US (United States) Code. Title 7: Agriculture. Chapter 88: Research

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Agriculture

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-CITE-

7 USC CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

-MISC1-

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Sec.

5801. Purpose and definitions.

(a) Purpose.

(b) Definitions.

PART A - BEST UTILIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS

5811. Research and extension projects.

(a) Projects required.

(b) Agreements.

(c) Selection of projects.

(d) Diversification of research.

(e) On-farm research.

(f) Impact studies.

(g) Project duration.

(h) Public access.

(i) Indemnification.

5812. Program administration.

(a) Duties of Secretary.

(b) Regional Administrative Councils.

5813. Federal-State matching grant program.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Eligible programs and activities.

(c) Submission of plan.

(d) Grant award.

5814. Authorization of appropriations.

PART B - INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

5821. Integrated management systems.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Development and adoption of integrated crop

management practices.

(c) Development and adoption of integrated resource

management practices.

(d) Authorization of appropriations.

5822. Integrated farm management program option.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Definitions.

(c) Eligibility.

(d) Acreage.

(e) Contracts.

(f) Requirements of plans.

(g) Administration; certification; termination.

(h) Program rules.

PART C - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND

TRANSFER PROGRAM

5831. Technical guides and handbooks.

(a) Development.

(b) Consultation and coordination.

(c) Topics of handbooks and guides.

(d) Organization and contents.

(e) Availability.

(f) Authorization of appropriations.

5832. National Training Program.

(a) In general.

(b) Administration.

(c) Required training.

(d) Regional training centers.

(e) Competitive grants.

(f) Regional specialists.

(g) Information availability.

(h) ''Appropriate field office personnel'' defined.

(i) Authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM

5841. Establishment, purpose, and functions of National Genetic

Resources Program.

(a) In general.

(b) Purpose.

(c) Administration.

(d) Functions.

5842. Appointment and authority of Director.

(a) Director.

(b) Administrative authority.

(c) Duties.

(d) Biennial reports.

(e) Initial reports.

5843. Advisory council.

(a) Establishment and membership.

(b) Ex officio members.

(c) Appointment of other members.

(d) Compensation.

(e) Term of office of appointees; vacancies.

(f) Chair.

(g) Meetings.

(h) Staff.

(i) Orientation and training.

(j) Comments and recommendations.

(k) Reports.

(l) Application of Advisory Committee Act.

5844. Definitions and authorization of appropriations.

(a) Definitions.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM

5851. Short title and purposes.

(a) Short title.

(b) Purposes.

5852. Agricultural Weather Office.

(a) Establishment of Office and administration of

system.

(b) Authority.

(c) Competitive grants program.

(d) Priority.

5853. Repealed.

5854. State agricultural weather information systems.

(a) Advisory program grants.

(b) Consultation.

(c) Eligibility requirements.

5855. Funding.

(a) Allocation of funds.

(b) Limitations on use of funds.

(c) Authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER IV - RESEARCH REGARDING PRODUCTION, PREPARATION,

PROCESSING, HANDLING, AND STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

5871 to 5874. Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER V - PLANT AND ANIMAL PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM

5881 to 5885. Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND

COMMERCIALIZATION

5901 to 5909. Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

5921. Biotechnology risk assessment research.

(a) Purpose.

(b) Grant program.

(c) Research priorities.

(d) Eligibility requirements.

(e) Consultation.

(f) Program coordination.

(g) Authorization of appropriations.

5921a. Program of public education regarding use of biotechnology

in producing food for human consumption.

(a) Public information campaign.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

5922. Repealed.

5923. Rural electronic commerce extension program.

(a) Definitions.

(b) Establishment.

(c) Grants.

(d) Report.

(e) Authorization of appropriations.

5924. Agricultural Genome Initiative.

(a) Goals.

(b) Duties of Secretary.

(c) Grants and cooperative agreements.

(d) Administration.

(e) Matching of funds.

(f) Consultation with National Academy of Sciences.

5925. High-priority research and extension initiatives.

(a) Competitive specialized research and extension

grants authorized.

(b) Administration.

(c) Matching funds required.

(d) Partnerships encouraged.

(e) High-priority research and extension areas.

(f) Imported fire ant control, management, and

eradication.

(g) Formosan termite research and eradication.

(h) Authorization of appropriations.

5925a. Nutrient management research and extension initiative.

(a) Competitive research and extension grants

authorized.

(b) Administration.

(c) Matching funds required.

(d) Partnerships encouraged.

(e) Nutrient management research and extension areas.

(g) Authorization of appropriations.

5925b. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative.

(a) Competitive specialized research and extension

grants authorized.

(b) Grant types and process, prohibition on

construction.

(c) Matching funds required.

(d) Partnerships encouraged.

(e) Funding.

5925c. Organic production and market data initiatives.

5925d. International organic research collaboration.

5926. Agricultural telecommunications program.

(a) Purpose.

(b) Objectives.

(c) Definitions.

(d) Authorization of assistance to eligible

institutions.

(e) Priority.

(f) Applications for program production and delivery.

(g) Limitations on assistance.

(h) Authorization of appropriations.

5927, 5928. Repealed.

5929. Red meat safety research center.

(a) Establishment of center.

(b) Eligible research facility described.

(c) Research conducted.

(d) Administration of funds.

(e) Authorization of appropriations.

5930. Reservation extension agents.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Administration and management.

(c) Advisory committees.

(d) Staffing.

(e) Placing of agents.

(f) Reduced regulatory burden.

(g) Authorization of appropriations.

5931, 5932. Repealed.

5933. Assistive technology program for farmers with disabilities.

(a) Special demonstration grants.

(b) National grant for technical assistance,

training, and dissemination.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

5934. Research on honeybee diseases.

(a) Sense of Congress.

(b) Research.

5935. Use of remote sensing data and other data to anticipate

potential food, feed, and fiber shortages or excesses and to

provide timely information to assist farmers with planting

decisions.

(a) Findings.

(b) Information development.

(c) Coordination.

(d) Sunset.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH

AND EDUCATION 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in section 3222c of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5801 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 5801. Purpose and definitions

-STATUTE-

(a) Purpose

It is the purpose of this subchapter to encourage research

designed to increase our knowledge concerning agricultural

production systems that -

(1) maintain and enhance the quality and productivity of the

soil;

(2) conserve soil, water, energy, natural resources, and fish

and wildlife habitat;

(3) maintain and enhance the quality of surface and ground

water;

(4) protect the health and safety of persons involved in the

food and farm system;

(5) promote the well being of animals; and

(6) increase employment opportunities in agriculture.

(b) Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter:

(1) The term ''sustainable agriculture'' shall have the same

meaning given to that term by section 3103(17) (FOOTNOTE 1) of

this title.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(2) The term ''integrated crop management'' means an

agricultural management system that integrates all controllable

agricultural production factors for long-term sustained

productivity, profitability, and ecological soundness.

(3) The term ''integrated resource management'' means livestock

management which utilizes an interdisciplinary systems approach

which integrates all controllable agricultural production

practices to provide long-term sustained productivity and

profitable production of safe and wholesome food in an

environmentally sound manner.

(4) The term ''agribusiness'' includes a producer or

organization engaged in an agricultural enterprise with a profit

motive.

(5) The term ''extension'' shall have the same meaning given to

that term by section 3103(7) of this title.

(6) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture.

(7) The term ''State'' means each of the 50 States, the

District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the

Virgin Islands of the United States, American Samoa, the

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Trust Territory

of the Pacific Islands, or federally recognized Indian tribes.

(8) The term ''State agricultural experiment stations'' shall

have the same meaning given to that term by section 3103(13)

(FOOTNOTE 1) of this title.

(9) The term ''nonprofit organization'' means an organization,

group, institute, or institution that -

(A) has a demonstrated capacity to conduct agricultural

research or education programs;

(B) has experience in research, demonstration, education, or

extension in sustainable agricultural practices and systems;

and

(C) qualifies as a nonprofit organization under section

501(c) of title 26.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1619, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3733; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(2), Dec. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1864; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 860(c)(1), Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1173.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This subchapter, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (b), was in the

original ''this subtitle'', meaning subtitle B (Sec. 1619-1629) of

title XVI of Pub. L. 101-624, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3733, which

enacted this subchapter, repealed sections 4701 to 4710 of this

title, and repealed provisions set out as a note under section 4701

of this title. For complete classification of subtitle B to the

Code, see Tables.

Section 3103(13), (17) of this title, referred to in subsec.

(b)(1), (8), was redesignated section 3103(14), (18) of this title

by Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7502(a)(1), May 13, 2002, 116

Stat. 463.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (b)(7) to (10). Pub. L. 104-127 redesignated pars.

(8) to (10) as (7) to (9), respectively, and struck out former par.

(7) which read as follows: ''The term 'Advisory Council' means the

National Sustainable Agriculture Advisory Council established under

section 5812(c) of this title.''

1991 - Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''Mariana

Islands'' for ''Marianas Islands''.

-TRANS-

TERMINATION OF TRUST TERRITORY OF THE PACIFIC ISLANDS

For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see

note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and

Insular Possessions.

-CITE-

7 USC Part A - Best Utilization of Biological

Applications 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Part A - Best Utilization of Biological Applications

.

-HEAD-

Part A - Best Utilization of Biological Applications

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5811 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Part A - Best Utilization of Biological Applications

-HEAD-

Sec. 5811. Research and extension projects

-STATUTE-

(a) Projects required

The Secretary shall conduct research and extension projects to

obtain data, develop conclusions, demonstrate technologies, and

conduct educational programs that promote the purposes of this

part, including research and extension projects that -

(1) facilitate and increase scientific investigation and

education in order to -

(A) reduce, to the extent feasible and practicable, the use

of chemical pesticides, fertilizers, and toxic natural

materials in agricultural production;

(B) improve low-input farm management to enhance agricultural

productivity, profitability, and competitiveness; and

(C) promote crop, livestock, and enterprise diversification;

and

(2) facilitate the conduct of projects in order to -

(A) study, to the extent practicable, agricultural production

systems that are located in areas that possess various soil,

climate, and physical characteristics;

(B) study farms that have been, and will continue to be,

managed using farm production practices that rely on low-input

and conservation practices;

(C) take advantage of the experience and expertise of farmers

and ranchers through their direct participation and leadership

in projects;

(D) transfer practical, reliable and timely information to

farmers and ranchers concerning low-input sustainable farming

practices and systems; and

(E) promote a partnership between farmers, nonprofit

organizations, agribusiness, and public and private research

and extension institutions.

(b) Agreements

The Secretary shall carry out this section through agreements

entered into with land-grant colleges or universities, other

universities, State agricultural experiment stations, the State

cooperative extension services, nonprofit organizations with

demonstrable expertise, or Federal or State governmental entities.

(c) Selection of projects

(1) In general

The Secretary shall select research and extension projects to

be conducted under this section on the basis of -

(A) the relevance of the project to the purposes of this

part;

(B) the appropriateness of the design of the project;

(C) the likelihood of obtaining the objectives of the

project; and

(D) the national or regional applicability of the findings

and outcomes of the proposed project.

(2) Priority

In conducting projects under this section, the Secretary shall

give priority to projects that -

(A) closely coordinate research and extension activities;

(B) indicate the manner in which the findings of the project

will be made readily usable by farmers;

(C) maximize the involvement and cooperation of farmers,

including projects involving on-farm research and

demonstration;

(D) involve a multidisciplinary systems approach; and

(E) involve cooperation between farms, non-profit

organizations, colleges and universities, and government

agencies.

(d) Diversification of research

The Secretary shall conduct projects and studies under this

section in areas that are broadly representative of the diversity

of United States agricultural production, including production on

family farms, mixed-crop livestock farms and dairy operations.

(e) On-farm research

The Secretary may conduct projects and activities that involve

on-farm research and demonstration in carrying out this section.

(f) Impact studies

The Secretary may approve study projects concerning the national

and regional economic, global competitiveness, social and

environmental implications of the adoption of low-input sustainable

agricultural practices and systems.

(g) Project duration

(1) In general

The Secretary may approve projects to be conducted under this

section that have a duration of more than one fiscal year.

(2) Sequence planting

In the case of a research project conducted under this section

that involves the planting of a sequence of crops or crop

rotations, the Secretary shall approve such projects for a term

that is appropriate to the sequence or rotation being studied.

(h) Public access

The Secretary shall ensure that research projects conducted under

this section are open for public observation at specified times.

(i) Indemnification

(1) In general

Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary may indemnify the

operator of a project conducted under this section for damage

incurred or undue losses sustained as a result of a rigid

requirement of research or demonstration under such project that

is not experienced in normal farming operations.

(2) Subject to agreement

An indemnity payment under paragraph (1) shall be subject to

any agreement between a project grantee and operator entered into

prior to the initiation of such project.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1621, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3734; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 860(c)(2), Apr. 4, 1996,

110 Stat. 1173.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(c)(2)(A),

redesignated subpars. (B) to (E) as (A) to (D), respectively, and

struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: ''the

recommendations of the Advisory Council;''.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(c)(2)(B), redesignated

subpars. (B) to (F) as (A) to (E), respectively, and struck out

former subpar. (A) which read as follows: ''are recommended by the

Advisory Council;''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 5812, 5814 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5812 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Part A - Best Utilization of Biological Applications

-HEAD-

Sec. 5812. Program administration

-STATUTE-

(a) Duties of Secretary

The Secretary shall -

(1) administer the programs and projects conducted under

sections 5811 and 5813 of this title through the Cooperative

State Research Service in close cooperation with the Extension

Service, Agricultural Research Service, and other appropriate

agencies;

(2) establish a minimum of four Regional Administrative

Councils in accordance with subsection (b) of this section; and

(3) in conjunction with such Regional Administrative Councils,

identify regional host institutions required to carry out such

programs or projects.

(b) Regional Administrative Councils

(1) Membership

The membership of the Regional Administrative Councils shall

include representatives of -

(A) the Agricultural Research Service;

(B) the Cooperative State Research Service;

(C) the Extension Service;

(D) State cooperative extension services;

(E) State agricultural experiment stations;

(F) the Soil Conservation Service;

(G) State departments engaged in sustainable agriculture

programs;

(H) nonprofit organizations with demonstrable expertise;

(I) farmers utilizing systems and practices of sustainable

agriculture;

(J) agribusiness;

(K) the State or United States Geological Survey; and

(L) other persons knowledgeable about sustainable agriculture

and its impact on the environment and rural communities.

(2) Responsibilities

The Regional Administrative Councils shall -

(A) promote the programs established under this subchapter at

the regional level;

(B) establish goals and criteria for the selection of

projects authorized under this subchapter within the applicable

region;

(C) appoint a technical committee to evaluate the proposals

for projects to be considered under this subchapter by such

council;

(D) review and act on the recommendations of the technical

committee, and coordinate its activities with the regional host

institution; and

(E) prepare and make available an annual report concerning

projects funded under sections 5811 and 5813 of this title,

together with an evaluation of the project activity.

