US (United States) Code. Title 43. Chapter 2: US (United States) Geological Survey

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Public lands

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-CITE-

43 USC CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-MISC1-

Sec.

31. Director of United States Geological Survey.

(a) Establishment of office; appointment and

duties; examination of geological structure,

mineral resources, and products of national

domain; prohibitions in respect to lands and

surveys.

(b) Examination of geological structure, mineral

resources, and products outside national

domain.

31a. Findings and purpose.

(a) Findings.

(b) Purpose.

31b. Definitions.

31c. Geologic mapping program.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Responsibilities of the Survey.

(c) Program objectives.

(d) Program components.

31d. Advisory committee.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Duties.

31e. Geologic mapping program 5-year plan.

(a) In general.

(b) Requirements.

31f. National geologic map database.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Standardization.

31g. Biennial report.

31h. Authorization of appropriations.

(a) In general.

(b) Allocation of appropriations.

31i. Report on resource research activities.

31j. Biological research activity of Survey; review and

report by National Academy of Sciences.

32. Acting Director.

33. Repealed.

34. Scientific employees.

35. Repealed.

36. Purchase of books.

36a. Acquisition of scientific or technical books, maps,

etc., for library.

36b. Acquisition of lands or interests therein for use in

gaging streams or underground water resources.

36c. Acceptance of contributions from public and private

sources; cooperation with other agencies in

prosecution of projects.

37. Omitted.

38. Topographic surveys; marking elevations.

39, 40. Omitted.

41. Publications and reports; preparation and sale.

42. Distribution of maps and atlases, etc.

42a. Use of receipts from sale of maps for map printing and

distribution.

43. Copies to Senators, Representatives, and Delegates.

44. Sale of transfers or copies of data.

45. Production and sale of copies of photographs and

records; disposition of receipts.

46 to 48. Omitted or Repealed.

49. Extension of cooperative work to Puerto Rico.

50. Survey's share of cost of topographic mapping or water

resources investigations carried on with States.

50-1. Funds for mappings and investigations considered

intragovernmental funds.

50a. Working capital fund for United States Geological

Survey.

50b. Recording of obligations against accounts receivable

and crediting of amounts received; work involving

cooperation with State, Territory, etc.

50c. Payment of costs incidental to utilization of services

of volunteers.

50d. Services of students or recent graduates.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 31 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 31. Director of United States Geological Survey

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment of office; appointment and duties; examination of

geological structure, mineral resources, and products of national

domain; prohibitions in respect to lands and surveys

The Director of the United States Geological Survey, which office

is established, under the Interior Department, shall be appointed

by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

This officer shall have the direction of the United States

Geological Survey, and the classification of the public lands and

examination of the geological structure, mineral resources, and

products of the national domain. The Director and members of the

United States Geological Survey shall have no personal or private

interests in the lands or mineral wealth of the region under

survey, and shall execute no surveys or examinations for private

parties or corporations.

(b) Examination of geological structure, mineral resources, and

products outside national domain

The authority of the Secretary of the Interior, exercised through

the United States Geological Survey of the Department of the

Interior, to examine the geological structure, mineral resources,

and products of the national domain, is expanded to authorize such

examinations outside the national domain where determined by the

Secretary to be in the national interest.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 3, 1879, ch. 182, 20 Stat. 394; Pub. L. 87-626, Secs. 1, 2,

Sept. 5, 1962, 76 Stat. 427; Pub. L. 93-608, Sec. 2(6), Jan. 2,

1975, 88 Stat. 1971; Pub. L. 102-154, title I, Nov. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1000; Pub. L. 104-66, title I, Sec. 1081(e), Dec. 21, 1995,

109 Stat. 721.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Subsec. (a) of this section is from act Mar. 3, 1879. Subsecs.

(b) and (c) of this section are sections 1 and 2, respectively, of

Pub. L. 87-626.

Provisions of subsec. (a) of this section which limited the

salary of the Director of the Geological Survey to $6,000 a year

were omitted as obsolete. See section 5316 of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1995 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-66 struck out subsec. (c) which

read as follows: "The Secretary of the Interior shall report to the

Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President of the

Senate on January 31 of each year on all actions taken pursuant to

subsection (b) of this section during the year ending on the

December 31 immediately preceding the reporting date and on the

results of such actions."

1975 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 93-608 substituted requirement of an

annual report for requirement of a semiannual report.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 10(a), May 18, 1992, 106 Stat. 171,

provided that: "The Geological Survey established by the Act of

March 3, 1879 (43 U.S.C. 31(a)), is designated as and shall

hereafter [on and after May 18, 1992] be known as the United States

Geological Survey."

"United States Geological Survey" substituted for "Geological

Survey" in subsecs. (a) and (b) pursuant to provision of title I of

Pub. L. 102-154, which provided: "That the Geological Survey (43

U.S.C. 31(a)) shall hereafter [on and after Nov. 13, 1991] be

designated the United States Geological Survey."

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and

agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to

Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan

No. 3 of 1950, Secs. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64

Stat. 1262, set out under section 1451 of this title.

-MISC2-

CONTINENTAL SCIENTIFIC DRILLING AND EXPLORATION

Pub. L. 100-441, Sept. 22, 1988, 102 Stat. 1760, provided: "That

this Act may be cited as the 'Continental Scientific Drilling and

Exploration Act'.

"SEC. 2. PURPOSES.

"The purpose of this Act is to -

"(1) implement section 323 of the joint resolution entitled

'Joint Resolution making continuing appropriations for the fiscal

year 1985, and for other purposes', approved October 12, 1984

(Public Law 98-473; 98 Stat. 1875) [set out below] which supports

and encourages the development of a national Continental

Scientific Drilling Program;

"(2) enhance fundamental understanding of the composition,

structure, dynamics, and evolution of the continental crust, and

how such processes affect natural phenomena such as earthquakes,

volcanic eruptions, transfer of geothermal energy, distribution

of mineral deposits, the occurrence of fossil fuels, and the

nature and extent of aquifers;

"(3) advance basic earth sciences research and technological

development;

"(4) obtain critical data regarding the earth's crust relating

to isolation of hazardous wastes; and

"(5) develop a long-range plan for implementation of the

Continental Scientific Drilling Program.

"SEC. 3. FINDINGS.

"Congress finds that -

"(1) because the earth provides energy, minerals, and water,

and is used as a storage medium for municipal, chemical, and

nuclear waste, an understanding of the processes and structures

in the earth's crust is essential to the well being of the United

States;

"(2) there is a need for developing long-range plans for a

United States Continental Scientific Drilling Program; and

"(3) the Continental Scientific Drilling Program would enhance

-

"(A) understanding of the crustal evolution of the earth and

the mountain building processes;

"(B) understanding of the mechanisms of earthquakes and

volcanic eruptions and the development of improved techniques

for prediction;

"(C) understanding of the development and utilization of

geothermal and other energy sources and the formation of and

occurrence of mineral deposits;

"(D) understanding of the migration of fluids in the earth's

crust for evaluation of waste contamination and the development

of more effective techniques for the safe subsurface disposal

of hazardous wastes;

"(E) understanding and definition of the size, source, and

more effective use of aquifers and other water resources; and

"(F) evaluation and verification of surface geophysical

techniques needed for exploring and monitoring the earth's

crust.

"SEC. 4. IMPLEMENTATION OF CONTINENTAL SCIENTIFIC DRILLING

PROGRAM.

