US (United States) Code. Title 7. Chapter 103: Agricultural research, extension, and education reform

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Agriculture

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-CITE-

7 USC CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION,

AND EDUCATION REFORM 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

-MISC1-

Sec.

7601. Definitions.

SUBCHAPTER I - PRIORITIES, SCOPE, REVIEW, AND COORDINATION OF

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

7611. Standards for Federal funding of agricultural research,

extension, and education.

(a) In general.

(b) Application.

7612. Priority setting process.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Responsibilities of Secretary.

(c) Responsibilities of 1862, 1890, and 1994

Institutions.

(d) Management principles.

7613. Relevance and merit of agricultural research, extension, and

education funded by the Department.

(a) Review of Cooperative State Research, Education,

and Extension Service.

(b) Advisory Board review.

(c) Requests for proposals.

(d) Scientific peer review of agricultural research.

(e) Merit review.

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

7621. Initiative for Future Agriculture and Food Systems.

(a) Treasury account.

(b) Funding.

(c) Purposes.

(d) Eligible grantees.

(e) Special considerations.

(f) Administration.

7622. Partnerships for high-value agricultural product quality

research.

(a) ''Eligible partnership'' defined.

(b) Establishment of partnerships by grant.

(c) Criteria for an eligible partnership.

(d) Types of research and extension activities.

(e) Elements of grant making process.

(f) Limitation on use of grant funds.

(g) Authorization of appropriations.

7623. Precision agriculture.

(a) Definitions.

(b) Grants authorized.

(c) Purposes of projects.

(d) Grant priorities.

(e) Matching funds.

(f) Reservation of funds for education and

information dissemination projects.

(g) Precision agriculture partnerships.

(h) Limitation regarding facilities.

(i) Authorization of appropriations.

7624. Biobased products.

(a) ''Biobased product'' defined.

(b) Coordination of biobased product activities.

(c) Cooperative agreements for biobased products.

(d) Eligible partners.

(e) Pilot project.

(f) Source of funds.

(g) Sale of developed products.

(h) Authorization of appropriations.

7625. Thomas Jefferson Initiative for Crop Diversification.

(a) Initiative required.

(b) Research and education efforts.

(c) Purposes.

(d) Establishment of initiative.

(e) Regional emphasis.

(f) Eligible grantee.

(g) Administration.

(h) Authorization of appropriations.

7626. Integrated research, education, and extension competitive

grants program.

(a) Purpose.

(b) Competitive grants authorized.

(c) Criteria for grants.

(d) Matching of funds.

(e) Term of grant.

(f) Authorization of appropriations.

7627. Coordinated program of research, extension, and education to

improve viability of small and medium size dairy, livestock, and

poultry operations.

(a) Program authorized.

(b) Components.

(c) Administration.

7628. Support for research regarding diseases of wheat, triticale,

and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by Tilletia indica.

(a) Research grant authorized.

(b) Research components.

(c) Communications networks.

(d) Management.

(e) Authorization of appropriations.

7629. Bovine Johne's disease control program.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

7630. Grants for youth organizations.

(a) In general.

(b) Funding.

(c) Authorization of appropriations.

7631. Agricultural biotechnology research and development for

developing countries.

(a) Eligible entity.

(b) Grant program.

(c) Authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

PART A - MISCELLANEOUS

7641. Patent Culture Collection fees.

7642. Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database program.

(a) Continuation of program.

(b) Activities.

(c) Contract, grants, and cooperative agreements.

(d) Indirect costs.

PART B - GENERAL

7651. Nutrient composition data.

(a) In general.

(b) Report.

7652. Role of Secretary regarding food and agricultural sciences

research and extension.

7653. Office of Pest Management Policy.

(a) Purpose.

(b) Establishment of Office; principal

responsibilities.

(c) Interagency coordination.

(d) Outreach.

(e) Director.

(f) Authorization of appropriations.

7654. Food Safety Research Information Office.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Purpose.

(c) Cooperation.

7655. Safe food handling education.

7656. Designation of Crisis Management Team within Department.

(a) Designation of Crisis Management Team.

(b) Duties of Crisis Management Team.

(c) Role in prioritizing certain research.

(d) Cooperative agreements.

7657. Senior Scientific Research Service.

(a) In general.

(b) Members.

(c) Performance appraisal system.

(d) Compensation.

(e) Retirement contributions.

(f) Involuntary separation.

PART C - STUDIES

7671. Evaluation and assessment of agricultural research,

extension, and education programs.

(a) Evaluation.

(b) Contract.

(c) Guidelines for performance measurement.

7672. Study of federally funded agricultural research, extension,

and education.

(a) Study.

(b) Requirements.

(c) Reports.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7601 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

-HEAD-

Sec. 7601. Definitions

-STATUTE-

In this Act:

(1) 1862 Institution

The term ''1862 Institution'' means a college or university

eligible to receive funds under the Act of July 2, 1862 (12 Stat.

503, chapter 130; 7 U.S.C. 301 et seq.).

(2) 1890 Institution

The term ''1890 Institution'' means a college or university

eligible to receive funds under the Act of August 30, 1890 (26

Stat. 419, chapter 841; 7 U.S.C. 321 et seq.), including Tuskegee

University.

(3) 1994 Institution

The term ''1994 Institution'' means 1 of the 1994 Institutions

(as defined in section 532 of the Equity in Educational

Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-382; 7 U.S.C. 301

note)) (as amended by section 251(a)).

(4) Advisory Board

The term ''Advisory Board'' means the National Agricultural

Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board

established under section 3123 of this title.

(5) Department

The term ''Department'' means the Department of Agriculture.

(6) Secretary

The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 2, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 525.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 105-185, June 23, 1998,

112 Stat. 523, as amended, known as the Agricultural Research,

Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note below

and Tables.

Act of July 2, 1862, referred to in par. (1), is act July 2,

1862, ch. 130, 12 Stat. 503, as amended, popularly known as the

First Morrill Act, which is classified generally to subchapter I

(Sec. 301 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 301 of this title and Tables.

Act of August 30, 1890, referred to in par. (2), is act Aug. 30,

1890, ch. 841, 26 Stat. 417, as amended, popularly known as the

Agricultural College Act of 1890 and also as the Second Morrill

Act, which is classified generally to subchapter II (Sec. 321 et

seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

321 of this title and Tables.

Section 251(a), referred to in par. (3), is section 251(a) of

Pub. L. 105-185.

-MISC2-

SHORT TITLE

Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 1(a), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 523,

provided that: ''This Act (see Tables for classification) may be

cited as the 'Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education

Reform Act of 1998'.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2279 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER I - PRIORITIES, SCOPE, REVIEW, AND

COORDINATION OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER I - PRIORITIES, SCOPE, REVIEW, AND COORDINATION OF

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER I - PRIORITIES, SCOPE, REVIEW, AND COORDINATION OF

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7611 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER I - PRIORITIES, SCOPE, REVIEW, AND COORDINATION OF

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 7611. Standards for Federal funding of agricultural research,

extension, and education

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary shall ensure that agricultural research, extension,

or education activities described in subsection (b) of this section

address a concern that -

(1) is a priority, as determined under section 7612(a) of this

title; and

(2) has national, multistate, or regional significance.

(b) Application

Subsection (a) of this section applies to -

(1) research activities conducted by the Agricultural Research

Service; and

(2) research, extension, or education activities administered,

on a competitive basis, by the Cooperative State Research,

Education, and Extension Service.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title I, Sec. 101, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 526.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7612 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER I - PRIORITIES, SCOPE, REVIEW, AND COORDINATION OF

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 7612. Priority setting process

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

Consistent with section 3101 of this title, the Secretary shall

establish priorities for agricultural research, extension, and

education activities conducted or funded by the Department.

(b) Responsibilities of Secretary

In establishing priorities for agricultural research, extension,

and education activities conducted or funded by the Department, the

Secretary shall solicit and consider input and recommendations from

persons who conduct or use agricultural research, extension, or

education.

