US (United States) Code. Title 22. Chapter 57: US (United States) Scholarship Program for Developing Countries

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Foreign Relations and Intercourse

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-CITE-

22 USC CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR

DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-MISC1-

Sec.

4701. Statement of purpose.

4702. Congressional findings and declaration of policy.

4703. Scholarship program authority.

(a) In general.

(b) Form of scholarship; forgiveness of loan

repayment.

(c) Consultation.

(d) "Institution of higher education" defined.

4704. Guidelines.

4705. Authority to enter into agreements.

4706. Policy regarding other international educational

programs.

(a) AID-funded programs.

(b) USIA-funded postgraduate study in the United

States.

(c) Study by Americans in developing countries.

4707. Establishment and maintenance of counseling services.

(a) Counseling services abroad.

(b) Counseling services in the United States.

4708. J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board.

4709. General authorities.

(a) Public and private sector contributions.

(b) Utilization of returning program participants.

(c) Promotion abroad of scholarship program.

(d) Increasing United States understanding of

developing countries.

(e) Other activities to promote improved

understanding.

4710. English teaching, textbooks, and other teaching

materials.

4711. Repealed.

4712. Funding of scholarships for fiscal year 1986 and

fiscal year 1987.

(a) Central American undergraduate scholarship

program.

(b) Scholarships for students from other developing

countries.

4713. Latin American exchanges.

4714. Feasibility study of training programs in sizable

Hispanic populations.

4715. Compliance with Congressional Budget Act.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4701 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4701. Statement of purpose

-STATUTE-

The purpose of this chapter is to establish an undergraduate

scholarship program designed to bring students of limited financial

means from developing countries to the United States for study at

United States institutions of higher education.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 601, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 439.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4702 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4702. Congressional findings and declaration of policy

-STATUTE-

The Congress finds and declares that -

(1) it is in the national interest for the United States

Government to provide a stable source of financial support to

give students in developing countries the opportunity to study in

the United States, in order to improve the range and quality of

educational alternatives, increase mutual understanding, and

build lasting links between those countries and the United

States;

(2) providing scholarships to foreign students to study in the

United States has proven over time to be an effective means of

creating strong bonds between the United States and the future

leadership of developing countries and, at the same time, assists

countries substantially in their development efforts;

(3) study in United States institutions by foreign students

enhances trade and economic relationships by providing strong

English language skills and establishing professional and

business contacts;

(4) students from families of limited financial means have, in

the past, largely not had the opportunity to study in the United

States, and scholarship programs sponsored by the United States

have made no provision for identifying, preparing, or supporting

such students for study in the United States;

(5) it is essential that the United States citizenry develop

its knowledge and understanding of the developing countries and

their languages, cultures, and socioeconomic composition as these

areas assume an ever larger role in the world community;

(6) an undergraduate scholarship program for students of

limited financial means from developing countries to study in the

United States would complement current assistance efforts in the

areas of advanced education and training of people of developing

countries in such disciplines as are required for planning and

implementation of public and private development activities;

(7) the National Bipartisan Commission on Central America has

recommended a program of 10,000 United States

Government-sponsored scholarships to bring Central American

students to the United States, which program would involve

careful targeting to encourage participation by young people from

all social and economic classes, would maintain existing

admission standards by providing intensive English and other

training, and would encourage graduates to return to their home

countries after completing their education; and

(8) it is also in the interest of the United States, as well as

peaceful cooperation in the Western Hemisphere, that particular

attention be given to the students of the Caribbean region.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 602, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 439;

Pub. L. 103-199, title III, Sec. 305, Dec. 17, 1993, 107 Stat.

2324.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1993 - Pars. (6) to (10). Pub. L. 103-199 redesignated pars. (8)

to (10) as (6) to (8), respectively, and struck out former pars.

(6) and (7) which read as follows:

"(6) the number of United States Government-sponsored

scholarships for students in developing countries has been exceeded

as much as twelve times in a given year by the number of

scholarships offered by Soviet-bloc governments to students in

developing countries, and this disparity entails the serious

long-run cost of having so many of the potential future leaders of

the developing world educated in Soviet-bloc countries;

"(7) from 1972 through 1982 the Soviet Union and Eastern European

governments collectively increased their education exchange

programs to Latin America and the Caribbean by 205 percent while

those of the United States declined by 52 percent;".

