US (United States) Code. Title 41. Chapter 10: Drug-free workplace

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Public contracts

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-CITE-

41 USC CHAPTER 10 - DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 41 - PUBLIC CONTRACTS

CHAPTER 10 - DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 10 - DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE

-MISC1-

Sec.

701. Drug-free workplace requirements for Federal

contractors.

(a) Drug-free workplace requirement.

(b) Suspension, termination, or debarment of

contractor.

702. Drug-free workplace requirements for Federal grant

recipients.

(a) Drug-free workplace requirement.

(b) Suspension, termination, or debarment of

grantee.

703. Employee sanctions and remedies.

704. Waiver.

(a) In general.

(b) Exclusive authority.

705. Regulations.

706. Definitions.

707. Construction of chapter.

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in title 20 section 1070a; title 42

section 12114.

-End-

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41 USC Sec. 701 01/06/03

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TITLE 41 - PUBLIC CONTRACTS

CHAPTER 10 - DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 701. Drug-free workplace requirements for Federal contractors

-STATUTE-

(a) Drug-free workplace requirement

(1) Requirement for persons other than individuals

No person, other than an individual, shall be considered a

responsible source, under the meaning of such term as defined in

section 403(8) of this title, for the purposes of being awarded a

contract for the procurement of any property or services of a

value greater than the simplified acquisition threshold (as

defined in section 403(11) of this title) by any Federal agency,

other than a contract for the procurement of commercial items (as

defined in section 403(12) of this title), unless such person

agrees to provide a drug-free workplace by -

(A) publishing a statement notifying employees that the

unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession,

or use of a controlled substance is prohibited in the person's

workplace and specifying the actions that will be taken against

employees for violations of such prohibition;

(B) establishing a drug-free awareness program to inform

employees about -

(i) the dangers of drug abuse in the workplace;

(ii) the person's policy of maintaining a drug-free

workplace;

(iii) any available drug counseling, rehabilitation, and

employee assistance programs; and

(iv) the penalties that may be imposed upon employees for

drug abuse violations;

(C) making it a requirement that each employee to be engaged

in the performance of such contract be given a copy of the

statement required by subparagraph (A);

(D) notifying the employee in the statement required by

subparagraph (A), that as a condition of employment on such

contract, the employee will -

(i) abide by the terms of the statement; and

(ii) notify the employer of any criminal drug statute

conviction for a violation occurring in the workplace no

later than 5 days after such conviction;

(E) notifying the contracting agency within 10 days after

receiving notice under subparagraph (D)(ii) from an employee or

otherwise receiving actual notice of such conviction;

(F) imposing a sanction on, or requiring the satisfactory

participation in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation

program by, any employee who is so convicted, as required by

section 703 of this title; and

(G) making a good faith effort to continue to maintain a

drug-free workplace through implementation of subparagraphs

(A), (B), (C), (D), (E), and (F).

(2) Requirement for individuals

No Federal agency shall enter into a contract with an

individual unless such individual agrees that the individual will

not engage in the unlawful manufacture, distribution,

dispensation, possession, or use of a controlled substance in the

performance of the contract.

(b) Suspension, termination, or debarment of contractor

(1) Grounds for suspension, termination, or debarment

Each contract awarded by a Federal agency shall be subject to

suspension of payments under the contract or termination of the

contract, or both, and the contractor thereunder or the

individual who entered the contract with the Federal agency, as

applicable, shall be subject to suspension or debarment in

accordance with the requirements of this section if the head of

the agency determines that -

(A) the contractor violates the requirements of subparagraph

(A), (B), (C), (D), (E), or (F) of subsection (a)(1) of this

section; or

(B) such a number of employees of such contractor have been

convicted of violations of criminal drug statutes for

violations occurring in the workplace as to indicate that the

contractor has failed to make a good faith effort to provide a

drug-free workplace as required by subsection (a) of this

section.

(2) Conduct of suspension, termination, and debarment proceedings

(A) If a contracting officer determines, in writing, that cause

for suspension of payments, termination, or suspension or

debarment exists, an appropriate action shall be initiated by a

contracting officer of the agency, to be conducted by the agency

concerned in accordance with the Federal Acquisition Regulation

and applicable agency procedures.