(3) Conflict of interest

A member of the Regional Administrative Council or a technical

committee may not participate in the discussion or recommendation

of proposed projects if the member has or had a professional or

business interest in, including the provision of consultancy

services, the organization whose grant application is under

review.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1622, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3736; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 860(a), (b), Apr. 4, 1996,

110 Stat. 1173.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (a)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(b)(1),

redesignated pars. (3) and (4) as (2) and (3), respectively,

substituted ''subsection (b)'' for ''subsection (e)'' in par. (2),

and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: ''establish

the Advisory Council in accordance with subsection (c) of this

section;''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(a), (b)(3), redesignated

subsec. (e) as (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which required

Secretary, not later than Apr. 1, 1991, and each April 1

thereafter, to prepare and submit to congressional committees and

to Advisory Council report describing results of programs carried

out under sections 5811, 5813, and 5821 of this title and report

describing progress of projects conducted under this subchapter.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(b)(4), redesignated

subpars. (B) to (F) as (A) to (E), respectively, and struck out

former subpar. (A) which read as follows: ''make recommendations to

the Advisory Council concerning research and extension projects

that merit funding under sections 5811 and 5813 of this title;''.

Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(b)(2), (3),

redesignated subsec. (e) as (b) and struck out subsec. (c) which

provided for membership of the National Sustainable Agriculture

Advisory Council and subsec. (d) which set forth responsibilities

of Advisory Council.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 5813, 5814 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5813 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Part A - Best Utilization of Biological Applications

-HEAD-

Sec. 5813. Federal-State matching grant program

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary shall establish a Federal-State matching grant

program to make grants to States to assist in the creation or

enhancement of State sustainable agriculture research, extension,

and education programs, in furtherance of this subchapter.

(b) Eligible programs and activities

States eligible to receive a grant under this section may conduct

a variety of activities designed to carry out the purpose of this

subchapter, including -

(1) activities that encourage the incorporation and integration

of sustainable agriculture concerns in all State research,

extension, and education projects;

(2) educational programs for farmers, educators, and the

public;

(3) the development and funding of innovative research,

extension, and education programs regarding sustainable

agriculture;

(4) the conduct of research and demonstration projects;

(5) the provision of technical assistance to farmers and

ranchers;

(6) activities that encourage farmer-to-farmer information

exchanges;

(7) the incorporation of sustainable agriculture studies in

undergraduate and graduate degree programs; and

(8) such other activities that are appropriate to the

agricultural concerns of the State that are consistent with the

purpose of this part.

(c) Submission of plan

(1) Required

States that elect to apply for a grant under this section shall

prepare and submit, to the appropriate Regional Administrative

Council established under section 5812 of this title, a State

plan and schedule for approval by such council and the Secretary.

(2) Elements of plan

State plans prepared under paragraph (1) shall provide details

of the proposed program to be implemented using funds provided

under this section for fiscal years 1991 through 1995, or any

5-year period thereafter, and shall identify the sources of

matching State funds for the same fiscal year.

(3) Participation of farmers

To be eligible for approval, State plans submitted under this

subsection shall demonstrate that there will be extensive and

direct participation of farmers in the development,

implementation, and evaluation of the program.

(d) Grant award

(1) Limits

Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary shall provide grants to

eligible States in an amount not to exceed 50 percent of the cost

of the establishment or enhancement of a State sustainable

agriculture program under a plan approved by the Secretary under

subsection (c) of this section for a period not to exceed 5

years.

(2) State contribution

To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a State

shall agree to pay, from State appropriated funds, other State

revenue, or from private contributions received by the State, not

less than 50 percent of the cost of the establishment or

enhancement of the sustainable agriculture program under an

approved plan under subsection (c) of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1623, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3738.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5812 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5814 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Part A - Best Utilization of Biological Applications

-HEAD-

Sec. 5814. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

There are authorized to be appropriated $40,000,000 for each

fiscal year to carry out this part. Of amounts appropriated to

carry out this part for a fiscal year, not less than $15,000,000,

or not less than two thirds of any such appropriation, whichever is

greater, shall be used to carry out sections 5811 and 5812 of this

title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1624, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3739; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 408, Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat.

1865.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''and 5812'' for ''and 5813''.

-CITE-

7 USC Part B - Integrated Management Systems 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Part B - Integrated Management Systems

.

-HEAD-

Part B - Integrated Management Systems

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5821 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Part B - Integrated Management Systems

-HEAD-

Sec. 5821. Integrated management systems

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary shall establish a research and education program

concerning integrated resource management and integrated crop

management in order to enhance research related to farming

operations, practices, and systems that optimize crop and livestock

production potential and are environmentally sound. The purpose of

the program shall be -

(1) to encourage producers to adopt integrated crop and

livestock management practices and systems that minimize or abate

adverse environmental impacts, reduce soil erosion and loss of

water and nutrients, enhance the efficient use of on-farm and

off-farm inputs, and maintain or increase profitability and

long-term productivity;

(2) to develop knowledge and information on integrated crop and

livestock management systems and practices to assist agricultural

producers in the adoption of these systems and practices;

(3) to accumulate and analyze information on agricultural

production practices researched or developed under programs

established under this subchapter, chapter 86 of this title,

(FOOTNOTE 1) and other appropriate programs of the Department of

Agriculture to further the development of integrated crop and

livestock management systems;

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(4) to facilitate the adoption of whole-farm integrated crop

and livestock management systems through demonstration projects

on individual farms, including small and limited resource farms,

throughout the United States; and

(5) to evaluate and recommend appropriate integrated crop and

livestock management policies and programs.

(b) Development and adoption of integrated crop management

practices

The Secretary shall encourage agricultural producers to adopt and

develop individual, site-specific integrated crop management

practices. On a priority basis, the Secretary shall develop and

disseminate information on integrated crop management systems for

agricultural producers in specific localities or crop producing

regions where the Secretary determines -

(1) water quality is impaired as a result of local or regional

agricultural production practices; or

(2) the adoption of such practices may aid in the recovery of

endangered or threatened species.

(c) Development and adoption of integrated resource management

practices

The Secretary shall, on a priority basis, develop programs to

encourage livestock producers to develop and adopt individual,

site-specific integrated resource management practices. These

programs shall be designed to benefit producers and consumers

through -

(1) optimum use of available resources and improved production

and financial efficiency for producers;

(2) identifying and prioritizing the research and educational

needs of the livestock industry relating to production and

financial efficiency, competitiveness, environmental stability,

and food safety; and

(3) utilizing an interdisciplinary approach.

(d) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year

$20,000,000 to carry out this section through the Extension

Service.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1627, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3739; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 862(b)(2), Apr. 4, 1996,

110 Stat. 1174.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This subchapter, referred to in subsec. (a)(3), was in the

original ''this subtitle'', meaning subtitle B (Sec. 1619-1629) of

title XVI of Pub. L. 101-624, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3733, which

enacted this subchapter, repealed sections 4701 to 4710 of this

title, and repealed provisions set out as a note under section 4701

of this title. For complete classification of subtitle B to the

Code, see Tables.

Chapter 86 of this title, referred to in subsec. (a)(3), was in

the original ''subtitle G of title XIV'', meaning subtitle G (Sec.

1481-1485) of title XIV of Pub. L. 101-624, which was repealed by

Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 302(c), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

563.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 104-127 struck out ''and section

5881 of this title'' before ''and other appropriate''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5822 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Part B - Integrated Management Systems

-HEAD-

Sec. 5822. Integrated Farm Management Program Option

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary of Agriculture (hereafter in this section referred

to as the ''Secretary'') shall, by regulation, establish a

voluntary program, to be known as the ''Integrated Farm Management

Program Option'' (hereafter referred to in this section as the

''program''), designed to assist producers of agricultural

commodities in adopting integrated, multiyear, site-specific farm

management plans by reducing farm program barriers to resource

stewardship practices and systems.

(b) Definitions

(1) In general

For purposes of this section -

(A) The term ''resource-conserving crop'' means legumes,

legume-grass mixtures, legume-small grain mixtures,

legume-grass-small grain mixtures, and alternative crops.

(B) The term ''resource-conserving crop rotation'' means a

crop rotation that includes at least one resource-conserving

crop and that reduces erosion, maintains or improves soil

fertility and tilth, interrupts pest cycles, or conserves

water.

(C) The term ''farming operations and practices'' includes

the integration of crops and crop-plant variety selection,

rotation practices, tillage systems, soil conserving and soil

building practices, nutrient management strategies, biological

control and integrated pest management strategies, livestock

production and management systems, animal waste management

systems, water and energy conservation measures, and health and

safety considerations.

(D) The term ''integrated farm management plan'' means a

comprehensive, multiyear, site-specific plan that meets the

requirements of subsection (f) of this section.

(2) Crops

For purposes of paragraph (1)(A) -

(A) The term ''grass'' means perennial grasses commonly used

for haying or grazing.

(B) The term ''legume'' means forage legumes (such as alfalfa

or clover) or any legume grown for use as a forage or green

manure, but not including any bean crop from which the seeds

are harvested.

(C) The term ''small grain'' shall not include malting barley

or wheat, except for wheat interplanted with other small grain

crops for nonhuman consumption.

(D) The term ''alternative crops'' means experimental and

industrial crops grown in arid and semiarid regions that

conserve soil and water.

(c) Eligibility

To be eligible to participate in the program established by this

section, a producer must -

(1) prepare and submit to the Secretary for approval an

integrated farm management plan (hereafter referred to in this

section as the ''plan'');

(2) actively apply the terms and conditions of the plan, as

approved by the Secretary;

(3) devote to a resource-conserving crop, on the average

through the life of the contract, not less than 20 percent of the

crop acreage bases enrolled under such program;

(4) comply with the terms and conditions of any annual acreage

limitation program in effect for the crop acreage bases

contracted under the terms of this subsection; and

(5) keep such records as the Secretary may reasonably require.

(d) Acreage

In accepting contracts for the program, the Secretary, to the

extent practicable, shall enroll not less than 3,000,000, nor more

than 5,000,000, acres of cropland in each of the calendar years

1991 through 1995.

(e) Contracts

The Secretary shall enter into contracts with producers to enroll

acreage in the program. Such contracts shall be for a period of

not less than 3 years, but may, at the producer's option, be for a

longer period of time (up to 5 years) and may be renewed upon

mutual agreement between the Secretary and the producer.

(f) Requirements of plans

Each plan approved by the Secretary shall -

(1) specify the acreage and the crop acreage bases to be

enrolled in the program;

(2) describe the resource-conserving crop rotation to be

implemented and maintained on such acreage during the contract

period to fulfill the purposes of the program;

(3) contain a schedule for the implementation, improvement and

maintenance of the resource-conserving crop rotation described in

the plan;

(4) describe the farming operations and practices to be

implemented on such acreage and how such operations and practices

could reasonably be expected to result in -

(A) the maintenance or enhancement of the overall

productivity and profitability of the farm;

(B) the prevention of the degradation of farmland soils, the

long-term improvement of the fertility and physical properties

of such soils; and

(C) the protection of water supplies from contamination by

managing or minimizing agricultural pollutants if their

management or minimization results in positive economic and

environmental benefits;

(5) assist the producer to comply with all Federal, State, and

local requirements designed to protect soil, wetland, wildlife

habitat, and the quality of groundwater and surface water; and

(6) contain such other terms as the Secretary may, by

regulation, require.

(g) Administration; certification; termination

(1) Administration; technical assistance; flexibility;

implementation; displacement

(A) Administration

The program shall be administered by the Secretary.

(B) Technical assistance

In administering the program, the Secretary, in consultation

with the local conservation districts, and any State or local

authorities deemed appropriate by the Secretary, shall provide

technical assistance to producers in developing and

implementing plans, evaluating the effectiveness of plans, and

assessing the costs and benefits of farming operations and

practices. The plans may draw on handbooks and technical

guides and may also include other practices appropriate to the

particular circumstances of the producer and the purposes of

the program.

(C) Flexibility

In administering the program, the Secretary shall provide

sufficient flexibility for a producer to adjust or modify the

producer's plan consistent with this section, except that such

adjustments or modifications must be approved by the Secretary.

(D) Minimization of adverse effect

(i) In general

Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the

Secretary shall implement this section in such a manner as to

minimize any adverse economic effect on the agribusinesses

and other agriculturally related economic interests within

any county, State, or region that may result from a decrease

of harvested acres due to the operation of this section. In

carrying out this section, the Secretary may restrict the

total amount of crop acreage that may be removed from

production, taking into consideration the total amount of

crop acreage that has, or will be, removed from production

under other price support, production adjustment, or

conservation program activities.

(ii) Maximize conservation goals

The Secretary shall, to the greatest extent practicable,

permit producers on a farm that desire to participate in the

program authorized under this section to enroll acreage

adequate to maximize conservation goals on such farm and

ensure economic effectiveness of the program in each

individual application.

(E) Displacement

The Secretary shall not approve any plan that will result in

the involuntary displacement of farm tenants or lessees by

landowners through the removal of substantial portions of the

farm from production of a commodity. In the case of any tenant

or lessee who has rented or leased the farm (with or without a

written option for annual renewal or periodic renewals) for a

period of two or more of the immediately preceding years, the

Secretary shall consider the refusal by a landlord, without

reasonable cause other than simply for the purpose of

enrollment in the program, to renew such rental or lease as an

involuntary displacement in the absence of a written consent to

such nonrenewal by the tenant or lessee.

(2) Certification

The Secretary shall certify compliance by producers with the

terms and conditions of the plans.

(3) Termination

The Secretary may terminate a contract entered into with a

producer under this program if -

(A) the producer agrees to such termination, or

(B) the producer violates the terms and conditions of such

contract.

(h) Program rules

(1) Base and yield protection

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall

not, except as provided in paragraph (6), reduce crop acreage

bases, or farm program payment yields, as a result of the

planting of a resource-conserving crop as part of a

resource-conserving crop rotation.

(2) Resource-conserving crops on reduced acreage

Notwithstanding the provisions of title I of the Agricultural

Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1441 et seq.), acreage devoted to

resource-conserving crops as part of a resource-conserving crop

rotation under this program may also be designated as

conservation use acreage for the purpose of fulfilling any

provisions under any acreage limitation or land diversion program

and up to 50 percent of the acreage so designated shall be

without restrictions on haying and grazing, except as provided in

paragraph (5)(B), except that such acreage that is devoted to

perennial cover on which cost-share assistance for the

establishment of the perennial cover has been provided, shall not

be credited towards the producer's resource-conserving crop

requirement under a contract under this section.

(3) Barley, oats, and wheat

Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, barley,

oats, or wheat planted as part of a resource-conserving crop on

reduced acreage may not be harvested in kernel form.

(4) Payment acres

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the Secretary

shall not reduce farm program payments of participants in this

program as a result of the planting a resource-conserving crop as

part of a resource-conserving crop rotation on payment acres.

(5) Haying and grazing restriction

(A) In general

The Secretary shall not make any program payments to a

producer who is otherwise eligible to receive with respect to

acreage enrolled in the program if such producer hays or grazes

such acreage (excluding acreage designated as conservation use

acreage) during the 5-month period in each State during which

haying and grazing of conserving use acres is not allowed under

the provisions of the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1421

et seq.), or, if the crop planted on such acreage includes a

small grain, before the producer harvests the small grain crop

in kernel form.

