US (United States) Code. Title 22. Chapter 71: US (United States) International Broadcasting

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Foreign Relations and Intercourse

  • Enviado por: El remitente no desea revelar su nombre
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
  • 40 páginas
publicidad
publicidad

-CITE-

22 USC CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL

BROADCASTING 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-MISC1-

Sec.

6201. Congressional findings and declaration of purposes.

6202. Standards and principles.

(a) Broadcasting standards.

(b) Broadcasting principles.

(c) Voice of America broadcasts.

6203. Establishment of Broadcasting Board of Governors.

(a) Continued existence within Executive branch.

(b) Composition of Board.

(c) Term of office.

(d) Selection of Board.

(e) Compensation.

(f) Decisions.

(g) Immunity from civil liability.

6204. Authorities of Board.

(a) Authorities.

(b) Delegation of authority.

(c) Broadcasting budgets.

(d) Professional independence of broadcasters.

6205. Role of Secretary of State.

(a) Foreign policy guidance.

(b) Certain Worldnet programming.

6206. International Broadcasting Bureau.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Selection of Director of Bureau.

(c) Responsibilities of Director.

6207. Limits on grants for Radio Free Europe and Radio

Liberty.

(a) Board of RFE/RL, Incorporated.

(b) Location of principal place of business.

(c) Limitation on grant amounts.

(d) Alternative grantee.

(e) Not a Federal agency or instrumentality.

(f) Authority.

(g) Grant agreement.

(h) Prohibited uses of grant funds.

(i) Report on management practices.

(j) Audit authority.

6208. Radio Free Asia.

(a) Authority.

(b) Functions.

(c) Grant agreement.

(d) Limitations on administrative and managerial

costs.

(e) Assessment of effectiveness of Radio Free Asia.

(f) Sunset provision.

(g) Notification and consultation regarding

displacement of Voice of America broadcasting.

(h) Not a Federal agency or instrumentality.

6209. Repealed.

6210. Preservation of American jobs.

6211. The continuing mission of Radio Free Europe and Radio

Liberty broadcasts.

6212. Requirement for authorization of appropriations.

(a) Limitation on obligation and expenditure of

funds.

(b) Subsequent authorization.

(c) Application.

6213. Definitions.

6214. Relocation costs.

6215. Establishment of Radio Free Afghanistan.

(a) Requirement of a detailed plan.

(b) Grant authority.

(c) Available authorities.

(d) Standards; oversight.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6201 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6201. Congressional findings and declaration of purposes

-STATUTE-

The Congress makes the following findings and declarations:

(1) It is the policy of the United States to promote the right

of freedom of opinion and expression, including the freedom "to

seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media

and regardless of frontiers," in accordance with Article 19 of

the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

(2) Open communication of information and ideas among the

peoples of the world contributes to international peace and

stability and the promotion of such communication is in the

interests of the United States.

(3) It is in the interest of the United States to support

broadcasting to other nations consistent with the requirements of

this chapter.

(4) The continuation of existing United States international

broadcasting, and the creation of a new broadcasting service to

the people of the People's Republic of China and other countries

of Asia which lack adequate sources of free information, would

enhance the promotion of information and ideas, while advancing

the goals of United States foreign policy.

(5) The reorganization and consolidation of United States

international broadcasting will achieve important economies and

strengthen the capability of the United States to use

broadcasting to support freedom and democracy in a rapidly

changing international environment.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 302, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

432.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in par. (3), was in the original "this

title", meaning title III of Pub. L. 103-236, Apr. 30, 1994, 108

Stat. 432, as amended, which is classified principally to this

chapter. For complete classification of title III to the Code, see

Short Title note set out below and Tables.

-MISC1-

SHORT TITLE

Pub. L. 107-148, Sec. 1, Mar. 11, 2002, 116 Stat. 64, provided

that: "This Act [enacting section 6215 of this title] may be cited

as the 'Radio Free Afghanistan Act'."

SHORT TITLE

Section 301 of title III of Pub. L. 103-236 provided that: "This

title [enacting this chapter, amending sections 1465b, 1465c, and

2873 of this title and section 5315 of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees, and repealing sections 1463, 2871 to

2877, and 2878 to 2883 of this title and provisions set out as a

note under section 2871 of this title] may be cited as the 'United

States International Broadcasting Act of 1994'."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 6211 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6202 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6202. Standards and principles

-STATUTE-

(a) Broadcasting standards

United States international broadcasting shall -

(1) be consistent with the broad foreign policy objectives of

the United States;

(2) be consistent with the international telecommunications

policies and treaty obligations of the United States;

(3) not duplicate the activities of private United States

broadcasters;

(4) not duplicate the activities of government supported

broadcasting entities of other democratic nations;

(5) be conducted in accordance with the highest professional

standards of broadcast journalism;

(6) be based on reliable information about its potential

audience;

(7) be designed so as to effectively reach a significant

audience; and

(8) promote respect for human rights, including freedom of

religion.

(b) Broadcasting principles

United States international broadcasting shall include -

(1) news which is consistently reliable and authoritative,

accurate, objective, and comprehensive;

(2) a balanced and comprehensive projection of United States

thought and institutions, reflecting the diversity of United

States culture and society;

(3) clear and effective presentation of the policies of the

United States Government and responsible discussion and opinion

on those policies, including editorials, broadcast by the Voice

of America, which present the views of the United States

Government;

(4) the capability to provide a surge capacity to support

United States foreign policy objectives during crises abroad;

(5) programming to meet needs which remain unserved by the

totality of media voices available to the people of certain

nations;

(6) information about developments in each significant region

of the world;

(7) a variety of opinions and voices from within particular

nations and regions prevented by censorship or repression from

speaking to their fellow countrymen;

(8) reliable research capacity to meet the criteria under this

section;

(9) adequate transmitter and relay capacity to support the

activities described in this section; and

(10) training and technical support for independent indigenous

media through government agencies or private United States

entities.

(c) Voice of America broadcasts

The long-range interests of the United States are served by

communicating directly with the peoples of the world by radio. To

be effective, the Voice of America must win the attention and

respect of listeners. These principles will therefore govern Voice

of America (VOA) broadcasts:

(1) VOA will serve as a consistently reliable and authoritative

source of news. VOA news will be accurate, objective, and

comprehensive.

