US (United States) Code. Title 32. Chapter 34: Inland navigational rules

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Navigation and navigable waters

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-CITE-

33 USC CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

-MISC1-

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

PART A - GENERAL

Sec.

2001. Application (Rule 1).

(a) United States inland waters and Canadian waters

of the Great Lakes.

(b) International Regulations.

(c) Special rules.

(d) Vessel traffic service regulations.

(e) Alternative compliance.

(f) Acceptance of certificates of alternative

compliance from contracting parties to

International Regulations.

2002. Responsibility (Rule 2).

(a) Exoneration.

(b) Departure from rules when necessary to avoid

immediate danger.

2003. Definitions (Rule 3).

PART B - STEERING AND SAILING RULES

SUBPART I - CONDUCT OF VESSELS IN ANY CONDITION OF VISIBILITY

2004. Application (Rule 4).

2005. Look-out (Rule 5).

2006. Safe speed (Rule 6).

2007. Risk of collision (Rule 7).

(a) Determination if risk exists.

(b) Radar.

(c) Scanty information.

(d) Considerations taken into account in

determining if risk exists.

2008. Action to avoid collision (Rule 8).

(a) General characteristics of action taken to

avoid collision.

(b) Readily apparent alterations in course or

speed.

(c) Alteration of course to avoid close-quarters

situation.

(d) Action to result in passing at safe distance.

(e) Slackening of vessel speed; stopping or

reversing means of propulsion.

(f) Early action to allow room for safe passage.

2009. Narrow channels (Rule 9).

(a) Keeping near to outer limit of channel or

fairway which lies on vessel's starboard side;

exception.

(b) Vessels of less than 20 meters in length;

sailing vessels.

(c) Vessels engaged in fishing.

(d) Crossing narrow channels or fairways.

(e) Overtaking vessels.

(f) Areas of obscured visibility due to intervening

obstructions.

(g) Avoidance of anchoring in narrow channels.

2010. Traffic separation schemes (Rule 10).

(a) Obligations under other Rules unaffected.

(b) Duties for vessel using scheme.

(c) Crossing traffic lanes.

(d) Use of inshore traffic lane.

(e) Entering separation zone or crossing separation

line.

(f) Caution in areas near termination of scheme.

(g) Anchoring.

(h) Avoidance of scheme.

(i) Fishing vessels.

(j) Power-driven vessels.

(k) Exemption; maintenance of safety of navigation.

(l) Exemption; laying, servicing, or picking up

submarine cable.

SUBPART II - CONDUCT OF VESSELS IN SIGHT OF ONE ANOTHER

2011. Application (Rule 11).

2012. Sailing vessels (Rule 12).

(a) Keeping out of the way.

(b) Windward side.

2013. Overtaking (Rule 13).

(a) Overtaking vessel to keep out of the overtaken

vessel's way.

(b) Overtaking vessel defined.

(c) Assumption that vessel is overtaking another in

cases of doubt.

(d) Overtaking vessel to become crossing vessel

only when finally past and clear.

2014. Head-on situation (Rule 14).

(a) Course alterations to starboard; port side

passage.

(b) Existence of head-on situation.

(c) Assumption that head-on situation exists in

cases of doubt.

(d) Vessel operating on Great Lakes, Western

Rivers, or other specified waters, and

proceeding downbound with following current.

2015. Crossing situation (Rule 15).

(a) Vessel which must keep out of the other

vessel's way.

(b) Vessels crossing river.

2016. Action by give-way vessel (Rule 16).

2017. Action by stand-on vessel (Rule 17).

(a) Stand-on vessel to keep course and speed;

action allowed when give-way vessel fails to

take appropriate action.

(b) Action by stand-on vessel allowed when action

by give-way vessel alone cannot avoid

collision.

(c) Crossing situations.

(d) Give-way vessel not relieved of obligation to

keep out of the way.

2018. Responsibilities between vessels (Rule 18).

(a) Power-driven vessels underway.

(b) Sailing vessels underway.

(c) Vessels engaged in fishing when underway.

(d) Seaplanes on the water.

SUBPART III - CONDUCT OF VESSELS IN RESTRICTED VISIBILITY

2019. Conduct of vessels in restricted visibility (Rule 19).

(a) Vessels to which rule applies.

(b) Safe speed; engines ready for immediate

maneuver.

(c) Due regard to prevailing circumstances and

conditions.

(d) Detection of vessel by radar alone.

(e) Reduction of speed to minimum.

PART C - LIGHTS AND SHAPES

2020. Application (Rule 20).

(a) Compliance in all weathers.

(b) Rules concerning lights complied with from

sunset to sunrise; other lights.

(c) Lights during daylight hours in restricted

visibility; other circumstances.

(d) Rules concerning shapes; compliance by day.

(e) Annex.

2021. Definitions (Rule 21).

2022. Visibility of lights (Rule 22).

(a) Vessels of 50 meters or more in length.

(b) Vessels of 12 meters or more but less than 50

meters in length.

(c) Vessels of less than 12 meters in length.

(d) Inconspicuous, partly submerged vessels or

objects being towed.

2023. Power-driven vessels underway (Rule 23).

(a) Lights exhibited by power-driven vessels

underway.

(b) Air-cushion vessels.

(c) Alternative lights for power-driven vessels of

less than 12 meters in length.

(d) Power-driven vessels when operating on Great

Lakes.

2024. Towing and pushing (Rule 24).

(a) Power-driven vessels when towing astern.

(b) Pushing vessel and pushed vessel rigidly

connected in composite unit.

(c) Power-driven vessel when pushing ahead or

towing alongside.

(d) Compliance with other requirements.

(e) Vessels being towed.

(f) Vessels being towed alongside or pushed in a

group.

(g) Inconspicuous, partly submerged vessel or

object being towed.

(h) Alternative lighting of vessel or object being

towed.

(i) Western Rivers or other specified waters;

exception.

(j) Towing another vessel in distress or otherwise

in need of assistance.

2025. Sailing vessels underway and vessels under oars (Rule

25).

(a) Sailing vessels underway.

(b) Sailing vessels of less than 20 meters in

length.

(c) Additional lights.

(d) Sailing vessels of less than 7 meters in

length; vessels under oars.

(e) Vessels proceeding under sail.

2026. Fishing vessels (Rule 26).

(a) Exhibition of only prescribed lights and

shapes.

(b) Vessels engaged in trawling.

(c) Vessels engaged in fishing other than trawling.

(d) Vessels engaged in fishing in close proximity

to other vessels engaged in fishing.

(e) Vessels when not engaged in fishing.

2027. Vessels not under command or restricted in their

ability to maneuver (Rule 27).

(a) Vessels not under command.

(b) Vessels restricted in their ability to

maneuver.

(c) Vessels engaged in towing operations.

(d) Vessels engaged in dredging or underwater

operations.

(e) Vessels engaged in diving operations.

(f) Vessels engaged in mineclearance operations.

(g) Vessels of less than 12 meters in length.

(h) Signals of vessels in distress and requiring

assistance.

2028. [Reserved] (Rule 28).

2029. Pilot vessels (Rule 29).

(a) Vessels engaged on pilotage duty.

(b) Vessels when not engaged on pilotage duty.

2030. Anchored vessels and vessels aground (Rule 30).

(a) Vessels at anchor.

(b) Vessels of less than 50 meters in length;

alternative light.

(c) Illumination of decks.

(d) Vessels aground.

(e) Vessels of less than 7 meters in length when at

anchor.

(f) Vessels of less than 12 meters in length when

aground.

(g) Vessels of less than 20 meters in length while

at anchor in special anchorage.

2031. Seaplanes (Rule 31).

PART D - SOUND AND LIGHT SIGNALS

2032. Definitions (Rule 32).

2033. Equipment for sound signals (Rule 33).

(a) Vessels of 12 meters or more in length.

(b) Vessels of less than 12 meters in length.

2034. Maneuvering and warning signals (Rule 34).

(a) Whistle signals.

(b) Light signals.

(c) Overtaking situations.

(d) Doubts or failure to understand signals.

(e) Vessels in areas of obscured visibility due to

intervening obstructions.

(f) Use of one whistle only on a vessel.

(g) Power-driven vessels leaving dock or berth.

(h) Agreement between vessels using radiotelephone.

2035. Sound signals in restricted visibility (Rule 35).

(a) Power-driven vessels making way through the

water.

(b) Power-driven vessels underway but stopped and

making no way through the water.

(c) Vessels not under command; vessels restricted

in ability to maneuver; sailing vessels;

vessels engaged in fishing; vessels engaged in

towing or pushing.

(d) Vessels towed.

(e) Pushing and pushed vessels connected in

composite unit.

(f) Vessels at anchor.

(g) Vessels aground.

(h) Vessels of less than 12 meters in length.

(i) Pilot vessels.

(j) Vessels anchored in special anchorage areas.

2036. Signals to attract attention (Rule 36).

2037. Distress signals (Rule 37).

PART E - EXEMPTIONS

2038. Exemptions (Rule 38).

SUBCHAPTER II - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

2071. Implementation and interpretation; regulations;

technical annexes to Inland Navigational Rules.

2072. Violations of Inland Navigational Rules.

(a) Liability of operator for civil penalty.

(b) Liability of vessel for civil penalty; seizure

of vessel.

(c) Assessment of civil penalty by Secretary;

collection.

(d) Withholding of clearance.

2073. Navigation Safety Advisory Council.

(a) Establishment; membership; Council panels;

publication in Federal Register.

(b) Functions and purpose of Council.

(c) Executive secretary; staff; travel expenses and

status of members.

(d) Termination of Council.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC SUBCHAPTER I - RULES 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Part A - General 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part A - General

-HEAD-

PART A - GENERAL

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2001 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part A - General

-HEAD-

Sec. 2001. Application (Rule 1)

-STATUTE-

(a) United States inland waters and Canadian waters of the Great

Lakes

These Rules apply to all vessels upon the inland waters of the

United States, and to vessels of the United States on the Canadian

waters of the Great Lakes to the extent that there is no conflict

with Canadian law.

(b) International Regulations

(i) These Rules constitute special rules made by an appropriate

authority within the meaning of Rule 1(b) of the International

Regulations.

(ii) All vessels complying with the construction and equipment

requirements of the International Regulations are considered to be

in compliance with these Rules.

(c) Special rules

Nothing in these Rules shall interfere with the operation of any

special rules made by the Secretary of the Navy with respect to

additional station or signal lights and shapes or whistle signals

for ships of war and vessels proceeding under convoy, or by the

Secretary with respect to additional station or signal lights and

shapes for fishing vessels engaged in fishing as a fleet. These

additional station or signal lights and shapes or whistle signals

shall, so far as possible, be such that they cannot be mistaken for

any light, shape, or signal authorized elsewhere under these Rules.

Notice of such special rules shall be published in the Federal

Register and, after the effective date specified in such notice,

they shall have effect as if they were a part of these Rules.

(d) Vessel traffic service regulations

Traffic separation schemes may be established for the purpose of

these Rules. Vessel traffic service regulations may be in effect in

certain areas.

