US (United States) Code. Title 22. Chapter 56: US (United States) Institute of Peace

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Foreign Relations and Intercourse

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publicidad

-CITE-

22 USC CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-MISC1-

Sec.

4601. Congressional declaration of findings and purposes.

4602. Definitions.

4603. United States Institute of Peace.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Status; restrictions.

(c) Establishment and functions of an "Endowment of

the United States Institute for Peace".

(d) Liability for acts within scope of authority.

(e) Trade name and trademark rights; vested rights

protected; condition for use of Federal

identity.

4604. Powers and duties.

(a) District of Columbia nonprofit-corporative

powers.

(b) Description of specific activities.

(c) Annual award of Spark M. Matsunaga Medal of

Peace.

(d) Description of extension and outreach

activities.

(e) Services for Federal agencies.

(f) Contracts for operation of Institute.

(g) Personnel; administrative assistance.

(h) Grants and contracts; gifts and contributions;

domestic and foreign restrictions.

(i) Fees for periodicals and other materials.

(j) Participation fees and costs.

(k) Civil actions.

(l) Corporate mark of recognition and colorable

simulations.

(m) General authority.

(n) Legislative influencing-activity prohibition;

communications or testimony of personnel.

(o) Administrative services from General Services

Administration.

4605. Board of Directors.

(a) Vested powers.

(b) Membership.

(c) Political affiliation.

(d) Qualifications.

(e) Term of office: commencement and termination,

interim and remainder service, limitation.

(f) Removal from office.

(g) Conflict of interests.

(h) Meetings; Chairman; Vice Chairman; quorum;

notice in Federal Register; closure.

(i) Compensation.

(j) Travel expenses.

4606. Officers and employees.

(a) Appointment, compensation and status of

president of Institute and other officers.

(b) Authorization of activities.

(c) Appointment, compensation and status of

personnel.

(d) Assignment of Federal officers or employees to

the Institute.

(e) Dual compensation restriction.

(f) Federal employment status only for stated

purposes.

(g) Distributions prohibited during life or upon

dissolution or liquidation of Institute or

legal entity; compensation for services or

expenses.

(h) Loans prohibition; joint and several liability.

4607. Procedures and records.

(a) Monitoring and evaluation of programs.

(b) Suspension procedures.

(c) Selection considerations.

(d) Accounts of receipts and disbursements;

financial reports.

(e) Minutes of proceedings.

(f) Record and inspection of required items.

(g) Audits.

(h) Report of audit to Congress; copies for public.

(i) Freedom of information provisions applicable.

4608. Independence and limitations.

4609. Funding.

(a) Authorization of appropriations.

(b) Transfer of unobligated funds; reports of use

of funds to Congress and President.

(c) Contractual authority.

4610. Dissolution or liquidation.

4611. Biennial reports to President and Congress; comments,

findings, and recommendations; Congressional

Committee hearings.

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4601 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4601. Congressional declaration of findings and purposes

-STATUTE-

(a) The Congress finds and declares that -

(1) a living institution embodying the heritage, ideals, and

concerns of the American people for peace would be a significant

response to the deep public need for the Nation to develop fully

a range of effective options, in addition to armed capacity, that

can leash international violence and manage international

conflict;

(2) people throughout the world are fearful of nuclear war, are

divided by war and threats of war, are experiencing social and

cultural hostilities from rapid international change and real and

perceived conflicts over interests, and are diverted from peace

by the lack of problem-solving skills for dealing with such

conflicts;

(3) many potentially destructive conflicts among nations and

peoples have been resolved constructively and with cost

efficiency at the international, national, and community levels

through proper use of such techniques as negotiation,

conciliation, mediation, and arbitration;

(4) there is a national need to examine the disciplines in the

social, behavioral, and physical sciences and the arts and

humanities with regard to the history, nature, elements, and

future of peace processes, and to bring together and develop new

and tested techniques to promote peaceful economic, political,

social, and cultural relations in the world;

(5) existing institutions providing programs in international

affairs, diplomacy, conflict resolution, and peace studies are

essential to further development of techniques to promote

peaceful resolution of international conflict, and the

peacemaking activities of people in such institutions,

government, private enterprise, and voluntary associations can be

strengthened by a national institution devoted to international

peace research, education and training, and information services;

(6) there is a need for Federal leadership to expand and

support the existing international peace and conflict resolution

efforts of the Nation and to develop new comprehensive peace

education and training programs, basic and applied research

projects, and programs providing peace information;

(7) the Commission on Proposals for the National Academy of

Peace and Conflict Resolution, created by the Education

Amendments of 1978, recommended establishing an academy as a

highly desirable investment to further the Nation's interest in

promoting international peace;

(8) an institute strengthening and symbolizing the fruitful

relation between the world of learning and the world of public

affairs, would be the most efficient and immediate means for the

Nation to enlarge its capacity to promote the peaceful resolution

of international conflicts; and

(9) the establishment of such an institute is an appropriate

investment by the people of this Nation to advance the history,

science, art, and practice of international peace and the

resolution of conflicts among nations without the use of

violence.

