US (United States) Code. Title 39. Part V. Chapter 52: Transportation of mail by surface carrier

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Postal service

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-CITE-

39 USC CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE

CARRIER 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-MISC1-

Sec.

5201. Definitions.

5202. Applicability.

5203. Authorization of service by carrier.

5204. Changes in service; placement of equipment.

5205. Evidence of service.

5206. Fines and deductions.

5207. Surface Transportation Board to fix rates.

5208. Procedures.

5209. Special rates.

5210. Intermodal transportation.

5211. Statistical studies.

5212. Special contracts.

5213. Carrier operations; receipts; expenditures.

5214. Agreements with passenger common carriers by motor

vehicle.

5215. Star route certification.

AMENDMENTS

1995 - Pub. L. 104-88, title III, Sec. 307(15), Dec. 29, 1995,

109 Stat. 946, substituted "Surface Transportation Board" for

"Interstate Commerce Commission" in item 5207.

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5201 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5201. Definitions

-STATUTE-

For purposes of this chapter -

(1) "Board" means the Surface Transportation Board;

(2) "carrier" and "regulated surface carrier" mean a railroad,

a freight forwarder, or a motor carrier;

(3) "railroad" means a railway common carrier, including an

electric urban and interurban railway common carrier;

(4) "freight forwarder" means any regulated freight forwarder

which holds itself out to the general public as a carrier to

transport or provide transportation of property as authorized by

a registration issued by the Board;

(5) "motor carrier" means a motor carrier, except a

passenger-carrying motor vehicle of such a carrier, within the

meaning of section 13102(12) of title 49, that holds a

registration issued by the Board;

(6) "person" includes any person other than a carrier holding a

certificate or registration issued by the Board; and

(7) "mail" includes equipment and supplies of the Postal

Service.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 768; Pub. L. 95-473, Sec.

2(a)(4)(A)-(C), Oct. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 1465; Pub. L. 96-454, Sec.

3(b)(2), Oct. 15, 1980, 94 Stat. 2012; Pub. L. 97-261, Sec.

6(d)(4), Sept. 20, 1982, 96 Stat. 1107; Pub. L. 99-521, Sec. 4(3),

Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2993; Pub. L. 104-88, title III, Sec.

307(3)-(9), (14), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 946.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1995 - Par. (1). Pub. L. 104-88, Sec. 307(3), added par. (1) and

struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: " 'Commission'

means the Interstate Commerce Commission;".

Par. (2). Pub. L. 104-88, Sec. 307(4), substituted "or a motor

carrier" for "a motor common carrier, or express carrier".

Par. (4). Pub. L. 104-88, Sec. 307(5), (14), substituted

"carrier" for "common carrier", "registration" for "permit", and

"Board" for "Commission".

Par. (5). Pub. L. 104-88, Sec. 307(6), (14), substituted "motor

carrier" for "motor common carrier" in two places, "13102(12)" for

"10102(14)", "registration" for "certificate of public convenience

and necessity", and "Board" for "Commission".

Par. (6). Pub. L. 104-88, Sec. 307(7)-(9), (14), redesignated

par. (7) as (6), substituted "certificate or registration" for

"certificate of public convenience and necessity" and "Board" for

"Commission", and struck out former par. (6) which read as follows:

" 'express carrier' means any express carrier engaged in

transportation as a common carrier for hire under section 10102(8)

of title 49;".

Pars. (7), (8). Pub. L. 104-88, Sec. 307(8), redesignated pars.

(7) and (8) as (6) and (7), respectively.

1986 - Par. (5). Pub. L. 99-521 substituted reference to section

10102(14) of title 49 for reference to section 10102(13) of title

49.

1982 - Par. (5). Pub. L. 97-261, Sec. 6(d)(4)(A), substituted

"10102(13)" for "10102(12)".

Par. (6). Pub. L. 97-261, Sec. 6(d)(4)(B), substituted "10102(8)

of title 49" for "10102(7)".

1980 - Par. (5). Pub. L. 96-454 substituted "10102(12)" for

"10102(11)".

1978 - Par. (2). Pub. L. 95-473, Sec. 2(a)(4)(A), substituted

"motor common carrier, or express carrier" for "motor carrier, or

an express company".

