known as the ''Second Morrill Act''), including

Tuskegee University.

(2) Formula funds

The term ''formula funds'' means the formula allocation funds

distributed to eligible institutions under sections 3221 and 3222

of this title.

(b) Determination of non-Federal sources of funds

Not later than September 30, 1999, each eligible institution

shall submit to the Secretary a report describing for fiscal year

1999 -

(1) the sources of non-Federal funds made available by the

State to the eligible institution for agricultural research,

extension, and education to meet the requirements of this

section; and

(2) the amount of such funds generally available from each

source.

(c) Matching formula

Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, for each

of fiscal years 2003 through 2007, the State shall provide matching

funds from non-Federal sources. Such matching funds shall be for

an amount equal to not less than -

(1) 60 percent of the formula funds to be distributed to the

eligible institution for fiscal year 2003;

(2) 70 percent of the formula funds to be distributed to the

eligible institution for fiscal year 2004;

(3) 80 percent of the formula funds to be distributed to the

eligible institution for fiscal year 2005;

(4) 90 percent of the formula funds to be distributed to the

eligible institution for fiscal year 2006; and

(5) 100 percent of the formula funds to be distributed to the

eligible institution for fiscal year 2007 and each fiscal year

thereafter.

(d) Waiver authority

Notwithstanding subsection (f) of this section, the Secretary may

waive the matching funds requirement under subsection (c) of this

section above the 50 percent level for any fiscal year for an

eligible institution of a State if the Secretary determines that

the State will be unlikely to satisfy the matching requirement.

(e) Use of matching funds

Under terms and conditions established by the Secretary, matching

funds provided as required by subsection (c) of this section may be

used by an eligible institution for agricultural research,

extension, and education activities.

(f) Redistribution of funds

(1) Redistribution required

Federal funds that are not matched by a State in accordance

with subsection (c) of this section for a fiscal year shall be

redistributed by the Secretary to eligible institutions whose

States have satisfied the matching funds requirement for that

fiscal year.

(2) Administration

Any redistribution of funds under this subsection shall be

subject to the applicable matching requirement specified in

subsection (c) of this section and shall be made in a manner

consistent with sections 3221 and 3222 of this title, as

determined by the Secretary.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1449, as added Pub. L. 105-185,

title II, Sec. 226(a), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 542; amended Pub.

L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7212, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 447.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Act of August 30, 1890, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), is act

Aug. 30, 1890, ch. 841, 26 Stat. 417, as amended, popularly known

as the Agricultural College Act of 1890 and also as the Second

Morrill Act, which is classified generally to subchapter II (Sec.

321 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 321 of this title and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7212(1), reenacted

heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to

amendment, text read as follows: ''Notwithstanding any other

provision of this subchapter, the distribution of formula funds to

an eligible institution shall be subject to the following matching

requirements:

''(1) For fiscal year 2000, the State shall provide matching

funds from non-Federal sources in an amount equal to not less

than 30 percent of the formula funds to be distributed to the

eligible institution.

''(2) For fiscal year 2001, the State shall provide matching

funds from non-Federal sources in an amount equal to not less

than 45 percent of the formula funds to be distributed to the

eligible institution.

''(3) For fiscal year 2002 and each fiscal year thereafter, the

State shall provide matching funds from non-Federal sources in an

amount equal to not less than 50 percent of the formula funds to

be distributed to the eligible institution.''

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7212(2), amended heading and

text of subsec. (d) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as

follows:

''(1) Fiscal year 2000. - Notwithstanding subsection (f) of this

section, the Secretary may waive the matching funds requirement

under subsection (c)(1) of this section for fiscal year 2000 for an

eligible institution of a State if the Secretary determines that,

based on the report received under subsection (b) of this section,

the State will be unlikely to satisfy the matching requirement.

''(2) Future fiscal years. - The Secretary may not waive the

matching requirement under subsection (c) of this section for any

fiscal year other than fiscal year 2000.''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3223 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VI - 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE FUNDING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3223. Grants for acquisition and improvement of research

facilities and equipment

-STATUTE-

(a) Eligible institutions; statement of purposes

It is hereby declared to be the intent of Congress to assist the

institutions eligible to receive funds under the Act of August 30,

1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.), including Tuskegee Institute

(hereinafter referred to in this section as ''eligible

institutions''), in the acquisition and improvement of research

facilities and equipment, including agricultural libraries, so that

eligible institutions may participate fully with the State

agricultural experiment stations in a balanced attack on the

research needs of the people of their States.

(b) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of

Agriculture for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this

section $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September

30, 1982, September 30, 1983, September 30, 1984, September 30,

1985, September 30, 1986, and September 30, 1987, such sums to

remain available until expended.

(c) Allocation of funds

Four per centum of the sums appropriated pursuant to this section

shall be available to the Secretary for administration of this

grants program. The remaining funds shall be available for grants

to the eligible institutions for the purpose of assisting them in

the purchase of equipment and land, and the planning, construction,

alteration, or renovation of buildings to strengthen their capacity

to conduct research in the food and agricultural sciences.

(d) Amount, terms, and conditions

Grants awarded pursuant to this section shall be made in such

amounts and under such terms and conditions as the Secretary shall

determine necessary for carrying out the purposes of this section.

(e) Restrictions

Federal funds provided under this section may not be utilized for

the payment of any overhead costs of the eligible institutions.

(f) Rules and regulations

The Secretary may promulgate such rules and regulations as the

Secretary may deem necessary to carry out the provisions of this

section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1433, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1312;

Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1433, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1557.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Act of August 30, 1890, referred to in subsec. (a), is act Aug.

30, 1890, ch. 841, 26 Stat. 417, as amended, popularly known as the

Agricultural College Act of 1890 and also as the Second Morrill

Act, which is classified generally to subchapter II (Sec. 321 et

seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

321 of this title and Tables.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Agriculture and Food Act of

1981, and not as part of the National Agricultural Research

Extension and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 which comprises this

chapter.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1985 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1432(a), inserted '',

including agricultural libraries,'' after ''equipment''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1432(b), authorized

appropriations for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1987.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section 1801 of Pub. L.

97-98, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3224 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VI - 1890 LAND-GRANT COLLEGE FUNDING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3224. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 873, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1175; Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 606(g),

June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 604

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1416, Dec. 23, 1985, 99

Stat. 1549; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(d)(1), Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3704, provided for grants to upgrade 1890

land-grant college extension facilities.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 606(g), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

604, provided that the technical amendment made by section 606(g)

to section 873 of Pub. L. 104-127, which repealed this section, is

effective Apr. 6, 1996.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER VII - PROGRAMS FOR HISPANIC, ALASKA

NATIVE, AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN SERVING

INSTITUTIONS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VII - PROGRAMS FOR HISPANIC, ALASKA NATIVE, AND NATIVE

HAWAIIAN SERVING INSTITUTIONS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER VII - PROGRAMS FOR HISPANIC, ALASKA NATIVE, AND NATIVE

HAWAIIAN SERVING INSTITUTIONS

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior subchapter VII, consisting of parts A (Sec. 3241), B

(Sec. 3251, 3252), C (Sec. 3261 to 3263), D (Sec. 3271), and E

(Sec. 3281, 3282), related to solar energy research and

development, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec.

1601(f)(1)(D), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3704.

Section 3241, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1449, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1012, related to farm and forest uses of solar

energy and nonrenewable fuel and petrochemical substitutes.

Section 3251, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1450, Sept. 20,

1977, 91 Stat. 1012, provided for a solar energy research

information system.

Section 3252, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1451, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1013, provided for assistance from an advisory

committee respecting functions of Secretary on model farms and

demonstration projects.

Section 3261, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1452, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1013, provided for model farms.

Section 3262, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1453, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1014, provided for demonstration projects.

Section 3263, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1454, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1015; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1434, Dec. 22,

1981, 95 Stat. 1312, authorized appropriation of funds.

Section 3271, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1455, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1015, provided for establishment of regional solar

energy research, development, and demonstration centers.

Section 3281, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1456, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1015, authorized appropriation of funds.

Section 3282, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1457, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1015; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1435, Dec. 22,

1981, 95 Stat. 1313, defined ''solar energy''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3241 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VII - PROGRAMS FOR HISPANIC, ALASKA NATIVE, AND NATIVE

HAWAIIAN SERVING INSTITUTIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3241. Education grants programs for Hispanic-serving

institutions

-STATUTE-

(a) Grant authority

The Secretary may make competitive grants (or grants without

regard to any requirement for competition) to Hispanic-serving

institutions for the purpose of promoting and strengthening the

ability of Hispanic-serving institutions to carry out education,

applied research, and related community development programs.

(b) Use of grant funds

Grants made under this section shall be used -

(1) to support the activities of consortia of Hispanic-serving

institutions to enhance educational equity for underrepresented

students;

(2) to strengthen institutional educational capacities,

including libraries, curriculum, faculty, scientific

instrumentation, instruction delivery systems, and student

recruitment and retention, in order to respond to identified

State, regional, national, or international educational needs in

the food and agricultural sciences;

(3) to attract and support undergraduate and graduate students

from underrepresented groups in order to prepare them for careers

related to the food, agricultural, and natural resource systems

of the United States, beginning with the mentoring of students at

the high school level and continuing with the provision of

financial support for students through their attainment of a

doctoral degree; and

(4) to facilitate cooperative initiatives between 2 or more

Hispanic-serving institutions, or between Hispanic-serving

institutions and units of State government or the private sector,

to maximize the development and use of resources, such as

faculty, facilities, and equipment, to improve food and

agricultural sciences teaching programs.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to make grants under this

section $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1997 through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1455, as added Pub. L. 104-127,

title VIII, Sec. 815(a), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1166; amended Pub.

L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 301(a)(11), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

562; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7111, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

433.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

For prior section 3241 and prior section 1455 of Pub. L. 95-113,

see note set out preceding this section.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''each of fiscal

years 1997 through 2002'' for ''fiscal year 1997''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3242 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VII - PROGRAMS FOR HISPANIC, ALASKA NATIVE, AND NATIVE

HAWAIIAN SERVING INSTITUTIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3242. Education grants to Alaska Native serving institutions

and Native Hawaiian serving institutions

-STATUTE-

(a) Education grants program for Alaska Native serving institutions

(1) Grant authority

The Secretary of Agriculture may make competitive grants (or

grants without regard to any requirement for competition) to

Alaska Native serving institutions for the purpose of promoting

and strengthening the ability of Alaska Native serving

institutions to carry out education, applied research, and

related community development programs.

(2) Use of grant funds

Grants made under this section shall be used -

(A) to support the activities of consortia of Alaska Native

serving institutions to enhance educational equity for under

represented students;

(B) to strengthen institutional educational capacities,

including libraries, curriculum, faculty, scientific

instrumentation, instruction delivery systems, and student

recruitment and retention, in order to respond to identified

State, regional, national, or international educational needs

in the food and agriculture sciences;

(C) to attract and support undergraduate and graduate

students from under represented groups in order to prepare them

for careers related to the food, agricultural, and natural

resource systems of the United States, beginning with the

mentoring of students at the high school level including by

village elders and continuing with the provision of financial

support for students through their attainment of a doctoral

degree; and

(D) to facilitate cooperative initiatives between two or more

Alaska Native serving institutions, or between Alaska Native

serving institutions and units of State government or the

private sector, to maximize the development and use of

resources, such as faculty, facilities, and equipment, to

improve food and agricultural sciences teaching programs.

