US (United States) Code. Title 7. Chapter 17: Miscellaneous matters

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Agriculture

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-CITE-

7 USC CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-MISC1-

Sec.

411. Omitted.

411a. Repealed.

411b. Estimates of apple production.

412 to 414. Transferred or Repealed.

414a. Transfer of nonadministrative funds of Commodity Credit

Corporation for classing and grading purposes.

415. Purchase of seeds and plants for distribution.

415a. Omitted.

415b. Wool standards; appropriation of certain funds.

415c. Use of funds for dissemination of information relating to

standardization, grading, etc., of wool; charge for grading wool.

415d. Rules and regulations for wool standards; deposit of receipts

in the Treasury.

415e. Farm or food products; sale of samples, practical forms, etc.

416. Letting contract for packeting, etc., of seeds, etc., for

distribution.

417. Distribution of farmers' bulletins.

418. Annual report on work of agricultural experiment stations and

of college extension work; publication and distribution.

419. Repealed.

420. Power to administer oaths, examine witnesses, or require

production of books, etc.

421. Dairying and livestock experiment station, Mandan, North

Dakota.

421a. Omitted.

422. Dairying and livestock experiment station, Lewisburg,

Tennessee.

422a. Omitted.

423. Cotton; investigation of new uses; cooperation with State and

other agencies.

424. Cotton ginning investigations; publication of results;

cooperation with Federal and State departments and agencies.

425. Authorization of appropriations for cotton ginning studies.

426. Predatory and other wild animals.

426a. Omitted.

426b. Authorization of expenditures for the eradication and control

of predatory and other wild animals.

426c. Control of nuisance mammals and birds and those constituting

reservoirs of zoonotic diseases; exception.

427. Agriculture research; declaration of policy; duties of

Secretary of Agriculture; use of existing facilities.

427a to 427h. Repealed.

427i. Agricultural research; authorization of additional

appropriations; administrative expenses; availability of special

research fund.

427j, 428. Repealed or Omitted.

428a. Acquisition of land; options.

428b. Wheat and feed grains research; regional and national

research programs; utilization of services of Federal, State and

private agencies; authorization of appropriations.

428c. Rice research.

(a) Regional and national research programs; rules;

purposes.

(b) Utilization of services of Federal, State, local

governmental and private agencies; priority

consideration.

(c) Authorization of appropriations; use restriction.

429. Repealed.

430. Purchase and testing of serums or analogous products;

dissemination of test results.

431. Purchase of tags, labels, stamps, and certificates.

432. Purchase of cultures for soil and fertilizer investigations.

433. Domestic raising of fur-bearing animals; classification.

434. Transfer of functions, appropriations, records and property to

Secretary of Agriculture.

435. Omitted.

436. Transfer of Army Remount Service to Department of Agriculture;

effective date.

437. Administration of transferred property; improvement in horse

breeding; acquisition of breeding stock and facilities; fees;

cooperation with other organizations.

438. Repealed.

439. Operation of Government-owned alcohol plants; location;

transfer of plants.

439a. Powers and duties of Secretary of Agriculture.

439b. Recommendations to Congress for discontinuance of plants.

439c. Construction of additional facilities; acquisition of

property; incurment of expenses; rules and regulations.

439d. Assumption of obligations of Reconstruction Finance

Corporation covering Muscatine, Iowa, plant.

439e. Authorization of appropriations; availability of other

appropriations.

440. Reimbursement of appropriations available for classing or

grading agriculture commodities without charge.

441. Repealed.

442. Availability of grain to prevent waterfowl depredations;

payment of packaging, transporting, handling, and other charges.

443. Requisition of grain to prevent crop depredation by migratory

waterfowl.

444. Reimbursement of packaging and transporting expenses.

445. Authorization of appropriations for mitigating losses caused

by waterfowl depredation.

446. Repealed.

447. Requisition of surplus grain; prevention of starvation of

resident game birds and other resident wildlife; utilization by

State agencies; reimbursement for packaging and transporting.

448. Requisition and use of grain for prevention of starvation of

migratory birds; reimbursement for packaging and transporting.

449. Authorization of appropriations for reimbursement of Commodity

Credit Corporation.

450. Cooperation with State agencies in administration and

enforcement of laws relating to marketing of agricultural

products and control or eradication of plant and animal diseases

and pests; coordination of administration of Federal and State

laws.

450a. Cooperative research projects; agreements with and receipt of

funds from State and other agencies.

450b. Cooperation with State and other agencies; expenditures.

450c. Delegation of regulatory functions of Secretary of

Agriculture; definitions.

450d. Delegation of regulatory functions to designated employees;

status of employees; number; revocation of delegation.

450e. Authority of designated employees; retroactive revocation of

delegation.

450f. Delegation of functions under other laws as unaffected.

450g. Authorization of appropriations for cooperative research

projects.

450h. Transferred.

450i. Competitive, special, and facilities research grants.

(a) Establishment of grant program.

(b) Competitive grants.

(c) Special grants.

(d) Facilities grants.

(e) Inter-Regional Research Project Number 4.

(f) Record keeping.

(g) Limits on overhead costs.

(h) Authorization of appropriations.

(i) Rules.

(j) Application of other laws.

(k) Emphasis on sustainable agriculture.

450j. Indemnity payments to dairy farmers and manufacturers of

dairy products; milk removed for its residue of chemical or toxic

substances; nuclear radiation or fallout contaminants; other

legal recourse.

450k. Authorization of appropriations for dairy farmer indemnities.

450l. Expiration of dairy farmer indemnity program.

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7 USC Sec. 411 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 411. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act May 11, 1922, ch. 185, 42 Stat. 532, which provided

that powers conferred prior to May 11, 1922, and the duties imposed

by law on the Bureau of Markets, Bureau of Markets and Crop

Estimates, and the Office of Farm Management and Farms Economics of

the Department of Agriculture shall be exercised and performed by

the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, was omitted from the Code as

executed and obsolete.

All functions of all officers, agencies and employees of the

Department of Agriculture were transferred, with certain

exceptions, to the Secretary of Agriculture by 1953 Reorg. Plan No.

2, Sec. 1, eff. June 4, 1953, 18 F.R. 3219, 67 Stat. 633, set out

as a note under section 2201 of this title.

Functions of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics were

transferred to other units of the Department of Agriculture by

Secretary's memorandum of November 2, 1953.

Agricultural Statistics Division of the Agricultural Marketing

Service and its functions, personnel, property, etc., transferred

to Bureau of Agricultural Economics for duration of World War II,

see Ex. Ord. No. 9069.

The functions, personnel and property of the Division of Farm

Management and Costs of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics

concerned primarily with the planning of current agricultural

production were consolidated with other agencies into the Food

Production Administration, which was consolidated into the War Food

Administration, which was terminated and its functions transferred

to the Secretary of Agriculture by Ex. Ord. No. 9577.

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7 USC Sec. 411a 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 411a. Repealed. Pub. L. 101-624, title XXV, Sec. 2514(d), Nov.

28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4075

-MISC1-

Section, acts Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 301, 35 Stat. 1053; Mar. 4, 1917,

ch. 179, 39 Stat. 1157, related to contents, issuance, and approval

by Secretary of Agriculture of monthly crop report.

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7 USC Sec. 411b 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 411b. Estimates of apple production

-STATUTE-

On and after October 18, 1986, no funds available to the

Department of Agriculture shall be available to publish estimates

of apple production for other than the commercial crop.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-500, Sec. 101(a) (title I), Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat.

1783, 1783-3, and Pub. L. 99-591, Sec. 101(a) (title I), Oct. 30,

1986, 100 Stat. 3341, 3341-3.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Pub. L. 99-591 is a corrected version of Pub. L. 99-500.

-MISC3-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the

following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 99-190, Sec. 101(a) (H.R. 3037, title I), Dec. 19, 1985,

99 Stat. 1185.

Pub. L. 98-473, title I, Sec. 101(a) (H.R. 5743, title I), Oct.

12, 1984, 98 Stat. 1837.

Pub. L. 98-151, Sec. 101(d) (H.R. 3223, title I), Nov. 14, 1983,

97 Stat. 972.

Pub. L. 97-370, title I, Dec. 18, 1982, 96 Stat. 1794.

Pub. L. 97-103, title I, Dec. 23, 1981, 95 Stat. 1473.

Pub. L. 96-528, title I, Dec. 15, 1980, 95 Stat. 3101.

Pub. L. 96-108, title I, Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 827.

Pub. L. 95-448, title I, Oct. 11, 1978, 92 Stat. 1079.

Pub. L. 95-97, title I, Aug. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 815.

Pub. L. 94-351, title I, July 12, 1976, 90 Stat. 855.

Pub. L. 94-122, title I, Oct. 21, 1975, 89 Stat. 648.

Pub. L. 93-563, title I, Dec. 31, 1974, 88 Stat. 1826.

Pub. L. 93-135, title I, Oct. 24, 1973, 87 Stat. 474.

Pub. L. 92-399, title I, Aug. 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 596.

Pub. L. 92-73, title I, Aug. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 187.

Pub. L. 91-566, title I, Dec. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 1487.

Pub. L. 91-127, title I, Nov. 26, 1969, 83 Stat. 250.

Pub. L. 90-463, title I, Aug. 8, 1968, 82 Stat. 644.

Pub. L. 90-113, title I, Oct. 24, 1967, 81 Stat. 325.

Pub. L. 89-556, title I, Sept. 7, 1966, 80 Stat 694.

Pub. L. 89-316, title I, Nov. 2, 1965, 79 Stat. 1170.

Pub. L. 88-573, title I, Sept. 2, 1964, 78 Stat. 867.

Pub. L. 88-250, title I, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 825.

Pub. L. 87-879, title I, Oct. 24, 1962, 76 Stat. 1208.

Pub. L. 87-112, title I, July 26, 1961, 75 Stat. 231.

Pub. L. 86-532, title I, June 29, 1960, 74 Stat. 237.

Pub. L. 86-80, title I, July 8, 1959, 73 Stat. 172.

Pub. L. 85-459, title I, June 13, 1958, 72 Stat. 193.

Pub. L. 85-118, title I, Aug. 2, 1957, 71 Stat. 331.

June 4, 1956, ch. 355, title I, 70 Stat. 234.

May 23, 1955, ch. 43, title I, 69 Stat. 57.

June 29, 1954, ch. 409, title I, 68 Stat. 313.

July 28, 1953, ch. 251, title I, 67 Stat. 206.

July 5, 1952, ch. 574, title I, 66 Stat. 336.

Aug. 31, 1951, ch. 374, title I, 65 Stat. 226.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, ch. VI, title I, 64 Stat. 658.

June 29, 1949, ch. 280, title I, 63 Stat. 328.

June 19, 1948, ch. 543, title I, 62 Stat. 512.

July 30, 1947, ch. 356, title I, 61 Stat. 527.

June 22, 1946, ch. 445, 60 Stat. 274.

May 5, 1945, ch. 109, 59 Stat. 140.

June 28, 1944, ch. 296, 58 Stat. 430.

July 12, 1943, ch. 215, 57 Stat. 398.

July 22, 1942, ch. 516, 56 Stat. 687.

July 1, 1941, ch. 267, 55 Stat. 430.

June 25, 1940, ch. 421, 54 Stat. 555.

June 30, 1939, ch. 253, title I, 53 Stat. 968.

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7 USC Sec. 412, 413 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 412, 413. Transferred

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 412, act May 27, 1912, ch. 135, Sec. 1, 37 Stat. 118,

which related to acreage cotton crop report, was transferred to

section 476 of this title.

Section 413, act May 3, 1924, ch. 149, Sec. 1, 43 Stat. 115,

which related to cotton crop reports, was transferred to section

475 of this title and subsequently repealed by Pub. L. 104-127,

title VIII, Sec. 870, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1175.

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7 USC Sec. 414 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 414. Repealed. Aug. 9, 1955, ch. 632, Sec. 2, 69 Stat. 553

-MISC1-

Section, act July 28, 1953, ch. 251, title I, 67 Stat. 217,

related to investigation and certification of any agricultural

commodity or food product offered for interstate shipment. See

section 1622(h) of this title. Similar provisions were contained

in the following prior appropriation acts:

July 5, 1952, ch. 574, title I, 66 Stat. 348.

Aug. 31, 1951, ch. 374, title I, 65 Stat. 238.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. VI, 64 Stat. 672.

June 29, 1949, ch. 280, title I, 63 Stat. 343.

June 19, 1948, ch. 543, title I, 62 Stat. 527.

July 30, 1947, ch. 356, title I, 61 Stat. 543.

June 22, 1946, ch. 445, 60 Stat. 290.

May 5, 1945, ch. 109, 59 Stat. 158.

June 28, 1944, ch. 296, 58 Stat. 453.

July 12, 1943, ch. 215, 57 Stat. 421.

July 22, 1942, ch. 516, 56 Stat. 687.

July 1, 1941, ch. 267, 55 Stat. 431.

June 25, 1940, ch. 421, 54 Stat. 555.

June 30, 1939, ch. 253, title I, 53 Stat. 968.

June 16, 1938, ch. 464, title I, 52 Stat. 740.

June 29, 1937, ch. 404, title I, 50 Stat. 425.

June 4, 1936, ch. 489, title I, 49 Stat. 1450.

May 17, 1935, ch. 131, title I, 49 Stat. 275.

Mar. 26, 1934, ch. 89, 48 Stat. 493.

Mar. 3, 1933, ch. 203, 47 Stat. 1459.

July 7, 1932, ch. 443, 47 Stat. 637.

Feb. 23, 1931, ch. 278, 46 Stat. 1268.

May 27, 1930, ch. 341, 46 Stat. 418.

Feb. 16, 1929, ch. 227, 45 Stat. 1212.

May 16, 1928, ch. 572, 45 Stat. 561.

Jan. 18, 1927, ch. 39, 44 Stat. 998.

May 11, 1926, ch. 286, 44 Stat. 523.

Feb. 10, 1925, ch. 200, 43 Stat. 844.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 414a 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 414a. Transfer of nonadministrative funds of Commodity Credit

Corporation for classing and grading purposes

-STATUTE-

On and after August 31, 1951, there may be transferred to

appropriations available for classing or grading any agricultural

commodity without charge to the producers thereof such sums from

nonadministrative funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation as may

be necessary in addition to other funds available for these

purposes, such transfers to be reimbursed from subsequent

appropriations therefor.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 31, 1951, ch. 374, title I, 65 Stat. 239.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 415 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 415. Purchase of seeds and plants for distribution

-STATUTE-

Purchase and distribution of vegetable, field, and flower seeds,

plants, shrubs, vines, bulbs, and cuttings shall be of the freshest

and best obtainable varieties and adapted to general cultivation.

-SOURCE-

(R.S. Sec. 527; Apr. 25, 1896, ch. 140, 29 Stat. 106.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1896 - Act Apr. 25, 1896, struck out ''by the Department of

Agriculture'' and ''trees'', and inserted ''vegetable, field, and

flower seeds'' and ''bulbs''.

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7 USC Sec. 415a 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 415a. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was from act June 16, 1938, ch. 464, title I, 52 Stat.

739, the Department of Agriculture Appropriation Act, 1939, and

related to sale of practical forms of grades of wool and mohair.

