US (United States) Code. Title 22. Chapter 60: Anti-Apartheid Program

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Foreign Relations and Intercourse

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22 USC CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

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CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

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22 USC Sec. 5001 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

-HEAD-

Sec. 5001. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(2), Nov. 23, 1993,

107 Stat. 1505

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 99-440, Sec. 3, Oct. 2, 1986, 100 Stat. 1087;

Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(2), Nov. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 3515; Pub. L.

103-149, Sec. 4(a)(3)(A), Nov. 23, 1993, 107 Stat. 1505, defined

terms for purposes of this chapter.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective June 8, 1994, date on which President certified

to Congress that interim government, elected on nonracial basis

through free and fair elections, had taken office in South Africa,

see section 4(a)(2) of Pub. L. 103-149, set out in a Repeal of

Chapter; South African Democratic Transition Support note below.

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 99-440 provided that Pub. L. 99-440, which

enacted this chapter and sections 2151o and 2346d of this title,

amended sections 2151c and 2151n of this title and section 635 of

Title 12, Banks and Banking, and enacted provisions set out as a

note under section 2346d of this title, could be cited as the

"Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986", prior to repeal by Pub.

L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(2), Nov. 23, 1993, 107 Stat. 1505.

REPEAL OF CHAPTER; SOUTH AFRICAN DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION SUPPORT

Pub. L. 103-149, Nov. 23, 1993, 107 Stat. 1503, provided that:

"SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

"This Act may be cited as the 'South African Democratic

Transition Support Act of 1993'.

"SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

"The Congress makes the following findings:

"(1) After decades of apartheid, South Africa has entered a new

era which presents a historic opportunity for a transition to a

peaceful, stable, and democratic future.

"(2) The United States policy of economic sanctions toward the

apartheid government of South Africa, as expressed in the

Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986 [22 U.S.C. 5001 et

seq.], helped bring about reforms in that system of government

and has facilitated the establishment of a nonracial government.

"(3) Through broad and open negotiations, the parties in South

Africa have reached a landmark agreement on the future of their

country. This agreement includes the establishment of a

Transitional Executive Council and the setting of a date for

nonracial elections.

"(4) The international community has a vital interest in

supporting the transition from apartheid toward nonracial

democracy.

"(5) The success of the transition in South Africa is crucial

to the stability and economic development of the southern African

region.

"(6) Nelson Mandela of the African National Congress and other

representative leaders in South Africa have declared that the

time has come when the international community should lift all

economic sanctions against South Africa.

"(7) In light of recent developments, the continuation of these

economic sanctions is detrimental to persons disadvantaged by

apartheid.

"(8) Those calling for the lifting of economic sanctions

against South Africa have made clear that they do not seek the

immediate termination of the United Nations-sponsored special

sanctions relating to arms transfers, nuclear cooperation, and

exports of oil. The Ad Hoc Committee on Southern Africa of the

Organization of African Unity, for example, has urged that the

oil embargo established pursuant to a 1986 General Assembly

resolution be lifted after the establishment and commencement of

the work of the Transitional Executive Council.

"SEC. 3. UNITED STATES POLICY.

"It is the sense of the Congress that -

"(1) the United States should -

"(A) strongly support the Transitional Executive Council in

South Africa,

"(B) encourage rapid progress toward the establishment of a

nonracial democratic government in South Africa, and

"(C) support a consolidation of democracy in South Africa

through democratic elections for an interim government and a

new nonracial constitution;

"(2) the United States should continue to provide assistance to

support the transition to a nonracial democracy in South Africa,

and should urge international financial institutions and other

donors to also provide such assistance;

"(3) to the maximum extent practicable, the United States

should consult closely with international financial institutions,

other donors, and South African entities on a coordinated

strategy to support the transition to a nonracial democracy in

South Africa;