(3) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to make grants under

this subsection $10,000,000 in fiscal years 2001 through 2006.

(b) Education grants program for Native Hawaiian serving

institutions

(1) Grant authority

The Secretary of Agriculture may make competitive grants (or

grants without regard to any requirement for competition) to

Native Hawaiian serving institutions for the purpose of promoting

and strengthening the ability of Native Hawaiian serving

institutions to carry out education, applied research, and

related community development programs.

(2) Use of grant funds

Grants made under this section shall be used -

(A) to support the activities of consortia of Native Hawaiian

serving institutions to enhance educational equity for under

represented students;

(B) to strengthen institutional educational capacities,

including libraries, curriculum, faculty, scientific

instrumentation, instruction delivery systems, and student

recruitment and retention, in order to respond to identified

State, regional, national, or international educational needs

in the food and agriculture sciences;

(C) to attract and support undergraduate and graduate

students from under represented groups in order to prepare them

for careers related to the food, agricultural, and natural

resource systems of the United States, beginning with the

mentoring of students at the high school level and continuing

with the provision of financial support for students through

their attainment of a doctoral degree; and

(D) to facilitate cooperative initiatives between two or more

Native Hawaiian serving institutions, or between Native

Hawaiian serving institutions and units of State government or

the private sector, to maximize the development and use of

resources, such as faculty, facilities, and equipment, to

improve food and agricultural sciences teaching programs.

(3) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to make grants under

this subsection $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 through

2006.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-78, title VII, Sec. 759, Oct. 22, 1999, 113 Stat.

1172.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Agriculture, Rural

Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies

Appropriations Act, 2000, and not as part of the National

Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977

which comprises this chapter.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER VIII - INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND TEACHING 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VIII - INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER VIII - INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3291 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VIII - INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3291. International agricultural research, extension, and

teaching

-STATUTE-

(a) Authority of Secretary

To carry out the policy of this subchapter, the Secretary (in

consultation with the Agency for International Development and

subject to such coordination with other Federal officials,

Departments, and agencies as the President may direct) may -

(1) expand the operational coordination of the Department of

Agriculture with institutions and other persons throughout the

world performing agricultural and related research, extension,

and teaching activities by -

(A) exchanging research materials and results with the

institutions or persons; and

(B) conducting with the institutions or persons joint or

coordinated research, extension, and teaching activities that

address problems of significance to food and agriculture in the

United States;

(2) enter into cooperative arrangements with Departments and

Ministries of Agriculture in other nations to conduct research,

extension, and teaching activities in support of the development

of a viable and sustainable global agricultural system, including

efforts to establish a global system for plant genetic resources

conservation;

(3) enter into agreements with land-grant colleges and

universities, the Agency for International Development, and

international organizations (such as the United Nations, World

Bank, regional development banks, the International Agricultural

Research Center), or other organizations, institutions or

individuals with comparable goals, to promote and support the

development of a viable and sustainable global agricultural

system;

(4) further develop within the Department highly qualified and

experienced science and education experts who specialize in

international programs, to be available to carry out the

activities described in this section;

(5) work with transitional and more advanced countries in food,

agricultural, and related research, development, teaching, and

extension (including providing technical assistance, training,

and advice to persons from the countries engaged in the

activities and the stationing of scientists and other specialists

at national and international institutions in the countries);

(6) expand collaboration and coordination with the Agency for

International Development regarding food and agricultural

research, extension, and teaching programs in developing

countries;

(7) assist colleges and universities in strengthening their

capabilities for food, agricultural, and related research,

extension, and teaching programs relevant to agricultural

development activities in other countries through -

(A) the provision of support to State universities and

land-grant colleges and universities to do collaborative

research with other countries on issues relevant to United

States agricultural competitiveness;

(B) the provision of support for cooperative extension

education in global agriculture and to promote the application

of new technology developed in foreign countries to United

States agriculture; and

(C) the provision of support for the internationalization of

resident instruction programs of the universities and colleges

described in subparagraph (A);

(8) continue, in cooperation with the Secretary of State, a

program, coordinated through the International Arid Land

Consortium, to enhance collaboration and cooperation between

institutions possessing research, extension, and teaching

capabilities applied to the development, management, and

reclamation of arid lands;

(9) make competitive grants for collaborative projects that -

(A) involve Federal scientists or scientists from land-grant

colleges and universities or other colleges and universities

with scientists at international agricultural research centers

in other nations, including the international agricultural

research centers of the Consultative Group on International

Agriculture Research;

(B) focus on developing and using new technologies and

programs for -

(i) increasing the production of food and fiber, while

safeguarding the environment worldwide and enhancing the

global competitiveness of United States agriculture; or

(ii) training scientists;

(C) are mutually beneficial to the United States and other

countries; and

(D) encourage private sector involvement and the leveraging

of private sector funds; and

(10) establish a program, to be coordinated by the Cooperative

State Research, Education, and Extension Service and the Foreign

Agricultural Service, to place interns from United States

colleges and universities at Foreign Agricultural Service field

offices overseas.

(b) Enhancing linkages

The Secretary shall draw upon and enhance the resources of the

land-grant colleges and universities, and other colleges and

universities, for developing linkages among these institutions, the

Federal Government, international research centers, and counterpart

research, extension, and teaching agencies and institutions in both

the developed and less-developed countries to serve the purposes of

agriculture and the economy of the United States and to make a

substantial contribution to the cause of improved food and

agricultural progress throughout the world.

(c) Provision of specialized or technical services

The Secretary may provide specialized or technical services, on

an advance of funds or a reimbursable basis, to United States

colleges and universities and other nongovernmental organizations

carrying out international food, agricultural, and related

research, extension, and teaching development projects and

activities. All funds received in payment for furnishing such

specialized or technical services shall be deposited to the credit

of the appropriation from which the cost of providing such services

has been paid or is to be charged.

(d) Reports

The Secretary shall provide biennial reports to the Committee on

Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on

Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate on efforts of

the Federal Government -

(1) to coordinate international agricultural research within

the Federal Government; and

(2) to more effectively link the activities of domestic and

international agricultural researchers, particularly researchers

of the Agricultural Research Service.

(e) Full payment of funds made available for certain binational

projects

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the full amount of

any funds appropriated or otherwise made available to carry out

cooperative projects under the arrangement entered into between the

Secretary and the Government of Israel to support the Israel-United

States Binational Agricultural Research and Development Fund shall

be paid directly to the Fund.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1458, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1015; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1436, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1313; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1418, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1550; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1613(a), (b), (d)(1), Nov.

28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3724, 3726; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec.

402(11), Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1863; Pub. L. 104-127, title

VIII, Sec. 816, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1167; Pub. L. 105-185,

title II, Sec. 227(a)-(d), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 543-545; Pub.

L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7209(c), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 445.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a)(10). Pub. L. 107-171 added par. (10).

1998 - Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(a)(1), substituted ''research,

extension, and teaching'' for ''research and extension'' in section

catchline.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(a)(2)(A)(i),

substituted ''related research, extension, and teaching'' for

''related research and extension'' in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(1)(B). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(a)(2)(A)(ii),

substituted ''research, extension, and teaching activities that

address'' for ''research and extension on''.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(a)(2)(B), substituted

''teaching'' for ''education''.

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(a)(2)(C), substituted

''science and education experts'' for ''scientists and experts''.

Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(a)(2)(D), inserted

''teaching,'' after ''development,''.

Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(a)(2)(B), substituted

''teaching'' for ''education''.

Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(a)(2)(E), substituted

''research, extension, and teaching programs'' for ''research and

extension that is''.

Subsec. (a)(8). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(a)(2)(F), substituted

''research, extension, and teaching capabilities'' for ''research

capabilities''.

Subsec. (a)(9). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(b), added par. (9).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(a)(3), substituted

''counterpart research, extension, and teaching agencies'' for

''counterpart agencies''.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(c), added subsec. (d).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 227(d), added subsec. (e).

1996 - Subsec. (a)(8). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''continue''

for ''establish'' after ''(8)'' and struck out ''to be'' before

''coordinated''.

1991 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted a semicolon

for period at end.

1990 - Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1613(d)(1)(A), inserted section

catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1613(a), amended subsec. (a)

generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) read as follows: ''The

Secretary, subject to such coordination with other Federal

officials, departments, and agencies as the President may direct,

is authorized to -

''(1) expand the operational coordination of the Department of

Agriculture with institutions and other persons throughout the

world performing agricultural and related research and extension

activities by exchanging research materials and results with such

institutions or persons and by conducting with such institutions

or persons joint or coordinated research and extension on

problems of significance to food and agriculture in the United

States;

''(2) assist the Agency for International Development with

food, agricultural, research and extension programs in developing

countries;

''(3) work with developed and transitional countries on food,

agricultural and related research and extension, including

providing technical assistance, training, and advice to persons

from such countries engaged in such activities and the stationing

of scientists at national and international institutions in such

countries;

''(4) assist United States colleges and universities in

strengthening their capabilities for food, agricultural, and

related research and extension relevant to agricultural

development activities in other countries through the development

of highly qualified scientists with specialization in

international development; and

''(5) further develop within the Department of Agriculture

highly qualified and experienced scientists who specialize in

international programs, to be available for the activities

described in this section.''

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1613(d)(1)(B), inserted

heading.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1613(b), (d)(1)(C), inserted

heading and ''and other nongovernmental organizations'' after

''universities''.

1985 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 99-198 substituted ''providing

technical assistance, training, and advice to'' for ''the training

of''.

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 99-198 inserted ''through the development

of highly qualified scientists with specialization in international

development'' after ''countries''.

1981 - Pub. L. 97-98 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a), inserted provisions authorizing Secretary to work with

transitional countries as well as developed countries on

agricultural research and extension and establishing that

agricultural research includes food, agricultural, and related

research, and added subsecs. (b) and (c).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Subchapter effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 of Pub. L.

95-113, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under

section 1307 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3292 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VIII - INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3292. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 856, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1172

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1458A, as added Pub. L.

99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1419(a), Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1550;

amended Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1613(c), (d)(2), Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3726, related to grants to States for international

trade development centers.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3292a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VIII - INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3292a. United States-Mexico joint agricultural research

-STATUTE-

(a) Research and development program

The Secretary may provide for an agricultural research and

development program with the George E. Brown United States/Mexico

Foundation for Science. The program shall focus on binational

problems facing agricultural producers and consumers in the 2

countries, in particular pressing problems in the areas of food

safety, plant and animal pest control, and the natural resources

base on which agriculture depends.

(b) Administration

Grants under the research and development program shall be

awarded competitively through the Foundation.

(c) Matching requirements

The provision of funds to the Foundation by the United States

Government shall be subject to the condition that the Government of

Mexico match, on at least a dollar-for-dollar basis, any funds

provided by the United States Government.

(d) Limitation on use of funds

Funds provided under this section may not be used for the

planning, repair, rehabilitation, acquisition, or construction of a

building or facility.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1459, as added Pub. L. 105-185,

title II, Sec. 228, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 545; amended Pub. L.

