US (United States) Code. Title 49. Subtitle VIII: Pipelines. Chapter 301: Safety

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Transportation

  • Enviado por: El remitente no desea revelar su nombre
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
  • 173 páginas
publicidad
cursos destacados
Curso completo de piano - Nivel básico
Curso completo de piano - Nivel básico
Este curso de piano está pensado para todos aquellos principiantes que deseen comenzar a tocar el piano o el...
Ver más información

Curso de reparación de teléfonos móviles / celulares
Curso de reparación de teléfonos móviles / celulares
El curso de Reparación de Telefonía Celular o Móvil está orientado a todas aquellas...
Ver más información

publicidad

-CITE-

49 USC CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-MISC1-

Sec.

60101. Definitions.

60102. Purpose and general authority.

60103. Standards for liquefied natural gas pipeline

facilities.

60104. Requirements and limitations.

60105. State pipeline safety program certifications.

60106. State pipeline safety agreements.

60107. State pipeline safety grants.

60108. Inspection and maintenance.

60109. High-density population areas and environmentally

sensitive areas.

60110. Excess flow valves.

60111. Financial responsibility for liquefied natural gas

facilities.

60112. Pipeline facilities hazardous to life and property.

60113. Customer-owned natural gas service lines.

60114. One-call notification systems.

60115. Technical safety standards committees.

60116. Public education programs.

60117. Administrative.

60118. Compliance and waivers.

60119. Judicial review.

60120. Enforcement.

60121. Actions by private persons.

60122. Civil penalties.

60123. Criminal penalties.

60124. Biennial reports.

60125. Authorization of appropriations.

60126. Risk management.

60127. Population encroachment and rights-of-way.

60128. Dumping within pipeline rights-of-way.

60129. Protection of employees providing pipeline safety

information.

60130. Pipeline safety information grants to communities.

60131. Verification of pipeline qualification programs.

60132. National pipeline mapping system.

60133. Coordination of environmental reviews.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-355, Secs. 6(c), 9(c), 11(b), 13(a)(2), 15(b),

16(b), 20(a)(2)(B), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2993, 2995, 2997,

3001, 3006, 3008, 3010, substituted "Purpose and general authority"

for "General authority" in item 60102 and "Population encroachment

and rights-of-way" for "Population encroachment" in item 60127 and

added items 60129 to 60133.

1996 - Pub. L. 104-304, Secs. 5(f)[(b)], 15(c)[(b)], 16(b),

18(b)(2), 20(e), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3800, 3803, 3804,

substituted "State pipeline safety program certifications" for

"State certifications" in item 60105, "State pipeline safety

agreements" for "State agreements" in item 60106, "State pipeline

safety grants" for "State grants" in item 60107, and "Biennial

reports" for "Annual reports" in item 60124 and added items 60126,

60127, and 60128.

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in sections 5126, 60301 of this

title; title 42 section 6991.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60101 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60101. Definitions

-STATUTE-

(a) General. - In this chapter -

(1) "existing liquefied natural gas facility" -

(A) means a liquefied natural gas facility for which an

application to approve the site, construction, or operation of

the facility was filed before March 1, 1978, with -

(i) the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (or any

predecessor); or

(ii) the appropriate State or local authority, if the

facility is not subject to the jurisdiction of the Commission

under the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717 et seq.); but

(B) does not include a facility on which construction is

begun after November 29, 1979, without the approval;

(2) "gas" means natural gas, flammable gas, or toxic or

corrosive gas;

(3) "gas pipeline facility" includes a pipeline, a right of

way, a facility, a building, or equipment used in transporting

gas or treating gas during its transportation;

(4) "hazardous liquid" means -

(A) petroleum or a petroleum product; and

(B) a substance the Secretary of Transportation decides may

pose an unreasonable risk to life or property when transported

by a hazardous liquid pipeline facility in a liquid state

(except for liquefied natural gas);

(5) "hazardous liquid pipeline facility" includes a pipeline, a

right of way, a facility, a building, or equipment used or

intended to be used in transporting hazardous liquid;

(6) "interstate gas pipeline facility" -

(A) means a gas pipeline facility -

(i) used to transport gas; and

(ii) subject to the jurisdiction of the Commission under

the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717 et seq.); but

(B) does not include a gas pipeline facility transporting gas

from an interstate gas pipeline in a State to a direct sales

customer in that State buying gas for its own consumption;

(7) "interstate hazardous liquid pipeline facility" means a

hazardous liquid pipeline facility used to transport hazardous

liquid in interstate or foreign commerce;

(8) "interstate or foreign commerce" -

(A) related to gas, means commerce -

(i) between a place in a State and a place outside that

State; or

(ii) that affects any commerce described in subclause

(A)(i) of this clause; and

(B) related to hazardous liquid, means commerce between -

(i) a place in a State and a place outside that State; or

(ii) places in the same State through a place outside the

State;

(9) "intrastate gas pipeline facility" means -

(A) a gas pipeline facility and transportation of gas within

a State not subject to the jurisdiction of the Commission under

the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717 et seq.); and

(B) a gas pipeline facility transporting gas from an

interstate gas pipeline in a State to a direct sales customer

in that State buying gas for its own consumption;

(10) "intrastate hazardous liquid pipeline facility" means a

hazardous liquid pipeline facility that is not an interstate

hazardous liquid pipeline facility;

(11) "liquefied natural gas" means natural gas in a liquid or

semisolid state;

(12) "liquefied natural gas accident" means a release, burning,

or explosion of liquefied natural gas from any cause, except a

release, burning, or explosion that, under regulations prescribed

by the Secretary, does not pose a threat to public health or

safety, property, or the environment;

(13) "liquefied natural gas conversion" means conversion of

natural gas into liquefied natural gas or conversion of liquefied

natural gas into natural gas;

(14) "liquefied natural gas pipeline facility" -

(A) means a gas pipeline facility used for transporting or

storing liquefied natural gas, or for liquefied natural gas

conversion, in interstate or foreign commerce; but

(B) does not include any part of a structure or equipment

located in navigable waters (as defined in section 3 of the

Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 796));

(15) "municipality" means a political subdivision of a State;

(16) "new liquefied natural gas pipeline facility" means a

liquefied natural gas pipeline facility except an existing

liquefied natural gas pipeline facility;

(17) "person", in addition to its meaning under section 1 of

title 1 (except as to societies), includes a State, a

municipality, and a trustee, receiver, assignee, or personal

representative of a person;

(18) "pipeline facility" means a gas pipeline facility and a

hazardous liquid pipeline facility;

(19) "pipeline transportation" means transporting gas and

transporting hazardous liquid;

(20) "State" means a State of the United States, the District

of Columbia, and Puerto Rico;

(21) "transporting gas" -

(A) means the gathering, transmission, or distribution of gas

by pipeline, or the storage of gas, in interstate or foreign

commerce; but

(B) does not include the gathering of gas, other than

gathering through regulated gathering lines, in those rural

locations that are located outside the limits of any

incorporated or unincorporated city, town, or village, or any

other designated residential or commercial area (including a

subdivision, business, shopping center, or community

development) or any similar populated area that the Secretary

of Transportation determines to be a nonrural area, except that

the term "transporting gas" includes the movement of gas

through regulated gathering lines;

(22) "transporting hazardous liquid" -

(A) means the movement of hazardous liquid by pipeline, or

the storage of hazardous liquid incidental to the movement of

hazardous liquid by pipeline, in or affecting interstate or

foreign commerce; but

(B) does not include moving hazardous liquid through -

(i) gathering lines in a rural area;

(ii) onshore production, refining, or manufacturing

facilities; or

(iii) storage or in-plant piping systems associated with

onshore production, refining, or manufacturing facilities;

(23) "risk management" means the systematic application, by the

owner or operator of a pipeline facility, of management policies,

procedures, finite resources, and practices to the tasks of

identifying, analyzing, assessing, reducing, and controlling risk

in order to protect employees, the general public, the

environment, and pipeline facilities;

(24) "risk management plan" means a management plan utilized by

a gas or hazardous liquid pipeline facility owner or operator

that encompasses risk management; and

(25) "Secretary" means the Secretary of Transportation.

(b) Gathering Lines. - (1)(A) Not later than October 24, 1994,

the Secretary shall prescribe standards defining the term

"gathering line".

(B) In defining "gathering line" for gas, the Secretary -

(i) shall consider functional and operational characteristics

of the lines to be included in the definition; and

(ii) is not bound by a classification the Commission

establishes under the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717 et seq.).

(2)(A) Not later than October 24, 1995, the Secretary, if

appropriate, shall prescribe standards defining the term "regulated

gathering line". In defining the term, the Secretary shall consider

factors such as location, length of line from the well site,

operating pressure, throughput, and the composition of the

transported gas or hazardous liquid, as appropriate, in deciding on

the types of lines that functionally are gathering but should be

regulated under this chapter because of specific physical

characteristics.

(B)(i) The Secretary also shall consider diameter when defining

"regulated gathering line" for hazardous liquid.

(ii) The definition of "regulated gathering line" for hazardous

liquid may not include a crude oil gathering line that has a

nominal diameter of not more than 6 inches, is operated at low

pressure, and is located in a rural area that is not unusually

sensitive to environmental damage.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Secs. 1(e), 4(s), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1301,

1371; Pub. L. 104-287, Sec. 5(90), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3398;

Pub. L. 104-304, Secs. 3, 20(f), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3793,

3805.)

-STATAMEND-

AMENDMENT OF SUBSECTION (A)(21) AND (22)

Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 4(s), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1371,

provided that, effective on the date the regulations required under

subsec. (b) of this section are effective, subsection (a)(21) and

(22) of this section is amended to read as follows:

(21) "transporting gas" -

(A) means -

(i) the gathering, transmission, or distribution of gas by

pipeline, or the storage of gas, in interstate or foreign

commerce; and

(ii) the movement of gas through regulated gathering lines; but

(B) does not include gathering gas (except through regulated

gathering lines) in a rural area outside a populated area

designated by the Secretary as a nonrural area.

(22) "transporting hazardous liquid" -

(A) means -

(i) the movement of hazardous liquid by pipeline, or the

storage of hazardous liquid incidental to the movement of

hazardous liquid by pipeline, in or affecting interstate or

foreign commerce; and

(ii) the movement of hazardous liquid through regulated

gathering lines; but

(B) does not include moving hazardous liquid through -

(i) gathering lines (except regulated gathering lines) in a

rural area;

(ii) onshore production, refining, or manufacturing facilities;

or

(iii) storage or in-plant piping systems associated with

onshore production, refining, or manufacturing facilities.

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

PUB. L. 103-272, SEC. 1(E)

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60101(a)(1) 49 App.:1671(10). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 2(10), 82

Stat. 720; Oct. 11, 1976,

Pub. L. 94-477, Sec. 3(2),

90 Stat. 2073; Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Sec.

151, 93 Stat. 998.

49 App.:1671(14). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

2(11)-(17); added Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Sec.

151, 93 Stat. 998.

49 App.:2001(11). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 202(1)-(4)

(1st-27th words), (5)-(9),

(11), 93 Stat. 1003, 1004.

60101(a)(2) 49 App.:1671(2). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 2(1), (2), (4)

(1st-32d words), (5), (6),

82 Stat. 720.

60101(a)(3) 49 App.:1671(4)

(1st-32d words).

60101(a)(4) 49 App.:2001(2).

60101(a)(5) 49 App.:2001(4)

(1st-27th words).

60101(a)(6) 49 App.:1671(8). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 2(8), 82 Stat.

720; Oct. 11, 1976, Pub. L.

94-477, Sec. 3(1), 90 Stat.

2073; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub.

L. 96-129, Sec. 109(b)

(related to Sec. 2(8)), 93

Stat. 996.

60101(a)(7) 49 App.:2001(5).

60101(a) 49 App.:1671(17).

(8)(A)

60101(a) 49 App.:2001(7).

(8)(B)

60101(a)(9) 49 App.:1671(9). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

2(9); added Oct. 11, 1976,

Pub. L. 94-477, Sec. 3(2),

90 Stat. 2073; Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

109(b) (related to Sec.

2(9)), 151, 93 Stat. 996,

998.

60101(a)(10) 49 App.:2001(6).

60101(a)(11) 49 App.:1671(11).

60101(a)(12) 49 App.:1671(16).

60101(a)(13) 49 App.:1671(13).

60101(a)(14) 49 App.:1671(12).

60101(a)(15) 49 App.:1671(6).

49 App.:2001(9).

60101(a)(16) 49 App.:1671(15).

60101(a)(17) 49 App.:1671(1).

49 App.:2001(1).

60101(a)( (no source).

18), (19)

60101(a)(20) 49 App.:1671(5).

49 App.:2001(8).

60101(a)(21) 49 App.:1671(3). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 2(3), 82 Stat.

720; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 152(b)(1), 93

Stat. 1001.

60101(a)(22) 49 App.:2001(3).

60101(b) 49 App.:1688. Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

21; added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

109(b), 106 Stat. 3295.

49 App.:2016. Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

220; added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

208(b), 106 Stat. 3303.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In this chapter, the words "liquefied natural gas" are

substituted for "LNG" for clarity. The word "authority" is

substituted for "agency" for consistency in the revised title and

with other titles of the United States Code. The words "gas" and

"hazardous liquid" are added where applicable because of the

restatement.

In subsection (a), before clause (1), the text of 49

App.:1671(10) and 2001(11) is omitted because the complete name of

the Secretary of Transportation is used the first time the term

appears in a section. The words "As used" are omitted as surplus.

In clause (1)(A), the words "Federal Energy Regulatory Commission"

and "Commission" are substituted for "Department of Energy" because

under 42:7171(a) and 7172(a)(1) the Commission is statutorily

independent of the Department and has the responsibility for

siting, construction, and operating applications. In clauses (3)

and (5), the words "without limitation, new and existing" are

omitted as surplus. In clause (4)(B), the words "or material" are

omitted as surplus. In clause (6), before subclause (A), the word

"pipeline" is substituted for "transmission" for clarity and

consistency. In clause (8)(A), before subclause (i), the words

"trade, traffic, transportation, exchange, or other" are omitted as

surplus. In subclause (ii), the words "trade, transportation,

exchange, or other" are omitted as surplus. In clause (8)(B), the

word "place" is substituted for "point" for clarity and consistency

in the revised title. In clause (9), before subclause (A), the word

"facility" is substituted for "transportation" for clarity and

consistency. In clause (12), the words "resulting from" and the

text of 49 App.:1671(16)(A)-(D) are omitted as surplus. In clause

(13), the words "(liquefaction or solidification)" and

"(vaporization)" are omitted as surplus. In clauses (14) and (16),

the word "pipeline" is added for clarity. In clause (15), the words

"city, county, or any other" are omitted as surplus. In clause

(17), the words "in addition to its meaning under section 1 of

title 1 (except as to societies)" are substituted for "any

individual, firm, joint venture, partnership, corporation,

association . . . cooperative association, or joint stock

association" to eliminate unnecessary words, for clarity, and for

consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the Code.

Clauses (18) and (19) are added because of the restatement. In

clause (20), the words "of the United States" are substituted for

"of the several" for consistency in the revised title and with

other titles of the Code. In clause (21)(B), the words "outside a

populated area" are substituted for "which lie outside the limits

of any incorporated or unincorporated city, town, village, or any

other designated residential or commercial area such as a

subdivision, a business or shopping center, a community

development, or any similar populated area" to eliminate

unnecessary words. In clause (22)(B)(i), the word "area" is

substituted for "locations" for consistency.

PUB. L. 103-272, SEC. 4(S)

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60101(a)( 49 App.:1671 (note). Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

21), (22) 102-508, Sec. 109(a), 106

Stat. 3294.

49 App.:2001 (note). Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 208(a), 106

Stat. 3303.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Section 4(s) reflects an amendment to the restatement required by

sections 109(a) and 208(a) of the Pipeline Safety Act of 1992

(Public Law 102-508, 106 Stat. 3294, 3303).

-MISC1-

PUB. L. 104-287

This amends 49:60101 for consistency with the style of title 49.

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Natural Gas Act, referred to in subsecs. (a)(1)(A)(ii),

(6)(A)(ii), (9)(A) and (b)(1)(B)(ii), is act June 21, 1938, ch.

556, 52 Stat. 821, as amended, which is classified generally to

chapter 15B (Sec. 717 et seq.) of Title 15, Commerce and Trade. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 717w

of Title 15 and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-287 inserted heading.

Subsec. (a)(1) to (20). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 3(a)(1),

substituted semicolon for period at end of pars. (1) to (20).

Subsec. (a)(21)(B). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 3(a)(2), added subpar.

(B) and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: "does

not include gathering gas in a rural area outside a populated area

designated by the Secretary as a nonrural area;".

Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 3(a)(1), substituted semicolon for period

at end.

Subsec. (a)(22). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 3(a)(1), substituted

semicolon for period at end.

Subsec. (a)(23) to (25). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 3(a)(3), added

pars. (23) to (25).

Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 20(f), substituted

"prescribe standards defining" for "define by regulation".

Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 104-304, Secs. 3(b), 20(f), inserted

", if appropriate," after "Not later than October 24, 1995, the

Secretary" and substituted "prescribe standards defining" for

"define by regulation".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT

Section 4(s) of Pub. L. 103-272 provided that the amendment made

by that section is effective on the date the regulation required

under subsec. (b) of this section is effective.

SHORT TITLE OF 2002 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 1(a), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2985,

provided that: "This Act [enacting sections 60129 to 60133 of this

title, amending sections 6103 to 6105, 6107, 60102, 60104, 60106,

60109, 60110, 60112, 60114 to 60118, 60120, 60122, 60123, 60125,

and 60127 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes

under sections 1135, 60101, 60102, 60108, 60109, 60114, 60122, and

60131 of this title and section 717m of Title 15, Commerce and

Trade] may be cited as the 'Pipeline Safety Improvement Act of

2002'."

SHORT TITLE OF 1996 AMENDMENT

Section 1 of Pub. L. 104-304 provided that: "This Act [enacting

sections 60126 to 60128 of this title, amending this section and

sections 60102, 60105 to 60110, 60113 to 60118, 60123 to 60125 of

this title, and enacting provisions set out as a note under section

60301 of this title] may be cited as the 'Accountable Pipeline

Safety and Partnership Act of 1996'."

PIPELINE INTEGRITY, SAFETY, AND RELIABILITY RESEARCH AND

DEVELOPMENT

Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 12, Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2997, provided

that:

"(a) In General. - The heads of the participating agencies shall

carry out a program of research, development, demonstration, and

standardization to ensure the integrity of pipeline facilities.

"(b) Memorandum of Understanding. -

"(1) In general. - Not later than 120 days after the date of

enactment of this Act [Dec. 17, 2002], the heads of the

participating agencies shall enter into a memorandum of

understanding detailing their respective responsibilities in the

program authorized by subsection (a).

"(2) Areas of expertise. - Under the memorandum of

understanding, each of the participating agencies shall have the

primary responsibility for ensuring that the elements of the

program within its expertise are implemented in accordance with

this section. The Department of Transportation's responsibilities

shall reflect its lead role in pipeline safety and expertise in

pipeline inspection, integrity management, and damage prevention.

The Department of Energy's responsibilities shall reflect its

expertise in system reliability, low-volume gas leak detection,

and surveillance technologies. The National Institute of

Standards and Technology's responsibilities shall reflect its

expertise in materials research and assisting in the development

of consensus technical standards, as that term is used in section

12(d)(4) [probably should be "12(d)(5)"] of Public Law 104-13

[Pub. L. 104-113] (15 U.S.C. 272 note).

"(c) Program Elements. - The program authorized by subsection (a)

shall include research, development, demonstration, and

standardization activities related to -

"(1) materials inspection;

"(2) stress and fracture analysis, detection of cracks,

corrosion, abrasion, and other abnormalities inside pipelines

that lead to pipeline failure, and development of new equipment

or technologies that are inserted into pipelines to detect

anomalies;

"(3) internal inspection and leak detection technologies,

including detection of leaks at very low volumes;

"(4) methods of analyzing content of pipeline throughput;

"(5) pipeline security, including improving the real-time

surveillance of pipeline rights-of-way, developing tools for

evaluating and enhancing pipeline security and infrastructure,

reducing natural, technological, and terrorist threats, and

protecting first response units and persons near an incident;

"(6) risk assessment methodology, including vulnerability

assessment and reduction of third-party damage;

"(7) communication, control, and information systems surety;

"(8) fire safety of pipelines;

"(9) improved excavation, construction, and repair

technologies; and

"(10) other appropriate elements.

"(d) Program Plan. -

"(1) In general. - Not later than 1 year after the date of

enactment of this section [Dec. 17, 2002], the Secretary of

Transportation, in coordination with the Secretary of Energy and

the Director of the National Institute of Standards and

Technology, shall prepare and transmit to Congress a 5-year

program plan to guide activities under this section. Such program

plan shall be submitted to the Technical Pipeline Safety

Standards Committee and the Technical Hazardous Liquid Pipeline

Safety Standards Committee for review, and the report to Congress

shall include the comments of the committees. The 5-year program

plan shall be based on the memorandum of understanding under

subsection (b) and take into account related activities of other

Federal agencies.

"(2) Consultation. - In preparing the program plan and

selecting and prioritizing appropriate project proposals, the

Secretary of Transportation shall consult with or seek the advice

of appropriate representatives of the natural gas, crude oil, and

petroleum product pipeline industries, utilities, manufacturers,

institutions of higher learning, Federal agencies, pipeline

research institutions, national laboratories, State pipeline

safety officials, labor organizations, environmental

organizations, pipeline safety advocates, and professional and

technical societies.

"(e) Reports to Congress. - Not later than 1 year after the date

of enactment of this Act [Dec. 17, 2002], and annually thereafter,

the heads of the participating agencies shall transmit jointly to

Congress a report on the status and results to date of the

implementation of the program plan prepared under subsection (d).

"(f) Authorization of Appropriations. -

"(1) Department of transportation. - There is authorized to be

appropriated to the Secretary of Transportation for carrying out

this section $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2003

through 2006.

"(2) Department of energy. - There is authorized to be

appropriated to the Secretary of Energy for carrying out this

section $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2003 through

2006.

"(3) National institute of standards and technology. - There is

authorized to be appropriated to the Director of the National

Institute of Standards and Technology for carrying out this

section $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2003 through

2006.

"(4) General revenue funding. - Any sums appropriated under

this subsection shall be derived from general revenues and may

not be derived from amounts collected under section 60301 of

title 49, United States Code.

"(g) Pipeline Integrity Program. - Of the amounts available in

the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund established by section 9509 of

the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 9509), $3,000,000

shall be transferred to the Secretary of Transportation, as

provided in appropriation Acts, to carry out programs for

detection, prevention, and mitigation of oil spills for each of the

fiscal years 2003 through 2006.

"(h) Participating Agencies Defined. - In this section, the term

'participating agencies' means the Department of Transportation,

the Department of Energy, and the National Institute of Standards

and Technology."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 60102 of this title; title

18 section 1366; title 33 section 1232a; title 42 sections 9601,

9607.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60102 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60102. Purpose and general authority

-STATUTE-

(a) Purpose and Minimum Safety Standards. -

(1) Purpose. - The purpose of this chapter is to provide

adequate protection against risks to life and property posed by

pipeline transportation and pipeline facilities by improving the

regulatory and enforcement authority of the Secretary of

Transportation.

(2) Minimum safety standards. - The Secretary shall prescribe

minimum safety standards for pipeline transportation and for

pipeline facilities. The standards -

(A) apply to owners and operators of pipeline facilities;

(B) may apply to the design, installation, inspection,

emergency plans and procedures, testing, construction,

extension, operation, replacement, and maintenance of pipeline

facilities; and

(C) shall include a requirement that all individuals who

operate and maintain pipeline facilities shall be qualified to

operate and maintain the pipeline facilities.

(3) Qualifications of pipeline operators. - The qualifications

applicable to an individual who operates and maintains a pipeline

facility shall address the ability to recognize and react

appropriately to abnormal operating conditions that may indicate

a dangerous situation or a condition exceeding design limits. The

operator of a pipeline facility shall ensure that employees who

operate and maintain the facility are qualified to operate and

maintain the pipeline facilities.

(b) Practicability and Safety Needs Standards. -

(1) In general. - A standard prescribed under subsection (a)

shall be -

(A) practicable; and

(B) designed to meet the need for -

(i) gas pipeline safety, or safely transporting hazardous

liquids, as appropriate; and

(ii) protecting the environment.

(2) Factors for consideration. - When prescribing any standard

under this section or section 60101(b), 60103, 60108, 60109,

60110, or 60113, the Secretary shall consider -

(A) relevant available -

(i) gas pipeline safety information;

(ii) hazardous liquid pipeline safety information; and

(iii) environmental information;

(B) the appropriateness of the standard for the particular

type of pipeline transportation or facility;

(C) the reasonableness of the standard;

(D) based on a risk assessment, the reasonably identifiable

or estimated benefits expected to result from implementation or

compliance with the standard;

(E) based on a risk assessment, the reasonably identifiable

or estimated costs expected to result from implementation or

compliance with the standard;

(F) comments and information received from the public; and

(G) the comments and recommendations of the Technical

Pipeline Safety Standards Committee, the Technical Hazardous

Liquid Pipeline Safety Standards Committee, or both, as

appropriate.

(3) Risk assessment. - In conducting a risk assessment referred

to in subparagraphs (D) and (E) of paragraph (2), the Secretary

shall -

(A) identify the regulatory and nonregulatory options that

the Secretary considered in prescribing a proposed standard;

(B) identify the costs and benefits associated with the

proposed standard;

(C) include -

(i) an explanation of the reasons for the selection of the

proposed standard in lieu of the other options identified;

and

(ii) with respect to each of those other options, a brief

explanation of the reasons that the Secretary did not select

the option; and

(D) identify technical data or other information upon which

the risk assessment information and proposed standard is based.

(4) Review. -

(A) In general. - The Secretary shall -

(i) submit any risk assessment information prepared under

paragraph (3) of this subsection to the Technical Pipeline

Safety Standards Committee, the Technical Hazardous Liquid

Pipeline Safety Standards Committee, or both, as appropriate;

and

(ii) make that risk assessment information available to the

general public.

(B) Peer review panels. - The committees referred to in

subparagraph (A) shall serve as peer review panels to review

risk assessment information prepared under this section. Not

later than 90 days after receiving risk assessment information

for review pursuant to subparagraph (A), each committee that

receives that risk assessment information shall prepare and

submit to the Secretary a report that includes -

(i) an evaluation of the merit of the data and methods

used; and

(ii) any recommended options relating to that risk

assessment information and the associated standard that the

committee determines to be appropriate.

(C) Review by secretary. - Not later than 90 days after

receiving a report submitted by a committee under subparagraph

(B), the Secretary -

(i) shall review the report;

(ii) shall provide a written response to the committee that

is the author of the report concerning all significant peer

review comments and recommended alternatives contained in the

report; and

(iii) may revise the risk assessment and the proposed

standard before promulgating the final standard.

(5) Secretarial decisionmaking. - Except where otherwise

required by statute, the Secretary shall propose or issue a

standard under this Chapter (!1) only upon a reasoned

determination that the benefits of the intended standard justify

its costs.

(6) Exceptions from application. - The requirements of

subparagraphs (D) and (E) of paragraph (2) do not apply when -

(A) the standard is the product of a negotiated rulemaking,

or other rulemaking including the adoption of industry

standards that receives no significant adverse comment within

60 days of notice in the Federal Register;

(B) based on a recommendation (in which three-fourths of the

members voting concur) by the Technical Pipeline Safety

Standards Committee, the Technical Hazardous Liquid Pipeline

Safety Standards Committee, or both, as applicable, the

Secretary waives the requirements; or

(C) the Secretary finds, pursuant to section 553(b)(3)(B) of

title 5, United States Code, that notice and public procedure

are not required.

(7) Report. - Not later than March 31, 2000, the Secretary

shall transmit to the Congress a report that -

(A) describes the implementation of the risk assessment

requirements of this section, including the extent to which

those requirements have affected regulatory decisionmaking and

pipeline safety; and

(B) includes any recommendations that the Secretary

determines would make the risk assessment process conducted

pursuant to the requirements under this chapter a more

effective means of assessing the benefits and costs associated

with alternative regulatory and nonregulatory options in

prescribing standards under the Federal pipeline safety

regulatory program under this chapter.

