US (United States) Code. Title 5. Chapter 43: Performance appraisal

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Government organization and employees

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-CITE-

5 USC CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

-MISC1-

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec.

4301. Definitions.

4302. Establishment of performance appraisal systems.

(4302a. Repealed.)

4303. Actions based on unacceptable performance.

4304. Responsibilities of (FOOTNOTE 1) Office of Personnel

Management.

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Does not conform to section

catchline.

4305. Regulations.

SUBCHAPTER II - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE

SERVICE

4311. Definitions.

4312. Senior Executive Service performance appraisal systems.

4313. Criteria for performance appraisals.

4314. Ratings for performance appraisals.

4315. Regulations.

AMENDMENTS

1993 - Pub. L. 103-89, Sec. 3(b)(1)(B)(ii), Sept. 30, 1993, 107

Stat. 981, struck out item 4302a ''Establishment of performance

appraisal systems for performance management and recognition system

employees''.

1984 - Pub. L. 98-615, title II, Sec. 202(b), Nov. 8, 1984, 98

Stat. 3216, added item 4302a.

1978 - Pub. L. 95-454, title II, Sec. 203(a), title IV, Sec.

405(b), Oct. 13, 1978, 92 Stat. 1131, 1170, in chapter heading

substituted ''APPRAISAL'' for ''RATING'', added heading for

subchapter I, in item 4302 substituted ''Establishment of

performance appraisal systems'' for ''Performance-rating plans;

establishment of'', in item 4303 substituted ''Actions based on

unacceptable performance'' for ''Performance-rating plans;

requirements for'', in item 4304 substituted ''Responsibilities of

Office of Personnel Management'' for ''Ratings for performance'',

in item 4305 substituted ''Regulations'' for ''Review of ratings'',

struck out items 4306 to 4308 ''Performance-rating plans;

inspection of'', ''Other rating procedures prohibited'', and

''Regulations'', respectively, and added item for subchapter II and

items 4311 to 4315.

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in sections 2108, 2302, 3502, 9508 of

this title; title 6 section 293; title 7 section 7657; title 21

section 1703; title 31 section 3801; title 42 section 237.

-CITE-

5 USC SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1979 - Pub. L. 96-54, Sec. 2(a)(20), Aug. 14, 1979, 93 Stat. 382,

added heading for subchapter I.

-CITE-

5 USC Sec. 4301 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 4301. Definitions

-STATUTE-

For the purpose of this subchapter -

(1) ''agency'' means -

(A) an Executive agency; and

(B) the Government Printing Office;

but does not include -

(i) a Government corporation;

(ii) the Central Intelligence Agency, the Defense

Intelligence Agency, the National Imagery and Mapping Agency,

the National Security Agency, or any Executive agency or unit

thereof which is designated by the President and the principal

function of which is the conduct of foreign intelligence or

counterintelligence activities; or

(iii) the General Accounting Office;

(2) ''employee'' means an individual employed in or under an

agency, but does not include -

(A) an employee outside the United States who is paid in

accordance with local native prevailing wage rates for the area

in which employed;

(B) an individual in the Foreign Service of the United

States;

(C) a physician, dentist, nurse, or other employee in the

Veterans Health Administration of the Department of Veterans

Affairs whose pay is fixed under chapter 73 of title 38;

(D) an administrative law judge appointed under section 3105

of this title;

(E) an individual in the Senior Executive Service or the

Federal Bureau of Investigation and Drug Enforcement

Administration Senior Executive Service;

(F) an individual appointed by the President;

(G) an individual occupying a position not in the competitive

service excluded from coverage of this subchapter by

regulations of the Office of Personnel Management; or

(H) an individual who (i) is serving in a position under a

temporary appointment for less than one year, (ii) agrees to

serve without a performance evaluation, and (iii) will not be

considered for a reappointment or for an increase in pay based

in whole or in part on performance; and

(3) ''unacceptable performance'' means performance of an

employee which fails to meet established performance standards in

one or more critical elements of such employee's position.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 89-554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 440; Pub. L. 91-375, Sec.

