US (United States) Code. Title 2. Chapter 17: Congressional Budget Office

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-CITE-

2 USC CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

-MISC1-

Sec.

601. Establishment.

(a) In general.

(b) Personnel.

(c) Experts and consultants.

(d) Relationship to executive branch.

(e) Relationship to other agencies of Congress.

(f) Revenue estimates.

(g) Authorization of appropriations.

602. Duties and functions.

(a) Assistance to budget committees.

(b) Assistance to Committees on Appropriations, Ways

and Means, and Finance.

(c) Assistance to other committees and Members.

(d) Assignment of office personnel to committees and

joint committees.

(e) Reports to budget committees.

(f) Use of computers and other techniques.

(g) Studies.

603. Public access to budget data.

(a) Right to copy.

(b) Index.

(c) Exceptions.

(d) Information obtained for committees and Members.

(e) Level of confidentiality.

604. Omitted.

605. Sale or lease of property, supplies, or services.

606. Disposition of surplus or obsolete property.

607. Lump-sum payments for annual leave to separated employees.

608. Lump-sum payments to enhance staff recruitment and to reward

exceptional performance.

609. Employee training.

(a) In general.

(b) Regulations.

(c) Recovery of debt.

(d) Applicability.

610. Repayment of student loan on behalf of employee.

(a) Authorization.

(b) Regulations.

(c) Maximum amount.

(d) Limitation.

(e) Accounting.

(f) Applicability.

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in section 622 of this title.

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2 USC Sec. 601 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 601. Establishment

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

(1) There is established an office of the Congress to be known as

the Congressional Budget Office (hereinafter in this chapter

referred to as the ''Office''). The Office shall be headed by a

Director; and there shall be a Deputy Director who shall perform

such duties as may be assigned to him by the Director and, during

the absence or incapacity of the Director or during a vacancy in

that office, shall act as Director.

(2) The Director shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House

of Representatives and the President pro tempore of the Senate

after considering recommendations received from the Committees on

the Budget of the House and the Senate, without regard to political

affiliation and solely on the basis of his fitness to perform his

duties. The Deputy Director shall be appointed by the Director.

(3) The term of office of the Director shall be 4 years and shall

expire on January 3 of the year preceding each Presidential

election. Any individual appointed as Director to fill a vacancy

prior to the expiration of a term shall serve only for the

unexpired portion of that term. An individual serving as Director

at the expiration of a term may continue to serve until his

successor is appointed. Any Deputy Director shall serve until the

expiration of the term of office of the Director who appointed him

(and until his successor is appointed), unless sooner removed by

the Director.

(4) The Director may be removed by either House by resolution.

(5)(A) The Director shall receive compensation at an annual rate

of pay that is equal to the lower of -

(i) the highest annual rate of compensation of any officer of

the Senate; or

(ii) the highest annual rate of compensation of any officer of

the House of Representatives.

(B) The Deputy Director shall receive compensation at an annual

rate of pay that is $1,000 less than the annual rate of pay

received by the Director, as determined under subparagraph (A).

(b) Personnel

The Director shall appoint and fix the compensation of such

personnel as may be necessary to carry out the duties and functions

of the Office. All personnel of the Office shall be appointed

without regard to political affiliation and solely on the basis of

their fitness to perform their duties. The Director may prescribe

the duties and responsibilities of the personnel of the Office, and

delegate to them authority to perform any of the duties, powers,

and functions imposed on the Office or on the Director. For

purposes of pay (other than pay of the Director and Deputy

Director) and employment benefits, rights, and privileges, all

personnel of the Office shall be treated as if they were employees

of the House of Representatives.

(c) Experts and consultants

In carrying out the duties and functions of the Office, the

Director may procure the temporary (not to exceed one year) or

intermittent services of experts or consultants or organizations

thereof by contract as independent contractors, or, in the case of

individual experts or consultants, by employment at rates of pay

not in excess of the daily equivalent of the highest rate of basic

pay payable under the General Schedule of section 5332 of title 5.

(d) Relationship to executive branch

The Director is authorized to secure information, data,

estimates, and statistics directly from the various departments,

agencies, and establishments of the executive branch of Government

and the regulatory agencies and commissions of the Government. All

such departments, agencies, establishments, and regulatory agencies

and commissions shall furnish the Director any available material

which he determines to be necessary in the performance of his

duties and functions (other than material the disclosure of which

would be a violation of law). The Director is also authorized,

upon agreement with the head of any such department, agency,

establishment, or regulatory agency or commission, to utilize its

services, facilities, and personnel with or without reimbursement;

and the head of each such department, agency, establishment, or

regulatory agency or commission is authorized to provide the Office

such services, facilities, and personnel.

