US (United States) Code. Title 22. Chapter 55: Research and training for Eastern Europe

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Foreign Relations and Intercourse. Independent States of Former Soviet Union

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-CITE-

22 USC CHAPTER 55 - RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN

EUROPE AND INDEPENDENT STATES

OF FORMER SOVIET UNION 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 55 - RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND

INDEPENDENT STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 55 - RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND

INDEPENDENT STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION

-MISC1-

Sec.

4501. Findings and declarations.

4502. "Institution of higher education" and "Advisory

Committee" defined.

4503. Establishment of Advisory Committee.

(a) Establishment; composition; Chairman.

(b) Meetings; quorum.

(c) Technical and clerical assistance.

(d) Functions.

4504. Authority to make payments; purposes.

4505. Applications; payments to eligible institutions.

4506. Reporting requirements.

4507. Federal control of education prohibited.

4508. Allocation of funds.

4509. Repealed.

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4501 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 55 - RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND

INDEPENDENT STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION

-HEAD-

Sec. 4501. Findings and declarations

-STATUTE-

The Congress finds and declares that -

(1) factual knowledge, independently verified, about the

countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the

former Soviet Union is of the utmost importance for the national

security of the United States, for the furtherance of our

national interests in the conduct of foreign relations, and for

the prudent management of our domestic affairs;

(2) the development and maintenance of knowledge about the

countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the

former Soviet Union depends upon the national capability for

advanced research by highly trained and experienced specialists,

available for service in and out of Government;

(3) certain essential functions are necessary to ensure the

existence of that knowledge and the capability to sustain it,

including -

(A) graduate training;

(B) advanced research;

(C) public dissemination of research data, methods, and

findings;

(D) contact and collaboration among Government and private

specialists; and

(E) firsthand experience of the countries of Eastern Europe

and the independent states of the former Soviet Union by

American specialists, including on site conduct of advanced

training and research to the extent practicable; and

(4) it is in the national interest for the United States

Government to provide a stable source of financial support for

the functions described in this section and to supplement the

financial support for those functions which is currently being

furnished by Federal, State, local, regional, and private

agencies, organizations, and individuals, and thereby to

stabilize the conduct of these functions on a national scale,

consistently, and on a long range unclassified basis.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-164, title VIII, Sec. 802, Nov. 22, 1983, 97 Stat.

1047; Pub. L. 103-199, title III, Sec. 302(3), Dec. 17, 1993, 107

Stat. 2322.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1993 - Pars. (1), (2), (3)(E). Pub. L. 103-199 substituted

"countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the

former Soviet Union" for "Soviet Union and Eastern European

countries".

SHORT TITLE

Section 801 of title VIII of Pub. L. 98-164, as amended by Pub.

L. 103-199, title III, Sec. 302(2), Dec. 17, 1993, 107 Stat. 2322,

provided that: "This title [enacting this chapter] may be cited as

the 'Research and Training for Eastern Europe and the Independent

States of the Former Soviet Union Act of 1983'."

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

In pars. (1), (2), and (3)(E), independent states of the former

Soviet Union has the meaning given in section 5801 of this title,

see section 3 of Pub. L. 103-199, set out as a note under section

5801 of this title.

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4502 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 55 - RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND

INDEPENDENT STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION

-HEAD-

Sec. 4502. "Institution of higher education" and "Advisory

Committee" defined

-STATUTE-

As used in this chapter -

(1) the term "institution of higher education" has the same

meaning given such term in section 1001 of title 20; and

(2) the term "Advisory Committee" means the Advisory Committee

for Studies of Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the

Former Soviet Union established by section 4503(a) of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-164, title VIII, Sec. 803, Nov. 22, 1983, 97 Stat.

1048; Pub. L. 103-199, title III, Sec. 302(4), Dec. 17, 1993, 107

Stat. 2322; Pub. L. 105-244, title I, Sec. 102(a)(7)(C), Oct. 7,

1998, 112 Stat. 1619.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Par. (1). Pub. L. 105-244, which directed substitution of

"section 1001" for "section 1141(a)" in section 803(1) of the

Soviet-Eastern European Research and Training Act of 1983, was

executed to this section, which is section 803 of the Research and

Training for Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the

Former Soviet Union Act of 1983, to reflect the probable intent of

Congress, and the change in the short title of that Act. See

section 801 of Pub. L. 98-164, set out as a Short Title note under

section 4501 of this title.

1993 - Par. (2). Pub. L. 103-199 substituted "Advisory Committee

for Studies of Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the

Former Soviet Union" for "Soviet-Eastern European Studies Advisory

Committee".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-244 effective Oct. 1, 1998, except as

otherwise provided in Pub. L. 105-244, see section 3 of Pub. L.

105-244, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20,

Education.

