US (United States) Code. Title 2. Chapter 2: Organization of Congress

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # The Congress

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2 USC CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-MISC1-

Sec.

21. Oath of Senators.

22. Oath of President of Senate.

23. Presiding officer of Senate may administer oaths.

24. Secretary of Senate or assistant secretary may administer

oaths.

25. Oath of Speaker, Members, and Delegates.

25a. Delegate to House of Representatives from District of

Columbia.

25b. Repealed.

26. Roll of Representatives-elect.

27. Change of place of meeting.

28. Parliamentary precedents of House of Representatives.

(a) Periodic compilation; other useful materials;

index digest; date of completion.

(b) Form, number, and distribution of compilation.

(c) Appointment and compensation of personnel;

utilization of services of personnel of Federal

agencies.

28a. Compilation of the Precedents of House of Representatives;

date of completion; biennial update; printing and availability of

copies.

28b. Printing and binding as public document of Precedents of House

of Representatives; number of sets authorized.

28c. Distribution of Precedents by Public Printer.

(a) Delivery to Members of Ninety-fifth Congress;

marking of volumes.

(b) Members of Congress following Ninety-fifth

Congress not already having sets of Precedents;

necessity of written request to Superintendent

of Documents for set.

(c) Additional distribution of sets.

28d. Distribution of Precedents by Public Printer for official use;

particular distribution; marking and ownership of sets.

28e. Distribution of Precedents by Joint Committee on Printing of

surplus sets; additional printing, etc., of sets under authority

of Joint Committee.

29. Condensed and simplified versions of House precedents; other

useful materials in summary form; form and distribution to

Members of Congress, Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, and

others; appointment and compensation of personnel; utilization of

services of personnel of Federal agencies.

29a. Early organization of House of Representatives.

(a) Caucus or conference for incumbent Members

reelected to and Members-elect of ensuing

Congress; time and procedure for calling.

(b) Payment and reimbursement for travel and per diem

expenses for Members attending caucus or

conference; exceptions; regulations governing

payments and reimbursements; reimbursement

vouchers.

(c) Availability of applicable accounts of House.

29b, 29c. Omitted.

29d. Committee on Standards of Official Conduct of House of

Representatives.

(a) Omitted.

(b) Committee composition.

(c) Investigative subcommittees.

(d) Adjudicatory subcommittees.

(e) to (h) Omitted.

(i) Advice and education.

(j) Effective date.

30. Term of service of Members of Congress as trustees or directors

of corporations or institutions appropriated for.

30a. Jury duty exemption of elected officials of legislative

branch.

CHANGE OF NAME AND TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS OF COMMITTEES AND OFFICERS

OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Pub. L. 104-14, June 3, 1995, 109 Stat. 186, provided that:

''SECTION 1. REFERENCES IN LAW TO COMMITTEES OF THE HOUSE OF

REPRESENTATIVES.

''(a) References to Committees With New Names. - Except as

provided in subsection (c), any reference in any provision of law

enacted before January 4, 1995, to -

''(1) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of

Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on

National Security of the House of Representatives;

''(2) the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of

the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the

Committee on Banking and Financial Services of the House of

Representatives;

''(3) the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of

Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on

Economic and Educational Opportunities of the House of

Representatives;

''(4) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of

Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on

Commerce of the House of Representatives;

''(5) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of

Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on

International Relations of the House of Representatives;

''(6) the Committee on Government Operations of the House of

Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on

Government Reform and Oversight of the House of Representatives;

''(7) the Committee on House Administration of the House of

Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on

House Oversight of the House of Representatives;

''(8) the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of

Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on

Resources of the House of Representatives;

''(9) the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the

House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the

Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of

Representatives; and

''(10) the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the

House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the

Committee on Science of the House of Representatives.

''(b) References to Abolished Committees. - Any reference in any

provision of law enacted before January 4, 1995, to -

''(1) the Committee on District of Columbia of the House of

Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on

Government Reform and Oversight of the House of Representatives;

''(2) the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service of the

House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the

Committee on Government Reform and Oversight of the House of

Representatives, except that a reference with respect to the

House Commission on Congressional Mailings (probably should be

''Mailing'') Standards (the 'Franking Commission') shall be

treated as referring to the Committee on House Oversight of the

House of Representatives; and

''(3) the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries of the

House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to -

''(A) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of

Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to

inspection of seafood or seafood products;

''(B) the Committee on National Security of the House of

Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to

interoceanic canals, the Merchant Marine Academy and State

Maritime Academies, or national security aspects of merchant

marine;

''(C) the Committee on Resources of the House of

Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to

fisheries, wildlife, international fishing agreements, marine

affairs (including coastal zone management) except for measures

relating to oil and other pollution of navigable waters, or

oceanography;

''(D) the Committee on Science of the House of

Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to

marine research; and

''(E) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of

the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law

relating to a matter other than a matter described in any of

subparagraphs (A) through (D).