6(c)(8), Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 776; Pub. L. 95-251, Sec. 2(a)(1),

Mar. 27, 1978, 92 Stat. 183; Pub. L. 95-454, title II, Sec. 203(a),

Oct. 13, 1978, 92 Stat. 1131; Pub. L. 100-325, Sec. 2(f), May 30,

1988, 102 Stat. 581; Pub. L. 101-474, Sec. 5(e), Oct. 30, 1990, 104

Stat. 1100; Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title XII, Sec. 1206(e), Nov.

5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1661; Pub. L. 102-54, Sec. 13(b)(2), June 13,

1991, 105 Stat. 274; Pub. L. 103-359, title V, Sec. 501(e), Oct.

14, 1994, 108 Stat. 3429; Pub. L. 104-201, div. A, title XI, Sec.

1122(a)(1), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2687.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Derivation U.S. Code Revised Statutes and

Statutes at Large

---------------------------------------------------------------------

5 U.S.C. 2001. Sept. 30, 1950, ch.

1123, Sec. 2, 64

Stat. 1098.

Sept. 1, 1954, ch.

1208, Sec. 601(a),

68 Stat. 1115.

June 17, 1957, Pub.

L. 85-56, Sec.

2201(21), 71 Stat.

159.

July 11, 1957, Pub.

L. 85-101, 71 Stat.

293.

Sept. 2, 1958, Pub.

L. 85-857, Sec.

13(p), 72 Stat.

1266.

Mar. 26, 1964, Pub.

L. 88-290, ''Sec.

306(b)'', 78 Stat.

170.

-------------------------------

In paragraph (1), the term ''Executive agency'' is substituted

for the reference to ''executive departments, the independent

establishments and agencies in the executive branch, including

corporations wholly owned by the United States'' and ''the General

Accounting Office''. The exception of ''a Government controlled

corporation'' is added in subparagraph (vii) to preserve the

application of this chapter to ''corporations wholly owned by the

United States''. The exceptions for Production credit corporations

and Federal intermediate credit banks in former section 2001(b)(5),

(6) are omitted as they are no longer ''corporations wholly owned

by the United States''. Under the Farm Credit Act of 1956, 70 Stat.

659, the production credit corporations were merged in the Federal

intermediate credit banks, and pursuant to that Act the Federal

intermediate credit banks have ceased to be corporations owned by

the United States. The exceptions for Federal land banks and banks

for cooperatives in former section 2001(b)(7), (8) are omitted as

included within the exception of ''a Government controlled

corporation'' in subparagraph (vii).

Paragraph (2) is supplied because the definition of ''employee''

in section 2105 does not encompass individuals employed by the

government of the District of Columbia. The definition in paragraph

(2) does not encompass members of the uniformed services as they

are not ''employed'' in or under an agency.

Paragraph (2)(E) is based on the third and fifth sentences,

respectively, of former sections 1010 and 1011, which are carried

into sections 5362 and 559, respectively, and section 1106(a) of

the Act of Oct. 28, 1949, ch. 782, 63 Stat. 972.

Standard changes are made to conform with the definitions

applicable and the style of this title as outlined in the preface

to the report.

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Par. (1)(ii). Pub. L. 104-201 substituted ''National

Imagery and Mapping Agency'' for ''Central Imagery Office''.

1994 - Par. (1)(ii). Pub. L. 103-359 inserted ''the Central

Imagery Office,'' after ''Defense Intelligence Agency,''.

1991 - Par. (2)(C). Pub. L. 102-54 substituted ''Veterans Health

Administration of the Department of Veterans Affairs'' for

''Department of Medicine and Surgery, Veterans' Administration''.

1990 - Par. (1). Pub. L. 101-474 redesignated subpar. (C) as (B)

and struck out former subpar. (B) which included Administrative

Office of United States Courts within definition of ''agency''.

Par. (2)(H). Pub. L. 101-510 added subpar. (H).

1988 - Par. (2)(E). Pub. L. 100-325 inserted reference to Federal

Bureau of Investigation and Drug Enforcement Administration Senior

Executive Service.

1978 - Pub. L. 95-454 substituted provisions defining ''agency'',

''employee'', and ''unacceptable performance'' for provisions

defining ''agency'' and ''employee''.