"The Secretary of the Department of Energy, the Secretary of the

Department of the Interior through the United States Geological

Survey, and the Director of the National Science Foundation shall

implement the policies of section 323 of the joint resolution

entitled 'Joint Resolution making continuing appropriations for the

fiscal year 1985, and for other purposes', approved October 12,

1984 (Public Law 98-473; 98 Stat. 1875) [set out below] by -

"(1) taking such action as necessary to assure an effective,

cooperative effort in furtherance of the Continental Scientific

Drilling Program of the United States;

"(2) taking all reasonable administrative and financial

measures to assure that the Interagency Accord on Continental

Scientific Drilling continues to function effectively in support

of such program;

"(3) assuring the continuing effective operation of the

Interagency Coordinating Group to further the objectives of such

program;

"(4) taking such action to assure that the Interagency

Coordinating Group receives appropriate cooperation from any

Federal agency that can contribute to the objectives of such

program, without adversely affecting any program or activity of

such agency;

"(5) acting through the Interagency Coordinating Group,

preparing and submitting to the Congress, within one hundred and

eighty days after the enactment of this Act [Sept. 22, 1988] a

report describing -

"(A) long and short-term policy objectives and goals of the

United States Continental Scientific Drilling Program;

"(B) projected schedules of desirable scientific and

engineering events that would advance United States objectives

in the Continental Scientific Drilling Program;

"(C) the levels of resources and funding for fiscal year 1989

that would be required by each participating Federal agency to

carry out events pursuant to subparagraphs (A) and (B);

"(D) the scientific, economic, technological, and social

benefits expected to be realized through the implementation of

such program at each level described in subparagraph (C);

"(E) a recommended course for interaction with the

international community in a cooperative effort to achieve the

goals and purposes of this Act;

"(F) the extent of participation or interest shown to date in

the Continental Scientific Drilling Program by -

"(i) any other governmental agency;

"(ii) any academic institution;

"(iii) any organization in the private sector; and

"(iv) any governmental or other entity in the international

community;

"(G) a plan to develop beneficial cooperative relationships

among the entities mentioned in subparagraph (F), to the extent

that the Interagency Coordinating Group deems practicable; and

"(H) any other information or recommendations that the

Interagency Coordinating Group deems appropriate; and

"(6) submitting to the Congress annually, beginning one year

after the submission of a report under paragraph (5), a report

describing the levels of resources and funding that would be

required by each participating Federal agency for the next fiscal

year to carry out events pursuant to paragraph (5)(A) and (B)."

[For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of law

requiring submittal to Congress of any annual, semiannual, or other

regular periodic report listed in House Document No. 103-7 (in

which a report required under section 4(6) of Pub. L. 100-441, set

out above, is listed as the 10th item on page 149), see section

3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, and section 1(a)(4) [div. A,

Sec. 1402(1)] of Pub. L. 106-554, set out as notes under section

1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance.]

Pub. L. 98-473, title I, Sec. 101(c) [title III, Sec. 323], Oct.

12, 1984, 98 Stat. 1837, 1875, provided that: "It is the sense of

the Congress that the Continental Scientific Drilling Program is an

important national scientific endeavor, benefiting the commerce of

the Nation, which should be vigorously pursued by Government and

the private sector. The Continental Scientific Drilling Program is

an important national scientific endeavor that is vital to the

understanding of the geologic evolution of the Earth and the

economic value of its resources; the most effective and efficient

means of realizing the fullest potential in the Continental

Scientific Drilling Program is through a cooperative effort by the

Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, and the

United States Geological Survey; many important commercial and

scientific advances may result from the Continental Scientific

Drilling Program; and many foreign nations are engaged in a

comparable deep drilling program, and cooperation and coordination

would be beneficial to United States efforts. It is the sense of

the Congress that -

"(1) the Continental Scientific Drilling Program is an

important national scientific endeavor by the United States which

should be enthusiastically implemented through a joint

cooperative effort among the United States Department of Energy,

the National Science Foundation, and the United States Geological

Survey;

"(2) the private sector should be encouraged to support the

Continental Scientific Drilling Program and the participating

agencies should solicit appropriate private sector participation

in such program; and

"(3) the United States Government should cooperate to the

extent practicable with the international community in developing

this important scientific and technical activity."

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 31a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 31a. Findings and purpose

-STATUTE-

(a) Findings

The Congress finds and declares that -

(1) during the past 2 decades, the production of geologic maps

has been drastically curtailed;

(2) geologic maps are the primary data base for virtually all

applied and basic earth-science investigations, including -

(A) exploration for and development of mineral, energy, and

water resources;

(B) screening and characterizing sites for toxic and nuclear

waste disposal;

(C) land use evaluation and planning for environmental

protection;

(D) earthquake hazards reduction;

(E) predicting volcanic hazards;

(F) design and construction of infrastructure requirements

such as utility lifelines, transportation corridors, and

surface-water impoundments;

(G) reducing losses from landslides and other ground

failures;

(H) mitigating effects of coastal and stream erosion;

(I) siting of critical facilities; and

(J) basic earth-science research;

(3) Federal agencies, State and local governments, private

industry, and the general public depend on the information

provided by geologic maps to determine the extent of potential

environmental damage before embarking on projects that could lead

to preventable, costly environmental problems or litigation;

(4) the combined capabilities of State, Federal, and academic

groups to provide geologic mapping are not sufficient to meet the

present and future needs of the United States for national

security, environmental protection, and energy self-sufficiency

of the Nation;

(5) States are willing to contribute 50 percent of the funding

necessary to complete the mapping of the geology within the

State;

(6) the lack of proper geologic maps has led to the poor design

of such structures as dams and waste-disposal facilities;

(7) geologic maps have proven indispensable in the search for

needed fossil-fuel and mineral resources;

(8) geologic map information is required for the sustainable

and balanced development of natural resources of all types,

including energy, minerals, land, water, and biological

resources;

(9) advances in digital technology and geographical information

system science have made geologic map databases increasingly

important as decision support tools for land and resource

management; and

(10) a comprehensive nationwide program of geologic mapping of

surficial and bedrock deposits is required in order to

systematically build the Nation's geologic-map data base at a

pace that responds to increasing demand.

(b) Purpose

The purpose of sections 31a to 31h of this title is to expedite

the production of a geologic-map data base for the Nation, to be

located within the United States Geological Survey, which can be

applied to land-use management, assessment, and utilization,

conservation of natural resources, groundwater management, and

environmental protection.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 2, May 18, 1992, 106 Stat. 166; Pub. L.

106-148, Sec. 2, Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1719.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Sections 31a to 31h of this title, referred to in subsec. (b),

was in the original "this Act", meaning Pub. L. 102-285, which is

classified principally to sections 31a to 31h of this title. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title

note below and Tables.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (a)(8) to (10). Pub. L. 106-148 added pars. (8)

and (9) and redesignated former par. (8) as (10) and inserted "of

surficial and bedrock deposits" after "geologic mapping".

SHORT TITLE OF 1999 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 1, Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1719, provided

that: "This Act [enacting sections 31e, 31g and 31h of this title,

amending sections 31a to 31d and 31f of this title, and repealing

former sections 31e, 31g, and 31h of this title] may be cited as

the 'National Geologic Mapping Reauthorization Act of 1999'."

SHORT TITLE OF 1997 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 1, Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1107, provided

that: "This Act [amending sections 31b to 31h of this title and

enacting provisions set out as a note under this section] may be

cited as the 'National Geologic Mapping Reauthorization Act of

1997'."

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 102-285 provided that: "This Act [enacting

this section and sections 31b to 31h of this title, amending

sections 1457, 1457a, and 1782 of this title, sections 450ii-3,

665, 1133, and 3151 of Title 16, Conservation, section 262k of

Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, section 1677 of Title

25, Indians, sections 1, 1a, 2, 3, 4, 4c, 4d, 5, 6, 7, 8, 411, 412,

804, 812, 871, 878, 1224, 1229, 1232, 1311, 1315, and 1604 of Title

30, Mineral Lands and Mining, and sections 5814 and 6505 of Title

42, The Public Health and Welfare, enacting provisions set out as

notes under section 31 of this title and section 1 of Title 30, and

amending provisions set out as a note under section 1231 of Title

30] may be cited as the 'National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992'."

FINDINGS

Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 2, Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1107, provided

that: "Congress finds that -

"(1) in enacting the National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992 (43

U.S.C. 31a et seq.), Congress found, among other things, that -

"(A) during the 2 decades preceding enactment of that Act,

the production of geologic maps had been drastically curtailed;

"(B) geologic maps are the primary data base for virtually

all applied and basic earth-science investigations;

"(C) Federal agencies, State and local governments, private

industry, and the general public depend on the information

provided by geologic maps to determine the extent of potential

environmental damage before embarking on projects that could

lead to preventable, costly environmental problems or

litigation;

"(D) the lack of proper geologic maps has led to the poor

design of such structures as dams and waste-disposal

facilities;

"(E) geologic maps have proven indispensable in the search

for needed fossil fuel and mineral resources; and

"(F) a comprehensive nationwide program of geologic mapping

is required in order to systematically build the Nation's

geologic-map data base at a pace that responds to increasing

demand;

"(2) the geologic mapping program called for by that Act has

not been fully implemented; and

"(3) it is time for this important program to be fully

implemented."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 31b, 31h of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 31b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 31b. Definitions

-STATUTE-

In sections 31a to 31h of this title:

(1) Advisory committee

The term "advisory committee" means the advisory committee

established under section 31d of this title.

