US (United States) Code. Title 35. Chapter 17: Secrecy of certain inventions and filing applications

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Patents. Foreign country

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  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
  • 17 páginas
publicidad

-CITE-

35 USC CHAPTER 17 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND

FILING APPLICATIONS IN FOREIGN COUNTRY 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 35 - PATENTS

PART II - PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS AND GRANT OF PATENTS

CHAPTER 17 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND FILING APPLICATIONS

IN FOREIGN COUNTRY

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 17 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND FILING APPLICATIONS

IN FOREIGN COUNTRY

-MISC1-

Sec.

181. Secrecy of certain inventions and withholding of

patent.

182. Abandonment of invention for unauthorized disclosure.

183. Right to compensation.

184. Filing of application in foreign country.

185. Patent barred for filing without license.

186. Penalty.

187. Nonapplicability to certain persons.

188. Rules and regulations, delegation of power.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-273, div. C, title III, Sec. 13206(a)(10),

Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1904, substituted "to" for "of" in item

183.

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in sections 122, 368 of this title;

title 42 sections 2457, 5908.

-End-

-CITE-

35 USC Sec. 181 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 35 - PATENTS

PART II - PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS AND GRANT OF PATENTS

CHAPTER 17 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND FILING APPLICATIONS

IN FOREIGN COUNTRY

-HEAD-

Sec. 181. Secrecy of certain inventions and withholding of patent

-STATUTE-

Whenever publication or disclosure by the publication of an

application or by the grant of a patent on an invention in which

the Government has a property interest might, in the opinion of the

head of the interested Government agency, be detrimental to the

national security, the Commissioner of Patents upon being so

notified shall order that the invention be kept secret and shall

withhold the publication of the application or the grant of a

patent therefor under the conditions set forth hereinafter.

Whenever the publication or disclosure of an invention by the

publication of an application or by the granting of a patent, in

which the Government does not have a property interest, might, in

the opinion of the Commissioner of Patents, be detrimental to the

national security, he shall make the application for patent in

which such invention is disclosed available for inspection to the

Atomic Energy Commission, the Secretary of Defense, and the chief

officer of any other department or agency of the Government

designated by the President as a defense agency of the United

States.

Each individual to whom the application is disclosed shall sign a

dated acknowledgment thereof, which acknowledgment shall be entered

in the file of the application. If, in the opinion of the Atomic

Energy Commission, the Secretary of a Defense Department, or the

chief officer of another department or agency so designated, the

publication or disclosure of the invention by the publication of an

application or by the granting of a patent therefor would be

detrimental to the national security, the Atomic Energy Commission,

the Secretary of a Defense Department, or such other chief officer

shall notify the Commissioner of Patents and the Commissioner of

Patents shall order that the invention be kept secret and shall

withhold the publication of the application or the grant of a

patent for such period as the national interest requires, and

notify the applicant thereof. Upon proper showing by the head of

the department or agency who caused the secrecy order to be issued

that the examination of the application might jeopardize the

national interest, the Commissioner of Patents shall thereupon

maintain the application in a sealed condition and notify the

applicant thereof. The owner of an application which has been

placed under a secrecy order shall have a right to appeal from the

order to the Secretary of Commerce under rules prescribed by him.

An invention shall not be ordered kept secret and the publication

of the application or the grant of a patent withheld for a period

of more than one year. The Commissioner of Patents shall renew the

order at the end thereof, or at the end of any renewal period, for

additional periods of one year upon notification by the head of the

department or the chief officer of the agency who caused the order

to be issued that an affirmative determination has been made that

the national interest continues so to require. An order in effect,

or issued, during a time when the United States is at war, shall

remain in effect for the duration of hostilities and one year

following cessation of hostilities. An order in effect, or issued,

during a national emergency declared by the President shall remain

in effect for the duration of the national emergency and six months

thereafter. The Commissioner of Patents may rescind any order upon

notification by the heads of the departments and the chief officers

of the agencies who caused the order to be issued that the

publication or disclosure of the invention is no longer deemed

detrimental to the national security.

-SOURCE-

(July 19, 1952, ch. 950, 66 Stat. 805; Pub. L. 106-113, div. B,

Sec. 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Secs. 4507(7), 4732(a)(10)(B)], Nov. 29,

1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-566, 1501A-582.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on Title 35, U.S.C., 1946 ed., Sec. 151 (Feb. 1, 1952, ch.

