US (United States) Code. Title 39. Part V. Chapter 54: Transportation of mail by air

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Postal service

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-CITE-

39 USC CHAPTER 54 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY AIR 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 54 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY AIR

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 54 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY AIR

-MISC1-

Sec.

5401. Authorization.

5402. Contracts for transportation of mail by air.

5403. Fines.

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in section 5005 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5401 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 54 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY AIR

-HEAD-

Sec. 5401. Authorization

-STATUTE-

(a) The Postal Service is authorized to provide for the safe and

expeditious transportation of mail by aircraft.

(b) Except as otherwise provided in section 5402 of this title,

the Postal Service may make such rules, regulations, and orders

consistent with part A of subtitle VII of title 49, or any order,

rule, or regulation made by the Secretary of Transportation

thereunder, as may be necessary for such transportation.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 772; Pub. L. 98-443, Sec.

9(g)(3), Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1707; Pub. L. 103-272, Sec.

5(k)(3), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1375.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103-272 substituted "part A of

subtitle VII" for "sections 1301-1542".

1984 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98-443 substituted "Secretary of

Transportation" for "Civil Aeronautics Board".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 98-443 effective Jan. 1, 1985, see section

9(v) of Pub. L. 98-443, set out as a note under section 5314 of

Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Chapter effective July 1, 1971, pursuant to Resolution No. 71-9

of the Board of Governors. See section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91-375, set

out as a note preceding section 101 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5402 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 54 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY AIR

-HEAD-

Sec. 5402. Contracts for transportation of mail by air

-STATUTE-

(a) In this section -

(1) the term "acceptance point" means the point at which

nonpriority bypass mail originates;

(2) the terms "air carrier", "interstate air transportation",

and "foreign air transportation" have the meanings given such

terms in section 40102(a) of title 49, United States Code;

(3) the term "base fare" means the fare paid to the carrier

issuing the passenger ticket or carrying nonmail freight which

may entail service being provided by more than 1 carrier;

(4) the term "bush carrier" means a carrier operating aircraft

certificated within the payload capacity requirements of

subsection (g)(1)(D)(i) on a city pair route;

(5) the term "bush passenger carrier" means a passenger carrier

that meets the requirements of subsection (g)(1)(D)(i) and

provides passenger service on a city pair route;

(6) the term "bush route" means an air route in which only a

bush carrier is tendered nonpriority bypass mail between the

origination point, being either an acceptance point or a hub, as

determined by the Postal Service, and the destination city;

(7) the term "city pair" means service between an origin and

destination city pair;

(8) the term "composite rate" -

(A) means a combination of mainline and bush rates paid to a

bush carrier for a direct flight from an acceptance point to a

bush destination beyond a hub point; and

(B) shall be based on the mainline rate paid to the hub, plus

the lowest bush rate paid to bush carriers in the State of

Alaska for the distance traveled from the hub point to the

destination point;

(9) the term "equitable tender" means the practice of the

Postal Service of equitably distributing mail on a fair and

reasonable basis between those air carriers that offer equivalent

services and costs between 2 communities in accordance with the

regulations of the Postal Service;

(10) the term "existing mainline carrier" means a mainline

carrier (as defined in this subsection) that on January 1, 2001,

was -

(A) certified under part 121;

(B) qualified to provide mainline nonpriority bypass mail

service; and

(C) actually engaged in the carriage of mainline nonpriority

bypass mail through scheduled service in the State of Alaska;

(11) the term "mainline carrier" means a carrier operating

aircraft under part 121 and certificated within the payload

capacity requirements of subsection (g)(1)(D)(ii) on a given city

pair route;

(12) the term "mainline route" means a city pair in which a

mainline carrier is tendered nonpriority bypass mail;

(13) the term "new", when referencing a carrier, means a

carrier that -

(A) meets the respective requirements of clause (i) or (ii)

of subsection (g)(1)(D), depending on the type of route being

served and the size of aircraft being used to provide service;

and

(B) began providing nonpriority bypass mail service on a city

pair route in the State of Alaska after January 1, 2001;

(14) the term "part 121" means part 121 of title 14, Code of

Federal Regulations;

(15) the term "part 135" means part 135 of title 14, Code of

Federal Regulations;

(16) the term "scheduled service" means -

(A) flights are operated in common carriage available to the

general public under a published schedule;

(B) flight schedules are announced in advance in systems

specified by the Postal Service, in addition to the Official

Airline Guide or the air cargo equivalent of that Guide;

(C) flights depart whether full or not; and

(D) customers contract for carriage separately on a regular

basis;

(17) the term "Secretary" means the Secretary of

Transportation;

(18) the term "121 bush passenger carrier" means a bush

passenger carrier providing passenger service on bush routes

under part 121;

(19) the term "121 mainline passenger carrier" means a mainline

carrier providing passenger service through scheduled service on

routes under part 121;

(20) the term "121 passenger aircraft" means an aircraft flying

passengers on a city pair route that is operated under part 121;

(21) the term "121 passenger carrier" means a passenger carrier

that provides scheduled service under part 121;

(22) the term "135 bush passenger carrier" means a bush

passenger carrier providing passenger service through scheduled

service on bush routes under part 135; and

(23) the term "135 passenger carrier" means a passenger carrier

that provides scheduled service under part 135.

(b) The Postal Service may contract with any certificated air

carrier, without advertising for bids, in such manner and under

such terms and conditions as it deems appropriate, for the

transportation of mail by aircraft between any of the points in

foreign air transportation between which the carrier is authorized

by the Secretary to engage in the transportation of mail. Such

contracts shall be for the transportation of at least 750 pounds of

mail per flight, and no more than 5 percent, based on weight, of

the international mail transported under any such contract shall

consist of letter mail. Any such contract shall be filed with the

Secretary not later than 90 days before its effective date. Unless

the Secretary shall determine otherwise (under criteria prescribed

by section 40101(a) of title 49) not later than 10 days prior to

the effective date of the contract, such contract shall become

effective.