(e) Alternative compliance

Whenever the Secretary determines that a vessel or class of

vessels of special construction or purpose cannot comply fully with

the provisions of any of these Rules with respect to the number,

position, range, or arc of visibility of lights or shapes, as well

as to the disposition and characteristics of sound-signaling

appliances, the vessel shall comply with such other provisions in

regard to the number, position, range, or arc of visibility of

lights or shapes, as well as to the disposition and characteristics

of sound-signaling appliances, as the Secretary shall have

determined to be the closest possible compliance with these Rules.

The Secretary may issue a certificate of alternative compliance for

a vessel or class of vessels specifying the closest possible

compliance with these Rules. The Secretary of the Navy shall make

these determinations and issue certificates of alternative

compliance for vessels of the Navy.

(f) Acceptance of certificates of alternative compliance from

contracting parties to International Regulations

The Secretary may accept a certificate of alternative compliance

issued by a contracting party to the International Regulations if

he determines that the alternative compliance standards of the

contracting party are substantially the same as those of the United

States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3415; Pub. L.

102-241, Sec. 21(1), Dec. 19, 1991, 105 Stat. 2217; Pub. L.

102-587, title V, Sec. 5206[(1)], Nov. 4, 1992, 106 Stat. 5074.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

These Rules, referred to in pars. (a), (b), (c), and (e), are the

Inland Navigational Rules which are classified to this subchapter.

The International Regulations, referred to in pars. (b) and (f),

are the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea,

1972. See International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at

Sea, 1972, set out as a note under section 1602 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1992 - Par. (d). Pub. L. 102-587 amended par. (d) generally.

Prior to amendment, par. (d) read as follows: "Vessel traffic

service regulations may be in effect in certain areas."

1991 - Par. (e). Pub. L. 102-241 struck out "without interfering

with the special function of the vessel," before "the vessel shall

comply".

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section 7 of Pub. L. 96-591 provided that: "Sections 2, 4, 6(1),

and 8(a) [enacting this section and sections 2002 to 2038 and 2072

of this title, amending section 1604 of this title, and repealing

sections 154 to 159, 171 to 183, 191, 192, 201 to 213, 221, 222,

231, 232, 301 to 303, 311 to 323, 331, 341-356, 360, and 360a of

this title and sections 526b, 526c, and 526d of former Title 46,

Shipping] are effective 12 months after the date of enactment of

this Act [Dec. 24, 1980], except that on the Great Lakes, the

effective date of sections 2 and 4 [enacting this section and

sections 2002 to 2038 and 2072 of this title] will be established

by the Secretary. [The effective date on the Great Lakes was

established as Mar. 1, 1983. See 47 F.R. 15135, Apr. 8, 1982.]

Section 5 [enacting section 2073 of this title] is effective on

October 1, 1981."

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 96-591 provided: "That this Act [enacting

this chapter, amending sections 151, 1604, 1605, and 1608 of this

title, repealing sections 154 to 159, 171 to 183, 191, 192, 201 to

213, 221, 222, 231, 232, 241 to 244, 251 to 262, 271, 272, 281 to

295, 301 to 303, 311 to 323, 331, 341 to 356, 360, and 360a of this

title and sections 526b, 526c, and 526d of former Title 46,

Shipping, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this

section] may be cited as the 'Inland Navigational Rules Act of

1980'."

REPEAL OF PREDECESSOR PROVISIONS; SAVINGS PROVISIONS

Section 8(a) of Pub. L. 96-591 provided in part that: "The laws

specified in the following schedules are repealed. Any prior rights

or liabilities existing under these laws are not affected by their

repeal." [The schedules repealed sections 154 to 159, 171 to 183,

191, 192, 201 to 213, 221, 222, 231, 232, 301 to 303, 311 to 323,

331, 341 to 356, 360, and 360a of this title and sections 526b,

526c, and 526d of former Title 46, Shipping.]

Section 8(b) of Pub. L. 96-591 provided in part that: "The

following laws [sections 241 to 244, 251 to 262, 271, 272, and 281

to 295 of this title] are repealed when the Secretary establishes

an effective date under section 7 [set out as a note above]."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2072 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2002 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part A - General

-HEAD-

Sec. 2002. Responsibility (Rule 2)

-STATUTE-

(a) Exoneration

Nothing in these Rules shall exonerate any vessel, or the owner,

master, or crew thereof, from the consequences of any neglect to

comply with these Rules or of the neglect of any precaution which

may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen, or by the

special circumstances of the case.

(b) Departure from rules when necessary to avoid immediate danger

In construing and complying with these Rules due regard shall be

had to all dangers of navigation and collision and to any special

circumstances, including the limitations of the vessels involved,

which may make a departure from these Rules necessary to avoid

immediate danger.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3416.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

These Rules, referred to in text, are the Inland Navigational

Rules which are classified to this subchapter.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2003 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part A - General

-HEAD-

Sec. 2003. Definitions (Rule 3)

-STATUTE-

For the purpose of these Rules and this chapter, except where the

context otherwise requires:

(a) The word "vessel" includes every description of water craft,

including nondisplacement craft and seaplanes, used or capable of

being used as a means of transportation on water;

(b) The term "power-driven vessel" means any vessel propelled by

machinery;

(c) The term "sailing vessel" means any vessel under sail

provided that propelling machinery, if fitted, is not being used;

(d) The term "vessel engaged in fishing" means any vessel fishing

with nets, lines, trawls, or other fishing apparatus which

restricts maneuverability, but does not include a vessel fishing

with trolling lines or other fishing apparatus which do not

restrict maneuverability;

(e) The word "seaplane" includes any aircraft designed to

maneuver on the water;

(f) The term "vessel not under command" means a vessel which

through some exceptional circumstance is unable to maneuver as

required by these Rules and is therefore unable to keep out of the

way of another vessel;

(g) The term "vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver" means

a vessel which from the nature of her work is restricted in her

ability to maneuver as required by these Rules and is therefore

unable to keep out of the way of another vessel; vessels restricted

in their ability to maneuver include, but are not limited to:

(i) a vessel engaged in laying, servicing, or picking up a

navigation mark, submarine cable, or pipeline;

(ii) a vessel engaged in dredging, surveying, or underwater

operations;

(iii) a vessel engaged in replenishment or transferring

persons, provisions, or cargo while underway;

(iv) a vessel engaged in the launching or recovery of aircraft;

(v) a vessel engaged in mineclearance operations; and

(vi) a vessel engaged in a towing operation such as severely

restricts the towing vessel and her tow in their ability to

deviate from their course.

(h) The word "underway" means that a vessel is not at anchor, or

made fast to the shore, or aground;

(i) The words "length" and "breadth" of a vessel mean her length

overall and greatest breadth;

(j) Vessels shall be deemed to be in sight of one another only

when one can be observed visually from the other;

(k) The term "restricted visibility" means any condition in which

visibility is restricted by fog, mist, falling snow, heavy

rainstorms, sandstorms, or any other similar causes;

(l) "Western Rivers" means the Mississippi River, its

tributaries, South Pass, and Southwest Pass, to the navigational

demarcation lines dividing the high seas from harbors, rivers, and

other inland waters of the United States, and the Port Allen-Morgan

City Alternate Route, and that part of the Atchafalaya River above

its junction with the Port Allen-Morgan City Alternate Route

including the Old River and the Red River;

(m) "Great Lakes" means the Great Lakes and their connecting and

tributary waters including the Calumet River as far as the Thomas

J. O'Brien Lock and Controlling Works (between mile 326 and 327),

the Chicago River as far as the east side of the Ashland Avenue

Bridge (between mile 321 and 322), and the Saint Lawrence River as

far east as the lower exit of Saint Lambert Lock;

(n) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the department in which

the Coast Guard is operating;

(o) "Inland Waters" means the navigable waters of the United

States shoreward of the navigational demarcation lines dividing the

high seas from harbors, rivers, and other inland waters of the

United States and the waters of the Great Lakes on the United

States side of the International Boundary;

(p) "Inland Rules" or "Rules" mean the Inland Navigational Rules

and the annexes thereto, which govern the conduct of vessels and

specify the lights, shapes, and sound signals that apply on inland

waters; and

(q) "International Regulations" means the International

Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, including

annexes currently in force for the United States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3416; Pub. L.

100-448, Sec. 14(1), Sept. 28, 1988, 102 Stat. 1844.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

These Rules and Inland Rules, referred to in text, mean the

Inland Navigational Rules which are classified to this subchapter.

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 96-591, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3415, as

amended, known as the Inland Navigational Rules Act of 1980, which

enacted this chapter, amended sections 151, 1604, 1605, and 1608 of

this title, repealed sections 154 to 159, 171 to 183, 191, 192, 201

to 213, 221, 222, 232, 241 to 244, 251 to 262, 271, 272, 281 to

295, 301 to 303, 311 to 323, 331, 341 to 356, 360, and 360a of this

title and sections 526b, 526c, and 526d of former Title 46,

Shipping, and enacted provisions set out as notes under section

2001 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the

Code see Short Title note set out under section 2001 of this title

and Tables.

For the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at

Sea, 1972, referred to in par. (q), see International Regulations

for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, set out as a note under

section 1602 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1988 - Par. (g)(v). Pub. L. 100-448 substituted "mineclearance"

for "minesweeping".

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of

the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the

Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of

Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see

sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic

Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization

Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under

section 542 of Title 6.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

-HEAD-

PART B - STEERING AND SAILING RULES

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC subpart i - conduct of vessels in any condition of

visibility 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart i - conduct of vessels in any condition of visibility

-HEAD-

SUBPART I - CONDUCT OF VESSELS IN ANY CONDITION OF VISIBILITY

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2004 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart i - conduct of vessels in any condition of visibility

-HEAD-

Sec. 2004. Application (Rule 4)

-STATUTE-

Rules in this subpart apply in any condition of visibility.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3417.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rules in this subpart, referred to in text, means sections 2004

to 2010 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2013, 2018, 2019 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2005 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart i - conduct of vessels in any condition of visibility

-HEAD-

Sec. 2005. Look-out (Rule 5)

-STATUTE-

Every vessel shall at all times maintain a proper look-out by

sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in

the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full

appraisal of the situation and of the risk of collision.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3418.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2004, 2013, 2018, 2019 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2006 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart i - conduct of vessels in any condition of visibility

-HEAD-

Sec. 2006. Safe speed (Rule 6)

-STATUTE-

Every vessel shall at all times proceed at a safe speed so that

she can take proper and effective action to avoid collision and be

stopped within a distance appropriate to the prevailing

circumstances and conditions.

In determining a safe speed the following factors shall be among

those taken into account:

(a) By all vessels:

(i) the state of visibility;

(ii) the traffic density including concentration of fishing

vessels or any other vessels;

(iii) the maneuverability of the vessel with special reference

to stopping distance and turning ability in the prevailing

conditions;

(iv) at night the presence of background light such as from

shores lights or from back scatter of her own lights;

(v) the state of wind, sea, and current, and the proximity of

navigational hazards;

(vi) the draft in relation to the available depth of water.