(c) Public Safety Program Requirements. - (1) The Secretary shall

include in the standards prescribed under subsection (a) of this

section a requirement that an operator of a gas pipeline facility

participate in a public safety program that -

(A) notifies an operator of proposed demolition, excavation,

tunneling, or construction near or affecting the facility;

(B) requires an operator to identify a pipeline facility that

may be affected by the proposed demolition, excavation,

tunneling, or construction, to prevent damaging the facility; and

(C) the Secretary decides will protect a facility adequately

against a hazard caused by demolition, excavation, tunneling, or

construction.

(2) To the extent a public safety program referred to in

paragraph (1) of this subsection is not available, the Secretary

shall prescribe standards requiring an operator to take action the

Secretary prescribes to provide services comparable to services

that would be available under a public safety program.

(3) The Secretary may include in the standards prescribed under

subsection (a) of this section a requirement that an operator of a

hazardous liquid pipeline facility participate in a public safety

program meeting the requirements of paragraph (1) of this

subsection or maintain and carry out a damage prevention program

that provides services comparable to services that would be

available under a public safety program.

(4) Promoting public awareness. -

(A) Not later than one year after the date of enactment of the

Accountable Pipeline Safety and Accountability Act of 1996,(!2)

and annually thereafter, the owner or operator of each interstate

gas pipeline facility shall provide to the governing body of each

municipality in which the interstate gas pipeline facility is

located, a map identifying the location of such facility.

(B)(i) Not later than June 1, 1998, the Secretary shall survey

and assess the public education programs under section 60116 and

the public safety programs under section 60102(c) and determine

their effectiveness and applicability as components of a model

program. In particular, the survey shall include the methods by

which operators notify residents of the location of the facility

and its right of way, public information regarding existing

One-Call programs, and appropriate procedures to be followed by

residents of affected municipalities in the event of accidents

involving interstate gas pipeline facilities.

(ii) Not later than one year after the survey and assessment

are completed, the Secretary shall institute a rulemaking to

determine the most effective public safety and education program

components and promulgate if appropriate, standards implementing

those components on a nationwide basis. In the event that the

Secretary finds that promulgation of such standards are not

appropriate, the Secretary shall report to Congress the reasons

for that finding.

(d) Facility Operation Information Standards. - The Secretary

shall prescribe minimum standards requiring an operator of a

pipeline facility subject to this chapter to maintain, to the

extent practicable, information related to operating the facility

as required by the standards prescribed under this chapter and,

when requested, to make the information available to the Secretary

and an appropriate State official as determined by the Secretary.

The information shall include -

(1) the business name, address, and telephone number, including

an operations emergency telephone number, of the operator;

(2) accurate maps and a supplementary geographic description,

including an identification of areas described in regulations

prescribed under section 60109 of this title, that show the

location in the State of -

(A) major gas pipeline facilities of the operator, including

transmission lines and significant distribution lines; and

(B) major hazardous liquid pipeline facilities of the

operator;

(3) a description of -

(A) the characteristics of the operator's pipelines in the

State; and

(B) products transported through the operator's pipelines in

the State;

(4) the manual that governs operating and maintaining pipeline

facilities in the State;

(5) an emergency response plan describing the operator's

procedures for responding to and containing releases, including -

(A) identifying specific action the operator will take on

discovering a release;

(B) liaison procedures with State and local authorities for

emergency response; and

(C) communication and alert procedures for immediately

notifying State and local officials at the time of a release;

and

(6) other information the Secretary considers useful to inform

a State of the presence of pipeline facilities and operations in

the State.

(e) Pipe Inventory Standards. - The Secretary shall prescribe

minimum standards requiring an operator of a pipeline facility

subject to this chapter to maintain for the Secretary, to the

extent practicable, an inventory with appropriate information about

the types of pipe used for the transportation of gas or hazardous

liquid, as appropriate, in the operator's system and additional

information, including the material's history and the leak history

of the pipe. The inventory -

(1) for a gas pipeline facility, shall include an

identification of each facility passing through an area described

in regulations prescribed under section 60109 of this title but

shall exclude equipment used with the compression of gas; and

(2) for a hazardous liquid pipeline facility, shall include an

identification of each facility and gathering line passing

through an area described in regulations prescribed under section

60109 of this title, whether the facility or gathering line

otherwise is subject to this chapter, but shall exclude equipment

associated only with the pipeline pumps or storage facilities.

(f) Standards as Accommodating "Smart Pigs". -

(1) Minimum safety standards. - The Secretary shall prescribe

minimum safety standards requiring that -

(A) the design and construction of new natural gas

transmission pipeline or hazardous liquid pipeline facilities,

and

(B) when the replacement of existing natural gas transmission

pipeline or hazardous liquid pipeline facilities or equipment

is required, the replacement of such existing facilities be

carried out, to the extent practicable, in a manner so as to

accommodate the passage through such natural gas transmission

pipeline or hazardous liquid pipeline facilities of

instrumented internal inspection devices (commonly referred to

as "smart pigs"). The Secretary may extend such standards to

require existing natural gas transmission pipeline or hazardous

liquid pipeline facilities, whose basic construction would

accommodate an instrumented internal inspection device to be

modified to permit the inspection of such facilities with

instrumented internal inspection devices.

(2) Periodic inspections. - Not later than October 24, 1995,

the Secretary shall prescribe, if necessary, additional standards

requiring the periodic inspection of each pipeline the operator

of the pipeline identifies under section 60109 of this title. The

standards shall include any circumstances under which an

inspection shall be conducted with an instrumented internal

inspection device and, if the device is not required, use of an

inspection method that is at least as effective as using the

device in providing for the safety of the pipeline.

(g) Effective Dates. - A standard prescribed under this section

and section 60110 of this title is effective on the 30th day after

the Secretary prescribes the standard. However, the Secretary for

good cause may prescribe a different effective date when required

because of the time reasonably necessary to comply with the

standard. The different date must be specified in the regulation

prescribing the standard.

(h) Safety Condition Reports. - (1) The Secretary shall prescribe

regulations requiring each operator of a pipeline facility (except

a master meter) to submit to the Secretary a written report on any

-

(A) condition that is a hazard to life, property, or the

environment; and

(B) safety-related condition that causes or has caused a

significant change or restriction in the operation of a pipeline

facility.

(2) The Secretary must receive the report not later than 5

working days after a representative of a person to which this

section applies first establishes that the condition exists. Notice

of the condition shall be given concurrently to appropriate State

authorities.

(i) Carbon Dioxide Regulation. - The Secretary shall regulate

carbon dioxide transported by a hazardous liquid pipeline facility.

The Secretary shall prescribe standards related to hazardous liquid

to ensure the safe transportation of carbon dioxide by such a

facility.

(j) Emergency Flow Restricting Devices. - (1) Not later than

October 24, 1994, the Secretary shall survey and assess the

effectiveness of emergency flow restricting devices (including

remotely controlled valves and check valves) and other procedures,

systems, and equipment used to detect and locate hazardous liquid

pipeline ruptures and minimize product releases from hazardous

liquid pipeline facilities.

(2) Not later than 2 years after the survey and assessment are

completed, the Secretary shall prescribe standards on the

circumstances under which an operator of a hazardous liquid

pipeline facility must use an emergency flow restricting device or

other procedure, system, or equipment described in paragraph (1) of

this subsection on the facility.

(3) Remotely controlled valves. - (A) Not later than June 1,

1998, the Secretary shall survey and assess the effectiveness of

remotely controlled valves to shut off the flow of natural gas in

the event of a rupture of an interstate natural gas pipeline

facility and shall make a determination about whether the use of

remotely controlled valves is technically and economically feasible

and would reduce risks associated with a rupture of an interstate

natural gas pipeline facility.

(B) Not later than one year after the survey and assessment are

completed, if the Secretary has determined that the use of remotely

controlled valves is technically and economically feasible and

would reduce risks associated with a rupture of an interstate

natural gas pipeline facility, the Secretary shall prescribe

standards under which an operator of an interstate natural gas

pipeline facility must use a remotely controlled valve. These

standards shall include, but not be limited to, requirements for

high-density population areas.

(k) Prohibition Against Low Internal Stress Exception. - The

Secretary may not provide an exception to this chapter for a

hazardous liquid pipeline facility only because the facility

operates at low internal stress.

(l) Updating Standards. - The Secretary shall, to the extent

appropriate and practicable, update incorporated industry standards

that have been adopted as part of the Federal pipeline safety

regulatory program under this chapter.

(m) Inspections by Direct Assessment. - Not later than 1 year

after the date of the enactment of this subsection, the Secretary

shall issue regulations prescribing standards for inspection of a

pipeline facility by direct assessment.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1304; Pub. L.

104-304, Secs. 4, 20(g), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3794, 3805; Pub.

L. 107-355, Secs. 20(a)(1), (2)(A), 23, Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat.

3009, 3011.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60102(a)(1) 49 App.:1672(a)(1) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st, 2d sentences). 90-481, Sec. 3(a)(1) (1st,

2d, 7th, 8th sentences), 82

Stat. 721; Oct. 11, 1976,

Pub. L. 94-477, Sec. 4(1),

90 Stat. 2073; Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

101(a), 109(c)-(e), 93 Stat.

990, 996; Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

101(a)(1), (2), 106 Stat.

3290.

49 App.:1672(a)(1) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(3d sentence). 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

3(a)(1) (3d sentence); added

Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.

100-561, Sec. 101, 102 Stat.

2806; Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 106(1), 102

Stat. 3293.

49 App.:2002(a)(1) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st, 2d sentences). 96-129, 203(a)(1), 93 Stat.

1004; Oct. 22, 1986, Pub. L.

99-516, Sec. 3(b)(1)(A), 100

Stat. 2966; Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

201(a)(1), 106 Stat. 3299.

49 App.:2002(c) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st sentence). 96-129, Sec. 203(c) (1st

sentence), (e), (f), 93

Stat. 1004.

49 App.:2002(c) (2d Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

sentence). 96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

203(c) (2d sentence); added

Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.

100-561, Sec. 201, 102 Stat.

2809; Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 205(1), 106

Stat. 3302.

60102(a)(2) 49 App.:1672(a)(1) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(4th, 5th 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

sentences). 3(a)(1) (4th, 5th

sentences); added Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

106(2), 102 Stat. 3293.

49 App.:2002(c) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(3d, 4th sentences). 96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

203(c) (3d, 4th sentences);

added Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 205(2), 106

Stat. 3302.

60102(b) 49 App.:1672(a)(1)

(7th, 8th

sentences).

49 App.:2002(a)(1)

(last sentence).

49 App.:2002(b) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st sentence). 96-129, Sec. 203(b) (1st

sentence), 93 Stat. 1004;

Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 201(a)(3), 106

Stat. 3300.

60102(c)( 49 App.:1672(a)(2). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

1), (2) 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

3(a)(2); added Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

101(a), 109(c), 93 Stat.

990, 996.

60102(c)(3) 49 App.:2002(e).

60102(d) 49 App.:1672(e). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

3(e); added Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec. 102,

102 Stat. 2806; Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

102(b), 106 Stat. 3291.

49 App.:2002(i). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

203(i); added Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec. 202,

102 Stat. 2810; Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

202(b), 106 Stat. 3301.

60102(e) 49 App.:1672(f). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

3(f); added Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec. 102,

102 Stat. 2806; Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

102(a)(1), 106 Stat. 3290.

49 App.:2002(j). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

203(j); added Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec. 202,

102 Stat. 2810; Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

202(a)(1), 106 Stat. 3300.

60102(f) 49 App.:1672(g). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

3(g); added Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

108(b), 102 Stat. 2808; Oct.

24, 1992, Pub. L. 102-508,

Sec. 103, 106 Stat. 3291.

49 App.:2002(k). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

203(k); added Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

207(b), 102 Stat. 2812; Oct.

24, 1992, Pub. L. 102-508,

Sec. 203, 106 Stat. 3301.

60102(g) 49 App.:1672(b). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 3(b), 82 Stat.

721; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 109(c), (f), 93

Stat. 996.

49 App.:2002(f).

60102(h) 49 App.:1672(a)(3). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

3(a)(3); added Oct. 22,

1986, Pub. L. 99-516, Sec.

3(a)(1), 100 Stat. 2965;

Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 101(a)(3), 106

Stat. 3290.

49 App.:2002(a)(2). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

203(a)(2); added Oct. 22,

1986, Pub. L. 99-516, Sec.

3(b)(1)(B), 100 Stat. 2966;

Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 201(a)(2), 106

Stat. 3300.

60102(i) 49 App.:2015. Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

219; added Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

211(a), 102 Stat. 2813.

49 App.:2015 (note). Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.

100-561, Sec. 211(c), 102

Stat. 2813.

60102(j) 49 App.:2002(n). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

203(n); added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec. 212,

106 Stat. 3304.

60102(k) 49 App.:2002(b) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(last sentence). 96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

203(b) (last sentence);

added Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 206, 106 Stat.

3302.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In this section, the word "Federal" is omitted as surplus.

In subsection (a)(1), before clause (A), the word "prescribe" is

substituted for "by regulation, establish" for consistency in the

revised title and with other titles of the United States Code.

Standards are made applicable to transporters of gas and to owners

and operators of gas pipeline facilities because of 49

App.:1677(a)(1), restated in section 60118 of the revised title.

In subsection (b), before clause (1), the words "Except as

provided in section 60103 of this title" are added for clarity. In

clause (3), the word "proposed" is omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c)(1), before clause (A), the words "Not later

than 12 months after November 30, 1979" are omitted as executed.

The word "gas" is added because of the restatement. In clause (B),

the word "specific" is omitted as surplus. In clause (C), the words

"will protect" are substituted for "is being carried out in a

manner . . . to assure protection" to eliminate unnecessary words.

In subsection (c)(2) and (3), the words "to the public with

respect to that operator's pipeline facilities which are" are

omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c)(2), the word "prescribe" is substituted for

"provide" for consistency in the revised title and with other

titles of the Code.

In subsection (c)(3), the words "participate in a public safety

program meeting the requirements of paragraph (1) of this

subsection" are substituted for 49 App.:2002(e)(1) to eliminate

unnecessary words.

In subsection (d), before clause (1), the words "Not later than 1

year after October 31, 1988" are omitted as obsolete. The word

"prescribe" is substituted for "establish by regulation" for

consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the Code.

The word "maintain" is substituted for "provide, and revise as

necessary" and "completed and maintained" to eliminate unnecessary

words. The words "as the case may be" are omitted as surplus. In

clause (2), before subclause (A), the words "map or" and

"appropriate" are omitted as surplus. In clause (5)(B), the word

"government" is omitted as surplus and for consistency in this

chapter. In clause (6), the words "and necessary" are omitted as

surplus.

In subsections (e) and (f), the word "prescribe" is substituted

for "by regulation, establish" for consistency in the revised title

and with other titles of the Code.

In subsection (e), before clause (1), the words "not later than 1

year after October 31, 1988" are omitted as obsolete. The words

"complete and" and "and to revise as appropriate thereafter" are

omitted as surplus.

In subsections (e)(2) and (k), the words "regulation under" are

omitted as surplus.

In subsection (g), the words "and amendments thereto" and

"recited" are omitted as surplus. The word "different" is

substituted for "earlier or later" to eliminate unnecessary words.

The words "or amending" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (h)(1), before clause (A), the words "Not later

than 12 months after October 22, 1986" are omitted as obsolete.

In subsection (i), the words "In addition to hazardous liquids",

"under this chapter", and "as necessary and appropriate" are

omitted as surplus.

In subsection (k), the words "In exercising any discretion under

this chapter" are omitted as surplus. The word "because" is

substituted for "on the basis of the fact that" to eliminate

unnecessary words.

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The date of the enactment of this subsection, referred to in

subsec. (m), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 107-355, which was

approved Dec. 17, 2002.

The date of enactment of the Accountable Pipeline Safety and

Accountability Act of 1996, referred to in subsec. (c)(4)(A),

probably means the date of enactment of the Accountable Pipeline

Safety and Partnership Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104-304, which amended

this section and was approved Oct. 12, 1996.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 20(a)(2)(A), substituted "Purpose

and general authority" for "General authority" in section

catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 20(a)(1), inserted subsec.

heading, added par. (1), redesignated former par. (1) as (2),

realigned margins, and substituted "Minimum safety standards" for

"Minimum Safety Standards" in heading and "The Secretary" for "The

Secretary of Transportation" in introductory provisions, and

redesignated former par. (2) as (3) and inserted heading.

Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 23, added subsec. (m).

1996 - Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 4(a)(1), struck

out "transporters of gas and hazardous liquid and to" after "apply

to".

Subsec. (a)(1)(C). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 4(a)(2), added subpar.

(C) and struck out former subpar. (C) which read as follows: "shall

include a requirement that all individuals responsible for the

operation and maintenance of pipeline facilities be tested for

qualifications and certified to operate and maintain those

facilities."

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 4(a)(3), added par. (2) and

struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "As the Secretary

considers appropriate, the operator of a pipeline facility may make

the certification under paragraph (1)(C) of this subsection.

Testing and certification under paragraph (1)(C) shall address the

ability to recognize and react appropriately to abnormal operating

conditions that may indicate a dangerous situation or a condition

exceeding design limits."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 4(b), reenacted heading

without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text

read as follows: "A standard prescribed under subsection (a) of

this section shall be practicable and designed to meet the need for

gas pipeline safety, for safely transporting hazardous liquid, and

for protecting the environment. Except as provided in section 60103

of this title, when prescribing the standard the Secretary shall

consider -

"(1) relevant available -

"(A) gas pipeline safety information; or

"(B) hazardous liquid pipeline information;

"(2) the appropriateness of the standard for the particular

type of pipeline transportation or facility;

"(3) the reasonableness of the standard; and

"(4) the extent to which the standard will contribute to public

safety and the protection of the environment."

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 4(g), added par. (4).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 4(c), inserted "as required by

the standards prescribed under this chapter" after "operating the

facility", substituted "to make the information available" for "to

provide the information", and inserted "as determined by the

Secretary" after "to the Secretary and an appropriate State

official".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 4(d)(2), substituted

"transportation" for "transmission" in introductory provisions.

Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 4(d)(1), in introductory provisions,

directed striking out "and, to the extent the Secretary considers

necessary, an operator of a gathering line that is not a regulated

gather line (as defined under section 60101(b)(2) of this title),"

after "subject to this chapter", which was executed by striking out

text which read in part "regulated gathering line" instead of

"regulated gather line", to reflect the probable intent of

Congress.

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 4(e)(1), added heading and

text of par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which read as

follows: "The Secretary shall prescribe minimum safety standards

requiring that the design and construction of a new gas pipeline

transmission facility or hazardous liquid pipeline facility, and

the required replacement of an existing gas pipeline transmission

facility, hazardous liquid pipeline facility, or equipment, be

carried out, to the extent practicable, in a way that accommodates

the passage through the facility of an instrumented internal

inspection device (commonly referred to as a 'smart pig'). The

Secretary may apply the standard to an existing gas or hazardous

liquid transmission facility and require the facility to be changed

to allow the facility to be inspected with an instrumented internal

inspection device if the basic construction of the facility will

accommodate the device."

Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 104-304, Secs. 4(e)(2), 20(g), inserted

heading, realigned margins, inserted ", if necessary, additional"

after "the Secretary shall prescribe", and substituted "standards"

for "regulations" in two places.

Subsecs. (i), (j)(2). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 20(g), substituted

"standards" for "regulations".

Subsec. (j)(3). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 4(h), added par. (3).

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 4(f), added subsec. (l).

STATE PIPELINE SAFETY ADVISORY COMMITTEES

Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 24, Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 3011, provided

that: "Within 90 days after receiving recommendations for

improvements to pipeline safety from an advisory committee

appointed by the Governor of any State, the Secretary of

Transportation shall respond in writing to the committee setting

forth what action, if any, the Secretary will take on those

recommendations and the Secretary's reasons for acting or not

acting upon any of the recommendations."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60103, 60108, 60109,

60112 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should not be capitalized.

(!2) See References in Text note below.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60103 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60103. Standards for liquefied natural gas pipeline facilities

-STATUTE-

(a) Location Standards. - The Secretary of Transportation shall

prescribe minimum safety standards for deciding on the location of

a new liquefied natural gas pipeline facility. In prescribing a

standard, the Secretary shall consider the -

(1) kind and use of the facility;

(2) existing and projected population and demographic

characteristics of the location;

(3) existing and proposed land use near the location;

(4) natural physical aspects of the location;

(5) medical, law enforcement, and fire prevention capabilities

near the location that can cope with a risk caused by the

facility; and

(6) need to encourage remote siting.

(b) Design, Installation, Construction, Inspection, and Testing

Standards. - The Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe

minimum safety standards for designing, installing, constructing,

initially inspecting, and initially testing a new liquefied natural

gas pipeline facility. When prescribing a standard, the Secretary

shall consider -

(1) the characteristics of material to be used in constructing

the facility and of alternative material;

(2) design factors;

(3) the characteristics of the liquefied natural gas to be

stored or converted at, or transported by, the facility; and

(4) the public safety factors of the design and of alternative

designs, particularly the ability to prevent and contain a

liquefied natural gas spill.

(c) Nonapplication. - (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of

this subsection, a design, location, installation, construction,

initial inspection, or initial testing standard prescribed under

this chapter after March 1, 1978, does not apply to an existing

liquefied natural gas pipeline facility if the standard is to be

applied because of authority given -

(A) under this chapter; or

(B) under another law, and the standard is not prescribed at

the time the authority is applied.

(2)(A) Any design, installation, construction, initial

inspection, or initial testing standard prescribed under this

chapter after March 1, 1978, may provide that the standard applies

to any part of a replacement component of a liquefied natural gas

pipeline facility if the component or part is placed in service

after the standard is prescribed and application of the standard -

(i) does not make the component or part incompatible with other

components or parts; or

(ii) is not impracticable otherwise.

(B) Any location standard prescribed under this chapter after

March 1, 1978, does not apply to any part of a replacement

component of an existing liquefied natural gas pipeline facility.

(3) A design, installation, construction, initial inspection, or

initial testing standard does not apply to a liquefied natural gas

pipeline facility existing when the standard is adopted.

(d) Operation and Maintenance Standards. - The Secretary of

Transportation shall prescribe minimum operating and maintenance

standards for a liquefied natural gas pipeline facility. In

prescribing a standard, the Secretary shall consider -

(1) the conditions, features, and type of equipment and

structures that make up or are used in connection with the

facility;

(2) the fire prevention and containment equipment at the

facility;

(3) security measures to prevent an intentional act that could

cause a liquefied natural gas accident;

(4) maintenance procedures and equipment;

(5) the training of personnel in matters specified by this

subsection; and

(6) other factors and conditions related to the safe handling

of liquefied natural gas.

(e) Effective Dates. - A standard prescribed under this section

is effective on the 30th day after the Secretary of Transportation

prescribes the standard. However, the Secretary for good cause may

prescribe a different effective date when required because of the

time reasonably necessary to comply with the standard. The

different date must be specified in the regulation prescribing the

standard.

(f) Contingency Plans. - A new liquefied natural gas pipeline

facility may be operated only after the operator submits an

adequate contingency plan that states the action to be taken if a

liquefied natural gas accident occurs. The Secretary of Energy or

appropriate State or local authority shall decide if the plan is

adequate.

(g) Effect on Other Standards. - This section does not preclude

applying a standard prescribed under section 60102 of this title to

a gas pipeline facility (except a liquefied natural gas pipeline

facility) associated with a liquefied natural gas pipeline

facility.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1307.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60103(a) 49 App.:1674a(a) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1)(A), (d)(1), (e). 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

6; added Nov. 30, 1979, Pub.

L. 96-129, Sec. 152(a), 93

Stat. 999.

60103(b) 49 App.:1674a(a)

(1)(B), (2),

(d)(2), (e).

60103(c)( 49 App.:1674a(c)(1).

1), (2)

60103(c)(3) 49 App.:1674a(c)(3).

60103(d) 49 App.:1674a(b),

(d)(3), (e).

60103(e) 49 App.:1674a(f).

60103(f) 49 App.:1674a(a)(3).

60103(g) 49 App.:1674a(c)(2).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsections (a), (b), and (d), the words "general safety" are

omitted as surplus. The text of 49 App.:1674a(e) is omitted for

consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the

United States Code.

In subsections (a) and (b), before each clause (1), the words

"Not later than 180 days after November 30, 1979" are omitted as

executed. The word "prescribe" is substituted for "establish by

regulation" for consistency in the revised title and with other

titles of the Code.

In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words "with respect to

standards relating to the location of any new LNG facility" are

omitted because of the restatement. In clause (2), the word

"involved" is omitted as surplus. In clause (4), the words

"meteorological, geological, topographical, seismic, and other" are

omitted as surplus. In clause (5), the word "existing" is omitted

as surplus.

In subsection (b), before clause (1), the text of 49

App.:1674a(a)(2) (1st sentence) is omitted as executed. The text of

49 App.:1674a(a)(2) (last sentence) is omitted as surplus. The

words "with respect to standards applicable to the design,

installation, construction, initial inspection, and initial testing

of any new LNG facility" are omitted because of the restatement. In

clause (1), the words "thermal resistance and other" are omitted as

surplus. In clause (2), the words "(such as multiple diking,

insulated concrete, and vapor containment barriers)" are omitted as

surplus. In clause (3), the words "(for example, whether it is to

be in a liquid or semisolid state)" are omitted as surplus. In

clause (4), the words "under such a design" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c)(1) and (2), the word "prescribed" is

substituted for "issued" for consistency in the revised title and

with other titles of the Code.

In subsection (c)(1), before clause (A), the words "if the

standard is to be applied" are added for clarity. The word "either"

is omitted as surplus. In clause (B), the word "Federal" is omitted

as surplus. The words "the authority is applied" are substituted

for "such authority was exercised" for clarity.

In subsection (c)(2)(A), before clause (i), the words "design,

installation, construction, initial inspection, or initial testing

standard prescribed under this chapter after March 1, 1978" are

substituted for "Any such standard (other than one affecting

location)" for clarity. In clause (i), the words "of the facility

involved" are omitted as surplus. In clause (ii), the word

"otherwise" is omitted as surplus.

In subsection (d), before clause (1), the words "Not later than

270 days after November 30, 1979" are omitted as executed. The

words "with respect to standards for the operation and maintance

[sic] of any LNG facility" are omitted because of the restatement.

In clause (3), the words "to be used with respect to the operation

of such facility" and "sabotage or other" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (e), the text of 49 App.:1674a(f) (related to 49

App.:1672(a)(1) (8th, last sentences), (c), and (d)) is omitted as

surplus because those provisions apply to all standards prescribed

under the Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act of 1968 (Public Law

90-481, 82 Stat. 720).

In subsection (f), the words "Secretary of Energy" are

substituted for "Department of Energy" because of 42:7131. The

words "or local" are added for clarity. The words "in the case of

any facility not subject to the jurisdiction of the Department

under the Natural Gas Act" are omitted as surplus.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60102, 60122 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60104 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60104. Requirements and limitations

-STATUTE-

(a) Opportunity To Present Views. - The Secretary of

Transportation shall give an interested person an opportunity to

make oral and written presentations of information, views, and

arguments when prescribing a standard under this chapter.

(b) Nonapplication. - A design, installation, construction,

initial inspection, or initial testing standard does not apply to a

pipeline facility existing when the standard is adopted.

(c) Preemption. - A State authority that has submitted a current

certification under section 60105(a) of this title may adopt

additional or more stringent safety standards for intrastate

pipeline facilities and intrastate pipeline transportation only if

those standards are compatible with the minimum standards

prescribed under this chapter. A State authority may not adopt or

continue in force safety standards for interstate pipeline

facilities or interstate pipeline transportation. Notwithstanding

the preceding sentence, a State authority may enforce a requirement

of a one-call notification program of the State if the program

meets the requirements for one-call notification programs under

this chapter or chapter 61.

(d) Consultation. - (1) When continuity of gas service is

affected by prescribing a standard or waiving compliance with

standards under this chapter, the Secretary of Transportation shall

consult with and advise the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission or

a State authority having jurisdiction over the affected gas

pipeline facility before prescribing the standard or waiving

compliance. The Secretary shall delay the effective date of the

standard or waiver until the Commission or State authority has a

reasonable opportunity to grant an authorization it considers

necessary.