(2) Association

The term "Association" means the Association of American State

Geologists.

(3) Director

The term "Director" means the Director of the United States

Geological Survey.

(4) Education component

The term "education component" means the education component of

the geologic mapping program described in section 31e(d)(3) (!1)

of this title.

(5) Federal component

The term "Federal component" means the Federal component of the

geologic mapping program described in section 31e(d)(1) (!2) of

this title.

(6) Geologic mapping program

The term "geologic mapping program" means the National

Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program established by section

31c(a) of this title.

(7) Secretary

The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Interior.

(8) State

The term "State" includes the District of Columbia, the

Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern

Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Virgin Islands.

(9) State component

The term "State component" means the State component of the

geologic mapping program described in section 31e(d)(2) (!3) of

this title.

(10) Survey

The term "Survey" means the United States Geological Survey.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 3, May 18, 1992, 106 Stat. 167; Pub. L.

105-36, Sec. 3(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1107; Pub. L. 106-148,

Sec. 3, Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1719.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Pars. (4) to (10). Pub. L. 106-148 added pars. (4), (5),

and (9) and redesignated former pars. (4), (5), (6), and (7) as

(6), (7), (8), and (10), respectively.

1997 - Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(a)(1), substituted "In sections 31a

to 31h of this title:" for "As used in sections 31a to 31h of this

title:" in introductory provisions.

Par. (1). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(a)(5), inserted heading.

Par. (2). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(a)(2), (3), added par. (2).

Former par. (2) redesignated (3).

Pars. (3) to (5). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(a)(2), (5), redesignated

pars. (2) to (4) as (3) to (5), respectively, and inserted

headings. Par. (5) redesignated (7).

Par. (6). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(a)(4), added par. (6).

Par. (7). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(a)(2), (5), redesignated par.

(5) as (7) and inserted heading.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 31h of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be section "31c(d)(3)".

(!2) So in original. Probably should be section "31c(d)(1)".

(!3) So in original. Probably should be section "31c(d)(2)".

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 31c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 31c. Geologic mapping program

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

(1) In general

There is established a national cooperative geologic mapping

program between the United States Geological Survey and the State

geological surveys, acting through the Association.

(2) Design, development, and administration

The cooperative geologic mapping program shall be -

(A) designed and administered to achieve the objectives set

forth in subsection (c) of this section;

(B) developed in consultation with the advisory committee;

and

(C) administered through the Survey.

(b) Responsibilities of the Survey

(1) Lead agency

The Survey shall be the lead Federal agency responsible for

planning, developing national priorities and standards for,

coordinating, and managing the geologic mapping program. In

carrying out this paragraph, the Secretary, acting through the

Director, shall -

(A) develop a 5-year strategic plan for the geologic mapping

program in accordance with section 31e of this title, which

plan shall be submitted to the Committee on Resources of the

House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and

Natural Resources of the Senate not later than 1 year after

December 9, 1999;

(B) appoint, with the advice and consultation of the

Association, the advisory committee not later than 1 year after

December 9, 1999, in accordance with section 31d of this title;

and

(C) not later than 3 years after December 9, 1999, and

biennially thereafter, submit a report to the Committee on

Energy and Natural Resources of the United States Senate and to

the Committee on Resources of the House of Representatives

identifying -

(i) how the Survey and the Association are coordinating the

development and implementation of the geologic mapping

program;

(ii) how the Survey and the Association establish goals,

mapping priorities, and target dates for implementation of

the geologic mapping program; and

(iii) how long-term staffing plans for the various

components of the geologic mapping program affect successful

implementation of the geologic mapping program.

(2) Responsibilities of the Secretary

In addition to paragraph (1), the Secretary, acting through the

Director, shall be responsible for developing, as soon as

practicable -

(A) in cooperation with the Association, other Federal and

State agencies, public and private sector organizations and

academia, the geologic-map data base; and

(B) maps and mapping techniques which achieve the objectives

specified in subsection (c) of this section.

(c) Program objectives

The objectives of the geologic mapping program shall include -

(1) determining the Nation's geologic framework through

systematic development of geologic maps at scales appropriate to

the geologic setting and the perceived applications, such maps to

be contributed to the national geologic map data base;

(2) development of a complementary national geophysical-map

data base, geochemical-map data base, and a geochronologic and

paleontologic data base that provide value-added descriptive and

interpretative information to the geologic-map data base;

(3) application of cost-effective mapping techniques that

assemble, produce, translate and disseminate geologic-map

information and that render such information of greater

application and benefit to the public; and

(4) development of public awareness of the role and application

of geologic-map information to the resolution of national issues

of land use management.

(d) Program components

(1) Federal component

(A) In general

The geologic mapping program shall include a Federal geologic

mapping component, the objective of which shall be to determine

the geologic framework of areas determined to be vital to the

economic, social, environmental, or scientific welfare of the

United States.

(B) Mapping priorities

For the Federal component, mapping priorities -

(i) shall be described in the 5-year plan under section 31e

of this title; and

(ii) shall be based on -

(I) national requirements for geologic map information in

areas of multiple-issue need or areas of compelling

single-issue need; and

(II) national requirements for geologic map information

in areas where mapping is required to solve critical earth

science problems.

(C) Interdisciplinary studies

(i) In general

The Federal component shall include interdisciplinary

studies that add value to geologic mapping.

(ii) Representative categories

Interdisciplinary studies under clause (i) may include -

(I) establishment of a national geologic map database

under section 31f of this title;

(II) studies that lead to the implementation of

cost-effective digital methods for the acquisition,

compilation, analysis, cartographic production, and

dissemination of geologic map information;

(III) paleontologic, geochrono-logic, and isotopic

investigations that provide information critical to

understanding the age and history of geologic map units;

(IV) geophysical investigations that assist in

delineating and mapping the physical characteristics and

3-dimensional distribution of geologic materials and

geologic structures; and

(V) geochemical investigations and analytical operations

that characterize the composition of geologic map units.

(iii) Use of results

The results of investigations under clause (ii) shall be

contributed to national databases.

(2) State component

(A) In general

The geologic mapping program shall include a State geologic

mapping component, the objective of which shall be to establish

the geologic framework of areas determined to be vital to the

economic, social, environmental, or scientific welfare of

individual States.

(B) Mapping priorities

For the State component, mapping priorities -

(i) shall be determined by State panels representing a

broad range of users of geologic maps; and

(ii) shall be based on -

(I) State requirements for geologic map information in

areas of multiple-issue need or areas of compelling

single-issue need; and

(II) State requirements for geologic map information in

areas where mapping is required to solve critical earth

science problems.

(C) Integration of Federal and State priorities

A national panel including representatives of the Survey

shall integrate the State mapping priorities under this

paragraph with the Federal mapping priorities under paragraph

(1).

(D) Use of funds

The Survey and recipients of grants under the State component

shall not use more than 15.25 percent of the Federal funds made

available under the State component for any fiscal year to pay

indirect, servicing, or program management charges.

(E) Federal share

The Federal share of the cost of activities under the State

component for any fiscal year shall not exceed 50 percent.

(3) Education component

(A) In general

The geologic mapping program shall include a geologic mapping

education component for the training of geologic mappers, the

objectives of which shall be -

(i) to provide for broad education in geologic mapping and

field analysis through support of field studies; and

(ii) to develop academic programs that teach students of

earth science the fundamental principles of geologic mapping

and field analysis.

(B) Investigations

The education component may include the conduct of

investigations, which -

(i) shall be integrated with the Federal component and the

State component; and

(ii) shall respond to mapping priorities identified for the

Federal component and the State component.

(C) Use of funds

The Survey and recipients of grants under the education

component shall not use more than 15.25 percent of the Federal

funds made available under the education component for any

fiscal year to pay indirect, servicing, or program management

charges.

(D) Federal share

The Federal share of the cost of activities under the

education component for any fiscal year shall not exceed 50

percent.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 4, May 18, 1992, 106 Stat. 167; Pub. L.