(c) When the Postal Service deems that the transportation of mail

by aircraft is required between points in foreign air

transportation between which the Secretary has not authorized an

air carrier or combination of air carriers to engage in the

transportation of mail, it may contract with any air carrier in

such manner and under such terms and conditions as it may deem

appropriate for the transportation of any class or classes of mail.

The transportation of mail under contracts entered into under this

subsection is not, except for sections 40109(a) and (c)-(h) and

42112 of title 49, air transportation within the provisions of part

A of subtitle VII of title 49. The Postal Service shall cancel such

contract, in whole or in respect to certain points as the

certificate shall require, upon the issuance by the Secretary of an

authorization under chapters 411 and 413 of title 49 to any air

carrier to engage in the transportation of mail by aircraft between

any of the points named in the contract, and the inauguration of

scheduled service by such carrier.

(d) If the Postal Service determines that service by certificated

air carriers or combination of air carriers between any pair or

pairs of points in foreign air transportation is not adequate for

its purposes, it may contract for a period of not more than 4

years, without advertising for bids, in such manner and under such

terms and conditions as it may deem appropriate, with any air taxi

operator or combination thereof for such air transportation

service. Contracts made under this subsection may be renewed at the

existing rate by mutual agreement between the holder and the Postal

Service. The Postal Service, with the consent of the air taxi

operator, may adjust the compensation under such contracts for

increased or decreased costs occasioned by changed conditions

occurring during the contract term. The Postal Service shall cancel

such a contract when the Secretary authorizes an additional

certificated carrier or carriers to provide service between any

pair or pairs of points covered by the contract, and such carrier

or carriers inaugurate schedules adequate for its purposes.

(e)(1) The Postal Service may determine rates and contract with

any air carrier for the transportation of mail by aircraft in

interstate air transportation either through negotiations or

competitive bidding.

(2)(A) In the exercise of its authority under paragraph (1), the

Postal Service may require any air carrier to accept as mail

shipments of day-old poultry, honeybees, and such other live

animals as postal regulations allow to be transmitted as mail

matter. The authority of the Postal Service under this subparagraph

shall not apply in the case of any air carrier who commonly and

regularly refuses to accept any live animals as cargo.

(B) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Postal

Service is authorized to assess, as postage to be paid by the

mailers of any shipments covered by subparagraph (A), a reasonable

surcharge that the Postal Service determines in its discretion to

be adequate to compensate air carriers for any necessary additional

expense incurred in handling such shipments.

(f) The authority of the Secretary and the Postal Service under

subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section shall also apply, and

the authority of the Postal Service under subsection (e) shall not

apply, to the transportation of mail by aircraft between any two

points both of which are within the State of Alaska and between

which the air carrier is authorized by the Secretary to engage in

the transportation of mail.

(g)(1) The Postal Service, in selecting carriers of non-priority

bypass mail to any point served by more than one carrier in the

State of Alaska, shall adhere to an equitable tender policy within

a qualified group of carriers, in accordance with the regulations

of the Postal Service, and shall, at a minimum, require that any

such carrier shall -

(A) hold a certificate of public convenience and necessity

issued under section 41102(a) of title 49;

(B) operate at least 3 scheduled flights each week to such

point;

(C) exhibit an adherence to such scheduled flights; and

(D) have provided scheduled service with at least 3 scheduled

(noncontract) flights per week between two points within the

State of Alaska for at least 12 consecutive months with aircraft

-

(i) up to 7,500 pounds payload capacity before being selected

as a carrier of nonpriority bypass mail at an applicable

intra-Alaska bush service mail rate; and

(ii) over 7,500 pounds payload capacity before being selected

as a carrier of nonpriority bypass mail at the intra-Alaska

mainline service mail rate.

(2) The Postal Service -

(A) may provide direct mainline non-priority bypass mail

service to any bush point in the State of Alaska, without regard

to paragraph (1)(B), if such service is equal to or better than

interline service in cost and quality;

(B) shall deduct the non-priority bypass mail poundage flown on

direct mainline flights to bush points within the State of Alaska

by any carrier, from such carrier's allocation of the total

poundage of non-priority bypass mail transported to the nearest

appropriate Postal Service hub point in any month;

(C) shall offer a bush passenger carrier providing service on a

route in the State of Alaska between an acceptance point and a

hub not served by a mainline carrier the opportunity to receive

equitable tender of nonpriority bypass mail at mainline service

rates when a mainline carrier begins serving that route if the

bush passenger carrier -

(i) meets the requirements of paragraph (1);

(ii) provided at least 20 percent of the passenger service

(as calculated in subsection (h)(5)) between such city pair for

the 6 months immediately preceding the date on which the bush

carrier seeks such tender; and

(iii) continues to provide not less than 20 percent of the

passenger service on the city pair while seeking such tender;

(D) shall offer bush passenger carriers and nonmail freight

carriers the opportunity to receive equitable tender of

nonpriority bypass mail at mainline service rates from a hub

point to a destination city in the State of Alaska if the city

pair is also being served by a mainline carrier and -

(i) for a passenger carrier -

(I) the carrier meets the requirements of paragraph (1);

(II) the carrier provided at least 20 percent of the

passenger service (as calculated in subsection (h)(5)) on the

city pair route for the 6 months immediately preceding the

date on which the carrier seeks such tender; and

(III) the carrier continues to provide not less than 20

percent of the passenger service on the route; or

(ii) for a nonmail freight carrier -

(I) the carrier meets the requirements of paragraph (1);

and

(II) the carrier provided at least 25 percent of the

nonmail freight service (as calculated in subsection (i)(6))

on the city pair route for the 6 months immediately preceding

the date on which the carrier seeks such tender;

(E)(i) shall not offer equitable tender of nonpriority mainline

bypass mail at mainline rates to a bush carrier operating from an

acceptance point to a hub point in the State of Alaska, except as

described in subparagraph (C); and

(ii) may tender nonpriority bypass mail at bush rates to a bush

carrier from an acceptance point to a hub point in the State of

Alaska if the Postal Service determines that -

(I) the bush carrier meets the requirements of paragraph (1);