(e) Relationship to other agencies of Congress

In carrying out the duties and functions of the Office, and for

the purpose of coordinating the operations of the Office with those

of other congressional agencies with a view to utilizing most

effectively the information, services, and capabilities of all such

agencies in carrying out the various responsibilities assigned to

each, the Director is authorized to obtain information, data,

estimates, and statistics developed by the General Accounting

Office, (FOOTNOTE 1) and the Library of Congress, and (upon

agreement with them) to utilize their services, facilities, and

personnel with or without reimbursement. The Comptroller General,

(FOOTNOTE 1) and the Librarian of Congress, (FOOTNOTE 1) are

authorized to provide the Office with the information, data,

estimates, and statistics, and the services, facilities, and

personnel, referred to in the preceding sentence.

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Comma probably should not appear.

(f) Revenue estimates

For the purposes of revenue legislation which is income, estate

and gift, excise, and payroll taxes (i.e., Social Security),

considered or enacted in any session of Congress, the Congressional

Budget Office shall use exclusively during that session of Congress

revenue estimates provided to it by the Joint Committee on

Taxation. During that session of Congress such revenue estimates

shall be transmitted by the Congressional Budget Office to any

committee of the House of Representatives or the Senate requesting

such estimates, and shall be used by such Committees in determining

such estimates. The Budget Committees of the Senate and House

shall determine all estimates with respect to scoring points of

order and with respect to the execution of the purposes of this

Act.

(g) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Office for each

fiscal year such sums as may be necessary to enable it to carry out

its duties and functions. Until sums are first appropriated

pursuant to the preceding sentence, but for a period not exceeding

12 months following the effective date of this subsection, the

expenses of the Office shall be paid from the contingent fund of

the Senate, in accordance with section 68 of this title, and upon

vouchers approved by the Director.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-344, title II, Sec. 201, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 302;

Pub. L. 99-177, title II, Sec. 273, Dec. 12, 1985, 99 Stat. 1098,

renumbered Sec. 201(g) of Pub. L. 93-344, Pub. L. 101-508, title

XIII, Sec. 13202(b), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388-615; Pub. L.

101-508, title XIII, Sec. 13202(a), (c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat.

1388-615; Pub. L. 105-33, title X, Sec. 10102, Aug. 5, 1997, 111

Stat. 678; Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(5) (title II,

Sec. 224), Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-299.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in subsec. (f), means Pub. L. 93-344, July

12, 1974, 88 Stat. 297, as amended, known as the Congressional

Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974, which enacted chapters

17, 17A and 17B, and section 190a-3 of this title and sections 11a,

11c, 11d, 1020a of former Title 31, Money and Finance, amended

sections 11, 665, 701, 1020, 1151, 1152, 1153, and 1154 of former

Title 31, section 105 of Title 1, General Provisions, sections 190b

and 190d of this title, repealed sections 571 and 581c-1 of former

Title 31, and sections 66 and 81 of this title, and enacted

provisions set out as notes under sections 190a-1, 621, 632, and

682 of this title, section 105 of Title 1, and section 1020 of

former Title 31. For complete classification of this Act to the

Code, see Short Title note set out under section 621 of this title

and Tables.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Pub. L. 101-508, Sec. 12302(b), transferred section 273 of Pub.

L. 99-177, which was classified to section 921 of this title, to

subsec. (g) (now (f)) of this section, relating to revenue

estimates.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 106-113 amended par. (5)

generally. Prior to amendment, par. (5) read as follows: ''The

Director shall receive compensation at a per annum gross rate equal

to the rate of basic pay, as in effect from time to time, for level

III of the Executive Schedule in section 5314 of title 5. The

Deputy Director shall receive compensation at a per annum gross

rate equal to the rate of basic pay, as so in effect, for level IV

of the Executive Schedule in section 5315 of such title.''

1997 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 105-33, Sec. 10102(a), substituted

''The term of office of the Director shall be 4 years and shall

expire on January 3 of the year preceding each Presidential

election.'' for ''The term of office of the Director first

appointed shall expire at noon on January 3, 1979, and the terms of

office of Directors subsequently appointed shall expire at noon on

January 3 of each fourth year thereafter.''