See section 415e of this title. Similar provisions were contained

in the following prior appropriation acts:

June 29, 1937, ch. 404, title I, 50 Stat. 424.

June 4, 1936, ch. 489, title I, 49 Stat. 1450.

May 17, 1935, ch. 131, title I, 49 Stat. 275.

Mar. 26, 1934, ch. 89, 48 Stat. 493.

Mar. 3, 1933, ch. 203, 47 Stat. 1458.

July 7, 1932, ch. 443, 47 Stat. 636.

Feb. 23, 1931, ch. 278, 46 Stat. 1268.

May 27, 1930, ch. 341, 46 Stat. 418.

Feb. 16, 1929, ch. 227, 45 Stat. 1212.

May 16, 1928, ch. 572, 45 Stat. 561.

Jan. 18, 1927, ch. 39, 44 Stat. 997.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 415b 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 415b. Wool standards; appropriation of certain funds

-STATUTE-

There is authorized to be appropriated for expenditure by the

Secretary of Agriculture, for the purposes stated in section 415c

of this title, all funds prior to or after May 17, 1928, collected

by suit, or otherwise, pursuant to appropriations for the

completion of the work of the domestic wool section of the War

Industries Board, and for enforcing Government regulations for

handling the wool clip of 1918 as established by the wool division

of said board, pursuant to the Executive order dated December 31,

1918, transferring such work to the Bureau of Markets, now a part

of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics of the Department of

Agriculture, and for continuing as far as practicable the

distribution among the growers of the wool clip of 1918 of all sums

prior to or after May 17, 1928, collected or recovered with or

without suit by the Government from all persons, firms, or

corporations which handled any part of the wool clip of 1918, which

he finds it impracticable to distribute among said growers,

provided that not to exceed $50,000 may be expended in any fiscal

year.

-SOURCE-

(May 17, 1928, ch. 602, Sec. 1, 45 Stat. 593.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of all officers, agencies, and employees of Department

of Agriculture transferred, with certain exceptions, to Secretary

of Agriculture by 1953 Reorg. Plan No. 2, Sec. 1, eff. June 4,

1953, 18 F.R. 3219, 67 Stat. 633, set out as a note under section

2201 of this title.

Functions of Bureau of Agricultural Economics transferred to

other units of Department of Agriculture by Secretary's memorandum

of Nov. 2, 1953.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 415c, 415d of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 415c 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 415c. Use of funds for dissemination of information relating

to standardization, grading, etc., of wool; charge for grading

wool

-STATUTE-

The funds referred to in section 415b of this title may be used

for the purpose of acquiring and diffusing among the people of the

United States useful information relative to the standardization,

grading, preparation for market, marketing, utilization,

transportation, handling, and distribution of wool, and of approved

methods and practices relative thereto, including the demonstration

and promotion of the use of grades for wool in accordance with

standards therefor which the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized

to establish. Said funds may be used for the grading of wool, and

for such grading or other service rendered under sections 415b to

415d of this title reasonable fees may be charged, and provided

further that after May 17, 1928, reasonable charges may be made for

practical forms of grades for wool.

-SOURCE-

(May 17, 1928, ch. 602, Sec. 2, 45 Stat. 593.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 415b, 415d of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 415d 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 415d. Rules and regulations for wool standards; deposit of

receipts in the Treasury

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture may make such rules and regulations

as he deems advisable for carrying out any of the provisions of

sections 415b and 415c of this title. All receipts under sections

415b to 415d of this title shall be deposited in the Treasury to

the credit of miscellaneous receipts.

-SOURCE-

(May 17, 1928, ch. 602, Sec. 3, 45 Stat. 594.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 415c of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 415e 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 415e. Farm or food products; sale of samples, practical forms,

etc.

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to sell samples,

illustrations, practical forms, or sets of the grades recommended

or promulgated by him for farm or food products, under such rules

and regulations as he may prescribe, and the receipts therefrom

shall be deposited in the Treasury to the credit of miscellaneous

receipts.

-SOURCE-

(Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title IV, Sec. 401(a), 58 Stat. 738.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the

following Department of Agriculture appropriation acts:

June 28, 1944, ch. 296, 58 Stat. 454.

July 12, 1943, ch. 215, 57 Stat. 421.

July 22, 1942, ch. 516, 56 Stat. 688.

July 1, 1941, ch. 267, 55 Stat. 431.

June 25, 1940, ch. 421, 54 Stat. 555.

June 30, 1939, ch. 253, title I, 53 Stat. 968.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 416 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 416. Letting contract for packeting, etc., of seeds, etc., for

distribution

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture, after due advertisement and on

competitive bids, is authorized to award the contract for the

supplying of printed packets and envelopes and the packeting,

assembling, and mailing of the seeds, bulbs, shrubs, vines,

cuttings, and plants, or any part thereof, for a period of not more

than five years nor less than one year, if by such action he can

best protect the interests of the United States.

-SOURCE-

(May 11, 1922, ch. 185, 42 Stat. 517.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section is from the Agriculture Department Appropriation Act,

1923.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 417 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 417. Distribution of farmers' bulletins

-STATUTE-

In the distribution of farmers' bulletins, which shall be adapted

to the interests of the people of the different sections of the

country, an equal proportion of four-fifths shall be delivered to

or sent out under the addressed franks furnished by Senators,

Representatives, and Delegates in Congress, as such Senators,

Representatives, or Delegates shall direct: Provided, That the

Secretary of Agriculture shall notify Senators, Representatives,

and Delegates in Congress of the title and character of each such

bulletin, with the total number to which each Senator,

Representative, and Delegate may be entitled for such distribution;

and on the face of the envelope inclosing said bulletins shall be

printed the title of each bulletin contained therein.

-SOURCE-

(June 30, 1906, ch. 3913, 34 Stat. 690.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section is derived from an Appropriation Act for the Department

of Agriculture, 1907. The last proviso of section relating to

farmers' bulletins not called for in quotas of Senators and

Representatives was omitted from the Code as obsolete in view of

Attorney General's opinion, 27 Op. Atty. Gen. 288.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 418 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 418. Annual report on work of agricultural experiment stations

and of college extension work; publication and distribution

-STATUTE-

There shall be prepared by the Department of Agriculture an

annual report on the work and expenditures of the agricultural

experiment stations established under the Act of Congress of March

second, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven (7 U.S.C. 361a et seq.),

on the work and expenditures of the Department of Agriculture in

connection therewith, and on the cooperative agricultural extension

work and expenditures of the Department of Agriculture and of

agricultural colleges under the Act of May eighth, nineteen hundred

and fourteen (7 U.S.C. 341 et seq.), and there shall be printed

annually eight thousand copies of said report, of which one

thousand copies shall be for the use of the Senate, two thousand

copies for the use of the House of Representatives, and five

thousand copies for the use of the Department of Agriculture.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 4, 1915, ch. 144, 38 Stat. 1110.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Act of Congress of March second, eighteen hundred and

eighty-seven, referred to in text, is act Mar. 2, 1887, ch. 314, 24

Stat. 440, as amended, known as the Hatch Act, which is classified

generally to sections 361a to 361i of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 361a of this title and Tables.

The Act of May eighth, nineteen hundred and fourteen, referred to

in text, is act May 8, 1914, ch. 79, 38 Stat. 372, as amended,

known as the ''Smith-Lever Act'', and also known as the

''Agricultural Work Extension Act'', which is classified generally

to subchapter IV (Sec. 341 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title.

For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short

Title note set out under section 341 of this title and Tables.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of all officers, agencies, and employees of Department

of Agriculture transferred, with certain exceptions, to Secretary

of Agriculture by 1953 Reorg. Plan No. 2, Sec. 1, eff. June 4,

1953, 18 F.R. 3219, 67 Stat. 633, set out as a note under section

2201 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 419 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 419. Repealed. Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 654, Sec. 1(12), 65 Stat.

701

-MISC1-

Section, act May 5, 1945, ch. 109, 59 Stat. 143, related to sale

by Secretary of Agriculture of products of agricultural experiment

station in Puerto Rico, and disposition of moneys derived

therefrom. Similar provisions had been carried in prior Department

of Agriculture appropriation acts back to and including that for

the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919 (40 Stat. 1000). Similar

provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation

acts:

June 28, 1944, ch. 296, 58 Stat. 432.

July 12, 1943, ch. 215, 57 Stat. 400.

July 22, 1942, ch. 516, 56 Stat. 670.

July 1, 1941, ch. 267, 55 Stat. 413.

June 25, 1940, ch. 421, 54 Stat. 536.

June 30, 1939, ch. 253, title I, 53 Stat. 944.

June 16, 1938, ch. 464, title I, 52 Stat. 715.

June 29, 1937, ch. 404, 50 Stat. 399.

June 4, 1936, ch. 489, 49 Stat. 1425.

May 17, 1935, ch. 131, title I, 49 Stat. 251.

Mar. 26, 1934, ch. 89, 48 Stat. 471.

Mar. 3, 1933, ch. 203, 47 Stat. 1436.

July 7, 1932, ch. 443, 47 Stat. 614.

May 17, 1932, ch. 190, 47 Stat. 158.

Feb. 23, 1931, ch. 278, 46 Stat. 1246.

May 27, 1930, ch. 341, 46 Stat. 396.

Feb. 16, 1929, ch. 227, 45 Stat. 1192.

May 16, 1928, ch. 572, 45 Stat. 542.

Jan. 18, 1927, ch. 39, 44 Stat. 979.

May 11, 1926, ch. 286, 44 Stat. 502.

Feb. 10, 1925, ch. 200, 43 Stat. 824.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 420 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 420. Power to administer oaths, examine witnesses, or require

production of books, etc.

-STATUTE-

In the performance of the duties required of the Bureau of

Agricultural Economics in the administration or enforcement of

provisions of Acts (United States Cotton Futures Act, Thirty-ninth

Statutes at Large, page 476; United States Grain Standards Act,

Thirty-ninth Statutes at Large, page 482 (7 U.S.C. 71 et seq.),

United States Warehouse Act, Thirty-ninth Statutes at Large, page

486 (7 U.S.C. 241 et seq.); Standard Container Act, Thirty-ninth

Statutes at Large, page 673; and the Acts making annual

appropriations for the Department of Agriculture) relating to the

Department of Agriculture, the Secretary of Agriculture, or any

representative specifically authorized in writing by him for the

purpose, shall have power to administer oaths, examine witnesses,

and call for the production of books and papers.

-SOURCE-

(July 24, 1919, ch. 26, 41 Stat. 267; May 11, 1922, ch. 185, 42

Stat. 532.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The United States Cotton Futures Act, referred to in text, is

part A of act Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, 39 Stat. 476, as amended,

which was repealed by section 4 of act Feb. 10, 1939, ch. 2, 53

Stat. 1. For complete classification of this Act to the Code prior

to its repeal, see Tables.

The United States Grain Standards Act, referred to in text, is

part B of act Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, 39 Stat. 482, as amended,

which is classified generally to chapter 3 (Sec. 71 et seq.) of

this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see section 71 of this title and Tables.

The United States Warehouse Act, referred to in text, is part C

of act Aug. 11, 1916, ch. 313, 39 Stat. 486, as amended, which is

classified generally to chapter 10 (Sec. 241 et seq.) of this

title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see

Short Title note set out under section 241 of this title and

Tables.

The Standard Container Act, referred to in text, is act Aug. 31,

1916, ch. 426, 39 Stat. 673, as amended, which was classified

generally to subchapter VII (Sec. 251 et seq.) of chapter 6 of

Title 15, Commerce and Trade, and was repealed by Pub. L. 90-628,

Sec. 1(a), Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1320. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code prior to its repeal, see

Tables.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of all officers, agencies, and employees of Department

of Agriculture transferred, with certain exceptions, to Secretary

of Agriculture by 1953 Reorg. Plan No. 2, Sec. 1, eff. June 4,

1953, 18 F.R. 3219, 67 Stat. 633, set out as a note under section

2201 of this title.

Functions of Bureau of Agricultural Economics transferred to

other units of Department of Agriculture by Secretary's memorandum

of Nov. 2, 1953.

Act May 11, 1922, transferred powers of former ''Bureau of

Markets, Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates, and the Office of

Farm Management and Farm Economics'' to ''Bureau of Agricultural

Economics''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 421 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 421. Dairying and livestock experiment station, Mandan, North

Dakota

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to

establish at Mandan, North Dakota, a dairying and livestock

experiment station, in connection with the Great Plains Experiment

Station, for investigations and experiments in the dairy and

livestock industries and the problems pertaining to the

establishment and development of such industries, and for

demonstrations, assistance, and service in livestock breeding,

growing, and feeding.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1926, ch. 769, Sec. 1, 44 Stat. 840.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 421a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 421a. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act July 3, 1926, ch. 769, Sec. 2, 44 Stat. 840,

appropriated $25,000 to effectuate the purposes of section 421 of

this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 422 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 422. Dairying and livestock experiment station, Lewisburg,

Tennessee

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to

establish at or near Lewisburg, Tennessee, a dairying station for

investigations, experiments, and demonstrations in the dairy

industry, and the problems pertaining to the development of such

industry in the South, and for investigations, demonstrations,

assistance, and service in dairy livestock breeding, growing, and

feeding, and dairy products manufacture.

-SOURCE-

(May 29, 1928, ch. 892, Sec. 1, 45 Stat. 981.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 422a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 422a. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act May 29, 1928, ch. 892, Sec. 2, 45 Stat. 981,

appropriated $50,000 for the purposes of section 422 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 423 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 423. Cotton; investigation of new uses; cooperation with State

and other agencies

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Commerce are

authorized to engage in technical and scientific research in

American-grown cotton and its byproducts and their present and

potential uses, including new and additional commercial and

scientific uses for cotton and its byproducts, and to diffuse such

information among the people of the United States; and the

Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Commerce or their

duly authorized representatives may cooperate with any department

or agency of the Government, any State, Territory, District, or

possession or department, agency, or political subdivision thereof,

or any person in carrying out the purposes of this section in the

District of Columbia and elsewhere.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 12, 1928, ch. 362, 45 Stat. 426.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 424 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 424. Cotton ginning investigations; publication of results;

cooperation with Federal and State departments and agencies

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to investigate the

ginning of cotton; to establish and maintain experimental ginning

plants and laboratories; and to make such tests, demonstrations,

and experiments, and such technical and scientific studies in

relation to cotton ginning as he shall deem necessary and to

publish the results thereof, with a view to developing improved

ginning equipment and encouraging the use of improved methods, and

he may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government,

any State, Territory, District, or possession, or department,

agency, or political subdivision thereof, or any person, as he

shall find to be necessary.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 19, 1930, ch. 203, Sec. 1, 46 Stat. 248.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 425 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 425 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 425. Authorization of appropriations for cotton ginning

studies

-STATUTE-

For the purposes of section 424 of this title there is authorized

to be appropriated, after June 30, 1931, out of any money in the

Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 19, 1930, ch. 203, Sec. 2, 46 Stat. 248.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 426 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 426. Predatory and other wild animals

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture may conduct a program of wildlife

services with respect to injurious animal species and take any

action the Secretary considers necessary in conducting the

program. The Secretary shall administer the program in a manner

consistent with all of the wildlife services authorities in effect

on the day before October 28, 2000.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 370, Sec. 1, 46 Stat. 1468; Pub. L. 102-237,

title X, Sec. 1013(d), Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1901; Pub. L.