106-74, title IV, Sec. 423, Oct. 20, 1999, 113 Stat. 1095.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 1459 of Pub. L. 95-113 was classified to section

3301 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99-198.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

''George E. Brown United States/Mexico Foundation for Science''

substituted in subsec. (a) for ''United States/Mexico Foundation

for Science'' pursuant to section 423 of Pub. L. 106-74, set out

below.

Pub. L. 106-74, title IV, Sec. 423, Oct. 20, 1999, 113 Stat.

1095, provided in part: ''That the United States/Mexico Foundation

for Science is renamed the 'George E. Brown United States/Mexico

Foundation for Science'.''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3292b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VIII - INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3292b. Competitive grants for international agricultural

science and education programs

-STATUTE-

(a) Competitive grants authorized

The Secretary may make competitive grants to colleges and

universities in order to strengthen United States economic

competitiveness and to promote international market development.

(b) Purpose of grants

Grants under this section shall be directed to agricultural

research, extension, and teaching activities that will -

(1) enhance the international content of the curricula in

colleges and universities so as to ensure that United States

students acquire an understanding of the international dimensions

and trade implications of their studies;

(2) ensure that United States scientists, extension agents, and

educators involved in agricultural research and development

activities outside of the United States have the opportunity to

convey the implications of their activities and findings to their

peers and students in the United States and to the users of

agricultural research, extension, and teaching;

(3) enhance the capabilities of colleges and universities to do

collaborative research with other countries, in cooperation with

other Federal agencies, on issues relevant to United States

agricultural competitiveness;

(4) enhance the capabilities of colleges and universities to

provide cooperative extension education to promote the

application of new technology developed in foreign countries to

United States agriculture; and

(5) enhance the capability of United States colleges and

universities, in cooperation with other Federal agencies, to

provide leadership and educational programs that will assist

United States natural resources and food production, processing,

and distribution businesses and industries to compete

internationally, including product market identification,

international policies limiting or enhancing market production,

development of new or enhancement of existing markets, and

production efficiencies.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999

through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1459A, as added Pub. L. 105-185,

title II, Sec. 229, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 545; amended Pub. L.

107-171, title VII, Sec. 7112, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 433.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3293 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VIII - INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3293. Agricultural fellowship program for middle income

countries, emerging democracies, and emerging markets

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a fellowship program

for, (FOOTNOTE 1) to be known as the ''Cochran Fellowship

Program'', to provide fellowships to individuals from eligible

countries (as determined under subsection (b) of this section) who

specialize in agriculture for study in the United States.

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. The word ''for'' probably should

not appear.

(b) Eligible countries

Countries described in any of the following paragraphs shall be

eligible to participate in the program established under this

section:

(1) Middle-income country

A country that has developed economically to the point where it

no longer qualifies for bilateral foreign aid assistance from the

United States because its per capita income level exceeds the

eligibility requirements of such assistance programs (hereafter

referred to in this section as a ''middle-income'' country).

(2) Ongoing relationship

A middle-income country that has never qualified for bilateral

foreign aid assistance from the United States, but with respect

to which an ongoing relationship with the United States,

including technical assistance and training, would provide mutual

benefits to such country and the United States.

(3) Type of government

A country that has recently begun the transformation of its

system of government from a non-representative type of government

to a representative democracy and that is encouraging democratic

institution building, and the cultural values, institutions, and

organizations of democratic pluralism.

(4) Independent states of the former Soviet Union

A country that is an independent state of the former Soviet

Union (as defined in section 5602(8) of this title), to the

extent that the Secretary of Agriculture determines that such

country should be eligible to participate in the program

established under this section.

(5) Emerging market

Any emerging market, as defined in section 1542(f).

(c) Purpose of fellowships

Fellowships under this section shall be provided to permit the

recipients to gain knowledge and skills that will -

(1) assist eligible countries to develop agricultural systems

necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic

populations; and

(2) strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible

countries and agricultural interests in the United States.

(d) Individuals who may receive fellowships

The Secretary shall utilize the expertise of United States

agricultural counselors, trade officers, and commodity trade

promotion groups working in participating countries to help

identify program candidates for fellowships under this section from

both the public and private sectors of those countries. The

Secretary may provide fellowships under the program authorized by

this section to private agricultural producers from eligible

countries.

(e) Program implementation

The Secretary shall consult with other United States Government

agencies, United States universities, and the private agribusiness

sector, as appropriate, to design and administer training programs

to accomplish the objectives of the program established under this

section.

(f) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated without fiscal year

limitation such sums as may be necessary to carry out the program

established under this section, except that the amount of such

funds in any fiscal year shall not exceed -

(1) for eligible countries that meet the requirements of

subsection (b)(1) of this section, $3,000,000;

(2) for eligible countries that meet the requirements of

subsection (b)(2) of this section, $2,000,000; and

(3) for eligible countries that meet the requirements of

subsection (b)(3) of this section, $5,000,000.

(g) Complementary funds

If the Secretary of Agriculture determines that it is advisable

in furtherance of the purposes of the program established under

this section, the Secretary may accept money, funds, property, and

services of every kind by gift, devise, bequest, grant, or

otherwise, and may, in any manner, dispose of all such holdings and

use the receipts generated from such disposition as general program

funds under this section. All funds so designated for the program

established under this section shall remain available until

expended.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XV, Sec. 1543, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3694; Pub. L. 102-237, title X, Sec. 1002, Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat.

1894; Pub. L. 102-511, title VII, Sec. 705, Oct. 24, 1992, 106

Stat. 3349; Pub. L. 104-127, title II, Sec. 277(b), Apr. 4, 1996,

110 Stat. 978.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 1542(f), referred to in subsec. (b)(5), is section

1542(f) of Pub. L. 101-624, which is set out as a note under

section 5622 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Agricultural Development and

Trade Act of 1990, and also as part of the Food, Agriculture,

Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, and not as part of the

National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act

of 1977 which comprises this chapter.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 277(b)(1), in section catchline,

substituted ''middle income countries, emerging democracies, and

emerging markets'' for ''middle income countries and emerging

democracies''.

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 277(b)(2), added par. (5).

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 277(b)(3), substituted

''food and fiber needs'' for ''food needs''.

1992 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102-511, Sec. 705(a)(1), struck out

''middle income countries and emerging democracies'' after

''fellowship program for'' and inserted ''(as determined under

subsection (b) of this section)'' after ''eligible countries''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102-511, Sec. 705(a)(2), substituted

''described in any of the following paragraphs'' for ''that meet

the following requirements'' in introductory provisions and added

par. (4).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102-511, Sec. 705(b), inserted at end ''The

Secretary may provide fellowships under the program authorized by

this section to private agricultural producers from eligible

countries.''

1991 - Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''program'' for

''Program''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5679 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3294 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER VIII - INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

-HEAD-

Sec. 3294. Center For North American Studies

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a center, to be

known as the Center For North American Studies, whose primary

purpose shall be to promote better agricultural relationships among

Canada, Mexico, and the United States through cooperative study,

training, and research.

(b) Location

The Institute shall be located at an institution of higher

education or at a consortium of such institutions.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

To carry out this section, there are authorized to be

appropriated $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1994 and such sums as may

necessary for each of fiscal years 1995 and 1996.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-532, Sec. 4, Oct. 27, 1992, 106 Stat. 3512.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Enterprise for the Americas

Initiative Act of 1992, and not as part of the National

Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977

which comprises this chapter.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER IX - STUDIES 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IX - STUDIES

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER IX - STUDIES

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3301 to 3304 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER IX - STUDIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3301 to 3304. Repealed. Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1421,

Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1552

-MISC1-

Section 3301, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1459, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1016, required Secretary of Agriculture to transmit

to Congress, not later than March 31, 1979, an evaluation of

economic and social consequences of programs of Extension Service

and cooperative extension services.

Section 3302, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1460, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1016, required Secretary to conduct a comprehensive

study of effects of changing climate and weather on crop and

livestock productivity and submit a report, with recommendations,

to President and Congress within twelve months after Sept. 29,

1977.

Section 3303, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1461, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1016, required Secretary to conduct, and, within

twelve months after September 29, 1977, submit to President and

Congress a report containing results of and Secretary's

recommendations concerning an investigation and analysis of

practicability, desirability, and feasibility of collecting organic

waste materials.

Section 3304, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1462, Sept. 29,

1977, 91 Stat. 1017, required Secretary to conduct a comprehensive

study of status and future needs of agricultural research

facilities and, within fourteen months after September 29, 1977,

submit to President and Congress a report on this study, with

recommendations.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS

PROVISIONS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3310 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3310. Limitation on indirect costs for agricultural research,

education, and extension programs

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

Except as otherwise provided in law, indirect costs charged

against a competitive agricultural research, education, or

extension grant awarded under this Act or any other Act pursuant to

authority delegated to the Under Secretary of Agriculture for

Research, Education, and Economics shall not exceed 19 percent of

the total Federal funds provided under the grant award, as

determined by the Secretary.

(b) Exception

Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to a grant awarded

competitively under section 638 of title 15.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1462, as added Pub. L. 105-185,

title II, Sec. 230(a), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 546; amended Pub.

L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7222, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 454.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 1462 of Pub. L. 95-113 was classified to section

3304 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99-198.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-171 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a), inserted heading, and added subsec. (b).

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3310a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3310a. Research equipment grants

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary may make competitive grants for the acquisition of

special purpose scientific research equipment for use in the food

and agricultural sciences programs of eligible institutions

described in subsection (b) of this section.

(b) Eligible institutions

The Secretary may make a grant under this section to -

(1) a college or university; or

(2) a State cooperative institution.

(c) Maximum amount

The amount of a grant made to an eligible institution under this

section may not exceed $500,000.

(d) Prohibition on charge of equipment as indirect costs

The cost of acquisition or depreciation of equipment purchased

with a grant under this section shall not be -

(1) charged as an indirect cost against another Federal grant;

or

(2) included as part of the indirect cost pool for purposes of

calculating the indirect cost rate of an eligible institution.

(e) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section

such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2002 through

2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1462A, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7402, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 456.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3311 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3311. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

(a) Existing programs

Notwithstanding any authorization for appropriations for

agricultural research in any Act enacted prior to September 29,

1977, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the

purposes of carrying out the provisions of this chapter, except

sections 3152, 3154, and 2669 of this title, and the competitive

grants program provided for in section 450i of this title, and

except that the authorization for moneys provided under the Act of

March 2, 1887 (24 Stat. 440-442, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 361a-361i),

is excluded and is provided for in subsection (b) of this section,

such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 1991 through

2007.

(b) Agricultural research at State agricultural experiment stations

Notwithstanding any authorization for appropriations for

agricultural research at State agricultural experiment stations in

any Act enacted prior to September 29, 1977, there are authorized

to be appropriated for the purpose of conducting agricultural

research at State agricultural experiment stations pursuant to the

Act of March 2, 1887 (24 Stat. 440-442, as amended; 7 U.S.C.

361a-361i), such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years

1991 through 2007.