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4703 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4703. Scholarship program authority

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The President, acting through the United States Information

Agency, shall provide scholarships (including partial assistance)

for undergraduate study at United States institutions of higher

education by citizens and nationals of developing countries who

have completed their secondary education and who would not

otherwise have an opportunity to study in the United States due to

financial limitations.

(b) Form of scholarship; forgiveness of loan repayment

To encourage students to use their training in their countries of

origin, each scholarship pursuant to this section shall be in the

form of a loan with all repayment to be forgiven upon the student's

prompt return to his or her country of origin for a period which is

at least one year longer than the period spent studying in the

United States. If the student is granted asylum in the United

States pursuant to section 1158 of title 8 or is admitted to the

United States as a refugee pursuant to section 1157 of title 8,

half of the repayment shall be forgiven.

(c) Consultation

Before allocating any of the funds made available to carry out

this chapter, the President shall consult with United States

institutions of higher education, educational exchange

organizations, United States missions in developing countries, and

the governments of participating countries on how to implement the

guidelines specified in section 4704 of this title.

(d) "Institution of higher education" defined

For purposes of this chapter, the term "institution of higher

education" has the same meaning as given to such term by section

1001 of title 20.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 603, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 440;

Pub. L. 105-244, title I, Sec. 102(a)(7)(D), Oct. 7, 1998, 112

Stat. 1619.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-244 substituted "section 1001"

for "section 1141(a)".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-244 effective Oct. 1, 1998, except as

otherwise provided in Pub. L. 105-244, see section 3 of Pub. L.

105-244, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20,

Education.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board

of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau) abolished and

functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6531 and

6532 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4704 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4704. Guidelines

-STATUTE-

The scholarship program under this chapter shall be carried out

in accordance with the following guidelines:

(1) Consistent with section 2460(b) (!1) of this title, all

programs created pursuant to this chapter shall be nonpolitical

and balanced, and shall be administered in keeping with the

highest standards of academic integrity.

(2) United States missions shall design ways to identify

promising students who are in secondary educational institutions,

or who have completed their secondary education, for study in the

United States. In carrying out this paragraph, the United States

mission in a country shall consult with Peace Corps volunteers

and staff assigned to that country and with private and voluntary

organizations with a proven record of providing development

assistance to developing countries.

(3) United States missions shall develop and strictly implement

specific economic need criteria. Scholarships under this chapter

may only be provided to students who meet the economic need

criteria.

(4) The program shall utilize educational institutions in the

United States and in developing countries to help participants in

the programs acquire necessary skills in English and other

appropriate education training.

(5) Each participant from a developing country shall be

selected on the basis of academic and leadership potential and

the economic, political, and social development needs of such

country. Such needs shall be determined by each United States

mission in consultation with the government of the respective

country. Scholarship opportunities shall emphasize fields that

are critical to the development of the participant's country,

including agriculture, civil engineering, communications, social

science, education, public and business administration, health,

nutrition, environmental studies, population and family planning,

and energy.

(6) The program shall be flexible in order to take advantage of

different training and educational opportunities offered by

universities, postsecondary vocational training schools, and

community colleges in the United States.

(7) The program shall be flexible with respect to the number of

years of undergraduate education financed but in no case shall

students be brought to the United States for a period less than

one year.

(8) Adequate allowance shall be made in the scholarship for the

purchase of books and related educational material relevant to

the program of study.

(9) Further allowance shall be made to provide adequate

opportunities for professional, academic, and cultural enrichment

for scholarship recipients.

(10) The program shall, to the maximum extent practicable,

offer equal opportunities for both male and female students to

study in the United States.