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105-33, Sec. 10102(b), inserted ''and''

before ''the Library'', struck out ''and the Office of Technology

Assessment,'' after ''Library of Congress,'', inserted ''and''

before ''the Librarian'', and struck out '', and the Technology

Assessment Board'' after ''Librarian of Congress''.

Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 105-33, Sec. 10102(c), redesignated

subsec. (g), relating to revenue estimates, as (f).

1990 - Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 101-508, Sec. 13202(a), redesignated

subsec. (f), relating to authorization of appropriations, as (g).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 101-508, Sec. 13202(a), redesignated subsec.

(f), relating to authorization of appropriations, as (g).

Pub. L. 101-508, Sec. 12302(b), (c), redesignated section 921 of

this title as subsec. (g) of this section, inserted heading

''Revenue estimates'' and substituted ''this Act'' for ''this title

and the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974''.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Subsec. (a) effective July 12, 1974, see section 905(a) of Pub.

L. 93-344, and subsecs. (b) to (f) effective on day on which first

Director of Congressional Budget Office is appointed under subsec.

(a), see section 905(a), (b) of Pub. L. 93-344, formerly set out as

a note under section 621 of this title.

SHORT TITLE

Pub. L. 93-344, which enacted this chapter, to be cited in its

entirety as the ''Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act

of 1974'', with titles I through IX thereof to be cited as the

''Congressional Budget Act of 1974'', see section 1(a) of Pub. L.

93-344, set out as a note under section 621 of this title.

REFERENCES IN OTHER LAWS TO GS-16, 17, OR 18 PAY RATES

References in laws to the rates of pay for GS-16, 17, or 18, or

to maximum rates of pay under the General Schedule, to be

considered references to rates payable under specified sections of

Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, see section 529

(title I, Sec. 101(c)(1)) of Pub. L. 101-509, set out in a note

under section 5376 of Title 5.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 603 of this title.

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2 USC Sec. 602 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 602. Duties and functions

-STATUTE-

(a) Assistance to budget committees

It shall be the primary duty and function of the Office to

provide to the Committees on the Budget of both Houses information

which will assist such committees in the discharge of all matters

within their jurisdictions, including (1) information with respect

to the budget, appropriation bills, and other bills authorizing or

providing new budget authority or tax expenditures, (2) information

with respect to revenues, receipts, estimated future revenues and

receipts, and changing revenue conditions, and (3) such related

information as such Committee may request.

(b) Assistance to Committees on Appropriations, Ways and Means, and

Finance

At the request of the Committee on Appropriations of either

House, the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of

Representatives, or the Committee on Finance of the Senate, the

Office shall provide to such Committee any information which will

assist it in the discharge of matters within its jurisdiction,

including information described in clauses (1) and (2) of

subsection (a) of this section and such related information as the

Committee may request.

(c) Assistance to other committees and Members

(1) At the request of any other committee of the House of

Representatives or the Senate or any joint committee of the

Congress, the Office shall provide to such committee or joint

committee any information compiled in carrying out clauses (1) and

(2) of subsection (a) of this section, and, to the extent

practicable, such additional information related to the foregoing

as may be requested.

(2) At the request of any committee of the Senate or the House of

Representatives, the Office shall, to the extent practicable,

consult with and assist such committee in analyzing the budgetary

or financial impact of any proposed legislation that may have -

(A) a significant budgetary impact on State, local, or tribal

governments;

(B) a significant financial impact on the private sector; or

(C) a significant employment impact on the private sector.

(3) At the request of any Member of the House or Senate, the

Office shall provide to such Member any information compiled in

carrying out clauses (1) and (2) of subsection (a) of this section,

and, to the extent available, such additional information related

to the foregoing as may be requested.

(d) Assignment of office personnel to committees and joint

committees

At the request of the Committee on the Budget of either House,

personnel of the Office shall be assigned, on a temporary basis, to

assist such committee. At the request of any other committee of

either House or any joint committee of the Congress, personnel of

the Office may be assigned, on a temporary basis, to assist such

committee or joint committee with respect to matters directly

related to the applicable provisions of subsection (b) or (c) of

this section.