"(4) in order to provide ownership and managerial

opportunities, professional advancement, training, and employment

for disadvantaged South Africans and to respond to the historical

inequities created under apartheid, the United States should -

"(A) promote the expansion of private enterprise and free

markets in South Africa,

"(B) encourage the South African private sector to take a

special responsibility and interest in providing such

opportunities, advancement, training, and employment for

disadvantaged South Africans,

"(C) encourage United States private sector investment in and

trade with South Africa,

"(D) urge United States investors to develop a working

partnership with representative organs of South African civil

society, particularly churches and trade unions, in promoting

responsible codes of corporate conduct and other measures to

address the historical inequities created under apartheid;

"(5) the United States should urge the Government of South

Africa to liberalize its trade and investment policies to

facilitate the expansion of the economy, and to shift resources

to meet the needs of disadvantaged South Africans;

"(6) the United States should promote cooperation between South

Africa and other countries in the region to foster regional

stability and economic growth; and

"(7) the United States should demonstrate its support for an

expedited transition to, and should adopt a long term policy

beneficial to the establishment and perpetuation of, a nonracial

democracy in South Africa.

"SEC. 4. REPEAL OF APARTHEID SANCTIONS LAWS AND OTHER MEASURES

DIRECTED AT SOUTH AFRICA.

"(a) Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act. -

"(1) In general. - All provisions of the Comprehensive

Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986 (22 U.S.C. 5001 and following) are

repealed as of the date of enactment of this Act [Nov. 23, 1993],

except for the sections specified in paragraph (2).

"(2) Effective date of repeal of code of conduct requirements.

- Sections 1, 3, 203(a), 203(b), 205, 207, 208, 601, 603, and 604

of the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986 [22 U.S.C. 5001

note, 5001, 5031(a), (b), 5032, 5034, 5035, 5111, 5113, 5114] are

repealed as of the date on which the President certifies to the

Congress that an interim government, elected on a nonracial basis

through free and fair elections, has taken office in South

Africa. [A Presidential message to Congress dated June 8, 1994,

set out in 30 Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 1258,

June 13, 1994, certified that interim government, elected on

nonracial basis through free and fair elections, had taken office

in South Africa.]

"(3) Conforming amendments. - (A) Section 3 of the

Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986 [22 U.S.C. 5001] is

amended by striking paragraphs (2) through (4) and paragraphs (7)

through (9), by inserting 'and' at the end of paragraph (5), and

by striking '; and' at the end of paragraph (6) and inserting a

period.

"(B) The following provisions of the Foreign Assistance Act of

1961 that were enacted by the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of

1986 are repealed: subsections (e)(2), (f), and (g) of section

116 (22 U.S.C. 2151n); section 117 (22 U.S.C. 2151o), relating to

assistance for disadvantaged South Africans; and section 535 (22

U.S.C. 2346d). Section 116(e)(1) of the Foreign Assistance Act of

1961 is amended by striking '(1)'.

"(b) Other Provisions. - The following provisions are repealed or

amended as follows:

"(1) Subsections (c) and (d) of section 802 of the

International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985

(99 Stat. 261) is repealed.

"(2) Section 211 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act,

Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (99 Stat. 432) is repealed, and

section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the item in the

table of contents relating to section 211.

"(3) Sections 1223 and 1224 of the Foreign Relations

Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (101 Stat. 1415) is

repealed, and section 1(b) of that Act is amended by striking the

items in the table of contents relating to sections 1223 and

1224.

"(4) Section 362 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act,

Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (105 Stat. 716) is repealed, and

section 2 of that Act is amended by striking the item in the

table of contents relating to section 362.

"(5) Section 2(b)(9) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (12

U.S.C. 635(b)(9)) is repealed.

"(6) Section 43 of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act (22 U.S.C.

286aa) is amended by repealing subsection (b) and by striking

'(a)'.

"(7) Section 330 of H.R. 5205 of the 99th Congress (Department

of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1987)

(22 U.S.C. 5056a) as incorporated by reference in section 101(l)

of Public Law 99-500 and Public Law 99-591, and made effective as

if enacted into law by section 106 of Public Law 100-202, is

repealed.

"(8)(A) Section 901(j)(2)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code of

1986 (26 U.S.C. 901(j)(2)(C)) is repealed.