(II) the service to be provided on such route by the bush

carrier is not otherwise available through direct mainline

service; and

(III) tender of mail to such bush carrier will not decrease

the efficiency of nonpriority bypass mail service (in terms of

payments to all carriers providing service on the city pair

route and timely delivery) for the route;

(F) may offer tender of nonpriority bypass mail to a passenger

carrier from an acceptance point to a destination city beyond a

hub point in the State of Alaska at a composite rate if the

Postal Service determines that -

(i) the carrier provides passenger service in accordance with

the requirements of subsection (h)(2);

(ii) the carrier qualifies under subsection (h) to be

tendered nonpriority bypass mail out of the hub point being

bypassed;

(iii) the tender of such mail will not decrease efficiency of

delivery of nonpriority bypass mail service into or out of the

hub point being bypassed; and

(iv) such tender will result in reduced payments to the

carrier by the Postal Service over flying the entire route; and

(G) notwithstanding subparagraph (F), shall offer equitable

tender of nonpriority bypass mail in proportion to passenger and

nonmail freight mail pools described in this section between

qualified passenger and nonmail freight carriers on a route from

an acceptance point to a bush destination in the State of Alaska

at a composite rate if -

(i)(I) for a passenger carrier, the carrier receiving the

composite rate provided 20 percent of the passenger service on

the city pair route for the 12 months immediately preceding the

date on which the carrier seeks tender of such mail; or

(II) for a nonmail freight carrier, the carrier receiving the

composite rate provided at least 25 percent of the nonmail

freight service for the 12 months immediately preceding the

date on which the carrier seeks tender of such mail; and

(ii)(I) nonpriority bypass mail was being tendered to a

passenger carrier or a nonmail freight carrier at a composite

rate on such city pair route on January 1, 2000; or

(II) the hub being bypassed was not served by a mainline

carrier on January 1, 2000.

The tender of nonpriority bypass mail under subparagraph (G) shall

be on an equitable basis between the qualified carriers that

provide the direct service on the city pair route and the qualified

carriers that provide service between the hub point being bypassed

and the destination point, based on the volume of nonpriority

bypass mail on both routes.

(3)(A) The Postal Service shall determine the bypass mail bush

points and hub points described under paragraph (2)(B) after

consultation with the State of Alaska and the affected local

communities and air carriers.

(B) Any changes in the determinations of the Postal Service under

subparagraph (A) shall be made -

(i) after consultation with the State of Alaska and the

affected local communities and air carriers; and

(ii) after giving 12 months public notice before any such

change takes effect.

(4)(A) Except as provided under subparagraph (B) and paragraph

(5), the Postal Service shall select only existing mainline

carriers to provide nonpriority bypass mail service between an

acceptance point and a hub point in the State of Alaska.

(B) The Postal Service may select a carrier other than an

existing mainline carrier to provide nonpriority bypass mail

service on a mainline route in the State of Alaska if -

(i) the Postal Service determines (in accordance with criteria

established in advance by the Postal Service) that the mail

service between the acceptance point and the hub point is

deficient and provides written notice of the determination to

existing mainline carriers to the hub point; and

(ii) after the 30-day period following issuance of notice under

clause (i), including notice of inadequate capacity, the Postal

Service determines that deficiencies in service to the hub point

have not been eliminated.

(5)(A) The Postal Service shall offer equitable tender of

nonpriority bypass mail to a new 121 mainline passenger carrier

entering a mainline route in the State of Alaska, if the carrier -

(i) meets the requirements of subsection (g)(1)(D)(ii); and

(ii) has provided at least 75 percent of the number of insured

passenger seats as the number of available passenger seats being

provided by the mainline passenger carrier providing the greatest

number of available passenger seats on that route for the 6

months immediately preceding the date on which the carrier seeks

tender of such mail.

(B) A new 121 mainline passenger carrier that is tendered

nonpriority mainline bypass mail under subparagraph (A) -

(i) shall be eligible for equitable tender of such mail only on

city pair routes where the carrier meets the conditions of

subparagraph (A);

(ii) may not count the passenger service provided under

subparagraph (A) toward the carrier meeting the minimum

requirements of this section; and

(iii) shall provide at least 20 percent of the passenger

service (as determined for bush passenger carriers in subsection

(h)(5)) on such route to remain eligible to be tendered

nonpriority mainline bypass mail.

(C) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) and paragraph (1)(B), a new

121 mainline passenger carrier, otherwise qualified under this

subsection, may immediately receive equitable tender of nonpriority

mainline bypass mail to a hub point in the State of Alaska if the

carrier meets the requirements of subparagraphs (A), (C), and (D)

of paragraph (1) and subsection (h)(2)(B) and -

(i) all qualified 121 mainline passenger carriers discontinue

service on the city pair route; or

(ii) no 121 mainline passenger carrier serves the city pair

route.

(D) A carrier operating under a code share agreement on the date

of enactment of the Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002 that

received tender of nonpriority mainline bypass mail on a city pair

route in the State of Alaska may count the passenger service

provided under the entire code share arrangement on such route if

the code share agreement terminates. That carrier shall continue to

provide at least 20 percent of the passenger service (as determined

for bush passenger carriers in subsection (h)(5)) between the city

pair as a 121 mainline passenger carrier while seeking such tender.

(6)(A) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(B), passenger carriers

providing essential air service under a Department of

Transportation order issued under subchapter II of chapter 417 of

title 49, United States Code, shall be tendered all nonpriority

mail, in addition to all nonpriority bypass mail, by the Postal

Service to destination cities in the State of Alaska served by the

essential air service flights consistent with that order unless the

Postal Service finds that an essential air service carrier's

service does not meet the needs of the Postal Service.