(e) Reports to budget committees

(1) On or before February 15 of each year, the Director shall

submit to the Committees on the Budget of the House of

Representatives and the Senate a report, for the fiscal year

commencing on October 1 of that year, with respect to fiscal

policy, including (A) alternative levels of total revenues, total

new budget authority, and total outlays (including related

surpluses and deficits), (B) the levels of tax expenditures under

existing law, taking into account projected economic factors and

any changes in such levels based on proposals in the budget

submitted by the President for such fiscal year, and (C) a

statement of the levels of budget authority and outlays for each

program assumed to be extended in the baseline, as provided in

section 907(b)(2)(A) of this title and for excise taxes assumed to

be extended under section 907(b)(2)(C) of this title. Such report

shall also include a discussion of national budget priorities,

including alternative ways of allocating new budget authority and

budget outlays for such fiscal year among major programs or

functional categories, taking into account how such alternative

allocations will meet major national needs and affect balanced

growth and development of the United States.

(2) The Director shall from time to time submit to the Committees

on the Budget of the House of Representatives and the Senate such

further reports (including reports revising the report required by

paragraph (1)) as may be necessary or appropriate to provide such

Committees with information, data, and analyses for the performance

of their duties and functions.

(3) On or before January 15 of each year, the Director, after

consultation with the appropriate committees of the House of

Representatives and Senate, shall submit to the Congress a report

listing (A) all programs and activities funded during the fiscal

year ending September 30 of that calendar year for which

authorizations for appropriations have not been enacted for that

fiscal year, and (B) all programs and activities for which

authorizations for appropriations have been enacted for the fiscal

year ending September 30 of that calendar year, but for which no

authorizations for appropriations have been enacted for the fiscal

year beginning October 1 of that calendar year.

(f) Use of computers and other techniques

The Director may equip the Office with up-to-date computer

capability (upon approval of the Committee on House Oversight of

the House of Representatives and the Committee on Rules and

Administration of the Senate), obtain the services of experts and

consultants in computer technology, and develop techniques for the

evaluation of budgetary requirements.

(g) Studies

(1) Continuing studies

The Director of the Congressional Budget Office shall conduct

continuing studies to enhance comparisons of budget outlays,

credit authority, and tax expenditures.

(2) Federal mandate studies

(A) At the request of any Chairman or ranking member of the

minority of a Committee of the Senate or the House of

Representatives, the Director shall, to the extent practicable,

conduct a study of a legislative proposal containing a Federal

mandate.

(B) In conducting a study on intergovernmental mandates under

subparagraph (A), the Director shall -

(i) solicit and consider information or comments from elected

officials (including their designated representatives) of

State, local, or tribal governments as may provide helpful

information or comments;

(ii) consider establishing advisory panels of elected

officials or their designated representatives, of State, local,

or tribal governments if the Director determines that such

advisory panels would be helpful in performing responsibilities

of the Director under this section; and

(iii) if, and to the extent that the Director determines that

accurate estimates are reasonably feasible, include estimates

of -

(I) the future direct cost of the Federal mandate to the

extent that such costs significantly differ from or extend

beyond the 5-year period after the mandate is first

effective; and

(II) any disproportionate budgetary effects of Federal

mandates upon particular industries or sectors of the

economy, States, regions, and urban or rural or other types

of communities, as appropriate.

(C) In conducting a study on private sector mandates under

subparagraph (A), the Director shall provide estimates, if and to

the extent that the Director determines that such estimates are

reasonably feasible, of -

(i) future costs of Federal private sector mandates to the

extent that such mandates differ significantly from or extend

beyond the 5-year time period referred to in subparagraph

(B)(iii)(I);

(ii) any disproportionate financial effects of Federal

private sector mandates and of any Federal financial assistance

in the bill or joint resolution upon any particular industries

or sectors of the economy, States, regions, and urban or rural

or other types of communities; and

(iii) the effect of Federal private sector mandates in the

bill or joint resolution on the national economy, including the

effect on productivity, economic growth, full employment,

creation of productive jobs, and international competitiveness

of United States goods and services.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-344, title II, Sec. 202, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 304;

Pub. L. 99-177, title II, Sec. 221, Dec. 12, 1985, 99 Stat. 1060;

Pub. L. 101-508, title XIII, Sec. 13112(a)(3), Nov. 5, 1990, 104

Stat. 1388-608; Pub. L. 104-4, title I, Sec. 102(1), Mar. 22, 1995,

109 Stat. 60; Pub. L. 104-186, title II, Sec. 213, Aug. 20, 1996,

110 Stat. 1745; Pub. L. 105-33, title X, Sec. 10103, Aug. 5, 1997,

111 Stat. 678.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1997 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-33, Sec. 10103(a), inserted

''primary'' before ''duty'' in first sentence.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105-33, Sec. 10103(b), redesignated subsec.

