US (United States) Code. Title 22. Chapter 7: International bureaus, congresses, etc

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Foreign Relations and Intercourse

  • Enviado por: El remitente no desea revelar su nombre
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
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-CITE-

22 USC CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES,

ETC. 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-MISC1-

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-MISC1-

Sec.

261. Policy as to settlement of disputes and disarmament.

262. President's participation in international congresses

restricted.

262-1. Restriction relating to United States accession to any

new international criminal tribunal.

(a) Prohibition.

(b) Jurisdiction described.

(c) Statutory construction.

(d) "New international criminal tribunal" defined.

262a. Contributions to international organizations; consent

of State Department; limitations as to certain

organizations.

262b. Commitments for United States contributions to

international organizations; limitations;

consultation with Congressional committees.

262c. Commitments for United States contributions to

international financial institutions fostering

economic development in less developed countries;

continuation of participation.

(a) Congressional findings.

(b) Funding commitments to international financial

institutions; availability of funds subject to

appropriations.

262d. Human rights and United States assistance policies

with international financial institutions.

(a) Policy goals.

(b) Policy considerations for Executive Directors

of institutions in implementation of duties.

(c) Reporting requirements.

(d) Requirements of United States assistance

through institutions for projects in recipient

countries.

(e) Criteria for determination of gross violations

of internationally recognized human rights

standards.

(f) Opposition by United States Executive Directors

of institutions to financial or technical

assistance to violating countries.

(g) Consultative and additional reporting

requirements.

(g) Violations of religious freedom.

262d-1. Congressional statement of policy of human rights and

United States assistance policies with international

institutions.

262e. Comparability of salaries and benefits of employees of

international financial institutions with employees

of American private business and governmental

service.

262f. Promotion of development and utilization of light

capital technologies and United States assistance

policies with international financial institutions.

262g. Human nutrition in developing countries and United

States assistance policies with international

financial institutions; declaration of policy.

262g-1. Targeting assistance to specific populations.

(a) Congressional findings.

(b) Assistance to poorest populations.

262g-2. Establishment of guidelines for international

financial institutions.

(a) Consultation with representatives of member

countries.

(b) Congressional findings regarding implementation

of objectives.

262g-3. International negotiations on future replenishments of

international financial institutions; consultation

with appropriate Members of Congress.

262h. Opposition by United States Executive Directors of

international financial institutions to assistance

for production or extraction of export commodities or

minerals in surplus on world markets.

262i. Repealed.

262j. Use of renewable resources for energy production.

(a) Promotion, etc., by United States in connection

with international financial institutions.

(b) "Renewable resource" defined.

262k. Financial assistance to international financial

institutions; considerations and criteria.

(a) Congressional declaration of intent.

(b) Effect of country adjustment programs;

minimization of projected adverse impacts;

avoidance of government subsidization.

(c) Project proposals relating to mining, smelting,

refining, and fabricating of minerals and

metal products.

(d) International financial institutions.

262k-1. Transparency of budgets.

(a) Limitation.

(b) "International financial institution" defined.

262k-2. Female genital mutilation.

(a) Limitation.

(b) "International financial institution" defined.

262l. Omitted.

262m. Congressional findings and policies for multilateral

development banks respecting environment, public

health, natural resources, and indigenous peoples.

262m-1. Environmental performance of banks; mechanisms for

improvement.

262m-2. Environmental impact of assistance proposals.

(a) Analysis by agencies, United States embassies

and overseas missions of Agency for

International Development; factors considered;

affirmative investigation of adverse impacts;

availability of information to public.

(b) Evaluation by major shareholder governments

prior to bank action on assistance proposals.

(c) Identification of proposals likely to have

adverse impact; transmittal to Congress.

(d) Reports to Executive Directors; elimination or

mitigation of adverse impacts.

262m-3. Cooperative information exchange system.

262m-4. Environmental educational and training programs for

mid-level bank managers and officials of borrowing

countries.

262m-5. Environmental impact statements; factors considered;

promotion of activities by United States Executive

Directors.

262m-6. Repealed.

262m-7. Assessment of environmental impact of proposed

multilateral development bank actions.

(a) Assessment required before favorable vote on

action.

(b) Access to assessments in all member countries.

(c) Consideration of assessment.

(d) Development of procedures for systematic

environmental assessment.

(e) Use of United States personnel.

(f) Reports.

(g) "Multilateral development bank" defined.

262n. Congressional findings and policies respecting

agricultural and commodity production.

262n-1. Increase in income and employment in developing

countries; enhancement of purchasing power;

diversification away from single crop or product

economies.

262n-2. Financing projects for production of export

commodities, products, or minerals in surplus in

world markets discouraged; instructions by Secretary

of the Treasury to United States Executive Directors.

262n-3. Reduction of barriers to agricultural trade.

262o. Negotiations concerning replenishment or increase in

capital; annual reports on implementation of lending

policy goals.

262o-1. Military spending by recipient countries; military

involvement in economies of recipient countries.

(a) Consideration of commitment to achieving

certain goals.

(b) Steps to achieve goals required.

262o-2. Advocacy of policies to enhance general effectiveness

of International Monetary Fund.

(a) In general.

(b) Coordination with other executive departments.

262p. Impact adjustment lending programs.

(a) Establishment of guidelines; impact statements.

(b) Proposed contents of impact statements.

(c) Report to member governments by United States

Executive Director of International Bank for

Reconstruction and Development and by

International Development Association.

(d) "Adjustment lending" defined.

262p-1. Grassroots Collaboration Program.

(a) Proposal for establishment; private

involvement; projects or policies for

alleviation of poverty and promotion of

environmental protection.

(b) Implementation and financing of program.

(c) Flexible financing; initial grant.

(d) Repealed.

(e) Annual reports to Congress.

262p-2. Instructions to United States Executive Directors for

extension of credit.

(a) International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development; International Development

Association; access of poor to formal sources

of credit; identification and removal of

barriers to extension of credit generally and

to provisions of credit to microenterprises.

(b) African Development Bank and Asian Development

Bank; provision of credit to microenterprises.

(c) Annual reports to Congress; inclusion of status

of microenterprise credit promotion

activities.

262p-3. Participation of women in economic, social and policy

development activities.

(a) Congressional declaration of policy.

(b) Instructions by Secretary of the Treasury to

United States Executive Directors.

(c) Annual reports to Congress.

262p-4. Instructions to United States Executive Directors;

indigenous people in borrowing country; determination

of impact; protection of rights; consultation.

262p-4a. Loan programs to reduce economic dependence on illicit

narcotics.

(a) Findings.

(b) Loan programs to reduce economic dependence on

illicit narcotics.

(c) Coordination among assistance programs designed

to reduce economic dependency on illicit

narcotics.

262p-4b. Directives regarding government-owned enterprises in

countries receiving World Bank loans.

(a) Finding.

(b) Technical assistance to transform

government-owned enterprises into privately

owned enterprises.

(c) Reports.

262p-4c. Initiation of discussions to facilitate

debt-for-development swaps for human welfare and

environmental conservation.

(a) Findings.

(b) Initiation of discussions to facilitate

debt-for-development swaps for human welfare

and environmental conservation.

262p-4d. Initiation of discussions to facilitate financing of

human welfare and natural resource programs in

sub-Saharan Africa in connection with debt reduction

and conversion.

(a) Findings.

(b) Initiation of discussions to facilitate

financing of human welfare and natural

resource programs in sub-Saharan Africa in

connection with debt reduction and conversion.

262p-4e. Extent to which borrowing country governments have

honored debt-for-development swap agreements to be

considered as factor in making loans to such

borrowers.

(a) In general.

(b) Definitions.

262p-4f. Assistance to countries to develop statistical

assessment of well-being of poor.

(a) Findings.

(b) Assistance to countries to develop statistical

assessment of well-being of poor.

262p-4g. Directives regarding government-owned enterprises in

countries receiving IADB loans.

(a) Finding.

(b) Technical assistance to transform

government-owned enterprises into privately

owned enterprises.

262p-4h. Discussions to increase productive economic

participation of poor; reports.

(a) In general.

(b) Progress report.

262p-4i. Multilateral development banks and debt-for-nature

exchanges.

(a) Directions to United States Executive

Directors.

(b) Negotiation of guidelines for restoration,

protection, or sustainable use policies.

(c) Inclusion of certain items in guidelines.

262p-4j. Promotion of lending for environment.

262p-4k. Promotion of institution-building for nongovernmental

organizations concerned with environment.

262p-4l. Improvement of interaction between International Bank

for Reconstruction and Development and

nongovernmental organizations.

(a) In general.

(b) Certain mechanisms urged.

262p-4m. Population, health, and nutrition programs.

262p-4n. Equal employment opportunities.

262p-4o. Respect for indigenous peoples.

262p-4p. Encouragement of fair labor practices.

262p-4q. Opposition to assistance by international financial

institutions to terrorist states.

(a) In general.

(b) "International financial institution" defined.

262p-4r. Use of authority of United States Executive Directors.

(a) Action by the President.

(b) Use of voice and vote.

(c) Definition.

262p-5. Definitions.

262p-6. Improvement of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Initiative.

(a) Improvement of the HIPC Initiative.

(b) Heavily Indebted Poor Countries review.

(c) Definition.

262p-7. Reform of the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility.

262q. Transferred.

262r. Annual report by Chairman of National Advisory Council

on International Monetary and Financial Policies.

(a) In general.

(b) Contents of reports.

(c) Definitions.

(d) Testimony required.

(e) Advisory Committee on IMF policy.

262r-1. Transmission to the Congress of operating summaries of

the multilateral development banks.

262r-2. Combined report on effect of pending multilateral

development bank loans on environment, natural

resources, public health, and indigenous peoples.

262r-3. Reports on financial stabilization programs led by

International Monetary Fund in connection with

financing from Exchange Stabilization Fund.

(a) In general.

(b) Timing.

262r-4. Annual report and testimony on state of international

financial system, IMF reform, and compliance with IMF

agreements.

(a) Reports.

(b) Testimony.

262r-5. Repealed.

262r-6. Reports on policies, operations, and management of

international financial institutions.

(a) Annual report on financial operations.

(b) Annual report on United States supported

policies.

(c) Omitted.

(d) Report on debt relief.

262s. Multilateral development bank procurement.

(a) Executive Directors.

(b) Officer of procurement.

(b) "Multilateral development bank" defined.

262s-1. Procurement opportunities for United States firms.

262s-2. Commercial Service Officers and multilateral

development bank procurement.

(a) Appointment of Commercial Service Officers to

serve with Executive Directors.

(b) Functions of officers.

262t. Personnel practices.

(a) Statement of policy.

(b) Consultation.

263. International Prison Commission.

263a. International Criminal Police Organization.

264, 265. Omitted.

266. International commission of congresses of navigation;

authorization of appropriation for expenses.

266a, 266b. Transferred or Repealed.

267. Permanent Commission of International Geodetic

Association; representative of United States.

267a. Appointment of delegates; compensation.

267b. International Joint Commission; invitation to

establish; personnel; duties.

268. International Joint Commission; salaries; powers.

268a. Repealed.

268b. Advances from appropriation "Boundary line, Alaska and

Canada, and the United States and Canada".

268c. Limitation on expenditure of funds for compensation of

International Boundary Commissioner to actual hours

worked.

269. Permanent International Association of Road

Congresses; authorization of membership.

269a. Central Bureau of the International Map of the World

on the Millionth Scale; authorization of

appropriations.

269b. Omitted.

269c. International Statistical Bureau at The Hague;

authorization of appropriations.

269d. Inter American Statistical Institute; authorization of

appropriations.

269e. Omitted.

269f. International Bureau for the Protection of Industrial

Property; authorization of appropriations.

269g. Private International Law Conference at The Hague and

Private Law International Institute in Rome;

membership; appointment of delegates.

269g-1. Authorization of appropriations.

269h. International Union for the Publication of Customs

Tariffs; authorization of annual appropriations for

expenses.

270 to 270g. Repealed.

271. International Labor Organization; membership.

272. Omitted.

272a. Authorization of appropriations.

272b. Loyalty check on United States personnel.

273. Pan American Institute of Geography and History;

authorization of annual appropriations for

membership.

274. International Council of Scientific Unions and

Associated Unions; authorization of annual

appropriations for membership.

274a. International biological program.

(a) Congressional findings.

(b) Congressional support.

(c) Priority.

274b. Cooperation of Federal and non-Federal departments,

agencies, and organizations; transfers of funds.

(a) Full cooperation with international biological

program.

(b) Authorization for transfers of funds.

275. International Hydrographic Bureau.

275a. Permanent International Commission of the Congresses

of Navigation; authorization of appropriations.

276a to 276b. Repealed.

276c. Designation of Senate delegates to Conferences of the

Interparliamentary Union.

276c-1. Reports of expenditures by members of American groups

or delegations and employees; consolidated reports by

Congressional committees; public inspection.

276c-2. Employee benefits for United States

citizen-representatives to international financial

institutions; Treasury Department as collecting,

accounting, and depositing agency for employee

payments; contributions from appropriated funds.

276c-3. Repealed.

276c-4. Employment of United States citizens by certain

international organizations.

SUBCHAPTER I - CANADA-UNITED STATES INTERPARLIAMENTARY GROUP

276d. United States group; appointment; term; meetings.

276e. Authorization of appropriations; disbursements.

276f. Report to Congress.

276g. Auditing of accounts.

SUBCHAPTER II - MEXICO-UNITED STATES INTERPARLIAMENTARY GROUP

276h. United States group; appointment; term; meetings.

276i. Authorization of appropriations; disbursements.

276j. Report to Congress.

276k. Auditing of accounts.

SUBCHAPTER II-A - BRITISH-AMERICAN INTERPARLIAMENTARY GROUP

276l. British-American Interparliamentary Group.

(a) Establishment and meetings.

(b) Appointment of Members.

(c) Chair and Vice Chair.

(d) Funding.

(e) Certification of expenditures.

(f) Annual report.

SUBCHAPTER II-B - UNITED STATES DELEGATION TO PARLIAMENTARY

ASSEMBLY OF CONFERENCE ON SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE (CSCE)

276m. United States Delegation to Parliamentary Assembly of

Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe

(CSCE).

(a) Establishment.

(b) Appointment of Delegation.

(c) Administrative support.

(d) Funding.

(e) Annual report.

SUBCHAPTER III - KERMIT ROOSEVELT FUND

276aa. Establishment of the Kermit Roosevelt fund; creation

and composition of board of trustees.

276bb. Acceptance of funds and property from Mrs. Kermit

Roosevelt; purpose and use; disbursement and

investment of fund.

276cc. Acceptance of funds and property from other sources;

limitation; disbursement and investment.

276dd. Income from property covered into Treasury;

disbursement and investment.

276ee. Powers of board; personal liability of members;

compensation; decisions reviewable by Secretary of

the Army; annual report; jurisdiction of court.

SUBCHAPTER IV - INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION

277. International Boundary Commission, United States and

Mexico; study of boundary waters.

277a. Investigations of commission; construction of works or

projects.

277b. Works or projects under treaty.

(a) Construction, operation, maintenance, and

supervision; sewage interceptor system.

(b) Rio Grande bank protection project.

(c) Anzalduas diversion dam.

(d) Improvements to Rio Grande Canalization

Project.

277c. Agreements with political subdivisions; acquisition of

lands.

277d. Funds received from Mexico; expenditure.

277d-1. Authorizations for Mexican treaty projects;

acquisition of lands for relocation purposes;

contracts and conveyances.

277d-2. Construction and maintenance of roads, highways, etc.;

housing and other facilities for personnel.

277d-3. Authorization for appropriations; activities for which

available; contracts for excess amounts.

277d-4. Acquisition of properties of Imperial Irrigation

District of California.

277d-5. Availability of prior appropriations; restriction to

projects agreed to under treaty.

277d-6. Douglas-Agua Prieta Sanitation Project; operation by

Commission; division of costs; contribution by City

of Douglas, Arizona.

277d-7. Authorization for appropriations; availability of

prior appropriations; use of moneys received.

277d-8. Calexico Mexicali Sanitation Project; operation by

Commission; division of costs; contribution by City

of Calexico, California.

277d-9. Authorization for appropriations; availability of

prior appropriations; use of moneys received.

277d-10. Nogales Sanitation Project; operation by Commission;

division of costs; contribution by Nogales, Arizona.

277d-11. Authorization of appropriations; availability of prior

appropriations; use of moneys received.

277d-12. Expenditures for flood fighting, rescue operations,

repairs or restoration of flood control or sanitation

works threatened or destroyed by floodwaters of Rio

Grande, Colorado, or Tijuana Rivers.

277d-13. Authorization for international storage dam on the Rio

Grande.

277d-14. Construction, operation, and maintenance on

self-liquidating basis of facilities for generating

hydroelectric energy.

277d-15. Integration of operation of dam with other United

States water conservation activities.

277d-16. Authorization of appropriations.

277d-17. Chamizal boundary settlement; investigations relating

to river channel; acquisition of lands; relocation of

facilities.

277d-18. Construction, operation, and maintenance of works;

Bridge of the Americas.

(a) In general.

(b) Bridge of the Americas.

(c) Advance appropriations.

277d-19. Compensation of owners and tenants to prevent economic

injury; regulations.

277d-20. Limitation on application for reimbursement or

compensation.

277d-21. Attorneys' fees; penalties.

277d-22. Prohibition against duplicate payments; eligibility

for payments unaffected by means employed for

acquisition of property; rights and powers

unaffected.

277d-23. Taxation; exclusion from gross income.

277d-24. Definitions; exemption from administrative procedure

provisions.

277d-25. Authorization of appropriations.

277d-26. Lower Colorado River emergency flood control works;

agreements with Mexico for joint construction,

operation and maintenance.

277d-27. Execution of agreements.

277d-28. Authorization of appropriations.

277d-29. Rio Grande canalization project; flood and sediment

control; agreements authorized; control gates; costs;

authorization of appropriations.

277d-30. Lower Rio Grande drainage conveyance canal projects;

agreements with Mexico for construction, operation,

and maintenance; division of costs; non-Federal

assurances of one-half of Federal costs.

277d-31. Authorization of appropriations.

277d-32. Tijuana River flood control project; agreement with

Mexico for joint construction, operation and

maintenance.

277d-33. Authorization; construction, operation, and

maintenance, appropriations, and acquisition of land.

277d-34. American-Mexican Boundary Treaty, authorization for

carrying out treaty provisions; investigations; land

acquisition, purposes; damages, repair or

compensation.

277d-35. Construction, operation, and maintenance of works;

property relocation, contracts; transfer of

authority.

277d-36. Sale of excess land.

277d-37. Channel shifts; boundary determination.

277d-38. Acquired land, addition to State; State jurisdiction.

277d-39. Hidalgo-Reynosa lands; administration; part of

national wildlife refuge system.

277d-40. Authorization of appropriations.

277d-41. American-Mexican Boundary Treaty, Presidio flood

control project; authorization of flood control

agreement.

277d-42. Construction, operation, and maintenance of flood

control works; authorization of appropriations;

restrictions.

277d-43. Definitions.

277d-44. Actions to be taken by the Commission and the

Administrator.

(a) Secondary treatment.

(b) Comprehensive plan.

(c) Contract.

(d) Implementation.

277d-45. Negotiation of new Treaty Minute.

(a) Congressional statement.

(b) Negotiation.

277d-46. Authorization of appropriations.

277e. Disposal of lands; issuance of licenses for use of

lands; compensation for injured property.

277f. Valley Gravity Canal and Storage Project.

277g. Agreements to correct pollution of Rio Grande.

(a) In general.

(b) Content of agreements.

277g-1. Authority of Secretary of State to plan, construct,

operate, and maintain facilities.

277g-2. Consultation with Administrator of Environmental

Protection Agency and other authorities.

277g-3. Authorization of appropriations.

277h. Authority of the International Boundary and Water

Commission to assist State and local governments.

(a) Authority.

(b) Reimbursements.

SUBCHAPTER V - GORGAS MEMORIAL LABORATORY

278. Gorgas Memorial Laboratory; location; acceptance of

funds from Latin American countries or other sources.

278a. Annual report to Congress; examination of books and

accounts.

278b. Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER VI - UNITED NATIONS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION

279. United States membership in the United Nations Food

and Agriculture Organization.

279a. Authorization of appropriations for payment of United

States expenses in Organization; limitation of

contributions.

279b. Integration of International Institute of Agriculture

with Organization.

279c. Congressional authority necessary for acceptance of

new obligations in Organization.

279d. Limitation on power of Conference to impose new

obligations on United States.

SUBCHAPTER VII - SOUTH PACIFIC COMMISSION

280. Representation in South Pacific Commission;

appointment of commissioners and alternates.

280a. Definitions.

280b. Authorization of appropriations.

280c. Employment of personnel with specialized skills.

SUBCHAPTER VIII - CARIBBEAN COMMISSION

280h. Representation in Caribbean Commission; appointment of

commissioners and alternates.

280i. Authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER IX - PAN AMERICAN RAILWAY CONGRESS

280j. Representation in Congress; appointment of delegates

and alternates.

280k. Authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER X - THE INSTITUTE OF INTER-AMERICAN AFFAIRS

281 to 281l. Omitted or Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER XI - INTERNATIONAL FINANCE CORPORATION

282. Acceptance of membership by United States in

International Finance Corporation.

282a. Governor, executive director, and alternates of

Corporation.

282b. Applicability of National Advisory Council on

International Monetary and Financial Problems.

282c. Congressional authorization needed for certain

actions.

282d. Federal Reserve banks as depositories.

282e. Payment of subscriptions to Corporation by United

States; dividends covered into Treasury.

(a) Authority of Secretary of the Treasury.

(b) Dividends treated as miscellaneous receipts.

282f. Jurisdiction and venue of actions.

282g. Status, privileges, and immunities of the United

States.

282h. Loans to or from International Bank for Reconstruction

and Development; amendment to Articles of Agreement.

282i. Increase in capital stock of Corporation; subscription

to additional shares.

282j. Increase in capital stock of Corporation; subscription

to additional shares.

282k. Securities issued by Corporation.

(a) Exemption from securities laws; reports to

Securities and Exchange Commission.

(b) Authority of Securities and Exchange Commission

to suspend exemption; reports to Congress.

282l. Capital stock increase.

(a) Subscription authorized.

(b) Limitations on authorization of appropriations.

282m. Authority to vote for capital increases necessary to

support economic restructuring in independent states

of former Soviet Union.

282n. Authority to agree to amendments to Articles of

Agreement.

SUBCHAPTER XII - INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

283. Acceptance of membership by United States in

Inter-American Development Bank.

283a. Appointment of officers; term of office; salary.

(a) Governor and alternate governor.

(b) Executive director and alternate executive

director.

(c) Compensation.

283b. National Advisory Council on International Monetary

and Financial Problems.

283c. Congressional authorization needed for certain

actions.

283d. Federal Reserve banks as depositories.

283e. Payment of subscription to Bank and Fund by United

States.

(a) Authorization of appropriations.

(b) Issuance of special notes.

(c) Income covered into Treasury.

283f. Jurisdiction and venue of actions.

283g. Status, privileges, and immunities of the United

States.

283h. Securities issued by Bank; reports to and of

Securities and Exchange Commission.

(a) Exempt securities; reports of Bank to

Commission.

(b) Suspension of exemption provisions; annual

reports of Commission to Congress.

283i. Repealed.

283j. Increased United States participation in Bank

activities.

283j-1. Audit.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Scope and standards.

(c) Reports.

283k. Authorization of appropriations.

(a) Capital stock of Inter-American Development

Bank.

(b) Fund for Special Operations of the

Inter-American Development Bank.

283l. Increase in resources of the Fund for Special

Operations.

(a) Authorization of vote; payment to Fund.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

(c) Loan disapproval by the United States.

283m. Additional increases in resources of the Fund for

Special Operations.

(a) Authorization of vote; payment to Fund.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

(c) Loan disapproval by the United States.

283n. Increase in authorized capital stock; United States

share; authorization of appropriations.

283o. Increase in authorized capital stock and additional

subscriptions of members thereto; increase in

resources of Fund for Special Operations and

contributions thereto; United States share;

authorization of appropriations.

283p. Authorization for payment of United States

contribution to increase Fund for Special Operations;

authorization of appropriations.

283q. Articles of agreement; authorization to agree to

amendments.

283r. Expropriation of United States property; loan

restrictions.

283s. Illegal drug traffic; loan restrictions.

283t. Authorization to vote on proposed resolutions.

283u. Membership in the Bank for the Bahamas and Guyana.

283v. Loans to the Caribbean Development Bank.

283w. Increase in authorized capital stock of Bank and

increase in resources of Fund for Special Operations;

United States share; authorization of appropriations.

283x. Subscription to additional shares; authorization of

appropriations.

283y. Repealed.

283z. Proposal of light-capital or intermediate technologies

as part of Bank's development strategy.

(a) Contents of proposed resolution.

(b) Progress report to Congress.

283z-1. Increase in authorized capital stock of Bank and

increase in resources of Fund for Special Operations.

(a) United States share.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

(c) Funding requirements.

(d) Limitation of funds to members of Bank.

283z-2. Contribution to Inter-American Development Bank;

authorization of appropriations.

283z-3. Increase in authorized capital stock of Bank and

increases in resources of Fund for Special

Operations; United States share; authorization of

appropriations.

283z-4. Amendments to Articles of Agreement in resolution on

Merger of Interregional and Ordinary Capital

Resources.

283z-5. Capital increase; increase in resources of Fund for

Special Operations.

(a) Authority to vote for, and to subscribe and

contribute to, increase in authorized capital

stock of Bank and increase in resources of

Fund for Special Operations.

(b) Limitation on authorization of appropriations.

(c) Organizational changes required to be made

before payment for subscription to capital

stock and contribution to Fund for Special

Operations.

(d) Certification of access to Bank records

required before payment for subscription to

capital stock and contribution to Fund for

Special Operations.

283z-6. Investment in human capital.

(a) In general.

(b) "Investments in human capital" defined.

283z-7. Limitations on policy based lending.

283z-8. Increase in lending to Caribbean.

283z-9. Multilateral Investment Fund.

(a) Authorization of contribution.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

(c) Environmental assessment of actions.

283z-10. Focus on low-income areas of Latin America and

Caribbean.

SUBCHAPTER XII-A - INTER-AMERICAN INVESTMENT CORPORATION

283aa. Acceptance of membership.

283bb. Governor, Director, and alternates.

283cc. Applicability of Bretton Woods Agreements Act.

283dd. Restrictions.

283ee. Federal Reserve banks as depositories.

283ff. Subscription of stock.

(a) Secretary of the Treasury as subscribing

authority.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

(c) Disposition of dividends.

283gg. Jurisdiction of United States courts.

283hh. Effectiveness of agreement.

283ii. Securities issued by the Corporation.

(a) Exempted securities.

(b) Suspension by Securities and Exchange

Commission.

SUBCHAPTER XIII - INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

284. Acceptance of membership by United States in

International Development Association.

284a. Governor, executive director, and alternates of

Association.

284b. National Advisory Council on International Monetary

and Financial Problems.

284c. Congressional authorization needed for certain

actions.

284d. Federal Reserve banks as depositories.

284e. Payment of subscription to Association by United

States.

(a) Authorization of appropriations for

subscription.

(b) Increase in Association resources;

contribution; authorization of appropriations.

(c) Issuance of special notes.

(d) Income covered into Treasury.

284f. Jurisdiction and venue of actions.

284g. Status, privileges, and immunities of the United

States.

284h. Second replenishment; authorization of appropriations.

284i. Third replenishment; authorization of appropriations.

284j. Expropriation of United States property; loan

restrictions.

284k. Illegal drug traffic; loan restrictions.

284l. Fourth replenishment; authorization of appropriations.

284m. Repealed.

284n. Fifth replenishment; authorization of appropriations.

284o. Sixth replenishment; authorization of appropriations.

284p. Seventh replenishment; authorization of

appropriations.

284q. Special Facility for Sub-Saharan Africa.

284r. Eighth replenishment; authorization of appropriations.

284s. Ninth replenishment.

(a) In general.

(b) Limitations on authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER XIV - ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

285. Acceptance of membership by United States in Asian

Development Bank.

285a. Appointment of Governor, Alternate Governor and

Director; compensation.

285b. Coordination of policies and operations.

285c. Congressional authorization needed for certain

actions.