(b) It is the purpose of this chapter to establish an

independent, nonprofit, national institute to serve the people and

the Government through the widest possible range of education and

training, basic and applied research opportunities, and peace

information services on the means to promote international peace

and the resolution of conflicts among the nations and peoples of

the world without recourse to violence.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-525, title XVII, Sec. 1702, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2649.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Education Amendments of 1978, referred to in subsec. (a)(7),

is Pub. L. 95-561, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 2143, as amended. Part B

(Secs. 1511-1519) of title XV of Pub. L. 95-561, which provided for

the Commission on Proposals for the National Academy of Peace and

Conflict Resolution, was set out as a note under section 1123 of

Title 20, Education. For complete classification of this Act to the

Code, see Short Title of 1978 Amendment note under section 6301 of

Title 20 and Tables.

-MISC1-

SHORT TITLE

Section 1701 of title XVII of Pub. L. 98-525 provided that: "This

title [enacting this chapter] may be cited as the 'United States

Institute of Peace Act'."

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4602 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4602. Definitions

-STATUTE-

As used in this chapter, the term -

(1) "Institute" means the United States Institute of Peace

established by this chapter; and

(2) "Board" means the Board of Directors of the Institute.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-525, title XVII, Sec. 1703, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2651.)

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4603 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4603. United States Institute of Peace

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

There is hereby established the United States Institute of Peace.

(b) Status; restrictions

The Institute is an independent nonprofit corporation and an

organization described in section 170(c)(2)(B) of title 26. The

Institute does not have the power to issue any shares of stock or

to declare or pay any dividends.

(c) Establishment and functions of an "Endowment of the United

States Institute for Peace"

As determined by the Board, the Institute may establish, under

the laws of the District of Columbia, a legal entity which is

capable of receiving, holding, and investing public funds for

purposes in furtherance of the Institute under this chapter. The

Institute may designate such legal entity as the "Endowment of the

United States Institute for Peace".

(d) Liability for acts within scope of authority

The Institute is liable for the acts of its directors, officers,

employees, and agents when acting within the scope of their

authority.

(e) Trade name and trademark rights; vested rights protected;

condition for use of Federal identity

(1) The Institute has the sole and exclusive right to use and to

allow or refuse others the use of the terms "United States

Institute of Peace", "Jennings Randolph Program for International

Peace", "Spark M. Matsunaga Medal of Peace", and "Endowment of the

United States Institute of Peace" and the use of any official

United States Institute of Peace emblem, badge, seal, and other

mark of recognition or any colorable simulation thereof. No powers

or privileges hereby granted shall interfere or conflict with

established or vested rights secured as of September 1, 1981.

(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the

Institute may use "United States" or "U.S." or any other reference

to the United States Government or Nation in its title or in its

corporate seal, emblem, badge, or other mark of recognition or

colorable simulation thereof in any fiscal year only if there is an

authorization of appropriations for the Institute for such fiscal

year provided by law.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-525, title XVII, Sec. 1704, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2651; Pub. L. 99-514, Sec. 2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095; Pub.

L. 101-520, title III, Sec. 319(b), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2285.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1990 - Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 101-520 inserted reference to

Spark M. Matsunaga Medal of Peace.

1986 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99-514 substituted "Internal Revenue

Code of 1986" for "Internal Revenue Code of 1954", which for

purposes of codification was translated as "title 26" thus

requiring no change in text.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 4604, 4609 of this title.

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4604 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4604. Powers and duties

-STATUTE-

(a) District of Columbia nonprofit-corporative powers

The Institute may exercise the powers conferred upon a nonprofit

corporation by the District of Columbia Nonprofit Corporation Act

consistent with this chapter, except for section 5(o) of the

District of Columbia Nonprofit Corporation Act.

(b) Description of specific activities

The Institute, acting through the Board, may -

(1) establish a Jennings Randolph Program for International

Peace and appoint, for periods up to two years, scholars and

leaders in peace from the United States and abroad to pursue

scholarly inquiry and other appropriate forms of communication on

international peace and conflict resolution and, as appropriate,

provide stipends, grants, fellowships, and other support to the

leaders and scholars;

(2) enter into formal and informal relationships with other

institutions, public and private, for purposes not inconsistent

with this chapter;

(3) establish a Jeannette Rankin Research Program on Peace to

conduct research and make studies, particularly of an

interdisciplinary or of a multidisciplinary nature, into the

causes of war and other international conflicts and the elements

of peace among the nations and peoples of the world, including

peace theories, methods, techniques, programs, and systems, and

into the experiences of the United States and other nations in

resolving conflicts with justice and dignity and without violence

as they pertain to the advancement of international peace and

conflict resolution, placing particular emphasis on realistic

approaches to past successes and failures in the quest for peace

and arms control and utilizing to the maximum extent possible

United States Government documents and classified materials from

the Department of State, the Department of Defense, the Arms

Control and Disarmament Agency, and the intelligence community;

(4) develop programs to make international peace and conflict

resolution research, education, and training more available and

useful to persons in government, private enterprise, and

voluntary associations, including the creation of handbooks and

other practical materials;

(5) provide, promote, and support peace education and research

programs at graduate and postgraduate levels;

(6) conduct training, symposia, and continuing education

programs for practitioners, policymakers, policy implementers,

and citizens and noncitizens directed to developing their skills

in international peace and conflict resolution;

(7) develop, for publication or other public communication, and

disseminate, the carefully selected products of the Institute;

