US (United States) Code. Title 22. Chapter 35: Arms control and disarmament

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Foreign Relations and Intercourse

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-CITE-

22 USC CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

-MISC1-

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec.

2551. Congressional statement of purpose.

2552. Definitions.

SUBCHAPTER II - SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVES AND VISITING SCHOLARS

2561 to 2566. Repealed.

2567. Presidential Special Representatives.

2568. Program for visiting scholars.

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

2571. Research, development and other studies.

(a) Control, reduction and elimination of armed

forces and armaments.

(b) Weapon detection and identification tests.

(c) Analysis of national budgets and economic

indicators.

(d) Space, earth's surface and underwater regions.

(e) Structure and operation of international

control.

(f) Training of control system personnel.

(g) Danger of war from accident, miscalculation, or

surprise attack.

(h) Economic and political consequences of

disarmament.

(i) Disarmament implications of foreign and

national security policies of United States.

(j) National security and foreign policy

implications of disarmament.

(k) Methods for maintenance of peace and security

during stages of disarmament.

(l) War prevention factors.

(m) Other related problems.

2572. Patents; availability to general public; protection of

background rights.

2573. Policy formulation.

(a) Formulation.

(b) Prohibition.

(c) Statutory construction.

2574. Negotiation management.

(a) Responsibilities.

(b) Authority.

2575. Repealed.

2576. Arms control information.

2577. Verification of compliance.

(a) In general.

(b) Assessments upon request.

(c) Standard for verification of compliance.

(d) Rule of construction.

2577a. Arms control verification.

(a) Establishment of working group.

(b) Information and data base.

2578. Negotiating records.

(a) Preparation of records.

(b) Negotiating and implementation records.

2579. Omitted.

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

2581. General authority of Secretary of State.

(a) Utilization of other Federal agencies;

transfers of supplies, equipment, and surplus

property.

(b) Employment of personnel.

(c) Detail of other agency personnel without

prejudice to status or advancement.

(d) Experts and consultants; stenographic reporting

services; compensation and travel expenses;

limitation on period of employment; renewal of

employment contracts.

(e) Employment of outstanding personnel.

(f) Establishment of scientific and policy advisory

board; compensation and expenses.

(g) Oaths and sworn statements.

(h) Delegation of functions.

(i) Rules and regulations.

2582, 2583. Repealed.

2584. Dual compensation exemption.

2585 to 2593. Repealed.

2593a. Annual report to Congress.

(a) In general.

(b) Classification of report.

(c) Reporting consecutive noncompliance.

(d) Additional requirement.

2593b. Public annual report on world military expenditures

and arms transfers.

2593c, 2593d. Repealed.

SUBCHAPTER V - ON-SITE INSPECTION ACTIVITIES

2595. Findings.

2595a. Policy coordination concerning implementation of

on-site inspection provisions.

(a) Interagency coordination.

(b) Role of Secretary of Defense.

(c) Role of Secretary of State.

2595b. Repealed.

2595b-1. Review of certain reprogramming notifications.

2595c. Definitions.

-End-

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22 USC SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2551 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2551. Congressional statement of purpose

-STATUTE-

An ultimate goal of the United States is a world which is free

from the scourge of war and the dangers and burdens of armaments;

in which the use of force has been subordinated to the rule of law;

and in which international adjustments to a changing world are

achieved peacefully. It is the purpose of this chapter to provide

impetus toward this goal by addressing the problem of reduction and

control of armaments looking toward ultimate world disarmament.

The Secretary of State must have the capacity to provide the

essential scientific, economic, political, military, psychological,

and technological information upon which realistic arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament policy must be based. The

Secretary shall have the authority, under the direction of the

President, to carry out the following primary functions:

(1) The preparation for and management of United States

participation in international negotiations and implementation

fora in the arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament

field.

(2) The conduct, support, and coordination of research for arms

control, nonproliferation, and disarmament policy formulation.

(3) The preparation for, operation of, or direction of, United

States participation in such control systems as may become part

of United States arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament

activities.

(4) The dissemination and coordination of public information

concerning arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title I, Sec. 102, formerly Sec. 2, Sept. 26,

1961, 75 Stat. 631; Pub. L. 94-141, title I, Sec. 144, Nov. 29,

1975, 89 Stat. 758; Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Secs. 703, 719(a),

Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 491, 501; renumbered Sec. 102 and amended

Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(1), (21),

Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-768, 2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(1)(A), in first undesignated

par., substituted "addressing" for "creating a new agency of peace

to deal with".

Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(1)(B), struck out second undesignated

par. which read as follows: "Arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament policy, being an important aspect of foreign policy,

must be consistent with national security policy as a whole. The

formulation and implementation of United States arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament policy in a manner which will

promote the national security can best be insured by a central

organization charged by statute with primary responsibility for

this field. This organization must have such a position within the

Government that it can provide the President, the Secretary of

State, other officials of the executive branch, and the Congress

with recommendations concerning United States arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament policy, and can assess the effect

of these recommendations upon our foreign policies, our national

security policies, and our economy."

Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(1)(C), in last undesignated par., in

introductory provisions, substituted "The Secretary of State" for

"This organization", substituted "The Secretary shall have" for "It

shall have", and struck out "and the Secretary of State" after "the

President", in subpar. (1) inserted ", nonproliferation," after

"arms control", redesignated subpar. (3) as (2) and struck out

former subpar. (2) which read as follows: "When directed by the

President, the preparation for, and management of, United States

participation in international negotiations and implementation fora

in the nonproliferation field.", redesignated subpar. (4) as (3)

and struck out ", as appropriate," before "direction of", and

redesignated subpar. (5) as (4).

1994 - Pub. L. 103-236, Sec. 719(a), inserted ",

nonproliferation," after "Arms control" in second undesignated par.

and after "arms control" wherever appearing in second and third

undesignated pars.

Pub. L. 103-236, Sec. 703, substituted subpars. (1) to (5) for

former subpars. (a) to (d) which read as follows:

"(a) The conduct, support, and coordination of research for arms

control and disarmament policy formulation;

"(b) The preparation for and management of United States

participation in international negotiations in the arms control and

disarmament field;

"(c) The dissemination and coordination of public information

concerning arms control and disarmament; and

"(d) The preparation for, operation of, or as appropriate,

direction of United States participation in such control systems as

may become part of United States arms control and disarmament

activities."

1975 - Pub. L. 94-141 substituted "It shall have the authority,

under the direction of the President and the Secretary of State,"

for "It must be able".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

SHORT TITLE OF 1999 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. B, title XI, Sec.

1101], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-485, provided that:

"This title [enacting sections 2652c and 2797b-2 of this title and

section 1526 of Title 50, War and National Defense, amending

sections 2577, 2593a, 2797b, 2797b-1, 2797c, and 3282 of this

title, enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 2593a,

2652c, 3282, 5601, 5853, and 6723 of this title and section 7704 of

Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, and amending provisions

set out as a note under section 2155 of Title 42] may be cited as

the 'Arms Control and Nonproliferation Act of 1999'."

