US (United States) Code. Title 36. Subtitle II. Chapter 1537: National woman's relief corps

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Patriotic and national observances, ceremonies, and organizations

  • Enviado por: El remitente no desea revelar su nombre
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
  • 20 páginas
publicidad

-CITE-

36 USC CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS,

AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE

GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-MISC1-

Sec.

153701. Organization.

153702. Purposes.

153703. Membership.

153704. Governing body.

153705. Powers.

153706. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges.

153707. Restrictions.

153708. Principal office.

153709. Records and inspection.

153710. Service of process.

153711. Liability for acts of officers and agents.

153712. Annual report.

153713. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final

liquidation.

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153701 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153701. Organization

-STATUTE-

(a) Federal Charter. - National Woman's Relief Corps, Auxiliary

to the Grand Army of the Republic (in this chapter, the

"corporation"), is a federally chartered corporation.

(b) Place of Incorporation and Domicile. - The corporation is

declared to be incorporated and domiciled in the District of

Columbia.

(c) Perpetual Existence. - Except as otherwise provided, the

corporation has perpetual existence.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1428.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153701 36:1001. Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

87-650, Secs. 1, 2, 4(1), 76

Stat. 502, 503.

36:1002.

36:1004(1).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

This section is substituted for the source provisions for

consistency in the revised title and to eliminate unnecessary and

executed words.

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153702 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153702. Purposes

-STATUTE-

The purposes of the corporation are -

(1) to perpetuate the memory of the Grand Army of the Republic,

as the National Woman's Relief Corps is its auxiliary and was

organized at its request in 1883, and of the men who saved the

Union in 1861 to 1865;

(2) to assist in every practicable way in preserving, and

making available for research, documents and records pertaining

to the Grand Army of the Republic and its members;

(3) to cooperate in doing honor to all those who have served

our country patriotically in any war;

(4) to teach patriotism, the duties of citizenship, the true

history of our country, and the love and honor of our flag;

(5) to oppose every tendency or movement that would weaken

loyalty to, destroy, or impair our constitutional Union; and

(6) to inculcate and broadly sustain the American principles of

representative government, equal rights, and impartial justice

for all.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1428.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153702 36:1003. Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

87-650, Sec. 3, 76 Stat. 503.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In clause (5), the words "destroy, or impair" are substituted for

"make for the destruction or impairment of" to eliminate

unnecessary words.

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153703 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153703. Membership

-STATUTE-

Except as provided in this chapter, eligibility for membership in

the corporation and the rights, privileges, and designation of

classes of members are as provided in the constitution and bylaws

of the corporation. Eligibility for membership is limited to -

(1) women who are the wives, mothers, daughters, and sisters of

Union soldiers, sailors, and marines; and

(2) other loyal women who have not given aid or comfort to the

enemies of the United States of America.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1428.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153703 36:1005. Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

87-650, Sec. 5, 76 Stat. 503.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Before clause (1), the words "is limited to" are substituted for

"shall be" for clarity.

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153704 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153704. Governing body

-STATUTE-

(a) National Convention. - (1) The national convention is the

supreme governing authority of the corporation.

(2) The national convention is composed of officers and elected

representatives from the States as provided by the regulations of

the corporation. However, the form of government of the corporation

must be representative of the membership at large and may not

permit concentration of control in a limited number of members or

in a self-perpetuating group not representative of the membership

at large.

(3) The meetings of the national convention may be held in the

District of Columbia or in any State.

(4) During the intervals between the convention, the executive

officers are the governing board of the corporation and are

responsible for the general policies, program, and activities of

the corporation.

(b) Council of Administration. - The council of administration of

the corporation shall consist of at least 7 members elected in the

manner and for the term provided in the constitution and bylaws of

the corporation.

(c) Officers. - (1) The officers of the corporation are a

national president, senior vice national president, junior vice

national president, secretary, treasurer, and other officers as

provided in the constitution and bylaws. One individual may hold

the offices of secretary and treasurer.

(2) The titles, manner of election, term of office, and duties of

the officers are as provided in the constitution and bylaws.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1428.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153704(a)( 36:1006. Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

1)- (3) 87-650, Secs. 6-8, 76 Stat.

504.

153704(a)( 36:1007(a), (b).

4)

153704(b) 36:1007(c).

153704(c) 36:1008.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a)(2), the words "several", "always", "thereof",

and "the hands of" are omitted as unnecessary.

In subsection (a)(4), the text of 36:1007(b) is omitted as

obsolete.

In subsection (b), the word "Thereafter" is omitted as obsolete.

