US (United States) Code. Title 33. Chapter 28: Pollution casualities on the high seas: US (United States) intervention

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # Navigation and navigable waters

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-CITE-

33 USC CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH

SEAS: UNITED STATES INTERVENTION 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-MISC1-

Sec.

1471. Definitions.

1472. Grave and imminent danger from oil pollution

casualties to coastline or related interests of

United States; Federal nonliability for Federal

preventive measures on the high seas.

1473. Consultations and determinations respecting creation

of hazards to human health, etc.; criteria for

determinations respecting grave and imminent dangers

of major harmful consequences to United States

coastline or related interests.

1474. Federal intervention actions.

1475. Consultation procedure.

1476. Emergencies.

1477. Reasonable measures; considerations.

1478. Personal, flag state, and foreign state

considerations.

1479. Federal liability for unreasonable damages.

(a) Payment of compensation.

(b) Jurisdiction.

(c) Burden of proof.

1480. Notification by Secretary of State.

1481. Violations; penalties.

1482. Consultation for nomination and nomination of experts,

negotiators, etc.; proposal of amendments to list of

substances other than convention oil; Presidential

acceptance of amendments.

(a) Nomination of experts and proposal of

amendments to list of substances.

(b) Consultations for designation or nomination of

negotiators, etc., provided for by convention

and protocol.

(c) Presidential acceptance of amendments to list

of substances other than convention oil in

accordance with protocol.

1483. Foreign government ships; immunity.

1484. Interpretation and administration; other right, duty,

privilege, or immunity and other remedy unaffected.

1485. Rules and regulations.

1486. Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund.

1487. Effective date.

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in sections 2702, 2703, 2704 of this

title; title 42 section 9611.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1471 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1471. Definitions

-STATUTE-

As used in this chapter -

(1) "a substance other than convention oil" means those oils,

noxious substances, liquefied gases, and radioactive substances -

(A) enumerated in the protocol, or

(B) otherwise determined to be hazardous under section

1473(a) of this title;

(2) "convention" means the International Convention Relating to

Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution

Casualties, 1969, including annexes thereto;

(3) "convention oil" means crude oil, fuel oil, diesel oil, and

lubricating oil;

(4) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the department in which

the Coast Guard is operating;

(5) "ship" means -

(A) a seagoing vessel of any type whatsoever, and

(B) any floating craft, except an installation or device

engaged in the exploration and exploitation of the resources of

the seabed and the ocean floor and the subsoil thereof;

(6) "protocol" means the Protocol Relating to Intervention on

the High Seas in Cases of Marine Pollution by Substances Other

Than Oil, 1973, including annexes thereto; and

(7) "United States" means the States, the District of Columbia,

the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Canal Zone, Guam, American

Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, the Trust Territory of

the Pacific Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas,

and any other commonwealth, territory, or possession of the

United States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 2, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 8; Pub. L. 95-302,

Sec. 1(1), June 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 344.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For definition of Canal Zone, referred to in par. (7), see

section 3602(b) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-302 in cl. (1) substituted definition of "a

substance other than convention oil" for definition of "ship", in

cl. (2) substituted definition of "convention" for definition of

"oil", in cl. (3) substituted definition of "convention oil" for

definition of "convention", in cl. (5) substituted definition of

"ship" for definition of "United States", and added cls. (6) and

(7).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 95-302, see section 2

of Pub. L. 95-302, set out as a note under section 1487 of this

title.

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 93-248 provided: "That this Act [enacting

this chapter] may be cited as the 'Intervention on the High Seas

Act'."

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of

the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the

Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of

Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see

sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic

Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization

Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under

section 542 of Title 6.