(2) In a proceeding under section 3 or 7 of the Natural Gas Act

(15 U.S.C. 717b or 717f), each applicant for authority to import

natural gas or to establish, construct, operate, or extend a gas

pipeline facility subject to an applicable safety standard shall

certify that it will design, install, inspect, test, construct,

operate, replace, and maintain a gas pipeline facility under those

standards and plans for inspection and maintenance under section

60108 of this title. The certification is binding on the Secretary

of Energy and the Commission except when an appropriate enforcement

agency has given timely written notice to the Commission that the

applicant has violated a standard prescribed under this chapter.

(e) Location and Routing of Facilities. - This chapter does not

authorize the Secretary of Transportation to prescribe the location

or routing of a pipeline facility.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1308; Pub. L.

107-355, Sec. 3(a), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2986.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60104(a) 49 App.:1672(c). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 3(c), 82 Stat.

721; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 104(a)(2),

(c), 109(c), 93 Stat. 992,

994, 996.

49 App.:2002(g). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 202(4)

(28th-last words), 203(c)

(last sentence), (g), 93

Stat. 1003, 1004, 1005.

60104(b) 49 App.:1672(a)(1) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(6th sentence). 90-481, Sec. 3(a)(1) (6th,

9th, last sentences), 82

Stat. 721; Oct. 11, 1976,

Pub. L. 94-477, Sec. 4(2),

90 Stat. 2073; Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

101(a), 109(c), (e), 93

Stat. 990, 996; Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

116, 106 Stat. 3298.

49 App.:2002(c)

(last sentence).

60104(c) 49 App.:1672(a)(1)

(9th, last

sentences).

49 App.:2002(d). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 203(d), 93

Stat. 1004; Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec. 215,

106 Stat. 3305.

60104(d) 49 App.:1676(a). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 9(a), 82 Stat.

725; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 109(i),

152(a), (b)(3), 93 Stat.

997, 999, 1001; Oct. 30,

1988, Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

105(1), 102 Stat. 2807.

60104(e) 49 App.:1671(4) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(33d-last words). 90-481, Sec. 2(4) (33d-last

words), 82 Stat. 720.

49 App.:2001(4)

(28th-last words).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Subsection (a) is substituted for 49 App.:1672(c) (last sentence)

and 2002(g) (last sentence) to eliminate unnecessary words. The

text of 49 App.:1672(c) (1st sentence) and 2002(g) (1st sentence)

is omitted as unnecessary because 5:ch. 5, subch. II applies unless

otherwise stated.

In subsection (c), the words "prescribed under this chapter" are

added for clarity. The words "after the Federal minimum standards

become effective" in 49 App.:1672(a) (last sentence) are omitted as

obsolete.

In subsection (d)(1), the words "waiving compliance" are

substituted for "action upon application for waiver" and "acting on

the waiver application" to eliminate unnecessary words. The words

"the provisions of" are omitted as surplus. The word "authority" is

substituted for "commission" for consistency in the revised title

and with other titles of the Code.

In subsection (d)(2), the words "and conclusive" are omitted as

being included in "binding". The words "Secretary of Energy" are

substituted for "Department of Energy" because of 42:7231.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107-355 inserted at end

"Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, a State authority may

enforce a requirement of a one-call notification program of the

State if the program meets the requirements for one-call

notification programs under this chapter or chapter 61."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60106, 60109 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60105 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60105. State pipeline safety program certifications

-STATUTE-

(a) General Requirements and Submission. - Except as provided in

this section and sections 60114 and 60121 of this title, the

Secretary of Transportation may not prescribe or enforce safety

standards and practices for an intrastate pipeline facility or

intrastate pipeline transportation to the extent that the safety

standards and practices are regulated by a State authority

(including a municipality if the standards and practices apply to

intrastate gas pipeline transportation) that submits to the

Secretary annually a certification for the facilities and

transportation that complies with subsections (b) and (c) of this

section.

(b) Contents. - Each certification submitted under subsection (a)

of this section shall state that the State authority -

(1) has regulatory jurisdiction over the standards and

practices to which the certification applies;

(2) has adopted, by the date of certification, each applicable

standard prescribed under this chapter or, if a standard under

this chapter was prescribed not later than 120 days before

certification, is taking steps to adopt that standard;

(3) is enforcing each adopted standard through ways that

include inspections conducted by State employees meeting the

qualifications the Secretary prescribes under section

60107(d)(1)(C) of this title;

(4) is encouraging and promoting programs designed to prevent

damage by demolition, excavation, tunneling, or construction

activity to the pipeline facilities to which the certification

applies;

(5) may require record maintenance, reporting, and inspection

substantially the same as provided under section 60117 of this

title;

(6) may require that plans for inspection and maintenance under

section 60108 (a) and (b) of this title be filed for approval;

and

(7) may enforce safety standards of the authority under a law

of the State by injunctive relief and civil penalties

substantially the same as provided under sections 60120 and

60122(a)(1) and (b)-(f) of this title.

(c) Reports. - (1) Each certification submitted under subsection

(a) of this section shall include a report that contains -

(A) the name and address of each person to whom the

certification applies that is subject to the safety jurisdiction

of the State authority;

(B) each accident or incident reported during the prior 12

months by that person involving a fatality, personal injury

requiring hospitalization, or property damage or loss of more

than an amount the Secretary establishes (even if the person

sustaining the fatality, personal injury, or property damage or

loss is not subject to the safety jurisdiction of the authority),

any other accident the authority considers significant, and a

summary of the investigation by the authority of the cause and

circumstances surrounding the accident or incident;

(C) the record maintenance, reporting, and inspection practices

conducted by the authority to enforce compliance with safety

standards prescribed under this chapter to which the

certification applies, including the number of inspections of

pipeline facilities the authority made during the prior 12

months; and

(D) any other information the Secretary requires.

(2) The report included in the first certification submitted

under subsection (a) of this section is only required to state

information available at the time of certification.

(d) Application. - A certification in effect under this section

does not apply to safety standards prescribed under this chapter

after the date of certification. This chapter applies to each

applicable safety standard prescribed after the date of

certification until the State authority adopts the standard and

submits the appropriate certification to the Secretary under

subsection (a) of this section.

(e) Monitoring. - The Secretary may monitor a safety program

established under this section to ensure that the program complies

with the certification. A State authority shall cooperate with the

Secretary under this subsection.

(f) Rejections of Certification. - If after receiving a

certification the Secretary decides the State authority is not

enforcing satisfactorily compliance with applicable safety

standards prescribed under this chapter, the Secretary may reject

the certification, assert United States Government jurisdiction, or

take other appropriate action to achieve adequate enforcement. The

Secretary shall give the authority notice and an opportunity for a

hearing before taking final action under this subsection. When

notice is given, the burden of proof is on the authority to

demonstrate that it is enforcing satisfactorily compliance with the

prescribed standards.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1309; Pub. L.

104-304, Sec. 20(a), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3804.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60105(a) 49 App.:1674(a) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st sentence words 90-481, Sec. 5(a), 82 Stat.

before "that such 722; Aug. 22, 1972, Pub. L.

State agency"). 92-401, Sec. 1, 86 Stat.

616; Oct. 11, 1976, Pub. L.

94-477, Sec. 5(a), 90 Stat.

2073; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 101(b),

103(a), (b)(3), 109(g),

(h)(1), 93 Stat. 990, 991,

996; Jan. 14, 1983, Pub. L.

97-468, Sec. 104, 96 Stat.

2543; Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.

100-561, Secs. 103,

303(b)(1), 102 Stat. 2807,

2816; Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Secs. 110(a), 111,

106 Stat. 3295.

49 App.:2004(a) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st sentence words 96-129, Sec. 205(a), 93

before "that such Stat. 1006; Oct. 31, 1988,

State agency"). Pub. L. 100-561, Sec. 203,

102 Stat. 2810; Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Secs.

209(a), 210, 106 Stat. 3304.

60105(b) 49 App.:1674(a)

(1st sentence words

after "an annual

certification").

49 App.:2004(a)

(1st sentence words

after "an annual

certification").

60105(c) 49 App.:1674(a)

(2d, 3d sentences).

49 App.:2004(a)

(2d, last

sentences).

60105(d) 49 App.:1674(e). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 5(e), 82 Stat.

724; Oct. 11, 1976, Pub. L.

94-477, Sec. 5(c), 90 Stat.

2074; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 103(b)(2)(B),

93 Stat. 991.

49 App.:2004(e). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 205(c) (related

to certification), (e), (f),

93 Stat. 1007, 1008.

60105(e) 49 App.:1674(c) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(related to 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

certification). 5(c) (related to

certification); added Nov.

30, 1979, Pub. L. 96-129,

Sec. 103(b)(2)(C), 93 Stat.

991.

49 App.:2004(c)

(related to

certification).

60105(f) 49 App.:1674(a)

(4th, last

sentences).

49 App.:2004(f).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a), the words "applicable to same" are omitted as

surplus. The words "for the facilities and transportation that

complies with subsections (b) and (c) of this section" are added

for clarity.

In subsections (b) and (c), the words "to which the certification

applies" and "to whom the certification applies" are added because

of the restatement.

In subsection (b)(2), the words "Federal safety" and "pursuant to

State law" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (b)(7), the words "injunctive relief and civil

penalties" are substituted for "injunctive and monetary sanctions"

for clarity and consistency.

In subsection (c)(1), before clause (A), the word "annual" is

omitted as surplus. The words "in such form as the Secretary may by

regulation provide" are omitted as surplus because of 49:322(a). In

clause (B), the words "or loss" are added for consistency in the

revised title and with other titles of the United States Code. In

clause (C), the words "a detail of" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (d), the words "with respect" and "new or amended

Federal" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (e), the words "conduct whatever . . . may be

necessary" and "fully" are omitted as surplus. The words "with the

Secretary" are substituted for "in any monitoring of their

programs" for clarity.

In subsection (f), the words "prescribed under this chapter" are

added for clarity. The word "reasonable" is omitted as surplus.

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-304 substituted "State pipeline safety program

certifications" for "State certifications" in section catchline.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60104, 60106, 60107,

60108, 60118, 60121, 60124, 60126 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60106 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60106. State pipeline safety agreements

-STATUTE-

(a) Agreements Without Certification. - If the Secretary of

Transportation does not receive a certification under section 60105

of this title, the Secretary may make an agreement with a State

authority (including a municipality if the agreement applies to

intrastate gas pipeline transportation) authorizing it to take

necessary action. Each agreement shall -

(1) establish an adequate program for record maintenance,

reporting, and inspection designed to assist compliance with

applicable safety standards prescribed under this chapter; and

(2) prescribe procedures for approval of plans of inspection

and maintenance substantially the same as required under section

60108 (a) and (b) of this title.

(b) Agreements With Certification. -

(1) In general. - If the Secretary accepts a certification

under section 60105 and makes the determination required under

this subsection, the Secretary may make an agreement with a State

authority authorizing it to participate in the oversight of

interstate pipeline transportation. Each such agreement shall

include a plan for the State authority to participate in special

investigations involving incidents or new construction and allow

the State authority to participate in other activities overseeing

interstate pipeline transportation or to assume additional

inspection or investigatory duties. Nothing in this section

modifies section 60104(c) or authorizes the Secretary to delegate

the enforcement of safety standards for interstate pipeline

facilities prescribed under this chapter to a State authority.

(2) Determinations required. - The Secretary may not enter into

an agreement under this subsection, unless the Secretary

determines in writing that -

(A) the agreement allowing participation of the State

authority is consistent with the Secretary's program for

inspection and consistent with the safety policies and

provisions provided under this chapter;

(B) the interstate participation agreement would not

adversely affect the oversight responsibilities of intrastate

pipeline transportation by the State authority;

(C) the State is carrying out a program demonstrated to

promote preparedness and risk prevention activities that enable

communities to live safely with pipelines;

(D) the State meets the minimum standards for State one-call

notification set forth in chapter 61; and

(E) the actions planned under the agreement would not impede

interstate commerce or jeopardize public safety.

(3) Existing agreements. - If requested by the State authority,

the Secretary shall authorize a State authority which had an

interstate agreement in effect after January 31, 1999, to oversee

interstate pipeline transportation pursuant to the terms of that

agreement until the Secretary determines that the State meets the

requirements of paragraph (2) and executes a new agreement, or

until December 31, 2003, whichever is sooner. Nothing in this

paragraph shall prevent the Secretary, after affording the State

notice, hearing, and an opportunity to correct any alleged

deficiencies, from terminating an agreement that was in effect

before enactment of the Pipeline Safety Improvement Act of 2002

if -

(A) the State authority fails to comply with the terms of the

agreement;

(B) implementation of the agreement has resulted in a gap in

the oversight responsibilities of intrastate pipeline

transportation by the State authority; or

(C) continued participation by the State authority in the

oversight of interstate pipeline transportation has had an

adverse impact on pipeline safety.

(c) Notification. -

(1) In general. - Each agreement shall require the State

authority to notify the Secretary promptly of a violation or

probable violation of an applicable safety standard discovered as

a result of action taken in carrying out an agreement under this

section.

(2) Response by secretary. - If a State authority notifies the

Secretary under paragraph (1) of a violation or probable

violation of an applicable safety standard, the Secretary, not

later than 60 days after the date of receipt of the notification,

shall -

(A) issue an order under section 60118(b) or take other

appropriate enforcement actions to ensure compliance with this

chapter; or

(B) provide the State authority with a written explanation as

to why the Secretary has determined not to take such actions.

(d) Monitoring. - The Secretary may monitor a safety program

established under this section to ensure that the program complies

with the agreement. A State authority shall cooperate with the

Secretary under this subsection.

(e) Ending Agreements. -

(1) Permissive termination. - The Secretary may end an

agreement under this section when the Secretary finds that the

State authority has not complied with any provision of the

agreement.

(2) Mandatory termination of agreement. - The Secretary shall

end an agreement for the oversight of interstate pipeline

transportation if the Secretary finds that -

(A) implementation of such agreement has resulted in a gap in

the oversight responsibilities of intrastate pipeline

transportation by the State authority;

(B) the State actions under the agreement have failed to meet

the requirements under subsection (b); or

(C) continued participation by the State authority in the

oversight of interstate pipeline transportation would not

promote pipeline safety.

(3) Procedural requirements. - The Secretary shall give notice

and an opportunity for a hearing to a State authority before

ending an agreement under this section. The Secretary may provide

a State an opportunity to correct any deficiencies before ending

an agreement. The finding and decision to end the agreement shall

be published in the Federal Register and may not become effective

for at least 15 days after the date of publication unless the

Secretary finds that continuation of an agreement poses an

imminent hazard.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1310; Pub. L.

104-304, Sec. 20(b), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3804; Pub. L.

107-355, Sec. 4, Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2986.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60106(a) 49 App.:1674(b) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st sentence). 90-481, Sec. 5(b), 82 Stat.

723; Oct. 11, 1976, Pub. L.

94-477, Sec. 5(b), 90 Stat.

2074; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 103(b)(1),

109(h)(2), 93 Stat. 991, 996.

49 App.:2004(b) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st sentence). 96-129, Sec. 205(b), (c)

(related to agreement), (g),

93 Stat. 1007, 1008.

60106(b) 49 App.:1674(b)

(last sentence).

49 App.:2004(b)

(last sentence).

60106(c) 49 App.:1674(c) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(related to 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

agreement). 5(c) (related to agreement);

added Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 103(b)(2)(C),

93 Stat. 991.

49 App.:2004(c)

(related to

agreement).

60106(d) 49 App.:1674(f). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 5(f), 82 Stat.

724; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 103(b) (2)(B),

93 Stat. 991.

49 App.:2004(g).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a), before clause (1), the word "annual" is

omitted as surplus. The words "to take necessary action" are

substituted for "to assume responsibility for, and carry out" for

clarity. The words "on behalf of the Secretary" are omitted as

surplus. In clause (1), the words "applicable . . . prescribed

under this chapter" are added for clarity. The word "Federal" is

omitted as surplus. In clause (2), the word "prescribe" is

substituted for "establish" for consistency in the revised title

and with other titles of the United States Code.

In subsection (b), the words "action taken in carrying out an

agreement" are substituted for "its program" for clarity.

In subsection (c), the words "conduct whatever . . . may be

necessary" and "fully" are omitted as surplus. The words "with the

Secretary" are substituted for "in any monitoring of their

programs" for clarity.

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Enactment of the Pipeline Safety Improvement Act of 2002,

referred to in subsec. (b)(3), is the enactment of Pub. L. 107-355,

which was approved Dec. 17, 2002.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 4(a)(1), substituted

"Agreements Without Certification" for "General Authority" in

heading.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 4(a)(3), added subsec. (b).

Former subsec. (b) redesignated (c).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 4(a)(2), (c), redesignated

subsec. (b) as (c), designated existing provisions as par. (1),

inserted par. heading, realigned margins, and added par. (2).

Former subsec. (c) redesignated (d).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 4(a)(2), redesignated subsec.

(c) as (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 4(a)(2), (b), redesignated

subsec. (d) as (e), reenacted heading without change and amended

text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The

Secretary may end an agreement made under this section when the

Secretary finds that the State authority has not complied with any

provision of the agreement. The Secretary shall give the authority

notice and an opportunity for a hearing before ending an agreement.

The finding and decision to end the agreement shall be published in

the Federal Register and may not become effective for at least 15

days after the date of publication."

1996 - Pub. L. 104-304 substituted "State pipeline safety

agreements" for "State agreements" in section catchline.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60107, 60108, 60109,

60118, 60124 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60107 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60107. State pipeline safety grants

-STATUTE-

(a) General Authority. - If a State authority files an

application not later than September 30 of a calendar year, the

Secretary of Transportation shall pay not more than 50 percent of

the cost of the personnel, equipment, and activities the authority

reasonably requires during the next calendar year -

(1) to carry out a safety program under a certification under

section 60105 of this title or an agreement under section 60106

of this title; or

(2) to act as an agent of the Secretary on interstate gas

pipeline facilities or interstate hazardous liquid pipeline

facilities.

(b) Payments. - After notifying and consulting with a State

authority, the Secretary may withhold any part of a payment when

the Secretary decides that the authority is not carrying out

satisfactorily a safety program or not acting satisfactorily as an

agent. The Secretary may pay an authority under this section only

when the authority ensures the Secretary that it will provide the

remaining costs of a safety program and that the total State amount

spent for a safety program (excluding grants of the United States

Government) will at least equal the average amount spent -

(1) for a gas safety program, for the fiscal years that ended

June 30, 1967, and June 30, 1968; and

(2) for a hazardous liquid safety program, for the fiscal years

that ended September 30, 1978, and September 30, 1979.

(c) Apportionment and Method of Payment. - The Secretary shall

apportion the amount appropriated to carry out this section among

the States. A payment may be made under this section in

installments, in advance, or on a reimbursable basis.

(d) Additional Authority and Considerations. - (1) The Secretary

may prescribe -

(A) the form of, and way of filing, an application under this

section;

(B) reporting and fiscal procedures the Secretary considers

necessary to ensure the proper accounting of money of the

Government; and

(C) qualifications for a State to meet to receive a payment

under this section, including qualifications for State employees

who perform inspection activities under section 60105 or 60106 of

this title.

(2) The qualifications prescribed under paragraph (1)(C) of this

subsection may -

(A) consider the experience and training of the employee;

(B) order training or other requirements; and

(C) provide for approval of qualifications on a conditional

basis until specified requirements are met.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1311; Pub. L.

104-304, Sec. 20(c), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3804.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60107(a) 49 App.:1674(d)(1) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st sentence). 90-481, Sec. 5(d)(1), (3),

(4), 82 Stat. 724; Aug. 22,

1972, Pub. L. 92-401, Sec.

2, 86 Stat. 616; Aug. 30,

1974, Pub. L. 93-403, Sec.

2, 88 Stat. 802; Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Sec.

103(b)(2)(B), 93 Stat. 991.

49 App.:2004(d)(1) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st sentence). 96-129, Sec. 205(d)(1), (3),

(4), 93 Stat. 1008.

60107(b) 49 App.:1674(d)(1)

(2d, last

sentences).

49 App.:2004(d)(1)

(2d, last

sentences).

60107(c) 49 App.:1674(d)(2). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

5(d)(2); added Aug. 30,

1974, Pub. L. 93-403, Sec.

2, 88 Stat. 802; Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

103(b)(2)(B), 109(h)(3), 93

Stat. 991, 996; Apr. 7,

1986, Pub. L. 99-272, Sec.

7002(b)(1), 100 Stat. 139.

49 App.:1674(d)(3).

49 App.:2004(d)(2). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 205(d)(2), 93

Stat. 1008; Apr. 7, 1986,

Pub. L. 99-272, Sec.

7002(b)(2), 100 Stat. 139.

49 App.:2004(d)(3).

60107(d) 49 App.:1674(d)(4).

(1)(A), (B)

49 App.:2004(d)(4).

60107(d) 49 App.:1674(d)(5). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1)(C), (2) 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

5(d)(5); added Oct. 31,

1988, Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

104, 102 Stat. 2807.

49 App. 2004(d)(5). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

205(d)(5); added Oct. 31,

1988, Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

204, 102 Stat. 2811.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words "Except as

otherwise provided in this section" and "out of funds appropriated

or otherwise made available" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (b), before clause (1), the word "payment" is

substituted for "funds" for clarity. The words "the total State

amount spent" are substituted for "the aggregate expenditures of

funds for the State", and the words "at least equal the average

amount spent" are substituted for "be maintained at a level which

does not fall below the average level of such expenditures", to

eliminate unnecessary words. In clause (1), the words "that ended

June 30, 1967, and June 30, 1968" are substituted for "last two . .

. preceding August 12, 1968" for clarity. In clause (2), the words

"that ended September 30, 1978, and September 30, 1979" are

substituted for "last two . . . preceding November 30, 1979" for

clarity.

In subsection (c), the words "the Federal grants-in-aid

provisions of", "for payments to aid in the conduct of pipeline

safety programs in accordance with paragraph (1) of this

subsection", and "with necessary adjustments on account of

overpayments and underpayments" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (d)(1), before clause (A), the word "prescribe" is

substituted for "by regulation, provide for" and "establish by

regulation" for consistency in the revised title and with other

titles of the United States Code. In clause (C), the words "to

receive a payment under this section" are substituted for "in order

to participate in the pipeline safety grant program under this

subsection", and the words "under section 60105 or 60106 of this

title" are substituted for "pursuant to either an annual

certification by a State agency or an agreement relating to

inspection between a State agency and the Secretary", to eliminate

unnecessary words.

In subsection (d)(2), before clause (A), the words

"qualifications prescribed" are substituted for "regulations" for

clarity and consistency.

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-304 substituted "State pipeline safety grants"

for "State grants" in section catchline.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60105, 60125 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60108 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60108. Inspection and maintenance

-STATUTE-

(a) Plans. - (1) Each person owning or operating an intrastate

gas pipeline facility or hazardous liquid pipeline facility shall

carry out a current written plan (including any changes) for

inspection and maintenance of each facility used in the

transportation and owned or operated by the person. A copy of the

plan shall be kept at any office of the person the Secretary of

Transportation considers appropriate. The Secretary also may

require a person owning or operating a pipeline facility subject to

this chapter to file a plan for inspection and maintenance for

approval.

(2) If the Secretary or a State authority responsible for

enforcing standards prescribed under this chapter decides that a

plan required under paragraph (1) of this subsection is inadequate

for safe operation, the Secretary or authority shall require the

person to revise the plan. Revision may be required only after

giving notice and an opportunity for a hearing. A plan required

under paragraph (1) must be practicable and designed to meet the

need for pipeline safety and must include terms designed to enhance

the ability to discover safety-related conditions described in

section 60102(h)(1) of this title. In deciding on the adequacy of a

plan, the Secretary or authority shall consider -

(A) relevant available pipeline safety information;

(B) the appropriateness of the plan for the particular kind of

pipeline transportation or facility;

(C) the reasonableness of the plan; and

(D) the extent to which the plan will contribute to public

safety and the protection of the environment.

(3) A plan required under this subsection shall be made available

to the Secretary or State authority on request under section 60117

of this title.

(b) Inspection and Testing. - (1) The Secretary shall inspect and

require appropriate testing of a pipeline facility subject to this

chapter that is not covered by a certification under section 60105

of this title or an agreement under section 60106 of this title.

The Secretary shall decide on the frequency and type of inspection

and testing under this subsection on a case-by-case basis after

considering the following:

(A) the location of the pipeline facility.

(B) the type, size, age, manufacturer, method of construction,

and condition of the pipeline facility.

(C) the nature and volume of material transported through the

pipeline facility.

(D) the pressure at which that material is transported.

(E) climatic, geologic, and seismic characteristics (including

soil characteristics) and conditions of the area in which the

pipeline facility is located.

(F) existing and projected population and demographic

characteristics of the area in which the pipeline facility is

located.

(G) for a hazardous liquid pipeline facility, the proximity of

the area in which the facility is located to an area that is

unusually sensitive to environmental damage.

(H) the frequency of leaks.

(I) other factors the Secretary decides are relevant to the

safety of pipeline facilities.

(2) To the extent and in amounts provided in advance in an

appropriation law, the Secretary shall decide on the frequency of

inspection under paragraph (1) of this subsection. The Secretary

may reduce the frequency of an inspection of a master meter system.

(3) Testing under this subsection shall use the most appropriate

technology practicable.

(c) Pipeline Facilities Offshore and in Other Waters. - (1) In

this subsection -

(A) "abandoned" means permanently removed from service.

(B) "pipeline facility" includes an underwater abandoned

pipeline facility.

(C) if a pipeline facility has no operator, the most recent

operator of the facility is deemed to be the operator of the

facility.

(2)(A) Not later than May 16, 1993, on the basis of experience

with the inspections under section 3(h)(1)(A) of the Natural Gas

Pipeline Safety Act of 1968 or section 203(l)(1)(A) of the

Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Act of 1979, as appropriate, and

any other information available to the Secretary, the Secretary

shall establish a mandatory, systematic, and, where appropriate,

periodic inspection program of -

(i) all offshore pipeline facilities; and

(ii) any other pipeline facility crossing under, over, or

through waters where a substantial likelihood of commercial

navigation exists, if the Secretary decides that the location of

the facility in those waters could pose a hazard to navigation or

public safety.

(B) In prescribing standards to carry out subparagraph (A) of

this paragraph -

(i) the Secretary shall identify what is a hazard to navigation

with respect to an underwater abandoned pipeline facility; and

(ii) for an underwater pipeline facility abandoned after

October 24, 1992, the Secretary shall include requirements that

will lessen the potential that the facility will pose a hazard to

navigation and shall consider the relationship between water

depth and navigational safety and factors relevant to the local

marine environment.

(3)(A) The Secretary shall establish by regulation a program

requiring an operator of a pipeline facility described in paragraph

(2) of this subsection to report a potential or existing

navigational hazard involving that pipeline facility to the

Secretary through the appropriate Coast Guard office.

(B) The operator of a pipeline facility described in paragraph

(2) of this subsection that discovers any part of the pipeline

facility that is a hazard to navigation shall mark the location of

the hazardous part with a Coast-Guard-approved marine buoy or

marker and immediately shall notify the Secretary as provided by

the Secretary under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph. A marine

buoy or marker used under this subparagraph is deemed a pipeline

sign or right-of-way marker under section 60123(c) of this title.

(4)(A) The Secretary shall establish a standard that each

pipeline facility described in paragraph (2) of this subsection

that is a hazard to navigation is buried not later than 6 months

after the date the condition of the facility is reported to the

Secretary. The Secretary may extend that 6-month period for a

reasonable period to ensure compliance with this paragraph.

(B) In prescribing standards for subparagraph (A) of this

paragraph for an underwater pipeline facility abandoned after

October 24, 1992, the Secretary shall include requirements that

will lessen the potential that the facility will pose a hazard to

navigation and shall consider the relationship between water depth

and navigational safety and factors relevant to the local marine

environment.

(5)(A) Not later than October 24, 1994, the Secretary shall

establish standards on what is an exposed offshore pipeline

facility and what is a hazard to navigation under this subsection.

(B) Not later than 6 months after the Secretary establishes

standards under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, or October 24,

1995, whichever occurs first, the operator of each offshore

pipeline facility not described in section 3(h)(1)(A) of the

Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act of 1968 or section 203(l)(1)(A) of

the Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Act of 1979, as appropriate,

shall inspect the facility and report to the Secretary on any part

of the facility that is exposed or is a hazard to navigation. This

subparagraph applies only to a facility that is between the high

water mark and the point at which the subsurface is under 15 feet

of water, as measured from mean low water. An inspection that

occurred after October 3, 1989, may be used for compliance with

this subparagraph if the inspection conforms to the requirements of

this subparagraph.

