US (United States) Code. Title 7. Chapter 61: Noxious weeds

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Agriculture

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7 USC CHAPTER 61 - NOXIOUS WEEDS 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 61 - NOXIOUS WEEDS

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CHAPTER 61 - NOXIOUS WEEDS

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Sec.

2801 to 2813. Repealed.

2814. Management of undesirable plants on Federal lands.

(a) Duties of agencies.

(b) Environmental impact statements.

(c) Cooperative agreements with State agencies.

(d) Exception.

(e) Definitions.

(f) Coordination.

(g) Authorization of appropriations.

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7 USC Sec. 2801 to 2813 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 61 - NOXIOUS WEEDS

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Sec. 2801 to 2813. Repealed. Pub. L. 106-224, title IV, Sec.

438(a)(4), June 20, 2000, 114 Stat. 454

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Section 2801, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 2, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2148, set forth congressional findings regarding importation or

distribution in interstate commerce of noxious weeds.

Section 2802, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 3, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2148; Pub. L. 105-86, title VII, Sec. 728, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat.

2108, defined terms as used in this chapter.

Section 2803, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 4, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2149; Pub. L. 100-449, title III, Sec. 301(f)(4), Sept. 28, 1988,

102 Stat. 1869; Pub. L. 103-465, title IV, Sec. 431(f), Dec. 8,

1994, 108 Stat. 4968, prohibited movement of noxious weeds into or

through the United States or interstate, unless in accordance with

regulations to prevent dissemination.

Section 2804, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 5, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2149, authorized promulgation of quarantines and other regulations

requiring inspection of articles and means of conveyance.

Section 2805, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 6, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2149, authorized Secretary of Agriculture to seize, quarantine,

treat, destroy, or otherwise dispose of infested articles or means

of conveyance.

Section 2806, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 7, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2150, authorized warrantless inspections of articles and means of

conveyance and searches of premises pursuant to warrants.

Section 2807, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 8, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2151, set forth penalties for violations of sections 2803, 2804,

and regulations promulgated under this chapter.

Section 2808, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 9, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2151, related to cooperation with Federal, State, and local

agencies and appointment of employees thereof as collaborators to

assist in administration of provisions of this chapter.

Section 2809, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 10, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2151, authorized promulgation of regulations necessary to

effectuate provisions of this chapter.

Section 2810, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 11, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2151, authorized appropriations and described availability of sums

and limitations on their use.

Section 2811, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 12, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2152, related to inapplicability of provisions of this chapter to

shipments of seed subject to certain other laws.

Section 2812, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 13, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2152, provided that provisions of this chapter would not invalidate

provisions of State and local laws, except as such laws would

permit prohibited actions.

Section 2813, Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 14, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat.

2152, related to separability of provisions.

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 93-629 provided: ''That this Act (enacting

this chapter) may be cited as the 'Federal Noxious Weed Act of

1974'.''

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7 USC Sec. 2814 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 61 - NOXIOUS WEEDS

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Sec. 2814. Management of undesirable plants on Federal lands

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(a) Duties of agencies

Each Federal agency shall -

(1) designate an office or person adequately trained in the

management of undesirable plant species to develop and coordinate

an undesirable plants management program for control of

undesirable plants on Federal lands under the agency's

jurisdiction;

(2) establish and adequately fund an undesirable plants

management program through the agency's budgetary process;

(3) complete and implement cooperative agreements with State

agencies regarding the management of undesirable plant species on

Federal lands under the agency's jurisdiction; and

(4) establish integrated management systems to control or

contain undesirable plant species targeted under cooperative

agreements.

(b) Environmental impact statements

In the event an environmental assessment or environmental impact

statement is required under the National Environmental Policy Act

of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) to implement plant control

agreements, Federal agencies shall complete such assessments or

statements within 1 year after the requirement for such assessment

or statement is ascertained.

(c) Cooperative agreements with State agencies

(1) In general

Federal agencies, as appropriate, shall enter into cooperative

agreements with State agencies to coordinate the management of

undesirable plant species on Federal lands.