(c) Funding requirements for programs

Notwithstanding any other provision of law effective beginning

October 1, 1983, not less than 25 per centum of the total funds

appropriated to the Secretary in any fiscal year for the conduct of

the cooperative research program provided for under the Act of

March 2, 1887, commonly known as the Hatch Act (7 U.S.C 361a et

seq.); the cooperative forestry research program provided for under

the Act of October 10, 1962, commonly known as the McIntire-Stennis

Act (16 U.S.C. 582a et seq.); the special and competitive grants

programs provided for in sections 2(b) and 2(c) of the Act of

August 4, 1965 (7 U.S.C. 450i); the animal health research program

provided for under sections 3195 and 3196 of this title; the native

latex research program provided for in the Native Latex

Commercialization and Economic Development Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C.

178 et seq.); and the research provided for under various statutes

for which funds are appropriated under the Agricultural Research

heading or a successor heading, shall be appropriated for research

at State agricultural experiment stations pursuant to the provision

of the Act of March 2, 1887.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1463, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1017; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1437, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1314; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1422, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1552; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(b)(3), Nov. 28, 1990,

104 Stat. 3703; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 402(12), Dec. 13,

1991, 105 Stat. 1863; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 817,

884(d), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1167, 1179; Pub. L. 105-185, title

III, Sec. 301(a)(12), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 562; Pub. L.

107-171, title VII, Sec. 7113, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 433.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For definition of ''this chapter'', referred to in subsec. (a),

see note set out under section 3102 of this title.

Act of March 2, 1887, referred to in text, is act Mar. 2, 1887,

ch. 314, 24 Stat. 440, as amended, popularly known as the Hatch Act

of 1887, which is classified generally to sections 361a to 361i of

this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Short Title note set out under section 361a of this title and

Tables.

Act of October 10, 1962, referred to in subsec. (c), is Pub. L.

87-788, Oct. 10, 1962, 76 Stat. 806, as amended, known as the

McIntire-Stennis Act of 1962, which is classified generally to

subchapter III (Sec. 582a et seq.) of chapter 3 of Title 16,

Conservation. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Tables.

The Native Latex Commercialization and Economic Development Act

of 1978, referred to in subsec. (c), is Pub. L. 95-592, Nov. 4,

1978, 92 Stat. 2529, as amended, which, as amended by Pub. L.

98-284, May 16, 1984, 98 Stat. 181, is known as the Critical

Agricultural Materials Act and is classified principally to

subchapter II (Sec. 178 et seq.) of chapter 8A of this title. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title

note set out under section 178 of this title and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7113(1), substituted

''such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 1991

through 2007'' for ''$850,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991

through 2002''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7113(2), substituted ''such

sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 1991 through

2007'' for ''$310,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991 through

2002''.

1998 - Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''2002''

for ''1997''.

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 884(d), struck out

''390 to 390j,'' before ''3152, 3154''.

Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 817, substituted ''1997'' for ''1995''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 817, substituted ''1997'' for

''1995''.

1991 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102-237 struck out ''subchapter VII

of this chapter and'' after ''chapter, except''.

1990 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1601(b)(3)(A),

substituted ''$850,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991

through 1995'' for ''$600,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1986, $610,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1987, $620,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1988, $630,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1989, and $640,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1990.''

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1601(b)(3)(B), substituted

''$310,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 1995'' for

''$270,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1986,

$280,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1987,

$290,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1988,

$300,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1989, and

$310,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1990.''

1985 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1422(a), substituted

''$600,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1986,

$610,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1987,

$620,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1988,

$630,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1989, and

$640,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1990'' for

''$505,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978,

$575,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979,

$645,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1980,

$715,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981,

$780,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1982,

$780,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1983,

$835,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984, and

$890,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985, and not

in excess of such sums as may after the date of enactment of this

title be authorized by law for any subsequent fiscal year''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1422(b), substituted

''$270,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1986,

$280,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1987,

$290,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1988,

$300,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1989, and

$310,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1990'' for

''$120,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1978,

$145,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979,

$170,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1980,

$195,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981,

$220,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1982,

$230,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1983,

$240,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1984, and

$250,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985, and not

in excess of such sums as may after September 29, 1977 be

authorized by law for any subsequent fiscal year''.

1981 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1437(1), inserted

provisions authorizing appropriations of $780,000,000 for fiscal

year ending Sept. 30, 1983, $835,000,000 for fiscal year ending

Sept. 30, 1984, and $890,000,000 for fiscal year ending Sept. 30,

1985.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1437(2), inserted provisions

authorizing appropriations of $230,000,000 for fiscal year ending

Sept. 30, 1983, $240,000,000 for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1984,

and $250,000,000 for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1985.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1437(3), added subsec. (c).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1985 AMENDMENT

Section 1422(a) and (b) of Pub. L. 99-198 provided that the

amendments made by that section are effective Oct. 1, 1985.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Subchapter effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section 1901 of Pub. L.

95-113, set out as an Effective Date of 1977 Amendment note under

section 1307 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3312 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3312. Authorization of appropriations for extension education

-STATUTE-

Notwithstanding any authorization for appropriations for the

Cooperative Extension Service in any Act enacted prior to September

29, 1977, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the

purposes of carrying out the extension programs of the Department

of Agriculture such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal

years 1991 through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1464, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1018; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1438, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat.

1314; Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1423, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1552; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(b)(4), Nov. 28, 1990,

104 Stat. 3703; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 818, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1167; Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 301(a)(13),

June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 562; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec.

7114, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 433.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''such sums as may be

necessary for each of fiscal years 1991 through 2007'' for

''$420,000,000 for fiscal year 1991, $430,000,000 for fiscal year

1992, $440,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, $450,000,000 for fiscal

year 1994, and $460,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1995 through

2002''.

1998 - Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''2002'' for ''1997''.

1996 - Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''each of fiscal years 1995

through 1997'' for ''fiscal year 1995''.

1990 - Pub. L. 101-624 substituted ''$420,000,000 for fiscal year

1991, $430,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, $440,000,000 for fiscal

year 1993, $450,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, and $460,000,000 for

fiscal year 1995'' for ''$370,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1986, $380,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1987, $390,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1988, $400,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1989, and $420,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1990.''

1985 - Pub. L. 99-198 substituted ''$370,000,000 for the fiscal

year ending September 30, 1986, $380,000,000 for the fiscal year

ending September 30, 1987, $390,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1988, $400,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1989, and $420,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1990'' for ''$260,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1978, $280,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1979, $300,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1980, $320,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1981, $350,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1982, $360,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1983, $370,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1984, and $380,000,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1985, and not in excess of such sums as may after

September 29, 1977, be authorized by law for any subsequent fiscal

year''.

1981 - Pub. L. 97-98 inserted provisions authorizing

appropriations of $360,000,000 for fiscal year ending Sept. 30,

1983, $370,000,000 for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1984, and

$380,000,000 for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1985.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1985 AMENDMENT

Section 1423 of Pub. L. 99-198 provided that the amendment made

by that section is effective Oct. 1, 1985.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3313 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3313. Payment of funds

-STATUTE-

Except as provided elsewhere in this Act or any other Act of

Congress, funds available for allotment under this chapter shall be

paid to each eligible institution or State at such time and in such

amounts as shall be determined by the Secretary.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1467, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1018.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For definition of ''this chapter'', referred to in text, see note

set out under section 3102 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3314 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3314. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-185, title I, Sec. 103(f)(3)(C),

June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 528

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1468, Sept. 29, 1977, 91

Stat. 1018, related to withholding of funds if Secretary determines

institution or State is not entitled to allotment under this

chapter.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3315 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3315. Auditing, reporting, bookkeeping, and administrative

requirements

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

Except as provided elsewhere in this Act or any other Act of

Congress -

(1) assistance provided under this chapter shall be subject to

the provisions of sections 450i(e), 450i(f), and 450i(h)

(FOOTNOTE 1) of this title;

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(2) the Secretary shall provide that each recipient of

assistance under this chapter shall submit an annual report, at

such times and on such forms as the Secretary shall prescribe,

stating the accomplishments of projects (on a project-by-project

basis) for which such assistance was used and accounting for the

use of all such assistance. If the Secretary determines that any

portion of funds made available under this chapter has been lost

or applied in a manner inconsistent with the provisions of this

chapter or regulations issued thereunder the recipient of such

funds shall reimburse the Federal Government for the funds lost

or so applied, and the Secretary shall not make available to such

recipient any additional funds under this Act until the recipient

has so reimbursed the Federal Government;

(3) the Secretary may retain up to 4 percent of amounts

appropriated for agricultural research, extension, and teaching

assistance programs for the administration of those programs

authorized under this Act or any other Act; and

(4) the Secretary shall establish appropriate criteria for

grant and assistance approval and necessary regulations

pertaining thereto.

(b) Community food projects

The Secretary may retain, for the administration of community

food projects under section 2034 of this title, 4 percent of

amounts available for the projects, notwithstanding the

availability of any appropriation for administrative expenses of

the projects.

(c) Peer panel expenses

Notwithstanding any other provision of law regarding a

competitive research, education, or extension grant program of the

Department of Agriculture, the Secretary may use grant program

funds, as necessary, to supplement funds otherwise available for

program administration, to pay for the costs associated with peer

review of grant proposals under the program.

(d) ''In-kind support'' defined

In any law relating to agricultural research, education, or

extension activities administered by the Secretary, the term

''in-kind support'', with regard to a requirement that the

recipient of funds provided by the Secretary match all or part of

the amount of the funds, means contributions such as office space,

equipment, and staff support.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1469, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1019; Pub. L. 105-185, title II, Sec. 230(b), June 23, 1998, 112

Stat. 547.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For definition of ''this chapter'', referred to in subsec. (a),

see note set out under section 3102 of this title.

Sections 450i(e), 450i(f), and 450i(h) of this title, referred to

in subsec. (a)(1), were redesignated as sections 450i(f), 450i(g),

and 450i(i), respectively, by Pub. L. 101-624, title XIV, Sec.

1497(1), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3630.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 230(b)(1), reenacted section

catchline without change, designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a), and inserted heading.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 230(b)(2), added par. (3)

and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: ''three per

centum of the appropriations shall be retained by the Secretary for

the administration of the programs authorized under this chapter;

and''.

Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 230(b)(3), added

subsecs. (b) to (d).

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3315a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3315a. Availability of competitive grant funds

-STATUTE-

Except as otherwise provided by law, funds made available to the

Secretary to carry out a competitive agricultural research,

education, or extension grant program under this or any other Act

shall be available for obligation for a 2-year period beginning on

October 1 of the fiscal year for which the funds are made

available.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1469A, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7217, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 449.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3316 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3316. Rules and regulations

-STATUTE-

The Secretary is authorized to issue such rules and regulations

as the Secretary deems necessary to carry out the provisions of

this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1470, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat.

1019.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For definition of ''this chapter'', referred to in text, see note

set out under section 3102 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3317 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3317. Program evaluation studies

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary shall regularly conduct program evaluations to

meet the purposes of this chapter and the responsibilities assigned

to the Secretary and the Department of Agriculture in this

chapter. Such evaluations shall be designed to provide information

that may be used to improve the administration and effectiveness of

agricultural research, extension, and teaching programs in

achieving their stated objectives.

(b) The Secretary is authorized to encourage and foster the

regular evaluation of agricultural research, extension, and

teaching programs within the State agricultural experiment

stations, cooperative extension services, and colleges and

universities, through the development and support of cooperative

evaluation programs and program evaluation centers and institutes.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1471, as added Pub. L. 97-98,

title XIV, Sec. 1439(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1314.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For definition of ''this chapter'', referred to in subsec. (a),

see note set out under section 3102 of this title.