4, Sec. 1, 66 Stat. 3, 4).

Language is changed.

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Sec.

4732(a)(10)(B)], substituted "Commissioner of Patents" for

"Commissioner" wherever appearing.

Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Sec. 4507(7)(A)], in

first par., inserted "by the publication of an application or"

after "disclosure" and "the publication of the application or"

after "withhold".

Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Sec. 4507(7)(B)],

inserted "by the publication of an application or" after

"disclosure of an invention" in second par.

Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Sec. 4507(7)(C)], in

third par., inserted "by the publication of the application or"

after "disclosure of the invention" and "the publication of the

application or" after "withhold".

Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Sec. 4507(7)(D)],

inserted "the publication of an application or" after "kept secret

and" in first sentence of fourth par.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1999 AMENDMENT

Amendment by section 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Sec. 4507(7)] of Pub.

L. 106-113 effective Nov. 29, 2000, and applicable only to

applications (including international applications designating the

United States) filed on or after that date, see section 1000(a)(9)

[title IV, Sec. 4508] of Pub. L. 106-113, as amended, set out as a

note under section 10 of this title.

Amendment by section 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Sec. 4732(a)(10)(B)]

of Pub. L. 106-113 effective 4 months after Nov. 29, 1999, see

section 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Sec. 4731] of Pub. L. 106-113, set

out as a note under section 1 of this title.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Atomic Energy Commission abolished and functions transferred by

sections 5814 and 5841 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

See, also, Transfer of Functions notes set out under those

sections.

-MISC2-

DEFENSE AGENCIES

Department of Homeland Security designated as a defense agency of

United States for purposes of this chapter by Executive Order No.

13286, Sec. 85, Feb. 28, 2003, 68 F.R. 10632.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 3, 122, 154, 182, 183,

184, 185, 186 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

35 USC Sec. 182 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 35 - PATENTS

PART II - PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS AND GRANT OF PATENTS

CHAPTER 17 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND FILING APPLICATIONS

IN FOREIGN COUNTRY

-HEAD-

Sec. 182. Abandonment of invention for unauthorized disclosure

-STATUTE-

The invention disclosed in an application for patent subject to

an order made pursuant to section 181 of this title may be held

abandoned upon its being established by the Commissioner of Patents

that in violation of said order the invention has been published or

disclosed or that an application for a patent therefor has been

filed in a foreign country by the inventor, his successors,

assigns, or legal representatives, or anyone in privity with him or

them, without the consent of the Commissioner of Patents. The

abandonment shall be held to have occurred as of the time of

violation. The consent of the Commissioner of Patents shall not be

given without the concurrence of the heads of the departments and

the chief officers of the agencies who caused the order to be

issued. A holding of abandonment shall constitute forfeiture by the

applicant, his successors, assigns, or legal representatives, or

anyone in privity with him or them, of all claims against the

United States based upon such invention.

-SOURCE-

(July 19, 1952, ch. 950, 66 Stat. 806; Pub. L. 106-113, div. B,

Sec. 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Sec. 4732(a)(10)(B)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113

Stat. 1536, 1501A-582.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on Title 35, U.S.C., 1946 ed., Sec. 152 (Feb. 1, 1952, ch.

4, Sec. 2, 66 Stat. 4).

Language is changed.

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Pub. L. 106-113 substituted "Commissioner of Patents" for

"Commissioner" wherever appearing.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1999 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 106-113 effective 4 months after Nov. 29,

1999, see section 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Sec. 4731] of Pub. L.

106-113, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

35 USC Sec. 183 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 35 - PATENTS

PART II - PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS AND GRANT OF PATENTS

CHAPTER 17 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND FILING APPLICATIONS