(B) The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall be revised to

include rules for conducting suspension and debarment proceedings

under this subsection, including rules providing notice,

opportunity to respond in writing or in person, and such other

procedures as may be necessary to provide a full and fair

proceeding to a contractor or individual in such proceeding.

(3) Effect of debarment

Upon issuance of any final decision under this subsection

requiring debarment of a contractor or individual, such

contractor or individual shall be ineligible for award of any

contract by any Federal agency, and for participation in any

future procurement by any Federal agency, for a period specified

in the decision, not to exceed 5 years.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 100-690, title V, Sec. 5152, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat.

4304; Pub. L. 103-355, title IV, Sec. 4104(d), title VIII, Sec.

8301(f), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3342, 3397; Pub. L. 104-106, div.

D, title XLIII, Secs. 4301(a)(3), 4321(i)(13), Feb. 10, 1996, 110

Stat. 656, 677.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104-106, Sec. 4321(i)(13),

substituted "(as defined in section 403(12) of this title)" for "as

defined in section 403 of this title" in introductory provisions.

Pub. L. 104-106, Sec. 4301(a)(3)(A), substituted "agrees to" for

"has certified to the contracting agency that it will" in

introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 104-106, Sec. 4301(a)(3)(B), substituted

"individual agrees" for "contract includes a certification by the

individual".

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 104-106, Sec. 4301(a)(3)(C), redesignated

subpar. (B) as (A), struck out "such certification by failing to

carry out" after "contractor violates", redesignated subpar. (C) as

(B), and struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: "the

contractor or individual has made a false certification under

subsection (a) of this section;".

1994 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 103-355 substituted "greater than

the simplified acquisition threshold (as defined in section 403(11)

of this title) by any Federal agency, other than a contract for the

procurement of commercial items as defined in section 403 of this

title," for "of $25,000 or more from any Federal agency" in

introductory provisions.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT

For effective date and applicability of amendment by Pub. L.

104-106, see section 4401 of Pub. L. 104-106, set out as a note

under section 251 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT

For effective date and applicability of amendment by Pub. L.

103-355, see section 10001 of Pub. L. 103-355, set out as a note

under section 251 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section 5160 of Pub. L. 100-690 provided that: "Sections 5152 and

5153 [enacting this section and section 702 of this title] shall be

effective 120 days after the date of the enactment of this subtitle

[Nov. 18, 1988]."

SHORT TITLE

Section 5151 of Pub. L. 100-690 provided that: "This subtitle

[subtitle D (Secs. 5151-5160) of title V of Pub. L. 100-690,

enacting this chapter] may be cited as the 'Drug-Free Workplace Act

of 1988'."

CONSISTENCY OF REGULATIONS WITH INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS OF UNITED

STATES; EXTRATERRITORIAL APPLICATION

Section 4804 of Pub. L. 100-690 required that regulations

promulgated by agency heads be consistent with international

obligations of United States, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103-447,

title I, Sec. 103(b), Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4693.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 703, 704, 706 of this

title.

-End-

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41 USC Sec. 702 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 41 - PUBLIC CONTRACTS

CHAPTER 10 - DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 702. Drug-free workplace requirements for Federal grant

recipients

-STATUTE-

(a) Drug-free workplace requirement

(1) Persons other than individuals

No person, other than an individual, shall receive a grant from

any Federal agency unless such person agrees to provide a

drug-free workplace by -

(A) publishing a statement notifying employees that the

unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession,

or use of a controlled substance is prohibited in the grantee's

workplace and specifying the actions that will be taken against

employees for violations of such prohibition;

(B) establishing a drug-free awareness program to inform

employees about -

(i) the dangers of drug abuse in the workplace;

(ii) the grantee's policy of maintaining a drug-free

workplace;

(iii) any available drug counseling, rehabilitation, and

employee assistance programs; and

(iv) the penalties that may be imposed upon employees for

drug abuse violations;