(2) VOA will represent America, not any single segment of

American society, and will therefore present a balanced and

comprehensive projection of significant American thought and

institutions.

(3) VOA will present the policies of the United States clearly

and effectively, and will also present responsible discussions

and opinion on these policies.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 303, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

433; Pub. L. 103-415, Sec. 1(p), Oct. 25, 1994, 108 Stat. 4301;

Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XIII, Sec. 1323(d), Oct.

21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-778; Pub. L. 105-292, title V, Sec. 502,

Oct. 27, 1998, 112 Stat. 2811.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (a)(8). Pub. L. 105-292 added par. (8).

Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(d)(1), which directed

amendment of par. (3) by inserting ", including editorials,

broadcast by the Voice of America, which present the views of the

United States Government" after "policies", was executed by making

insertion after "policies" the second time it appears to reflect

the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (b)(4) to (10). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(d)(2), (3),

added par. (4) and redesignated former pars. (4) to (9) as (5) to

(10), respectively.

1994 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103-415 added subsec. (c).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Oct. 1, 1999, see section

1301 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6531 of this title.

BROADCASTING INFORMATION ON STATES

Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. B, title XXIV, Sec. 2420, Oct.

21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-835, provided that:

"(a) In General. - The Voice of America shall devote programming

each day to broadcasting information on the individual States of

the United States. The broadcasts shall include -

"(1) information on the products, tourism, and cultural and

educational facilities of each State;

"(2) information on the potential for trade with each State;

and

"(3) discussions with State officials with respect to the

matters described in paragraphs (1) and (2).

"(b) Report. - Not later than one year after the date of

enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 1998], the Broadcasting Board of

Governors of the United States Information Agency shall submit a

report to Congress detailing the actions that have been taken to

carry out subsection (a).

"(c) State Defined. - In this section, the term 'State' means any

of the several States of the United States, the District of

Columbia, or any commonwealth or territory of the United States."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 6204 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6203 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6203. Establishment of Broadcasting Board of Governors

-STATUTE-

(a) Continued existence within Executive branch

(1) In general

The Broadcasting Board of Governors shall continue to exist

within the Executive branch of Government as an entity described

in section 104 of title 5.

(2) Retention of existing Board members

The members of the Broadcasting Board of Governors appointed by

the President pursuant to subsection (b)(1)(A) before the

effective date of title XIII of the Foreign Affairs Agencies

Consolidation Act of 1998 and holding office as of that date may

serve the remainder of their terms of office without

reappointment.

(3) Inspector General authorities

(A) In general

The Inspector General of the Department of State and the

Foreign Service shall exercise the same authorities with

respect to the Broadcasting Board of Governors and the

International Broadcasting Bureau as the Inspector General

exercises under the Inspector General Act of 1978 and section

3929 of this title with respect to the Department of State.

(B) Respect for journalistic integrity of broadcasters

The Inspector General shall respect the journalistic

integrity of all the broadcasters covered by this chapter and

may not evaluate the philosophical or political perspectives

reflected in the content of broadcasts.

(b) Composition of Board

(1) The Board shall consist of 9 members, as follows:

(A) 8 voting members who shall be appointed by the President,

by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

(B) The Secretary of State who shall also be a voting member.

(2) The President shall appoint one member (other than the

Secretary of State) as Chairman of the Board, subject to the advice

and consent of the Senate.

(3) Exclusive of the Secretary of State, not more than 4 of the

members of the Board appointed by the President shall be of the

same political party.

(c) Term of office

The term of office of each member of the Board shall be three

years, except that the Secretary of State shall remain a member of

the Board during the Director's (!1) term of service. Of the other

8 voting members, the initial terms of office of two members shall

be one year, and the initial terms of office of 3 other members

shall be two years, as determined by the President. The President

shall appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate,

Board members to fill vacancies occurring prior to the expiration

of a term, in which case the members so appointed shall serve for

the remainder of such term. Any member whose term has expired may

serve until a successor has been appointed and qualified. When

there is no Secretary of State, the Acting Secretary of State shall

serve as a member of the Board until a Director (!2) is appointed.

(d) Selection of Board

Members of the Board appointed by the President shall be citizens

of the United States who are not regular full-time employees of the

United States Government. Such members shall be selected by the

President from among Americans distinguished in the fields of mass

communications, print, broadcast media, or foreign affairs.

(e) Compensation

Members of the Board, while attending meetings of the Board or

while engaged in duties relating to such meetings or in other

activities of the Board pursuant to this section (including travel

time) shall be entitled to receive compensation equal to the daily

equivalent of the compensation prescribed for level IV of the

Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5. While away from

their homes or regular places of business, members of the Board may

be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of

subsistence, as authorized by law (5 U.S.C. 5703) for persons in

the Government service employed intermittently. The Secretary of

State shall not be entitled to any compensation under this chapter,

but may be allowed travel expenses as provided under this

subsection.

(f) Decisions

Decisions of the Board shall be made by majority vote, a quorum

being present. A quorum shall consist of 5 members.

(g) Immunity from civil liability

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any and all

limitations on liability that apply to the members of the

Broadcasting Board of Governors also shall apply to such members

when acting in their capacities as members of the boards of

directors of RFE/RL, Incorporated and Radio Free Asia.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 304, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

434; Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XIII, Secs. 1322,

1323(b), (c), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-777, 2681-778; Pub. L.

106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title V, Secs. 502, 504],

Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-451.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For the effective date of title XIII of the Foreign Affairs

Agencies Consolidation Act of 1998, referred to in subsec. (a)(2),

meaning the effective date of title XIII of subdiv. A of div. G of

Pub. L. 105-277, see section 1301 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as a

note under section 6531 of this title.

The Inspector General Act of 1978, referred to in subsec.

(a)(3)(A), is Pub. L. 95-452, Oct. 12, 1978, 92 Stat. 1101, as

amended, which is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A,

title V, Sec. 502(2)], which directed amendment of par. (2) by

inserting ", subject to the advice and consent of the Senate" at

end, was executed by making the insertion before period at end, to

reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title V, Sec. 502(1)],

substituted "appoint" for "designate".