(C) The Secretary may extend the time period specified in

subparagraph (B) of this paragraph for not more than 6 months if

the operator of a facility satisfies the Secretary that the

operator has made a good faith effort, with reasonable diligence,

but has been unable to comply by the end of that period.

(6)(A) The operator of a pipeline facility abandoned after

October 24, 1992, shall report the abandonment to the Secretary in

a way that specifies whether the facility has been abandoned

properly according to applicable United States Government and State

requirements.

(B) Not later than October 24, 1995, the operator of a pipeline

facility abandoned before October 24, 1992, shall report to the

Secretary reasonably available information related to the facility,

including information that a third party possesses. The information

shall include the location, size, date, and method of abandonment,

whether the facility has been abandoned properly under applicable

law, and other relevant information the Secretary may require. Not

later than April 24, 1994, the Secretary shall specify how the

information shall be reported. The Secretary shall ensure that the

Government maintains the information in a way accessible to

appropriate Government agencies and State authorities.

(C) The Secretary shall request that a State authority having

information on a collision between a vessel and an underwater

pipeline facility report the information to the Secretary in a

timely way and make a reasonable effort to specify the location,

date, and severity of the collision. Chapter 35 of title 44 does

not apply to this subparagraph.

(7) The Secretary may not exempt from this chapter an offshore

hazardous liquid pipeline facility only because the pipeline

facility transfers hazardous liquid in an underwater pipeline

between a vessel and an onshore facility.

(d) Replacing Cast Iron Gas Pipelines. - (1) The Secretary shall

publish a notice on the availability of industry guidelines,

developed by the Gas Piping Technology Committee, for replacing

cast iron pipelines. Not later than 2 years after the guidelines

become available, the Secretary shall conduct a survey of gas

pipeline operators with cast iron pipe in their systems to

establish -

(A) the extent to which each operator has adopted a plan for

the safe management and replacement of cast iron;

(B) the elements of the plan, including the anticipated rate of

replacement; and

(C) the progress that has been made.

(2) Chapter 35 of title 44 does not apply to the conduct of the

survey.

(3) This subsection does not prevent the Secretary from

developing Government guidelines or standards for cast iron gas

pipelines as the Secretary considers appropriate.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1312; Pub. L.

104-304, Secs. 6, 20(h), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3800, 3805.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60108(a)(1) 49 App.:1680(a) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st, 2d sentences). 90-481, Sec. 13(a), 82

Stat. 726; Oct. 11, 1976,

Pub. L. 94-477, Sec. 6, 90

Stat. 2075; Nov. 30, 1979,

Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

104(b), 105(a), 93 Stat.

992, 994; Oct. 22, 1986,

Pub. L. 99-516, Sec.

3(a)(2), 100 Stat. 2966;

Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.

100-561, Sec. 108(a)(1),

102 Stat. 2808; Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

102(c), 106 Stat. 3291.

49 App.:2009(a) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st, 2d sentences). 96-129, Sec. 210(a), 93

Stat. 1011; Oct. 22, 1986,

Pub. L. 99-516, Sec.

3(b)(2), 100 Stat. 2966;

Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.

100-561, Sec. 207(c), 102

Stat. 2812.

60108(a)(2) 49 App.:1680(a)

(3d-5th, last

sentences).

49 App.:2009(a) (3d

sentence 1st-18th

words, last

sentence).

49 App.:2009(b). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 210(b), 93

Stat. 1012; Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

202(c)(1), 106 Stat. 3301.

60108(a)(3) 49 App.:1680(a)

(6th sentence).

49 App.:2009(a) (3d

sentence 19th-last

words).

60108(b)(1) 49 App.:1680(b)(1) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st sentence), (2). 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

13(b); added Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

108(a)(2), 102 Stat. 2808.

49 App.:2009(d)(1) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st sentence), (2). 96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

210(d); added Oct. 31,

1988, Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

207(a), 102 Stat. 2811;

Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 202(c)(2)

(related to Sec.

210(d)(2)(D)), 106 Stat.

3301.

60108(b)(2) 49 App.:1680(b)(1)

(2d, 3d sentences).

49 App.:2009(d)(1)

(2d, 3d sentences).

60108(b)(3) 49 App.:1680(b)(1)

(last sentence).

49 App.:2009(d)(1)

(last sentence).

60108(c)(1) 49 Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

App.:1672(h)(6)(A), 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

(D). 3(h)(6); added Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

117, 106 Stat. 3298.

49 Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

App.:2002(l)(7)(A), 96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

(D). 203(l)(7); added Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

216, 106 Stat. 3306.

60108(c) 49 App.:1672(h)(3). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(2)(A) 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

3(h)(1)-(4); added Nov. 16,

1990, Pub. L. 101-599, Sec.

1(a), 104 Stat. 3038; Oct.

24, 1992, Pub. L. 102-508,

Sec. 108(1)-(4), 106 Stat.

3293.

49 App.:2002(l)(3). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

203(l)(1)-(4); added Nov.

16, 1990, Pub. L. 101-599,

Sec. 1(b), 104 Stat. 3039;

Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 207(1)-(4),

106 Stat. 3302.

60108(c) 49 App.:1672(h)(6)

(2)(B) (B)(i), (ii)

(related to

paragraph (3)).

49 App.:2002(l)(7)

(B)(i), (ii)

(related to

paragraph (3)).

60108(c)(3) 49 App.:1672(h)(1),

(2).

49 App.:2002(l)(1),

(2).

60108(c) 49 App.:1672(h)(4).

(4)(A)

49 App.:2002(l)(4).

60108(c) 49 App.:1672(h)

(4)(B) (6)(B)(ii) (related

to paragraph (4)).

49 App.:2002(l)

(7)(B)(ii) (related

to paragraph (4)).

60108(c)(5) 49 App.:1672(h)(5). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

3(h)(5); added Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

108(5), 106 Stat. 3294.

49 App.:2002(l)(6). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

203(l)(5), (6); added Oct.

24, 1992, Pub. L. 102-508,

Sec. 207(5), 106 Stat. 3302.

60108(c)(6) 49

App.:1672(h)(6)(C).

49

App.:2002(l)(7)(C).

60108(c)(7) 49 App.:2002(l)(5).

60108(d) 49 App.:1680(c). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

13(c); added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec. 107,

106 Stat. 3293.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a)(1), the word "prepare" is omitted as surplus.

The words "or offices" are omitted because of 1:1. The words "in

accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary or

appropriate State agency" in 49 App.:1680(a) (1st sentence), "in

accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary or, where a

certification or agreement pursuant to section 2004 of this

Appendix is in effect, by the appropriate State agency" in 49

App.:2009(a) (1st sentence), and "by regulation" are omitted as

surplus because of 49:322(a) and sections 60102-60105 of the

revised title.

In subsection (a)(2), before clause (A), the words "the Secretary

or" are added for clarity. The words "at any time" in 49

App.:1680(a) (3d sentence) are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (a)(3), the word "appropriate" is omitted as

surplus.

In subsection (b)(1), before clause (A), the words "to ensure the

safety of such pipeline facilities" and "factors" are omitted as

surplus. In clause (G), the words "if any" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (b)(2), the text of 49 App.:1680(b)(1) (3d

sentence) and 2009(d)(1) (3d sentence) is omitted as obsolete.

In subsection (c)(1)(B), the words "except with respect to the

initial inspection required under paragraph (1)" are omitted as

obsolete.

In subsection (c)(1)(C), the word "current" is omitted as

surplus.

In subsection (c)(2)(B), before clause (i), the words "to carry

out" are substituted for "under" because the Secretary does not

prescribe regulations under 49 App.:1672(h)(3) or 2002(l)(3).

In subsection (c)(3), the text of 49 App.:1672(h)(1) and

2002(l)(1) is omitted as executed.

In subsection (c)(4)(A), the text of 49 App.:1672(h)(4)(A) and

2002(l)(4)(A) is omitted as obsolete.

In subsection (c)(5)(A), the words "for the purposes of this

paragraph" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c)(5)(C), the words "an additional period of" and

"and care" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c)(6)(C), the words "relating to coordination of

Federal information policies" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c)(7), the words "regulation under" are omitted as

surplus. The word "because" is substituted for "on the basis of the

fact that" to eliminate unnecessary words.

In subsection (d)(2), the words "(relating to coordination of

Federal information policy)" are omitted as surplus.

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 3(h)(1)(A) of the Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act of

1968, referred to in subsec. (c)(2)(A), (5)(B), is section

3(h)(1)(A) of Pub. L. 90-481, which was classified to section

1672(h)(1)(A) of former Title 49, Transportation, prior to repeal

by Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379. For

further details, see Historical and Revision Notes above.

Section 203(l)(1)(A) of the Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Act

of 1979, referred to in subsec. (c)(2)(A), (5)(B), is section

203(l)(1)(A) of Pub. L. 96-129, which was classified to section

2002(l)(1)(A) of former Title 49, Transportation, prior to repeal

by Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1379. For

further details, see Historical and Revision Notes above.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 6(1), struck out

"transporting gas or hazardous liquid or" after "Each person" and

"a person".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 6(2), struck out after

first sentence "However, an inspection must occur at least once

every 2 years."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 6(3), substituted "Other

Waters" for "Navigable Waters" in heading.

Subsec. (c)(2)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 6(4), added cl. (ii)

and struck out former cl. (ii) which read as follows: "any other

pipeline facility crossing under, over, or through navigable waters

(as defined by the Secretary) if the Secretary decides that the

location of the facility in those navigable waters could pose a

hazard to navigation or public safety."

Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 20(h)(1), substituted

"standards" for "regulations" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(4)(A). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 20(h)(2), substituted

"establish a standard" for "require by regulation".

Subsecs. (c)(4)(B), (d)(3). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 20(h)(1),

substituted "standards" for "regulations".

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of

the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the

Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of

Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see

sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic

Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization

Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under

section 542 of Title 6.

-MISC3-

PIPELINE BRIDGE RISK STUDY

Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 25, Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 3011, provided

that:

"(a) In General. - The Secretary of Transportation shall conduct

a study to determine whether cable-suspension pipeline bridges pose

structural or other risks warranting particularized attention in

connection with pipeline operators risk assessment programs and

whether particularized inspection standards need to be developed by

the Department of Transportation to recognize the peculiar risks

posed by such bridges.

"(b) Public Participation and Comments. - In conducting the

study, the Secretary shall provide, to the maximum extent

practicable, for public participation and comment and shall solicit

views and comments from the public and interested persons,

including participants in the pipeline industry with knowledge and

experience in inspection of pipeline facilities.

"(c) Completion and Report. - Within 2 years after the date of

enactment of this Act [Dec. 17, 2002], the Secretary shall complete

the study and transmit to Congress a report detailing the results

of the study.

"(d) Funding. - The Secretary may carry out this section using

only amounts that are specifically appropriated to carry out this

section."

STUDY OF UNDERWATER ABANDONED PIPELINE FACILITIES

Pub. L. 102-508, title III, Sec. 307, Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat.

3309, directed Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with

State and other Federal agencies having authority over underwater

natural gas and hazardous liquid pipeline facilities and with

pipeline owners and operators, fishing and maritime industries, and

other affected groups, to submit to Congress, not later than 3

years after Oct. 24, 1992, report and recommendations on

abandonment of such pipeline facilities, including analysis of

problems caused by such facilities, alternative methods to

abandonment, as well as navigational, safety, economic, and

environmental impacts associated with abandonment, and further

authorized Secretary to require, based on findings of such study,

additional appropriate actions to prevent hazards to navigation in

connection with such facilities.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60102, 60104, 60105,

60106, 60109, 60118, 60131 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60109 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60109. High-density population areas and environmentally

sensitive areas

-STATUTE-

(a) Identification Requirements. - Not later than October 24,

1994, the Secretary of Transportation shall prescribe standards

that -

(1) establish criteria for identifying -

(A) by operators of gas pipeline facilities, each gas

pipeline facility (except a natural gas distribution line)

located in a high-density population area; and

(B) by operators of hazardous liquid pipeline facilities and

gathering lines -

(i) each hazardous liquid pipeline facility, whether

otherwise subject to this chapter, that crosses waters where

a substantial likelihood of commercial navigation exists or

that is located in an area described in the criteria as a

high-density population area; and

(ii) each hazardous liquid pipeline facility and gathering

line, whether otherwise subject to this chapter, located in

an area that the Secretary, in consultation with the

Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency,

describes as unusually sensitive to environmental damage if

there is a hazardous liquid pipeline accident; and

(2) provide that the identification be carried out through the

inventory required under section 60102(e) of this title.

(b) Areas To Be Included as Unusually Sensitive. - When

describing areas that are unusually sensitive to environmental

damage if there is a hazardous liquid pipeline accident, the

Secretary shall consider areas where a pipeline rupture would

likely cause permanent or long-term environmental damage, including

-

(1) locations near pipeline rights-of-way that are critical to

drinking water, including intake locations for community water

systems and critical sole source aquifer protection areas; and

(2) locations near pipeline rights-of-way that have been

identified as critical wetlands, riverine or estuarine systems,

national parks, wilderness areas, wildlife preservation areas or

refuges, wild and scenic rivers, or critical habitat areas for

threatened and endangered species.

(c) Risk Analysis and Integrity Management Programs. -

(1) Requirement. - Each operator of a gas pipeline facility

shall conduct an analysis of the risks to each facility of the

operator located in an area identified pursuant to subsection

(a)(1) and defined in chapter 192 of title 49, Code of Federal

Regulations, including any subsequent modifications, and shall

adopt and implement a written integrity management program for

such facility to reduce the risks.

(2) Regulations. -

(A) In general. - Not later than 12 months after the date of

enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall issue

regulations prescribing standards to direct an operator's

conduct of a risk analysis and adoption and implementation of

an integrity management program under this subsection. The

regulations shall require an operator to conduct a risk

analysis and adopt an integrity management program within a

time period prescribed by the Secretary, ending not later than

24 months after such date of enactment. Not later than 18

months after such date of enactment, each operator of a gas

pipeline facility shall begin a baseline integrity assessment

described in paragraph (3).

(B) Authority to issue regulations. - The Secretary may

satisfy the requirements of this paragraph through the issuance

of regulations under this paragraph or under other authority of

law.

(3) Minimum requirements of integrity management programs. - An

integrity management program required under paragraph (1) shall

include, at a minimum, the following requirements:

(A) A baseline integrity assessment of each of the operator's

facilities in areas identified pursuant to subsection (a)(1)

and defined in chapter 192 of title 49, Code of Federal

Regulations, including any subsequent modifications, by

internal inspection device, pressure testing, direct

assessment, or an alternative method that the Secretary

determines would provide an equal or greater level of safety.

The operator shall complete such assessment not later than 10

years after the date of enactment of this subsection. At least

50 percent of such facilities shall be assessed not later than

5 years after such date of enactment. The operator shall

prioritize such facilities for assessment based on all risk

factors, including any previously discovered defects or

anomalies and any history of leaks, repairs, or failures. The

operator shall ensure that assessments of facilities with the

highest risks are given priority for completion and that such

assessments will be completed not later than 5 years after such

date of enactment.

(B) Subject to paragraph (5), periodic reassessment of the

facility, at a minimum of once every 7 years, using methods

described in subparagraph (A).

(C) Clearly defined criteria for evaluating the results of

assessments conducted under subparagraphs (A) and (B) and for

taking actions based on such results.

(D) A method for conducting an analysis on a continuing basis

that integrates all available information about the integrity

of the facility and the consequences of releases from the

facility.

(E) A description of actions to be taken by the operator to

promptly address any integrity issue raised by an evaluation

conducted under subparagraph (C) or the analysis conducted

under subparagraph (D).

(F) A description of measures to prevent and mitigate the

consequences of releases from the facility.

(G) A method for monitoring cathodic protection systems

throughout the pipeline system of the operator to the extent

not addressed by other regulations.

(H) If the Secretary raises a safety concern relating to the

facility, a description of the actions to be taken by the

operator to address the safety concern, including issues raised

with the Secretary by States and local authorities under an

agreement entered into under section 60106.

(4) Treatment of baseline integrity assessments. - In the case

of a baseline integrity assessment conducted by an operator in

the period beginning on the date of enactment of this subsection

and ending on the date of issuance of regulations under this

subsection, the Secretary shall accept the assessment as

complete, and shall not require the operator to repeat any

portion of the assessment, if the Secretary determines that the

assessment was conducted in accordance with the requirements of

this subsection.

(5) Waivers and modifications. - In accordance with section

60118(c), the Secretary may waive or modify any requirement for

reassessment of a facility under paragraph (3)(B) for reasons

that may include the need to maintain local product supply or the

lack of internal inspection devices if the Secretary determines

that such waiver is not inconsistent with pipeline safety.

(6) Standards. - The standards prescribed by the Secretary

under paragraph (2) shall address each of the following factors:

(A) The minimum requirements described in paragraph (3).

(B) The type or frequency of inspections or testing of

pipeline facilities, in addition to the minimum requirements of

paragraph (3)(B).

(C) The manner in which the inspections or testing are

conducted.

(D) The criteria used in analyzing results of the inspections

or testing.

(E) The types of information sources that must be integrated

in assessing the integrity of a pipeline facility as well as

the manner of integration.

(F) The nature and timing of actions selected to address the

integrity of a pipeline facility.

(G) Such other factors as the Secretary determines

appropriate to ensure that the integrity of a pipeline facility

is addressed and that appropriate mitigative measures are

adopted to protect areas identified under subsection (a)(1).

In prescribing those standards, the Secretary shall ensure that

all inspections required are conducted in a manner that minimizes

environmental and safety risks, and shall take into account the

applicable level of protection established by national consensus

standards organizations.

(7) Additional optional standards. - The Secretary may also

prescribe standards requiring an operator of a pipeline facility

to include in an integrity management program under this

subsection -

(A) changes to valves or the establishment or modification of

systems that monitor pressure and detect leaks based on the

operator's risk analysis; and

(B) the use of emergency flow restricting devices.

(8) Lack of regulations. - In the absence of regulations

addressing the elements of an integrity management program

described in this subsection, the operator of a pipeline facility

shall conduct a risk analysis and adopt and implement an

integrity management program described in this subsection not

later than 24 months after the date of enactment of this

subsection and shall complete the baseline integrity assessment

described in this subsection not later than 10 years after such

date of enactment. At least 50 percent of such facilities shall

be assessed not later than 5 years after such date of enactment.

The operator shall prioritize such facilities for assessment

based on all risk factors, including any previously discovered

defects or anomalies and any history of leaks, repairs, or

failures. The operator shall ensure that assessments of

facilities with the highest risks are given priority for

completion and that such assessments will be completed not later

than 5 years after such date of enactment.

(9) Review of integrity management programs. -

(A) Review of programs. -

(i) In general. - The Secretary shall review a risk

analysis and integrity management program under paragraph (1)

and record the results of that review for use in the next

review of an operator's program.

(ii) Context of review. - The Secretary may conduct a

review under clause (i) as an element of the Secretary's

inspection of an operator.

(iii) Inadequate programs. - If the Secretary determines

that a risk analysis or integrity management program does not

comply with the requirements of this subsection or

regulations issued as described in paragraph (2), or is

inadequate for the safe operation of a pipeline facility, the

Secretary shall act under section 60108(a)(2) to require the

operator to revise the risk analysis or integrity management

program.

(B) Amendments to programs. - In order to facilitate reviews

under this paragraph, an operator of a pipeline facility shall

notify the Secretary of any amendment made to the operator's

integrity management program not later than 30 days after the

date of adoption of the amendment. The Secretary shall review

any such amendment in accordance with this paragraph.

(C) Transmittal of programs to state authorities. - The

Secretary shall provide a copy of each risk analysis and

integrity management program reviewed by the Secretary under

this paragraph to any appropriate State authority with which

the Secretary has entered into an agreement under section

60106.

(10) State review of integrity management plans. - A State

authority that enters into an agreement pursuant to section

60106, permitting the State authority to review the risk analysis

and integrity management program pursuant to paragraph (9), may

provide the Secretary with a written assessment of the risk

analysis and integrity management program, make recommendations,

as appropriate, to address safety concerns not adequately

addressed by the operator's risk analysis or integrity management

program, and submit documentation explaining the State-proposed

revisions. The Secretary shall consider carefully the State's

proposals and work in consultation with the States and operators

to address safety concerns.

(11) Application of standards. - Section 60104(b) shall not

apply to this section.

(d) Evaluation of Integrity Management Regulations. - Not later

than 4 years after the date of enactment of this subsection, the

Comptroller General shall complete an assessment and evaluation of

the effects on public safety and the environment of the

requirements for the implementation of integrity management

programs contained in the standards prescribed as described in

subsection (c)(2).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1315; Pub. L.

103-429, Sec. 6(75), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4388; Pub. L.

104-304, Secs. 7, 20(i), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3800, 3805; Pub.

L. 107-355, Sec. 14(a), (b), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 3002, 3005.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

PUB. L. 103-272

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60109(a) 49 App.:1672(i)(1) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1)(A) (1st sentence), (2). 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

3(i); added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

102(a)(2), 106 Stat. 3291.

60109(a) 49 App.:2002(m)(1) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1)(B) (1st sentence). 96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

203(m); added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

202(a)(2), 106 Stat. 3300.

60109(a)(2) 49 App.:1672(i)(1)

(last sentence).

49 App.:2002(m)(1)

(2d sentence).

60109(b) 49 App.:2002(m)(1)

(last sentence).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a)(1)(B)(i) and (ii), the words "regulation under"

and "or not" are omitted as surplus.

PUB. L. 103-429

This amends 49:60109(a)(2) to correct an error in the

codification enacted by section 1 of the Act of July 5, 1994

(Public Law 103-272, 108 Stat. 1315).

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The date of enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsecs.

(c) and (d), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 107-355, which was

approved Dec. 17, 2002.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 14(a), added subsec.

(c).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 14(b), added subsec. (d).

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 20(i), substituted

"standards" for "regulations" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(1)(B)(i). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 7(a), substituted

"waters where a substantial likelihood of commercial navigation

exists" for "a navigable waterway (as the Secretary defines by

regulation)".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 7(b), reenacted heading

without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text

read as follows: "When describing an area that is unusually

sensitive to environmental damage if there is a hazardous liquid

pipeline accident, the Secretary shall consider including -

"(1) earthquake zones and areas subject to landslides and other

substantial ground movements;

"(2) areas of likely ground water contamination if a hazardous

liquid pipeline facility ruptures;

"(3) freshwater lakes, rivers, and waterways; and

"(4) river deltas and other areas subject to soil erosion or

subsidence from flooding or other water action where a hazardous

liquid pipeline facility is likely to become exposed or

undermined."

1994 - Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 103-429 substituted "section

60102(e)" for "section 60102(c)".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 103-429 effective July 5, 1994, see section

9 of Pub. L. 103-429, set out as a note under section 321 of this

title.

STUDY OF REASSESSMENT INTERVALS

Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 14(d), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 3005,

provided that:

"(1) Study. - The Comptroller General shall conduct a study to

evaluate the 7-year reassessment interval required by section

60109(c)(3)(B) of title 49, United States Code, as added by

subsection (a) of this section.

"(2) Report. - Not later than 4 years after the date of the

enactment of this Act [Dec. 17, 2002], the Comptroller General

shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of the study

conducted under paragraph (1)."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60102, 60118 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60110 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60110. Excess flow valves

-STATUTE-

(a) Application. - This section applies only to -

(1) a natural gas distribution system installed after the

effective date of regulations prescribed under this section; and

(2) any other natural gas distribution system when repair to

the system requires replacing a part to accommodate installing

excess flow valves.

(b) Installation Requirements and Considerations. - Not later

than April 24, 1994, the Secretary of Transportation shall

prescribe standards on the circumstances, if any, under which an

operator of a natural gas distribution system must install excess

flow valves in the system. The Secretary shall consider -

(1) the system design pressure;

(2) the system operating pressure;

(3) the types of customers to which the distribution system

supplies gas, including hospitals, schools, and commercial

enterprises;

(4) the technical feasibility and cost of installing,

operating, and maintaining the valve;

(5) the public safety benefits of installing the valve;

(6) the location of customer meters; and

(7) other factors the Secretary considers relevant.

(c) Notification of Availability. - (1) Not later than October

24, 1994, the Secretary shall prescribe standards requiring an

operator of a natural gas distribution system to notify in writing

its customers having lines in which excess flow valves are not

required by law but can be installed according to the standards

prescribed under subsection (e) of this section, of -

(A) the availability of excess flow valves for installation in

the system;

(B) safety benefits to be derived from installation; and

(C) costs associated with installation, maintenance, and

replacement.

(2) The standards shall provide that, except when installation is

required under subsection (b) of this section, excess flow valves

shall be installed at the request of the customer if the customer

will pay all costs associated with installation.

(d) Report. - If the Secretary decides under subsection (b) of

this section that there are no circumstances under which an

operator must install excess flow valves, the Secretary shall

submit to Congress a report on the reasons for the decision not

later than 30 days after the decision is made.

(e) Performance Standards. - Not later than April 24, 1994, the

Secretary shall develop standards for the performance of excess

flow valves used to protect lines in a natural gas distribution

system. The Secretary may adopt industry accepted performance

standards in order to comply with the requirement under the

preceding sentence. The standards shall be incorporated into

regulations the Secretary prescribes under this section. All excess

flow valves shall be installed according to the standards.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1316; Pub. L.

104-304, Secs. 8, 20(j), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3800, 3805; Pub.

L. 107-355, Sec. 21(1), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 3010.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60110(a) 49 App.:1672(j)(5). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

3(j); added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec. 104,

106 Stat. 3291.

60110(b) 49 App.:1672(j)(1).

60110(c) 49 App.:1672(j)(2).

60110(d) 49 App.:1672(j)(3).

60110(e) 49 App.:1672(j)(4).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a)(2), the words "in a manner" are omitted as

surplus.

In subsection (b), before clause (1), the words "on when" are

substituted for "prescribing the circumstances, if any, under

which" to eliminate unnecessary words.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-355 substituted "circumstances,

if any, under which an operator" for "circumstances under which an

operator" in introductory provisions.

1996 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 20(j), substituted

"standards" for "regulations" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 8(1), which directed the

insertion of ", if any," after "circumstances" in the first

sentence of subsection (b)(1), could not be executed because the

word "circumstances" did not appear in subsec. (b)(1).

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 8(2), inserted ",

operating, and maintaining" after "cost of installing".

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 20(j), substituted

"standards" for "regulations" after "prescribe" in introductory

provisions.

Subsec. (c)(1)(C). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 8(3), inserted ",

maintenance, and replacement" after "installation".

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 20(j), substituted

"standards" for "regulations".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 8(4), inserted after first

sentence "The Secretary may adopt industry accepted performance

standards in order to comply with the requirement under the

preceding sentence."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 60102 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60111 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60111. Financial responsibility for liquefied natural gas

facilities

-STATUTE-

(a) Notice. - When the Secretary of Transportation believes that

an operator of a liquefied natural gas facility does not have

adequate financial responsibility for the facility, the Secretary

may issue a notice to the operator about the inadequacy and the

amount of financial responsibility the Secretary considers

adequate.

(b) Hearings. - An operator receiving a notice under subsection

(a) of this section may have a hearing on the record not later than

30 days after receiving the notice. The operator may show why the

Secretary should not issue an order requiring the operator to

demonstrate and maintain financial responsibility in at least the

amount the Secretary considers adequate.

(c) Orders. - After an opportunity for a hearing on the record,

the Secretary may issue the order if the Secretary decides it is

justified in the public interest.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1317.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60111(a) 49 Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

App.:1674b(b)(1), 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

(c). 7(b)(1)-(3), (c); added Nov.

30, 1979, Pub. L. 96-129,

Sec. 153, 93 Stat. 1002.

60111(b) 49 App.:1674b(b)(2).

60111(c) 49 App.:1674b(b)(3).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a), the words "is not maintaining adequate

insurance or otherwise", the text of 49 App.:1674b(c), and the

words "and serve upon" and "a statement of" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (b), the words "in accordance with section 554 of

title 5" are omitted for consistency in the revised title and

because 5:554 applies to a hearing on the record unless otherwise

stated. The words "to be held" and "cause as to" are omitted as

surplus. The words "the Secretary considers adequate" are

substituted for "indicated in the notice under paragraph (1)" for

clarity and to eliminate unnecessary words.