(b) Additionally, by vessels with operational radar:

(i) the characteristics, efficiency and limitations of the

radar equipment;

(ii) any constraints imposed by the radar range scale in use;

(iii) the effect on radar detection of the sea state, weather,

and other sources of interference;

(iv) the possibility that small vessels, ice and other floating

objects may not be detected by radar at an adequate range;

(v) the number, location, and movement of vessels detected by

radar; and

(vi) the more exact assessment of the visibility that may be

possible when radar is used to determine the range of vessels or

other objects in the vicinity.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3418.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2004, 2013, 2018, 2019 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2007 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart i - conduct of vessels in any condition of visibility

-HEAD-

Sec. 2007. Risk of collision (Rule 7)

-STATUTE-

(a) Determination if risk exists

Every vessel shall use all available means appropriate to the

prevailing circumstances and conditions to determine if risk of

collision exists. If there is any doubt such risk shall be deemed

to exist.

(b) Radar

Proper use shall be made of radar equipment if fitted and

operational, including long-range scanning to obtain early warning

of risk of collision and radar plotting or equivalent systematic

observation of detected objects.

(c) Scanty information

Assumptions shall not be made on the basis of scanty information,

especially scanty radar information.

(d) Considerations taken into account in determining if risk exists

In determining if risk of collision exists the following

considerations shall be among those taken into account:

(i) such risk shall be deemed to exist if the compass bearing

of an approaching vessel does not appreciably change; and

(ii) such risk may sometimes exist even when an appreciable

bearing change is evident, particularly when approaching a very

large vessel or a tow or when approaching a vessel at close

range.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3418.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2004, 2013, 2018, 2019 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2008 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart i - conduct of vessels in any condition of visibility

-HEAD-

Sec. 2008. Action to avoid collision (Rule 8)

-STATUTE-

(a) General characteristics of action taken to avoid collision

Any action taken to avoid collision shall, if the circumstances

of the case admit, be positive, made in ample time and with due

regard to the observance of good seamanship.

(b) Readily apparent alterations in course or speed

Any alteration of course or speed to avoid collision shall, if

the circumstances of the case admit, be large enough to be readily

apparent to another vessel observing visually or by radar; a

succession of small alterations of course or speed should be

avoided.

(c) Alteration of course to avoid close-quarters situation

If there is sufficient sea room, alteration of course alone may

be the most effective action to avoid a close-quarters situation

provided that it is made in good time, is substantial and does not

result in another close-quarters situation.

(d) Action to result in passing at safe distance

Action taken to avoid collision with another vessel shall be such

as to result in passing at a safe distance. The effectiveness of

the action shall be carefully checked until the other vessel is

finally past and clear.

(e) Slackening of vessel speed; stopping or reversing means of

propulsion

If necessary to avoid collision or allow more time to assess the

situation, a vessel shall slacken her speed or take all way off by

stopping or reversing her means of propulsion.

(f) Early action to allow room for safe passage

(i) A vessel which, by any of these Rules, is required not to

impede the passage or safe passage of another vessel shall, when

required by the circumstances of the case, take early action to

allow sufficient sea room for the safe passage of the other vessel.

(ii) A vessel required not to impede the passage or safe passage

of another vessel is not relieved of this obligation if approaching

the other vessel so as to involve risk of collision and shall, when

taking action, have full regard to the action which may be required

by the Rules of this part.

(iii) A vessel the passage of which is not to be impeded remains

fully obliged to comply with the Rules of this part when the two

vessels are approaching one another so as to involve risk of

collision.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3419; Pub. L.

102-241, Sec. 21(2), Dec. 19, 1991, 105 Stat. 2217.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1991 - Par. (f). Pub. L. 102-241 added par. (f).

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2004, 2013, 2018, 2019 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2009 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart i - conduct of vessels in any condition of visibility

-HEAD-

Sec. 2009. Narrow channels (Rule 9)

-STATUTE-

(a) Keeping near to outer limit of channel or fairway which lies on

vessel's starboard side; exception

(i) A vessel proceeding along the course of a narrow channel or

fairway shall keep as near to the outer limit of the channel or

fairway which lies on her starboard side as is safe and

practicable.

(ii) Notwithstanding paragraph (a)(i) and Rule 14(a), a

power-driven vessel operating in narrow channels or fairways on the

Great Lakes, Western Rivers, or waters specified by the Secretary,

and proceeding downbound with a following current shall have the

right-of-way over an upbound vessel, shall propose the manner and

place of passage, and shall initiate the maneuvering signals

prescribed by Rule 34(a)(i), as appropriate. The vessel proceeding

upbound against the current shall hold as necessary to permit safe

passing.

(b) Vessels of less than 20 meters in length; sailing vessels

A vessel of less than 20 meters in length or a sailing vessel

shall not impede the passage of a vessel that can safely navigate

only within a narrow channel or fairway.

(c) Vessels engaged in fishing

A vessel engaged in fishing shall not impede the passage of any

other vessel navigating within a narrow channel or fairway.

(d) Crossing narrow channels or fairways

A vessel shall not cross a narrow channel or fairway if such

crossing impedes the passage of a vessel which can safely navigate

only within that channel or fairway. The latter vessel shall use

the danger signal prescribed in Rule 34(d) if in doubt as to the

intention of the crossing vessel.

(e) Overtaking vessels

(i) In a narrow channel or fairway when overtaking, the

power-driven vessel intending to overtake another power-driven

vessel shall indicate her intention by sounding the appropriate

signal prescribed in Rule 34(c) and take steps to permit safe

passing. The power-driven vessel being overtaken, if in agreement,

shall sound the same signal and may, if specifically agreed to (!1)

take steps to permit safe passing. If in doubt she shall sound the

danger signal prescribed in Rule 34(d).

(ii) This Rule does not relieve the overtaking vessel of her

obligation under Rule 13.

(f) Areas of obscured visibility due to intervening obstructions

A vessel nearing a bend or an area of a narrow channel or fairway

where other vessels may be obscured by an intervening obstruction

shall navigate with particular alertness and caution and shall

sound the appropriate signal prescribed in Rule 34(e).

(g) Avoidance of anchoring in narrow channels

Every vessel shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid

anchoring in a narrow channel.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3419; Pub. L.

104-324, title VII, Sec. 701(1), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3932.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rule 14, referred to in par. (a)(ii), is classified to section

2014 of this title.

Rule 34, referred to in pars. (a)(ii), (d), (e)(i), and (f), is

classified to section 2034 of this title.

Rule 13, referred to in par. (e)(ii), is classified to section

2013 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Par. (e)(i). Pub. L. 104-324 amended par. (e)(i)

generally. Prior to amendment, par. (e)(i) read as follows: "In a

narrow channel or fairway when overtaking, the vessel intending to

overtake shall indicate her intention by sounding the appropriate

signal prescribed in Rule 34(c) and take steps to permit safe

passing. The overtaken vessel, if in agreement, shall sound the

same signal. If in doubt she shall sound the danger signal

prescribed in Rule 34(d)."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2004, 2013, 2018, 2019 of

this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2010 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart i - conduct of vessels in any condition of visibility

-HEAD-

Sec. 2010. Traffic separation schemes (Rule 10)

-STATUTE-

(a) Obligations under other Rules unaffected

This Rule applies to traffic separation schemes and does not

relieve any vessel of her obligation under any other Rule.

(b) Duties for vessel using scheme

A vessel using a traffic separation scheme shall:

(i) proceed in the appropriate traffic lane in the general

direction of traffic flow for that lane;

(ii) so far as practicable keep clear of a traffic separation

line or separation zone;

(iii) normally join or leave a traffic lane at the termination

of the lane, but when joining or leaving from either side shall

do so at as small an angle to the general direction of traffic

flow as practicable.

(c) Crossing traffic lanes

A vessel shall, so far as practicable, avoid crossing traffic

lanes but if obliged to do so shall cross on a heading as nearly as

practicable at right angles to the general direction of traffic

flow.

(d) Use of inshore traffic lane

(i) A vessel shall not use an inshore traffic zone when she can

safely use the appropriate traffic lane within the adjacent traffic

separation scheme. However, vessels of less than twenty meters in

length, sailing vessels, and vessels engaged in fishing may use the

inshore traffic zone.

(ii) Notwithstanding subparagraph (d)(i), a vessel may use an

inshore traffic zone when en route to or from a port, offshore

installation or structure, pilot station, or any other place

situated within the inshore traffic zone, or to avoid immediate

danger.

(e) Entering separation zone or crossing separation line

A vessel other than a crossing vessel or a vessel joining or

leaving a lane shall not normally enter a separation zone or cross

a separation line except:

(i) in cases of emergency to avoid immediate danger; or

(ii) to engage in fishing within a separation zone.

(f) Caution in areas near termination of scheme

A vessel navigating in areas near the terminations of traffic

separation schemes shall do so with particular caution.

(g) Anchoring

A vessel shall so far as practicable avoid anchoring in a traffic

separation scheme or in areas near its terminations.

(h) Avoidance of scheme

A vessel not using a traffic separation scheme shall avoid it by

as wide a margin as is practicable.

(i) Fishing vessels

A vessel engaged in fishing shall not impede the passage of any

vessel following a traffic lane.

(j) Power-driven vessels

A vessel of less than twenty meters in length or a sailing vessel

shall not impede the safe passage of a power-driven vessel

following a traffic lane.

(k) Exemption; maintenance of safety of navigation

A vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver when engaged in an

operation for the maintenance of safety of navigation in a traffic

separation scheme is exempted from complying with this Rule to the

extent necessary to carry out the operation.

(1) (!1) Exemption; laying, servicing, or picking up submarine

cable

A vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver when engaged in an

operation for the laying, servicing, or picking up of a submarine

cable, within a traffic separation scheme, is exempted from

complying with this Rule to the extent necessary to carry out the

operation.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3420; Pub. L.

102-587, title V, Sec. 5206(2), Nov. 4, 1992, 106 Stat. 5074.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1992 - Pub. L. 102-587 amended section generally. Prior to

amendment, section read as follows: "Each vessel required by

regulation to participate in a vessel traffic service shall comply

with the applicable regulations."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2004, 2013, 2018, 2019 of

this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be "(l)".

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC subpart ii - conduct of vessels in sight of one

another 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart ii - conduct of vessels in sight of one another

-HEAD-

SUBPART II - CONDUCT OF VESSELS IN SIGHT OF ONE ANOTHER

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2011 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart ii - conduct of vessels in sight of one another

-HEAD-

Sec. 2011. Application (Rule 11)

-STATUTE-

Rules in this subpart apply to vessels in sight of one another.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3420.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rules in this subpart, referred to in text, means sections 2011

to 2018 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2013, 2018 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2012 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart ii - conduct of vessels in sight of one another

-HEAD-

Sec. 2012. Sailing vessels (Rule 12)

-STATUTE-

(a) Keeping out of the way

When two sailing vessels are approaching one another, so as to

involve risk of collision, one of them shall keep out of the way of

the other as follows:

(i) when each has the wind on a different side, the vessel

which has the wind on the port side shall keep out of the way of

the other;

(ii) when both have the wind on the same side, the vessel which

is to windward shall keep out of the way of the vessel which is

to leeward; and

(iii) if a vessel with the wind on the port side sees a vessel

to windward and cannot determine with certainty whether the other

vessel has the wind on the port or on the starboard side, she

shall keep out of the way of the other.