Par. (2)(E). Pub. L. 95-251 substituted ''administrative law

judge'' for ''hearing examiner''.

1970 - Par. (1)(ii). Pub. L. 91-375 repealed cl. (ii) which

excluded postal field service from definition of ''agency''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-201 effective Oct. 1, 1996, see section

1124 of Pub. L. 104-201, set out as a note under section 193 of

Title 10, Armed Forces.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 95-454 effective 90 days after Oct. 13,

1978, see section 907 of Pub. L. 95-454, set out as a note under

section 1101 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1970 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 91-375 effective within 1 year after Aug.

12, 1970, on date established therefor by Board of Governors of

United States Postal Service and published by it in Federal

Register, see section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91-375, set out as an

Effective Date note preceding section 101 of Title 39, Postal

Service.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 559, 1305 of this title.

-CITE-

5 USC Sec. 4302 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 4302. Establishment of performance appraisal systems

-STATUTE-

(a) Each agency shall develop one or more performance appraisal

systems which -

(1) provide for periodic appraisals of job performance of

employees;

(2) encourage employee participation in establishing

performance standards; and

(3) use the results of performance appraisals as a basis for

training, rewarding, reassigning, promoting, reducing in grade,

retaining, and removing employees.

(b) Under regulations which the Office of Personnel Management

shall prescribe, each performance appraisal system shall provide

for -

(1) establishing performance standards which will, to the

maximum extent feasible, permit the accurate evaluation of job

performance on the basis of objective criteria (which may include

the extent of courtesy demonstrated to the public) related to the

job in question for each employee or position under the system;

(2) as soon as practicable, but not later than October 1, 1981,

with respect to initial appraisal periods, and thereafter at the

beginning of each following appraisal period, communicating to

each employee the performance standards and the critical elements

of the employee's position;

(3) evaluating each employee during the appraisal period on

such standards;

(4) recognizing and rewarding employees whose performance so

warrants;

(5) assisting employees in improving unacceptable performance;

and

(6) reassigning, reducing in grade, or removing employees who

continue to have unacceptable performance but only after an

opportunity to demonstrate acceptable performance.

(c) In accordance with regulations which the Office shall

prescribe, the head of an agency may administer and maintain a

performance appraisal system electronically.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 89-554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 440; Pub. L. 95-454, title

II, Sec. 203(a), Oct. 13, 1978, 92 Stat. 1132; Pub. L. 102-378,

Sec. 2(18), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1347; Pub. L. 106-398, Sec. 1

((div. A), title XI, Sec. 1104), Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654,

1654A-311.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Derivation U.S. Code Revised Statutes and

Statutes at Large

---------------------------------------------------------------------

5 U.S.C. 2002. Sept. 30, 1950, ch.

1123, Sec. 3, 64

Stat. 1098.

-------------------------------

Standard changes are made to conform with the definitions

applicable and the style of this title as outlined in the preface

to the report.

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106-398 added subsec. (c).

1992 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 102-378 substituted a period for

semicolon at end.

1978 - Pub. L. 95-454 substituted ''Establishment of performance

appraisal systems'' for ''Performance-rating plans; establishment

of'' in section catchline and in text substituted provisions

relating to the establishment of a performance appraisal system,

for provisions relating to the establishment of performance-rating

plans.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 95-454 effective 90 days after Oct. 13,

1978, see section 907 of Pub. L. 95-454, set out as a note under

section 1101 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 9508 of this title; title

12 section 1441a; title 31 section 732.

-CITE-

5 USC Sec. 4302a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

(Sec. 4302a. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-89, Sec. 3(b)(1)(B)(i), Sept.

30, 1993, 107 Stat. 981)

-MISC1-

Section, added Pub. L. 98-615, title II, Sec. 202(a), Nov. 8,

1984, 98 Stat. 3214; amended Pub. L. 101-103, Sec. 5(a), Sept. 30,

1989, 103 Stat. 671; Pub. L. 102-22, Sec. 2(a), Mar. 28, 1991, 105

Stat. 71, related to the establishment of performance appraisal

systems for performance management and recognition system

employees.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Nov. 1, 1993, see section 3(c) of Pub. L.

103-89, set out as an Effective Date of 1993 Amendment note under

section 3372 of this title.

