US (United States) Code. Title 49. Subtitle VI: Motor vehicle and driver programs. Chapter 321: General

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Transportation. Information, standards and requirements

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49 USC CHAPTER 321 - GENERAL 01/06/03

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TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VI - MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS

PART C - INFORMATION, STANDARDS, AND REQUIREMENTS

CHAPTER 321 - GENERAL

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 321 - GENERAL

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Sec.

32101. Definitions.

32102. Authorization of appropriations.

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CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in title 18 section 2721.

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49 USC Sec. 32101 01/06/03

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TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VI - MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS

PART C - INFORMATION, STANDARDS, AND REQUIREMENTS

CHAPTER 321 - GENERAL

-HEAD-

Sec. 32101. Definitions

-STATUTE-

In this part (except chapter 329 and except as provided in

section 33101) -

(1) "bumper standard" means a minimum performance standard that

substantially reduces -

(A) the damage to the front or rear end of a passenger motor

vehicle from a low-speed collision (including a collision with

a fixed barrier) or from towing the vehicle; or

(B) the cost of repairing the damage.

(2) "insurer" means a person in the business of issuing, or

reinsuring any part of, a passenger motor vehicle insurance

policy.

(3) "interstate commerce" means commerce between a place in a

State and -

(A) a place in another State; or

(B) another place in the same State through another State.

(4) "make", when describing a passenger motor vehicle, means

the trade name of the manufacturer of the vehicle.

(5) "manufacturer" means a person -

(A) manufacturing or assembling passenger motor vehicles or

passenger motor vehicle equipment; or

(B) importing motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment for

resale.

(6) "model", when describing a passenger motor vehicle, means a

category of passenger motor vehicles based on the size, style,

and type of a make of vehicle.

(7) "motor vehicle" means a vehicle driven or drawn by

mechanical power and manufactured primarily for use on public

streets, roads, and highways, but does not include a vehicle

operated only on a rail line.

(8) "motor vehicle accident" means an accident resulting from

the maintenance or operation of a passenger motor vehicle or

passenger motor vehicle equipment.

(9) "multipurpose passenger vehicle" means a passenger motor

vehicle constructed on a truck chassis or with special features

for occasional off-road operation.

(10) "passenger motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle with

motive power designed to carry not more than 12 individuals, but

does not include -

(A) a motorcycle; or

(B) a truck not designed primarily to carry its operator or

passengers.

(11) "passenger motor vehicle equipment" means -

(A) a system, part, or component of a passenger motor vehicle

as originally made;

(B) a similar part or component made or sold for replacement

or improvement of a system, part, or component, or as an

accessory or addition to a passenger motor vehicle; or

(C) a device made or sold for use in towing a passenger motor

vehicle.

(12) "State" means a State of the United States, the District

of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam,

American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands.

(13) "United States district court" means a district court of

the United States, a United States court for Guam, the Virgin

Islands, and American Samoa, and the district court for the

Northern Mariana Islands.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1034; Pub. L.

103-429, Sec. 6(27), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4380.)

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HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

PUB. L. 103-272

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Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

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32101(1) 15:1901(5), (6) Oct. 20, 1972, Pub. L.

(words before 92-513, Sec. 2(1)-(6) (words

semicolon), (11). before semicolon), (7)-(12),

(15)-(18), 86 Stat. 947,

948; Dec. 22, 1975, Pub. L.

94-163, Sec. 301, 89 Stat.

901; Oct. 10, 1980, Pub. L.

96-425, Sec. 8(a)(2), 94

Stat. 1828; Oct. 25, 1984,

Pub. L. 98-547, Sec. 101(b),

98 Stat. 2767.

32101(2) 15:1901(12).

32101(3) 15:1901(17).

32101(4) 15:1901(8).

32101(5) 15:1901(7).

32101(6) 15:1901(9).

32101(7) 15:1901(15).

32101(8) 15:1901(10).

32101(9) 15:1901(2).

32101(10) 15:1901(1).

32101(11) 15:1901(3), (4).

32101(12) 15:1901(16).

32101(13) 15:1901(18).

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In clause (1), the text of 15:1901(11) is omitted as surplus

because the complete title of the Secretary of Transportation is

used the first time the term appears in a section. The definition

of "property loss reduction standard" is combined with the

definition of "bumper standard" because the former term is used

only in the definition of the latter term. Before subclause (A),

the words "the purpose of which is" and "eliminate" are omitted as

surplus. In subclauses (A) and (B), the words "(or both)" are

omitted as surplus. In subclause (A), the word "physical" is

omitted as surplus.

In clause (2), the words "of passenger motor vehicles" and

"engaged" are omitted as surplus.

In clause (5)(A), the words "manufacturing or assembling" are

substituted for "engaged in the manufacturing or assembling of" to

eliminate unnecessary words.

In clause (8), the words "maintenance or operation" are

substituted for "operation, maintenance, or use" to eliminate an

unnecessary word.

In clauses (12) and (13), the words "the Northern Mariana

Islands" are added because of section 502(a)(2) of the Covenant to

Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in

Political Union with the United States of America, as enacted by

the Act of March 24, 1976 (Public Law 94-241, 90 Stat. 268), and as

proclaimed to be in effect by the President on January 9, 1978

(Proc. No. 4534, Oct. 24, 1977, 42 F.R. 56593). The words "the

Canal Zone" are omitted because of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977.

In clause (12), the word "means" is substituted for "includes" as

being more appropriate. The words "a State of the United States"

are substituted for "each of the several States" for consistency in

the revised title and with other titles of the United States Code.

In clause (13), the words "of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico"

are omitted as surplus because the district court of Puerto Rico is

a district court of the United States under 28:119.

PUB. L. 103-429

This makes a conforming amendment to 49:32101 necessary because

of the amendment to 49:32304(a)(11) made by section 6(29) of the

bill and to clarify the restatement of 15:1901 by section 1 of the

Act of July 5, 1994 (Public Law 103-272, 108 Stat. 1034).

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-429 amended introductory provisions generally.

Prior to amendment, introductory provisions read as follows: "In

this part (except section 32304 and chapter 329) - ".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 103-429 effective July 5, 1994, see section

9 of Pub. L. 103-429, set out as a note under section 321 of this

title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 32304 of this title; title

18 sections 511, 553.

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49 USC Sec. 32102 01/06/03

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TITLE 49 - TRANSPORTATION

SUBTITLE VI - MOTOR VEHICLE AND DRIVER PROGRAMS

PART C - INFORMATION, STANDARDS, AND REQUIREMENTS

CHAPTER 321 - GENERAL

-HEAD-

Sec. 32102. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary

$9,562,500 for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

to carry out this part in each fiscal year beginning in fiscal year

1999 and ending in fiscal year 2001.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 1(e), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1035; Pub. L.

105-178, title VII, Sec. 7102(b), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 465; Pub.

L. 106-39, Sec. 1(b), July 28, 1999, 113 Stat. 206.)

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HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

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Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

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32102 15:1392 (note). Dec. 18, 1991, Pub. L.

102-240, Sec. 2501(b), 105

Stat. 2081.

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The reference to fiscal year 1992 is omitted as obsolete.

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Pub. L. 106-39 substituted "$9,562,500" for "$6,200,000".

1998 - Pub. L. 105-178 reenacted section catchline without change

and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as

follows: "The following amounts may be appropriated to the

Secretary of Transportation for the National Highway Traffic Safety

Administration to carry out this part:

"(1) $6,731,430 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1993.

"(2) $6,987,224 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1994.

"(3) $7,252,739 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1995."

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