US (United States) Code. Title 48. Chapter 15: Conveyance of submerged lands to territories

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Territories and insular possessions

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-CITE-

48 USC CHAPTER 15 - CONVEYANCE OF SUBMERGED LANDS TO

TERRITORIES 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 48 - TERRITORIES AND INSULAR POSSESSIONS

CHAPTER 15 - CONVEYANCE OF SUBMERGED LANDS TO TERRITORIES

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 15 - CONVEYANCE OF SUBMERGED LANDS TO TERRITORIES

-MISC1-

Sec.

1701 to 1703. Repealed.

1704. Concurrent jurisdiction; exceptions for national

defense purposes.

1705. Tidelands, submerged lands, or filled lands.

(a) Conveyance to Guam, Virgin Islands, and

American Samoa.

(b) Retention of certain lands and mineral rights

by United States.

(c) Submittal to Congressional committees of

proposals for conveyance of retained lands or

rights.

(d) Oil, gas, and other mineral deposits in

submerged lands conveyed to Guam, Virgin

Islands, and American Samoa; conveyance by

United States; existing leases, permits, etc.

1706. Reserved rights.

(a) Establishment of naval defense sea areas and

airspace reservations.

(b) Navigation; flood control; power production.

(c) Navigational servitude and powers of regulation

for purposes of commerce, navigation, national

defense, and international affairs.

(d) Status of lands beyond the three-mile limit.

1707. Payment of rents, royalties, and fees to local

government.

1708. Discrimination prohibited in rights of access to, and

benefits from, conveyed lands.

-End-

-CITE-

48 USC Secs. 1701 to 1703 01/06/03

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TITLE 48 - TERRITORIES AND INSULAR POSSESSIONS

CHAPTER 15 - CONVEYANCE OF SUBMERGED LANDS TO TERRITORIES

-HEAD-

Secs. 1701 to 1703. Repealed. Pub. L. 93-435, Sec. 5, Oct. 5, 1974,

88 Stat. 1212

-MISC1-

Section 1701, Pub. L. 88-183, Sec. 1, Nov. 20, 1963, 77 Stat.

338, related to authority of Secretary of the Interior to transfer

tidelands, submerged lands, and filled lands to governments of

Guam, Virgin Islands, and American Samoa with certain restrictions

and conditions. See section 1705 of this title.

Section 1702, Pub. L. 88-183, Sec. 2, Nov. 20, 1963, 77 Stat.

339, related to administrative responsibility of Secretary of the

Interior for tidelands, submerged lands, and filled lands in

adjacent to Guam, Virgin Islands, and American Samoa. See sections

1705 to 1708 of this title.

Section 1703, Pub. L. 88-183, Sec. 3, Nov. 20, 1963, 77 Stat.

339, related to certain rights reserved for the United States for

purposes of defense, navigation, flood control, commerce and

international affairs. See section 1706 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

48 USC Sec. 1704 01/06/03

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TITLE 48 - TERRITORIES AND INSULAR POSSESSIONS

CHAPTER 15 - CONVEYANCE OF SUBMERGED LANDS TO TERRITORIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 1704. Concurrent jurisdiction; exceptions for national defense

purposes

-STATUTE-

(a) Except as otherwise provided by law, the governments of the

Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa, shall have concurrent

civil and criminal jurisdiction with the United States with regard

to property owned, reserved, or controlled by the United States in

the Virgin Islands, Guam, and American Samoa respectively. A

judgment of conviction or acquittal on the merits under the laws of

Guam, the Virgin Islands, or American Samoa shall be a bar to any

prosecution under the criminal laws of the United States for the

same act or acts, and a judgment of conviction or acquittal on the

merits under the laws of the United States shall be a bar to any

prosecution under the laws of Guam, the Virgin Islands, or American

Samoa for the same act or acts.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this

section, the President may from time to time exclude from the

concurrent jurisdiction of the government of Guam persons found,

acts performed, and offenses committed on the property of the

United States which is under the control of the Secretary of

Defense to such extent and in such circumstances as he finds

required in the interest of the national defense.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 88-183, Sec. 4, Nov. 20, 1963, 77 Stat. 339; Pub. L.

99-396, Sec. 3, Aug. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 839.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The criminal laws of the United States, referred to in subsec.

(a), are classified generally to Title 18, Crimes and Criminal

Procedure.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1986 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-396 amended first sentence

generally. Prior to amendment, first sentence read as follows:

"Except as otherwise provided in this section, the governments of

Guam, the Virgin Islands, and American Samoa, as the case may be,

shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the United States over

parties found, acts performed, and offenses committed on property

owned, reserved, or controlled by the United States in Guam, the

Virgin Islands, and American Samoa."