(B) Limitation on permitted haying and grazing

Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if the

Secretary determines that implementation of this section will

result in a significant adverse economic impact on hay or

livestock prices in a particular geographic area, the Secretary

may limit the quantity of hay that can be harvested or grazed

from that area. Such limit may include restrictions on the

number of times that hay may be harvested or grazed from the

acres per year, the timing of such harvesting and grazing, or

the number of years that such land may remain in the same hay

stand, or a prohibition on the harvesting or grazing of hay

from acres on which a small grain was not originally

interplanted with the hay crop and harvested for grain.

(6) Base acre adjustments

The Secretary, only for the purpose of establishing a

producer's crop acreage base under the Agricultural Act of 1949

(7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.), may make such adjustments as the

Secretary determines to be fair and equitable to reflect

resource-conserving crop rotation practices that were maintained

by producers prior to participation in the program and to reflect

such other factors as the Secretary determines should be

considered, except that the total of such adjustments in any year

shall not exceed the total farm program savings in the same year

that would result from the implementation of plans.

(7) Payment acreage limitation

(A) In general

No producers enrolled in a resource-conserving crop rotation

shall be eligible to receive payments under farm programs for

wheat, feed grains, cotton, or rice under the Agricultural Act

of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.) on acreage equal to the average

number of traditionally underplanted acres for the three years

prior to enrolling in this program.

(B) ''Traditionally underplanted acreage'' defined

(i) In general

Subject to clause (ii), for the purposes of this paragraph

the term ''traditionally underplanted acreage'' means the

difference in a particular year between the acreage that is

part of a producer's crop acreage base that is not planted to

the program crop and the part of the crop acreage base

subject to an acreage limitation program or required to be

set aside, but only to the extent that such number exceeds

the number of acres resulting from the reduction in payment

acres under an amendment made by section 1101 of the Omnibus

Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-508; 104

Stat. 1388-1). In no case shall such acreage be less than

zero.

(ii) Exception

In the case of a producer participating in a particular

year in a program authorized under section 101B(c)(1)(D),

103B(c)(1)(D), 105B(c)(1)(E), or 107B(c)(1)(E) (FOOTNOTE 1)

of the Agricultural Act of 1949, the term ''traditionally

underplanted acreage'' means 8 percent of the producer's

permitted acreage for such year.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XIV, Sec. 1451, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3607; Pub. L. 101-508, title I, Sec. 1204(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104

Stat. 1388-11; Pub. L. 102-237, title II, Sec. 201(a), Dec. 13,

1991, 105 Stat. 1846.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Agricultural Act of 1949, referred to in subsec. (h)(2),

(5)(A), (6), (7)(A), is act Oct. 31, 1949, ch. 792, 63 Stat. 1051,

as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 35A (Sec.

1421 et seq.) of this title. Title I of the Agricultural Act of

1949, is classified generally to subchapter II (Sec. 1441 et seq.)

of chapter 35A of this title. Sections 101B, 103B, 105B, and 107B

of the Act were classified to sections 1441-2, 1444-2, 1444f, and

1445b-3a of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104-127, title I,

Sec. 171(b)(2)(A)-(D), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 938. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 1421 of this title and Tables.

This Act, referred to in subsec. (h)(4), is Pub. L. 101-624, Nov.

28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3359, as amended, known as the Food,

Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 1421 of this title and Tables.

Section 1101 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990,

referred to in subsec. (h)(7)(B)(i), is section 1101 of Pub. L.

101-508, which amended former sections 1441-2, 1444-2, 1444f, and

1445b-3a of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was not enacted as part of subtitle B of title XVI of

Pub. L. 101-624 which comprises this subchapter.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 201(a)(1),

substituted ''subsection (f)'' for ''subsection (e)''.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 201(a)(2), inserted ''each

of'' before ''the calendar''.

Subsec. (f)(5). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 201(a)(3), substituted

''assist'' for ''assisting''.

Subsec. (h)(7)(B)(i). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 201(a)(4)(A),

inserted before period at end of first sentence '', but only to the

extent that such number exceeds the number of acres resulting from

the reduction in payment acres under an amendment made by section

1101 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (Public Law

101-508; 104 Stat. 1388-1)''.

Subsec. (h)(7)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 201(a)(4)(B),

substituted ''under section 101B(c)(1)(D), 103B(c)(1)(D),

105B(c)(1)(E), or 107B(c)(1)(E)'' for ''under section

101B(c)(1)(B), section 103B(c)(1)(B), section 105A(c)(1)(B), or

section 107A(c)(1)(B)''.

1990 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101-508, Sec. 1204(a)(1), substituted

''enroll not less than'' for ''enroll not more than''.

Subsec. (h)(7)(A). Pub. L. 101-508, Sec. 1204(a)(2), substituted

''shall be eligible'' for ''shall not be eligible''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1991 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 102-237 effective as if included in the

provision of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of

1990, Pub. L. 101-624, to which the amendment relates, see section

1101(b)(1) of Pub. L. 102-237, set out as a note under section 1421

of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 101-508 effective Nov. 29, 1990, see section

1301 of Pub. L. 101-508, set out as a note under section 511r of

this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Part C - Sustainable Agriculture Technology

Development and Transfer Program 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Part C - Sustainable Agriculture Technology Development and

Transfer Program

.

-HEAD-

Part C - Sustainable Agriculture Technology Development and

Transfer Program

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5831 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Part C - Sustainable Agriculture Technology Development and

Transfer Program

-HEAD-

Sec. 5831. Technical guides and handbooks

-STATUTE-

(a) Development

Not later than two years after November 28, 1990, the Secretary

shall develop and make available handbooks and technical guides,

and any other educational materials that are appropriate for

describing sustainable agriculture production systems and

practices, as researched and developed under this subchapter,

chapter 86 of this title, (FOOTNOTE 1) and other appropriate

research programs of the Department.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(b) Consultation and coordination

The Secretary shall develop the handbooks, technical guides, and

educational materials in consultation with the Natural Resources

Conservation Service and any other appropriate entities designated

by the Secretary. The Secretary shall coordinate activities

conducted under this section with those conducted under section

3861 of title 16.

(c) Topics of handbooks and guides

The handbooks and guides, and other educational materials, shall

include detailed information on the selection of crops and

crop-plant varieties, rotation practices, soil building practices,

tillage systems, nutrient management, integrated pest management

practices, habitat protection, pest, weed, and disease management,

livestock management, soil, water, and energy conservation, and any

other practices in accordance with or in furtherance of the purpose

of this subchapter.

(d) Organization and contents

The handbooks and guides, and other educational materials, shall

provide practical instructions and be organized in such a manner as

to enable agricultural producers desiring to implement the

practices and systems developed under this subchapter, chapter 86

of this title, (FOOTNOTE 1) and other appropriate research programs

of the Department to address site-specific, environmental and

resource management problems and to sustain farm profitability,

including -

(1) enhancing and maintaining the fertility, productivity, and

conservation of farmland and ranch soils, ranges, pastures, and

wildlife;

(2) maximizing the efficient and effective use of agricultural

inputs;

(3) protecting or enhancing the quality of water resources; or

(4) optimizing the use of on-farm and nonrenewable resources.

(e) Availability

The Secretary shall ensure that handbooks and technical guides,

and other educational materials are made available to the

agricultural community and the public through colleges and

universities, the State Cooperative Extension Service, the Soil

Conservation Service, other State and Federal agencies, and any

other appropriate entities.

(f) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be

necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1628, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3740; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(3), Dec. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1864; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 860(c)(3), 862(b)(3),

Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1174.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This subchapter, referred to in subsecs. (a), (c), and (d), was

in the original ''this subtitle'', meaning subtitle B (Sec.

1619-1629) of title XVI of Pub. L. 101-624, Nov. 28, 1990, 104

Stat. 3733, which enacted this subchapter, repealed sections 4701

to 4710 of this title, and repealed provisions set out as a note

under section 4701 of this title. For complete classification of

subtitle B to the Code, see Tables.

Chapter 86 of this title, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (d),

was in the original ''subtitle G of title XIV'', meaning subtitle G

(Sec. 1481-1485) of title XIV of Pub. L. 101-624, which was

repealed by Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 302(c), June 23, 1998,

112 Stat. 563.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 862(b)(3), struck out

''section 5881 of this title,'' before ''and other appropriate''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 860(c)(3), substituted

''Natural Resources Conservation Service'' for ''Advisory Council,

the Soil Conservation Service,''.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 862(b)(3), struck out

''section 5881 of this title,'' before ''and other appropriate'' in

introductory provisions.

1991 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''educational''

for ''education''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 16 section 3862.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5832 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER I - SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

Part C - Sustainable Agriculture Technology Development and

Transfer Program

-HEAD-

Sec. 5832. National Training Program

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary shall establish a National Training Program in

Sustainable Agriculture to provide education and training for

Cooperative Extension Service agents and other professionals

involved in the education and transfer of technical information

concerning sustainable agriculture in order to develop their

understanding, competence, and ability to teach and communicate the

concepts of sustainable agriculture to Cooperative Extension

Service agents and to farmers and urban residents who need

information on sustainable agriculture.

(b) Administration

The National Training Program shall be organized and administered

by the Extension Service, in coordination with other appropriate

Federal agencies. The Secretary shall designate an individual from

the Cooperative Extension Service in each State to coordinate the

National Training Program within that State. The coordinators shall

be responsible, in cooperation with appropriate Federal and State

agencies, for developing and implementing a statewide training

program for appropriate field office personnel.

(c) Required training

(1) Agricultural agents

The Secretary shall ensure that all agricultural agents of the

Cooperative Extension Service have completed the National

Training Program not later than the end of the five-year period

beginning on November 28, 1990. Such training may occur at a

college or university located within each State as designated by

the coordinator designated under this section.

(2) Proof of training

Beginning three years after November 28, 1990, the Secretary

shall ensure that all new Cooperative Extension Service agents

employed by such Service are able to demonstrate, not later than

18 months after the employment of such agents, that such agents

have completed the training program established in subsection (a)

of this section.

(d) Regional training centers

(1) Designation

The Secretary shall designate not less than two regional

training centers to coordinate and administer educational

activities in sustainable agriculture as provided for in this

section.

(2) Training program

Such centers shall offer intensive instructional programs

involving classroom and field training work for extension

specialists and other individuals who are required to transmit

technical information.

(3) Prohibition on construction

Such centers shall be located at existing facilities, and no

funds appropriated to carry out this part shall be used for

facility construction.

(4) Administration

Such centers should be administered by entities that have a

demonstrated capability relating to sustainable agriculture. The

Secretary should consider utilizing existing entities with

expertise in sustainable agriculture to assist in the design and

implementation of the training program under paragraph (2).

(5) Coordination of resources

Such centers shall make use of information generated by the

Department of Agriculture and the State agricultural experiment

stations, and the practical experience of farmers, especially

those cooperating in on-farm demonstrations and research

projects, in carrying out the functions of such centers.

(e) Competitive grants

(1) In General

The Secretary shall establish a competitive grants program to

award grants to organizations, including land-grant colleges and

universities, to carry out sustainable agricultural training for

county agents and other individuals that need basic information

concerning sustainable agriculture practices.

(2) Short courses

The purpose of the grants made available under paragraph (1)

shall be to establish, in various regions in the United States,

training programs that consist of workshops and short courses

designed to familiarize participants with the concepts and

importance of sustainable agriculture.

(f) Regional specialists

To assist county agents and farmers implement production

practices developed under this subchapter, chapter 86 of this

title, (FOOTNOTE 1) and other appropriate research programs of the

Department, regional sustainable agriculture specialists may be

designated within each State who shall report to the State

coordinator of that State. The specialists shall be responsible for

developing and coordinating local dissemination of sustainable

agriculture information in a manner that is useful to farmers in

the region.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(g) Information availability

The Cooperative Extension Service within each State shall

transfer information developed under this subchapter, chapter 86 of

this title, (FOOTNOTE 1) and other appropriate research programs of

the Department through a program that shall -

(1) assist in developing farmer-to-farmer information exchange

networks to enable farmers making transitions to more sustainable

farming systems to share ideas and draw on the experiences of

other farmers;

(2) help coordinate and publicize a regular series of

sustainable agriculture farm tours and field days within each

State;

(3) plan for extension programming, including extensive farmer

input and feedback, in the design of new and ongoing research

endeavors related to sustainable agriculture;

(4) provide technical assistance to individual farmers in the

design and implementation of farm management plans and strategies

for making a transition to more sustainable agricultural systems;

(5) consult and work closely with the Soil Conservation Service

and the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service in

carrying out the information, technical assistance, and related

programs;

(6) develop, coordinate, and direct special education and

outreach programs in areas highly susceptible to groundwater

contamination, linking sustainable agriculture information with

water quality improvement information;

(7) develop information sources relating to crop

diversification, alternative crops, on-farm food or commodity

processing, and on-farm energy generation;

(8) establish a well-water testing program designed to provide

those persons dependent upon underground drinking water supplies

with an understanding of the need for regular water testing,

information on sources of testing, and an understanding of how to

interpret test results and provide for the protection of

underground water supplies;

(9) provide specific information on water quality practices

developed through the research programs in chapter 86 of this

title; (FOOTNOTE 1)

(10) provide specific information on nutrient management

practices developed through the research programs in chapter 86

of this title; (FOOTNOTE 1) and

(11) provide information concerning whole-farm management

systems integrating research results under this subchapter,

chapter 86 of this title, (FOOTNOTE 1) and other appropriate

research programs of the Department.

(h) ''Appropriate field office personnel'' defined

For purposes of this section, the term ''appropriate field office

personnel'' includes employees of the Extension Service, Soil

Conservation Service, and other appropriate Department of

Agriculture personnel, as determined by the Secretary, whose

activities involve the provision of agricultural production and

conservation information to agricultural producers.

(i) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated $20,000,000 for each

fiscal year to carry out the National Training Program.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1629, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3741; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(4), Dec. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1864; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 862(b)(4), Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1174; Pub. L. 105-185, title VI, Sec. 606(f), June

23, 1998, 112 Stat. 604.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Chapter 86 of this title, referred to in subsecs. (f) and (g),

was in the original ''subtitle G of title XIV'', meaning subtitle G

(Sec. 1481-1485) of title XIV of Pub. L. 101-624, which was

repealed by Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 302(c), June 23, 1998,

112 Stat. 563.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105-185 struck out ''section 5881 of

this title,'' before ''and other appropriate research'' in

introductory provisions.

1996 - Subsecs. (f), (g)(11). Pub. L. 104-127 struck out

''section 5881 of this title,'' before ''and other appropriate''.

1991 - Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''ensure'' for

''insure''.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5841 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 5841. Establishment, purpose, and functions of National

Genetic Resources Program

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary of Agriculture shall provide for a National Genetic

Resources Program.

(b) Purpose

The program is established for the purpose of maintaining and

enhancing a program providing for the collection, preservation, and

dissemination of genetic material of importance to American food

and agriculture production.

(c) Administration

The program shall be administered by the Secretary through the

Agricultural Research Service.