(f) as (e) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (e).

Text of par. (1) of subsec. (e) read as follows: ''The duties,

functions, and personnel of the Joint Committee on Reduction of

Federal Expenditures are transferred to the Office, and the Joint

Committee is abolished.'' Par. (2) of subsec. (e) repealed section

571 of former Title 31, Money and Finance.

Subsec. (e)(1)(C). Pub. L. 105-33, Sec. 10103(c), added subpar.

(C).

Subsecs. (f) to (h). Pub. L. 105-33, Sec. 10103(b), redesignated

subsecs. (g) and (h) as (f) and (g), respectively.

1996 - Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104-186 substituted ''House

Oversight'' for ''House Administration''.

1995 - Subsec. (c)(2), (3). Pub. L. 104-4, Sec. 102(1)(A), added

par. (2) and redesignated former par. (2) as (3).

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 104-4, Sec. 102(1)(B), amended heading and

text of subsec. (h) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as

follows: ''The Director shall conduct continuing studies to enhance

comparisons of budget outlays, credit authority, and tax

expenditures.''

1990 - Subsecs. (a)(1), (f)(1). Pub. L. 101-508 substituted ''new

budget authority'' for ''budget authority'' in subsec. (a)(1) and

second sentence of subsec. (f)(1).

1985 - Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 99-177, Sec. 221(a), substituted

''February 15'' for ''April 1''.

Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 99-177, Sec. 221(b), added par. (3).

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 99-177, Sec. 221(c), added subsec. (h).

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on House Oversight of House of Representatives changed

to Committee on House Administration of House of Representatives by

House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Jan. 6, 1999.

-MISC4-

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1995 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-4 effective Jan. 1, 1996, or on the date

90 days after appropriations are made available as authorized under

section 1516 of this title, whichever is earlier, and applicable to

legislation considered on and after such date, see section 110 of

Pub. L. 104-4, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1511

of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1985 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 99-177 effective Dec. 12, 1985, and

applicable with respect to fiscal years beginning after Sept. 30,

1985, see section 275(a)(1) of Pub. L. 99-177, set out as an

Effective and Termination Dates note under section 900 of this

title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective on day on which first Director of Congressional

Budget Office is appointed under section 601(a) of this title, see

section 905(b) of Pub. L. 93-344, formerly set out as a note under

section 621 of this title.

CREDIT REFORM

Pub. L. 100-119, title II, Sec. 212, Sept. 29, 1987, 101 Stat.

787, provided that: ''The Congressional Budget Office, in

consultation with the General Accounting Office, shall study and

report to Congress on Federal direct loan and loan guarantee

programs for fiscal year 1987 and fiscal year 1988. The report

shall be submitted as soon as practicable to all congressional

committees of appropriate jurisdiction. The report shall provide

information and recommendations on: (1) more accurately measuring

the costs to the Federal Government of such credit programs, (2)

comparing the cost of credit programs to other forms of Federal

assistance, and (3) improving the allocation of resources between

credit and other programs. The report shall also discuss the

considerations involved in establishing a system for using the

information on the costs of credit programs as part of the budget

process.''

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 603 01/06/03

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TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 603. Public access to budget data

-STATUTE-

(a) Right to copy

Except as provided in subsections (c), (d), and (e) of this

section, the Director shall make all information, data, estimates,

and statistics obtained under section 601(d) and (e) of this title

available for public copying during normal business hours, subject

to reasonable rules and regulations, and shall to the extent

practicable, at the request of any person, furnish a copy of any

such information, data, estimates, or statistics upon payment by

such person of the cost of making and furnishing such copy.

(b) Index

The Director shall develop and maintain filing, coding, and

indexing systems that identify the information, data, estimates,

and statistics to which subsection (a) of this section applies and

shall make such systems available for public use during normal

business hours.

(c) Exceptions

Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to information,

data, estimates, and statistics -

(1) which are specifically exempted from disclosure by law; or

(2) which the Director determines will disclose -

(A) matters necessary to be kept secret in the interests of

national defense or the confidential conduct of the foreign

relations of the United States;

(B) information relating to trade secrets or financial or

commercial information pertaining specifically to a given

person if the information has been obtained by the Government

on a confidential basis, other than through an application by

such person for a specific financial or other benefit, and is

required to be kept secret in order to prevent undue injury to

the competitive position of such person; or

(C) personnel or medical data or similar data the disclosure

of which would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of

personal privacy;

unless the portions containing such matters, information, or data

have been excised.