''(c) References to Committees With Jurisdiction Changes. - Any

reference in any provision of law enacted before January 4, 1995,

to -

''(1) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of

Representatives shall be treated as referring to -

''(A) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of

Representatives, in the case of a provision of law relating to

inspection of seafood or seafood products;

''(B) the Committee on Banking and Financial Services of the

House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law

relating to bank capital markets activities generally or to

depository institution securities activities generally; and

''(C) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of

the House of Representatives, in the case of a provision of law

relating to railroads, railway labor, or railroad retirement

and unemployment (except revenue measures related thereto); and

''(2) the Committee on Government Operations of the House of

Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on

the Budget of the House of Representatives in the case of a

provision of law relating to the establishment, extension, and

enforcement of special controls over the Federal budget.

''SEC. 2. REFERENCES IN LAW TO OFFICERS OF THE HOUSE OF

REPRESENTATIVES.

''Any reference in any provision of law enacted before January 4,

1995, to a function, duty, or authority -

''(1) of the Clerk of the House of Representatives shall be

treated as referring, with respect to that function, duty, or

authority, to the officer of the House of Representatives

exercising that function, duty, or authority, as determined by

the Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives;

''(2) of the Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives shall

be treated as referring, with respect to that function, duty, or

authority, to the officer of the House of Representatives

exercising that function, duty, or authority, as determined by

the Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives;

''(3) of the Postmaster of the House of Representatives shall

be treated as referring, with respect to that function, duty, or

authority, to the officer of the House of Representatives

exercising that function, duty, or authority, as determined by

the Committee on House Oversight of the House of Representatives;

and

''(4) of the Director of Non-legislative and Financial Services

of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring,

with respect to that function, duty, or authority, to the officer

of the House of Representatives exercising that function, duty,

or authority, as determined by the Committee on House Oversight

of the House of Representatives.''

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2 USC Sec. 21 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 21. Oath of Senators

-STATUTE-

The oath of office shall be administered by the President of the

Senate to each Senator who shall be elected, previous to his taking

his seat.

-SOURCE-

(R.S. Sec. 28.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

R.S. Sec. 28 derived from act June 1, 1789, ch. 1, Sec. 2, 1

Stat. 23.

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2 USC Sec. 22 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 22. Oath of President of Senate

-STATUTE-

When a President of the Senate has not taken the oath of office,

it shall be administered to him by any Member of the Senate.

-SOURCE-

(R.S. Sec. 29.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

R.S. Sec. 29 derived from act June 1, 1789, ch. 1, Sec. 2, 1

Stat. 23.

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2 USC Sec. 23 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

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Sec. 23. Presiding officer of Senate may administer oaths

-STATUTE-

The presiding officer, for the time being, of the Senate of the

United States, shall have power to administer all oaths and

affirmations that are or may be required by the Constitution, or by

law, to be taken by any Senator, officer of the Senate, witness, or

other person, in respect to any matter within the jurisdiction of

the Senate.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 18, 1876, ch. 66, Sec. 1, 19 Stat. 34.)

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2 USC Sec. 24 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 24. Secretary of Senate or assistant secretary may administer

oaths

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Senate, and the assistant secretary thereof,

shall, respectively, have power to administer any oath or

affirmation required by law, or by the rules or orders of the

Senate, to be taken by any officer of the Senate, and to any

witness produced before it.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 18, 1876, ch. 66, Sec. 2, 19 Stat. 34; Pub. L. 92-51, July 9,

1971, 85 Stat. 125.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Assistant secretary of the Senate deemed successor in references

to chief clerk of the Senate in all laws, rules, resolutions, and

orders, effective July 1, 1971, under provisions of Pub. L. 92-51,

July 9, 1971, 85 Stat. 125.

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2 USC Sec. 25 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 25. Oath of Speaker, Members, and Delegates

-STATUTE-

At the first session of Congress after every general election of

Representatives, the oath of office shall be administered by any

Member of the House of Representatives to the Speaker; and by the

Speaker to all the Members and Delegates present, and to the Clerk,

previous to entering on any other business; and to the Members and

Delegates who afterward appear, previous to their taking their

seats.