(b) Windward side

For the purpose of this Rule the windward side shall be deemed to

be the side opposite to that on which the mainsail is carried or,

in the case of a square-rigged vessel, the side opposite to that on

which the largest fore-and-aft sail is carried.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3420.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2011, 2013, 2018 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2013 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart ii - conduct of vessels in sight of one another

-HEAD-

Sec. 2013. Overtaking (Rule 13)

-STATUTE-

(a) Overtaking vessel to keep out of the overtaken vessel's way

Notwithstanding anything contained in Rules 4 through 18, any

vessel overtaking any other shall keep out of the way of the vessel

being overtaken.

(b) Overtaking vessel defined

A vessel shall be deemed to be overtaking when coming up with

another vessel from a direction more than 22.5 degrees abaft her

beam; that is, in such a position with reference to the vessel she

is overtaking, that at night she would be able to see only the

sternlight of that vessel but neither of her sidelights.

(c) Assumption that vessel is overtaking another in cases of doubt

When a vessel is in any doubt as to whether she is overtaking

another, she shall assume that this is the case and act

accordingly.

(d) Overtaking vessel to become crossing vessel only when finally

past and clear

Any subsequent alteration of the bearing between the two vessels

shall not make the overtaking vessel a crossing vessel within the

meaning of these Rules or relieve her of the duty of keeping clear

of the overtaken vessel until she is finally past and clear.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3420.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rules 4 through 18, referred to in par. (a), are classified to

sections 2004 through 2018 of this title.

These Rules, referred to in par. (d), are the Inland Navigational

Rules which are classified to this subchapter.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2009, 2011, 2018 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2014 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart ii - conduct of vessels in sight of one another

-HEAD-

Sec. 2014. Head-on situation (Rule 14)

-STATUTE-

(a) Course alterations to starboard; port side passage

Unless otherwise agreed, when two power-driven vessels are

meeting on reciprocal or nearly reciprocal courses so as to involve

risk of collision each shall alter her course to starboard so that

each shall pass on the port side of the other.

(b) Existence of head-on situation

Such a situation shall be deemed to exist when a vessel sees the

other ahead or nearly ahead and by night she could see the masthead

lights of the other in a line or nearly in a line or both

sidelights and by day she observes the corresponding aspect of the

other vessel.

(c) Assumption that head-on situation exists in cases of doubt

When a vessel is in any doubt as to whether such a situation

exists she shall assume that it does exist and act accordingly.

(d) Vessel operating on Great Lakes, Western Rivers, or other

specified waters, and proceeding downbound with following current

Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this Rule, a power-driven vessel

operating on the Great Lakes, Western Rivers, or waters specified

by the Secretary, and proceeding downbound with a following current

shall have the right-of-way over an upbound vessel, shall propose

the manner of passage, and shall initiate the maneuvering signals

prescribed by Rule 34(a)(i), as appropriate.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3421; Pub. L.

98-557, Sec. 16(c), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 2867.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rule 34(a)(i), referred to in par. (d), is classified to section

2034(a)(i) of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Par. (a). Pub. L. 98-557, Sec. 16(c)(1), substituted

"Unless otherwise agreed, when" for "When".

Par. (d). Pub. L. 98-557, Sec. 16(c)(2), added par. (d).

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2009, 2011, 2013, 2018 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2015 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart ii - conduct of vessels in sight of one another

-HEAD-

Sec. 2015. Crossing situation (Rule 15)

-STATUTE-

(a) Vessel which must keep out of the other vessel's way

When two power-driven vessels are crossing so as to involve risk

of collision, the vessel which has the other on her starboard side

shall keep out of the way and shall, if the circumstances of the

case admit, avoid crossing ahead of the other vessel.

(b) Vessels crossing river

Notwithstanding paragraph (a), on the Great Lakes, Western

Rivers, or water specified by the Secretary, a power-driven vessel

crossing a river shall keep out of the way of a power-driven vessel

ascending or descending the river.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3421; Pub. L.

104-324, title VII, Sec. 701(2), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3932.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Par. (b). Pub. L. 104-324 inserted "power-driven" after

"Secretary, a".

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2011, 2013, 2018 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2016 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart ii - conduct of vessels in sight of one another

-HEAD-

Sec. 2016. Action by give-way vessel (Rule 16)

-STATUTE-

Every vessel which is directed to keep out of the way of another

vessel shall, so far as possible, take early and substantial action

to keep well clear.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3421.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2011, 2013, 2018 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2017 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart ii - conduct of vessels in sight of one another

-HEAD-

Sec. 2017. Action by stand-on vessel (Rule 17)

-STATUTE-

(a) Stand-on vessel to keep course and speed; action allowed when

give-way vessel fails to take appropriate action

(i) Where one of two vessels is to keep out of the way, the other

shall keep her course and speed.

(ii) The latter vessel may, however, take action to avoid

collision by her maneuver alone, as soon as it becomes apparent to

her that the vessel required to keep out of the way is not taking

appropriate action in compliance with these Rules.

(b) Action by stand-on vessel allowed when action by give-way

vessel alone cannot avoid collision

When, from any cause, the vessel required to keep her course and

speed finds herself so close that collision cannot be avoided by

the action of the give-way vessel alone, she shall take such action

as will best aid to avoid collision.

(c) Crossing situations

A power-driven vessel which takes action in a crossing situation

in accordance with subparagraph (a)(ii) of this Rule to avoid

collision with another power-driven vessel shall, if the

circumstances of the case admit, not alter course to port for a

vessel on her own port side.

(d) Give-way vessel not relieved of obligation to keep out of the

way

This Rule does not relieve the give-way vessel of her obligation

to keep out of the way.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3421.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

These Rules, referred to in par. (a)(ii), are the Inland

Navigational Rules which are classified to this subchapter.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2011, 2013, 2018 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2018 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart ii - conduct of vessels in sight of one another

-HEAD-

Sec. 2018. Responsibilities between vessels (Rule 18)

-STATUTE-

Except where Rules 9, 10, and 13 otherwise require:

(a) Power-driven vessels underway

A power-driven vessel underway shall keep out of the way of:

(i) a vessel not under command;

(ii) a vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver;

(iii) a vessel engaged in fishing; and

(iv) a sailing vessel.

(b) Sailing vessels underway

A sailing vessel underway shall keep out of the way of:

(i) a vessel not under command;

(ii) a vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver; and

(iii) a vessel engaged in fishing.

(c) Vessels engaged in fishing when underway

A vessel engaged in fishing when underway shall, so far as

possible, keep out of the way of:

(i) a vessel not under command; and

(ii) a vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver.

(d) Seaplanes on the water

A seaplane on the water shall, in general, keep well clear of all

vessels and avoid impeding their navigation. In circumstances,

however, where risk of collision exists, she shall comply with the

Rules of this Part.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3422.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rules 9, 10, and 13, referred to in text, are classified to

sections 2009, 2010, and 2013, respectively, of this title.

Rules of this Part, referred to in par. (d), mean sections 2004

to 2019 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2011, 2013 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC subpart iii - conduct of vessels in restricted

visibility 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart iii - conduct of vessels in restricted visibility

-HEAD-

SUBPART III - CONDUCT OF VESSELS IN RESTRICTED VISIBILITY

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2019 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part B - Steering and Sailing Rules

subpart iii - conduct of vessels in restricted visibility

-HEAD-

Sec. 2019. Conduct of vessels in restricted visibility (Rule 19)

-STATUTE-

(a) Vessels to which rule applies

This Rule applies to vessels not in sight of one another when

navigating in or near an area of restricted visibility.

(b) Safe speed; engines ready for immediate maneuver

Every vessel shall proceed at a safe speed adapted to the

prevailing circumstances and conditions of restricted visibility. A

power-driven vessel shall have her engines ready for immediate

maneuver.

(c) Due regard to prevailing circumstances and conditions

Every vessel shall have due regard to the prevailing

circumstances and conditions of restricted visibility when

complying with Rules 4 through 10.

(d) Detection of vessel by radar alone

A vessel which detects by radar alone the presence of another

vessel shall determine if a close-quarters situation is developing

or risk of collision exists. If so, she shall take avoiding action

in ample time, provided that when such action consists of an

alteration of course, so far as possible the following shall be

avoided:

(i) an alteration of course to port for a vessel forward of the

beam, other than for a vessel being overtaken; and

(ii) an alteration of course toward a vessel abeam or abaft the

beam.

(e) Reduction of speed to minimum

Except where it has been determined that a risk of collision does

not exist, every vessel which hears apparently forward of her beam

the fog signal of another vessel, or which cannot avoid a

close-quarters situation with another vessel forward of her beam,

shall reduce her speed to the minimum at which she can be kept on

course. She shall if necessary take all her way off and, in any

event, navigate with extreme caution until danger of collision is

over.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3422.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rules 4 through 10, referred to in par. (c), are classified to

sections 2004 through 2010 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2018 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Part C - Lights and Shapes 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

PART C - LIGHTS AND SHAPES

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2020 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

Sec. 2020. Application (Rule 20)

-STATUTE-

(a) Compliance in all weathers

Rules in this Part shall be complied with in all weathers.

(b) Rules concerning lights complied with from sunset to sunrise;

other lights

The Rules concerning lights shall be complied with from sunset to

sunrise, and during such times no other lights shall be exhibited,

except such lights as cannot be mistaken for the lights specified

in these Rules or do not impair their visibility or distinctive

character, or interfere with the keeping of a proper lookout.

(c) Lights during daylight hours in restricted visibility; other

circumstances

The lights prescribed by these Rules shall, if carried, also be

exhibited from sunrise to sunset in restricted visibility and may

be exhibited in all other circumstances when it is deemed

necessary.

(d) Rules concerning shapes; compliance by day

The Rules concerning shapes shall be complied with by day.

(e) Annex

The lights and shapes specified in these Rules shall comply with

the provisions of Annex I of these Rules.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3423.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rules in this Part, referred to in par. (a), mean sections 2020

to 2031 of this title.

The Rules, referred to in pars. (b) and (d), and these Rules,

referred to in pars. (c) and (e), respectively, are the Inland

Navigational Rules which are classified to this subchapter.

Annex I of these Rules, referred to in par. (e), is to be

established by the Secretary under section 2071 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2031 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2021 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

Sec. 2021. Definitions (Rule 21)

-STATUTE-

(a) "Masthead light" means a white light placed over the fore and

aft centerline of the vessel showing an unbroken light over an arc

of the horizon of 225 degrees and so fixed as to show the light

from right ahead to 22.5 degrees abaft the beam on either side of

the vessel, except that on a vessel of less than 12 meters in

length the masthead light shall be placed as nearly as practicable

to the fore and aft centerline of the vessel.