106-387, Sec. 1(a) (title VII, Sec. 767), Oct. 28, 2000, 114 Stat.

1549, 1549A-44.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Pub. L. 106-387 inserted section catchline and amended

text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: ''The

Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to conduct such

investigations, experiments, and tests as he may deem necessary in

order to determine, demonstrate, and promulgate the best methods of

eradication, suppression, or bringing under control on national

forests and other areas of the public domain as well as on State,

Territory, or privately owned lands of mountain lions, wolves,

coyotes, bobcats, prairie dogs, gophers, ground squirrels, jack

rabbits, brown tree snakes, and other animals injurious to

agriculture, horticulture, forestry, animal husbandry, wild game

animals, fur-bearing animals, and birds, and for the protection of

stock and other domestic animals through the suppression of rabies

and tularemia in predatory or other wild animals; and to conduct

campaigns for the destruction or control of such animals: Provided,

That in carrying out the provisions of this section the Secretary

of Agriculture may cooperate with States, individuals, and public

and private agencies, organizations, and institutions.''

1991 - Pub. L. 102-237 inserted ''brown tree snakes,'' after

''rabbits,''.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of Secretary of Agriculture administered through Bureau

of Biological Survey, relating to conservation of wildlife, game,

and migratory birds, transferred to Secretary of the Interior by

1939 Reorg. Plan No. II, Sec. 4(f), eff. July 1, 1939, set out in

the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. See

also sections 401 to 404 of said plan for provisions relating to

transfer of functions, records, property, personnel, and funds.

Pub. L. 99-190, Sec. 101(a) (H.R. 3037, title I, Sec. 101), Dec.

19, 1985, 99 Stat. 1185; Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 106, Dec. 22, 1987,

101 Stat. 1329-433, provided in part: ''That effective upon the

date of enactment of this Act (Dec. 19, 1985) and notwithstanding

any other provision of law, the authorities of the Secretary of

Agriculture under the Act of March 2, 1931 (46 Stat. 1468; 7 U.S.C.

426-426b), (transferred to the Secretary of the Interior pursuant

to section 4(f) of 1939 Reorganization Plan No. II) and all

personnel, property, records, unexpended balances of

appropriations, allocations and other funds of the Fish and

Wildlife Service, United States Department of the Interior used,

held, available or to be made available in connection with the

administration of such Act, are hereby transferred from the

Secretary of the Interior to the Secretary of Agriculture, and this

appropriation shall be available to carry out such authorities.''

-MISC5-

PREVENTION OF INTRODUCTION OF BROWN TREE SNAKES TO HAWAII FROM GUAM

Section 1013(a)-(c) of Pub. L. 102-237, as amended by Pub. L.

105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(a) (title VII, Sec. 743), Oct. 21, 1998,

112 Stat. 2681, 2681-31, provided that:

''(a) In General. - The Secretary of Agriculture shall take such

action as may be necessary to prevent the inadvertent introduction

of brown tree snakes into other areas of the United States from

Guam.

''(b) Introduction Into Hawaii. - The Secretary shall initiate a

program to prevent the introduction of the brown tree snake into

Hawaii from Guam. In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall

consider the use of sniffer or tracking dogs, snake traps, and

other preventative processes or devices at aircraft and vessel

loading facilities on Guam, Hawaii, or intermediate sites serving

as transportation points that could result in the introduction of

brown tree snakes into Hawaii.

''(c) Authority. - The Secretary shall use the authority provided

under the Federal Plant Pest Act (7 U.S.C. 150aa et seq.) to carry

out subsections (a) and (b).''

Pub. L. 102-190, div. A, title III, Sec. 348, Dec. 5, 1991, 105

Stat. 1348, provided that: ''The Secretary of Defense shall take

such action as may be necessary to prevent the inadvertent

introduction of brown tree snakes from Guam to Hawaii in aircraft

and vessels transporting personnel or cargo for the Department of

Defense. In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall consider

the use of sniffer or tracking dogs, snake traps, and other

preventive processes or devices at aircraft and vessel loading

facilities in Guam or Hawaii or at intermediate transit points for

personnel or cargo transported between Guam and Hawaii.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 426b of this title; title

16 section 2909.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 426a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 426a. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 370, Sec. 2, 46 Stat. 1469,

authorized $1,000,000 per year for fiscal years 1932 to 1941,

inclusive.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 426b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 426b. Authorization of expenditures for the eradication and

control of predatory and other wild animals

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make such

expenditures for equipment, supplies, and materials, including the

employment of persons and means in the District of Columbia and

elsewhere, and to employ such means as may be necessary to execute

the functions imposed upon him by section 426 of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 2, 1931, ch. 370, Sec. 3, 46 Stat. 1469.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

See note under section 426 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 16 section 2909.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 426c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 426c. Control of nuisance mammals and birds and those

constituting reservoirs of zoonotic diseases; exception

-STATUTE-

On and after December 22, 1987, the Secretary of Agriculture is

authorized, except for urban rodent control, to conduct activities

and to enter into agreements with States, local jurisdictions,

individuals, and public and private agencies, organizations, and

institutions in the control of nuisance mammals and birds and those

mammal and bird species that are reservoirs for zoonotic diseases,

and to deposit any money collected under any such agreement into

the appropriation accounts that incur the costs to be available

immediately and to remain available until expended for Animal

Damage Control activities.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 101(k) (title I), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat.

1329-322, 1329-331.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 427 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 427. Agriculture research; declaration of policy; duties of

Secretary of Agriculture; use of existing facilities

-STATUTE-

It is declared to be the policy of the Congress to promote the

efficient production and utilization of products of the soil as

essential to the health and welfare of our people and to promote a

sound and prosperous agriculture and rural life as indispensable to

the maintenance of maximum employment and national prosperity. It

is also the intent of Congress to assure agriculture a position in

research equal to that of industry which will aid in maintaining an

equitable balance between agriculture and other sections of our

economy. For the attainment of these objectives, the Secretary of

Agriculture is authorized and directed to conduct and to stimulate

research into the laws and principles underlying the basic problems

of agriculture in its broadest aspects, including but not limited

to: Research relating to the improvement of the quality of, and the

development of new and improved methods of the production,

marketing, distribution, processing, and utilization of plant and

animal commodities at all stages from the original producer through

to the ultimate consumer; research into the problems of human

nutrition and the nutritive value of agricultural commodities, with

particular reference to their content of vitamins, minerals, amino

and fatty acids, and all other constituents that may be found

necessary for the health of the consumer and to the gains or losses

in nutritive value that may take place at any stage in their

production, distribution, processing, and preparation for use by

the consumer; research relating to the development of present, new,

and extended uses and markets for agricultural commodities and

byproducts as food or in commerce, manufacture, or trade, both at

home and abroad, with particular reference to those foods and

fibers for which our capacity to produce exceeds or may exceed

existing economic demand; research to encourage the discovery,

introduction, and breeding of new and useful agricultural crops,

plants, and animals, both foreign and native, particularly for

those crops and plants which may be adapted to utilization in

chemical and manufacturing industries; research relating to new and

more profitable uses for our resources of agricultural manpower,

soils, plants, animals, and equipment than those to which they are

now, or may hereafter be, devoted; research relating to the

conservation, development, and use of land, forest, and water

resources for agricultural purposes; research relating to the

design, development, and the more efficient and satisfactory use of

farm buildings, farm homes, farm machinery, including the

application of electricity and other forms of power; research and

development relating to uses of solar energy with respect to farm

buildings, farm homes, and farm machinery (including equipment used

to dry and cure crops and provide irrigation); applied research to

develop agricultural, forestry, and rural energy conservation and

biomass energy production and use; research relating to the

diversification of farm enterprises, both as to the type of

commodities produced, and as to the type of operations performed,

on the individual farm; research relating to any other laws and

principles that may contribute to the establishment and maintenance

of a permanent and effective agricultural industry including such

investigations as have for their purpose the development and

improvement of the rural home and rural life, and the maximum

contribution by agriculture to the welfare of the consumer and the

maintenance of maximum employment and national prosperity; and such

other researches or experiments bearing on the agricultural

industry or on rural homes of the United States as may in each case

be deemd (FOOTNOTE 1) advisable, having due regard to the varying

conditions and needs of Puerto Rico, the respective States, and

Territories. In effectuating the purposes of this section, maximum

use shall be made of existing research facilities owned or

controlled by the Federal Government or by State agricultural

experiment stations and of the facilities of the Federal and State

extension services. Research authorized under this section shall

be in addition to research provided for under existing law (but

both activities shall be coordinated so far as practicable). For

purposes of sections 427 to 427j of this title, the term ''solar

energy'' means energy derived from sources (other than fossil

fuels) and technologies included in the Federal Non-Nuclear

(FOOTNOTE 2) Energy Research and Development Act of 1974, as

amended (42 U.S.C. 5901 et seq.).

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be ''deemed''.

(FOOTNOTE 2) So in original. Probably should be ''Nonnuclear''.

-SOURCE-

(June 29, 1935, ch. 338, title I, Sec. 1, 49 Stat. 436; Aug. 14,

1946, ch. 966, title I, Sec. 101(1), 60 Stat. 1082; Pub. L. 95-113,

title XIV, Sec. 1446, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 1011; Pub. L.

96-294, title II, Sec. 253, June 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 707.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Sections 427a to 427h and 427j of this title, referred to in

text, were repealed by act Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 790, Sec. 2, 69 Stat.

674. See sections 361a to 361i of this title.

The Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of

1974, as amended, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 93-577, Dec. 31,

1974, 88 Stat. 1878, as amended, which is classified generally to

chapter 74 (Sec. 5901 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and

Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see

Short Title note set out under section 5901 of Title 42 and Tables.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Another section 1446 of Pub. L. 95-113 is classified to section

3222a of this title.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1980 - Pub. L. 96-294 inserted provisions relating to applied

research to develop agricultural, forestry, and rural energy

conservation and biomass energy production and use.

1977 - Pub. L. 95-113 inserted reference to research and

development relating to uses of solar energy with respect to farm

buildings, farm homes, and farm machinery (including equipment used

to dry and cure crops and provide irrigation) and inserted

definition of ''solar energy''.

1946 - Act Aug. 14, 1946, amended section generally to provide

for a greatly augmented research program in order to enable

agriculture to attain a position in research comparable to that of

other industries.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1977 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 95-113 effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section

1901 of Pub. L. 95-113, set out as a note under section 1307 of

this title.

SHORT TITLE

Act June 29, 1935, as amended, which enacted sections 329, 343,

343d-1, and 427-427j of this title, is popularly known as the

''Agricultural Research Act'' and also as the ''Bankhead-Jones

Act''.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of all officers, agencies, and employees of Department

of Agriculture transferred, with certain exceptions, to Secretary

of Agriculture by 1953 Reorg. Plan No. 2, Sec. 1, eff. June 4,

1953, 18 F.R. 3219, 67 Stat. 633, set out as a note under section

2201 of this title.

-MISC5-

MINIMUM SUM FOR CONTRACTING

Minimum of $1,500,000 of appropriations of Department of

Agriculture for research and service work authorized by this

section and section 1621 et seq. of this title as available for

contracting in accordance therewith, see section 1623a of this

title.

-EXEC-

EX. ORD. NO. 9310. TRANSFERRING NUTRITION FUNCTIONS OF OFFICE OF

DEFENSE HEALTH AND WELFARE SERVICES TO DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Ex. Ord. No. 9310, Mar. 6, 1943, 8 F.R. 2913, provided:

By virtue of the authority vested in me by Title I of the First

War Powers Act, 1941 (former sections 601 to 605 of Appendix to

Title 50, War and National Defense), as President of the United

States, and in order to enable the Secretary of Agriculture more

effectively to carry out his responsibilities with respect to the

Nation's food program, it is hereby ordered:

1. The functions, powers, and duties, with respect to nutrition,

(a) of the Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services in the

Office for Emergency Management of the Executive Office of the

President (including all functions, powers, and duties of the

Nutrition Division of the Office of Defense Health and Welfare

Services), and (b) of the Director of the Office of Defense Health

and Welfare Services, are transferred to the Department of

Agriculture and shall be administered under the supervision and

direction of the Secretary of Agriculture through such agency or

agencies in the Department as the Secretary shall designate.

2. The personnel, property, and records used primarily in the

administration of the functions, powers, and duties transferred by

this Order are transferred to the Department of Agriculture. So

much of the unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, and

other funds available for the use of the Office of Defense Health

and Welfare Services in discharging the functions, powers, and

duties transferred by this Order, as the Director of the Bureau of

the Budget shall determine, shall be transferred to the Department

of Agriculture for use in connection with the exercise of the

functions, powers, and duties so transferred. In determining the

amounts to be transferred hereunder, allowance shall be made for

the liquidation of obligations previously incurred against such

appropriations, allocations, or other funds.

Franklin D. Roosevelt.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 361a, 427i, 1623a, 1629,

3152 of this title; title 42 section 8852.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 427a to 427h 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 427a to 427h. Repealed. Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 790, Sec. 2, 69

Stat. 674

-MISC1-

Sections 427a to 427c, act June 29, 1935, ch. 338, title I, Sec.

2-4, 49 Stat. 437, authorized research by experiment stations,

appropriations, and allocation of appropriations. See sections

361a to 361c of this title.

Section 427d, acts June 29, 1935, ch. 338, title I, Sec. 5, 49

Stat. 437; Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, Sec. 105, 58 Stat.

735, related to allocation of appropriations. See section 361c of

this title.

Sections 427e to 427g, act June 29, 1935, ch. 338, title I, Sec.

6-8, 49 Stat. 438, defined ''Territory'', authorized Secretary of

Agriculture to prescribe rules and regulations, and reserved the

right to Congress to amend, suspend, or repeal act June 29, 1935.

See sections 361a, 361g, and 361i, respectively, of this title.

Section 427h, act June 29, 1935, ch. 338, title I, Sec. 9, as

added Aug. 14, 1946, ch. 966, title I, Sec. 101(2), 60 Stat. 1083,

authorized appropriations for agricultural experiment stations,

provided for availability of funds and unexpended balances, and

prescribed allotments for the experiment stations. See sections

361c, 361d, and 361g of this title.

EXISTING RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES

Any rights or liabilities existing under sections 427a to 427h as

unaffected by repeal, see section 2 of act Aug. 11, 1955, set out

as a note under former section 361 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 427i 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 427i. Agricultural research; authorization of additional

appropriations; administrative expenses; availability of

special research fund

-STATUTE-

(a) In order to carry out further research on utilization and

associated problems in connection with the development and

application of present, new, and extended uses of agricultural

commodities and products thereof authorized by section 427 of this

title, and to disseminate information relative thereto, and in

addition to all other appropriations authorized by sections 427 to

427j of this title, there is authorized to be appropriated the

following sums:

(1) $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1947, and

each subsequent fiscal year.

(2) An additional $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June

30, 1948, and each subsequent fiscal year.

(3) An additional $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June

30, 1949, and each subsequent fiscal year.

(4) An additional $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June

30, 1950, and each subsequent fiscal year.

(5) An additional $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June

30, 1951, and each subsequent fiscal year.

(6) In addition to the foregoing, such additional funds

beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 1952, and

thereafter, as the Congress may deem necessary.