(2) Contents of plan

A cooperative agreement entered into pursuant to paragraph (1)

shall -

(A) prioritize and target undesirable plant species or group

of species to be controlled or contained within a specific

geographic area;

(B) describe the integrated management system to be used to

control or contain the targeted undesirable plant species or

group of species; and

(C) detail the means of implementing the integrated

management system, define the duties of the Federal agency and

the State agency in prosecuting that method, and establish a

timeframe for the initiation and completion of the tasks

specified in the integrated management system.

(d) Exception

A Federal agency is not required under this section to carry out

programs on Federal lands unless similar programs are being

implemented generally on State or private lands in the same area.

(e) Definitions

As used in this section:

(1) Cooperative agreement

The term ''cooperative agreement'' means a written agreement

between a Federal agency and a State agency entered into pursuant

to this section.

(2) Federal agency

The term ''Federal agency'' means a department, agency, or

bureau of the Federal Government responsible for administering or

managing Federal lands under its jurisdiction.

(3) Federal lands

The term ''Federal lands'' means lands managed by or under the

jurisdiction of the Federal Government.

(4) Integrated management system

The term ''integrated management systems'' means a system for

the planning and implementation of a program, using an

interdisciplinary approach, to select a method for containing or

controlling an undesirable plant species or group of species

using all available methods, including -

(A) education;

(B) preventive measures;

(C) physical or mechanical methods;

(D) biological agents;

(E) herbicide methods;

(F) cultural methods; and

(G) general land management practices such as manipulation of

livestock or wildlife grazing strategies or improving wildlife

or livestock habitat.

(5) Interdisciplinary approach

The term ''interdisciplinary approach'' means an approach to

making decisions regarding the containment or control of an

undesirable plant species or group of species, which -

(A) includes participation by personnel of Federal or State

agencies with experience in areas including weed science, range

science, wildlife biology, land management, and forestry; and

(B) includes consideration of -

(i) the most efficient and effective method of containing

or controlling the undesirable plant species;

(ii) scientific evidence and current technology;

(iii) the physiology and habitat of a plant species; and

(iv) the economic, social, and ecological consequences of

implementing the program.

(6) State agencies

The term ''State agency'' means a State department of

agriculture, or other State agency or political subdivision

thereof, responsible for the administration or implementation of

undesirable plants laws of a State.

(7) Undesirable plant species

The term ''undesirable plants'' means plant species that are

classified as undesirable, noxious, harmful, exotic, injurious,

or poisonous, pursuant to State or Federal law. Species listed

as endangered by the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C.

1531 et seq.) shall not be designated as undesirable plants under

this section and shall not include plants indigenous to an area

where control measures are to be taken under this section.

(f) Coordination

(1) In general

The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior

shall take such actions as may be necessary to coordinate Federal

agency programs for control, research, and educational efforts

associated with Federal, State, and locally designated noxious

weeds.

(2) Duties

The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the

Interior, shall -

(A) identify regional priorities for noxious weed control;

(B) incorporate into existing technical guides regionally

appropriate technical information; and

(C) disseminate such technical information to interested

State, local, and private entities.

(3) Cost share assistance

The Secretary may provide cost share assistance to State and

local agencies to manage noxious weeds in an area if a majority

of landowners in that area agree to participate in a noxious weed

management program.

(g) Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be

necessary in each of fiscal years 1991 through 1995 to carry out

this section.

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(Pub. L. 93-629, Sec. 15, as added Pub. L. 101-624, title XIV, Sec.

1453, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3611.)

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REFERENCES IN TEXT

The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, referred to in

subsec. (b), is Pub. L. 91-190, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 852, as

amended, which is classified generally to chapter 55 (Sec. 4321 et

seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 4321 of Title 42 and Tables.

The Endangered Species Act of 1973, referred to in subsec.

(e)(7), is Pub. L. 93-205, Dec. 28, 1973, 87 Stat. 884, as amended,

which is classified generally to chapter 35 (Sec. 1531 et seq.) of

Title 16, Conservation. For complete classification of this Act to

the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1531 of Title

16 and Tables.

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