(b) "Sidelights" mean a green light on the starboard side and a

red light on the port side each showing an unbroken light over an

arc of the horizon of 112.5 degrees and so fixed as to show the

light from right ahead to 22.5 degrees abaft the beam on its

respective side. On a vessel of less than 20 meters in length the

side lights may be combined in one lantern carried on the fore and

aft centerline of the vessel, except that on a vessel of less than

12 meters in length the sidelights when combined in one lantern

shall be placed as nearly as practicable to the fore and aft

centerline of the vessel.

(c) "Sternlight" means a white light placed as nearly as

practicable at the stern showing an unbroken light over an arc of

the horizon of 135 degrees and so fixed as to show the light 67.5

degrees from right aft on each side of the vessel.

(d) "Towing light" means a yellow light having the same

characteristics as the "sternlight" defined in paragraph (c) of

this Rule.

(e) "All-round light" means a light showing an unbroken light

over an arc of the horizon of 360 degrees.

(f) "Flashing light" means a light flashing at regular intervals

at a frequency of 120 flashes or more per minute.

(g) "Special flashing light" means a yellow light flashing at

regular intervals at a frequency of 50 to 70 flashes per minute,

placed as far forward and as nearly as practicable on the fore and

aft centerline of the tow and showing an unbroken light over an arc

of the horizon of not less than 180 degrees nor more than 225

degrees and so fixed as to show the light from right ahead to abeam

and no more than 22.5 degrees abaft the beam on either side of the

vessel.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3423.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 2031 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2022 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

Sec. 2022. Visibility of lights (Rule 22)

-STATUTE-

The lights prescribed in these Rules shall have an intensity as

specified in Annex I to these Rules, so as to be visible at the

following minimum ranges:

(a) Vessels of 50 meters or more in length

In a vessel of 50 meters or more in length:

a masthead light, 6 miles;

a sidelight, 3 miles;

a sternlight, 3 miles;

a towing light, 3 miles;

a white, red, green or yellow all-round light, 3 miles; and

a special flashing light, 2 miles.

(b) Vessels of 12 meters or more but less than 50 meters in length

In a vessel of 12 meters or more in length but less than 50

meters in length:

a masthead light, 5 miles; except that where the length of the

vessel is less than 20 meters, 3 miles;

a sidelight, 2 miles;

a sternlight, 2 miles;

a towing light, 2 miles;

a white, red, green or yellow all-round light, 2 miles; and

a special flashing light, 2 miles.

(c) Vessels of less than 12 meters in length

In a vessel of less than 12 meters in length:

a masthead light, 2 miles;

a sidelight, 1 mile;

a sternlight, 2 miles;

a towing light, 2 miles;

a white, red, green or yellow all-round light, 2 miles; and

a special flashing light, 2 miles.

(d) Inconspicuous, partly submerged vessels or objects being towed

In an inconspicuous, partly submerged vessel or object being

towed:

a white all-round light, 3 miles.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3424.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

These Rules, referred to in text, are the Inland Navigational

Rules which are classified to this subchapter.

Annex I to these Rules, referred to in text, is to be established

by the Secretary under section 2071 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 2031, 2038 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2023 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

Sec. 2023. Power-driven vessels underway (Rule 23)

-STATUTE-

(a) Lights exhibited by power-driven vessels underway

A power-driven vessel underway shall exhibit:

(i) a masthead light forward;

(ii) a second masthead light abaft of and higher than the

forward one; except that a vessel of less than 50 meters in

length shall not be obliged to exhibit such light but may do so;

(iii) sidelights; and

(iv) a sternlight.

(b) Air-cushion vessels

An air-cushion vessel when operating in the nondisplacement mode

shall, in addition to the lights prescribed in paragraph (a) of

this Rule, exhibit an all-round flashing yellow light where it can

best be seen.

(c) Alternative lights for power-driven vessels of less than 12

meters in length

A power-driven vessel of less than 12 meters in length may, in

lieu of the lights prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule,

exhibit an all-round white light and sidelights.

(d) Power-driven vessels when operating on Great Lakes

A power-driven vessel when operating on the Great Lakes may carry

an all-round white light in lieu of the second masthead light and

sternlight prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule. The light

shall be carried in the position of the second masthead light and

be visible at the same minimum range.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3424; Pub. L.

104-324, title VII, Sec. 701(3), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3932.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Par. (a)(i). Pub. L. 104-324, which directed the striking

out of "except that a vessel of less than 20 meters in length need

not exhibit this light forward of amidships but shall exhibit it as

far forward as is practicable;" after "masthead light forward", was

executed by striking out that language, which appeared after

"masthead light forward;" to reflect the probable intent of

Congress.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 2024, 2027, 2031,

2038 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2024 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

Sec. 2024. Towing and pushing (Rule 24)

-STATUTE-

(a) Power-driven vessels when towing astern

A power-driven vessel when towing astern shall exhibit:

(i) instead of the light prescribed either in Rule 23(a)(i) or

23(a)(ii), two masthead lights in a vertical line. When the

length of the tow, measuring from the stern of the towing vessel

to the after end of the tow exceeds 200 meters, three such lights

in a vertical line;

(ii) sidelights;

(iii) a sternlight;

(iv) a towing light in a vertical line above the sternlight;

and

(v) when the length of the tow exceeds 200 meters, a diamond

shape where it can best be seen.

(b) Pushing vessel and pushed vessel rigidly connected in composite

unit

When a pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed ahead are rigidly

connected in a composite unit they shall be regarded as a

power-driven vessel and exhibit the lights prescribed in Rule 23.

(c) Power-driven vessel when pushing ahead or towing alongside

A power-driven vessel when pushing ahead or towing alongside,

except as required by paragraphs (b) and (i) of this Rule, shall

exhibit:

(i) instead of the light prescribed either in Rule 23(a)(i) or

23(a)(ii), two masthead lights in a vertical line;

(ii) sidelights; and

(iii) two towing lights in a vertical line.

(d) Compliance with other requirements

A power-driven vessel to which paragraphs (a) or (c) of this Rule

apply shall also comply with Rule 23(a)(i) and 23(a)(ii).

(e) Vessels being towed

A vessel or object other than those referred to in paragraph (g)

of this Rule being towed shall exhibit:

(i) sidelights;

(ii) a sternlight; and

(iii) when the length of the tow exceeds 200 meters, a diamond

shape where it can best be seen.

(f) Vessels being towed alongside or pushed in a group

Provided that any number of vessels being towed alongside or

pushed in a group shall be lighted as one vessel, except as

provided in paragraph (iii) -

(i) a vessel being pushed ahead, not being part of a composite

unit, shall exhibit at the forward end, sidelights and a special

flashing light;

(ii) a vessel being towed alongside shall exhibit a sternlight

and at the forward end, sidelights and a special flashing light;

and

(iii) when vessels are towed alongside on both sides of the

towing vessels a stern light (!1) shall be exhibited on the stern

of the outboard vessel on each side of the towing vessel, and a

single set of sidelights as far forward and as far outboard as is

practicable, and a single special flashing light.

(g) Inconspicuous, partly submerged vessel or object being towed

An inconspicuous, partly submerged vessel or object being towed

shall exhibit:

(i) if it is less than 25 meters in breadth, one all-round

white light at or near each end;

(ii) if it is 25 meters or more in breadth, four all-round

white lights to mark its length and breadth;

(iii) if it exceeds 100 meters in length, additional all-round

white lights between the lights prescribed in subparagraphs (i)

and (ii) so that the distance between the lights shall not exceed

100 meters: Provided, That any vessels or objects being towed

alongside each other shall be lighted as one vessel or object;

(iv) a diamond shape at or near the aftermost extremity of the

last vessel or object being towed; and

(v) the towing vessel may direct a searchlight in the direction

of the tow to indicate its presence to an approaching vessel.

(h) Alternative lighting of vessel or object being towed

Where from any sufficient cause it is impracticable for a vessel

or object being towed to exhibit the lights prescribed in paragraph

(e) or (g) of this Rule, all possible measures shall be taken to

light the vessel or object towed or at least to indicate the

presence of the unlighted vessel or object.

(i) Western Rivers or other specified waters; exception

Notwithstanding paragraph (c), on the Western Rivers (except

below the Huey P. Long Bridge on the Mississippi River) and on

waters specified by the Secretary, a power-driven vessel when

pushing ahead or towing alongside, except as paragraph (b) applies,

shall exhibit:

(i) sidelights; and

(ii) two towing lights in a vertical line.

(j) Towing another vessel in distress or otherwise in need of

assistance

Where from any sufficient cause it is impracticable for a vessel

not normally engaged in towing operations to display the lights

prescribed by paragraph (a), (c) or (i) of this Rule, such vessel

shall not be required to exhibit those lights when engaged in

towing another vessel in distress or otherwise in need of

assistance. All possible measures shall be taken to indicate the

nature of the relationship between the towing vessel and the vessel

being assisted. The searchlight authorized by Rule 36 may be used

to illuminate the tow.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3425; Pub. L.

98-557, Sec. 16(b)(1), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 2866; Pub. L.

104-324, title VII, Sec. 701(4), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3932.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rule 23, referred to in pars. (a)(i), (b), (c)(i), and (d), is

classified to section 2023 of this title.

Rule 36, referred to in par. (j), is classified to section 2036

of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Par. (f). Pub. L. 104-324 amended par. (f) generally.

Prior to amendment, par. (f) read as follows: "Provided that any

number of vessels being towed alongside or pushed in a group shall

be lighted as one vessel:

"(i) a vessel being pushed ahead, not being part of a composite

unit, shall exhibit at the forward end sidelights, and a special

flashing light; and

"(ii) a vessel being towed alongside shall exhibit a sternlight

and at the forward end sidelights."

1984 - Par. (i). Pub. L. 98-557 inserted exception for below the

Long Bridge on the Mississippi River.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 2027, 2031 of this

title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be "sternlight".

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2025 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

Sec. 2025. Sailing vessels underway and vessels under oars (Rule

25)

-STATUTE-

(a) Sailing vessels underway

A sailing vessel underway shall exhibit:

(i) sidelights; and

(ii) a sternlight.

(b) Sailing vessels of less than 20 meters in length

In a sailing vessel of less than 20 meters in length the lights

prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule may be combined in one

lantern carried at or near the top of the mast where it can best be

seen.

(c) Additional lights

A sailing vessel underway may, in addition to the lights

prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule, exhibit at or near the

top of the mast, where they can best be seen, two all-round lights

in a vertical line, the upper being red and the lower green, but

these lights shall not be exhibited in conjunction with the

combined lantern permitted by paragraph (b) of this Rule.

(d) Sailing vessels of less than 7 meters in length; vessels under

oars

(i) A sailing vessel of less than 7 meters in length shall, if

practicable, exhibit the lights prescribed in paragraph (a) or (b)

of this Rule, but if she does not, she shall have ready at hand an

electric torch or lighted lantern showing a white light which shall

be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision.

(ii) A vessel under oars may exhibit the lights prescribed in

this Rule for sailing vessels, but if she does not, she shall have

ready at hand an electric torch or lighted lantern showing a white

light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent

collision.