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153705 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153705. Powers

-STATUTE-

The corporation may -

(1) adopt and amend a constitution and bylaws for the

management of its property and the regulation of its affairs;

(2) adopt and alter a corporate seal;

(3) choose officers as the corporation requires;

(4) make contracts;

(5) acquire, own, lease, encumber, and transfer property as

necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the

corporation; and

(6) sue and be sued.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1429.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153705 36:1004(2)-(8). Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

87-650, Secs. 4(2)-(8), 18,

76 Stat. 503, 506.

36:1018.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In this section, the text of 36:1018 is omitted as executed and

obsolete.

In clause (1), the word "alter" is omitted as included in

"amend". The words "not inconsistent with the laws of the United

States or any State in which the corporation is to operate" are

omitted as unnecessary.

In clause (2), the word "use" is omitted as unnecessary.

In clause (4), the words "make contracts" are substituted for

"contract and be contracted with" for consistency in the revised

title and to eliminate unnecessary words.

Clause (5) is substituted for "take by lease, gift, purchase,

grants, devise, or bequest from any public body or agency or any

private corporation, association, partnership, firm, or individual

and to hold absolutely or in trust for any of the purposes of the

corporation any property, real, personal, or mixed, necessary or

convenient for attaining the objects and carrying into effect the

purposes of the corporation" and "transfer, convey, lease,

sublease, encumber, and otherwise alienate real, personal, or mixed

property" for consistency in the revised title and to eliminate

unnecessary words. The words "subject, however, to applicable

provisions of law of any State, (A) governing the amount or kind of

property which may be held by, or (B) otherwise limiting or

controlling the ownership of property by, a corporation operating

in such State" are omitted as unnecessary.

In clause (6), the words "complain and defend in any court of

competent jurisdiction" are omitted as unnecessary.

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153706 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153706. Exclusive right to name, seals, emblems, and badges

-STATUTE-

The corporation and its subordinate corps have the exclusive

right to use the name "National Woman's Relief Corps, Auxiliary to

the Grand Army of the Republic". The corporation has the exclusive

right to use and to allow others to use seals, emblems, and badges

the corporation adopts.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1429.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153706 36:1017. Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

87-650, Sec. 17, 76 Stat.

505.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

The word "sole" is omitted as included in "exclusive". The words

"the corporation adopts" are substituted for "as have heretofore

been used by the Illinois corporation described in section 1018 of

this title" for consistency in the revised title. The words "and

the right to which may be lawfully transferred to the corporation"

are omitted as executed.

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153707 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153707. Restrictions

-STATUTE-

(a) Stock and Dividends. - The corporation may not issue stock or

declare or pay a dividend.

(b) Political Activities. - The corporation or an officer or

agent as such may not contribute to, support, or assist a political

party or candidate for public office.

(c) Distribution of Income or Assets. - The income or assets of

the corporation may not inure to the benefit of, or be distributed

to, an officer or member during the life of the corporation or on

its dissolution or final liquidation. This subsection does not

prevent the payment of reasonable compensation to an officer or

reimbursement for actual necessary expenses in amounts approved by

the council of administration of the corporation.

(d) Loans. - The corporation may not make a loan or advance to an

officer or member of the corporation. Members of the council of

administration who vote for or assent to making a loan or advance

to an officer or member, and officers who participate in making the

loan or advance, are jointly and severally liable to the

corporation for the amount of the loan or advance until it is

repaid.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1429.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153707(a) 36:1013. Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

87-650, Secs. 10, 11, 13, 76

Stat. 504, 505.

153707(b) 36:1011.

153707(c) 36:1010(a).

153707(d) 36:1010(b).

--------------------------------------------------------------------

In subsection (a), the words "any shares of" are omitted as

unnecessary.

In subsection (c), the words "inure to the benefit of" are

substituted for "inure to" for consistency in the revised title.

In subsection (d), the words "or advance" are added in 2 places

for consistency in the subsection. In the first sentence, the words

"or member" are added for consistency in the subsection.

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153708 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153708. Principal office

-STATUTE-

The principal office of the corporation shall be in Springfield,

Illinois. However, the activities of the corporation are not

confined to Springfield but may be conducted throughout the States

of the United States and the District of Columbia.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1429.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153708 36:1009(a). Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

87-650, Sec. 9(a), 76 Stat.

504.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

The word "various" is omitted as unnecessary.

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153709 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153709. Records and inspection

-STATUTE-

(a) Records. - The corporation shall keep -

(1) correct and complete records of account; and

(2) minutes of the proceedings of its national convention.

(b) Inspection. - A member, or an agent or attorney of the

member, may inspect the records of the corporation for any proper

purpose, at any reasonable time.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1430.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153709 36:1014. Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

87-650, Sec. 14, 76 Stat.