Subsection (c) is substituted for 49 App.:1674b(b)(3) to

eliminate unnecessary words.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60119, 60122 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60112 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60112. Pipeline facilities hazardous to life and property

-STATUTE-

(a) General Authority. - After notice and an opportunity for a

hearing, the Secretary of Transportation may decide that a pipeline

facility is hazardous if the Secretary decides that -

(1) operation of the facility is or would be hazardous to life,

property, or the environment; or

(2) the facility is or would be constructed or operated, or a

component of the facility is or would be constructed or operated,

with equipment, material, or a technique that the Secretary

decides is hazardous to life, property, or the environment.

(b) Considerations. - In making a decision under subsection (a)

of this section, the Secretary shall consider, if relevant -

(1) the characteristics of the pipe and other equipment used in

the pipeline facility, including the age, manufacture, physical

properties, and method of manufacturing, constructing, or

assembling the equipment;

(2) the nature of the material the pipeline facility

transports, the corrosive and deteriorative qualities of the

material, the sequence in which the material are (!1)

transported, and the pressure required for transporting the

material;

(3) the aspects of the area in which the pipeline facility is

located, including climatic and geologic conditions and soil

characteristics;

(4) the proximity of the area in which the hazardous liquid

pipeline facility is located to environmentally sensitive areas;

(5) the population density and population and growth patterns

of the area in which the pipeline facility is located;

(6) any recommendation of the National Transportation Safety

Board made under another law; and

(7) other factors the Secretary considers appropriate.

(c) Opportunity for State Comment. - The Secretary shall provide,

to any appropriate official of a State in which a pipeline facility

is located and about which a proceeding has begun under this

section, notice and an opportunity to comment on an agreement the

Secretary proposes to make to resolve the proceeding. State comment

shall incorporate comments of affected local officials.

(d) Corrective Action Orders. -

(1) In general. - If the Secretary decides under subsection (a)

of this section that a pipeline facility is or would be

hazardous, the Secretary shall order the operator of the facility

to take necessary corrective action, including suspended or

restricted use of the facility, physical inspection, testing,

repair, replacement, or other appropriate action.

(2) Actions attributable to an employee. - If, in the case of a

corrective action order issued following an accident, the

Secretary determines that the actions of an employee carrying out

an activity regulated under this chapter, including duties under

section 60102(a), may have contributed substantially to the cause

of the accident, the Secretary shall direct the operator to

relieve the employee from performing those activities, reassign

the employee, or place the employee on leave until the earlier of

the date on which -

(A) the Secretary, after notice and an opportunity for a

hearing, determines that the employee's actions did not

contribute substantially to the cause of the accident; or

(B) the Secretary determines the employee has been

re-qualified or re-trained as provided for in section 60131 and

can safely perform those activities.

(3) Effect of collective bargaining agreements. - An action

taken by an operator under paragraph (2) shall be in accordance

with the terms and conditions of any applicable collective

bargaining agreement.

(e) Waiver of Notice and Hearing in Emergency. - The Secretary

may waive the requirements for notice and an opportunity for a

hearing under this section and issue expeditiously an order under

this section if the Secretary decides failure to issue the order

expeditiously will result in likely serious harm to life, property,

or the environment. An order under this subsection shall provide an

opportunity for a hearing as soon as practicable after the order is

issued.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1317; Pub. L.

103-429, Sec. 6(76), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4388; Pub. L.

107-355, Secs. 8(a), 10(b), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2993, 2995.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

PUB. L. 103-272

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60112(a) 49 App.:1679b(b)(1) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st sentence words 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

before 3d comma), 12(b)(1)-(5); added Nov. 30,

(2). 1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Sec.

104(b), 93 Stat. 993; Oct.

24, 1992, Pub. L. 102-508,

Sec. 101(b), 106 Stat. 3290.

49 App.:2008(b)(1) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st sentence words 96-129, Sec. 209(b)(1)-(5),

before 3d comma), 93 Stat. 1010; Oct. 24,

(2). 1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

201(b), 106 Stat. 3300.

60112(b) 49 App.:1679b(b)(3).

49 App.:2008(b)(3).

60112(c) 49 App.:1679b(b)(6). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

12(b)(6); added Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

113(a), 106 Stat. 3296.

49 App.:2008(b)(6). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

209(b)(6); added Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

213(a), 106 Stat. 3305.

60112(d) 49 App.:1679b(b)(1)

(1st sentence words

after 3d comma,

last sentence).

49 App.:2008(b)(1)

(1st sentence words

after 3d comma,

last sentence).

60112(e) 49

App.:1679b(b)(4),

(5).

49 App.:2008(b)(4),

(5).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a), before clause (1), the word "reasonable" and

the text of 49 App.:1679b(b)(1) (last sentence) and 2008(b)(1)

(last sentence) are omitted as surplus. Clauses (1) and (2) are

substituted for "that any pipeline facility is hazardous to life or

property" and 49 App.:1679b(b)(2) and 2008(b)(2) to eliminate

unnecessary words.

In subsection (b)(1), the words "involved" and "(including its

resistance to corrosion and deterioration)" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (b)(5), the words "in connection with any

investigation conducted by the Board" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c), the words "responsible for pipeline safety"

are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (e), the text of 49 App.:1679b(b)(4) and 2008(b)(4)

is omitted because of 28:516 and 1331.

PUB. L. 103-429

This amends 49:60112(d) to clarify the restatement of 49

App.:1679b(b)(1) and 2008(b)(1) by section 1 of the Act of July 5,

1994 (Public Law 103-272, 108 Stat. 1317).

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 8(a)(1), reenacted

heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to

amendment, text read as follows: "After notice and an opportunity

for a hearing, the Secretary of Transportation may decide a

pipeline facility is hazardous if the Secretary decides the

facility is -

"(1) hazardous to life, property, or the environment; or

"(2) constructed or operated, or a component of the facility is

constructed or operated, with equipment, material, or a technique

the Secretary decides is hazardous to life, property, or the

environment."

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 10(b), designated existing

provisions as par. (1), inserted heading, realigned margins, and

added pars. (2) and (3).

Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 8(a)(2), substituted "is or would be

hazardous" for "is hazardous".

1994 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103-429 inserted before period at end

", including suspended or restricted use of the facility, physical

inspection, testing, repair, replacement, or other appropriate

action".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 103-429 effective July 5, 1994, see section

9 of Pub. L. 103-429, set out as a note under section 321 of this

title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60120, 60122 of this

title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be "is".

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60113 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60113. Customer-owned natural gas service lines

-STATUTE-

Not later than October 24, 1993, the Secretary of Transportation

shall prescribe standards requiring an operator of a natural gas

distribution pipeline that does not maintain customer-owned natural

gas service lines up to building walls to advise its customers of -

(1) the requirements for maintaining those lines;

(2) any resources known to the operator that could assist

customers in carrying out the maintenance;

(3) information the operator has on operating and maintaining

its lines that could assist customers; and

(4) the potential hazards of not maintaining the lines.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1318; Pub. L.

104-304, Secs. 9, 20(k), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3801, 3805.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60113(a) 49 App.:1685(b). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

18(b); added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

115(a)(2), 106 Stat. 3296.

60113(b) 49 App.:1672(k). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

3(k); added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

115(c), 106 Stat. 3297.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-304 struck out subsec. (a) designation and

heading, substituted "standards" for "regulations", and struck out

subsec. (b), which read as follows:

"(b) Actions To Promote Safety. - Not later than one year after

submitting the report required under section 115(b) of the Pipeline

Safety Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-508, 106 Stat. 3296), the

Secretary, considering the report and in cooperation and

coordination with appropriate State and local authorities, shall

take appropriate action to promote the adoption of measures to

improve the safety of customer-owned natural gas service lines."

MAINTENANCE OF CUSTOMER-OWNED SERVICE LINES

Pub. L. 102-508, title I, Sec. 115(b), Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat.

3296, provided that:

"(1) DOT safety review. - Within 18 months after the date of the

enactment of this Act [Oct. 24, 1992], the Secretary of

Transportation shall conduct a review of Department of

Transportation and State rules, policies, procedures, and other

measures with respect to the safety of customer-owned natural gas

service lines, including the effectiveness of such rules, policies,

procedures, and other measures. The Secretary of Transportation

shall include in the review an evaluation of the extent to which

lack of maintenance of customer-owned natural gas service lines

raises safety concerns and shall make recommendations regarding

maintenance of such lines, including the need for any legislative

changes or regulatory action. In conducting the review and

developing the recommendations, the Secretary of Transportation

shall consider the following factors: State and local law,

including law governing private property and rights, and including

State pipeline safety regulation of distribution operators; the

views of State and local regulatory authorities; the extent of

operator compliance with the program for advising customers

regarding maintenance of such lines required under section 18(b) of

the Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act of 1968 [see subsec. (a) of

this section]; available accident information; the recommendations

of the National Transportation Safety Board; costs; the civil

liability implications of distribution operators taking

responsibility for customer-owned service lines; and whether the

service line maintenance information program required under such

section 18(b) sufficiently addresses safety risks and concerns

involving customer-owned service lines.

"(2) Operation and maintenance responsibility. - Within 18 months

after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 24, 1992], the

Secretary of Transportation shall conduct, with the participation

of the operators of natural gas distribution facilities, a survey

of owners of customer-owned service lines to determine the views of

such owners regarding whether distribution companies should assume

responsibility for the operation and maintenance of customer-owned

service lines. In conducting the survey, the Secretary of

Transportation shall ensure that such customers are aware of any

potential safety benefits, any potential implementation issues

(including any property rights or cost issues), the recommendations

of the National Transportation Safety Board, and accidents that

have occurred, related to customer-owned service lines.

"(3) Applicability. - Chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code

(relating to coordination of Federal information policy) shall not

apply to the conduct of the review or survey under this subsection.

"(4) Report. - Not later than 2 years after the date of the

enactment of this Act [Oct. 24, 1992], the Secretary of

Transportation shall transmit to Congress a report on the results

of the review and survey conducted under this subsection, together

with any recommendations (including legislative recommendations)

regarding maintenance of customer-owned natural gas service lines."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 60102 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60114 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60114. One-call notification systems

-STATUTE-

(a) Minimum Requirements. - The Secretary of Transportation shall

prescribe regulations providing minimum requirements for

establishing and operating a one-call notification system for a

State to adopt that will notify an operator of a pipeline facility

of activity in the vicinity of the facility that could threaten the

safety of the facility. The regulations shall include the

following:

(1) a requirement that the system apply to all areas of the

State containing underground pipeline facilities.

(2) a requirement that a person, including a government

employee or contractor, intending to engage in an activity the

Secretary decides could cause physical damage to an underground

facility must contact the appropriate system to establish if

there are underground facilities present in the area of the

intended activity.

(3) a requirement that all operators of underground pipeline

facilities participate in an appropriate one-call notification

system.

(4) qualifications for an operator of a facility, a private

contractor, or a State or local authority to operate a system.

(5) procedures for advertisement and notice of the availability

of a system.

(6) a requirement about the information to be provided by a

person contacting the system under clause (2) of this subsection.

(7) a requirement for the response of the operator of the

system and of the facility after they are contacted by an

individual under this subsection.

(8) a requirement that each State decide whether the system

will be toll free.

(9) a requirement for sanctions substantially the same as

provided under sections 60120 and 60122 of this title.

(b) Marking Facilities. - On notification by an operator of a

damage prevention program or by a person planning to carry out

demolition, excavation, tunneling, or construction in the vicinity

of a pipeline facility, the operator of the facility shall mark

accurately, in a reasonable and timely way, the location of the

pipeline facilities in the vicinity of the demolition, excavation,

tunneling, or construction.

(c) Relationship to Other Laws. - This section and regulations

prescribed under this section do not affect the liability

established under a law of the United States or a State for damage

caused by an activity described in subsection (a)(2) of this

section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1318; Pub. L.

104-287, Sec. 5(91), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3398; Pub. L.

104-304, Sec. 20(d), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3804; Pub. L.

107-355, Secs. 3(b), 21(2), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2986, 3010.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

PUB. L. 103-272

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60114(a) 49 App.:1687(b), Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(e). 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

20(a)-(e); added Oct. 31,

1988, Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

303(a), 102 Stat. 2814.

60114(b) 49 App.:1687(c).

60114(c) 49 App.:1687(h). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

20(h); added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

304(a), 106 Stat. 3308.

60114(d) 49 App.:1687(a).

60114(e) 49 App.:1687(d).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words "Not later than

18 months after October 31, 1988" are omitted as obsolete. The

words "as described in subsection (a)" are omitted as surplus. In

clause (1), the words "or systems" are omitted because of 1:1. In

clause (8), the words "or not" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (b), the words "all of the requirements established

under" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c), the words "contractor, excavator, or other"

are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (d), before clause (1), the words "When

apportioning the amount appropriated to carry out" are substituted

for "In making allocations under" for consistency with section

60107 of the revised title. In clause (2), the words "shall

withhold part of a payment under section 60107 of this title" are

substituted for "such State may not receive the full reimbursement

under such sections to which it would otherwise be entitled" for

clarity and consistency.

PUB. L. 104-287

This amends 49:60114(a)(9) to clarify the restatement of 49

App.:1687(b) by section 1 of the Act of July 5, 1994 (Public Law

103-272, 108 Stat. 1319), because the requirement for substantially

the same sanctions was not intended to include criminal penalties.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 3(b), inserted ",

including a government employee or contractor," after "person".

Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 21(2), redesignated

subsec. (d) as (c).

1996 - Subsec. (a)(9). Pub. L. 104-287 and Pub. L. 104-304, Sec.

20(d)(1), amended par. (9) identically, substituting "60120 and

60122" for "60120, 60122, and 60123".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 20(d)(2), (3), redesignated

subsec. (c) as (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which read as

follows:

"(b) Grants. - The Secretary may make a grant to a State under

this section to develop and establish a one-call notification

system consistent with subsection (a) of this section."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 20(d)(3), redesignated subsec.

(c) as (b).

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 20(d)(2), (3),

redesignated subsec. (e) as (d) and struck out former subsec. (d)

which read as follows:

"(d) Apportionment. - When apportioning the amount appropriated

to carry out section 60107 of this title among the States, the

Secretary -

"(1) shall consider whether a State has adopted or is seeking

adoption of a one-call notification system under this section;

and

"(2) shall withhold part of a payment under section 60107 of

this title when the Secretary decides a State has not adopted, or

is not seeking adoption of, a one-call notification system."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-287 effective July 5, 1994, see section

8(1) of Pub. L. 104-287, set out as a note under section 5303 of

this title.

NATIONWIDE TOLL-FREE NUMBER SYSTEM

Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 17, Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 3008, provided

that: "Within 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act

[Dec. 17, 2002], the Secretary of Transportation shall, in

conjunction with the Federal Communications Commission, facility

operators, excavators, and one-call notification system operators,

provide for the establishment of a 3-digit nationwide toll-free

telephone number system to be used by State one-call notification

systems."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60105, 60122, 60123 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60115 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60115. Technical safety standards committees

-STATUTE-

(a) Organization. - The Technical Pipeline Safety Standards

Committee and the Technical Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety

Standards Committee are committees in the Department of

Transportation. The committees referred to in the preceding

sentence shall serve as peer review committees for carrying out

this chapter. Peer reviews conducted by the committees shall be

treated for purposes of all Federal laws relating to risk

assessment and peer review (including laws that take effect after

the date of the enactment of the Accountable Pipeline Safety and

Partnership Act of 1996) as meeting any peer review requirements of

such laws.

(b) Composition and Appointment. - (1) The Technical Pipeline

Safety Standards Committee is composed of 15 members appointed by

the Secretary of Transportation after consulting with public and

private agencies concerned with the technical aspect of

transporting gas or operating a gas pipeline facility. Each member

must be experienced in the safety regulation of transporting gas

and of gas pipeline facilities or technically qualified, by

training, experience, or knowledge in at least one field of

engineering applicable to transporting gas or operating a gas

pipeline facility, to evaluate gas pipeline safety standards or

risk management principles.

(2) The Technical Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Standards

Committee is composed of 15 members appointed by the Secretary

after consulting with public and private agencies concerned with

the technical aspect of transporting hazardous liquid or operating

a hazardous liquid pipeline facility. Each member must be

experienced in the safety regulation of transporting hazardous

liquid and of hazardous liquid pipeline facilities or technically

qualified, by training, experience, or knowledge in at least one

field of engineering applicable to transporting hazardous liquid or

operating a hazardous liquid pipeline facility, to evaluate

hazardous liquid pipeline safety standards or risk management

principles.

(3) The members of each committee are appointed as follows:

(A) 5 individuals selected from departments, agencies, and

instrumentalities of the United States Government and of the

States.

(B) 5 individuals selected from the natural gas or hazardous

liquid industry, as appropriate, after consulting with industry

representatives.

(C) 5 individuals selected from the general public.

(4)(A) Two of the individuals selected for each committee under

paragraph (3)(A) of this subsection must be State commissioners.

The Secretary shall consult with the national organization of State

commissions before selecting those 2 individuals.

(B) At least 3 of the individuals selected for each committee

under paragraph (3)(B) of this subsection must be currently in the

active operation of natural gas pipelines or hazardous liquid

pipeline facilities, as appropriate. At least 1 of the individuals

selected for each committee under paragraph (3)(B) shall have

education, background, or experience in risk assessment and

cost-benefit analysis. The Secretary shall consult with the

national organizations representing the owners and operators of

pipeline facilities before selecting individuals under paragraph

(3)(B).

(C) Two of the individuals selected for each committee under

paragraph (3)(C) of this subsection must have education,

background, or experience in environmental protection or public

safety. At least 1 of the individuals selected for each committee

under paragraph (3)(C) shall have education, background, or

experience in risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis. At least

one individual selected for each committee under paragraph (3)(C)

may not have a financial interest in the pipeline, petroleum, or

natural gas industries.

(D) None of the individuals selected for a committee under

paragraph (3)(C) may have a significant financial interest in the

pipeline, petroleum, or gas industry.

(c) Committee Reports on Proposed Standards. - (1) The Secretary

shall give to -

(A) the Technical Pipeline Safety Standards Committee each

standard proposed under this chapter for transporting gas and for

gas pipeline facilities including the risk assessment information

and other analyses supporting each proposed standard; and

(B) the Technical Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Standards

Committee each standard proposed under this chapter for

transporting hazardous liquid and for hazardous liquid pipeline

facilities including the risk assessment information and other

analyses supporting each proposed standard.

(2) Not later than 90 days after receiving the proposed standard

and supporting analyses, the appropriate committee shall prepare

and submit to the Secretary a report on the technical feasibility,

reasonableness, cost-effectiveness, and practicability of the

proposed standard and include in the report recommended actions.

The Secretary shall publish each report, including any recommended

actions and minority views. The report if timely made is part of

the proceeding for prescribing the standard. The Secretary is not

bound by the conclusions of the committee. However, if the

Secretary rejects the conclusions of the committee, the Secretary

shall publish the reasons.

(3) The Secretary may prescribe a standard after the end of the

90-day period.

(d) Proposed Committee Standards and Policy Development

Recommendations. - (1) The Technical Pipeline Safety Standards

Committee may propose to the Secretary a safety standard for

transporting gas and for gas pipeline facilities. The Technical

Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Standards Committee may propose to

the Secretary a safety standard for transporting hazardous liquid

and for hazardous liquid pipeline facilities.

(2) If requested by the Secretary, a committee shall make policy

development recommendations to the Secretary.

(e) Meetings. - Each committee shall meet with the Secretary at

least up to 4 times annually. Each committee proceeding shall be

recorded. The record of the proceeding shall be available to the

public.

(f) Expenses. - A member of a committee under this section is

entitled to expenses under section 5703 of title 5. A payment under

this subsection does not make a member an officer or employee of

the Government. This subsection does not apply to members regularly

employed by the Government.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1319; Pub. L.

104-88, title III, Sec. 308(m), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 948; Pub.

L. 104-304, Sec. 10, Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3801; Pub. L.

107-355, Sec. 20(b), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 3010.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60115(a) 49 App.:1673(a) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st sentence). 90-481, Sec. 4(a), 82 Stat.

722; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 102(a), 93

Stat. 991; Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

105(1), 106 Stat. 3293.

49 App.:2003(a) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st sentence). 96-129, Sec. 204(a), 93

Stat. 1005; Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

204(1), 106 Stat. 3301.

60115(b)(1) 49 App.:1673(a)

(last sentence

words before colon).

60115(b)(2) 49 App.:2003(a)

(last sentence

words before colon).

60115(b)( 49 App.:1671(7). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

3), (4) 90-481, Sec. 2(7), 82 Stat.

720; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 109(a), 93

Stat. 996.

49 App.:1673(a)

(last sentence

words after colon).

49 App.:2001(10). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 202(10),

204(c), 93 Stat. 1004, 1006.

49 App.:2003(a)

(last sentence

words after colon).

60115(c) 49 App.:1673(b) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st-5th sentences). 90-481, Sec. 4(b), 82 Stat.

722; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 102(b), 93

Stat. 991; Jan. 14, 1983,

Pub. L. 97-468, Sec. 101

(related to Sec. 4(b)), 96

Stat. 2543; Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

105(2), 106 Stat. 3293.

49 App.:2003(b) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st-5th sentences). 96-129, Sec. 204(b), 93

Stat. 1006; Jan. 14, 1983,

Pub. L. 97-468, Sec. 101

(related to Sec. 204(b)), 96

Stat. 2543; Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

204(2), 106 Stat. 3302.

60115(d) 49 App.:1673(b)

(6th sentence).

49 App.:2003(b)

(6th sentence).

60115(e) 49 App.:1673(b)

(7th, last

sentences).

49 App.:2003(b)

(7th, last

sentences).

60115(f) 49 App.:1673(c). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 4(c), 82 Stat.

722; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 102(c), 93

Stat. 991.

49 App.:2003(c).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a), the words "Not later than 12 months after

November 30, 1979" and "and appoint the initial members of the

Committee" in 49 App.:2003(a) (1st sentence) are omitted as

executed.

In subsection (b)(3)(A)-(C), the word "individuals" is

substituted for "members" for consistency.

In subsection (b)(3)(A), the words "departments, agencies, and

instrumentalities of the United States Government and of the

States" are substituted for "governmental agencies, including State

and Federal Governments" for consistency in the revised title and

with other titles of the United States Code.

In subsection (b)(3)(B), the words "as appropriate" are added

because of the restatement.

In subsection (b)(4), the words "representatives of" are omitted

as surplus. The words "section 10344(f) of this title" are

substituted for "subchapter III of chapter 103 of title 49" for

clarity.

In subsection (c)(1)(A) and (B), the words "or any proposed

amendment to a standard under this chapter, for its consideration"

are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c)(1)(B), the words "After the Committee has been

established and its members appointed" in 49 App.:2003(b) are

omitted as executed.

In subsection (c)(2), the words "or amendment", "by the

Committee", "of the majority", and "for rejection thereof" are

omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c)(3), the words "final . . . or a final amendment

to a standard at any time" are omitted as surplus. The words "the

end of the 90-day period" are substituted for "the 90th day after

its submission to the Committee, whether or not the Committee has

reported on such standard or amendment" to eliminate unnecessary

words.

In subsection (d), the words "for his consideration" are omitted

as surplus.

In subsection (e), the words "(or his designee)" are omitted as

surplus because of 49:322(b). The words "at least" are substituted

for "not less frequently than" to eliminate unnecessary words. The

word "calendar" is omitted as surplus.

In subsection (f), the words "The Secretary may establish the

pay" are substituted for "may be compensated at a rate to be fixed

by the Secretary" for consistency and to eliminate unnecessary

words. The words "of the Committee" after "Members", "actual", and

"then currently" are omitted as surplus. The reference to section

5376 of title 5 is substituted for the reference to section 5332 of

title 5 because of section 529 of the Treasury, Postal Service and

General Government Appropriations Act, 1991 (Public Law 101-509,

104 Stat. 1442). The words "A member is entitled to expenses under

section 5703 of title 5" are substituted for 49 App.:1673(c) (2d

sentence) and 2003(c) (2d sentence) to eliminate unnecessary words.

The words "for any purpose" are omitted as surplus. The words "This

subsection does not apply to members regularly employed by the

Government" are substituted for "other than Federal employees" for

clarity.

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The date of the enactment of the Accountable Pipeline Safety and

Partnership Act of 1996, referred to in subsec. (a), is the date of

enactment of Pub. L. 104-304, which was approved Oct. 12, 1996.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (b)(4)(D). Pub. L. 107-355 added subpar. (D).

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 10(a), inserted at end

"The committees referred to in the preceding sentence shall serve

as peer review committees for carrying out this chapter. Peer

reviews conducted by the committees shall be treated for purposes

of all Federal laws relating to risk assessment and peer review

(including laws that take effect after the date of the enactment of

the Accountable Pipeline Safety and Partnership Act of 1996) as

meeting any peer review requirements of such laws."

Subsec. (b)(1), (2). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 10(b)(1), (2),

inserted before period at end "or risk management principles".

Subsec. (b)(3)(B). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 10(b)(3), substituted

"5" for "4".

Subsec. (b)(3)(C). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 10(b)(4), substituted

"5" for "6".

Subsec. (b)(4)(B). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 10(b)(5), inserted at

end "At least 1 of the individuals selected for each committee

under paragraph (3)(B) shall have education, background, or

experience in risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis. The

Secretary shall consult with the national organizations

representing the owners and operators of pipeline facilities before

selecting individuals under paragraph (3)(B)."

Subsec. (b)(4)(C). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 10(b)(6), inserted after

first sentence "At least 1 of the individuals selected for each

committee under paragraph (3)(C) shall have education, background,

or experience in risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis."

Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 10(c)(1), inserted

before semicolon "including the risk assessment information and

other analyses supporting each proposed standard".

Subsec. (c)(1)(B). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 10(c)(2), inserted

before period at end "including the risk assessment information and

other analyses supporting each proposed standard".

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 10(c)(3)-(6), inserted "and

supporting analyses" after "receiving the proposed standard", "and

submit to the Secretary" after "prepare", "cost-effectiveness,"

after "reasonableness,", "and include in the report recommended

actions" after "practicability of the proposed standard", and "any

recommended actions and" after "including".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 10(d), substituted "up to 4

times" for "twice".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 10(e), substituted "Expenses"

for "Pay and Expenses" in heading, struck out "The Secretary may

establish the pay for each member of a committee for each day

(including travel time) when performing duties of the committee.

However, a member may not be paid more than the daily equivalent of

the maximum annual rate of basic pay payable under section 5376 of

title 5." after heading, and inserted "of a committee under this

section" after "A member".

1995 - Subsec. (b)(4)(A). Pub. L. 104-88 struck out "(referred to

in section 10344(f) of this title)" after "commissions".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2

of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section

701 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60116 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60116. Public education programs

-STATUTE-

(a) In General. - Each owner or operator of a gas or hazardous

liquid pipeline facility shall carry out a continuing program to

educate the public on the use of a one-call notification system

prior to excavation and other damage prevention activities, the

possible hazards associated with unintended releases from the

pipeline facility, the physical indications that such a release may

have occurred, what steps should be taken for public safety in the

event of a pipeline release, and how to report such an event.

(b) Modification of Existing Programs. - Not later than 12 months

after the date of enactment of the Pipeline Safety Improvement Act

of 2002, each owner or operator of a gas or hazardous liquid

pipeline facility shall review its existing public education

program for effectiveness and modify the program as necessary. The

completed program shall include activities to advise affected

municipalities, school districts, businesses, and residents of

pipeline facility locations. The completed program shall be

submitted to the Secretary or, in the case of an intrastate

pipeline facility operator, the appropriate State agency, and shall

be periodically reviewed by the Secretary or, in the case of an

intrastate pipeline facility operator, the appropriate State

agency.

(c) Standards. - The Secretary may issue standards prescribing

the elements of an effective public education program. The

Secretary may also develop material for use in the program.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1321; Pub. L.

104-304, Sec. 11, Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3802; Pub. L. 107-355,

Sec. 5, Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2988.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60116 49 App.:1685(a). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

18(a); added Oct. 11, 1976,

Pub. L. 94-477, Sec. 8, 90

Stat. 2075; Nov. 30, 1979,

Pub. L. 96-129, Sec. 104(b),

93 Stat. 992; Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

115(a)(1), 106 Stat. 3296.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The date of enactment of the Pipeline Safety Improvement Act of

2002, referred to in subsec. (b), is the date of enactment of Pub.