-MISC2-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section 1801 of Pub. L.

97-98, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3318 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3318. Contract, grant, and cooperative agreement authorities

-STATUTE-

(a) Purposes, nature and construction

The purpose of this section is to confer upon the Secretary

general authority to enter into contracts, grants, and cooperative

agreements to further the research, extension, or teaching programs

in the food and agricultural sciences of the Department of

Agriculture. This authority supplements all other laws relating to

the Department of Agriculture and is not to be construed as

limiting or repealing any existing authorities.

(b) Authority of Secretary; legal effect of agreement;

participation by other Federal agencies

(1) Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, the Secretary may use

a cooperative agreement as the legal instrument reflecting a

relationship between the Secretary and a State cooperative

institution, State department of agriculture, college, university,

other research or educational institution or organization, Federal

or private agency or organization, individual, or any other party,

if the Secretary determines that -

(A) the objectives of the agreement will serve a mutual

interest of the parties to the agreement in agricultural

research, extension, and teaching activities, including

statistical reporting; and

(B) all parties will contribute resources to the accomplishment

of those objectives.

(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any Federal

agency may participate in any such cooperative agreement by

contributing funds through the appropriate agency of the Department

of Agriculture or otherwise if it is mutually agreed that the

objectives of the agreement will further the authorized programs of

the contributing agency.

(c) Duration and eligibility

The Secretary may enter into contracts, grants, or cooperative

agreements, for periods not to exceed five years, with State

agricultural experiment stations, State cooperative extension

services, all colleges and universities, other research or

education institutions and organizations, Federal and private

agencies and organizations, individuals, and any other contractor

or recipient, either foreign or domestic, to further research,

extension, or teaching programs in the food and agricultural

sciences of the Department of Agriculture.

(d) Vesting of title

The Secretary may vest title to expendable and nonexpendable

equipment and supplies and other tangible personal property in the

contractor or recipient when the contractor or recipient purchases

such equipment, supplies, and property with contract, grant, or

cooperative agreement funds and the Secretary deems such vesting of

title a furtherance of the agricultural research, extension, or

teaching objectives of the Department of Agriculture.

(e) Applicable requirements

Unless otherwise provided in this chapter, the Secretary may

enter into contracts, grants, or cooperative agreements, as

authorized by this section, without regard to any requirements for

competition, the provisions of section 5 of title 41, and the

provisions of section 3324(a) and (b) of title 31.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1472, as added Pub. L. 97-98,

title XIV, Sec. 1439(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1315; amended Pub.

L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1424, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1552.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For definition of ''this chapter'', referred to in subsec. (e),

see note set out under section 3102 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

In subsec. (e), ''section 3324(a) and (b) of title 31''

substituted for reference to section 3648 of the Revised Statutes

(31 U.S.C. 529) on authority of Pub. L. 97-258, Sec. 4(b), Sept.

13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1067, the first section of which enacted Title

31, Money and Finance.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1985 - Subsecs. (b) to (e). Pub. L. 99-198 added subsec. (b) and

redesignated former subsecs. (b) to (d) as (c) to (e),

respectively.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section 1801 of Pub. L.

97-98, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5924 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3319 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3319. Restriction on treatment of indirect costs and tuition

remission

-STATUTE-

Funds made available by the Secretary under established

Federal-State partnership arrangements to State cooperative

institutions under the Acts referred to in section 3103(16)

(FOOTNOTE 1) of this title and funds made available under

subsection (c)(1)(B) and subsection (d) of section 450i of this

title shall not be subject to reduction for indirect costs or for

tuition remission. No indirect costs or tuition remission shall be

charged against funds in connection with cooperative agreements

between the Department of Agriculture and State cooperative

institutions if the cooperative program or project involved is of

mutual interest to all the parties and if all the parties

contribute to the cooperative agreement involved. The prohibition

on the use of such funds for the reimbursement of indirect costs

shall not apply to funds for international agricultural programs

conducted by a State cooperative institution and administered by

the Secretary or to funds provided by a Federal agency for such

cooperative program or project through a fund transfer, advance, or

reimbursement. The Secretary shall limit the amount of such

reimbursement to an amount necessary to carry out such program or

agreement.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1473, as added Pub. L. 97-98,

title XIV, Sec. 1439(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1315; amended Pub.

L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1425, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1553; Pub.

L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 402(13), Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1863.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 3103(16) of this title, referred to in text, was

redesignated section 3103(17) of this title by Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7502(a)(1), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 463. See notes

set out under section 3103 of this title for Acts enumerated in

par. (17) of that section.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''subsection (c)(1)(B)'' for

''subsection (c)(2)''.

1985 - Pub. L. 99-198 inserted provisions making prohibition on

use of funds for reimbursement of indirect costs inapplicable to

funds for international agricultural programs but required the

Secretary to limit the reimbursement to amounts necessary to carry

out the programs.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section 1801 of Pub. L.

97-98, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3319a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3319a. Cost-reimbursable agreements

-STATUTE-

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of

Agriculture may enter into cost-reimbursable agreements with State

cooperative institutions or other colleges and universities without

regard to any requirement for competition, for the acquisition of

goods or services, including personal services, to carry out

agricultural research, extension, or teaching activities of mutual

interest. Reimbursable costs under such agreements shall include

the actual direct costs of performance, as mutually agreed on by

the parties, and the indirect costs of performance, not exceeding

10 percent of the direct cost.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1473A, as added Pub. L. 99-198,

title XIV, Sec. 1426, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1553; amended Pub. L.

105-185, title II, Sec. 231, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 547.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-185 inserted ''or other colleges and

universities'' after ''institutions'' in first sentence.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3319b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3319b. Joint requests for proposals

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

In carrying out any competitive agricultural research, education,

or extension grant program authorized under this or any other Act,

the Secretary may cooperate with 1 or more other Federal agencies

(including the National Science Foundation) in issuing joint

requests for proposals, awarding grants, and administering grants,

for similar or related research, education, or extension projects

or activities.

(b) Administration

(1) Secretary

The Secretary may delegate authority to issue requests for

proposals, make grant awards, or administer grants, in whole or

in part, to a cooperating Federal agency.

(2) Cooperating Federal agency

The cooperating Federal agency may delegate to the Secretary

authority to issue requests for proposals, make grant awards, or

administer grants, in whole or in part.

(c) Regulations

The Secretary and a cooperating Federal agency may agree to make

applicable to recipients of grants -

(1) the post-award grant administration regulations applicable

to recipients of grants from the Secretary; or

(2) the post-award grant administration regulations applicable

to recipients of grants from the cooperating Federal agency.

(d) Joint peer review panels

Subject to section 3129a of this title, the Secretary and a

cooperating Federal agency may establish joint peer review panels

for the purpose of evaluating grant proposals.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1473B, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7403(b), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 456.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 3319b, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1473B, as

added Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1427, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat.

1553, provided for technology development for small- and

medium-sized farming operations, prior to repeal by Pub. L.

101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(f)(1)(E), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3704.

PURPOSES

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7403(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

456, provided that:

''The purposes of this section (enacting this section) are -

''(1) to reduce the duplication of administrative functions

relating to grant awards and administration among Federal

agencies conducting similar types of research, education, and

extension programs;

''(2) to maximize the use of peer review resources in research,

education, and extension programs; and

''(3) to reduce the burden on potential recipients that may

offer similar proposals to receive competitive grants under

different Federal programs in overlapping subject areas.''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3319c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3319c. Repealed. Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec.

1601(f)(1)(F), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3704

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1473C, as added Pub. L.

99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1427, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1554,

provided for a special technology development research program.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3319d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3319d. Supplemental and alternative crops

-STATUTE-

(a) Research and pilot project program

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, during the period

beginning October 1, 1986, and ending September 30, 2007, the

Secretary shall develop and implement a research project program

for the development of supplemental and alternative crops, using

such funds as are appropriated to the Secretary each fiscal year

under this chapter.

(b) Importance to producers

The development of supplemental and alternative crops is of

critical importance to producers of agricultural commodities whose

livelihood is threatened by the decline in demand experienced with

respect to certain of their crops due to changes in consumption

patterns or other related causes.

(c) Research funding, special or competitive grants, etc.; program

requirements; agreements, grants and other arrangements

(1) The Secretary shall use such research funding, special or

competitive grants, or other means, as the Secretary determines, to

further the purposes of this section in the implementation of a

comprehensive and integrated program.

(2) The program developed and implemented by the Secretary shall

include -

(A) an examination of the adaptation of supplemental and

alternative crops;

(B) the establishment and extension of various methods of

planting, cultivating, harvesting, and processing supplemental

and alternative crops;

(C) the transfer of such applied research to on-farm practice

as soon as practicable;

(D) the establishment through grants, cooperative agreements,

or other means of such processing, storage, and transportation

facilities for supplemental and alternative crops as the

Secretary determines will facilitate the achievement of a

successful program; and

(E) the application of such other resources and expertise as

the Secretary considers appropriate to support the program.

(3) The program may include, but shall not be limited to,

agreements, grants, and other arrangements -

(A) to conduct comprehensive resource and infrastructure

assessments;

(B) to develop and introduce supplemental and alternative

income-producing crops;

(C) to develop and expand domestic and export markets for such

crops;

(D) to provide technical assistance to farm owners and

operators, marketing cooperatives, and others;

(E) to conduct fundamental and applied research related to the

development of new commercial products derived from natural plant

material for industrial, medical, and agricultural applications;

and

(F) to participate with colleges and universities, other

Federal agencies, and private sector entities in conducting

research described in subparagraph (E).

(d) Use of expertise and resources of other Federal agencies and

land-grant colleges and universities

The Secretary shall use the expertise and resources of the

Agricultural Research Service, the Cooperative State Research

Service, the Extension Service, and the land-grant colleges and

universities for the purpose of carrying out this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1473D, as added Pub. L. 99-198,

title XIV, Sec. 1428, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1554; amended Pub. L.

101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(b)(5), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3703;

Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 819, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.

1167; Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 301(a)(14), title VI, Sec.

606(a), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 562, 603; Pub. L. 107-171, title

VII, Sec. 7115, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 433.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For definition of ''this chapter'', referred to in subsec. (a),

see note set out under section 3102 of this title.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 301(a)(14), substituted

''2002'' for ''1997''.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 606(a), made technical

amendment to directory language of Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 819(b)(5).

See 1996 Amendment note below.

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 819(a), (b)(1),

substituted ''1997'' for ''1995'' and struck out ''and pilot''

after ''research''.

Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 819(b)(2), struck out

''at pilot sites in areas adversely affected by declining demand

for crops grown in the area'' after ''alternative crops''.

Subsec. (c)(2)(C). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 819(b)(3), struck out

''from pilot sites'' after ''research''.

Subsec. (c)(2)(D). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 819(b)(4), struck out

''near such pilot sites'' after ''facilities'' and ''pilot'' after

''successful''.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 819(b)(5), as amended by

Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 606(a), struck out ''pilot'' before

''program'' in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(3)(E), (F). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 819(c), added

subpars. (E) and (F).