"(B) Subparagraph (A) shall not be construed as affecting any

of the transitional rules contained in Revenue Ruling 92-62 which

apply by reason of the termination of the period for which

section 901(j) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 was

applicable to South Africa.

"(9) The table in section 502(b) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19

U.S.C. 2462(b)) is amended by striking 'Republic of South

Africa'.

"(c) Sanctions Measures Adopted by State or Local Governments or

Private Entities. -

"(1) Policy regarding rescission. - The Congress urges all

State or local governments and all private entities in the United

States that have adopted any restriction on economic interactions

with South Africa, or any policy discouraging such interaction,

to rescind such restriction or policy.

"(2) Repeal of provisions relating to withholding federal

funds. - Effective October 1, 1995, the following provisions are

repealed:

"(A) The undesignated paragraph entitled 'state and local

anti-apartheid policies' in chapter IX of the Dire Emergency

Supplemental Appropriations and Transfers, Urgent

Supplementals, and Correcting Enrollment Errors Act of 1989 (22

U.S.C. 5117).

"(B) Section 210 of the Urgent Supplemental Appropriations

Act, 1986 (100 Stat. 749).

"(d) Continuation of UN Special Sanctions. - It is the sense of

the Congress that the United States should continue to respect

United Nations Security Council resolutions on South Africa,

including the resolution providing for a mandatory embargo on arms

sales to South Africa and the resolutions relating to the import of

arms, restricting exports to the South African military and police,

and urging states to refrain from nuclear cooperation that would

contribute to the manufacture and development by South Africa of

nuclear weapons or nuclear devices.

"SEC. 5. UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE FOR THE TRANSITION TO A NONRACIAL

DEMOCRACY.

"(a) In General. - The President is authorized and encouraged to

provide assistance under chapter 10 of part I of the Foreign

Assistance Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. 2293 et seq.] (relating to the

Development Fund for Africa) or chapter 4 of part II of that Act

[22 U.S.C. 2346 et seq.] (relating to the Economic Support Fund) to

support the transition to nonracial democracy in South Africa. Such

assistance shall -

"(1) focus on building the capacity of disadvantaged South

Africans to take their rightful place in the political, social,

and economic systems of their country;

"(2) give priority to working with and through South African

nongovernmental organizations whose leadership and staff

represent the majority population and which have the support of

the disadvantaged communities being served by such organizations;

"(3) in the case of education programs -

"(A) be used to increase the capacity of South African

institutions to better serve the needs of individuals

disadvantaged by apartheid;

"(B) emphasize education within South Africa to the extent

that assistance takes the form of scholarships for

disadvantaged South African students; and

"(C) fund nontraditional training activities;

"(4) support activities to prepare South Africa for elections,

including voter and civic education programs, political party

building, and technical electoral assistance;

"(5) support activities and entities, such as the Peace Accord

structures, which are working to end the violence in South

Africa; and

"(6) support activities to promote human rights,

democratization, and a civil society.

"(b) Government of South Africa. -

"(1) Limitation on assistance. - Except as provided in

paragraph (2), assistance provided in accordance with this

section may not be made available to the Government of South

Africa, or organizations financed and substantially controlled by

that government, unless the President certifies to the Congress

that an interim government that was elected on a nonracial basis

through free and fair elections has taken office in South Africa.

"(2) Exceptions. - Notwithstanding paragraph (1), assistance

may be provided for -

"(A) the Transitional Executive Council;

"(B) South African higher education institutions,

particularly those traditionally disadvantaged by apartheid

policies; and

"(C) any other organization, entity, or activity if the

President determines that the assistance would promote the

transition to nonracial democracy in South Africa.

Any determination under subparagraph (C) should be based on

consultations with South African individuals and organizations

representative of the majority population in South Africa

(particularly consultations through the Transitional Executive

Council) and consultations with the appropriate congressional

committees.

"(c) Ineligible Organizations. -

"(1) Acts of violence. - An organization that has engaged in

armed struggle or other acts of violence shall not be eligible

for assistance provided in accordance with this section unless

that organization is committed to a suspension of violence in the

context of progress toward nonracial democracy.