The Secretary of Agriculture, in accordance with such regulations

as he deems necessary, and when in his judgment the work to be

performed will be carried out more effectively, more rapidly, or at

less cost than if performed by the Department of Agriculture, may

enter into contracts with such public or private organizations or

individuals as he may find qualified to carry on work under this

section without regard to the provisions of section 5 of title 41,

and with respect to such contracts he may make advance progress or

other payments without regard to the provisions of section 3324(a)

and (b) of title 31. Contracts under this section may be made for

work to continue not more than four years from the date of any such

contract. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 5 of the Act

of June 20, 1874, as amended (31 U.S.C. 713), any unexpended

balances of appropriations properly obligated by contracting with

an organization as provided in this subsection may remain upon the

books of the Treasury for not more than five fiscal years before

being carried to the surplus fund and covered into the Treasury.

Research authorized under this subsection shall be conducted so far

as practicable at laboratories of the Department of Agriculture.

Projects conducted under contract with public and private agencies

shall be supplemental to and coordinated with research of these

laboratories. Any contracts made pursuant to this authority shall

contain requirements making the results of research and

investigations available to the public through dedication,

assignment to the Government, or such other means as the Secretary

shall determine.

(b) In order to carry out further the purposes of section 427 of

this title, other than research on utilization of agricultural

commodities and the products thereof, and in addition to all other

appropriations authorized by sections 427 to 427j of this title,

there is authorized to be appropriated for cooperative research

with the State agricultural experiment stations and such other

appropriate agencies as may be mutually agreeable to the Department

of Agriculture and the experiment stations concerned, the following

sums:

(1) $1,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1947, and

each subsequent fiscal year.

(2) An additional $1,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June

30, 1948, and each subsequent fiscal year.

(3) An additional $1,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June

30, 1949, and each subsequent fiscal year.

(4) An additional $1,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June

30, 1950, and each subsequent fiscal year.

(5) In addition to the foregoing such additional funds

beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 1951, and

thereafter, as the Congress may deem necessary.

(c) The Secretary may incur necessary administrative expenses not

to exceed 3 per centum of the amount appropriated in any fiscal

year in carrying out this section, including the specific objects

of expense enumerated in section 427b of this title.

(d) The ''Special research fund, Department of Agriculture,''

provided by section 427c of this title, shall continue to be

available solely for research into laws and principles underlying

basic problems of agriculture in its broadest aspects; research

relating to the improvement of the quality of, and the development

of, new and improved methods of production of, distribution of, and

new and extended uses and markets for, agricultural commodities and

byproducts and manufactures thereof; and research relating to the

conservation, development, and use of land and water resources for

agricultural purposes. Such research shall be in addition to

research provided for under other law (but both activities shall be

coordinated so far as practicable) and shall be conducted by such

agencies of the Department of Agriculture as the Secretary of

Agriculture may designate or establish.

(e) Appropriations for research work in the Department of

Agriculture shall be available for accomplishing such purposes by

contract through the means provided in subsection (a) of this

section.

-SOURCE-

(June 29, 1935, ch. 338, title I, Sec. 10, as added Aug. 14, 1946,

ch. 966, title I, Sec. 101(2), 60 Stat. 1083; amended July 28,

1954, ch. 591, 68 Stat. 574.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 5 of the Act of June 20, 1874, as amended (31 U.S.C.

713), referred to in subsec. (a), was repealed by act July 6, 1949,

ch. 299, Sec. 3, 63 Stat. 407.

Sections 427a to 427h and 427j of this title, referred to in

text, were repealed by act Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 790, Sec. 2, 69 Stat.

674. See sections 361a to 361i of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

In subsec. (a), closing par., ''section 3324(a) and (b) of title

31'' substituted for ''section 3648, Revised Statutes (31 U.S.C.

529)'' on authority of Pub. L. 97-258, Sec. 4(b), Sept. 13, 1982,

96 Stat. 1067, the first section of which enacted Title 31, Money

and Finance.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1954 - Subsec. (e). Act July 23, 1954, added subsec. (e).

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of all officers, agencies, and employees of Department

of Agriculture transferred, with certain exceptions, to Secretary

of Agriculture by 1953 Reorg. Plan No. 2, Sec. 1, eff. June 4,

1953, 18 F.R. 3219, 67 Stat. 633, set out as a note under section

2201 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 361a, 427, 1623a, 1629,

3152 of this title; title 21 section 113a; title 35 section 210.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 427j 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 427j. Repealed. Aug. 11, 1955, ch. 790, Sec. 2, 69 Stat. 674

-MISC1-

Section, act June 29, 1935, ch. 338, title I, Sec. 11, as added

Aug. 14, 1946, ch. 966, title I, Sec. 101(2), 60 Stat. 1086;

amended July 31, 1947, ch. 412, 61 Stat. 694; Aug. 30, 1954, ch.

1076, Sec. 1(7), 68 Stat. 966, authorized use of funds appropriated

for agricultural research program for market research projects and

required an annual report to Congress. See sections 361a to 361h of

this title.

EXISTING RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES

Any rights or liabilities existing under this section as

unaffected by repeal, see section 2 of act Aug. 11, 1955, set out

as a note under section 361 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 428 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 428. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act June 4, 1956, ch. 355, title V, Sec. 503, 70 Stat.

240, related to options to purchase lands and was superseded by

section 428a of this title. Similar provisions were contained in

the following prior appropriation acts:

May 23, 1955, ch. 43, title V, Sec. 503, 69 Stat. 63.

June 29, 1954, ch. 409, title V, Sec. 503, 68 Stat. 318.

July 28, 1953, ch. 251, title IV, Sec. 403, 67 Stat. 224.

July 5, 1952, ch. 574, title IV, Sec. 403, 66 Stat. 355.

Aug. 31, 1951, ch. 374, title IV, Sec. 403, 65 Stat. 246.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. VI, title IV, Sec. 407, 64 Stat. 657.

June 29, 1949, ch. 280, title I, 63 Stat. 325.

June 19, 1948, ch. 543, title I, 62 Stat. 508.

July 30, 1947, ch. 356, title I, 61 Stat. 523.

June 22, 1946, ch. 445, 60 Stat. 271.

May 5, 1945, ch. 109, 59 Stat. 136.

June 28, 1944, ch. 296, 58 Stat. 426.

July 12, 1943, ch. 215, 57 Stat. 393.

July 22, 1942, ch. 516, 56 Stat. 665.

July 1, 1941, ch. 267, 55 Stat. 408.

June 25, 1940, ch. 421, 54 Stat. 532.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 428a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 428a. Acquisition of land; options

-STATUTE-

(a) The Department of Agriculture is authorized to acquire land,

or interest therein, by purchase, exchange or otherwise, as may be

necessary to carry out its authorized work: Provided, That no

acquisition shall be made under this authority unless provision is

made therefor in the applicable appropriation or other law.

(b) Appropriations for the Department of Agriculture which are

available for the purchase of land may be expended for options to

purchase land: Provided, That not to exceed $1 may be expended for

each option to purchase any particular tract or tracts of land

unless otherwise provided in appropriation or other law.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 3, 1956, ch. 950, Sec. 11, 70 Stat. 1034.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 16 section 2103c.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 428b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 428b. Wheat and feed grains research; regional and national

research programs; utilization of services of Federal, State

and private agencies; authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

In order to reduce fertilizer and herbicide usage in excess of

production needs, to develop wheat and feed grain varieties more

susceptible to complete fertilizer utilization, and to improve the

resistance of wheat and feed grain plants to disease and to enhance

their conservation and environmental qualities, the Secretary of

Agriculture is authorized and directed to carry out regional and

national research programs.

In carrying out such research, the Secretary shall utilize the

technical and related services of the appropriate Federal, State,

and private agencies.

There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be

necessary to carry out the provisions of this section, but not more

than $1,000,000 in any fiscal year.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-524, title VIII, Sec. 810, as added Pub. L. 93-86, Sec.

1(27)(B), Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 238.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 428c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 428c. Rice research

-STATUTE-

(a) Regional and national research programs; rules; purposes

The Secretary of Agriculture may, under rules prescribed by such

Secretary, carry out regional and national research programs with

regard to rice for the following purposes:

(1) to reduce fertilizer and herbicide usage in excess of

production needs;

(2) to develop varieties of rice more susceptible to complete

fertilizer utilization;

(3) to improve the resistance of rice plants to disease and to

enhance their conservation and environmental qualities;

(4) to increase the usage of rice and its processing

byproducts;

(5) to develop better husbandry practices in production and

conservation of rice;

(6) to develop more efficient rice storage practices;

(7) to improve domestic and international marketing of rice;

and

(8) to benefit the general welfare.

(b) Utilization of services of Federal, State, local governmental

and private agencies; priority consideration

The Secretary shall, in implementing the program authorized in

subsection (a) of this section, utilize the technical and related

services of appropriate Federal, State, local governmental, and

private agencies, with priority consideration for land grant

universities, State experiment stations, and other agricultural

institutions of higher learning.

(c) Authorization of appropriations; use restriction

There is authorized to be appropriated not more than $1,000,000

for the period ending September 30, 1976, to carry out the

provisions of this section. No funds authorized by this section

shall be used for advertising or promotional activities.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-214, title II, Sec. 201, Feb. 16, 1976, 90 Stat. 187.)

-MISC1-

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 94-214 provided that: ''This Act (enacting

this section, amending sections 1352, 1385, 1428, and 1441 of this

title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections

1352, 1353, 1377, 1385, 1428, and 1441 of this title) may be cited

as the 'Rice Production Act of 1975'.''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 429 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 429. Repealed. Pub. L. 107-171, title X, Sec. 10418(a)(2), May

13, 2002, 116 Stat. 507

-MISC1-

Section, act Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, Sec. 101(b), 58

Stat. 734; Aug. 4, 1950, ch. 579, 64 Stat. 413, related to

improvement of poultry, poultry products, and hatcheries.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 430 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 430. Purchase and testing of serums or analogous products;

dissemination of test results

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture may purchase in the open market from

applicable appropriations samples of all tuberculin, serums,

antitoxins, or analogous products, of foreign or domestic

manufacture, which are sold in the United States, for the

detection, prevention, treatment, or cure of diseases of domestic

animals, test the same, and disseminate the results of said tests

in such manner as he may deem best.

-SOURCE-

(Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, Sec. 101(d), 58 Stat. 734.)

-MISC1-

APPROPRIATIONS

Appropriations of funds necessary to accomplish the purpose of

this section, see note under section 395 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 431 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 431. Purchase of tags, labels, stamps, and certificates

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to expend

appropriations for meat inspection for the purchase of printed

tags, labels, stamps, and certificates without regard to existing

laws applicable to public printing.

-SOURCE-

(Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, Sec. 101(f), 58 Stat. 734.)

-MISC1-

APPROPRIATIONS

Appropriations of funds necessary to accomplish the purpose of

this section, see note under section 395 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 432 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 432. Purchase of cultures for soil and fertilizer

investigations

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture may purchase from applicable

appropriations cultures in the open market for use in connection

with soil and fertilizer investigations.

-SOURCE-

(Sept. 21, 1944, ch. 412, title I, Sec. 104, 58 Stat. 735.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 433 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 433. Domestic raising of fur-bearing animals; classification

-STATUTE-

For the purposes of all classification and administration of Acts

of Congress, Executive orders, administrative orders, and

regulations pertaining to -

(a) fox, rabbit, mink, chinchilla, marten, fisher, muskrat,

karakul and all other fur-bearing animals, raised in captivity

for breeding or other useful purposes shall be deemed domestic

animals;

(b) such animals and the products thereof shall be deemed

agricultural products; and

(c) the breeding, raising, producing, or marketing of such

animals or their products by the producer shall be deemed an

agricultural pursuit.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 242, Sec. 1, 60 Stat. 127.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section 3 of act Apr. 30, 1946, provided that this section and

section 434 of this title shall become effective sixty days after

Apr. 30, 1946.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 434 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 434 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 434. Transfer of functions, appropriations, records and

property to Secretary of Agriculture

-STATUTE-

(a) All the functions of the Secretary of the Interior and the

Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior, which

affect the breeding, raising, producing, marketing, or any other

phase of the production or distribution, of domestically raised

fur-bearing animals, or products thereof, are transferred to and

vested in the Secretary of Agriculture.

(b) Appropriations and unexpended balances of appropriations, or

parts thereof, which the Director of the Office of Management and

Budget determines to be available for expenditure for the

administration of any function transferred by this section and

section 433 of this title, shall be available for expenditure for

the continued administration of such function by the officer to

whom such function is so transferred.

(c) All records and property (including office furniture and

equipment) under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior

and the Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior

used primarily in connection with the administration of functions

transferred by said sections are transferred to the jurisdiction of

the Secretary of Agriculture.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 30, 1946, ch. 242, Sec. 2, 60 Stat. 127; 1970 Reorg. Plan No.

2, Sec. 102, eff. July 1, 1970, 35 F.R. 7959, 84 Stat. 2085.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective 60 days after Apr. 30, 1946, see note set out

under section 433 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions vested by law (including reorganization plan) in Bureau

of the Budget or Director of Bureau of the Budget were transferred

to President by section 101 of 1970 Reorg. Plan No. 2. Section 102

of 1970 Reorg. Plan No. 2 redesignated Bureau of the Budget as

Office of Management and Budget and the offices of Director of

Bureau of the Budget, Deputy Director of Bureau of the Budget, and

Assistant Directors of Bureau of the Budget as Director of Office

of Management and Budget, Deputy Director of Office of Management

and Budget, and Assistant Directors of Office of Management and

Budget, respectively. Section 103 of 1970 Reorg. Plan No. 2

transferred all records, property, personnel, and funds of the

Bureau to the Office of Management and Budget. See part I of Reorg.

Plan No. 2 of 1970, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees. See, also, section 502 of Title 31,

Money and Finance.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 435 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 435. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, which made inapplicable provisions of law prohibiting or

restricting employment of aliens to employment under the

appropriations for the Foreign Agricultural Service, was from the

Department of Agriculture Appropriation Act, 1974, Pub. L. 93-135.

Similar provisions were contained in prior appropriation acts.

Section was not repeated in the Department of Agriculture

Appropriation Act, 1975, accordingly, section was omitted from the

Code. For provisions covering employment of aliens generally, see

section 3101 note of Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees.

Section was based on acts July 30, 1947, ch. 356, title I, Sec.

4, 61 Stat. 548; June 19, 1948, ch. 543, title I, Sec. 4, 62 Stat.

530; June 2, 1949, ch. 280, title III, Sec. 302, 63 Stat. 348;

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, ch. VI, title IV, Sec. 402, 64 Stat. 679;

Aug. 31, 1951, ch. 374, title IV, Sec. 402, 65 Stat. 245; July 5,

1952, ch. 574, title IV, Sec. 402, 66 Stat. 355; July 28, 1953, ch.