SHORT TITLE OF 1994 AMENDMENT

Section 701(a) of Pub. L. 103-236 provided that: "This part [part

A (Secs. 701-719) of title VII of Pub. L. 103-236, enacting

sections 2578 and 2593a to 2593d of this title, amending this

section, sections 2562, 2565 to 2568, 2571, 2573 to 2577, 2579,

2581, 2585, 2591, 2593, 2791, 2797, and 2797b of this title,

section 5315 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, and

section 2139a of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, repealing

sections 2578, 2589, 2590, and 2592 of this title, enacting

provisions set out as notes under this section, and repealing

provisions set out as notes under this section] may be cited as the

'Arms Control and Nonproliferation Act of 1994'."

SHORT TITLE OF 1989 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 101-216, Sec. 1, Dec. 11, 1989, 103 Stat. 1853, provided

that: "This Act [enacting sections 2577a and 2595 to 2595c of this

title, amending sections 2563, 2567, 2588, and 2589 of this title,

and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 2565 and

2567 of this title] may be cited as the 'Arms Control and

Disarmament Amendments Act of 1989'."

SHORT TITLE OF 1987 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 100-213, Sec. 1, Dec. 24, 1987, 101 Stat. 1444, provided

that: "This Act [enacting sections 2578, 2579, and 2593 of this

title, amending sections 2589 and 2592 of this title, and enacting

provisions set out as a note under section 2578 of this title] may

be cited as the 'Arms Control and Disarmament Amendments Act of

1987'."

SHORT TITLE OF 1982 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 97-339, Sec. 1, Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1635, provided:

"That this Act [amending sections 2571, 2585, and 2589 of this

title] may be cited as the 'Arms Control and Disarmament Amendments

Act of 1982'."

SHORT TITLE OF 1977 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 95-108, Sec. 1, Aug. 17, 1977, 91 Stat. 871, provided

that: "This Act [enacting sections 2567 and 2577 of this title and

amending sections 2571, 2581, and 2589 of this title and section

5315 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees] may be

cited as the 'Arms Control and Disarmament Act Amendments of

1977'."

SHORT TITLE

Pub. L. 87-297, title I, Sec. 101, formerly Sec. 1, Sept. 26,

1961, 75 Stat. 631, as renumbered Sec. 101 by Pub. L. 105-277, div.

G, subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat.

2681-772, provided that: "This Act [enacting this chapter] may be

cited as the 'Arms Control and Disarmament Act'."

INTERNATIONAL ARMS SALES CODE OF CONDUCT

Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. B, title XII,

subtitle F], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-508, provided

that:

"SEC. 1261. SHORT TITLE.

"This subtitle may be cited as the 'International Arms Sales Code

of Conduct Act of 1999'.

"SEC. 1262. INTERNATIONAL ARMS SALES CODE OF CONDUCT.

"(a) Negotiations. - The President shall attempt to achieve the

foreign policy goal of an international arms sales code of conduct.

The President shall take the necessary steps to begin negotiations

within appropriate international fora not later than 120 days after

the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 29, 1999]. The purpose

of these negotiations shall be to establish an international regime

to promote global transparency with respect to arms transfers,

including participation by countries in the United Nations Register

of Conventional Arms, and to limit, restrict, or prohibit arms

transfers to countries that do not observe certain fundamental

values of human liberty, peace, and international stability.

"(b) Criteria. - The President shall consider the following

criteria in the negotiations referred to in subsection (a):

"(1) Promotes democracy. - The government of the country -

"(A) was chosen by and permits free and fair elections;

"(B) promotes civilian control of the military and security

forces and has civilian institutions controlling the policy,

operation, and spending of all law enforcement and security

institutions, as well as the armed forces;

"(C) promotes the rule of law and provides its nationals the

same rights that they would be afforded under the United States

Constitution if they were United States citizens; and

"(D) promotes the strengthening of political, legislative,

and civil institutions of democracy, as well as autonomous

institutions to monitor the conduct of public officials and to

combat corruption.

"(2) Respects human rights. - The government of the country -

"(A) does not persistently engage in gross violations of

internationally recognized human rights, including -

"(i) extrajudicial or arbitrary executions;

"(ii) disappearances;

"(iii) torture or severe mistreatment;

"(iv) prolonged arbitrary imprisonment;

"(v) systematic official discrimination on the basis of

race, ethnicity, religion, gender, national origin, or

political affiliation; and

"(vi) grave breaches of international laws of war or

equivalent violations of the laws of war in internal armed

conflicts;

"(B) vigorously investigates, disciplines, and prosecutes

those responsible for gross violations of internationally

recognized human rights;

"(C) permits access on a regular basis to political prisoners

by international humanitarian organizations;

"(D) promotes the independence of the judiciary and other

official bodies that oversee the protection of human rights;

"(E) does not impede the free functioning of domestic and

international human rights organizations; and

"(F) provides access on a regular basis to humanitarian

organizations in situations of conflict or famine.

"(3) Not engaged in certain acts of armed aggression. - The

government of the country is not engaged in acts of armed

aggression in violation of international law.

"(4) Not supporting terrorism. - The government of the country

does not provide support for international terrorism.

"(5) Not contributing to proliferation of weapons of mass

destruction. - The government of the country does not contribute

to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

"(6) Regional location of country. - The country is not located

in a region in which arms transfers would exacerbate regional

arms races or international tensions that present a danger to

international peace and stability.

"(c) Reports to Congress. -

"(1) Report relating to negotiations. - Not later than 6 months

after the commencement of the negotiations under subsection (a),

and not later than the end of every 6-month period thereafter

until an agreement described in subsection (a) is concluded, the

President shall report to the Committee on International

Relations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on

Foreign Relations of the Senate on the progress made during these

negotiations.

"(2) Human rights reports. - In the report required in sections

116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22

U.S.C. 2151n(b) and 2304(b)), the Secretary of State shall

describe the extent to which the practices of each country

evaluated meet the criteria in paragraphs (1)(A) and (2) of

subsection (a)."

CONGRESSIONAL DECLARATIONS; PURPOSES OF 1994 AMENDMENT

Section 702 of Pub. L. 103-236 stated congressional declarations

and purposes of amendments by part A of title VII of Pub. L.

103-236 (see Short Title of 1994 Amendment note above) to

strengthen United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and

to improve congressional oversight of arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament activities of United States Arms

Control and Disarmament Agency, and of Agency's operating budget.

REPORT ON REVITALIZATION OF ACDA

Section 717(b) of Pub. L. 103-236 provided that not later than

Dec. 31, 1995, Director of United States Arms Control and

Disarmament Agency was to submit to Congress a detailed report

describing actions undertaken to revitalize United States Arms

Control and Disarmament Agency.