TERMINATION OF TRUST TERRITORY OF THE PACIFIC ISLANDS

For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see

note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and

Insular Possessions.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1472 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1472. Grave and imminent danger from oil pollution casualties

to coastline or related interests of United States; Federal

nonliability for Federal preventive measures on the high seas

-STATUTE-

Whenever a ship collision, stranding, or other incident of

navigation or other occurrence on board a ship or external to it

resulting in material damage or imminent threat of material damage

to the ship or her cargo creates, as determined by the Secretary, a

grave and imminent danger to the coastline or related interests of

the United States from pollution or threat of pollution of the sea

by convention oil or of the sea or atmosphere by a substance other

than convention oil which may reasonably be expected to result in

major harmful consequences, the Secretary may, except as provided

for in section 1479 of this title, without liability for any damage

to the owners or operators of the ship, to her cargo or crew, to

underwriters or other parties interested therein, take measures on

the high seas, in accordance with the provisions of the convention,

the protocol and this chapter, to prevent, mitigate, or eliminate

that danger.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 3, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 8; Pub. L. 95-302,

Sec. 1(2), June 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 344.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-302 substituted "convention oil or of the sea

or atmosphere by a substance other than convention oil" for "oil",

and "convention, the protocol" for "Convention".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 95-302, see section 2

of Pub. L. 95-302, set out as a note under section 1487 of this

title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 1474, 1479 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1473 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1473. Consultations and determinations respecting creation of

hazards to human health, etc.; criteria for determinations

respecting grave and imminent dangers of major harmful

consequences to United States coastline or related interests

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary, after consultation with the Administrator of

the Environmental Protection Agency and the Secretary of Commerce,

shall determine when a substance other than those enumerated in the

protocol is liable to create a hazard to human health, to harm

living resources, to damage amenities, or to interfere with other

legitimate uses of the sea.

(b) In determining whether there is grave and imminent danger of

major harmful consequences to the coastline or related interests of

the United States, the Secretary shall consider the interests of

the United States directly threatened or affected including but not

limited to, human health, fish, shellfish, and other living marine

resources, wildlife, coastal zone and estuarine activities, and

public and private shorelines and beaches.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 4, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 9; Pub. L. 95-302,

Sec. 1(3), June 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 344.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-302 added subsec. (a), designated existing

provisions as subsec. (b), and inserted "human health," before

"fish".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 95-302, see section 2

of Pub. L. 95-302, set out as a note under section 1487 of this

title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 1471, 1479 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1474 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1474. Federal intervention actions

-STATUTE-

Upon a determination under section 1472 of this title of a grave

and imminent danger to the coastline or related interests of the

United States, the Secretary may -

(1) coordinate and direct all public and private efforts

directed at the removal or elimination of the threatened

pollution damage;

(2) directly or indirectly undertake the whole or any part of

any salvage or other action he could require or direct under

subsection (1) of this section; and

(3) remove, and, if necessary, destroy the ship and cargo which

is the source of the danger.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 5, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 9.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 1475, 1486 of this title;

title 26 section 9509.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1475 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1475. Consultation procedure

-STATUTE-

Before taking any measure under section 1474 of this title, the

Secretary shall -

(1) consult, through the Secretary of State, with other

countries affected by the marine casualty, and particularly with

the flag country of any ship involved;

(2) notify without delay the Administrator of the Environmental

Protection Agency and any other persons known to the Secretary,

or of whom he later becomes aware, who have interests which can

reasonably be expected to be affected by any proposed measures;

and

(3) consider any views submitted in response to the

consultation or notification required by subsections (1) and (2)

of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 6, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 9.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 1476 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1476 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1476. Emergencies

-STATUTE-

In cases of extreme urgency requiring measures to be taken

immediately, the Secretary may take those measures rendered

necessary by the urgency of the situation without the prior

consultation or notification as required by section 1475 of this

title or without the continuation of consultations already begun.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 7, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 9.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 1486 of this title; title

26 section 9509.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1477 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1477. Reasonable measures; considerations

-STATUTE-

(a) Measures directed or conducted under this chapter shall be

proportionate to the damage, actual or threatened, to the coastline

or related interests of the United States and may not go beyond

what is reasonably necessary to prevent, mitigate, or eliminate

that damage.