(c) Responsibilities of 1862, 1890, and 1994 Institutions

(1) Process

Effective October 1, 1999, to obtain agricultural research,

extension, or education formula funds from the Secretary, each

1862 Institution, 1890 Institution, and 1994 Institution shall

establish and implement a process for obtaining input from

persons who conduct or use agricultural research, extension, or

education concerning the use of the funds.

(2) Regulations

The Secretary shall promulgate regulations that prescribe -

(A) the requirements for an institution referred to in

paragraph (1) to comply with paragraph (1); and

(B) the consequences for an institution of not complying with

paragraph (1), which may include the withholding or

redistribution of funds to which the institution may be

entitled until the institution complies with paragraph (1).

(d) Management principles

To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall ensure

that federally supported and conducted agricultural research,

extension, and education activities are accomplished in a manner

that -

(1) integrates agricultural research, extension, and education

functions to better link research to technology transfer and

information dissemination activities;

(2) encourages regional and multistate programs to address

relevant issues of common concern and to better leverage scarce

resources; and

(3) achieves agricultural research, extension, and education

objectives through multi-institutional and multifunctional

approaches and by conducting research at facilities and

institutions best equipped to achieve those objectives.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title I, Sec. 102, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 526.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 7611, 7613, 7621 of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7613 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER I - PRIORITIES, SCOPE, REVIEW, AND COORDINATION OF

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 7613. Relevance and merit of agricultural research, extension,

and education funded by the Department

-STATUTE-

(a) Review of Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension

Service

(1) Peer review of research grants

The Secretary shall establish procedures that provide for

scientific peer review of each agricultural research grant

administered, on a competitive basis, by the Cooperative State

Research, Education, and Extension Service of the Department.

(2) Merit review of extension and education grants

(A) Establishment of procedures

The Secretary shall establish procedures that provide for

merit review of each agricultural extension or education grant

administered, on a competitive basis, by the Cooperative State

Research, Education, and Extension Service.

(B) Consultation with Advisory Board

The Secretary shall consult with the Advisory Board in

establishing the merit review procedures.

(b) Advisory Board review

On an annual basis, the Advisory Board shall review -

(1) the relevance to the priorities established under section

7612(a) of this title of the funding of all agricultural

research, extension, or education activities conducted or funded

by the Department; and

(2) the adequacy of the funding.

(c) Requests for proposals

(1) Review results

As soon as practicable after the review is conducted under

subsection (b) of this section for a fiscal year, the Secretary

shall consider the results of the review when formulating each

request for proposals, and evaluating proposals, involving an

agricultural research, extension, or education activity funded,

on a competitive basis, by the Department.

(2) Input

In formulating a request for proposals described in paragraph

(1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall solicit and consider

input from persons who conduct or use agricultural research,

extension, or education regarding the prior year's request for

proposals.

(d) Scientific peer review of agricultural research

(1) Peer review procedures

The Secretary shall establish procedures that ensure scientific

peer review of all research activities conducted by the

Department.

(2) Review panel required

As part of the procedures established under paragraph (1), a

review panel shall verify, at least once every 5 years, that each

research activity of the Department and research conducted under

each research program of the Department has scientific merit and

relevance.

(3) Mission area

If the research activity or program to be reviewed is included

in the research, educational, and economics mission area of the

Department, the review panel shall consider -

(A) the scientific merit and relevance of the activity or

research in light of the priorities established pursuant to

section 7612 of this title; and

(B) the national or multistate significance of the activity

or research.

(4) Composition of review panel

(A) In general

A review panel shall be composed of individuals with

scientific expertise, a majority of whom are not employees of

the agency whose research is being reviewed.

(B) Scientists from colleges and universities

To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall use

scientists from colleges and universities to serve on the

review panels.

(5) Submission of results

The results of the panel reviews shall be submitted to the

Advisory Board.

(e) Merit review

(1) 1862 and 1890 Institutions

Effective October 1, 1999, to be eligible to obtain

agricultural research or extension funds from the Secretary for

an activity, each 1862 Institution and 1890 Institution shall -

(A) establish a process for merit review of the activity; and

(B) review the activity in accordance with the process.

(2) 1994 Institutions

Effective October 1, 1999, to be eligible to obtain

agricultural extension funds from the Secretary for an activity,

each 1994 Institution shall -

(A) establish a process for merit review of the activity; and

(B) review the activity in accordance with the process.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title I, Sec. 103, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 527.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section is comprised of section 103 of Pub. L. 105-185. Subsec.

(f) of section 103 of Pub. L. 105-185 amended sections 361g, 3221,

and 3222 of this title and repealed sections 346 and 3314 of this

title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 343, 361c, 7621 of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH,

EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION INITIATIVES 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7621 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

-HEAD-

Sec. 7621. Initiative for Future Agriculture and Food Systems

-STATUTE-

(a) Treasury account

There is established in the Treasury of the United States an

account to be known as the Initiative for Future Agriculture and

Food Systems (referred to in this section as the ''Account'') to

provide funds for activities authorized under this section.

(b) Funding

(1) In general

On October 1, 1998, and each October 1 thereafter through

October 1, 2001 (FOOTNOTE 1) , out of any funds in the Treasury

not otherwise appropriated, the Secretary of the Treasury shall

transfer $120,000,000 to the Account.

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be ''2007''.

(2) Entitlement

The Secretary of Agriculture -

(A) shall be entitled to receive the funds transferred to the

Account under paragraph (1);

(B) shall accept the funds; and

(C) shall use the funds to carry out this section.

(3) Other funding

Out of funds in the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary

shall transfer to the Account -

(A) on October 1, 2003, $120,000,000;

(B) on October 1, 2004, $140,000,000;

(C) on October 1, 2005, $160,000,000; and

(D) on October 1, 2006, and each October 1 thereafter,

$200,000,000.

(c) Purposes

(1) Critical emerging agricultural and rural issues

The Secretary shall use the funds in the Account for research,

extension, and education grants (referred to in this section as

''grants'') to address critical emerging agricultural and rural

issues related to -

(A) future food production;

(B) environmental quality and natural resource management;

(C) farm income; or

(D) rural economic and business and community development

policy.

(2) Priority mission areas

In making grants under this section, the Secretary, in

consultation with the Advisory Board, shall address priority

mission areas related to -

(A) agricultural genome;

(B) food safety, food technology, and human nutrition;

(C) new and alternative uses and production of agricultural

commodities and products;

(D) agricultural biotechnology;

(E) natural resource management, including precision

agriculture; and

(F) farm efficiency and profitability, including the

viability and competitiveness of small- and medium-sized dairy,

livestock, crop, and other commodity operations.

(d) Eligible grantees

The Secretary may make a grant under this section to -

(1) a Federal research agency;

(2) a national laboratory;

(3) a college or university or a research foundation maintained

by a college or university;

(4) a private research organization with an established and

demonstrated capacity to perform research or technology transfer;

or

(5) a State agricultural experiment station.

(e) Special considerations

(1) Smaller institutions

The Secretary may award grants under this section in a manner

that ensures that the faculty of small, mid-sized, and

minority-serving institutions that have not previously been

successful in obtaining competitive grants under subsection (b)

of section 450i of this title receive a portion of the grants

under this section.

(2) Priorities

In making grants under this section, the Secretary shall

provide a higher priority to -

(A) a project that is multistate, multi-institutional, or

multidisciplinary; or

(B) a project that integrates agricultural research,

extension, and education.

(f) Administration

(1) In general

In making grants under this section, the Secretary shall -

(A) seek and accept proposals for grants;

(B) determine the relevance and merit of proposals through a

system of peer review in accordance with section 7613 of this

title;

(C) award grants on the basis of merit, quality, and

relevance to advancing the purposes and priority mission areas

established under subsection (c) of this section; and

(D) solicit and consider input from persons who conduct or

use agricultural research, extension, or education in

accordance with section 7612(b) of this title.

(2) Competitive basis

A grant under this section shall be awarded on a competitive

basis.

(3) Term

A grant under this section shall have a term that does not

exceed 5 years.