-End-

-CITE-

48 USC Sec. 1705 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 48 - TERRITORIES AND INSULAR POSSESSIONS

CHAPTER 15 - CONVEYANCE OF SUBMERGED LANDS TO TERRITORIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 1705. Tidelands, submerged lands, or filled lands

-STATUTE-

(a) Conveyance to Guam, Virgin Islands, and American Samoa

Subject to valid existing rights, all right, title, and interest

of the United States in lands permanently or periodically covered

by tidal waters up to but not above the line of mean high tide and

seaward to a line three geographical miles distant from the

coastlines of the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, and

American Samoa, as heretofore or hereafter modified by accretion,

erosion, and reliction, and in artificially made, filled in, or

reclaimed lands which were formerly permanently or periodically

covered by tidal waters, are hereby conveyed to the governments of

Guam, the Virgin Islands, and American Samoa, as the case may be,

to be administered in trust for the benefit of the people thereof.

(b) Retention of certain lands and mineral rights by United States

There are excepted from the transfer made by subsection (a)

hereof -

(i) all deposits of oil, gas, and other minerals, but the term

"minerals" shall not include coral, sand, and gravel;

(ii) all submerged lands adjacent to property owned by the

United States above the line of mean high tide;

(iii) all submerged lands adjacent to property above the line

of mean high tide acquired by the United States by eminent domain

proceedings, purchase, exchange, or gift, after October 5, 1974,

as required for completion of the Department of the Navy Land

Acquisition Project relative to the construction of the

Ammunition Pier authorized by the Military Construction

Authorization Act, 1971 (84 Stat. 1204), as amended by section

201 of the Military Construction Act, 1973 (86 Stat. 1135);

(iv) all submerged lands filled in, built up, or otherwise

reclaimed by the United States, before October 5, 1974, for its

own use;

(v) all tracts or parcels of submerged land containing on any

part thereof any structures or improvements constructed by the

United States;

(vi) all submerged lands that have heretofore been determined

by the President or the Congress to be of such scientific,

scenic, or historic character as to warrant preservation and

administration under the provisions of sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 of

title 16;

(vii) all submerged lands designated by the President within

one hundred and twenty days after October 5, 1974;

(viii) all submerged lands that are within the administrative

responsibility of any agency or department of the United States

other than the Department of the Interior;

(ix) all submerged lands lawfully acquired by persons other

than the United States through purchase, gift, exchange, or

otherwise;

(x) all submerged lands within the Virgin Islands National Park

established by sections 398 to 398b of title 16, including the

lands described in sections 398c and 398d of title 16; and

(xi) all submerged lands within the Buck Island Reef National

Monument as described in Presidential Proclamation 3448 dated

December 28, 1961.

Upon request of the Governor of Guam, the Virgin Islands, or

American Samoa, the Secretary of the Interior may, with or without

reimbursement, and subject to the procedure specified in subsection

(c) of this section convey all right, title, and interest of the

United States in any of the lands described in clauses (ii), (iii),

(iv), (v), (vi), (vii), or (viii) of this subsection to the

government of Guam, the Virgin Islands, or American Samoa, as the

case may be, with the concurrence of the agency having custody

thereof.

(c) Submittal to Congressional committees of proposals for

conveyance of retained lands or rights

No conveyance shall be made by the Secretary pursuant to

subsection (a) or (b) of this section until the expiration of sixty

calendar days (excluding days on which the House of Representatives

or the Senate is not in session because of an adjournment of more

than three days to a day certain) from the date on which the

Secretary of the Interior submits to the Committee on Natural

Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on

Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate an explanatory statement

indicating the tract proposed to be conveyed and the need therefor,

unless prior to the expiration of such sixty calendar days both

committees inform the Secretary that they wish to take no action

with respect to the proposed conveyance.

(d) Oil, gas, and other mineral deposits in submerged lands

conveyed to Guam, Virgin Islands, and American Samoa; conveyance

by United States; existing leases, permits, etc.

(1) The Secretary of the Interior shall, not later than sixty

days after March 12, 1980, convey to the governments of Guam, the

Virgin Islands, and American Samoa, as the case may be, all right,

title, and interest of the United States in deposits of oil, gas,

and other minerals in the submerged lands conveyed to the

government of such territory by subsection (a) of this section.