SOVIET WEAPONS DESTRUCTION

Pub. L. 102-228, title II, Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1693, as

amended by Pub. L. 102-484, div. A, title XIV, Sec. 1421(a)(2),

(3), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2565; Pub. L. 103-236, title I, Sec.

139(17), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 398; Pub. L. 104-106, div. A,

title XII, Sec. 1204, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 470, provided that:

"PART A - SHORT TITLE

"SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.

"This title may be cited as the 'Soviet Nuclear Threat Reduction

Act of 1991'."

"PART B - FINDINGS AND PROGRAM AUTHORITY

"SEC. 211. NATIONAL DEFENSE AND SOVIET WEAPONS DESTRUCTION.

"(a) Findings. - The Congress finds -

"(1) that Soviet President Gorbachev has requested Western help

in dismantling nuclear weapons, and President Bush has proposed

United States cooperation on the storage, transportation,

dismantling, and destruction of Soviet nuclear weapons;

"(2) that the profound changes underway in the Soviet Union

pose three types of danger to nuclear safety and stability, as

follows: (A) ultimate disposition of nuclear weapons among the

Soviet Union, its republics, and any successor entities that is

not conducive to weapons safety or to international stability;

(B) seizure, theft, sale, or use of nuclear weapons or

components; and (C) transfers of weapons, weapons components, or

weapons know-how outside of the territory of the Soviet Union,

its republics, and any successor entities, that contribute to

worldwide proliferation; and

"(3) that it is in the national security interests of the

United States (A) to facilitate on a priority basis the

transportation, storage, safeguarding, and destruction of nuclear

and other weapons in the Soviet Union, its republics, and any

successor entities, and (B) to assist in the prevention of

weapons proliferation.

"(b) Exclusions. - United States assistance in destroying nuclear

and other weapons under this title may not be provided to the

Soviet Union, any of its republics, or any successor entity unless

the President certifies to the Congress that the proposed recipient

is committed to -

"(1) making a substantial investment of its resources for

dismantling or destroying such weapons;

"(2) forgoing any military modernization program that exceeds

legitimate defense requirements and forgoing the replacement of

destroyed weapons of mass destruction;

"(3) forgoing any use of fissionable and other components of

destroyed nuclear weapons in new nuclear weapons;

"(4) facilitating United States verification of weapons

destruction carried out under section 212;

"(5) complying with all relevant arms control agreements; and

"(6) observing internationally recognized human rights,

including the protection of minorities.

"(c) As part of a transmission to Congress under subsection (b)

of a certification that a proposed recipient of United States

assistance under this title is committed to carrying out the

matters specified in each of paragraphs (1) through (6) of that

subsection, the President shall include a statement setting forth,

in unclassified form (together with a classified annex if

necessary), the determination of the President, with respect to

each such paragraph, as to whether that proposed recipient is at

that time in fact carrying out the matter specified in that

paragraph.

"SEC. 212. AUTHORITY FOR PROGRAM TO FACILITATE SOVIET WEAPONS

DESTRUCTION.

"(a) In General. - Notwithstanding any other provision of law,

the President, consistent with the findings stated in section 211,

may establish a program as authorized in subsection (b) to assist

Soviet weapons destruction. Funds for carrying out this program

shall be provided as specified in part C.

"(b) Type of Program. - The program under this section shall be

limited to cooperation among the United States, the Soviet Union,

its republics, and any successor entities to (1) destroy nuclear

weapons, chemical weapons, and other weapons, (2) transport, store,

disable, and safeguard weapons in connection with their

destruction, and (3) establish verifiable safeguards against the

proliferation of such weapons. Such cooperation may involve

assistance in planning and in resolving technical problems

associated with weapons destruction and proliferation. Such

cooperation may also involve the funding of critical short-term

requirements related to weapons destruction and should, to the

extent feasible, draw upon United States technology and United

States technicians.

"PART C - ADMINISTRATIVE AND FUNDING AUTHORITIES

"SEC. 221. ADMINISTRATION OF NUCLEAR THREAT REDUCTION PROGRAMS.

"(a) Funding. -

"(1) Transfer authority. - The President may, to the extent

provided in an appropriations Act or joint resolution, transfer

to the appropriate defense accounts from amounts appropriated to

the Department of Defense for fiscal years 1992 and 1993 for

operation and maintenance or from balances in working capital

accounts established under section 2208 of title 10, United

States Code, not to exceed $800,000,000 for use in reducing the

Soviet military threat under part B.

"(2) Limitation. - Amounts for transfers under paragraph (1)

may not be derived from amounts appropriated for any activity of

the Department of Defense that the Secretary of Defense

determines essential for the readiness of the Armed Forces,

including amounts for -

"(A) training activities; and

"(B) depot maintenance activities.

"(b) Department of Defense. - The Department of Defense shall

serve as the executive agent for any program established under part

B.

"(c) Reimbursement of Other Agencies. - The Secretary of Defense

may reimburse other United States Government departments and

agencies under this section for costs of participation, as directed

by the President, only in a program established under part B.

"(d) Charges Against Funds. - The value of any material from

existing stocks and inventories of the Department of Defense, or

any other United States Government department or agency, that is

used in providing assistance under part B to reduce the Soviet

military threat may not be charged against funds available pursuant

to subsection (a) to the extent that the material contributed is

directed by the President to be contributed without subsequent

replacement.

"(e) Determination by Director of OMB. - No amount may be

obligated for the program under part B for fiscal year 1992 or

fiscal year 1993 unless expenditures for that program for that

fiscal year have been determined by the Director of the Office of

Management and Budget to be counted against the defense category of

the discretionary spending limits for that fiscal year (as defined

in section 601(a)(2) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 [2

U.S.C. 665(a)(2)]) for purposes of part C of the Balanced Budget

and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 [2 U.S.C. 900 et seq.].

"SEC. 222. REPAYMENT ARRANGEMENTS.

"(a) Reimbursement Arrangements. - Assistance provided under part

B to the Soviet Union, any of its republics, or any successor

entity shall be conditioned, to the extent that the President

determines to be appropriate after consultation with the recipient

government, upon the agreement of the recipient government to

reimburse the United States Government for the cost of such

assistance from natural resources or other materials available to

the recipient government.

"(b) Natural Resources, Etc. - The President shall encourage the

satisfaction of such reimbursement arrangements through the

provision of natural resources, such as oil and petroleum products

and critical and strategic materials, and industrial goods.

Materials received by the United States Government pursuant to this

section that are suitable for inclusion in the Strategic Petroleum

Reserve or the National Defense Stockpile may be deposited in the

reserve or stockpile without reimbursement. Other material and

services received may be sold or traded on the domestic or

international market with the proceeds to be deposited in the

General Fund of the Treasury.

"SEC. 223. DIRE EMERGENCY SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS.

"It is the sense of the Senate that the committee of conference

on House Joint Resolution 157 [enacted into law as Pub. L. 102-229]

should consider providing the necessary authority in the conference

agreement for the President to transfer funds pursuant to this

title.