(e) Vessels proceeding under sail

A vessel proceeding under sail when also being propelled by

machinery shall exhibit forward where it can best be seen a conical

shape, apex downward. A vessel of less than 12 meters in length is

not required to exhibit this shape, but may do so.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3426.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 2031 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2026 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

Sec. 2026. Fishing vessels (Rule 26)

-STATUTE-

(a) Exhibition of only prescribed lights and shapes

A vessel engaged in fishing, whether underway or at anchor, shall

exhibit only the lights and shapes prescribed in this Rule.

(b) Vessels engaged in trawling

A vessel when engaged in trawling, by which is meant the dragging

through the water of a dredge net or other apparatus used as a

fishing appliance, shall exhibit:

(i) two all-round lights in a vertical line, the upper being

green and the lower white, or a shape consisting of two cones

with their apexes together in a vertical line one above the

other;

(ii) a masthead light abaft of and higher than the all-round

green light; a vessel of less than 50 meters in length shall not

be obliged to exhibit such a light but may do so; and

(iii) when making way through the water, in addition to the

lights prescribed in this paragraph, sidelights and a sternlight.

(c) Vessels engaged in fishing other than trawling

A vessel engaged in fishing, other than trawling, shall exhibit:

(i) two all-round lights in a vertical line, the upper being

red and the lower white, or a shape consisting of two cones with

apexes together in a vertical line one above the other;

(ii) when there is outlying gear extending more than 150 meters

horizontally from the vessel, an all-round white light or a cone

apex upward in the direction of the gear; and

(iii) when making way through the water, in addition to the

lights prescribed in this paragraph, sidelights and a sternlight.

(d) Vessels engaged in fishing in close proximity to other vessels

engaged in fishing

The additional signals described in Annex II to these Rules apply

to a vessel engaged in fishing in close proximity to other vessels

engaged in fishing.

(e) Vessels when not engaged in fishing

A vessel when not engaged in fishing shall not exhibit the lights

or shapes prescribed in this Rule, but only those prescribed for a

vessel of her length.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3427; Pub. L.

104-324, title VII, Sec. 701(5), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3933.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Annex II to these Rules, referred to in par. (d), is to be

established by the Secretary under section 2071 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pars. (b)(i), (c)(i). Pub. L. 104-324, Sec. 701(5)(A),

struck out "a vessel of less than 20 meters in length may instead

of this shape exhibit a basket;" after "above the other;".

Par. (d). Pub. L. 104-324 amended par. (d) generally. Prior to

amendment, par. (d) read as follows: "A vessel engaged in fishing

in close proximity to other vessels engaged in fishing may exhibit

the additional signals described in Annex II to these Rules."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 2031 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2027 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

Sec. 2027. Vessels not under command or restricted in their ability

to maneuver (Rule 27)

-STATUTE-

(a) Vessels not under command

A vessel not under command shall exhibit:

(i) two all-round red lights in a vertical line where they can

best be seen;

(ii) two balls or similar shapes in a vertical line where they

can best be seen; and

(iii) when making way through the water, in addition to the

lights prescribed in this paragraph, sidelights and a sternlight.

(b) Vessels restricted in their ability to maneuver

A vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver, except a vessel

engaged in mineclearance operations, shall exhibit:

(i) three all-round lights in a vertical line where they can

best be seen. The highest and lowest of these lights shall be red

and the middle light shall be white;

(ii) three shapes in a vertical line where they can best be

seen. The highest and lowest of these shapes shall be balls and

the middle one a diamond;

(iii) when making way through the water, masthead lights,

sidelights and a sternlight, in addition to the lights prescribed

in subparagraph (b)(i); and

(iv) when at anchor, in addition to the lights or shapes

prescribed in subparagraphs (b)(i) and (ii), the light, lights or

shapes prescribed in Rule 30.

(c) Vessels engaged in towing operations

A vessel engaged in a towing operation which severely restricts

the towing vessel and her tow in their ability to deviate from

their course shall, in addition to the lights or shapes prescribed

in subparagraphs (b)(i) and (ii) of this Rule, exhibit the lights

or shape prescribed in Rule 24.

(d) Vessels engaged in dredging or underwater operations

A vessel engaged in dredging or underwater operations, when

restricted in her ability to maneuver, shall exhibit the lights and

shapes prescribed in subparagraphs (b)(i), (ii), and (iii) of this

Rule and shall in addition, when an obstruction exists, exhibit:

(i) two all-round red lights or two balls in a vertical line to

indicate the side on which the obstruction exists;

(ii) two all-round green lights or two diamonds in a vertical

line to indicate the side on which another vessel may pass; and

(iii) when at anchor, the lights or shape prescribed by this

paragraph, instead of the lights or shapes prescribed in Rule 30

for anchored vessels.

(e) Vessels engaged in diving operations

Whenever the size of a vessel engaged in diving operations makes

it impracticable to exhibit all lights and shapes prescribed in

paragraph (d) of this Rule, the following shall instead be

exhibited:

(i) Three all-round lights in a vertical line where they can

best be seen. The highest and lowest of these lights shall be red

and the middle light shall be white.

(ii) A rigid replica of the international Code flag "A" not

less than 1 meter in height. Measures shall be taken to insure

its all-round visibility.

(f) Vessels engaged in mineclearance operations

A vessel engaged in mineclearance operations shall, in addition

to the lights prescribed for a power-driven vessel in Rule 23 or to

the lights or shape prescribed for a vessel at anchor in Rule 30,

as appropriate, exhibit three all-round green lights or three

balls. One of these lights or shapes shall be exhibited near the

foremast head and one at each end of the fore yard. These lights or

shapes indicate that it is dangerous for another vessel to approach

within 1,000 meters of the mineclearance vessel.

(g) Vessels of less than 12 meters in length

A vessel of less than 12 meters in length, except when engaged in

diving operations, is not required to exhibit the lights or shapes

prescribed in this Rule.

(h) Signals of vessels in distress and requiring assistance

The signals prescribed in this Rule are not signals of vessels in

distress and requiring assistance. Such signals are contained in

Annex IV to these Rules.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3427; Pub. L.

100-448, Sec. 14(2), (3), Sept. 28, 1988, 102 Stat. 1844.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rule 30, referred to in pars. (b)(iv), (d)(iii), and (f), is

classified to section 2030 of this title.

Rule 24, referred to in par. (c), is classified to section 2024

of this title.

Rule 23, referred to in par. (f), is classified to section 2023

of this title.

Annex IV to these Rules, referred to in par. (h), is to be

established by the Secretary under section 2071 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1988 - Par. (b). Pub. L. 100-448, Sec. 14(2), substituted

"mineclearance" for "minesweeping" in introductory provisions.

Par. (f). Pub. L. 100-448, Sec. 14(3), amended par. (f)

generally. Prior to amendment, par. (f) read as follows: "A vessel

engaged in minesweeping operations shall, in addition to the lights

prescribed for a power-driven vessel in Rule 23, exhibit three

all-round green lights or three balls. One of these lights or

shapes shall be exhibited near the foremast head and one at each

end of the fore yard. These lights or shapes indicate that it is

dangerous for another vessel to approach closer than 1,000 meters

astern or 500 meters on either side of the minesweeper."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 2031 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2028 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

Sec. 2028. [Reserved] (Rule 28)

-STATUTE-

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2029 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

Sec. 2029. Pilot vessels (Rule 29)

-STATUTE-

(a) Vessels engaged on pilotage duty

A vessel engaged on pilotage duty shall exhibit:

(i) at or near the masthead, two all-round lights in a vertical

line, the upper being white and the lower red;

(ii) when underway, in addition, sidelights and a sternlight;

and

(iii) when at anchor, in addition to the lights prescribed in

subparagraph (i), the anchor light, lights, or shape prescribed

in Rule 30 for anchored vessels.

(b) Vessels when not engaged on pilotage duty

A pilot vessel when not engaged on pilotage duty shall exhibit

the lights or shapes prescribed for a vessel of her length.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3428.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rule 30, referred to in par. (a)(iii), is classified to section

2030 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 2031 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2030 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

Sec. 2030. Anchored vessels and vessels aground (Rule 30)

-STATUTE-

(a) Vessels at anchor

A vessel at anchor shall exhibit where it can best be seen:

(i) in the fore part, an all-round white light or one ball; and

(ii) at or near the stern and at a lower level than the light

prescribed in subparagraph (i), an all-round white light.

(b) Vessels of less than 50 meters in length; alternative light

A vessel of less than 50 meters in length may exhibit an

all-round white light where it can best be seen instead of the

lights prescribed in paragraph (a) of this Rule.

(c) Illumination of decks

A vessel at anchor may, and a vessel of 100 meters or more in

length shall, also use the available working or equivalent lights

to illuminate her decks.

(d) Vessels aground

A vessel aground shall exhibit the lights prescribed in paragraph

(a) or (b) of this Rule and in addition, if practicable, where they

can best be seen:

(i) two all-round red lights in a vertical line; and

(ii) three balls in a vertical line.

(e) Vessels of less than 7 meters in length when at anchor

A vessel of less than 7 meters in length, when at anchor, not in

or near a narrow channel, fairway, anchorage, or where other

vessels normally navigate, shall not be required to exhibit the

lights or shape prescribed in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this Rule.

(f) Vessels of less than 12 meters in length when aground

A vessel of less than 12 meters in length when aground shall not

be required to exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in

subparagraphs (d)(i) and (ii) of this Rule.

(g) Vessels of less than 20 meters in length while at anchor in

special anchorage

A vessel of less than 20 meters in length, when at anchor in a

special anchorage area designated by the Secretary, shall not be

required to exhibit the anchor lights and shapes required by this

Rule.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3429.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2020, 2027, 2029, 2031 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2031 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part C - Lights and Shapes

-HEAD-

Sec. 2031. Seaplanes (Rule 31)

-STATUTE-

Where it is impracticable for a seaplane to exhibit lights and

shapes of the characteristics or in the positions prescribed in the

Rules of this Part she shall exhibit lights and shapes as closely

similar in characteristics and position as is possible.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3429.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rules of this Part, referred to in text, means sections 2020 to

2031 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2020 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Part D - Sound and Light Signals 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part D - Sound and Light Signals

-HEAD-

PART D - SOUND AND LIGHT SIGNALS

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2032 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part D - Sound and Light Signals

-HEAD-

Sec. 2032. Definitions (Rule 32)

-STATUTE-

(a) The word "whistle" means any sound signaling appliance

capable of producing the prescribed blasts and which complies with

specifications in Annex III to these Rules.

(b) The term "short blast" means a blast of about 1 second's

duration.

(c) The term "prolonged blast" means a blast of from 4 to 6

seconds' duration.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3429.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Annex III to these Rules, referred to in par. (a), is to be

established by the Secretary under section 2071 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2033 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part D - Sound and Light Signals

-HEAD-

Sec. 2033. Equipment for sound signals (Rule 33)

-STATUTE-

(a) Vessels of 12 meters or more in length

A vessel of 12 meters or more in length shall be provided with a

whistle and a bell and a vessel of 100 meters or more in length

shall, in addition, be provided with a gong, the tone and sound of

which cannot be confused with that of the bell. The whistle, bell

and gong shall comply with the specifications in Annex III to these

Rules. The bell or gong or both may be replaced by other equipment

having the same respective sound characteristics, provided that

manual sounding of the prescribed signals shall always be possible.