L. 107-355, which was approved Dec. 17, 2002.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-355 reenacted section catchline without change

and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as

follows: "Under regulations the Secretary of Transportation

prescribes, each owner or operator of a gas pipeline facility shall

carry out a program to educate the public on the use of a one-call

notification system prior to excavation, the possible hazards

associated with gas leaks, and the importance of reporting gas

odors and leaks to the appropriate authority. The Secretary may

develop material suitable for use in the program."

1996 - Pub. L. 104-304 substituted "owner or operator of a gas

pipeline facility" for "person transporting gas", inserted "the use

of a one-call notification system prior to excavation," after

"educate the public on", and inserted comma after "gas leaks".

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 60102 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60117 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60117. Administrative

-STATUTE-

(a) General Authority. - To carry out this chapter, the Secretary

of Transportation may conduct investigations, make reports, issue

subpenas, conduct hearings, require the production of records, take

depositions, and conduct research, testing, development,

demonstration, and training activities and promotional activities

relating to prevention of damage to pipeline facilities. The

Secretary may not charge a tuition-type fee for training State or

local government personnel in the enforcement of regulations

prescribed under this chapter.

(b) Records, Reports, and Information. - To enable the Secretary

to decide whether a person owning or operating a pipeline facility

is complying with this chapter and standards prescribed or orders

issued under this chapter, the person shall -

(1) maintain records, make reports, and provide information the

Secretary requires; and

(2) make the records, reports, and information available when

the Secretary requests.

The Secretary may require owners and operators of gathering lines

to provide the Secretary information pertinent to the Secretary's

ability to make a determination as to whether and to what extent to

regulate gathering lines.

(c) Entry and Inspection. - An officer, employee, or agent of the

Department of Transportation designated by the Secretary, on

display of proper credentials to the individual in charge, may

enter premises to inspect the records and property of a person at a

reasonable time and in a reasonable way to decide whether a person

is complying with this chapter and standards prescribed or orders

issued under this chapter.

(d) Confidentiality of Information. - Information related to a

confidential matter referred to in section 1905 of title 18 that is

obtained by the Secretary or an officer, employee, or agent in

carrying out this section may be disclosed only to another officer

or employee concerned with carrying out this chapter or in a

proceeding under this chapter.

(e) Use of Accident Reports. - (1) Each accident report made by

an officer, employee, or agent of the Department may be used in a

judicial proceeding resulting from the accident. The officer,

employee, or agent may be required to testify in the proceeding

about the facts developed in investigating the accident. The report

shall be made available to the public in a way that does not

identify an individual.

(2) Each report related to research and demonstration projects

and related activities is public information.

(f) Testing Facilities Involved in Accidents. - The Secretary may

require testing of a part of a pipeline facility subject to this

chapter that has been involved in or affected by an accident only

after -

(1) notifying the appropriate State official in the State in

which the facility is located; and

(2) attempting to negotiate a mutually acceptable plan for

testing with the owner of the facility and, when the Secretary

considers appropriate, the National Transportation Safety Board.

(g) Providing Safety Information. - On request, the Secretary

shall provide the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission or

appropriate State authority with information the Secretary has on

the safety of material, operations, devices, or processes related

to pipeline transportation or operating a pipeline facility.

(h) Cooperation. - The Secretary may -

(1) advise, assist, and cooperate with other departments,

agencies, and instrumentalities of the United States Government,

the States, and public and private agencies and persons in

planning and developing safety standards and ways to inspect and

test to decide whether those standards have been complied with;

(2) consult with and make recommendations to other departments,

agencies, and instrumentalities of the Government, State and

local governments, and public and private agencies and persons to

develop and encourage activities, including the enactment of

legislation, that will assist in carrying out this chapter and

improve State and local pipeline safety programs; and

(3) participate in a proceeding involving safety requirements

related to a liquefied natural gas facility before the Commission

or a State authority.

(i) Promoting Coordination. - (1) After consulting with

appropriate State officials, the Secretary shall establish

procedures to promote more effective coordination between

departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the Government and

State authorities with regulatory authority over pipeline

facilities about responses to a pipeline accident.

(2) In consultation with the Occupational Safety and Health

Administration, the Secretary shall establish procedures to notify

the Administration of any pipeline accident in which an excavator

that has caused damage to a pipeline may have violated a regulation

of the Administration.

(j) Withholding Information From Congress. - This section does

not authorize information to be withheld from a committee of

Congress authorized to have the information.

(k) Authority for Cooperative Agreements. - To carry out this

chapter, the Secretary may enter into grants, cooperative

agreements, and other transactions with any person, agency, or

instrumentality of the United States, any unit of State or local

government, any educational institution, or any other entity to

further the objectives of this chapter. The objectives of this

chapter include the development, improvement, and promotion of

one-call damage prevention programs, research, risk assessment, and

mapping.

(l) Safety Orders. - If the Secretary decides that a pipeline

facility has a potential safety-related condition, the Secretary

may order the operator of the facility to take necessary corrective

action, including physical inspection, testing, repair,

replacement, or other appropriate action to remedy the

safety-related condition.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1321; Pub. L.

103-429, Sec. 6(77), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4388; Pub. L.

104-304, Secs. 12, 19, Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3802, 3804; Pub. L.

107-355, Sec. 7, Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2993.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

PUB. L. 103-272

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60117(a) 49 App.:1681(a) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st sentence words 90-481, Sec. 14(a) (1st

before semicolon). sentence), 82 Stat. 727;

restated Nov. 30, 1979, Pub.

L. 96-129, Secs. 104(b),

106, 93 Stat. 992, 994.

49 App.:1681(a) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(last sentence). 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

14(a) (last sentence); added

Oct. 11, 1984, Pub. L.

98-464, Sec. 7(a), 98 Stat.

1823.

49 App.:2010(a) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st sentence words 96-129, Sec. 211(a) (1st

before semicolon). sentence), 93 Stat. 1012.

49 App.:2010(a) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(last sentence). 96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

211(a) (last sentence);

added Oct. 11, 1984, Pub. L.

98-464, Sec. 7(b), 98 Stat.

1823.

60117(b) 49 App.:1681(b). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 14(b)-(e), 82

Stat. 727; restated Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

104(b), 106, 93 Stat. 992,

995.

49 App.:2010(b). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 211(b)-(e), 93

Stat. 1012.

60117(c) 49 App.:1681(c).

49 App.:2010(c).

60117(d) 49 App.:1681(e)

(1st sentence).

49 App.:2010(e)

(1st sentence).

60117(e) 49 App.:1681(d).

49 App.:2010(d).

60117(f) 49 App.:1681(a)

(1st sentence words

after semicolon).

49 App.:1681(a) (2d Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

sentence). 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

14(a) (2d sentence); added

Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.

100-561, Sec. 109, 102 Stat.

2809.

49 App.:2010(a)

(1st sentence words

after semicolon).

49 App.:2010(a) (2d Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

sentence). 96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

211(a) (2d sentence); added

Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.

100-561, Sec. 208, 102 Stat.

2812.

60117(g) 49 App.:1682(a). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 15(a), 82 Stat.

727; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 104(b),

109(j)(2), (k), 155(b), 93

Stat. 992, 997, 1003.

49 App.:2011(a). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 212(a)-(c), 93

Stat. 1013.

60117(h)(1) 49 App.:1682(b). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 15(b), 82 Stat.

727; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 104(b),

109(j)(2), 93 Stat. 992, 997.

49 App.:2011(b).

60117(h)(2) 49 App.:1682(c). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

15(c); added Aug. 22, 1972,

Pub. L. 92-401, Sec. 3, 86

Stat. 616; Nov. 30, 1979,

Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

104(b), 109(j)(2), 93 Stat.

992, 997.

49 App.:2011(c).

60117(h)(3) 49 App.:1682(d). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

15(d); added Nov. 30, 1979,

Pub. L. 96-129, Sec. 155(a),

93 Stat. 1003.

60117(i) 49 App.:1676(b). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

9(b); added Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

105(2), 102 Stat. 2807.

49 App.:2011(d). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

212(d); added Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec. 209,

102 Stat. 2812.

60117(j) 49 App.:1681(e)

(last sentence).

49 App.:2010(e)

(last sentence).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a), the words "to the extent necessary . . . his

responsibilities under" and "relevant" are omitted as surplus. The

words "documents and" are omitted as being included in "records".

The words "directly or, by contract, or otherwise" are omitted as

surplus.

In subsections (b), before clause (1), and (c), the words "has

acted or . . . acting" are omitted as surplus. The word

"prescribed" is added for consistency in the revised title and with

other titles of the United States Code.

In subsection (b)(1), the words "establish and" and "reasonably"

are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c), the words "enter premises to" are substituted

for "enter upon" for clarity and consistency. The words "and

examine" and "to the extent such records and properties are

relevant" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (d), the words "related to a confidential matter"

are substituted for "which information contains or relates to a

trade secret . . . shall be considered confidential for the purpose

of that section" to eliminate unnecessary words. The words "All

information reported to or otherwise" are omitted as surplus. The

words "an officer, employee, or agent" are substituted for "his

representative" for consistency. The word "only" is substituted for

"except that such information" to eliminate unnecessary words. The

words "when relevant" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (e)(1), the words "civil, criminal, or other" are

omitted as surplus.

In subsection (f), before clause (1), the words "however . . .

exercise authority under this section to" are omitted as surplus.

In clause (1), the word "affected" is omitted as surplus. In clause

(2), the word "attempting" is substituted for "make every effort"

to eliminate unnecessary words. The words "for testing" and "the

Secretary considers" are added for clarity.

In subsection (g), the words "with respect to matters under their

jurisdiction" in 49 App.:2011(a) are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (h)(1) and (2), the word "instrumentalities" is

added for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of

the Code.

In subsection (h)(1), the word "Federal" before "safety" is

omitted as surplus.

In subsection (h)(3), the words "as a matter of right intervene

or otherwise" and the text of 49 App.:1682(d) (last sentence) are

omitted as surplus.

In subsection (i), the words "Not later than 1 year after October

31, 1988" are omitted as obsolete. The words "departments,

agencies, and instrumentalities of the Government and State

authorities" are substituted for "agencies of the United States and

of the States" for consistency in the revised title and with other

titles of the Code.

In subsection (j), the words "by the Secretary or any officer,

employee, or agent under his control" are omitted as surplus. The

words "to have the information" are substituted for "duly" for

clarity.

PUB. L. 103-429

This amends 49:60117(i) by restating section 304(c) of the

Pipeline Safety Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-508, 106 Stat. 3308) as

49:60117(i)(2).

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60117(i)(2) 49 App.:1682 (note). Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 304(c), 106

Stat. 3308.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 107-355 added subsec. (l).

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 19, inserted "and

promotional activities relating to prevention of damage to pipeline

facilities" after "and training activities".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 12(1), (3), substituted

"owning" for "transporting gas or hazardous liquid" and inserted at

end "The Secretary may require owners and operators of gathering

lines to provide the Secretary information pertinent to the

Secretary's ability to make a determination as to whether and to

what extent to regulate gathering lines."

Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 12(2), added subsec. (k).

1994 - Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 103-429 designated existing

provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60105, 60108, 60118 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60118 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60118. Compliance and waivers

-STATUTE-

(a) General Requirements. - A person owning or operating a

pipeline facility shall -

(1) comply with applicable safety standards prescribed under

this chapter, except as provided in this section or in section

60126;

(2) prepare and carry out a plan for inspection and maintenance

required under section 60108(a) and (b) of this title;

(3) allow access to or copying of records, make reports and

provide information, and allow entry or inspection required under

section 60117(a)-(d) of this title; and

(4) conduct a risk analysis, and adopt and implement an

integrity management program, for pipeline facilities as required

under section 60109(c).

(b) Compliance Orders. - The Secretary of Transportation may

issue orders directing compliance with this chapter, an order under

section 60126, or a regulation prescribed under this chapter. An

order shall state clearly the action a person must take to comply.

(c) Waivers by Secretary. - On application of a person owning or

operating a pipeline facility, the Secretary by order may waive

compliance with any part of an applicable standard prescribed under

this chapter on terms the Secretary considers appropriate, if the

waiver is not inconsistent with pipeline safety. The Secretary

shall state the reasons for granting a waiver under this

subsection. The Secretary may act on a waiver only after notice and

an opportunity for a hearing.

(d) Waivers by State Authorities. - If a certification under

section 60105 of this title or an agreement under section 60106 of

this title is in effect, the State authority may waive compliance

with a safety standard to which the certification or agreement

applies in the same way and to the same extent the Secretary may

waive compliance under subsection (c) of this section. However, the

authority must give the Secretary written notice of the waiver at

least 60 days before its effective date. If the Secretary makes a

written objection before the effective date of the waiver, the

waiver is stayed. After notifying the authority of the objection,

the Secretary shall provide a prompt opportunity for a hearing. The

Secretary shall make the final decision on granting the waiver.

(e) Operator Assistance in Investigations. - If the Secretary or

the National Transportation Safety Board investigate (!1) an

accident involving a pipeline facility, the operator of the

facility shall make available to the Secretary or the Board all

records and information that in any way pertain to the accident

(including integrity management plans and test results), and shall

afford all reasonable assistance in the investigation of the

accident.

(f) Limitation on Statutory Construction. - Nothing in this

section may be construed to infringe upon the constitutional rights

of an operator or its employees.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1322; Pub. L.

104-304, Sec. 13, Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3802; Pub. L. 107-355,

Secs. 10(a), (c), 14(c), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2995, 2996,

3005.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60118(a) 49 App.:1677(a). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 10(a), 82 Stat.

725; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 105(b),

109(h)(4), 152(a), 93 Stat.

994, 996, 999.

49 App.:2006(a). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 203(h),

207(a), (b)(1), 93 Stat.

1005, 1009.

60118(b) 49 App.:1677(b)(1). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

10(b)(1); added Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

104(a)(1), 152(a), 93 Stat.

992, 999.

49 App.:2006(b)(1).

60118(c) 49 App.:1672(d) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st, 2d sentences). 90-481, Sec. 3(d), 82 Stat.

721; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 104(d), 109(c),

152(b)(2), 93 Stat. 994,

996, 1001.

49 App.:2002(h)

(1st, 2d sentences).

60118(d) 49 App.:1672(d)

(3d-last sentences).

49 App.:2002(h)

(3d-last sentences).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a)(1), the words "at all times after the date . .

. takes effect . . . the requirements of" are omitted as surplus.

The words "except as provided in this section" are added for

clarity.

In subsection (a)(2), the words "establish and" in 49

App.:2006(a)(2) and "and comply with such plan" are omitted as

surplus.

In subsection (b), the word "prescribed" is substituted for

"issued" for consistency in the revised title and with other titles

of the United States Code. The word "particular" is omitted as

surplus. The words "a person must take to comply" are substituted

for "required of the person to whom the order is issued" for

clarity and to eliminate unnecessary words.

In subsection (c), the words "any part of" are substituted for

"in whole or in part" to eliminate unnecessary words. The words

"and to such extent" and "he determines that . . . of compliance

with such standard" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (d), the words "to which the certification or

agreement applies" are added for clarity. The words "to the

granting of the waiver" and "any State agency action granting" are

omitted as surplus. The words "shall provide a prompt opportunity

for a hearing" are substituted for "shall afford such agency a

prompt opportunity to present its request for waiver, with

opportunity for hearing" to eliminate unnecessary words and for

consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the Code.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 14(c), added par.

(4).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 10(a), added subsec. (e).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 10(c), added subsec. (f).

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 13(a)(1), struck out

"transporting gas or hazardous liquid or" after "person" in

introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 13(a)(2), added par. (1)

and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: "comply with

applicable safety standards prescribed under this chapter, except

as provided in this section;".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 13(b), reenacted subsec.

heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to

amendment, text read as follows: "The Secretary of Transportation

may issue orders directing compliance with this chapter or a

regulation prescribed under this chapter. An order shall state

clearly the action a person must take to comply."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 13(c), substituted "owning"

for "transporting gas or hazardous liquid".

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60106, 60109, 60119,

60122, 60123, 60124, 60131 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be "investigates".

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60119 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60119. Judicial review

-STATUTE-

(a) Review of Regulations and Waiver Orders. - (1) Except as

provided in subsection (b) of this section, a person adversely

affected by a regulation prescribed under this chapter or an order

issued about an application for a waiver under section 60118(c) or

(d) of this title may apply for review of the regulation or order

by filing a petition for review in the United States Court of

Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit or in the court of

appeals of the United States for the circuit in which the person

resides or has its principal place of business. The petition must

be filed not later than 89 days after the regulation is prescribed

or order is issued. The clerk of the court immediately shall send a

copy of the petition to the Secretary of Transportation.

(2) A judgment of a court under paragraph (1) of this subsection

may be reviewed only by the Supreme Court under section 1254 of

title 28. A remedy under paragraph (1) is in addition to any other

remedies provided by law.

(b) Review of Financial Responsibility Orders. - (1) A person

adversely affected by an order issued under section 60111 of this

title may apply for review of the order by filing a petition for

review in the appropriate court of appeals of the United States.

The petition must be filed not later than 60 days after the order

is issued. Findings of fact the Secretary makes are conclusive if

supported by substantial evidence.

(2) A judgment of a court under paragraph (1) of this subsection

may be reviewed only by the Supreme Court under section 1254(1) of

title 28.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1323.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60119(a)(1) 49 App.:1675(a). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 8(a), 82 Stat.

724; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 104(e)(2),

152(a), 93 Stat. 994, 999;

Jan. 14, 1983, Pub. L.

97-468, Sec. 102, 96 Stat.

2543.

49 App.:2005(a). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 206(a), 93

Stat. 1009; Jan. 14, 1983,

Pub. L. 97-468, Sec. 103, 96

Stat. 2543.

60119(a)(2) 49 App.:1675(b), Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(c). 90-481, Sec. 8(b), (c), 82

Stat. 724; Nov. 30, 1979,

Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

104(e)(3), 152(a), 93 Stat.

994, 999.

49 App.:1675(d), Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(e). 90-481, Sec. 8(d), (e), 82

Stat. 725; Nov. 30, 1979,

Pub. L. 96-129, Sec. 152(a),

93 Stat. 999.

49 App.:2005(b)-(e). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 206(b)-(e), 93

Stat. 1009.

60119(b)(1) 49 App.:1674b(b) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(4)(A), (B). 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

7(b)(4); added Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Sec.

153, 93 Stat. 1002.

60119(b)(2) 49 App.:1674b(b)

(4)(C).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In this section, the word "judicial" is omitted as surplus.

In subsection (a)(1), the words "Except as provided in subsection

(b) of this section" are added for clarity. The words "who is or

will be . . . or aggrieved" are omitted as surplus. The word

"prescribed" is added for consistency in the revised title and with

other titles of the United States Code. The word "Circuit" is added

to complete the proper title of the Court. The word "resides" is

substituted for "located" for clarity and for consistency in the

revised title and with other titles of the Code. The words "or

other officer designated by him for that purpose" are omitted as

surplus because of 49:322(b).

In subsection (a)(2), the text of 49 App.:1675(b) and 2005(b) is

omitted as surplus because of 28:1331 and because 5:ch. 7 applies

in the absence of an exception. The text of 49 App.:1675(d) and

2005(d) is omitted as covered by rule 43 of the Federal Rules of

Appellate Procedure (28 App. U.S.C.). The words "affirming or

setting aside, in whole or in part, any such regulation or order of

the Secretary" are omitted as surplus. The words "may be reviewed

only" are substituted for "shall be final, subject to review" for

consistency. The words "and not in substitution for" are omitted as

surplus.

In subsection (b)(1), the words "adversely affected" are

substituted for "aggrieved" for consistency in the revised title

and with other titles of the Code. The word "only" is omitted as

surplus. The text of 49 App.:1674b(b)(4)(B) (1st sentence) is

omitted as surplus because 28:2112 applies in the absence of an

exception. The text of 49 App.:1674b(b)(4)(B) (2d sentence) is

omitted as surplus and because of 28:1651.

In subsection (b)(2), the words "and decree" are omitted as

surplus. The words "may be reviewed only" are substituted for

"shall be final, except that such judgment and decree shall be

subject to review" for consistency and to eliminate unnecessary

words. The words "upon certiorari" are omitted as surplus because

of 28:1254(1).

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60120 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60120. Enforcement

-STATUTE-

(a) Civil Actions. -

(1) Civil actions to enforce this chapter. - At the request of

the Secretary of Transportation, the Attorney General may bring a

civil action in an appropriate district court of the United

States to enforce this chapter, including section 60112, or a

regulation prescribed or order issued under this chapter. The

court may award appropriate relief, including a temporary or

permanent injunction, punitive damages, and assessment of civil

penalties, considering the same factors as prescribed for the

Secretary in an administrative case under section 60122.

(2) Civil actions to require compliance with subpoenas or allow

for inspections. - At the request of the Secretary, the Attorney

General may bring a civil action in a district court of the

United States to require a person to comply immediately with a

subpena or to allow an officer, employee, or agent authorized by

the Secretary to enter the premises, and inspect the records and

property, of the person to decide whether the person is complying

with this chapter. The action may be brought in the judicial

district in which the defendant resides, is found, or does

business. The court may punish a failure to obey the order as a

contempt of court.

(b) Jury Trial Demand. - In a trial for criminal contempt for

violating an injunction issued under this section, the violation of

which is also a violation of this chapter, the defendant may demand

a jury trial. The defendant shall be tried as provided in rule

42(b) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure (18 App. U.S.C.).

(c) Effect on Tort Liability. - This chapter does not affect the

tort liability of any person.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1323; Pub. L.

107-355, Sec. 8(b)(3), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2993.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60120(a)(1) 49 App.:1677(b)(2). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

10(b)(2); added Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

104(a)(1), 152(a), 93 Stat.

992, 999.

49 App.:1679b(a)(1). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

12(a); added Nov. 30, 1979,

Pub. L. 96-129, Sec. 104(b),

93 Stat. 993.

49 App.:2006(b)(2). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 207(b)(2),

(c), 209(a), 93 Stat. 1009,

1010.

49 App.:2008(a)(1).

60120(a)(2) 49 App.:1681(f). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

14(f); added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

112(b), 106 Stat. 3295.

49 App.:2010(f). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

211(f); added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

211(b), 106 Stat. 3304.

60120(b) 49 App.:1679b(a)(2).

49 App.:2008(a)(2).

60120(c) 49 App.:1677(c). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 10(c), 82 Stat.

725; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 104(a)(1),

152(a), 93 Stat. 992, 999.

49 App.:2006(c).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a)(1), the text of 49 App.:1677(b)(2) and

2006(b)(2) and the words "shall have jurisdiction to determine such

actions" in 49 App.:1679b(a)(1) and 2008(a)(1) are omitted as

redundant and because of 28:1331 and 1345. The word "civil" is

added for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of

the United States Code and because of rule 2 of the Federal Rules

of Civil Procedure (28 App. U.S.C.). The words "to enforce this

chapter" are substituted for "for equitable relief to redress or

restrain a violation by any person of a provision of this chapter"

to eliminate unnecessary words. The word "prescribed" is

substituted for "issued" for consistency in the revised title and

with other titles of the Code. The words "necessary or . . .

mandatory or prohibitive injunctive relief, interim equitable

relief, and" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (a)(2), the words "the Attorney General may bring a

civil action in a district court of the United States" are

substituted for "such district court shall, upon the request of the

Attorney General . . . have jurisdiction to issue to such person an

order" for clarity and consistency and because of 28:1331 and 1345.

The words "contumacy or" are omitted as surplus. The word

"premises" is added for clarity and consistency. The words "or

examine" are omitted as being included in "inspect".

In subsection (b), the words "mandatory or prohibitive" are

omitted as surplus. The words "the defendant may demand a jury

trial" are substituted for "trial shall be by the court or, upon

demand of the accused, by a jury" to eliminate unnecessary words

and for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of

the Code.

In subsection (c), the words "common law or statutory" are

omitted as surplus.

AMENDMENTS

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-355 reenacted subsec. heading without

change, added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1), inserted

par. (2) heading and realigned margins. Prior to amendment, par.

(1) read as follows: "On the request of the Secretary of

Transportation, the Attorney General may bring a civil action in an

appropriate district court of the United States to enforce this

chapter or a regulation prescribed or order issued under this

chapter. The court may award appropriate relief, including punitive

damages."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60105, 60114 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60121 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60121. Actions by private persons

-STATUTE-

(a) General Authority. - (1) A person may bring a civil action in

an appropriate district court of the United States for an

injunction against another person (including the United States

Government and other governmental authorities to the extent

permitted under the 11th amendment to the Constitution) for a

violation of this chapter or a regulation prescribed or order

issued under this chapter. However, the person -

(A) may bring the action only after 60 days after the person

has given notice of the violation to the Secretary of

Transportation or to the appropriate State authority (when the

violation is alleged to have occurred in a State certified under

section 60105 of this title) and to the person alleged to have

committed the violation;

(B) may not bring the action if the Secretary or authority has

begun and diligently is pursuing an administrative proceeding for

the violation; and

(C) may not bring the action if the Attorney General of the

United States, or the chief law enforcement officer of a State,

has begun and diligently is pursuing a judicial proceeding for

the violation.

(2) The Secretary shall prescribe the way in which notice is

given under this subsection.

(3) The Secretary, with the approval of the Attorney General, or

the Attorney General may intervene in an action under paragraph (1)

of this subsection.

(b) Costs and Fees. - The court may award costs, reasonable

expert witness fees, and a reasonable attorney's fee to a

prevailing plaintiff in a civil action under this section. The

court may award costs to a prevailing defendant when the action is

unreasonable, frivolous, or meritless. In this subsection, a

reasonable attorney's fee is a fee -

(1) based on the actual time spent and the reasonable expenses

of the attorney for legal services provided to a person under

this section; and

(2) computed at the rate prevailing for providing similar

services for actions brought in the court awarding the fee.

(c) State Violations as Violations of This Chapter. - In this

section, a violation of a safety standard or practice of a State is

deemed to be a violation of this chapter or a regulation prescribed

or order issued under this chapter only to the extent the standard

or practice is not more stringent than a comparable minimum safety

standard prescribed under this chapter.

(d) Additional Remedies. - A remedy under this section is in

addition to any other remedies provided by law. This section does

not restrict a right to relief that a person or a class of persons

may have under another law or at common law.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1324.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60121(a)(1) 49 App.:1686(a), Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(b) (1st sentence). 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

19; added Oct. 11, 1976,

Pub. L. 94-477, Sec. 8, 90

Stat. 2075; Nov. 30, 1979,

Pub. L. 96-129, Sec. 104(b),

93 Stat. 992.

49 App.:2014(a), Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(b) (1st sentence). 96-129, Sec. 215, 93 Stat.

1014.

60121(a)(2) 49 App.:1686(b)

(last sentence).

49 App.:2014(b)

(last sentence).

60121(a)(3) 49 App.:1686(c).

49 App.:2014(c).

60121(b) 49 App.:1686(e).

49 App.:2014(e).

60121(c) 49 App.:1686(f).

49 App.:2014(f).

60121(d) 49 App.:1686(d).

49 App.:2014(d).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a)(1), before clause (A), the text of 49

App.:1686(a) (last sentence, words after the comma) and 2014(a)

(last sentence, words after the comma) is omitted as surplus

because the amount in controversy is no longer a criterion. The

word "bring" is substituted for "commence" for consistency in the

revised title and with other titles of the United States Code. The

words "mandatory or prohibitive", "including interim equitable

relief", "State, municipality, or", and "alleged to be" are omitted

as surplus. The word "prescribed" is added for consistency in the

revised title and with other titles of the Code.

In subsection (a)(2), the words "by regulation" are omitted as

surplus because of 49:322(a).

In subsection (a)(3), the words "as a matter of right" are

omitted as surplus.

In subsection (b), before clause (1), the words "in the interest

of justice" and "of suit, including" are omitted as surplus. In

clause (1), the words "by an attorney" and "advice and other" are

omitted as surplus. The words "provided to a person under this

section" are substituted for "providing . . . in connection with

representing a person in an action brought under this section" to

eliminate unnecessary words.

In subsection (c), the word "Federal" is omitted as surplus. The

words "prescribed under this chapter" are added for clarity.