251, title IV Sec. 402, 67 Stat. 224; June 29, 1954, ch. 409, title

V, Sec. 502, 68 Stat. 318; May 23, 1955, ch. 43, title V, Sec. 502,

69 Stat. 63; June 4, 1956, ch. 355, title V, Sec. 502, 70 Stat.

240; Aug. 2, 1957, Pub. L. 85-118, title V, Sec. 502, 71 Stat. 340;

June 13, 1958, Pub. L. 85-459, title IV, Sec. 402, 72 Stat. 199;

July 8, 1959, Pub. L. 86-80, title IV, Sec. 402, 73 Stat. 179; June

29, 1960, Pub. L. 86-532, title IV, Sec. 402, 74 Stat. 244; July

26, 1961, Pub. L. 87-112, title V, Sec. 502, 75 Stat. 240; Oct. 24,

1962, Pub. L. 87-879, title VI, Sec. 602, 76 Stat. 1215; Dec. 30,

1963, Pub. L. 88-250, title VI, Sec. 602, 77 Stat. 833; Sept. 2,

1964, Pub. L. 88-573, title V, Sec. 502, 78 Stat. 876; Nov. 2,

1965, Pub. L. 89-316, title V, Sec. 502, 79 Stat. 1179; Sept. 7,

1966, Pub. L. 89-556, title V, Sec. 502, 80 Stat. 703; Oct. 24,

1967, Pub. L. 90-113, title V, Sec. 502, 81 Stat. 334; Aug. 8,

1968, Pub. L. 90-463, title V, Sec. 502, 82 Stat. 653; Nov. 26,

1969, Pub. L. 91-127, title V, Sec. 502, 83 Stat. 260; Dec. 22,

1970, Pub. L. 91-566, title V, Sec. 502, 84 Stat. 1496; Aug. 10,

1971, Pub. L. 92-73, title V, Sec. 502, 85 Stat. 201; Aug. 22,

1972, Pub. L. 92-399, title V, Sec. 502, 86 Stat. 611; Oct. 24,

1973, Pub. L. 93-135, title V, Sec. 502, 87 Stat. 489.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 436 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 436. Transfer of Army Remount Service to Department of

Agriculture; effective date

-STATUTE-

In the interests of economy and efficiency, the records,

property, real and personal, and civilian personnel of the Remount

Service of the Quartermaster Corps, Department of the Army, are

transferred to the Department of Agriculture, effective July 1,

1948. Prior to that date, the Secretary of the Army and the

Secretary of Agriculture shall enter into a written agreement on

the property and the personnel covered by this transfer.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 21, 1948, ch. 224, Sec. 1, 62 Stat. 197.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 437 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 437 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 437. Administration of transferred property; improvement in

horse breeding; acquisition of breeding stock and facilities;

fees; cooperation with other organizations

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to receive the

property transferred by section 436 of this title and is directed

to administer it in such manner as he deems will best advance the

livestock and agricultural interests of the United States,

including improvement in the breeding of horses suited to the needs

of the United States; the acquisition by purchase in the open

market, exchange, hire, or donation of breeding stock, and

necessary land, buildings, and facilities; the use of horses in the

improvement of the supply of horses available in agriculture; the

demonstration of the quality and usefulness of horses through

participation in and lending for use in fairs, shows, and other

events, or otherwise; the loan, sale, or hire of animals or animal

products through such arrangements and subject to such fees as are

deemed necessary by the Secretary to accomplish the purposes of

this section and section 436 of this title, and, in carrying out

such program, the Secretary is authorized to cooperate with public

and private organizations and individuals under such rules and

regulations as are deemed by him to be necessary.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 21, 1948, ch. 224, Sec. 2, 62 Stat. 197.)

-MISC1-

AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS; ABOLITION OF ARMY REMOUNT PROGRAM

Section 4 of act Apr. 21, 1948, provided: ''There is hereby

authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Agriculture such

funds as may be necessary to carry out this Act (sections 436 to

438 of this title). The authority of the Department of the Army to

conduct a remount breeding program is hereby abolished. Funds

appropriated pursuant to this Act (said sections) shall be

available for necessary administrative expenses, including personal

services in the District of Columbia, printing and binding, and

purchase or hire of passenger motor vehicles.''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 438 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 438. Repealed. Pub. L. 88-448, title IV, Sec. 402(a)(26), Aug.

19, 1964, 78 Stat. 494

-MISC1-

Section, act Apr. 21, 1948, ch. 224, Sec. 3, 62 Stat. 197,

related to employment of retired Army officers in Remount Service.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective on first day of first month which begins later

than ninetieth day following Aug. 19, 1964, see section 403 of Pub.

L. 88-448.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 439 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 439. Operation of Government-owned alcohol plants; location;

transfer of plants

-STATUTE-

For the purpose of assuring their operation for the production of

products from agricultural commodities in order to provide a means

of discharging the responsibility of the Department of Agriculture

in connection with surplus agricultural commodities, research, and

other authorized activities, and to assist in providing an adequate

supply of alcohol and other products produced from agricultural

commodities necessary for the national defense, (1) the

Reconstruction Finance Corporation, as successor to Defense Plant

Corporation, shall transfer, without regard to the provisions of

the Surplus Property Act of 1944 and without reimbursement or

transfer of funds, to the Secretary of Agriculture all of its

right, title, and interest in and to the alcohol plant established

and constructed by Defense Plant Corporation at Muscatine, Iowa,

the property, together with the equipment, records, facilities, and

other property appurtenant thereto; and (2) the War Assets

Administration shall transfer to the Secretary of Agriculture

without regard to the provisions of the Surplus Property Act of

1944 and without reimbursement or transfer of funds the alcohol

plants at Kansas City, Missouri, and Omaha, Nebraska, together with

the land, equipment, facilities, and other property appurtenant

thereto.

-SOURCE-

(July 2, 1948, ch. 818, Sec. 1, 62 Stat. 1234.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Surplus Property Act of 1944, referred to in text, is act

Oct. 3, 1944, ch. 479, 58 Stat. 765, which was classified

principally to sections 1611 to 1646 of Title 50, Appendix, War and

National Defense, and was repealed effective July 1, 1949, with the

exception of sections 1622, 1631, 1637, and 1641 of Title 50,

Appendix, by act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title VI, Sec. 602(a)(1),

63 Stat. 399, renumbered Sept. 5, 1950, ch. 849, Sec. 6(a), (b), 64

Stat. 583. Sections 1622 and 1641 were partially repealed by the

1949 act, and section 1622 is still set out in part in Title 50,

Appendix. Section 1622(g) was repealed and reenacted as sections

47151 to 47153 of Title 49, Transportation, by Pub. L. 103-272,

Sec. 1(e), 7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1278-1280, 1379. Section

1631 was repealed by act June 7, 1939, ch. 190, Sec. 6(e), as added

by act July 23, 1946, ch. 590, 60 Stat. 599, and is covered by

sections 98 et seq. of Title 50. Section 1637 was repealed by act

June 25, 1948, ch. 645, Sec. 21, 62 Stat. 862, eff. Sept. 1, 1948,

and is covered by section 3287 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal

Procedure. Provisions of section 1641 not repealed by the 1949 act

were repealed by Pub. L. 87-256, Sec. 111(a)(1), Sept. 21, 1961, 75

Stat. 538, and are covered by chapter 33 (Sec. 2451 et seq.) of

Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. The provisions of the

Surplus Property Act of 1944 originally repealed by the 1949 act

are covered by provisions of the 1949 act which were classified to

chapter 10 (Sec. 471 et seq.) of former Title 40, Public Buildings,

Property, and Works, and which were repealed and reenacted by Pub.

L. 107-217, Sec. 1, 6(b), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1062, 1304, as

chapters 1 to 11 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and

Works.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of all officers, agencies, and employees of Department

of Agriculture transferred, with certain exceptions, to Secretary

of Agriculture by 1953 Reorg. Plan No. 2, Sec. 1, eff. June 4,

1953, 18 F.R. 3219, 67 Stat. 633, set out as a note under section

2201 of this title.

Functions, property, records, etc., of War Assets Administration

transferred to Administrator of General Services and War Assets

Administration abolished by act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, title I,

Sec. 105, 63 Stat. 381.

ABOLITION OF RECONSTRUCTION FINANCE CORPORATION

Section 6(a) of 1957 Reorg. Plan No. 1, eff. June 30, 1957, 22

F.R. 4633, 71 Stat. 647, set out in the Appendix to Title 5,

Government Organization and Employees.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 439a, 439b, 439c, 439e of

this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 439a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 439a. Powers and duties of Secretary of Agriculture

-STATUTE-

In carrying out the purposes of sections 439 to 439e of this

title the Secretary is authorized, upon such terms and conditions

as he deems reasonable, and notwithstanding the provisions of any

other law -

(a) to provide for the operation of such plants by lease or

other arrangement;

(b) to operate such plants, where operation by others will not,

in the judgment of the Secretary, accomplish the purpose of

sections 439 to 439e of this title.

Such plants may be operated in the furtherance of any authorized

activities of the Department of Agriculture, and any lease, or

other arrangement may be upon such terms and conditions as to

result in the plant being operated for such purposes.

-SOURCE-

(July 2, 1948, ch. 818, Sec. 2, 62 Stat. 1234.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of all officers, agencies, and employees of Department

of Agriculture transferred, with certain exceptions, to Secretary

of Agriculture by 1953 Reorg. Plan No. 2, Sec. 1, eff. June 4,

1953, 18 F.R. 3219, 67 Stat. 633, set out as a note under section

2201 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 439b, 439c, 439e of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 439b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 439b. Recommendations to Congress for discontinuance of plants

-STATUTE-

Whenever the Secretary finds that the operation of any plant or

plants as provided in sections 439 to 439e of this title is no

longer necessary or desirable, he shall report such fact to

Congress with his recommendations for the disposition thereof.

-SOURCE-

(July 2, 1948, ch. 818, Sec. 3, 62 Stat. 1235.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 439a, 439c, 439e of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 439c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 439c. Construction of additional facilities; acquisition of

property; incurment of expenses; rules and regulations

-STATUTE-

For the purposes of sections 439 to 439e of this title, the

Secretary of Agriculture is authorized (a) to construct and provide

additional facilities and equipment necessary to the operation of

such plants, and to maintain, repair, and alter such plants; (b) to

acquire property or rights or interest therein by purchase, lease,

gift, transfer, condemnation, or otherwise; (c) to incur necessary

administrative expenses, including personal services; and (d) to

make such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out

the purposes of said sections.

-SOURCE-

(July 2, 1948, ch. 818, Sec. 4, 62 Stat. 1235.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 439a, 439b, 439e of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 439d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 439d. Assumption of obligations of Reconstruction Finance

Corporation covering Muscatine, Iowa, plant

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture shall assume all obligations of the

Reconstruction Finance Corporation covering operations of the

Muscatine, Iowa, plant, equipment, facilities, and appurtenant

property outstanding at the date of transfer.

-SOURCE-

(July 2, 1948, ch. 818, Sec. 5, 62 Stat. 1235.)

-TRANS-

ABOLITION OF RECONSTRUCTION FINANCE CORPORATION

Section 6(a) of 1957 Reorg. Plan No. 1, eff. June 30, 1957, 22

F.R. 4633, 71 Stat. 647, set out in the Appendix to Title 5,

Government Organization and Employees, abolished Reconstruction

Finance Corporation.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 439a, 439b, 439c, 439e of

this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 439e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 439e. Authorization of appropriations; availability of other

appropriations

-STATUTE-

There are authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of

sections 439 to 439e of this title such sums as the Congress may

from time to time determine to be necessary. Also, the Secretary

is authorized to use such sums from other appropriations or funds

available to the bureaus, corporations, or agencies of the

Department of Agriculture as he may deem necessary for expenses in

connection with maintaining these plants in standby condition while

not under lease.

-SOURCE-

(July 2, 1948, ch. 818, Sec. 6, 62 Stat. 1235.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 439a, 439b, 439c, 439d of

this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 440 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 440. Reimbursement of appropriations available for classing or

grading agriculture commodities without charge

-STATUTE-

On and after June 29, 1949, appropriations available for classing

or grading any agricultural commodity without charge to the

producers thereof may be reimbursed from nonadministrative funds of

the Commodity Credit Corporation for the cost of classing or

grading any such commodity for producers who obtain Commodity

Credit Corporation price support.

-SOURCE-

(June 29, 1949, ch. 280, title I, 63 Stat. 344.)

-TRANS-

EXCEPTIONS FROM TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of Corporations of Department of Agriculture, boards of

directors and officers of such corporations; Advisory Board of

Commodity Credit Corporation; and Farm Credit Administration or any

agency, officer or entity of, under, or subject to supervision of

the said Administration excepted from functions of officers,

agencies, and employees transferred to Secretary of Agriculture by

1953 Reorg. Plan No. 2, Sec. 1, eff. June 4, 1953, 18 F.R. 3219,

67 Stat. 633, set out as a note under section 2201 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 441 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 441. Repealed. Pub. L. 85-36, title I, Sec. 111, May 23, 1957,

71 Stat. 35

-MISC1-

Section, act Sept. 22, 1951, ch. 409, 65 Stat. 335, related to

prevention of entry of mollusks. See chapter 7B of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 442 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 442. Availability of grain to prevent waterfowl depredations;

payment of packaging, transporting, handling, and other charges

-STATUTE-

For the purpose of preventing crop damage by migratory waterfowl,

the Commodity Credit Corporation shall make available to the

Secretary of the Interior such wheat, corn, or other grains,

acquired through price support operations and certified by the

Commodity Credit Corporation to be available for purposes of

sections 442 to 445 of this title or in such condition through

spoilage or deterioration as not to be desirable for human

consumption, as the Secretary of the Interior shall requisition

pursuant to section 443 of this title. With respect to any grain

thus made available, the Commodity Credit Corporation may pay

packaging, transporting, handling, and other charges up to the time

of delivery to one or more designated locations in each State.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1956, ch. 512, Sec. 1, 70 Stat. 492.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 444, 445 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 443 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 443. Requisition of grain to prevent crop depredation by

migratory waterfowl

-STATUTE-

Upon a finding by the Secretary of the Interior that any area in

the United States is threatened with damage to farmers' crops by

migratory waterfowl, whether or not during the open season for such

migratory waterfowl, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized

and directed to requisition from the Commodity Credit Corporation

and to make available to Federal, State, or local governmental

bodies or officials, or to private organizations or persons, such

grain acquired by the Commodity Credit Corporation through

price-support operations in such quantities and subject to such

regulations as the Secretary determines will most effectively lure

migratory waterfowl away from crop depredations and at the same

time not expose such migratory waterfowl to shooting over areas to

which the waterfowl have been lured by such feeding programs.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1956, ch. 512, Sec. 2, 70 Stat. 492.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 442, 444, 445 of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 444 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 444. Reimbursement of packaging and transporting expenses

-STATUTE-

With respect to all grain made available pursuant to section 443

of this title, the Commodity Credit Corporation shall be reimbursed

by the Secretary of the Interior for its expenses in packaging and

transporting such grain for purposes of sections 442 to 445 of this

title.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1956, ch. 512, Sec. 3, 70 Stat. 492.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 442, 445 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 445 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 445. Authorization of appropriations for mitigating losses

caused by waterfowl depredation

-STATUTE-

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be

necessary to reimburse the Commodity Credit Corporation for its

investment in the grain transferred pursuant to sections 442 to 445

of this title.