(8) establish a clearinghouse and other means for disseminating

information, including classified information that is properly

safeguarded, from the field of peace learning to the public and

to government personnel with appropriate security clearances;

(9) secure directly, upon request of the president of the

Institute to the head of any Federal department or agency and in

accordance with section 552 of title 5 (relating to freedom of

information), information necessary to enable the Institute to

carry out the purposes of this chapter if such release of the

information would not unduly interfere with the proper

functioning of a department or agency, including classified

information if the Institute staff and members of the Board who

have access to such classified information obtain appropriate

security clearances from the Department of Defense and the

Department of State; and

(10) establish the Spark M. Matsunaga Scholars Program, which

shall include the provision of scholarships and educational

programs in international peace and conflict management and

related fields for outstanding secondary school students and the

provision of scholarships to outstanding undergraduate students,

with program participants and recipients of such scholarships to

be known as "Spark M. Matsunaga Scholars".

(c) Annual award of Spark M. Matsunaga Medal of Peace

(1)(A) The Institute, acting through the Board, may each year

make an award to such person or persons who it determines to have

contributed in extraordinary ways to peace among the nations and

peoples of the world, giving special attention to contributions

that advance society's knowledge and skill in peacemaking and

conflict management. The award shall include the public

presentation to such person or persons of the Spark M. Matsunaga

Medal of Peace and a cash award in an amount of not to exceed

$25,000 for any recipient.

(B)(i) The Secretary of the Treasury shall strike the Spark M.

Matsunaga Medal of Peace with suitable emblems, devices, and

inscriptions which capture the goals for which the Medal is

presented. The design of the medals shall be determined by the

Secretary of the Treasury in consultation with the Board and the

Commission of Fine Arts.

(ii) The Spark M. Matsunaga Medal of Peace shall be struck in

bronze and in the size determined by the Secretary of the Treasury

in consultation with the Board.

(iii) The appropriate account of the Treasury of the United

States shall be reimbursed for costs incurred in carrying out this

subparagraph out of funds appropriated pursuant to section

4609(a)(1) of this title.

(2) The Board shall establish an advisory panel composed of

persons eminent in peacemaking, diplomacy, public affairs, and

scholarship, and such advisory panel shall advise the Board during

its consideration of the selection of the recipient of the award.

(3) The Institute shall inform the Committee on Foreign Relations

and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate and

the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Education and

Labor of the House of Representatives about the selection

procedures it intends to follow, together with any other matters

relevant to making the award and emphasizing its prominence and

significance.

(d) Description of extension and outreach activities

The Institute may undertake extension and outreach activities

under this chapter by making grants and entering into contracts

with institutions of postsecondary, community, secondary, and

elementary education (including combinations of such institutions),

with public and private educational, training, or research

institutions (including the American Federation of Labor-the

Congress of Industrial Organizations) and libraries, and with

public departments and agencies (including State and territorial

departments of education and of commerce). No grant may be made to

an institution unless it is a nonprofit or official public

institution, and at least one-fourth of the Institute's annual

appropriations shall be paid to such nonprofit and official public

institutions. A grant or contract may be made to -

(1) initiate, strengthen, and support basic and applied

research on international peace and conflict resolution;

(2) promote and advance the study of international peace and

conflict resolution by educational, training, and research

institutions, departments, and agencies;

(3) educate the Nation about and educate and train individuals

in peace and conflict resolution theories, methods, techniques,

programs, and systems;

(4) assist the Institute in its publication, clearinghouse, and

other information services programs;

(5) assist the Institute in the study of conflict resolution

between free trade unions and Communist-dominated organizations

in the context of the global struggle for the protection of human

rights; and

(6) promote the other purposes of this chapter.

(e) Services for Federal agencies

The Institute may respond to the request of a department or

agency of the United States Government to investigate, examine,

study, and report on any issue within the Institute's competence,

including the study of past negotiating histories and the use of

classified materials.

(f) Contracts for operation of Institute

The Institute may enter into personal service and other contracts

for the proper operation of the Institute.

(g) Personnel; administrative assistance

The Institute may fix the duties of its officers, employees, and

agents, and establish such advisory committees, councils, or other

bodies, as the efficient administration of the business and

purposes of the Institute may require.

(h) Grants and contracts; gifts and contributions; domestic and

foreign restrictions

(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), the Institute

may obtain grants and contracts, including contracts for classified

research for the Department of State, the Department of Defense,

the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and the intelligence

community, and receive gifts and contributions from government at

all levels.

(2) The Institute and the legal entity described in section

4603(c) of this title may not accept any gift, contribution or

grant from a foreign government, any agency or instrumentality of

such government, any international organization, or any corporation

or other legal entity in which natural persons who are nationals of

a foreign country own, directly or indirectly, more than 50 percent

of the outstanding capital stock or other beneficial interest in

such legal entity.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the

Institute and the legal entity described in section 4603(c) of this

title may not obtain any grant or contract or receive any gift or

contribution from any private agency, organization, corporation or

other legal entity, institution, or individual, except such

Institute or legal entity may accept such a gift or contribution to

-

(A) purchase, lease for purchase, or otherwise acquire,

construct, improve, furnish, or maintain a suitable permanent

headquarters, any related facility, or any site or sites for such

facilities for the Institute and the legal entity described in

section 4603(c) of this title; or

(B) provide program-related hospitality, including such

hospitality connected with the presentation of the Spark M.