In subsection (d), the words "enforcement of this chapter or any

order or regulation under this chapter or to seek any other" are

omitted as surplus.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 60105 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60122 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60122. Civil penalties

-STATUTE-

(a) General Penalties. - (1) A person that the Secretary of

Transportation decides, after written notice and an opportunity for

a hearing, has violated section 60114(b) or 60118(a) of this title

or a regulation prescribed or order issued under this chapter is

liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not

more than $100,000 for each violation. A separate violation occurs

for each day the violation continues. The maximum civil penalty

under this paragraph for a related series of violations is

$1,000,000.

(2) A person violating a standard or order under section 60103 or

60111 of this title is liable to the Government for a civil penalty

of not more than $50,000 for each violation. A penalty under this

paragraph may be imposed in addition to penalties imposed under

paragraph (1) of this subsection.

(3) A person violating section 60129, or an order issued

thereunder, is liable to the Government for a civil penalty of not

more than $1,000 for each violation. The penalties provided by

paragraph (1) do not apply to a violation of section 60129 or an

order issued thereunder.

(b) Penalty Considerations. - In determining the amount of a

civil penalty under this section -

(1) the Secretary shall consider -

(A) the nature, circumstances, and gravity of the violation,

including adverse impact on the environment;

(B) with respect to the violator, the degree of culpability,

any history of prior violations, the ability to pay, and any

effect on ability to continue doing business; and

(C) good faith in attempting to comply; and

(2) the Secretary may consider -

(A) the economic benefit gained from the violation without

any reduction because of subsequent damages; and

(B) other matters that justice requires.

(c) Collection and Compromise. - (1) The Secretary may request

the Attorney General to bring a civil action in an appropriate

district court of the United States to collect a civil penalty

imposed under this section.

(2) The Secretary may compromise the amount of a civil penalty

imposed under this section before referral to the Attorney General.

(d) Setoff. - The Government may deduct the amount of a civil

penalty imposed or compromised under this section from amounts it

owes the person liable for the penalty.

(e) Deposit in Treasury. - Amounts collected under this section

shall be deposited in the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.

(f) Prohibition on Multiple Penalties for Same Act. - Separate

penalties for violating a regulation prescribed under this chapter

and for violating an order under section 60112 or 60118(b) of this

title may not be imposed under this chapter if both violations are

based on the same act.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1325; Pub. L.

107-355, Secs. 6(b), 8(b)(1), (2), 21(3), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat.

2992, 2993, 3010.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60122(a)(1) 49 Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

App.:1679a(a)(1), 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

(3) (1st sentence). 11(a); added Nov. 30, 1979,

Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

104(b), 154, 93 Stat. 992,

1002; Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.

100-561, Sec. 106, 102 Stat.

2807; Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Secs. 112(a),

304(b), 106 Stat. 3295, 3308.

49 App.:2007(a)(1), Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(2) (1st sentence). 96-129, Sec. 208(a), (b),

(d), 93 Stat. 1009, 1010;

Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.

100-561, Sec. 205, 102 Stat.

2811; Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 211(a), 106

Stat. 3304.

60122(a)(2) 49 App.:1679a(a)(2).

60122(b) 49 App.:1679a(a)(3)

(last sentence).

49 App.:2007(a)(2)

(last sentence).

60122(c) 49 App.:1679a(b) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st sentence). 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

11(b), (d); added Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Sec.

104(b), 93 Stat. 992, 993.

49 App.:2007(b)

(1st sentence).

60122(d) 49 App.:1679a(b)

(2d sentence).

49 App.:2007(b) (2d

sentence).

60122(e) 49 App.:1679a(b)

(last sentence).

49 App.:2007(b)

(last sentence).

60122(f) 49 App.:1679a(d).

49 App.:2007(d).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a)(1), the word "prescribed" is added for

consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the

United States Code. The words "including any order issued under

sections 1677(b) and 1679b(b)" in 49 App.:1679a(a)(1) and

"including any order issued under section 2006(b) or 2008(b)" in 49

App.:2007(a)(1) are omitted as surplus. The word "occurs" is added

for clarity.

In subsection (a)(2), the words "is determined by the Secretary

to have" are omitted as surplus. The words "for each violation" are

added for clarity and consistency. The word "imposed" is

substituted for "to which such person may be subject" for

consistency and to eliminate unnecessary words.

In subsection (b)(2), the word "violator" is substituted for "the

person found to have committed the violation" for consistency and

to eliminate unnecessary words. The words "the penalty" are omitted

as surplus.

In subsection (c)(1), the words "The Secretary may request the

Attorney General to bring a civil action" are substituted for "in

an action brought by the Attorney General on behalf of the United

States" for clarity, to eliminate unnecessary words, and because of

28:2461 and rule 2 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (28 App.

U.S.C.).

In subsection (d), the words "imposed or compromised under this

section" are substituted for "of the penalty, when finally

determined (or agreed upon in compromise)" to eliminate unnecessary

words and for consistency. The words "liable for the penalty" are

substituted for "charged" for clarity.

In subsection (f), the words "Separate penalties . . . prescribed

under this chapter . . . may not be imposed under this chapter" are

substituted for "Nothing in this title shall be construed to

authorize . . . penalties" for clarity.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 21(3), substituted

"section 60114(b)" for "section 60114(c)".

Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 8(b)(1), substituted "$100,000" for

"$25,000" and "$1,000,000" for "$500,000".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 6(b), added par. (3).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 8(b)(2), substituted "under

this section - " and pars. (1) and (2) for "under this section, the

Secretary shall consider -

"(1) the nature, circumstances, and gravity of the violation;

"(2) with respect to the violator, the degree of culpability,

any history of prior violations, the ability to pay, and any

effect on ability to continue doing business;

"(3) good faith in attempting to comply; and

"(4) other matters that justice requires."

COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY

Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 8(d), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2994,

provided that:

"(1) In general. - The Comptroller General shall conduct a study

of the actions, policies, and procedures of the Secretary of

Transportation for assessing and collecting fines and penalties on

operators of hazardous liquid and gas transmission pipelines.

"(2) Analysis. - In conducting the study, the Comptroller General

shall examine, at a minimum, the following:

"(A) The frequency with which the Secretary has substituted

corrective orders for fines and penalties.

"(B) Changes in the amounts of fines recommended by safety

inspectors, assessed by the Secretary, and actually collected.

"(C) An evaluation of the overall effectiveness of the

Secretary's enforcement strategy.

"(D) The extent to which the Secretary has complied with the

report of the Government Accounting Office entitled 'Pipeline

Safety: The Office of Pipeline Safety is Changing How it Oversees

the Pipeline Industry'.

"(3) Report. - Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment

of this Act [Dec. 17, 2002], the Comptroller General shall transmit

to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the

Senate and the Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure and

Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives a report on the

results of the study."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 60105, 60114, 60120 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60123 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60123. Criminal penalties

-STATUTE-

(a) General Penalty. - A person knowingly and willfully violating

section 60114(b), 60118(a), or 60128 of this title or a regulation

prescribed or order issued under this chapter shall be fined under

title 18, imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both.

(b) Penalty for Damaging or Destroying Facility. - A person

knowingly and willfully damaging or destroying an interstate gas

pipeline facility, an interstate hazardous liquid pipeline

facility, or either an intrastate gas pipeline facility or

intrastate hazardous liquid pipeline facility that is used in

interstate or foreign commerce or in any activity affecting

interstate or foreign commerce, or attempting or conspiring to do

such an act, shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned for not more

than 20 years, or both, and, if death results to any person, shall

be imprisoned for any term of years or for life.

(c) Penalty for Damaging or Destroying Sign. - A person knowingly

and willfully defacing, damaging, removing, or destroying a

pipeline sign or right-of-way marker required by a law or

regulation of the United States shall be fined under title 18,

imprisoned for not more than one year, or both.

(d) Penalty for Not Using One-Call Notification System or Not

Heeding Location Information or Markings. - A person shall be fined

under title 18, imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both, if

the person -

(1) knowingly and willfully engages in an excavation activity -

(A) without first using an available one-call notification

system to establish the location of underground facilities in

the excavation area; or

(B) without paying attention to appropriate location

information or markings the operator of a pipeline facility

establishes; and

(2) subsequently damages -

(A) a pipeline facility that results in death, serious bodily

harm, or actual damage to property of more than $50,000;

(B) a pipeline facility, and knows or has reason to know of

the damage, but does not report the damage promptly to the

operator of the pipeline facility and to other appropriate

authorities; or

(C) a hazardous liquid pipeline facility that results in the

release of more than 50 barrels of product.

Penalties under this subsection may be reduced in the case of a

violation that is promptly reported by the violator.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1325; Pub. L.

104-304, Secs. 14, 18(b)(1), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3803, 3804;

Pub. L. 107-56, title VIII, Secs. 810(h), 811(k), Oct. 26, 2001,

115 Stat. 381, 382; Pub. L. 107-355, Secs. 3(c), 8(c), 21(4), Dec.

17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2986, 2994, 3010.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60123(a) 49 App.:1679a(c)(1). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

11(c)(1); added Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Sec.

104(b), 93 Stat. 992; Oct.

24, 1992, Pub. L. 102-508,

Sec. 304(b), 106 Stat. 3308.

49 App.:2007(c)(1). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 208(c)(1), (2),

93 Stat. 1010.

60123(b) 49 App.:1679a(c)(2). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

11(c)(2); added Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Sec.

104(b), 93 Stat. 992.

49 App.:2007(c)(2).

60123(c) 49 App.:1679a(c)(3). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

11(c)(3); added Oct. 31,

1988, Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

107, 102 Stat. 2807.

49 App.:2007(c)(3). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, 93 Stat. 989, Sec.

208(c)(3); added Oct. 31,

1988, Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

206, 102 Stat. 2811.

60123(d) 49 App.:1687(g). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

20(g); added Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

304(a), 106 Stat. 3307.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In this section, the words "upon conviction . . . subject, for

each offense, to" and "a term" are omitted as surplus.

In subsections (a)-(c), the words "fined under title 18" are

substituted for "a fine of not more than $25,000" and "a fine of

not more than $5,000" for consistency with title 18.

In subsection (a), the word "prescribed" is added for consistency

in the revised title and with other titles of the United States

Code. The words "including any order issued under section 1677(b)

and 1679b(b) of this Appendix" in 49 App.:1679a(c)(1) and

"including any order issued under section 2006(b) or 2008(b) of the

Appendix" in 49 App.:2007(c)(1) are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (b), the word "damaging" is substituted for

"injures", and the word "damage" is substituted for "injure", for

clarity.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 21(4), substituted

"60114(b)" for "60114(c)".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 8(c), substituted "gas

pipeline facility, an" for "gas pipeline facility or" and inserted

", or either an intrastate gas pipeline facility or intrastate

hazardous liquid pipeline facility that is used in interstate or

foreign commerce or in any activity affecting interstate or foreign

commerce" after "liquid pipeline facility".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 3(c)(1), (4), struck out

"knowingly and willfully" after "if the person" in introductory

provisions and inserted concluding provisions.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 3(c)(2), inserted

"knowingly and willfully" before "engages".

Subsec. (d)(2)(B). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 3(c)(3), added subpar.

(B) and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: "a

pipeline facility that does not report the damage promptly to the

operator of the pipeline facility and to other appropriate

authorities; or".

2001 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-56 struck out ", or attempting to

damage or destroy," before "an interstate gas pipeline facility",

inserted ", or attempting or conspiring to do such an act," before

"shall be fined under title 18," and substituted "20 years, or

both, and, if death results to any person, shall be imprisoned for

any term of years or for life." for "15 years, or both."

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 18(b)(1), substituted

", 60118(a), or 60128" for "or 60118(a)".

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 14, added subpar. (B) and

redesignated former subpar. (B) as (C).

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 60108 of this title; title

18 sections 2332b, 2339A, 2516.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60124 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60124. Biennial reports

-STATUTE-

(a) Submission and Contents. - Not later than August 15, 1997,

and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary of Transportation shall

submit to Congress a report on carrying out this chapter for the 2

immediately preceding calendar years for gas and a report on

carrying out this chapter for such period for hazardous liquid.

Each report shall include the following information about the prior

year for gas or hazardous liquid, as appropriate:

(1) a thorough compilation of the leak repairs, accidents, and

casualties and a statement of cause when investigated and

established by the National Transportation Safety Board.

(2) a list of applicable pipeline safety standards prescribed

under this chapter including identification of standards

prescribed during the year.

(3) a summary of the reasons for each waiver granted under

section 60118(c) and (d) of this title.

(4) an evaluation of the degree of compliance with applicable

safety standards, including a list of enforcement actions and

compromises of alleged violations by location and company name.

(5) a summary of outstanding problems in carrying out this

chapter, in order of priority.

(6) an analysis and evaluation of -

(A) research activities, including their policy implications,

completed as a result of the United States Government and

private sponsorship; and

(B) technological progress in safety achieved.

(7) a list, with a brief statement of the issues, of completed

or pending judicial actions under this chapter.

(8) the extent to which technical information was distributed

to the scientific community and consumer-oriented information was

made available to the public.

(9) a compilation of certifications filed under section 60105

of this title that were -

(A) in effect; or

(B) rejected in any part by the Secretary and a summary of

the reasons for each rejection.

(10) a compilation of agreements made under section 60106 of

this title that were -

(A) in effect; or

(B) ended in any part by the Secretary and a summary of the

reasons for ending each agreement.

(11) a description of the number and qualifications of State

pipeline safety inspectors in each State for which a

certification under section 60105 of this title or an agreement

under section 60106 of this title is in effect and the number and

qualifications of inspectors the Secretary recommends for that

State.

(12) recommendations for legislation the Secretary considers

necessary -

(A) to promote cooperation among the States in improving -

(i) gas pipeline safety; or

(ii) hazardous liquid pipeline safety programs; and

(B) to strengthen the national gas pipeline safety program.

(b) Submission of One Report. - The Secretary may submit one

report to carry out subsection (a) of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1326; Pub. L.

104-66, title I, Sec. 1121(l), Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 724; Pub.

L. 104-304, Sec. 15(a), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3803.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60124(a) 49 App.:1683(a). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 16(a), 82 Stat.

728; Oct. 11, 1976, Pub. L.

94-477, Sec. 7, 90 Stat.

2075; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Secs. 104(b), 107,

109(l), (m), 93 Stat. 992,

995, 997; Oct. 11, 1984,

Pub. L. 98-464, Sec. 3(a),

98 Stat. 1821; Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

110(b), 106 Stat. 3295.

49 App.:1683(b). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, Sec. 16(b), 82 Stat.

728; Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 104(b), 93

Stat. 992.

49 App.:2012(a). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 213(a), 93

Stat. 1013; Oct. 11, 1984,

Pub. L. 98-464, Sec. 3(b),

98 Stat. 1821; Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

209(b), 106 Stat. 3304.

49 App.:2012(b). Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

96-129, Sec. 213(b), (c), 93

Stat. 1014.

60124(b) 49 App.:2012(c).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words "prepare and" and

"comprehensive" are omitted as surplus. The words "the following

information" are added for clarity. The words "about the prior

year" are substituted for "occurring in such year", "established or

in effect in such year", "during such year", and "during the

preceding calendar year" to eliminate unnecessary words. In clause

(2), the word "Federal" is omitted as surplus. The word

"prescribed" is substituted for "established or in effect" and

"established" for consistency in the revised title and with other

titles of the United States Code and to eliminate unnecessary

words. The word "newly" is omitted as surplus. In clause (4), the

words "for the transportation of gas and pipeline facilities" in 49

App.:1683(a)(4) and "for the transportation of hazardous liquids

and pipeline facilities" in 49 App.:2012(a)(4) are omitted because

of the restatement. In clause (5), the words "in carrying out" are

substituted for "confronting the administration of" for

consistency. In clause (9), before subclause (A), the words "by

State agencies (including municipalities)" are omitted as surplus.

In clauses (9)(B) and (10)(B), the words "in any part" are added

for clarity. In clause (10), before subclause (A), the words "with

State agencies (including municipalities)" are omitted as surplus.

In clause (12), before subclause (A), the word "additional" is

omitted as surplus. In subclause (A), the word "several" is omitted

as surplus.

In subsection (b), the words "annual" and "the report

requirements of" are omitted as surplus.

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 15(a)(1), substituted "Biennial" for

"Annual" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 15(a)(2), inserted first

sentence and struck out former first sentence which read as

follows: "The Secretary of Transportation shall submit to Congress

not later than August 15 of each odd-numbered year a report on

carrying out this chapter for the prior calendar year for gas and a

report on carrying out this chapter for the prior calendar year for

hazardous liquid."

1995 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-66 substituted "of each

odd-numbered year" for "of each year" in first sentence of

introductory provisions.

TERMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of law

requiring submittal to Congress of any annual, semiannual, or other

regular periodic report listed in House Document No. 103-7 (in

which the 7th and 9th items on page 135 identify reporting

provisions which, as subsequently amended, are contained in this

section), see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, set out

as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 6104 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60125 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60125. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

(a) Gas and Hazardous Liquid. - To carry out this chapter (except

for section 60107) related to gas and hazardous liquid, the

following amounts are authorized to be appropriated to the

Department of Transportation:

(1) $45,800,000 for fiscal year 2003, of which $31,900,000 is

to be derived from user fees for fiscal year 2003 collected under

section 60301 of this title.

(2) $46,800,000 for fiscal year 2004, of which $35,700,000 is

to be derived from user fees for fiscal year 2004 collected under

section 60301 of this title.

(3) $47,100,000 for fiscal year 2005, of which $41,100,000 is

to be derived from user fees for fiscal year 2005 collected under

section 60301 of this title.

(4) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2006, of which $45,000,000 is

to be derived from user fees for fiscal year 2006 collected under

section 60301 of this title.

(b) State Grants. - (1) Not more than the following amounts may

be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out section 60107 of this

title:

(A) $19,800,000 for fiscal year 2003, of which $14,800,000 is

to be derived from user fees for fiscal year 2003 collected under

section 60301 of this title.

(B) $21,700,000 for fiscal year 2004, of which $16,700,000 is

to be derived from user fees for fiscal year 2004 collected under

section 60301 of this title.

(C) $24,600,000 for fiscal year 2005, of which $19,600,000 is

to be derived from user fees for fiscal year 2005 collected under

section 60301 of this title.

(D) $26,500,000 for fiscal year 2006, of which $21,500,000 is

to be derived from user fees for fiscal year 2006 collected under

section 60301 of this title.

(2) At least 5 percent of amounts appropriated to carry out

United States Government grants-in-aid programs for a fiscal year

are available only to carry out section 60107 of this title related

to hazardous liquid.

(3) Not more than 20 percent of a pipeline safety program grant

under section 60107 of this title may be allocated to indirect

expenses.

(c) Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund. - Of the amounts available in

the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund, $8,000,000 shall be transferred

to the Secretary of Transportation, as provided in appropriation

Acts, to carry out programs authorized in this chapter for each of

fiscal years 2003 through 2006.

(d) Emergency Response Grants. -

(1) In general. - The Secretary may establish a program for

making grants to State, county, and local governments in high

consequence areas, as defined by the Secretary, for emergency

response management, training, and technical assistance.

(2) Authorization of appropriations. - There is authorized to

be appropriated $6,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2003 through

2006 to carry out this subsection.

(e) Crediting Appropriations for Expenditures for Training. - The

Secretary may credit to an appropriation authorized under

subsection (a) amounts received from sources other than the

Government for reimbursement for expenses incurred by the Secretary

in providing training.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1327; Pub. L.

104-304, Sec. 21, Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3805; Pub. L. 107-355,

Sec. 22, Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 3010.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

60125(a) 49 App.:1684(a) Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

(1st sentence). 90-481, Sec. 17(a), 82 Stat.

729; Aug. 22, 1972, Pub. L.

92-401, Sec. 4, 86 Stat.

616; Aug. 30, 1974, Pub. L.

93-403, Sec. 3, 88 Stat.

802; Oct. 11, 1976, Pub. L.

94-477, Sec. 2(1), 90 Stat.

2073; restated Nov. 30,

1979, Pub. L. 96-129, Secs.

104(b), 108, 93 Stat. 992,

996; Oct. 11, 1984, Pub. L.

98-464, Sec. 1(a), 98 Stat.

1821; Apr. 7, 1986, Pub. L.

99-272, Secs. 7001,

7002(b)(4), 100 Stat. 139;

Oct. 22, 1986, Pub. L.

99-516, Sec. 1(a), 100 Stat.

2965; Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.

100-561, Secs. 110,

303(b)(2), 102 Stat. 2809,

2816; Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L.

102-508, Sec. 114, 106 Stat.

3296.

60125(b) 49 App.:2013(a) Nov. 30, 1979, Pub. L.

(1st sentence). 96-129, Sec. 214(a), 93

Stat. 1014; Oct. 11, 1984,

Pub. L. 98-464, Sec. 2(a),

98 Stat. 1821; Apr. 7, 1986,

Pub. L. 99-272, Secs.

7002(b)(3), 7004, 100 Stat.

139, 140; Oct. 22, 1986,

Pub. L. 99-516, Sec. 2, 100

Stat. 2965; Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec. 210,

102 Stat. 2812; Oct. 24,

1992, Pub. L. 102-508, Sec.

214, 106 Stat. 3305.

60125(c)(1) 49 App.:1684(c). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

17(c); added Apr. 7, 1986,

Pub. L. 99-272, Sec.

7002(a), 100 Stat. 139; Oct.

22, 1986, Pub. L. 99-516,

Sec. 1(b), 100 Stat. 2965;

Oct. 31, 1988, Pub. L.

100-561, Sec. 301(a), 102

Stat. 2813; Oct. 24, 1992,

Pub. L. 102-508, Sec. 301,

106 Stat. 3307.

60125(c)( 49 App.:1684(d). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

2), (3) 90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

17(d); added Apr. 7, 1986,

Pub. L. 99-272, Sec.

7002(a), 100 Stat. 139; Oct.

31, 1988, Pub. L. 100-561,

Sec. 301(b), 102 Stat. 2813.

60125(d) 49 App.:1687(f). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

20(f); added Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

303(a), 102 Stat. 2816.

60125(e) 49 App.:1684(a)

(2d, last

sentences).

49 App.:2013(a)

(last sentence).

60125(f) 49 App.:1684(e). Aug. 12, 1968, Pub. L.

90-481, 82 Stat. 720, Sec.

17(e); added Oct. 31, 1988,

Pub. L. 100-561, Sec.

301(c), 102 Stat. 2814.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In this section, references to fiscal years ending September 30,

1980, 1981, and 1985-1992, are omitted as expired.

In subsection (a), the words "(except sections 60107 and

60114(b))" are substituted for "(other than provisions for which

funds are authorized to be appropriated under subsection . . . (c)

of this section or section 1687 of this Appendix)" to eliminate

unnecessary words. The reference to subsection (b) is omitted as

obsolete.

In subsection (b), the words "(except sections 60107" are

substituted for "(other than provisions for which funds are

authorized to be appropriated under . . . section 1684(c) of this

Appendix)" to eliminate unnecessary words. The words "subsection

(b) of this section or" are omitted as obsolete. The reference to

section 60114(b) of the revised title is added for clarity.

In subsection (c)(1) and (2), the words "the Federal

grants-in-aid provisions of" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (c)(3), the words "the amount of" are omitted as

surplus. The word "program" is added for consistency in this

chapter. The words "made to a State" are omitted as surplus.

In subsection (e), the text of 49 App.:1684(a) (last sentence) is

omitted as expired.

In subsection (f)(5), the words "made available" are omitted as

surplus.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 22(a), reenacted

heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to

amendment, text read as follows: "To carry out this chapter (except

for sections 60107 and 60114(b)) related to gas and hazardous

liquid, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Department

of Transportation -

"(1) $19,448,000 for fiscal year 1996;

"(2) $20,028,000 for fiscal year 1997, of which $14,600,000 is

to be derived from user fees for fiscal year 1997 collected under

section 60301 of this title;

"(3) $20,729,000 for fiscal year 1998, of which $15,100,000 is

to be derived from user fees for fiscal year 1998 collected under

section 60301 of this title;

"(4) $21,442,000 for fiscal year 1999, of which $15,700,000 is

to be derived from user fees for fiscal year 1999 collected under

section 60301 of this title; and

"(5) $22,194,000 for fiscal year 2000, of which $16,300,000 is

to be derived from user fees for fiscal year 2000 collected under

section 60301 of this title."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 22(b)(1), redesignated subsec.

(c) as (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which read as follows:

"(b) Hazardous Liquid. - Not more than the following amounts may

be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this chapter (except

sections 60107 and 60114(b)) related to hazardous liquid:

"(1) $1,728,500 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1993.

"(2) $1,866,800 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1994.

"(3) $2,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1995."

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 22(b)(2), added subpars.

(A) to (D) and struck out former subpars. (A) to (H) which read as

follows:

"(A) $7,750,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1993.

"(B) $9,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1994.

"(C) $10,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1995.

"(D) $12,000,000 for fiscal year 1996.

"(E) $14,000,000 for fiscal year 1997, of which $12,500,000 is to

be derived from user fees for fiscal year 1997 collected under

section 60301 of this title.

"(F) $14,490,000 for fiscal year 1998, of which $12,900,000 is to

be derived from user fees for fiscal year 1998 collected under

section 60301 of this title.

"(G) $15,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, of which $13,300,000 is to

be derived from user fees for fiscal year 1999 collected under

section 60301 of this title.

"(H) $15,524,000 for fiscal year 2000, of which $13,700,000 is to

be derived from user fees for fiscal year 2000 collected under

section 60301 of this title."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 22(c), added subsec. (c).

Former subsec. (c) redesignated (b).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 22(b)(1), (c), added subsec.

(d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which read as follows:

"(d) Grants for One-Call Notification Systems. - Not more than

$_____ may be appropriated to the Secretary for the fiscal year

ending September 30, 19_, to carry out section 60114(b) of this

title. Amounts under this subsection remain available until

expended."

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 22(d), struck out "or (b) of

this section" after "under subsection (a)".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 22(b)(1), struck out subsec.

(f) which read as follows:

"(f) Availability of Unused Amounts for Grants. - (1) The

Secretary shall make available for grants to States amounts

appropriated for each of the fiscal years that ended September 30,

1986, and 1987, that have not been expended in making grants under

section 60107 of this title.

"(2) A grant under this subsection is available to a State that

after December 31, 1987 -

"(A) undertakes a new responsibility under section 60105 of

this title; or

"(B) implements a one-call damage prevention program

established under State law.

"(3) This subsection does not authorize a State to receive more

than 50 percent of its allowable pipeline safety costs from a grant

under this chapter.

"(4) A State may receive not more than $75,000 under this

subsection.

"(5) Amounts under this subsection remain available until

expended."

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 21(a)(1), added subsec.

(a) and struck out former subsec. (a) which read as follows:

"(a) Gas. - Not more than the following amounts may be

appropriated to the Secretary of Transportation to carry out this

chapter (except sections 60107 and 60114(b)) related to gas:

"(1) $6,857,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1993.

"(2) $7,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1994.

"(3) $7,500,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1995."

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 21(b), added subpars. (D)

to (H).

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60126 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60126. Risk management

-STATUTE-

(a) Risk Management Program Demonstration Projects. -

(1) In general. - The Secretary shall establish risk management

demonstration projects -

(A) to demonstrate, through the voluntary participation by

owners and operators of gas pipeline facilities and hazardous

liquid pipeline facilities, the application of risk management;

and

(B) to evaluate the safety and cost-effectiveness of the

program.

(2) Exemptions. - In carrying out a demonstration project under

this subsection, the Secretary, by order -

(A) may exempt an owner or operator of the pipeline facility

covered under the project (referred to in this subsection as a

"covered pipeline facility"), from the applicability of all or

a portion of the requirements under this chapter that would

otherwise apply to the covered pipeline facility; and

(B) shall exempt, for the period of the project, an owner or

operator of the covered pipeline facility, from the

applicability of any new standard that the Secretary

promulgates under this chapter during the period of that

participation, with respect to the covered facility.