(b) In considering whether measures are proportionate to the

damage the Secretary shall, among other things, consider -

(1) the extent and probability of imminent damage if those

measures are not taken;

(2) the likelihood of effectiveness of those measures; and

(3) the extent of the damage which may be caused by those

measures.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 8, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 9.)

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1478 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1478. Personal, flag state, and foreign state considerations

-STATUTE-

In the direction and conduct of measures under this chapter the

Secretary shall use his best endeavors to -

(1) assure the avoidance of risk to human life;

(2) render all possible aid to distressed persons, including

facilitating repatriation of ships' crews; and

(3) not unnecessarily interfere with rights and interests of

others, including the flag state of any ship involved, other

foreign states threatened by damage, and persons otherwise

concerned.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 9, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 9.)

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1479 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1479. Federal liability for unreasonable damages

-STATUTE-

(a) Payment of compensation

The United States shall be obliged to pay compensation to the

extent of the damage caused by measures which exceed those

reasonably necessary to achieve the end mentioned in section 1472

of this title.

(b) Jurisdiction

Actions against the United States seeking compensation for any

excessive measures may be brought in the United States Court of

Federal Claims, in any district court of the United States, and in

those courts enumerated in section 460 of title 28. For purposes of

this chapter, American Samoa shall be included within the judicial

district of the District Court of the United States for the

District of Hawaii, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

shall be included within the judicial districts of both the

District Court of the United States for the District of Hawaii and

the District Court of Guam.

(c) Burden of proof

With respect to intervention for a substance identified pursuant

to section 1473(a) of this title, the United States has the burden

of establishing that, under the circumstances present at the time

of the intervention, the substance could reasonably pose a grave

and imminent danger analogous to that posed by a substance

enumerated in the protocol.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 10, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 10; Pub. L.

95-302, Sec. 1(4), June 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 345; Pub. L. 97-164,

title I, Sec. 161(6), Apr. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 49; Pub. L. 102-572,

title IX, Sec. 902(b)(1), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4516.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1992 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102-572 substituted "United States

Court of Federal Claims" for "United States Claims Court".

1982 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97-164 substituted "Claims Court" for

"Court of Claims".

1978 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95-302 added subsec. (c).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1992 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 102-572 effective Oct. 29, 1992, see section

911 of Pub. L. 102-572, set out as a note under section 171 of

Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1982 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-164 effective Oct. 1, 1982, see section

402 of Pub. L. 97-164, set out as a note under section 171 of Title

28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 95-302, see section 2

of Pub. L. 95-302, set out as a note under section 1487 of this

title.

-TRANS-

TERMINATION OF TRUST TERRITORY OF THE PACIFIC ISLANDS

For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see

note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and

Insular Possessions.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 1472 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1480 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1480. Notification by Secretary of State

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of State shall notify without delay foreign states

concerned, the Secretary-General of the Inter-Governmental Maritime

Consultative Organization, and persons affected by measures taken

under this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 11, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 10.)

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1481 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1481. Violations; penalties

-STATUTE-

(a) A person commits a class A misdemeanor if that person -

(1) willfully violates a provision of this chapter or a

regulation issued thereunder; or

(2) willfully refuses or fails to comply with any lawful order

or direction given pursuant to this chapter; or

(3) willfully obstructs any person who is acting in compliance

with an order or direction under this chapter.

(b) In a criminal proceeding for an offense under paragraph (1)

or (2) of subsection (a) of this section it shall be a defense for

the accused to prove that he used all due diligence to comply with

any order or direction that he had reasonable cause to believe that

compliance would have resulted in serious risk to human life.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 12, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 10; Pub. L.