-SOURCE-

(July 3, 1956, ch. 512, Sec. 4, 70 Stat. 492.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 442, 444 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 446 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 446. Repealed. Pub. L. 86-133, Aug. 4, 1959, 73 Stat. 279

-MISC1-

Section, act July 3, 1956, ch. 512, Sec. 5, 70 Stat. 492,

prescribed three years following July 3, 1956, as expiration date

for availability of grain under sections 442 to 446 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 447 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 447. Requisition of surplus grain; prevention of starvation of

resident game birds and other resident wildlife; utilization by

State agencies; reimbursement for packaging and transporting

-STATUTE-

For the purpose of meeting emergency situations caused by adverse

weather conditions or other factors destructive of important

wildlife resources, the States are authorized, upon the request of

the State fish and game authority or other State agency having

similar authority and a finding by the Secretary of the Interior

that any area of the United States is threatened with serious

damage or loss to resident game birds and other resident wildlife

from starvation, to requisition from the Commodity Credit

Corporation grain acquired by the Corporation through price support

operations. Such grain may thereafter be furnished to the

particular State for direct and sole utilization by the appropriate

State agencies for purposes of sections 447 to 449 of this title in

such quantities as mutually agreed upon by the State and the

Commodity Credit Corporation and subject to such regulations as may

be considered desirable by the Corporation. The Corporation shall

be reimbursed by the particular State in each instance for the

expense of the Corporation in packaging and transporting such grain

for purposes of sections 447 to 449 of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-152, Sec. 1, Aug. 17, 1961, 75 Stat. 389.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 448, 449 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 448 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 448. Requisition and use of grain for prevention of starvation

of migratory birds; reimbursement for packaging and

transporting

-STATUTE-

Upon a finding by the Secretary of the Interior that migratory

birds are threatened with starvation in any area of the United

States, the Secretary is authorized to requisition from the

Commodity Credit Corporation grain acquired by that Corporation

through price support operations in such quantities as may be

mutually agreed upon. The Corporation shall be reimbursed by the

Secretary for its expense in packaging and transporting of such

grain for purposes of sections 447 to 449 of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-152, Sec. 2, Aug. 17, 1961, 75 Stat. 389.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 447, 449 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 449 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 449. Authorization of appropriations for reimbursement of

Commodity Credit Corporation

-STATUTE-

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be

necessary to reimburse the Commodity Credit Corporation for its

investment in grain transferred pursuant to sections 447 to 449 of

this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-152, Sec. 3, Aug. 17, 1961, 75 Stat. 389.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 447, 448 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450. Cooperation with State agencies in administration and

enforcement of laws relating to marketing of agricultural

products and control or eradication of plant and animal

diseases and pests; coordination of administration of Federal

and State laws

-STATUTE-

In order to avoid duplication of functions, facilities, and

personnel, and to attain closer coordination and greater

effectiveness and economy in administration of Federal and State

laws and regulations relating to the marketing of agricultural

products and to the control or eradication of plant and animal

diseases and pests, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized, in

the administration and enforcement of such Federal laws within his

area of responsibility, whenever he deems it feasible and in the

public interest, to enter into cooperative arrangements with State

departments of agriculture and other State agencies charged with

the administration and enforcement of such State laws and

regulations and to provide that any such State agency which has

adequate facilities, personnel, and procedures, as determined by

the Secretary, may assist the Secretary in the administration and

enforcement of such Federal laws and regulations to the extent and

in the manner he deems appropriate in the public interest.

Further, the Secretary is authorized to coordinate the

administration of such Federal laws and regulations with such State

laws and regulations wherever feasible. However, nothing herein

shall affect the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Agriculture under

any Federal law, or any authority to cooperate with State agencies

or other agencies or persons under existing provisions of law, or

affect any restrictions of law upon such cooperation.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-718, Sept. 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 663.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450a. Cooperative research projects; agreements with and

receipt of funds from State and other agencies

-STATUTE-

On and after December 30, 1963, the Administrator of the

Agricultural Research Service may enter into agreements with and

receive funds from any State, other political subdivision,

organization, or individual for the purpose of conducting

cooperative research projects with such cooperators.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 88-250, title I, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 820.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450b. Cooperation with State and other agencies; expenditures

-STATUTE-

In carrying on the activities of the Department of Agriculture

involving cooperation with State, county, and municipal agencies,

associations of farmers, individual farmers, universities,

colleges, boards of trade, chambers of commerce, or other local

associations of business men, business organizations, and

individuals within the State, Territory, district, or insular

possession in which such activities are to be carried on, moneys

contributed from such outside sources, except in the case of the

authorized activities of the Forest Service, shall be paid only

through the Secretary of Agriculture or through State, county, or

municipal agencies, or local farm bureaus or like organizations,

cooperating for the purpose with the Secretary of Agriculture.

-SOURCE-

(July 24, 1919, ch. 26, 41 Stat. 270.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was formerly classified to section 563 of Title 5 prior

to the general revision and enactment of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees, by Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 1, Sept. 6,

1966, 80 Stat. 378.

A prior section 450b, Pub. L. 89-106, Sec. 2, Aug. 4, 1965, 79

Stat. 431, which related to research grants, duration, records, and

audit, was transferred to section 450i of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2220 of this title; title

16 section 743.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450c. Delegation of regulatory functions of Secretary of

Agriculture; definitions

-STATUTE-

As used in sections 450c to 450g of this title -

(a) The term ''regulatory order'' means an order, marketing

agreement, standard, permit, license, registration, suspension or

revocation of a permit, license, or registration, certificate,

award, rule or regulation, if it has the force and effect of law,

and if it may be made, prescribed, issued, or promulgated only

after notice and hearing or opportunity for hearing have been

given.

(b) The term ''regulatory function'' means the making,

prescribing, issuing, or promulgating of a regulatory order; and

includes (1) determining whether such making, prescribing,

issuing, or promulgating is authorized or required by law, and

(2) any action which is required or authorized to be performed

before, after, or in connection with, such determining, making,

prescribing, issuing, or promulgating.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 4, 1940, ch. 75, Sec. 1, 54 Stat. 81.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was formerly classified to section 516a of Title 5 prior

to the general revision and enactment of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees, by Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 1, Sept. 6,

1966, 80 Stat. 378.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 450g of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450d. Delegation of regulatory functions to designated

employees; status of employees; number; revocation of

delegation

-STATUTE-

Whenever the Secretary of Agriculture deems that the delegation

of the whole or any part of any regulatory function which the

Secretary is, now or after April 4, 1940, required or authorized to

perform will result in the more expeditious discharge of the duties

of the Department of Agriculture, he is authorized to make such

delegation to any officer or employee designated under this

section. The Secretary is authorized to designate officers or

employees of the Department to whom functions may be delegated

under this section and to assign appropriate titles to such

officers or employees. There shall not be in the Department at any

one time more than two officers or employees designated under this

section and vested with a regulatory function or part thereof

delegated under this section. The Secretary may at any time revoke

the whole or any part of a delegation or designation made by him

under this section.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 4, 1940, ch. 75, Sec. 2, 54 Stat. 81; Pub. L. 89-554, Sec.

8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 632, 650.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was formerly classified to section 516b of Title 5 prior

to the general revision and enactment of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees, by Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 1, Sept. 6,

1966, 80 Stat. 378.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1966 - Pub. L. 89-554 repealed third sentence which related to

grade of a position. See section 5109 of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 450c, 450e, 450f, 450g of

this title; title 5 section 5109.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450e. Authority of designated employees; retroactive

revocation of delegation

-STATUTE-

Whenever a delegation is made under section 450d of this title,

all provisions of law shall be construed as if the regulatory

function or the part thereof delegated had (to the extent of the

delegation) been vested by law in the individual to whom the

delegation is made, instead of in the Secretary of Agriculture. A

revocation of delegation shall not be retroactive, and each

regulatory function or part thereof performed (within the scope of

the delegation) by such individual prior to the revocation shall be

considered as having been performed by the Secretary.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 4, 1940, ch. 75, Sec. 3, 54 Stat. 82.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was formerly classified to section 516c of Title 5 prior

to the general revision and enactment of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees, by Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 1, Sept. 6,

1966, 80 Stat. 378.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 450c, 450g of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450f 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450f. Delegation of functions under other laws as unaffected

-STATUTE-

The provisions of section 450d of this title shall not be deemed

to prohibit the delegation, under authority of any other provision

of law, of the whole or any part of any regulatory function or

other function to any officer or employee of the Department of

Agriculture.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 4, 1940, ch. 75, Sec. 4, 54 Stat. 82.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was formerly classified to section 516d of Title 5 prior

to the general revision and enactment of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees, by Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 1, Sept. 6,

1966, 80 Stat. 378.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 450c, 450g of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450g 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450g. Authorization of appropriations for cooperative research

projects

-STATUTE-

There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be

necessary to carry out the purposes of sections 450c to 450g of

this title.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 4, 1940, ch. 75, Sec. 5, 54 Stat. 82.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was formerly classified to section 516e of Title 5 prior

to the general revision and enactment of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees, by Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 1, Sept. 6,

1966, 80 Stat. 378.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 450c of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450h 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450h. Transferred

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act July 24, 1919, ch. 26, 41 Stat. 270, as amended, was

transferred to section 2220 of this title.

Section was formerly classified to sections 67 and 564 of Title 5

prior to the general revision and enactment of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees, by Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 1, Sept. 6,

1966, 80 Stat. 378.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450i 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450i. Competitive, special, and facilities research grants

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment of grant program

(1) In order to promote research in food, agriculture, and

related areas, a research grants program is hereby established in

the Department of Agriculture.

(2) Short Title. - This section may be cited as the

''Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act''.

(b) Competitive grants

(1) The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make

competitive grants, for periods not to exceed five years, to State

agricultural experiment stations, all colleges and universities,

other research institutions and organizations, Federal agencies,

national laboratories, private organizations or corporations, and

individuals, for research to further the programs of the Department

of Agriculture. To the greatest extent possible the Secretary shall

allocate these grants to high priority research taking into

consideration, when available, the determinations made by the

National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics

Advisory Board (as established under section 3123 of this title)

identifying high priority research areas.

(2) High Priority Research. - For purposes of this subsection,

the term ''high priority research'' means basic and applied

research that focuses on both national and multistate research

needs (and methods to transfer such research to onfarm or inmarket

practice) in the areas described in subparagraphs (A) through (F).

Such needs shall be determined by the Secretary, in consultation

with the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and

Economics Advisory Board, not later than July 1 of each fiscal year

for the purposes of the following fiscal year.

(A) plant systems, including plant genome structure and

function; molecular and cellular genetics and plant

biotechnology; plant-pest interactions and biocontrol systems;

crop plant response to environmental stresses; unproved nutrient

qualities of plant products; and new food and industrial uses of

plant products;

(B) animal systems, including aquaculture, cellular and

molecular basis of animal reproduction, growth, disease, and

health; identification of genes responsible for improved

production traits and resistance to disease; improved nutritional

performance of animals; and improved nutrient qualities of animal

products, and uses, and the development of new and improved

animal husbandry and production systems that take into account

production efficiency and animal well-being, and animal systems

applicable to aquaculture;

(C) nutrition, food quality, and health, including microbial

contaminants and pesticides residues related to human health;

links between diet and health; bioavailability of nutrients;

postharvest physiology and practices; and improved processing

technologies;

(D) natural resources and the environment, including

fundamental structures and functions of ecosystems; biological

and physical bases of sustainable production systems; minimizing

soil and water losses and sustaining surface water and ground

water quality; global climate effects on agriculture; forestry;

and biological diversity;

(E) engineering, products, and processes, including new uses

and new products from traditional and non-traditional crops,

animals, byproducts, and natural resources; robotics, energy

efficiency, computing, and expert systems; new hazard and risk

assessment and mitigation measures; and water quality and

management; and

(F) markets, trade, and policy, including optional strategies

for entering and being competitive in overseas markets; new

decision tools for onfarm and inmarket systems; choices and

applications of technology; technology assessment; and new

approaches to rural economic development.

(3) Types of Grants. - In addition to making research grants

under paragraph (1), the Secretary may conduct a program to improve

research capabilities in the agricultural, food, and environmental

sciences and award the following categories of competitive grants:

(A) Grants may be awarded to a single investigator or

coinvestigators within the same discipline.

(B) Grants may be awarded to teams of researchers from

different areas of agricultural research and scientific

disciplines.

(C) Grants may be awarded to multidisciplinary teams that are

proposing research on long-term applied research problems, with

technology transfer a major component of all such grant

proposals.

(D) Grants may be awarded to an institution to allow for the

improvement of the research, development, technology transfer,

and education capacity of the institution through the acquisition

of special research equipment and the improvement of agricultural

education and teaching. The Secretary shall use not less than 25

percent, and not more than 40 percent, of the funds made

available for grants under this subparagraph to provide

fellowships to outstanding pre- and post-doctoral students for

research in the agricultural sciences.

(E) Grants may be awarded to single investigators or

coinvestigators who are beginning their research careers and do

not have an extensive research publication record. To be

eligible for a grant under this subparagraph, an individual shall

be within 5 years of the individual's initial career track

position.

(F) Grants may be awarded to ensure that the faculty of small

and mid-sized institutions who have not previously been

successful in obtaining competitive grants under this subsection

receive a portion of the grants.

(G) Grants may be awarded to improve research capabilities in

States (as defined in the National Agricultural Research,

Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977, as amended (7 U.S.C.

3101 et seq.)) in which institutions have been less successful in

receiving funding under this subsection, based on a three-year

rolling average of funding levels.

(4) Term. - The term of a competitive grant made under this

subsection may not exceed 5 years.

(5) Director. - The Secretary shall appoint a director for the

grant program authorized by this subsection. The Secretary, acting

through the director, shall be responsible for the overall

direction of the grant program and implementation of general

policies respecting the management and operation of programs and

activities in the program.

(6) Participation in Grant Process. - In seeking proposals for

grants under this subsection and in performing peer review

evaluations of such proposals, the Secretary shall seek the widest

participation of qualified scientists in the Federal Government,

colleges and universities, State agricultural experiment stations,

and the private sector.

(7) Construction Prohibited. - A grant made under paragraph (1)

may not be used for any purpose for which a grant may be made under

subsection (d) of this section or for the planning, repair,

rehabilitation, acquisition, or construction of a building or

facility.

(8) Matching Funds. - (A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B),

the Secretary may not take the offer or availability of matching

funds into consideration in making a grant under this subsection.

(B) In the case of grants under paragraph (3)(D), the amount

provided under this subsection may not exceed 50 percent of the

cost of the special research equipment or other equipment

acquired. The Secretary may waive all or part of the matching

requirement under this subparagraph in the case of a college,

university, or research foundation maintained by a college or

university that ranks in the lowest 1/3 of such colleges,

universities, and research foundations on the basis of Federal

research funds received if the equipment to be acquired costs not

more than $25,000 and has multiple uses within a single research

project or is usable in more than 1 research project.

(9) Annual Report. - The Secretary shall transmit to Congress an

annual report describing the policies, priorities, and operations

of the grant program authorized by this subsection during the

preceding fiscal year. The report shall -

(A) include a description of the progress being made to comply

with subsection (j) of this section; and

(B) be transmitted not later than January 1 of each year.