The Clerk of the House of Representatives of the Eightieth and

each succeeding Congress shall cause the oath of office to be

printed, furnishing two copies to each Member and Delegate who has

taken the oath of office in accordance with law, which shall be

subscribed in person by the Member or Delegate, who shall thereupon

deliver them to the Clerk, one to be filed in the records of the

House of Representatives, and the other to be recorded in the

Journal of the House and in the Congressional Record; and such

signed copies, or certified copies thereof, or of either of such

records thereof, shall be admissible in evidence in any court of

the United States, and shall be held conclusive proof of the fact

that the signer duly took the oath of office in accordance with

law.

-SOURCE-

(R.S. Sec. 30; Feb. 18, 1948, ch. 53, 62 Stat. 20.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

R.S. Sec. 30 derived from act June 1, 1789, ch. 1, Sec. 2, 1

Stat. 23.

The last paragraph of this section, which permitted Members and

Delegates of the House of Representatives of the Eightieth Congress

to subscribe and deliver two signed copies of the printed oath of

office at any time before the expiration of the Eightieth Congress,

was omitted.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1948 - Act Feb. 18, 1948, added last two paragraphs to provide a

way by which any Member of House of Representatives can establish

by record evidence the fact that the Member took the oath of office

and so became a Member.

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2 USC Sec. 25a 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 25a. Delegate to House of Representatives from District of

Columbia

-STATUTE-

(a) The people of the District of Columbia shall be represented

in the House of Representatives by a Delegate, to be known as the

''Delegate to the House of Representatives from the District of

Columbia'', who shall be elected by the voters of the District of

Columbia in accordance with the District of Columbia Election Act.

The Delegate shall have a seat in the House of Representatives,

with the right of debate, but not of voting, shall have all the

privileges granted a Representative by section 6 of Article I of

the Constitution, and shall be subject to the same restrictions and

regulations as are imposed by law or rules on Representatives. The

Delegate shall be elected to serve during each Congress.

(b) No individual may hold the office of Delegate to the House of

Representatives from the District of Columbia unless on the date of

his election -

(1) he is a qualified elector (as that term is defined in

section 2(2) of the District of Columbia Election Act) of the

District of Columbia;

(2) he is at least twenty-five years of age;

(3) he holds no other paid public office; and

(4) he has resided in the District of Columbia continuously

since the beginning of the three-year period ending on such date.

He shall forfeit his office upon failure to maintain the

qualifications required by this subsection.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-405, title II, Sec. 202, Sept. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 848.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The District of Columbia Election Act, referred to in subsecs.

(a) and (b)(1), is act Aug. 12, 1955, ch. 862, 69 Stat. 699, as

amended, which is not classified to the Code.

-MISC2-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section 206(b) of title II of Pub. L. 91-405 provided that:

''This title and the amendments made by this title (enacting this

section and section 25b of this title and amending section 2106 of

Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, sections 4342,

6954, and 9342 of Title 10, Armed Forces, sections 201, 203, 204,

591, 594, and 595 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, and

section 1973i of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare) shall

take effect on the date of its enactment (Sept. 22, 1970).''

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2 USC Sec. 25b 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 25b. Repealed. Pub. L. 104-186, title II, Sec. 202(1), Aug.

20, 1996. 110 Stat. 1724

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 91-405, title II, Sec. 204(a), Sept. 22, 1970,

84 Stat. 852, related to application of certain Federal laws to

Delegate to House of Representatives from District of Columbia.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 26 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 26. Roll of Representatives-elect

-STATUTE-

Before the first meeting of each Congress the Clerk of the next

preceding House of Representatives shall make a roll of the

Representatives-elect, and place thereon the names of those

persons, and of such persons only, whose credentials show that they

were regularly elected in accordance with the laws of their States

respectively, or the laws of the United States. In case of a

vacancy in the office of Clerk of the House of Representatives, or

of the absence or inability of the Clerk to discharge the duties

imposed on him by law or custom relative to the preparation of the

roll of Representatives or the organization of the House, those

duties shall devolve on the Sergeant at Arms of the next preceding

House of Representatives.

-SOURCE-

(R.S. Sec. 31-33; Pub. L. 104-186, title II, Sec. 202(2), Aug. 20,

1996, 110 Stat. 1724.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

R.S. Sec. 31 derived from acts Feb. 21, 1867, ch. 56, Sec. 1, 14

Stat. 397 and Mar. 3, 1863, ch. 108, 12 Stat. 804.

R.S. Sec. 32 and 33 derived from act Feb. 21, 1867, ch. 56, Sec.

2, 14 Stat. 397.

R.S. Sec. 31 constitutes first sentence; R.S. Sec. 32 constitutes

second sentence; and R.S. Sec. 33 constituted the third sentence,

prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104-186. See 1996 Amendment note below.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-186 struck out third sentence which read as

follows: ''In case of vacancies in the offices of both the Clerk

and the Sergeant at Arms, or of the absence or inability of both to

act, the duties of the Clerk relative to the preparation of the

roll of the House of Representatives or the organization of the

House shall be performed by the Doorkeeper of the next preceding

House of Representatives.'' See Codification note above.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 34 of this title.