(2) The conveyance of mineral deposits under paragraph (1) of

this subsection shall be subject to any existing lease, permit, or

other interest granted by the United States prior to the date of

such conveyance. All rentals, royalties, or fees which accrue after

such date of conveyance in connection with any such lease, permit,

or other interest shall be payable to the government of the

territory to which such mineral deposits are conveyed.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-435, Sec. 1, Oct. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 1210; Pub. L.

96-205, title VI, Sec. 607, Mar. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 91; Pub. L.

103-437, Sec. 17(b), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4595.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The authorization for the construction by the Navy of the

Ammunition Pier under the Military Construction Authorization Act,

1971, (84 Stat. 1204), as amended by section 201 of the Military

Construction Act, 1973 (86 Stat. 1135), referred to in subsec.

(b)(iii), is contained in section 201 of Pub. L. 91-511, Oct. 26,

1970, 84 Stat. 1204, as amended by section 201 of Pub. L. 92-545,

Oct. 25, 1972, 86 Stat. 1138, which is not classified to the Code.

Section 398b of title 16, referred to in subsec. (b)(x), was

repealed by Pub. L. 85-404, May 16, 1958, 72 Stat. 112.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103-437 substituted "Committee on

Natural Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee

on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate" for "Committees on

Interior and Insular Affairs of the House of Representatives and

the Senate".

1980 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 96-205, Sec. 607(b), inserted

"subsection (a) or (b) of" before "this section".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 96-205, Sec. 607(a), added subsec. (d).

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Natural Resources of House of Representatives

treated as referring to Committee on Resources of House of

Representatives by section 1(a) of Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a

note preceding section 21 of Title 2, The Congress.

-EXEC-

PROC. NO. 4346. RESERVING CERTAIN LANDS ADJACENT TO AND ENLARGING

BOUNDARIES OF BUCK ISLAND REEF NATIONAL MONUMENT IN VIRGIN ISLANDS

Proc. No. 4346, eff. Feb. 1, 1975, 40 F.R. 5127, as amended by

Proc. No. 4359, eff. Mar. 28, 1975, 40 F.R. 14565, provided:

The Buck Island Reef National Monument, situated off the

northeast coast of Saint Croix Island in the Virgin Islands of the

United States, was established by Proclamation No. 3443 of December

28, 1961 (76 Stat. 1441). It now has been determined that

approximately thirty acres of submerged land should be added to the

monument site in order to insure the proper care and management of

the shoals, rocks, undersea coral reef formations and other objects

of scientific and historical interest pertaining to this National

Monument.

These thirty acres of submerged lands are presently owned in fee

by the United States. They will be conveyed to the Government of

the Virgin Islands on February 3, 1975, pursuant to Section 1(a) of

Public Law 93-435 (88 Stat. 1210) [subsec. (a) of this section],

unless the President, under Section 1(b)(vii) of that Act [subsec.

(b)(vii) of this section], designates otherwise.

Under Section 2 of the Act of June 8, 1906, 34 Stat. 225 (16

U.S.C. 431), the President is authorized to declare by public

Proclamation objects of historic or scientific interest that are

situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the Government of

the United States to be national monuments, and may reserve as a

part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all cases

shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper

care and management of the objects to be protected. The

aforementioned thirty acres of submerged lands are contiguous to

the site of the Buck Island Reef National Monument, constitute a

part of the ecological community of the Buck Island Reef, and will

not enlarge the monument boundaries beyond the smallest area

compatible with its proper care and management.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, GERALD R. FORD, President of the United States

of America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by Section

1(b)(vii) of Public Law 93-435 (88 Stat. 1210) [subsec. (b)(vii) of

this section], do hereby proclaim that the lands hereinafter

described are excepted from the transfer to the Government of the

Virgin Islands under Section 1(a) of Public Law 93-435 [subsec. (a)

of this section]; and, by virtue of the authority vested in me by

Section 2 of the Act of June 8, 1906, 34 Stat. 225 (16 U.S.C. 431),

do hereby proclaim that, subject to valid existing rights, the

lands hereinafter described are hereby added to and made a part of

the Buck Island Reef National Monument, and Proclamation No. 3443

of December 28, 1961, establishing the Buck Island Reef National

Monument is amended accordingly.

Beginning at latitude 17G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->4730 N.

longitude 64G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->3632 W; thence approximately

1000 feet to latitude 17G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->4727 N, longitude

64G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->3622 W; thence approximately 900 feet to

latitude 17G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->4718 N, longitude

64G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->3622 W; thence approximately 1000 feet

to latitude 17G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->4715 N, longitude

64G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->3632 W; thence approximately 1500 feet

to latitude 17G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->4730 N, longitude

64G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->3632 W, then place of beginning,

embracing an area of approximately 30 acres.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of

February, in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred seventy-five and

of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred

and ninety-ninth.