Matsunaga Medal of Peace.

(i) Fees for periodicals and other materials

The Institute may charge and collect subscription fees and

develop, for publication or other public communication, and

disseminate, periodicals and other materials.

(j) Participation fees and costs

The Institute may charge and collect fees and other participation

costs from persons and institutions participating in the

Institute's direct activities authorized in subsection (b) of this

section.

(k) Civil actions

The Institute may sue and be sued, complain, and defend in any

court of competent jurisdiction.

(g742l) Corporate mark of recognition and colorable simulations

The Institute may adopt, alter, use, and display a corporate

seal, emblem, badge, and other mark of recognition and colorable

simulations thereof.

(m) General authority

The Institute may do any and all lawful acts and things necessary

or desirable to carry out the objectives and purposes of this

chapter.

(n) Legislative influencing-activity prohibition; communications or

testimony of personnel

The Institute shall not itself undertake to influence the passage

or defeat of any legislation by the Congress of the United States

or by any State or local legislative bodies, or by the United

Nations, except that personnel of the Institute may testify or make

other appropriate communication when formally requested to do so by

a legislative body, a committee, or a member thereof.

(g742o) Administrative services from General Services

Administration

The Institute may obtain administrative support services from the

Administrator of General Services and use all sources of supply and

services of the General Services Administration on a reimbursable

basis.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-525, title XVII, Sec. 1705, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2651; Pub. L. 100-50, Sec. 25, June 3, 1987, 101 Stat. 363; Pub. L.

100-418, title VI, Sec. 6272, Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1523; Pub.

L. 101-520, title III, Sec. 319(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2284;

Pub. L. 102-325, title XV, Sec. 1554(b), (c), July 23, 1992, 106

Stat. 839; Pub. L. 105-244, title IX, Sec. 931(1), Oct. 7, 1998,

112 Stat. 1834.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The District of Columbia Nonprofit Corporation Act, referred to

in subsec. (a), is Pub. L. 87-569, Aug. 6, 1962, 76 Stat. 265, as

amended, which is not classified to the Code.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 105-244, Sec. 931(1)(A), inserted

"personal service and other" after "may enter into".

Subsec. (o). Pub. L. 105-244, Sec. 931(1)(B), inserted "and use

all sources of supply and services of the General Services

Administration" after "Services".

1992 - Subsec. (b)(10). Pub. L. 102-325, Sec. 1554(b), added par.

(10).

Subsec. (h)(2). Pub. L. 102-325, Sec. 1554(c)(1), amended par.

(2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: "The

Institute may not accept any gift, contribution, or grant from, or

enter into any contract with, a foreign government, any agency or

instrumentality of such government, any international organization,

or any foreign national, except that the Institute may accept the

payment of tuition by foreign nationals for instruction provided by

the Institute. For purposes of this paragraph, the term -

"(A) 'foreign national' means -

"(i) a natural person who is a citizen of a foreign country

or who owes permanent allegiance to a foreign country; and

"(ii) a corporation or other legal entity in which natural

persons who are nationals of a foreign country own, directly or

indirectly, more than 50 percent of the outstanding capital

stock or other beneficial interest in such legal entity; and

"(B) 'person' means a natural person, partnership, association,

other unincorporated body, or corporation."

Subsec. (h)(3). Pub. L. 102-325, Sec. 1554(c)(2), substituted at

end "individual, except such Institute or legal entity may accept

such a gift or contribution to - " for "individual." and added

subpars. (A) and (B).

1990 - Subsec. (b)(9), (10). Pub. L. 101-520, Sec. 319(a)(1),

redesignated par. (10) as (9) and struck out former par. (9) which

read as follows: "recommend to the Congress the establishment of a

United States Medal of Peace to be awarded under such procedures as

the Congress may determine, except that no person associated with

the Institute may receive the United States Medal of Peace; and".

Subsecs. (c) to (o). Pub. L. 101-520, Sec. 319(a)(2), (3), added

subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsecs. (c) to (n) as (d) to

(o), respectively.

1988 - Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 100-418 made technical amendment

to directory language of Pub. L. 100-50, see 1987 Amendment note

below.

1987 - Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 100-50, as amended by Pub. L.

100-418, inserted "establish a Jeannette Rankin Research Program on

Peace to" before "conduct research".

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives treated

as referring to Committee on International Relations of House of

Representatives and Committee on Education and Labor of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Economic and

Educational Opportunities of House of Representatives by section

1(a) of Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of

Title 2, The Congress. Committee on Economic and Educational

Opportunities of House of Representatives changed to Committee on

Education and the Workforce of House of Representatives by House

Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Jan. 7, 1997.

-MISC2-

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-244 effective Oct. 1, 1998, except as

otherwise provided in Pub. L. 105-244, see section 3 of Pub. L.

105-244, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20,

Education.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1992 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 102-325 effective Oct. 1, 1992, see section

2 of Pub. L. 102-325, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title

20, Education.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1987 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 100-50 effective as if enacted as part of

the Higher Education Amendments of 1986, Pub. L. 99-498, see

section 27 of Pub. L. 100-50, set out as a note under section 1001

of Title 20, Education.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency abolished and

functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6511 and

6512 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 4606 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4605 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4605. Board of Directors

-STATUTE-

(a) Vested powers

The powers of the Institute shall be vested in a Board of

Directors unless otherwise specified in this chapter.