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2 USC Sec. 27 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 27. Change of place of meeting

-STATUTE-

Whenever Congress is about to convene, and from the prevalence of

contagious sickness, or the existence of other circumstances, it

would, in the opinion of the President, be hazardous to the lives

or health of the members to meet at the seat of Government, the

President is authorized, by proclamation, to convene Congress at

such other place as he may judge proper.

-SOURCE-

(R.S. Sec. 34.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

R.S. Sec. 34 derived from act Apr. 3, 1794, ch. 17, 1 Stat. 353.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 28 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 28. Parliamentary precedents of House of Representatives

-STATUTE-

(a) Periodic compilation; other useful materials; index digest;

date of completion

The Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives, at the

beginning of the fifth fiscal year following the completion and

publication of the parliamentary precedents of the House authorized

by the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1966 (79 Stat. 270;

Public Law 89-90), and at the beginning of each fifth fiscal year

thereafter, shall commence the compilation and preparation for

printing of the parliamentary precedents of the House of

Representatives, together with such other materials as may be

useful in connection therewith, and an index digest of such

precedents and other materials. Each such compilation and

preparation for printing of the parliamentary precedents of the

House shall be completed by the close of the fiscal year

immediately following the fiscal year in which such work is

commenced.

(b) Form, number, and distribution of compilation

As so compiled and prepared, such precedents and other materials

and index digest shall be printed on pages of such size, and in

such type and format, as the Parliamentarian may determine and

shall be printed in such numbers and for such distribution as may

be provided by law enacted prior to printing.

(c) Appointment and compensation of personnel; utilization of

services of personnel of Federal agencies

For the purpose of carrying out each such compilation and

preparation, the Parliamentarian may -

(1) subject to the approval of the Speaker, appoint (as

employees of the House of Representatives) clerical and other

personnel and fix their respective rates of pay; and

(2) utilize the services of personnel of the Library of

Congress and the Government Printing Office.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-510, title III, Sec. 331, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat.

1186.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1966, referred to in

subsec. (a), is Pub. L. 89-90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 265. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

-MISC2-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective immediately prior to noon on Jan. 3, 1971, see

section 601(1) of Pub. L. 91-510, set out as an Effective Date of

1970 Amendment note under section 72a of this title.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 28a 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 28a. Compilation of the Precedents of House of

Representatives; date of completion; biennial update; printing

and availability of copies

-STATUTE-

The Speaker is authorized and directed to complete the

Compilation of the Precedents of the House of Representatives by

January 1, 1977, and prepare an updated compilation of such

precedents every two years thereafter. Copies of the Compilation

of Precedents shall be printed in sufficient quantity to be

available to every Member and the standing committees of the House

of Representatives.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-554, title I, ch. III, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1777.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section is based on section 208 of House Resolution No. 988,

Ninety-third Congress, Oct. 8, 1974, which was enacted into

permanent law by Pub. L. 93-554.

-MISC3-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Pub. L. 93-554 provided that the enactment of House Resolution

No. 988, Ninety-third Congress, into permanent law is effective

Jan. 2, 1975.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 28b 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 28b. Printing and binding as public document of Precedents of

House of Representatives; number of sets authorized

-STATUTE-

(a) There shall be printed and bound as a public document two

thousand sets of the Precedents of the House of Representatives

compiled and prepared by Lewis Deschler (hereinafter in sections

28b to 28e of this title referred to as the ''Precedents'') in

accordance with the provisions of the Legislative Branch

Appropriation Act, 1966 (Public Law 89-90; 79 Stat. 265).

(b) The number of sets authorized to be printed and bound by or

pursuant to sections 28b to 28e of this title shall be in lieu of

the usual number of copies for binding and distribution required by

section 701 of title 44.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-551, Sec. 1, Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2537.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1966, referred to in

text, is Pub. L. 89-90, July 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 265. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 28e of this title.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 28c 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 28c. Distribution of Precedents by Public Printer

-STATUTE-

(a) Delivery to Members of Ninety-fifth Congress; marking of

volumes

The Public Printer shall deliver one set of the Precedents to

each Senator or Representative in, or Delegate or Resident

Commissioner to, the Ninety-fifth Congress. The name of the Member

to whom the set is delivered shall be legibly stamped on the front

cover of each volume of the set.