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title V,

Sec. 504], added subsec. (g).

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1322, amended heading

and text of subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as

follows: "There is hereby established within the United States

Information Agency a Broadcasting Board of Governors (hereafter in

this chapter referred to as the 'Board')."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(b), substituted

"Secretary of State" for "Director of the United States Information

Agency" wherever appearing.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(b), (c), in first

sentence, substituted "Secretary of State" for "Director of the

United States Information Agency", and in last sentence,

substituted "no Secretary of State" for "no Director of the United

States Information Agency" and "Acting Secretary of State" for

"acting Director of the agency".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(b), substituted

"Secretary of State" for "Director of the United States Information

Agency".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Oct. 1, 1999, see section

1301 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6531 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 6207 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be "Secretary's".

(!2) So in original. Probably should be "Secretary".

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6204 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6204. Authorities of Board

-STATUTE-

(a) Authorities

The Board shall have the following authorities:

(1) To supervise all broadcasting activities conducted pursuant

to this chapter, the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act [22 U.S.C.

1465 et seq.],,(!1) the Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act [22

U.S.C. 1465aa et seq.], and Worldnet Television, except as

provided in section 6205(b) of this title.

(2) To review and evaluate the mission and operation of, and to

assess the quality, effectiveness, and professional integrity of,

all such activities within the context of the broad foreign

policy objectives of the United States.

(3) To ensure that United States international broadcasting is

conducted in accordance with the standards and principles

contained in section 6202 of this title.

(4) To review, evaluate, and determine, at least annually,

after consultation with the Secretary of State, the addition or

deletion of language services.

(5) To make and supervise grants for broadcasting and related

activities in accordance with sections 6207 and 6208 of this

title.

(6) To allocate funds appropriated for international

broadcasting activities among the various elements of the

International Broadcasting Bureau and grantees, subject to the

limitations in sections 6207 and 6208 of this title and subject

to reprogramming notification requirements in law for the

reallocation of funds.

(7) To review engineering activities to ensure that all

broadcasting elements receive the highest quality and

cost-effective delivery services.

(8) To undertake such studies as may be necessary to identify

areas in which broadcasting activities under its authority could

be made more efficient and economical.

(9) To submit to the President and the Congress an annual

report which summarizes and evaluates activities under this

chapter, the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act [22 U.S.C. 1465 et

seq.], and the Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act [22 U.S.C.

1465aa et seq.]. Each annual report shall place special emphasis

on the assessment described in paragraph (2).

(10) To the extent considered necessary to carry out the

functions of the Board, procure supplies, services, and other

personal property.

(11) To appoint such staff personnel for the Board as the Board

may determine to be necessary, subject to the provisions of title

5 governing appointments in the competitive service, and to fix

their compensation in accordance with the provisions of chapter

51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating to

classification and General Schedule pay rates.

(12) To obligate and expend, for official reception and

representation expenses, such amount as may be made available

through appropriations (which for each of the fiscal years 1998

and 1999 may not exceed the amount made available to the Board

and the International Broadcasting Bureau for such purposes for

fiscal year 1997).

(13) To make available in the annual report required by

paragraph (9) information on funds expended on administrative and

managerial services by the Bureau and by grantees and the steps

the Board has taken to reduce unnecessary overhead costs for each

of the broadcasting services.

(14) The Board may provide for the use of United States

Government transmitter capacity for relay of Radio Free Asia.

(15)(A) To procure temporary and intermittent personal services

to the same extent as is authorized by section 3109 of title 5,

at rates not to exceed the daily equivalent of the rate provided

for positions classified above grade GS-15 of the General

Schedule under section 5108 of title 5.

(B) To allow those providing such services, while away from

their homes or their regular places of business, travel expenses

(including per diem in lieu of subsistence) as authorized by

section 5703 of title 5 for persons in the Government service

employed intermittently, while so employed.

(16) To procure, pursuant to section 1535 of title 31 (commonly

known as the "Economy Act"), such goods and services from other

departments or agencies for the Board and the International

Broadcasting Bureau as the Board determines are appropriate.

(17) To utilize the provisions of titles III, IV, V, VII, VIII,

IX, and X of the United States Information and Educational

Exchange Act of 1948 [22 U.S.C. 1431 et seq.], and section 6 of

Reorganization Plan Number 2 of 1977, as in effect on the day

before the effective date of title XIII of the Foreign Affairs

Agencies Consolidation Act of 1998, to the extent the Board

considers necessary in carrying out the provisions and purposes

of this chapter.

(18) To utilize the authorities of any other statute,

reorganization plan, Executive order, regulation, agreement,

determination, or other official document or proceeding that had

been available to the Director of the United States Information

Agency, the Bureau, or the Board before the effective date of

title XIII of the Foreign Affairs Consolidation Act of 1998 for

carrying out the broadcasting activities covered by this chapter.

(b) Delegation of authority

The Board may delegate to the Director of the International

Broadcasting Bureau, or any other officer or employee of the United

States, to the extent the Board determines to be appropriate, the

authorities provided in this section, except those authorities

provided in paragraph (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (9), or (11) of

subsection (a) of this section.

(c) Broadcasting budgets

The Director of the Bureau and the grantees identified in

sections 6207 and 6208 of this title shall submit proposed budgets

to the Board. The Board shall forward its recommendations

concerning the proposed budget for the Board and broadcasting

activities under this chapter, the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act

[22 U.S.C. 1465 et seq.], and the Television Broadcasting to Cuba

Act [22 U.S.C. 1465aa et seq.] to the Office of Management and

Budget.

(d) Professional independence of broadcasters

The Secretary of State and the Board, in carrying out their

functions, shall respect the professional independence and

integrity of the International Broadcasting Bureau, its

broadcasting services, and the grantees of the Board.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 305, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

435; Pub. L. 103-415, Sec. 1(s)(1), Oct. 25, 1994, 108 Stat. 4302;

Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XIII, Sec. 1323(e)-(i),

Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-778, 2681-779; Pub. L. 107-228, div.

A, title V, Sec. 507(1), Sept. 30, 2002, 116 Stat. 1394.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act, referred to in subsecs.