(C) making it a requirement that each employee to be engaged

in the performance of such grant be given a copy of the

statement required by subparagraph (A);

(D) notifying the employee in the statement required by

subparagraph (A), that as a condition of employment in such

grant, the employee will -

(i) abide by the terms of the statement; and

(ii) notify the employer of any criminal drug statute

conviction for a violation occurring in the workplace no

later than 5 days after such conviction;

(E) notifying the granting agency within 10 days after

receiving notice of a conviction under subparagraph (D)(ii)

from an employee or otherwise receiving actual notice of such

conviction;

(F) imposing a sanction on, or requiring the satisfactory

participation in a drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation

program by, any employee who is so convicted, as required by

section 703 of this title; and

(G) making a good faith effort to continue to maintain a

drug-free workplace through implementation of subparagraphs

(A), (B), (C), (D), (E), and (F).

(2) Individuals

No Federal agency shall make a grant to any individual unless

such individual agrees as a condition of such grant that the

individual will not engage in the unlawful manufacture,

distribution, dispensation, possession, or use of a controlled

substance in conducting any activity with such grant.

(b) Suspension, termination, or debarment of grantee

(1) Grounds for suspension, termination, or debarment

Each grant awarded by a Federal agency shall be subject to

suspension of payments under the grant or termination of the

grant, or both, and the grantee thereunder shall be subject to

suspension or debarment, in accordance with the requirements of

this section if the agency head of the granting agency or his

official designee determines, in writing, that -

(A) the grantee violates the requirements of subparagraph

(A), (B), (C), (D), (E), (F), or (G) of subsection (a)(1) of

this section; or

(B) such a number of employees of such grantee have been

convicted of violations of criminal drug statutes for

violations occurring in the workplace as to indicate that the

grantee has failed to make a good faith effort to provide a

drug-free workplace as required by subsection (a)(1) of this

section.

(2) Conduct of suspension, termination, and debarment proceedings

A suspension of payments, termination, or suspension or

debarment proceeding subject to this subsection shall be

conducted in accordance with applicable law, including Executive

Order 12549 or any superseding Executive order and any

regulations promulgated to implement such law or Executive order.

(3) Effect of debarment

Upon issuance of any final decision under this subsection

requiring debarment of a grantee, such grantee shall be

ineligible for award of any grant from any Federal agency and for

participation in any future grant from any Federal agency for a

period specified in the decision, not to exceed 5 years.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 100-690, title V, Sec. 5153, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat.

4306; Pub. L. 105-85, div. A, title VIII, Sec. 809, Nov. 18, 1997,

111 Stat. 1838.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Executive Order 12549, referred to in subsec. (b)(2), is set out

as a note under section 6101 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1997 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105-85, Sec. 809(1)(A),

substituted "agrees to" for "has certified to the granting agency

that it will" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 105-85, Sec. 809(1)(B), substituted

"agrees" for "certifies to the agency".

Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 105-85, Sec. 809(2)(C), struck out

"such certification by failing to carry out" after "violates".

Pub. L. 105-85, Sec. 809(2)(A), (B), redesignated subpar. (B) as

(A) and struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: "the

grantee has made a false certification under subsection (a) of this

section;".

Subsec. (b)(1)(B), (C). Pub. L. 105-85, Sec. 809(2)(B),

redesignated subpars. (B) and (C) as (A) and (B), respectively.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective 120 days after Nov. 18, 1988, see section 5160

of Pub. L. 100-690, set out as a note under section 701 of this

title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 703, 706 of this title;

title 42 section 12644.

-End-

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41 USC Sec. 703 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 41 - PUBLIC CONTRACTS

CHAPTER 10 - DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 703. Employee sanctions and remedies

-STATUTE-

A grantee or contractor shall, within 30 days after receiving

notice from an employee of a conviction pursuant to section

701(a)(1)(D)(ii) or 702(a)(1)(D)(ii) of this title -

(1) take appropriate personnel action against such employee up

to and including termination; or

(2) require such employee to satisfactorily participate in a

drug abuse assistance or rehabilitation program approved for such

purposes by a Federal, State, or local health, law enforcement,

or other appropriate agency.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 100-690, title V, Sec. 5154, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat.