"(2) Views inconsistent with democracy and free enterprise. -

Assistance provided in accordance with this section may not be

made available to any organization that has espoused views

inconsistent with democracy and free enterprise unless such

organization is engaged actively and positively in the process of

transition to a nonracial democracy and such assistance would

advance the United States objective of promoting democracy and

free enterprise in South Africa.

"SEC. 6. UNITED STATES INVESTMENT AND TRADE.

"(a) Tax Treaty. - The President should begin immediately to

negotiate a tax treaty with South Africa to facilitate United

States investment in that country.

"(b) OPIC. - The President should immediately initiate

negotiations with the Government of South Africa for an agreement

authorizing the Overseas Private Investment Corporation to carry

out programs with respect to South Africa in order to expand United

States investment in that country.

"(c) Trade and Development Agency. - In carrying out section 661

of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. 2421], the

Director of the Trade and Development Agency should provide

additional funds for activities related to projects in South

Africa.

"(d) Export-Import Bank. - The Export-Import Bank of the United

States should expand its activities in connection with exports to

South Africa.

"(e) Promoting Disadvantaged Enterprises. -

"(1) Investment and trade programs. - Each of the agencies

referred to in subsections (b) through (d) should take active

steps to encourage the use of its programs to promote business

enterprises in South Africa that are majority-owned by South

Africans disadvantaged by apartheid.

"(2) United states government procurement. - To the extent not

inconsistent with the obligations of the United States under any

international agreement, the Secretary of State and the head of

any other department or agency of the United States carrying out

activities in South Africa shall, to the maximum extent

practicable, in procuring goods or services, make affirmative

efforts to assist business enterprises having more than 50

percent beneficial ownership by South African blacks or other

nonwhite South Africans, notwithstanding any law relating to the

making or performance of, or the expenditure of funds for, United

States Government contracts.

"SEC. 7. INFORMATION AND EDUCATIONAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS.

"The Director of the United States Information Agency should use

the authorities of the United States Information and Educational

Exchange Act of 1948 [22 U.S.C. 1431 et seq.] to promote the

development of a nonracial democracy in South Africa.

"SEC. 8. OTHER COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS.

"In addition to the actions specified in the preceding sections

of this Act, the President should seek to conclude cooperative

agreements with South Africa on a range of issues, including

cultural and scientific issues.

"SEC. 9. INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS AND OTHER DONORS.

"(a) In General. - The President should encourage other donors,

particularly Japan and the European Community countries, to expand

their activities in support of the transition to nonracial

democracy in South Africa.

"(b) International Financial Institutions. - The Secretary of the

Treasury should instruct the United States Executive Director of

each relevant international financial institution, including the

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the

International Development Association, to urge that institution to

initiate or expand its lending and other financial assistance

activities to South Africa in order to support the transition to

nonracial democracy in South Africa.

"(c) Technical Assistance. - The Secretary of the Treasury should

instruct the United States Executive Director of each relevant

international financial institution to urge that institution to

fund programs to initiate or expand technical assistance to South

Africa for the purpose of training the people of South Africa in

government management techniques.

"SEC. 10. CONSULTATION WITH SOUTH AFRICANS.

"In carrying out this Act, the President should consult closely

with South African individuals and organizations representative of

the majority population in South Africa (particularly consultations

through the Transitional Executive Council) and others committed to

abolishing the remnants of apartheid."

[For abolition of United States Information Agency (other than

Broadcasting Board of Governors and International Broadcasting

Bureau), transfer of functions, and treatment of references

thereto, see sections 6531, 6532, and 6551 of this title.]

NON-FEDERAL RESTRICTIONS AND REGULATIONS

House Resolution 549, Ninety-ninth Congress, Sept. 12, 1986,

provided: "That in passing the bill, H.R. 4868, as amended by the

Senate [enacted into law as Pub. L. 99-440], it is not the intent

of the House of Representatives that the bill limit, preempt, or

affect, in any fashion, the authority of any State or local

government or the District of Columbia or of any Commonwealth,

territory, or possession of the United States or political

subdivision thereof to restrict or otherwise regulate any financial

or commercial activity respecting South Africa."