1990 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624 substituted ''1995'' for

''1990''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 606(a), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

603, provided that the amendment made by section 606(a) is

effective Apr. 6, 1996.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3319e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3319e. Repealed. Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 402(14), Dec.

13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1863

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1473E, as added Pub. L.

101-220, Sec. 5, Dec. 12, 1989, 103 Stat. 1878, related to research

into new commercial products from natural plant materials.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3319f 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER X - FUNDING AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3319f. Beginning farmer and rancher development program

-STATUTE-

(a) Definition of beginning farmer or rancher

In this section, the term ''beginning farmer or rancher'' means a

person that -

(1)(A) has not operated a farm or ranch; or

(B) has operated a farm or ranch for not more than 10 years;

and

(2) meets such other criteria as the Secretary may establish.

(b) Program

The Secretary shall establish a beginning farmer and rancher

development program to provide training, education, outreach, and

technical assistance initiatives for beginning farmers or ranchers.

(c) Grants

(1) In general

In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall make

competitive grants to support new and established local and

regional training, education, outreach, and technical assistance

initiatives for beginning farmers or ranchers, including programs

and services (as appropriate) relating to -

(A) mentoring, apprenticeships, and internships;

(B) resources and referral;

(C) assisting beginning farmers or ranchers in acquiring land

from retiring farmers and ranchers;

(D) innovative farm and ranch transfer strategies;

(E) entrepreneurship and business training;

(F) model land leasing contracts;

(G) financial management training;

(H) whole farm planning;

(I) conservation assistance;

(J) risk management education;

(K) diversification and marketing strategies;

(L) curriculum development;

(M) understanding the impact of concentration and

globalization;

(N) basic livestock and crop farming practices;

(O) the acquisition and management of agricultural credit;

(P) environmental compliance;

(Q) information processing; and

(R) other similar subject areas of use to beginning farmers

or ranchers.

(2) Eligibility

To be eligible to receive a grant under this subsection, the

recipient shall be a collaborative State, tribal, local, or

regionally-based network or partnership of public or private

entities, which may include -

(A) a State cooperative extension service;

(B) a Federal, State, or tribal agency;

(C) a community-based and nongovernmental organization;

(D) a college or university (including an institution

awarding an associate's degree) or foundation maintained by a

college or university; or

(E) any other appropriate partner, as determined by the

Secretary.

(3) Term of grant

The term of a grant under this subsection shall not exceed 3

years.

(4) Matching requirement

To be eligible to receive a grant under this subsection, a

recipient shall provide a match in the form of cash or in-kind

contributions in an amount equal to 25 percent of the funds

provided by the grant.

(5) Set-aside

Not less than 25 percent of funds used to carry out this

subsection for a fiscal year shall be used to support programs

and services that address the needs of -

(A) limited resource beginning farmers or ranchers (as

defined by the Secretary);

(B) socially disadvantaged beginning farmers or ranchers (as

defined in section 2003(e) of this title); and

(C) farmworkers desiring to become farmers or ranchers.

(6) Prohibition

A grant made under this subsection may not be used for the

planning, repair, rehabilitation, acquisition, or construction of

a building or facility.

(7) Administrative costs

The Secretary shall use not more than 4 percent of the funds

made available to carry out this subsection for administrative

costs incurred by the Secretary in carrying out this section.

(d) Education teams

(1) In general

In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall establish

beginning farmer and rancher education teams to develop curricula

and conduct educational programs and workshops for beginning

farmers or ranchers in diverse geographical areas of the United

States.

(2) Curriculum

In promoting the development of curricula, the Secretary shall,

to the maximum extent practicable, include modules tailored to

specific audiences of beginning farmers or ranchers, based on

crop or regional diversity.

(3) Composition

In establishing an education team for a specific program or

workshop, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable

-

(A) obtain the short-term services of specialists with

knowledge and expertise in programs serving beginning farmers

or ranchers; and

(B) use officers and employees of the Department with direct

experience in programs of the Department that may be taught as

part of the curriculum for the program or workshop.

(4) Cooperation

(A) In general

In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary shall

cooperate, to the maximum extent practicable, with -

(i) State cooperative extension services;

(ii) Federal and State agencies;

(iii) community-based and nongovernmental organizations;

(iv) colleges and universities (including an institution

awarding an associate's degree) or foundations maintained by

a college or university; and

(v) other appropriate partners, as determined by the

Secretary.

(B) Cooperative agreement

Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, the Secretary may

enter into a cooperative agreement to reflect the terms of any

cooperation under subparagraph (A).

(e) Curriculum and training clearinghouse

The Secretary shall establish an online clearinghouse that makes

available to beginning farmers or ranchers education curricula and

training materials and programs, which may include online courses

for direct use by beginning farmers or ranchers.

(f) Stakeholder input

In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall seek

stakeholder input from -

(1) beginning farmers and ranchers;

(2) national, State, tribal, and local organizations and other

persons with expertise in operating beginning farmer and rancher

programs; and

(3) the Advisory Committee on Beginning Farmers and Ranchers

established under section 5 of the Agricultural Credit

Improvement Act of 1992 (7 U.S.C. 1929 note; Public Law 102-554).

(g) Participation by other farmers and ranchers

Nothing in this section prohibits the Secretary from allowing

farmers and ranchers who are not beginning farmers or ranchers from

participating in programs authorized under this section to the

extent that the Secretary determines that such participation is

appropriate and will not detract from the primary purpose of

educating beginning farmers and ranchers.

(h) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section

such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2002 through

2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7405, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

458.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Farm Security and Rural

Investment Act of 2002, and not as part of the National

Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977

which comprises this chapter.

-MISC3-

DEFINITIONS

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7401, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

455, provided that: ''In this subtitle (subtitle D (Sec. 7401-7412)

of title VII of Pub. L. 107-171, enacting this section and sections

3310a, 3319b, 5925c, 5925d, and 7630 of this title and provisions

set out as notes under sections 3101, 3319b, 5925a, and 5925b of

this title):

''(1) Department. - The term 'Department' means the Department

of Agriculture.

''(2) Secretary. - The term 'Secretary' means the Secretary of

Agriculture.''

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER XI - AQUACULTURE 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XI - AQUACULTURE

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER XI - AQUACULTURE

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in section 3103 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3321 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XI - AQUACULTURE

-HEAD-

Sec. 3321. Statement of purpose

-STATUTE-

It is the purpose of this subchapter to promote research and

extension activities of the institutions hereinafter referred to in

section 3322(b) of this title, and to coordinate their efforts as

an integral part in the implementation of the National Aquaculture

Act of 1980 (16 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.) by encouraging landowners,

individuals, and commercial institutions to develop aquaculture

production and facilities and sound aquacultural practices that

will, through research and technology transfer programs, provide

for the increased production and marketing of aquacultural food

products.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1474, as added Pub. L. 97-98,

title XIV, Sec. 1440(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1316.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The National Aquaculture Act of 1980, referred to in text, is

Pub. L. 96-362, Sept. 26, 1980, 94 Stat. 1198, which is classified

generally to chapter 48 (Sec. 2801 et seq.) of Title 16,

Conservation. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Short Title note set out under section 2801 of Title 16 and

Tables.

-MISC2-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Subchapter effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section 1801 of Pub. L.

97-98, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3322 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XI - AQUACULTURE

-HEAD-

Sec. 3322. Assistance programs

-STATUTE-

(a) Research and extension program

The Secretary may develop and implement a cooperative research

and extension program to encourage the development, management, and

production of important aquatic food species within the several

States and territories of the United States and to enhance further

the safety of food products derived from the aquaculture industry,

in accordance with the national aquaculture development plan, and

revisions thereto, developed under the National Aquaculture Act of

1980 (16 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.).

(b) Grants

The Secretary may make grants to -

(1) land-grant and sea grant colleges and universities;

(2) State agricultural experiment stations;

(3) colleges, universities, and Federal laboratories having a

demonstrable capacity to conduct aquacultural research, as

determined by the Secretary; and

(4) nonprofit private research institutions;

for research and extension to facilitate or expand promising

advances in the production and marketing of aquacultural food

species and products and to enhance further the safety and

wholesomeness of those species and products, including the

development of reliable supplies of seed stock and therapeutic

compounds. Except in the case of Federal laboratories, no grant

may be made under this subsection unless the State in which the

grant recipient is located makes a matching grant (of which amount

an in-kind contribution may not exceed 50 percent) to such

recipient equal to the amount of the grant to be made under this

subsection, and unless the grant is in implementation of the

national aquaculture development plan, and revisions thereto,

developed under the National Aquaculture Act of 1980 (16 U.S.C.

2801 et seq.).

(c) Aquaculture development plans

The Secretary may assist States to formulate aquaculture

development plans for the enhancement of the production and

marketing of aquacultural species and products from such States and

may make grants to States on a matching basis, as determined by the

Secretary. The aggregate amount of the grants made to any one State

under this subsection may not exceed $50,000. The plans shall be

consistent with the national aquaculture development plan, and

revisions thereto, developed under the National Aquaculture Act of

1980 (16 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.).

(d) Aquacultural centers

To provide for aquacultural research, development, and

demonstration projects having a national or regional application,

the Secretary may establish in existing Federal facilities or in

cooperation with any of the non-Federal entities specified in

subsection (b) of this section up to five aquacultural research,

development, and demonstration centers in the United States for the

performance of aquacultural research, extension work, and

demonstration projects. Funds made available for the operation of

such regional centers may be used for the rehabilitation of

existing buildings or facilities to house such centers, but may not

be used for the construction or acquisition of new buildings or

facilities. To the extent practicable, the aquaculture research,

development, and demonstration centers established under this

subsection shall be geographically located so that they are

representative of the regional aquaculture opportunities in the

United States. To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall

ensure that equitable efforts are made at these centers in

addressing the research needs of those segments of the domestic

aquaculture industry located within that region.

(e) Listing of laws on aquaculture

The interagency aquaculture coordinating group established under

section 6(a) of the National Aquaculture Act of 1980 (16 U.S.C.

2805(a)) shall, in consultation with appropriate Federal and State

agencies, compile a listing of Federal and State laws, rules, and

regulations materially affecting the production, processing,

marketing, and transportation of aquaculturally produced

commodities and the products thereof. The interagency aquaculture

coordinating group shall make such listing available to the public

not later than January 1, 1992, and shall update and revise such

listing not later than January 1, 1996, to show such laws, rules,

and regulations as in effect on that date.

(f) Fish disease program

The Secretary shall implement, in consultation with the Joint

Subcommittee on Aquaculture referred to in section 6 of the

National Aquaculture Act of 1980 (16 U.S.C. 2805), a fish disease

program to include the development of new diagnostic procedures for

fish diseases, the determination of the effect of water environment

on the development of the fish immune system, and the development

of therapeutic, synthetic, or natural systems, for the control of

fish diseases.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1475, as added Pub. L. 97-98,

title XIV, Sec. 1440(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1316; amended Pub.

L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1429(a), Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1555;

Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1614(a), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3727; Pub. L. 104-66, title I, Sec. 1011(u), Dec. 21, 1995, 109

Stat. 711; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 820(b), Apr. 4, 1996,

110 Stat. 1168.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The National Aquaculture Act of 1980, referred to in subsecs.

(a), (b), and (c), is Pub. L. 96-362, Sept. 26, 1980, 94 Stat.