Gerald R. Ford.

PROC. NO. 4347. RESERVING CERTAIN SUBMERGED LANDS ADJACENT TO ROSE

ATOLL NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE IN AMERICAN SAMOA AND CERTAIN

SUBMERGED LANDS FOR DEFENSE NEEDS OF UNITED STATES IN GUAM AND

VIRGIN ISLANDS

Proc. No. 4347, eff. Feb. 1, 1975, 40 F.R. 5129, provided:

The submerged lands surrounding the Rose Atoll National Wildlife

Refuge in American Samoa are necessary for the protection of the

Atoll's marine life, including the green sea and hawksbill turtles.

The submerged lands in Apra Harbor and those adjacent to Inapsan

Beach and Urano Point in Guam, and certain submerged lands on the

west coast of St. Croix, United States Virgin Islands are required

for national defense purposes. These submerged lands in American

Samoa, Guam and the United States Virgin Islands will be conveyed

to the Government of those territories, on February 3, 1975,

pursuant to Section 1(a) of Public Law 93-435 (88 Stat. 1210)

[subsec. (a) of this section], unless the President, under Section

1(b)(vii) of that Act [subsec (b)(vii) of this section], designates

otherwise.

NOW, THEREFORE, I GERALD R. FORD, President of the United States

of America, by virtue of authority vested in me by Section

1(b)(vii) of Public Law 93-435 (88 Stat. 1210) [subsec. (b)(vii) of

this section], do hereby proclaim that the lands hereinafter

described are excepted from the transfer to the Government of

American Samoa, the Government of Guam and the Government of the

United States Virgin Islands under Section 1(a) of Public Law

93-425. [subsec. (a) of this section].

American Samoa. The submerged lands adjacent to Rose Atoll

located 78 miles east-southeast of Tau Island in the Manua Group at

latitude 14G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->3252 south and longitude

168G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->0834 west, which lands shall be under

the joint administrative jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce

and the Department of the Interior.

Guam. (1) The submerged lands of inner and outer Apra Harbor;

and, (2) the submerged lands adjacent to the following uplands: (a)

Unsurveyed land, Municipality of Machanao, Guam, as delineated on

Commander Naval Forces. Marianas Y & D Drawing Numbered 597-464,

lying between the seaward boundaries of Lots Numbered 9992 through

9997 and the mean high tide, containing an undetermined area of

land, (b) unsurveyed land, Municipality of Machanao, Guam, as

delineated on Commander Naval Forces, Marianas Y & D Drawing

Numbered 597-464, lying between the seaward boundary of Lot

Numbered 10080 and the line of mean high tide, containing an

undetermined amount of land, and (c) Lot Numbered PO 4.1 in the

Municipality of Machanao, Guam, as delineated on Y & D Drawing

Numbered 597-464, more particularly described as surveyed land

bordered on the north by Lot Numbered 10080, Machanao, east by

Northwest Air Force Base, south by U. S. Naval Communication

Station (Finegayan) and west by the sea containing a computed area

of 125.50 acres, more or less. All of the above lands within the

territory of Guam shall be under the administrative jurisdiction of

the Department of the Navy.

The Virgin Islands. (1) The submerged lands as described in the

Code of Federal Regulations revised as of July 1, 1974, cited as 33

CFR 207.817 areas "A" & "B", (2) the submerged lands seaward of the

100 fathom curve off the coast of St. Croix beginning at a point

17G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->4030 N and ending at a point

17G6&#186;<!-- degrees -->4630 North as depicted on Coast and

Geodetic Survey Chart Numbered 25250, Third Edition; Title: St.

Croix, Virgin Islands Underwater Range, and (3) the submerged lands

seaward of the Underwater Range Operational Control Center, St.

Croix, Virgin Islands presently leased to the Department of the

Navy and described as Plot 1B18 of Estate Sprat Hall subdivision,

located in northside Quarter "A", St. Croix containing 4.84 acres

of land. All of the above lands within the territory of the Virgin

Islands shall be under the administrative jurisdiction of the

Department of the Navy.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of

February, in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred seventy-five,

and of the Independence of the United States of America the one

hundred and ninety-ninth.

Gerald R. Ford.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 1545, 1706, 1707, 1708 of

this title; title 16 section 1453; title 43 section 2102.