285d. Federal Reserve banks as depositories.

285e. Authorization of appropriations; income covered into

Treasury.

285f. Jurisdiction and venue of actions.

285g. Status, immunities, and privileges.

285h. Securities issued by Bank as exempt securities;

suspension of exemption provisions; reports to and of

Securities and Exchange Commission.

285i. Authorization for payment of United States

contribution; United States Special Resources.

285j. United States Special Resources.

(a) Development projects and programs.

(b) Authorized uses.

(c) Eligible goods and services.

(d) Repayment in dollars.

285k. Utilization of United States Special Resources.

285l. Letter of credit form for United States Special

Resources.

285m. Withdrawal rights covering United States Special

Resources.

285n. Authorization of appropriations to provide United

States Special Resources.

285o. Expropriation of United States property; loan

restrictions.

285p. Illegal drug traffic; loan restrictions.

285q. Subscription to additional shares; authorization of

appropriations.

285r. Contribution to special funds; authorization of

appropriations.

285s. Additional subscription to shares; authorization of

appropriations.

285t. Additional contribution to special funds;

authorization of appropriations.

285u. Additional contribution to special funds.

(a) United States share.

(b) Authorization of appropriations; maximum

available for certain years.

(c) Funding requirements.

285v. Sense of Congress respecting membership of Taiwan in

Bank.

285w. Contribution to Asian Development Fund; authorization

of appropriations.

285x. Additional subscription to shares.

(a) United States share.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

(c) Continued membership of Republic of China in

Bank.

285y. Additional contribution to special funds;

authorization of appropriations.

285z. Additional contribution to special funds;

authorization of appropriations.

285aa. Capital increase.

(a) Subscription authorized.

(b) Limitations on authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER XV - INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND AND BANK FOR

RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

286. Acceptance of membership by United States in

International Monetary Fund.

286a. Appointments.

(a) Governors and executive directors; term of

office.

(b) Alternates; term of office.

(c) Governor to serve as councillor; alternates and

associates.

(d) Compensation for services.

286b. National Advisory Council on International Monetary

and Financial Problems.

(a) Establishment and composition.

(b) Duties and functions; reports by Council.

(c) Reports to Council.

286b-1, 286b-2. Repealed.

286c. Congressional authorization needed for certain

actions.

286d. Federal Reserve banks as depositories.

286e. Payment of subscriptions to Fund and Bank by United

States; issuance of special notes; income covered

into Treasury.

286e-1. Increase in quota of United States and in capital

stock of Bank; subscription to additional shares.

286e-1a. Increase in capital stock of Bank.

286e-1b. Increase in quota of United States; authorization of

appropriations.

286e-1c. Additional increase in quota of United States.

286e-1d. Increase in capital stock of Bank; subscription to

additional shares; authorization of appropriations.

286e-1e. Equivalent increase in quota of United States.

286e-1f. Additional increase in capital stock of Bank;

subscription to additional shares; authorization of

appropriations.

286e-1g. Additional increase in quota of United States;

condition.

286e-1h. Increase of subscription of stock; authority of United

States Governor of Bank; authorization of

appropriations.

286e-1i. Increase in United States quota; consultations with

Congress.

286e-1j. Additional increase in capital stock of Bank;

subscription to additional shares; authorization of

appropriations.

286e-1k. Capital stock increase.

(a) Increase authorized.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

286e-1l. Quota increase.

286e-1m. Quota increase.

(a) In general.

(b) Subject to appropriations.

286e-2. Loans to Fund.

(a) Limitation; balance of payments and reserve

position considerations.

(b) Authorization of appropriations; repayments

available for loans to Fund.

(c) Interest and charges covered into Treasury;

additional authorization of appropriations for

payment of charges for purchase of currencies

or gold from Fund.

(d) Amendment to Executive Directors' decision

prohibited; conditions.

286e-3. Transfers to stabilization fund of purchase of

currencies or gold from International Monetary Fund;

administration; utilization of fund resources for

repayments.

286e-4. Loans to International Finance Corporation; amendment

to Articles of Agreement.

286e-5. Amendments to Articles of Agreement.

286e-5a. Additional amendments to Articles of Agreement.

286e-5b. Acceptance of amendments to Articles of Agreement of

the Fund.

286e-6. Vote against establishment of Council.

286e-7. Supplementary Financing Facility.

(a) Availability of resources.

(b) Adjustments in the value of monetary assets.

(c) Authorization of appropriations.

286e-8. Treatment of creditors in debt rescheduling.

286e-9. Stabilization programs.

286e-10. Repealed.

286e-11. Assistance by the Fund to any country harboring

international terrorists.

286e-12. Contribution to Interest Subsidy Account of Enhanced

Structural Adjustment Facility of International

Monetary Fund.

(a) Contribution authorized.

(b) Limitation on authorization of appropriations.

286e-13. Approval of Fund pledge to sell gold to provide

resources for Reserve Account of Enhanced Structural

Adjustment Facility Trust.

286f. Obtaining and furnishing information to the Fund.

(a) Required disclosure.

(b) Penalty for refusal.

(c) Penalty for unlawful disclosures.

(d) "Person" defined.

286g. Jurisdiction and venue of actions.

286h. Status, privileges, and immunities of the United

States.

286i. Stabilization loans by Bank; amendment to Articles of

Agreement.

286j. Use of Fund resources.

(a) Official interpretation of authority of Fund.

(b) Proposal of amendment.

286k. Further promotion of international economic relations.

(a) Congressional declaration of policy.

(b) Transmittal of information to Congressional

committees.

286k-1. Securities issued by Bank as exempt securities;

reports filed with Security and Exchange Commission.

286k-2. Suspension of right of International Bank to issue

securities under section 286k-1; report of Securities

and Exchange Commission.

286l. British loan; authorization to Secretary of the

Treasury to carry out agreement.

286m. Amount of loan; public-debt transaction; disposition

of interest payments.

286n. Special Drawing Rights.

286o. Administration as part of the Exchange Stabilization

Fund.

(a) Special Drawing Rights.

(b) Deposit in and withdrawal from Fund.

286p. Issuance, purpose, and redemption of Special Drawing

Rights certificates.

286q. Limitation on allocations to the United States.

286r. United States participation in special drawing

account.

286s. Consideration of basic human needs in economic

adjustment programs supported by Fund.

(a) Formulation and design of programs.

(b) Changes in Fund guidelines, policies, and

decisions; review prior to approval of standby

arrangements; coordination among institutions;

coordination between Fund and Bank; periodic

analyses.

286t. Omitted.

286u. Dollar-Special Drawing Rights substitution account.

286v. Membership for Taiwan in Fund.

286w. Denial of membership or other status in Fund for

Palestine Liberation Organization; United States

participation in Fund if membership or other status

granted; report by President to Congress.

286x. Assistance to private sector of El Salvador,

Nicaragua, and other nations.

286y. Promoting conditions for exchange rate stability.

286z. Collection and exchange of information on monetary and

financial problems.

(a) Sense of Congress.

(b) Initiation by United States Executive Director

of discussions with other Directors; adoption

of procedures.

(c) "Credit" defined.

(d) Providing necessary information.

286aa. Instructions to United States Executive Director;

Communist dictatorships.

286bb. Elimination of predatory agricultural export

subsidies.

286cc. Sustaining economic growth.

(a) Economic adjustment programs.

(b) Changes in Fund guidelines; limitations on debt

service exceptions.

(c) Emergencies and extraordinary circumstances.

286dd. Fund bailouts of banks; rescheduling of debt.

286ee. International cooperation.

286ff. Fund interest rates.

286gg. Elimination of trade restrictions.

(a) Promotion of fair trade as financial assistance

policy.

(b) Agreement to eliminate unfair trade practices

as condition of financial assistance.

(c) United States position on requests for loans or

drawing under bank and Fund programs; progress

made in eliminating unfair trade practices.

(d) "Multilateral development banks" defined.

286hh. Policy based lending for debt reduction.

(a) Criteria.

(b) Policy based lending for debt reduction and

sustainable growth.

(c) Voluntary market-based program for debt

reduction and sustainable growth.

(d) Reports.

(e) Review by House Banking Committee.

286ii. Limitations on Bank policy based lending; actions

required to be taken to oppose excessive policy based

lending by Bank.

286jj. Partial guarantees in connection with debt reduction

for borrower countries.

286kk. Discussions to enhance capacity of Fund to alleviate

potentially adverse impacts of Fund programs on poor

and environment.

286ll. Fund policy changes.

(a) Policy changes within IMF.

(b) Progress report.

(c) Study.

286mm. Measures to reduce military spending by developing

nations.

(a) Development by Fund of means to measure

military spending.

(b) Annual reports by Fund on levels of military

spending.

(c) Analysis and assessment of military spending to

be included in article IV consultations by

Fund.

286nn. Approval of contributions for debt reductions for the

poorest countries.

286oo. Principles for International Monetary Fund lending.

SUBCHAPTER XVI - UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION

287. Representation in Organization.

(a) Appointment of representative; rank, status,

and tenure; duties.

(b) Appointment of additional representatives;

rank, status, and tenure; duties;

reappointment unnecessary.

(c) Appointment of special and alternate

representatives; number; senior

representative; duties.

(d) Additional appointees; conditions governing

certain appointments; designation of certain

State Department officers to sit on Security

Council.

(e) Appointment of representative to European

office of United Nations; rank, status, and

tenure; duties.

(f) Representation by President or Secretary of

State.

(g) Compensation.

(h) Appointment of representative to Vienna office

of United Nations; rank, status, and tenure;

duties.

287a. Action by representatives in accordance with

Presidential instructions; voting.

287b. Reports to Congress by President.

(a) Periodic reports.

(b) Annual report on financial contributions.

(c) Annual report.

(d) Consultations and reports on United Nations

peacekeeping operations.

(e) Designated congressional committees.

(f) Relationship to other notification

requirements.

287c. Economic and communication sanctions pursuant to

United Nations Security Council Resolution.

(a) Enforcement measures; importation of Rhodesian

chromium.

(b) Penalties.

(c) Steel mill products containing chromium;

certificate of origin; regulations; subpenas;

certificate exemption; release from customs

custody; definitions.

287d. Use of armed forces; limitations.

287d-1. Noncombatant assistance to United Nations.

(a) Armed forces details; supplies and equipment;

obligation of funds; procurement and

replacement of requested items.

(b) Reimbursement from United Nations; waiver of

reimbursement.

(c) Additional appropriation authorizations.

(d) Disclosure of information.

287e. Authorization of appropriations; payment of expenses.

287e-1. Housing supplement for certain employees assigned to

the United States Mission to the United Nations.

287e-2. Reimbursement for goods and services provided by the

United States to the United Nations.

(a) Requirement to obtain reimbursement.

(b) Treatment of reimbursements.

(c) Covered assistance.

(d) Waiver.

(e) Relationship to other reimbursement authority.

(f) Definition.

287e-3. Limitation on the United States share of assessments

for United Nations regular budget.

287f. Omitted.

287g. Authorization of appropriations for loan to United

Nations; restrictions on use of proceeds of loan.

287h. Limitation on loan.

287i. Deduction of principal and interest from annual

payment of assessed share of United States of budget.

287j. Participation in future United Nations borrowing;

promotion of pattern of financing to avoid future

large-scale deficits; report to Congress.

287k. Congressional expression of satisfaction that

expenditures relating to operations in Middle East

and in the Congo are "expenses of the Organization".

287l. Congressional declaration that United Nations take

steps to give effect to advisory opinion of

International Court of Justice on financial

obligations of members.

SUBCHAPTER XVII - UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC, AND

CULTURAL ORGANIZATION

287m. Acceptance of membership by the United States.

287n. Representatives in General Conference; number;

citizenship; compensation.

287o. National Commission on Educational, Scientific, and

Cultural Cooperation; membership; meetings; expenses.

287p. Citizenship of members.

287q. General and special conferences; expenses; acceptance

of services and gifts or bequests of money or

materials.

287r. Authorization of appropriations; payment of expenses.

287s. Amendments to constitution of Organization involving

new obligations.

287t. Prohibition against disclosure of information or

knowledge.

SUBCHAPTER XVIII - PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES OF INTERNATIONAL

ORGANIZATIONS

288. "International organization" defined; authority of

President.

288a. Privileges, exemptions, and immunities of

international organizations.

288b. Baggage and effects of officers and employees exempted

from customs duties and internal revenue taxes.

288c. Exemption from property taxes.

288d. Privileges, exemptions, and immunities of officers,

employees, and their families; waiver.

288e. Personnel entitled to benefits.

(a) Notification to and acceptance by Secretary of

State of personnel.

(b) Deportation of undesirables.

(c) Extent of diplomatic status.

288f. Applicability of reciprocity laws.

288f-1. European Space Agency and Organization of Eastern

Caribbean States; extension of privileges,

exemptions, and immunities to members.

288f-2. Organization of African Unity; extension of

privileges, exemptions, and immunities.

288f-3. Immunities for International Committee of the Red

Cross.

288f-4. International Union for Conservation of Nature and

Natural Resources; extension of privileges,

exemptions, and immunities.

288f-5. European Central Bank; extension of privileges,

exemptions, and immunities.

288g. Organization of American States; extension of

privileges and immunities to members.

288h. Commission of European Communities; extension of

privileges and immunities to members.

288i. Liaison Office of the People's Republic of China;

extension of privileges and immunities to members.

288j. International Development Law Institute.

288k. Extension of certain privileges, exemptions, and

immunities to Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices.

(a) Application of International Organizations

Immunities Act.

(b) Application of international agreement on

certain State and local taxation.

(c) "Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices" defined.

SUBCHAPTER XIX - INTERNATIONAL REFUGEE ORGANIZATION

289. Acceptance of membership by the United States;

conditions.

289a. Designation of representative and alternates;

compensation.

289b. Authorization of appropriations; payment of salaries

and expenses.

289c. Transfer of funds; furnishing supplies and services;

accounting for reimbursements.

289d. Omitted.

SUBCHAPTER XX - WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

290. Acceptance of membership by the United States.

290a. Designation of representatives and alternates;

compensation; loyalty checkup.

290b. Authorization of appropriations; payment of salaries

and expenses.

290c. Withdrawal from Organization on one-year notice.

290d. Enactment of specific legislation by Congress.

290e. Congressional declaration of policy.

290e-1. International Agency for Research on Cancer;

authorization of appropriations; limitation.

SUBCHAPTER XXI - INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION

290f. Inter-American Foundation.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Congressional declaration of purpose.

(c) Programs and projects to achieve purposes.

(d) Coordination of activities with national and

international agencies.

(e) Powers and functions.

(f) Disposal of assets on liquidation.

(g) Board of directors; number, term, and

appointment.

(h) Reimbursement of expenses.

(i) Board; authority.

(j) Rules and regulations; quorum of the Board.

(k) Authority of the Board to appoint committees.

(l) President of Foundation: appointment and

compensation; employment of experts and

consultants.

(m) Establishment of Council; consultation by the

Board; reimbursement of expenses of members of

the Council.

(n) Nonprofit nature of the Foundation; conflict of

interests.

(o) Personnel; service in foreign governments or

agencies.

(p) Service of employees of other agencies in the

Foundation; rights and privileges.

(q) Establishment of principal and branch offices.

(r) Exemption from tax.

(s) Authorization of appropriations.

(t) Application of chapter 91 of title 31.

(u) Interest on funds invested pending

disbursement.

(v) Travel expenses.

(w) Printing expenses.

SUBCHAPTER XXII - AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND

290g. African Development Fund; United States participation.

290g-1. Appointment of Governor and Alternate Governor; rank,

duties, and compensation.

290g-2. Law governing reports to the President and the

Congress.

290g-3. Specific actions requiring Congressional

authorization.

290g-4. Authorization of appropriations; repayments and

distributions from Fund to Treasury.

290g-5. Federal Reserve banks as depository for the Fund;

supervision.

290g-6. Civil action by or against the Fund; service of

process, venue, jurisdiction, removal of actions.

290g-7. Force and effect of agreement; deposit of documents by

the President; reservation of right to tax salaries

and emoluments paid by the Fund to United States

citizens or nationals.

290g-8. Presidential instructions to United States Governor of

the Fund to veto any use of funds to benefit a

country pursuing a detrimental economic policy

against United States interests; exceptions.

290g-9. Repealed.

290g-10. Additional authorization for contribution to African

Development Fund.

(a) Payment of United States contribution; review

of payment and voting structure with other

donor nations.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

290g-11. Additional authorization for payment of United States

contribution.

(a) United States share.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

(c) Funding requirements.

290g-12. Additional authorization for payment of United States

contribution.

290g-13. Additional authorization for payment of United States

contribution.

290g-14. Additional authorization for payment of United States

contribution.

(a) Contribution authorized.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

290g-15. Sixth replenishment.

(a) Contribution authorized.

(b) Limitations on authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER XXIII - AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

290h. Congressional findings.

290h-1. African Development Foundation.

(a) Establishment of Foundation.

(b) Principal and branch offices.

290h-2. Congressional declaration of purposes.

(a) Purposes of Foundation.

(b) Implementation.

290h-3. Functions of Foundation.

(a) Types of programs; project limitations;

dissemination of project insights.

(b) Community project priorities; disbursement of

funds by recipients to other African entities.

290h-4. Powers of Foundation.

(a) General provisions.

(b) Nonprofit entity; restriction on use of moneys;

conflict of interests.

(c) Tax exemption.

(d) Termination of Foundation and liquidation of

assets.

290h-5. Management of Foundation.

(a) Board of directors; membership; designation of

Chairperson and Vice Chairperson; appointment

considerations; term; vacancies.

(b) Compensation, actual, necessary, and

transportation expenses.

(c) Quorum.

(d) President of Foundation; appointment and

compensation; employment of experts and

consultants.

(e) Advisory council; membership; appointment

considerations; consultations with council;

compensation, travel, and other expenses.

290h-6. Government corporation control provisions applicable.

290h-7. Limitation on spending authority.

290h-8. Authorization of appropriations.

290h-9. Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER XXIV - AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK

290i. Acceptance of membership.

290i-1. Governor and Alternate Governor.

(a) Appointment; term; termination and

reappointment.

(b) Compensation and expenses.

(c) Voting.

290i-2. Director or Alternate Director; allowances.

290i-3. Applicability of Bretton Woods Agreements Act.

290i-4. Restrictions.

290i-5. Federal Reserve banks as depositories.

290i-6. Subscription to stock.

(a) Authorization of United States subscription to

stock.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

(c) Distributions by Bank.

290i-7. Jurisdiction of United States courts.

290i-8. Force and effect of agreement.

290i-9. Securities issued by Bank; Securities and Exchange

Commission oversight.

(a) Treatment as exempt securities; reports to

Securities and Exchange Commission.

(b) Suspension of provisions; reports to Congress.

290i-10. Authorization of United States subscription to stock;

authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER XXV - UNITED STATES-INDIA FUND FOR CULTURAL,

EDUCATIONAL, AND SCIENTIFIC COOPERATION

290j. Establishment of the Fund.

(a) Agreement with Government of India; program

purposes.

(b) United States representatives.

(c) Funding of programs.

290j-1. Use of United States owned rupees to capitalize the

Fund.

SUBCHAPTER XXVI - MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT GUARANTEE AGENCY

290k. Acceptance of membership.

290k-1. Governor and Alternate Governor.

290k-2. Instructions for United States Director.

290k-3. Opposition to certain guarantees or investment

promotions; independent evaluation of guaranteed

investments.

290k-4. Consultation with representatives of private sector

and of labor organizations on Agency policy

directions and operations.

290k-5. Applicability of Bretton Woods Agreements Act.

290k-6. Restrictions.

290k-7. Federal Reserve banks as depositories.

290k-8. Subscription of stock.

(a) Authority of Secretary of the Treasury.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

(c) Dividends deposited into Treasury.

290k-9. Jurisdiction of United States courts and enforcement

of arbitral awards.

290k-10. Effectiveness of Convention.

290k-11. Arbitral awards; enforcement; full faith and credit;

Federal Arbitration Act inapplicable; exclusiveness

of district court jurisdiction.

SUBCHAPTER XXVII - EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

290l. Acceptance of membership.

290l-1. Governor and alternate Governor.

(a) Appointment.

(b) Compensation.

290l-2. Applicability of certain provisions of Bretton Woods

Agreements Act.

290l-3. Federal Reserve banks as depositories.

290l-4. Subscription of stock.

(a) Subscription authority.

(b) Limitations on authorization of appropriations.

(c) Disposition of net income distributions by

Bank.

290l-5. Jurisdiction and venue of civil actions by or against

Bank.

(a) Jurisdiction.

(b) Venue.

290l-6. Effectiveness of Agreement.

290l-7. Exemption from securities laws for certain securities

issued by Bank; reports required.

(a) Exemption from securities laws; reports to

Securities and Exchange Commission.

(b) Authority of Securities and Exchange Commission

to suspend exemption; reports to Congress.

290l-8. Congressional consultations.

SUBCHAPTER XXVIII - NORTH AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK AND RELATED

PROVISIONS

290m. North American Development Bank.

(a) Acceptance of membership.

(b) Subscription of stock.

(c) Compensation of Board members.

(d) Applicability of Bretton Woods Agreements Act.

(e) Restrictions.

(f) Federal Reserve banks as depositories.

(g) Jurisdiction of United States courts and

enforcement of arbitral awards.

(h) Exemption from securities laws for certain

securities issued by Bank; reports required.

290m-1. Status, immunities, and privileges.

290m-2. Community adjustment and investment program.

(a) The President.

(b) Advisory Committee.

(c) Ombudsman.

(d) Reporting requirement.

290m-3. "Border Environment Cooperation Agreement" defined.

SUBCHAPTER XXIX - UNITED STATES-MEXICO BORDER HEALTH COMMISSION

290n. Appointment of members of Border Health Commission.

290n-1. Duties.

290n-2. Other authorized functions.

290n-3. Membership.

(a) Number and appointment of United States

section.

(b) Commissioner.

(c) Compensation.

290n-4. Regional offices.

290n-5. Reports.

290n-6. Definitions.

SUBCHAPTER XXX - MIDDLE EAST DEVELOPMENT BANK

290o. Acceptance of membership.

290o-1. Governor and alternate Governor.

(a) Appointment.

(b) Compensation.

290o-2. Applicability of certain provisions of Bretton Woods

Agreements Act.

290o-3. Federal Reserve Banks as depositories.

290o-4. Subscription of stock.

(a) Subscription authority.

(b) Limitations on authorization of appropriations.

(c) Limitations on obligation of appropriated

amounts for shares of capital stock.

(d) Disposition of net income distributions by

Bank.

290o-5. Jurisdiction and venue of civil actions by or against

Bank.

(a) Jurisdiction.

(b) Venue.

290o-6. Effectiveness of Agreement.

290o-7. Exemption from securities laws for certain securities

issued by Bank; reports required.

(a) Exemption from securities laws; reports to

Securities and Exchange Commission.

(b) Authority of Securities and Exchange Commission

to suspend exemption; reports to Congress.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 261 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 261. Policy as to settlement of disputes and disarmament

-STATUTE-

It is declared to be the policy of the United States to adjust

and settle its international disputes through mediation or

arbitration, to the end that war may be honorably avoided. It looks

with apprehension and disfavor upon a general increase of armament

throughout the world, but it realizes that no single nation can

disarm, and that without a common agreement upon the subject every

considerable power must maintain a relative standing in military

strength.

-SOURCE-

(Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 417, 39 Stat. 618.)

-MISC1-

SHORT TITLE OF 1977 AMENDMENT

Section 1 of Pub. L. 95-118, as added by Pub. L. 97-35, title

XIII, Sec. 1361(a), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 745, provided that:

"This Act [enacting sections 262c, 262d, 262e to 262g-3, 282i,

284n, 285s, 285t, 286e-1f, and 290g-10 of this title, repealing

sections 283y, 284m, and 290g-9 of this title, and enacting

provisions set out as notes under 262c and 282i of this title] may

be cited as the 'International Financial Institutions Act'."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262. President's participation in international congresses

restricted

-STATUTE-

The Executive shall not extend or accept any invitation to

participate in any international congress, conference, or like

event, without first having specific authority of law to do so.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 149, 37 Stat. 913.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262-1. Restriction relating to United States accession to any

new international criminal tribunal

-STATUTE-

(a) Prohibition

The United States shall not become a party to any new

international criminal tribunal, nor give legal effect to the

jurisdiction of such a tribunal over any matter described in

subsection (b) of this section, except pursuant to -

(1) a treaty made under Article II, section 2, clause 2 of the

Constitution of the United States on or after October 21, 1998;

or

(2) any statute enacted by Congress on or after October 21,

1998.

(b) Jurisdiction described

The jurisdiction described in this section is jurisdiction over -

(1) persons found, property located, or acts or omissions

committed, within the territory of the United States; or

(2) nationals of the United States, wherever found.

(c) Statutory construction

Nothing in this section precludes sharing information, expertise,

or other forms of assistance with such tribunal.

(d) "New international criminal tribunal" defined

The term "new international criminal tribunal" means any

permanent international criminal tribunal established on or after

October 21, 1998, and does not include -

(1) the International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons

Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian

Law in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia, as established by

United Nations Security Council Resolution 827 of May 25, 1993;

or

(2) the International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons

Responsible for Genocide and Other Serious Violations of

International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of

Rwanda and Rwandan Citizens Responsible for Genocide and Other

Such Violations Committed in the Territory of Neighboring States,

as established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 955

of November 8, 1994.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. B, title XXV, Sec. 2502, Oct. 21,

1998, 112 Stat. 2681-836.)

-MISC1-

RESTRICTION RELATING TO UNITED STATES ACCESSION TO THE

INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title VII, Sec.

705], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-460, formerly set out as

a note under this section, was transferred and is classified to

section 7401 of this title.

PROHIBITION ON EXTRADITION OR TRANSFER OF UNITED STATES CITIZENS TO

THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title VII, Sec.

706], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-461, formerly set out as

a note under this section, was transferred and is classified to

section 7402 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262a. Contributions to international organizations; consent of

State Department; limitations as to certain organizations

-STATUTE-

All financial contributions by the United States to the normal

operations of the international organizations covered by this Act,

which member states are obligated to support annually, shall be

limited to the amounts provided in this Act: Provided, That

contributions for special projects not regularly budgeted by such

international organizations shall not be subject to the above

limitation.

All financial contributions by the United States to international

organizations in which the United States participates as a member

shall be made by or with the consent of the Department of State

regardless of the appropriation from which any such contribution is

made.

-SOURCE-

(Sept. 21, 1950, ch. 976, Sec. 2, 64 Stat. 903; Pub. L. 107-228,

div. A, title IV, Sec. 405(b)(1), Sept. 30, 2002, 116 Stat. 1391.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in text, is act Sept. 21, 1950, ch. 976, 64

Stat. 903, which enacted section 262a of this title, and amended

sections 269b, 272a, 279a, 280b, 290b of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

The international organizations covered by this Act, referred to

in text, are the Inter-American Children's Institute, the

International Labor Organization, the United Nations Food and

Agriculture Organization, the South Pacific Commission, and the

World Health Organization.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-228 struck out at end "The Secretary of State

shall report annually to the Congress on the extent and disposition

of such contributions."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2226 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262b. Commitments for United States contributions to

international organizations; limitations; consultation with

Congressional committees

-STATUTE-

No representative of the United States Government in any

international organization hereafter shall make any commitment

requiring the appropriation of funds for a contribution by the

United States in excess of 33 1/3 per centum of the budget of any

international organization for which the appropriation for the

United States contribution is contained in this Act: Provided, That

in exceptional circumstances necessitating a contribution by the

United States in excess of 33 1/3 per centum of the budget, a

commitment requiring a United States appropriation of a larger

proportion may be made after consultation by United States

representatives in the organization or other appropriate officials

of the Department of State with the Committees on Appropriations of

the Senate and House of Representatives: Provided, however, That

this section shall not apply to the United States representatives

to the Inter-American organizations, Caribbean Commission and the

Joint Support program of the International Civil Aviation

Organization.

-SOURCE-

(Oct. 22, 1951, ch. 533, title VI, Sec. 602, 65 Stat. 599; Aug. 5,

1953, ch. 328, title I, 67 Stat. 368.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in text, is act Oct. 22, 1951, ch. 533,

title VI, 65 Stat. 599, popularly known as the Departments of

State, Justice, Commerce and Judiciary Appropriation Act of 1952.