(a)(1), (9) and (c), is Pub. L. 98-111, Oct. 4, 1983, 97 Stat. 749,

as amended, which is classified generally to subchapter V-A (Sec.

1465 et seq.) of chapter 18 of this title. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 1465 of this title and Tables.

The Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act, referred to in subsecs.

(a)(1), (9) and (b)(1), is part D of title II of Pub. L. 101-246,

Feb. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 58, as amended, which is classified

principally to subchapter V-B (Sec. 1465aa et seq.) of chapter 18

of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Short Title note set out under section 1465aa of this title and

Tables.

The provisions of title 5 governing appointments in the

competitive service, referred to in subsec. (a)(11), are classified

generally to section 3301 et seq. of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

The United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of

1948, referred to in subsec. (a)(17), is act Jan. 27, 1948, ch. 36,

62 Stat. 6, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 18

(Sec. 1431 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

1431 of this title and Tables.

Section 6 of Reorganization Plan Number 2 of 1977, referred to in

subsec. (a)(17), which was set out under section 1461 of this

title, was repealed by Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title

XIII, Sec. 1336(6), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-790.

For the effective date of title XIII of the Foreign Affairs

Agencies Consolidation Act of 1998, referred to in subsec. (a)(17),

(18), meaning the effective date of title XIII of subdiv. A of div.

G of Pub. L. 105-277, see section 1301 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out

as a note under section 6531 of this title.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section is comprised of section 305 of Pub. L. 103-236. Subsec.

(e) of section 305 of Pub. L. 103-236 amended sections 1465b and

1465c of this title.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 107-228 substituted "annually,"

for "annually,,".

1998 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(e)(1), struck

out "direct and" after "To" and substituted ", the Television

Broadcasting to Cuba Act, and Worldnet Television, except as

provided in section 6205(b) of this title" for "and the Television

Broadcasting to Cuba Act".

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(e)(2), inserted ",

after consultation with the Secretary of State," after "annually,".

Subsec. (a)(9). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(e)(3), struck out ",

through the Director of the United States Information Agency,"

after "the Congress" and inserted at end "Each annual report shall

place special emphasis on the assessment described in paragraph

(2)."

Subsec. (a)(12). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(e)(4), substituted

"1998 and 1999" for "1994 and 1995" and "to the Board and the

International Broadcasting Bureau for such purposes for fiscal year

1997" for "to the Board for International Broadcasting for such

purposes for fiscal year 1993".

Subsec. (a)(15) to (18). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(e)(5), added

pars. (15) to (18).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(f), added subsec. (b).

Former subsec. (b) redesignated (c).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(g), (h), struck out "(1)"

before "The Director", struck out "the Director of the United

States Information Agency for the consideration of the Director as

a part of the Agency's budget submission to" before "the Office of

Management and Budget", and struck out par. (2) which read as

follows: "The Director of the United States Information Agency

shall include in the Agency's submission to the Office of

Management and Budget the comments and recommendations of the Board

concerning the proposed broadcasting budget."

Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(f)(1), redesignated subsec. (b) as

(c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (d).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(i), amended heading and

text of subsec. (d) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as

follows: "The Director of the United States Information Agency and

the Board, in carrying out their functions, shall respect the

professional independence and integrity of the International

Broadcasting Bureau, its broadcasting services, and grantees."

Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(f)(1), redesignated subsec. (c) as

(d).

Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(f)(1), redesignated subsec. (d) as

(e). See Codification note above.

1994 - Subsec. (a)(14). Pub. L. 103-415 substituted "relay of

Radio" for "relay to Radio".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Oct. 1, 1999, see section

1301 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6531 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 6207, 6208 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6205 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6205. Role of Secretary of State

-STATUTE-

(a) Foreign policy guidance

To assist the Board in carrying out its functions, the Secretary

of State shall provide information and guidance on foreign policy

issues to the Board, as the Secretary may deem appropriate.

(b) Certain Worldnet programming

The Secretary of State is authorized to use Worldnet broadcasts

for the purposes of continuing interactive dialogues with foreign

media and other similar overseas public diplomacy programs

sponsored by the Department of State. The Chairman of the

Broadcasting Board of Governors shall provide access to Worldnet

for this purpose on a nonreimbursable basis.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 306, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

436; Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XIII, Sec. 1323(j),

Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-780.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(j)(1), substituted "Role of

Secretary of State" for "Foreign policy guidance" in section

catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(j)(2)-(4), designated

existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, substituted

"State" for "State, acting through the Director of the United

States Information Agency,", and inserted before period at end ",

as the Secretary may deem appropriate".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(j)(5), added subsec. (b).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Oct. 1, 1999, see section

1301 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6531 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 6204 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6206 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6206. International Broadcasting Bureau

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

There is hereby established an International Broadcasting Bureau

under the Board (hereafter in this chapter referred to as the

"Bureau"), to carry out all nonmilitary international broadcasting

activities supported by the United States Government other than

those described in sections 6207 and 6208 of this title.

(b) Selection of Director of Bureau

The Director of the Bureau shall be appointed by the President,

by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Director of

the Bureau shall be entitled to receive compensation at the rate

prescribed by law for level IV of the Executive Schedule.

(c) Responsibilities of Director

The Director shall organize and chair a coordinating committee to

examine and make recommendations to the Board on long-term

strategies for the future of international broadcasting, including

the use of new technologies, further consolidation of broadcast

services, and consolidation of currently existing public affairs

and legislative relations functions in the various international

broadcasting entities. The coordinating committee shall include

representatives of Radio Free Asia, RFE/RL, Incorporated, the

Broadcasting Board of Governors, and, as appropriate, the Office of

Cuba Broadcasting, the Voice of America, and Worldnet.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 307, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

436; Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XIII, Sec. 1323(k),

Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-780.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Level IV of the Executive Schedule, referred to in subsec.

(b)(1), is set out in section 5315 of Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(k)(1), substituted

"under the Board" for "within the United States Information

Agency".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(k)(2)-(4), redesignated

par. (1) as entire subsec. (b), substituted "President, by and with

the advice and consent of the Senate" for "Chairman of the Board,

in consultation with the Director of the United States Information

Agency and with the concurrence of a majority of the Board", and

struck out par. (2) which amended section 5315 of Title 5,

Government Organization and Employees.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(k)(5), added subsec. (c).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Oct. 1, 1999, see section

1301 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6531 of this title.