(B) Service provided under this paragraph, including service

provided to points served in conjunction with service being

subsidized under the Essential Air Service contract, may not be

applied toward any of the minimum eligibility requirements of this

section.

(h)(1) Except as provided under paragraph (7), on a city pair

route in the State of Alaska, the Postal Service shall offer

equitable tender of 70 percent of the nonpriority bypass mail on

the route to all carriers providing scheduled passenger service in

accordance with part 121 or part 135 that -

(A) meet the requirements of subsection (g)(1);

(B) provided 20 percent or more of the passenger service (as

calculated in paragraph (5)) between the city pair for the 12

months preceding the date on which the 121 passenger aircraft or

the 135 passenger carrier seek tender of nonpriority bypass mail;

and

(C) meet the requirements of paragraph (2).

(2) To remain eligible for equitable tender under this

subsection, the carrier or aircraft shall -

(A) continue to provide not less than 20 percent of the

passenger service on the city pair route for which the carrier is

seeking the tender of such nonpriority bypass mail;

(B)(i) for operations under part 121, operate aircraft type

certificated to carry at least 19 passengers;

(ii) for operations under part 135, operate aircraft type

certificated to carry at least 5 passengers; or

(iii) for operations under part 135 where only a water landing

is available, operate aircraft type certificated to carry at

least 3 passengers;

(C) insure all available passenger seats on the city pair route

on which the carrier seeks tender of such mail; and

(D) operate flights under its published schedule.

(3)(A) Except as provided under subparagraph (E), if a 135

passenger carrier serves a city pair route in the State of Alaska

and meets the requirements of paragraph (1) or (2) when a 121

passenger carrier becomes qualified to be tendered nonpriority

bypass mail on such route with a 121 passenger aircraft in

accordance with paragraphs (1) and (2), the qualifying 135

passenger carriers on that route shall convert to operations with a

121 passenger aircraft within 5 years after the 121 passenger

aircraft begins receiving tender on that route in order to remain

eligible for equitable tender under paragraph (1). The 135 carrier

shall -

(i) begin the process of conversion not later than 2 years

after the 121 passenger aircraft begins carrying nonpriority

bypass mail on that route; and

(ii) submit a part 121 compliance statement not later than 4

years after the 121 passenger aircraft begins carrying

nonpriority bypass mail on that route.

(B) Completion of conversion under subparagraph (A) shall not be

required if all 121 passenger carriers discontinue the carriage of

nonpriority bypass mail with 121 passenger aircraft on the city

pair route.

(C) Any qualified carrier operating in the State of Alaska under

this section may request a waiver from subparagraph (A). Such a

request, at the discretion of the Secretary, may be granted for

good cause shown. The requesting party shall state the basis for

such a waiver.

(D) If after 6 years and 3 months following the date of enactment

of the Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002, a 135 passenger

carrier is providing service on a city pair route in the State of

Alaska and a 121 passenger aircraft becomes eligible to receive

tender of nonpriority bypass mail on the route, that 135 passenger

carrier shall convert to operations under part 121 within 12 months

of the 121 passenger carrier being tendered nonpriority bypass

mail. The Postal Service shall not continue the tender of

nonpriority bypass mail to a 135 passenger carrier that fails to

convert to part 121 operations within 12 months after the 121

passenger carrier being tendered such mail under this paragraph.

(E) Notwithstanding the requirements of this subsection, if only

1 passenger carrier or aircraft is qualified to be tendered

nonpriority bypass mail as a passenger carrier or aircraft on a

city pair route in the State of Alaska, the Postal Service shall

tender 20 percent of the nonpriority bypass mail described under

paragraph (1) to the passenger carrier or aircraft providing the

next highest level of passenger service on such route.

(4) Qualification for the tender of mail under this subsection

shall not be counted toward the minimum qualifications necessary to

be tendered nonpriority bypass mail on any other route.

(5)(A)(i) In this section, the percent of passenger service shall

be a percentage calculated using data collected under subsection

(k).

(ii) To ensure accurate reporting of market share the Postal

Service shall compare the resulting percentage under clause (i) to

the lesser of -

(I) the amount of the passenger excise tax paid by or on behalf

of a carrier, as determined by reviewing the collected amount of

base fares for passengers actually flown by a carrier from the

origination point to the destination point, divided by the value

of the total passenger excise taxes, as determined by reviewing

the collected amount of base fares paid by or on behalf of all

passenger carriers providing service from the hub point to the

bush destination point; or

(II) the amount of half of the passenger excise tax paid by or

on behalf of a carrier, as determined by reviewing the collected

amount of base fares for passengers actually flown by a carrier

on the city pair route, divided by the value of the total

passenger excise taxes, as determined by reviewing the collected

amount of base fares paid by or on behalf of all passenger

carriers providing service between the origination point and the

destination point.

(B) For the purposes of calculating passenger service as

described under subparagraph (A), a bush passenger carrier

providing intervillage bush passenger service may include the

carriage of passengers carried along any point of the route between

the route's origination point and the final destination point. Such

calculation shall be based only on the carriage of passengers on

regularly scheduled flights and only on flights being flown in a

direction away from the hub point. Passenger service provided on

chartered flights shall not be included in the carrier's

calculation of passenger service.

(6)(A) The Secretary shall establish new bush rates for passenger

carriers operating in the State of Alaska receiving tender of

nonpriority bypass mail under this subsection.

(B) The Secretary shall establish a bush rate based on data

collected under subsection (k) from 121 bush passenger carriers.

Such rates shall be paid to all bush passenger carriers operating

on city pair routes in the State of Alaska where a 121 bush

passenger carrier is tendered nonpriority bypass mail.

(C) The Secretary shall establish a bush rate based on data

collected under subsection (k) from 135 bush passenger carriers.

Such rates shall be paid to all bush passenger carriers operating

on bush city pair routes in the State of Alaska where no 121 bush

passenger carrier is tendered nonpriority bypass mail.