(d) Functions

The Secretary, acting through the program, shall -

(1) provide for the collection, classification, preservation,

and dissemination of genetic material of importance to the food

and agriculture sectors of the United States;

(2) conduct research on the genetic materials collected and on

methods for storage and preservation of those materials;

(3) coordinate the activities of the program with similar

activities occurring domestically;

(4) unless otherwise prohibited by law, have the right to make

available on request, without charge and without regard to the

country from which the request originates, the genetic material

that the program assembles;

(5) expand the types of genetic resources included in the

program to develop a comprehensive genetic resources program

which includes plants (including silvicultural species), animal,

aquatic, insect, microbiological, and other types of genetic

resources of importance to food and agriculture, as resources

permit; and

(6) engage in such other activities as the Secretary determines

appropriate and as the resources of the program permit.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1632, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3744; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 832(a), Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1168.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 104-127 added par. (4) and struck

out former par. (4) which read as follows: ''make available upon

request, without charge and without regard to the country from

which such request originates, the genetic material which the

program assembles;''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5842 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5842 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 5842. Appointment and authority of Director

-STATUTE-

(a) Director

There shall be at the head of the program an official to be known

as the Director of the National Genetic Resources Program who shall

be appointed by the Secretary. The Director shall perform such

duties as are assigned to the Director by this subchapter and such

other duties as the Secretary may prescribe.

(b) Administrative authority

In carrying out this subchapter, the Secretary, acting through

the Director -

(1) shall be responsible for the overall direction of the

program and for the establishment and implementation of general

policies respecting the management and operation of activities

within the program;

(2) may secure for the program consultation services and advice

of persons from the United States and abroad;

(3) may accept voluntary and uncompensated services; and

(4) may perform such other administrative functions as the

Secretary determines are needed to effectively carry out this

subchapter.

(c) Duties

The Director shall -

(1) advise participants on the program activities;

(2) coordinate, review and facilitate the systematic

identification and evaluation of, relevant information generated

under the program;

(3) promote the effective transfer of the information described

in paragraph (2) to the agriculture and food production community

and to entities that require such information; and

(4) monitor the effectiveness of the activities described in

paragraph (3).

(d) Biennial reports

The Director shall prepare and transmit to the Secretary and to

the Congress a biennial report containing -

(1) a description of the activities carried out by and through

the program and the policies of the program, and such

recommendations respecting such activities and policies as the

Director considers to be appropriate;

(2) a description of the necessity for, and progress achieved

toward providing, additional programs and activities designed to

include the range of genetic resources described in section

5841(d)(5) of this title in the activities of the program; and

(3) an assessment of events and activities occurring

internationally as they relate to the activities and policies of

the program.

(e) Initial reports

Not later than one year after November 28, 1990, the Director

shall transmit to the Secretary and to the Congress a report -

(1) describing the projected needs over a 10-year period in

each of the areas of genetic resources described in section

5841(d)(5) of this title, including the identification of

existing components of a comprehensive program, policies and

activities needed to coordinate those components, and additional

elements not in existence which are required for the development

of a comprehensive genetic resources program as described in such

section;

(2) assessing the international efforts and activities related

to the program, and their effect upon and coordination with the

program; and

(3) evaluating the potential effect of various national laws,

including national quarantine requirements, as well as treaties,

agreements, and the activities of international organizations on

the development of a comprehensive international system for the

collection and maintenance of genetic resources of importance to

agriculture.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1633, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3744; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 404(a)(2), Dec. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1864.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''Resources

Program'' for ''Resources program''.

TERMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions in subsec.

(d) of this section relating to biennial reports to Congress, see

section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, set out as a note under

section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance, and page 49 of House

Document No. 103-7.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5843 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5843 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 5843. Advisory council

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment and membership

The Secretary shall establish an advisory council for the program

for the purpose of advising, assisting, consulting with, and making

recommendations to, the Secretary and Director concerning matters

related to the activities, policies and operations of the program.

The advisory council shall consist of ex officio members and not

more than nine members appointed by the Secretary.

(b) Ex officio members

The ex officio members of the advisory council shall consist of

the following persons (or their designees):

(1) The Director.

(2) The Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Science and

Education.

(3) The Director of the National Agricultural Library.

(4) The Director of the National Institutes of Health.

(5) The Director of the National Science Foundation.

(6) The Secretary of Energy.

(7) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology

Policy.

(8) Such additional officers and employees of the United States

as the Secretary determines are necessary for the advisory

council to effectively carry out its functions.

(c) Appointment of other members

The members of the advisory council who are not ex officio

members shall be appointed by the Secretary as follows:

(1) Two-thirds of the members shall be appointed from among the

leading representatives of the scientific disciplines relevant to

the activities of the program, including agricultural sciences,

environmental sciences, natural resource sciences, health

sciences, and nutritional sciences.

(2) One-third of the members shall be appointed from the

general public and shall include leaders in fields of public

policy, trade, international development, law, or management.

(d) Compensation

Members of the advisory council shall serve without compensation,

if not otherwise officers or employees of the United States, except

that they shall, while away from their homes or regular places of

business in the performance of services for the advisory council,

be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of

subsistence, in the same manner as persons employed intermittently

in the Government service are allowed expenses under sections 5701

through 5707 of title 5.

(e) Term of office of appointees; vacancies

(1) Term

The term of office of a member appointed under subsection (c)

of this section is four years, except that any member appointed

to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for

which the predecessor of such member was appointed shall be

appointed only for the remainder of such term.

(2) Initial appointment

The Secretary shall make appointments to the advisory council

so as to ensure that the terms of the members appointed under

subsection (c) of this section do not all expire in the same

year. A member may serve after the expiration of the member's

term until a successor takes office.

(3) Reappointment

A member who is appointed for a term of four years may not be

reappointed to the advisory council before two years after the

date of expiration of such term of office.

(4) Vacancies

If a vacancy occurs in the advisory council among the members

appointed under subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary

shall make an appointment to fill such vacancy within 90 days

after the date such vacancy occurs.

(f) Chair

The Secretary shall select as the chair of the advisory council

one of the members appointed under subsection (c) of this section.

The term of office of the chair shall be two years.

(g) Meetings

The advisory council shall meet at the call of the chair or on

the request of the Director, but at least two times each fiscal

year. The location of the meetings of the advisory council shall

be subject to the approval of the Director.

(h) Staff

The Director shall make available to the advisory council such

staff, information, and other assistance as it may require to carry

out its functions.

(i) Orientation and training

The Director shall provide such orientation and training for new

members of the advisory council as may be appropriate for their

effective participation in the functions of the advisory council.

(j) Comments and recommendations

The advisory council may prepare, for inclusion in a report

submitted under section 5842 of this title -

(1) comments respecting the activities of the advisory council

during the period covered by the report;

(2) comments on the progress of the program in meeting its

objectives; and

(3) recommendations respecting the future directions, program,

and policy emphasis of the program.

(k) Reports

The advisory council may prepare such reports as the advisory

council determines to be appropriate.

(l) Application of Advisory Committee Act

Section 14(a) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C.

App.) relating to the termination of an advisory committee shall

not apply to the advisory council established under this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1634, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3745; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(5), Dec. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1864.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 14(a) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to

in subsec. (l), is section 14(a) of Pub. L. 92-463, which is set

out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''council

established'' for ''committee established''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5844 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER II - NATIONAL GENETIC RESOURCES PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 5844. Definitions and authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

(a) Definitions

For purposes of this subchapter:

(1) The term ''program'' means the National Genetic Resources

Program.

(2) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture.

(3) The term ''Director'' means the Director of the National

Genetic Resources Program.

(b) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such funds as may be

necessary to carry out this subchapter for each of the fiscal years

1991 through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1635, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3747; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 832(b), Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1168; Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 301(b)(1), June 23,

1998, 112 Stat. 562; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7118, May 13,

2002, 116 Stat. 434.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-185 substituted ''2002'' for

''1997''.

1996 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''1997'' for

''1995''.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER

INFORMATION SYSTEM 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5851 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-

Sec. 5851. Short title and purposes

-STATUTE-

(a) Short title

This subchapter may be cited as the ''National Agricultural

Weather Information System Act of 1990''.

(b) Purposes

The purposes of this subchapter are -

(1) to provide a nationally coordinated agricultural weather

information system, based on the participation of universities,

State programs, Federal agencies, and the private weather

consulting sector, and aimed at meeting the weather and climate

information needs of agricultural producers;

(2) to facilitate the collection, organization, and

dissemination of advisory weather and climate information

relevant to agricultural producers, through the participation of

the private sector and otherwise;

(3) to provide for research and education on agricultural

weather and climate information, aimed at improving the quality

and quantity of weather and climate information available to

agricultural producers, including research on short-term

forecasts of thunderstorms and on extended weather forecasting

techniques and models;

(4) to encourage, where feasible, greater private sector

participation in providing agricultural weather and climate

information, to encourage private sector participation in

educating and training farmers and others in the proper

utilization of agricultural weather and climate information, and

to strengthen their ability to provide site-specific weather

forecasting for farmers and the agricultural sector in general;

and

(5) to ensure that the weather and climate data bases needed by

the agricultural sector are of the highest scientific accuracy

and thoroughly documented, and that such data bases are easily

accessible for remote computer access.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1637, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3747.)

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5852 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-

Sec. 5852. Agricultural Weather Office

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment of Office and administration of system

(1) Establishment required

The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish in the Department

of Agriculture an Agricultural Weather Office to plan and

administer the National Agricultural Weather Information System.

The system shall be comprised of the office established under

this section and the activities of the State agricultural weather

information systems described in section 5854 of this title.

(2) Director

The Secretary shall appoint a Director to manage the activities

of the Agricultural Weather Office and to advise the Secretary on

scientific and programmatic coordination for climate, weather,

and remote sensing.

(b) Authority

The Secretary, acting through the Office, may undertake the

following activities to carry out this subchapter:

(1) Enter into cooperative projects with the National Weather

Service to -

(A) support operational weather forecasting and observation

useful in agriculture;

(B) sponsor joint workshops to train agriculturalists about

the optimum utilization of agricultural weather and climate

data;

(C) jointly develop improved computer models and computing

capacity; and

(D) enhance the quality and availability of weather and

climate information needed by agriculturalists.

(2) Obtain standardized weather observation data collected in

near real time through State agricultural weather information

systems.

(3) Make, through the Cooperative State Research Service,

competitive grants under subsection (c) of this section for

research in atmospheric sciences and climatology.

(4) Make grants to eligible States under section 5854 of this

title to plan and administer State agricultural weather

information systems.

(5) Coordinate the activities of the Office with the weather

and climate research activities of the Cooperative State Research

Service, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Science

Foundation Atmospheric Services Program, and the National Climate

Program.

(6) Encourage private sector participation in the National

Agricultural Weather Information System through mutually

beneficial cooperation with the private sector, particularly in

generating weather and climatic data useful for site-specific

agricultural weather forecasting.

(c) Competitive grants program

(1) Grants authorized

With funds allocated to carry out this subsection, the

Secretary of Agriculture may make grants to State agricultural

experiment stations, all colleges and universities, other

research institutions and organizations, Federal agencies,

private organizations and corporations, and individuals to carry

out research in all aspects of atmospheric sciences and

climatology that can be shown to be important in both a basic and

developmental way to understanding, forecasting, and delivering

agricultural weather information.

(2) Competitive basis

Grants made under this subsection shall be made on a

competitive basis.

(d) Priority

In selecting among applications for grants under subsection (c)

of this section, the Secretary shall give priority to proposals

which emphasize -

(1) techniques and processes that relate to weather-induced

agricultural losses, and to improving the advisory information on

weather extremes such as drought, floods, freezes, and storms

well in advance of their actual occurrence;

(2) the improvement of site-specific weather data collection

and forecasting; or

(3) the impact of weather on economic and environmental costs

in agricultural production.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1638, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3748; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(6), Dec. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1865.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''National

Science Foundation'' for ''National Sciences Foundation''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5855 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5853 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-

Sec. 5853. Repealed. Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7304(a), May

13, 2002, 116 Stat. 455

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1639, Nov. 28, 1990,

104 Stat. 3749; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(7), Dec. 13,

1991, 105 Stat. 1865, related to establishment of National Advisory

Board on Agricultural Weather.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5854 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-

Sec. 5854. State agricultural weather information systems

-STATUTE-

(a) Advisory program grants

(1) Grants required

With funds allocated to carry out this section, the Secretary

of Agriculture shall make grants to not fewer than 10 eligible

States to plan and administer, in cooperation with persons

described in paragraph (2), advisory programs for State

agricultural weather information systems.

(2) Persons described

The persons referred to in paragraph (1) are the Director of

the Agricultural Weather Office, the Administrator of the

Extension Service, the Administrator of the Cooperative State

Research Service, and other persons as appropriate (such as the

directors of the appropriate State agricultural experiment

stations and State extension programs).

(b) Consultation

For purposes of selecting among applications submitted by States

for grants under this section, the Secretary shall consult with the

Director.

(c) Eligibility requirements

To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, the chief

executive officer of a State shall submit to the Secretary an

application that contains -

(1) assurances that the State will expend such grant to plan

and administer a State agricultural weather system that will -

(A) collect observational weather data throughout the State

and provide such data to the National Weather Service and the

Agricultural Weather Office;

(B) develop methods for packaging information received from

the national system for use by agricultural producers (with

State Cooperative Extension Services and the private sector to

serve as the primary conduit of agricultural weather forecasts

and climatic information to producers); and

(C) develop programs to educate agricultural producers on how

to best use weather and climate information to improve

management decisions; and

(2) such other assurances and information as the Secretary may

require by rule.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1640, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3749; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7304(b), May 13, 2002, 116

Stat. 455.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-171 struck out ''take into

consideration the recommendation of the Advisory Board on

Agricultural Weather and'' before ''consult with the Director''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 5852, 5855 of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5855 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER III - NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEM

-HEAD-

Sec. 5855. Funding

-STATUTE-

(a) Allocation of funds

(1) Cooperative work

Not less than 15 percent and not more than 25 percent of the

funds appropriated for a fiscal year to carry out this subchapter

shall be used for cooperative work with the National Weather

Service entered into under section 5852(b)(1) of this title.

(2) Competitive grants program

Not less than 15 percent and not more than 25 percent of such

funds shall be used by the Cooperative State Research Service for

a competitive grants program under section 5852(c) of this title.

(3) Weather information systems

Not less than 25 percent and not more than 35 percent of such

funds shall be divided equally between the participating States

selected for that fiscal year under section 5854 of this title.

(4) Other purposes

The remaining funds shall be allocated for use by the

Agricultural Weather Office and the Extension Service in carrying

out generally the provisions of this subchapter.