(4) Matching funds

As a condition of making a grant under this section, the

Secretary shall require the funding of the grant be matched with

equal matching funds from a non-Federal source if the grant is -

(A) for applied research that is commodity-specific; and

(B) not of national scope.

(5) Delegation

The Secretary shall administer this section through the

Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service of

the Department. The Secretary may establish 1 or more institutes

to carry out all or part of the activities authorized under this

section.

(6) Availability of funds

Funds for grants under this section shall be available to the

Secretary for obligation for a 2-year period.

(7) Administrative costs

The Secretary may use not more than 4 percent of the funds made

available for grants under this section for administrative costs

incurred by the Secretary in carrying out this section.

(8) Buildings and facilities

Funds made available for grants under this section shall not be

used for the construction of a new building or facility or the

acquisition, expansion, remodeling, or alteration of an existing

building or facility (including site grading and improvement and

architect fees).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title IV, Sec. 401, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 564;

Pub. L. 105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(a) (title VII, Sec. 753(c)(2)),

Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681, 2681-33; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII,

Sec. 7205(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 439.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7205(a)(1),

substituted ''2001'' for ''2002''.

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7205(a)(2), added par. (3).

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7205(a)(2), which directed

amendment of section 401(b) of the Agricultural Research,

Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 by amending subsec.

(c)(1) generally, was executed by generally amending subsec. (c)(1)

of this section to reflect the probable intent of Congress. Prior

to amendment, text read as follows: ''The Secretary shall use the

funds in the Account -

''(A) subject to paragraph (2), for research, extension, and

education grants (referred to in this section as 'grants') to

address critical emerging agricultural issues related to -

''(i) future food production;

''(ii) environmental quality and natural resource management;

or

''(iii) farm income; and

''(B) for activities carried out under the Alternative

Agricultural Research and Commercialization Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C.

5901 et seq.).''

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7205(a)(3), which directed

amendment of section 401(b) of the Agricultural Research,

Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 by substituting

''small, mid-sized, and minority-serving'' for ''small and

mid-sized'' in subsec. (e)(1), was executed by making the

substitution in subsec. (e)(1) of this section to reflect the

probable intent of Congress.

1998 - Subsec. (d)(5). Pub. L. 105-277 added par. (5).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective June 23, 1998, see section

101(a) (title VII, Sec. 753(f)) of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as a

note under section 343 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7622 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

-HEAD-

Sec. 7622. Partnerships for high-value agricultural product quality

research

-STATUTE-

(a) ''Eligible partnership'' defined

In this section, the term ''eligible partnership'' means a

partnership consisting of a land-grant college or university and

other entities specified in subsection (c)(1) of this section that

satisfies the eligibility criteria specified in subsection (c) of

this section.

(b) Establishment of partnerships by grant

The Secretary of Agriculture may make competitive grants to an

eligible partnership to coordinate and manage research and

extension activities to enhance the quality of high-value

agricultural products.

(c) Criteria for an eligible partnership

(1) Primary institutions in partnership

The primary institution involved in an eligible partnership

shall be a land-grant college or university, acting in

partnership with other colleges or universities, nonprofit

research and development entities, and Federal laboratories.

(2) Prioritization of research activities

An eligible partnership shall prioritize research and extension

activities in order to -

(A) enhance the competitiveness of United States agricultural

products;

(B) increase exports of such products; and

(C) substitute such products for imported products.

(3) Coordination

An eligible partnership shall coordinate among the entities

comprising the partnership the activities supported by the

eligible partnership, including the provision of mechanisms for

sharing resources between institutions and laboratories and the

coordination of public and private sector partners to maximize

cost-effectiveness.

(d) Types of research and extension activities

Research or extension supported by an eligible partnership may

address the full spectrum of production, processing, packaging,

transportation, and marketing issues related to a high-value

agricultural product. Such issues include -

(1) environmentally responsible -

(A) pest management alternatives and biotechnology;

(B) sustainable farming methods; and

(C) soil conservation and enhanced resource management;

(2) genetic research to develop improved agricultural-based

products;

(3) refinement of field production practices and technology to

improve quality, yield, and production efficiencies;

(4) processing and package technology to improve product

quality, stability, or flavor intensity;

(5) marketing research regarding consumer perceptions and

preferences;

(6) economic research, including industry characteristics,

growth, and competitive analysis; and

(7) research to facilitate diversified, value-added enterprises

in rural areas.

(e) Elements of grant making process

(1) Period of grant

The Secretary may award a grant under this section for a period

not to exceed 5 years.

(2) Preferences

In making grants under this section, the Secretary shall

provide a preference to proposals that -

(A) demonstrate linkages with -

(i) agencies of the Department;

(ii) other related Federal research laboratories and

agencies;

(iii) colleges and universities; and

(iv) private industry; and

(B) guarantee matching funds in excess of the amounts

required by paragraph (3).

(3) Matching funds

An eligible partnership shall contribute an amount of

non-Federal funds for the operation of the partnership that is at

least equal to the amount of grant funds received by the

partnership under this section.

(f) Limitation on use of grant funds

Funds provided under this section may not be used for the

planning, repair, rehabilitation, acquisition, or construction of a

building or facility.

(g) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999

through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title IV, Sec. 402, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 566;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7123, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

434.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7623 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

-HEAD-

Sec. 7623. Precision agriculture

-STATUTE-

(a) Definitions

In this section:

(1) Agricultural inputs

The term ''agricultural inputs'' includes all farm management,

agronomic, and field-applied agricultural production inputs, such

as machinery, labor, time, fuel, irrigation water, commercial

nutrients, feed stuffs, veterinary drugs and vaccines, livestock

waste, crop protection chemicals, agronomic data and information,

application and management services, seed, and other inputs used

in agricultural production.

(2) Eligible entity

The term ''eligible entity'' means -

(A) a State agricultural experiment station;

(B) a college or university;

(C) a research institution or organization;

(D) a Federal or State government entity or agency;

(E) a national laboratory;

(F) a private organization or corporation;

(G) an agricultural producer or other land manager; or

(H) a precision agriculture partnership referred to in

subsection (g) of this section.

(3) Precision agriculture

The term ''precision agriculture'' means an integrated

information- and production-based farming system that is designed

to increase long-term, site-specific, and whole farm production

efficiencies, productivity, and profitability while minimizing

unintended impacts on wildlife and the environment by -

(A) combining agricultural sciences, agricultural inputs and

practices, agronomic production databases, and precision

agriculture technologies to efficiently manage agronomic,

horticultural, and livestock production systems;

(B) gathering on-farm information pertaining to the variation

and interaction of site-specific spatial and temporal factors

affecting crop and livestock production;

(C) integrating such information with appropriate data

derived from field scouting, remote sensing, and other

precision agriculture technologies in a timely manner in order

to facilitate on-farm decisionmaking;

(D) using such information to prescribe and deliver

site-specific application of agricultural inputs and management

practices in agricultural production systems; or

(E) using such information to enable intelligent mechanized

harvesting and sorting systems for horticultural crops.

(4) Precision agriculture technologies

The term ''precision agriculture technologies'' includes -

(A) instrumentation and techniques ranging from sophisticated

sensors and software systems to manual sampling and data

collection tools that measure, record, and manage spatial and

temporal data;

(B) technologies for searching out and assembling information

necessary for sound agricultural production decisionmaking;

(C) open systems technologies for data networking and

processing that produce valued systems for farm management

decisionmaking;

(D) machines that deliver information-based management

practices; or

(E) robotic and other intelligent machines for use in

horticultural cropping systems.

(5) Systems research

The term ''systems research'' means an integrated, coordinated,

and iterative investigative process that involves -

(A) the multiple interacting components and aspects of

precision agriculture systems, including synthesis of new

knowledge regarding the physical-chemical-biological processes

and complex interactions of the systems with cropping,

livestock production practices, and natural resource systems;

(B) precision agriculture technologies development and

implementation;

(C) data and information collection and interpretation;

(D) production-scale planning;

(E) production-scale implementation; and

(F) farm production efficiencies (including improved use of

energy inputs), productivity, and profitability.