(b) Membership

The Board shall consist of fifteen voting members as follows:

(1) The Secretary of State (or if the Secretary so designates,

another officer of the Department of State who was appointed with

the advice and consent of the Senate).

(2) The Secretary of Defense (or if the Secretary so

designates, another officer of the Department of Defense who was

appointed with the advice and consent of the Senate).

(3) The president of the National Defense University (or if the

president so designates, the vice president of the National

Defense University).

(4) Twelve individuals appointed by the President, by and with

the advice and consent of the Senate.

(c) Political affiliation

Not more than eight voting members of the Board (including

members described in paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (b)

of this section) may be members of the same political party.

(d) Qualifications

(1) Each individual appointed to the Board under subsection

(b)(5) of this section shall have appropriate practical or academic

experience in peace and conflict resolution efforts of the United

States.

(2) Officers and employees of the United States Government may

not be appointed to the Board under subsection (b)(5) of this

section.

(e) Term of office: commencement and termination, interim and

remainder service, limitation

(1) Members of the Board appointed under subsection (b)(5) of

this section shall be appointed to four year terms, except that -

(A) the term of six of the members initially appointed shall be

two years, as designated by the President at the time of their

nomination;

(B) a member may continue to serve until his or her successor

is appointed; and

(C) a member appointed to replace a member whose term has not

expired shall be appointed to serve the remainder of that term.

(2) The terms of the members of the Board initially appointed

under subsection (b)(5) of this section shall begin on January 20,

1985, and subsequent terms shall begin upon the expiration of the

preceding term, regardless of when a member is appointed to fill

that term.

(3) The President may not nominate an individual for appointment

to the Board under subsection (b)(5) of this section prior to

January 20, 1985, but shall submit the names of eleven nominees for

initial Board membership under subsection (b)(5) of this section

not later than ninety days after that date. If the Senate rejects

such a nomination or if such a nomination is withdrawn, the

President shall submit the name of a new nominee within fifteen

days.

(4) An individual appointed as a member of the Board under

subsection (b)(5) of this section may not be appointed to more than

two terms on the Board.

(f) Removal from office

A member of the Board appointed under subsection (b)(5) of this

section may be removed by the President -

(1) in consultation with the Board, for conviction of a felony,

malfeasance in office, persistent neglect of duties, or inability

to discharge duties;

(2) upon the recommendation of eight voting members of the

Board; or

(3) upon the recommendation of a majority of the members of the

Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Education and

Labor of the House of Representatives and a majority of the

members of the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee

on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate.

A recommendation made in accordance with paragraph (2) may be made

only pursuant to action taken at a meeting of the Board, which may

be closed pursuant to the procedures of subsection (h)(3) of this

section. Only members who are present may vote. A record of the

vote shall be maintained. The President shall be informed

immediately by the Board of the recommendation.

(g) Conflict of interests

No member of the Board may participate in any decision, action,

or recommendation with respect to any matter which directly and

financially benefits the member or pertains specifically to any

public body or any private or nonprofit firm or organization with

which the member is then formally associated or has been formally

associated within a period of two years, except that this

subsection shall not be construed to prohibit an ex officio member

of the Board from participation in actions of the Board which

pertain specifically to the public body of which that member is an

officer.

(h) Meetings; Chairman; Vice Chairman; quorum; notice in Federal

Register; closure

Meetings of the Board shall be conducted as follows:

(1) The President shall stipulate by name the nominee who shall

be the first Chairman of the Board. The first Chairman shall

serve for a term of three years. Thereafter, the Board shall

elect a Chairman every three years from among the directors

appointed by the President under subsection (b)(5) of this

section and may elect a Vice Chairman if so provided by the

Institute's bylaws.

(2) The Board shall meet at least semiannually, at any time

pursuant to the call of the Chairman or as requested in writing

to the Chairman by at least five members of the Board. A majority

of the members of the Board shall constitute a quorum for any

Board meeting.

(3) All meetings of the Board shall be open to public

observation and shall be preceded by reasonable public notice.

Notice in the Federal Register shall be deemed to be reasonable

public notice for purposes of the preceding sentence. In

exceptional circumstances, the Board may close those portions of

a meeting, upon a majority vote of its members present and with

the vote taken in public session, which are likely to disclose

information likely to affect adversely any ongoing peace

proceeding or activity or to disclose information or matters

exempted from public disclosure pursuant to subsection (c) of

section 552b of title 5.

(i) Compensation

A director appointed by the President under subsection (b)(5) of

this section shall be entitled to receive the daily equivalent of

the annual rate of basic pay in effect for grade GS-18 of the

General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5 for each day during

which the director is engaged in the performance of duties as a

member of the Board.

(j) Travel expenses

While away from his home or regular place of business in the

performance of duties for the Institute, a director shall be

allowed travel expenses, including a per diem in lieu of

subsistence, not to exceed the expenses allowed persons employed

intermittently in Government service under section 5703(b) (!1) of

title 5.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-525, title XVII, Sec. 1706, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2654; Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII, Sec.

1225(c)(1), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-773.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 5703 of title 5, referred to in subsec. (j), was amended

generally by Pub. L. 94-22, Sec. 4, May 19, 1975, 89 Stat. 85, and,

as so amended, does not contain a subsec. (b).