IN FOREIGN COUNTRY

-HEAD-

Sec. 183. Right to compensation

-STATUTE-

An applicant, his successors, assigns, or legal representatives,

whose patent is withheld as herein provided, shall have the right,

beginning at the date the applicant is notified that, except for

such order, his application is otherwise in condition for

allowance, or February 1, 1952, whichever is later, and ending six

years after a patent is issued thereon, to apply to the head of any

department or agency who caused the order to be issued for

compensation for the damage caused by the order of secrecy and/or

for the use of the invention by the Government, resulting from his

disclosure. The right to compensation for use shall begin on the

date of the first use of the invention by the Government. The head

of the department or agency is authorized, upon the presentation of

a claim, to enter into an agreement with the applicant, his

successors, assigns, or legal representatives, in full settlement

for the damage and/or use. This settlement agreement shall be

conclusive for all purposes notwithstanding any other provision of

law to the contrary. If full settlement of the claim cannot be

effected, the head of the department or agency may award and pay to

such applicant, his successors, assigns, or legal representatives,

a sum not exceeding 75 per centum of the sum which the head of the

department or agency considers just compensation for the damage

and/or use. A claimant may bring suit against the United States in

the United States Court of Federal Claims or in the District Court

of the United States for the district in which such claimant is a

resident for an amount which when added to the award shall

constitute just compensation for the damage and/or use of the

invention by the Government. The owner of any patent issued upon an

application that was subject to a secrecy order issued pursuant to

section 181 of this title, who did not apply for compensation as

above provided, shall have the right, after the date of issuance of

such patent, to bring suit in the United States Court of Federal

Claims for just compensation for the damage caused by reason of the

order of secrecy and/or use by the Government of the invention

resulting from his disclosure. The right to compensation for use

shall begin on the date of the first use of the invention by the

Government. In a suit under the provisions of this section the

United States may avail itself of all defenses it may plead in an

action under section 1498 of title 28. This section shall not

confer a right of action on anyone or his successors, assigns, or

legal representatives who, while in the full-time employment or

service of the United States, discovered, invented, or developed

the invention on which the claim is based.

-SOURCE-

(July 19, 1952, ch. 950, 66 Stat. 806; Pub. L. 97-164, title I,

Sec. 160(a)(12), Apr. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 48; Pub. L. 102-572, title

IX, Sec. 902(b)(1), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4516.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on Title 35, U.S.C., 1946 ed., Sec. 153 (Feb. 1, 1952, ch.

4, Sec. 3, 66 Stat. 4, 5).

Language is changed.

AMENDMENTS

1992 - Pub. L. 102-572 substituted "United States Court of

Federal Claims" for "United States Claims Court" in two places.

1982 - Pub. L. 97-164 substituted "United States Claims Court"

for "Court of Claims" in two places.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1992 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 102-572 effective Oct. 29, 1992, see section

911 of Pub. L. 102-572, set out as a note under section 171 of

Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1982 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-164 effective Oct. 1, 1982, see section

402 of Pub. L. 97-164, set out as a note under section 171 of Title

28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 157 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

35 USC Sec. 184 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 35 - PATENTS

PART II - PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS AND GRANT OF PATENTS

CHAPTER 17 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND FILING APPLICATIONS

IN FOREIGN COUNTRY

-HEAD-

Sec. 184. Filing of application in foreign country

-STATUTE-

Except when authorized by a license obtained from the

Commissioner of Patents a person shall not file or cause or

authorize to be filed in any foreign country prior to six months

after filing in the United States an application for patent or for

the registration of a utility model, industrial design, or model in

respect of an invention made in this country. A license shall not

be granted with respect to an invention subject to an order issued

by the Commissioner of Patents pursuant to section 181 of this

title without the concurrence of the head of the departments and

the chief officers of the agencies who caused the order to be

issued. The license may be granted retroactively where an

application has been filed abroad through error and without

deceptive intent and the application does not disclose an invention

within the scope of section 181 of this title.

The term "application" when used in this chapter includes

applications and any modifications, amendments, or supplements

thereto, or divisions thereof.

The scope of a license shall permit subsequent modifications,

amendments, and supplements containing additional subject matter if

the application upon which the request for the license is based is

not, or was not, required to be made available for inspection under

section 181 of this title and if such modifications, amendments,

and supplements do not change the general nature of the invention

in a manner which would require such application to be made

available for inspection under such section 181. In any case in

which a license is not, or was not, required in order to file an

application in any foreign country, such subsequent modifications,

amendments, and supplements may be made, without a license, to the

application filed in the foreign country if the United States

application was not required to be made available for inspection

under section 181 and if such modifications, amendments, and

supplements do not, or did not, change the general nature of the

invention in a manner which would require the United States

application to have been made available for inspection under such

section 181.

-SOURCE-

(July 19, 1952, ch. 950, 66 Stat. 807; Pub. L. 100-418, title IX,

Sec. 9101(b)(1), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1567; Pub. L. 106-113,

div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Sec. 4732(a)(10)(B)], Nov. 29,

1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-582.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on Title 35, U.S.C., 1946 ed., Sec. 154 (Feb. 1, 1952, ch.