PERSONAL SERVICES CONTRACTING PILOT PROGRAM

Pub. L. 107-228, div. A, title V, Sec. 504, Sept. 30, 2002, 116

Stat. 1393, provided that:

"(a) In General. - The Director of the International Broadcasting

Bureau (in this section referred to as the 'Director') may

establish a pilot program (in this section referred to as the

'program') for the purpose of hiring United States citizens or

aliens as personal services contractors, without regard to Civil

Service and classification laws, for service in the United States

as broadcasters, producers, and writers in the International

Broadcasting Bureau to respond to new or emerging broadcast needs

or to augment broadcast services.

"(b) Conditions. - The Director is authorized to use the

authority of subsection (a) subject to the following conditions:

"(1) The Director determines that existing personnel resources

are insufficient and the need is not of permanent duration.

"(2) The Director approves each employment of a personal

services contractor.

"(3) The contract length, including options, may not exceed 2

years, unless the Director makes a finding that exceptional

circumstances justify an extension of up to one additional year.

"(4) Not more than a total of 60 United States citizens or

aliens are employed at any one time as personal services

contractors under the program.

"(c) Termination of Authority. - The authority to award personal

services contracts under the pilot program authorized by this

section shall terminate on December 31, 2005. A contract entered

into prior to the termination date under this subsection may remain

in effect for a period not to exceed 6 months after such

termination date."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 6211, 6213 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6207 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6207. Limits on grants for Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty

-STATUTE-

(a) Board of RFE/RL, Incorporated

The Board may not make any grant to RFE/RL, Incorporated, unless

the certificate of incorporation of RFE/RL, Incorporated, has been

amended to provide that -

(1) the Board of Directors of RFE/RL, Incorporated, shall

consist of the members of the Broadcasting Board of Governors

established under section 6203 of this title and of no other

members; and

(2) such Board of Directors shall make all major policy

determinations governing the operation of RFE/RL, Incorporated,

and shall appoint and fix the compensation of such managerial

officers and employees of RFE/RL, Incorporated, as it considers

necessary to carry out the purposes of the grant provided under

this chapter.

(b) Location of principal place of business

(1) The Board may not make any grant to RFE/RL, Incorporated

unless the headquarters of RFE/RL, Incorporated and its senior

administrative and managerial staff are in a location which ensures

economy, operational effectiveness, and accountability to the

Board.

(2) Not later than 90 days after confirmation of all members of

the Board, the Board shall provide a report to Congress on the

number of administrative, managerial, and technical staff of

RFE/RL, Incorporated who will be located within the metropolitan

area of Washington, D.C., and the number of employees whose

principal place of business will be located outside the

metropolitan area of Washington, D.C.

(c) Limitation on grant amounts

The total amount of grants made for the operating costs of

RFE/RL, Incorporated, may not exceed $85,000,000 in fiscal year

2003.

(d) Alternative grantee

If the Board determines at any time that RFE/RL, Incorporated, is

not carrying out the functions described in section 6208 of this

title in an effective and economical manner, the Board may award

the grant to carry out such functions to another entity after

soliciting and considering applications from eligible entities in

such manner and accompanied by such information as the Board may

reasonably require.

(e) Not a Federal agency or instrumentality

Nothing in this chapter may be construed to make RFE/RL,

Incorporated a Federal agency or instrumentality.

(f) Authority

Grants authorized under section 6204 of this title for RFE/RL,

Incorporated, shall be available to make annual grants for the

purpose of carrying out similar functions as were carried out by

RFE/RL, Incorporated, on the day before April 30, 1994, with

respect to Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, consistent with

section 2 of the Board for International Broadcasting Act of 1973

[22 U.S.C. 2871], as in effect on such date.

(g) Grant agreement

Grants to RFE/RL, Incorporated, by the Board shall only be made

in compliance with a grant agreement. The grant agreement shall

establish guidelines for such grants. The grant agreement shall

include the following provisions -

(1) that a grant be used only for activities which the Board

determines are consistent with the purposes of subsection (f) of

this section;

(2) that RFE/RL, Incorporated, shall otherwise comply with the

requirements of this section;

(3) that failure to comply with the requirements of this

section may result in suspension or termination of a grant

without further obligation by the Board or the United States;

(4) that duplication of language services and technical

operations between RFE/RL, Incorporated and the International

Broadcasting Bureau be reduced to the extent appropriate, as

determined by the Board; and

(5) that RFE/RL, Incorporated, justify in detail each proposed

expenditure of grant funds, and that such funds may not be used

for any other purpose unless the Board gives its prior written

approval.

(h) Prohibited uses of grant funds

No grant funds provided under this section may be used for the

following purposes:

(1)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B) or (C), to pay

any salary or other compensation, or enter into any contract

providing for the payment of salary or compensation in excess of

the rates established for comparable positions under title 5 or

the foreign relations laws of the United States, except that no

employee may be paid a salary or other compensation in excess of

the rate of pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule

under section 5315 of title 5.

(B) Salary and other compensation limitations under

subparagraph (A) shall not apply prior to October 1, 1995, with

respect to any employee covered by a union agreement requiring a

salary or other compensation in excess of such limitations.

(C) Notwithstanding the limitations under subparagraph (A),

grant funds provided under this section may be used by RFE/RL,

Incorporated, to pay up to three employees employed in

Washington, D.C., salary or other compensation not to exceed the

rate of pay payable for level III of the Executive Schedule under

section 5314 of title 5.

(2) For any activity for the purpose of influencing the passage

or defeat of legislation being considered by Congress.

(3) To enter into a contract or obligation to pay severance

payments for voluntary separation for employees hired after

December 1, 1990, except as may be required by United States law

or the laws of the country where the employee is stationed.

(4) For first class travel for any employee of RFE/RL,

Incorporated, or the relative of any employee.

(5) To compensate freelance contractors without the approval of

the Board.