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 5002 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

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Sec. 5002. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(1), Nov. 23, 1993,

107 Stat. 1504

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 99-440, Sec. 4, Oct. 2, 1986, 100 Stat. 1089,

related to purpose of this chapter.

-End-

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22 USC SUBCHAPTER I - POLICY OF UNITED STATES WITH

RESPECT TO ENDING APARTHEID 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER I - POLICY OF UNITED STATES WITH RESPECT TO ENDING

APARTHEID

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER I - POLICY OF UNITED STATES WITH RESPECT TO ENDING

APARTHEID

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22 USC Secs. 5011 to 5020 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER I - POLICY OF UNITED STATES WITH RESPECT TO ENDING

APARTHEID

-HEAD-

Secs. 5011 to 5020. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(1), Nov.

23, 1993, 107 Stat. 1504

-MISC1-

Section 5011, Pub. L. 99-440, title I, Sec. 101, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1089, stated United States policy toward Government of

South Africa.

Section 5012, Pub. L. 99-440, title I, Sec. 102, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1090; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(3), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3515, stated United States policy toward African National

Congress, Pan African Congress, and their affiliates.

Section 5013, Pub. L. 99-440, title I, Sec. 103, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1090; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(4), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3515, stated United States policy toward victims of

apartheid.

Section 5014, Pub. L. 99-440, title I, Sec. 104, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1091; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(5), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3515, stated United States policy toward other countries in

Southern Africa.

Section 5015, Pub. L. 99-440, title I, Sec. 105, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1091; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(6), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3516, stated sense of Congress as to Presidential discussions

with "frontline" African states.

Section 5016, Pub. L. 99-440, title I, Sec. 106, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1092; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(7), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3516, stated United States policy toward negotiated

settlement.

Section 5017, Pub. L. 99-440, title I, Sec. 107, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1093, stated congressional findings and policy toward

international cooperation on measures to end apartheid.

Section 5018, Pub. L. 99-440, title I, Sec. 108, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1093, stated sense of Congress relating to "necklacing".

Section 5019, Pub. L. 99-440, title I, Sec. 109, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1093; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(8), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3516, stated sense of Congress that United States Ambassador

should meet with Nelson Mandela.

Section 5020, Pub. L. 99-440, title I, Sec. 110, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1093, stated congressional findings and sense of Congress

relating to recruitment and training of black South Africans by

United States employers.

-End-

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22 USC SUBCHAPTER II - MEASURES TO ASSIST VICTIMS OF

APARTHEID 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER II - MEASURES TO ASSIST VICTIMS OF APARTHEID

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER II - MEASURES TO ASSIST VICTIMS OF APARTHEID

-End-

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22 USC Secs. 5031, 5032 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER II - MEASURES TO ASSIST VICTIMS OF APARTHEID

-HEAD-

Secs. 5031, 5032. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(2), Nov. 23,

1993, 107 Stat. 1505

-MISC1-

Section 5031, Pub. L. 99-440, title II, Sec. 203, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1095; Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(1), Nov. 23, 1993, 107

Stat. 1504, related to expansion of participation of black and

other nonwhite South Africans in economy of South Africa.

Section 5032, Pub. L. 99-440, title II, Sec. 205, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1096, related to labor practices of United States

Government in South Africa.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective June 8, 1994, date on which President certified

to Congress that interim government, elected on nonracial basis

through free and fair elections, had taken office in South Africa,

see section 4(a)(2) of Pub. L. 103-149, set out in a Repeal of

Chapter; South African Democratic Transition Support note under

section 5001 of this title.

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 5033 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER II - MEASURES TO ASSIST VICTIMS OF APARTHEID

-HEAD-

Sec. 5033. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(1), Nov. 23, 1993,

107 Stat. 1504

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 99-440, title II, Sec. 206, Oct. 2, 1986, 100

Stat. 1097, directed Secretary of State to provide housing

assistance to employees of the United States who are victims of

apartheid.