(b) Grants authorized

(1) In general

The Secretary of Agriculture may make competitive grants, for

periods not to exceed 5 years, to eligible entities to conduct

research, education, or information dissemination projects for

the development and advancement of precision agriculture.

(2) Private sector financing

A grant under this section shall be used to support only a

project that the Secretary determines is unlikely to be financed

by the private sector.

(3) Consultation with Advisory Board

The Secretary shall make grants under this section in

consultation with the Advisory Board.

(c) Purposes of projects

A research, education, or information dissemination project

supported by a grant under this section shall address 1 or more of

the following purposes:

(1) The study and promotion of components of precision

agriculture technologies using a systems research approach

designed to increase long-term site-specific and whole-farm

production efficiencies, productivity, and profitability.

(2) The improvement in the understanding of agronomic or

horticultural systems, including, soil, water, land cover

(including grazing land), pest management systems, product

variability, and meteorological variability.

(3) The provision of training and educational programs for

State cooperative extension services agents, and other

professionals involved in the production and transfer of

integrated precision agriculture technology.

(4) The development, demonstration, and dissemination of

information regarding precision agriculture technologies and

systems and the potential costs and benefits of precision

agriculture as it relates to -

(A) increased long-term farm production efficiencies,

productivity, and profitability;

(B) the maintenance of the environment;

(C) improvements in international trade; and

(D) an integrated program of education for agricultural

producers and consumers, including family owned and operated

farms.

(5) The promotion of systems research and education projects

focusing on the integration of the multiple aspects of precision

agriculture, including development, production-scale

implementation, and farm production efficiencies, productivity,

and profitability.

(6) The study of whether precision agriculture technologies are

applicable and accessible to small and medium-size farms and the

study of methods of improving the applicability of precision

agriculture technologies to those farms.

(d) Grant priorities

In making grants to eligible entities under this section, the

Secretary, in consultation with the Advisory Board, shall give

priority to research, education, or information dissemination

projects designed to accomplish the following:

(1) Evaluate the use of precision agriculture technologies

using a systems research approach to increase long-term

site-specific and whole-farm production efficiencies,

productivity, and profitability.

(2) Integrate research, education, and information

dissemination components in a practical and readily available

manner so that the findings of the project will be made readily

usable by agricultural producers.

(3) Demonstrate the efficient use of agricultural inputs,

rather than the uniform reduction in the use of agricultural

inputs.

(4) Improve farm energy use efficiencies.

(5) Maximize the involvement and cooperation of precision

agriculture producers, certified crop advisers, State cooperative

extension services agents, agricultural input machinery, product

and service providers, nonprofit organizations, agribusinesses,

veterinarians, land-grant colleges and universities, and Federal

agencies in precision agriculture systems research projects

involving on-farm research, education, and dissemination of

precision agriculture information.

(6) Maximize collaboration with multiple agencies and other

partners, including through leveraging of funds and resources.

(e) Matching funds

The amount of a grant under this section to an eligible entity

(other than a Federal agency) may not exceed the amount that the

eligible entity makes available out of non-Federal funds for

precision agriculture research and for the establishment and

maintenance of facilities necessary for conducting precision

agriculture research.

(f) Reservation of funds for education and information

dissemination projects

Of the funds made available for grants under this section, the

Secretary shall reserve a portion of the funds for grants for

projects regarding precision agriculture related to education or

information dissemination.

(g) Precision agriculture partnerships

In carrying out this section, the Secretary, in consultation with

the Advisory Board, shall encourage the establishment of

appropriate multistate and national partnerships or consortia

between -

(1) land-grant colleges and universities, State agricultural

experiment stations, State cooperative extension services, other

colleges and universities with demonstrable expertise regarding

precision agriculture, agencies of the Department, national

laboratories, agribusinesses, agricultural equipment and input

manufacturers and retailers, certified crop advisers, commodity

organizations, veterinarians, other Federal or State government

entities and agencies, or nonagricultural industries and

nonprofit organizations with demonstrable expertise regarding

precision agriculture; and

(2) agricultural producers or other land managers.

(h) Limitation regarding facilities

A grant made under this section may not be used for the planning,

repair, rehabilitation, acquisition, or construction of a building

or facility.

(i) Authorization of appropriations

(1) In general

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999

through 2007, of which, for each fiscal year -

(A) not less than 30 percent shall be available to make

grants for research to be conducted by multidisciplinary teams;

and

(B) not less than 40 percent shall be available to make

grants for research to be conducted by eligible entities

conducting systems research directly applicable to producers

and agricultural production systems.

(2) Availability of funds

Funds made available under paragraph (1) shall be available for

obligation for a 2-year period beginning on October 1 of the

fiscal year for which the funds are made available.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title IV, Sec. 403, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 567;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7129, 7207(a), May 13, 2002, 116

Stat. 435, 440.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a)(3)(A). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(a)(1)(A)(i),

inserted '', horticultural,'' after ''efficiently manage

agronomic''.

Subsec. (a)(3)(E). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(a)(1)(A)(ii)-(iv),

added subpar. (E).

Subsec. (a)(4)(E). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(a)(1)(B), added

subpar. (E).

Subsec. (a)(5)(F). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(a)(1)(C), inserted

''(including improved use of energy inputs)'' after ''farm

production efficiencies''.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(a)(2), inserted ''or

horticultural'' after ''agronomic'' and ''product variability,''

before ''and meteorological variability''.

Subsec. (d)(4) to (6). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(a)(3), added

par. (4) and redesignated former pars. (4) and (5) as (5) and (6),

respectively.

Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7129, substituted ''2007''

for ''2002'' in introductory provisions.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7624 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

-HEAD-

Sec. 7624. Biobased products

-STATUTE-

(a) ''Biobased product'' defined

In this section, the term ''biobased product'' means a product

suitable for food or nonfood use that is derived in whole or in

part from renewable agricultural and forestry materials.

(b) Coordination of biobased product activities

The Secretary of Agriculture shall -

(1) coordinate the research, technical expertise, economic

information, and market information resources and activities of

the Department to develop, commercialize, and promote the use of

biobased products;

(2) solicit input from private sector persons who produce, or

are interested in producing, biobased products;

(3) provide a centralized contact point for advice and

technical assistance for promising and innovative biobased

products; and

(4) submit an annual report to Congress describing the

coordinated research, marketing, and commercialization activities

of the Department relating to biobased products.

(c) Cooperative agreements for biobased products

(1) Agreements authorized

The Secretary may enter into cooperative agreements with

private entities described in subsection (d) of this section,

under which the facilities and technical expertise of the

Agricultural Research Service may be made available to operate

pilot plants and other large-scale preparation facilities for the

purpose of bringing technologies necessary for the development

and commercialization of new biobased products to the point of

practical application.

(2) Description of cooperative activities

Cooperative activities may include -

(A) research on potential environmental impacts of a biobased

product;

(B) methods to reduce the cost of manufacturing a biobased

product; and

(C) other appropriate research.

(d) Eligible partners

The following entities shall be eligible to enter into a

cooperative agreement under subsection (c) of this section:

(1) A party that has entered into a cooperative research and

development agreement with the Secretary under section 12 of the

Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C.

3710a).

(2) A recipient of funding from the Biotechnology Research and

Development Corporation.

(3) A recipient of funding from the Secretary under a Small

Business Innovation Research Program established under section

638 of title 15.

(e) Pilot project

The Secretary, acting through the Agricultural Research Service,

may establish and carry out a pilot project under which grants are

provided, on a competitive basis, to scientists of the Agricultural

Research Service to -

(1) encourage innovative and collaborative science; and

(2) during each of fiscal years 1999 through 2007, develop

biobased products with promising commercial potential.

(f) Source of funds

(1) In general

Except as provided in paragraph (2), to carry out this section,

the Secretary may use -

(A) funds appropriated to carry out this section; and

(B) funds otherwise available for cooperative research and

development agreements under the Stevenson-Wydler Technology

Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.).