103-437, Sec. 16(a)(1), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4594; Pub. L.

105-36, Sec. 3(b), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1108; Pub. L. 106-148,

Sec. 4, Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1720.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 4(1)(A), substituted

"national priorities and standards for" for "priorities" in first

sentence.

Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 4(1)(B), substituted

"develop a 5-year strategic plan for the geologic mapping program"

for "develop a geologic mapping program implementation plan" and

"not later than 1 year after December 9, 1999" for "within 300 days

after August 5, 1997".

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 4(1)(C), substituted

"not later than 1 year after December 9, 1999," for "within 90 days

after August 5, 1997,".

Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 4(1)(D)(i), substituted

"not later than 3 years after December 9, 1999, and biennially

thereafter" for "within 210 days after August 5, 1997" in

introductory provisions.

Subsec. (b)(1)(C)(i). Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 4(1)(D)(ii),

substituted "are coordinating" for "will coordinate".

Subsec. (b)(1)(C)(ii). Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 4(1)(D)(iii),

substituted "establish" for "will establish".

Subsec. (b)(1)(C)(iii). Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 4(1)(D)(iv),

substituted "affect" for "will lead to".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 4(2), added subsec. (d) and

struck out former subsec. (d) which set out the Federal, support,

State, and education components of the geological mapping program.

1997 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(1), added subsec.

(a) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (a). Text

read as follows: "There is established in the United States

Geological Survey a National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program.

The geologic mapping program shall be developed in consultation

with the advisory committee and shall be designed and administered

to achieve the objectives set forth in subsection (c) of this

section."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(2)(A), (D), substituted

"the Survey" for "USGS" in heading and realigned text margins.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(2)(B)(i), (ii),

inserted heading and realigned margins.

Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(2)(B)(iii),

substituted "Committee on Resources" for "Committee on Natural

Resources" and "August 5, 1997" for "May 18, 1992".

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(2)(B)(iv),

substituted "Association" for "State geological surveys" and

"August 5, 1997" for "May 18, 1992".

Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(2)(B)(v)(I), (II),

in introductory provisions, substituted "August 5, 1997" for "May

18, 1992" and "Committee on Resources" for "Committee on Natural

Resources".

Subsec. (b)(1)(C)(i). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(2)(B)(v)(III),

inserted "and the Association" after "the Survey".

Subsec. (b)(1)(C)(ii). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(2)(B)(v)(III),

(IV), inserted "and the Association" after "the Survey" and "and"

after semicolon at end.

Subsec. (b)(1)(C)(iii), (iv). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec.

3(b)(2)(B)(v)(V), substituted period for "; and" at end of cl.

(iii) and struck out cl. (iv) which read as follows: "the degree to

which geologic mapping activities traditionally funded by the

Survey, including the use of commercially available aerial

photography, geodesy, professional land surveying, photogrammetric

mapping, cartography, photographic processing, and related

services, can be contracted to professional private mapping firms."

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(2)(C)(i), inserted

heading.

Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(2)(C)(ii),

substituted "Association" for "State geological surveys".

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(3)(A), substituted

"interpretative information" for "interpretive information".

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(3)(B), substituted

"public awareness of" for "public awareness for".

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(4)(A), inserted

heading.

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(4)(B)(i), inserted

heading.

Subsec. (d)(2)(D). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(4)(B)(ii), added

subpar. (D) and struck out former subpar. (D) which read as

follows: "geochronologic and isotopic investigations that (i)

provide radiometric age dates for geologic-map units and (ii)

fingerprint the geothermometry, geobarometry, and alteration

history of geologic-map units, which investigations shall be

contributed to a national geochronologic data base;".

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(4)(C), inserted

heading.

Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(b)(4)(D), added par. (4)

and struck out former par. (4) which read as follows: "A geologic

mapping education component, whose objective shall be -

"(A) to develop the academic programs that teach earth-science

students the fundamental principles of geologic mapping and field

analysis; and

"(B) to provide for broad education in geologic mapping and

field analysis through support of field teaching institutes.

Investigations conducted under the geologic mapping education

component shall be integrated with the other mapping components of

the geologic mapping program, and shall respond to priorities

identified for those components."

1994 - Subsec. (b)(1)(A), (C). Pub. L. 103-437 substituted

"Natural Resources" for "Interior and Insular Affairs" before "of

the House".

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 31b, 31d, 31f, 31g, 31h

of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 31d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 31d. Advisory committee

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

(1) In general

There shall be established a 10-member geologic mapping

advisory committee to advise the Director on planning and

implementation of the geologic mapping program.

(2) Members ex officio

Federal agency members shall include the Administrator of the

Environmental Protection Agency or a designee, the Secretary of

Energy or a designee, the Secretary of Agriculture or a designee,

and the Assistant to the President for Science and Technology or

a designee.

(3) Appointed members

Not later than 1 year after December 9, 1999, in consultation

with the Association, the Secretary shall appoint to the advisory

committee two representatives from the Survey (including the

Chief Geologist, as Chairman), two representatives from the State

geological surveys, one representative from academia, and one

representative from the private sector.

(b) Duties

The advisory committee shall -

(1) review and update the 5-year plan prepared by the Director

pursuant to section 31e of this title;

(2) review the scientific progress of the geologic mapping

program; and

(3) submit an annual report to the Secretary that evaluates the

progress of the Federal, State, and university mapping activities

and evaluates the progress made toward fulfilling the purposes of

sections 31c through 31f of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 5, May 18, 1992, 106 Stat. 169; Pub. L.

105-36, Sec. 3(c), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1110; Pub. L. 106-148,

Sec. 5, Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1722.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 5(1), substituted "1

year after December 9, 1999," for "90 days after August 5, 1997,".

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 5(2)(A), substituted

"update the 5-year plan" for "critique the draft implementation

plan".

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 5(2)(B), substituted

"sections 31c through 31f of this title" for "sections 31a to 31h

of this title".

1997 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(c)(1), added subsec.

(a) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (a). Text

read as follows: "There shall be established a sixteen member

geologic mapping advisory committee to advise the Director on

planning and implementation of the geologic mapping program. The

President shall appoint one representative each from the

Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Energy, the

Department of Agriculture, and the Office of Science and Technology

Policy. Within 90 days and with the advice and consultation of the

State Geological Surveys, the Secretary shall appoint to the

advisory committee 2 representatives from the Survey (including the

Chief Geologist, as Chairman), 4 representatives from the State

geological surveys, 3 representatives from academia, and 3

representatives from the private sector."

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(c)(2), substituted

"Federal, State, and university mapping activities" for "Federal

and State mapping activities".

TERMINATION OF ADVISORY COMMITTEES

Advisory committees established after Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate

not later than the expiration of the 2-year period beginning on the

date of their establishment, unless, in the case of a committee

established by the President or an officer of the Federal

Government, such committee is renewed by appropriate action prior

to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a

committee established by Congress, its duration is otherwise

provided by law, see section 14 of Pub. L. 92-463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86

Stat. 776, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 31b, 31c, 31g, 31h of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 31e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 31e. Geologic mapping program 5-year plan

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary, acting through the Director, shall, with the

advice and review of the advisory committee, prepare a 5-year plan

for the geologic mapping program.

(b) Requirements

The 5-year plan shall identify -

(1) overall priorities for the geologic mapping program; and

(2) implementation of the overall management structure and

operation of the geologic mapping program, including -

(A) the role of the Survey in the capacity of overall

management lead, including the responsibility for developing

the national geologic mapping program that meets Federal needs

while fostering State needs;

(B) the responsibilities of the State geological surveys,

with emphasis on mechanisms that incorporate the needs,

missions, capabilities, and requirements of the State

geological surveys, into the nationwide geologic mapping

program;

(C) mechanisms for identifying short- and long-term

priorities for each component of the geologic mapping program,

including -

(i) for the Federal component, a priority-setting mechanism

that responds to -

(I) Federal mission requirements for geologic map

information;

(II) critical scientific problems that require geologic

maps for their resolution; and

(III) shared Federal and State needs for geologic maps,

in which joint Federal-State geologic mapping projects are

in the national interest;

(ii) for the State component, a priority-setting mechanism

that responds to -

(I) specific intrastate needs for geologic map

information; and

(II) interstate needs shared by adjacent States that have

common requirements; and

(iii) for the education component, a priority-setting

mechanism that responds to requirements for geologic map

information that are dictated by Federal and State mission

requirements;

(D) a mechanism for adopting scientific and technical mapping

standards for preparing and publishing general- and

special-purpose geologic maps to -

(i) ensure uniformity of cartographic and scientific

conventions; and

(ii) provide a basis for assessing the comparability and

quality of map products; and

(E) a mechanism for monitoring the inventory of published and

current mapping investigations nationwide to facilitate

planning and information exchange and to avoid redundancy.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 6, as added Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 6, Dec. 9,

1999, 113 Stat. 1722.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 31e, Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 6, May 18, 1992, 106

Stat. 170; Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(d), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1110,

provided for the preparation of a geologic mapping program

implementation plan, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 6,

Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1722.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 31c, 31d, 31g, 31h of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 31f 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 31f. National geologic map database

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

(1) In general

The Survey shall establish a national geologic map database.