-End-

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22 USC Secs. 5034, 5035 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER II - MEASURES TO ASSIST VICTIMS OF APARTHEID

-HEAD-

Secs. 5034, 5035. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(2), Nov. 23,

1993, 107 Stat. 1505

-MISC1-

Section 5034, Pub. L. 99-440, title II, Sec. 207, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1097; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(9), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3516, related to employment practices of United States

nationals in South Africa.

Section 5035, Pub. L. 99-440, title II, Sec. 208, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1097; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(10), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3516, related to Code of Conduct for Americans in South

Africa.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective June 8, 1994, date on which President certified

to Congress that interim government, elected on nonracial basis

through free and fair elections, had taken office in South Africa,

see section 4(a)(2) of Pub. L. 103-149, set out in a Repeal of

Chapter; South African Democratic Transition Support note under

section 5001 of this title.

-End-

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22 USC Secs. 5036 to 5039 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER II - MEASURES TO ASSIST VICTIMS OF APARTHEID

-HEAD-

Secs. 5036 to 5039. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(1), Nov.

23, 1993, 107 Stat. 1504

-MISC1-

Section 5036, Pub. L. 99-440, title II, Sec. 209, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1098, prohibited assistance under this chapter to certain

groups.

Section 5037, Pub. L. 99-440, title II, Sec. 210, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1098, authorized President to use Emergency Reserve for

African Famine Relief to meet food shortages in southern Africa.

Section 5038, Pub. L. 99-440, title II, Sec. 211, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1098, prohibited assistance under this chapter, chapter

32 of this title, or any other law to any person or group engaging

in "necklacing".

Section 5039, Pub. L. 99-440, title II, Sec. 212, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1098; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(11), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3516, related to participation of South Africa in

agricultural export credit and promotion programs conducted by

Secretary of Agriculture.

-End-

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22 USC SUBCHAPTER III - MEASURES BY UNITED STATES TO

UNDERMINE APARTHEID 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER III - MEASURES BY UNITED STATES TO UNDERMINE APARTHEID

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER III - MEASURES BY UNITED STATES TO UNDERMINE APARTHEID

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Secs. 5051 to 5072 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER III - MEASURES BY UNITED STATES TO UNDERMINE APARTHEID

-HEAD-

Secs. 5051 to 5072. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(1),

(b)(7), Nov. 23, 1993, 107 Stat. 1504, 1505

-MISC1-

Section 5051, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 301, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1099, prohibited importation of krugerrands.

Section 5052, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 302, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1099, prohibited importation of military articles.

Section 5053, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 303, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1099; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(12), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3516, prohibited importation of products from parastatal

organizations.

Section 5054, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 304, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1099, prohibited computer exports to South Africa.

Section 5055, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 305, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1100, prohibited loans to Government of South Africa.

Section 5056, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 306, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1100; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(13), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3516, prohibited air transportation with South Africa.

Section 5056a, Pub. L. 99-500, Sec. 101(l), Oct. 18, 1986, 100

Stat. 1783-308, and Pub. L. 99-591, Sec. 101(l), Oct. 30, 1986, 100

Stat. 3341-308; Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 106, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat.

1329-433, related to prohibition on landing rights of South African

aircraft.

Section 5057, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 307, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1101, prohibited nuclear trade with South Africa.

Section 5058, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 308, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1102, related to bank accounts of Government of South

Africa.

Section 5059, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 309, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1102; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(14), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3516; Pub. L. 100-418, title I, Sec. 1214(n), Aug. 23, 1988,

102 Stat. 1158, prohibited importation of uranium, coal, and

textiles from South Africa.

Section 5060, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 310, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1102, prohibited new investment in South Africa.

Section 5061, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 311, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1103, provided for termination of this subchapter and

sections 5091(c) and 5094(b) of this title, if the Government of

South Africa met five specific conditions. See Ex. Ord. No. 12769,

July 10, 1991, 56 F.R. 31855, formerly set out below.

Section 5062, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 312, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1103; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(15), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3517, stated United States policy toward violence and

terrorism in South Africa.

Section 5063, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 313, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1104; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(16), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3517, provided for termination of tax treaty and protocol.