For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section is comprised of first paragraph of section 602 of act

Oct. 22, 1951. Second par. of such section 602 contained a fiscal

year provision.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1953 - Act Aug. 5, 1953, inserted proviso that this section is

not to apply to the United States representatives to the Caribbean

Commission and the Joint Support program of the International Civil

Aviation Organization.

SIMILAR PROVISIONS

Provisions similar to this section were contained in act July 10,

1952, ch. 651, title I, 66 Stat. 550.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 16 sections 773j, 3641,

5709.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262c. Commitments for United States contributions to

international financial institutions fostering economic

development in less developed countries; continuation of

participation

-STATUTE-

(a) Congressional findings

It is the sense of the Congress that -

(1) for humanitarian, economic, and political reasons, it is in

the national interest of the United States to assist in fostering

economic development in the less developed countries of this

world;

(2) the development-oriented international financial

institutions have proved themselves capable of playing a

significant role in assisting economic development by providing

to less developed countries access to capital and technical

assistance and soliciting from them maximum self-help and mutual

cooperation;

(3) this has been achieved with minimal risk of financial loss

to contributing countries;

(4) such institutions have proved to be an effective mechanism

for sharing the burden among developed countries of stimulating

economic development in the less developed world; and

(5) although continued United States participation in the

international financial institutions is an important part of

efforts by the United States to assist less developed countries,

more of this burden should be shared by other developed

countries. As a step in that direction, in future negotiations,

the United States should work toward aggregate contributions to

future replenishments to international financial institutions

covered by this Act not to exceed 25 per centum.

(b) Funding commitments to international financial institutions;

availability of funds subject to appropriations

The Congress recognizes that economic development is a long-term

process needing funding commitments to international financial

institutions. It also notes that the availability of funds for the

United States contribution to international financial institutions

is subject to the appropriations process.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title I, Sec. 101, Oct. 3, 1977, 91 Stat. 1067.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(5), is Pub. L. 95-118, Oct.

3, 1977, 91 Stat. 1067, as amended, known as the International

Financial Institutions Act, which enacted sections 262c, 262d, 262e

to 262g-3, 262m to 262p-7, 262r to 262t, 282i, 284n, 285s, 285t,

286e-1f, and 290g-10 of this title, repealed sections 283y, 284m,

and 290g-9 of this title, and enacted provisions set out as notes

under sections 262c and 282i of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1977

Amendment note set out under section 261 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 3, 1977, see section 1001 of Pub. L.

95-118, set out as a note under section 282i of this title.

FUTURE UNITED STATES CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL

INSTITUTIONS

Pub. L. 96-536, Sec. 101(b) [H.J. Res. 637, Sec. 101(b); H.R.

4473, title I], Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3167, provided in part

that: "It is the sense of the Congress that the United States share

of contributions to future replenishments of the International

Financial Institutions should not exceed the percentages enumerated

below for each of the respective accounts within these

institutions:

"Asian Development Bank:

"Paid-in capital, 16.3 percent;

"Callable capital, 16.3 percent;

"Asian Development Fund, 22.2 percent;

"African Development Bank:

"Special Fund, 18 percent;

"Inter-American Development Bank:

"Paid-in capital, 34.5 percent;

"Callable capital, 34.5 percent;

"Fund for Special Operations, 40 percent;

"International Bank for Reconstruction and Development:

"Paid-in capital, 24 percent;

"Callable capital, 24 percent;

"International Development Association, 25 percent;

"International Finance Corporation, 23 percent."

Similar provisions were contained in the following appropriation

acts:

Pub. L. 96-123, Sec. 101(a) [incorporating Pub. L. 95-481, title

III], Nov. 20, 1979, 93 Stat. 923.

Pub. L. 95-481, title III, Oct. 18, 1978, 92 Stat. 1599.

Pub. L. 95-148, title III, Oct. 31, 1977, 91 Stat. 1238.

STANDARDS FOR HUMAN NEEDS AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS;

CONSULTATION FOR DEVELOPMENT OF CRITERIA; REPORT TO CONGRESS

Section 703 of Pub. L. 95-118 provided that:

"(a) The Secretary of State and the Secretary of the Treasury

shall initiate a wide consultation designed to develop a viable

standard for the meeting of basic human needs and the protection of

human rights and a mechanism for acting together to insure that the

rewards of international economic cooperation are especially

available to those who subscribe to such standards and are seen to

be moving toward making them effective in their own systems of

governance.

"(b) Not later than one year after the date of enactment of this

Act [Oct. 3, 1977], the Secretary of State and the Secretary of the

Treasury shall report to the President of the Senate and the

Speaker of the House of Representatives on the progress made in

carrying out this section."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262d. Human rights and United States assistance policies with

international financial institutions

-STATUTE-

(a) Policy goals

The United States Government, in connection with its voice and

vote in the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development,

the International Development Association, the International

Finance Corporation, the Inter-American Development Bank, the

African Development Fund, the Asian Development Bank, the African

Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and

Development, and the International Monetary Fund, shall advance the

cause of human rights, including by seeking to channel assistance

toward countries other than those whose governments engage in -

(1) a pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized

human rights, such as torture or cruel, inhumane, or degrading

treatment or punishment, prolonged detention without charges, or

other flagrant denial to life, liberty, and the security of

person; or

(2) provide refuge to individuals committing acts of

international terrorism by hijacking aircraft.

(b) Policy considerations for Executive Directors of institutions

in implementation of duties

Further, the Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct each

Executive Director of the above institutions to consider in

carrying out his duties:

(1) specific actions by either the executive branch or the

Congress as a whole on individual bilateral assistance programs

because of human rights considerations;

(2) the extent to which the economic assistance provided by the

above institutions directly benefit the needy people in the

recipient country;

(3) whether the recipient country -

(A) is seeking to acquire unsafeguarded special nuclear

material (as defined in section 6305(8) of this title) or a

nuclear explosive device (as defined in section 6305(4) of this

title);

(B) is not a State Party to the Treaty on the

Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; or

(C) has detonated a nuclear explosive device; and

(4) in relation to assistance for the Socialist Republic of

Vietnam, the People's Democratic Republic of Laos, Russia and the

other independent states of the former Soviet Union (as defined

in section 5801 of this title), and Democratic Kampuchea

(Cambodia), the responsiveness of the governments of such

countries in providing a more substantial accounting of Americans

missing in action.

(c) Reporting requirements

(1) The Secretary of the Treasury shall report annually on all

loans considered by the Boards of Executive Directors of the

institutions listed in subsection (a) of this section to the

Chairman and ranking minority member of the Committee on Banking,

Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives, or the

designees of such Chairman and ranking minority member, and the

Chairman and ranking minority member of the Committee on Foreign

Relations of the Senate.

(2) Each report required by paragraph (1) shall -

(A) include a list of all loans considered by the Board (!1) of

Executive Directors of the institutions listed in subsection (a)

of this section and shall specify with respect to each such loan

-

(i) the institution involved;

(ii) the date of final action;

(iii) the borrower;

(iv) the amount;

(v) the project or program;

(vi) the vote of the United States Government;

(vii) the reason for United States Government opposition, if

any;

(viii) the final disposition of the loan; and

(ix) if the United States Government opposed the loan,

whether the loan meets basic human needs;

(B) indicate whether the United States has opposed any loan,

financial assistance, or technical assistance to a country on

human rights grounds;

(C) indicate whether the United States has voted in favor of a

loan, financial assistance, or technical assistance to a country

with respect to which the United States had, in the preceding 2

years, opposed a loan, financial assistance, or technical

assistance on human rights grounds; and

(D) in cases where the United States changed its voting

position from opposition to support or from support to

opposition, on human rights grounds -

(i) indicate the policy considerations that were taken into

account in the development of the United States voting

position;

(ii) describe human rights conditions in the country

involved;

(iii) indicate how the United States voted on all other

loans, financial assistance, and technical assistance to such

country during the preceding 2 years; and

(iv) contain information as to how the United States voting

position relates to the overall United States Government policy

on human rights in such country.

(d) Requirements of United States assistance through institutions

for projects in recipient countries

The United States Government, in connection with its voice and

vote in the institutions listed in subsection (a) of this section,

shall seek to channel assistance to projects which address basic

human needs of the people of the recipient country.

(e) Criteria for determination of gross violations of

internationally recognized human rights standards

In determining whether a country is in gross violation of

internationally recognized human rights standards, as defined by

the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the United States

Government shall give consideration to the extent of cooperation of

such country in permitting an unimpeded investigation of alleged

violations of internationally recognized human rights by

appropriate international organizations including, but not limited

to, the International Committee of the Red Cross, Amnesty

International, the International Commission of Jurists, and groups

or persons acting under the authority of the United Nations or the

Organization of American States.

(f) Opposition by United States Executive Directors of institutions

to financial or technical assistance to violating countries

The United States Executive Directors of the institutions listed

in subsection (a) of this section are authorized and instructed to

oppose any loan, any extension of financial assistance, or any

technical assistance to any country described in subsection (a)(1)

or (2) of this section, unless such assistance is directed

specifically to programs which serve the basic human needs of the

citizens of such country.

(g) (!2) Consultative and additional reporting requirements

The Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate shall consult

frequently and in a timely manner with the chairmen and ranking

minority members of the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban

Affairs of the House of Representatives and of the Committee on

Foreign Relations of the Senate to inform them regarding any

prospective changes in policy direction toward countries which have

or recently have had poor human rights records.

(g) (!2) Violations of religious freedom

In determining whether the government of a country engages in a

pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human

rights, as described in subsection (a) of this section, the

President shall give particular consideration to whether a foreign

government -

(1) has engaged in or tolerated particularly severe violations

of religious freedom, as defined in section 6402 of this title;

or

(2) has failed to undertake serious and sustained efforts to

combat particularly severe violations of religious freedom when

such efforts could have been reasonably undertaken.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title VII, Sec. 701, Oct. 3, 1977, 91 Stat. 1069;

Pub. L. 96-259, title V, Sec. 501(a), (b), June 3, 1980, 94 Stat.

431, 432; Pub. L. 97-35, title XIII, Sec. 1342(b), Aug. 13, 1981,

95 Stat. 743; Pub. L. 97-375, title II, Sec. 211, Dec. 21, 1982, 96

Stat. 1826; Pub. L. 98-181, title X, Sec. 1004, Nov. 30, 1983, 97

Stat. 1286; Pub. L. 101-240, title V, Sec. 541(c), (d)(4), (e)(8),

Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2517-2519; Pub. L. 101-513, title V, Sec.

562(b)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2034; Pub. L. 102-511, title X,

Sec. 1008, Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3361; Pub. L. 103-236, title

VIII, Sec. 823(b), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 512; Pub. L. 105-292,

title IV, Sec. 422, Oct. 27, 1998, 112 Stat. 2810; Pub. L. 106-569,

title XI, Sec. 1103(g), Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 3031.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 106-569 substituted "The Secretary

of the Treasury shall report annually" for "Not later than 30 days

after the end of each calendar quarter, the Secretary of the

Treasury shall report quarterly".

1998 - Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105-292 added subsec. (g) relating to

violations of religious freedom.

1994 - Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 103-236 amended par. (3)

generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: "whether

the recipient country has detonated a nuclear device or is not a

State Party to the Treaty on Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons or

both; and".

1992 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102-511, Sec. 1008(a), substituted

"the African Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction

and Development, and the International Monetary Fund," for "and the

African Development Bank,".

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 102-511, Sec. 1008(b), inserted "Russia

and the other independent states of the former Soviet Union (as

defined in section 5801 of this title)," after "Laos,".

1990 - Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 101-513 struck out "(2)" before "The

Secretary" and substituted "of the Committee on Banking, Finance

and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and of the

Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate" for "specified in

paragraph (1)".

1989 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101-240, Sec. 541(c), amended subsec.

(c) generally, substituting provisions relating to quarterly

reports by Secretary of the Treasury not later than 30 days after

end of each calendar quarter for provisions relating to annual

reports by Secretaries of State and the Treasury, and quarterly

reports by Secretary of the Treasury.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101-240, Sec. 541(e)(8), struck out at end

"The annual report required under subsection (c) of this section

shall include a listing of categories of such assistance granted,

with particular attention to categories that address basic human

needs."

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 101-240, Sec. 541(d)(4), struck out par.

(1) which related to quarterly reporting requirements by Secretary

of the Treasury in consultation with Secretary of State.

1983 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 98-181 substituted "pattern" for

"consistent pattern".

Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 98-181 substituted "Not later than thirty

days after the end of each calendar quarter, the Secretary of the

Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall

report." for "The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with

the Secretary of State, shall report quarterly".

1982 - Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 97-375 inserted "excluding section

262e of this title and".

1981 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97-35 inserted reference to the

African Development Bank.

1980 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 96-259, Sec. 501(a), designated

existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 96-259, Sec. 501(b), added subsec. (g).

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Banking and

Financial Services of House of Representatives by section 1(a) of

Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2,

The Congress. Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House

of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial

Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters

relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally

transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of

Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh

Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.

-MISC2-

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 103-236 effective 60 days after Apr. 30,

1994, see section 831 of Pub. L. 103-236, set out as an Effective

Date note under section 6301 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1989 AMENDMENT

Section 801 of Pub. L. 101-240 provided that: "Except as

otherwise provided in this Act, this Act and the amendments made by

this Act [enacting sections 262m-7, 262p-4g to 262p-4k, 262r to

262r-2, 262s-1, 262t, 283z-5 to 283z-8, 286e-12, 286kk, and 2281 to

2286 of this title and section 3904a of Title 12, Banks and

Banking, amending this section, sections 262m-7, 262p-1, 262p-5,

262s-2, 282b, 283b, 283cc, 284b, 285b, 286b, 286e-9, 286k-1, 286s,

290g-2, 290i-3, and 290k-5 of this title, and sections 635 and

635i-3 of Title 12, transferring former section 262q of this title

to section 262s of this title and former section 4722 of Title 15,

Commerce and Trade, to section 262s-2 of this title, repealing

sections 262i, 262m-6, 276c-3, 283i, 286b-1, and 286b-2 of this

title, enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 283z-6,

2151, and 2291 of this title and sections 635, 3901, and 3904a of

Title 12, amending provisions set out as a note under section 262l

of this title, and repealing provisions set out as notes under

sections 262g-2 and 283 of this title] shall take effect on the

date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 19, 1989]."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-35 effective Aug. 13, 1981, see section

1372 of Pub. L. 97-35, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 290i of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 3, 1977, see section 1001 of Pub. L.

95-118, set out as a note under section 282i of this title.

CONSULTATIONS FOR ADOPTION OF AMENDMENT TO ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT

RESPECTING HUMAN RIGHTS STANDARDS IN CONNECTION WITH ANY

APPLICATION FOR ASSISTANCE

Pub. L. 95-118, title VII, Sec. 705, as added by Pub. L. 96-259,

title V, Sec. 501(c), June 3, 1980, 94 Stat. 432, provided that:

"The President shall direct the United States Governor of the

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the United

States Governor of the International Finance Corporation, the

United States Governor of the International Development

Association, the United States Governor of the Inter-American

Development Bank, the United States Governor of the Asian

Development Bank, and the United States Governor of the African

Development Fund, to consult with the other Governors of those

institutions concerning adoption of an amendment to the Articles of

Agreement of their respective institutions to establish human

rights standards to be considered in connection with each

application for assistance."

AMENDMENT OF ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL

INSTITUTIONS; ESTABLISHMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS STANDARDS TO BE

CONSIDERED IN CONNECTION WITH ASSISTANCE APPLICATION

Pub. L. 95-481, title VI, Sec. 611, Oct. 18, 1978, 92 Stat. 1602,

provided that: "The President shall direct the United States

Governor of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development, the United States Governor of the International

Finance Corporation, the United States Governor of the

International Development Association, the United States Governor

of the Inter-American Development Bank, the United States Governor

of the Asian Development Bank, and the United States Governor of

the African Development Fund, to propose and seek adoption of an

amendment to the Articles of Agreement for their respective

institutions to establish human rights standards to be considered

in connection with each application for assistance."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 262r, 2799aa-1, 5605,

6302, 6445, 6713 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be "Boards".

(!2) So in original. Two subsecs. (g) have been enacted.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262d-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262d-1. Congressional statement of policy of human rights and

United States assistance policies with international institutions

-STATUTE-

It is the sense of the Congress that, where other means have

proven ineffective in promoting international human rights, and

except where the President determines that the cause of

international human rights is served more effectively by actions

other than voting against such assistance or where the assistance

is directed to programs that serve the basic needs of the

impoverished majority of the country in question, United States

representatives to the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development, the International Development Association, the African

Development Fund, the Asian Development Bank, and the

Inter-American Development Bank should oppose loans and other

financial or technical assistance to any country that persists in a

systematic pattern of gross violations of fundamental human rights.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-148, title V, Sec. 507, Oct. 31, 1977, 91 Stat. 1240.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262e. Comparability of salaries and benefits of employees of

international financial institutions with employees of American

private business and governmental service

-STATUTE-

The President shall direct the United States Executive Directors

of such international financial institutions to take all

appropriate actions to keep the salaries and benefits of the

employees of such institutions to levels comparable to salaries and

benefits of employees of private business and the United States

Government in comparable positions.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title VII, Sec. 704, Oct. 3, 1977, 91 Stat. 1071.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 3, 1977, see section 1001 of Pub. L.

95-118, set out as a note under section 282i of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 262r of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262f 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262f. Promotion of development and utilization of light

capital technologies and United States assistance policies with

international financial institutions

-STATUTE-

The United States Government, in connection with its voice and

vote in the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development,

the International Development Association, the International

Finance Corporation, the Inter-American Development Bank, the

African Development Fund, the Asian Development Bank, and the

African Development Bank, shall promote the development and

utilization of light capital technologies, otherwise known as

intermediate, appropriate, or village technologies, by such

international institutions as major facets of their development

strategies, with major emphasis on the production and conservation

of energy through light capital technologies.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title VIII, Sec. 801, Oct. 3, 1977, 91 Stat. 1071;

Pub. L. 97-35, title XIII, Secs. 1342(c), 1371(b)(1), Aug. 13,

1981, 95 Stat. 743, 746.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1981 - Pub. L. 97-35 redesignated subsec. (a) as entire section,

inserted reference to African Development Bank, and struck out

subsec. (b) which related to an annual report to Congress on

progress toward achieving goals of this section.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-35 effective Aug. 13, 1981, see section

1372 of Pub. L. 97-35, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 290i of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 3, 1977, see section 1001 of Pub. L.

95-118, set out as a note under section 282i of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262g 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262g. Human nutrition in developing countries and United

States assistance policies with international financial

institutions; declaration of policy

-STATUTE-

The Congress declares it to be the policy of the United States,

in connection with its voice and vote in the International Bank for

Reconstruction and Development, the International Development

Association, the International Finance Corporation, the

Inter-American Development Bank, the African Development Fund, the

Asian Development Fund, and the Asian Development Bank, to combat

hunger and malnutrition and to encourage economic development in

the developing countries, with emphasis on assistance to those

countries that are determined to improve their own agricultural

production, by seeking to channel assistance for agriculturally

related development to projects that would aid in fulfilling

domestic food and nutrition needs and in alleviating hunger and

malnutrition in the recipient country. The United States

representatives to the institutions named in this section shall

oppose any loan or other financial assistance for establishing or

expanding production for export of palm oil, sugar, or citrus crops

if such loan or assistance will cause injury to United States

producers of the same, similar, or competing agricultural

commodity.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title IX, Sec. 901, Oct. 3, 1977, 91 Stat. 1071;

Pub. L. 97-35, title XIII, Sec. 1371(b)(2), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat.

746.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1981 - Pub. L. 97-35 redesignated subsec. (a) as entire section

and struck out subsec. (b) which related to an annual report to

Congress on the progress towards achieving the goals of this

section.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 97-35 effective Aug. 13, 1981, see section

1372 of Pub. L. 97-35, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 290i of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 3, 1977, see section 1001 of Pub. L.

95-118, set out as a note under section 282i of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262g-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262g-1. Targeting assistance to specific populations

-STATUTE-

(a) Congressional findings

The Congress finds that there is a need for concerted

international efforts to deal with the problems of malnutrition,

low life expectancy, childhood disease, underemployment, and low

productivity in developing countries.

(b) Assistance to poorest populations

The Congress notes with approval that the Inter-American

Development Bank, under the terms of its Fifth Replenishment, has

adopted the target that 50 percent of its lending benefit the

poorest groups and has developed a usable methodology for

determining the proportion of its lending which benefits such

groups.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XI, Sec. 1101, as added Pub. L. 97-35, title

XIII, Sec. 1361(b), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 745.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Aug. 13, 1981, see section 1372 of Pub. L.

97-35, set out as a note under section 290i of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 262g-2 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262g-2 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262g-2. Establishment of guidelines for international

financial institutions

-STATUTE-

(a) Consultation with representatives of member countries

The Secretary of the Treasury shall consult with representatives

of other member countries of the International Bank for

Reconstruction and Development, the International Development

Association, the Asian Development Bank, the African Development

Fund, and the African Development Bank (if the United States

becomes a member of that Bank), for the purpose of establishing

guidelines within each of those institutions which specify that, in

a manner consistent with the purposes and charters of those

institutions, a specified proportion of the annual lending by each

institution shall be designed to benefit needy people, primarily by

financing sound, efficient, productive, self-sustaining projects

designed to benefit needy people in developing countries, thus

helping poor people improve their conditions of life.

(b) Congressional findings regarding implementation of objectives

The Congress finds that projects to construct basic

infrastructure, to expand productive capacity (including private

enterprise), and to address social problems can all meet the

objectives of this section if they are designed and implemented

properly. For the purposes of this title, "needy people" means

those people living in "absolute" or "relative" poverty as

determined under the standards employed by the International Bank

for Reconstruction and Development and the International

Development Association.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XI, Sec. 1102, as added Pub. L. 97-35, title

XIII, Sec. 1361(b), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 745.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This title, referred to in subsec. (b), is title XI (Secs.

1101-1103) of Pub. L. 95-118, as added by Pub. L. 97-35, title

XIII, Sec. 1361(b), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 745, which enacted

sections 262g-1 and 262g-2 of this title and enacted a provision

set out as a note below. For complete classification of title XI to

the Code, see Tables.

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Aug. 13, 1981, see section 1372 of Pub. L.

97-35, set out as a note under section 290i of this title.

REPORTS TO CONGRESS

Section 1103 of Pub. L. 95-118, as added by Pub. L. 97-35, title

XIII, Sec. 1361(b), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 746, required reports

on the progress being made toward achieving the goals of this

section, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101-240, title V, Sec.

541(d)(4), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2518.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262g-3 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262g-3. International negotiations on future replenishments of

international financial institutions; consultation with

appropriate Members of Congress

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury or his designee shall consult with

the Chairman and the Ranking Minority Member of -

(1) the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the

House of Representatives, the Committee on Appropriations of the

House of Representatives, and the appropriate subcommittee of

each such committee, and

(2) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the

Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, and the appropriate

subcommittee of each such committee,

for the purpose of discussing the position of the executive branch

and the views of the Congress with respect to any international

negotiations being held to consider future replenishments or

capital expansions of any multilateral development bank which may

involve an increased contribution or subscription by the United

States. Such consultation shall be made (A) not later than 30 days

before the initiation of such international negotiations, (B)

during the period in which such negotiations are being held, in a

frequent and timely manner, and (C) before a session of such

negotiations is held at which the United States representatives may

agree to such a replenishment or capital expansion.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XII, Sec. 1201, as added Pub. L. 97-35,

title XIII, Sec. 1361(b), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 746.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Banking and

Financial Services of House of Representatives by section 1(a) of

Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2,

The Congress. Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House

of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial

Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters

relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally

transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of

Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh

Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Aug. 13, 1981, see section 1372 of Pub. L.

97-35, set out as a note under section 290i of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262h 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262h. Opposition by United States Executive Directors of

international financial institutions to assistance for production

or extraction of export commodities or minerals in surplus on

world markets

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruction

and Development, the International Development Association, the

International Finance Corporation, the Inter-American Development

Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Asian Development Bank,

the Inter-American Investment Corporation, the African Development

Bank, and the African Development Fund to use the voice and vote of

the United States to oppose any assistance by such institutions,

using funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant to

any provision of law, for the production or extraction of any

commodity or mineral for export, if -

(1) such commodity or mineral, as the case may be, is in

surplus on world markets; and

(2) the export of such commodity or mineral, as the case may

be, would cause substantial injury to the United States producers

of the same, similar, or competing commodity or mineral.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-472, Sec. 22, Oct. 15, 1986, 100 Stat. 1210.)

-MISC1-

SIMILAR PROVISIONS

Pub. L. 107-115, title V, Sec. 514, Jan. 10, 2002, 115 Stat.

2142, provided that: "The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct

the United States Executive Directors of the International Bank for

Reconstruction and Development, the International Development

Association, the International Finance Corporation, the

Inter-American Development Bank, the International Monetary Fund,

the Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American Investment

Corporation, the North American Development Bank, the European Bank

for Reconstruction and Development, the African Development Bank,

and the African Development Fund to use the voice and vote of the

United States to oppose any assistance by these institutions, using

funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act [see

Tables for classification], for the production or extraction of any

commodity or mineral for export, if it is in surplus on world

markets and if the assistance will cause substantial injury to

United States producers of the same, similar, or competing

commodity."

Similar provisions were contained in the following appropriation

acts:

Pub. L. 106-429, Sec. 101(a) [title V, Sec. 514], Nov. 6, 2000,

114 Stat. 1900, 1900A-25.

Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(2) [title V, Sec. 514],

Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1535, 1501A-85.

Pub. L. 105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(d) [title V, Sec. 514(a)], Oct.

21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-150, 2681-173.

Pub. L. 105-118, title V, Sec. 514, Nov. 26, 1997, 111 Stat.

2409.

Pub. L. 104-208, div. A, title I, Sec. 101(c) [title V, Sec.

514], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-121, 3009-143.

Pub. L. 104-107, title V, Sec. 514, Feb. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 725.

Pub. L. 103-306, title V, Sec. 514, Aug. 23, 1994, 108 Stat.

1628.

Pub. L. 103-87, title V, Sec. 514, Sept. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 948.

Pub. L. 102-391, title V, Sec. 521, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1661.

Pub. L. 101-513, title V, Sec. 522, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2007.

Pub. L. 101-167, title V, Sec. 522, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat.

1221.

Pub. L. 100-461, title V, Sec. 522, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat.

2268-25.

Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 101(e) [title V, Sec. 522], Dec. 22, 1987,

101 Stat. 1329-131, 1329-157.

Pub. L. 99-500, Sec. 101(f) [title V, Sec. 522], Oct. 18, 1986,

100 Stat. 1783-213, 1783-229, and Pub. L. 99-591, Sec. 101(f)

[title V, Sec. 522], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341-214, 3341-229.

Pub. L. 99-190, Sec. 101(i) [title V, Sec. 523], Dec. 19, 1985,

99 Stat. 1291, 1306.

Pub. L. 98-473, title I, Sec. 101(1) [title V, Sec. 524], Oct.

12, 1984, 98 Stat. 1884, 1899.

Pub. L. 98-151, Sec. 101(b)(1) [incorporating Pub. L. 97-121,

title V, Sec. 522], Nov. 14, 1983, 97 Stat. 964.

Pub. L. 97-377, title I, Sec. 101(b)(1) [incorporating Pub. L.

97-121, title V, Sec. 522], Dec. 21, 1982, 96 Stat. 1831.

Pub. L. 97-121, title V, Sec. 522, Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1656.

Pub. L. 96-536, Sec. 101(b) [H.J. Res. 637, Sec. 101(b); H.R.

4473, title V, Sec. 522A], Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3167.

Pub. L. 96-123, Sec. 101(a) [incorporating Pub. L. 95-481, title

VI, Sec. 609], Nov. 20, 1979, 93 Stat. 923.

Pub. L. 95-481, title VI, Sec. 609, Oct. 18, 1978, 92 Stat. 1601.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262i 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262i. Repealed. Pub. L. 101-240, title V, Sec. 541(d)(6), Dec.