(2) Function

The database shall serve as a national catalog and archive,

distributed through links to Federal and State geologic map

holdings, that includes -

(A) all maps developed under the Federal component and the

education component;

(B) the databases developed in connection with investigations

under subclauses (III), (IV), and (V) of section

31c(d)(1)(C)(ii) of this title; and

(C) other maps and data that the Survey and the Association

consider appropriate.

(b) Standardization

(1) In general

Geologic maps contributed to the national archives shall have

format, symbols, and technical attributes that adhere to

standards so that archival information can be accessed,

exchanged, and compared efficiently and accurately, as required

by Executive Order 12906 (59 Fed. Reg. 17,671 (1994)), which

established the National Spatial Data Infrastructure.

(2) Development of standards

Entities that contribute geologic maps to the national archives

shall develop the standards described in paragraph (1) in

cooperation with the Federal Geographic Data Committee, which is

charged with standards development and other data coordination

activities as described in Office of Management and Budget

revised Circular A-16.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 7, May 18, 1992, 106 Stat. 171; Pub. L.

105-36, Sec. 3(e), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1110; Pub. L. 106-148,

Sec. 7, Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1723.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Executive Order 12906, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is set out

as a note under section 1457 of this title.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Pub. L. 106-148 substituted "geologic map database" for

"geologic-map data base" in section catchline, added subsec. (a),

and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (a). Text read as

follows: "The Survey shall establish a national geologic-map data

base. Such data base shall be a national archive that includes all

maps developed pursuant to sections 31a to 31h of this title, the

data bases developed pursuant to the investigations under sections

31c(d)(2)(C), (D), (E), and (F) of this title, and other maps and

data as the Survey deems appropriate."

1997 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-36 added subsec. (b) and struck

out heading and text of former subsec. (b). Text read as follows:

"Geologic maps contributed to the national archives should have

standardized format, symbols, and technical attributes so that

archival information can be assimilated, manipulated, accessed,

exchanged, and compared efficiently and accurately."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 31c, 31d, 31g, 31h of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 31g 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 31g. Biennial report

-STATUTE-

Not later 3 (!1) years after December 9, 1999, and biennially

thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on

Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on

Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a report that -

(1) describes the status of the national geologic mapping

program;

(2) describes and evaluates the progress achieved during the

preceding 2 years in developing the national geologic map

database; and

(3) includes any recommendations that the Secretary may have

for legislative or other action to achieve the purposes of

sections 31c through 31f of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 8, as added Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 8, Dec. 9,

1999, 113 Stat. 1724.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 31g, Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 8, May 18, 1992, 106

Stat. 171; Pub. L. 103-437, Sec. 16(a)(1), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat.

4594; Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(f), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1111; Pub.

L. 105-362, title IX, Sec. 902(b), Nov. 10, 1998, 112 Stat. 3291,

directed the Secretary to submit a biennial report to Congress

describing the status of the nationwide geologic mapping program

and evaluating the progress achieved during the preceding fiscal

year in developing the national geologic-map data base, prior to

repeal by Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 8, Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1724.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 31h of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be preceded by "than".

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 31h 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 31h. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out sections 31a

to 31h of this title -

(1) $28,000,000 for fiscal year 1999;

(2) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;

(3) $37,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

(4) $43,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

(5) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2003;

(6) $57,000,000 for fiscal year 2004; and

(7) $64,000,000 for fiscal year 2005.

(b) Allocation of appropriations

Of any amounts appropriated for any fiscal year in excess of the

amount appropriated for fiscal year 2000 -

(1) 48 percent shall be available for the State component; and

(2) 2 percent shall be available for the education component.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 9, as added Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 9, Dec. 9,

1999, 113 Stat. 1724.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 31h, Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 9, May 18, 1992, 106

Stat. 171; Pub. L. 105-36, Sec. 3(g), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1111,

authorized appropriations for the national cooperative geologic

mapping program, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 106-148, Sec. 9, Dec.

9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1724.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 31a, 31b of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 31i 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 31i. Report on resource research activities

-STATUTE-

Once every five years the National Academy of Sciences shall

review and report on the resource research activities of the

Survey.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 104-134, title I, Sec. 101(c) [title I], Apr. 26, 1996,

110 Stat. 1321-156, 1321-165; renumbered title I, Pub. L. 104-140,

Sec. 1(a), May 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1327.)

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 31j 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 31j. Biological research activity of Survey; review and report

by National Academy of Sciences

-STATUTE-

Beginning in fiscal year 1998 and once every five years

thereafter, the National Academy of Sciences shall review and

report on the biological research activity of the Survey.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 104-208, div. A, title I, Sec. 101(d) [title I], Sept. 30,

1996, 110 Stat. 3009-181, 3009-189.)

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 32 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 32. Acting Director

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Interior may authorize one of the geologists

to act as Director of the United States Geological Survey in the

absence of that officer.

-SOURCE-

(July 31, 1894, ch. 174, Sec. 1, 28 Stat. 197; Pub. L. 102-154,

title I, Nov. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1000.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Geological Survey" substituted in text for

"Geological Survey" pursuant to provision of title I of Pub. L.

102-154, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and

agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to

Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan

No. 3 of 1950, Secs. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64

Stat. 1262, set out under section 1451 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 33 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 33. Repealed. Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, Sec. 53, 70A Stat. 641

-MISC1-

Section, act June 16, 1880, ch. 235, 21 Stat. 274, authorized

Secretary of War to detail officers of Ordnance Corps to serve with

Geological Survey.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 34 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 34. Scientific employees

-STATUTE-

The scientific employees of the United States Geological Survey

shall be selected by the Director, subject to the approval of the

Secretary of the Interior exclusively for their qualifications as

professional experts.

-SOURCE-

(July 7, 1884, ch. 332, 23 Stat. 212; Pub. L. 102-154, title I,

Nov. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1000.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Geological Survey" substituted in text for

"Geological Survey" pursuant to provision of title I of Pub. L.

102-154, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and

agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to

Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan

No. 3 of 1950, Secs. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64

Stat. 1262, set out under section 1451 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 35 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 35. Repealed. Pub. L. 87-304, Sec. 9(a)(2), Sept. 26, 1961, 75

Stat. 664

-MISC1-

Section, act June 30, 1906, ch. 3914, Sec. 1, 34 Stat. 727,

authorized scientific and other employees of the United States

Geological Survey employed in the field to make assignments of pay,

and that they be reimbursed for expenses incurred in the discharge

of duty in the field and paid from personal funds. See section 5525

of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 36 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 36. Purchase of books

-STATUTE-

The purchase of professional and scientific books and periodicals

needed for statistical purposes by the scientific divisions of the

United States Geological Survey is authorized to be made and paid

for out of appropriations made for the said Survey.

-SOURCE-

(June 28, 1902, ch. 1301, Sec. 1, 32 Stat. 455.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and

agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to

Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan

No. 3 of 1950, Secs. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64

Stat. 1262, set out under section 1451 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 36a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 36a. Acquisition of scientific or technical books, maps, etc.,

for library

-STATUTE-

The Director of the United States Geological Survey, under the

general supervision of the Secretary of the Interior, is authorized

to acquire for the United States, by gift or devise, scientific or

technical books, manuscripts, maps, and related materials, and to

deposit the same in the library of the United States Geological

Survey for reference and use as authorized by law.