(D) The Secretary shall establish a bush rate based on data

collected under subsection (k) from bush passenger carriers

operating aircraft on city pair routes where only water landings

are available. Such rates shall be paid to all bush passenger

carriers operating on the city pair routes in the State of Alaska

where only water landings are available.

(7) The percentage rate in paragraph (1) shall be 75 percent

beginning 3 years and 3 months after the date of enactment of the

Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002.

(i)(1) Except as provided under paragraph (7), on a city pair

route in the State of Alaska, the Postal Service shall offer

equitable tender of 20 percent of the nonpriority bypass mail on

such route to those carriers transporting 25 percent or more of the

total nonmail freight (in revenue or weight as determined by the

Postal Service), for the 12 months immediately preceding the date

on which the freight carrier seeks tender of such mail.

(2) To remain eligible for equitable tender under this

subsection, a freight carrier shall continue to provide not less

than 25 percent of the nonmail freight service on the city pair

route for which the carrier is seeking tender of such mail.

(3) If a new freight carrier enters a market, the freight carrier

shall meet the minimum requirements of subsection (g)(1) and shall

operate for 12 months on a city pair route in the State of Alaska

before being eligible for equitable tender of nonpriority bypass

mail on that route.

(4) If no carrier qualifies for tender of nonpriority bypass mail

on a city pair route in the State of Alaska under this subsection,

such mail to be divided under this subsection, as described in

paragraph (1), shall be tendered to the nonmail freight carrier

providing the highest percentage of nonmail freight service (in

terms of revenue or weight as determined by the Postal Service as

calculated under paragraph (6)) on the city pair route. If no

nonmail freight carrier is present on a city pair route in the

State of Alaska to receive tender of nonpriority bypass mail under

this paragraph, the nonpriority bypass mail to be divided under

paragraph (1) shall be divided equitably among carriers qualified

under subsection (h).

(5) Qualification for the tender of mail under this subsection

shall not be counted toward the minimum qualifications necessary to

be tendered nonpriority bypass mail on any other route.

(6)(A) In this subsection, the percent of nonmail freight shall

be calculated as a percentage, using the data provided pursuant to

subsection (k), by dividing the revenue or weight (as determined by

the Postal Service) of nonmail freight earned by or carried by a

carrier from the transport of nonmail freight from an origination

point to a destination point by the total amount of revenue or

weight of nonmail freight earned by or carried by all carriers from

the transport of nonmail freight from the origination point to the

destination point.

(B) To ensure accurate reporting of market share the Postal

Service shall compare the resulting percentage under subparagraph

(A) to the lesser of -

(i) the amount of the freight excise tax paid by or on behalf

of a carrier, as determined by reviewing the collected amount of

base fares for nonmail freight actually flown by a carrier from

the origination point to the destination point, divided by the

value of the total nonmail freight excise taxes, as determined by

reviewing the collected amount of base fares paid by or on behalf

of all nonmail freight carriers providing service from the

origination point to the destination point; or

(ii) the amount of half of the nonmail freight excise tax paid

by or on behalf of a carrier, as determined by reviewing the

collected amount of base fares for nonmail freight actually flown

by a carrier on the city pair route, divided by the value of the

total nonmail freight excise taxes, as determined by reviewing

the collected amount of base fares paid by or on behalf of all

nonmail freight carriers providing service on the city pair

route.

(7) The percentage rate in paragraph (1) shall be 25 percent

beginning 3 years and 3 months after the date of enactment of the

Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002.

(j)(1) Except as provided by paragraph (3), there shall be

equitable tender of 10 percent of the nonpriority bypass mail to

all carriers on each city pair route in the State of Alaska meeting

the requirements of subsection (g)(1) that do not otherwise qualify

for tender under subsection (h) or (i).

(2) If no carrier qualifies under this subsection with respect to

a city pair route, the 10 percent of nonpriority bypass mail

allocated under paragraph (1) shall be divided evenly between the

pools described under subsections (h) and (i) to be equitably

tendered among qualified carriers under such subsections, such that

-

(A) the amount of nonpriority bypass mail available for tender

among qualified carriers under subsection (h) shall be 75

percent; and

(B) the amount of nonpriority bypass mail available for tender

among qualified carriers under subsection (i) shall be 25

percent.

(3)(A) Except as provided by subparagraph (B), the percentage

rate under paragraph (1) shall be 0 percent beginning 3 years and 3

months after the date of enactment of the Rural Service Improvement

Act of 2002.

(B) The percentage rate under paragraph (1) shall remain 10

percent for equitable tender for 6 years and 3 months after the

date of enactment of the Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002 for

a nonpriority bypass mail carrier on bush routes in the State of

Alaska originating from the main hub of the carrier designated

under subparagraph (C), if the carrier seeking the tender of such

mail -

(i) meets the requirements of subsection (g)(1);

(ii) is not qualified under subsection (h) or (i);

(iii) operates routes originating from the main hub of the

carrier designated under subparagraph (C); and

(iv) has invested at least $500,000 in a physical hanger

facility prior to January 1, 2002 in such a hub city.

(C) For purposes of subparagraph (B), a carrier may designate

only one hub city as its main hub and once such designation is

transmitted to the Postal Service it may not be changed. Such

selection and transmission must be transmitted to the Postal

Service within 6 months of the date of enactment of the Rural

Service Improvement Act of 2002. A carrier attempting to receive

tender of nonpriority bypass mail under this subsection shall not

be eligible for such tender after the carrier becomes qualified for

tender of nonpriority bypass mail under subsection (h) or (i) on

any route. The purchase of another carrier's hanger facility after

such date of enactment shall not be considered sufficient to meet

the requirement of subparagraph (B)(iv).

(k)(1) At least once every 2 years, in conjunction with annual

updates, the Secretary shall review the need for a bush mail rate

investigation. The Secretary shall use show cause procedures to

speedily and more accurately determine the cost of providing bush

mail service. In determining such rates, the Secretary shall not

take into account the cost of passenger insurance rates or premiums

paid by the passenger carriers or other costs associated with

passenger service.