(b) Members of Congress following Ninety-fifth Congress not already

having sets of Precedents; necessity of written request to

Superintendent of Documents for set

Each Senator or Representative in, or Delegate or Resident

Commissioner to, each Congress following the Ninety-fifth Congress

who has not theretofore received a set of the Precedents shall be

entitled to receive one set of the Precedents, upon transmitting a

written request for such set to the Superintendent of Documents.

(c) Additional distribution of sets

The Public Printer shall make the following distribution of sets

of the Precedents:

(1) to the office of the Vice President, to the office of the

speaker of the House of Representatives, and to the office of the

President pro tempore of the Senate, each, five sets;

(2) to the office of the majority leader of the House of

Representatives and to the office of the minority leader of the

House of Representatives, each, three sets;

(3) to the Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives,

sixty sets;

(4) to the Parliamentarian of the Senate, five sets;

(5) to the Clerk of the House of Representatives and to the

Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives, each (FOOTNOTE

1) two sets;

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a

comma.

(6) to the Secretary of the Senate and to the Sergeant at Arms

of the Senate, each, two sets;

(7) to the superintendent of the House document room, two sets;

(8) to the superintendent of the Senate document room, two

sets;

(9) to the Library of Congress, for international exchange and

for official use in Washington, District of Columbia, one hundred

and fifty sets;

(10) to the National Archives, three sets;

(11) to the government of the District of Columbia, twelve

sets;

(12) to the Smithsonian Institute, two sets;

(13) to the library of each legislative branch of each State,

territory, and possession of the United States, one set; and

(14) to the Superintendent of Documents, eight hundred and

sixteen sets for distribution to the depository library system.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-551, Sec. 2, Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2537; Pub. L.

104-186, title II, Sec. 202(3), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1724.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104-186, Sec. 202(3)(A),

substituted ''Representatives, each'' for ''Representives, each''.

Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 104-186, Sec. 202(3)(B), substituted

''and to the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives, each

two sets'' for '', to the Sergeant at Arms of the House of

Representatives, and to the Doorkeeper of the House of

Representatives, each, two sets''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 28b, 28e of this title.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 28d 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 28d. Distribution of Precedents by Public Printer for official

use; particular distribution; marking and ownership of sets

-STATUTE-

(a) The Public Printer shall make the following distribution of

sets of the Precedents;

(1) to each standing or joint committee of the Congress which

is in existence on October 18, 1976, or which is established

after October 18, 1976, four sets;

(2) to the office of the Legislative Counsel of the House of

Representatives, five sets;

(3) to the office of the Legislative Counsel of the Senate,

five sets;

(4) to the library of the House of Representatives, four sets;

(5) to the library of the Senate, two sets;

(6) to the library of the Supreme Court of the United States,

nine sets;

(7) to the office of the Official Reporter of Debates of the

House of Representatives, three sets; and

(8) to the office of the Official Reporter of Debates of the

Senate, three sets.

(b) Each set of Precedents distributed by the Public Printer

under subsection (a) of this section shall be for official use.

Each such set shall be legibly stamped on the front cover

''Property of the United States Government.'' Each such set, upon

delivery, shall become and remain the property of the United

States, and may not be removed from the building in which is

located the designated library or office, as the case may be.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-551, Sec. 3, Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2538.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 28b, 28e of this title.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 28e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 28e. Distribution of Precedents by Joint Committee on Printing

of surplus sets; additional printing, etc., of sets under

authority of Joint Committee

-STATUTE-

(a) Any set of the Precedents printed and bound pursuant to

subsection (a) of section 28b of this title, not needed to carry

out the distributions required by sections 28b to 28e of this

title, shall be distributed under the direction of the Joint

Committee on Printing.

(b) The Joint Committee on Printing may from time to time

authorize and direct that additional sets of the Precedents, be

printed, bound, and distributed in such manner as the Joint

Committee determines will best carry out the purposes of sections

28b to 28e of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-551, Sec. 4, Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2538.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 28b of this title.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 29 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 29. Condensed and simplified versions of House precedents;

other useful materials in summary form; form and distribution

to Members of Congress, Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico,

and others; appointment and compensation of personnel;

utilization of services of personnel of Federal agencies

-STATUTE-

The Parliamentarian of the House of Representatives shall

prepare, compile, and maintain on a current basis and in cumulative

form, for each Congress commencing with the Ninety-third Congress a

condensed and, insofar as practicable, up-to-date version of all of

the parliamentary precedents of the House of Representatives which

have current use and application in the House, together with

informative text prepared by the Parliamentarian and other useful

related material in summary form. The Parliamentarian shall have

such matter printed for each Congress on pages of such size and in

such type and format as he considers advisable to promote the

usefulness of such matter to the Members of the House and shall

provide a printed copy thereof to each Member in each Congress,

including the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, and may make

such other distribution of such printed copies as he considers

advisable. In carrying out this section, the Parliamentarian may

appoint and fix the pay of personnel and utilize the services of

personnel of the Library of Congress and the Government Printing

Office.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 91-510, title III, Sec. 332, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat.