505.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

The word "records" is substituted for "books and records" for

consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the

United States Code.

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153710 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153710. Service of process

-STATUTE-

The corporation shall have a designated agent in the District of

Columbia to receive service of process, notice, or demand for the

corporation. Designation of the agent shall be filed in the office

of the Mayor of the District of Columbia or another office

designated by the Mayor. Notice to or service on the agent is

notice to or service on the corporation.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1430.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153710 36:1009(b). Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

87-650, Sec. 9(b), 76 Stat.

504.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

The words "at all times" and "authorized" are omitted as

unnecessary. The words "Designation of the agent shall be filed"

are substituted for "The corporation shall file . . . a statement

designating the initial and each successor registered agent of the

corporation immediately following any such designation" for

consistency in the revised title and to eliminate unnecessary

words. The words "office of Mayor of the District of Columbia" are

substituted for "Commissioners of the District of Columbia" in

section 9(b) of the Act of September 7, 1962 (Public Law 87-650, 76

Stat. 504), because under section 401 of Reorganization Plan No. 3

of 1967 (5 App. U.S.C.), the functions of the Board of

Commissioners of the District of Columbia were transferred to the

Commissioner of the District of Columbia, and under sections 421

and 711 of the District of Columbia Self-Government and

Governmental Reorganization Act (Public Law 93-198, 87 Stat. 789,

818), the office of Commissioner of the District of Columbia was

abolished and replaced by the office of Mayor of the District of

Columbia. The words "Notice to or service on the agent is notice to

or service on the corporation" are substituted for "service of such

process, notice or demand required or permitted by law to be served

upon the corporation may be served upon such agent" for consistency

in the revised title and to eliminate unnecessary words.

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153711 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153711. Liability for acts of officers and agents

-STATUTE-

The corporation is liable for the acts of its officers and agents

acting within the scope of their authority.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1430.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153711 36:1012. Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

87-650, Sec. 12, 76 Stat.

505.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153712 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153712. Annual report

-STATUTE-

Not later than 6 months after the end of each fiscal year, the

corporation shall submit a report to Congress on the activities of

the corporation during the prior fiscal year. The report may

consist of a report on the proceedings of the national convention

during that fiscal year. The report may not be printed as a public

document.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1430.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153712 36:1016. Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

87-650, Sec. 16, 76 Stat.

505.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

TERMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of reporting provisions

in this section, see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended,

set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and

Finance, and page 204 of House Document No. 103-7.

-End-

-CITE-

36 USC Sec. 153713 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 36 - PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND

ORGANIZATIONS

Subtitle II - Patriotic and National Organizations

Part B - Organizations

CHAPTER 1537 - NATIONAL WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS, AUXILIARY TO THE GRAND

ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC

-HEAD-

Sec. 153713. Distribution of assets on dissolution or final

liquidation

-STATUTE-

On dissolution or final liquidation of the corporation, its

assets shall be distributed as follows:

(1) All liabilities shall be paid and discharged, or adequate

provision for payment and discharge shall be made.

(2) Assets held on condition requiring return or transfer on

dissolution of the corporation shall be returned or transferred

as required by the condition.

(3) Assets received and held subject to a limitation permitting

use only for charitable, religious, benevolent, educational, or

similar purposes, but not held on a condition requiring return or

transfer on dissolution of the corporation, shall be transferred

to one or more appropriate domestic or foreign corporations,

societies, or organizations under a plan of distribution adopted

as provided in this chapter.

(4) Other assets shall be distributed as provided by the

articles of incorporation or bylaws to the extent that the

articles or bylaws provide the distributive rights of members, or

any class of members, or provide for distribution to others.

(5) Any remaining assets may be distributed to persons,

societies, organizations, or domestic or foreign corporations

engaged in activities not for profit, as provided in a plan of

distribution adopted by the council of administration of the

corporation and in compliance with the constitution and bylaws of

the corporation.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-225, Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1430.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Revised Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)

Section

--------------------------------------------------------------------

153713 36:1019. Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L.

87-650, Sec. 19, 76 Stat.

506.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Before clause (1), the word "applied" is omitted as included in

"distributed" and for consistency in the revised title.

In clause (1), the word "obligations" is omitted as included in

"liabilities", and the word "satisfied" is omitted as included in

"discharged".

In clauses (2) and (3), the words "conveyance" and "conveyed" are

omitted as included in "transfer" and "transferred", respectively.

In clause (3), the word "eleemosynary" is omitted as included in

"charitable".

In clause (5), the words "and all Federal, State, and District of

Columbia laws applicable thereto" are omitted as unnecessary.

-End-