(11) The United States Information Agency shall recommend to

each student, who receives a scholarship under this chapter for

study at a college or university, that the student enroll in a

course on the classics of American political thought or which

otherwise emphasizes the ideas, principles, and documents upon

which the United States was founded.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 604, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 440.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 2460(b) of this title, referred to in par. (1), was

redesignated section 2460(c) of this title by Pub. L. 101-246,

title II, Sec. 204(a)(2)(A), Feb. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 50.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board

of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau) abolished and

functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6531 and

6532 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 4703, 4706, 4708, 4710 of

this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) See References in Text note below.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4705 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4705. Authority to enter into agreements

-STATUTE-

The President may enter into agreements with foreign governments

in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter. Such agreements may

provide for the creation or continuation of binational or

multinational educational and cultural foundations and commissions

for the purposes of administering programs under this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 605, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 441.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4706 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4706. Policy regarding other international educational

programs

-STATUTE-

(a) AID-funded programs

The Congress urges the administrator of the agency primarily

responsible for administering part I of the Foreign Assistance Act

of 1961 [22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.], in implementing programs

authorized under that part, to increase assistance for

undergraduate scholarships for students of limited financial means

from developing countries to study in the United States at United

States institutions of higher education. To the maximum extent

practicable, such scholarship assistance shall be furnished in

accordance with the guidelines contained in section 4704 of this

title.

(b) USIA-funded postgraduate study in the United States

The Congress urges the Director of the United States Information

Agency to expand opportunities for students of limited financial

means from developing countries to receive financial assistance for

postgraduate study at United States institutions of higher

education.

(c) Study by Americans in developing countries

The Congress urges the President to take such steps as are

necessary to expand the opportunities for Americans from all

economic classes to study in developing countries.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 606, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 442.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, referred to in subsec. (a),

is Pub. L. 87-195, Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 424, as amended. Part I

of the Act is classified generally to subchapter I (Sec. 2151 et

seq.) of chapter 32 of this title. For provisions deeming

references to subchapter I to include parts IV (Sec. 2346 et seq.),

VI (Sec. 2348 et seq.), and VIII (Sec. 2349aa et seq.) of

subchapter II of chapter 32, see section 202(b) of Pub. L. 92-228,

set out as a note under section 2346 of this title, and sections

2348c and 2349aa-5 of this title. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2151 of this title and Tables.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board

of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau) abolished and

functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6531 and

6532 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4707 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4707. Establishment and maintenance of counseling services

-STATUTE-

(a) Counseling services abroad

For the purpose of assisting foreign students in choosing fields

of study, selecting appropriate institutions of higher education,

and preparing for their stay in the United States, the President

may make suitable arrangements for counseling and orientation

services abroad.

(b) Counseling services in the United States

For the purposes of assisting foreign students in making the best

use of their opportunities while attending United States

institutions of higher education, and assisting such students in

directing their talents and initiative into channels which will

make them more effective leaders upon return to their native lands,

the President may make suitable arrangements (by contract or

otherwise) for the establishment and maintenance of adequate

counseling services at United States institutions of higher

education which are attended by foreign students.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 607, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 442.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4708 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4708. J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board

-STATUTE-

The J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board shall advise

and assist the President in the discharge of the scholarship

program carried out pursuant to this chapter, in accordance with

the guidelines set forth in section 4704 of this title. The

President may provide for such additional secretarial and staff

assistance for the Board as may be required to carry out this

chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 608, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 442;

Pub. L. 101-246, title II, Sec. 204(c), Feb. 16, 1990, 104 Stat.

50.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1990 - Pub. L. 101-246 substituted "J. William Fulbright Foreign

Scholarship Board" for "Board of Foreign Scholarships" in section

catchline and in text.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4709 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4709. General authorities

-STATUTE-

(a) Public and private sector contributions

The public and private sectors in the United States and in the

developing countries shall be encouraged to contribute to the costs

of the scholarship program financed under this chapter.

(b) Utilization of returning program participants

The President shall seek to engage the public and private sectors

of developing countries in programs to maximize the utilization of

recipients of scholarships under this chapter upon their return to

their own countries.

(c) Promotion abroad of scholarship program

The President may provide for publicity and promotion abroad of

the scholarship program provided for in this chapter.

(d) Increasing United States understanding of developing countries

The President shall encourage United States institutions of

higher education, which are attended by students from developing

countries who receive scholarships under this chapter, to provide

opportunities for United States citizens attending those

institutions to develop their knowledge and understanding of the

developing countries, and the languages and cultures of those

countries, represented by those foreign students.