(b) Requirements. - In carrying out a demonstration project under

this section, the Secretary shall -

(1) invite owners and operators of pipeline facilities to

submit risk management plans for timely approval by the

Secretary;

(2) require, as a condition of approval, that a risk management

plan submitted under this subsection contain measures that are

designed to achieve an equivalent or greater overall level of

safety than would otherwise be achieved through compliance with

the standards contained in this chapter or promulgated by the

Secretary under this chapter;

(3) provide for -

(A) collaborative government and industry training;

(B) methods to measure the safety performance of risk

management plans;

(C) the development and application of new technologies;

(D) the promotion of community awareness concerning how the

overall level of safety will be maintained or enhanced by the

demonstration project;

(E) the development of models that categorize the risks

inherent to each covered pipeline facility, taking into

consideration the location, volume, pressure, and material

transported or stored by that pipeline facility;

(F) the application of risk assessment and risk management

methodologies that are suitable to the inherent risks that are

determined to exist through the use of models developed under

subparagraph (E);

(G) the development of project elements that are necessary to

ensure that -

(i) the owners and operators that participate in the

demonstration project demonstrate that they are effectively

managing the risks referred to in subparagraph (E); and

(ii) the risk management plans carried out under the

demonstration project under this subsection can be audited;

(H) a process whereby an owner or operator of a pipeline

facility is able to terminate a risk management plan or, with

the approval of the Secretary, to amend, modify, or otherwise

adjust a risk management plan referred to in paragraph (1) that

has been approved by the Secretary pursuant to that paragraph

to respond to -

(i) changed circumstances; or

(ii) a determination by the Secretary that the owner or

operator is not achieving an overall level of safety that is

at least equivalent to the level that would otherwise be

achieved through compliance with the standards contained in

this chapter or promulgated by the Secretary under this

chapter;

(I) such other elements as the Secretary, with the agreement

of the owners and operators that participate in the

demonstration project under this section, determines to further

the purposes of this section; and

(J) an opportunity for public comment in the approval

process; and

(4) in selecting participants for the demonstration project,

take into consideration the past safety and regulatory

performance of each applicant who submits a risk management plan

pursuant to paragraph (1).

(c) Emergencies and Revocations. - Nothing in this section

diminishes or modifies the Secretary's authority under this title

to act in case of an emergency. The Secretary may revoke any

exemption granted under this section for substantial noncompliance

with the terms and conditions of an approved risk management plan.

(d) Participation by State Authority. - In carrying out this

section, the Secretary may provide for consultation by a State that

has in effect a certification under section 60105. To the extent

that a demonstration project comprises an intrastate natural gas

pipeline or an intrastate hazardous liquid pipeline facility, the

Secretary may make an agreement with the State agency to carry out

the duties of the Secretary for approval and administration of the

project.

(e) Report. - Not later than March 31, 2000, the Secretary shall

transmit to the Congress a report on the results of the

demonstration projects carried out under this section that includes

-

(1) an evaluation of each such demonstration project, including

an evaluation of the performance of each participant in that

project with respect to safety and environmental protection; and

(2) recommendations concerning whether the applications of risk

management demonstrated under the demonstration project should be

incorporated into the Federal pipeline safety program under this

chapter on a permanent basis.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 5(a), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3798.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 60118 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60127 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60127. Population encroachment and rights-of-way

-STATUTE-

(a) Study. - The Secretary of Transportation, in conjunction with

the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and in consultation with

appropriate Federal agencies and State and local governments, shall

undertake a study of land use practices, zoning ordinances, and

preservation of environmental resources with regard to pipeline

rights-of-way and their maintenance.

(b) Purpose of Study. - The purpose of the study shall be to

gather information on land use practices, zoning ordinances, and

preservation of environmental resources -

(1) to determine effective practices to limit encroachment on

existing pipeline rights-of-way;

(2) to address and prevent the hazards and risks to the public,

pipeline workers, and the environment associated with

encroachment on pipeline rights-of-way;

(3) to raise the awareness of the risks and hazards of

encroachment on pipeline rights-of-way; and

(4) to address how to best preserve environmental resources in

conjunction with maintaining pipeline rights-of-way, recognizing

pipeline operators' regulatory obligations to maintain

rights-of-way and to protect public safety.

(c) Considerations. - In conducting the study, the Secretary

shall consider, at a minimum, the following:

(1) The legal authority of Federal agencies and State and local

governments in controlling land use and the limitations on such

authority.

(2) The current practices of Federal agencies and State and

local governments in addressing land use issues involving a

pipeline easement.

(3) The most effective way to encourage Federal agencies and

State and local governments to monitor and reduce encroachment

upon pipeline rights-of-way.

(d) Report. -

(1) In general. - Not later than 1 year after the date of

enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall publish a

report identifying practices, laws, and ordinances that are most

successful in addressing issues of encroachment and maintenance

on pipeline rights-of-way so as to more effectively protect

public safety, pipeline workers, and the environment.

(2) Distribution of report. - The Secretary shall provide a

copy of the report to -

(A) Congress and appropriate Federal agencies; and

(B) States for further distribution to appropriate local

authorities.

(3) Adoption of practices, laws, and ordinances. - The

Secretary shall encourage Federal agencies and State and local

governments to adopt and implement appropriate practices, laws,

and ordinances, as identified in the report, to address the risks

and hazards associated with encroachment upon pipeline

rights-of-way and to address the potential methods of preserving

environmental resources while maintaining pipeline rights-of-way,

consistent with pipeline safety.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 16(a), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3803;

amended Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 11(a), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat.

2996.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The date of enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsec.

(d)(1), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 107-355, which was

approved Dec. 17, 2002.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-355 substituted "Population encroachment and

rights-of-way" for "Population encroachment" in section catchline

and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as

follows:

"(a) Land Use Recommendations. - The Secretary of Transportation

shall make available to an appropriate official of each State, as

determined by the Secretary, the land use recommendations of the

special report numbered 219 of the Transportation Research Board,

entitled 'Pipelines and Public Safety'.

"(b) Evaluation. - The Secretary shall -

"(1) evaluate the recommendations in the report referred to in

subsection (a);

"(2) determine to what extent the recommendations are being

implemented;

"(3) consider ways to improve the implementation of the

recommendations; and

"(4) consider other initiatives to further improve awareness of

local planning and zoning entities regarding issues involved with

population encroachment in proximity to the rights-of-way of any

interstate gas pipeline facility or interstate hazardous liquid

pipeline facility."

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60128 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60128. Dumping within pipeline rights-of-way

-STATUTE-

(a) Prohibition. - No person shall excavate for the purpose of

unauthorized disposal within the right-of-way of an interstate gas

pipeline facility or interstate hazardous liquid pipeline facility,

or any other limited area in the vicinity of any such interstate

pipeline facility established by the Secretary of Transportation,

and dispose solid waste therein.

(b) Definition. - For purposes of this section, the term "solid

waste" has the meaning given that term in section 1004(27) of the

Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6903(27)).

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 104-304, Sec. 18(a), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3804.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 60123 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60129 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60129. Protection of employees providing pipeline safety

information

-STATUTE-

(a) Discrimination Against Employee. -

(1) In general. - No employer may discharge any employee or

otherwise discriminate against any employee with respect to his

compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment

because the employee (or any person acting pursuant to a request

of the employee) -

(A) provided, caused to be provided, or is about to provide

or cause to be provided, to the employer or the Federal

Government information relating to any violation or alleged

violation of any order, regulation, or standard under this

chapter or any other Federal law relating to pipeline safety;

(B) refused to engage in any practice made unlawful by this

chapter or any other Federal law relating to pipeline safety,

if the employee has identified the alleged illegality to the

employer;

(C) provided, caused to be provided, or is about to provide

or cause to be provided, testimony before Congress or at any

Federal or State proceeding regarding any provision (or

proposed provision) of this chapter or any other Federal law

relating to pipeline safety;

(D) commenced, caused to be commenced, or is about to

commence or cause to be commenced a proceeding under this

chapter or any other Federal law relating to pipeline safety,

or a proceeding for the administration or enforcement of any

requirement imposed under this chapter or any other Federal law

relating to pipeline safety;

(E) provided, caused to be provided, or is about to provide

or cause to be provided, testimony in any proceeding described

in subparagraph (D); or

(F) assisted or participated or is about to assist or

participate in any manner in such a proceeding or in any other

manner in such a proceeding or in any other action to carry out

the purposes of this chapter or any other Federal law relating

to pipeline safety.

(2) Employer defined. - In this section, the term "employer"

means -

(A) a person owning or operating a pipeline facility; or

(B) a contractor or subcontractor of such a person.

(b) Department of Labor Complaint Procedure. -

(1) Filing and notification. - A person who believes that he or

she has been discharged or otherwise discriminated against by any

person in violation of subsection (a) may, not later than 180

days after the date on which such violation occurs, file (or have

any person file on his or her behalf) a complaint with the

Secretary of Labor alleging such discharge or discrimination.

Upon receipt of such a complaint, the Secretary of Labor shall

notify, in writing, the person or persons named in the complaint

and the Secretary of Transportation of the filing of the

complaint, of the allegations contained in the complaint, of the

substance of evidence supporting the complaint, and of the

opportunities that will be afforded to such person or persons

under paragraph (2).

(2) Investigation; preliminary order. -

(A) In general. - Not later than 60 days after the date of

receipt of a complaint filed under paragraph (1) and after

affording the person or persons named in the complaint an

opportunity to submit to the Secretary of Labor a written

response to the complaint and an opportunity to meet with a

representative of the Secretary of Labor to present statements

from witnesses, the Secretary of Labor shall conduct an

investigation and determine whether there is reasonable cause

to believe that the complaint has merit and notify in writing

the complainant and the person or persons alleged to have

committed a violation of subsection (a) of the Secretary of

Labor's findings. If the Secretary of Labor concludes that

there is reasonable cause to believe that a violation of

subsection (a) has occurred, the Secretary of Labor shall

include with the Secretary of Labor's findings with a

preliminary order providing the relief prescribed by paragraph

(3)(B). Not later than 60 days after the date of notification

of findings under this subparagraph, any person alleged to have

committed a violation or the complainant may file objections to

the findings or preliminary order, or both, and request a

hearing on the record. The filing of such objections shall not

operate to stay any reinstatement remedy contained in the

preliminary order. Such hearings shall be conducted

expeditiously. If a hearing is not requested in such 60-day

period, the preliminary order shall be deemed a final order

that is not subject to judicial review.

(B) Requirements. -

(i) Required showing by complainant. - The Secretary of

Labor shall dismiss a complaint filed under this subsection

and shall not conduct an investigation otherwise required

under subparagraph (A) unless the complainant makes a prima

facie showing that any behavior described in subsection (a)

was a contributing factor in the unfavorable personnel action

alleged in the complaint.

(ii) Showing by employer. - Notwithstanding a finding by

the Secretary of Labor that the complainant has made the

showing required under clause (i), no investigation otherwise

required under subparagraph (A) shall be conducted if the

employer demonstrates, by clear and convincing evidence, that

the employer would have taken the same unfavorable personnel

action in the absence of that behavior.

(iii) Criteria for determination by Secretary. - The

Secretary of Labor may determine that a violation of

subsection (a) has occurred only if the complainant

demonstrates that any behavior described in subsection (a)

was a contributing factor in the unfavorable personnel action

alleged in the complaint.

(iv) Prohibition. - Relief may not be ordered under

subparagraph (A) if the employer demonstrates by clear and

convincing evidence that the employer would have taken the

same unfavorable personnel action in the absence of that

behavior.

(3) Final order. -

(A) Deadline for issuance; settlement agreements. - Not later

than 90 days after the date of conclusion of a hearing under

paragraph (2), the Secretary of Labor shall issue a final order

providing the relief prescribed by this paragraph or denying

the complaint. At any time before issuance of a final order, a

proceeding under this subsection may be terminated on the basis

of a settlement agreement entered into by the Secretary of

Labor, the complainant, and the person or persons alleged to

have committed the violation.

(B) Remedy. - If, in response to a complaint filed under

paragraph (1), the Secretary of Labor determines that a

violation of subsection (a) has occurred, the Secretary of

Labor shall order the person or persons who committed such

violation to -

(i) take affirmative action to abate the violation;

(ii) reinstate the complainant to his or her former

position together with the compensation (including back pay)

and restore the terms, conditions, and privileges associated

with his or her employment; and

(iii) provide compensatory damages to the complainant.

If such an order is issued under this paragraph, the Secretary

of Labor, at the request of the complainant, shall assess

against the person or persons against whom the order is issued

a sum equal to the aggregate amount of all costs and expenses

(including attorney's and expert witness fees) reasonably

incurred, as determined by the Secretary of Labor, by the

complainant for, or in connection with, the bringing the

complaint upon which the order was issued.

(C) Frivolous complaints. - If the Secretary of Labor finds

that a complaint under paragraph (1) is frivolous or has been

brought in bad faith, the Secretary of Labor may award to the

prevailing employer a reasonable attorney's fee not exceeding

$1,000.

(4) Review. -

(A) Appeal to court of appeals. - Any person adversely

affected or aggrieved by an order issued under paragraph (3)

may obtain review of the order in the United States Court of

Appeals for the circuit in which the violation, with respect to

which the order was issued, allegedly occurred or the circuit

in which the complainant resided on the date of such violation.

The petition for review must be filed not later than 60 days

after the date of issuance of the final order of the Secretary

of Labor. Review shall conform to chapter 7 of title 5, United

States Code. The commencement of proceedings under this

subparagraph shall not, unless ordered by the court, operate as

a stay of the order.

(B) Limitation on collateral attack. - An order of the

Secretary of Labor with respect to which review could have been

obtained under subparagraph (A) shall not be subject to

judicial review in any criminal or other civil proceeding.

(5) Enforcement of order by secretary of labor. - Whenever any

person has failed to comply with an order issued under paragraph

(3), the Secretary of Labor may file a civil action in the United

States district court for the district in which the violation was

found to occur to enforce such order. In actions brought under

this paragraph, the district courts shall have jurisdiction to

grant all appropriate relief, including, but not to be limited

to, injunctive relief and compensatory damages.

(6) Enforcement of order by parties. -

(A) Commencement of action. - A person on whose behalf an

order was issued under paragraph (3) may commence a civil

action against the person or persons to whom such order was

issued to require compliance with such order. The appropriate

United States district court shall have jurisdiction, without

regard to the amount in controversy or the citizenship of the

parties, to enforce such order.

(B) Attorney fees. - The court, in issuing any final order

under this paragraph, may award costs of litigation (including

reasonable attorney and expert witness fees) to any party

whenever the court determines such award of costs is

appropriate.

(c) Mandamus. - Any nondiscretionary duty imposed by this section

shall be enforceable in a mandamus proceeding brought under section

1361 of title 28, United States Code.

(d) Nonapplicability To Deliberate Violations. - Subsection (a)

shall not apply with respect to an action of an employee of an

employer who, acting without direction from the employer (or such

employer's agent), deliberately causes a violation of any

requirement relating to pipeline safety under this chapter or any

other law of the United States.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 6(a), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2989.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 60122 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60130 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60130. Pipeline safety information grants to communities

-STATUTE-

(a) Grant Authority. -

(1) In general. - The Secretary of Transportation may make

grants for technical assistance to local communities and groups

of individuals (not including for-profit entities) relating to

the safety of pipeline facilities in local communities, other

than facilities regulated under Public Law 93-153 (43 U.S.C. 1651

et seq.). The Secretary shall establish competitive procedures

for awarding grants under this section and criteria for selecting

grant recipients. The amount of any grant under this section may

not exceed $50,000 for a single grant recipient. The Secretary

shall establish appropriate procedures to ensure the proper use

of funds provided under this section.

(2) Technical assistance defined. - In this subsection, the

term "technical assistance" means engineering and other

scientific analysis of pipeline safety issues, including the

promotion of public participation in official proceedings

conducted under this chapter.

(b) Prohibited Uses. - Funds provided under this section may not

be used for lobbying or in direct support of litigation.

(c) Annual Report. -

(1) In general. - Not later than 90 days after the last day of

each fiscal year for which grants are made by the Secretary under

this section, the Secretary shall report to the Committees on

Commerce, Science, and Transportation and Energy and Natural

Resources of the Senate and the Committees on Transportation and

Infrastructure and Energy and Commerce of the House of

Representatives on grants made under this section in the

preceding fiscal year.

(2) Contents. - The report shall include -

(A) a listing of the identity and location of each recipient

of a grant under this section in the preceding fiscal year and

the amount received by the recipient;

(B) a description of the purpose for which each grant was

made; and

(C) a description of how each grant was used by the

recipient.

(d) Authorization of Appropriations. - There is authorized to be

appropriated to the Secretary of Transportation for carrying out

this section $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2003 through

2006. Such amounts shall not be derived from user fees collected

under section 60301.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 9(a), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2994.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Public Law 93-153, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), is Pub. L.

93-153, Nov. 16, 1973, 87 Stat. 576, as amended. Title II of the

Act, known as the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act, is

classified generally to chapter 34 (Sec. 1651 et seq.) of Title 43,

Public Lands. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Short Title note set out under section 1651 of Title 43 and

Tables.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60131 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60131. Verification of pipeline qualification programs

-STATUTE-

(a) In General. - Subject to the requirements of this section,

the Secretary of Transportation shall require the operator of a

pipeline facility to develop and adopt a qualification program to

ensure that the individuals who perform covered tasks are qualified

to conduct such tasks.

(b) Standards and Criteria. -

(1) Development. - Not later than 1 year after the date of

enactment of this section, the Secretary shall ensure that the

Department of Transportation has in place standards and criteria

for qualification programs referred to in subsection (a).

(2) Contents. - The standards and criteria shall include the

following:

(A) The establishment of methods for evaluating the

acceptability of the qualifications of individuals described in

subsection (a).

(B) A requirement that pipeline operators develop and

implement written plans and procedures to qualify individuals

described in subsection (a) to a level found acceptable using

the methods established under subparagraph (A) and evaluate the

abilities of individuals described in subsection (a) according

to such methods.

(C) A requirement that the plans and procedures adopted by a

pipeline operator under subparagraph (B) be reviewed and

verified under subsection (e).

(c) Development of Qualification Programs by Pipeline Operators.

- The Secretary shall require each pipeline operator to develop and

adopt, not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this

section, a qualification program that complies with the standards

and criteria described in subsection (b).

(d) Elements of Qualification Programs. - A qualification program

adopted by an operator under subsection (a) shall include, at a

minimum, the following elements:

(1) A method for examining or testing the qualifications of

individuals described in subsection (a). The method may include

written examination, oral examination, observation during

on-the-job performance, on-the-job training, simulations, and

other forms of assessment. The method may not be limited to

observation of on-the-job performance, except with respect to

tasks for which the Secretary has determined that such

observation is the best method of examining or testing

qualifications. The Secretary shall ensure that the results of

any such observations are documented in writing.

(2) A requirement that the operator complete the qualification

of all individuals described in subsection (a) not later than 18

months after the date of adoption of the qualification program.

(3) A periodic requalification component that provides for

examination or testing of individuals in accordance with

paragraph (1).

(4) A program to provide training, as appropriate, to ensure

that individuals performing covered tasks have the necessary

knowledge and skills to perform the tasks in a manner that

ensures the safe operation of pipeline facilities.

(e) Review and Verification of Programs. -

(1) In general. - The Secretary shall review the qualification

program of each pipeline operator and verify its compliance with

the standards and criteria described in subsection (b) and that

it includes the elements described in subsection (d). The

Secretary shall record the results of that review for use in the

next review of an operator's program.

(2) Deadline for completion. - Reviews and verifications under

this subsection shall be completed not later than 3 years after

the date of the enactment of this section.

(3) Inadequate programs. - If the Secretary decides that a

qualification program is inadequate for the safe operation of a

pipeline facility, the Secretary shall act as under section

60108(a)(2) to require the operator to revise the qualification

program.

(4) Program modifications. - If the operator of a pipeline

facility significantly modifies a program that has been verified

under this subsection, the operator shall notify the Secretary of

the modifications. The Secretary shall review and verify such

modifications in accordance with paragraph (1).

(5) Waivers and modifications. - In accordance with section

60118(c), the Secretary may waive or modify any requirement of

this section if the waiver or modification is not inconsistent

with pipeline safety.

(6) Inaction by the secretary. - Notwithstanding any failure of

the Secretary to prescribe standards and criteria as described in

subsection (b), an operator of a pipeline facility shall develop

and adopt a qualification program that complies with the

requirement of subsection (b)(2)(B) and includes the elements

described in subsection (d) not later than 2 years after the date

of enactment of this section.

(f) Intrastate Pipeline Facilities. - In the case of an

intrastate pipeline facility operator, the duties and powers of the

Secretary under this section with respect to the qualification

program of the operator shall be vested in the appropriate State

regulatory agency, consistent with this chapter.

(g) Covered Task Defined. - In this section, the term "covered

task" -

(1) with respect to a gas pipeline facility, has the meaning

such term has under section 192.801 of title 49, Code of Federal

Regulations, including any subsequent modifications; and

(2) with respect to a hazardous liquid pipeline facility, has

the meaning such term has under section 195.501 of such title,

including any subsequent modifications.

(h) Report. - Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment

of this section, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report

on the status and results to date of the personnel qualification

regulations issued under this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 13(a)(1), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat.

2999.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The date of enactment of this section, referred to in subsecs.

(b)(1), (c), (e)(2), (6), and (h), is the date of enactment of Pub.

L. 107-355, which was approved Dec. 17, 2002.

-MISC1-

PILOT PROGRAM FOR CERTIFICATION OF CERTAIN PIPELINE WORKERS

Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 13(b), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 3001,

provided that:

"(1) In general. - Not later than 36 months after the date of

enactment of this Act [Dec. 17, 2002], the Secretary of

Transportation shall -

"(A) develop tests and other requirements for certifying the

qualifications of individuals who operate computer-based systems

for controlling the operations of pipelines; and

"(B) establish and carry out a pilot program for 3 pipeline

facilities under which the individuals operating computer-based

systems for controlling the operations of pipelines at such

facilities are required to be certified under the process

established under subparagraph (A).

"(2) Report. - The Secretary shall include in the report required

under section 60131(h) [of title 49], as added by subsection (a) of

this section, the results of the pilot program. The report shall

include -

"(A) a description of the pilot program and implementation of

the pilot program at each of the 3 pipeline facilities;

"(B) an evaluation of the pilot program, including the

effectiveness of the process for certifying individuals who

operate computer-based systems for controlling the operations of

pipelines;

"(C) any recommendations of the Secretary for requiring the

certification of all individuals who operate computer-based

systems for controlling the operations of pipelines; and

"(D) an assessment of the ramifications of requiring the

certification of other individuals performing safety-sensitive

functions for a pipeline facility.

"(3) Computer-based systems defined. - In this subsection, the

term 'computer-based systems' means supervisory control and data

acquisition systems."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 60112 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60132 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60132. National pipeline mapping system

-STATUTE-

(a) Information To Be Provided. - Not later than 6 months after

the date of enactment of this section, the operator of a pipeline

facility (except distribution lines and gathering lines) shall

provide to the Secretary of Transportation the following

information with respect to the facility:

(1) Geospatial data appropriate for use in the National

Pipeline Mapping System or data in a format that can be readily

converted to geospatial data.

(2) The name and address of the person with primary operational

control to be identified as its operator for purposes of this

chapter.

(3) A means for a member of the public to contact the operator

for additional information about the pipeline facilities it

operates.

(b) Updates. - A person providing information under subsection

(a) shall provide to the Secretary updates of the information to

reflect changes in the pipeline facility owned or operated by the

person and as otherwise required by the Secretary.

(c) Technical Assistance To Improve Local Response Capabilities.

- The Secretary may provide technical assistance to State and local

officials to improve local response capabilities for pipeline

emergencies by adapting information available through the National

Pipeline Mapping System to software used by emergency response

personnel responding to pipeline emergencies.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 15(a), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 3005.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The date of enactment of this section, referred to in subsec.

(a), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 107-355, which was

approved Dec. 17, 2002.

-End-

-CITE-

49 USC Sec. 60133 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VIII - PIPELINES

CHAPTER 601 - SAFETY

-HEAD-

Sec. 60133. Coordination of environmental reviews

-STATUTE-

(a) Interagency Committee. -

(1) Establishment and purpose. - Not later than 30 days after

the date of enactment of this section, the President shall

establish an Interagency Committee to develop and ensure

implementation of a coordinated environmental review and

permitting process in order to enable pipeline operators to

commence and complete all activities necessary to carry out

pipeline repairs within any time periods specified by rule by the

Secretary.

(2) Membership. - The Chairman of the Council on Environmental

Quality (or a designee of the Chairman) shall chair the

Interagency Committee, which shall consist of representatives of

Federal agencies with responsibilities relating to pipeline

repair projects, including each of the following persons (or a

designee thereof):

(A) The Secretary of Transportation.

(B) The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.

(C) The Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife

Service.

(D) The Assistant Administrator for Fisheries of the National

Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

(E) The Director of the Bureau of Land Management.

(F) The Director of the Minerals Management Service.

(G) The Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works.

(H) The Chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.

(3) Evaluation. - The Interagency Committee shall evaluate

Federal permitting requirements to which access, excavation, and

restoration activities in connection with pipeline repairs

described in paragraph (1) may be subject. As part of its

evaluation, the Interagency Committee shall examine the access,

excavation, and restoration practices of the pipeline industry in

connection with such pipeline repairs, and may develop a

compendium of best practices used by the industry to access,

excavate, and restore the site of a pipeline repair.

(4) Memorandum of understanding. - Based upon the evaluation

required under paragraph (3) and not later than 1 year after the

date of enactment of this section, the members of the Interagency

Committee shall enter into a memorandum of understanding to

provide for a coordinated and expedited pipeline repair permit

review process to carry out the purpose set forth in paragraph

(1). The Interagency Committee shall include provisions in the

memorandum of understanding identifying those repairs or

categories of repairs described in paragraph (1) for which the

best practices identified under paragraph (3), when properly

employed by a pipeline operator, would result in no more than

minimal adverse effects on the environment and for which

discretionary administrative reviews may therefore be minimized

or eliminated. With respect to pipeline repairs described in

paragraph (1) to which the preceding sentence would not be

applicable, the Interagency Committee shall include provisions to

enable pipeline operators to commence and complete all activities

necessary to carry out pipeline repairs within any time periods

specified by rule by the Secretary. The Interagency Committee

shall include in the memorandum of understanding criteria under

which permits required for such pipeline repair activities should

be prioritized over other less urgent agency permit application

reviews. The Interagency Committee shall not enter into a

memorandum of understanding under this paragraph except by

unanimous agreement of the members of the Interagency Committee.

(5) State and local consultation. - In carrying out this

subsection, the Interagency Committee shall consult with

appropriate State and local environmental, pipeline safety, and

emergency response officials, and such other officials as the

Interagency Committee considers appropriate.

(b) Implementation. - Not later than 180 days after the

completion of the memorandum of understanding required under

subsection (a)(4), each agency represented on the Interagency

Committee shall revise its regulations as necessary to implement

the provisions of the memorandum of understanding.

(c) Savings Provisions; No Preemption. - Nothing in this section

shall be construed -

(1) to require a pipeline operator to obtain a Federal permit,

if no Federal permit would otherwise have been required under

Federal law; or

(2) to preempt applicable Federal, State, or local

environmental law.

(d) Interim Operational Alternatives. -

(1) In general. - Not later than 30 days after the date of

enactment of this section, and subject to the limitations in

paragraph (2), the Secretary of Transportation shall revise the

regulations of the Department, to the extent necessary, to permit

a pipeline operator subject to time periods for repair specified

by rule by the Secretary to implement alternative mitigation

measures until all applicable permits have been granted.

(2) Limitations. - The regulations issued by the Secretary

pursuant to this subsection shall not allow an operator to

implement alternative mitigation measures pursuant to paragraph

(1) unless -

(A) allowing the operator to implement such measures would be

consistent with the protection of human health, public safety,

and the environment;

(B) the operator, with respect to a particular repair

project, has applied for and is pursuing diligently and in good

faith all required Federal, State, and local permits to carry

out the project; and

(C) the proposed alternative mitigation measures are not

incompatible with pipeline safety.

(e) Ombudsman. - The Secretary shall designate an ombudsman to

assist in expediting pipeline repairs and resolving disagreements

between Federal, State, and local permitting agencies and the

pipeline operator during agency review of any pipeline repair

activity, consistent with protection of human health, public

safety, and the environment.

(f) State and Local Permitting Processes. - The Secretary shall

encourage States and local governments to consolidate their

respective permitting processes for pipeline repair projects

subject to any time periods for repair specified by rule by the

Secretary. The Secretary may request other relevant Federal

agencies to provide technical assistance to States and local

governments for the purpose of encouraging such consolidation.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 107-355, Sec. 16(a), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 3006.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The date of enactment of this section, referred to in subsecs.

(a)(1), (4) and (d)(1), is the date of enactment of Pub. L.

107-355, which was approved Dec. 17, 2002.

-End-