1186.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective immediately prior to noon on Jan. 3, 1971, see

section 601(1) of Pub. L. 91-510, set out as an Effective Date of

1970 Amendment note under section 72a of this title.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 29a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 29a. Early organization of House of Representatives

-STATUTE-

(a) Caucus or conference for incumbent Members reelected to and

Members-elect of ensuing Congress; time and procedure for

calling

(1) The majority leader or minority leader of the House of

Representatives after consultation with the Speaker may at any time

during any even-numbered year call a caucus or conference, to begin

on or after the first day of December and conclude on or before the

twentieth day of December in such year and to be attended by all

incumbent Members of his or her political party who have been

reelected to the ensuing Congress and all other Members-elect of

such party, for the purpose of taking all steps necessary to

achieve the prompt organization of the Members and Members-elect of

such party for the ensuing Congress.

(2) If the majority leader or minority leader calls an

organizational caucus or conference under paragraph (1), he or she

shall file with the Clerk of the House a written notice designating

the date upon which the caucus or conference is to convene. As

soon as possible after the election of Members to the ensuing

Congress, the Clerk shall furnish each Member-elect of the party

involved with appropriate written notification of the caucus or

conference.

(3) If a vacancy occurs in the office of majority leader or

minority leader during any even-numbered year (and has not been

filled), the chairman of the caucus or conference of the party

involved for the current Congress may call an organizational caucus

or conference under paragraph (1) by filing written notice thereof

as provided by paragraph (2).

(b) Payment and reimbursement for travel and per diem expenses for

Members attending caucus or conference; exceptions; regulations

governing payments and reimbursements; reimbursement vouchers

(1)(A) Each Member-elect (other than an incumbent Member

reelected to the ensuing Congress) who attends a caucus or

conference called under subsection (a) of this section, and each

incumbent Member reelected to the ensuing Congress who attends any

such caucus or conference convening after the adjournment sine die

of the Congress in the year involved, shall be paid for one round

trip between his or her place of residence in the district which he

or she represents and Washington, District of Columbia, for the

purpose of attending such caucus or conference. Payment shall be

made through the issuance of a transportation request form to each

such Member-elect or incumbent Member by the Finance Office of the

House before such caucus or conference.

(B) Each Member-elect (other than an incumbent Member reelected

to the ensuing Congress) who attends a caucus or conference called

under subsection (a) of this section shall in addition be

reimbursed on a per diem or other basis for expenses incurred in

connection with his or her attendance at such caucus or conference

for a period not to exceed the shorter of the following -

(i) the period beginning with the day before the designated

date upon which such caucus or conference is to convene and

ending with the day after the date of the final adjournment of

such caucus or conference; or

(ii) fourteen days.

(2) Payments and reimbursements to Members-elect under paragraph

(1) shall be made as provided (with respect to Members) in the

regulations prescribed by the Committee on House Oversight with

respect to travel and other expenses of committees and Members.

Reimbursements shall be paid on special voucher forms prescribed by

the Committee on House Oversight.

(c) Availability of applicable accounts of House

The applicable accounts of the House of Representatives are made

available to carry out the purposes of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-554, title I, ch. III, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1777;

Pub. L. 104-186, title II, Sec. 202(4), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat.

1725.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section is based on section 202 of House Resolution No. 988,

Ninety-third Congress, Oct. 8, 1974, which was enacted into

permanent law by Pub. L. 93-554.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 104-186, Sec. 202(4)(A),

substituted ''House Oversight'' for ''House Administration'' in two

places.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-186, Sec. 202(4)(B), substituted

''applicable accounts of the House of Representatives are'' for

''contingent fund of the House is''.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives changed

to Committee on House Administration of House of Representatives by

House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999.

-MISC4-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Pub. L. 93-554 provided that the enactment of House Resolution

No. 988, Ninety-third Congress, into permanent law is effective

Jan. 2, 1975.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 43b-2 of this title.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 29b, 29c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 29b, 29c. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 29b, based on section 204 of House Resolution No. 988,

Ninety-third Congress, Oct. 8, 1974, which was enacted into

permanent law, effective Jan. 2, 1975, by Pub. L. 93-554, title I,

ch. III, Dec. 27, 1974, 88 Stat. 1777, established a Commission on

Information and Facilities in House of Representatives to be

composed of nine members of the House appointed by Speaker,

required Speaker to appoint an Advisory Council to assist

Commission in carrying out its functions, required Commission to

conduct study of informational problems, facilities and space, and

House legislative counsel requirements, provided for the scope of

study of informational problems, and required Commission to make an

annual progress report to Speaker, to complete study of House

legislative counsel requirements by Jan. 1, 1976, and to submit a

final report by Jan. 2, 1977.