Par. (5). Pub. L. 95-473, Sec. 2(a)(4)(B), substituted " 'motor

common carrier' means a motor common carrier, except a

passenger-carrying motor vehicle of such a carrier, within the

meaning of section 10102(11) of title 49, that holds a certificate

of public convenience and necessity issued by the Commission" for "

'motor carrier' means any common carrier by motor vehicle, except a

passenger-carrying motor vehicle, within the meaning of section

303(a)(14) of title 49, which holds a certificate of public

convenience and necessity issued by the Commission".

Par. (6). Pub. L. 95-473, Sec. 2(a)(4)(C), substituted "carrier"

for "company" and "section 10102(7)" for "section 1(3) of title

49".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2

of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section

701 of Title 49, Transportation.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1986 AMENDMENT

Section 15 of Pub. L. 99-521 provided that: "This Act [see Tables

for classification] shall take effect sixty days after the date of

the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 1986]."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1982 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-261 effective on 60th day after Sept. 20,

1982, see section 31(a) of Pub. L. 97-261, set out as a note under

section 77c of Title 15, Commerce and Trade.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Chapter effective July 1, 1971, pursuant to Resolution No. 71-9

of the Board of Governors. See section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91-375, set

out as a note preceding section 101 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5005 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5202 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5202. Applicability

-STATUTE-

This chapter applies to mail transportation performed by any

person or carrier or carrier combination regardless of the mode of

transportation actually used to provide the service.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 768.)

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5203 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5203. Authorization of service by carrier

-STATUTE-

(a) The Postal Service may establish mail routes and authorize

mail transportation service thereon.

(b) A carrier shall transport mail offered for transportation by

the Postal Service in the manner, under the conditions, and with

the service prescribed by the Postal Service. A carrier is entitled

to receive fair and reasonable compensation for the transportation

and service connected therewith.

(c) The Postal Service shall determine the trains or motor

vehicles upon which mail shall be transported, except that no

carrier shall be compelled to transport mail on any train or

vehicle which is operated exclusively for the transportation of

passengers and their baggage.

(d) A carrier shall transport with due speed such mail as the

Postal Service directs under this section.

(e) No carrier shall be required to serve territory it is not

otherwise authorized to serve, to provide service for the Postal

Service at a rate which is less than compensatory cost, or to

provide service at a detriment to the carrier or its other

customers.

(f) Any order or determination of the Postal Service providing

for the transportation of mail by a motor carrier shall be filed

with the Board. If the Board finds, within 90 days after the

filing, that the order or determination will be detrimental to the

motor carrier or its other customers, or that such carrier does not

operate equipment suitable for the transportation of mail, the

order or determination shall be terminated.

(g) An order or determination of the Postal Service under this

section shall be consistent with the orders of the Board under

sections 5207 and 5208 of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 768; Pub. L. 95-473, Sec.

2(a)(4)(D), Oct. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 1465; Pub. L. 104-88, title

III, Sec. 307(10), (14), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 946.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1995 - Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104-88 substituted "motor carrier"

for "motor common carrier" in two places and "Board" for

"Commission" in two places.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104-88, Sec. 307(14), substituted "Board"

for "Commission".

1978 - Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 95-473 substituted "motor common

carrier" for "motor carrier" in two places.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2

of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section

701 of Title 49, Transportation.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5206 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5204 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5204. Changes in service; placement of equipment

-STATUTE-

(a) The Postal Service may authorize, according to the need

therefor, new or additional mail transportation service by carriers

at the rate or compensation fixed under this chapter. It may reduce

or discontinue service with pro rata reductions in compensation and

indemnity for the loss of reasonable investment in equipment used

exclusively for mail.

(b) A railroad shall place cars used for full or apartment post

office service in position at such times before departure as the

Postal Service directs.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 769.)

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5205 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5205. Evidence of service

-STATUTE-

A carrier shall submit evidence of its performance of mail

transportation service, signed by an authorized official, in such

form and at such times as the Postal Service requires. Mail

transportation service is considered that of the carrier performing

it regardless of the ownership of the property used by the carrier.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 769.)