(i) Report on management practices

(1) (!1) Effective not later than March 31 and September 30 of

each calendar year, the Inspector General of the Department of

State and the Foreign Service shall submit to the Board and the

Congress a report on management practices of RFE/RL, Incorporated,

under this section. The Inspector General of the Department of

State and the Foreign Service shall establish a special unit within

the Inspector General's office to monitor and audit the activities

of RFE/RL, Incorporated, and shall provide for on-site monitoring

of such activities.

(j) Audit authority

(1) Such financial transactions of RFE/RL, Incorporated, as

relate to functions carried out under this section may be audited

by the General Accounting Office in accordance with such principles

and procedures and under such rules and regulations as may be

prescribed by the Comptroller General of the United States. Any

such audit shall be conducted at the place or places where accounts

of RFE/RL, Incorporated, are normally kept.

(2) Representatives of the General Accounting Office shall have

access to all books, accounts, records, reports, files, papers, and

property belonging to or in use by RFE/RL, Incorporated pertaining

to such financial transactions and necessary to facilitate an

audit. Such representatives shall be afforded full facilities for

verifying transactions with any assets held by depositories, fiscal

agents, and custodians. All such books, accounts, records, reports,

files, papers, and property of RFE/RL, Incorporated, shall remain

in the possession and custody of RFE/RL, Incorporated.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and upon repeal of

the Board for International Broadcasting Act [22 U.S.C. 2871 et

seq.], the Inspector General of the Department of State and the

Foreign Service is authorized to exercise the authorities of the

Inspector General Act of 1978 with respect to RFE/RL, Incorporated.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 308, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

437; Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XIII, Secs. 1314(d),

1323(l)(1), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-777, 2681-780; Pub. L.

107-228, div. A, title V, Secs. 501, 502, Sept. 30, 2002, 116 Stat.

1392.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The foreign relations laws of the United States, referred to in

subsec. (h)(1)(A), are classified generally to this title.

The Board for International Broadcasting Act, referred to in

subsecs. (f) and (j)(3), is Pub. L. 93-129, Oct. 19, 1973, 87 Stat.

456, as amended, which was classified generally to chapter 43 (Sec.

2871 et seq.) of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103-236,

title III, Sec. 310(e), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 442. See section

6209(e) of this title.

The Inspector General Act of 1978, referred to in subsec. (j)(3),

is Pub. L. 95-452, Oct. 12, 1978, 92 Stat. 1101, as amended, which

is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107-228, Sec. 501, amended subsec.

(c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) read as follows:

"The total amount of grants made by the Board for the operating

costs of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty may not exceed

$75,000,000 for any fiscal year after fiscal year 1995."

Subsec. (h)(1)(A). Pub. L. 107-228, Sec. 502(2), substituted

"subparagraph (B) or (C)," for "subparagraph (B),".

Subsec. (h)(1)(C). Pub. L. 107-228, Sec. 502(1), added subpar.

(C).

1998 - Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1314(d), substituted

"Inspector General of the Department of State and the Foreign

Service" for "Inspector General of the United States Information

Agency" in two places and struck out ", the Director of the United

States Information Agency," after "shall submit to the Board".

Subsec. (j)(3). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1314(d)(1), substituted

"Inspector General of the Department of State and the Foreign

Service" for "Inspector General of the United States Information

Agency".

Subsecs. (k), (l). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1323(l)(1), struck out

subsecs. (k) and (l), which listed conditions placed upon plan for

relocation of offices or operations of RFE/RL, Incorporated from

Munich, Germany, and required report to Congress on classification

of personnel not later than 90 days after confirmation of all

members of Board, respectively.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Oct. 1, 1999, see section

1301 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6531 of this title.

LIAISON WITH RFE/RL, INCORPORATED; REPRESENTATION AT BOARD MEETINGS

Section 305(b) of Pub. L. 99-93 provided that: "The Secretary of

State shall -

"(1) establish an office within the United States Consulate in

Munich, Federal Republic of Germany, which shall be responsible

for the daily liaison operations of the Department of State with

RFE/RL, Incorporated; and

"(2) be represented by an observer at each meeting of the Board

for International Broadcasting and of the Board of Directors of

RFE/RL, Incorporated."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 6204, 6206 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. No par. (2) has been enacted.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6208 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6208. Radio Free Asia

-STATUTE-

(a) Authority

(1) Grants authorized under section 6204 of this title shall be

available to make annual grants for the purpose of carrying out

radio broadcasting to the following countries: The People's

Republic of China, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, North Korea, Tibet, and

Vietnam.

(2) Such broadcasting service shall be referred to as "Radio Free

Asia".

(b) Functions

Radio Free Asia shall -

(1) provide accurate and timely information, news, and

commentary about events in the respective countries of Asia and

elsewhere; and

(2) be a forum for a variety of opinions and voices from within

Asian nations whose people do not fully enjoy freedom of

expression.

(c) Grant agreement

Any grant agreement or grants under this section shall be subject

to the following limitations and restrictions:

(1) The Board may not make any grant to Radio Free Asia unless

the headquarters of Radio Free Asia and its senior administrative

and managerial staff are in a location which ensures economy,

operational effectiveness, and accountability to the Board.

(2) Any grant agreement under this section shall require that

any contract entered into by Radio Free Asia shall specify that

all obligations are assumed by Radio Free Asia and not by the

United States Government, and shall further specify that funds to

carry out the activities of Radio Free Asia may not be available

after September 30, 2009.

(3) Any grant agreement shall require that any lease agreements

entered into by Radio Free Asia shall be, to the maximum extent

possible, assignable to the United States Government.

(4) Grants made for the operating costs of Radio Free Asia may

not exceed $30,000,000 in each of the fiscal years 2000 and 2001.

(5) Grants awarded under this section shall be made pursuant to

a grant agreement which requires that grant funds be used only

for activities consistent with this section, and that failure to

comply with such requirements shall permit the grant to be

terminated without fiscal obligation to the United States.

(d) Limitations on administrative and managerial costs

It is the sense of the Congress that administrative and

managerial costs for operation of Radio Free Asia should be kept to

a minimum and, to the maximum extent feasible, should not exceed

the costs that would have been incurred if Radio Free Asia had been

operated as a Federal entity rather than as a grantee.