19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2518

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 96-259, title IV, Sec. 401, June 3, 1980, 94

Stat. 431, related to communication and dissemination of

information respecting export opportunity enhancement.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262j 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262j. Use of renewable resources for energy production

-STATUTE-

(a) Promotion, etc., by United States in connection with

international financial institutions

The United States Government, in connection with its voice and

vote in the Inter-American Development Bank, the African

Development Fund, and the Asian Development Bank, shall encourage

such institutions -

(1) to promote the decentralized production of renewable

energy;

(2) to identify renewable resources to produce energy in rural

development projects and determine the feasibility of

substituting them for systems using fossil fuel;

(3) to train personnel in developing technologies for getting

energy from renewable resources;

(4) to support research into the use of renewable resources,

including hydropower, biomass, solar photovoltaic, and solar

thermal;

(5) to support an information network to make available to

policymakers the full range of energy choices;

(6) to broaden their energy planning, analyses, and assessments

to include consideration of the supply of, demand for, and

possible uses of renewable resources; and

(7) to coordinate with the Agency for International Development

and other aid organizations in supporting effective rural energy

programs.

(b) "Renewable resource" defined

For purposes of this section, the term "renewable resource" means

any energy resource which -

(1) meets the needs of rural communities;

(2) saves capital without wasting labor;

(3) is modest in scale and simple to install and maintain and

which can be managed by local individuals;

(4) is acceptable and affordable; and

(5) does not damage the environment.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 96-259, title VI, Sec. 602, June 3, 1980, 94 Stat. 433;

Pub. L. 97-375, title I, Sec. 112, Dec. 21, 1982, 96 Stat. 1821.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1982 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97-375 struck out subsec. (c) which

directed the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the

Director of the United States International Development Cooperation

Agency, to report to Congress not later than six months after June

3, 1980, and annually thereafter on the progress toward achieving

the goals set forth in this title.

CONGRESSIONAL STATEMENT OF FINDINGS RESPECTING USE OF RENEWABLE

RESOURCES FOR ENERGY PRODUCTION IN POOR AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

AND ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

Section 601 of Pub. L. 96-259 provided that: "The Congress finds

that -

"(1) without an adequate supply of energy at affordable prices

the world's poor will continue to be deprived of jobs, food,

water, shelter, and clothing, and poor countries will continue to

be economically and politically unstable;

"(2) dependence on increasingly expensive fossil fuel resources

consumes too much of the capital available to poor countries with

the result that funds are not available to meet the basic needs

of poor people;

"(3) in many developing countries the cost of large central

generators and long distance electrical distribution makes it

unlikely that rural energy by means of a national grid will

contribute to meeting the needs of poor people;

"(4) only one of eight rural inhabitants lives in an area which

has access to electricity and even fewer rural inhabitants

actually have or can afford electricity;

"(5) wood, animal and agricultural waste, and other

'noncommercial' fuels still supply about half the total energy in

developing countries and all but a seventh in rural sectors;

"(6) growing dependence of the world's poor on wood for heating

and cooking has forced the overcutting of forests and as a

consequence erosion and loss of available agricultural land; and

"(7) recent initiatives by the international financial

institutions to develop and utilize decentralized solar, hydro,

biomass, geothermal, and wind energy should be significantly

expanded to make renewable energy resources increasingly

available to the world's poor on a wide scale."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262k 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262k. Financial assistance to international financial

institutions; considerations and criteria

-STATUTE-

(a) Congressional declaration of intent

United States active participation in international financial

institution activity is based on our national objective of

furthering the economic and social development of the nations of

the world, in particular the developing nations. The attainment of

this national objective is most effectively realized through a

world economic and financial system which is both free and stable.

Therefore, it is the intent of the United States Congress that

United States financial assistance to the international financial

institutions should be primarily directed to those projects that

would not generate excess commodity supplies in world markets,

displace private investment initiatives or foster departures from a

market-oriented economy.

(b) Effect of country adjustment programs; minimization of

projected adverse impacts; avoidance of government subsidization

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the representatives

of the United States to the international financial institutions

described in subsection (d) of this section to take into account in

their review of loans, credits, or other utilization of the

resources of their respective institutions, the effect that country

adjustment programs would have upon individual industry sectors and

international commodity markets in order to -

(1) minimize any projected adverse impacts on such sector or

markets of making such loans, credits, or utilization of

resources; and

(2) avoid whenever possible government subsidization of

production and exports of international commodities without

regard to economic conditions in the markets for such

commodities.

(c) Project proposals relating to mining, smelting, refining, and

fabricating of minerals and metal products

More specifically, the following criteria should be considered as

a basis for a vote by the respective United States Executive

Director to each of the international financial institutions

described in subsection (d) of this section against a project

proposal involving the creation of new capacity or the expansion,

improvement, or modification of mining, smelting, refining, and

fabricating of minerals and metal products:

(1) Analysis shows that the risks, returns, and incentives of a

project are such that it could be financed at reasonable terms by

commercial lending services.

(2) Analysis by the United States Bureau of Mines indicates

that surplus capacity in the industry for the primary product of

the defined project would exist over half the period of the

economic life of the project because of projected world demand

and capacity conditions.

(3) United States imports of the commodity constitute less than

50 percent of the domestic production of the primary product in

those cases where the United States is the substantial producer

of such commodities.

(d) International financial institutions

The international financial institutions referred to in

subsections (a) and (b) of this section are the International

Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development, the International Development Association, the

Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and

the African Development Bank.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-88, title I, Sec. 502, Aug. 15, 1985, 99 Stat. 330;

Pub. L. 102-285, Sec. 10(b), May 18, 1992, 106 Stat. 172.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

"United States Bureau of Mines" substituted for "Bureau of Mines"

in subsec. (c)(2) pursuant to section 10(b) of Pub. L. 102-285, set

out as a note under section 1 of Title 30, Mineral Lands and

Mining.

-MISC1-

COPPER MINING, SMELTING, AND REFINING

Section 501 of Pub. L. 99-88 provided that: "The Secretary of the

Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive Directors of

the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the

International Development Association, the International Finance

Corporation, the Inter-American Development Bank, the International

Monetary Fund, the Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American

Investment Corporation, the African Development Bank, and the

African Development Fund to use the voice and vote of the United

States to oppose any assistance by these institutions, using funds

appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act or any other

Act, for the production of any copper commodity for export or for

the financing of the expansion, improvement, or modernization of

copper mining, smelting, and refining capacity."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262k-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262k-1. Transparency of budgets

-STATUTE-

(a) Limitation

Beginning three years after September 30, 1996, the Secretary of

the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive Director of

each international financial institution to use the voice and vote

of the United States to oppose any loan or other utilization of the

funds of their respective institution, other than to address basic

human needs, for the government of any country which the Secretary

of the Treasury determines -

(1) does not have in place a functioning system for reporting

to civilian authorities audits of receipts and expenditures that

fund activities of the armed forces and security forces;

(2) has not provided to the institution information about the

audit process requested by the institution.

(b) "International financial institution" defined

For purposes of this section, the term "international financial

institution" shall include the institutions identified in section

532(b) of this Act.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 104-208, div. A, title I, Sec. 101(c) [title V, Sec. 576],

Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-121, 3009-168; Pub. L. 105-118,

title V, Sec. 572, Nov. 26, 1997, 111 Stat. 2430.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 532(b) of this Act, referred to in subsec. (b), is

section 532(b) of Pub. L. 104-208, div. A, title I, Sec. 101(c)

[title V], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-121, 3009-152, which is

not classified to the Code.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1997 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105-118, Sec. 572(a), amended par.

(1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows: "does

not have in place a functioning system for a civilian audit of all

receipts and expenditures that fund activities of the armed forces

and security forces;".

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 105-118, Sec. 572(b), amended par. (2)

generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: "has not

provided a summary of a current audit to the institution."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262k-2 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262k-2. Female genital mutilation

-STATUTE-

(a) Limitation

Beginning 1 year after September 30, 1996, the Secretary of the

Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive Director of

each international financial institution to use the voice and vote

of the United States to oppose any loan or other utilization of the

funds of their respective institution, other than to address basic

human needs, for the government of any country which the Secretary

of the Treasury determines -

(1) has, as a cultural custom, a known history of the practice

of female genital mutilation; and

(2) has not taken steps to implement educational programs

designed to prevent the practice of female genital mutilation.

(b) "International financial institution" defined

For purposes of this section, the term "international financial

institution" shall include the institutions identified in section

532(b) of this Act.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 104-208, div. A, title I, Sec. 101(c) [title V, Sec. 579],

Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-121, 3009-170.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 532(b) of this Act, referred to in subsec. (b), is

section 532(b) of Pub. L. 104-208, div. A, title I, Sec. 101(c)

[title V], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-121, 3009-152, which is

not classified to the Code.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262l 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262g742l. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, Pub. L. 102-391, title V, Sec. 532, Oct. 6, 1992, 106

Stat. 1666, which related to involvement of Multilateral

Development Banks in promoting environmental and energy initiatives

and required reports to Congress on progress in meeting benchmarks

in sustainable energy development, forest conservation, forced

displacement of populations, and environmental impact assessment,

was from the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related

Programs Appropriations Act, 1993, and was omitted from the Code as

not repeated in subsequent appropriation acts. Similar provisions

were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 101-513, title V, Sec. 533, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2013,

as amended by Pub. L. 102-27, title III, Sec. 308, Apr. 10, 1991,

105 Stat. 152.

Pub. L. 101-167, title V, Sec. 533, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat.

1225.

Pub. L. 100-461, title V, Sec. 535, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat.

2268-28.

Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 101(e) [title V, Sec. 537], Dec. 22, 1987,

101 Stat. 1329-131, 1329-161, as amended by Pub. L. 101-240, title

V, Sec. 541(d)(8), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2518.

Pub. L. 99-500, Sec. 101(f) [title V, Sec. 539], Oct. 18, 1986,

100 Stat. 1783-213, 1783-232, and Pub. L. 99-591, Sec. 101(f)

[title V, Sec. 539], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341-214, 3341-232.

Pub. L. 99-190, Sec. 101(i) [title V, Sec. 540], Dec. 19, 1985,

99 Stat. 1291, 1309.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262m 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262m. Congressional findings and policies for multilateral

development banks respecting environment, public health, natural

resources, and indigenous peoples

-STATUTE-

The Congress finds that -

(1) United States assistance to the multilateral development

banks should promote sustainable use of natural resources and the

protection of the environment, public health, and the status of

indigenous peoples in developing countries;

(2) multilateral development bank projects, policies, and loans

have failed in some cases to provide adequate safeguards for the

environment, public health, natural resources, and indigenous

peoples;

(3) many development efforts of the multilateral development

banks are more enduring and less costly if based on consultations

with directly affected population groups and communities;

(4) developing country governments sometimes do not ensure that

appropriate policies and procedures are in place to use natural

resources sustainably or consult with affected population groups

and communities, where costs could be reduced or benefits made

more enduring; and

(5) in general, the multilateral development banks do not yet

provide systematic and adequate assistance to their borrowers to

encourage sustainable resource use and consultation with affected

communities, where costs could be reduced or benefits made more

enduring.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XIII, Sec. 1301, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1301 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262m-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262m-1. Environmental performance of banks; mechanisms for

improvement

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of State, in

cooperation with the Administrator of the Agency for International

Development, shall vigorously promote mechanisms to strengthen the

environmental performance of these banks. These mechanisms shall

include strengthening organizational, administrative, and

procedural arrangements within the banks which will substantially

improve management of assistance programs necessary to ensure the

sustainable use of natural resources and the protection of

indigenous peoples.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XIII, Sec. 1302, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1302 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definition in section 262p of this title applies to this

section.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 262p of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262m-2 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262m-2. Environmental impact of assistance proposals

-STATUTE-

(a) Analysis by agencies, United States embassies and overseas

missions of Agency for International Development; factors

considered; affirmative investigation of adverse impacts;

availability of information to public

(1) In the course of reviewing assistance proposals of the

multilateral development banks, the Administrator of the Agency for

International Development, in consultation with the Secretary of

the Treasury and the Secretary of State, shall ensure that other

agencies and appropriate United States embassies and overseas

missions of the Agency for International Development are instructed

to analyze, where feasible, the environmental impacts of

multilateral development loans well in advance of such loans'

approval by the relevant institutions to determine whether the

proposals will contribute to the sustainable development of the

borrowing country.

(2) To the extent possible, such reviews shall address the

economic viability of the project, adverse impacts on the

environment, natural resources, public health, and indigenous

peoples, and recommendations as to measures, including

alternatives, that could eliminate or mitigate adverse impacts.

(3) If there is reason to believe that any such loan is

particularly likely to have substantial adverse impacts, the

Administrator of the Agency for International Development, in

consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary

of State, shall ensure that an affirmative investigation of such

impacts is undertaken in consultation with relevant Federal

agencies. If not classified under the national security system of

classification, the information collected pursuant to this

paragraph shall be made available to the public.

(b) Evaluation by major shareholder governments prior to bank

action on assistance proposals

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the Executive

Directors representing the United States at the International Bank

for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American Development

Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the African Development Bank

to urge the management and other directors of each such bank, to

provide sufficient time between the circulation of assistance

proposals and bank action on those proposals, in order to permit

their evaluation by major shareholder governments.

(c) Identification of proposals likely to have adverse impact;

transmittal to Congress

Based on the information obtained during the evaluation referred

to in subsection (a) of this section and other available

information, the Administrator of the Agency for International

Development, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and

the Secretary of State, shall identify those assistance proposals

likely to have adverse impacts on the environment, natural

resources, public health, or indigenous peoples. The proposals so

identified shall be transmitted to the Committee on Appropriations

and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the

House of Representatives and the Committee on Appropriations and

the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, not later than

June 30 and December 31 of each year following December 22, 1987.

(d) Reports to Executive Directors; elimination or mitigation of

adverse impacts

The Secretary of the Treasury shall forward reports concerning

information received under subsection (a) of this section to the

Executive Director representing the United States in the

appropriate bank with instructions to seek to eliminate or mitigate

adverse impacts which may result from the proposal.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XIII, Sec. 1303, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1303 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Banking and

Financial Services of House of Representatives by section 1(a) of

Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2,

The Congress. Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House

of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial

Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters

relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally

transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of

Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh

Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 262m-7, 262r-2 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262m-3 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262m-3. Cooperative information exchange system

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary

of State and the Administrator of the Agency for International

Development, shall create a system for cooperative exchange of

information with other interested member countries on assistance

proposals of the multilateral development banks.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XIII, Sec. 1304, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1304 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262m-4 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262m-4. Environmental educational and training programs for

mid-level bank managers and officials of borrowing countries

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Directors of the multilateral development banks to

support the strengthening of educational programs within each

multilateral development bank to improve the capacity of mid-level

managers to initiate and manage environmental aspects of

development activities, and to train officials of borrowing

countries in the conduct of environmental analyses.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XIII, Sec. 1305, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1305 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262m-5 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262m-5. Environmental impact statements; factors considered;

promotion of activities by United States Executive Directors

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United

States Executive Director of each multilateral development bank to

vigorously and continuously urge that each bank identify and

develop methods and procedures to insure that in addition to

economic and technical considerations, unquantified environmental

values be given appropriate consideration in decisionmaking, and

include in the documents circulated to the Board of Executive

Directors concerning each assistance proposal a detailed statement,

to include assessment of the benefits and costs of environmental

impacts and possible mitigating measures, on the environmental

impact of the proposed action, any adverse environmental effects

which cannot be avoided if the proposal is implemented, and

alternatives to the proposed action.

(b) The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United

States Executive Director of each multilateral development bank to

vigorously and continuously promote -

(1) increases in the proportion of loans supporting

environmentally beneficial policies, projects, and project

components;

(2) the establishment of environmental programs in appropriate

policy-based loans for the purpose of improving natural resource

management, environmental quality, and protection of biological

diversity;

(3) increases in the proportion of staff with professional

training and experience in ecology and related areas and in the

areas of anthropological and sociological impact analysis to

ensure systematic appraisal and monitoring of environmental and

sociocultural impacts of projects and policies;

(4) active and systematic encouragement of participation by

borrowing countries nongovernmental environmental, community and

indigenous peoples' organizations at all stages of preparations

for country lending strategies, policy based loans, and loans

that may have adverse environmental or sociocultural impacts; and

(5) full availability to concerned or affected nongovernmental

and community organization, early in the preparation phase and at

all subsequent stages of planning of full documentary information

concerning details of design and potential environmental and

sociocultural impacts of proposed loans.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XIII, Sec. 1306, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1306 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262m-6 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262m-6. Repealed. Pub. L. 101-240, title V, Sec. 541(d)(4),

Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2518

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-118, title XIII, Sec. 1307, as added Pub. L.

100-202, Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134, required annual reports to Congress on environmental

policies.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262m-7 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262m-7. Assessment of environmental impact of proposed

multilateral development bank actions

-STATUTE-

(a) Assessment required before favorable vote on action

(1) In general

Beginning 2 years after December 19, 1989, the Secretary of the

Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive Director of

each multilateral development bank not to vote in favor of any

action proposed to be taken by the respective bank which would

have a significant effect on the human environment, unless for at

least 120 days before the date of the vote -

(A) an assessment analyzing the environmental impacts of the

proposed action and of alternatives to the proposed action has

been completed by the borrower or the institution, and been

made available to the board of directors of the institution;

and

(B) except as provided in paragraph (2), such assessment or a

comprehensive summary of such assessment has been made

available to the multilateral development bank, affected

groups, and local nongovernmental organizations.

(2) Exceptions and reports

(A) Exceptions

The requirement of paragraph (1)(B) shall not apply where the

Secretary finds compelling reasons to believe that disclosure

in any case described in paragraph (1) would jeopardize the

confidential relationship between the borrower and the

respective bank.

(B) Reports by Secretary

The Secretary shall submit a quarterly report in writing to

the Committees specified in subsection (f)(1) of this section

of the findings described in subparagraph (A).

(b) Access to assessments in all member countries

The Secretary of the Treasury shall seek the adoption of policies

and procedures, through discussions and negotiations with the other

member countries of the multilateral development banks and with the

management of such banks, which result in access by governmental

agencies and interested members of the public of such member

countries, to environmental assessments or documentary information

containing comprehensive summaries of such assessments which

discuss the environmental impact of prospective projects and

programs being considered by such banks. Such assessments or

summaries should be made available to such governmental agencies

and interested members of the public at least 120 days before

scheduled board action, and public participation in review of the

relevant environmental information should be encouraged.

(c) Consideration of assessment

The Secretary of the Treasury shall -

(1) ensure that an environmental impact assessment or

comprehensive summary of such assessment described in subsection

(a) of this section accompanies loan proposals through the agency

review process; and

(2) take into consideration recommendations from all other

interested Federal agencies and interested members of the public.

(d) Development of procedures for systematic environmental

assessment

The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with other Federal

agencies, including the Environmental Protection Agency, the

Department of State, and the Council on Environmental Quality,

shall -

(1) instruct the United States Executive Director of each

multilateral development bank to initiate discussions with the

other executive directors of the respective bank and to propose

that the respective bank develop and make available to member

governments of, and borrowers from, the respective bank, within

18 months after December 19, 1989, a procedure for the systematic

environmental assessment of development projects for which the

respective bank provides financial assistance, taking into

consideration the Guidelines and Principles for Environmental

Impact Assessment promulgated by the United Nations Environmental

Programme and other bilateral or multilateral assessment

procedures; and

(2) in determining the position of the United States on any

action proposed to be taken by a multilateral development bank,

develop and prescribe procedures for the consideration of, among

other things -

(A) the environmental impact assessment of the action

described in subsection (a) of this section;

(B) interagency and public review of such assessment; and

(C) other environmental review and consultation of such

action that is required by other law.

(e) Use of United States personnel

The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary

of State, the Secretary of the Interior, the Administrator of the

Environmental Protection Agency, the Chairman of the Council on

Environmental Quality, the Administrator of the Agency for

International Development, and the Administrator of the National

Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, shall -

(1) make available to the multilateral development banks,

without charge, appropriate United States Government personnel to

assist in -

(A) training bank staff in environmental impact assessment

procedures;

(B) providing advice on environmental issues;

(C) preparing environmental studies for projects with

potentially significant environmental impacts; and

(D) preparing documents for public release, and developing

procedures to provide for the inclusion of interested

nongovernmental organizations in the environmental review

process; and

(2) encourage other member countries of such banks to provide

similar assistance.

(f) Reports

(1) In general

The Secretary of the Treasury shall submit to the Committees on

Foreign Relations and Environment and Public Works of the Senate

and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the

House of Representatives -

(A) not later than the end of the 1-year period beginning on

December 19, 1989, a progress report on the efficacy of efforts

by the United States to encourage consistent and timely

environmental impact assessment of actions proposed to be taken

by the multilateral development banks and on the progress made

by the multilateral development banks in developing and

instituting environmental assessment policies and procedures;

and

(B) not later than January 1, 1993, a detailed report on the

matters described in subparagraph (A).

(2) Availability of reports

The reports required by paragraph (1) shall be made available

to the member governments of, and the borrowers from, the

multilateral development banks, and to the public.

(g) "Multilateral development bank" defined

For purposes of this section, the term "multilateral development

bank" means any of the institutions named in section 262m-2(b) of

this title, and the International Finance Corporation.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XIII, Sec. 1307, formerly Sec. 1308, as

added and renumbered Sec. 1307, Pub. L. 101-240, title V, Secs.

521, 541(f)(4), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2511, 2519; amended Pub.

L. 105-118, title V, Sec. 560(b), Nov. 26, 1997, 111 Stat. 2426.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1997 - Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 105-118, Sec. 560(b)(1),

substituted "borrower" for "borrowing country".

Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 105-118, Sec. 560(b)(2), struck out

"country" after "borrower".

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105-118, Sec. 560(b)(3), added subsec. (g).

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Banking and

Financial Services of House of Representatives by section 1(a) of

Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2,

The Congress. Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House

of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial

Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters

relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally

transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of

Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh

Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262n 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262n. Congressional findings and policies respecting

agricultural and commodity production

-STATUTE-

The Congress hereby finds the following:

(1) The financing of certain programs and projects by

multilateral development banks has been of great concern insofar

as the programs and projects have been detrimental to the

interests of American farmers and the agribusiness sector.

(2) An increase in rural income in developing countries will

generally result in an increase in exports of United States

agricultural and food products.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XIV, Sec. 1401, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1401 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262n-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262n-1. Increase in income and employment in developing

countries; enhancement of purchasing power; diversification away

from single crop or product economies

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury, after consultations with the

Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior (to the

extent appropriate) on markets and prices for commodities, shall

periodically instruct the United States Executive Director of each

multilateral development bank to work with other executive

directors of the respective bank to continue to -

(1) support activities which result in broad increases in

income and employment and enhance purchasing power in developing

countries, particularly among the rural poor; and

(2) encourage diversification away from single crop or product

economies in developing countries to help reduce wide

fluctuations in commodity prices and the adverse impact of abrupt

changes in the terms of trade.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XIV, Sec. 1402, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1402 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262n-2 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262n-2. Financing projects for production of export

commodities, products, or minerals in surplus in world markets

discouraged; instructions by Secretary of the Treasury to United

States Executive Directors

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary of the Treasury shall take all appropriate

steps to discourage multilateral development banks from financing

projects which will result in the production of commodities,

products, or minerals for export that will be in surplus in world

markets at the time such production begins.

(b) The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United

States Executive Directors of the multilateral development banks to

use the voice and vote of the United States in the respective banks

-

(1) to oppose financing by the respective bank of projects

which produce, or will produce, commodities, products, or

minerals for export if -

(A) the commodity, product, or mineral is subsidized in a

manner which is inconsistent with Article XVI.3 of the GATT

1994 as defined in section 3501(1)(B) of title 19, or Article

3.1(a) of the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing

Measures referred to in section 3511(d)(12) of title 19; and

(B) support from financial sources other than multilateral

development banks does not accompany such financing; and

(2) to oppose financing by the respective bank for production

of a commodity, product, or mineral for export which -

(A) is likely to be in surplus on world markets at the time

such production begins; and

(B) when exported, is likely to cause injury to United States

producers within the meaning of Article 15 of the Agreement on

Subsidies and Countervailing Measures referred to in

subparagraph (A).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XIV, Sec. 1403, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131, 1329-134;

amended Pub. L. 106-36, title I, Sec. 1002(b), June 25, 1999, 113

Stat. 133.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1403 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 106-36, Sec. 1002(b)(1),

substituted "GATT 1994 as defined in section 3501(1)(B) of title

19, or Article 3.1(a) of the Agreement on Subsidies and

Countervailing Measures referred to in section 3511(d)(12) of title

19" for "General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade or Article 10 of

the Agreement on Interpretation and Application of Articles VI,

XVI, and XXIII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade".

Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 106-36, Sec. 1002(b)(2), substituted

"Article 15 of the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing

Measures referred to in subparagraph (A)" for "Article 6 of the

Agreement on Interpretation and Application of Articles VI, XVI,

and XXIII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade".

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262n-3 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262n-3. Reduction of barriers to agricultural trade

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director at the International Monetary Fund to use

aggressively the voice and vote of the United States to vigorously

promote policies to encourage the opening of markets for

agricultural commodities and products by requiring recipient

countries to make efforts to reduce trade barriers.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XIV, Sec. 1404, as added Pub. L. 105-277,

div. A, Sec. 101(d) [title VI, Sec. 611], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat.

2681-150, 2681-228.)

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262o 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262g742o. Negotiations concerning replenishment or increase in

capital; annual reports on implementation of lending policy goals

-STATUTE-

(a) In any negotiations concerning replenishment or an increase

in capital for any multilateral development bank, the Secretary of

the Treasury shall propose, as a principal point for negotiations,

the following institutional reforms:

(1) The establishment of a unified program within each

multilateral development bank to assess the extent to which bank

lending benefits the least advantaged members of society,

particularly women and the poor, and to increase the extent to

which such members benefit from future bank lending.

(2) The establishment of an office or other administrative

procedures within each multilateral development bank to -

(A) provide in-country liaison services for nongovernmental

organizations operating at the community level;

(B) monitor the impact of project and nonproject lending on

local populations; and

(C) ensure compliance with loan conditionalities, especially

loan conditionalities relating to the protection of the quality

of life of the poor and the rights of aboriginal minorities.

(3) A major increase in the number of members of the

professional staff of each regional multilateral development bank

with training in environmental or social impact analysis or

natural science, including -

(A) recruitment of additional permanent professional staff;

and

(B) training programs for existing staff members in these

subject areas.

(4) With respect to the International Bank for Reconstruction

and Development, the establishment of a program for policy-based

lending to promote the sustainable use of renewable resources and

the protection of the environment in borrowing countries.

(5) An increase in the length of any review period established

by any multilateral development bank for board review of staff

recommendations by such time as would be sufficient to allow the

governments of member countries to review and comment on the

staff recommendations before any action is taken by the board of

directors of such bank on the recommendations.

(b) The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United

States Executive Director of each multilateral development bank to

request the management of such bank to prepare an annual report

which identifies and describes the most exemplary lending practices

or loan components implemented during the preceding year with

respect to each of the following lending policy goals for each

major borrowing country or country group:

(1) Benefit to the poor.

(2) Involvement of nongovernmental organizations and local and

indigenous populations in loan design, implementation, planning,

and monitoring.

(3) Integration of, consideration of, and concern for

environmental quality and the sustainable use of natural

resources into loan design, implementation, planning, and

monitoring.

(4) Recognition of and support for the economic and social

development of women.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XV, Sec. 1501, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1501 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262o-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262g742o-1. Military spending by recipient countries; military

involvement in economies of recipient countries

-STATUTE-

(a) Consideration of commitment to achieving certain goals

(1) (!1) In general

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Directors of the international financial institutions

(as defined in section 262r(c)(2) of this title) to promote

growth in the international economy by taking into account, when

considering whether to support or oppose loan proposals at these

institutions, the extent to which the recipient government has

demonstrated a commitment to achieving the following goals:

(A) to provide accurate and complete data on the annual

expenditures and receipts of the armed forces;

(B) to establish good and publicly accountable governance,

including an end to excessive military involvement in the

economy; and

(C) to make substantial reductions in excessive military

spending and forces.

(b) Steps to achieve goals required

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Directors of the international financial institutions (as

so defined) to promote a policy at each institution under which -

(1) the respective institution monitors closely and, through

regular policy consultations with recipient governments, seeks to

influence the composition of public expenditure in favor of

funding growth and development priorities and away from

unproductive expenditure, including excessive military

expenditures;

(2) the respective institution supports lending operations

which assist efforts of recipient governments to promote good

governance, including public participation, and reduce military

expenditures; and

(3) the allocation of resources and the extension of credit by

the respective institution takes into account the performance of

recipient governments in the areas of good governance, ending

excessive military involvement in the economy and reducing

excessive military expenditures.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XV, Sec. 1502, as added Pub. L. 103-306,

title V, Sec. 526(d), Aug. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 1633.)