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4503 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 55 - RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND

INDEPENDENT STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION

-HEAD-

Sec. 4503. Establishment of Advisory Committee

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment; composition; Chairman

There is established within the Department of State the Advisory

Committee for Studies of Eastern Europe and the Independent States

of the Former Soviet Union which shall be composed of the Secretary

of State, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Education, the

Librarian of Congress, the President of the American Association

for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, and the President of the

Association of American Universities. The Secretary of State shall

be the Chairman.

(b) Meetings; quorum

The Advisory Committee shall meet at the call of the Chairman and

shall hold at least one meeting each year. Three members of the

Advisory Committee shall constitute a quorum.

(c) Technical and clerical assistance

The Secretary of State may detail personnel of the Department of

State to provide technical and clerical assistance to the Advisory

Committee in carrying out its functions under this chapter.

(d) Functions

The Advisory Committee shall recommend grant policies for the

advancement of the objectives of this chapter. In proposing

recipients for grants under this chapter, the Advisory Committee

shall give the highest priority to national organizations with an

interest and expertise in conducting research and training

concerning the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent

states of the former Soviet Union and in disseminating the results

of such research. In making its recommendations, the Advisory

Committee shall emphasize the development of a stable, long-term

research program.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-164, title VIII, Sec. 804, Nov. 22, 1983, 97 Stat.

1048; Pub. L. 103-199, title III, Sec. 302(5), Dec. 17, 1993, 107

Stat. 2322.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1993 - Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 302(5)(A), substituted

"Establishment of Advisory Committee" for "Establishment of the

Soviet-Eastern European Studies Advisory Committee" in section

catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 302(5)(B), substituted

"Advisory Committee for Studies of Eastern Europe and the

Independent States of the Former Soviet Union" for "Soviet-Eastern

European Studies Advisory Committee".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 302(5)(C), substituted "the

countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the

former Soviet Union" for "Soviet and Eastern European countries".

TERMINATION OF ADVISORY COMMITTEES

Advisory committees established after Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate

not later than the expiration of the 2-year period beginning on the

date of their establishment, unless, in the case of a committee

established by the President or an officer of the Federal

Government, such committee is renewed by appropriate action prior

to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a

committee established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise

provided by law. See section 14 of Pub. L. 92-463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86

Stat. 776, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

In subsec. (d), independent states of the former Soviet Union has

the meaning given in section 5801 of this title, see section 3 of

Pub. L. 103-199, set out as a note under section 5801 of this

title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 4502 of this title.

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4504 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 55 - RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND

INDEPENDENT STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION

-HEAD-

Sec. 4504. Authority to make payments; purposes

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary of State, after consultation with the Advisory

Committee, shall make payments, in accordance with the provisions

of this section, out of funds made available to carry out this

chapter.

(b)(1) One part of the payments made in each fiscal year shall be

used to conduct a national research program at the postdoctoral or

equivalent level, such program to include -

(A) the dissemination of information about the research program

and the solicitation of proposals for research contracts from

American institutions of higher education and not-for-profit

corporations, such contracts to contain shared-cost provisions;

and

(B) the awarding of contracts for such research projects as the

respective institution determines will best serve to carry out

the purposes of this chapter after reviewing proposals submitted

under subparagraph (A).

(2) One part of the payments made in each fiscal year shall be

used -

(A) to establish and carry out a program of graduate,

postdoctoral, and teaching fellowships for advanced training in

studies on the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent

states of the former Soviet Union and related studies, such

program -

(i) to be coordinated with the research program described in

paragraph (1);

(ii) to be conducted, on a shared-cost basis, at American

institutions of higher education; and

(iii) to include -

(I) the dissemination of information on the fellowship

program and the solicitation of applications for fellowships

from qualified institutions of higher education and qualified

individuals; and

(II) the awarding of such fellowships as the respective

institution determines will best serve to carry out the

purposes of this chapter after reviewing applications

submitted under subclause (I); and

(B) to disseminate research, data, and findings on studies on

the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent states of the

former Soviet Union and related fields in such a manner and to

such extent as the respective institution determines will best

serve to carry out the purposes of this chapter.

(3) One part of the payments made in each fiscal year shall be

used -

(A) to provide fellowship and research support for American

specialists in the independent states of the former Soviet Union

and the countries of Eastern Europe and related fields to conduct

advanced research with particular emphasis upon the use of data

on those states and countries; and

(B) to conduct seminars, conferences, and other similar

workshops designed to facilitate research collaboration between

Government and private specialists in the independent states of

the former Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe and

related fields.

(4) One part of the payments made in each fiscal year shall be

used to conduct specialized programs in advanced training and

research on a reciprocal basis in the independent states of the

former Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe designed to

facilitate access for American specialists to research institutes,

personnel, archives, documentation, and other research and training

resources located in those states and countries.

(5) One part of the payments made in each fiscal year shall be

used to support training in the languages of the independent states

of the former Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe.

Such payments shall include grants to individuals to pursue such

training and to summer language institutes operated by institutions

of higher education. Preference shall be given for Russian language

studies and, as appropriate, studies of other languages of the

independent states of the former Soviet Union.