Section 29c, based on clause 10, rule I, of the Rules of the

House of Representatives as in effect before July 17, 1984,

relating to the Office for the Bicentennial for the House of

Representatives, established by House Resolution No. 621,

Ninety-seventh Congress, Dec. 17, 1982, which was enacted into

permanent law by Pub. L. 98-367, title I, Sec. 102, July 17, 1984,

98 Stat. 479, established in House of Representatives an Office for

the Bicentennial of the House of Representatives to coordinate

planning of commemoration of two-hundredth anniversary of House of

Representatives and to be staffed by a professional historian

appointed by Speaker without regard to political affiliation and

solely on basis of fitness to perform duties of the position and to

serve at pleasure of Speaker, and provided that the Office cease to

exist not later than Sept. 30, 1989, unless otherwise provided by

law or resolution. Office of the Historian of the House of

Representatives was established by clause 10, rule I, of the Rules

of the House of Representatives, as added on Jan. 3, 1989 (H. Res.

5, 101st Congress).

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 29d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 29d. Committee on Standards of Official Conduct of House of

Representatives

-STATUTE-

(a) Omitted

(b) Committee composition

The respective party caucus or conference of the House of

Representatives shall each nominate to the House of Representatives

at the beginning of each Congress 7 members to serve on the

Committee on Standards of Official Conduct.

(c) Investigative subcommittees

The Committee on Standards of Official Conduct shall adopt rules

providing -

(1) for the establishment of a 4 or 6-member investigative

subcommittee (with equal representation from the majority and

minority parties) whenever the committee votes to undertake any

investigation;

(2) that the senior majority and minority members on an

investigative subcommittee shall serve as the chairman and

ranking minority member of the subcommittee; and

(3) that the chairman and ranking minority member of the full

committee may only serve as non-voting, ex officio members on an

investigative subcommittee.

Clause 5(d) of rule XI (FOOTNOTE 1) of the Rules of the House of

Representatives shall not apply to any investigative subcommittee.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(d) Adjudicatory subcommittees

The Committee on Standards of Official Conduct shall adopt rules

providing -

(1) that upon the completion of an investigation, an

investigative subcommittee shall report its findings and

recommendations to the committee;

(2) that, if an investigative subcommittee by majority vote of

its membership adopts a statement of alleged violation, the

remaining members of the committee shall comprise an adjudicatory

subcommittee to hold a disciplinary hearing on the violation

alleged in the statement;

(3) that any statement of alleged violation and any written

response thereto shall be made public at the first meeting or

hearing on the matter which is open to the public after the

respondent has been given full opportunity to respond to the

statement in accordance with committee rules, but, if no public

hearing or meeting is held on the matter, the statement of

alleged violation and any written response thereto shall be

included in the committee's final report to the House of

Representatives as required by clause 4(e)(1)(B) of rule X

(FOOTNOTE 1) of the Rules of the House of Representatives;

(4) that a quorum for an adjudicatory subcommittee for the

purpose of taking testimony and conducting any business shall

consist of a majority of the membership of the subcommittee plus

one; and

(5) that an adjudicatory subcommittee shall determine, after

receiving evidence, whether the counts in the statement have been

proved and shall report its findings to the committee.

Clause 5(d) of rule XI (FOOTNOTE 1) of the Rules of the House of

Representatives shall not apply to any adjudicatory subcommittee.

(e) to (h) Omitted

(i) Advice and education

(1) The Committee on Standards of Official Conduct shall

establish within the committee an Office on Advice and Education

(hereinafter in this subsection referred to as the ''Office'')

under the supervision of the chairman.

(2) The Office shall be headed by a director who shall be

appointed by the chairman, in consultation with the ranking

minority member, and shall be comprised of such staff as the

chairman determines is necessary to carry out the responsibilities

of the Office.

(3) The primary responsibilities of the Office shall include:

(A) Providing information and guidance to Members, officers and

employees of the House regarding any laws, rules, regulations,

and other standards of conduct applicable to such individuals in

their official capacities, and any interpretations and advisory

opinions of the committee.

(B) Submitting to the chairman and ranking minority member of

the committee any written request from any such Member, officer

or employee for an interpretation of applicable laws, rules,

regulations, or other standards of conduct, together with any

recommendations thereon.

(C) Recommending to the committee for its consideration formal

advisory opinions of general applicability.