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5206 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5206. Fines and deductions

-STATUTE-

(a) The Postal Service may fine any carrier an amount not to

exceed $500 for each day the carrier refuses to perform mail

transportation services required by it at rates or compensation

established under this chapter.

(b) The Postal Service shall fine a carrier an amount it deems

reasonable for failure or refusal by that carrier to transport mail

as required by the Postal Service under section 5203 of this title.

(c) The Board may make deductions from the compensation of a

carrier for failure to perform mail transportation service as

required under section 5203 of this title. If the failure to

perform is due to the fault of the carrier, it may deduct a sum not

exceeding twice the compensation applying to such service. Such

deductions shall not be made prior to the expiration of 60 days

following service upon the carrier by the Board of notice of

intention to assess a fine or make a deduction and of the basis

therefor.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 769.)

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5207 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5207. Surface Transportation Board to fix rates

-STATUTE-

(a) The Board shall determine and fix the fair and reasonable

rates or compensation for the transportation of mail by carrier and

the service connected therewith, and shall prescribe the method of

computing such rates or compensation. The Board shall publish its

orders stating its determination under this section which shall

remain in force until changed by it after notice and hearing.

(b) For the purpose of determining and fixing rates or

compensation under this section, the Board may make just and

reasonable classifications of carriers and, where just and

equitable, fix general rates applicable to carriers in the same

classification.

(c) In determining and fixing fair and reasonable rates or

compensation under this section, the Board shall consider the

relation between the Government and carriers as public service

corporations, and the nature of public service as distinguished, if

there is a distinction, from the ordinary transportation business

of the carriers.

(d) Initial rates or compensation for mail transportation service

by any carrier or carriers shall be those agreed to by the Postal

Service and the carrier or carriers, and such rates or compensation

shall continue in effect until such time as the Board fixes the

rates or compensation under subsection (a) of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 770; Pub. L. 104-88, title

III, Sec. 307(11), (14), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 946.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1995 - Pub. L. 104-88 substituted "Surface Transportation Board"

for "Interstate Commerce Commission" in section catchline and

"Board" for "Commission" wherever appearing in text.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2

of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section

701 of Title 49, Transportation.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 5203, 5208, 5212 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5208 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5208. Procedures

-STATUTE-

(a) At any time after 6 months from the entry of an order stating

the Board's determination under section 5207 of this title, the

Postal Service or an interested carrier may apply for a

reexamination and substantially similar proceedings as have

theretofore been had shall be followed with respect to the rates of

compensation for services covered by the application. At the

conclusion of the hearing the Board shall enter an order stating

its determination.

(b) Except as authorized by sections 5207(d), 5209, 5210, and

5212 of this title, the Postal Service shall pay a carrier the

rates or compensation so determined and fixed for application at

such stated times as named in the order.

(c) The Postal Service may file with the Board a comprehensive

plan stating -

(1) its requirements for the transportation of mail by carrier;

(2) the character and speed of the trains or motor vehicles

which are to carry the various kinds of mail;

(3) the service, both terminal and en route, which carriers are

to render;

(4) what it believes to be the fair and reasonable rates or

compensation for the services required; and

(5) all other information which may be material to the inquiry,

but such other information may be filed at any time in the

discretion of the Board.

(d) When a comprehensive plan is filed, the Board shall give

notice of not less than 30 days to each carrier required by the

Postal Service to transport mail pursuant to such plan. A carrier

may file its answer at the time fixed by the Board, but not later

than 30 days after the expiration date fixed by the Board in the

notice, and the Board shall proceed with the hearing.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 770; Pub. L. 104-88, title

III, Sec. 307(12), (14), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 946.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1995 - Pub. L. 104-88 substituted "Board's" for "Commission's" in

subsec. (a) and "Board" for "Commission" wherever appearing in

subsecs. (a), (c), and (d).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2

of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section

701 of Title 49, Transportation.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5203 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5209 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5209. Special rates

-STATUTE-

Upon petition by the Postal Service, the Board shall determine

and fix carload or truckload, or less than carload or truckload,

rates for the transportation of mail not entitled to high priority

in transportation. A carrier shall perform the service at the rates

so determined when requested to do so and under the conditions

prescribed by the Postal Service.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 770; Pub. L. 104-88, title