(2) In order to ensure sufficient, reliable, and timely traffic

data to meet the requirements of this subsection, the Secretary

shall require -

(A) the monthly submission of the bush carrier's data on T-100

diskettes, or any other suitable form of data collection, as

determined by the Secretary; and

(B) the carriers to retain all books, records, and other source

and summary documentation to support their reports and to

preserve and maintain such documentation in a manner that readily

permits the audit and examination by representatives of the

Postal Service or the Secretary.

(3) Documentation under paragraph (2) shall be retained for 7

years or until the Secretary indicates that the records may be

destroyed. Copies of flight logs for aircraft sold or disposed of

shall be retained.

(4) Carriers qualified to be tendered nonpriority bypass mail

shall submit to the Secretary the number and type of aircraft in

the carrier's fleet, the level of passenger insurance covering its

fleet, and the name of the insurance company providing such

coverage.

(5) Not later than 30 days after the last day of each calendar

month, carriers qualified or attempting to be qualified to be

tendered nonpriority bypass mail shall report to the Secretary the

excise taxes paid by city pair to the Department of the Treasury

and the weight of and revenue earned by the carriage of nonmail

freight. Final compiled data shall be made available to carriers

providing service in the hub.

(l) No qualified carrier may be tendered nonpriority bypass mail

under subsections (h) and (i) simultaneously on a route unless no

other carrier is tendered mail under either subsection.

(m)(1) Carriers qualifying for tender of nonpriority bypass mail

under subsections (h) and (i) simultaneously shall be tendered such

mail under subsection (h).

(2) A carrier shall be tendered nonpriority bypass mail under

subsection (i) if that carrier -

(A) was qualified under both subsections (h) and (i)

simultaneously; and

(B) becomes unqualified under subsection (h) but remains

qualified under subsection (i).

(n)(1) A carrier operation resulting from a merger or acquisition

between any 2 carriers operating between points in the State of

Alaska shall have the passenger and nonmail freight of all such

merged or acquired carriers on the applicable route counted toward

meeting the resulting carrier's minimum requirements to receive

equitable tender of nonpriority bypass mail on such route for the

12-month period following the date of the merger or acquisition.

(2) After the 12-month period described under paragraph (1), the

carrier resulting from the merger or acquisition shall demonstrate

that the carrier meets the minimum passenger or nonmail freight

carriage requirements of this section to continue receiving tender

of such mail.

(o) In addition to any penalties applied to a carrier by the

Federal Aviation Administration or the Secretary, any carrier that

significantly misstates passenger or nonmail freight data required

to be reported under this section on any route, in an attempt to

qualify for tender of nonpriority bypass mail, shall receive -

(1) a 1-month suspension of tender of nonpriority bypass mail

on the route where the data was misstated for the first offense;

(2) a 6-month suspension of tender of nonpriority bypass mail

on the route where the data was misstated for the second offense;

(3) a 1-year suspension of tender of all nonpriority bypass

mail in the entire State of Alaska for the third offense in the

State; and

(4) a permanent suspension of tender of all nonpriority bypass

mail in the entire State of Alaska for the fourth offense in the

State.

(p)(1) The Postal Service or the Secretary, in carrying out

subsection (g)(2), (h), or (i), may deny equitable tender to an

otherwise qualified carrier that does not operate under this

section in good faith or under the intent of this section.

(2) The Postal Service or the Secretary may waive any provision

of subsection (h) or (i), if the carrier provides substantial

passenger or nonmail freight service on the route in the State of

Alaska where the carrier seeks tender of nonpriority mail and

nonpriority bypass mail.

(3) To ensure adequate competition among passenger carriers on a

mainline route in the State of Alaska the Postal Service or the

Secretary may waive the requirements of subsection (g)(1)(D),

(g)(2)(E), (g)(4), or (g)(5), or any provision of subsection (h) if

a 121 bush passenger carrier seeks tender of nonpriority bypass

mail on a mainline route in the State of Alaska not served by a 121

mainline passenger carrier and the 121 bush passenger carrier

provides substantial passenger service on the route. Waivers

provided for under this paragraph shall be granted only in extreme

cases of lack of competition and only to extent that are absolutely

necessary to meet the minimum needs of the community. Waivers

granted under this subsection shall cease to be valid once a

qualified mainline passenger carrier begins providing service and

seeks tender of nonpriority bypass mail in accordance with this

section on the city pair route. The receipt of waivers and

subsequent operation of service on a city pair route under this

subsection shall not be counted towards meeting the requirements of

any part of this section for any other city pair route.

(4) In granting waivers for or denying tender to carriers under

this subsection, the Postal Service or the Secretary shall consider

in the following order of importance -

(A) the passenger needs of the destination to be served

(including amount and level);

(B) the nonmail freight needs of the destination to be served;

(C) the amount of nonpriority bypass mail service already

available to the destination;

(D) the mail needs of the destination to be served;

(E) the savings to the Postal Service in terms of payments made

to carriers;

(F) the amount or level of passenger service already available

to the destination; and

(G) the amount of nonmail freight service already available to

the destination.

(q) The Secretary shall make a regular review of carriers

receiving, or attempting to qualify to receive, equitable tender of

nonpriority bypass mail on a city pair route in the State of

Alaska. If the Secretary suspends or revokes an operating

certificate, the Secretary shall notify the Postal Service. Upon

such notification, the Postal Service shall cease tender of mail to

such carrier until the Secretary certifies the carrier is operating

in a safe manner. Upon such receipt, the carrier shall demonstrate

that it otherwise meets the minimum carriage requirements of this

section before being tendered mail under this section.

(r) The Postal Service shall have the authority to tender

nonpriority bypass mail to any carrier that meets the requirements

of subsection (g)(1) on any city pair route in the State of Alaska

on an emergency basis. Such emergency tender shall cease when a

carrier qualifies for tender on such route under the terms of this

section.