(b) Vessels of less than 12 meters in length

A vessel of less than 12 meters in length shall not be obliged to

carry the sound signaling appliances prescribed in paragraph (a) of

this Rule but if she does not, she shall be provided with some

other means of making an efficient sound signal.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3430.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Annex III to these Rules, referred to in par. (a), is to be

established by the Secretary under section 2071 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2034 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part D - Sound and Light Signals

-HEAD-

Sec. 2034. Maneuvering and warning signals (Rule 34)

-STATUTE-

(a) Whistle signals

When power-driven vessels are in sight of one another and meeting

or crossing at a distance within half a mile of each other, each

vessel underway, when maneuvering as authorized or required by

these Rules:

(i) shall indicate that maneuver by the following signals on

her whistle: one short blast to mean "I intend to leave you on my

port side"; two short blasts to mean "I intend to leave you on my

starboard side"; and three short blasts to mean "I am operating

astern propulsion".

(ii) upon hearing the one or two blast signal of the other

shall, if in agreement, sound the same whistle signal and take

the steps necessary to effect a safe passing. If, however, from

any cause, the vessel doubts the safety of the proposed maneuver,

she shall sound the danger signal specified in paragraph (d) of

this Rule and each vessel shall take appropriate precautionary

action until a safe passing agreement is made.

(b) Light signals

A vessel may supplement the whistle signals prescribed in

paragraph (a) of this Rule by light signals:

(i) These signals shall have the following significance: one

flash to mean "I intend to leave you on my port side"; two

flashes to mean "I intend to leave you on my starboard side";

three flashes to mean "I am operating astern propulsion";

(ii) The duration of each flash shall be about 1 second; and

(iii) The light used for this signal shall, if fitted, be one

all-round white or yellow light, visible at a minimum range of 2

miles, synchronized with the whistle, and shall comply with the

provisions of Annex I to these Rules.

(c) Overtaking situations

When in sight of one another:

(i) a power-driven vessel intending to overtake another

power-driven vessel shall indicate her intention by the following

signals on her whistle: one short blast to mean "I intend to

overtake you on your starboard side"; two short blasts to mean "I

intend to overtake you on your port side"; and

(ii) the power-driven vessel about to be overtaken shall, if in

agreement, sound a similar sound signal. If in doubt she shall

sound the danger signal prescribed in paragraph (d).

(d) Doubts or failure to understand signals

When vessels in sight of one another are approaching each other

and from any cause either vessel fails to understand the intentions

or actions of the other, or is in doubt whether sufficient action

is being taken by the other to avoid collision, the vessel in doubt

shall immediately indicate such doubt by giving at least five short

and rapid blasts on the whistle. This signal may be supplemented by

a light signal of at least five short and rapid flashes.

(e) Vessels in areas of obscured visibility due to intervening

obstructions

A vessel nearing a bend or an area of a channel or fairway where

other vessels may be obscured by an intervening obstruction shall

sound one prolonged blast. This signal shall be answered with a

prolonged blast by any approaching vessel that may be within

hearing around the bend or behind the intervening obstruction.

(f) Use of one whistle only on a vessel

If whistles are fitted on a vessel at a distance apart of more

than 100 meters, one whistle only shall be used for giving

maneuvering and warning signals.

(g) Power-driven vessels leaving dock or berth

When a power-driven vessel is leaving a dock or berth, she shall

sound one prolonged blast.

(h) Agreement between vessels using radiotelephone

A vessel that reaches agreement with another vessel in a head-on,

crossing, or overtaking situation, as for example, by using the

radiotelephone as prescribed by the Vessel Bridge-to-Bridge

Radiotelephone Act (85 Stat. 164; 33 U.S.C. 1201 et seq.), is not

obliged to sound the whistle signals prescribed by this rule,(!1)

but may do so. If agreement is not reached, then whistle signals

shall be exchanged in a timely manner and shall prevail.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3430; Pub. L.

104-324, title VII, Sec. 701(6), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3933.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

These Rules, referred to in par. (a), are the Inland Navigational

Rules which are classified to this subchapter.

Annex I to these Rules, referred to in par. (b)(iii), is to be

established by the Secretary under section 2071 of this title.

The Vessel Bridge-to-Bridge Radiotelephone Act, referred to in

par. (h), is Pub. L. 92-63, Aug. 4, 1971, 85 Stat. 164, as amended,

which is classified generally to chapter 24 (Sec. 1201 et seq.) of

this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Short Title note set out under section 1201 of this title and

Tables.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Par. (h). Pub. L. 104-324 amended par. (h) generally.

Prior to amendment, par. (h) read as follows: "A vessel that

reaches agreement with another vessel in a meeting, crossing, or

overtaking situation by using the radiotelephone as prescribed by

the Bridge-to-Bridge Radiotelephone Act (85 Stat. 165; 33 U.S.C.

1207), is not obliged to sound the whistle signals prescribed by

this Rule, but may do so. If agreement is not reached, then whistle

signals shall be exchanged in a timely manner and shall prevail."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2009, 2014 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be capitalized.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2035 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part D - Sound and Light Signals

-HEAD-

Sec. 2035. Sound signals in restricted visibility (Rule 35)

-STATUTE-

In or near an area of restricted visibility, whether by day or

night, the signals prescribed in this Rule shall be used as

follows:

(a) Power-driven vessels making way through the water

A power-driven vessel making way through the water shall sound at

intervals of not more than 2 minutes one prolonged blast.

(b) Power-driven vessels underway but stopped and making no way

through the water

A power-driven vessel underway but stopped and making no way

through the water shall sound at intervals of not more than 2

minutes two prolonged blasts in succession with an interval of

about 2 seconds between them.

(c) Vessels not under command; vessels restricted in ability to

maneuver; sailing vessels; vessels engaged in fishing; vessels

engaged in towing or pushing

A vessel not under command; a vessel restricted in her ability to

maneuver, whether underway or at anchor; a sailing vessel; a vessel

engaged in fishing, whether underway or at anchor; and a vessel

engaged in towing or pushing another vessel shall, instead of the

signals prescribed in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this Rule, sound at

intervals of not more than 2 minutes, three blasts in succession;

namely, one prolonged followed by two short blasts.

(d) Vessels towed

A vessel towed or if more than one vessel is towed the last

vessel of the tow, if manned, shall at intervals of not more than 2

minutes sound four blasts in succession; namely, one prolonged

followed by three short blasts. When practicable, this signal shall

be made immediately after the signal made by the towing vessel.

(e) Pushing and pushed vessels connected in composite unit

When a pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed ahead are rigidly

connected in a composite unit they shall be regarded as a

power-driven vessel and shall give the signals prescribed in

paragraphs (a) or (b) of this Rule.

(f) Vessels at anchor

A vessel at anchor shall at intervals of not more than 1 minute

ring the bell rapidly for about 5 seconds. In a vessel of 100

meters or more in length the bell shall be sounded in the forepart

of the vessel and immediately after the ringing of the bell the

gong shall be sounded rapidly for about 5 seconds in the after part

of the vessel. A vessel at anchor may in addition sound three

blasts in succession; namely, one short, one prolonged and one

short blast, to give warning of her position and of the possibility

of collision to an approaching vessel.

(g) Vessels aground

A vessel aground shall give the bell signal and if required the

gong signal prescribed in paragraph (f) of this Rule and shall, in

addition, give three separate and distinct strokes on the bell

immediately before and after the rapid ringing of the bell. A

vessel aground may in addition sound an appropriate whistle signal.

(h) Vessels of less than 12 meters in length

A vessel of less than 12 meters in length shall not be obliged to

give the above-mentioned signals but, if she does not, shall make

some other efficient sound signal at intervals of not more than 2

minutes.

(i) Pilot vessels

A pilot vessel when engaged on pilotage duty may in addition to

the signals prescribed in paragraphs (a), (b) or (f) of this Rule

sound an identity signal consisting of four short blasts.

(j) Vessels anchored in special anchorage areas

The following vessels shall not be required to sound signals as

prescribed in paragraph (f) of this Rule when anchored in a special

anchorage area designated by the Secretary:

(i) a vessel of less than 20 meters in length; and

(ii) a barge, canal boat, scow, or other nondescript craft.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3431.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2036 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part D - Sound and Light Signals

-HEAD-

Sec. 2036. Signals to attract attention (Rule 36)

-STATUTE-

If necessary to attract the attention of another vessel, any

vessel may make light or sound signals that cannot be mistaken for

any signal authorized elsewhere in these Rules, or may direct the

beam of her searchlight in the direction of the danger, in such a

way as not to embarrass any vessel.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3432.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

These Rules, referred to in text, are the Inland Navigational

Rules which are classified to this subchapter.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2024 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2037 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part D - Sound and Light Signals

-HEAD-

Sec. 2037. Distress signals (Rule 37)

-STATUTE-

When a vessel is in distress and requires assistance she shall

use or exhibit the signals described in Annex IV to these Rules.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3432.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Annex IV to these Rules, referred to in text, is to be

established by the Secretary under section 2071 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Part E - Exemptions 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part E - Exemptions

-HEAD-

PART E - EXEMPTIONS

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2038 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER I - RULES

Part E - Exemptions

-HEAD-

Sec. 2038. Exemptions (Rule 38)

-STATUTE-

Any vessel or class of vessels, the keel of which is laid or

which is at a corresponding stage of construction before December

24, 1980, provided that she complies with the requirements of -

(a) Chapter 3 of this title for vessels navigating the waters

subject to that chapter;

(b) Chapter 5 of this title for vessels navigating the waters

subject to that chapter;

(c) Chapter 4 of this title for vessels navigating the waters

subject to that chapter; or

(d) Sections 3, 4, and 5 of the Act of April 25, 1940 (54 Stat.

163), as amended (46 U.S.C. 526b, c, and d) for motorboats

navigating the waters subject to that statute; shall be exempted

from compliance with the technical Annexes to these Rules as

follows:

(i) the installation of lights with ranges prescribed in Rule

22, until 4 years after the effective date of these Rules, except

that vessels of less than 20 meters in length are permanently

exempt;

(ii) the installation of lights with color specifications as

prescribed in Annex I to these Rules, until 4 years after the

effective date of these Rules, except that vessels of less than

20 meters in length are permanently exempt;

(iii) the repositioning of lights as a result of conversion to

metric units and rounding off measurement figures, are

permanently exempt; and

(iv) the horizontal repositioning of masthead lights prescribed

by Annex I to these Rules:

(1) on vessels of less than 150 meters in length, permanent

exemption.

(2) on vessels of 150 meters or more in length, until 9 years

after the effective date of these Rules.

(v) the restructuring or repositioning of all lights to meet

the prescriptions of Annex I to these Rules, until 9 years after

the effective date of these Rules;

(vi) power-driven vessels of 12 meters or more but less than 20

meters in length are permanently exempt from the provisions of

Rule 23(a)(i) and 23(a)(iv) provided that, in place of these

lights, the vessel exhibits a white light aft visible all round

the horizon; and

(vii) the requirements for sound signal appliances prescribed

in Annex III to these Rules, until 9 years after the effective

date of these Rules.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 2, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3432.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Chapter 3 of this title, referred to in par. (a), was in the

original "The Act of June 7, 1897 (30 Stat. 96), as amended (33

U.S.C. 154-232)", which was repealed by section 8(a) of Pub. L.