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1225(c)(1),

redesignated par. (4) as (3) and struck out former par. (3) which

read as follows: "The Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament

Agency (or if the Director so designates, another officer of that

Agency who was appointed with the advice and consent of the

Senate)."

Subsec. (b)(4), (5). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1225(c)(1)(B), (C),

redesignated par. (5) as (4) and substituted "Twelve" for "Eleven".

Former par. (4) redesignated (3).

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives treated

as referring to Committee on International Relations of House of

Representatives and Committee on Education and Labor of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Economic and

Educational Opportunities of House of Representatives by section

1(a) of Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of

Title 2, The Congress. Committee on Economic and Educational

Opportunities of House of Representatives changed to Committee on

Education and the Workforce of House of Representatives by House

Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Jan. 7, 1997.

-MISC2-

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

REFERENCES IN OTHER LAWS TO GS-16, 17, OR 18 PAY RATES

References in laws to the rates of pay for GS-16, 17, or 18, or

to maximum rates of pay under the General Schedule, to be

considered references to rates payable under specified sections of

Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, see section 529

[title I, Sec. 101(c)(1)] of Pub. L. 101-509, set out in a note

under section 5376 of Title 5.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) See References in Text note below.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4606 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4606. Officers and employees

-STATUTE-

(a) Appointment, compensation and status of president of Institute

and other officers

The Board shall appoint the president of the Institute and such

other officers as the Board determines to be necessary. The

president of the Institute shall be a nonvoting ex officio member

of the Board. All officers shall serve at the pleasure of the

Board. The president shall be appointed for an explicit term of

years. Notwithstanding any other provision of law limiting the

payment of compensation, the president and other officers appointed

by the Board shall be compensated at rates determined by the Board,

but no greater than that payable for level I of the Executive

Schedule under chapter 53 of title 5.

(b) Authorization of activities

Subject to the provisions of section 4604(h)(3) of this title,

the Board shall authorize the president and any other officials or

employees it designates to receive and disburse public moneys,

obtain and make grants, enter into contracts, establish and collect

fees, and undertake all other activities necessary for the

efficient and proper functioning of the Institute.

(c) Appointment, compensation and status of personnel

The president, subject to Institute's bylaws and general policies

established by the Board, may appoint, fix the compensation of, and

remove such employees of the Institute as the president determines

necessary to carry out the purposes of the Institute. In

determining employee rates of compensation, the president shall be

governed by the provisions of title 5 relating to classification

and General Schedule pay rates.

(d) Assignment of Federal officers or employees to the Institute

(1) The president may request the assignment of any Federal

officer or employee to the Institute by an appropriate department,

agency, or congressional official or Member of Congress and may

enter into an agreement for such assignment, if the affected

officer or employee agrees to such assignment and such assignment

causes no prejudice to the salary, benefits, status, or advancement

within the department, agency, or congressional staff of such

officer or employee.

(2) The Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, and the

Director of Central Intelligence each may assign officers and

employees of his respective department or agency, on a rotating

basis to be determined by the Board, to the Institute if the

affected officer or employee agrees to such assignment and such

assignment causes no prejudice to the salary, benefits, status, or

advancement within the respective department or agency of such

officer or employee.

(e) Dual compensation restriction

No officer or full-time employee of the Institute may receive any

salary or other compensation for services from any source other

than the Institute during the officer's or employee's period of

employment by the Institute, except as authorized by the Board.

(f) Federal employment status only for stated purposes

(1) Officers and employees of the Institute shall not be

considered officers and employees of the Federal Government except

for purposes of the provisions of title 28, which relate to Federal

tort claims liability, and the provisions of title 5, which relate

to compensation and benefits, including the following provisions:

chapter 51 (relating to classification); subchapters I and III of

chapter 53 (relating to pay rates); subchapter I of chapter 81

(relating to compensation for work injuries); chapter 83 (relating

to civil service retirement); chapter 87 (relating to life

insurance); and chapter 89 (relating to health insurance). The

Institute shall make contributions at the same rates applicable to

agencies of the Federal Government under the provisions of title 5

referred to in this section.

(2) The Institute shall not make long-term commitments to

employees that are inconsistent with rules and regulations

applicable to Federal employees.

(g) Distributions prohibited during life or upon dissolution or

liquidation of Institute or legal entity; compensation for

services or expenses

No part of the financial resources, income, or assets of the

Institute or of any legal entity created by the Institute shall

inure to any agent, employee, officer, or director or be

distributable to any such person during the life of the corporation

or upon dissolution or final liquidation. Nothing in this section

may be construed to prevent the payment of reasonable compensation

for services or expenses to the directors, officers, employees, and

agents of the Institute in amounts approved in accordance with the

provisions of this chapter.

(h) Loans prohibition; joint and several liability

The Institute shall not make loans to its directors, officers,

employees, or agents, or to any legal entity created by the

Institute. A director, officer, employee, or agent who votes for or

assents to the making of a loan or who participates in the making

of a loan shall be jointly and severally liable to the Institute

for the amount of the loan until repayment thereof.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-525, title XVII, Sec. 1707, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2656; Pub. L. 100-569, title III, Sec. 301(b), Oct. 31, 1988, 102

Stat. 2864; Pub. L. 101-520, title III, Sec. 319(c), Nov. 5, 1990,

104 Stat. 2285; Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII, Sec.

1225(c)(2), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-773.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Level I of the Executive Schedule, referred to in subsec. (a), is

set out in section 5312 of Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees.