(d) Information obtained for committees and Members

Subsection (a) of this section shall apply to any information,

data, estimates, and statistics obtained at the request of any

committee, joint committee, or Member unless such committee, joint

committee, or Member has instructed the Director not to make such

information, data, estimates, or statistics available for public

copying.

(e) Level of confidentiality

With respect to information, data, estimates, and statistics

obtained under sections 601(d) and 601(e) of this title, the

Director shall maintain the same level of confidentiality as is

required by law of the department, agency, establishment, or

regulatory agency or commission from which it is obtained.

Officers and employees of the Congressional Budget Office shall be

subject to the same statutory penalties for unauthorized disclosure

or use as officers or employees of the department, agency,

establishment, or regulatory agency or commission from which it is

obtained.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 93-344, title II, Sec. 203, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 305;

Pub. L. 106-554, Sec. 1(a)(7) (title III, Sec. 310(b)), Dec. 21,

2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-639.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106-554, Sec. 1(a)(7) (title III,

Sec. 310(b)(2)), substituted ''subsections (c), (d), and (e)'' for

''subsections (c) and (d)''.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 106-554, Sec. 1(a)(7) (title III, Sec.

310(b)(1)), added subsec. (e).

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective on day on which first Director of Congressional

Budget Office is appointed under section 601(a) of this title, see

section 905(b) of Pub. L. 93-344, formerly set out as a note under

section 621 of this title.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 604 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 604. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, Pub. L. 94-440, title V, Sec. 500, Oct. 1, 1976, 90

Stat. 1452, the Legislative Appropriation Act, 1977, which

authorized the Congressional Budget Office to contract without

regard to section 5 of Title 41, Public Contracts, applied to

fiscal year 1977 and was not repeated in subsequent appropriation

acts. Similar provisions were contained in the following prior

appropriation act:

Pub. L. 94-157, title I, Dec. 18, 1975, 89 Stat. 834.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 605 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 605. Sale or lease of property, supplies, or services

-STATUTE-

(a) Any sale or lease of property, supplies, or services to the

Congressional Budget Office shall be deemed to be a sale or lease

to the Congress subject to section 111b of this title.

(b) Subsection (a) of this section shall apply with respect to

fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1996.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 104-197, title I, Sec. 104, Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat.

2404.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 111b of this title, referred to in subsec. (a), was in

the original a reference to section 903 of the Supplemental

Appropriations Act, 1983, Pub. L. 98-63, title I, July 30, 1983, 97

Stat. 336, which is classified to section 111b of this title and in

part as a note set out under section 111b of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the appropriation act cited as the

credit to this section, and not as part of title II of the

Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 which

comprises this chapter.

-MISC3-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the

following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 104-53, title I, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 527.

Pub. L. 103-283, title I, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1433.

Pub. L. 103-69, title I, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 701.

Pub. L. 102-392, title I, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1713.

Pub. L. 102-90, title I, Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 458.

Pub. L. 101-520, title I, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2266.

Pub. L. 101-163, title I, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1054.

Pub. L. 100-458, title I, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2169.

Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 101(i) (title I), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat.

1329-290, 1329-300.

Pub. L. 99-500, Sec. 101(j) (H.R. 5203, title I), Oct. 18, 1986,

100 Stat. 1783-287, and Pub. L. 99-591, Sec. 101(j), Oct. 30, 1986,

100 Stat. 3341-287.

Pub. L. 99-151, title I, Nov. 13, 1985, 99 Stat. 800.

Pub. L. 98-367, title I, July 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 482.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 606 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 606. Disposition of surplus or obsolete property

-STATUTE-

(a) The Director of the Congressional Budget Office shall have

the authority, within the limits of available appropriations, to

dispose of surplus or obsolete personal property by inter-agency

transfer, donation, sale, trade-in, or discarding. Amounts

received for the sale or trade-in of personal property shall be

credited to funds available for the operations of the Congressional

Budget Office and be available for the costs of acquiring the same

or similar property. Such funds shall be available for such

purposes during the fiscal year in which received and the following

fiscal year.