(e) Assessment of effectiveness of Radio Free Asia

Not later than 3 years after the date on which initial funding is

provided for the purpose of operating Radio Free Asia, the Board

shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report

on -

(1) whether Radio Free Asia is technically sound and

cost-effective,

(2) whether Radio Free Asia consistently meets the standards

for quality and objectivity established by this chapter,

(3) whether Radio Free Asia is received by a sufficient

audience to warrant its continuation,

(4) the extent to which such broadcasting is already being

received by the target audience from other credible sources; and

(5) the extent to which the interests of the United States are

being served by maintaining broadcasting of Radio Free Asia.

(f) Sunset provision

The Board may not make any grant for the purpose of operating

Radio Free Asia after September 30, 2009.

(g) Notification and consultation regarding displacement of Voice

of America broadcasting

The Board shall notify the appropriate congressional committees

before entering into any agreements for the utilization of Voice of

America transmitters, equipment, or other resources that will

significantly reduce the broadcasting activities of the Voice of

America in Asia or any other region in order to accommodate the

broadcasting activities of Radio Free Asia. The Chairman of the

Board shall consult with such committees on the impact of any such

reduction in Voice of America broadcasting activities.

(h) Not a Federal agency or instrumentality

Nothing in this chapter may be construed to make Radio Free Asia

a Federal agency or instrumentality.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 309, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

439; Pub. L. 103-415, Sec. 1(s)(2), Oct. 25, 1994, 108 Stat. 4302;

Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title V, Sec.

501], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-450.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A,

title V, Sec. 501(1), (2)], redesignated subsec. (d) as (c) and

struck out heading and text of former subsec. (c), which required

the Board, through the Director of the United States Information

Agency, to submit to Congress a detailed plan for the establishment

and operation of Radio Free Asia prior to the awarding of a grant

to carry out this section.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title

V, Sec. 501(3)(A)], struck out "(A)" after "(1)" and struck out

subpar. (B) which read as follows: "Not later than 90 days after

confirmation of all members of the Board, the Board shall provide a

report to Congress on the number of administrative, managerial, and

technical staff of Radio Free Asia who will be located within the

metropolitan area of Washington, D.C., and the number of employees

whose principal place of business will be located outside the

metropolitan area of Washington, D.C."

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title

V, Sec. 501(3)(B)], substituted "September 30, 2009" for "September

30, 1999".

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title

V, Sec. 501(3)(C)], substituted "$30,000,000 in each of the fiscal

years 2000 and 2001" for "$22,000,000 in any fiscal year".

Subsec. (c)(5), (6). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A,

title V, Sec. 501(3)(D), (E)], redesignated par. (6) as (5) and

struck out former par. (5) which read as follows: "The total amount

of grant funds made available for one-time capital costs of Radio

Free Asia may not exceed $8,000,000."

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A,

title V, Sec. 501(2)], redesignated subsecs. (e) and (f) as (d) and

(e), respectively. Former subsec. (d) redesignated (c).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title V,

Sec. 501(4)], reenacted subsec. heading without change and amended

text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The

Board may not make any grant for the purpose of operating Radio

Free Asia after September 30, 1998, unless the President of the

United States determines in the President's fiscal year 1999 budget

submission that continuation of funding for Radio Free Asia for 1

additional year is in the interest of the United States."

Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title V, Sec. 501(2)],

redesignated subsec. (g) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated

(e).

Subsecs. (g) to (i). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A,

title V, Sec. 501(2)], redesignated subsecs. (h) and (i) as (g) and

(h), respectively. Former subsec. (g) redesignated (f).

1994 - Subsec. (d)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103-415 inserted "of all

members" after "confirmation".

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 6204, 6206, 6207 of this

title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6209 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6209. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title

XIII, Sec. 1323(l)(2), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-780

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 310, Apr. 30, 1994, 108

Stat. 442, related to transition of transfer of functions from

Board for International Broadcasting to United States Information

Agency, Board, or Bureau.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Oct. 1, 1999, see section 1301 of Pub. L.

105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under section 6531 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6210 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6210. Preservation of American jobs

-STATUTE-

It is the sense of the Congress that the Director of the United

States Information Agency and the Chairman of the Board for

International Broadcasting should, in developing the plan for

consolidation and reorganization of overseas international

broadcasting services, limit, to the maximum extent feasible,

consistent with the purposes of the consolidation, elimination of

any United States-based positions and should affirmatively seek to

transfer as many positions as possible to the United States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 311, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

444.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board

of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau) abolished and

functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6531 and

6532 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6211 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6211. The continuing mission of Radio Free Europe and Radio

Liberty broadcasts

-STATUTE-

It is the sense of Congress that Radio Free Europe and Radio

Liberty should continue to broadcast to the peoples of Central

Europe, Eurasia, and the Persian Gulf until such time as -

(1) a particular nation has clearly demonstrated the successful

establishment and consolidation of democratic rule; and

(2) its domestic media which provide balanced, accurate, and

comprehensive news and information, is firmly established and

widely accessible to the national audience, thus making redundant

broadcasts by Radio Free Europe or Radio Liberty.

At such time as a particular nation meets both of these conditions,

RFE/RL should phase out broadcasting to that nation.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 312, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

444; Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title V, Sec. 503],

Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-451.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Pub. L. 106-113 amended section catchline and text

generally, substituting present provisions for provisions which set

forth sense of Congress that funding of Radio Free Europe and Radio

Liberty be privatized not later than Dec. 31, 1999, directed

President to submit analysis and recommendation for achieving this

objective with his annual budget submission, and directed Board for

International Broadcasting to submit to appropriate congressional

committees not later than 120 days after Apr. 30, 1994, report on

steps being taken to transfer RFE/RL Research Institute, and

periodic progress reports until such transfer would be achieved.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 6544 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6212 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6212. Requirement for authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

(a) Limitation on obligation and expenditure of funds

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the fiscal year

1994 and for each subsequent fiscal year, any funds appropriated

for the purposes of broadcasting subject to supervision of the

Board shall not be available for obligation or expenditure -

(1) unless such funds are appropriated pursuant to an

authorization of appropriations; or

(2) in excess of the authorized level of appropriations.