The provisions of title 5 relating to classification and General

Schedule pay rates, referred to in subsec. (c), are set out in

chapter 51 (Sec. 5101 et seq.) and subchapter III (Sec. 5331 et

seq.) of chapter 53 of Title 5.

The provisions of title 28 which relate to Federal tort claims

liability, referred to in subsec. (f)(1), are the provisions of the

Federal Tort Claims Act, which is classified generally to section

1346(b) and to chapter 171 (Sec. 2671 et seq.) of Title 28,

Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 105-277, which directed the

amendment of par. (2) by striking out ", Director of the Arms

Control and Disarmament Agency", was executed by striking out ",

the Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency" after

"Secretary of Defense", to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

1990 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-520 substituted "4604(h)(3)" for

"4604(g)(3)".

1988 - Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 100-569 struck out first sentence

which read as follows: "No Federal funds shall be used to pay for

private fringe benefit programs."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4607 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4607. Procedures and records

-STATUTE-

(a) Monitoring and evaluation of programs

The Institute shall monitor and evaluate and provide for

independent evaluation if necessary of programs supported in whole

or in part under this chapter to ensure that the provisions of this

chapter and the bylaws, rules, regulations, and guidelines

promulgated pursuant to this chapter are adhered to.

(b) Suspension procedures

The Institute shall prescribe procedures to ensure that grants,

contracts, and financial support under this chapter are not

suspended unless the grantee, contractor, or person or entity

receiving financial support has been given reasonable notice and

opportunity to show cause why the action should not be taken.

(c) Selection considerations

In selecting persons to participate in Institute activities, the

Institute may consider a person's practical experience or

equivalency in peace study and activity as well as other formal

requirements.

(d) Accounts of receipts and disbursements; financial reports

The Institute shall keep correct and complete books and records

of account, including separate and distinct accounts of receipts

and disbursements of Federal funds. The Institute's annual

financial report shall identify the use of such funding and shall

present a clear description of the full financial situation of the

Institute.

(e) Minutes of proceedings

The Institute shall keep minutes of the proceedings of its Board

and of any committees having authority under the Board.

(f) Record and inspection of required items

The Institute shall keep a record of the names and addresses of

its Board members; copies of this chapter, of any other Acts

relating to the Institute, and of all Institute bylaws, rules,

regulations, and guidelines; required minutes of proceedings; a

record of all applications and proposals and issued or received

contracts and grants; and financial records of the Institute. All

items required by this subsection may be inspected by any Board

member or the member's agent or attorney for any proper purpose at

any reasonable time.

(g) Audits

The accounts of the Institute shall be audited annually in

accordance with generally accepted auditing standards by

independent certified public accountants or independent licensed

public accountants, certified or licensed by a regulatory authority

of a State or other political subdivision of the United States on

or before December 31, 1970. The audit shall be conducted at the

place or places where the accounts of the Institute are normally

kept. All books, accounts, financial records, files, and other

papers, things, and property belonging to or in use by the

Institute and necessary to facilitate the audit shall be made

available to the person or persons conducting the audit, and full

facilities for verifying transactions with the balances or

securities held by depositories, fiscal agents, and custodians

shall be afforded to such person or persons.

(h) Report of audit to Congress; copies for public

The Institute shall provide a report of the audit to the

President and to each House of Congress no later than six months

following the close of the fiscal year for which the audit is made.

The report shall set forth the scope of the audit and include such

statements, together with the independent auditor's opinion of

those statements, as are necessary to present fairly the

Institute's assets and liabilities, surplus or deficit, with

reasonable detail, including a statement of the Institute's income

and expenses during the year, including a schedule of all contracts

and grants requiring payments in excess of $5,000 and any payments

of compensation, salaries, or fees at a rate in excess of $5,000

per year. The report shall be produced in sufficient copies for the

public.

(i) Freedom of information provisions applicable

The Institute and its directors, officers, employees, and agents

shall be subject to the provisions of section 552 of title 5

(relating to freedom of information).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-525, title XVII, Sec. 1708, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2657.)

-MISC1-

TERMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions in subsec.

(h) of this section relating to providing a report of the audit to

each House of Congress, see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as

amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money

and Finance, and page 207 of House Document No. 103-7.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4608 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4608. Independence and limitations

-STATUTE-

(a) Nothing in this chapter may be construed as limiting the

authority of the Office of Management and Budget to review and

submit comments on the Institute's budget request at the time it is

transmitted to the Congress.

(b) No political test or political qualification may be used in

selecting, appointing, promoting, or taking any other personnel

action with respect to any officer, employee, agent, or recipient

of Institute funds or services or in selecting or monitoring any

grantee, contractor, person, or entity receiving financial

assistance under this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-525, title XVII, Sec. 1709, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2659.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4609 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4609. Funding

-STATUTE-

(a) Authorization of appropriations

(1) In general

For the purpose of carrying out this chapter, there are

authorized to be appropriated $15,000,000 for fiscal year 1999

and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding

fiscal years.

(2) Availability

Funds appropriated pursuant to the authority of paragraph (1)

shall remain available until expended.