4, Sec. 4, 66 Stat. 5).

Language is changed.

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Pub. L. 106-113 substituted "Commissioner of Patents" for

"Commissioner" two places in first par.

1988 - Pub. L. 100-418, Sec. 9101(b)(1)(A), substituted "filed

abroad through error and without deceptive intent" for

"inadvertently filed abroad" in first par.

Pub. L. 100-418, Sec. 9101(b)(1)(B), added third par. relating to

scope of a license.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1999 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 106-113 effective 4 months after Nov. 29,

1999, see section 1000(a)(9) [title IV, Sec. 4731] of Pub. L.

106-113, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1988 AMENDMENT

Section 9101(d) of Pub. L. 100-418 provided that:

"(1) Subject to paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of this subsection,

the amendments made by this section [amending sections 184 to 186

of this title] shall apply to all United States patents granted

before, on, or after the date of enactment of this section [Aug.

23, 1988], to all applications for United States patents pending on

or filed after such date of enactment, and to all licenses under

section 184 granted before, on, or after the date of enactment of

this section.

"(2) The amendments made by this section shall not affect any

final decision made by a court or the Patent and Trademark Office

before the date of enactment of this section [Aug. 23, 1988] with

respect to a patent or application for patent, if no appeal from

such decision is pending and the time for filing an appeal has

expired.

"(3) No United States patent granted before the date of enactment

of this section [Aug. 23, 1988] shall abridge or affect the right

of any person or his successors in business who made, purchased, or

used, prior to such date of enactment, anything protected by the

patent, to continue the use of, or to sell to others to be used or

sold, the specific thing so made, purchased, or used, if the patent

claims were invalid or otherwise unenforceable on a ground obviated

by this section and the person made, purchased, or used the

specific thing in reasonable reliance on such invalidity or

unenforceability. If a person reasonably relied on such invalidity

or unenforceability, the court before which such matter is in

question may provide for the continued manufacture, use, or sale of

the thing made, purchased, or used as specified, or for the

manufacture, use, or sale of which substantial preparation was made

before the date of enactment of this section, and it may also

provide for the continued practice of any process practiced, or for

the practice of which substantial preparation was made, prior to

the date of enactment of this section, to the extent and under such

terms as the court deems equitable for the protection of

investments made or business commenced before such date of

enactment.

"(4) The amendments made by this section shall not affect the

right of any party in any case pending in court on the date of

enactment of this section [Aug. 23, 1988] to have its rights or

liabilities -

"(A) under any patent before the court, or

"(B) under any patent granted after such date of enactment

which is related to the patent before the court by deriving

priority rights under section 120 or 121 of title 35, United

States Code, from a patent or an application for patent common to

both patents,

determined on the basis of the substantive law in effect before the

date of enactment of this section."

PROMULGATION OF REGULATIONS

Section 9101(c) of Pub. L. 100-418 directed Commissioner of

Patents and Trademarks to prescribe such regulations as necessary

to implement the amendments made by section 9101 (amending sections

184 to 186 of this title).

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 185, 186 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

35 USC Sec. 185 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 35 - PATENTS

PART II - PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS AND GRANT OF PATENTS

CHAPTER 17 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND FILING APPLICATIONS

IN FOREIGN COUNTRY

-HEAD-

Sec. 185. Patent barred for filing without license

-STATUTE-

Notwithstanding any other provisions of law any person, and his

successors, assigns, or legal representatives, shall not receive a

United States patent for an invention if that person, or his

successors, assigns, or legal representatives shall, without

procuring the license prescribed in section 184 of this title, have

made, or consented to or assisted another's making, application in

a foreign country for a patent or for the registration of a utility

model, industrial design, or model in respect of the invention. A

United States patent issued to such person, his successors,

assigns, or legal representatives shall be invalid, unless the

failure to procure such license was through error and without

deceptive intent, and the patent does not disclose subject matter

within the scope of section 181 of this title.

-SOURCE-

(July 19, 1952, ch. 950, 66 Stat. 807; Pub. L. 100-418, title IX,

Sec. 9101(b)(2), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1568; Pub. L. 107-273,

div. C, title III, Sec. 13206(a)(11), Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat.

1904.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on Title 35, U.S.C., 1946 ed., Sec. 155 (Feb. 1, 1952, ch.