(b) Limitations on use of funds

Funds provided under the authority of this subchapter shall not

be used for the construction of facilities. Each State or agency

receiving funds shall not use more than 30 percent of such funds

for equipment purchases. Any use of the funds in facilitating the

distribution of agricultural and climate information to producers

shall be done with consideration for the role that the private

meteorological sector can play in such information delivery.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 to carry out

this subchapter for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 1997.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1641, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3750; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 833, Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1168.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''1997'' for

''1995''.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER IV - RESEARCH REGARDING PRODUCTION,

PREPARATION, PROCESSING, HANDLING, AND

STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER IV - RESEARCH REGARDING PRODUCTION, PREPARATION,

PROCESSING, HANDLING, AND STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER IV - RESEARCH REGARDING PRODUCTION, PREPARATION,

PROCESSING, HANDLING, AND STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5871 to 5874 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER IV - RESEARCH REGARDING PRODUCTION, PREPARATION,

PROCESSING, HANDLING, AND STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5871 to 5874. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 861,

Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1174

-MISC1-

Section 5871, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1644, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3751, provided for establishment of research and

grant program.

Section 5872, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1645, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3752, related to advisory committee and grant

process.

Section 5873, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1646, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3753, provided for reports to Congress.

Section 5874, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1647, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3754, provided for appropriations for research and

grant program.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER V - PLANT AND ANIMAL PEST AND DISEASE

CONTROL PROGRAM 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER V - PLANT AND ANIMAL PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER V - PLANT AND ANIMAL PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5881 to 5885 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER V - PLANT AND ANIMAL PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 5881 to 5885. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec.

862(a), Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1174

-MISC1-

Section 5881, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1650, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3754, related to plant and animal pest and disease

control program.

Section 5882, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1651, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3754, related to pest and disease control data base

and pesticide resistance monitoring.

Section 5883, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1652, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3755; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(8), Dec.

13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1865, related to research on control and

eradication of exotic pests.

Section 5884, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1653, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3755, provided for study of biology and behavior of

chinch bugs.

Section 5885, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1654, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3756, authorized appropriations for plant, pest,

and disease control program.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH

AND COMMERCIALIZATION 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND

COMMERCIALIZATION

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND

COMMERCIALIZATION

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5901 to 5909 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VI - ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND

COMMERCIALIZATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 5901 to 5909. Repealed. Pub. L. 107-171, title VI, Sec.

6201(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 418

-MISC1-

Section 5901, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1657, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3756; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 721, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1112, provided that this subchapter may be cited as

the ''Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization Act

of 1990'' and specified purpose of and definitions relating to this

subchapter.

Section 5902, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1658, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3757; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 405(a), Dec.

13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1864; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 722(a),

Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1113, created the Alternative Agricultural

Research and Commercialization Corporation.

Section 5903, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1659, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3759; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 723(a), Apr.

4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1115, related to board of directors, employees,

and facilities.

Section 5904, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1660, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3761; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 724, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1119, related to research and development grants,

contracts, and agreements.

Section 5905, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1661, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3762; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 725, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1119, related to commercialization assistance.

Section 5906, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1662, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3764; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 726, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1119, related to general rules regarding provision

of assistance.

Section 5907, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1663, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3765; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 405(b), Dec.

13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1864; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 727,

Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1119, related to Regional Centers.

Section 5908, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1664, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3766; Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 728, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1120, related to the Alternative Agricultural

Research and Commercialization Revolving Fund.

Section 5909, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1665, as added

Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 729, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1121,

related to procurement of alternative agricultural research and

commercialization products.

DISPOSITION AND USE OF ASSETS

Pub. L. 107-171, title VI, Sec. 6201(b), (c), May 13, 2002, 116

Stat. 418, 419, provided that:

''(b) Disposition of Assets. - On the date of enactment of this

Act (May 13, 2002) -

''(1) the assets, both tangible and intangible, of the

Alternative Agricultural Research and Commercialization

Corporation (referred to in this section as the 'Corporation'),

including the funds in the Alternative Agricultural Research and

Commercialization Revolving Fund as of the date of enactment of

this Act, are transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture; and

''(2) notwithstanding the Federal Property and Administrative

Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 471 et seq.) (now chapters 1 to

11 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works and title

III of the Act of June 30, 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)) and any

other law that prescribes procedures for procurement, use, and

disposal of property by a Federal agency, the Secretary shall

have authority to manage and dispose of the assets transferred

under paragraph (1) in a manner that, to the maximum extent

practicable, provides the best value to the Federal Government.

''(c) Use of Assets. -

''(1) In general. - Funds transferred under subsection (b), and

any income from assets or proceeds from the sale of assets

transferred under subsection (b), shall be deposited in an

account in the Treasury, and shall remain available to the

Secretary until expended, without further appropriation, to pay -

''(A) any claims against, or obligations of, the Corporation;

and

''(B) the costs incurred by the Secretary in carrying out

this section.

''(2) Final disposition. - On final disposition of all assets

transferred under subsection (b), any funds remaining in the

account described in paragraph (1) shall be transferred into

miscellaneous receipts in the Treasury.''

BUSINESS PLAN AND FEASIBILITY STUDY AND REPORT

Pub. L. 104-127, title VII, Sec. 730, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.

1122, provided for a business plan for, and a feasibility study and

report on, the Alternative Agricultural Research and

Commercialization Corporation, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 107-171,

title VI, Sec. 6201(d)(2), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 419.

-CITE-

7 USC SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5921 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5921. Biotechnology risk assessment research

-STATUTE-

(a) Purpose

It is the purpose of this section -

(1) to authorize and support environmental assessment research

to help identify and analyze environmental effects of

biotechnology; and

(2) to authorize research to help regulators develop long-term

policies concerning the introduction of such technology.

(b) Grant program

The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a grant program

within the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension

Service and the Agricultural Research Service to provide the

necessary funding for environmental assessment research concerning

the introduction of genetically engineered animals, plants, and

microorganisms into the environment.

(c) Research priorities

The following types of research shall be given priority for

funding:

(1) Research designed to identify and develop appropriate

management practices to minimize physical and biological risks

associated with genetically engineered animals, plants, and

microorganisms.

(2) Research designed to develop methods to monitor the

dispersal of genetically engineered animals, plants, and

microorganisms.

(3) Research designed to further existing knowledge with

respect to the characteristics, rates, and methods of gene

transfer that may occur between genetically engineered animals,

plants, and microorganisms and related wild and agricultural

organisms.

(4) Environmental assessment research designed to provide

analysis which compares the relative impacts of animals, plants,

and microorganisms modified through genetic engineering to other

types of production systems.

(5) Other areas of research designed to further the purposes of

this section.

(d) Eligibility requirements

Grants under this section shall be -

(1) made on the basis of the quality of the proposed research

project; and

(2) available to any public or private research or educational

institution or organization.

(e) Consultation

In considering specific areas of research for funding under this

section, the Secretary of Agriculture shall consult with the

Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service and

the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and

Economics Advisory Board.

(f) Program coordination

The Secretary of Agriculture shall coordinate research funded

under this section with the Office of Research and Development of

the Environmental Protection Agency in order to avoid duplication

of research activities.

(g) Authorization of appropriations

(1) In general

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as necessary

to carry out this section.

(2) Withholdings from biotechnology outlays

The Secretary of Agriculture shall withhold from outlays of the

Department of Agriculture for research on biotechnology, as

defined and determined by the Secretary, at least 2 percent of

such amount for the purpose of making grants under this section

for research on biotechnology risk assessment.

(3) Application of funds

Funds made available under this subsection shall be applied, to

the maximum extent practicable, to risk assessment research on

all categories identified in subsection (c) of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1668, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3767; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(9), Dec. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1865; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7210, May 13, 2002,

116 Stat. 446.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-171 reenacted section catchline and amended

text generally, substituting substantially similar provisions in

subsecs. (a), (b), and (d) to (g), and substituting in subsec. (c),

provisions relating to research priorities for provisions relating

to types of research.

1991 - Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted

''Withholdings'' for ''Witholdings'' in heading.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5921a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5921a. Program of public education regarding use of

biotechnology in producing food for human consumption

-STATUTE-

(a) Public information campaign

Not later than 1 year after May 13, 2002, the Secretary of

Agriculture shall develop and implement a program to communicate

with the public regarding the use of biotechnology in producing

food for human consumption. The information provided under the

program shall include the following:

(1) Science-based evidence on the safety of foods produced with

biotechnology.

(2) Scientific data on the human outcomes of the use of

biotechnology to produce food for human consumption.

(b) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 2002

through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 107-171, title X, Sec. 10802, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

525.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Farm Security and Rural

Investment Act of 2002, and not as part of subtitle H of title XVI

of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 which

comprises this subchapter.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5922 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5922. Repealed. Pub. L. 107-171, title X, Sec. 10705(b), May

13, 2002, 116 Stat. 519

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1669, Nov. 28, 1990,

104 Stat. 3768, related to Graduate School of Department of

Agriculture.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal of section effective Oct. 1, 2002, see section 10705(c) of

Pub. L. 107-171, set out as an Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

note under section 2279b of this title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5923 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5923. Rural electronic commerce extension program

-STATUTE-

(a) Definitions

In this section:

(1) Development center

The term ''development center'' means -

(A) the North Central Regional Center for Rural Development;

(B) the Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development or

its designee;

(C) the Southern Rural Development Center; and

(D) the Western Rural Development Center or its designee.

(2) Extension program

The term ''extension program'' means the rural electronic

commerce extension program established under subsection (b) of

this section.

(3) Microenterprise

The term ''microenterprise'' means a commercial enterprise that

has 5 or fewer employees, 1 or more of whom own the enterprise.

(4) Secretary

The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture,

acting through the Administrator of the Cooperative State

Research, Education, and Extension Service.

(5) Small business

The term ''small business'' has the meaning given the term

''small-business concern'' by section 632(a) of title 15.

(b) Establishment

The Secretary shall establish a rural electronic commerce

extension program to expand and enhance electronic commerce

practices and technology to be used by small businesses and

microenterprises in rural areas.

(c) Grants

(1) In general

The Secretary shall carry out the program established under

subsection (b) of this section by making -

(A) grants to each of the development centers; and

(B) competitive grants to land-grant colleges and

universities (or consortia of land-grant colleges and

universities) and to colleges and universities (including

community colleges) with agricultural or rural development

programs -

(i) to develop and facilitate innovative rural electronic

commerce business strategies; and

(ii) to assist small businesses and microenterprises in

identifying, adapting, implementing, and using electronic

commerce business practices and technologies.

(2) Eligibility

The selection criteria established for grants awarded under

paragraph (1)(B) shall include -

(A) the ability of an applicant to provide training and

education on best practices, technology transfer, adoption, and

use of electronic commerce in rural communities by small

businesses and microenterprises;

(B) the extent and geographic diversity of the area served by

the proposed project or activity under the extension program;

(C) in the case of a land-grant college or university, the

extent of participation of the land-grant college or university

in the extension program (including any economic benefits that

would result from that participation);

(D) the percentage of funding and in-kind commitments from

non-Federal sources that would be needed by and available for a

proposed project or activity under the extension program; and

(E) the extent of participation of low-income and minority

businesses or microenterprises in a proposed project or

activity under the extension program.

(3) Non-Federal share

(A) In general

As a condition of the receipt of funds under this section, a

development center or grant applicant shall agree to obtain

from non-Federal sources (including State, local, nonprofit, or

private sector sources) contributions of an amount equal to 50

percent of the grant amount.

(B) Form

The non-Federal share required under subparagraph (A) may be

provided in the form of in-kind contributions.

(C) Exception

The non-Federal share required under subparagraph (A) may be

reduced to 25 percent if the grant recipient serves low-income

or minority-owned businesses or microenterprises, as determined

by the Secretary.

(d) Report

Not later than 2 years after May 13, 2002, the Secretary shall

submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of

Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and

Forestry of the Senate a report that describes -

(1) (FOOTNOTE 1) the policies, practices, and procedures used

to assist rural communities in efforts to adopt and use

electronic commerce techniques; and

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. No par. (2) has been enacted.

(e) Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section

$60,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2002 through 2007, of which

not less than 1/3 of the amount made available for each fiscal year

shall be used to carry out activities under subsection (c)(1)(A) of

this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1670, as added Pub. L. 107-171,

title VI, Sec. 6202, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 419.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 5923, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1670, Nov.

28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3769; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(10),

Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1865; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec.

834, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1169, authorized establishment of

livestock product safety and inspection program, prior to repeal by

Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 302(c), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat.

563.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5924 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5924. Agricultural Genome Initiative

-STATUTE-

(a) Goals

The goals of this section are -

(1) to expand the knowledge of public and private sector

entities and persons concerning genomes for species of importance

to the food and agriculture sectors in order to maximize the

return on the investment in genomics of agriculturally important

species;

(2) to focus on the species that will yield scientifically

important results that will enhance the usefulness of many

agriculturally important species;

(3) to build on genomic research, such as the Human Genome

Initiative and the Arabidopsis Genome Project, to understand gene

structure and function that is expected to have considerable

payoffs in agriculturally important species;

(4) to develop improved bioinformatics to enhance both sequence

or structure determination and analysis of the biological

function of genes and gene products;

(5) to encourage Federal Government participants to maximize

the utility of public and private partnerships for agricultural

genome research;

(6) to allow resources developed under this section, including

data, software, germplasm, and other biological materials, to be

openly accessible to all persons, subject to any confidentiality

requirements imposed by law; and

(7) to encourage international partnerships with each partner

country responsible for financing its own strategy for

agricultural genome research.

(b) Duties of Secretary

The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the

''Secretary'') shall conduct a research initiative (to be known as

the ''Agricultural Genome Initiative'') for the purpose of -

(1) studying and mapping agriculturally significant genes to

achieve sustainable and secure agricultural production;

(2) ensuring that current gaps in existing agricultural

genetics knowledge are filled;

(3) identifying and developing a functional understanding of

genes responsible for economically important traits in

agriculturally important species, including emerging plant and

animal pathogens and diseases causing economic hardship;

(4) ensuring future genetic improvement of agriculturally

important species;

(5) supporting preservation of diverse germplasm;

(6) ensuring preservation of biodiversity to maintain access to

genes that may be of importance in the future;

(7) reducing the economic impact of plant pathogens on

commercially important crop plants; and

(8) otherwise carrying out this section.

(c) Grants and cooperative agreements

(1) Authority

The Secretary may make grants or enter into cooperative

agreements with individuals and organizations in accordance with

section 3318 of this title.

(2) Competitive basis

A grant or cooperative agreement under this subsection shall be

made or entered into on a competitive basis.

(d) Administration

Paragraphs (1), (6), (7), and (11) of subsection (b) of section

450i of this title shall apply with respect to the making of a

grant or cooperative agreement under this section.

(e) Matching of funds

(1) General requirement

If a grant or cooperative agreement under this section provides

a particular benefit to a specific agricultural commodity, the

Secretary shall require the recipient to provide funds or in-kind

support to match the amount of funds provided by the Secretary

under the grant or cooperative agreement.

(2) Waiver

The Secretary may waive the matching funds requirement of

paragraph (1) with respect to a research project if the Secretary

determines that -

(A) the results of the project, while of particular benefit

to a specific agricultural commodity, are likely to be

applicable to agricultural commodities generally; or

(B) the project involves a minor commodity, the project deals

with scientifically important research, and the recipient is

unable to satisfy the matching funds requirement.