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. No par. (2) has been enacted.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262o-2 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262g742o-2. Advocacy of policies to enhance general

effectiveness of International Monetary Fund

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the International Monetary Fund to use

aggressively the voice and vote of the Executive Director to do the

following:

(1) Vigorously promote policies to increase the effectiveness

of the International Monetary Fund in structuring programs and

assistance so as to promote policies and actions that will

contribute to exchange rate stability and avoid competitive

devaluations that will further destabilize the international

financial and trading systems.

(2) Vigorously promote policies to increase the effectiveness

of the International Monetary Fund in promoting market-oriented

reform, trade liberalization, economic growth, democratic

governance, and social stability through -

(A) establishing an independent monetary authority, with full

power to conduct monetary policy, that provides for a

non-inflationary domestic currency that is fully convertible in

foreign exchange markets;

(B) opening domestic markets to fair and open internal

competition among domestic enterprises by eliminating

inappropriate favoritism for small or large businesses,

eliminating elite monopolies, creating and effectively

implementing anti-trust and anti-monopoly laws to protect free

competition, and establishing fair and accessible legal

procedures for dispute settlement among domestic enterprises;

(C) privatizing industry in a fair and equitable manner that

provides economic opportunities to a broad spectrum of the

population, eliminating government and elite monopolies,

closing loss-making enterprises, and reducing government

control over the factors of production;

(D) economic deregulation by eliminating inefficient and

overly burdensome regulations and strengthening the legal

framework supporting private contract and intellectual property

rights;

(E) establishing or strengthening key elements of a social

safety net to cushion the effects on workers of unemployment

and dislocation; and

(F) encouraging the opening of markets for agricultural

commodities and products by requiring recipient countries to

make efforts to reduce trade barriers.

(3) Vigorously promote policies to increase the effectiveness

of the International Monetary Fund, in concert with appropriate

international authorities and other international financial

institutions (as defined in section 262r(c)(2) of this title), in

strengthening financial systems in developing countries, and

encouraging the adoption of sound banking principles and

practices, including the development of laws and regulations that

will help to ensure that domestic financial institutions meet

strong standards regarding capital reserves, regulatory

oversight, and transparency.

(4) Vigorously promote policies to increase the effectiveness

of the International Monetary Fund, in concert with appropriate

international authorities and other international financial

institutions (as defined in section 262r(c)(2) of this title), in

facilitating the development and implementation of

internationally acceptable domestic bankruptcy laws and

regulations in developing countries, including the provision of

technical assistance as appropriate.

(5) Vigorously promote policies that aim at appropriate

burden-sharing by the private sector so that investors and

creditors bear more fully the consequences of their decisions,

and accordingly advocate policies which include -

(A) strengthening crisis prevention and early warning signals

through improved and more effective surveillance of the

national economic policies and financial market development of

countries (including monitoring of the structure and volume of

capital flows to identify problematic imbalances in the inflow

of short and medium term investment capital, potentially

destabilizing inflows of offshore lending and foreign

investment, or problems with the maturity profiles of capital

to provide warnings of imminent economic instability), and

fuller disclosure of such information to market participants;

(B) accelerating work on strengthening financial systems in

emerging market economies so as to reduce the risk of financial

crises;

(C) consideration of provisions in debt contracts that would

foster dialogue and consultation between a sovereign debtor and

its private creditors, and among those creditors;

(D) consideration of extending the scope of the International

Monetary Fund's policy on lending to members in arrears and of

other policies so as to foster the dialogue and consultation

referred to in subparagraph (C);

(E) intensified consideration of mechanisms to facilitate

orderly workout mechanisms for countries experiencing debt or

liquidity crises;

(F) consideration of establishing ad hoc or formal linkages

between the provision of official financing to countries

experiencing a financial crisis and the willingness of market

participants to meaningfully participate in any stabilization

effort led by the International Monetary Fund;

(G) using the International Monetary Fund to facilitate

discussions between debtors and private creditors to help

ensure that financial difficulties are resolved without

inappropriate resort to public resources; and

(H) the International Monetary Fund accompanying the

provision of funding to countries experiencing a financial

crisis resulting from imprudent borrowing with efforts to

achieve a significant contribution by the private creditors,

investors, and banks which had extended such credits.

(6) Vigorously promote policies that would make the

International Monetary Fund a more effective mechanism, in

concert with appropriate international authorities and other

international financial institutions (as defined in section

262r(c)(2) of this title), for promoting good governance

principles within recipient countries by fostering structural

reforms, including procurement reform, that reduce opportunities

for corruption and bribery, and drug-related money laundering.

(7) Vigorously promote the design of International Monetary

Fund programs and assistance so that governments that draw on the

International Monetary Fund channel public funds away from

unproductive purposes, including large "show case" projects and

excessive military spending, and toward investment in human and

physical capital as well as social programs to protect the

neediest and promote social equity.

(8) Work with the International Monetary Fund to foster

economic prescriptions that are appropriate to the individual

economic circumstances of each recipient country, recognizing

that inappropriate stabilization programs may only serve to

further destabilize the economy and create unnecessary economic,

social, and political dislocation.

(9) Structure International Monetary Fund programs and

assistance so that the maintenance and improvement of core labor

standards are routinely incorporated as an integral goal in the

policy dialogue with recipient countries, so that -

(A) recipient governments commit to affording workers the

right to exercise internationally recognized core worker

rights, including the right of free association and collective

bargaining through unions of their own choosing;

(B) measures designed to facilitate labor market flexibility

are consistent with such core worker rights; and

(C) the staff of the International Monetary Fund surveys the

labor market policies and practices of recipient countries and

recommends policy initiatives that will help to ensure the

maintenance or improvement of core labor standards.

(10) Vigorously promote International Monetary Fund programs

and assistance that are structured to the maximum extent feasible

to discourage practices which may promote ethnic or social strife

in a recipient country.

(11) Vigorously promote recognition by the International

Monetary Fund that macroeconomic developments and policies can

affect and be affected by environmental conditions and policies,

and urge the International Monetary Fund to encourage member

countries to pursue macroeconomic stability while promoting

environmental protection.

(12) Facilitate greater International Monetary Fund

transparency, including by enhancing accessibility of the

International Monetary Fund and its staff, fostering a more open

release policy toward working papers, past evaluations, and other

International Monetary Fund documents, seeking to publish all

Letters of Intent to the International Monetary Fund and Policy

Framework Papers, and establishing a more open release policy

regarding Article IV consultations.

(13) Facilitate greater International Monetary Fund

accountability and enhance International Monetary Fund

self-evaluation by vigorously promoting review of the

effectiveness of the Office of Internal Audit and Inspection and

the Executive Board's external evaluation pilot program and, if

necessary, the establishment of an operations evaluation

department modeled on the experience of the International Bank

for Reconstruction and Development, guided by such key principles

as usefulness, credibility, transparency, and independence.

(14) Vigorously promote coordination with the International

Bank for Reconstruction and Development and other international

financial institutions (as defined in section 262r(c)(2) of this

title) in promoting structural reforms which facilitate the

provision of credit to small businesses, including

microenterprise lending, especially in the world's poorest,

heavily indebted countries.

(b) Coordination with other executive departments

To the extent that it would assist in achieving the goals

described in subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary of the

Treasury shall pursue the goals in coordination with the Secretary

of State, the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary of Commerce, the

Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the

Administrator of the Agency for International Development, and the

United States Trade Representative.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XV, Sec. 1503, as added Pub. L. 105-277,

div. A, Sec. 101(d) [title VI, Sec. 610(a)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112

Stat. 2681-150, 2681-224.)

-MISC1-

ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(5) [title V, Sec. 504],

Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-317, provided that:

"(a) Publication of IMF Operational Budgets. - The Secretary of

the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive Director at

the International Monetary Fund to use the voice, vote, and

influence of the United States to urge vigorously the International

Monetary Fund to publish the operational budgets of the

International Monetary Fund, on a quarterly basis, not later than

one year after the end of the period covered by the budget.

"(b) Report to the Congress Showing Costs of United States

Participation in the International Monetary Fund. - The Secretary

of the Treasury shall prepare and transmit to the Committees on

Banking and Financial Services [now Committee on Financial

Services], on Appropriations, and on International Relations of the

House of Representatives and the Committees on Banking, Housing,

and Urban Affairs, on Foreign Relations, and on Appropriations of

the Senate a quarterly report, which shall be made readily

available to the public, on the costs or benefits of United States

participation in the International Monetary Fund and which shall

detail the costs and benefits to the United States, as well as

valuation gains or losses on the United States reserve position in

the International Monetary Fund.

"(c) Continuation of Forgoing of Reimbursement of IMF for

Expenses of Administering ESAF. - The Secretary of the Treasury

shall instruct the United States Executive Director at the

International Monetary Fund to use the voice, vote, and influence

of the United States to urge vigorously the International Monetary

Fund to continue to forgo reimbursements of the expenses incurred

by the International Monetary Fund in administering the Enhanced

Structural Adjustment Facility, until the Heavily Indebted Poor

Countries Initiative (as defined in section 1623 of the

International Financial Institutions Act [22 U.S.C. 262p-6]) is

terminated.

"(d) No Gold Sales by International Monetary Fund Without Prior

Authorization by the Congress. - (1) [Amended section 286c of this

title.]

"(2) Not less than 30 days prior to the entrance by the United

States into international negotiations for the purpose of reaching

agreement on the disposition of Fund gold whereby resources of the

Fund would be used for the special benefit of a single member, or

of a particular segment of the membership of the Fund, the

Secretary of the Treasury shall consult with the Committees on

Banking and Financial Services [now Committee on Financial

Services], on Appropriations, and on International Relations of the

House of Representatives and the Committees on Foreign Relations,

on Appropriations, and on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs of the

Senate.

"(e) Annual Report by GAO on Consistency of IMF Practices With

Statutory Policies. - The Comptroller General of the United States

shall annually prepare and submit to the Congress of the United

States a written report on the extent to which the practices of the

International Monetary Fund are consistent with the policies of the

United States, as expressly contained in Federal law applicable to

the International Monetary Fund."

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 262r-4 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p. Impact adjustment lending programs

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment of guidelines; impact statements

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development and the International Development Association to

initiate discussions with other directors of the respective

institutions and to propose that -

(1) guidelines be established which reflect clear and tangible

concern for the impact adjustment lending programs, and the

activities in support of which such lending is made, have and

will have on human welfare; and

(2) impact statements be required which assess the effect an

adjustment lending program, and the activities in support of

which such lending is made, will have on the poor of the country

to which such lending is made.

(b) Proposed contents of impact statements

In the discussions referred to in subsection (a) of this section

with respect to the impact statement described in paragraph (2) of

such subsection, the United States Executive Director should

propose that such impact statements -

(1) specify what the projected effects of the adjustment loan

will be on the poor;

(2) explain what procedures have been or will be taken to

strengthen the in-country capacity of the borrower to -

(A) monitor nutrition levels in a timely manner; and

(B) measure the impact an adjustment loan, and the policies

and activities in support of which such loan is made, has on

the living standards of the country's population, especially

the poorest; and

(3) indicate specifically what steps the borrower will take to

-

(A) mitigate any adverse effect the policies and activities

in support of which an adjustment loan is made are expected to

have on the living standards of the poor (including the use of

the proceeds of any adjustment loan, project aid, or other

compensatory measure to mitigate such effect); and

(B) maximize the extent of the participation of the poor in

the economic benefits resulting from an adjustment loan.

(c) Report to member governments by United States Executive

Director of International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

and by International Development Association

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development and the International Development Association to

request the management of the respective institutions to prepare a

report for distribution to member governments no later than June

30, 1988, that -

(1) assesses the impact on the poor of structural adjustment in

countries to which structural adjustment lending has been made;

and

(2) specifies the steps that have been or will be taken by the

respective institution to -

(A) mitigate any adverse effect of adjustment lending, and

the activities in support of which such lending is made, on the

living standards of the poor in the countries to which such

loans are made; and

(B) ensure the participation of the poor in the economic

benefits resulting from adjustment lending and the activities

in support of which such lending is made.

(d) "Adjustment lending" defined

For purposes of this section and section 262m-1 of this title,

the term "adjustment lending" means nonproject lending in support

of structural macroeconomic reforms or sectoral economic reform.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1601, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1601 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-1. Grassroots Collaboration Program

-STATUTE-

(a) Proposal for establishment; private involvement; projects or

policies for alleviation of poverty and promotion of

environmental protection

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development and the International Development Association to

initiate discussions with other directors of such institutions and

to propose the establishment of a Grassroots Collaboration Program

to develop improved mechanisms for involving, directly or

indirectly, nongovernmental organizations in the design,

implementation, and monitoring of development projects financed by,

or development policies established by, such bank or association in

order to alleviate poverty and promote environmental protection,

including -

(1) encouraging nongovernmental organizations in borrowing

countries to participate in all stages of project planning and

country strategy activities to -

(A) minimize any adverse impact of such projects or

activities on the poor people of such country;

(B) minimize any adverse impact of such projects or

activities on the environment of such country; and

(C) maximize the extent to which such projects or activities

will benefit the poor people of such country;

(2) increasing the direct involvement of nongovernmental

organizations in project design, implementation, or monitoring

whenever such organizations have a distinct comparative advantage

over other entities in providing such services by virtue of their

grassroots involvement with poor people, especially women, in a

borrowing country;

(3) providing microenterprise credit for small scale economic

activities through nongovernmental organizations;

(4) supporting the enhancement of the institutional capacity of

nongovernmental organizations in borrowing countries as

development practitioners; and

(5) establishing or supporting jointly funded intermediary

mechanisms with nongovernmental organizations to facilitate

increased collaboration between such bank or association and

nongovernmental organizations in borrowing countries.

(b) Implementation and financing of program

It is the sense of the Congress that the Grassroots Collaboration

Program described in subsection (a) of this section should be

implemented and financed as part of the normal operations of the

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the

International Development Association.

(c) Flexible financing; initial grant

To the extent the activities under the Grassroots Collaboration

Program described in subsection (a) of this section need more

flexible financing, it is the sense of the Congress that -

(1) such activities could be funded through a grant from the

net income of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development; and

(2) an initial grant of not less than $50,000,000 should be

made for such activities with subsequent annual allocations of

such additional amounts as may be necessary to allow the

Grassroots Collaboration Program to maximize collaboration with

nongovernmental organizations in the alleviation of poverty and

the protection of the environment.

(d) Repealed. Pub. L. 101-240, title V, Sec. 541(d)(4), Dec. 19,

1989, 103 Stat. 2518

(e) Annual reports to Congress

Each annual report to the Congress by the National Advisory

Council on International Monetary and Financial Policies shall

describe the status of the establishment and operation of the

Grassroots Collaboration Program described in subsection (a) of

this section, the activities under taken by the Program and the sum

of the amounts expended by the Program.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1602, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131, 1329-134;

amended Pub. L. 101-240, title V, Sec. 541(d)(4), Dec. 19, 1989,

103 Stat. 2518.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1602 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1989 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101-240 struck out subsec. (d) which

related to initial reporting requirements by Secretary of the

Treasury.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 262p-4l of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-2 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-2. Instructions to United States Executive Directors for

extension of credit

-STATUTE-

(a) International Bank for Reconstruction and Development;

International Development Association; access of poor to formal

sources of credit; identification and removal of barriers to

extension of credit generally and to provisions of credit to

microenterprises

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development and the International Development Association to

initiate discussions with other directors of such Bank or

Association and to propose that -

(1) in carrying on the activities of the Bank or Association,

the Bank or Association take such steps as may be necessary to

increase access for the poor people of a borrowing country to

formal sources of credit; and

(2) the Bank or Association include a requirement in all

appropriate project and nonproject agreements, as a condition for

assistance under such agreements, that the borrowing country

identify and remove unreasonable legal and regulatory barriers to

-

(A) the establishment or operation of organizations which

extend credit; and

(B) the provision of credit to microenterprises for small

scale economic activities.

(b) African Development Bank and Asian Development Bank; provision

of credit to microenterprises

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Directors of the African Development Bank and the Asian

Development Bank to initiate discussions with other directors of

the respective banks and to propose that each such bank -

(1) examine the Program for the Financing of Small Projects of

the Inter-American Development Bank and the steps taken by such

bank to link the Program to the mainstream operation of the bank;

and

(2) explore ways and means to establish similar programs within

the respective banks to provide credit to microenterprises for

small scale economic activities.

(c) Annual reports to Congress; inclusion of status of

microenterprise credit promotion activities

Each annual report to the Congress by the National Advisory

Council on International Monetary and Financial Policies shall

describe the status of the microenterprise credit promotion

activities of each of the institutions referred to in subsection

(a) or (b) of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1603, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1603 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-3 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-3. Participation of women in economic, social and policy

development activities

-STATUTE-

(a) Congressional declaration of policy

Congress hereby declares that it is the policy of the United

States that multilateral development banks should -

(1) fully involve women in borrowing countries in the

identification, planning, implementation, and evaluation of

mainstream development activities financed by such banks;

(2) recognize and support women's direct and indirect roles in

the economic development of their countries and communities;

(3) recognize and support women's direct and indirect roles in

the education and social development of, the maintenance of the

health of, and in the provision of adequate nutrition for, family

members and communities, especially children;

(4) work to remove legal and customary barriers which impede

the full participation of women in economic and social

development, such as lack of access to credit, property rights,

education, health care, and government services; and

(5) involve women's groups in borrowing countries in project

identification and preparation in order to factor their

assessments of women's economic and social needs into project

design.

(b) Instructions by Secretary of the Treasury to United States

Executive Directors

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct -

(1) the United States Executive Director of the International

Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International

Development Association to support attempts to strengthen the

role of the Women in Development division in policy development,

project design and implementation, and evaluation; and

(2) the United States Executive Directors of the regional

multilateral development banks to support exploring the

establishment of a mechanism, or the strengthening of any

existing mechanism, within each of the respective banks, to

advise, advocate, and promote the full intergration (!1) of women

in the planning, design, implementation, and evaluation of

lending activities both in borrowing countries and within the

banks.

(c) Annual reports to Congress

Each annual report to the Congress by the National Advisory

Council on International Monetary and Financial Policies shall

describe the actions taken by the multilateral development banks to

implement the policies established under this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1604, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1604 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be "integration".

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4. Instructions to United States Executive Directors;

indigenous people in borrowing country; determination of impact;

protection of rights; consultation

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of each multilateral development bank to

initiate discussions with other executive directors of the

respective bank and to propose that the bank take such steps as may

be necessary -

(1) to determine, at the time an initial feasibility study is

conducted with respect to a proposed project and to the fullest

extent possible, the impact such project would have on indigenous

people in the borrowing country;

(2) to ensure compliance with loan conditionalities relating to

the protection of the rights of indigenous people to lands and

resources; and

(3) to consult with indigenous people, and nongovernmental

organizations representing indigenous people, at every phase of

loan design, planning, implementation, and monitoring.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1605, as added Pub. L. 100-202,

Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-134.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1605 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 701 of title

VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as introduced Dec. 11,

1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4a. Loan programs to reduce economic dependence on

illicit narcotics

-STATUTE-

(a) Findings

The Congress finds that -

(1) the illicit narcotics epidemic currently afflicting the

United States represents a direct threat to the well-being of

every United States citizen;

(2) every effective means must be pursued to reduce the foreign

production and subsequent importation into the United States of

illicit narcotics;

(3) the multilateral development banks can play an integral

role in efforts to control the production of illicit narcotics;

(4) producer country narcotics eradication programs will not be

effective unless such programs provide an economic alternative to

the production of narcotics;

(5) efforts to address the illicit narcotics epidemic through

production control are doomed to failure unless greater effort is

applied to curb use of and demand for illicit narcotics; and

(6) the appropriate role for the multilateral development banks

in the "War Against Drugs" is through coordinating and financing

alternative economic opportunities in producer and trafficking

countries.

(b) Loan programs to reduce economic dependence on illicit

narcotics

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development and the United States Executive Director of the

Inter-American Development Bank to initiate discussions with other

executive directors of such institutions and to advocate and

support the creation, within such institutions, of specific country

lending programs and policies (including crop substitution,

creation of roads conducive to the expansion of markets for licit

goods, other infrastructure development measures such as

development projects generating employment, agricultural extension

assistance, and region-specific development plans) which are

particularly oriented to reducing or eliminating the economic

dependence of regions of borrowing countries known to be areas in

which illicit narcotics are produced or trafficked, on such

production and trafficking.

(c) Coordination among assistance programs designed to reduce

economic dependency on illicit narcotics

In addition, the Secretary of the Treasury should instruct the

United States Executive Director of the International Bank for

Reconstruction and Development and the United States Executive

Director of the Inter-American Development Bank to encourage such

institutions to provide coordination among other multilateral and

bilateral assistance programs designed to reduce the economic

dependence of regions of borrowing countries known to be areas in

which illicit narcotics are produced or trafficked, on such

production and trafficking.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1606, as added Pub. L. 100-461,

title V, Sec. 555, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2268-36.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1606 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 6 of H.R.

4645, One Hundredth Congress, as reported Sept. 28, 1988, and

enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-461.

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 1606 of Pub. L. 95-118 was renumbered section

1622 and is classified to section 262p-5 of this title.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4b. Directives regarding government-owned enterprises in

countries receiving World Bank loans

-STATUTE-

(a) Finding

The Congress finds that a principal focus of United States

Government policy in the multilateral development banks has been

and should be to foster greater development of the private sector

in member borrowing countries of such banks.

(b) Technical assistance to transform government-owned enterprises

into privately owned enterprises

In order to assist and strengthen the advancement of ongoing

efforts to have the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development play a key role in building a viable private sector in

member borrowing countries of such bank, and to further assist such

bank in its determination to facilitate the transfer of

government-owned enterprises in such countries to private

ownership, the Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United

States Executive Director of such bank to vigorously encourage the

provision of technical assistance to such countries (relying, where

appropriate, on the expertise of the International Finance

Corporation or the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency) to

transform enterprises owned, in whole or part, by the governments

of such countries into privately owned, self-sufficient

enterprises. Such technical assistance may involve the valuation of

the assets of such government-owned enterprises, the assessment of

tender offers, and the creation or strengthening of market-based

mechanisms to facilitate such a transfer of ownership.

(c) Reports

(1) In general

The United States Executive Director of the International Bank

for Reconstruction and Development shall submit 3 reports to the

Congress on -

(A) the progress made in transforming government-owned

enterprises into privately owned enterprises as described in

subsection (b) of this section;

(B) the performance of the privately owned enterprises

resulting from such transformation; and

(C) the contributions of development finance companies toward

strengthening the private sector in member borrowing countries.

(2) Timing

The United States Executive Director of the International Bank

for Reconstruction and Development shall submit to the Congress

the first report required by paragraph (1) within 1 year after

October 1, 1988, and shall submit additional reports 12 months,

and 24 months, after the date the first report is submitted.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1607, as added Pub. L. 100-461,

title V, Sec. 555, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2268-36.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1607 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 7 of H.R.

4645, One Hundredth Congress, as reported Sept. 28, 1988, and

enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-461.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4c. Initiation of discussions to facilitate

debt-for-development swaps for human welfare and environmental

conservation

-STATUTE-

(a) Findings

The Congress finds that -

(1) voluntary debt-for-development swaps in heavily indebted

developing nations can simultaneously facilitate reduction of the

burden of external indebtedness and increase the resources

available within the country for charitable, educational, and

scientific purposes, including environmental conservation,

education, human welfare, health, agricultural research and

development, microenterprise credit, and development of

indigenous nonprofit organizations; and

(2) heavily indebted developing countries may desire to

facilitate such swaps to the maximum extent consistent with sound

domestic economic management and minimization of inflationary

impact.

(b) Initiation of discussions to facilitate debt-for-development

swaps for human welfare and environmental conservation

(1) In general

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction

and Development to initiate discussions with the directors of

such bank, the International Development Association, and the

International Finance Corporation and propose that such

institutions provide advice and assistance, as appropriate, to

borrowing country governments desiring to facilitate

debt-for-development swaps, on mechanisms (including trust funds)

to accomplish this purpose, particularly in the context of debt

rescheduling, which mechanisms result in sound management of the

macroeconomic impact of such swaps on such countries, and

preserve the value of the capital obtained through such swaps.

(2) Definitions

As used in this section:

(A) Debt-for-development swap

The term "debt-for-development swap" means the purchase of

qualified debt by, or the donation of such debt to, an

organization described in section 501(c)(3) of title 26 which

is exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of title 26, and

the subsequent transfer of such debt to an organization located

in such foreign country in exchange for an undertaking by such

tax-exempt organization, such foreign government, or such

foreign organization to engage in a charitable, educational, or

scientific activity.

(B) Qualified debt

The term "qualified debt" means -

(i) sovereign debt issued by a foreign government;

(ii) debt owed by private institutions in the country

governed by such foreign government; and

(iii) debt owed by institutions in the country governed by

such foreign government, which are owned, in part, by private

persons and, in part, by public institutions.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1608, as added Pub. L. 100-461,

title V, Sec. 555, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2268-36.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1608 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 8 of H.R.

4645, One Hundredth Congress, as reported Sept. 28, 1988, and

enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-461.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4d. Initiation of discussions to facilitate financing of

human welfare and natural resource programs in sub-Saharan Africa

in connection with debt reduction and conversion

-STATUTE-

(a) Findings

The Congress finds that -

(1) the heavy burden of debt borne by sub-Saharan governments

undermines efforts by such governments to finance projects and

programs designed to promote charitable, educational, and

scientific purposes, including education, human welfare, health,

agricultural research and development, and conservation,

restoration and enhancement of the natural resource base; and

(2) the financing of programs to promote such charitable,

educational, and scientific purposes should be facilitated in the

context of reducing and converting sovereign debt of sub-Saharan

governments, as encouraged in the final communique of the June

1988 economic summit conference in Toronto, Canada, through such

means as -

(A) concessional interest rates;

(B) extended repayment periods; or

(C) partial or complete write-offs of debt service

obligations.

(b) Initiation of discussions to facilitate financing of human

welfare and natural resource programs in sub-Saharan Africa in

connection with debt reduction and conversion

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the African Development Bank and the African

Development Fund to initiate discussions with the directors of such

institutions and propose that such institutions, jointly with the

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the

International Development Association, and the International

Finance Corporation, as appropriate, provide advice and assistance

to government creditors holding sovereign debt of any sub-Saharan

government, and to sub-Saharan governments which desire to finance

programs with local currencies obtained through debt reduction and

conversion to promote charitable, educational, and scientific

(including conservation and restoration of natural resources)

purposes, as a condition of reducing or converting such sovereign

debt.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1609, as added Pub. L. 100-461,

title V, Sec. 555, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2268-36.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1609 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 9 of H.R.

4645, One Hundredth Congress, as reported Sept. 28, 1988, and

enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-461.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4e 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4e. Extent to which borrowing country governments have

honored debt-for-development swap agreements to be considered as

factor in making loans to such borrowers

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development to initiate discussions with the directors of such bank

and propose that such bank consider, as an important factor in

making loans to borrowing country governments, the history of

compliance by such governments with, and the extent to which such

governments have honored, agreements entered into by such

governments as part of any debt-for-development swap which requires

such governments to set aside or otherwise limit the use of real

property to conservation purposes.

(b) Definitions

As used in this section:

(1) Debt-for-development swap

The term "debt-for-development swap" means the purchase of

qualified debt by, or the donation of such debt to, an

organization described in section 501(c)(3) of title 26 which is

exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of title 26, and the

subsequent transfer of such debt to an organization located in

such foreign country in exchange for an undertaking by such

tax-exempt organization, such foreign government, or such foreign

organization to engage in a charitable, educational, or

scientific activity.

(2) Qualified debt

The term "qualified debt" means -

(A) sovereign debt issued by a foreign government;

(B) debt owed by private institutions in the country governed

by such foreign government; and

(C) debt owed by institutions in the country governed by such

foreign government which are owned, in part, by private persons

and, in part, by public institutions.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1610, as added Pub. L. 100-461,

title V, Sec. 555, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2268-36.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1610 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 10 of H.R.