(e) Other activities to promote improved understanding

Funds allocated by the United States Information Agency, or the

agency primarily responsible for carrying out part I of the Foreign

Assistance Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.], for scholarships

in accordance with this chapter shall be available to enhance the

educational training and capabilities of the people of Latin

America and the Caribbean and to promote better understanding

between the United States and Latin America and the Caribbean

through programs of cooperation, study, training, and research.

Such funds may be used for program and administrative costs for

institutions carrying out such programs.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 609, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 442.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, referred to in subsec. (e),

is Pub. L. 87-195, Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 424, as amended. Part I

of the Act is classified generally to subchapter I (Sec. 2151 et

seq.) of chapter 32 of this title. For provisions deeming

references to subchapter I to include parts IV (Sec. 2346 et seq.),

VI (Sec. 2348 et seq.), and VIII (Sec. 2349aa et seq.) of

subchapter II of chapter 32, see section 202(b) of Pub. L. 92-228,

set out as a note under section 2346 of this title, and sections

2348c and 2349aa-5 of this title. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2151 of this title and Tables.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board

of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau) abolished and

functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6531 and

6532 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4710 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4710. English teaching, textbooks, and other teaching

materials

-STATUTE-

Wherever adequate facilities or materials are not available to

carry out the purposes of paragraph (4) of section 4704 of this

title in the participant's country and the President determines

that the purposes of this chapter are best served by providing the

preliminary training in the participant's country, the President

may (by purchase, contract, or other appropriate means) provide the

necessary materials and instructors to achieve such purpose.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 610, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 443.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4711 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4711. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-236, title I, Sec. 139(13), Apr.

30, 1994, 108 Stat. 398

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 611, Aug. 16, 1985, 99

Stat. 443, required annual report to Congress on activities and

expenditures pursuant to this chapter.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4712 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4712. Funding of scholarships for fiscal year 1986 and fiscal

year 1987

-STATUTE-

(a) Central American undergraduate scholarship program

The undergraduate scholarship program financed by the United

States Information Agency for students from Central America for

fiscal year 1986 and fiscal year 1987 shall be conducted in

accordance with this chapter.

(b) Scholarships for students from other developing countries

Any funds appropriated to the United States Information Agency

for fiscal year 1986 or fiscal year 1987 for any purpose (other

than funds appropriated for educational exchange programs under

section 2452(a)(1) of this title (!1) may be used to carry out this

chapter with respect to students from developing countries outside

Central America.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 612, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 443.)

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board

of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau) abolished and

functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6531 and

6532 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a closing

parenthesis.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4713 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4713. Latin American exchanges

-STATUTE-

Of any funds authorized to be appropriated for activities

authorized by this chapter, not less than 25 percent shall be

allocated to fund grants and exchanges to Latin America and the

Caribbean.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 613, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 444.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4714 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4714. Feasibility study of training programs in sizable

Hispanic populations

-STATUTE-

No later than December 15, 1985, the Director of the United

States Information Agency and the Administrator of the Agency for

International Development shall report jointly, to the chairman of

the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the chairman

of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of

Representatives, on the feasibility of greater utilization in those

two agencies' scholarship and participant training programs of the

United States universities in States bordering Latin American and

Caribbean (!1) which are located in areas characterized by the

presence of sizable Hispanic populations.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 614, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 444.)

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives treated

as referring to Committee on International Relations of House of

Representatives by section 1(a) of Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a

note preceding section 21 of Title 2, The Congress.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board

of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau) abolished and

functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6531 and

6532 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be "Latin America and the

Caribbean".

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4715 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 57 - UNITED STATES SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPING

COUNTRIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 4715. Compliance with Congressional Budget Act

-STATUTE-

Any authority provided by this chapter to enter into contracts

shall be effective only -

(1) to the extent that the budget authority for the obligation

to make outlays, which is created by the contract, has been

provided in advance by an appropriation Act; or

(2) to the extent or in such amounts as are provided in advance

in appropriation Acts.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 99-93, title VI, Sec. 615, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 444.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Congressional Budget Act, referred to in section catchline,

probably means the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, titles I

through IX of Pub. L. 93-344, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 297, as

amended. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see

Short Title note set out under section 621 of Title 2, The

Congress, and Tables.

-End-