(f) Consultation with National Academy of Sciences

The Secretary may use funds made available under this section to

consult with the National Academy of Sciences regarding the

administration of the Agricultural Genome Initiative.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1671, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3769; Pub. L. 104-66, title I, Sec. 1011(s), Dec. 21, 1995, 109

Stat. 710; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 835, Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1169; Pub. L. 105-185, title II, Sec. 241, June 23, 1998, 112

Stat. 547; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7208(a), May 13, 2002,

116 Stat. 442.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7208(a)(1), inserted

''pathogens and'' before ''diseases causing economic hardship''.

Subsec. (b)(7), (8). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7208(a)(2)-(4), added

par. (7) and redesignated former par. (7) as (8).

1998 - Pub. L. 105-185 amended section catchline and text

generally, substituting present provisions for provisions which in

subsec. (a) required plant genome mapping program, in subsec. (b)

authorized competitive grants for research projects, in subsec. (c)

described research areas for projects, in subsec. (d) set forth

deadline for submission of plan for awarding grants, in subsec. (e)

directed coordination of section activities with certain related

activities, in subsec. (f) required protection of proprietary

interests when considered to be appropriate, and in subsec. (g)

authorized appropriations for fiscal years 1996 and 1997 to carry

out this section.

1996 - Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104-127 inserted ''for fiscal years

1996 and 1997'' after ''appropriated''.

1995 - Subsecs. (g), (h). Pub. L. 104-66 redesignated subsec. (h)

as (g) and struck out former subsec. (g) which required Secretary

to submit annual reports to Congress describing operations of grant

program for plant genome mapping.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5925 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5925. High-priority research and extension initiatives

-STATUTE-

(a) Competitive specialized research and extension grants

authorized

The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the

''Secretary'') may make competitive grants to support research and

extension activities specified in subsections (e), (f), and (g) of

this section. The Secretary shall make the grants in consultation

with the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and

Economics Advisory Board.

(b) Administration

(1) In general

Except as otherwise provided in this section, paragraphs (1),

(6), (7), and (11) of subsection (b) of section 450i of this

title shall apply with respect to the making of grants under this

section.

(2) Use of task forces

To facilitate the making of research and extension grants under

this section in the research and extension areas specified in

subsection (e) of this section, the Secretary may appoint a task

force for each such area to make recommendations to the

Secretary. The Secretary may not incur costs in excess of $1,000

for any fiscal year in connection with each task force

established under this paragraph.

(c) Matching funds required

(1) In general

The Secretary shall require the recipient of a grant under this

section to provide funds or in-kind support from non-Federal

sources in an amount at least equal to the amount provided by the

Federal Government.

(2) Waiver authority

The Secretary may waive the matching funds requirement

specified in paragraph (1) with respect to a research project if

the Secretary determines that -

(A) the results of the project, while of particular benefit

to a specific agricultural commodity, are likely to be

applicable to agricultural commodities generally; or

(B) the project involves a minor commodity, the project deals

with scientifically important research, and the grant recipient

is unable to satisfy the matching funds requirement.

(d) Partnerships encouraged

Following the completion of a peer review process for grant

proposals received under this section, the Secretary may provide a

priority to those grant proposals, found in the peer review process

to be scientifically meritorious, that involve the cooperation of

multiple entities.

(e) High-priority research and extension areas

(1) Brown citrus aphid and citrus tristeza virus research and

extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of -

(A) developing methods to control or eradicate the brown

citrus aphid and the citrus tristeza virus from citrus crops

grown in the United States; or

(B) adapting citrus crops grown in the United States to the

brown citrus aphid and the citrus tristeza virus.

(2) Ethanol research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of carrying out or enhancing research on ethanol

derived from agricultural crops as an alternative fuel source.

(3) Aflatoxin research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of identifying and controlling aflatoxin in the

food and feed chains.

(4) Mesquite research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of developing enhanced production methods and

commercial uses of mesquite.

(5) Prickly pear research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of investigating enhanced genetic selection and

processing techniques of prickly pears.

(6) Deer tick ecology research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of studying the population ecology of deer ticks

and other insects and pests that transmit Lyme disease.

(7) Red meat safety research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of developing -

(A) intervention strategies that reduce microbial

contamination on carcass surfaces;

(B) microbiological mapping of carcass surfaces; and

(C) model hazard analysis and critical control point plans.

(8) Grain sorghum ergot research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of developing techniques for the eradication of

sorghum ergot.

(9) Peanut market enhancement research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of evaluating the economics of applying

innovative technologies for peanut processing in a commercial

environment.

(10) Dairy financial risk management research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of providing research, development, or education

materials, information, and outreach programs regarding risk

management strategies for dairy producers and for dairy

cooperatives and other processors and marketers of milk.

(11) Cotton research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of improving pest management, fiber quality

enhancement, economic assessment, textile production, and

optimized production systems for short staple cotton.

(12) Methyl bromide research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of -

(A) developing and evaluating chemical and nonchemical

alternatives, and use and emission reduction strategies, for

pre-planting and post-harvest uses of methyl bromide; and

(B) transferring the results of the research for use by

agricultural producers.

(13) Potato research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of developing and evaluating new strains of

potatoes that are resistant to blight and other diseases, as well

as insects. Emphasis may be placed on developing potato

varieties that lend themselves to innovative marketing

approaches.

(14) Wood use research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of developing new uses for wood from underused

tree species as well as investigating methods of modifying wood

and wood fibers to produce better building materials.

(15) Low-bush blueberry research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of evaluating methods of propagating and

developing low-bush blueberry as a marketable crop.

(16) Wetlands use research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of better use of wetlands in diverse ways to

provide various economic, agricultural, and environmental

benefits.

(17) Wild pampas grass control, management, and eradication

research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of control, management, and eradication of wild

pampas grass.

(18) Food safety, including pathogen detection and limitation,

research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of increasing food safety, including the

identification of advanced detection and processing methods to

limit the presence of pathogens (including hepatitis A and E.

coli 0157:H7) in domestic and imported foods.

(19) Financial risk management research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of providing research, development, or education

materials, information, and outreach programs regarding financial

risk management strategies for agricultural producers and for

cooperatives and other processors and marketers of any

agricultural commodity.

(20) Ornamental tropical fish research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of meeting the needs of commercial producers of

ornamental tropical fish and aquatic plants for improvements in

the areas of fish reproduction, health, nutrition, predator

control, water use, water quality control, and farming

technology.

(21) Sheep scrapie research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of investigating the genetic aspects of scrapie

in sheep.

(22) Gypsy moth research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of developing biological control, management, and

eradication methods against nonnative insects, including

Lymantria dispar (commonly known as the ''gypsy moth''), that

contribute to significant agricultural, economic, or

environmental harm.

(23) Forestry research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section to

develop and distribute new, high-quality, science-based

information for the purpose of improving the long-term

productivity of forest resources and contributing to forest-based

economic development by addressing such issues as -

(A) forest land use policies;

(B) multiple-use forest management, including wildlife

habitat development, improved forest regeneration systems, and

timber supply; and

(C) improved development, manufacturing, and marketing of

forest products.

(24) Tomato spotted wilt virus research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of control, management, and eradication of tomato

spotted wilt virus.

(25) Genetically modified agriculture products (GMAP) research

Research grants may be made under this section for the purposes

of providing unbiased, science-based evaluation of the risks and

benefits to the public and the environment of specific

genetically modified plant and animal products. Grants may be

used to form interdisciplinary teams to review and conduct

research on scientific, social, economic, and ethical issues

during the review process, to answer questions raised by the

release of new genetically modified agriculture products, to

conduct fundamental studies on the health and environmental

safety of genetically modified agriculture products (including

quantitative risk assessment, the effect of specific genetically

modified agriculture products on human health, and gene flow

studies), to communicate the risk of genetically modified

agriculture products through extension and education programs,

and to engage the public and industry in relevant issues.

(26) Wind erosion research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of validating wind erosion models.

(27) Crop loss research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of validating crop loss models.

(28) Land use management research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purposes of evaluating the environmental benefits of land

use management tools such as those provided in the Farmland

Protection Program.

(29) Water and air quality research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of better understanding agricultural impacts to

air and water quality and means to address them.

(30) Revenue and insurance tools research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purposes of better understanding the impact of revenue

and insurance tools on farm income.

(31) Agrotourism research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of better understanding the economic,

environmental, and food systems impacts of agrotourism.

(32) Harvesting productivity for fruits and vegetables

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of improving harvesting productivity for fruits

and vegetables (including citrus), including the development of

mechanical harvesting technologies and effective, economical, and

safe abscission compounds.

(33) Nitrogen-fixation by plants

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of enhancing the nitrogen-fixing ability and

efficiency of legumes, developing new varieties of legumes that

fix nitrogen more efficiently, and developing new varieties of

other commercially important crops that potentially are able to

fix nitrogen.

(34) Agricultural marketing

Extension grants may be made under this section for the purpose

of providing education materials, information, and outreach

programs regarding commodity and livestock marketing strategies

for agricultural producers and for cooperatives and other

marketers of any agricultural commodity, including livestock.

(35) Environment and private lands research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of researching the use of computer models to aid

in assessment of best management practices on a watershed basis,

working with government, industry, and private landowners to help

craft industry-led solutions to identified environmental issues,

researching and monitoring water, air, or soil environmental

quality to aid in the development of new approaches to local

environmental concerns, and working with local, State, and

federal officials to help craft effective environmental solutions

that respect private property rights and agricultural production

realities.

(36) Livestock disease research and extension

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of identifying possible livestock disease

threats, educating the public regarding livestock disease

threats, training persons to deal with such threats, and

conducting related research.

(37) Plant gene expression

Research grants may be made under this section for the purpose

of plant gene expression research to accelerate the application

of basic plant genomic science to the development and testing of

new varieties of enhanced food crops, crops that can be used as

renewable energy sources, and other alternative uses of

agricultural crops.

(38) Animal infectious diseases research

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of developing prevention and control

methodologies for animal infectious diseases (including

evaluation under field conditions in countries in which an animal

disease occurs) such as laboratory tests for quicker detection of

infected animals and presence of disease, prevention strategies

(including vaccination programs), and rapid diagnostic techniques

for animal disease agents considered to be risks for agricultural

bioterrorism attack.

(39) Program to combat childhood obesity

Research and extension grants may be made under this section to

institutions of higher education with demonstrated capacity in

basic and clinical obesity research, nutrition research, and

community health education research to develop and evaluate

community-wide strategies that catalyze partnerships between

families and health care, education, recreation, mass media, and

other community resources to reduce the incidence of childhood

obesity.

(40) Integrated pest management

Research and extension grants may be made under this section to

coordinate and improve research, education, and outreach on, and

implementation on farms of, integrated pest management.

(41) Beef cattle genetics

Research and extension grants for beef cattle genetics

evaluation research may be made under this section to consortia

of institutions of higher education that have expertise in beef

cattle genetic evaluation research and technology and that have

been actively involved for at least 20 years in the estimation

and prediction of progeny differences for publication and use by

seed stock producer breed associations.

(42) Dairy pipeline cleaner

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of preventing and eliminating the dangers of

dairy pipeline cleaner, including development of safer packaging

and transfer mechanisms, outlining accident causes and potential

prevention measures, and other means of improving efforts to

prevent ingestion of dairy pipeline cleaner.

(43) Development of publicly held plants and animal varieties

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of development of publicly held plants and animal

varieties (including germplasm for identity-preserved markets)

and genetic resource conservation activities.

(44) Sugarcane genetics

Research grants may be made under this section for the purpose

of maintaining acceptable yields under reduced production inputs,

implementing marker-assisted breeding strategies and other basic

plant genomic technologies to screen for improved plant

resistance to diseases, weeds, and insects toward minimizing

pesticide use, enhancing food, fiber and energy production, and

developing varieties for maximum performance under prevailing

conditions, including management for improved soil and water

conservation.

(f) Imported fire ant control, management, and eradication

(1) Task force

The Secretary shall establish a task force pursuant to

subsection (b)(2) of this section regarding the control,

management, and eradication of imported fire ants. The Secretary

shall solicit and evaluate grant proposals under this subsection

in consultation with the task force.

(2) Initial grants

(A) Request for proposals

The Secretary shall publish a request for proposals for

grants for research or demonstration projects related to the

control, management, and possible eradication of imported fire

ants.

(B) Selection

Not later than 1 year after the date of publication of the

request for proposals, the Secretary shall evaluate the grant

proposals submitted in response to the request and may select

meritorious research or demonstration projects related to the

control, management, and possible eradication of imported fire

ants to receive an initial grant under this subsection.

(3) Subsequent grants

(A) Evaluation of initial grants

If the Secretary awards grants under paragraph (2)(B), the

Secretary shall evaluate all of the research or demonstration

projects conducted under the grants for their use as the basis

of a national plan for the control, management, and possible

eradication of imported fire ants by the Federal Government,

State and local governments, and owners and operators of land.

(B) Selection

On the basis of the evaluation under subparagraph (A), the

Secretary may select the projects that the Secretary considers

most promising for additional research or demonstration related

to preparation of a national plan for the control, management,

and possible eradication of imported fire ants. The Secretary

shall notify the task force of the projects selected under this

subparagraph.

(4) Selection and submission of national plan

(A) Evaluation of subsequent grants

If the Secretary awards grants under paragraph (3)(B), the

Secretary shall evaluate all of the research or demonstration

projects conducted under the grants for use as the basis of a

national plan for the control, management, and possible

eradication of imported fire ants by the Federal Government,

State and local governments, and owners and operators of land.

(B) Selection

On the basis of the evaluation under subparagraph (A), the

Secretary shall select 1 project funded under paragraph (3)(B),

or a combination of those projects, for award of a grant for

final preparation of the national plan.

(C) Submission

The Secretary shall submit to Congress the final national

plan prepared under subparagraph (B) for the control,

management, and possible eradication of imported fire ants.

(g) Formosan termite research and eradication

(1) Research program

The Secretary may make competitive research grants under this

subsection to regional and multijurisdictional entities, local

government planning organizations, and local governments for the

purpose of conducting research for the control, management, and

possible eradication of Formosan termites in the United States.

(2) Eradication program

The Secretary may enter into cooperative agreements with

regional and multijurisdictional entities, local government

planning organizations, and local governments for the purposes of

-

(A) conducting projects for the control, management, and

possible eradication of Formosan termites in the United States;

and

(B) collecting data on the effectiveness of the projects.

(3) Funding priority

In allocating funds made available to carry out paragraph (2),

the Secretary shall provide a higher priority for regions or

locations with the highest historical rates of infestation of

Formosan termites.

(4) Management coordination

The program management of research grants, cooperative

agreements, and projects under this subsection shall be conducted

under existing authority in coordination with the national

formosan (FOOTNOTE 1) termite management and research

demonstration program conducted by the Agricultural Research

Service.

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be capitalized.

(h) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999

through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1672, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3770; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 406, 407(11), Dec. 13, 1991,

105 Stat. 1864, 1865; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 836, 863,

888, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1169, 1174, 1180; Pub. L. 105-185,

title II, Sec. 242, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 549; Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7119, 7208(b), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 434, 442.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (e)(25) to (44). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7208(b),

added pars. (25) to (44).