(10) Authorization of Appropriations. - There are authorized to

be appropriated to carry out this subsection $150,000,000 for

fiscal year 1991, $275,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, $350,000,000

for fiscal year 1993, $400,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, and

$500,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1995 through 2007, of which

each fiscal year -

(A) not less than 10 percent for fiscal year 1991, 20 percent

for fiscal year 1992, and 30 percent for fiscal year 1993 and

each fiscal year thereafter shall be available to make grants for

research to be conducted by multidisciplinary teams;

(B) not less than 40 percent shall be available to make grants

for research to be conducted by persons conducting mission-linked

systems research;

(C) not less than 10 percent shall be available to make grants

under subparagraphs (D), (F), and (G) of paragraph (3) for

research and education strengthening and research opportunity;

(D) not more than two percent may be used for equipment grants

under subparagraph (3)(D); and

(E) not more than four percent may be retained by the Secretary

to pay administrative costs incurred by the Secretary in carrying

out this subsection.

(11) Availability of Funds. - Funds made available under

paragraph (10) shall be available for obligation for a 2-year

period beginning on October 1 of the fiscal year for which the

funds are made available.

(c) Special grants

(1) The Secretary of Agriculture may make grants, for periods not

to exceed 3 years -

(A) to State agricultural experiment stations, all colleges and

universities, other research institutions and organizations,

Federal agencies, private organizations or corporations, and

individuals for the purpose of conducting research, extension, or

education activities to facilitate or expand promising

breakthroughs in areas of the food and agricultural sciences of

importance to the United States; and

(B) to State agricultural experiment stations, land-grant

colleges and universities, research foundations established by

land-grant colleges and universities, colleges and universities

receiving funds under the Act of October 10, 1962 (16 U.S.C. 582a

et seq.), and accredited schools or colleges of veterinary

medicine for the purpose of facilitating or expanding ongoing

State-Federal food and agricultural research, extension, or

education programs that -

(i) promote excellence in research, extension, or education

on a regional and national level;

(ii) promote the development of regional research centers;

(iii) promote the research partnership between the Department

of Agriculture, colleges and universities, research

foundations, and State agricultural experiment stations for

regional research efforts; and

(iv) facilitate coordination and cooperation of research,

extension, or education among States through regional grants.

(2) Limitations. - The Secretary may not make a grant under this

subsection -

(A) for any purpose for which a grant may be made under

subsection (d) of this section; or

(B) for the planning, repair, rehabilitation, acquisition, or

construction of a building or facility.

(3) Matching Funds. - Grants made under this subsection shall be

made without regard to matching funds.

(4) Set Asides. - Of amounts appropriated for a fiscal year to

carry out this subsection -

(A) ninety percent of such amounts shall be used for grants for

regional research projects; and

(B) four percent of such amounts may be retained by the

Secretary to pay administrative costs incurred by the Secretary

to carry out this subsection.

(5) Review requirements. -

(A) Research activities. - The Secretary shall make a grant

under this subsection for a research activity only if the

activity has undergone scientific peer review arranged by the

grantee in accordance with regulations promulgated by the

Secretary.

(B) Extension and education activities. - The Secretary shall

make a grant under this subsection for an extension or education

activity only if the activity has undergone merit review arranged

by the grantee in accordance with regulations promulgated by the

Secretary.

(6) Reports. -

(A) In general. - A recipient of a grant under this subsection

shall submit to the Secretary on an annual basis a report

describing the results of the research, extension, or education

activity and the merit of the results.

(B) Public availability. -

(i) In general. - Except as provided in clause (ii), on

request, the Secretary shall make the report available to the

public.

(ii) Exceptions. - Clause (i) shall not apply to the extent

that making the report, or a part of the report, available to

the public is not authorized or permitted by section 552 of

title 5 or section 1905 of title 18.

(d) Facilities grants

The Secretary of Agriculture shall make annual grants to support

the renovation and refurbishment (including energy retrofitting) of

research spaces in buildings or spaces to be used for research, and

the purchase and installation of fixed equipment in such spaces.

Such grants may be used for new construction only for auxiliary

facilities and fixed equipment used for research in such

facilities, such as greenhouses, insectaries, and research farm

structures and installations. Such grants shall be made to -

(1) each State agricultural experiment station in an amount of

$100,000 or an amount which is equal to 10 per centum of the

funds received by such station under the Act of March 2, 1887 (24

Stat. 440-442, as amended; 7 U.S.C. 361a-361i), and the Act of

October 10, 1962 (76 Stat. 806-807, as amended; 16 U.S.C. 582a,

582a-1 - 582a-7), whichever is greater: Provided, That of any

amount in excess of $50,000 made available under this paragraph

during any year for allotment to a State agricultural experiment

station, no payment thereof shall be made in excess of the amount

which the station makes available during that year for the

purposes for which grants under this paragraph are made

available;

(2) each accredited college of veterinary medicine and State

agricultural experiment station which receives funds from the

Federal Government for animal health research, in an amount which

is equal to 10 per centum of the animal health research funds

received by such college or experiment station from the Federal

Government during the previous fiscal year;

(3) each forestry school not described in paragraph (1) of this

subsection, which is eligible to receive funds under the Act of

October 10, 1962 (16 U.S.C. 582a et seq.), in an amount which is

equal to 10 per centum of the funds received by such school under

that Act; and

(4) each college eligible to receive funds under the Act of

August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.), including Tuskegee

Institute, in an amount which is equal to 10 per centum of the

funds received by such college under section 3222 of this title.

Any college or State agricultural experiment station eligible for

annual grants under this subsection may elect to defer the receipt

of an annual grant for any fiscal year for up to five years:

Provided, That the total amounts deferred may not exceed

$1,000,000. Application may be made for receipt of deferred grants

at any time during the five years, subject to the matching funds

requirement of this subsection and the availability of

appropriations under this subsection.

(e) Inter-Regional Research Project Number 4

(1) The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish an

Inter-Regional Research Project Number 4 (hereinafter referred to

in this subsection as the ''IR-4 Program'') to assist in the

collection of residue and efficacy data in support of -

(A) the registration or reregistration of minor use pesticides

under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7

U.S.C. 136 et seq.); and

(B) tolerances for residues of minor use chemicals in or on raw

agricultural commodities under sections 346a and 348 of title 21.

(2) The Secretary shall carry out the IR-4 Program in cooperation

with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency,

State agricultural experiment stations, colleges and universities,

extension services, private industry, and other interested parties.

(3) In carrying out the IR-4 Program, the Secretary shall give

priority to registrations, reregistrations, and tolerances for

pesticide uses related to the production of agricultural crops for

food use.

(4) As part of carrying out the IR-4 Program, the Secretary shall

-

(A) participate in research activities aimed at reducing

residues of pesticides registered for minor agricultural use;

(B) develop analytical techniques applicable to residues of

pesticides registered for minor agricultural use, including

automation techniques and validation of analytical methods; and

(C) coordinate with other programs within the Department of

Agriculture and the Environmental Protection Agency designed to

develop and promote biological and other alternative control

measures.

(5) The Secretary shall prepare and submit, to appropriate

Committees of Congress, a report on an annual basis that contains -

(A) a listing of all registrations, reregistrations, and

tolerances for which data has been collected in the preceding

year;

(B) a listing of all registrations, reregistrations, and

tolerances for which data collection is scheduled to occur in the

following year, with an explanation of the priority system used

to develop this list; and

(C) a listing of all activities the IR-4 Program has carried

out pursuant to paragraph (4).

(6) The Secretary shall submit to Congress not later than

November 28, 1991, a report detailing the feasibility of requiring

recoupment of the costs of developing residue data for

registrations, reregistrations, or tolerances under this program.

Such recoupment shall only apply to those registrants which make a

profit on such registration, reregistration, or tolerance

subsequent to residue data development under this program. Such

report shall include:

(A) an analysis of possible benefits to the IR-4 Program of

such a recoupment;

(B) an analysis of the impact of such a payment on the

availability of registrants to pursue registrations or

reregistrations of minor use pesticides; and

(C) recommendations for implementation of such a recoupment

policy.

(7) There are authorized to be appropriated $25,000,000 for

fiscal year 1991, and such sums as are necessary for subsequent

fiscal years to carry out this subsection.

(f) Record keeping

Each recipient of assistance under this section shall keep such

records as the Secretary of Agriculture shall, by regulation,

prescribe, including records which fully disclose the amount and

disposition by such recipient of the proceeds of such grants, the

total cost of the project or undertaking in connection with which

such funds are given or used, and the amount of that portion of the

costs of the project or undertaking supplied by other sources, and

such other records as will facilitate an effective audit. The

Secretary of Agriculture and the Comptroller General of the United

States or any of their duly authorized representatives shall have

access for the purpose of audit and examination to any books,

documents, papers, and records of the recipients that are pertinent

to the grants received under this section.

(g) Limits on overhead costs

The Secretary of Agriculture shall limit allowable overhead

costs, with respect to grants awarded under this section, to those

necessary to carry out the purposes of the grants.

(h) Authorization of appropriations

Except as otherwise provided in subsections (b) and (e) of this

section, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums

as are necessary to carry out this section.

(i) Rules

The Secretary of Agriculture may issue such rules and regulations

as the Secretary deems necessary to carry out this section.

(j) Application of other laws

The Federal Advisory Committee Act and title XVIII of the Food

and Agriculture Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2281 et seq.) shall not apply

to a panel or board created for the purpose of reviewing

applications or proposals submitted under this section.

(k) Emphasis on sustainable agriculture

The Secretary of Agriculture shall ensure that grants made under

subsections (b) and (c) of this section are, where appropriate,

consistent with the development of systems of sustainable

agriculture. For purposes of this section, the term ''sustainable

agriculture'' has the meaning given that term in section 3103(17)

(FOOTNOTE 1) of this title.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 89-106, Sec. 2, Aug. 4, 1965, 79 Stat. 431; Pub. L.

95-113, title XIV, Sec. 1414, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 991; Pub. L.

97-98, title XIV, Sec. 1415, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1303; Pub. L.

99-198, title XIV, Sec. 1409, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1546; Pub. L.

101-624, title XIV, Sec. 1497, title XVI, Sec. 1615, 1616, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3630, 3729, 3732; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec.

401, Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1862; Pub. L. 104-66, title I, Sec.

1011(v), Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 711; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII,

Sec. 885, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1179; Pub. L. 105-185, title II,

Sec. 211, 212, title III, Sec. 301(f), title VI, Sec. 606(h), June

23, 1998, 112 Stat. 536, 563, 604; Pub. L. 107-76, title VII, Sec.

775, Nov. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 746; Pub. L. 107-171, title VI, Sec.

6403(b), title VII, Sec. 7136, 7211, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 429,

436, 447.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching

Policy Act of 1977, as amended, referred to in subsec. (b)(3)(G),

is title XIV of Pub. L. 95-113, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 981, as

amended, which is classified principally to chapter 64 (Sec. 3101

et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to

the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 3101 of this

title and Tables.

Act of October 10, 1962, referred to in subsecs. (c)(1)(B) and

(d)(1), (3), is Pub. L. 87-788, Oct. 10, 1962, 76 Stat. 806, as

amended, known as the McIntire-Stennis Act of 1962, which is

classified generally to subchapter III (Sec. 582a et seq.) of

chapter 3 of Title 16, Conservation. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Act of March 2, 1887 (24 Stat. 440-442, as amended; 7 U.S.C.

361a-361i), referred to in subsec. (d)(1), is act Mar. 2, 1887, ch.

314, 24 Stat. 440, as amended, popularly known as the Hatch Act of

1887, which is classified generally to sections 361a to 361i of

this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Short Title note set out under section 361a of this title and

Tables.

Act of August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.), referred to in

subsec. (d)(4), is act Aug. 30, 1890, ch. 841, 26 Stat. 417, as

amended, popularly known as the Agricultural College Act of 1890

and also as the Second Morrill Act, which is classified generally

to subchapter II (Sec. 321 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title.

For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short

Title note set out under section 321 of this title and Tables.

The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, referred

to in subsec. (e)(1)(A), is act June 25, 1947, ch. 125, as amended

generally by Pub. L. 92-516, Oct. 21, 1972, 86 Stat. 973, which is

classified generally to subchapter II (Sec. 136 et seq.) of chapter

6 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the

Code, see Short Title note set out under section 136 of this title

and Tables.

The Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to in subsec. (j),

is Pub. L. 92-463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, as amended, which is

set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees.

The Food and Agriculture Act of 1977, referred to in subsec. (j),

is Pub. L. 95-113, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 913, as amended. Title

XVIII of the Act is classified generally to chapter 55A (Sec. 2281

et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to

the Code, see Short Title of 1977 Amendment note set out under

section 1281 of this title and Tables.

Section 3103(17) of this title, referred to in subsec. (k), was

redesignated section 3103(18) of this title by Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7502(a)(1), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 463.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7211, substituted

''in the areas described in subparagraphs (A) through (F). Such

needs shall be determined by the Secretary, in consultation with

the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and

Economics Advisory Board, not later than July 1 of each fiscal year

for the purposes of the following fiscal year.'' for ''in - '' in

provisions preceding subpar. (A).

Subsec. (b)(8)(B). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 6403(b), substituted

''college, university, or research foundation maintained by a

college or university that ranks in the lowest 1/3 of such

colleges, universities, and research foundations on the basis of

Federal research funds received'' for ''smaller college or

university (as described in section 2204f(c)(2)(C)(ii) of this

title)'' in second sentence.

Subsec. (b)(10). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7136, substituted ''2007''

for ''2002'' in introductory provisions.

2001 - Subsec. (b)(3)(G). Pub. L. 107-76, Sec. 775(1), added

subpar. (G).

Subsec. (b)(10)(C). Pub. L. 107-76, Sec. 775(2), substituted '',

(F), and (G) of paragraph (3) for'' for ''and (F) of paragraph (3)

for awarding grants in''.

1998 - Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 211(1), 606(h)(1),

in first sentence, inserted ''national laboratories,'' after

''Federal agencies,'' and in second sentence, substituted

''National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and

Economics Advisory Board (as established under section 3123 of this

title)'' for ''Joint Council on Food and Agricultural Sciences and

the National Agricultural Research and Extension Users Advisory

Board''.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 211(2), substituted

''multistate'' for ''regional'' in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(3)(E). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 211(3), substituted ''an

individual shall be within 5 years of the individual's initial

career track position'' for ''an individual shall have less than 5

years of post-graduate research experience'' in second sentence.

Subsec. (b)(8)(B). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 211(4), substituted

''the cost of'' for ''the cost'' and inserted at end ''The

Secretary may waive all or part of the matching requirement under

this subparagraph in the case of a smaller college or university

(as described in section 2204f(c)(2)(C)(ii) of this title) if the

equipment to be acquired costs not more than $25,000 and has

multiple uses within a single research project or is usable in more

than 1 research project.''

Subsec. (b)(10). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 301(f), substituted

''2002'' for ''1997'' in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 212(1)(A), substituted ''3

years'' for ''5 years'' in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 212(1)(B), inserted '',

extension, or education activities'' after ''conducting research''.

Subsec. (c)(1)(B). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 212(1)(C)(i), inserted

'', extension, or education'' after ''agricultural research'' in

introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(1)(B)(i). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 212(1)(C)(ii),

inserted '', extension, or education'' after ''research''.

Subsec. (c)(1)(B)(iv). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 212(1)(C)(iii),

substituted '', extension, or education among States through

regional'' for ''among States through regional research''.

Subsec. (c)(5), (6). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 212(2), added pars.

(5) and (6).

