US (United States) Code. Title 42. Chapter 142: Poison control center enhancement and awareness

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # The Public Health and Welfare

  • Enviado por: El remitente no desea revelar su nombre
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
  • 7 páginas
publicidad
publicidad

-CITE-

42 USC CHAPTER 142 - POISON CONTROL CENTER ENHANCEMENT

AND AWARENESS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 142 - POISON CONTROL CENTER ENHANCEMENT AND AWARENESS

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 142 - POISON CONTROL CENTER ENHANCEMENT AND AWARENESS

-MISC1-

Sec.

14801. Findings.

14802. Definition.

14803. Establishment of a national toll-free number.

(a) In general.

(b) Rule of construction.

(c) Authorization of appropriations.

14804. Establishment of nationwide media campaign.

(a) In general.

(b) Contract with entity.

(c) Authorization of appropriations.

14805. Establishment of a grant program.

(a) Regional poison control centers.

(b) Other improvements.

(c) Certification.

(d) Waiver of certification requirements.

(e) Supplement not supplant.

(f) Maintenance of effort.

(g) Matching requirement.

(h) Authorization of appropriations.

-End-

-CITE-

42 USC Sec. 14801 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 142 - POISON CONTROL CENTER ENHANCEMENT AND AWARENESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 14801. Findings

-STATUTE-

Congress makes the following findings:

(1) Each year more than 2,000,000 poisonings are reported to

poison control centers throughout the United States. More than 90

percent of these poisonings happen in the home. Fifty-three

percent of poisoning victims are children younger than 6 years of

age.

(2) Poison control centers are a valuable national resource

that provide life-saving and cost-effective public health

services. For every dollar spent on poison control centers, $7 in

medical costs are saved. The average cost of a poisoning exposure

call is $32, while the average cost if other parts of the medical

system are involved is $932. Over the last 2 decades, the

instability and lack of funding has resulted in a steady decline

in the number of poison control centers in the United States.

Within just the last year, 2 poison control centers have been

forced to close because of funding problems. A third poison

control center is scheduled to close in April 1999. Currently,

there are 73 such centers.

(3) Stabilizing the funding structure and increasing

accessibility to poison control centers will increase the number

of United States residents who have access to a certified poison

control center, and reduce the inappropriate use of emergency

medical services and other more costly health care services.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-174, Sec. 2, Feb. 25, 2000, 114 Stat. 18.)

-MISC1-

SHORT TITLE

Pub. L. 106-174, Sec. 1, Feb. 25, 2000, 114 Stat. 18, provided

that: "This Act [enacting this chapter] may be cited as the 'Poison

Control Center Enhancement and Awareness Act'."

-End-

-CITE-

42 USC Sec. 14802 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 142 - POISON CONTROL CENTER ENHANCEMENT AND AWARENESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 14802. Definition

-STATUTE-

In this chapter, the term "Secretary" means the Secretary of

Health and Human Services.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-174, Sec. 3, Feb. 25, 2000, 114 Stat. 18.)

-End-

-CITE-

42 USC Sec. 14803 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 142 - POISON CONTROL CENTER ENHANCEMENT AND AWARENESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 14803. Establishment of a national toll-free number

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary shall provide coordination and assistance to

regional poison control centers for the establishment of a

nationwide toll-free phone number to be used to access such

centers.

(b) Rule of construction

Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting the

establishment or continued operation of any privately funded

nationwide toll-free phone number used to provide advice and other

assistance for poisonings or accidental exposures.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section,

$2,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000 through 2004. Funds

appropriated under this subsection shall not be used to fund any

toll-free phone number described in subsection (b) of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-174, Sec. 4, Feb. 25, 2000, 114 Stat. 18.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 14804 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

42 USC Sec. 14804 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 142 - POISON CONTROL CENTER ENHANCEMENT AND AWARENESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 14804. Establishment of nationwide media campaign

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary shall establish a national media campaign to

educate the public and health care providers about poison

prevention and the availability of poison control resources in

local communities and to conduct advertising campaigns concerning

the nationwide toll-free number established under section 14803 of

this title.

(b) Contract with entity

The Secretary may carry out subsection (a) of this section by

entering into contracts with 1 or more nationally recognized media

firms for the development and distribution of monthly television,

radio, and newspaper public service announcements.

(c) Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section,

$600,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000 through 2004.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-174, Sec. 5, Feb. 25, 2000, 114 Stat. 19.)

-End-

-CITE-

42 USC Sec. 14805 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 142 - POISON CONTROL CENTER ENHANCEMENT AND AWARENESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 14805. Establishment of a grant program

-STATUTE-

(a) Regional poison control centers

The Secretary shall award grants to certified regional poison

control centers for the purposes of achieving the financial

stability of such centers, and for preventing and providing

treatment recommendations for poisonings.

(b) Other improvements

The Secretary shall also use amounts received under this section

to -

(1) develop standard education programs;

(2) develop standard patient management protocols for commonly

encountered toxic exposures;

(3) improve and expand the poison control data collection

systems;

(4) improve national toxic exposure surveillance; and

(5) expand the physician/medical toxicologist supervision of

poison control centers.

(c) Certification

Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, the

Secretary may make a grant to a center under subsection (a) of this

section only if -

(1) the center has been certified by a professional

organization in the field of poison control, and the Secretary

has approved the organization as having in effect standards for

certification that reasonably provide for the protection of the

public health with respect to poisoning; or

(2) the center has been certified by a State government, and

the Secretary has approved the State government as having in

effect standards for certification that reasonably provide for

the protection of the public health with respect to poisoning.

(d) Waiver of certification requirements

(1) In general

The Secretary may grant a waiver of the certification

requirement of subsection (c) of this section with respect to a

noncertified poison control center or a newly established center

that applies for a grant under this section if such center can

reasonably demonstrate that the center will obtain such a

certification within a reasonable period of time as determined

appropriate by the Secretary.

(2) Renewal

The Secretary may only renew a waiver under paragraph (1) for a

period of 3 years.

(e) Supplement not supplant

Amounts made available to a poison control center under this

section shall be used to supplement and not supplant other Federal,

State, or local funds provided for such center.

(f) Maintenance of effort

A poison control center, in utilizing the proceeds of a grant

under this section, shall maintain the expenditures of the center

for activities of the center at a level that is not less than the

level of such expenditures maintained by the center for the fiscal

year preceding the fiscal year for which the grant is received.

(g) Matching requirement

The Secretary may impose a matching requirement with respect to

amounts provided under a grant under this section if the Secretary

determines appropriate.

(h) Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section,

$25,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000 through 2004.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-174, Sec. 6, Feb. 25, 2000, 114 Stat. 19.)

-End-