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7119, substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Pub. L. 105-185 amended section catchline and text

generally, substituting present provisions for provisions which in

subsecs. (a) to (f) which authorized specialized research programs

relating to, respectively, brown citrus aphid and citrus tristeza

virus, ethanol, aflatoxin, mesquite, prickly pear, and deer tick

ecology and related research, and for provisions in subsec. (g)

subjecting research to peer review, setting limitation on use of

funds, and providing for general eligibility to participate in

programs.

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 863(1), 888, added

subsec. (a) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (a).

Text read as follows: ''The Secretary of Agriculture is encouraged

to fund research for the development of technology which will

ascertain the lean content of animal carcasses to be used for human

consumption.''

Subsecs. (d)(4), (e)(4). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 836, substituted

''1997'' for ''1995''.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 863, redesignated subsec. (i)

as (f) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (f). Text

read as follows:

''(1) Research required. - The Secretary of Agriculture shall

establish and carry out a program to make grants to colleges and

universities for research relating to immunoassay used -

''(A) to detect agricultural pesticide residues on agricultural

commodities for human consumption; and

''(B) to diagnose animal and plant diseases.

''(2) Preference. - In making grants under this subsection, the

Secretary may give preference to those colleges and universities

that, as of November 28, 1990, are conducting research described in

this subsection.''

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 863, redesignated subsec. (k)

as (g) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (g). Text

read as follows: ''The Secretary shall make research and extension

grants available for the development of agricultural production and

marketing systems that will service niche markets located in nearby

metropolitan areas. In awarding such grants, the Secretary shall

pay particular attention to areas -

''(1) with a high concentration of small farm operations; and

''(2) that experience difficulty in delivering products to

market due to geographic isolation.''

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 863(1), struck out subsec. (h)

which provided that Secretary of Agriculture may establish and

carry out a program to conduct research on disease of scrapie in

sheep and goats.

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 836, 863(2), redesignated

subsec. (i) as (f) and substituted ''1997'' for ''1995''.

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 863(1), struck out heading and

text of subsec. (j). Text read as follows: ''The Secretary of

Agriculture may -

''(1) conduct fundamental and applied research related to the

development of new commercial products derived from natural plant

materials for industrial, medical, and agricultural applications;

and

''(2) participate with colleges and universities, other Federal

agencies, and private sector entities in conducting such

research.''

Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 104-127, Sec. 863(2), redesignated subsec.

(k) as (g).

1991 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 407(11), redesignated

pars. (A) to (I) as (1) to (9), respectively.

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 406(1), substituted

''Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Cooperative State

Research Service, to make competitive grants'' for ''Agricultural

Research Service''.

Subsec. (k)(1). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 406(2), substituted

''Research'' for ''Except for research funded under subsection (i),

research''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5925a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5925a. Nutrient management research and extension initiative

-STATUTE-

(a) Competitive research and extension grants authorized

The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the

''Secretary'') may make competitive grants to support research and

extension activities specified in subsection (e) of this section.

The Secretary shall make the grants in consultation with the

National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics

Advisory Board.

(b) Administration

(1) In general

Paragraphs (1), (6), (7), and (11) of subsection (b) of section

450i of this title shall apply with respect to the making of

grants under this section.

(2) Use of task forces

To facilitate the making of research and extension grants under

this section in the research and extension areas specified in

subsection (e) of this section, the Secretary may appoint a task

force for each such area to make recommendations to the

Secretary. The Secretary may not incur costs in excess of $1,000

for any fiscal year in connection with each task force

established under this paragraph.

(c) Matching funds required

(1) In general

The Secretary shall require the recipient of a grant under this

section to provide funds or in-kind support from non-Federal

sources in an amount at least equal to the amount provided by the

Federal Government.

(2) Waiver authority

The Secretary may waive the matching funds requirement

specified in paragraph (1) with respect to a research project if

the Secretary determines that -

(A) the results of the project, while of particular benefit

to a specific agricultural commodity, are likely to be

applicable to agricultural commodities generally; or

(B) the project involves a minor commodity, the project deals

with scientifically important research, and the grant recipient

is unable to satisfy the matching funds requirement.

(d) Partnerships encouraged

Following the completion of a peer review process for grant

proposals received under this section, the Secretary may provide a

priority to those grant proposals, found in the peer review process

to be scientifically meritorious, that involve the cooperation of

multiple entities.

(e) Nutrient management research and extension areas

(1) Animal waste and odor management

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of -

(A) identifying, evaluating, and demonstrating innovative

technologies for animal waste management and related air

quality management and odor control;

(B) investigating the unique microbiology of specific animal

wastes, such as swine waste, to develop improved methods to

effectively manage air and water quality; and

(C) conducting information workshops to disseminate the

results of the research.

(2) Water quality and aquatic ecosystems

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of investigating the impact on aquatic food webs,

especially commercially important aquatic species and their

habitats, of microorganisms of the genus Pfiesteria and other

microorganisms that are a threat to human or animal health.

(3) Rural and urban interface

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of identifying, evaluating, and demonstrating

innovative technologies to be used for animal waste management

(including odor control) in rural areas adjacent to urban or

suburban areas in connection with waste management activities

undertaken in urban or suburban areas.

(4) Animal feed

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of maximizing nutrition management for livestock,

while limiting risks, such as mineral bypass, associated with

livestock feeding practices.

(5) Alternative uses of animal waste

Research and extension grants may be made under this section

for the purpose of finding innovative methods and technologies

for economic use or disposal of animal waste.

(g) (FOOTNOTE 1) Authorization of appropriations

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. No subsec. (f) has been enacted.

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999

through 2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1672A, as added Pub. L. 105-185,

title II, Sec. 243, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 554; amended Pub. L.

107-171, title VII, Sec. 7120, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 434.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

STUDY OF NUTRIENT BANKING

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7411, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

462, provided that:

''(a) In General. - The Secretary (of Agriculture) may conduct a

study to evaluate nutrient banking for the purpose of enhancing the

health and viability of watersheds in areas with large

concentrations of animal producing units.

''(b) Components. - In conducting any study under subsection (a),

the Secretary shall evaluate the costs, needs, and means by which

litter may be collected and distributed outside the applicable

watershed to reduce potential point source and nonpoint source

phosphorous pollution.

''(c) Report. - The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on

Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on

Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that

describes the results of any study conducted under subsection

(a).''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5925b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5925b. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative

-STATUTE-

(a) Competitive specialized research and extension grants

authorized

In consultation with the National Agricultural Research,

Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board, the Secretary

of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the ''Secretary'')

may make competitive grants to support research and extension

activities regarding organically grown and processed agricultural

commodities for the purposes of -

(1) facilitating the development of organic agriculture

production, breeding, and processing methods;

(2) evaluating the potential economic benefits to producers and

processors who use organic methods;

(3) exploring international trade opportunities for organically

grown and processed agricultural commodities;

(4) determining desirable traits for organic commodities;

(5) identifying marketing and policy constraints on the

expansion of organic agriculture; and

(6) conducting advanced on-farm research and development that

emphasizes observation of, experimentation with, and innovation

for working organic farms, including research relating to

production and marketing and to socioeconomic conditions.

(b) Grant types and process, prohibition on construction

Paragraphs (1), (6), (7), and (11) of subsection (b) of section

450i of this title shall apply with respect to the making of grants

under this section.

(c) Matching funds required

(1) In general

The Secretary shall require the recipient of a grant under this

section to provide funds or in-kind support from non-Federal

sources in an amount at least equal to the amount provided by the

Federal Government.

(2) Waiver authority

The Secretary may waive the matching funds requirement

specified in paragraph (1) with respect to a research project if

the Secretary determines that -

(A) the results of the project, while of particular benefit

to a specified agricultural commodity, are likely to be

applicable to agricultural commodities generally; or

(B) the project involves a minor commodity, the project deals

with scientifically important research, and the grant recipient

is unable to satisfy the matching funds requirement.

(d) Partnerships encouraged

Following the completion of a peer review process for grant

proposals received under this section, the Secretary may provide a

priority to those grant proposals, found in the peer review process

to be scientifically meritorious, that involve the cooperation of

multiple entities.

(e) Funding

On October 1, 2003, and each October 1 thereafter through October

1, 2007, out of any funds in the Treasury not otherwise

appropriated, the Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer

$3,000,000 to the Secretary of Agriculture for this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1672B, as added Pub. L. 105-185,

title II, Sec. 244, June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 555; amended Pub. L.

107-171, title VII, Sec. 7218, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 449.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7218(1)(A), inserted

'', breeding,'' after ''production''.

Subsec. (a)(4) to (6). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7218(1)(B)-(D),

added pars. (4) to (6).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7218(2), amended heading and

text of subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as

follows: ''There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999

through 2002.''

REPORT ON PRODUCERS AND HANDLERS OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7409, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

461, provided that: ''Not later than 1 year after funds are made

available to carry out this section, the Secretary (of Agriculture)

shall submit to Congress a report that -

''(1) describes -

''(A) the extent to which producers and handlers of organic

agricultural products are contributing to research and

promotion programs of the Department (of Agriculture);

''(B) the extent to which producers and handlers of organic

agricultural products are surveyed for ideas for research and

promotion;

''(C) ways in which the programs reflect the contributions

made by producers and handlers of organic agricultural products

and directly benefit the producers and handlers; and

''(D) the implementation of initiatives that directly benefit

organic producers and handlers; and

''(2) evaluates industry and other proposals for improving the

treatment of certified organic agricultural products under

Federal marketing orders, including proposals to target

additional resources for research and promotion of organic

products and to differentiate between certified organic and other

products in new or existing volume limitations or other orderly

marketing requirements.''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5925c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5925c. Organic production and market data initiatives

-STATUTE-

The Secretary shall ensure that segregated data on the production

and marketing of organic agricultural products is included in the

ongoing baseline of data collection regarding agricultural

production and marketing.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7407, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

461.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Farm Security and Rural

Investment Act of 2002, and not as part of subtitle H of title XVI

of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 which

comprises this subchapter.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture, see section 7401(1)

of Pub. L. 107-171, set out as a note under section 3319f of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5925d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5925d. International organic research collaboration

-STATUTE-

The Secretary, acting through the Agricultural Research Service

(including the National Agricultural Library) and the Economic

Research Service, shall facilitate access by research and extension

professionals, farmers, and other interested persons in the United

States to, and the use by those persons of, organic research

conducted outside the United States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7408, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat.

461.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Farm Security and Rural

Investment Act of 2002, and not as part of subtitle H of title XVI

of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 which

comprises this subchapter.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture, see section 7401(1)

of Pub. L. 107-171, set out as a note under section 3319f of this

title.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5926 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5926. Agricultural telecommunications program

-STATUTE-

(a) Purpose

The program (hereafter referred to in this section as the

''program'') established under this section is intended to

encourage the development and utilization of an agricultural

communications network to facilitate and to strengthen agricultural

extension, resident education and research, and domestic and

international marketing of United States agricultural commodities

and products through a partnership between eligible institutions

and the Department of Agriculture. The network will employ

satellite and other telecommunications technology to disseminate

and to share academic instruction, cooperative extension

programming, agricultural research, and marketing information.

(b) Objectives

The objectives of the program established under this section are

-

(1) to make optimal use of available resources for agricultural

extension, resident education, and research by sharing resources

between participating institutions;

(2) to improve the competitive position of United States

agriculture in international markets by disseminating information

to producers, processors, and researchers;

(3) to train students for careers in agriculture and food

industries;

(4) to facilitate interaction among leading agricultural

scientists;

(5) to enhance the ability of United States agriculture to

respond to environmental and food safety concerns; and

(6) to identify new uses for farm commodities and to increase

the demand for United States agricultural products in both

domestic and foreign markets.

(c) Definitions

For purposes of this section -

(1) A*DEC. - The term ''A*DEC'' means the distance education

consortium known as A*DEC.

(2) The term ''eligible institution'' means an accredited

institution of higher education determined by the Secretary to be

able to meet the objectives identified in subsection (b) of this

section.

(3) The term ''communications network'' refers to television or

cable television origination or distribution equipment, signal

conversion equipment (including both modulators and

demodulators), computer hardware and software, programs or

terminals, or related devices, used to process and exchange data

through a telecommunications system in which signals are

generated, modified, or prepared for transmission, or received,

via telecommunications terminal equipment or via

telecommunications transmission.

(4) The term ''delivery'' means the transmission and reception

of programs by facilities that transmit, receive, or carry data

between telecommunications terminal equipment at each end of a

telecommunications circuit or path.

(5) The term ''facilities'' includes microwave antennae,

fiberoptic cables and repeaters, coaxial cables, communications

satellite ground station complexes, copper cable electronic

equipment associated with telecommunications transmission, and

similar items as defined by the Secretary.

(6) The term ''satellite ground station complex'' includes

transmitters, receivers, and communications antennae at the Earth

station site together with the interconnecting terrestrial

transmission facilities (including cables, line, or microwave

facilities) and modulating and demodulating equipment necessary

for processing traffic received from the terrestrial distribution

system prior to transmission via satellite and the traffic

received from the satellite prior to transfer to terrestrial

distribution systems.

(7) Secretary. - Except as provided in subsection (d)(1) of

this section, the term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of

Agriculture, acting through A*DEC.

(d) Authorization of assistance to eligible institutions

(1) The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a program, to be

administered through a grant provided to A*DEC under terms and

conditions established by the Secretary of Agriculture, under which

financial and technical assistance may be provided to eligible

institutions that participate in a network that distributes

programs consistent with the objectives described in subsection (b)

of this section.

(2) The Secretary may approve all or part of any application

submitted by an eligible institution if the proposed activity will

contribute, directly or indirectly, to the purpose and objectives

of the program established under this section.

(3) As provided in subsection (f) of this section, applications

for financial assistance may include requests to fund program

production or program delivery, or both.

(e) Priority

The Secretary, in considering applications for assistance under

this program, shall establish procedures to ensure a broad

dissemination of programming, giving a preference to applications

that -

(1) are submitted by institutions affiliated with an

established agricultural telecommunications network that

distributes programs to a wide geographical area; or

(2) demonstrate the need for such assistance, taking into

consideration the relative needs of all applicants and the

financial ability of the applicants to otherwise secure or create

the telecommunications system.

(f) Applications for program production and delivery

(1) The Secretary shall consider applications for financial

assistance for the production and delivery of programs of

cooperative extension, academic instruction in agriculture,

agricultural research, and other topics consistent with the

objectives described in subsection (b) of this section.

(2) Eligible institutions shall request assistance by submitting

applications to A*DEC. Applications shall include -

(A) a detailed description of the telecommunications network

and programming proposed to be produced and delivered, including

to whom the programming will be distributed, how the programming

will contribute to achieving the objectives described in

subsection (b) of this section, and the total cost of producing

and delivering such programming;

(B) the amount of assistance requested for the proposed program

authorized under this section and other sources of funding that

will be used for the proposed program; and

(C) an analysis of the costs and benefits of purchasing (or

leasing) different types of facilities, equipment, components,

hardware and software, or other items.