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 606(h)(2), struck out heading

and text of subsec. (l). Text read as follows: ''The Secretary of

Agriculture may consult with the Agricultural Science and

Technology Review Board regarding the policies, priorities, and

operation of subsections (b) and (c) of this section.''

1996 - Subsec. (b)(10). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 885(a)(1),

substituted ''each of fiscal years 1995 through 1997'' for ''fiscal

year 1995'' in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(10)(B). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 885(a)(2), substituted

''40 percent'' for ''20 percent''.

Subsec. (b)(11). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 885(b), added par. (11).

1995 - Subsecs. (l), (m). Pub. L. 104-66 redesignated subsec. (m)

as (l) and struck out former subsec. (l) which directed Secretary

of Agriculture to submit annual reports to Congress on competitive

grant and special grant awards.

1991 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(a), designated

existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

Subsec. (b)(10). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(1), struck out

''and'' after ''1993,''.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(2)(A), substituted

''Inter-Regional Research Project Number 4'' for ''Record keeping''

as heading.

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(2)(B), substituted

''this subsection'' for ''this section'' in introductory

provisions.

Subsec. (e)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(2)(C),

substituted ''IR-4 Program'' for ''IR-4 program''.

Subsec. (e)(5)(B). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(2)(D),

substituted ''registrations,'' for ''registration,'' and inserted

''and'' at end.

Subsec. (e)(5)(C). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(2)(C),

substituted ''IR-4 Program'' for ''IR-4 program''.

Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(2)(E), substituted

''not later than November 28, 1991,'' for ''within one year of

November 28, 1990,'' and inserted a comma after ''reregistrations''

in first sentence.

Subsec. (e)(6)(A). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(2)(C),

substituted ''IR-4 Program'' for ''IR-4 program''.

Subsec. (e)(7). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(2)(B), substituted

''this subsection'' for ''this section''.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(3), substituted

''Record keeping'' for ''Limits on overhead costs'' as heading.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(4), substituted

''Limits on overhead costs'' for ''Authorization of

appropriations'' as heading.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(5), substituted

''Authorization of appropriations'' for ''Rules'' as heading and

''subsections (b) and (e) of this section'' for ''subsection (b) of

this section'' and struck out ''the provisions of'' after ''to

carry out''.

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(6), substituted

''Rules'' for ''Application of other laws'' as heading, substituted

''may'' for ''is authorized to'', and struck out ''the provisions

of'' after ''to carry out''.

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(7), (8), inserted

''Application of other laws'' as heading and redesignated another

subsec. (j), relating to emphasis on sustainable agriculture, as

(k).

Subsecs. (k) to (m). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 401(b)(8),

redesignated subsecs. (j) to (l), as added by Pub. L. 101-624, Sec.

1615(b), as (k) to (m), respectively.

1990 - Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1615(c)(1), inserted ''Competitive,

special, and facilities research grants'' as section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1615(c)(1), inserted heading.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1615(a), inserted heading,

designated first two sentences of existing text as par. (1), added

pars. (2) to (10), and struck out former similar provisions which

identified ''high priority research'' as well as provisions

relating to the awarding, administration, and funding of such

research.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1616, amended subsec. (c)

generally, designating former introductory text as par. (1),

redesignating former pars. (1) and (2) as subpars. (A) and (B),

respectively, and in subpar. (A), expanding the entities which may

receive grants under this subsection to include all colleges and

universities, other research institutions and organizations,

Federal agencies, private organizations or corporations, and

individuals for the purpose of conducting research in areas of food

and agriculture important to the U.S., and designating former

closing provisions as pars. (2) through (4), and in par. (4),

inserting provisions requiring that ninety percent of the amounts

appropriated for a fiscal year under this subsection be used for

regional research projects.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1615(c)(2), inserted heading.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1497(1), (2), 1615(c)(3),

added subsec. (e), inserted heading, and redesignated former

subsec. (e) as (f).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1497(1), 1615(c)(4),

redesignated subsec. (e) as (f) and inserted heading. Former

subsec. (f) redesignated (g).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1497(1), 1615(c)(5),

redesignated subsec. (f) as (g) and inserted heading. Former

subsec. (g) redesignated (h).

Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1497(3), which directed insertion of ''and

subsection (e)'' after ''subsection (b)'', could not be executed

because ''subsection (b)'' did not appear in text.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1497(1), 1615(c)(6),

redesignated subsec. (g) as (h) and inserted heading. Former

subsec. (h) redesignated (i).

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1497(1), 1615(c)(7),

redesignated subsec. (h) as (i) and inserted heading. Former

subsec. (i) redesignated (j).

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1615(b), added subsec. (j)

relating to emphasis on sustainable agriculture.

Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1497(1), redesignated subsec. (i), relating

to application of other laws, as (j).

Subsecs. (k) and (l). Pub. L. 101-624, Sec. 1615(b), added

subsecs. (k) and (l).

1985 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1409(a)(1), (2),

substituted in third sentence par. ''(2) research, with emphasis on

biotechnology,'' for ''(2) research'' and added pars. (7) and (8),

and prohibited any grant under subsec. (b) for any purpose for

which a grant may be made under subsec. (d) or for the planning,

repair, rehabilitation, acquisition, or construction of a building

or a facility.

Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1409(a)(3), in concluding provisions

substituted appropriations authorization of $70,000,000 annually

for fiscal years ending Sept. 30, 1986, through Sept. 30, 1990 for

prior authorization of 25, 30, 35, and 40 million dollars for

fiscal years ending Sept. 30, 1978, through Sept. 30, 1981, and 50

million dollars annually for fiscal years ending Sept. 30, 1982,

through Sept. 30, 1985, and for any subsequent fiscal year not in

excess of such sums as may be authorized by law; and authorized

retention of four percent of appropriated funds for payment of

administrative costs.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1409(b)(1), prohibited any

grant under subsec. (c) for any purpose for which a grant may be

made under subsec. (d) or for the planning, repair, rehabilitation,

acquisition, or construction of a building or a facility.

Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1409(b)(2), authorized retention of four

percent of appropriated funds for payment of administrative costs.

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 99-198, Sec. 1409(c), added subsec. (i).

1981 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1415(a), inserted ''and

the National Agricultural Research and Extension Users Advisory

Board'' and provision specifying what is included in high priority

research and substituted ''for each of the fiscal years ending

September 30, 1982, September 30, 1983, September 30, 1984, and

September 30, 1985'' for ''for the fiscal year ending September 30,

1982''.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1415(b), in par. (1) inserted

''research foundations established by land-grant colleges and

universities,'', in par. (2) inserted reference to research

foundations established by land-grant colleges and universities,

colleges and universities receiving funds under the Act of October

10, 1962, and accredited schools or colleges of veterinary

medicine, and added subpar. (D).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97-98, Sec. 1415(c), in provision preceding

par. (1) substituted provision directing that annual grants be made

to support the renovation and refurbishment, including energy

retrofitting, of research spaces in buildings or spaces to be used

for research, and the purchase and installation of fixed equipment

in such spaces and providing that grants may be used for new

construction only for auxiliary facilities and fixed equipment used

for research in such facilities, such as greenhouses, insectaries,

and research farm structures and installations for provision that

grants be made to support the purchase of equipment, supplies, and

land, and the construction, alteration, or renovation of buildings,

necessary for the conduct of food and agricultural research and

added pars. (3) and (4).

1977 - Pub. L. 95-113 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(e) and a part of subsec. (b) and added the remainder of subsec.

(b) and subsecs. (a), (c), (d), (f), (g), and (h).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1985 AMENDMENT

Section 1409(a)(3) of Pub. L. 99-198 provided that the amendment

made by that section is effective Oct. 1, 1985.

Section 1409(b)(2) of Pub. L. 99-198 provided that the amendment

made by that section is effective Oct. 1, 1985.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1977 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 95-113 effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section

1901 of Pub. L. 95-113, set out as a note under section 1307 of

this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 136w-7, 2209b, 3311,

3315, 3319, 5924, 5925, 5925a, 5925b, 7621 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450j 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450j. Indemnity payments to dairy farmers and manufacturers of

dairy products; milk removed for its residue of chemical or

toxic substances; nuclear radiation or fallout contaminants;

other legal recourse

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make indemnity

payments for milk or cows producing such milk at a fair market

value, to dairy farmers who have been directed since January 1,

1964 (but only since August 10, 1973, in the case of indemnity

payments not authorized prior to August 10, 1973), to remove their

milk, and to make indemnity payments for dairy products at fair

market value to manufacturers of dairy products who have been

directed since November 30, 1970, to remove their dairy products

from commercial markets because of residues of chemicals registered

and approved for use by the Federal Government at the time of such

use. The Secretary is also authorized to make indemnity payments

for milk, or cows producing such milk, at a fair market value to

any dairy farmer who is directed to remove his milk from commercial

markets because of (1) the presence of products of nuclear

radiation or fallout if such contamination is not due to the fault

of the farmer, or (2) residues of chemicals or toxic substances not

included under the first sentence of this section if such chemicals

or toxic substances were not used in a manner contrary to

applicable regulations or labeling instructions provided at the

time of use and the contamination is not due to the fault of the

farmer: Provided, That no indemnity payment may be made for

contamination resulting from such residues of chemicals or toxic

substances if the Secretary determines within thirty days after the

date of application for payment that other legal recourse is

available to the farmer. Any indemnity payment to any farmer shall

continue until he has been reinstated and is again allowed to

dispose of his milk on commercial markets.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 90-484, Sec. 1, Aug. 13, 1968, 82 Stat. 750; Pub. L.

91-524, title II, Sec. 204(b), Nov. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1362; Pub.

L. 93-86, Sec. 1(5)(B), Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 223; Pub. L.

95-113, title II, Sec. 205(1), Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 920.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

The following Acts authorized indemnity payments for the periods

ending as indicated:

June 30, 1968 - Pub. L. 90-95, Sec. 1, Sept. 28, 1967, 81 Stat.

231.

June 30, 1967 - Pub. L. 89-794, title III, Sec. 301(c), Nov. 8,

1966, 80 Stat. 1465.

June 30, 1966 - Pub. L. 89-253, Sec. 24, Oct. 29, 1965, 79 Stat.

977.

June 30, 1965 - Pub. L. 89-16, title III, Sec. 303, Apr. 30.

1965, 79 Stat. 108.

Jan. 31, 1965 - Pub. L. 88-452, title III, Sec. 331, Aug. 20,

1964, 78 Stat. 525.

AMENDMENTS

1977 - Pub. L. 95-113 authorized indemnity payments for milk, or

cows producing such milk, at a fair market value to any dairy

farmer who is directed to remove his milk from commercial markets

because of the presence of products of nuclear radiation or fall-

out if such contamination is not due to the fault of the farmer, or

because of residues of chemicals or toxic substances not included

under the first sentence of this section if such chemicals or toxic

substances were not used in a manner contrary to applicable

regulations or labeling instructions provided at the time of use

and the contamination is not due to the fault of the farmer, and

inserted provision that no indemnity payment may be made for

contamination resulting from residues of chemicals or toxic

substances if the Secretary determines within thirty days after the

date of application for payment that other legal recourse is

available to the farmer.

1973 - Pub. L. 93-86 inserted ''for milk or cows producing such

milk'' after ''The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make

indemnity payments'' and ''(but only since August 10, 1973, in the

case of indemnity payments not authorized prior to August 10,

1973)'' after ''January 1, 1964'' and substituted '', and to make

indemnity payments for dairy products at fair market value to'' for

''and'' after ''remove their milk'' and ''of'' for ''it contained''

before ''residues of chemicals''.

1970 - Pub. L. 91-524 inserted ''and manufacturers of dairy

products who have been directed since November 30, 1970, to remove

their dairy products,'' after ''milk'', in first sentence, and

substituted ''Any indemnity payment to any farmer shall continue''

for ''Such indemnity payments shall continue to each dairy farmer''

in second sentence.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1977 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 95-113 effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section

1901 of Pub. L. 95-113, set out as a note under section 1307 of

this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 450k, 450l of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450k 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450k. Authorization of appropriations for dairy farmer

indemnities

-STATUTE-

There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be

necessary to carry out the purposes of sections 450j to 450l of

this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 90-484, Sec. 2, Aug. 13, 1968, 82 Stat. 750.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

The following Acts authorized indemnity payments for the periods

ending as indicated:

June 30, 1968 - Pub. L. 90-95, Sec. 2, Sept. 28, 1967, 81 Stat.

231.

June 30, 1967 - Pub. L. 89-794, title III, Sec. 301(c), Nov. 8,

1966, 80 Stat. 1465.

June 30, 1966 - Pub. L. 89-253, Sec. 24, Oct. 29, 1965, 79 Stat.

977.

June 30, 1965 - Pub. L. 89-16, title III, Sec. 303, Apr. 30,

1965, 79 Stat. 108.

Jan. 31, 1965 - Pub. L. 88-452, title III, Sec. 331, Aug. 20,

1964, 78 Stat. 525.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 450l of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 450l 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 17 - MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS

-HEAD-

Sec. 450l. Expiration of dairy farmer indemnity program

-STATUTE-

The authority granted under sections 450j to 450l of this title

shall expire on September 30, 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 90-484, Sec. 3, Aug. 13, 1968, 82 Stat. 750; Pub. L.

91-524, title II, Sec. 204(a), Nov. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1361; Pub.

L. 93-86, Sec. 1(5)(A), Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 223; Pub. L.

95-113, title II, Sec. 205(2), Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 920; Pub.

L. 97-98, title I, Sec. 105, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1220; Pub. L.

99-198, title I, Sec. 152, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1377; Pub. L.

101-624, title I, Sec. 110, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3380; Pub. L.

107-171, title I, Sec. 1503(b), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 207.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

The following Acts authorized indemnity payments for the periods

ending as indicated:

June 30, 1968 - Pub. L. 90-95, Sec. 3, Sept. 28, 1967, 81 Stat.

231.

June 30, 1967 - Pub. L. 89-794, title III, Sec. 301(c), Nov. 8,

1966, 80 Stat. 1465.

June 30, 1966 - Pub. L. 89-253, Sec. 24, Oct. 29, 1965, 79 Stat.

977.

June 30, 1965 - Pub. L. 89-16, title III, Sec. 303, Apr. 30,

1965, 79 Stat. 108.

Jan. 31, 1965 - Pub. L. 88-452, title III, Sec. 331, Aug. 20,

1964, 78 Stat. 525.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for ''1995''.

1990 - Pub. L. 101-624 substituted ''1995'' for ''1990''.

1985 - Pub. L. 99-198 substituted ''1990'' for ''1985''.

1981 - Pub. L. 97-98 substituted ''1985'' for ''1981''.

1977 - Pub. L. 95-113 substituted ''September 30, 1981'' for

''June 30, 1977''.

1973 - Pub. L. 93-86 substituted ''1977'' for ''1973''.

1970 - Pub. L. 91-524 substituted ''1973'' for ''1970''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 101-624 effective beginning with 1991 crop

of an agricultural commodity, with provision for prior crops, see

section 1171 of Pub. L. 101-624, set out as a note under section

1421 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective Dec. 22, 1981, see section

1801 of Pub. L. 97-98, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 4301 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1977 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 95-113 effective Oct. 1, 1977, see section

1901 of Pub. L. 95-113, set out as a note under section 1307 of

this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 450k of this title.

-CITE-