4645, One Hundredth Congress, as reported Sept. 28, 1988, and

enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-461.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4f 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4f. Assistance to countries to develop statistical

assessment of well-being of poor

-STATUTE-

(a) Findings

The Congress finds that -

(1) improvement in the capacity of developing countries to

measure and monitor regularly the nutritional and physical

well-being of the poorest 40 percent of the population of each of

such countries is essential to the development of policies to

reduce absolute poverty;

(2) internationally accepted statistical indicators that

measure reliably the extent of absolute poverty and identify the

location and characteristics of the poor are being developed and

refined to guide policy formulation and target assistance to the

poor;

(3) such guidance by indicators is, however, not able to be

used in some developing countries, especially the poorest

countries, due to the woeful unavailability of statistical data;

(4) the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

and the International Development Association have the technical

and financial capability to assist borrowing country governments

to develop such statistical measurement capabilities for social

indicators necessary for the design and monitoring of

poverty-reduction policies for such governments;

(5) availability of social indicator data is also essential to

the work of such institutions, particularly in monitoring the

impact of structural adjustment lending on the poor; and

(6) availability of such indicators will also facilitate the

measurement of progress in the alleviation of poverty by other

donor agencies, public and private.

(b) Assistance to countries to develop statistical assessment of

well-being of poor

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development and the International Development Association to

advocate and support, as an immediate priority, assistance by such

institutions to borrowing country governments to develop

appropriate statistical measures for assessing the physical

well-being of the poor, by sex and age, by using such indicators as

mortality, health, education, and nutrition, as well as wealth and

income, and maintain and publish such indicators on an ongoing

basis.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1611, as added Pub. L. 100-461,

title V, Sec. 555, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2268-36.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1611 of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on section 11 of H.R.

4645, One Hundredth Congress, as reported Sept. 28, 1988, and

enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-461.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 262p-4h of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4g 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4g. Directives regarding government-owned enterprises in

countries receiving IADB loans

-STATUTE-

(a) Finding

The Congress finds that a principal focus of United States

Government policy in the multilateral development banks has been

and should be to foster greater development of the private sector

in member borrowing countries of such banks.

(b) Technical assistance to transform government-owned enterprises

into privately owned enterprises

In order to assist and strengthen the advancement of ongoing

efforts to have the Inter-American Development Bank play a key role

in building a viable private sector in member borrowing countries

of such bank, and to further assist such bank in its determination

to facilitate the transfer of government-owned enterprises in such

countries to private ownership, the Secretary of the Treasury shall

instruct the United States Executive Director of such bank to

vigorously encourage the provision of technical assistance to such

countries to transform enterprises owned, in whole or in part, by

the governments of such countries into privately owned,

self-sufficient enterprises. Such technical assistance may involve

the valuation of the assets of such government-owned enterprises,

the assessment of tender offers, and the creation or strengthening

of market-based mechanisms to facilitate such a transfer of

ownership.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1612, as added Pub. L. 101-240,

title II, Sec. 206, Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2499.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 1612 of Pub. L. 95-118 was renumbered section

1622 and is classified to section 262p-5 of this title.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 262r of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4h 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4h. Discussions to increase productive economic

participation of poor; reports

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director for each multilateral development bank to

vigorously and continually advocate, in all replenishment

negotiations and in discussion with other directors of such bank

and with such bank, the following:

(1) A major objective of such bank's operations and financing

in each borrowing country, as a long term priority, should be to

increase the productive role of the poor in the economy of such

country.

(2) Such bank should encourage and assist each borrowing

country to develop sustainable national plans and strategies to

eliminate the causes and alleviate the manifestations of poverty

which keep the poor from leading economically and socially

productive lives. Such plans and strategies should give attention

to -

(A) the enhancement of human resources, including programs

for basic nutrition, primary health services, basic education,

and safe water and basic sanitation;

(B) access to income-generating activities, employment, and

productive assets such as land and credit; and

(C) consultation with public sector social agencies and local

non-governmental organizations.

(3) As an integral element of ongoing policy dialogue with each

borrowing country to design structural adjustment plans and

project lending programs, such bank should provide assistance

consistent with achieving the objectives of the country's

national plan for increasing the productive economic

participation of the poor. Such dialogue should be conducted with

government agencies working in social and economic sectors and

with non-governmental groups in the borrowing country, especially

those that have grassroots involvement with poor people.

(4) In an annual review document, such bank should describe the

extent to which the goal of increasing the productive economic

participation of the poor is being advanced or retarded and the

steps that are being taken to overcome obstacles to its

fulfillment. Such review should be based on information contained

in the bank's country implementation review documents and in the

country strategy documents for each borrowing country. Such

country strategy documents should describe the national strategy

for productive economic participation of the poor and the steps

the bank plans to take to assist the borrowing country during the

period covered by the country strategy document.

(5) Such bank should assist countries in assessing and

monitoring progress in achieving poverty alleviation goals and

targets through measurement by appropriate social indicators.

(6) Such bank should adopt procedures and budgetary allocations

for administrative purposes, and establish appropriate staffing

levels, to ensure that adequate resources are available to

implement the bank's program for enhancing the productive

economic participation of the poor, in consultation with

non-governmental groups.

(7) Such bank should adopt, as a separate and major criterion

in the allocation of concessional financing resources, a

preferential allocation to each country which undertakes

significant efforts to enhance the productive economic

participation of the poor.

(8) Such bank should require each country which receives

structural adjustment assistance to have in place, after a

reasonable phase-in period, a strategy to enhance the productive

economic participation of the poor.

(b) Progress report

Before the end of the 1-year period beginning on December 19,

1989, the Secretary of the Treasury shall submit to the Committee

on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs and the Committee on

Appropriations of the House of Representatives, and the Committee

on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the

Senate, a report on the following:

(1) The status of advocacy and progress being made to implement

the objectives of subsection (a) of this section, describing the

success to date, the obstacles encountered, and future

expectations of progress.

(2) A description of the progress to date in achieving the

purposes of section 262p-4f of this title, including the

institutional capacity and effort devoted to assisting in the

development of statistical measures to assess the well-being of

the poor.

(3) A description and evaluation of the progress to date in

developing effective mechanisms for involving non-governmental

organizations, directly or indirectly, in the design,

implementation, and monitoring of development projects, programs,

and policies of the multilateral development banks.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1613, as added Pub. L. 101-240,

title V, Sec. 501, Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2505.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 1613 of Pub. L. 95-118 was renumbered section

1622 and is classified to section 262p-5 of this title.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Banking and

Financial Services of House of Representatives by section 1(a) of

Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2,

The Congress. Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House

of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial

Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters

relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally

transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of

Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh

Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 262r of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4i 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4i. Multilateral development banks and debt-for-nature

exchanges

-STATUTE-

(a) Directions to United States Executive Directors

The Secretary of the Treasury shall direct the United States

Executive Directors of the multilateral development banks to -

(1) negotiate for the creation in each respective multilateral

development bank, except where the Secretary of the Treasury

determines that the provisions of this subsection have previously

been met, of a department that will -

(A) be responsible for environmental protection and resource

conservation, including support for restoration, protection,

and sustainable use policies;

(B) develop and monitor strict environmental guidelines and

policies to govern lending activities; and

(C) actively promote, coordinate and facilitate

debt-for-nature exchanges and the restoration, protection, and

sustainable use of tropical forests, renewable natural

resources, endangered ecosystems and species in debtor

countries;

(2) support and encourage the approval of multilateral

development bank loans which include provisions that foster and

facilitate the implementation of a sound and effective

environmental policy in the borrowing country;

(3) encourage the banks to assist such countries in reducing

and restructuring private debt through the use of a portion of a

project or policy based environmental loan in ways which will

enable such countries to buy back private debt at a rate of

discount available for such debt, at auction in the secondary

market or through negotiations with creditors holding such debt;

(4) seek to ensure that staff of each bank facilitate debtor

countries' collaboration with local and international

non-governmental or private organizations in implementing

debt-for-nature exchanges; and

(5) seek to ensure that each bank adopts policy guidelines

which to the maximum extent possible provide for -

(A) the inclusion of sustainable use policies in loan

agreements negotiated with borrower members;

(B) the adoption of economic programs to foster sound

environmental policies; and

(C) the provision of debtor countries' policy changes or

significant increases in financial resources for use in at

least 1 of the following -

(i) restoration, protection, or sustainable use of the

world's oceans and atmosphere;

(ii) restoration, protection, or sustainable use of diverse

animal and plant species;

(iii) establishment, restoration, protection, and

maintenance of parks and reserves;

(iv) development and implementation of sound systems of

natural resource management;

(v) development and support of local conservation programs;

(vi) training programs to strengthen conservation

institutions and increase scientific, technical, and

managerial capabilities of individuals and organizations

involved in conservation efforts;

(vii) efforts to generate knowledge, increase

understanding, and enhance public commitment to conservation;

(viii) design and implementation of sound programs of land

and ecosystem management; and

(ix) promotion of regenerative approaches in farming,

forestry, and watershed management.

(b) Negotiation of guidelines for restoration, protection, or

sustainable use policies

The United States Executive Directors of the multilateral

development banks shall seek to negotiate with the other executive

directors to provide guidelines for restoration, protection, or

sustainable use policies. Pending the outcome of such negotiations,

the United States Executive Directors shall consider restoration,

protection, or sustainable use policies to be those which -

(1) support development that maintains and restores the

renewable natural resource base so that present and future needs

of debtor countries' populations can be met, while not impairing

critical ecosystems and not exacerbating global environmental

problems;

(2) are environmentally sustainable in that resources are

conserved and managed in an effort to remove pressure on the

natural resource base and to make judicious use of the land so as

to sustain growth and the availability of all natural resources;

(3) support development that does not exceed the limits imposed

by local hydrological cycles, soil, climate, vegetation, and

human cultural practices;

(4) promote the maintenance and restoration of soils,

vegetation, hydrological cycles, wildlife, critical ecosystems

(tropical forests, wetlands, and coastal marine resources),

biological diversity and other natural resources essential to

economic growth and human well-being and shall, when using

natural resources, be implemented to minimize the depletion of

such natural resources; and

(5) take steps, wherever feasible, to prevent pollution that

threatens human health and important biotic systems and to

achieve patterns of energy consumption that meet human needs and

rely on renewable resources.

(c) Inclusion of certain items in guidelines

The United States Executive Directors shall endeavor to include

the provisions of paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (b) of

this section in the guidelines developed through the negotiations

specified in this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1614, as added Pub. L. 101-240,

title V, Sec. 512, Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2508.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 1614 of Pub. L. 95-118 was renumbered section

1622 and is classified to section 262p-5 of this title.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4j 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4j. Promotion of lending for environment

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development to initiate discussions with the other executive

directors of such bank and the management of such bank and propose

that, in order to reduce the future need for bank lending for

reforestation and restoration of environmentally degraded areas,

the bank establish a project and policy based environmental lending

program (including a loan a portion of which could be used to

reduce and restructure private debt), to be made available to

interested countries with a demonstrated commitment to natural

resource conservation, which would be based on -

(1) the estimated long-term economic return which could be

expected from the sustainable use and protection of tropical

forests, including the value of tropical forests for indigenous

people and for science;

(2) the value derived from such services as -

(A) watershed management;

(B) soil erosion control;

(C) the maintenance and improvement of -

(i) fisheries;

(ii) water supply regulation for industrial development;

(iii) food;

(iv) fuel;

(v) fodder; and

(vi) building materials for local communities;

(D) the extraction of naturally occurring products from

locally controlled protected areas; and

(E) indigenous knowledge of the management and use of natural

resources; and

(3) the long-term benefits expected to be derived from

maintaining biological diversity and climate stabilization.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1615, as added Pub. L. 101-240,

title V, Sec. 512, Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2510.)

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4k 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4k. Promotion of institution-building for nongovernmental

organizations concerned with environment

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Directors of the multilateral development banks to

vigorously promote the adoption of policies and procedures which

seek to -

(1) increase collaboration with, and, where necessary,

strengthen, nongovernmental organizations in such countries which

are concerned with environmental protection by providing

appropriate assistance and support for programs and activities on

environmental protection; and

(2) encourage international collaboration for information

exchange and project enhancement with nongovernmental

organizations in developing countries which are concerned with

environmental protection and government agencies and private

voluntary organizations in developed countries which are

concerned with environmental protection.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1616, as added Pub. L. 101-240,

title V, Sec. 512, Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2510.)

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4l 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4g742l. Improvement of interaction between International

Bank for Reconstruction and Development and nongovernmental

organizations

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development to propose, and urge the Executive Board and the

management of the bank to develop and implement (!1) specific

mechanisms designed to -

(1) substantially improve the ability of the staff of the bank

to interact with nongovernmental organizations and other local

groups that are affected by loans made by the bank to borrower

countries; and

(2) delegate to the field offices of the bank in borrowing

countries greater responsibility for decisions with respect to

proposals for projects in such countries that are to be financed

by the bank.

(b) Certain mechanisms urged

The mechanisms described in subsection (a) of this section shall

include, at a minimum, the following measures:

(1) An instruction to the management of the bank to undertake

efforts to appropriately train and significantly increase the

number of bank professional staff (based in Washington, District

of Columbia, as of November 5, 1990) assigned, on a rotating

basis, to field offices of the bank in borrower countries.

(2) The assignment to at least 1 professional in each field

office of the bank in a borrower country of responsibility for

relations with local nongovernmental organizations, and for the

preparation and submission to appropriate staff of the bank of a

report on the impact of project loans to be made by the bank to

the country, based on views solicited from local people who will

be affected by such loans, which shall be included as part of the

project appraisal report.

(3) The establishment of the Grassroots Collaboration Program

described in section 262p-1(a) of this title.

(4) Before a project loan is made to a borrower country, the

country is to be required to hold open hearings on the proposed

project during project identification and project preparation.

(5) The establishment of assessment procedures which allow

affected parties and nongovernmental organizations to review

information describing a prospective project or policy loan

design, in a timely manner, before the loan is submitted to the

Executive Board for approval.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1617, as added Pub. L. 101-513,

title V, Sec. 562(a)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2032.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 1617 of Pub. L. 95-118 was renumbered section

1622 and is classified to section 262p-5 of this title.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4m 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4m. Population, health, and nutrition programs

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development to urge the bank to support an increase in the amount

the bank lends annually to support population, health, and

nutrition programs of the borrower countries.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1618, as added Pub. L. 101-513,

title V, Sec. 562(a)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2033.)

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4n 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4n. Equal employment opportunities

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Directors of the multilateral development banks and of

the International Monetary Fund to use the voices and votes of the

Executive Directors to urge their respective banks and the Fund to

adopt a policy which provides, and implement procedures which

ensure, that such banks and the Fund, and the affiliates of such

banks and of the Fund, shall not discriminate against any person on

the basis of race, ethnicity, gender, color, or religious

affiliation in any determination related to employment.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1619, as added Pub. L. 101-513,

title V, Sec. 562(b)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2033.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 1619 of Pub. L. 95-118 was renumbered section

1622 and is classified to section 262p-5 of this title.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4o 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4g742o. Respect for indigenous peoples

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury shall direct the United States

Executive Directors of the international financial institutions (as

defined in section 262r(c)(2) of this title) and the United States

representative to the council of the Global Environment Facility

administered by the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development to use the voice and vote of the United States to bring

about the creation and full implementation of policies designed to

promote respect for and full protection of the territorial rights,

traditional economies, cultural integrity, traditional knowledge

and human rights of indigenous peoples.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1620, as added Pub. L. 103-306,

title V, Sec. 526(e), Aug. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 1633.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 1620 of Pub. L. 95-118 was renumbered 1622 and is

classified to section 262p-5 of this title.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4p 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4p. Encouragement of fair labor practices

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary of the Treasury shall direct the United States

Executive Directors of the international financial institutions (as

defined in section 262r(c)(2) of this title) to use the voice and

vote of the United States to urge the respective institution -

(1) to adopt policies to encourage borrowing countries to

guarantee internationally recognized worker rights (within the

meaning of section 2467(4) of title 19) and to include the status

of such rights as an integral part of the institution's policy

dialogue with each borrowing country;

(2) in developing the policies referred to in paragraph (1), to

use the relevant conventions of the International Labor

Organization, which have set forth, among other things, the right

of association, the right to organize and bargain collectively, a

prohibition on the use of any form of forced or compulsory labor,

and certain minimum labor standards that take into account

differences in development levels among nations including a

minimum age for the employment of children, acceptable conditions

of work with respect to minimum wages, hours of work, and

occupational safety and health; and

(3) to establish formal procedures to screen projects and

programs funded by the institution for any negative impact in a

borrowing country on the rights referred to in paragraph (1).

(b) The Secretary of the Treasury shall submit to the Committee

on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of

Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the

Senate by the end of each fiscal year a report on the extent to

which each borrowing country guarantees internationally recognized

worker rights to its labor force and on progress toward achieving

each of the goals described in subsection (a) of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1621, as added Pub. L. 103-306,

title V, Sec. 526(e), Aug. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 1634; amended Pub.

L. 104-188, title I, Sec. 1954(b)(4), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat.

1928.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Another section 1621 of Pub. L. 95-118 is classified to section

262p-4q of this title.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104-188 substituted "2467(4)" for

"2462(a)(4)".

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Banking and

Financial Services of House of Representatives by section 1(a) of

Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2,

The Congress. Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House

of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial

Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters

relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally

transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of

Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh

Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.

-MISC2-

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-188 applicable to articles entered on or

after Oct. 1, 1996, with provisions relating to retroactive

application, see section 1953 of Pub. L. 104-188, set out as an

Effective Date note under section 2461 of Title 19, Customs Duties.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4q 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4q. Opposition to assistance by international financial

institutions to terrorist states

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

executive director of each international financial institution to

use the voice and vote of the United States to oppose any loan or

other use of the funds of the respective institution to or for a

country for which the Secretary of State has made a determination

under section 2405(j) of title 50, Appendix, or section 2371 of

this title.

(b) "International financial institution" defined

For purposes of this section, the term "international financial

institution" includes -

(1) the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development,

the International Development Association, and the International

Monetary Fund;

(2) wherever applicable, the Inter-American Bank, the Asian

Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and

Development, the African Development Bank, and the African

Development Fund; and

(3) any similar institution established after April 24, 1996.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1621, as added Pub. L. 104-132,

title III, Sec. 327, Apr. 24, 1996, 110 Stat. 1257.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Another section 1621 of Pub. L. 95-118 is classified to section

262p-4p of this title.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-4r 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-4r. Use of authority of United States Executive Directors

-STATUTE-

(a) Action by the President

If the President determines that a particular foreign country has

taken or has committed to take actions that contribute to efforts

of the United States to respond to, deter, or prevent acts of

international terrorism, the Secretary may, consistent with other

applicable provisions of law, instruct the United States Executive

Director of each international financial institution to use the

voice and vote of the Executive Director to support any loan or

other utilization of the funds of respective institutions for such

country, or any public or private entity within such country.

(b) Use of voice and vote

The Secretary may instruct the United States Executive Director

of each international financial institution to aggressively use the

voice and vote of the Executive Director to require an auditing of

disbursements at such institutions to ensure that no funds are paid

to persons who commit, threaten to commit, or support terrorism.

(c) Definition

For purposes of this section, the term "international financial

institution" means an institution described in section 262r(c)(2)

of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 107-56, title III, Sec. 360, Oct. 26, 2001, 115 Stat.

329.)

-MISC1-

TERMINATION DATE

Provisions of title III of Pub. L. 107-56 to terminate effective

on and after the first day of fiscal year 2005 if Congress enacts a

joint resolution that such amendments no longer have the force of

law, see section 303 of Pub. L. 107-56, set out as a Four-Year

Congressional Review; Expedited Consideration note under section

5311 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

-CROSS-

"SECRETARY" DEFINED

Secretary means the Secretary of the Treasury, see section

302(b)(5) of Pub. L. 107-56, set out in a note under section 5311

of Title 31, Money and Finance.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-5 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-5. Definitions

-STATUTE-

For purposes of this title and titles XIV and XV -

(1) the term "multilateral development bank" means the

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the

International Development Association, and the regional

multilateral development banks; and

(2) the term "regional multilateral development bank" means the

Inter-American Development Bank, the African Development Bank,

the African Development Fund, and the Asian Development Bank.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1622, formerly Sec. 1606, as added

Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 101(e) [title I], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat.

1329-131, 1329-134; renumbered Sec. 1612, Pub. L. 100-461, title V,

Sec. 555, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2268-36; renumbered Sec. 1613,

renumbered Sec. 1614, renumbered Sec. 1617, Pub. L. 101-240, title

II, Sec. 206, title V, Secs. 501, 512, Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat.

2499, 2505, 2508; renumbered Sec. 1619, renumbered Sec. 1620, Pub.

L. 101-513, title V, Sec. 562(a)(2), (b)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104

Stat. 2032, 2033; renumbered Sec. 1622, Pub. L. 103-306, title V,

Sec. 526(e), Aug. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 1633.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This title and titles XIV and XV, referred to in text, are titles

XVI, XIV, and XV, respectively, of Pub. L. 95-118. Title XIV is

classified to sections 262n to 262n-3 of this title, title XV is

classified to sections 262o to 262o-2 of this title, and title XVI

is classified to sections 262p to 262p-7 of this title. For

complete classification of these titles to the Code, see Tables.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 1622, formerly Sec. 1606, of Pub. L. 95-118 is based on

section 701 of title VII of H.R. 3750, One Hundredth Congress, as

introduced Dec. 11, 1987, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-202.

Renumbering of section 1606 of Pub. L. 95-118 as section 1612 was

based on section 6 of H.R. 4645, One Hundredth Congress, as

reported Sept. 28, 1988, and enacted into law by Pub. L. 100-461.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-6 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-6. Improvement of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Initiative

-STATUTE-

(a) Improvement of the HIPC Initiative

In order to accelerate multilateral debt relief and promote human

and economic development and poverty alleviation in heavily

indebted poor countries, the Congress urges the President to

commence immediately efforts, with the Paris Club of Official

Creditors, as well as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank),

and other appropriate multilateral development institutions to

accomplish the following modifications to the Heavily Indebted Poor

Countries Initiative:

(1) Focus on poverty reduction, good governance, transparency,

and participation of citizens

A country which is otherwise eligible to receive cancellation

of debt under the modified Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Initiative may receive such cancellation only if the country has

committed, in connection with social and economic reform programs

that are jointly developed, financed, and administered by the

World Bank and the IMF -

(A) to enable, facilitate, or encourage the implementation of

policy changes and institutional reforms under economic reform

programs, in a manner that ensures that such policy changes and

institutional reforms are designed and adopted through

transparent and participatory processes;

(B) to adopt an integrated development strategy to support

poverty reduction through economic growth, that includes

monitorable poverty reduction goals;

(C) to take steps so that the financial benefits of debt

relief are applied to programs to combat poverty (in particular

through concrete measures to improve economic infrastructure,

basic services in education, nutrition, and health,

particularly treatment and prevention of the leading causes of

mortality) and to redress environmental degradation;

(D) to take steps to strengthen and expand the private

sector, encourage increased trade and investment, support the

development of free markets, and promote broad-scale economic

growth;

(E) to implement transparent policy making and budget

procedures, good governance, and effective anticorruption

measures;

(F) to broaden public participation and popular understanding

of the principles and goals of poverty reduction, particularly

through economic growth, and good governance; and

(G) to promote the participation of citizens and

nongovernmental organizations in the economic policy choices of

the government.

(2) Faster debt relief

The Secretary of the Treasury should urge the IMF and the World

Bank to complete a debt sustainability analysis by December 31,

2000, and determine eligibility for debt relief, for as many of

the countries under the modified Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Initiative as possible.

(b) Heavily Indebted Poor Countries review

The Secretary of the Treasury, after consulting with the

Committees on Banking and Financial Services and International

Relations of the House of Representatives, and the Committees on

Foreign Relations and Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the

Senate, shall make every effort (including instructing the United

States Directors at the IMF and World Bank) to ensure that an

external assessment of the modified Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Initiative, including the reformed Enhanced Structural Adjustment

Facility program as it relates to that Initiative, takes place by

December 31, 2001, incorporating the views of debtor governments

and civil society, and that such assessment be made public.

(c) Definition

The term "modified Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative"

means the multilateral debt initiative presented in the Report of

G-7 Finance Ministers on the Ko&245;ln Debt Initiative to the

Ko&245;ln Economic Summit, Cologne, Germany, held from June 18-20,

1999.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1623, as added Pub. L. 106-113,

div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(5) [title V, Sec. 502], Nov. 29, 1999, 113

Stat. 1536, 1501A-313.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House of

Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial

Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters

relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally

transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of

Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh

Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 262p-7, 286nn of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262p-7 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262p-7. Reform of the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Directors at the International Bank for Reconstruction

and Development (World Bank) and the International Monetary Fund

(IMF) to use the voice and vote of the United States to promote the

establishment of poverty reduction strategy policies and procedures

at the World Bank and the IMF that support countries' efforts under

programs developed and jointly administered by the World Bank and

the IMF that have the following components:

(1) The development of country-specific poverty reduction

strategies (Poverty Reduction Strategies) under the leadership of

such countries that -

(A) will be set out in poverty reduction strategy papers

(PRSPs) that provide the basis for the lending operations of

the International Development Association (IDA) and the

reformed Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility (ESAF);

(B) will reflect the World Bank's role in poverty reduction

and the IMF's role in macroeconomic issues;

(C) will make the IMF's and the World Bank's advice and

operations fully consistent with the objectives of poverty

reduction through broad-based economic growth; and

(D) should include -

(i) implementation of transparent budgetary procedures and

mechanisms to help ensure that the financial benefits of debt

relief under the modified Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Initiative (as defined in section 262p-6 of this title) are

applied to programs that combat poverty; and

(ii) monitorable indicators of progress in poverty

reduction.

(2) The adoption of procedures for periodic comprehensive

reviews of reformed ESAF and IDA programs to help ensure progress

toward longer-term poverty goals outlined in the Poverty

Reduction Strategies and to allow adjustments in such programs.

(3) The publication of the PRSPs prior to Executive Board

review of related programs under IDA and the reformed ESAF.

(4) The establishment of a standing evaluation unit at the IMF,

similar to the Operations Evaluation Department of the World

Bank, that would report directly to the Executive Board of the

IMF and that would undertake periodic reviews of IMF operations,

including the operations of the reformed ESAF, including -

(A) assessments of experience under the reformed ESAF

programs in the areas of poverty reduction, economic growth,

and access to basic social services;

(B) assessments of the extent and quality of participation in

program design by citizens;

(C) verifications that reformed ESAF programs are designed in

a manner consistent with the Poverty Reduction Strategies; and

(D) prompt release to the public of all reviews by the

standing evaluation unit.

(5) The promotion of clearer conditionality in IDA and reformed

ESAF programs that focuses on reforms most likely to support

poverty reduction through broad-based economic growth.

(6) The adoption by the IMF of policies aimed at reforming ESAF

so that reformed ESAF programs are consistent with the Poverty

Reduction Strategies.

(7) The adoption by the World Bank of policies to help ensure

that its lending operations in countries eligible for debt relief

under the modified Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative are

consistent with the Poverty Reduction Strategies.

(8) Strengthening the linkage between borrower country

performance and lending operations by IDA and the reformed ESAF

on the basis of clear and monitorable indictors.(!1)

(9) Full public disclosure of the proposed objectives and

financial organization of the successor to the ESAF at least 90

days before any decision by the Executive Board of the IMF to

consider its adoption.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVI, Sec. 1624, as added Pub. L. 106-113,

div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(5) [title V, Sec. 502], Nov. 29, 1999, 113

Stat. 1536, 1501A-314.)

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262p-5 of this title apply to this

section.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be "indicators".

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262q 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262q. Transferred

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, Pub. L. 100-418, title III, Sec. 3202, Aug. 23, 1988,

102 Stat. 1382, which related to multilateral development bank

procurement, was renumbered section 1801 of title XVIII of Pub. L.

95-118, by Pub. L. 101-240, title V, Sec. 541(b)(1), Dec. 19, 1989,

103 Stat. 2517, and transferred to section 262s of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262r 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262r. Annual report by Chairman of National Advisory Council

on International Monetary and Financial Policies

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Chairman shall report annually to the Speaker of the House of

Representatives, the President of the Senate, and to the President

of the United States on the participation of the United States in

the international financial institutions. The Chairman shall

present such report to the Speaker of the House of Representatives

and the President of the Senate not later than April 1 of each year

following the close of the fiscal year covered by such report,

except that the report for fiscal year 1989 shall be submitted not

later than June 1, 1990.

