US (United States) Code. Title 42. Chapter 109A: Membrane processes research

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # The Public Health and Welfare

  • Enviado por: El remitente no desea revelar su nombre
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
  • 5 páginas
publicidad
publicidad

-CITE-

42 USC CHAPTER 109A - MEMBRANE PROCESSES RESEARCH 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 109A - MEMBRANE PROCESSES RESEARCH

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 109A - MEMBRANE PROCESSES RESEARCH

-MISC1-

Sec.

10341. Findings.

10342. Research program.

10343. Goals of research program.

10344. Coordination with other research.

10345. Authorization of appropriations.

-End-

-CITE-

42 USC Sec. 10341 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 109A - MEMBRANE PROCESSES RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 10341. Findings

-STATUTE-

The Congress finds that -

(1) there is an increasing threat of impairment to the quantity

and quality of the Nation's water resources due to, among other

things, growing national needs, recurring drought in the Western

States, point and nonpoint source pollution, and saltwater

intrusion into existing groundwater supplies;

(2) many communities in the United States have water supplies

containing high salinity levels or contaminants which pose health

risks;

(3) the Nation needs to develop economical processes to treat

existing water supplies that are contaminated;

(4) it is necessary to provide for research into new techniques

to reclaim waste water and to convert saline and other

contaminated waters to a quality suitable for municipal,

industrial, agricultural, recreational, and other beneficial

uses;

(5) there is very little Federal funding being applied to basic

research in the field of treatment of contaminated water through

membrane processes; and

(6) the treatment of contaminated water through membrane

processes will solve a wide variety of water treatment problems,

including compliance with the Federal Water Pollution Control Act

[33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.] and the Safe Drinking Water Act [42

U.S.C. 300f et seq.].

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-490, Sec. 2, Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3142.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, referred to in par. (6),

is act June 30, 1948, ch. 758, as amended generally by Pub. L.

92-500, Sec. 2, Oct. 18, 1972, 86 Stat. 816, which is classified

generally to chapter 26 (Sec. 1251 et seq.) of Title 33, Navigation

and Navigable Waters. For complete classification of this Act to

the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1251 of Title

33 and Tables.

The Safe Drinking Water Act, referred to in par. (6), is title

XIV of act July 1, 1944, as added Dec. 16, 1974, Pub. L. 93-523,

Sec. 2(a), 88 Stat. 1660, as amended, which is classified generally

to subchapter XII (Sec. 300f et seq.) of chapter 6A of this title.

For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short

Title note set out under section 201 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 102-490 provided that: "This Act [enacting

this chapter] may be cited as the 'Membrane Processes Research Act

of 1992'."

-End-

-CITE-

42 USC Sec. 10342 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 109A - MEMBRANE PROCESSES RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 10342. Research program

-STATUTE-

The Director of the National Science Foundation shall establish a

basic research program on membranes and membrane processes. Such

program may be carried out through awarding grants, entering into

contracts or cooperative agreements, or direct research.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-490, Sec. 3, Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3142.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 10343, 10344 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

42 USC Sec. 10343 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 109A - MEMBRANE PROCESSES RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 10343. Goals of research program

-STATUTE-

The goals of the research program established under section 10342

of this title shall be -

(1) the development of membranes resistant to degradation,

bacterial or otherwise, thereby extending the life of such

membranes;

(2) the development of membranes useful for the efficient and

cost effective treatment of contaminated water; and

(3) the development of innovative technologies for membrane

processes.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-490, Sec. 4, Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3142.)

-End-

-CITE-

42 USC Sec. 10344 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 109A - MEMBRANE PROCESSES RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 10344. Coordination with other research

-STATUTE-

The research program established under section 10342 of this

title shall be carried out in coordination with any other related

Federal research efforts.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-490, Sec. 5, Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3143.)

-End-

-CITE-

42 USC Sec. 10345 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

CHAPTER 109A - MEMBRANE PROCESSES RESEARCH

-HEAD-

Sec. 10345. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Director of the

National Science Foundation, from sums otherwise authorized to be

appropriated, $2,500,000 for fiscal year 1993, for carrying out

this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-490, Sec. 6, Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3143.)

-End-