"PART D - REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

"SEC. 231. PRIOR NOTICE OF OBLIGATIONS TO CONGRESS.

"Not less than 15 days before obligating any funds for a program

under part B, the President shall transmit to the Congress a report

on the proposed obligation. Each such report shall specify -

"(1) the account, budget activity, and particular program or

programs from which the funds proposed to be obligated are to be

derived and the amount of the proposed obligation; and

"(2) the activities and forms of assistance under part B for

which the President plans to obligate such funds."

[Memorandum of President of the United States, May 10, 1996, 61

F.R. 26033, delegated to Secretary of State authority and duty of

President under section 211(c) of Pub. L. 102-228 set out above.]

REPORT ON FULFILLMENT OF PRIMARY FUNCTIONS

Pub. L. 102-228, title IV, Sec. 401(c), Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat.

1699, directed Inspector General of Arms Control and Disarmament

Agency to submit, not later than Dec. 15, 1992, to President,

Speaker of House of Representatives, and chairman of Committee on

Foreign Relations of Senate a report on Agency's fulfillment of

primary functions described in section 2551 of this title and

directed President to submit comments on any recommendations

contained in the report dealing with executive branch organization

and direction, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103-236, title I, Sec.

139(18), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 398.

CONVENTIONAL ARMS TRADE

Pub. L. 93-559, Sec. 51, Dec. 30, 1974, 88 Stat. 1817, as amended

by Pub. L. 97-113, title VII, Sec. 734(a)(8), Dec. 29, 1981, 95

Stat. 1560, provided that:

"(a) It is the sense of the Congress that the recent growth in

international transfers of conventional arms to developing nations

-

"(1) is a cause for grave concern for the United States and

other nations in that in particular areas of the world it

increases the danger of potential violence among nations, and

diverts scarce world resources from more peaceful uses; and

"(2) could be controlled progressively through negotiations and

agreements among supplier and recipient nations.

"(b) Therefore, the President is urged to propose to the Geneva

Conference of the Committee on Disarmament that it consider as a

high priority agenda item discussions among participating nations

of that Conference for the purposes of -

"(1) agreeing to workable limitations on conventional arms

transfers; and

"(2) establishing a mechanism through which such limitations

could be effectively monitored.

"(c) [Repealed. Pub. L. 97-113, title VII, Sec. 734(a)(8), Dec.

29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1560.]"

-EXEC-

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 12946

Ex. Ord. No. 12946, Jan. 20, 1995, 60 F.R. 4829, which

established within Department of Defense the President's Advisory

Board on Arms Proliferation Policy, was revoked by Ex. Ord. No.

13062, Sec. 3(c), Sept. 29, 1997, 62 F.R. 51756, formerly set out

as a note under section 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act in

the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2595a of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2552 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2552. Definitions

-STATUTE-

As used in this chapter -

(a) The terms "arms control" and "disarmament" mean the

identification, verification, inspection, limitation, control,

reduction, or elimination, of armed forces and armaments of all

kinds under international agreement including the necessary steps

taken under such an agreement to establish an effective system of

international control, or to create and strengthen international

organizations for the maintenance of peace.

(b) The term "Government agency" means any executive

department, commission, agency, independent establishment,

corporation wholly or partly owned by the United States which is

an instrumentality of the United States, or any board, bureau,

division, service, office, officer, authority, administration, or

other establishment in the executive branch of Government.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title I, Sec. 103, formerly Sec. 3, Sept. 26,

1961, 75 Stat. 631; renumbered Sec. 103 and amended Pub. L.

105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(2), (21), Oct. 21,

1998, 112 Stat. 2681-769, 2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(2), struck out

subsec. (c) which read as follows: "The term 'Agency' means the

United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC SUBCHAPTER II - SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVES AND

VISITING SCHOLARS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER II - SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVES AND VISITING SCHOLARS

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER II - SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVES AND VISITING SCHOLARS

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Secs. 2561 to 2566 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER II - SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVES AND VISITING SCHOLARS

-HEAD-

Secs. 2561 to 2566. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A,

title XII, Sec. 1222, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-768

-MISC1-

Section 2561, Pub. L. 87-297, title II, Sec. 21, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 632, related to establishment of United States Arms

Control and Disarmament Agency.

Section 2562, Pub. L. 87-297, title II, Sec. 22, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 632; Pub. L. 88-426, title III, Sec. 305(17)(A), Aug. 14,

1964, 78 Stat. 424; Pub. L. 94-141, title I, Sec. 145, Nov. 29,

1975, 89 Stat. 758; Pub. L. 96-66, Sec. 1(a), Sept. 21, 1979, 93

Stat. 414; Pub. L. 98-202, Sec. 2, Dec. 2, 1983, 97 Stat. 1381;

Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 705, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 492,

related to appointment and duties of Director.

Section 2563, Pub. L. 87-297, title II, Sec. 23, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 632; Pub. L. 88-426, title III, Sec. 305(17)(B), Aug. 14,

1964, 78 Stat. 424; Pub. L. 96-66, Sec. 1(b), Sept. 21, 1979, 93

Stat. 414; Pub. L. 101-216, title I, Sec. 102, Dec. 11, 1989, 103

Stat. 1853, related to appointment and powers and duties of Deputy

Director.

Section 2564, Pub. L. 87-297, title II, Sec. 24, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 632; Pub. L. 88-426, title III, Sec. 305(17)(C), Aug. 14,

1964, 78 Stat. 424, related to number, appointment, and powers and

duties of Assistant Directors.

Section 2565, Pub. L. 87-297, title II, Sec. 25, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 632; Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 706, Apr. 30, 1994,

108 Stat. 492, related to establishment of bureaus, offices, and

divisions within Agency.

Section 2566, Pub. L. 87-297, title II, Sec. 26, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 632; Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 707, Apr. 30, 1994,

108 Stat. 493, related to appointment, function, and term of

Scientific and Policy Advisory Committee.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section 1201 of Pub. L.

105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under section 6511 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2567 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER II - SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVES AND VISITING SCHOLARS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2567. Presidential Special Representatives

-STATUTE-

The President may appoint, by and with the advice and consent of

the Senate, Special Representatives of the President for arms

control, nonproliferation, and disarmament matters. Each

Presidential Special Representative shall hold the rank of

ambassador. Presidential Special Representatives appointed under

this section shall perform their duties and exercise their powers

under the direction of the President and the Secretary of State.

The Department of State shall be the Government agency responsible

for providing administrative support, including funding, staff, and

office space, to all Presidential Special Representatives.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title II, Sec. 201, formerly Sec. 27, as added

Pub. L. 95-108, Sec. 2(a), Aug. 17, 1977, 91 Stat. 871; amended

Pub. L. 98-202, Sec. 6(a), Dec. 2, 1983, 97 Stat. 1382; Pub. L.

101-216, title I, Sec. 103(a), Dec. 11, 1989, 103 Stat. 1853; Pub.