(b) Transfer of unobligated funds; reports of use of funds to

Congress and President

The Board of Directors may transfer to the legal entity

authorized to be established under section 4603(c) of this title

any funds not obligated or expended from appropriations to the

Institute for a fiscal year, and such funds shall remain available

for obligation or expenditure for the purposes of such legal entity

without regard to fiscal year limitations. Any use by such legal

entity of appropriated funds shall be reported to each House of the

Congress and to the President of the United States.

(c) Contractual authority

Any authority provided by this chapter to enter into contracts

shall be effective for a fiscal year only to such extent or in such

amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-525, title XVII, Sec. 1710, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2659; Pub. L. 99-498, title XVI, Sec. 1601(a)(1), (b), Oct. 17,

1986, 100 Stat. 1612; Pub. L. 100-569, title III, Sec. 301[(a)],

Oct. 31, 1988, 102 Stat. 2863; Pub. L. 102-325, title XV, Sec.

1554(a), July 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 839; Pub. L. 103-208, Sec.

2(k)(14), Dec. 20, 1993, 107 Stat. 2486; Pub. L. 105-244, title IX,

Sec. 931(2), Oct. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1834.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105-244 substituted "1999" for

"1993" and "4" for "6".

1993 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 103-208 substituted "6" for "4"

before "succeeding fiscal years".

1992 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102-325 amended subsec. (a)

generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) read as follows:

"(1) For the purpose of carrying out this chapter (except for

paragraph (9) of section 4604(b) of this title), there are

authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1989;

$10,000,000 for fiscal year 1990; $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1991;

$15,000,000 for fiscal year 1992; and $15,000,000 for fiscal year

1993.

"(2) Funds appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1) are authorized

to remain available until expended."

1988 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100-569 amended subsec. (a)

generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) read as follows: "For

the purpose of carrying out this chapter (except for paragraph (9)

of section 4604(b) of this title), there are authorized to be

appropriated $6,000,000 for the fiscal year 1987 and $10,000,000

for the fiscal year 1988. Amounts appropriated under this section

are authorized to remain available to the Institute until

expended."

1986 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-498 substituted "fiscal year 1987"

for "fiscal year 1985", "fiscal year 1988" for "fiscal year 1986",

and "Amounts appropriated under this section are authorized to

remain available to the Institute until expended" for "Moneys

appropriated for the fiscal year 1985 shall remain available to the

Institute through the fiscal year 1986".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-244 effective Oct. 1, 1998, except as

otherwise provided in Pub. L. 105-244, see section 3 of Pub. L.

105-244, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20,

Education.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1993 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 103-208 effective as if included in the

Higher Education Amendments of 1992, Pub. L. 102-325, except as

otherwise provided, see section 5(a) of Pub. L. 103-208, set out as

a note under section 1051 of Title 20, Education.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1992 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 102-325 effective Oct. 1, 1992, see section

2 of Pub. L. 102-325, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title

20, Education.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1986 AMENDMENT

Section 1601(a)(2) of Pub. L. 99-498 provided that: "The

amendments made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall take

effect on October 1, 1986."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 4604 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4610 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4610. Dissolution or liquidation

-STATUTE-

Upon dissolution or final liquidation of the Institute or of any

legal entity created pursuant to this chapter, all income and

assets of the Institute or other legal entity shall revert to the

United States Treasury.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-525, title XVII, Sec. 1711, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2659.)

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 4611 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 56 - UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE

-HEAD-

Sec. 4611. Biennial reports to President and Congress; comments,

findings, and recommendations; Congressional Committee hearings

-STATUTE-

Beginning two years after October 19, 1984, and at intervals of

two years thereafter, the Chairman of the Board shall prepare and

transmit to the Congress and the President a report detailing the

progress the Institute has made in carrying out the purposes of

this chapter during the preceding two-year period. The President

may prepare and transmit to the Congress within a reasonable time

after the receipt of such report the written comments and

recommendations of the appropriate agencies of the United States

with respect to the contents of such report and their

recommendations with respect to any legislation which may be

required concerning the Institute. After receipt of such report by

the Congress, the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on

Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the

Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Labor and Human

Resources of the Senate may hold hearings to review the findings

and recommendations of such report and the written comments

received from the President.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-525, title XVII, Sec. 1712, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2659; Pub. L. 105-244, title IX, Sec. 931(3), Oct. 7, 1998, 112

Stat. 1834.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-244 substituted "President may prepare" for

"President shall prepare" and "may hold hearings" for "shall hold

hearings".

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives treated

as referring to Committee on International Relations of House of

Representatives and Committee on Education and Labor of House of

Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Economic and

Educational Opportunities of House of Representatives by section

1(a) of Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of

Title 2, The Congress. Committee on Economic and Educational

Opportunities of House of Representatives changed to Committee on

Education and the Workforce of House of Representatives by House

Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Jan. 7, 1997.

-MISC2-

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-244 effective Oct. 1, 1998, except as

otherwise provided in Pub. L. 105-244, see section 3 of Pub. L.

105-244, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20,

Education.

TERMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions in this

section relating to the requirement that every two years the

Chairman of the Board transmit to Congress a report detailing the

progress the Institute has made in carrying out the purposes of

this chapter, see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, set

out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance,

and page 207 of House Document No. 103-7.

-End-