(2) Exception

The Secretary may not use funds referred to in paragraph (1)(B)

to carry out subsection (e) of this section.

(g) Sale of developed products

For the purpose of determining the market potential for new

biobased products produced at a pilot plant or other large-scale

preparation facility under a cooperative agreement under this

section, the Secretary shall authorize the private partner or

partners to the agreement to sell the products.

(h) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999

through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title IV, Sec. 404, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 570;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VI, Sec. 6201(d)(4), title VII, Sec. 7124,

May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 419, 434.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980, referred

to in subsec. (f)(1)(B), is Pub. L. 96-480, Oct. 21, 1980, 94 Stat.

2311, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 63 (Sec.

3701 et seq.) of Title 15, Commerce and Trade. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 3701 of Title 15 and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (d)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 6201(d)(4),

redesignated pars. (3) and (4) as (2) and (3), respectively, and

struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: ''A recipient of

funding from the Alternative Agricultural Research and

Commercialization Corporation established under section 5902 of

this title.''

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7124(a), substituted

''2007'' for ''2001''.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7124(b), substituted ''2007''

for ''2002''.

-EXEC-

EX. ORD. NO. 13134. DEVELOPING AND PROMOTING BIOBASED PRODUCTS AND

BIOENERGY

Ex. Ord. No. 13134, Aug. 12, 1999, 64 F.R. 44639, as amended, was

transferred and is set out as a note under section 8101 of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7625 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

-HEAD-

Sec. 7625. Thomas Jefferson Initiative for Crop Diversification

-STATUTE-

(a) Initiative required

The Secretary of Agriculture shall provide for a research

initiative (to be known as the ''Thomas Jefferson Initiative for

Crop Diversification'') for the purpose of conducting research and

development, in cooperation with other public and private entities,

on the production, marketing, and efficient use of new and

nontraditional crops needed to strengthen and diversify the

agricultural production base of the United States.

(b) Research and education efforts

The initiative shall include research and education efforts

regarding new and nontraditional crops designed -

(1) to identify and overcome agronomic barriers to profitable

production;

(2) to identify and overcome other production and marketing

barriers; and

(3) to develop processing and utilization technologies for new

and nontraditional crops.

(c) Purposes

The purposes of the initiative are -

(1) to develop a focused program of research and development at

the regional and national levels to overcome barriers to the

development of -

(A) new crop opportunities for agricultural producers; and

(B) related value-added enterprises in rural communities; and

(2) to ensure a broad-based effort encompassing research,

education, market development, and support of entrepreneurial

activity leading to increased agricultural diversification.

(d) Establishment of initiative

The Secretary shall coordinate the initiative through a nonprofit

center or institute that will coordinate research and education

programs in cooperation with other public and private entities.

The Secretary shall administer research and education grants made

under this section.

(e) Regional emphasis

(1) Required

The Secretary shall support development of multistate regional

efforts in crop diversification.

(2) Site-specific crop development efforts

Of funding made available to carry out the initiative, not less

than 50 percent shall be used for regional efforts centered at

colleges and universities in order to facilitate site-specific

crop development efforts.

(f) Eligible grantee

The Secretary may award funds under this section to colleges or

universities, nonprofit organizations, public agencies, or

individuals.

(g) Administration

(1) Grants and contracts

Grants awarded through the initiative shall be selected on a

competitive basis.

(2) Private businesses

The recipient of a grant may use a portion of the grant funds

for standard contracts with private businesses, such as for test

processing of a new or nontraditional crop.

(3) Terms

The term of a grant awarded through the initiative may not

exceed 5 years.

(4) Matching funds

The Secretary shall require the recipient of a grant awarded

through the initiative to contribute an amount of funds from

non-Federal sources that is at least equal to the amount provided

by the Federal Government.

(h) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999

through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title IV, Sec. 405, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 572;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7130, 7207(b), May 13, 2002, 116

Stat. 435, 440.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(b), substituted

''production, marketing, and efficient use'' for ''production and

marketing''.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7130, substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7626 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

-HEAD-

Sec. 7626. Integrated research, education, and extension

competitive grants program

-STATUTE-

(a) Purpose

It is the purpose of this section to authorize the Secretary of

Agriculture to establish an integrated research, education, and

extension competitive grant program to provide funding for

integrated, multifunctional agricultural research, extension, and

education activities.

(b) Competitive grants authorized

Subject to the availability of appropriations to carry out this

section, the Secretary may award grants to colleges and

universities (as defined in section 3103 of this title) and 1994

Institutions on a competitive basis for integrated agricultural

research, education, and extension projects in accordance with this

section.

(c) Criteria for grants

Grants under this section shall be awarded to address priorities

in United States agriculture, determined by the Secretary in

consultation with the Advisory Board, that involve integrated

research, extension, and education activities.

(d) Matching of funds

(1) General requirement

If a grant under this section provides a particular benefit to

a specific agricultural commodity, the Secretary shall require

the recipient of the grant to provide funds or in-kind support to

match the amount of funds provided by the Secretary in the grant.

(2) Waiver

The Secretary may waive the matching funds requirement

specified in paragraph (1) with respect to a grant if the

Secretary determines that -

(A) the results of the project, while of particular benefit

to a specific agricultural commodity, are likely to be

applicable to agricultural commodities generally; or

(B) the project involves a minor commodity, the project deals

with scientifically important research, and the grant recipient

is unable to satisfy the matching funds requirement.

(e) Term of grant

A grant under this section shall have a term of not more than 5

years.

(f) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999

through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title IV, Sec. 406, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 573;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7125, 7206, May 13, 2002, 116

Stat. 434, 439.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7206, inserted ''and

1994 Institutions'' before ''on a competitive basis''.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7125(1), (2), added subsec.

(e). Former subsec. (e) redesignated (f).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7125(1), (3), redesignated

subsec. (e) as (f) and substituted ''2007'' for ''2002''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7627 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

-HEAD-

Sec. 7627. Coordinated program of research, extension, and

education to improve viability of small and medium size dairy,

livestock, and poultry operations

-STATUTE-

(a) Program authorized

The Secretary of Agriculture may carry out a coordinated program

of research, extension, and education to improve the

competitiveness, viability, and sustainability of small and medium

size dairy, livestock, and poultry operations (referred to in this

section as ''operations'').

(b) Components

To the extent the Secretary elects to carry out the program, the

Secretary shall conduct -

(1) research, development, and on-farm extension and education

concerning low-cost production facilities and practices,

management systems, and genetics that are appropriate for the

operations;

(2) in the case of dairy and livestock operations, research and

extension on management-intensive grazing systems for dairy and

livestock production to realize the potential for reduced capital

and feed costs through greater use of management skills, labor

availability optimization, and the natural benefits of grazing

pastures;

(3) research and extension on integrated crop and livestock or

poultry systems that increase efficiencies (including improved

use of energy inputs), reduce costs, and prevent environmental

pollution to strengthen the competitive position of the

operations;

(4) economic analyses and market feasibility studies to

identify new and expanded opportunities for producers on the

operations that provide tools and strategies to meet consumer

demand in domestic and international markets, such as cooperative

marketing and value-added strategies for milk, meat, and poultry

production and processing; and

(5) technology assessment that compares the technological

resources of large specialized producers with the technological

needs of producers on the operations to identify and transfer

existing technology across all sizes and scales and to identify

the specific research and education needs of the producers.

(c) Administration

The Secretary may use the funds, facilities, and technical

expertise of the Agricultural Research Service and the Cooperative

State Research, Education, and Extension Service and other funds

available to the Secretary (other than funds of the Commodity

Credit Corporation) to carry out this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title IV, Sec. 407, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 573;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7207(c), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

440.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 107-171 inserted ''(including

improved use of energy inputs)'' after ''poultry systems that

increase efficiencies''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7628 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

-HEAD-

Sec. 7628. Support for research regarding diseases of wheat,

triticale, and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by

Tilletia indica

-STATUTE-

(a) Research grant authorized

The Secretary of Agriculture may make grants to consortia of

land-grant colleges and universities to enhance the ability of the

consortia to carry out multi-State research projects aimed at

understanding and combating diseases of wheat, triticale, and

barley caused by Fusarium graminearum and related fungi (referred

to in this section as ''wheat scab'') or by Tilletia indica and

related fungi (referred to in this section as ''Karnal bunt'').