-CITE-

5 USC Sec. 4303 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 4303. Actions based on unacceptable performance

-STATUTE-

(a) Subject to the provisions of this section, an agency may

reduce in grade or remove an employee for unacceptable performance.

(b)(1) An employee whose reduction in grade or removal is

proposed under this section is entitled to -

(A) 30 days' advance written notice of the proposed action

which identifies -

(i) specific instances of unacceptable performance by the

employee on which the proposed action is based; and

(ii) the critical elements of the employee's position

involved in each instance of unacceptable performance;

(B) be represented by an attorney or other representative;

(C) a reasonable time to answer orally and in writing; and

(D) a written decision which -

(i) in the case of a reduction in grade or removal under this

section, specifies the instances of unacceptable performance by

the employee on which the reduction in grade or removal is

based, and

(ii) unless proposed by the head of the agency, has been

concurred in by an employee who is in a higher position than

the employee who proposed the action.

(2) An agency may, under regulations prescribed by the head of

such agency, extend the notice period under subsection (b)(1)(A) of

this section for not more than 30 days. An agency may extend the

notice period for more than 30 days only in accordance with

regulations issued by the Office of Personnel Management.

(c) The decision to retain, reduce in grade, or remove an

employee -

(1) shall be made within 30 days after the date of expiration

of the notice period, and

(2) in the case of a reduction in grade or removal, may be

based only on those instances of unacceptable performance by the

employee -

(A) which occurred during the 1-year period ending on the

date of the notice under subsection (b)(1)(A) of this section

in connection with the decision; and

(B) for which the notice and other requirements of this

section are complied with.

(d) If, because of performance improvement by the employee during

the notice period, the employee is not reduced in grade or removed,

and the employee's performance continues to be acceptable for 1

year from the date of the advance written notice provided under

subsection (b)(1)(A) of this section, any entry or other notation

of the unacceptable performance for which the action was proposed

under this section shall be removed from any agency record relating

to the employee.

(e) Any employee who is -

(1) a preference eligible;

(2) in the competitive service; or

(3) in the excepted service and covered by subchapter II of

chapter 75,

and who has been reduced in grade or removed under this section is

entitled to appeal the action to the Merit Systems Protection Board

under section 7701.

(f) This section does not apply to -

(1) the reduction to the grade previously held of a supervisor

or manager who has not completed the probationary period under

section 3321(a)(2) of this title,

(2) the reduction in grade or removal of an employee in the

competitive service who is serving a probationary or trial period

under an initial appointment or who has not completed 1 year of

current continuous employment under other than a temporary

appointment limited to 1 year or less, or

(3) the reduction in grade or removal of an employee in the

excepted service who has not completed 1 year of current

continuous employment in the same or similar positions.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 89-554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 440; Pub. L. 95-454, title

II, Sec. 203(a), Oct. 13, 1978, 92 Stat. 1133; Pub. L. 101-376,

Sec. 2(b), Aug. 17, 1990, 104 Stat. 462.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Derivation U.S. Code Revised Statutes and

Statutes at Large

---------------------------------------------------------------------

5 U.S.C. 2004. Sept. 30, 1950, ch.

1123, Sec. 5, 64

Stat. 1098.

-------------------------------

The words ''required by this chapter'' are omitted as

unnecessary.

Standard changes are made to conform with the definitions

applicable and the style of this title as outlined in the preface

to the report.

AMENDMENTS

1990 - Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101-376 amended subsec. (e)

generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (e) read as follows: ''Any

employee who is a preference eligible or is in the competitive

service and who has been reduced in grade or removed under this

section is entitled to appeal the action to the Merit Systems

Protection Board under section 7701 of this title.''

1978 - Pub. L. 95-454 substituted ''Actions based on unacceptable

performance'' for ''Performance-rating plans; requirements for'' in

section catchline and in text substituted provisions relating to

actions based on unacceptable performance, for provisions relating

to requirements for performance-rating plans.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT

Section 2(c) of Pub. L. 101-376 provided that: ''The amendments

made by this section (amending this section and section 7511 of

this title) shall apply with respect to any personnel action taking

effect on or after the effective date of this Act (see below).''