Section 5064, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 314, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1104; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(17), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3517, prohibited procurement by United States Government from

South Africa.

Section 5065, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 315, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1104, prohibited promotion of United States tourism in

South Africa.

Section 5066, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 316, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1104, prohibited United States Government assistance to,

investment in, or subsidy for trade with, South Africa.

Section 5067, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 317, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1104; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(18), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3517, prohibited exportation of items on United States

Munitions List to South Africa.

Section 5068, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 318, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1105; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(19), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3517, provided notification procedures for proposed export of

items on United States Munitions List.

Section 5069, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 319, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1105; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(20), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3517, prohibited importation of South African agricultural

products and food.

Section 5070, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 320, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1105; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(21), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3517, prohibited importation of iron and steel from South

Africa.

Section 5071, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 321, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1105; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(22), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3518, prohibited exportation of crude oil and petroleum

products to South Africa.

Section 5072, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 322, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1105; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(23), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3518, prohibited cooperation with armed forces of South

Africa.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 5072a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER III - MEASURES BY UNITED STATES TO UNDERMINE APARTHEID

-HEAD-

Sec. 5072a. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-359, title III, Sec. 304, Oct.

14, 1994, 108 Stat. 3426

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 99-569, title I, Sec. 107, Oct. 27, 1986, 100

Stat. 3191, restricted intelligence agencies from cooperating with

Government of South Africa.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 5073 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER III - MEASURES BY UNITED STATES TO UNDERMINE APARTHEID

-HEAD-

Sec. 5073. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(1), Nov. 23, 1993,

107 Stat. 1504

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 99-440, title III, Sec. 323(a), Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1105, prohibited importation of South African sugar

products.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC SUBCHAPTER IV - MULTILATERAL MEASURES TO UNDERMINE

APARTHEID 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER IV - MULTILATERAL MEASURES TO UNDERMINE APARTHEID

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER IV - MULTILATERAL MEASURES TO UNDERMINE APARTHEID

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Secs. 5081 to 5083 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER IV - MULTILATERAL MEASURES TO UNDERMINE APARTHEID

-HEAD-

Secs. 5081 to 5083. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(1), Nov.

23, 1993, 107 Stat. 1504

-MISC1-

Section 5081, Pub. L. 99-440, title IV, Sec. 401, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1106; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(24), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3518, related to negotiating authority of President to reach

agreements on multilateral measures to undermine apartheid.

Section 5082, Pub. L. 99-440, title IV, Sec. 402, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1107; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(25), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3518, authorized President to limit imports from foreign

countries benefitting from sanctions or prohibitions imposed under

this chapter.

Section 5083, Pub. L. 99-440, title IV, Sec. 403, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1107, related to private right of action.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC SUBCHAPTER V - FUTURE POLICY TOWARD SOUTH AFRICA 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER V - FUTURE POLICY TOWARD SOUTH AFRICA

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER V - FUTURE POLICY TOWARD SOUTH AFRICA

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Secs. 5091 to 5099 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER V - FUTURE POLICY TOWARD SOUTH AFRICA

-HEAD-

Secs. 5091 to 5099. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(1), Nov.

23, 1993, 107 Stat. 1504

-MISC1-

Section 5091, Pub. L. 99-440, title V, Sec. 501, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1108; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(26), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3518, related to imposition of additional measures against

Government of South Africa.

Section 5092, Pub. L. 99-440, title V, Sec. 502, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1109; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(27), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3518, related to lifting of prohibitions contained in this

chapter.

Section 5093, Pub. L. 99-440, title V, Sec. 503, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1109, related to study of health conditions in

"homelands" areas of South Africa.

Section 5094, Pub. L. 99-440, title V, Sec. 504, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1109, related to report on imports of strategic and

critical materials from South Africa.

Section 5095, Pub. L. 99-440, title V, Sec. 505, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1109; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(28), Nov. 7, 1986, 100

Stat. 3518, related to study and report on economy of southern

Africa.

Section 5096, Pub. L. 99-440, title V, Sec. 506, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1110, related to report on relations between other

industrialized democracies and South Africa.