(b) Research components

Funds provided under this section shall be available for the

following collaborative, multi-State research activities:

(1) Identification and understanding of the epidemiology of

wheat scab or of Karnal bunt, and the toxicological properties of

vomitoxin, a toxic metabolite commonly occurring in wheat,

triticale, and barley infected with wheat scab.

(2) Development of crop management strategies to reduce the

risk of wheat scab or Karnal bunt occurrence.

(3) Development of -

(A) efficient and accurate methods to monitor wheat,

triticale, and barley for the presence of Karnal bunt or of

wheat scab and resulting vomitoxin contamination;

(B) post-harvest management techniques for wheat, triticale,

and barley infected with wheat scab or with Karnal bunt; and

(C) milling and food processing techniques to render wheat

scab contaminated grain safe.

(4) Strengthening and expansion of plant-breeding activities to

enhance the resistance of wheat, triticale, and barley to wheat

scab and to Karnal bunt, including the establishment of a

regional advanced breeding material evaluation nursery and a

germplasm introduction and evaluation system.

(5) Development and deployment of alternative fungicide

application systems and formulations to control wheat scab and

Karnal bunt and consideration of other chemical control

strategies to assist farmers until new more resistant wheat,

triticale, and barley varieties are available.

(c) Communications networks

Funds provided under this section shall be available for efforts

to concentrate, integrate, and disseminate research, extension, and

outreach-orientated information regarding wheat scab or Karnal

bunt.

(d) Management

To oversee the use of a grant made under this section, the

Secretary may establish a committee composed of the directors of

the agricultural experiment stations in the States in which

land-grant colleges and universities that are members of the

consortium are located.

(e) Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section

such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 1999 through

2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title IV, Sec. 408, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 574;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7131, 7207(d)(1)-(4)(A), May 13,

2002, 116 Stat. 435, 440, 441.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(d)(4)(A), substituted '',

triticale, and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by Tilletia

indica'' for ''and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum'' in

section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(d)(1), reenacted heading

without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment,

text read as follows: ''The Secretary of Agriculture may make a

grant to a consortium of land-grant colleges and universities to

enhance the ability of the consortium to carry out a multi-State

research project aimed at understanding and combating diseases of

wheat and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum and related fungi

(referred to in this section as 'wheat scab').''

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(d)(2)(A), (B),

inserted ''or of Karnal bunt,'' after ''epidemiology of wheat

scab'' and '', triticale,'' after ''occurring in wheat''.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(d)(2)(C), inserted

''or Karnal bunt'' after ''wheat scab''.

Subsec. (b)(3)(A). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(d)(2)(D),

substituted '', triticale, and barley for the presence of Karnal

bunt or of'' for ''and barley for the presence of''.

Subsec. (b)(3)(B). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(d)(2)(E),

substituted '', triticale, and barley infected with wheat scab or

with Karnal bunt'' for ''and barley infected with wheat scab''.

Subsec. (b)(3)(C). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(d)(2)(F), inserted

''wheat scab'' after ''to render''.

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(d)(2)(G), substituted

'', triticale, and barley to wheat scab and to Karnal bunt'' for

''and barley to wheat scab''.

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(d)(2)(H), inserted

''and Karnal bunt'' after ''wheat scab'' and '', triticale,'' after

''resistant wheat''.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7207(d)(3), inserted ''or

Karnal bunt'' after ''wheat scab''.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7131, substituted ''such sums

as may be necessary'' for ''$5,200,000'' and ''2007'' for ''2002''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7629 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

-HEAD-

Sec. 7629. Bovine Johne's disease control program

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary of Agriculture, in coordination with State

veterinarians and other appropriate State animal health

professionals, may establish a program to conduct research,

testing, and evaluation of programs for the control and management

of Johne's disease in livestock.

(b) Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary such sums

as may be necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal

years 2003 through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title IV, Sec. 409, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7207(e), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 441.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7630 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

-HEAD-

Sec. 7630. Grants for youth organizations

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the

Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, shall

make grants to the Girl Scouts of the United States of America, the

Boy Scouts of America, the National 4-H Council, and the National

FFA Organization to establish pilot projects to expand the programs

carried out by the organizations in rural areas and small towns

(including, with respect to the National 4-H Council, activities

provided for in Public Law 107-19 (115 Stat. 153)).

(b) Funding

Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary

shall make available $8,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, which shall

remain available until expended.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section

such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2003 through

2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title IV, Sec. 410, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7412, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 462.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Pub. L. 107-19, referred to in subsec. (a), is Pub. L. 107-19,

July 10, 2001, 115 Stat. 153, which is not classified to the Code.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7631 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER II - NEW AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

INITIATIVES

-HEAD-

Sec. 7631. Agricultural biotechnology research and development for

developing countries

-STATUTE-

(a) Eligible entity

In this section, the term ''eligible entity'' means -

(A) an institution of higher education that offers a curriculum

in agriculture or the biosciences;

(B) a nonprofit organization; or

(C) a consortium of for-profit institutions and agricultural

research institutions.

(b) Grant program

(1) In general

The Secretary (acting through the Foreign Agricultural Service)

shall establish and administer a program to make competitive

grants to eligible entities to develop agricultural biotechnology

for developing countries.

(2) Use of funds

Funds provided to an eligible entity under this section may be

used for projects that use biotechnology to -

(A) enhance the nutritional content of agricultural products

that can be grown in developing countries;

(B) increase the yield and safety of agricultural products

that can be grown in developing countries;

(C) increase the yield of agricultural products that are

drought- and stress-resistant and that can be grown in

developing countries;

(D) extend the growing range of crops that can be grown in

developing countries;

(E) enhance the shelf-life of fruits and vegetables grown in

developing countries;

(F) develop environmentally sustainable agricultural products

that can be grown in developing countries; and

(G) develop vaccines to immunize against life-threatening

illnesses and other medications that can be administered by

consuming genetically-engineered agricultural products.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 2002

through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title IV, Sec. 411, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7505, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 466.)

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-CITE-

7 USC Part A - Miscellaneous 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part A - Miscellaneous

.

-HEAD-

Part A - Miscellaneous

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7641 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part A - Miscellaneous

-HEAD-

Sec. 7641. Patent Culture Collection fees

-STATUTE-

(1) Retention

All funds collected by the Agricultural Research Service of the

Department of Agriculture in connection with the acceptance of

microorganisms for deposit in, or the distribution of

microorganisms from, the Patent Culture Collection maintained and

operated by the Agricultural Research Service shall be credited to

the appropriation supporting the maintenance and operation of the

Patent Culture Collection.

(2) Use

The collected funds shall be available to the Agricultural

Research Service, without further appropriation or fiscal-year

limitation, to carry out its responsibilities under law (including

international treaties) with respect to the Patent Culture

Collection.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 601(c), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

585.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7642 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part A - Miscellaneous

-HEAD-

Sec. 7642. Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database program

-STATUTE-

(a) Continuation of program

The Secretary of Agriculture shall continue operation of the Food

Animal Residue Avoidance Database program (referred to in this

section as the ''FARAD program'') through contracts, grants, or

cooperative agreements with appropriate colleges or universities.