96-591.

Chapter 5 of this title, referred to in par. (b), was in the

original "Section 4233 of the Revised Statutes (33 U.S.C.

301-356)", which was repealed by section 8(a) of Pub. L. 96-591.

Chapter 4 of this title, referred to in par. (c), was in the

original "The Act of February 8, 1895 (28 Stat. 645), as amended

(33 U.S.C. 241-295)", which was repealed by section 8(b) of Pub. L.

96-591.

Sections 3, 4, and 5 of the Act of April 25, 1940 (54 Stat. 163),

as amended (46 U.S.C. 526b, c, and d), referred to in par. (d),

were repealed effective 12 months after Dec. 24, 1980, by section

8(a) of Pub. L. 96-591.

Annexes and Annexes I and III to these Rules, referred to in par.

(d), are to be established by the Secretary under section 2071 of

this title.

Rule 22, referred to in par. (d)(i), is classified to section

2022 of this title.

The effective date of these Rules, referred to in par. (d), is 12

months after Dec. 24, 1980, except on the Great Lakes, where the

effective date was established as Mar. 1, 1983. See section 7 of

Pub. L. 96-591, set out as an Effective Date note under section

2001 of this title.

Rule 23, referred to in par. (d)(vi), is classified to section

2023 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of section 2 of Pub. L. 96-591 which

enacted the Inland Navigational Rules which comprise this

subchapter.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC SUBCHAPTER II - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER II - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER II - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2071 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER II - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2071. Implementation and interpretation; regulations;

technical annexes to Inland Navigational Rules

-STATUTE-

The Secretary may issue regulations necessary to implement and

interpret this chapter. The Secretary shall establish the following

technical annexes to these Rules: Annex I, Positioning and

Technical Details of Lights and Shapes; Annex II, Additional

Signals for Fishing Vessels Fishing in Close Proximity; Annex III,

Technical Details of Sound Appliances; and Annex IV, Distress

Signals. These annexes shall be as consistent as possible with the

respective annexes to the International Regulations. The Secretary

may establish other technical annexes, including local pilot rules.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 3, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3433.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 96-591, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3415, as

amended, known as the Inland Navigational Rules Act of 1980, which

enacted this chapter, amended sections 151, 1604, 1605, and 1608 of

this title, repealed sections 154 to 159, 171 to 183, 191, 192, 201

to 213, 221, 222, 232, 241 to 244, 251 to 262, 271, 272, 281 to

295, 301 to 303, 311 to 323, 331, 341 to 356, 360, and 360a of this

title and sections 526b, 526c, and 526d of former Title 46,

Shipping, and enacted provisions set out as notes under section

2001 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the

Code see Short Title note set out under section 2001 of this title

and Tables.

These Rules, referred to in text, are the Inland Navigational

Rules which are classified to subchapter I of this chapter.

The International Regulations, referred to in text, are the

International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972.

See International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea,

1972, set out as a note under section 1602 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2072 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER II - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2072. Violations of Inland Navigational Rules

-STATUTE-

(a) Liability of operator for civil penalty

Whoever operates a vessel in violation of this chapter, or of any

regulation issued thereunder, or in violation of a certificate of

alternative compliance issued under Rule 1 is liable to a civil

penalty of not more than $5,000 for each violation.

(b) Liability of vessel for civil penalty; seizure of vessel

Every vessel subject to this chapter, other than a public vessel

being used for noncommercial purposes, that is operated in

violation of this chapter, or of any regulation issued thereunder,

or in violation of a certificate of alternative compliance issued

under Rule 1 is liable to a civil penalty of not more than $5,000

for each violation, for which penalty the vessel may be seized and

proceeded against in the district court of the United States of any

district within which the vessel may be found.

(c) Assessment of civil penalty by Secretary; collection

The Secretary may assess any civil penalty authorized by this

section. No such penalty may be assessed until the person charged,

or the owner of the vessel charged, as appropriate, shall have been

given notice of the violation involved and an opportunity for a

hearing. For good cause shown, the Secretary may remit, mitigate,

or compromise any penalty assessed. Upon the failure of the person

charged, or the owner of the vessel charged, to pay an assessed

penalty, as it may have been mitigated or compromised, the

Secretary may request the Attorney General to commence an action in

the appropriate district court of the United States for collection

of the penalty as assessed, without regard to the amount involved,

together with such other relief as may be appropriate.

(d) Withholding of clearance

(1) If any owner, operator, or individual in charge of a vessel

is liable for a penalty under this section, or if reasonable cause

exists to believe that the owner, operator, or individual in charge

may be subject to a penalty under this section, the Secretary of

the Treasury, upon the request of the Secretary, shall with respect

to such vessel refuse or revoke any clearance required by section

91 of title 46, Appendix.

(2) Clearance or a permit refused or revoked under this

subsection may be granted upon filing of a bond or other surety

satisfactory to the Secretary.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 4, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3433; Pub. L.

104-324, title III, Sec. 312(c), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3920.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rule 1, referred to in pars. (a) and (b), is classified to

section 2001 of this title.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Par. (d). Pub. L. 104-324 inserted heading and amended

text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The

Secretary of the Treasury shall withhold or revoke, at the request

of the Secretary, the clearance, required by section 91 of title

46, Appendix, of any vessel, the owner or operator of which is

subject to any of the penalties in this section. Clearance may be

granted in such cases upon the filing of a bond or other surety

satisfactory to the Secretary."

-End-

-CITE-

33 USC Sec. 2073 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 33 - NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS

CHAPTER 34 - INLAND NAVIGATIONAL RULES

SUBCHAPTER II - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2073. Navigation Safety Advisory Council

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment; membership; Council panels; publication in

Federal Register

The Secretary shall establish a Navigation Safety Advisory

Council (hereinafter referred to as the Council) not exceeding 21

members. To assure balanced representation, members shall be

chosen, insofar as practical, from the following groups: (1)

recognized experts and leaders in organizations having an active

interest in the Rules of the Road and vessel and port safety, (2)

representatives of owners and operators of vessels, professional

mariners, recreational boaters, and the recreational boating

industry, (3) individuals with an interest in maritime law, and (4)

Federal and State officials with responsibility for vessel and port

safety. Additional persons may be appointed to panels of the

Council to assist the Council in the performance of its functions.

The Secretary shall, not less often than once a year, publish

notice in the Federal Register for solicitation of nominations for

membership on the Council.

(b) Functions and purpose of Council

The Council shall advise, consult with, and make recommendations

to the Secretary on matters relating to the prevention of

collisions, rammings, and groundings, including the Inland Rules of

the Road, the International Rules of the Road, navigation

regulations and equipment, routing measures, marine information,

diving safety, and aids to navigation systems. Any advice or

recommendation made by the Council to the Secretary shall reflect

the independent judgment of the Council on the matter concerned.

The Council shall meet at the call of the Secretary, but in any

event not less than twice during each calendar year. All

proceedings of the Council shall be public, and a record of the

proceedings shall be made available for public inspection.

(c) Executive secretary; staff; travel expenses and status of

members

The Secretary shall furnish to the Council an executive secretary

and such secretarial, clerical, and other services as are deemed

necessary for the conduct of its business. Members of the Council,

while away from their home or regular places of business, may be

allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence,

as authorized by section 5703 of title 5. Payments under this

section shall not render members of the Council officers or

employees of the United States for any purpose.

(d) Termination of Council

Unless extended by subsequent Act of Congress, the Council shall

terminate on September 30, 2005.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-591, Sec. 5, Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3434; Pub. L.

97-322, title I, Sec. 118(c), Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1586; Pub. L.

98-557, Sec. 16(b)(2), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 2866; Pub. L.

101-225, title I, Sec. 105(a)(1), Dec. 12, 1989, 103 Stat. 1909;

Pub. L. 104-324, title III, Sec. 304(a), (g), Oct. 19, 1996, 110

Stat. 3917, 3918; Pub. L. 107-295, title III, Sec. 334, Nov. 25,

2002, 116 Stat. 2105.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-295 substituted "September 30,

2005" for "September 30, 2000".

1996 - Pub. L. 104-324, Sec. 304(g), which directed the general

amendment of the "section heading for section 5(d) of the Inland

Navigational Rules Act of 1980 (33 U.S.C. 2073)", was executed by

inserting section catchline, to reflect the probable intent of

Congress.

Par. (d). Pub. L. 104-324, Sec. 304(a), substituted "September

30, 2000" for "September 30, 1995".

1989 - Par. (a). Pub. L. 101-225, Sec. 105(a)(1)(A), substituted

"Navigation Safety Advisory Council" for "Rules of the Road

Advisory Council".

Par. (b). Pub. L. 101-225, Sec. 105(a)(1)(B), amended par. (b)

generally. Prior to amendment, par. (b) read as follows: "The

Council shall advise, consult with, and make recommendations to the

Secretary on matters relating to any major proposals for changes to

the Inland Rules. The Council may recommend changes to the Inland

Rules and International Regulations to the Secretary. Any advice or

recommendation made by the Council to the Secretary shall reflect

the independent judgment of the Council on the matter concerned.

The Council shall meet at the call of the Secretary, but in any

event not less than once during each calendar year. All proceedings

of the Council shall be public, and a record of the proceedings

shall be made available for public inspection. The Council is

authorized to make available to Congress any information, advice,

and recommendations which the Council is authorized to give to the

Secretary."

Par. (d). Pub. L. 101-225, Sec. 105(a)(1)(C), substituted

"September 30, 1995" for "September 30, 1990".

1984 - Par. (c). Pub. L. 98-557, Sec. 16(b)(2)(A), struck out

provisions authorizing members who are not officers or employees of

the United States to receive compensation at a rate not exceeding

the daily equivalent of the current rate of basic pay for GS-18 of

the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5.

Par. (d). Pub. L. 98-557, Sec. 16(b)(2)(B), substituted "on

September 30, 1990" for "5 years from the date of enactment of this

Act".

1982 - Par. (a). Pub. L. 97-322, Sec. 118(c)(1), directed

Secretary, not less often than once a year, to publish notice in

Federal Register for solicitation of nominations for membership on

Council.

Par. (b). Pub. L. 97-322, Sec. 118(c)(2), authorized Council to

make available to Congress any information, advice, and

recommendations which Council is authorized to give to Secretary.

Par. (c). Pub. L. 97-322, Sec. 118(c)(3), struck out "or while

otherwise engaged in the business of the Council" after "meetings

of the Council", and ", including traveltime" after "section 5332

of title 5".

REFERENCES IN OTHER LAWS

Section 105(a)(2) of Pub. L. 101-225 provided that: "Each

reference to the Rules of the Road Advisory Council in a law,

regulation, order, document, record, or paper of the United States

is deemed to be a reference to the Navigation Safety Advisory

Council."

-End-