1198, which is classified generally to chapter 48 (Sec. 2801 et

seq.) of Title 16, Conservation. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2801 of Title 16 and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsecs. (e) to (g). Pub. L. 104-127 redesignated subsecs.

(f) and (g) as (e) and (f), respectively, and struck out heading

and text of former subsec. (e). Text read as follows: ''Not later

than March 1 of each year, the Secretary shall submit a report to

the President, the House Committee on Agriculture, the House

Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, the House Committee on

Appropriations, the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and

Forestry, and the Senate Committee on Appropriations, containing a

summary outlining the progress of the Department of Agriculture in

meeting the purposes of the programs established under this

subchapter.''

1995 - Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104-66 struck out ''(1)'' before

''Not later than'' and struck out par. (2) which required Secretary

to conduct a study assessing economic impact of animal damage to

the United States aquaculture industry.

1990 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1614(a)(1), inserted

heading and substituted ''United States and to enhance further the

safety of food products derived from the aquaculture industry,''

for ''United States,''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1614(a)(2), inserted heading,

inserted ''and sea grant'' after ''land-grant'' in par. (1), and

inserted before period at end ''and to enhance further the safety

and wholesomeness of those species and products, including the

development of reliable supplies of seed stock and therapeutic

compounds''.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1614(a)(3), inserted heading.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1614(a)(4), inserted heading,

substituted ''five aquacultural'' for ''four aquacultural'', and

inserted at end ''To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall

ensure that equitable efforts are made at these centers in

addressing the research needs of those segments of the domestic

aquaculture industry located within that region.''

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1614(a)(5), inserted heading,

designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted ''Not later

than March 1 of each year,'' for ''Not later than one year after

the effective date of this subchapter and not later than March 1 of

each subsequent year,'', and added par. (2).

Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1614(a)(6), added

subsecs. (f) and (g).

1985 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1429(a)(1), (2), added

par. (4) and inserted ''(of which amount an in-kind contribution

may not exceed 50 percent)'' after ''matching grant''.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1429(a)(3), (4), substituted in

first sentence ''any of the non-Federal entities specified in

subsection (b) of this section'' for ''State agencies (including

State departments of agriculture), and land-grant colleges and

universities,'' and inserted provision respecting geographic

location of aquaculture research, development, and demonstration

centers.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1429(a)(5), inserted ''the

House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries,''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 3321 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3323 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XI - AQUACULTURE

-HEAD-

Sec. 3323. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 302(a), June

23, 1998, 112 Stat. 563

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1476, as added Pub. L.

101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1614(b)(1), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3728;

amended Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 820(c), Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1168, authorized grants and appropriations for acquaculture

research facilities.

A prior section 3323, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1476, as

added Pub. L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1440(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95

Stat. 1317, related to establishment, duration, and meetings of

Aquaculture Advisory Board, and appointment and compensation of

Board members, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec.

1429(b), Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1556.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3324 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XI - AQUACULTURE

-HEAD-

Sec. 3324. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

There is authorized to be appropriated $7,500,000 for each of the

fiscal years 1991 through 2007. Funds appropriated under this

section or section 3323 (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title may not be used

to acquire or construct a building.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1477, as added Pub. L. 97-98,

title XIV, Sec. 1440(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1318; amended Pub.

L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1429(c), Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1556;

Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1614(c), Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3728; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 820(d), Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1168; Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 301(a)(15), June 23,

1998, 112 Stat. 562; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7116, May 13,

2002, 116 Stat. 433.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 3323 of this title, referred to in text, was repealed by

Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 302(a), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

563.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for ''2002''.

1998 - Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''2002'' for ''1997''.

1996 - Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''1997'' for ''1995''.

1990 - Pub. L. 101-624 substituted ''each of the fiscal years

1991 through 1995'' for ''each fiscal year beginning after the

effective date of this subchapter, and ending with the fiscal year

ending September 30, 1990'' and inserted at end ''Funds

appropriated under this section or section 3323 of this title may

not be used to acquire or construct a building.''

1985 - Pub. L. 99-198 in amending section generally, struck out

subsec. (a) designation, substituted ''fiscal year ending September

30, 1990'' for ''fiscal year ending September 30, 1985, and not in

excess of such sums as may after December 22, 1981, be authorized

by law for any subsequent fiscal year'', and struck out subsec. (b)

relating to allocation of funds and consultations by Secretary with

Board in development of plans for use of funds.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER XII - RANGELAND RESEARCH 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XII - RANGELAND RESEARCH

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER XII - RANGELAND RESEARCH

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in section 3103 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3331 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XII - RANGELAND RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3331. Congressional statement of purpose

-STATUTE-

It is the purpose of this subchapter to promote the general

welfare through improved productivity of the Nation's rangelands,

which comprise 60 per centum of the land area of the United States.

Most of these rangelands are unsuited for cultivation, but produce

a great volume of forage that is inedible by humans but readily

converted, through an energy efficient process, to high quality

food protein by grazing animals. These native grazing lands are

located throughout the United States and are important resources

for major segments of the Nation's livestock industry. In addition

to the many livestock producers directly dependent on rangelands,

other segments of agriculture are indirectly dependent on range-fed

livestock and on range-produced forage that can be substituted for

grain in times of grain scarcity. Recent resource assessments

indicate that forage production of rangeland can be increased at

least 100 per centum through development and application of

improved range management practices while simultaneously enhancing

wildlife, watershed, recreational, and aesthetic values and

reducing hazards of erosion and flooding.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1478, as added Pub. L. 97-98,

title XIV, Sec. 1440(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1318.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Subchapter effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section 1801 of Pub. L.

97-98, set out as a note under section 4301 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3332 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XII - RANGELAND RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3332. Program; development, purposes, scope, etc.

-STATUTE-

The Secretary may develop and implement a cooperative rangeland

research program in coordination with the program carried out under

the Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1671 et

seq.), to improve the production and quality of desirable native

forages or introduced forages which are managed in a similar manner

to native forages for livestock and wildlife. The program shall

include studies of: (1) management of rangelands and agricultural

land as integrated systems for more efficient utilization of crops

and waste products in the production of food and fiber; (2) methods

of managing rangeland watersheds to maximize efficient use of water

and improve water yield, water quality, and water conservation, to

protect against onsite and offsite damage of rangeland resources

from floods, erosion, and other detrimental influences, and to

remedy unsatisfactory and unstable rangeland conditions; (3)

revegetation and rehabilitation of rangelands including the control

of undesirable species of plants; and (4) such other matters as the

Secretary considers appropriate.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1479, as added Pub. L. 97-98,

title XIV, Sec. 1440(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1318.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978, referred to in

text, is Pub. L. 95-306, June 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 349, which is

classified generally to subchapter III (Sec. 1671 et seq.) of

chapter 36 of Title 16, Conservation. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1978 Amendments note

set out under section 1600 of Title 16 and Tables.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3333 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XII - RANGELAND RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3333. Rangeland research grants

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary may make grants to -

(1) land-grant colleges and universities, State agricultural

experiment stations, and colleges, universities, and Federal

laboratories having a demonstrable capacity in rangeland

research, as determined by the Secretary, to carry out rangeland

research; and

(2) the Joe Skeen Institute for Rangeland Restoration for the

purposes of facilitating and expanding ongoing State-Federal

range management, animal husbandry, and agricultural research,

education, and extension programs to meet the targeted, emerging,

and future needs of western United States rangelands and

associated natural resources.

(b) Matching requirements

(1) In general

Except as provided in paragraph (2), this grant program shall

be based on a matching formula of 50 percent Federal and 50

percent non-Federal funding.

(2) Exception

Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a grant to a Federal

laboratory or a grant under subsection (a)(2) of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1480, as added Pub. L. 97-98,

title XIV, Sec. 1440(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1319; amended Pub.

L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7209(d), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 445.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-171 inserted section catchline and amended

text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: ''The

Secretary may make grants to land-grant colleges and universities,

State agricultural experiment stations, and to colleges,

universities, and Federal laboratories having a demonstrable

capacity in rangeland research, as determined by the Secretary, to

carry out rangeland research. Except in the case of Federal

laboratories, this grant program shall be based on a matching

formula of 50 per centum Federal and 50 per centum non-Federal

funding.''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3334, 3335 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XII - RANGELAND RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3334, 3335. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 857,

Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1173

-MISC1-

Section 3334, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1481, as added Pub.

L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1440(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1319,

required Secretary to submit annual report to President and

congressional committees outlining progress of Department of

Agriculture in meeting program requirements set forth in section

3332 of this title.

Section 3335, Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1482, as added Pub.

L. 97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1440(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1319;

amended Pub. L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1430(a), Dec. 23, 1985, 99

Stat. 1556; Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(b)(6), Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3703, related to establishment of Rangeland

Research Advisory Board.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3336 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XII - RANGELAND RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 3336. Authorization of appropriations; allocation of funds

-STATUTE-

(a) There are authorized to be appropriated, to implement the

provisions of this subchapter, such sums not to exceed $10,000,000

for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 2007.

(b) Funds appropriated under this section shall be allocated by

the Secretary to eligible institutions for work to be done as

mutually agreed upon between the Secretary and the eligible

institution or institutions.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1483, as added Pub. L. 97-98,

title XIV, Sec. 1440(a), Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1319; amended Pub.

L. 99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1430(b), Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1556;

Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1601(b)(7), Nov. 28, 1990, 104

Stat. 3703; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 821, Apr. 4, 1996,

110 Stat. 1168; Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 301(a)(16), title

VI, Sec. 606(e), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 562, 604; Pub. L.

107-171, title VII, Sec. 7117, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 434.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 301(a)(16), substituted

''2002'' for ''1997''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 606(e), which directed that

the second sentence of subsec. (b) be amended by striking out the

last sentence, was executed by striking out ''The Secretary shall,

whenever possible, consult with the Board in developing plans for

the use of these funds.'', which is both the second and last

sentence of subsec. (b), to reflect the probable intent of

Congress.

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''1997'' for

''1995''.

1990 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624 substituted ''for each of the

fiscal years 1991 through 1995'' for ''annually for the period

beginning October 1, 1981, and ending September 30, 1990''.

1985 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-198 substituted ''1990'' for

''1985, and thereafter such sums as may after the date of enactment

of this subchapter be authorized by law for any subsequent fiscal

year''.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER XIII - BIOSECURITY 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XIII - BIOSECURITY

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER XIII - BIOSECURITY

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3351 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XIII - BIOSECURITY

-HEAD-

Sec. 3351. Special authorization for biosecurity planning and

response

-STATUTE-

(a) Authorization of appropriations

In addition to amounts for agricultural research, extension, and

education under this chapter, there are authorized to be

appropriated for agricultural research, education, and extension

activities for biosecurity planning and response such sums as are

necessary for each of fiscal years 2002 through 2007.

(b) Use of funds

Using any authority available to the Secretary, the Secretary

shall use funds made available under this section to carry out

agricultural research, education, and extension activities

(including through competitive grants) for the following:

(1) To reduce the vulnerability of the United States food and

agricultural system to chemical or biological attack.

(2) To continue partnerships with institutions of higher

education and other institutions to help form stable, long-term

programs to enhance the biosecurity of the United States,

including the coordination of the development, implementation,

and enhancement of diverse capabilities for addressing threats to

the Nation's agricultural economy and food supply with special

emphasis on planning, training, outreach, and research activities

related to vulnerability analyses, incident response, and

detection and prevention technologies.