-SOURCE-

(May 14, 1940, ch. 190, 54 Stat. 212; Pub. L. 102-154, title I,

Nov. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1000.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Geological Survey" substituted in text for

"Geological Survey" pursuant to provision of title I of Pub. L.

102-154, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and

agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to

Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan

No. 3 of 1950, Secs. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64

Stat. 1262, set out under section 1451 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 36b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 36b. Acquisition of lands or interests therein for use in

gaging streams or underground water resources

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Interior may, on behalf of the United States

and for use by the United States Geological Survey in gaging

streams and underground water resources, acquire lands by donation

or when funds have been appropriated by Congress by purchase or

condemnation, but not in excess of ten acres for any one stream

gaging station or observation well site. For the same purpose the

Secretary of the Interior may obtain easements, licenses,

rights-of-way, and leases limited to run for such a period of time

or term of years as may be required for the effective performance

of the function of gaging streams and underground water resources:

Provided, That nothing in this section shall be construed as

affecting or intended to affect or in any way to interfere with the

laws of any State or Territory relating to the control,

appropriation, use, or distribution of water used in irrigation, or

any vested right acquired thereunder, and the Secretary of the

Interior, in carrying out the provisions of this section, shall

proceed in conformity with such laws, and nothing in this section

shall in any way affect any right of any State or of the Federal

Government or of any landowner, appropriator, or user of water, in,

to, or from any interstate stream or the waters thereof.

-SOURCE-

(Dec. 24, 1942, ch. 822, 56 Stat. 1086; Pub. L. 86-406, Apr. 4,

1960, 74 Stat. 14; Pub. L. 102-154, title I, Nov. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1000.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1960 - Pub. L. 86-406 authorized Secretary of the Interior to

acquire lands and interests in lands for observation well sites to

gage underground water resources.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Geological Survey" substituted in text for

"Geological Survey" pursuant to provision of title I of Pub. L.

102-154, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 36c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 36c. Acceptance of contributions from public and private

sources; cooperation with other agencies in prosecution of

projects

-STATUTE-

In fiscal year 1987 and thereafter the United States Geological

Survey is authorized to accept lands, buildings, equipment, and

other contributions from public and private sources and to

prosecute projects in cooperation with other agencies, Federal,

State, or private.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-500, Sec. 101(h) [title I], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat.

1783-242, 1783-252, and Pub. L. 99-591, Sec. 101(h) [title I], Oct.

30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341-242, 3341-252; Pub. L. 102-154, title I,

Nov. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1000.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Pub. L. 99-591 is a corrected version of Pub. L. 99-500.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Geological Survey" substituted in text for

"Geological Survey" pursuant to provision of title I of Pub. L.

102-154, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 37 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 37. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act June 12, 1917, ch. 27, 40 Stat. 144, related to

purchases or services for the Geological Survey, was omitted as

superseded.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 38 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 38. Topographic surveys; marking elevations

-STATUTE-

In making topographic surveys west of the ninety-fifth meridian

elevations above a base level located in each area under survey

shall be determined and marked on the ground by iron or stone posts

or permanent bench marks, at least two such posts or bench marks to

be established in each township, or equivalent area, except in the

forest-clad and mountain areas, where at least one shall be

established, and these shall be placed, whenever practicable, near

the township corners of the public-land surveys; and in the areas

east of the ninety-fifth meridian at least one such post or bench

mark shall be similarly established in each area equivalent to the

area of a township of the public land surveys.

-SOURCE-

(June 11, 1896, ch. 420, 29 Stat. 435.)

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Secs. 39, 40 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Secs. 39, 40. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 39, act Feb. 27, 1925, ch. 360, Sec. 1, 43 Stat. 1011,

authorized the President to complete a general utility

topographical survey of the territory of the United States within a

period of twenty years from Feb. 27, 1925.

Section 40, act Feb. 27, 1925, ch. 360, Sec. 2, 43 Stat. 1011,

related to cooperative agreements with States to expedite

completion of topographical survey.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 41 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 41. Publications and reports; preparation and sale

-STATUTE-

Except as otherwise provided in section 1318 of title 44, the

publications of the United States Geological Survey shall consist

of geological and economic maps, illustrating the resources and

classification of the lands, and reports upon general and economic

geology and paleontology. All special memoirs and reports of said

survey shall be issued in uniform quarto series if deemed necessary

by the director, but otherwise in ordinary octavos. Three thousand

copies of each shall be published for scientific exchanges and for

sale at the price of publication, and all literary and cartographic

materials received in exchange shall be the property of the United

States and form a part of the library of the organization; and the

money resulting from the sale of such publications shall be covered

into the Treasury of the United States, under the direction of the

Secretary of the Interior.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 3, 1879, ch. 182, 20 Stat. 394; Aug. 7, 1946, ch. 770, Sec.

1(10), 60 Stat. 867; Pub. L. 102-154, title I, Nov. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1000.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

"Section 1318 of title 44" substituted in text for "section 260

of title 44" on authority of Pub. L. 90-620, Sec. 2(b), Oct. 22,

1968, 82 Stat. 1238, the first section of which enacted Title 44,

Public Printing and Documents.

The words "Except as otherwise provided in section 260 of title

44" were originally inserted in text to avoid conflict with the

provisions of such section 260 of title 44, as set out prior to the

general revision of title 44 by Pub. L. 90-620, derived from Joint

Res. May 16, 1902, No. 22.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1946 - Act Aug. 7, 1946, repealed all provisions requiring

preparation, and transmission by Secretary of the Interior, of an

annual report of operations.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Geological Survey" substituted in text for

"Geological Survey" pursuant to provision of title I of Pub. L.

102-154, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and

agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to

Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan

No. 3 of 1950, Secs. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64

Stat. 1262, set out under section 1451 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 42 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 42. Distribution of maps and atlases, etc.

-STATUTE-

The Director of the United States Geological Survey is authorized

and directed, on the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, to

dispose of the topographic and geologic maps and atlases of the

United States, made and published by the United States Geological

Survey, at such prices and under such regulations as may from time

to time be fixed by him and approved by the Secretary of the

Interior; and a number of copies of each map or atlas, not

exceeding five hundred, shall be distributed gratuitously among

foreign governments and departments of our own Government to

literary and scientific associations, and to such educational

institutions or libraries as may be designated by the Director of

the Survey and approved by the Secretary of the Interior. On and

after June 7, 1924, the distribution of geological publications to

libraries designated as special depositaries of such publications

shall be discontinued.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1897, No. 13, Sec. 1, 29 Stat. 701; June 7, 1924, ch.

303, 43 Stat. 592; Pub. L. 102-154, title I, Nov. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1000.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

The first sentence is from Joint Res. Feb. 18, 1897; the second

sentence is from act June 7, 1924.

Joint Res. Feb. 18, 1897 superseded a provision contained in act

June 11, 1896, ch. 420, 29 Stat. 436, authorizing the sale of

topographical maps with text at cost and ten per centum added.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Geological Survey" substituted in text for

"Geological Survey" pursuant to provision of title I of Pub. L.

102-154, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and

agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to

Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan

No. 3 of 1950, Secs. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64

Stat. 1262, set out under section 1451 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 42a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 42a. Use of receipts from sale of maps for map printing and

distribution

-STATUTE-

In fiscal year 1984 and thereafter, all receipts from the sale of

maps sold or stored by the United States Geological Survey shall be

available for map printing and distribution to supplement funds

otherwise available, to remain available until expended.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-146, title I, Nov. 4, 1983, 97 Stat. 926; Pub. L.

102-154, title I, Nov. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1000.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Geological Survey" substituted in text for

"Geological Survey" pursuant to provision of title I of Pub. L.

102-154, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 43 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 43. Copies to Senators, Representatives, and Delegates

-STATUTE-

One copy of each map and atlas shall be sent to each Senator and

each Representative and Delegate in Congress, if published within

his term; and a second copy shall be placed at the disposal of each

such Senator, Representative and Delegate

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 18, 1897, No. 13, Sec. 2, 29 Stat. 701.)

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 44 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 44. Sale of transfers or copies of data

-STATUTE-

The Director of the United States Geological Survey shall, if the

regular map work of the Survey is in no wise interfered with

thereby, furnish to any person, concern, institution, State or

foreign government, that shall pay in advance the whole cost

thereof with 10 per centum added, transfers or copies of any

cartographic or other engraved or lithographic data in the division

of engraving and printing of the Survey, and the moneys received by

the Director for such transfers or copies shall be deposited in the

Treasury.