(s) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and except for

written contracts authorized under subsections (b), (c) and (d),

tender by the Postal Service of any category of mail to a carrier

for transportation between any two points in the State of Alaska

shall not give rise to any contract between the Postal Service and

a carrier, nor shall any such carrier acquire any right in

continued or future tender of such mail by virtue of past or

present receipt of such mail. This subsection shall apply to any

case commenced before, on, or after the date of enactment of this

subsection.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 772; Pub. L. 98-443, Sec.

9(g)(4), Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1707; Pub. L. 100-238, title I,

Sec. 137, Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1767; Pub. L. 103-272, Sec.

4(g)(2), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1364; Pub. L. 103-429, Sec. 5,

Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4378; Pub. L. 104-52, title VI, Sec.

631(a), Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 505; Pub. L. 107-67, title VI,

Sec. 651, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 557; Pub. L. 107-171, title X,

Sec. 10501, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 509; Pub. L. 107-206, title

III, Sec. 3002(c), (e)(1), Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 911, 924.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The date of enactment of the Rural Service Improvement Act of

2002, referred to in subsecs. (g)(5)(D), (h)(3)(D), (7), (i)(7),

and (j)(3), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 107-206, which was

approved Aug. 2, 2002.

The date of enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsec.

(s), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 107-206, which was

approved Aug. 2, 2002.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(c)(1)(C), added

subsec. (a). Former subsec. (a) redesignated (b).

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(e)(1)(A),

substituted "Secretary" for "Secretary of Transportation" wherever

appearing.

Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(c)(1)(B), redesignated subsecs. (a)

and (b) as (b) and (c), respectively. Former subsec. (c)

redesignated (d).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(e)(1)(A), substituted

"Secretary" for "Secretary of Transportation".

Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(c)(1)(B), redesignated subsec. (c) as

(d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (d)(2)(A). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 10501(1), inserted ",

honeybees," after "poultry".

Subsec. (d)(2)(C). Pub. L. 107-171, Sec. 10501(2), struck out

subpar. (C) which read as follows: "The authority of the Postal

Service under subparagraph (B) shall apply during the period

beginning on November 12, 2001, and ending June 30, 2002."

Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(c)(1)(A), (B), redesignated subsec.

(d) as (e) and struck out former subsec. (e) which read as follows:

"For purposes of this section, the terms 'air carrier', 'interstate

air transportation', and 'foreign air transportation' have the

meanings given such terms in section 40102(a) of title 49."

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(e)(1), substituted

"Secretary" for "Secretary of Transportation", "subsections (b),

(c), and (d)" for "subsections (a), (b), and (c)", and "subsection

(e)" for "subsection (d)".

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(c)(2)(A), inserted

"shall adhere to an equitable tender policy within a qualified

group of carriers, in accordance with the regulations of the Postal

Service, and" after "in the State of Alaska," in introductory

provisions.

Subsec. (g)(1)(C). Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(c)(2)(B), struck

out "to the best of the abilities of such carrier" before

semicolon.

Subsec. (g)(1)(D). Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(c)(2)(C), inserted

"with at least 3 scheduled (noncontract) flights per week between

two points" after "scheduled service" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(c)(3), added subpars.

(C) to (G) and concluding provisions.

Subsec. (g)(4) to (6). Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(c)(4), added

pars. (4) to (6).

Subsecs. (h) to (s). Pub. L. 107-206, Sec. 3002(c)(5), added

subsecs. (h) to (s).

2001 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-67 designated existing provisions

as par. (1) and added par. (2).

1995 - Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104-52, Sec. 631(a)(1), substituted

"The" for "During the period beginning January 1, 1985, and ending

January 1, 1999, the".

Subsec. (g)(1)(D). Pub. L. 104-52, Sec. 631(a)(2), amended

subpar. (D) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (D) read as

follows: "have provided scheduled service within the State of

Alaska for at least 12 months before being selected as a carrier of

non-priority bypass mail."

1994 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 4(g)(2)(A), substituted

"section 40101(a) of title 49" for "section 1302 of title 49".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 4(g)(2)(B), substituted

"sections 40109(a) and (c)-(h) and 42112 of title 49" for "sections

1371(k) and 1386(b) of title 49", "part A of subtitle VII of title

49" for "sections 1301-1542 of title 49", and "chapters 411 and 413

of title 49" for "sections 1371-1386 of title 49".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 4(g)(2)(C), inserted

"determine rates and" after "Service may" and struck out "and

overseas" after "in interstate".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 4(g)(2)(D), struck out "

'overseas air transportation'," before "and 'foreign", and

substituted "section 40102(a) of title 49" for "section 101 of the

Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (49 U.S.C. 1301)".

Subsec. (g)(1)(A). Pub. L. 103-429 substituted "section 41102(a)

of title 49" for "section 401 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958

(49 U.S.C. 1371)".

1988 - Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100-238, Sec. 137(1), substituted

"January 1, 1999" for "January 1, 1989".

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 100-238, Sec. 137(2), added subsec. (g).

1984 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98-443, Sec. 9(g)(4)(A)-(C),

substituted "Secretary of Transportation" for "Civil Aeronautics

Board" wherever appearing, substituted "between any of the points

in foreign air transportation" for "between any of the points", and

struck out "10 percent of the domestic mail transported under any

such contract or" before "5 percent".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98-443, Sec. 9(g)(4)(A), (D), substituted

"Secretary of Transportation" for "Civil Aeronautics Board"

wherever appearing and "required between points in foreign air

transportation" for "required between points".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98-443, Sec. 9(g)(4)(A), (E), substituted

"Secretary of Transportation" for "Civil Aeronautics Board" and

"pairs of points in foreign air transportation is not adequate" for

"pairs of points is not adequate".

Subsecs. (d) to (f). Pub. L. 98-443, Sec. 9(g)(4)(F), added

subsecs. (d) to (f).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2002 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 107-206, title III, Sec. 3002(g), Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat.