(b) Subsection (a) of this section shall apply with respect to

fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1996.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 104-197, title I, Sec. 105, Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat.

2404; Pub. L. 107-68, title I, Sec. 126, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat.

577.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the appropriation act cited as the

credit to this section, and not as part of title II of the

Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 which

comprises this chapter.

-MISC3-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in the

following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 104-53, title I, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 527.

Pub. L. 103-283, title I, July 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 1433.

Pub. L. 103-69, title I, Aug. 11, 1993, 107 Stat. 701.

AMENDMENTS

2001 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-68 substituted ''sale, trade-in,

or discarding'' for ''or discarding'' and inserted at end ''Amounts

received for the sale or trade-in of personal property shall be

credited to funds available for the operations of the Congressional

Budget Office and be available for the costs of acquiring the same

or similar property. Such funds shall be available for such

purposes during the fiscal year in which received and the following

fiscal year.''

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 607 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 607. Lump-sum payments for annual leave to separated employees

-STATUTE-

(a) The Director of the Congressional Budget Office shall have

the authority to make lump-sum payments to separated employees of

the Congressional Budget Office for unused annual leave.

(b) Subsection (a) of this section shall apply with respect to

fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1996.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 104-197, title I, Sec. 106, Sept. 16, 1996, 110 Stat.

2404.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Congressional Operations

Appropriations Act, 1997, which is title I of the Legislative

Branch Appropriations Act, 1997, and not as part of title II of the

Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 which

comprises this chapter.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 608 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 608. Lump-sum payments to enhance staff recruitment and to

reward exceptional performance

-STATUTE-

(a) The Director of the Congressional Budget Office shall have

the authority to make lump-sum payments to enhance staff

recruitment and to reward exceptional performance by an employee or

a group of employees.

(b) Subsection (a) of this section shall apply with respect to

fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1999.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-57, title I, Sec. 106, Sept. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 418.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Congressional Operations

Appropriations Act, 2000, which is title I of the Legislative

Branch Appropriations Act, 2000, and not as part of title II of the

Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 which

comprises this chapter.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 609 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 609. Employee training

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Director of the Congressional Budget Office may, by

regulation, make applicable such provisions of chapter 41 of title

5 as the Director determines necessary to provide on and after

November 12, 2001, for training of individuals employed by the

Congressional Budget Office.

(b) Regulations

The implementing regulations shall provide for training that, in

the determination of the Director, is consistent with the training

provided by agencies subject to chapter 41 of title 5.

(c) Recovery of debt

Any recovery of debt owed to the Congressional Budget Office

under this section and its implementing regulations shall be

credited to the appropriations account available for salaries and

expenses of the Office at the time of recovery.

(d) Applicability

This section shall apply to fiscal year 2002 and each fiscal year

thereafter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 107-68, title I, Sec. 125, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 577.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Congressional Operations

Appropriations Act, 2002, which is title I of the Legislative

Branch Appropriations Act, 2002, and not as part of title II of the

Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 which

comprises this chapter.

-CITE-

2 USC Sec. 610 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS

CHAPTER 17 - CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

-HEAD-

Sec. 610. Repayment of student loan on behalf of employee

-STATUTE-

(a) Authorization

The Director of the Congressional Budget Office may, in order to

recruit or retain qualified personnel, establish and maintain on

and after November 12, 2001, a program under which the Office may

agree to repay (by direct payments on behalf of the employee) all

or a portion of any student loan previously taken out by such

employee.

(b) Regulations

The Director may, by regulation, make applicable such provisions

of section 5379 of title 5 as the Director determines necessary to

provide for such program.

(c) Maximum amount

The regulations shall provide the amount paid by the Office may

not exceed -

(1) $6,000 for any employee in any calendar year; or

(2) a total of $40,000 in the case of any employee.

(d) Limitation

The Office may not reimburse an employee for any repayments made

by such employee prior to the Office entering into an agreement

under this section with such employee.

(e) Accounting

Any amount repaid by, or recovered from, an individual under this

section and its implementing regulations shall be credited to the

appropriation account available for salaries and expenses of the

Office at the time of repayment or recovery.

(f) Applicability

This section shall apply to fiscal year 2002 and each fiscal year

thereafter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 107-68, title I, Sec. 127, Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 577.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Congressional Operations

Appropriations Act, 2002, which is title I of the Legislative

Branch Appropriations Act, 2002, and not as part of title II of the

Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 which

comprises this chapter.

-CITE-