-End-

-CITE-

48 USC Sec. 1706 01/06/03

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TITLE 48 - TERRITORIES AND INSULAR POSSESSIONS

CHAPTER 15 - CONVEYANCE OF SUBMERGED LANDS TO TERRITORIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 1706. Reserved rights

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment of naval defense sea areas and airspace

reservations

Nothing in this Act shall affect the right of the President to

establish naval defensive sea areas and naval airspace reservations

around and over the islands of Guam, American Samoa, and the Virgin

Islands when deemed necessary for national defense.

(b) Navigation; flood control; power production

Nothing in this Act shall affect the use, development,

improvement, or control by or under the constitutional authority of

the United States of the lands transferred by section 1705 of this

title, and the navigable waters overlying such lands, for the

purposes of navigation or flood control or the production of power,

or be construed as the release or relinquishment of any rights of

the United States arising under the constitutional authority of

Congress to regulate or improve navigation, or to provide for flood

control or the production of power.

(c) Navigational servitude and powers of regulation for purposes of

commerce, navigation, national defense, and international affairs

The United States retains all of its navigational servitude and

rights in and powers of regulation and control of the lands

conveyed by section 1705 of this title, and the navigable waters

overlying such lands, for the constitutional purposes of commerce,

navigation, national defense, and international affairs, all of

which shall be paramount to, but shall not be deemed to include,

proprietary rights of ownership, or the rights of management,

administration, leasing, use, and development of the lands and

natural resources which are specifically conveyed to the government

of Guam, the Virgin Islands, or American Samoa, as the case may be,

by section 1705 of this title.

(d) Status of lands beyond the three-mile limit

Nothing in this Act shall affect the status of lands beyond the

three-mile limit described in section 1705 of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-435, Sec. 2, Oct. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 1211.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in subsecs. (a), (b), and (d), is Pub. L.

93-435, Oct. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 1210, as amended, which enacted

sections 1705 to 1708 of this title, amended section 1545 of this

title, and repealed sections 1701 to 1703 of this title. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 1545, 1707, 1708 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

48 USC Sec. 1707 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 48 - TERRITORIES AND INSULAR POSSESSIONS

CHAPTER 15 - CONVEYANCE OF SUBMERGED LANDS TO TERRITORIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 1707. Payment of rents, royalties, and fees to local

government

-STATUTE-

On and after October 5, 1974, all rents, royalties, or fees from

leases, permits, or use rights, issued prior to October 5, 1974, by

the United States with respect to the land conveyed by this Act, or

by the amendment made by this Act, and rights of action for damages

for trespass occupancies of such lands shall accrue and belong to

the appropriate local government under whose jurisdiction the land

is located.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-435, Sec. 4, Oct. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 1212.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 93-435, Oct. 5, 1974,

88 Stat. 1210, as amended, which enacted sections 1705 to 1708 of

this title, amended section 1545 of this title, and repealed

sections 1701 to 1703 of this title. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The amendment made by this Act, referred to in text, means the

amendment made by section 3 of Pub. L. 93-435 to section 1545(b) of

this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 1545, 1706, 1708 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

48 USC Sec. 1708 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 48 - TERRITORIES AND INSULAR POSSESSIONS

CHAPTER 15 - CONVEYANCE OF SUBMERGED LANDS TO TERRITORIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 1708. Discrimination prohibited in rights of access to, and

benefits from, conveyed lands

-STATUTE-

No person shall be denied access to, or any of the benefits

accruing from, the lands conveyed by this Act, or by the amendment

made by this Act, on the basis of race, religion, creed, color,

sex, national origin, or ancestry: Provided, however, That this

section shall not be construed in derogation of any of the

provisions of the April 17, 1900 cession of Tutuila and Aunuu or

the July 16, 1904 cession of the Manu's Islands, as ratified by the

Act of February 20, 1929 (45 Stat. 1253) and the Act of May 22,

1929 (46 Stat. 4).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-435, Sec. 6, Oct. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 1212.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 93-435, Oct. 5, 1974,

88 Stat. 1210, as amended, which enacted sections 1705 to 1708 of

this title, amended section 1545 of this title, and repealed

sections 1701 to 1703 of this title. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The amendment made by this Act, referred to in text, means the

amendment made by section 3 of Pub. L. 93-435 to section 1545(b) of

this title.

Act of February 20, 1929, referred to in text, is act Feb. 20,

1929, ch. 281, 45 Stat. 1253, as amended, which enacted section

1661 of this title.

Act of May 22, 1929, referred to in text, is act May 22, 1929,

ch. 6, 46 Stat. 4, which amended section 1661 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 1545, 1706, 1707 of this

title.

-End-