(b) Activities

In carrying out the FARAD program, the Secretary shall -

(1) provide livestock producers, extension specialists,

scientists, and veterinarians with information to prevent drug,

pesticide, and environmental contaminant residues in food animal

products;

(2) maintain up-to-date information concerning -

(A) withdrawal times on FDA-approved food animal drugs and

appropriate withdrawal intervals for drugs used in food animals

in the United States, as established under section 360b(a) of

title 21;

(B) official tolerances for drugs and pesticides in tissues,

eggs, and milk;

(C) descriptions and sensitivities of rapid screening tests

for detecting residues in tissues, eggs, and milk; and

(D) data on the distribution and fate of chemicals in food

animals;

(3) publish periodically a compilation of food animal drugs

approved by the Food and Drug Administration;

(4) make information on food animal drugs available to the

public through handbooks and other literature, computer software,

a telephone hotline, and the Internet;

(5) furnish producer quality-assurance programs with up-to-date

data on approved drugs;

(6) maintain a comprehensive and up-to-date, residue avoidance

database;

(7) provide professional advice for determining the withdrawal

times necessary for food safety in the use of drugs in food

animals; and

(8) engage in other activities designed to promote food safety.

(c) Contract, grants, and cooperative agreements

The Secretary shall offer to enter into a contract, grant, or

cooperative agreement with 1 or more appropriate colleges and

universities to operate the FARAD program. The term of the

contract, grant, or cooperative agreement shall be 3 years, with

options to extend the term of the contract triennially.

(d) Indirect costs

Federal funds provided by the Secretary under a contract, grant,

or cooperative agreement under this section shall be subject to

reduction for indirect costs of the recipient of the funds in an

amount not to exceed 19 percent of the total Federal funds provided

under the contract, grant, or cooperative agreement.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 604, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

586.)

-CITE-

7 USC Part B - General 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part B - General

.

-HEAD-

Part B - General

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7651 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part B - General

-HEAD-

Sec. 7651. Nutrient composition data

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary of Agriculture shall update, on a periodic basis,

nutrient composition data.

(b) Report

Not later than 180 days after June 23, 1998, the Secretary shall

submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of

Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and

Forestry of the Senate a report that describes -

(1) the method the Secretary will use to update nutrient

composition data, including the quality assurance criteria that

will be used and the method for generating the data; and

(2) the timing for updating the data.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 611, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

605.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7652 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part B - General

-HEAD-

Sec. 7652. Role of Secretary regarding food and agricultural

sciences research and extension

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture shall be the principal official in

the executive branch responsible for coordinating all Federal

research and extension activities related to food and agricultural

sciences.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 613, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

605.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7653 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part B - General

-HEAD-

Sec. 7653. Office of Pest Management Policy

-STATUTE-

(a) Purpose

The purpose of this section is to establish an Office of Pest

Management Policy to provide for the effective coordination of

agricultural policies and activities within the Department of

Agriculture related to pesticides and of the development and use of

pest management tools, while taking into account the effects of

regulatory actions of other government agencies.

(b) Establishment of Office; principal responsibilities

The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish in the Department an

Office of Pest Management Policy, which shall be responsible for -

(1) the development and coordination of Department policy on

pest management and pesticides;

(2) the coordination of activities and services of the

Department, including research, extension, and education

activities, regarding the development, availability, and use of

economically and environmentally sound pest management tools and

practices;

(3) assisting other agencies of the Department in fulfilling

their responsibilities related to pest management or pesticides

under the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (Public Law

104-170; 110 Stat. 1489), the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and

Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 136 et seq.), the Federal Food, Drug,

and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.), and other applicable

laws; and

(4) performing such other functions as may be required by law

or prescribed by the Secretary.

(c) Interagency coordination

In support of its responsibilities under subsection (b) of this

section, the Office of Pest Management Policy shall provide

leadership to ensure coordination of interagency activities with

the Environmental Protection Agency, the Food and Drug

Administration, and other Federal and State agencies.

(d) Outreach

The Office of Pest Management Policy shall consult with

agricultural producers that may be affected by pest management or

pesticide-related activities or actions of the Department or other

agencies as necessary in carrying out the Office's responsibilities

under this section.

(e) Director

The Office of Pest Management Policy shall be under the direction

of a Director appointed by the Secretary, who shall report directly

to the Secretary or a designee of the Secretary.

(f) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999

through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 614, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 605;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7132, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

435.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Food Quality Protection Act of 1996, referred to in subsec.

(b)(3), is Pub. L. 104-170, Aug. 3, 1996, 110 Stat. 1489. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of

1996 Amendment note set out under section 136 of this title and

Tables.

The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, referred

to in subsec. (b)(3), is act June 25, 1947, ch. 125, as amended

generally by Pub. L. 92-516, Oct. 21, 1972, 86 Stat. 973, which is

classified generally to subchapter II (Sec. 136 et seq.) of chapter

6 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the

Code, see Short Title note set out under section 136 of this title

and Tables.

The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, referred to in subsec.

(b)(3), is act June 25, 1938, ch. 675, 52 Stat. 1040, as amended,

which is classified generally to chapter 9 (Sec. 301 et seq.) of

Title 21, Food and Drugs. For complete classification of this Act

to the Code, see section 301 of Title 21 and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7654 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part B - General

-HEAD-

Sec. 7654. Food Safety Research Information Office

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a Food Safety

Research Information Office at the National Agricultural Library.

(b) Purpose

The Office shall provide to the research community and the

general public information on publicly funded, and to the maximum

extent practicable, privately funded food safety research

initiatives for the purpose of -

(1) preventing unintended duplication of food safety research;

and

(2) assisting the executive and legislative branches of the

Federal Government and private research entities to assess food

safety research needs and priorities.

(c) Cooperation

The Office shall carry out this section in cooperation with the

National Institutes of Health, the Food and Drug Administration,

the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, public

institutions, and, on a voluntary basis, private research entities.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 615, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 606;

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7301(a), (b)(1), May 13, 2002, 116

Stat. 454.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-171 struck out ''and national conference''

after ''Information Office'' in section catchline, struck out

subsec. (a) designation and heading, redesignated pars. (1) to (3)

of former subsec. (a) as subsecs. (a) to (c), respectively, and

subpars. (A) and (B) of former par. (2) as pars. (1) and (2) of

subsec. (b), respectively, realigned margins, substituted ''this

section'' for ''this subsection'' in subsec. (c), and struck out

former subsecs. (b) and (c) which related to national conference

and annual workshops and food safety report, respectively.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7655 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part B - General

-HEAD-

Sec. 7655. Safe food handling education

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Agriculture shall continue to develop a national

program of safe food handling education for adults and young people

to reduce the risk of food-borne illness. The national program

shall be suitable for adoption and implementation through State

cooperative extension services and school-based education programs.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 616, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

606.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7656 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part B - General

-HEAD-

Sec. 7656. Designation of Crisis Management Team within Department

-STATUTE-

(a) Designation of Crisis Management Team

The Secretary of Agriculture shall designate a Crisis Management

Team within the Department of Agriculture, which shall be -

(1) composed of senior departmental personnel with strong

subject matter expertise selected from each relevant agency of

the Department; and

(2) headed by a team leader with management and communications

skills.

(b) Duties of Crisis Management Team

The Crisis Management Team shall be responsible for the

following:

(1) Developing a Department-wide crisis management plan, taking

into account similar plans developed by other government agencies

and other large organizations, and developing written procedures

for the implementation of the crisis management plan.

(2) Conducting periodic reviews and revisions of the crisis

management plan and procedures developed under paragraph (1).

(3) Ensuring compliance with crisis management procedures by

personnel of the Department and ensuring that appropriate

Department personnel are familiar with the crisis management plan

and procedures and are encouraged to bring information regarding

crises or potential crises to the attention of members of the

Crisis Management Team.

(4) Coordinating the Department's information gathering and

dissemination activities concerning issues managed by the Crisis

Management Team.

(5) Ensuring that Department spokespersons convey accurate,

timely, and scientifically sound information regarding crises or

potential crises that can be easily understood by the general

public.

(6) Cooperating with, and coordinating among, other Federal

agencies, States, local governments, industry, and public

interest groups, Department activities regarding a crisis.

(c) Role in prioritizing certain research

The Crisis Management Team shall cooperate with the Advisory

Board in the prioritization of agricultural research conducted or

funded by the Department regarding animal health, natural

disasters, food safety, and other agricultural issues.