(D) Developing and carrying out, subject to the approval of the

chairman, periodic educational briefings for Members, officers

and employees of the House on those laws, rules, regulations, or

other standards of conduct applicable to them.

(4) No information provided to the Committee on Standards of

Official Conduct by a Member, officer or employee of the House of

Representatives when seeking advice regarding prospective conduct

of such Member, officer or employee may be used as the basis for

initiating an investigation under clause 4(e)(1)(B) of rule X

(FOOTNOTE 1) of the Rules of the House of Representatives, if such

Member, officer or employee acts in accordance with the written

advice of the committee.

(j) Effective date

This section shall take effect immediately before noon January 3,

1991, except that subsections (g), (h), and (i) shall take effect

on January 1, 1990.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-194, title VIII, Sec. 803, Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat.

1774.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Rules of the House of Representatives for the One Hundred

Sixth Congress were adopted and amended generally by House

Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999.

Provisions formerly appearing in clause 5(d) of rule XI, referred

to in subsecs. (c) and (d), are now contained in clause 6(d) of

rule X. Provisions formerly appearing in clause 4(e)(1)(B) of rule

X, referred to in subsecs. (d)(3) and (i)(4), are now contained in

clause 3(a)(2) of rule XI.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section is comprised of section 803 of Pub. L. 101-194. Subsecs.

(a) and (e) to (h) of section 803 amended the Rules of the House of

Representatives which are not classified to the Code.

-MISC3-

ACCEPTANCE OF GIFTS; AMENDMENTS TO ADVISORY OPINIONS

Section 801(e) of Pub. L. 101-194 provided that: ''The Committee

on Standards of Official Conduct of the House of Representatives

shall amend its advisory opinions relating to the acceptance of

gifts (1) to prohibit lodging received as personal hospitality in

excess of 30 days in any calendar year from any individual unless a

written waiver is granted by the committee and (2) to exempt gifts

of food and beverages consumed not in connection with gifts of

lodging from coverage under clause 4 of rule XLIII (now clause 4 of

rule XXIII) of the Rules of the House of Representatives.''

NONCAMPAIGN USE OF CAMPAIGN VEHICLES

Section 802(e) of Pub. L. 101-194 provided that: ''The Committee

on Standards of Official Conduct of the House of Representatives

shall issue an advisory opinion to provide for appropriate

conditions for the incidental noncampaign use of vehicles owned or

leased by a campaign committee of a Member of the House of

Representatives.''

RESTRICTIONS ON REIMBURSABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES

Section 805 of Pub. L. 101-194 provided that:

''(a) Restrictions. - The Committee on Standards of Official

Conduct of the House of Representatives shall amend its advisory

opinions relating to the acceptance of necessary travel expenses

incurred on or after January 1, 1990, in connection with speaking

engagements and similar events to -

''(1) prohibit the acceptance of such expenses for more than 4

consecutive days in the case of domestic travel and 7 consecutive

days (excluding travel days) in the case of foreign travel; and

''(2) permit the acceptance of travel expenses for the spouse

or other family member in connection with any substantial

participation event or fact-finding activity.

''(b) Exemption Authority. - The Committee on Standards of

Official Conduct of the House of Representatives is authorized to

grant prior written exemptions from the limitations contained in

subsection (a)(1) in exceptional circumstances.''

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 30 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 30. Term of service of Members of Congress as trustees or

directors of corporations or institutions appropriated for

-STATUTE-

In all cases where Members of Congress or Senators are appointed

to represent Congress on any board of trustees or board of

directors of any corporation or institution to which Congress makes

any appropriation, the term of said Members or Senators, as such

trustee or director, shall continue until the expiration of two

months after the first meeting of the Congress chosen next after

their appointment.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 3, 1893, ch. 199, Sec. 1, 27 Stat. 553.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was formerly classified to section 722 of Title 31 prior

to the general revision and enactment of Title 31, Money and

Finance, by Pub. L. 97-258, Sec. 1, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 877.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 30a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 2 - ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS

-HEAD-

Sec. 30a. Jury duty exemption of elected officials of legislative

branch

-STATUTE-

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal, State or

local law, no elected official of the legislative branch of the

United States Government shall be required to serve on a grand or

petit jury, convened by any Federal, State or local court, whether

such service is requested by judicial summons or by some other

means of compulsion.

(b) ''Elected official of the legislative branch'' shall mean

each Member of the United States House of Representatives, the

Delegates from the District of Columbia, Guam, the American Virgin

Islands, and American Samoa, and the Resident Commissioner from

Puerto Rico, and each United States Senator.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-520, title III, Sec. 310, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat.

2278.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section is from the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1991.

-CITE-