-SOURCE-

(June 30, 1906, ch. 3914, 34 Stat. 727; Pub. L. 102-154, title I,

Nov. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1000.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Geological Survey" substituted in text for

"Geological Survey" pursuant to provision of title I of Pub. L.

102-154, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and

agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to

Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan

No. 3 of 1950, Secs. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64

Stat. 1262, set out under section 1451 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 45 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 45. Production and sale of copies of photographs and records;

disposition of receipts

-STATUTE-

The Director of the United States Geological Survey on and after

March 4, 1909 may produce and sell on a reimbursable basis to

interested persons, concerns, and institutions, copies of aerial or

other photographs and mosaics that have been obtained in connection

with the authorized work of the United States Geological Survey and

photographic or photostatic reproductions of records in the

official custody of the Director at such prices (not less than the

estimated cost of furnishing such copies or reproductions) as the

Director, with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, may

determine, the money received from such sales to be deposited in

the Treasury to the credit of the appropriation then current and

chargeable for the cost of furnishing copies or reproductions as

herein authorized.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 299, 35 Stat. 989; July 21, 1947, ch. 273, 61

Stat. 398.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1947 - Act July 21, 1947, authorized production and sale of

aerial or other photographs and reproductions of records on a

reimbursement of appropriations basis.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and

agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to

Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan

No. 3 of 1950, Secs. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64

Stat. 1262, set out under section 1451 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 46 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 46. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act Oct. 12, 1949, ch. 680, title I, 63 Stat. 785,

related to exchange of old freight carrying vehicles as part

payment for new, was from the Interior Department Appropriation

Act, 1950, and was not repeated in subsequent appropriation acts.

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior

appropriation acts:

June 29, 1948, ch. 754, 62 Stat. 1133.

July 25, 1947, ch. 337, 61 Stat. 477.

July 1, 1946, ch. 529, 60 Stat. 369.

July 3, 1945, ch. 262, 59 Stat. 343.

June 28, 1944, ch. 298, 58 Stat. 491.

July 12, 1943, ch. 219, 57 Stat. 477.

July 2, 1942, ch. 473, 56 Stat. 537.

June 28, 1941, ch. 259, 55 Stat. 339.

June 18, 1940, ch. 395, 54 Stat. 439.

May 10, 1939, ch. 119, 53 Stat. 719.

May 9, 1938, ch. 187, 52 Stat. 325.

Aug. 9, 1937, ch. 570, 50 Stat. 598.

June 22, 1936, ch. 691, 49 Stat. 1785.

May 9, 1935, ch. 101, 49 Stat. 200.

Mar. 2, 1934, ch. 38, 48 Stat. 382.

Feb. 17, 1933, ch. 98, 47 Stat. 846.

Apr. 22, 1932, ch. 125, 47 Stat. 118.

Feb. 14, 1931, ch. 187, 46 Stat. 1147.

May 14, 1930, ch. 273, 46 Stat. 310.

Mar. 4, 1929, ch. 705, 45 Stat. 1594.

Mar. 7, 1928, ch. 137, 45 Stat. 231.

Jan. 12, 1927, ch. 27, 44 Stat. 961.

May 10, 1926, ch. 277, 44 Stat. 486.

Mar. 3, 1925, ch. 462, 43 Stat. 1172.

June 5, 1924, ch. 264, 43 Stat. 419.

Jan. 24, 1923, ch. 42, 42 Stat. 1208.

May 24, 1922, ch. 199, 42 Stat. 586.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 47 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 47. Repealed. Aug. 7, 1946, ch. 770, Sec. 1(11), 60 Stat. 867

-MISC1-

Section, act May 10, 1926, ch. 277, 44 Stat. 487, required annual

statements and reports of expenditures for the benefit of Indians

relating to the operation of oil and gas leases, and the mining of

other minerals, on Indian lands.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 48 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 48. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act Jan. 12, 1927, ch. 27, 44 Stat. 963, required

amounts received by the Geological Survey from any State, Territory

or political subdivision thereof in carrying on work involving

cooperation to be used in reimbursing the appropriation from which

the expense of such work was paid, was from the act making

appropriations for the Department of the Interior for the fiscal

year ending June 30, 1928 and for other purposes, and was not

repeated in subsequent appropriation acts. Similar provisions were

contained in the following act: May 10, 1926, ch. 277, 44 Stat.

487.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 49 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 49. Extension of cooperative work to Puerto Rico

-STATUTE-

The provisions of law authorizing the making of topographic and

geological surveys and conducting investigations relating to

mineral and water resources by the United States Geological Survey

in various portions of the United States be, and the same are,

extended to authorize such surveys and investigations in Puerto

Rico.

-SOURCE-

(June 17, 1935, ch. 268, 49 Stat. 386.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and

agencies of Department of the Interior, with certain exceptions, to

Secretary of the Interior, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan

No. 3 of 1950, Secs. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64

Stat. 1262, set out under section 1451 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 50 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 50. Survey's share of cost of topographic mapping or water

resources investigations carried on with States

-STATUTE-

The share of the United States Geological Survey in any

topographic mapping or water resources data collection and

investigations carried on in cooperation with any State or

municipality shall not exceed 50 per centum of the cost thereof.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 107-63, title I, Nov. 5, 2001, 115 Stat. 427.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section text is based on act July 31, 1953, ch. 298, title I,

Sec. 1, 67 Stat. 269, as continued and modified for the fiscal year

covered by the appropriation act cited as the credit to this

section.

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the

following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 106-291, title I, Oct. 11, 2000, 114 Stat. 931.

Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(3) [title I], Nov. 29,

1999, 113 Stat. 1535, 1501A-145.

Pub. L. 105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(e) [title I], Oct. 21, 1998,

112 Stat. 2681-231, 2681-242.

Pub. L. 105-83, title I, Nov. 14, 1997, 111 Stat. 1552.

Pub. L. 104-208, div. A, title I, Sec. 101(d) [title I], Sept.

30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-181, 3009-190.

Pub. L. 104-134, title I, Sec. 101(c) [title I], Apr. 26, 1996,

110 Stat. 1321-156, 1321-165; renumbered title I, Pub. L. 104-140,

Sec. 1(a), May 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1327.

Pub. L. 103-332, title I, Sept. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 2507.

Pub. L. 103-138, title I, Nov. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 1387.

Pub. L. 102-381, title I, Oct. 5, 1992, 106 Stat. 1384.

Pub. L. 102-154, title I, Nov. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1000.

Pub. L. 101-512, title I, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1924.

Pub. L. 101-121, title I, Oct. 23, 1989, 103 Stat. 710.

Pub. L. 100-446, title I, Sept. 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 1790.

Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 101(g) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat.

1329-213, 1329-224.

Pub. L. 99-500, Sec. 101(h) [title I], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat.

1783-242, 1783-252, and Pub. L. 99-591, Sec. 101(h) [title I], Oct.

30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341-242, 3341-252.

Pub. L. 99-190, Sec. 101(d) [title I], Dec. 19, 1985, 99 Stat.

1224, 1231.

Pub. L. 98-473, title I, Sec. 101(c) [title I], Oct. 12, 1984, 98

Stat. 1837, 1845.

Pub. L. 98-146, title I, Nov. 4, 1983, 97 Stat. 926.

Pub. L. 97-394, title I, Dec. 30, 1982, 96 Stat. 1972.

Pub. L. 97-100, title I, Dec. 23, 1981, 95 Stat. 1397.

Pub. L. 96-514, title I, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2963.

Pub. L. 96-126, title I, Nov. 27, 1979, 93 Stat. 961.

Pub. L. 95-465, title I, Oct. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 1285.

Pub. L. 95-74, title I, July 26, 1977, 91 Stat. 290.

Pub. L. 94-373, title I, July 31, 1976, 90 Stat. 1048.

Pub. L. 94-165, title I, Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 983.

Pub. L. 93-404, title I, Aug. 31, 1974, 88 Stat. 808.

Pub. L. 93-120, title I, Oct. 4, 1973, 87 Stat. 434.