4307.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 701, 702 of this title;

title 42 section 12644.

-End-

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41 USC Sec. 704 01/06/03

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TITLE 41 - PUBLIC CONTRACTS

CHAPTER 10 - DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 704. Waiver

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

A termination, suspension of payments, or suspension or debarment

under this chapter may be waived by the head of an agency with

respect to a particular contract or grant if -

(1) in the case of a waiver with respect to a contract, the

head of the agency determines under section 701(b)(1) of this

title, after the issuance of a final determination under such

section, that suspension of payments, or termination of the

contract, or suspension or debarment of the contractor, or

refusal to permit a person to be treated as a responsible source

for a contract, as the case may be, would severely disrupt the

operation of such agency to the detriment of the Federal

Government or the general public; or

(2) in the case of a waiver with respect to a grant, the head

of the agency determines that suspension of payments, termination

of the grant, or suspension or debarment of the grantee would not

be in the public interest.

(b) Exclusive authority

The authority of the head of an agency under this section to

waive a termination, suspension, or debarment shall not be

delegated.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 100-690, title V, Sec. 5155, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat.

4307.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 42 section 12644.

-End-

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41 USC Sec. 705 01/06/03

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TITLE 41 - PUBLIC CONTRACTS

CHAPTER 10 - DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 705. Regulations

-STATUTE-

Not later than 90 days after November 18, 1988, the

governmentwide regulations governing actions under this chapter

shall be issued pursuant to the Office of Federal Procurement

Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 401 et seq.).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 100-690, title V, Sec. 5156, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat.

4308.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act, referred to in

text, is Pub. L. 93-400, Aug. 30, 1974, 88 Stat. 796, as amended,

which is classified principally to chapter 7 (Sec. 401 et seq.) of

this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Short Title note set out under section 401 of this title and

Tables.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 42 section 12644.

-End-

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41 USC Sec. 706 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 41 - PUBLIC CONTRACTS

CHAPTER 10 - DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 706. Definitions

-STATUTE-

For purposes of this chapter -

(1) the term "drug-free workplace" means a site for the

performance of work done in connection with a specific grant or

contract described in section 701 or 702 of this title of an

entity at which employees of such entity are prohibited from

engaging in the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation,

possession, or use of a controlled substance in accordance with

the requirements of this Act;

(2) the term "employee" means the employee of a grantee or

contractor directly engaged in the performance of work pursuant

to the provisions of the grant or contract described in section

701 or 702 of this title;

(3) the term "controlled substance" means a controlled

substance in schedules I through V of section 812 of title 21;

(4) the term "conviction" means a finding of guilt (including a

plea of nolo contendere) or imposition of sentence, or both, by

any judicial body charged with the responsibility to determine

violations of the Federal or State criminal drug statutes;

(5) the term "criminal drug statute" means a criminal statute

involving manufacture, distribution, dispensation, use, or

possession of any controlled substance;

(6) the term "grantee" means the department, division, or other

unit of a person responsible for the performance under the grant;

(7) the term "contractor" means the department, division, or

other unit of a person responsible for the performance under the

contract; and

(8) the term "Federal agency" means an agency as that term is

defined in section 552(f) of title 5.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 100-690, title V, Sec. 5157, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat.

4308.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in par. (1), is Pub. L. 100-690, Nov. 18,

1988, 102 Stat. 4181, known as the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title

note set out under former section 1501 of Title 21, Food and Drugs,

and Tables.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 42 section 12644.

-End-

-CITE-

41 USC Sec. 707 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 41 - PUBLIC CONTRACTS

CHAPTER 10 - DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 707. Construction of chapter

-STATUTE-

Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to require law

enforcement agencies, if the head of the agency determines it would

be inappropriate in connection with the agency's undercover

operations, to comply with the provisions of this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 100-690, title V, Sec. 5158, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat.

4308.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 42 section 12644.

-End-