Section 4 of Pub. L. 101-376 provided that: ''This Act and the

amendments made by this Act (amending this section, sections 7511

and 7701 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes

under this section and section 7501 of this title) shall become

effective on the date of the enactment of this Act (Aug. 17, 1990),

and, except as provided in section 2(c) (set out above), shall

apply with respect to any appeal or other proceeding brought on or

after such date.''

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 95-454 effective 90 days after Oct. 13,

1978, see section 907 of Pub. L. 95-454, set out as a note under

section 1101 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2302, 7121, 7512, 7701,

9508 of this title; title 6 section 293; title 31 section 732.

-CITE-

5 USC Sec. 4304 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 4304. Responsibilities of the Office of Personnel Management

-STATUTE-

(a) The Office of Personnel Management shall make technical

assistance available to agencies in the development of performance

appraisal systems.

(b)(1) The Office shall review each performance appraisal system

developed by any agency under this section and determine whether

the performance appraisal system meets the requirements of this

subchapter.

(2) The Comptroller General shall from time to time review on a

selected basis performance appraisal systems established under this

subchapter to determine the extent to which any such system meets

the requirements of this subchapter and shall periodically report

its findings to the Office and to the Congress.

(3) If the Office determines that a system does not meet the

requirements of this subchapter (including regulations prescribed

under section 4305), the Office shall direct the agency to

implement an appropriate system or to correct operations under the

system, and any such agency shall take any action so required.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 89-554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 440; Pub. L. 95-454, title

II, Sec. 203(a), Oct. 13, 1978, 92 Stat. 1134.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Derivation U.S. Code Revised Statutes and

Statutes at Large

---------------------------------------------------------------------

5 U.S.C. 2005. Sept. 30, 1950, ch.

1123, Sec. 6, 64

Stat. 1099.

-------------------------------

In subsection (a)(1), the words ''corresponding to an efficiency

rating of 'good' under the Veterans' Preference Act of 1944, as

amended, and under laws superseded by this chapter'' in clause (1)

of former section 2005 are omitted, but are carried into section

3502.

Standard changes are made to conform with the definitions

applicable and the style of this title as outlined in the preface

to the report.

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-454 substituted ''Responsibilities of the

Office of Personnel Management'' for ''Ratings for performance'' in

section catchline and in text substituted provisions relating to

the responsibilities of the Office of Personnel Management under

this subchapter, for provisions relating to ratings for

performance.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 95-454 effective 90 days after Oct. 13,

1978, see section 907 of Pub. L. 95-454, set out as a note under

section 1101 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 12 section 1441a.

-CITE-

5 USC Sec. 4305 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 4305. Regulations

-STATUTE-

The Office of Personnel Management may prescribe regulations to

carry out the purpose of this subchapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 89-554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 441; Pub. L. 95-454, title

II, Sec. 203(a), Oct. 13, 1978, 92 Stat. 1134.)

-MISC1-

Historical and Revision Notes

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Derivation U.S. Code Revised Statutes and

Statutes at Large

---------------------------------------------------------------------

5 U.S.C. 2006. Sept. 30, 1950, ch.

1123, Sec. 7, 64

Stat. 1099.

-------------------------------

In subsection (c), the words ''as a matter of right'' are omitted

as unnecessary.

In subsection (d), the words ''are entitled'' are substituted for

''shall be afforded an opportunity''. The word ''considers'' is

substituted for ''deems to be''.

Standard changes are made to conform with the definitions

applicable and the style of this title as outlined in the preface

to the report.

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-454 substituted ''Regulations'' for ''Review of

ratings'' in section catchline and in text substituted provisions

relating to regulations to carry out this subchapter, for

provisions relating to review of ratings.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 95-454 effective 90 days after Oct. 13,

1978, see section 907 of Pub. L. 95-454, set out as a note under

section 1101 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 4304 of this title.

-CITE-

5 USC Sec. 4306 to 4308 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

(Sec. 4306 to 4308. Omitted)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Sections 4306 to 4308, Pub. L. 89-554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat.

441, 442, were omitted in the general revision of this chapter by

the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, Pub. L. 95-454, Sec. 203(a),

Oct. 13, 1978, 92 Stat. 1131.