Section 5097, Pub. L. 99-440, title V, Sec. 507, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1110, related to study and report on deposit accounts of

South African nationals in United States banks.

Section 5098, Pub. L. 99-440, title V, Sec. 508, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1110, related to study and report on violation of

international embargo on sale and export of military articles to

South Africa.

Section 5099, Pub. L. 99-440, title V, Sec. 509, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1111, related to report on Communist activities in South

Africa.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 5100 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER V - FUTURE POLICY TOWARD SOUTH AFRICA

-HEAD-

Sec. 5100. Repealed. Pub. L. 102-182, Sec. 4, Dec. 4, 1991, 105

Stat. 1234

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 99-440, title V, Sec. 510, Oct. 2, 1986, 100

Stat. 1111; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(29), Nov. 7, 1986, 100 Stat.

3518, prohibited importation of Soviet gold coins.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 5101 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER V - FUTURE POLICY TOWARD SOUTH AFRICA

-HEAD-

Sec. 5101. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(1), Nov. 23, 1993,

107 Stat. 1504

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 99-440, title V, Sec. 512, Oct. 2, 1986, 100

Stat. 1112; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(30), Nov. 7, 1986, 100 Stat.

3519, related to report on African National Congress.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC SUBCHAPTER VI - ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE

PROVISIONS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER VI - ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER VI - ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 5111 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER VI - ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5111. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(2), Nov. 23, 1993,

107 Stat. 1505

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 99-440, title VI, Sec. 601, Oct. 2, 1986, 100

Stat. 1112, authorized President to issue rules, regulations,

licenses, and orders as necessary to carry out this chapter.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective June 8, 1994, date on which President certified

to Congress that interim government, elected on nonracial basis

through free and fair elections, had taken office in South Africa,

see section 4(a)(2) of Pub. L. 103-149, set out in a Repeal of

Chapter; South African Democratic Transition Support note under

section 5001 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 5112 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER VI - ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5112. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(1), Nov. 23, 1993,

107 Stat. 1504

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 99-440, title VI, Sec. 602, Oct. 2, 1986, 100

Stat. 1112; Pub. L. 99-631, Sec. 1(a)(31), Nov. 7, 1986, 100 Stat.

3519, related to congressional priority procedures for

consideration of certain joint resolutions under this chapter.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Secs. 5113, 5114 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER VI - ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Secs. 5113, 5114. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(2), Nov. 23,

1993, 107 Stat. 1505

-MISC1-

Section 5113, Pub. L. 99-440, title VI, Sec. 603, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1114, related to enforcement of this chapter and

penalties for noncompliance.

Section 5114, Pub. L. 99-440, title VI, Sec. 604, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1115, provided that this chapter applied to persons

undertaking transactions or activities with intent to evade this

chapter.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective June 8, 1994, date on which President certified

to Congress that interim government, elected on nonracial basis

through free and fair elections, had taken office in South Africa,

see section 4(a)(2) of Pub. L. 103-149, set out in a Repeal of

Chapter; South African Democratic Transition Support note under

section 5001 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Secs. 5115, 5116 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER VI - ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Secs. 5115, 5116. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(a)(1), Nov. 23,

1993, 107 Stat. 1504

-MISC1-

Section 5115, Pub. L. 99-440, title VI, Sec. 605, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1115, related to construction of this chapter.

Section 5116, Pub. L. 99-440, title VI, Sec. 606, Oct. 2, 1986,

100 Stat. 1115, related to penalties for application of State and

local anti-apartheid laws to certain State and local government

contracts.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 5117 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 60 - ANTI-APARTHEID PROGRAM

SUBCHAPTER VI - ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 5117. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-149, Sec. 4(c)(2)(A), Nov. 23,

1993, 107 Stat. 1506

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 101-45, title I, June 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 110,

related to State and local anti-apartheid policies.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Oct. 1, 1995, see section Sec. 4(c)(2)(A) of

Pub. L. 103-149, set out in a Repeal of Chapter; South African

Democratic Transition Support note under section 5001 of this

title.

-End-