(b) Contents of reports

Each annual report required by subsection (a) of this section

shall contain -

(1) such data and explanations concerning the effectiveness,

operations, and policies of the international financial

institutions, such recommendations concerning the international

financial institutions, and such other data and material as the

Chairman may deem appropriate;

(2) the reports on each specific issue and topic which is

required by any other provision of law to be included in the

report of the National Advisory Council on International Monetary

and Financial Policies required by section 286b(b)(5) of this

title, as in effect immediately before December 19, 1989;

(3) a description of each loan or other form of financial

assistance approved by any international financial institution

during the fiscal year covered by such report, and a discussion

of how such loan or financial assistance will benefit the people,

particularly the poor people, of the recipient country;

(4) a review of the success achieved through the multilateral

development banks in reducing or eliminating import restrictions

and unfair export subsidies which -

(A) have been determined to be consistent with international

agreements; and

(B) have a serious adverse impact on the United States;

(5) a description of the actions taken and the progress made in

carrying out subsections (a) and (b) of section 286cc of this

title;

(6) the report required by section 2018(c) of the International

Narcotics Act of 1986 (title II of Public Law 99-570), discussing

the actions taken and progress made in encouraging the

multilateral development banks to finance drug eradication and

crop substitution programs;

(7) a description of the progress made by the United States

Executive Director of the International Monetary Fund with

respect to the goals of section 286kk of this title;

(8) a description of the status of procedures in the

multilateral development banks specifically designed to increase

the productive role of the poor in the economies of the nations

which are borrowers from such banks;

(9) in consultation with the Secretary of State, a report on

the progress toward achieving the goals of title VII (other than

section 262e of this title), including the information required

to be reported pursuant to section 262d(c) of this title, and,

for the fiscal year 1990, the report described in section 262p-4h

of this title;

(10) in consultation with the Secretary of State and the

Administrator of the Agency for International Development, an

assessment of the progress being made to implement the objectives

of title XIII; and

(11) a report on -

(A) the progress made in transforming government-owned

enterprises into privately owned enterprises as described in

section 262p-4g(b) of this title;

(B) the performance of the privately owned enterprises

resulting from such transformation; and

(C) the contributions of development finance companies toward

strengthening the private sector in member borrowing countries.

(c) Definitions

As used in this title, title XVIII, and title XIX:

(1) Chairman

The term "Chairman" means the Chairman of the National Advisory

Council on International Monetary and Financial Policies.

(2) International financial institutions

The term "international financial institutions" means the

International Monetary Fund, International Bank for

Reconstruction and Development, European Bank for Reconstruction

and Development, International Development Association,

International Finance Corporation, Multilateral Investment

Guarantee Agency, African Development Bank, African Development

Fund, Asian Development Bank, Inter-American Development Bank

(!1) Bank for Economic Cooperation and Development in the Middle

East and North Africa,,(!2) and Inter-American Investment

Corporation.

(3) Multilateral development institutions

The term "multilateral development institutions" means the

international financial institutions other than the International

Monetary Fund.

(4) Multilateral development banks

The term "multilateral development banks" means the

multilateral development institutions other than the Multilateral

Investment Guarantee Agency.

(d) Testimony required

Upon request of the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban

Affairs of the House of Representatives, the Chairman shall testify

before the Committee to support and explain each annual report

required by subsection (a) of this section. If the President has

delegated to a person or persons other than the Chairman the

authority to manage United States participation in the

international financial institutions which was vested in the

President by section 1(b) of the Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1965,

such person or persons shall, upon request of the Committee,

accompany the Chairman and testify before the Committee with regard

to such report. The Chairman and such other person or persons shall

assess, in their testimony, the effectiveness of the international

financial institutions, the major issues affecting United States

participation, the major developments in the past year, the

prospects for the coming year, United States policy goals with

respect to the international financial institutions, and any

specific issues addressed to them by any member of the Committee.

(e) Advisory Committee on IMF policy

(1) In general

The Secretary of the Treasury should establish an International

Monetary Fund Advisory Committee (in this subsection referred to

as the "Advisory Committee").

(2) Membership

The Advisory Committee should consist of members appointed by

the Secretary of the Treasury, after appropriate consultations

with the relevant organizations. Such members should include

representatives from industry, representatives from agriculture,

representatives from organized labor, representatives from

banking and financial services, and representatives from

nongovernmental environmental and human rights organizations.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVII, Sec. 1701, as added Pub. L. 101-240,

title V, Sec. 541(a), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2514; amended Pub.

L. 101-513, title V, Sec. 562(c)(10)(A), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat.

2036; Pub. L. 104-208, div. A, title I, Sec. 101(c) [title VII,

Sec. 710(a)], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-121, 3009-181; Pub. L.

105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(d) [title VI, Sec. 610(b)], Oct. 21,

1998, 112 Stat. 2681-150, 2681-228.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 2018(c) of the International Narcotics Act of 1986,

referred to in subsec. (b)(6), means section 2018(c) of Pub. L.

99-570, known as the International Narcotics Control Act of 1986,

which is set out as a note under section 2291 of this title.

This title and titles VII, XIII, XVIII, and XIX, referred to in

subsecs. (b)(9), (10) and (c), are titles XVII, VII, XIII, XVIII,

and XIX, respectively, of Pub. L. 95-118. Title VII enacted

sections 262d and 262e of this title, repealed sections 283y, 284m,

and 290g-9 of this title, and enacted provisions set out as a note

under section 262c of this title. Title XIII is classified to

sections 262m to 262m-7 of this title. Title XVII is classified to

sections 262r to 262r-5 of this title. Title XVIII is classified to

sections 262s to 262s-2 of this title. Title XIX is classified to

section 262t of this title. For complete classification of these

titles to the Code, see Tables.

Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1965, referred to in subsec. (d), is

set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105-277 added subsec. (e).

1996 - Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104-208 inserted "Bank for

Economic Cooperation and Development in the Middle East and North

Africa," after "Inter-American Development Bank".

1990 - Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 101-513 inserted "European Bank

for Reconstruction and Development," before "International

Development Association,".

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Banking and

Financial Services of House of Representatives by section 1(a) of

Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2,

The Congress. Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House

of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial

Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters

relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally

transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of

Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh

Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.

-MISC2-

CONTENTS OF REPORTS; APPLICABILITY OF STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS

Pub. L. 105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(d) [title V, Sec. 583], Oct.

21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-150, 2681-202, provided that:

"(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, each annual

report required by subsection 1701(a) of the International

Financial Institutions Act, as amended (Public Law 95-118, 22

U.S.C. 262r), shall comprise -

"(1) an assessment of the effectiveness of the major policies

and operations of the international financial institutions;

"(2) the major issues affecting United States participation;

"(3) the major developments in the past year;

"(4) the prospects for the coming year;

"(5) the progress made and steps taken to achieve United States

policy goals (including major policy goals embodied in current

law) with respect to the international financial institutions;

and

"(6) such data and explanations concerning the effectiveness,

operations, and policies of the international financial

institutions, such recommendations concerning the international

financial institutions, and such other data and material as the

Chairman may deem appropriate.

"(b) The requirements of Sections 1602(e), 1603(c), 1604(c), and

1701(b) of the International Financial Institutions Act, as amended

(Public Law 95-118, 22 U.S.C. 262p-1, 262p-2, 262p-3 and 262(r)

[262r]), Section 2018(c) of the International Narcotics Control Act

of 1986, as amended (Public Law 99-570, 22 U.S.C. 2291 note),

Section 407(c) of the Foreign Debt Reserving Act of 1989 (Public

Law 101-240, 22 U.S.C. 2291 note), Section 14(c) of the

Inter-American Development Bank Act, as amended (Public Law 86-147,

22 U.S.C. 283j-1(c)), and Section 1002 of the Freedom for Russia

and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of

1992 (Public Law 102-511) (22 U.S.C. 286ll(b)) shall no longer

apply to the contents of such annual reports."

INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION ADVISORY COMMISSION

Pub. L. 105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(d) [title VI, Sec. 603], Oct.

21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-150, 2681-220, provided that:

"(a) In General. - The Secretary of the Treasury shall establish

an International Financial Institution Advisory Commission (in this

section referred to as the 'Commission').

"(b) Membership. -

"(1) In general. - The Commission shall be composed of 11

members, as follows:

"(A) 3 members appointed by the Speaker of the House of

Representatives.

"(B) 3 members appointed by the Majority Leader of the

Senate.

"(C) 5 members appointed jointly by the Minority Leader of

the House of Representatives and the Minority Leader of the

Senate.

"(2) Timing of appointments. - All appointments to the

Commission shall be made not later than 45 days after the date of

enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 1998].

"(3) Chairman. - The Majority Leader of the Senate, after

consultation with the Speaker of the House of Representatives and

the Minority Leaders of the House of Representatives and the

Senate, shall designate 1 of the members of the Commission to

serve as Chairman of the Commission.

"(c) Qualifications. -

"(1) Expertise. - Members of the Commission shall be appointed

from among those with knowledge and expertise in the workings of

the international financial institutions (as defined in section

1701(c)(2) of the International Financial Institutions Act [22

U.S.C. 262r(c)(2)]), the World Trade Organization, and the Bank

for International Settlements.

"(2) Former affiliation. - At least 4 members of the Commission

shall be individuals who were officers or employees of the

Executive Branch before January 20, 1992, and not more than half

of such 4 members shall have served under Presidents from the

same political party.

"(d) Period of Appointment; Vacancies. - Members shall be

appointed for the life of the Commission. Any vacancy in the

Commission shall be filled in the same manner as the original

appointment was made.

"(e) Duties of the Commission. - The Commission shall advise and

report to the Congress on the future role and responsibilities of

the international financial institutions (as defined in section

1701(c)(2) of the International Financial Institutions Act [22

U.S.C. 262r(c)(2)]), the World Trade Organization, and the Bank for

International Settlements. In carrying out such duties, the

Commission shall meet with and advise the Secretary of the Treasury

or the Deputy Secretary of the Treasury, and shall examine -

"(1) the effect of globalization, increased trade, capital

flows, and other relevant factors on such institutions;

"(2) the adequacy, efficacy, and desirability of current

policies and programs at such institutions as well as their

suitability for respective beneficiaries of such institutions;

"(3) cooperation or duplication of functions and

responsibilities of such institutions; and

"(4) other matters the Commission deems necessary to make

recommendations pursuant to subsection (g).

"(f) Powers and Procedures of the Commission. -

"(1) Hearings. - The Commission or, at its direction, any panel

or member of the Commission may, for the purpose of carrying out

the provisions of this section, hold hearings, sit and act at

times and places, take testimony, receive evidence, and

administer oaths to the extent that the Commission or any panel

or member considers advisable.

"(2) Information. - The Commission may secure directly

information that the Commission considers necessary to enable the

Commission to carry out its responsibilities under this section.

"(3) Meetings. - The Commission shall meet at the call of the

Chairman.

"(g) Report. - On the termination of the Commission, the

Commission shall submit to the Secretary of the Treasury and the

appropriate committees a report that contains recommendations

regarding the following matters:

"(1) Changes to policy goals set forth in the Bretton Woods

Agreements Act [22 U.S.C. 286 et seq.] and the International

Financial Institutions Act [see Short Title of 1977 Amendment

note set out under section 261 of this title].

"(2) Changes to the charters, organizational structures,

policies and programs of the international financial institutions

(as defined in section 1701(c)(2) of the International Financial

Institutions Act [22 U.S.C. 262r(c)(2)]).

"(3) Additional monitoring tools, global standards, or

regulations for, among other things, global capital flows,

bankruptcy standards, accounting standards, payment systems, and

safety and soundness principles for financial institutions.

"(4) Possible mergers or abolition of the international

financial institutions (as defined in section 1701(c)(2) of the

International Financial Institutions Act [22 U.S.C. 262r(c)(2)]),

including changes to the manner in which such institutions

coordinate their policy and program implementation and their

roles and responsibilities.

"(5) Any additional changes necessary to stabilize currencies,

promote continued trade liberalization and to avoid future

financial crises.

"(h) Termination. - The Commission shall terminate 6 months after

the first meeting of the Commission, which shall be not later than

30 days after the appointment of all members of the Commission.

"(i) Reports by the Executive Branch. -

"(1) Within three months after receiving the report of the

Commission under subsection (g), the President of the United

States through the Secretary of the Treasury shall report to the

appropriate committees on the desirability and feasibility of

implementing the recommendations contained in the report.

"(2) Annually, for three years after the termination of the

Commission, the President of the United States through the

Secretary of the Treasury shall submit to the appropriate

committees a report on the steps taken, if any, through relevant

international institutions and international fora to implement

such recommendations as are deemed feasible and desirable under

paragraph (1)."

PROGRESS REPORTS TO CONGRESS ON UNITED STATES INITIATIVES TO UPDATE

ARCHITECTURE OF INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM

Pub. L. 105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(d) [title VI, Sec. 606], Oct.

21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-150, 2681-223, provided that: "Not later

than July 15, 1999, and July 15, 2000, the Secretary of the

Treasury shall report to the Chairmen and Ranking Members of the

appropriate committees on the progress of efforts to reform the

architecture of the international monetary system. The reports

shall include a discussion of the substance of the United States

position in consultations with other governments and the degree of

progress in achieving international acceptance and implementation

of such position with respect to the following issues:

"(1) Adapting the mission and capabilities of the International

Monetary Fund to take better account of the increased importance

of cross-border capital flows in the world economy and improving

the coordination of its responsibilities and activities with

those of the International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development.

"(2) Advancing measures to prevent, and improve the management

of, international financial crises, including by -

"(A) integrating aspects of national bankruptcy principles

into the management of international financial crises where

feasible; and

"(B) changing investor expectations about official rescues,

thereby reducing moral hazard and systemic risk in

international financial markets,

in order to help minimize the adjustment costs that the

resolution of financial crises may impose on the real economy, in

the form of disrupted patterns of trade, employment, and progress

in living standards, and reduce the frequency and magnitude of

claims on United States taxpayer resources.

"(3) Improving international economic policy cooperation,

including among the Group of Seven countries, to take better

account of the importance of cross-border capital flows in the

determination of exchange rate relationships.

"(4) Improving international cooperation in the supervision and

regulation of financial institutions and markets.

"(5) Strengthening the financial sector in emerging economies,

including by improving the coordination of financial sector

liberalization with the establishment of strong public and

private institutions in the areas of prudential supervision,

accounting and disclosure conventions, bankruptcy laws and

administrative procedures, and the collection and dissemination

of economic and financial statistics, including the maturity

structure of foreign indebtedness.

"(6) Advocating that implementation of European Economic and

Monetary Union and the advent of the European Currency Unit, or

euro, proceed in a manner that is consistent with strong global

economic growth and stability in world financial markets."

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

Pub. L. 105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(d) [title VI, Sec. 607], Oct.

21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-150, 2681-224, as amended by Pub. L.

106-200, title IV, Sec. 404(a), May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 291,

provided that: "For purposes of sections 601 through 606 of this

title [see Tables for classification], the term 'appropriate

committees' means the Committees on Appropriations, Foreign

Relations, Finance, and Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the

Senate and the Committees on Appropriations, Ways and Means, and

Banking and Financial Services [now Committee on Financial

Services] of the House of Representatives."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 262o-1, 262o-2, 262p-4o,

262p-4p, 262p-4r, 2421 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

(!2) So in original.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262r-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262r-1. Transmission to the Congress of operating summaries of

the multilateral development banks

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury shall transmit to the Congress, on

a monthly basis, current copies of the Monthly Operating Summary of

the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, showing

the loan proposals or appraisal reports under consideration and the

status of those loan proposals or appraisal reports within the

Bank. The Secretary of the Treasury shall also transmit to the

Congress, at such times as may be appropriate, comparable documents

prepared by the other multilateral development banks which show the

loans or credits under consideration in the other multilateral

development banks.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVII, Sec. 1702, as added Pub. L. 101-240,

title V, Sec. 541(a), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2516.)

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262r of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262r-2 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262r-2. Combined report on effect of pending multilateral

development bank loans on environment, natural resources, public

health, and indigenous peoples

-STATUTE-

Not later than April 1 and October 1 of each year, the

Administrator of the Agency for International Development, in

consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary

of State, shall submit to the Committee on Appropriations and the

Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of

Representatives, and the Committee on Appropriations and the

Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, as a combined report,

the reports required by section 262m-2(c) of this title and by

section 537(h)(2) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and

Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1988 (sec. 1(e) of Public Law

100-202).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVII, Sec. 1703, as added Pub. L. 101-240,

title V, Sec. 541(a), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2516.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 537(h)(2) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing,

and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1988, referred to in text,

is Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 101(e) [title V, Sec. 537(h)(2)], Dec. 22,

1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131, 1329-163, which was classified to section

262l of this title.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Banking and

Financial Services of House of Representatives by section 1(a) of

Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2,

The Congress. Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House

of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial

Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters

relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally

transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of

Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh

Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262r of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262r-3 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262r-3. Reports on financial stabilization programs led by

International Monetary Fund in connection with financing from

Exchange Stabilization Fund

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary

of Commerce and other appropriate Federal agencies, shall prepare

reports on the implementation of financial stabilization programs

(and any material terms and conditions thereof) led by the

International Monetary Fund in countries in connection with which

the United States has made a commitment to provide, or has provided

financing from the stabilization fund established under section

5302 of title 31. The reports shall include the following:

(1) A description of the condition of the economies of

countries requiring the financial stabilization programs,

including the monetary, fiscal, and exchange rate policies of the

countries.

(2) A description of the degree to which the countries

requiring the financial stabilization programs have fully

implemented financial sector restructuring and reform measures

required by the International Monetary Fund, including -

(A) ensuring full respect for the commercial orientation of

commercial bank lending;

(B) ensuring that governments will not intervene in bank

management and lending decisions (except in regard to

prudential supervision);

(C) the enactment and implementation of appropriate financial

reform legislation;

(D) strengthening the domestic financial system and improving

transparency and supervision; and

(E) the opening of domestic capital markets.

(3) A description of the degree to which the countries

requiring the financial stabilization programs have fully

implemented reforms required by the International Monetary Fund

that are directed at corporate governance and corporate

structure, including -

(A) making nontransparent conglomerate practices more

transparent through the application of internationally accepted

accounting practices, independent external audits, full

disclosure, and provision of consolidated statements; and

(B) ensuring that no government subsidized support or tax

privileges will be provided to bail out individual

corporations, particularly in the semiconductor, steel, and

paper industries.

(4) A description of the implementation of reform measures

required by the International Monetary Fund to deregulate and

privatize economic activity by ending domestic monopolies,

undertaking trade liberalization, and opening up restricted areas

of the economy to foreign investment and competition.

(5) A detailed description of the trade policies of the

countries, including any unfair trade practices or adverse

effects of the trade policies on the United States.

(6) A description of the extent to which the financial

stabilization programs have resulted in appropriate

burden-sharing among private sector creditors, including

rescheduling of outstanding loans by lengthening maturities,

agreements on debt reduction, and the extension of new credit.

(7) A description of the extent to which the economic

adjustment policies of the International Monetary Fund and the

policies of the government of the country adequately balance the

need for financial stabilization, economic growth, environmental

protection, social stability, and equity for all elements of the

society.

(8) Whether International Monetary Fund involvement in labor

market flexibility measures has had a negative effect on core

worker rights, particularly the rights of free association and

collective bargaining.

(9) A description of any pattern of abuses of core worker

rights in recipient countries.

(10) The amount, rate of interest, and disbursement and

repayment schedules of any funds disbursed from the stabilization

fund established under section 5302 of title 31, in the form of

loans, credits, guarantees, or swaps, in support of the financial

stabilization programs.

(11) The amount, rate of interest, and disbursement and

repayment schedules of any funds disbursed by the International

Monetary Fund to the countries in support of the financial

stabilization programs.

(b) Timing

Not later than March 15, 1999, and semiannually thereafter, the

Secretary of the Treasury shall submit to the Committees on Banking

and Financial Services, Ways and Means, and International Relations

of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Finance,

Foreign Relations, and Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the

Senate a report on the matters described in subsection (a) of this

section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVII, Sec. 1704, as added Pub. L. 105-277,

div. A, Sec. 101(d) [title VI, Sec. 612], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat.

2681-150, 2681-228; amended Pub. L. 106-200, title IV, Sec. 404(b),

May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 292.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106-200 amended heading and text of

subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:

"Not later than March 15, 1999, and semiannually thereafter, the

Secretary of the Treasury shall submit to the Committees on Banking

and Financial Services and International Relations of the House of

Representatives and the Committees on Foreign Relations, and

Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate a report on the

matters described in subsection (a) of this section."

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House of

Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial

Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters

relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally

transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of

Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh

Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262r of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262r-4 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262r-4. Annual report and testimony on state of international

financial system, IMF reform, and compliance with IMF agreements

-STATUTE-

(a) Reports

Not later than October 1 of each year, the Secretary of the

Treasury shall submit to the Committees on Banking and Financial

Services and on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and

the Committees on Finance and on Foreign Relations of the Senate a

written report on (1) the progress (if any) made by the United

States Executive Director at the International Monetary Fund in

influencing the International Monetary Fund to adopt the policies

and reform its internal procedures in the manner described in

section 262o-2 of this title, and (2) the progress made by the

International Monetary Fund in adopting and implementing the

policies described in section 801(c)(1)(B) of the Foreign

Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations

Act, 2001.

(b) Testimony

After submitting the report required by subsection (a) of this

section but not later than March 1 of each year, the Secretary of

the Treasury shall appear before the Committee on Banking and

Financial Services of the House of Representatives and the

Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and present testimony

on -

(1) any progress made in reforming the International Monetary

Fund;

(2) the status of efforts to reform the international financial

system; and

(3) the compliance of countries which have received assistance

from the International Monetary Fund with agreements made as a

condition of receiving the assistance.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVII, Sec. 1705, as added Pub. L. 105-277,

div. A, Sec. 101(d) [title VI, Sec. 613], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat.

2681-150, 2681-230; amended Pub. L. 106-200, title IV, Sec. 404(c),

May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 292; Pub. L. 106-429, Sec. 101(a) [title

VIII, Sec. 803(c)], Nov. 6, 2000, 114 Stat. 1900, 1900A-67.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 801(c)(1)(B) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing,

and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2001, referred to in

subsec. (a)(2), is section 801(c)(1)(B) of Pub. L. 106-429, Sec.

101(a) [title VIII], Nov. 6, 2000, 114 Stat. 1900, 1900A-65, which

is not classified to the Code.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106-429 inserted "(1)" after "a

written report on" and inserted before period at end ", and (2) the

progress made by the International Monetary Fund in adopting and

implementing the policies described in section 801(c)(1)(B) of the

Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs

Appropriations Act, 2001".

Pub. L. 106-200 substituted "Committees on Banking and Financial

Services and on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and

the Committees on Finance and on Foreign Relations of the Senate"

for "Committee on Banking and Financial Services of the House of

Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the

Senate".

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House of

Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial

Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters

relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally

transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of

Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh

Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262r of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262r-5 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262r-5. Repealed. Pub. L. 106-429, Sec. 101(a) [title V, Sec.

592], Nov. 6, 2000, 114 Stat. 1900, 1900A-59

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 95-118, title XVII, Sec. 1706, as added Pub. L.

105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(d) [title VI, Sec. 614], Oct. 21, 1998,

112 Stat. 2681-150, 2681-230; amended Pub. L. 106-31, title V, Sec.

5003, May 21, 1999, 113 Stat. 110; Pub. L. 106-200, title IV, Sec.

404(d), May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 292, related to audits of

International Monetary Fund.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262r-6 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262r-6. Reports on policies, operations, and management of

international financial institutions

-STATUTE-

(a) Annual report on financial operations

Beginning 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act

[November 6, 2000], or October 31, 2000, whichever is later, and on

October 31 of each year thereafter, the Comptroller General of the

United States shall submit to the appropriate congressional

committees a report on the sufficiency of audits of the financial

operations of each multilateral development bank conducted by

persons or entities outside such bank.

(b) Annual report on United States supported policies

Beginning 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act

[November 6, 2000], or October 31, 2000, whichever is later, and on

October 31 of each year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit a

report to the appropriate congressional committees on -

(1) the actions taken by recipient countries, as a result of

the assistance allocated to them by the multilateral development

banks under programs referred to in section 802(b),(!1) to

strengthen governance and reduce the opportunity for bribery and

corruption; and

(2) how International Development Association-financed projects

contribute to the eventual graduation of a representative sample

of countries from reliance on financing on concessionary terms

and international development assistance.

(c) Omitted

(d) Report on debt relief

Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act

[November 6, 2000], the Secretary shall submit a report to the

appropriate congressional committees on the history of debt relief

programs led by, or coordinated with, international financial

institutions, including but not limited to -

(1) the extent to which poor countries and the

poorest-of-the-poor benefit from debt relief, including

measurable evidence of any such benefits; and

(2) the extent to which debt relief contributes to the

graduation of a country from reliance on financing on

concessionary terms and international development assistance.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-429, Sec. 101(a) [title VIII, Sec. 803], Nov. 6, 2000,

114 Stat. 1900, 1900A-66.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 802(b), referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is section 101(a),

[title VIII, Sec. 802(b)] of Pub. L. 106-429, Nov. 6, 2000, 114

Stat. 1900, 1900A-66, which is not classified to the Code.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section is comprised of section 101(a) [title VIII, Sec. 803] of

Pub. L. 106-429. Section 101(a) [title VIII, Sec. 803(c)] of Pub.

L. 106-429 amended section 262r-4 of this title.

-MISC1-

DEFINITIONS

Pub. L. 106-429, Sec. 101(a) [title VIII, Sec. 806], Nov. 6,

2000, 114 Stat. 1900, 1900A-68, provided that: "In this title

[enacting this section and section 286oo of this title and amending

sections 262r-4, 286nn, and 2169 of this title]:

"(1) Appropriate congressional committees. - The term

'appropriate congressional committees' means the Committee on

Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the

Senate, and the Committee on Banking and Financial Services [now

Committee on Financial Services] and the Committee on

Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

"(2) Bank. - The term 'Bank' means the International Bank for

Reconstruction and Development.

"(3) Fund. - The term 'Fund' means the International Monetary

Fund.

"(4) International financial institutions. - The term

'international financial institutions' means the multilateral

development banks and the International Monetary Fund.

"(5) Multilateral development banks. - The term 'multilateral

development banks' means the International Bank for

Reconstruction and Development, the International Development

Association, the International Finance Corporation, the

Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the

Inter-American Investment Corporation, the African Development

Bank, the African Development Fund, the European Bank for

Reconstruction and Development, and the Multilateral Investment

Guaranty Agency.

"(6) Secretary. - The term 'Secretary' means the Secretary of

the Treasury."

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) See References in Text note below.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262s 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262s. Multilateral development bank procurement

-STATUTE-

(a) Executive Directors

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Director of each multilateral development bank to attach

a high priority to promoting opportunities for exports for goods

and services from the United States and, in carrying out this

function, to investigate thoroughly any complaints from United

States bidders about the awarding of procurement contracts by the

multilateral development banks to ensure that all contract

procedures and rules of the banks are observed and that United

States firms are treated fairly.

(b) (!1) Officer of procurement

(1) Establishment

The Secretary of the Treasury shall designate, within the

Office of International Affairs in the Department of the

Treasury, an officer of multilateral development bank

procurement.

(2) Function

The officer shall act as the liaison between the Department of

the Treasury, the Department of Commerce, and the United States

Executive Directors' offices in the multilateral development

banks, in carrying out this section. The officer shall cooperate

with the Department of Commerce in efforts to improve

opportunities for multilateral development bank procurement by

United States companies.

(b) (!1) "Multilateral development bank" defined

As used in this section, the term "multilateral development bank"

includes the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development,

the International Development Association, the International

Finance Corporation, the Inter-American Development Bank, the

InterAmerican Investment Corporation, the Asian Development Bank,

the African Development Bank, and the African Development Fund.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVIII, Sec. 1801, formerly Pub. L. 100-418,

title III, Sec. 3202, Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1382; renumbered

Sec. 1801 of Pub. L. 95-118, Pub. L. 101-240, title V, Sec.