L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 708(a), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 493;

renumbered Sec. 201 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A,

title XII, Sec. 1223(4), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-769,

2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(4), struck out "One such

Representative may serve in the Agency as Chief Science Advisor."

after "rank of ambassador." and ", acting through the Director"

after "Secretary of State", and substituted "Department of State"

for "Agency".

1994 - Pub. L. 103-236 amended section generally. Prior to

amendment, section read as follows: "The President may appoint, by

and with the advice and consent of the Senate, two Special

Representatives for Arms Control and Disarmament Negotiations, one

of whom should serve as special representative for conventional

arms control negotiations, and the other should serve as special

representative and chief science advisor to the Director. The two

Special Representatives shall perform their duties and exercise

their powers under the direction of the President and the Secretary

of State, acting through the Director."

1989 - Pub. L. 101-216 substituted ", one of whom should serve as

special representative for conventional arms control negotiations,

and the other should serve as special representative and chief

science advisor to the Director. The two Special Representatives

shall perform their duties and exercise their powers under the

direction of the President and the Secretary of State, acting

through the Director" for "who shall perform such duties and

exercise such powers (under the direction of the President and the

Secretary of State, acting through the Director) as the Director

may prescribe with respect to international arms control and

disarmament negotiations and matters relating thereto".

1983 - Pub. L. 98-202 substituted "two Special Representatives"

for "a Special Representative".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1989 AMENDMENT

Section 103(b) of Pub. L. 101-216 provided that: "The amendment

made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with

respect to individuals who are appointed as Special Representatives

on or after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 11, 1989]."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2574 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2568 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER II - SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVES AND VISITING SCHOLARS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2568. Program for visiting scholars

-STATUTE-

A program for visiting scholars in the fields of arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament shall be established by the

Secretary of State in order to obtain the services of scholars from

the faculties of recognized institutions of higher learning. The

purpose of the program will be to give specialists in the physical

sciences and other disciplines relevant to the Department of

State's activities an opportunity for active participation in the

arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament activities of the

Department of State and to gain for the Department of State the

perspective and expertise such persons can offer. Each fellow in

the program shall be appointed for a term of one year, except that

such term may be extended for a 1-year period.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title II, Sec. 202, formerly Sec. 28, as added

Pub. L. 98-202, Sec. 3, Dec. 2, 1983, 97 Stat. 1381; amended Pub.

L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 719(b), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 501;

renumbered Sec. 202 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A,

title XII, Sec. 1223(5), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-769,

2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(5), substituted "Secretary of

State" for "Director" and "Department of State's" for "Agency's",

substituted "Department of State" for "Agency" in two places, and

struck out at end "Fellows shall be chosen by a board consisting of

the Director, who shall be the chairperson, and all former

Directors of the Agency."

1994 - Pub. L. 103-236 substituted "fields of arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament" for "field of arms control and

disarmament" in first sentence and inserted ", nonproliferation,"

after "participation in the arms control" in second sentence.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2571 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2571. Research, development and other studies

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of State is authorized and directed to exercise his

powers in this subchapter in such manner as to ensure the

acquisition of a fund of theoretical and practical knowledge

concerning disarmament and nonproliferation. To this end, the

Secretary of State is authorized and directed, under the direction

of the President, (1) to ensure the conduct of research,

development, and other studies in the fields of arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament; (2) to make arrangements

(including contracts, agreements, and grants) for the conduct of

research, development, and other studies in the fields of arms

control, nonproliferation, and disarmament by private or public

institutions or persons; and (3) to coordinate the research,

development, and other studies conducted in the fields of arms

control, nonproliferation, and disarmament by or for other

Government agencies. In carrying out his responsibilities under

this chapter, the Secretary of State shall, to the maximum extent

feasible, make full use of available facilities, Government and

private. The authority of the Secretary under this chapter with

respect to research, development, and other studies concerning arms

control, nonproliferation, and disarmament shall be limited to

participation in the following:

(a) Control, reduction and elimination of armed forces and

armaments

the detection, identification, inspection, monitoring,

limitation, reduction, control, and elimination of armed forces and

armaments, including thermonuclear, nuclear, missile, conventional,

bacteriological, chemical, and radiological weapons:

(b) Weapon detection and identification tests

the techniques and systems of detecting, identifying, inspecting,

and monitoring of tests of nuclear, thermonuclear, and other

weapons;

(c) Analysis of national budgets and economic indicators

the analysis of national budgets, levels of industrial

production, and economic indicators to determine the amounts spent

by various countries for armaments (!1) and of all aspects of

anti-satellite activities;

(d) Space, earth's surface and underwater regions

the control, reduction, and elimination of armed forces and

armaments in space, in areas on and beneath the earth's surface,

and in underwater regions;

(e) Structure and operation of international control

the structure and operation of international control and other

organizations useful for arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament;

(f) Training of control system personnel

the training of scientists, technicians, and other personnel for

manning the control systems which may be created by international

arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements;

(g) Danger of war from accident, miscalculation, or surprise attack

the reduction and elimination of the danger of war resulting from

accident, miscalculation, or possible surprise attack, including

(but not limited to) improvements in the methods of communications

between nations;

(h) Economic and political consequences of disarmament

the economic and political consequences of arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament, including the problems of

readjustment arising in industry and the reallocation of national

resources;

(i) Disarmament implications of foreign and national security

policies of United States

the arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament implications

of foreign and national security policies of the United States with

a view to a better understanding of the significance of such

policies for the achievement of arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament;

(j) National security and foreign policy implications of

disarmament

the national security and foreign policy implications of arms

control, nonproliferation, and disarmament proposals with a view to

a better understanding of the effect of such proposals upon

national security and foreign policy;

(k) Methods for maintenance of peace and security during stages of

disarmament

methods for the maintenance of peace and security during

different stages of arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament;

(g742l) War prevention factors

the scientific, economic, political, legal, social,

psychological, military, and technological factors related to the

prevention of war with a view to a better understanding of how the

basic structure of a lasting peace may be established; and

(m) Other related problems

such related problems as the Secretary of State may determine to

be in need of research, development, or study in order to carry out

the provisions of this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title III, Sec. 301, formerly Sec. 31, Sept. 26,

1961, 75 Stat. 633; Pub. L. 88-186, Sec. 5, Nov. 26, 1963, 77 Stat.

342; Pub. L. 95-108, Sec. 3, Aug. 17, 1977, 91 Stat. 871; Pub. L.

97-339, Sec. 4, Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1636; Pub. L. 103-236,

title VII, Sec. 719(c), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 501; renumbered

Sec. 301 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII,

Sec. 1223(6), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-769, 2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(6)(A)-(E), in introductory

provisions, inserted "this subchapter in" after "powers in",

substituted "Secretary of State" for "Director" wherever appearing

and "ensure" for "insure" in two places, struck out "in accordance

with procedures established under section 2575 of this title" after

"other Government agencies", and substituted "The authority of the

Secretary under this chapter with respect to research, development,

and other studies concerning arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament shall be limited to participation in the following:"

for "The authority of the Director with respect to research,

development, and other studies shall be limited to participation in

the following insofar as they relate to arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament:".