(g) Limitations on assistance

(1) The Secretary may provide funds totaling not more than 50

percent of the cost of a proposal for which an application is

submitted under subsection (f) of this section. Notwithstanding

the preceding sentence, the Secretary may provide funds totaling up

to 100 percent of the cost of such a proposal if the Secretary

determines that an eligible institution would otherwise be unable

to carry out the proposal.

(2) The Secretary may allocate not more than 10 percent of the

funds appropriated under this section for the acquisition and

installation of telecommunications transmission facilities.

(h) Authorization of appropriations

For the purposes of implementing the program established under

this section, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated not

more than $12,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991 through

2007.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1673, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3773; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(12), Dec. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1865; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 837, Apr. 4, 1996,

110 Stat. 1169; Pub. L. 105-185, title II, Sec. 245, title III,

Sec. 301(b)(2), June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 556, 563; Pub. L. 107-171,

title VII, Sec. 7121, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 434.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 107-171 substituted ''2007'' for

''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (c)(1) to (7). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 245(1), added

pars. (1) and (7) and redesignated former pars. (1) to (5) as (2)

to (6), respectively.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 245(2), substituted ''The

Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a program, to be

administered through a grant provided to A*DEC under terms and

conditions established by the Secretary of Agriculture,'' for ''The

Secretary shall establish a program, to be administered by the

Assistant Secretary for Science and Education,''.

Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 245(3), substituted

''A*DEC'' for ''the Assistant Secretary for Science and Education''

in first sentence.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 301(b)(2), substituted

''2002'' for ''1997''.

1996 - Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''1997'' for

''1995''.

1991 - Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''programs

of'' for ''programs or''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5927 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5927. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 864, Apr. 4,

1996, 110 Stat. 1174

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1674, Nov. 28, 1990,

104 Stat. 3775; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(13), Dec. 13,

1991, 105 Stat. 1865, provided for establishment of Agriculture

Research Facilities Planning and Closure Study Commission.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5928 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5928. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-185, title III, Sec. 302(c), June

23, 1998, 112 Stat. 563

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1675, Nov. 28, 1990,

104 Stat. 3777; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(14), Dec. 13,

1991, 105 Stat. 1865; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 838, Apr.

4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1169, related to national centers for

agricultural product quality research.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5929 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5929. Red meat safety research center

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment of center

The Secretary of Agriculture shall award a grant, on a

competitive basis, to a research facility described in subsection

(b) of this section to establish a red meat safety research center.

(b) Eligible research facility described

A research facility eligible for a grant under subsection (a) of

this section is a research facility that -

(1) is part of a land-grant college or university, or other

federally supported agricultural research facility, located in

close proximity to a livestock slaughter and processing facility;

and

(2) is staffed by professionals with a wide diversity of

scientific expertise covering all aspects of meat science.

(c) Research conducted

The red meat safety research center established under subsection

(a) of this section shall carry out research related to general

food safety, including -

(1) the development of intervention strategies that reduce

microbiological contamination of carcass surfaces;

(2) research regarding microbiological mapping of carcass

surfaces; and

(3) the development of model hazard analysis and critical

control point plans.

(d) Administration of funds

The Secretary of Agriculture shall administer funds appropriated

to carry out this section.

(e) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are

necessary for fiscal year 1997 to carry out this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1676, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3779; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 839, Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1169.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-127 substituted ''Red meat safety research

center'' for ''Turkey Research Center'' in section catchline and

amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:

''There are authorized to be appropriated $500,000 for fiscal year

1992 to be used by the Agricultural Research Service for planning

purposes in the establishment of a facility to be known as the

Agricultural Turkey Research Center to be located in Pelican

Rapids, Minnesota, and operated in cooperation with the North

Dakota State University.''

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5930 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5930. Reservation extension agents

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Extension

Service, shall establish appropriate extension education programs

on Indian reservations and tribal jurisdictions. In establishing

these extension programs, the Secretary shall consult with the

Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Intertribal Agriculture Council, and

the Southwest Indian Agriculture Association, and shall make such

interagency cooperative agreements or memoranda of understanding as

may be necessary. The programs to be developed and delivered on

reservations and within tribal jurisdictions shall be determined

with the advice and counsel of reservation or tribal program

advisory committees.

(b) Administration and management

Extension agents shall be employees of, and administratively

responsible to, the Cooperative Extension Service of the State

within which the reservation or tribal jurisdiction is located, and

employment and personnel management responsibilities shall be

vested with the State Cooperative Extension Service. In cases where

a reservation or tribal jurisdiction is located in two or more

States, the Secretary of Agriculture shall make the determination

of administrative responsibility, including possible divisions

along State boundaries.

(c) Advisory committees

At the request of a State Extension Director, and with the

assistance of the tribal authorities, the Secretary of Agriculture

may form an advisory committee to give overall policy and program

advice to that State Extension Director with regard to programs

conducted on reservations or within tribal jurisdictions. Program

advisory committees may be formed to assist extension staff in

development and conduct of program activities.

(d) Staffing

Insofar as possible, agent and specialist staff shall include

individuals representative of the tribal grouping being served.

Programs shall emphasize training and employment of local people in

positions such as program aides, master gardeners, and volunteers.

Staffing at a particular location shall be dependent on the needs

and priorities of that location, as identified by the advisory

committees and the State Extension Director, and the Director may

make use of existing personnel and facilities as appropriate.

(e) Placing of agents

The number of offices and their placement shall be jointly

determined by the State Extension Directors and tribal authorities

of the respective States by taking into consideration the

agricultural acreage within the boundaries of an Indian reservation

or tribal jurisdiction, the soil classifications of such acreage,

and the population of such reservation or tribal jurisdiction.

(f) Reduced regulatory burden

On a determination by the Secretary of Agriculture that a program

carried out under this section has been satisfactorily administered

for not less than 2 years, the Secretary shall implement a reduced

reapplication process for the continued operation of the program in

order to reduce regulatory burdens on participating university and

tribal entities.

(g) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be

necessary to carry out this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1677, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3779; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(15), Dec. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1865; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 840, Apr. 4, 1996,

110 Stat. 1170.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 104-127 added subsec. (f) and

redesignated former subsec. (f) as (g).

1991 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 407(15)(A), (B),

substituted ''reservation'' for ''Reservation'' and

''reservations'' for ''Reservations'' wherever appearing.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 407(15)(A), substituted

''reservation'' for ''Reservation'' in two places.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 407(15)(C), substituted

''tribal'' for ''Tribal'' after ''assistance of the''.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102-237, Sec. 407(15)(A), substituted

''reservation'' for ''Reservation'' in two places.

INDIAN SUBSISTENCE FARMING DEMONSTRATION GRANT PROGRAM

Pub. L. 102-237, title IX, subtitle C, Sec. 931-939, Dec. 13,

1991, 105 Stat. 1889, established Indian subsistence farming

demonstration grant program to provide grants to any Indian tribe,

or intertribal consortium, for establishment on Indian reservations

of subsistence farming operations that grow fresh produce for

distribution to eligible recipients, and provided for definitions,

applications for assistance, training and technical assistance by

Extension Service, tribal consultation, use, amount, and terms of

grants, additional requirements, and authorization of

appropriations through fiscal year 1995, prior to repeal by Pub. L.

104-127, title VIII, Sec. 874, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1175.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5931, 5932 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5931, 5932. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 865,

866, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1174

-MISC1-

Section 5931, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1678, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3780; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(16), Dec.

13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1865, related to special grants to study

constraints on agricultural trade.

Section 5932, Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1679, Nov. 28,

1990, 104 Stat. 3780, provided for establishment of five-year pilot

project to coordinate food and nutrition education programs.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5933 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5933. Assistive technology program for farmers with

disabilities

-STATUTE-

(a) Special demonstration grants

(1) In general

The Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with other

appropriate Federal agencies, shall make demonstration grants to

support cooperative programs between State Cooperative Extension

Service agencies and private nonprofit disability organizations

to provide on-the-farm agricultural education and assistance

directed at accommodating disability in farm operations for

individuals with disabilities who are engaged in farming and

farm-related occupations and their families.

(2) Eligible services

Grants awarded under paragraph (1) may be used to support

programs serving individuals with disabilities, and their

families, who are engaged in farming and farm-related

occupations.

(3) Eligible programs

Grants awarded under paragraph (1) may be used to initiate,

expand, or sustain programs that -

(A) provide direct education and assistance to accommodate

disability in farming to individuals with disabilities who

engage in farming and farm-related occupations;

(B) provide on-the-farm technical advice concerning the

design, fabrication, and use of agricultural and related

equipment, machinery, and tools, and assist in the modification

of farm worksites, operations, and living arrangements to

accommodate individuals with disabilities who engage in

farming, farm living and farm-related tasks;

(C) involve community and health care professionals,

including Extension Service agents and others, in the early

identification of farm and rural families that are in need of

services related to the disability of an individual;

(D) provide specialized education programs to enhance the

professional competencies of rural agricultural professionals,

rehabilitation and health care providers, vocational

counselors, and other providers of service to individuals with

disabilities, and their families, who engage in farming or

farm-related occupations; and

(E) mobilize rural volunteer resources, including peer

counseling among farmers with disabilities and rural ingenuity

networks promoting cost effective methods or accommodating

disabilities in farming and farm-related activities.

(4) Extension Service agencies

Grants shall be awarded under this subsection directly to State

Extension Service agencies to enable them to enter into

contracts, on a multiyear basis, with private nonprofit

community-based direct service organizations to initiate, expand,

or sustain cooperative programs described under paragraphs (2)

and (3).

(5) Minimum amount

A grant awarded under this subsection may not be less than

$150,000.

(6) Consideration for grants for new programs

For each fiscal year that amounts are made available for grants

under this subsection, the Secretary may make grants in a manner

that ensures that eligible entities who apply for grants, but

have not previously received a grant under this subsection, are

given full consideration.

(b) National grant for technical assistance, training, and

dissemination

The Secretary of Agriculture shall award a competitive grant to a

national private nonprofit disability organization to enable such

organization to provide technical assistance, training, information

dissemination and other activities to support community-based

direct service programs of on-site rural rehabilitation and

assistive technology for individuals with disabilities, and their

families, who are engaged in farming or farm-related occupations.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

(1) In general

Subject to paragraph (2), there is authorized to be

appropriated to carry out this section $6,000,000 for each of

fiscal years 1999 through 2007.

(2) National grant

Not more than 15 percent of the amounts made available under

paragraph (1) for a fiscal year shall be used to carry out

subsection (b) of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1680, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3781; Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 841, Apr. 4, 1996, 110

Stat. 1170; Pub. L. 105-185, title II, Sec. 246, June 23, 1998, 112

Stat. 556; Pub. L. 107-171, title VII, Sec. 7122, 7208(c), May 13,

2002, 116 Stat. 434, 444.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7208(c), added par.

(6).

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 7122, substituted ''2007''

for ''2002''.

1998 - Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 246(1), struck out

heading and text of par. (6). Text read as follows: ''There are

authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection -

''(A) not less than $3,000,000 for each of the fiscal years

1991 and 1992; and

''(B) not less than $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years

1993 through 1997.''

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 246(2), struck out par. (1)

designation and heading and struck out heading and text of par.

(2). Text read as follows: ''There are authorized to be

appropriated $1,000,000 to carry out this subsection for each of

the fiscal years 1991 through 1997.''

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-185, Sec. 246(3), added subsec. (c).

1996 - Subsecs. (a)(6)(B), (b)(2). Pub. L. 104-127 substituted

''1997'' for ''1996''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5934 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5934. Research on honeybee diseases

-STATUTE-

(a) Sense of Congress

It is the sense of Congress that -

(1) diseases affecting the entire honeybee population impact on

the ability of honeybees to carry out crop pollination and honey

production, and therefore impact negatively on beekeepers,

producers and consumers; and

(2) certain diseases (such as those caused by tracheal mite,

varroa mite, and the Africanized honeybee) pose a threat to the

continued well-being of the general honeybee population, and thus

merit further study.

(b) Research

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of

Agriculture shall give priority attention to the funding of

research regarding the diseases referred to in subsection (a) of

this section that are affecting the honeybee population.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-624, title XVI, Sec. 1681, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat.

3782; Pub. L. 102-237, title IV, Sec. 407(17), Dec. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1865.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 102-237 substituted ''tracheal

mite'' for ''teacheal mite''.

-CITE-

7 USC Sec. 5935 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER 88 - RESEARCH

SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS RESEARCH PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5935. Use of remote sensing data and other data to anticipate

potential food, feed, and fiber shortages or excesses and to

provide timely information to assist farmers with planting

decisions

-STATUTE-

(a) Findings

Congress finds that -

(1) remote sensing data can be useful to predict impending

famine problems and forest infestations in time to allow remedial

action;

(2) remote sensing data can inform the agricultural community

as to the condition of crops and the land that sustains those

crops; and

(3) remote sensing data and other data can be valuable, when

received on a timely basis, in determining the need for

additional plantings of a particular crop or a substitute crop.

(b) Information development

The Secretary of Agriculture and the Administrator of the

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, maximizing private

funding and involvement, shall provide farmers and other interested

persons with timely information, through remote sensing, on crop

conditions, fertilization and irrigation needs, pest infiltration,

soil conditions, projected food, feed, and fiber production, and

any other information available through remote sensing.

(c) Coordination

The Secretary of Agriculture and the Administrator of the

National Aeronautics and Space Administration shall jointly develop

a proposal to provide farmers and other prospective users with

supply and demand information for food and fibers.

(d) Sunset

The authorities provided by this section shall expire 5 years

after April 4, 1996.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 104-127, title VIII, Sec. 892, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat.

1183.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Federal Agriculture

Improvement and Reform Act of 1996, and not as part of subtitle H

of title XVI of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act

of 1990 which comprises this subchapter.

-MISC3-

REMOTE SENSING FOR AGRICULTURAL AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Pub. L. 106-391, title III, Sec. 316, Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat.

1596, provided that:

''(a) Information Development. - The Administrator (of the

National Aeronautics and Space Administration) shall -

''(1) consult with the Secretary of Agriculture to determine

data product types that are of use to farmers which can be

remotely sensed from air or space;

''(2) consider useful commercial data products related to

agriculture as identified by the focused research program between

the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Stennis Space

Center and the Department of Agriculture; and

''(3) examine other data sources, including commercial sources,

LightSAR, RADARSAT I, and RADARSAT II, which can provide domestic

and international agricultural information relating to crop

conditions, fertilization and irrigation needs, pest

infiltration, soil conditions, projected food, feed, and fiber

production, and other related subjects.

''(b) Plan. - After performing the activities described in

subsection (a) the Administrator shall, in consultation with the

Secretary of Agriculture, develop a plan to inform farmers and

other prospective users about the use and availability of remote

sensing products that may assist with agricultural and forestry

applications identified in subsection (a). The Administrator shall

transmit such plan to the Congress not later than 180 days after

the date of the enactment of this Act (Oct. 30, 2000).

''(c) Implementation. - Not later than 90 days after the plan has

been transmitted under subsection (b), the Administrator shall

implement the plan.''

-CITE-