III, Sec. 307(14), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 946.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1995 - Pub. L. 104-88 substituted "Board" for "Commission".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2

of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section

701 of Title 49, Transportation.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5208 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5210 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5210. Intermodal transportation

-STATUTE-

The Postal Service may permit a carrier to perform mail

transportation by any form of transportation it deems appropriate

at rates or compensation not exceeding those allowable for similar

service by the designated form of transportation.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 771.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5208 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5211 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5211. Statistical studies

-STATUTE-

The Postal Service may arrange for weighing and measuring mail

transported on carrier mail routes and make other computations for

statistical and administrative purposes to carry out the purposes

of this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 771.)

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5212 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5212. Special contracts

-STATUTE-

The Postal Service may enter into special contracts with any

carrier or person, without advertising, for bids and for periods

not in excess of 4 years. It may contract to pay lower rates or

compensation or, where in its judgment conditions warrant, higher

rates or compensation than those determined or fixed by the Board.

The fact that the Board has not prescribed rates or compensation

for the carrier involved, under section 5207 of this title, shall

not preclude execution of a contract under this section. Such

contracts may be negotiated only after reasonable notice has been

posted in advance in post offices on the post roads to be served,

and other carriers or persons have been given an opportunity to

offer to negotiate for the transportation of mail.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 771; Pub. L. 104-88, title

III, Sec. 307(14), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 946.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1995 - Pub. L. 104-88 substituted "Board" for "Commission" in two

places.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2

of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section

701 of Title 49, Transportation.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 5208 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5213 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5213. Carrier operations; receipts; expenditures

-STATUTE-

The Postal Service shall request any carrier transporting the

mails to furnish, under seal, such data relating to the operations,

receipts, and expenditures of such carrier as may, in its judgment,

be deemed necessary to enable it to ascertain the cost of mail

transportation and the proper compensation to be paid for such

service.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 771.)

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5214 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5214. Agreements with passenger common carriers by motor

vehicle

-STATUTE-

The Postal Service may enter into contracts under such terms and

conditions as it shall prescribe and without advertising for bids

for the transportation of mail, in passenger-carrying motor

vehicles, by passenger common carriers, or by motor vehicles over

the regular routes on which the carrier is permitted by law to

transport passengers.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 771.)

-End-

-CITE-

39 USC Sec. 5215 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 39 - POSTAL SERVICE

PART V - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

CHAPTER 52 - TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL BY SURFACE CARRIER

-HEAD-

Sec. 5215. Star route certification

-STATUTE-

(a) Any person who was a contractor under a star route, mail

messenger, or contract motor vehicle service contract on the

effective date of this section (or successor in interest to any

such person), shall, upon application to the Board for the

territory within which such contractor operated on or before the

effective date of this section be issued a certificate of public

convenience and necessity as a motor carrier for the transportation

of mail by the Board without the Board's requiring further proof

that the public convenience and necessity will be served by such

operation and without further proceedings.

(b) Applications of persons who were not contractors on the

effective date of this section shall be decided in accordance with

applicable Board procedure.

(c) For purposes of this section, the term "person" has the same

meaning given that term under section 1 of title 1.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 771; Pub. L. 95-473, Sec.

2(a)(4)(E), Oct. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 1465; Pub. L. 104-88, title

III, Sec. 307(12)-(14), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 946.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The effective date of this section, referred to in subsecs. (a)

and (b), is July 1, 1971, pursuant to Resolution No. 71-9 of the

Board of Governors. See section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91-375, set out as

an Effective Date note preceding section 101 of this title.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1995 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-88 substituted "Board" for

"Commission" in two places, "motor carrier" for "motor common

carrier", and "Board's" for "Commission's".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-88, Sec. 307(14), substituted "Board"

for "Commission".

1978 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95-473 substituted "motor common

carrier" for "motor carrier".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-88 effective Jan. 1, 1996, see section 2

of Pub. L. 104-88, set out as an Effective Date note under section

701 of Title 49, Transportation.

-End-