101-380, title IV, Sec. 4302(l), Aug. 18, 1990, 104 Stat. 539.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1990 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-380 substituted "A person commits

a class A misdemeanor if that person" for "Any person who" in

introductory provisions and struck out ", shall be fined not more

than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both" after

"under this chapter" in par. (3).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 101-380 applicable to incidents occurring

after Aug. 18, 1990, see section 1020 of Pub. L. 101-380, set out

as an Effective Date note under section 2701 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1482 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1482. Consultation for nomination and nomination of experts,

negotiators, etc.; proposal of amendments to list of substances

other than convention oil; Presidential acceptance of amendments

-STATUTE-

(a) Nomination of experts and proposal of amendments to list of

substances

The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of State and

the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, may

nominate individuals to the list of experts provided for in article

III of the convention and article II of the protocol and may

propose amendments to the list of substances other than convention

oil in accordance with article III of the protocol.

(b) Consultations for designation or nomination of negotiators,

etc., provided for by convention and protocol

The Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary, shall

designate or nominate, as appropriate and necessary, the

negotiators, conciliators, or arbitrators provided for by the

convention and the protocol.

(c) Presidential acceptance of amendments to list of substances

other than convention oil in accordance with protocol

The President may accept amendments to the list of substances

other than convention oil in accordance with article III of the

protocol.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 13, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 10; Pub. L.

95-302, Sec. 1(5), June 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 345.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95-302, Sec. 1(5)(A), inserted

provisions relating to applicability of article II of the protocol

and provisions for proposal of amendments to the list of substances

other than convention oil.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95-302, Sec. 1(5)(B), substituted "protocol"

for "annexes thereto".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95-302, Sec. 1(5)(C), added subsec. (c).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 95-302, see section 2

of Pub. L. 95-302, set out as a note under section 1487 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1483 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1483. Foreign government ships; immunity

-STATUTE-

No measures may be taken under authority of this chapter against

any warship or other ship owned or operated by a country and used,

for the time being, only on Government noncommercial service.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 14, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 10.)

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1484 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1484. Interpretation and administration; other right, duty,

privilege, or immunity and other remedy unaffected

-STATUTE-

This chapter shall be interpreted and administered in a manner

consistent with the convention, the protocol, and other

international law. Except as specifically provided, nothing in this

chapter may be interpreted to prejudice any otherwise applicable

right, duty, privilege, or immunity or deprive any country or

person of any remedy otherwise applicable.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 15, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 10; Pub. L.

95-302, Sec. 1(6), June 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 345.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-302 inserted ", the protocol," after

"convention".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 95-302, see section 2

of Pub. L. 95-302, set out as a note under section 1487 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1485 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1485. Rules and regulations

-STATUTE-

The Secretary may issue reasonable rules and regulations which he

considers appropriate and necessary for the effective

implementation of this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 16, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 10.)

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1486 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1486. Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund

-STATUTE-

The Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund shall be available to the

Secretary for actions taken under sections 1474 and 1476 of this

title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 17, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 10; Pub. L.

101-380, title II, Sec. 2001, Aug. 18, 1990, 104 Stat. 506.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1990 - Pub. L. 101-380 amended section generally. Prior to

amendment, section read as follows: "The revolving fund established

under section 1321(k) of this title shall be available to the

Secretary for Federal actions and activities under section 1474 of

this title."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 101-380 applicable to incidents occurring

after Aug. 18, 1990, see section 1020 of Pub. L. 101-380, set out

as an Effective Date note under section 2701 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 1487 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 28 - POLLUTION CASUALTIES ON THE HIGH SEAS: UNITED STATES

INTERVENTION

-HEAD-

Sec. 1487. Effective date

-STATUTE-

This chapter shall be effective upon February 5, 1974, or upon

the date the convention becomes effective as to the United States,

whichever is later.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-248, Sec. 18, Feb. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 10.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The date the convention became effective as to the United States,

referred to in text, is May 6, 1975.

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 95-302, Sec. 2, June 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 345, provided

that: "This Act [amending sections 1471 to 1473, 1479, 1482, and

1484 of this title] shall be effective upon the date of enactment

[June 26, 1978], or upon the date the protocol becomes effective as

to the United States, whichever is later." [The protocol was

adopted by the United States on Sept. 7, 1978, to be effective as

to the United States upon its adoption by 15 countries. The

protocol became effective as to the United States Mar. 30, 1983.

-End-