(6) Payments may be made to carry out other research and training

in studies on the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent

states of the former Soviet Union not otherwise described in this

section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-164, title VIII, Sec. 805, Nov. 22, 1983, 97 Stat.

1048; Pub. L. 103-199, title III, Sec. 302(6), Dec. 17, 1993, 107

Stat. 2323.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1993 - Subsec. (b)(2)(A), (B). Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 302(6)(A),

substituted "studies on the countries of Eastern Europe and the

independent states of the former Soviet Union" for "Soviet and

Eastern European studies".

Subsec. (b)(3)(A). Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 302(6)(B), (C),

substituted "independent states of the former Soviet Union and the

countries of Eastern Europe and related fields" for "fields of

Soviet and Eastern European studies and related studies" and "those

states and countries" for "the Soviet Union and Eastern European

countries".

Subsec. (b)(3)(B). Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 302(6)(B), which

directed the substitution of "independent states of the former

Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe and related

fields" for "fields of Soviet and Eastern European studies and

related studies", was executed by making the substitution for

"fields of Soviet and East European studies and related studies",

to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 302(6)(D), substituted

"independent states of the former Soviet Union" for "Union of

Soviet Socialist Republics" and "those states and countries" for

"the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Eastern European

countries".

Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 302(6)(E), substituted

"training in the languages of the independent states of the former

Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe" for "language

training in Russian and Eastern European languages" and inserted

before period at end "and, as appropriate, studies of other

languages of the independent states of the former Soviet Union".

Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 302(6)(A), substituted

"studies on the countries of Eastern Europe and the independent

states of the former Soviet Union" for "Soviet and Eastern European

studies".

-CROSS-

DEFINITIONS

In subsec. (b)(2)-(6), independent states of the former Soviet

Union has the meaning given in section 5801 of this title, see

section 3 of Pub. L. 103-199, set out as a note under section 5801

of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 4505 of this title.

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4505 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 55 - RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND

INDEPENDENT STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION

-HEAD-

Sec. 4505. Applications; payments to eligible institutions

-STATUTE-

(a) Any institution seeking funding under this chapter shall

prepare and submit an application to the Secretary of State once

each fiscal year. Each such application shall -

(1) provide a description of the purposes for which the

payments will be used in accordance with section 4504 of this

title; and

(2) provide such fiscal control and such accounting procedures

as may be necessary (A) to ensure a proper accounting of Federal

funds paid under this chapter, and (B) to ensure the verification

of the costs of the continuing education and research programs

conducted under this chapter.

(b) Payments under this chapter may be made in installments, in

advance, or by way of reimbursement, with necessary adjustments on

account of overpayments and underpayments.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-164, title VIII, Sec. 806, Nov. 22, 1983, 97 Stat.

1050.)

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4506 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 55 - RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND

INDEPENDENT STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION

-HEAD-

Sec. 4506. Reporting requirements

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of State shall prepare and submit to the President

and the Congress at the end of each fiscal year in which an

institution receives assistance under this chapter a report of the

activities of such institution supported by such assistance, if the

administrative expenses of such institution which are covered by

such assistance represent more than 10 per centum of such

assistance, together with such recommendations as the Advisory

Committee deems advisable.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-164, title VIII, Sec. 807, Nov. 22, 1983, 97 Stat.

1050.)

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4507 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 55 - RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND

INDEPENDENT STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION

-HEAD-

Sec. 4507. Federal control of education prohibited

-STATUTE-

Nothing contained in this chapter may be construed to authorize

any department, agency, officer, or employee of the United States

to exercise any direction, supervision, or control over the

curriculum, program of instruction or research, administration, or

personnel of any educational institution.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-164, title VIII, Sec. 808, Nov. 22, 1983, 97 Stat.

1050.)

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4508 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 55 - RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND

INDEPENDENT STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION

-HEAD-

Sec. 4508. Allocation of funds

-STATUTE-

Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by section 102(1) of

this Act -

(1) up to $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 1984 shall be

available to carry out this chapter; and

(2) $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 1985 shall be available only

to carry out this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 98-164, title VIII, Sec. 809, Nov. 22, 1983, 97 Stat.

1050.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 102(1) of this Act, referred to in text, is section

102(1) of Pub. L. 98-164, title I, Nov. 22, 1983, 97 Stat. 1017,

which is not classified to the Code.

-End-

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22 USC Sec. 4509 01/06/03

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TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 55 - RESEARCH AND TRAINING FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND

INDEPENDENT STATES OF FORMER SOVIET UNION

-HEAD-

Sec. 4509. Repealed. Pub. L. 102-138, title II, Sec. 209, Oct. 28,

1991, 105 Stat. 694

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 98-164, title VIII, Sec. 810, Nov. 22, 1983, 97

Stat. 1051, provided that provisions of this chapter were to cease

to be effective at end of ten-year period beginning on Nov. 22,

1983.

-End-