541(b)(1), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2517.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was formerly classified to section 262q of this title

prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 101-240.

-MISC1-

SHORT TITLE

Section 3201 of Pub. L. 100-418 provided that: "This subtitle

[subtitle C (Secs. 3201, 3202) of title III of Pub. L. 100-418,

enacting former section 262q of this title] may be cited as the

'Multilateral Development Banks Procurement Act of 1988'."

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262r of this title apply to this

section.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Two subsecs. (b) have been enacted.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262s-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262s-1. Procurement opportunities for United States firms

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States

Executive Directors of the multilateral development institutions to

take all possible steps to ensure that information relating to

potential procurement opportunities for United States firms is

expeditiously communicated to the Secretary of the Treasury, the

Secretary of State, and the Secretary of Commerce, and is

disseminated as widely as possible to large and small businesses.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVIII, Sec. 1802, as added Pub. L. 101-240,

title V, Sec. 541(a), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2516.)

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262r of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262s-2 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262s-2. Commercial Service Officers and multilateral

development bank procurement

-STATUTE-

(a) Appointment of Commercial Service Officers to serve with

Executive Directors

The Secretary of Commerce, in consultation with the Secretary of

the Treasury, shall appoint a procurement officer, who is a

representative of the International Trade Administration or a

Commercial Service Officer of the United States and Foreign

Commercial Service, to serve, on a full-time or part-time basis,

with each of the Executive Directors of the multilateral

development banks in which the United States participates.

(b) Functions of officers

Each procurement officer appointed under subsection (a) of this

section shall assist the United States Executive Director with

respect to whom such officer is appointed in promoting

opportunities for exports of goods and services from the United

States by doing the following:

(1) Acting as the liaison between the business community and

the multilateral development bank involved, whether or not the

bank has offices in the United States. The Secretary of Commerce

shall ensure that the procurement officer has access to, and

disseminates to United States businesses, information relating to

projects which are being proposed by the multilateral development

bank, and bid specifications and deadlines for projects about to

be developed by the bank. The procurement officer shall make

special efforts to disseminate such information to small and

medium-sized businesses interested in participating in such

projects. The procurement officer shall explore opportunities for

disseminating such information through private sector, nonprofit

organizations.

(2) Taking actions to assure that United States businesses are

fully informed of bidding opportunities for projects for which

loans have been made by the multilateral development bank

involved.

(3) Taking actions to assure that United States businesses can

focus on projects in which they have a particular interest or

competitive advantage, and to permit them to compete and have an

equal opportunity in submitting timely and conforming bidding

documents.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XVIII, Sec. 1803, formerly Pub. L. 100-418,

title II, Sec. 2302, Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1341; renumbered Sec.

1803 of Pub. L. 95-118, and amended Pub. L. 101-240, title V, Sec.

541(b)(2), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2517.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was formerly classified to section 4722 of Title 15,

Commerce and Trade, prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 101-240.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1989 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101-240 struck out subsec. (c) which

defined "multilateral development bank" for purposes of this

section.

ADDITIONAL PROCUREMENT OFFICERS

Pub. L. 102-549, title V, Sec. 501, Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat.

3663, provided that:

"(a) Appointment. - The Secretary of Commerce, in consultation

with the Secretary of the Treasury, shall appoint one or more

full-time additional procurement officers, for each multilateral

development bank, to promote exports of goods and services from the

United States by doing the following:

"(1) Acting as the liaison between the business community and

one or more multilateral development banks, whether or not the

banks have offices in the United States. The Secretary of

Commerce shall ensure that the procurement officer has access to,

and disseminates to United States businesses, information

relating to projects which are being proposed by the multilateral

development bank involved, and bid specifications and deadlines

for projects about to be developed by the bank. The procurement

officer shall make special efforts to disseminate such

information to small- and medium-sized businesses interested in

participating in such projects. The procurement officer shall

explore opportunities for disseminating such information through

private sector, nonprofit organizations.

"(2) Taking actions to assure that United States businesses are

fully informed of bidding opportunities for projects for which

loans have been made by the multilateral development bank

involved.

"(3) Taking actions to assure that United States businesses can

focus on projects in which they have a particular interest or

competitive advantage, and to permit them to compete and have an

equal opportunity in submitting timely and conforming bidding

documents.

"(b) Definition. - As used in this section, the term

'multilateral development bank' has the meaning given that term in

section 1701(c) of the International Financial Institutions Act (22

U.S.C. 262r(c)).

"(c) Authorization of Appropriations. - There are authorized to

be appropriated to the Secretary of Commerce $1,000,000 for each of

the fiscal years 1993 and 1994 to carry out this section. Amounts

appropriated pursuant to this subsection shall be available only

for the purpose of making the appointment of additional procurement

officers required by subsection (a)."

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262r of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 262t 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 262t. Personnel practices

-STATUTE-

(a) Statement of policy

It shall be the policy of the United States that no initiatives,

discussions, or recommendations concerning the placement or removal

of any personnel employed by the international financial

institutions shall be based on the political philosophy or activity

of the individual under consideration.

(b) Consultation

The Secretary of the Treasury shall consult with the Chairman and

the ranking minority member of the Committee on Banking, Finance

and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee

on Foreign Relations of the Senate before any discussion or

recommendations by any official of the United States Government

concerning the placement or removal of any principal officer of any

international financial institutions.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-118, title XIX, Sec. 1901, as added Pub. L. 101-240,

title V, Sec. 541(a), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2517.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Banking and

Financial Services of House of Representatives by section 1(a) of

Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2,

The Congress. Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House

of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial

Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters

relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally

transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of

Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh

Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

The definitions in section 262r of this title apply to this

section.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 263 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 263. International Prison Commission

-STATUTE-

The United States shall continue as an adhering member of the

International Prison Commission and participate in the work of said

commission.

The Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized

annually to pay the pro rata share of the United States in the

administration expenses of the International Prison Commission and

the necessary expenses of a commissioner to represent the United

States on said commission at its annual meetings, together with

necessary clerical and other expenses, out of any money which shall

be appropriated for such purposes from time to time by Congress.

-SOURCE-

(Feb. 28, 1913, ch. 86, 37 Stat. 692.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 263a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 263a. International Criminal Police Organization

-STATUTE-

The Attorney General is authorized to accept and maintain, on

behalf of the United States, membership in the International

Criminal Police Organization, and to designate any departments and

agencies which may participate in the United States representation

with that organization. All dues and expenses to be paid for the

membership of the United States shall be paid out of sums

authorized and appropriated for the Department of Justice.

-SOURCE-

(June 10, 1938, ch. 335, 52 Stat. 640; Pub. L. 85-768, Aug. 27,

1958, 72 Stat. 921; Pub. L. 90-159, Nov. 28, 1967, 81 Stat. 517;

Pub. L. 92-380, Sec. 1, Aug. 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 531; Pub. L.

93-468, Sec. 1, Oct. 24, 1974, 88 Stat. 1422; Pub. L. 95-624, Sec.

21(a), Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3466.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Pub. L. 95-624 substituted provision authorizing payment

of all dues and expenses for membership of the United States out of

sums authorized and appropriated for Department of Justice for

provisions authorizing each participating department and agency to

pay its pro rata share of expenses of such membership and

forbidding total dues paid for such membership to exceed $120,000

per annum.

1974 - Pub. L. 93-468 substituted "$120,000" for "$80,000".

1972 - Pub. L. 92-380 substituted "$80,000" for "$28,500".

1967 - Pub. L. 90-159 substituted "$28,500" for "$25,000".

1958 - Pub. L. 85-768 authorized the Attorney General to

designate departments and agencies which may participate, on a pro

rata share basis, in the United States representation with the

International Criminal Police Organization, and increased from

$1,500 to $25,000 per annum the amount of expenses which may be

incurred by reason of United States membership.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Secs. 264, 265 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Secs. 264, 265. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section 264, act Aug. 18, 1894, ch. 301, 28 Stat. 418, which

related to Pan American Union, was superseded by Convention of

1928, ratified by the United States and providing that the

government of Pan American Union should be vested in a governing

board.

Section 265, act Jan. 25, 1929, ch. 102, title I, 45 Stat. 1102,

which was from an appropriation act, related to disposition of

receipts of Pan American Union, and was not repeated in subsequent

appropriation acts.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 266 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 266. International commission of congresses of navigation;

authorization of appropriation for expenses

-STATUTE-

The sum of $3,000 a year is authorized to be appropriated, out of

any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the

support and maintenance of the permanent international commission

of the congresses of navigation and for the payment of the actual

expenses of the properly accredited national delegates of the

United States to the meetings of the congresses and of the

commission; and the Secretary of the Army is authorized to draw his

warrant each year upon the Secretary of the Treasury for such sum,

not to exceed $3,000, as may in his opinion be proper to apply to

the purposes above mentioned, and the said sum shall be disbursed

under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the

Army.

The national delegates aforesaid from the United States shall

serve without compensation, but shall be reimbursed for their

actual expenses incurred while traveling to and from the meetings,

and while in attendance thereon, from the funds appropriated in

this section and authorized to be expended.

-SOURCE-

(June 28, 1902, ch. 1306, 32 Stat. 485; June 26, 1934, ch. 756,

Sec. 2, 48 Stat. 1225; July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, Sec.

205(a), 61 Stat. 501.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Department of War designated Department of the Army and title of

Secretary of War changed to Secretary of the Army by section 205(a)

of act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title II, 61 Stat. 501. Section

205(a) of act July 26, 1947, was repealed by section 53 of act Aug.

10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 641. Section 1 of act Aug. 10, 1956,

enacted "Title 10, Armed Forces" which in sections 3010 to 3013

continued Department of the Army under administrative supervision

of Secretary of the Army.

-MISC1-

APPROPRIATIONS

Section 2 of act June 26, 1934, ch. 756, 48 Stat. 1225, which was

classified to section 725a of former Title 31, Money and Finance,

repealed the permanent appropriation under the title "Permanent

International Commission of Congress of Navigation (fiscal year)

(8-887)" effective July 1, 1935, and provided that such portions of

any Acts as make permanent appropriations to be expended under such

account are amended so as to authorize, in lieu thereof, annual

appropriations from the general fund of the Treasury in identical

terms and in such amounts as now provided by the laws providing

such permanent appropriations.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 266a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 266a. Transferred

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, act Feb. 14, 1931, ch. 189, 46 Stat. 1162, as amended,

which related to appropriations for expenses of participation in

the International Technical Committee of Aerial Legal Experts, was

transferred to section 231 of former Title 49, Transportation, and

subsequently repealed by Pub. L. 103-272, Sec. 7(b), July 5, 1994,

108 Stat. 1379, the first section of which enacted subtitles II,

III, and V to X of Title 49, Transportation.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 266b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 266b. Repealed. June 11, 1940, ch. 306, 54 Stat. 263

-MISC1-

Section, Joint Res. Aug. 7, 1935, ch. 455, Sec. 2, 49 Stat. 540,

related to termination of Authorizations for Participation in Work

of Committee of International Technical Aerial Legal Experts.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 267 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 267. Permanent Commission of International Geodetic

Association; representative of United States

-STATUTE-

The duly appointed representative of the United States on the

permanent commission of the International Geodetic Association is

granted authority to vote with the representatives on the permanent

commission from other nations on all matters coming before the

association, including the extension of its existence, subject to

the approval of Congress.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 3, 1917, ch. 161, 39 Stat. 1055.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 267a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 267a. Appointment of delegates; compensation

-STATUTE-

The President is authorized to appoint delegates, who shall be

officers of the National Ocean Survey, to attend the meetings of

the International Geodetic Association whenever and wheresoever the

same shall be held; but no extra salary or additional compensation

shall be paid to such officers by reason of such attendance.

-SOURCE-

(July 23, 1894, No. 37, 28 Stat. 587.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Coast and Geodetic Survey consolidated with National Weather

Bureau in 1965 to form Environmental Science Services

Administration by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1965, eff. July 13, 1965, 30

F.R. 8819, 79 Stat. 1318. Environmental Science Services

Administration abolished in 1970 and its personnel, property,

records, etc., transferred to National Oceanic and Atmospheric

Administration by Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1970, eff. Oct. 3, 1970, 35

F.R. 15627, 84 Stat. 2090. By order of Acting Associate

Administrator of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,

35 F.R. 19249, Dec. 19, 1970, Coast and Geodetic Survey

redesignated National Ocean Survey. See notes set out under section

311 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 267b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 267b. International Joint Commission; invitation to establish;

personnel; duties

-STATUTE-

The President of the United States is requested to invite the

Government of Great Britain to join in the formation of an

international commission, to be composed of three members from the

United States and three who shall represent the interests of the

Dominion of Canada, whose duty it shall be to investigate and

report upon the conditions and uses of the waters adjacent to the

boundary lines between the United States and Canada, including all

of the waters of the lakes and rivers whose natural outlet is by

the River Saint Lawrence to the Atlantic Ocean; also upon the

maintenance and regulation of suitable levels; and also upon the

effect upon the shores of these waters and the structures thereon,

and upon the interests of navigation, by reason of the diversion of

these waters from or change in their natural flow; and, further, to

report upon the necessary measures to regulate such diversion, and

to make such recommendations for improvements and regulations as

shall best subserve the interests of navigation in said waters. The

said commissioners shall report upon the advisability of locating a

dam at the outlet of Lake Erie, with a view to determining whether

such dam will benefit navigation, and if such structure is deemed

advisable, shall make recommendations to their respective

Governments looking to an agreement or treaty which shall provide

for the construction of the same, and they shall make an estimate

of the probable cost thereof. The President, in selecting the three

members of said Commission who shall represent the United States,

is authorized to appoint one officer of the Corps of Engineers of

the United States Army, one civil engineer well versed in the

hydraulics of the Great Lakes, and one lawyer of experience in

questions of international and riparian law, and said Commission

shall be authorized to employ such persons as it may deem needful

in the performance of the duties hereby imposed.

-SOURCE-

(June 13, 1902, ch. 1079, Sec. 4, 32 Stat. 373.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Provisions of this section relating to the payment of salaries

and expenses of the International Joint Commission were omitted.

For provisions relating to the payment of salaries of the United

States members of the International Joint Commission, see section

268 of this title.

-MISC1-

ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMISSION

The International Joint Commission was organized in 1911 pursuant

to article VII of the treaty of January 11, 1909, with Great

Britain, 36 Stat. 2448.

WATER RESOURCES PLANNING

Jurisdiction, powers, or prerogatives of the International Joint

Commission, United States and Canada, unaffected by Water Resources

Planning Act, see section 1962-1 of Title 42, The Public Health and

Welfare.

PASSAMAQUODDY TIDAL POWER PROJECT

Joint Res. Jan. 31, 1956, ch. 27, 70 Stat. 9, provided for the

Secretary of State to request the International Joint Commission

created by the treaty between the United States and Great Britain

relating to boundary waters between the United States and Canada to

arrange for a final survey to be made to determine the cost of

construction and economic feasibility of the proposed Passamaquoddy

tidal power project at Passamaquoddy Bay, authorized United States

agencies to assist the Commission, authorized appropriations, and

required the Secretary of State to report the results of the survey

to Congress.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 268 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 268. International Joint Commission; salaries; powers

-STATUTE-

The salaries of the members on the part of the United States, of

the International Joint Commission, established under the treaty of

January 11, 1909, between the United States and Great Britain,

relating to boundary waters between the United States and Canada,

shall be fixed by the President. Said commission or any member

thereof shall have power to administer oaths and to take evidence

on oath whenever deemed necessary in any proceeding or inquiry or

matter within its jurisdiction under said treaty, and said

commission shall be authorized to compel the attendance of

witnesses in any proceedings before it or the production of books

and papers when necessary by application to the district court of

the United States for the district within which such session is

held, which court is hereby empowered and directed to make all

orders and issue all processes necessary and appropriate for that

purpose.

-SOURCE-

(Mar. 4, 1911, ch. 285, 36 Stat. 1364.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 268a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 268a. Repealed. Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80

Stat. 650

-MISC1-

Section, act May 14, 1940, ch. 189, title I, 54 Stat. 191,

related to compensation and travel expenses of the International

Joint Commission.

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior

appropriation acts:

June 29, 1939, ch. 248, title I, 53 Stat. 895.

Apr. 27, 1938, ch. 180, title I, 52 Stat. 256.

June 16, 1937, ch. 359, title I, 50 Stat. 270.

May 15, 1936, ch. 405, 49 Stat. 1319.

Mar. 22, 1935, ch. 39, 49 Stat. 75.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 268b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 268b. Advances from appropriation "Boundary line, Alaska and

Canada, and the United States and Canada"

-STATUTE-

Advances of money under the appropriation "Boundary line, Alaska

and Canada, and the United States and Canada", may be made to the

commissioner on the part of the United States and by his authority

to chiefs of parties prior to March 2, 1921.

-SOURCE-

(Apr. 15, 1918, ch. 52, 40 Stat. 523; Mar. 2, 1921, ch. 113, 41

Stat. 1210; June 10, 1921, ch. 18, title III, Sec. 304, 42 Stat.

24; Apr. 29, 1926, ch. 195, title I, 44 Stat. 336; Feb. 24, 1927,

ch. 189, title I, 44 Stat. 1185; Feb. 15, 1928, ch. 57, title I, 45

Stat. 70; Jan. 25, 1929, ch. 102, title I, 45 Stat. 1101; Apr. 18,

1930, ch. 184, title I, 46 Stat. 179; Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 8(a),

Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 643; Pub. L. 92-310, title II, Sec.

231(aa), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 212; Pub. L. 104-316, title I, Sec.

111(a), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3833.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section is from the Diplomatic and Consular Service Appropriation

Act of Mar. 2, 1921. Similar provisions were contained in act Apr.

15, 1918, and other prior acts.

Acts Apr. 29, 1926; Feb. 24, 1927; Feb. 15, 1928; Jan. 25, 1929;

and Apr. 18, 1930, were appropriation acts for the fiscal years

1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, and 1931, respectively. These Acts made

applicable boundary appropriations for the enumerated fiscal years.

Section was formerly classified to section 535 of Title 31 prior

to the general revision and enactment of Title 31, Money and

Finance, by Pub. L. 97-258, Sec. 1, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 877.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-316 substituted "chiefs of parties" for

"chiefs of parties and accounts arising under advances shall be

rendered through and by the commissioner on the part of the United

States to the General Accounting Office as under advances made to

chiefs of parties".

1972 - Pub. L. 92-310 struck out provisions that required chiefs

of parties to give bonds.

1966 - Pub. L. 89-554 struck out provisions that related to

traveling expenses of the commissioner.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

"General Accounting Office" substituted in text for "Treasury

Department" pursuant to act June 10, 1921, which transferred powers

and duties conferred upon Comptroller, six auditors, and certain

other officers of the Treasury to General Accounting Office. See

section 701 et seq. of Title 31, Money and Finance.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 268c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 268c. Limitation on expenditure of funds for compensation of

International Boundary Commissioner to actual hours worked

-STATUTE-

Funds appropriated on and after September 30, 1996, or otherwise

made available under this Act or any other Act may be expended for

compensation of the United States Commissioner of the International

Boundary Commission, United States and Canada, only for actual

hours worked by such Commissioner.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 104-208, div. A, title I, Sec. 101(a) [title IV, Sec.

403], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009, 3009-54.)

-MISC1-

SIMILAR PROVISIONS

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior

appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 103-317, title V, Sec. 503, Aug. 26, 1994, 108 Stat.

1764.

Pub. L. 103-121, title V, Sec. 503, Oct. 27, 1993, 107 Stat.

1189.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 269 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 269. Permanent International Association of Road Congresses;

authorization of membership

-STATUTE-

The President is authorized to maintain membership of the United

States in the Permanent International Association of Road

Congresses.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 102-138, title I, Sec. 164(b), Oct. 28, 1991, 105 Stat.

676.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 269, act June 18, 1926, ch. 623, 44 Stat. 754,

authorized appropriations of $3,000 per annum to enable United

States to accept membership in Permanent Association of

International Road Congresses, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 102-138,

title I, Sec. 164(a), Oct. 28, 1991, 105 Stat. 676.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 269a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 7 - INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

-HEAD-

Sec. 269a. Central Bureau of the International Map of the World on

the Millionth Scale; authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

There is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money

in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, an annual sum of $50 as

a contribution on the part of the United States toward the expenses

incurred by the Central Bureau of the International Map of the

World on the Millionth Scale.

-SOURCE-

(June 27, 1930, ch. 652, 46 Stat. 825.)

-MISC1-

ANNUAL APPROPRIATIONS

Annual appropriations to meet the obligations of membership in

various international organizations were contained in the following

acts:

Pub. L. 107-77, title IV, Nov. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 786, 787.

Pub. L. 106-553, Sec. 1(a)(2) [title IV], Dec. 21, 2000, 114

Stat. 2762, 2762A-92, 2762A-94.

Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(1) [title IV], Nov. 29,

1999, 113 Stat. 1535, 1501A-41, 1501A-42.

Pub. L. 105-277, div. A, Sec. 101(b) [title IV], Oct. 21, 1998,

112 Stat. 2681-50, 2681-95, 2681-97.

Pub. L. 105-119, title IV, Nov. 26, 1997, 111 Stat. 2497, 2499.

Pub. L. 104-208, div. A, title I, Sec. 101(a) [title IV], Sept.

30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009, 3009-49, 3009-50.

Pub. L. 104-134, title I, Sec. 101[(a)] [title IV], Apr. 26,

1996, 110 Stat. 1321, 1321-39, 1321-40; renumbered title I, Pub. L.

104-140, Sec. 1(a), May 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1327.

Pub. L. 103-317, title V, Aug. 26, 1994, 108 Stat. 1762, 1763, as

amended Pub. L. 103-335, title VIII, Sec. 8155(a), Sept. 30, 1994,

108 Stat. 2658.

Pub. L. 103-121, title V, Oct. 27, 1993, 107 Stat. 1187.

Pub. L. 102-395, title V, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1866, 1867.

Pub. L. 102-140, title V, Oct. 28, 1991, 105 Stat. 818.

Pub. L. 101-515, title III, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2126.

Pub. L. 101-162, title III, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1008.

Pub. L. 100-459, title III, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2205.

Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 101(a) [title III], Dec. 22, 1987, 101

Stat. 1329, 1329-20, 1329-21.

Pub. L. 100-71, title I, July 11, 1987, 101 Stat. 394.

Pub. L. 99-500, Sec. 101(b) [title III], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat.

1783-39, 1783-58, 1783-59, and Pub. L. 99-591, Sec. 101(b) [title

III], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341-39, 3341-58, 3341-59, as

amended Pub. L. 100-71, title I, July 11, 1987, 101 Stat. 394.

Pub. L. 99-180, title III, Dec. 13, 1985, 99 Stat. 1150, 1151.

Pub. L. 98-411, title III, Aug. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 1565, 1566.

Pub. L. 98-166, title III, Nov. 28, 1983, 97 Stat. 1094.

Pub. L. 97-377, title I, Sec. 101(d), Dec. 21, 1982, 96 Stat.

1877.

Pub. L. 97-276, Sec. 101(a), Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1186.

Pub. L. 97-92, Sec. 101(h) [incorporating Pub. L. 96-536, Sec.

101(o); H.R. 7584, title I], Dec. 15, 1981, 95 Stat. 1190.

Pub. L. 96-536, Sec. 101(o) [H.R. 7584, title I], Dec. 16, 1980,

94 Stat. 3169.

Pub. L. 96-369, Sec. 101(a), Oct. 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 1351.

Pub. L. 96-68, title I, Sept. 24, 1979, 93 Stat. 417, 418.

Pub. L. 95-431, title I, Oct. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 1022, 1023.

Pub. L. 95-86, title I, Aug. 2, 1977, 91 Stat. 420, 421.

Pub. L. 94-362, title I, July 14, 1976, 90 Stat. 938, 939.

Pub. L. 94-121, title I, Oct. 21, 1975, 89 Stat. 613, 614.

Pub. L. 93-433, title I, Oct. 5, 1974, 88 Stat. 1188, 1189.

Pub. L. 93-162, title I, Nov. 27, 1973, 87 Stat. 637, 638.

Pub. L. 92-544, title I, Oct. 25, 1972, 86 Stat. 1110, 1111.

Pub. L. 92-77, title I, Aug. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 247, 248.

Pub. L. 91-472, title I, Oct. 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 1041, 1042.

Pub. L. 91-153, title I, Dec. 24, 1969, 83 Stat. 404, 405.

Pub. L. 90-470, title I, Aug. 9, 1968, 82 Stat. 669, 670.

Pub. L. 90-133, title I, Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 412, 413.

Pub. L. 89-797, title I, Nov. 8, 1966, 80 Stat. 1480, 1481.

Pub. L. 89-164, title I, Sept. 2, 1965, 79 Stat. 621, 622.

Pub. L. 88-527, title I, Aug. 31, 1964, 78 Stat. 712, 713.

Pub. L. 88-245, title I, Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 777, 778.

Pub. L. 87-843, title I, Oct. 18, 1962, 76 Stat. 1081, 1082.

Pub. L. 87-264, title I, Sept. 21, 1961, 75 Stat. 546, 547.

Pub. L. 86-678, title I, Aug. 31, 1960, 74 Stat. 557, 558.

Pub. L. 86-84, title I, July 13, 1959, 73 Stat. 183, 184.

Pub. L. 85-474, title I, June 30, 1958, 72 Stat. 246, 247.

Pub. L. 85-49, title I, June 11, 1957, 71 Stat. 56, 57.

June 20, 1956, ch. 414, title I, 70 Stat. 301.

July 7, 1955, ch. 279, title I, 69 Stat. 265, 266.

July 2, 1954, ch. 456, title I, 68 Stat. 414, 415.

Aug. 5, 1953, ch. 328, title I, 67 Stat. 368, 369.

July 10, 1952, ch. 651, title I, 66 Stat. 550, 551.

Oct. 22, 1951, ch. 533, title I, 65 Stat. 577, 578.

Sept. 6, 1950, ch. 896, Ch. III, title I, 64 Stat. 610, 611.

July 20, 1949, ch. 354, title I, 63 Stat. 449-451.

June 3, 1948, ch. 400, title I, 62 Stat. 308-310.

July 9, 1947, ch. 211, title I, 61 Stat. 282-284.

July 5, 1946, ch. 541, title I, 60 Stat. 453, 454.

May 21, 1945, ch. 129, title I, 59 Stat. 175, 176.

June 28, 1944, ch. 294, title I, 58 Stat. 402, 403.

July 1, 1943, ch. 182, title I, 57 Stat. 277, 278.

July 2, 1942, ch. 472, title I, 56 Stat. 474, 475.

June 28, 1941, ch. 258, title I, 55 Stat. 271-273.

May 14, 1940, ch. 189, title I, 54 Stat. 187-189.

June 29, 1939, ch. 248, title I, 53 Stat. 891-893.

Apr. 27, 1938, ch. 180, title I, 52 Stat. 253-255.

June 16, 1937, ch. 359, title I, 50 Stat. 267, 268.

June 22, 1936, ch. 689, title III, 49 Stat. 1634.

May 15, 1936, ch. 405, title I, 49 Stat. 1315-1317.

Mar. 22, 1935, ch. 39, title I, 49 Stat. 73, 74.

Apr. 7, 1934, ch. 104, title I, 48 Stat. 534.

Mar. 1, 1933, ch. 144, title I, 47 Stat. 1376.

July 1, 1932, ch. 361, title I, 47 Stat. 480-486.

Feb. 23, 1931, ch. 280, title I, 46 Stat. 1314-1320.

June 27, 1930, ch. 652, 46 Stat. 825.

Apr. 18, 1930, ch. 184, title I, 46 Stat. 179-185.

Jan. 25, 1929, ch. 102, title I, 45 Stat. 1100-1107.

Feb. 15, 1928, ch. 57, title I, 45 Stat. 69-75.

Feb. 24, 1927, ch. 189, title I, 44 Stat. 1184-1191.

Apr. 29, 1926, ch. 195, title I, 44 Stat. 335-340.

Feb. 27, 1925, ch. 364, title I, 43 Stat. 1019-1024.

May 28, 1924, ch. 204, title I, 43 Stat. 210-215.

Jan. 3, 1923, ch. 21, title I, 42 Stat. 1073-1077.

June 1, 1922, ch. 204, title I, 42 Stat. 605-609.

-End-

-CITE-