Section 4306 related to inspection of performance-rating plans.

Section 4307 related to prohibition of other rating procedures.

Section 4308 related to regulations for administration of the

chapter, and is covered by revised section 4305.

-CITE-

5 USC SUBCHAPTER II - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN THE

SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER II - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE

SERVICE

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER II - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE

SERVICE

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in sections 3151, 3395, 3592,

3593, 3594, 3595, 5384, 8336, 8414 of this title; title 10 section

1606; title 31 section 733; title 38 section 7425.

-CITE-

5 USC Sec. 4311 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER II - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE

SERVICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4311. Definitions

-STATUTE-

For the purpose of this subchapter, ''agency'', ''senior

executive'', and ''career appointee'' have the meanings set forth

in section 3132(a) of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 95-454, title IV, Sec. 405(a), Oct. 13, 1978, 92

Stat. 1167.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Subchapter effective 9 months after Oct. 13, 1978, and

congressional review of provisions of sections 401 through 412 of

Pub. L. 95-454, see section 415(a)(1), (b), of Pub. L. 95-454, set

out as a note under section 3131 of this title.

-CITE-

5 USC Sec. 4312 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER II - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE

SERVICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4312. Senior Executive Service performance appraisal systems

-STATUTE-

(a) Each agency shall, in accordance with standards established

by the Office of Personnel Management, develop one or more

performance appraisal systems designed to -

(1) permit the accurate evaluation of performance in any

position on the basis of criteria which are related to the

position and which specify the critical elements of the position;

(2) provide for systematic appraisals of performance of senior

executives;

(3) encourage excellence in performance by senior executives;

and

(4) provide a basis for making eligibility determinations for

retention in the Senior Executive Service and for Senior

Executive Service performance awards.

(b) Each performance appraisal system established by an agency

under subsection (a) of this section shall provide -

(1) that, on or before the beginning of each rating period,

performance requirements for each senior executive in the agency

are established in consultation with the senior executive and

communicated to the senior executive;

(2) that written appraisals of performance are based on the

individual and organizational performance requirements

established for the rating period involved; and

(3) that each senior executive in the agency is provided a copy

of the appraisal and rating under section 4314 of this title and

is given an opportunity to respond in writing and have the rating

reviewed by an employee, or (with the consent of the senior

executive) a commissioned officer in the uniformed services

serving on active duty, in a higher level in the agency before

the rating becomes final.

(c)(1) The Office shall review each agency's performance

appraisal system under this section, and determine whether the

agency performance appraisal system meets the requirements of this

subchapter.

(2) The Comptroller General shall from time to time review

performance appraisal systems under this section to determine the

extent to which any such system meets the requirements under this

subchapter and shall periodically report its findings to the Office

and to each House of the Congress.

(3) If the Office determines that an agency performance appraisal

system does not meet the requirements under this subchapter

(including regulations prescribed under section 4315), the agency

shall take such corrective action as may be required by the Office.

(d) A senior executive may not appeal any appraisal and rating

under any performance appraisal system under this section.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 95-454, title IV, Sec. 405(a), Oct. 13, 1978, 92

Stat. 1167; amended Pub. L. 98-615, title III, Sec. 306(b)(2), Nov.

8, 1984, 98 Stat. 3220.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 98-615 inserted '', or (with the

consent of the senior executive) a commissioned officer in the

uniformed services serving on active duty,'' and directed that

''executive'' be struck out which was executed by striking

''executive'' only where it appeared before ''level in the

agency''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 98-615 effective following expiration of

90-day period beginning on Nov. 8, 1984, see section 307 of Pub. L.

98-615, set out as a note under section 3393 of this title.