(d) Cooperative agreements

The Secretary shall seek to enter into cooperative agreements

with other Federal departments and agencies that have related

programs or activities to help ensure consistent, accurate, and

coordinated dissemination of information throughout the executive

branch in the event of a crisis, such as, in the case of a threat

to human health from food-borne pathogens, developing a rapid and

coordinated response among the Department, the Centers for Disease

Control, and the Food and Drug Administration.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 618, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

607.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7657 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part B - General

-HEAD-

Sec. 7657. Senior Scientific Research Service

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

There is established in the Department of Agriculture the Senior

Scientific Research Service (referred to in this section as the

''Service'').

(b) Members

(1) In general

Subject to paragraphs (2) through (4), the Secretary shall

appoint the members of the Service.

(2) Qualifications

To be eligible for appointment to the Service, an individual

shall -

(A) have conducted outstanding research in the field of

agriculture or forestry;

(B) have earned a doctoral level degree at an institution of

higher education (as defined in section 1001 of title 20); and

(C) meet qualification standards prescribed by the Director

of the Office of Personnel Management for appointment to a

position at level GS-15 of the General Schedule.

(3) Number

Not more than 100 individuals may serve as members of the

Service at any 1 time.

(4) Other requirements

(A) In general

Subject to subparagraph (B) and subsection (d)(2) of this

section, the Secretary may appoint and employ a member of the

Service without regard to -

(i) the provisions of title 5 governing appointments in the

competitive service;

(ii) the provisions of subchapter I of chapter 35 of title

5 relating to retention preference;

(iii) the provisions of chapter 43 of title 5 relating to

performance appraisal and performance actions;

(iv) the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of

chapter 53 of title 5 relating to classification and General

Schedule pay rates; and

(v) the provisions of chapter 75 of title 5 relating to

adverse actions.

(B) Exception

A member of the Service appointed and employed by the

Secretary under subparagraph (A) shall have the same right of

appeal to the Merit Systems Protection Board and the same right

to file a complaint with the Office of Special Counsel as an

employee appointed to a position at level GS-15 of the General

Schedule.

(c) Performance appraisal system

The Secretary shall develop a performance appraisal system for

members of the Service that is designed to -

(1) provide for the systematic appraisal of the employment

performance of the members; and

(2) encourage excellence in employment performance by the

members.

(d) Compensation

(1) In general

Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary shall determine the

compensation of members of the Service.

(2) Limitations

The rate of pay for a member of the Service shall -

(A) not be less than the minimum rate payable for a position

at level GS-15 of the General Schedule; and

(B) not be more than the rate payable for a position at level

I of the Executive Schedule, unless the rate is approved by the

President under section 5377(d)(2) of title 5.

(e) Retirement contributions

(1) In general

On the request of a member of the Service who was an employee

of an institution of higher education (as defined in section 1001

of title 20) immediately prior to appointment as a member of the

Service and who retains the right to continue to make

contributions to the retirement system of the institution, the

Secretary may contribute an amount not to exceed 10 percent of

the basic pay of the member to the retirement system of the

institution on behalf of the member.

(2) Federal retirement system

(A) In general

Subject to subparagraph (B), a member for whom a contribution

is made under paragraph (1) shall not, as a result of serving

as a member of the Service, be covered by, or earn service

credit under, chapter 83 or 84 of title 5.

(B) Annual leave

Service of a member of the Service described in subparagraph

(A) shall be creditable for determining years of service under

section 6303(a) of title 5.

(f) Involuntary separation

(1) In general

Subject to paragraph (2) and notwithstanding the provisions of

title 5 governing appointment in the competitive service, in the

case of an individual who is separated from the Service

involuntarily and without cause -

(A) the Secretary may appoint the individual to a position in

the competitive civil service at level GS-15 of the General

Schedule; and

(B) the appointment shall be a career appointment.

(2) Excepted civil service

In the case of an individual described in paragraph (1) who

immediately prior to appointment as a member of the Service was

not a career appointee in the civil service or the Senior

Executive Service, the appointment of the individual under

paragraph (1) -

(A) shall be to the excepted civil service; and

(B) may not exceed a period of 2 years.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 620, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7219, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 449.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The General Schedule, referred to in subsecs. (b)(2)(C),

(4)(A)(iv), (B), (d)(2)(A), and (f)(1)(A), is set out under section

5332 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

The provisions of title 5 governing appointment in the

competitive service, referred to in subsecs. (b)(4)(A)(i) and

(f)(1), are classified generally to section 3301 et seq. of Title

5, Government Organization and Employees.

Level I of the Executive Schedule, referred to in subsec.

(d)(2)(B), is set out in section 5312 of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

-CITE-

7 USC Part C - Studies 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part C - Studies

.

-HEAD-

Part C - Studies

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7671 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part C - Studies

-HEAD-

Sec. 7671. Evaluation and assessment of agricultural research,

extension, and education programs

-STATUTE-

(a) Evaluation

The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct a performance

evaluation to determine whether federally funded agricultural

research, extension, and education programs result in public goods

that have national or multistate significance.

(b) Contract

The Secretary shall enter into a contract with 1 or more entities

with expertise in research assessment and performance evaluation to

provide input and recommendations to the Secretary with respect to

federally funded agricultural research, extension, and education

programs.

(c) Guidelines for performance measurement

The contractor selected under subsection (b) of this section

shall develop and propose to the Secretary practical guidelines for

measuring performance of federally funded agricultural research,

extension, and education programs. The guidelines shall be

consistent with the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993

(Public Law 103-62) and amendments made by that Act.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 631, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

608.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Government Performance and Results Act of 1993, referred to

in subsec. (c), is Pub. L. 103-62, Aug. 3, 1993, 107 Stat. 285,

which enacted sections 1115 to 1119, 9703, and 9704 of Title 31,

Money and Finance, section 306 of Title 5, Government Organization

and Employees, and sections 2801 to 2805 of Title 39, Postal

Service, amended section 1105 of Title 31, and enacted provisions

set out as notes under sections 1101 and 1115 of Title 31. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of

1993 Amendment note set out under section 1101 of Title 31 and

Tables.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 7672 01/06/03

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TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 103 - AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND EDUCATION

REFORM

SUBCHAPTER III - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Part C - Studies

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Sec. 7672. Study of federally funded agricultural research,

extension, and education

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(a) Study

Not later than January 1, 1999, the Secretary of Agriculture

shall request the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a study

of the role and mission of federally funded agricultural research,

extension, and education.

(b) Requirements

The study shall -

(1) evaluate the strength of science conducted by the

Agricultural Research Service and the relevance of the science to

national priorities;

(2) examine how the work of the Agricultural Research Service

relates to the capacity of the agricultural research, extension,

and education system of the United States;

(3) examine the appropriateness of the formulas for the

allocation of funds under the Smith-Lever Act (7 U.S.C. 341 et

seq.) and the Hatch Act of 1887 (7 U.S.C. 361a et seq.) with

respect to current conditions of the agricultural economy and

other factors of the various regions and States of the United

States and develop recommendations to revise the formulas to more

accurately reflect the current conditions; and

(4) examine the system of competitive grants for agricultural

research, extension, and education.

(c) Reports

The Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Committee on

Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on

Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate -

(1) not later than 18 months after the commencement of the

study, a report that describes the results of the study as it

relates to paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b) of this

section, including any appropriate recommendations; and

(2) not later than 3 years after the commencement of the study,

a report that describes the results of the study as it relates to

paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (b) of this section,

including the recommendations developed under paragraph (3) of

subsection (b) of this section and other appropriate

recommendations.

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(Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 632, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

608.)

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REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Smith-Lever Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(3), is act May 8,

1914, ch. 79, 38 Stat. 372, as amended, which is classified

generally to subchapter IV (Sec. 341 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this

title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see

Short Title note set out under section 341 of this title and

Tables.

The Hatch Act of 1887, referred to in subsec. (b)(3), is act Mar.

2, 1887, ch. 314, 24 Stat. 440, as amended, which is classified

generally to sections 361a to 361i of this title. For complete

classification of this act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 361a of this title and Tables.

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