(b) Subsequent authorization

The limitation under subsection (a) of this section shall not

apply to the extent that an authorization of appropriations is

enacted after such funds are appropriated.

(c) Application

The provisions of this section -

(1) may not be superseded, except by a provision of law which

specifically repeals, modifies, or supersedes the provisions of

this section; and

(2) shall not apply to, or affect in any manner, permanent

appropriations, trust funds, and other similar accounts which are

authorized by law and administered under or pursuant to this

chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 313, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

444; Pub. L. 107-228, div. A, title V, Sec. 507(2), Sept. 30, 2002,

116 Stat. 1394.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-228 struck out "the direction

and" after "broadcasting subject to" in introductory provisions.

CONTINUED AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOLLOWING REPEAL OF BOARD FOR

INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACT OF 1973

Pub. L. 103-317, title V, Aug. 26, 1994, 108 Stat. 1771, provided

in part: "That on the date upon which the Board for International

Broadcasting Act of 1973 (22 U.S.C. 2871, et seq.) is repealed, as

provided for by section 310(e) of the Foreign Relations

Authorization Act, fiscal years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236;

108 Stat. 442) [22 U.S.C. 6209(e)], funds made available for

expenses of the Board for International Broadcasting shall be made

available until expended only for expenses necessary to enable the

Broadcasting Board of Governors to carry out the authorities

provided in section 305(a) of Public Law 103-236 [22 U.S.C.

6204(a)], including the appointment of staff personnel as

authorized by section 305(a)(11) of Public Law 103-236: Provided

further, That such amounts appropriated to the Board for

International Broadcasting in fiscal year 1994 as are certified by

the Office of Management and Budget to the Congress as gains due to

the fluctuation of foreign currency, may be used in fiscal year

1995 and thereafter either to offset foreign currency losses or to

offset unfunded RFE/RL costs associated with the implementation of

Public Law 103-236 [see Tables for classification]: Provided

further, That obligated but unexpended balances appropriated in

fiscal year 1990 to fund planned transmitter modernization expenses

may be expended in fiscal year 1995 for unfunded RFE/RL costs

associated with the implementation of Public Law 103-236".

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6213 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6213. Definitions

-STATUTE-

For the purposes of this chapter -

(1) the term "appropriate congressional committees" means the

Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on

Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs

and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of

Representatives;

(2) the term "RFE/RL, Incorporated" includes -

(A) the corporation having the corporate title described in

section 6206(b)(3) (!1) of this title; and

(B) any alternative grantee described in section 6206(e) (!2)

of this title; and

(3) the term "salary or other compensation" includes any

deferred compensation or pension payments, any payments for

expenses for which the recipient is not obligated to itemize, and

any payments for personnel services provided to an employee of

RFE/RL, Incorporated.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 314, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

445.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives treated

as referring to Committee on International Relations of House of

Representatives by section 1(a) of Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a

note preceding section 21 of Title 2, The Congress.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. There is no section "6206(b)(3)".

(!2) So in original. Probably should be section "6207(d)".

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6214 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6214. Relocation costs

-STATUTE-

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds derived from

the sale of real property assets of RFE/RL in Munich, Germany, may

be retained, obligated, and expended to meet one-time costs

associated with the consolidation of United States Government

broadcasting activities in accordance with this chapter, including

the costs of relocating RFE/RL offices and operations.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 103-236, title III, Sec. 315(d), as added Pub. L. 103-415,

Sec. 1(ll), Oct. 25, 1994, 108 Stat. 4303.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 6215 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 71 - UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

-HEAD-

Sec. 6215. Establishment of Radio Free Afghanistan

-STATUTE-

(a) Requirement of a detailed plan

Not later than 15 days after March 11, 2002, RFE/RL,

Incorporated, shall submit to the Broadcasting Board of Governors a

report setting forth a detailed plan for the provision by RFE/RL,

Incorporated, of surrogate broadcasting services in the Dari and

Pashto languages to Afghanistan. Such broadcasting services shall

be known as "Radio Free Afghanistan".

(b) Grant authority

(1) In general

Effective 15 days after March 11, 2002, or the date on which

the report required by subsection (a) of this section is

submitted, whichever is later, the Broadcasting Board of

Governors is authorized to make grants to support Radio Free

Afghanistan.

(2) Supersedes existing limitation on total annual grant amounts

Grants made to RFE/RL, Incorporated, during the fiscal year

2002 for support of Radio Free Afghanistan may be made without

regard to section 308(c) of the United States International

Broadcasting Act of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 6207(c)).

(c) Available authorities

In addition to the authorities in this section, the authorities

applicable to carry out United States Government broadcasting

activities under the United States Information and Educational

Exchange Act of 1948 [22 U.S.C. 1431 et seq.], the United States

International Broadcasting Act of 1994 [22 U.S.C. 6201 et seq.],

the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998, and other

provisions of law consistent with such purpose may be used to carry

out the grant authority of subsection (b) of this section.

(d) Standards; oversight

Radio Free Afghanistan shall adhere to the same standards of

professionalism and accountability, and shall be subject to the

same oversight mechanisms, as other services of RFE/RL,

Incorporated.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 107-148, Sec. 2, Mar. 11, 2002, 116 Stat. 64.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of

1948, referred to in subsec. (c), is act Jan. 27, 1948, ch. 36, 62

Stat. 6, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 18

(Sec. 1431 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

1431 of this title, and Tables.

The United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994,

referred to in subsec. (c), is title III of Pub. L. 103-236, Apr.

30, 1994, 108 Stat. 432, as amended, which is classified

principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this

Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 6201 of

this title and Tables.

The Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998,

referred to in subsec. (c), is division G of Pub. L. 105-277, Oct.

21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-761, as amended. For complete

classification of division G to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 6501 of this title and Tables.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Radio Free Afghanistan Act,

and not as part of the United States International Broadcasting Act

of 1994 which comprises this chapter.

-MISC1-

SHORT TITLE

For short title of Pub. L. 107-148, which enacted this section,

as the Radio Free Afghanistan Act, see section 1 of Pub. L.

107-148, set out as a note under section 6201 of this title.

-End-