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(6)(F), inserted "and" at

end.

Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(6)(B), substituted

"Secretary of State" for "Director".

1994 - Pub. L. 103-236, in introductory provisions, substituted

"fields of arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament" for

"field of arms control and disarmament" in three places, in first

sentence, inserted "and nonproliferation" after "disarmament", and

in fourth sentence, inserted ", nonproliferation," after "arms

control" wherever appearing.

1982 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97-339 inserted "and of all aspects

of antisatellite activities".

1977 - Pub. L. 95-108 struck out "United States" before "private"

in cl. (2) of opening par.

1963 - Pub. L. 88-186 inserted "United States" before "private"

in cl. (2) of opening par.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

REPORT ON INTERNATIONAL TRANSFER OF CONVENTIONAL ARMS

Pub. L. 92-352, title III, Sec. 302, July 13, 1972, 86 Stat. 495,

directed Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, with cooperation of

other agencies, to prepare a comprehensive report on international

transfer of conventional arms and submit this report no later than

one year after July 13, 1972, with an interim report submitted no

later than six months after July 13, 1972.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2572 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2572. Patents; availability to general public; protection of

background rights

-STATUTE-

All research within the United States contracted for, sponsored,

cosponsored, or authorized under authority of this chapter, shall

be provided for in such manner that all information as to uses,

products, processes, patents, and other developments resulting from

such research developed by Government expenditure will (with such

exceptions and limitations, if any, as the Secretary of State may

find to be necessary in the public interest) be available to the

general public. This section shall not be so construed as to

deprive the owner of any background patent relating thereto of such

rights as he may have thereunder.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title III, Sec. 302, formerly Sec. 32, Sept. 26,

1961, 75 Stat. 634; renumbered Sec. 302 and amended Pub. L.

105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(7), (21), Oct. 21,

1998, 112 Stat. 2681-769, 2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(7), substituted "Secretary of

State" for "Director" and "section" for "subsection".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 35 section 210.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2573 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2573. Policy formulation

-STATUTE-

(a) Formulation

The Secretary of State shall prepare for the President, and the

heads of such other Government agencies as the President may

determine, recommendations and advice concerning United States arms

control, nonproliferation, and disarmament policy.

(b) Prohibition

No action shall be taken pursuant to this chapter or any other

Act that would obligate the United States to reduce or limit the

Armed Forces or armaments of the United States in a militarily

significant manner, except pursuant to the treaty-making power of

the President set forth in Article II, Section 2, Clause 2 of the

Constitution or unless authorized by the enactment of further

affirmative legislation by the Congress of the United States.

(c) Statutory construction

Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to authorize

any policy or action by any Government agency which would interfere

with, restrict, or prohibit the acquisition, possession, or use of

firearms by an individual for the lawful purpose of personal

defense, sport, recreation, education, or training.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title III, Sec. 303, formerly Sec. 33, Sept. 26,

1961, 75 Stat. 634; Pub. L. 88-186, Sec. 3, Nov. 26, 1963, 77 Stat.

342; Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 709, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

494; renumbered Sec. 303 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G,

subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(8), (21), subdiv. B, title XXVI,

Sec. 2602, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-769, 2681-772, 2681-839.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(8), substituted

"Secretary of State" for "Director" and struck out "the Secretary

of State," after "the President,".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 2602, added subsec. (c).

1994 - Pub. L. 103-236 amended section generally. Prior to

amendment, section read as follows: "The Director is authorized and

directed to prepare for the President, the Secretary of State, and

the heads of such other Government agencies, as the President may

determine, recommendations concerning United States arms control

and disarmament policy: Provided, however, That no action shall be

taken under this chapter or any other law that will obligate the

United States to disarm or to reduce or to limit the Armed Forces

or armaments of the United States, except pursuant to the treaty

making power of the President under the Constitution or unless

authorized by further affirmative legislation by the Congress of

the United States. Nothing contained in this chapter shall be

construed to authorize any policy or action by any Government

agency which would interfere with, restrict, or prohibit the

acquisition, possession, or use of firearms by an individual for

the lawful purpose of personal defense, sport, recreation,

education, or training."

1963 - Pub. L. 88-186 inserted provision precluding construction

of this chapter to authorize the regulation of the possession of

firearms by an individual.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by section 1223(8), (21) of Pub. L. 105-277 effective

Apr. 1, 1999, see section 1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an

Effective Date note under section 6511 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2574 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2574. Negotiation management

-STATUTE-

(a) Responsibilities

The Secretary of State, under the direction of the President,

shall have primary responsibility for the preparation, conduct, and

management of United States participation in all international

negotiations and implementation fora in the field of arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament. In furtherance of these

responsibilities, Special Representatives of the President

appointed pursuant to section 2567 of this title, shall, as

directed by the President, serve as United States Government

representatives to international organizations, conferences, and

activities relating to the field of nonproliferation, such as the

preparations for and conduct of the review relating to the Treaty

on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

(b) Authority

The Secretary of State is authorized -

(1) to formulate plans and make preparations for the

establishment, operation, and funding of inspections and control

systems which may become part of the United States arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament activities; and

(2) as authorized by law, to put into effect, direct, or

otherwise assume United States responsibility for such systems.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title III, Sec. 304, formerly Sec. 34, Sept. 26,

1961, 75 Stat. 634; Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 710, Apr. 30,

1994, 108 Stat. 494; renumbered Sec. 304 and amended Pub. L.

105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(9), (21), Oct. 21,

1998, 112 Stat. 2681-769, 2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(9)(A)(v), (vi),

made technical amendment to reference in original act which appears

in text as reference to section 2567 of this title, and struck out

"the" after "serve as" in second sentence.

Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(9)(A)(iv), which directed amendment of

subsec. (a) by striking "and shall have primary responsibility,

whenever directed by the President, for the preparation, conduct,

and management of the United States participation in international

negotiations and implementation fora in the field of

nonproliferation" before period at end of first sentence, was

executed by striking language which did not include the word "the"

before "United States" to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(9)(A)(i), (ii), in first sentence,

substituted "The Secretary of State" for "The Director" and struck

out "and the Secretary of State" after "the President".

Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(9)(A)(iii), which directed the

insertion of ", nonproliferation," after "fields of arms control",

was executed by making the insertion after "field of arms control"

to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(9)(D), in introductory

provisions, substituted "Secretary of State" for "Director",

redesignated pars. (2) and (3) as (1) and (2), respectively, and

struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: "for the purpose

of conducting negotiations concerning arms control,

nonproliferation, or disarmament or for the purpose of exercising

any other authority given him by this chapter -

"(A) to consult and communicate with, or to direct the

consultation and communication with, representatives of other

nations or of international organizations, and

"(B) to communicate in the name of the Secretary of State with

diplomatic representatives of the United States in the United

States or abroad;".

Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(9)(C), redesignated subsec. (c) as

(b).

Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(9)(B), struck out subsec. (b) which

read as follows: "The Director shall perform functions pursuant to

section 2(c) of the Reorganization Plan 8 of 1953 with respect to

providing to the United States Information Agency official United

States positions and policy on arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament matters for dissemination abroad."

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(9)(C), redesignated

subsec. (c) as (b).

1994 - Pub. L. 103-236 amended section generally. Prior to

amendment, section related to powers and duties of Director to

consult with representatives of the United States and other

nations, to provide official United States positions on arms

control and disarmament matters to the United States Information

Agency, and to formulate and implement plans for arms control

inspection and control systems.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2595a of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2575 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2575. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII,

Sec. 1222, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-768

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 87-297, title III, Sec. 35, Sept. 26, 1961, 75

Stat. 635; Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 719(d), Apr. 30, 1994,

108 Stat. 501, related to coordination of Government agencies and

resolution of policy differences.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section 1201 of Pub. L.

105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under section 6511 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2576 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2576. Arms control information

-STATUTE-

In order to assist the Secretary of State in the performance of

his duties with respect to arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament policy and negotiations, any Government agency

preparing any legislative or budgetary proposal for -

(1) any program of research, development, testing, engineering,

construction, deployment, or modernization with respect to

nuclear armaments, nuclear implements of war, military facilities

or military vehicles designed or intended primarily for the

delivery of nuclear weapons,

(2) any program of research, development, testing, engineering,

construction, deployment, or modernization with respect to

armaments, ammunition, implements of war, or military facilities,

having -

(A) an estimated total program cost in excess of

$250,000,000, or

(B) an estimated annual program cost in excess of

$50,000,000, or

(3) any other program involving technology with potential

military application or weapons systems which such Government

agency or the Secretary of State believes may have a significant

impact on arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament policy

or negotiations,

shall, on a continuing basis, provide the Secretary of State with

full and timely access to detailed information with respect to the

nature, scope, and purpose of such proposal.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title III, Sec. 305, formerly Sec. 36, as added

Pub. L. 94-141, title I, Sec. 146, Nov. 29, 1975, 89 Stat. 758;

amended Pub. L. 95-338, Sec. 1, Aug. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 458; Pub. L.

103-236, title VII, Secs. 704(1), 719(e), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

492, 501; renumbered Sec. 305 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G,

subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(10), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat.

2681-770, 2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(10), substituted "Secretary of

State" for "Director" wherever appearing and, in concluding

provisions, struck out ", in accordance with the procedures

established pursuant to section 2575 of this title," after

"detailed information".

1994 - Pub. L. 103-236, Sec. 719(e), substituted "information"

for "impact information and analysis" in section catchline,

redesignated subsec. (a) as entire section, and inserted ",

nonproliferation," after "arms control" in introductory provisions

and par. (3).

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 103-236, Sec. 704(1), struck out

subsec. (b) which required the Director to assess and analyze

certain legislative and budgetary proposals with respect to their

impact on arms control and disarmament policy and negotiations and

subsec. (c) which prohibited courts from compelling performance of

any requirement under this section.

1978 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 95-338, Sec. 1(1), substituted

"technology with potential military application or weapons systems"

for "weapons systems or technology".

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 95-338, Sec. 1(2), inserted provisions

requiring requests to be transmitted either as an individual

program or as an aggregation of related programs, and

classification requirements for transmitted statements.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2577 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2577. Verification of compliance

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

In order to ensure that arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament agreements can be verified, the Secretary of State

shall report to Congress, on a timely basis, or upon request by an

appropriate committee of the Congress -

(1) in the case of any arms control, nonproliferation, or

disarmament agreement that has been concluded by the United

States, the determination of the Secretary of State as to the

degree to which the components of such agreement can be verified;

(2) in the case of any arms control, nonproliferation, or

disarmament agreement that has entered into force, any

significant degradation or alteration in the capacity of the

United States to verify compliance of the components of such

agreement;

(3) the amount and percentage of research funds expended by the

Department of State for the purpose of analyzing issues relating

to arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament verification;

and

(4) the number of professional personnel assigned to arms

control verification on a full-time basis by each Government

agency.

(b) Assessments upon request

Upon the request of the chairman or ranking minority member of

the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate or the Committee

on International Relations of the House of Representatives, in case

of an arms control, nonproliferation, or disarmament proposal

presented to a foreign country by the United States or presented to

the United States by a foreign country, the Secretary of State

shall submit a report to the Committee on the degree to which

elements of the proposal are capable of being verified.

(c) Standard for verification of compliance

In making determinations under paragraphs (1) and (2) of

subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary of State shall assume

that all measures of concealment not expressly prohibited could be

employed and that standard practices could be altered so as to

impede verification.

(d) Rule of construction

Except as otherwise provided for by law, nothing in this section

may be construed as requiring the disclosure of sensitive

information relating to intelligence sources or methods or persons

employed in the verification of compliance with arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title III, Sec. 306, formerly Sec. 37, as added

Pub. L. 95-108, Sec. 4, Aug. 17, 1977, 91 Stat. 871; amended Pub.

L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 712, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 495;

renumbered Sec. 306 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A,

title XII, Sec. 1223(11), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-770,

2681-772; Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. B, title

XI, Sec. 1115], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-489.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [title XI,

Sec. 1115(a)], struck out "adequately" before "verified" in

introductory provisions.

Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [title XI,

Sec. 1115(b)], added subsec. (b) and redesignated former subsecs.

(b) and (c) as (c) and (d), respectively. Language in section

1000(a)(7) [title XI, Sec. 1115(b)] directing redesignation of

subsec. (d) as (e) could not be executed. See 1998 Amendment note

below.

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(11)(A),

substituted "Secretary of State" for "Director" in introductory

provisions and par. (1) and substituted "Department of State" for

"Agency" in par. (3).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(11)(A), substituted

"Secretary of State" for "Director".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(11)(B), struck out

heading and text of subsec. (d). Text read as follows: "In order to

ensure adherence of the United States to obligations or commitments

undertaken in arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament

agreements, and in order for the Director to make the assessment

required by section 2593a(a)(5) of this title, the Director, or the

Director's designee, shall participate in all interagency groups or

organizations within the executive branch of Government that

assess, analyze, or review United States planned or ongoing

policies, programs, or actions that have a direct bearing on United

States adherence to obligations undertaken in arms control,

nonproliferation, or disarmament agreements."

1994 - Pub. L. 103-236 substituted "Verification of compliance"

for "Verification of Arms Control Agreements" as section catchline

and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text consisted of

subsecs. (a) to (c) requiring the Director to report to Congress

relating to verification of arms control proposals and agreements.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2652c of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2577a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2577a. Arms control verification

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment of working group

The President should establish a working group -

(1) to examine verification approaches to a strategic arms

reduction agreement and other arms control agreements; and

(2) to assess the relevance for such agreements of the

verification provisions of the Treaty Between the United States

and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of

Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (signed at

Washington, December 8, 1987).