924, provided that:

"(1) In general. - Except as provided under paragraph (2), this

title [amending this section, section 2703 of Title 19, Customs

Duties, section 1626 of Title 43, Public Lands, and section 41901

of Title 49, Transportation, and enacting provisions set out as

notes under this section and section 101 of this title, section 112

of Title 1, General Provisions, and sections 2703 and 3203 of Title

19] (including the amendments made by this title) shall take effect

on the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 2, 2002].

"(2) Selection of carriers. - The amendment made by subsection

(c)(5) [amending this section] shall take effect 15 months after

the date of enactment of this Act."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT

Section 631(b) of Pub. L. 104-52 provided that:

"(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the amendment made by subsection

(a) [amending this section] shall be effective on and after August

1, 1995.

"(2) Subparagraph (D) of section 5402(g)(1) title 39, United

States Code (as in effect before the amendment made under

subsection (a)), shall apply to a carrier, if such carrier -

"(A) has an application pending before the Department of

Transportation for approval under section 41102 or 41110(e) of

title 39, [probably should be "49,"] United States Code, before

August 1, 1995; and

"(B) would meet the requirements of such subparagraph if such

application were approved and such certificate were purchased."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 98-443 effective Jan. 1, 1985, see section

9(v) of Pub. L. 98-443, set out as a note under section 5314 of

Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

FINDINGS

Pub. L. 107-206, title III, Sec. 3002(b), Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat.

910, provided that: "Congress makes the following findings:

"(1) The State of Alaska is the largest State in the Union and

has a very limited system of roads connecting communities.

"(2) Alaska has more pilots per capita than any other State in

the Union.

"(3) Pilots flying in Alaska are often the most skilled and

best-prepared pilots in the world.

"(4) Air travel within the State of Alaska is often hampered by

severe weather conditions and treacherous terrain.

"(5) The United States Government owns nearly 2/3 of Alaska's

landmass, including large tracts of land separating isolated

communities within the State.

"(6) Such Federal ownership has inhibited the ability of

Alaskans to build roads connecting isolated communities.

"(7) Most communities and a large portion of the population

within the State can only be reached by air.

"(8) The vast majority of food items and everyday necessities

destined for these isolated communities and populations can only

be transported through the air.

"(9) The Intra-Alaska Bypass Mail system, created by Congress

and operated by the United States Postal Service under section

5402 of title 39, United States Code, with input from the

Department of Transportation, connecting hundreds of rural and

isolated communities within the State, is a critical piece of the

Alaska and the national transportation system. The system is like

a 4-legged stool, designed to -

"(A) provide the most affordable means of delivering food and

everyday necessities to these rural and isolated communities;

"(B) establish a system whereby the Postal Service can meet

its obligations to deliver mail to every house and business in

the United States;

"(C) support affordable and reliable passenger service; and

"(D) support affordable and reliable nonmail freight service.

"(10) Without the Intra-Alaska Bypass Mail system -

"(A) it would be difficult and more expensive for the Postal

Service to meet its obligation of delivering mail to every

house and business in the United States; and

"(B) food, medicine, freight, and everyday necessities and

passenger service for these rural and isolated communities

would cost several times the current level.

"(11) Attempts by Congress to support passenger and nonmail

freight service in Alaska using the Intra-Alaska Bypass Mail

system have yielded some positive results, but some carriers have

been manipulating the system by carrying few, if any, passengers

and little nonmail freight while earning most of their revenues

from the carriage of nonpriority bypass mail.

"(12) As long as the Federal Government continues to own large

tracts of land within the State of Alaska which impede access to

isolated communities, it is in the best interest of the Postal

Service, the residents of Alaska and the United States -

"(A) to ensure that the Intra-Alaska Bypass Mail system

remains strong, viable, and affordable for the Postal Service;

"(B) to ensure that residents of rural and isolated

communities in Alaska continue to have affordable, reliable,

and safe passenger service;

"(C) to ensure that residents of rural and isolated

communities in Alaska continue to have affordable, reliable,

and safe nonmail freight service;

"(D) to encourage that intra-Alaska air carriers move toward

safer, more secure, and more reliable air transportation under

the Federal Aviation Administration's guidelines and in

accordance with part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal

Regulations, where such operations are supported by the needs

of the community; and

"(E) that Congress, pursuant to the authority granted under

Article I, section 8 of the United States Constitution to

establish Post Offices and post roads, make changes to ensure

that the Intra-Alaska Bypass Mail system continues to be used

to support substantial passenger and nonmail freight service

and to reduce costs for the Postal Service."

ACTIONS OF AIR CARRIERS TO QUALIFY AS BUSH PASSENGERS OR NONMAIL

FREIGHT CARRIERS

Pub. L. 107-206, title III, Sec. 3002(d), Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat.

923, provided that: "Beginning 6 months after the date of enactment

of this Act [Aug. 2, 2002], if the Secretary determines, based on

the Secretary's findings and recommendations of the Postal Service,

that an air carrier being tendered nonpriority bush bypass mail is

not taking actions to attempt to qualify as a bush passenger or

nonmail freight carrier under section 5402 of title 39, United

States Code (as amended by this title), the Postal Service shall

immediately cease tender of all nonpriority bypass mail to such

carrier."

REPORTS TO CONGRESS

Pub. L. 107-206, title III, Sec. 3002(f), Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat.

924, provided that: "Not later than 18 months after the date of

enactment of this Act [Aug. 2, 2002], the Postal Service and the

Secretary of Transportation shall submit a report to the Committee

on Government Reform of the House of Representatives and the

Committee on Governmental Affairs of the Senate on the progress of

implementing this title [see Effective Date of 2002 Amendment note

set out above]."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5401 of this title; title

49 sections 41901, 41902.

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5403 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 54 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY AIR

-HEAD-

Sec. 5403. Fines

-STATUTE-

The Postal Service may impose or remit fines on carriers

transporting mail by air on routes extending beyond the borders of

the United States for -

(1) unreasonable or unnecessary delay to mail; and

(2) other delinquencies in the transportation of the mail.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 773.)

-End-