-CITE-

5 USC Sec. 4313 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER II - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE

SERVICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4313. Criteria for performance appraisals

-STATUTE-

Appraisals of performance in the Senior Executive Service shall

be based on both individual and organizational performance, taking

into account such factors as -

(1) improvements in efficiency, productivity, and quality of

work or service, including any significant reduction in

paperwork;

(2) cost efficiency;

(3) timeliness of performance;

(4) other indications of the effectiveness, productivity, and

performance quality of the employees for whom the senior

executive is responsible; and

(5) meeting affirmative action goals, achievement of equal

employment opportunity requirements, and compliance with the

merit systems principles set forth under section 2301 of this

title.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 95-454, title IV, Sec. 405(a), Oct. 13, 1978, 92

Stat. 1168; amended Pub. L. 103-424, Sec. 6, Oct. 29, 1994, 108

Stat. 4364.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Par. (5). Pub. L. 103-424 amended par. (5) generally.

Prior to amendment, par. (5) read as follows: ''meeting affirmative

action goals and achievement of equal employment opportunity

requirements.''

-CITE-

5 USC Sec. 4314 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER II - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE

SERVICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4314. Ratings for performance appraisals

-STATUTE-

(a) Each performance appraisal system shall provide for annual

summary ratings of levels of performance as follows:

(1) one or more fully successful levels,

(2) a minimally satisfactory level, and

(3) an unsatisfactory level.

(b) Each performance appraisal system shall provide that -

(1) any appraisal and any rating under such system -

(A) are made only after review and evaluation by a

performance review board established under subsection (c) of

this section;

(B) are conducted at least annually, subject to the

limitation of subsection (c)(3) of this section;

(C) in the case of a career appointee, may not be made within

120 days after the beginning of a new Presidential

administration; and

(D) are based on performance during a performance appraisal

period the duration of which shall be determined under

guidelines established by the Office of Personnel Management,

but which may be terminated in any case in which the agency

making an appraisal determines that an adequate basis exists on

which to appraise and rate the senior executive's performance;

(2) any career appointee receiving a rating at any of the fully

successful levels under subsection (a)(1) of this section may be

given a performance award under section 5384 of this title;

(3) any senior executive receiving an unsatisfactory rating

under subsection (a)(3) of this section shall be reassigned or

transferred within the Senior Executive Service, or removed from

the Senior Executive Service, but any senior executive who

receives 2 unsatisfactory ratings in any period of 5 consecutive

years shall be removed from the Senior Executive Service; and

(4) any senior executive who twice in any period of 3

consecutive years receives less than fully successful ratings

shall be removed from the Senior Executive Service.

(c)(1) Each agency shall establish, in accordance with

regulations prescribed by the Office, one or more performance

review boards, as appropriate. It is the function of the boards to

make recommendations to the appropriate appointing authority of the

agency relating to the performance of senior executives in the

agency.

(2) The supervising official of the senior executive shall

provide to the performance review board, an initial appraisal of

the senior executive's performance. Before making any

recommendation with respect to the senior executive, the board

shall review any response by the senior executive to the initial

appraisal and conduct such further review as the board finds

necessary.

(3) Performance appraisals under this subchapter with respect to

any senior executive shall be made by the appointing authority only

after considering the recommendations by the performance review

board with respect to such senior executive under paragraph (1) of

this subsection.

(4) Members of performance review boards shall be appointed in

such a manner as to assure consistency, stability, and objectivity

in performance appraisal. Notice of the appointment of an

individual to serve as a member shall be published in the Federal

Register.

(5) In the case of an appraisal of a career appointee, more than

one-half of the members of the performance review board shall

consist of career appointees. The requirement of the preceding

sentence shall not apply in any case in which the Office determines

that there exists an insufficient number of career appointees

available to comply with the requirement.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 95-454, title IV, Sec. 405(a), Oct. 13, 1978, 92

Stat. 1169; amended Pub. L. 104-66, title II, Sec. 2181(b), Dec.

21, 1995, 109 Stat. 732.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1995 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-66 struck out subsec. (d) which

related to reports to Congress.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 3395, 3592, 4312, 5384 of

this title.

-CITE-

5 USC Sec. 4315 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES

PART III - EMPLOYEES

Subpart C - Employee Performance

CHAPTER 43 - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL

SUBCHAPTER II - PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE

SERVICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4315. Regulations

-STATUTE-

The Office of Personnel Management shall prescribe regulations to

carry out the purpose of this subchapter.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 95-454, title IV, Sec. 405(a), Oct. 13, 1978, 92

Stat. 1170.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 4312 of this title.

-CITE-