(3) To make competitive grants to universities and qualified

research institutions for research on counterbioterrorism.

(4) To counter or otherwise respond to chemical or biological

attack.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1484, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7221(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 452.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original

''this Act'', and was translated as reading ''this title'', meaning

title XIV of Pub. L. 95-113, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 981, as

amended, known as the National Agricultural Research, Extension,

and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, which is classified principally to

this chapter, to reflect the probable intent of Congress. For

complete classification of title XIV to the Code, see References in

Text note set out under section 3102 of this title and Tables.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3352 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XIII - BIOSECURITY

-HEAD-

Sec. 3352. Agriculture research facility expansion and security

upgrades

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

To enhance the security of agriculture in the United States

against threats posed by bioterrorism, the Secretary shall make

expansion or security upgrade grants on a competitive basis to

colleges and universities (as defined in section 3103(4) of this

title).

(b) Limitation on grants

Grants to a recipient under this section shall not exceed

$10,000,000 in any fiscal year.

(c) Requirements for grants

The Secretary shall make a grant under this section only if the

grant applicant provides satisfactory assurances to the Secretary

that -

(1) sufficient funds are available to pay the non-Federal share

of the cost of the proposed expansion or security upgrades; and

(2) the proposed expansion or security upgrades meet such

reasonable qualifications as may be established by the Secretary

with respect to biosafety and biosecurity requirements necessary

to protect facility staff, members of the public, and the food

supply.

(d) Additional requirements for grants for facility expansion

The Secretary shall make a grant under this section for the

expansion, renovation, remodeling, or alteration (collectively

referred to in this section as ''expansion'') of a facility only if

the grant applicant provides such assurances as the Secretary

determines to be satisfactory to ensure the following:

(1) For not less than 20 years after the grant is awarded, the

facility shall be used for the purposes of the research for which

the facility was expanded, as described in the grant application.

(2) Sufficient funds will be available, as of the date of

completion of the expansion, for the effective use of the

facility for the purposes of the research for which the facility

was expanded.

(3) The proposed expansion -

(A) will increase the capability of the applicant to conduct

research for which the facility was expanded; or

(B) is necessary to improve the quality of the research of

the applicant.

(e) Amount of grant

The amount of a grant awarded under this section shall be

determined by the Secretary.

(f) Federal share

The Federal share of the cost of any expansion or security

upgrade carried out using funds from a grant provided under this

section shall not exceed 50 percent.

(g) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section

such sums as are necessary for each fiscal year.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1485, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7221(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 453.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3353 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XIII - BIOSECURITY

-HEAD-

Sec. 3353. Agricultural biosecurity

-STATUTE-

(a) Security at colleges and universities

(1) Grants

The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as

the ''Secretary'') may award grants to covered entities to review

security standards and practices at their facilities in order to

protect against bioterrorist attacks.

(2) Covered entities

Covered entities under this subsection are colleges or

universities that -

(A) are colleges or universities as defined in section 3103

of this title; and

(B) have programs in food and agricultural sciences, as

defined in such section.

(3) Limitation

Each individual covered entity may be awarded one grant under

paragraph (1), the amount of which shall not exceed $50,000.

(4) Contract authority

Colleges and universities receiving grants under paragraph (1)

may use such grants to enter into contracts with independent

private organizations with established and demonstrated security

expertise to conduct the security reviews specified in such

paragraph.

(b) Guidelines for agricultural biosecurity

(1) In general

The Secretary may award grants to associations of food

producers or consortia of such associations for the development

and implementation of educational programs to improve biosecurity

on farms in order to ensure the security of farm facilities

against potential bioterrorist attacks.

(2) Limitation

Each individual association eligible under paragraph (1) may be

awarded one grant under such paragraph, the amount of which shall

not exceed $100,000. Each consortium eligible under paragraph (1)

may be awarded one grant under such paragraph, the amount of

which shall not exceed $100,000 per association participating in

the consortium.

(3) Contract authority

Associations of food producers receiving grants under paragraph

(1) may use such grants to enter into contracts with independent

private organizations with established and demonstrated expertise

in biosecurity to assist in the development and implementation of

educational programs to improve biosecurity specified in such

paragraph.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section

such sums as may be necessary for each fiscal year.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 107-188, title III, Sec. 334, June 12, 2002, 116 Stat.

679.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Public Health Security and

Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, and not as part

of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching

Policy Act of 1977 which comprises this chapter.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3354 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XIII - BIOSECURITY

-HEAD-

Sec. 3354. Agricultural bioterrorism research and development

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the

''Secretary'') may utilize existing research authorities and

research programs to protect the food supply of the United States

by conducting and supporting research activities to -

(1) enhance the capability of the Secretary to respond in a

timely manner to emerging or existing bioterrorist threats to the

food and agricultural system of the United States;

(2) develop new and continue partnerships with institutions of

higher education and other institutions to help form stable,

long-term programs to enhance the biosecurity and food safety of

the United States, including the coordination of the development,

implementation, and enhancement of diverse capabilities for

addressing threats to the nation's agricultural economy and food

supply, with special emphasis on planning, training, outreach,

and research activities related to vulnerability analyses,

incident response, detection, and prevention technologies;

(3) strengthen coordination with the intelligence community to

better identify research needs and evaluate materials or

information acquired by the intelligence community relating to

potential threats to United States agriculture;

(4) expand the involvement of the Secretary with international

organizations dealing with plant and animal disease control;

(5) continue research to develop rapid detection field test

kits to detect biological threats to plants and animals and to

provide such test kits to State and local agencies preparing for

or responding to bioterrorism;

(6) develop an agricultural bioterrorism early warning

surveillance system through enhancing the capacity of and

coordination between State veterinary diagnostic laboratories,

Federal and State agricultural research facilities, and public

health agencies; and

(7) otherwise improve the capacity of the Secretary to protect

against the threat of bioterrorism.

(b) Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section,

$190,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, and such sums as may be

necessary for each subsequent fiscal year.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 107-188, title III, Sec. 335, June 12, 2002, 116 Stat.

680.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Public Health Security and

Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, and not as part

of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching

Policy Act of 1977 which comprises this chapter.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER XIV - INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION

IN INSULAR AREAS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XIV - INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN INSULAR AREAS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER XIV - INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN INSULAR AREAS

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3361 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XIV - INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN INSULAR AREAS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3361. Definition

-STATUTE-

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term ''eligible

institution'' means an institution of higher education (as defined

in section 1001(a) of title 20) in an insular area that has

demonstrable capacity to carry out teaching and extension programs

in the food and agricultural sciences.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1489, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7503, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 464.)

-MISC1-

RESIDENT INSTRUCTION AND DISTANCE EDUCATION AT INSTITUTIONS OF

HIGHER EDUCATION IN UNITED STATES INSULAR AREAS

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7501(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

463, provided that: ''It is the purpose of this subtitle (subtitle

E (Sec. 7501-7506) of title VII of Pub. L. 107-171, enacting this

subchapter and sections 7631 and 7719 of this title, amending

sections 3103, 7715, and 7772 of this title, and enacting

provisions set out as a note under section 3103 of this title) to

promote and strengthen higher education in the food and

agricultural sciences at institutions of higher education (as

defined in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20

U.S.C. 1001(a))) that have demonstrable capacity to carry out

teaching and extension programs in food and agricultural sciences

and that are located in the insular areas of the Commonwealth of

Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands of the United States, Guam,

American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands,

the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall

Islands, or the Republic of Palau by formulating and administering

programs to enhance teaching programs in agriculture, natural

resources, forestry, veterinary medicine, home economics, and

disciplines closely allied to the food and agriculture production

and delivery systems.''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3362 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XIV - INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN INSULAR AREAS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3362. Distance education grants for insular areas

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary may make competitive or noncompetitive grants to

eligible institutions in insular areas to strengthen the capacity

of such institutions to carry out distance food and agricultural

education programs using digital network technologies.

(b) Use

Grants made under this section shall be used -

(1) to acquire the equipment, instrumentation, networking

capability, hardware and software, digital network technology,

and infrastructure necessary to teach students and teachers about

technology in the classroom;

(2) to develop and provide educational services (including

faculty development) to prepare students or faculty seeking a

degree or certificate that is approved by the State or a regional

accrediting body recognized by the Secretary of Education;

(3) to provide teacher education, library and media specialist

training, and preschool and teacher aid certification to

individuals who seek to acquire or enhance technology skills in

order to use technology in the classroom or instructional

process;

(4) to implement a joint project to provide education regarding

technology in the classroom with a local educational agency,

community-based organization, national nonprofit organization, or

business; or

(5) to provide leadership development to administrators, board

members, and faculty of eligible institutions with institutional

responsibility for technology education.

(c) Limitation on use of grant funds

Funds provided under this section shall not be used for the

planning, acquisition, construction, rehabilitation, or repair of a

building or facility.

(d) Administration of program

The Secretary may carry out this section in a manner that

recognizes the different needs and opportunities for eligible

institutions in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

(e) Matching requirement

(1) In general

The Secretary may establish a requirement that an eligible

institution receiving a grant under this section shall provide

matching funds from non-Federal sources in an amount equal to not

less than 50 percent of the grant.

(2) Waivers

If the Secretary establishes a matching requirement under

paragraph (1), the Secretary shall retain an option to waive the

requirement for an eligible institution for any fiscal year if

the Secretary determines that the institution will be unlikely to

meet the matching requirement for the fiscal year.

(f) Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section

such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2002 through

2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1490, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7503, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 464.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 3363 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 64 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND TEACHING

SUBCHAPTER XIV - INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN INSULAR AREAS

-HEAD-

Sec. 3363. Resident instruction grants for insular areas

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary of Agriculture shall make competitive grants to

eligible institutions to -

(1) strengthen institutional educational capacities, including

libraries, curriculum, faculty, scientific instrumentation,

instruction delivery systems, and student recruitment and

retention, in order to respond to identified State, regional,

national, or international education needs in the food and

agricultural sciences;

(2) attract and support undergraduate and graduate students in

order to educate them in identified areas of national need in the

food and agriculture sciences;

(3) facilitate cooperative initiatives between two or more

insular area eligible institutions, or between those institutions

and units of State Government or organizations in the private

sector, to maximize the development and use of resources such as

faculty, facilities, and equipment to improve food and

agricultural sciences teaching programs; and

(4) conduct undergraduate scholarship programs to assist in

meeting national needs for training food and agricultural

scientists.

(b) Grant requirements

(1) The Secretary of Agriculture shall ensure that each eligible

institution, prior to receiving grant funds under subsection (a) of

this section, shall have a significant demonstrable commitment to

higher education programs in the food and agricultural sciences and

to each specific subject area for which grant funds under this

section are to be used.

(2) The Secretary of Agriculture may require that any grant

awarded under this section contain provisions that require funds to

be targeted to meet the needs identified in section 3101 of this

title.

(e) (FOOTNOTE 1) Authorization of appropriations

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. No subsecs. (c) and (d) have been

enacted.

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary for each of the fiscal years 2002 through 2007 to carry

out this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1491, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7503, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 465.)

-CITE-