4, Sec. 5, 66 Stat. 5).

Language is changed.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-273 struck out second period at end.

1988 - Pub. L. 100-418 inserted before period at end ", unless

the failure to procure such license was through error and without

deceptive intent, and the patent does not disclose subject matter

within the scope of section 181 of this title."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1988 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 100-418 applicable, subject to certain

qualifications and exceptions, to all United States patents, and to

all licenses under section 184 of this title, regardless of the

date such patents or licenses are granted, and to all applications

for such patents pending on or filed after Aug. 23, 1988, see

section 9101(d) of Pub. L. 100-418, set out as a note under section

184 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

35 USC Sec. 186 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 35 - PATENTS

PART II - PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS AND GRANT OF PATENTS

CHAPTER 17 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND FILING APPLICATIONS

IN FOREIGN COUNTRY

-HEAD-

Sec. 186. Penalty

-STATUTE-

Whoever, during the period or periods of time an invention has

been ordered to be kept secret and the grant of a patent thereon

withheld pursuant to section 181 of this title, shall, with

knowledge of such order and without due authorization, willfully

publish or disclose or authorize or cause to be published or

disclosed the invention, or material information with respect

thereto, or whoever willfully, in violation of the provisions of

section 184 of this title, shall file or cause or authorize to be

filed in any foreign country an application for patent or for the

registration of a utility model, industrial design, or model in

respect of any invention made in the United States, shall, upon

conviction, be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not

more than two years, or both.

-SOURCE-

(July 19, 1952, ch. 950, 66 Stat. 807; Pub. L. 100-418, title IX,

Sec. 9101(b)(3), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1568.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on Title 35, U.S.C., 1946 ed., Sec. 156 (Feb. 1, 1952, ch.

4, Sec. 6, 66 Stat. 5, 6).

Language is changed.

AMENDMENTS

1988 - Pub. L. 100-418, which directed the insertion of

"willfully" after second reference to "whoever", was executed by

making the insertion after "or whoever", as the probable intent of

Congress.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1988 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 100-418 applicable, subject to certain

qualifications and exceptions, to all United States patents, and to

all licenses under section 184 of this title, regardless of the

date such patents or licenses are granted, and to all applications

for such patents pending on or filed after Aug. 23, 1988, see

section 9101(d) of Pub. L. 100-418, set out as a note under section

184 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

35 USC Sec. 187 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 35 - PATENTS

PART II - PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS AND GRANT OF PATENTS

CHAPTER 17 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND FILING APPLICATIONS

IN FOREIGN COUNTRY

-HEAD-

Sec. 187. Nonapplicability to certain persons

-STATUTE-

The prohibitions and penalties of this chapter shall not apply to

any officer or agent of the United States acting within the scope

of his authority, nor to any person acting upon his written

instructions or permission.

-SOURCE-

(July 19, 1952, ch. 950, 66 Stat. 808.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on Title 35, U.S.C., 1946 ed., Sec. 157 (Feb. 1, 1952, ch.

4, Sec. 7, 66 Stat. 6).

Language is changed.

-End-

-CITE-

35 USC Sec. 188 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 35 - PATENTS

PART II - PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS AND GRANT OF PATENTS

CHAPTER 17 - SECRECY OF CERTAIN INVENTIONS AND FILING APPLICATIONS

IN FOREIGN COUNTRY

-HEAD-

Sec. 188. Rules and regulations, delegation of power

-STATUTE-

The Atomic Energy Commission, the Secretary of a defense

department, the chief officer of any other department or agency of

the Government designated by the President as a defense agency of

the United States, and the Secretary of Commerce, may separately

issue rules and regulations to enable the respective department or

agency to carry out the provisions of this chapter, and may

delegate any power conferred by this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(July 19, 1952, ch. 950, 66 Stat. 808.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on Title 35, U.S.C., 1946 ed., Sec. 158 (Feb. 1, 1952, ch.

4, Sec. 8, 66 Stat. 6).

Language is changed.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Atomic Energy Commission abolished and functions transferred by

sections 5814 and 5841 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

See, also, Transfer of Functions notes set out under those

sections.

-MISC2-

DEFENSE AGENCIES

Department of Justice designated as a defense agency of United

States for purposes of this chapter by Executive Order No. 10457,

May 27, 1953, 18 F.R. 3083.

-End-