Pub. L. 92-369, title I, Aug. 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 513.

Pub. L. 92-76, title I, Aug. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 234.

Pub. L. 91-361, title I, July 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 674.

Pub. L. 91-98, title I, Oct. 29, 1969, 83 Stat. 152.

Pub. L. 90-425, title I, July 26, 1968, 82 Stat. 431.

Pub. L. 90-28, title I, June 24, 1967, 81 Stat. 64.

Pub. L. 89-435, title I, May 31, 1966, 80 Stat. 175.

Pub. L. 89-52, title I, June 28, 1965, 79 Stat. 181.

Pub. L. 88-356, title I, July 7, 1964, 78 Stat. 280.

Pub. L. 88-79, title I, July 26, 1963, 77 Stat. 103.

Pub. L. 87-578, title I, Aug. 9, 1962, 76 Stat. 341.

Pub. L. 87-122, title I, Aug. 3, 1961, 75 Stat. 252.

Pub. L. 86-455, title I, May 13, 1960, 74 Stat. 108.

Pub. L. 86-60, title I, June 23, 1959, 73 Stat. 96.

Pub. L. 85-439, title I, June 4, 1958, 72 Stat. 159.

Pub. L. 85-77, title I, July 1, 1957, 71 Stat. 261.

June 13, 1956, ch. 380, title I, 70 Stat. 261.

June 16, 1955, ch. 147, title I, 69 Stat. 145.

July 1, 1954, ch. 446, title I, 68 Stat. 368.

July 31, 1953, ch. 298, title I, 67 Stat. 269.

July 9, 1952, ch. 597, title I, 66 Stat. 454.

Aug. 31, 1951, ch. 375, title I, 65 Stat. 259.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. VII, title I, 64 Stat. 690.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 50-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 50-1. Funds for mappings and investigations considered

intragovernmental funds

-STATUTE-

Beginning October 1, 1990, and thereafter, funds received from

any State, territory, possession, country, international

organization, or political subdivision thereof, for topographic,

geologic, or water resources mapping or investigations involving

cooperation with such an entity shall be considered as

intragovernmental funds as defined in the publication titled "A

Glossary of Terms Used in the Federal Budget Process".

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-512, title I, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1924.)

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 50a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 50a. Working capital fund for United States Geological Survey

-STATUTE-

There is hereby established in the Treasury of the United States

a working capital fund to assist in the management of certain

support activities of the United States Geological Survey

(hereafter referred to as the "Survey"), Department of the

Interior. The fund shall be available on and after November 5,

1990, without fiscal year limitation for expenses necessary for

furnishing materials, supplies, equipment, work, facilities, and

services in support of Survey programs, and, as authorized by law,

to agencies of the Federal Government and others. Such expenses may

include laboratory modernization and equipment replacement,

computer operations, maintenance, and telecommunications services;

requirements definition, systems analysis, and design services;

acquisition or development of software; systems support services

such as implementation assistance, training, and maintenance;

acquisition and replacement of computer, publications, scientific

instrumentation, telecommunications, and related automatic data

processing equipment; and, such other activities as may be approved

by the Secretary of the Interior.

There are authorized to be transferred to the fund, at fair and

reasonable values at the time of transfer, inventories, equipment,

receivables, and other assets, less liabilities, related to the

functions to be financed by the fund as determined by the Secretary

of the Interior: Provided, That the fund shall be credited with

appropriations and other funds of the Survey, and other agencies of

the Department of the Interior, other Federal agencies, and other

sources, for providing materials, supplies, equipment, work, and

services as authorized by law and such payments may be made in

advance or upon performance: Provided further, That charges to

users will be at rates approximately equal to the costs of

furnishing the materials, supplies, equipment, facilities, and

services, including such items as depreciation of equipment and

facilities, and accrued annual leave: Provided further, That all

existing balances as of November 5, 1990, from amortization fees

resulting from the Survey providing telecommunications services and

deposited in a special fund established on the books of the

Treasury and available for payment of replacement or expansion of

telecommunications services as authorized by Public Law 99-190, are

hereby transferred to and merged with the working capital fund, to

be used for the same purposes as originally authorized: Provided

further, That funds that are not necessary to carry out the

activities to be financed by the fund, as determined by the

Secretary, shall be covered into miscellaneous receipts of the

Treasury.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-512, title I, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1924; Pub. L.

102-154, title I, Nov. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1000; Pub. L. 103-332,

title I, Sept. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 2507.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Provisions relating to the special fund authorized by Public Law

99-190, referred to in text, were formerly classified to this

section. See Prior Provisions note below.

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 50a, Pub. L. 99-190, Sec. 101(d) [title I], Dec.

19, 1985, 99 Stat. 1224, 1231, related to deposit of amortization

fees from Geological Survey providing telecommunications services.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-332 in first par., in second sentence after

"work," inserted "facilities,", in third sentence after "include"

inserted "laboratory modernization and equipment replacement,",

after "operations" inserted ", maintenance,", and after

"replacement of computer," inserted "publications, scientific

instrumentation," and in second par., in second proviso after

"depreciation of equipment" inserted "and facilities,".

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Geological Survey" substituted for "Geological

Survey" in first paragraph pursuant to provision of title I of Pub.

L. 102-154, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 50b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 50b. Recording of obligations against accounts receivable and

crediting of amounts received; work involving cooperation with

State, Territory, etc.

-STATUTE-

Before, on, and after October 18, 1986, in carrying out work

involving cooperation with any State, Territory, possession, or

political subdivision thereof, the United States Geological Survey

may, notwithstanding any other provision of law, record obligations

against accounts receivable from any such entities and shall credit

amounts received from such entities to this appropriation.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-500, Sec. 101(h) [title I], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat.

1783-242, 1783-252, and Pub. L. 99-591, Sec. 101(h) [title I], Oct.

30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341-242, 3341-252; Pub. L. 102-154, title I,

Nov. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1000.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This appropriation, referred to in text, probably means

appropriations under the headings "Geological Survey" and "surveys,

investigations, and research" of the annual Department of the

Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Pub. L. 99-591 is a corrected version of Pub. L. 99-500.

In text, "Before, on, and after October 18, 1986" substituted for

"heretofore and hereafter".

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Geological Survey" substituted in text for

"Geological Survey" pursuant to provision of title I of Pub. L.

102-154, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 50c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 50c. Payment of costs incidental to utilization of services of

volunteers

-STATUTE-

Appropriations herein and on and after December 22, 1987, made

shall be available for paying costs incidental to the utilization

of services contributed by individuals who serve without

compensation as volunteers in aid of work of the United States

Geological Survey, and that within appropriations herein and on and

after December 22, 1987, provided, United States Geological Survey

officials may authorize either direct procurement of or

reimbursement for expenses incidental to the effective use of

volunteers such as, but not limited to, training, transportation,

lodging, subsistence, equipment, and supplies: Provided further,

That provision for such expenses or services is in accord with

volunteer or cooperative agreements made with such individuals,

private organizations, educational institutions, or State or local

government.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 101(g) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat.

1329-213, 1329-224; Pub. L. 102-154, title I, Nov. 13, 1991, 105

Stat. 1000.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Appropriations herein, referred to in text, probably means

appropriations under the headings "Geological Survey", "surveys,

investigations, and research" and "administrative provisions", of

the annual Department of the Interior and Related Agencies

Appropriations Act.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Geological Survey" substituted in text for

"Geological Survey" pursuant to provision of title I of Pub. L.

102-154, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

43 USC Sec. 50d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 43 - PUBLIC LANDS

CHAPTER 2 - UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

-HEAD-

Sec. 50d. Services of students or recent graduates

-STATUTE-

The United States Geological Survey may on and after November 29,

1999, contract directly with individuals or indirectly with

institutions or nonprofit organizations, without regard to section

5 of title 41, for the temporary or intermittent services of

students or recent graduates, who shall be considered employees for

the purposes of chapters 57 and 81 of title 5, relating to

compensation for travel and work injuries, and chapter 171 of title

28, relating to tort claims, but shall not be considered to be

Federal employees for any other purposes.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(3) [title I], Nov. 29, 1999,

113 Stat. 1535, 1501A-146.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in

Pub. L. 105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(e) [title I], Oct. 21, 1998, 112

Stat. 2681-231, 2681-243.

-End-