(b) Information and data base

(1) The Agency shall allocate sufficient resources to develop and

maintain a comprehensive information and data base on verification

concepts, research, technologies, and systems. The Agency shall

collect, maintain, analyze, and disseminate information pertaining

to arms control verification and monitoring, including information

regarding -

(A) all current United States bilateral and multilateral arms

treaties; and

(B) proposed, prospective, and potential bilateral or

multilateral arms treaties in the areas of nuclear, conventional,

chemical, and space weapons.

(2) The Agency shall seek to improve United States verification

and monitoring activities through the monitoring and support of

relevant research and analysis.

(3) The Agency shall provide detailed information on the

activities pursuant to this section in its annual report to the

Congress.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 101-216, title I, Sec. 105, Dec. 11, 1989, 103 Stat.

1854.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section was enacted as part of the Arms Control and Disarmament

Amendments Act of 1989, and not as part of the Arms Control and

Disarmament Act which comprises this chapter.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

"Agency", referred to in subsec. (b), meaning the United States

Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, abolished and functions

transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6511 and 6512 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2578 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2578. Negotiating records

-STATUTE-

(a) Preparation of records

The Secretary of State shall establish and maintain records for

each arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreement to

which the United States is a party and which was under negotiation

or in force on or after January 1, 1990, which shall include

classified and unclassified materials such as instructions and

guidance, position papers, reporting cables and memoranda of

conversation, working papers, draft texts of the agreement,

diplomatic notes, notes verbal, and other internal and external

correspondence.

(b) Negotiating and implementation records

In particular, the Secretary of State shall establish and

maintain a negotiating and implementation record for each such

agreement, which shall be comprehensive and detailed, and shall

document all communications between the parties with respect to

such agreement. Such records shall be maintained both in hard copy

and magnetic media.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title III, Sec. 307, formerly Sec. 38, as added

Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 713(a), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat.

496; renumbered Sec. 307 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G,

subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(12), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat.

2681-770, 2681-772.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 2578, Pub. L. 87-297, title III, Sec. 38, as

added Pub. L. 100-213, Sec. 3(b), Dec. 24, 1987, 101 Stat. 1445;

amended Pub. L. 103-199, title IV, Sec. 401(a), Dec. 17, 1993, 107

Stat. 2324, related to reports on activities of Standing

Consultative Commission, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103-236, title

VII, Sec. 704(2), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 492.

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(12)(A),

substituted "Secretary of State" for "Director".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(12)(B), struck out

heading and text of subsec. (c). Text read as follows: "In order to

implement effectively this section, the Director shall ensure that

Agency personnel participate throughout the negotiation and

implementation phases of all arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament agreements."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2579 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER III - FUNCTIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2579. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, Pub. L. 87-297, title III, Sec. 308, formerly Sec. 39,

as added Pub. L. 100-213, Sec. 4, Dec. 24, 1987, 101 Stat. 1445;

amended Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 719(f), Apr. 30, 1994, 108

Stat. 502; renumbered Sec. 308 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G,

subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat.

2681-772, which required the Director of the United States Arms

Control and Disarmament Agency (whose functions were transferred to

the Secretary of State under section 6512 of this title) to provide

an annual report to Congress on studies relating to arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament issues, terminated, effective May

15, 2000, pursuant to section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended,

set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and

Finance. See, also, page 155 of House Document No. 103-7.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2581 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2581. General authority of Secretary of State

-STATUTE-

In addition to any authorities otherwise available, the Secretary

of State in the performance of functions under this chapter is

authorized to -

(a) Utilization of other Federal agencies; transfers of supplies,

equipment, and surplus property

utilize or employ the services, personnel, equipment, or

facilities of any other Government agency, with the consent of the

agency concerned, to perform such functions on behalf of the

Department of State as may appear desirable. Any Government agency

is authorized, not withstanding any other provision of law, to

transfer to or to receive from the Secretary of State, without

reimbursement, supplies and equipment other than administrative

supplies or equipment. Transfer or receipt of excess property shall

be in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Property and

Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended;(!1)

(b) Employment of personnel

appoint and fix the compensation of employees possessing

specialized technical expertise without regard to the provisions of

title 5 governing appointments in the competitive service and the

provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such

title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates, if

the Secretary of State ensures that -

(1) any employee who is appointed under this subsection is not

paid at a rate -

(A) in excess of the rate payable for positions of equivalent

difficulty or responsibility, or

(B) exceeding the maximum rate payable for grade 15 of the

General Schedule; and

(2) the number of employees appointed under this subsection

shall not exceed 10 percent of the Department of State's

full-time-equivalent positions allocated to carry out the purpose

of this chapter.(!2)

(c) Detail of other agency personnel without prejudice to status or

advancement

enter into agreements with other Government agencies, including

the military departments through the Secretary of Defense, under

which officers or employees of such agencies may be detailed to the

Department of State for the performance of service pursuant to this

chapter without prejudice to the status or advancement of such

officers or employees within their own agencies;

(d) Experts and consultants; stenographic reporting services;

compensation and travel expenses; limitation on period of

employment; renewal of employment contracts

procure services of experts and consultants or organizations

thereof, including stenographic reporting services, as authorized

by section 3109 of title 5 and to pay in connection therewith

travel expenses of individuals, including transportation and per

diem in lieu of subsistence while away from their homes or regular

places of business, as authorized by section 5703 of such title:

Provided, That no such individual shall be employed for more than

130 days in any fiscal year unless the President certifies that

employment of such individual in excess of such number of days is

necessary in the national interest: And provided further, That such

contracts may be renewed annually;

(e) Employment of outstanding personnel

employ individuals of outstanding ability without compensation in

accordance with the provisions of section 2160(b) of the Appendix

to title 50 and regulations issued thereunder;

(f) Establishment of scientific and policy advisory board;

compensation and expenses

establish a scientific and policy advisory board to advise with

and make recommendations to the Secretary of State on United States

arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament policy and

activities. A majority of the board shall be composed of

individuals who have a demonstrated knowledge and technical

expertise with respect to arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament matters and who have distinguished themselves in any of

the fields of physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, or

engineering, including weapons engineering. The members of the

board may receive the compensation and reimbursement for expenses

specified for consultants by subsection (d) of this section;

(g) Oaths and sworn statements

administer oaths and take sworn statements in the course of an

investigation made pursuant to the Secretary of State's

responsibilities under this chapter;

(h) Delegation of functions

delegate, as appropriate, to the Under Secretary for Arms Control

and International Security or other officers of the Department of

State, any authority conferred upon the Secretary of State by the

provisions of this chapter; and

(i) Rules and regulations

make, promulgate, issue, rescind, and amend such rules and

regulations as may be necessary or desirable to the exercise of any

authority conferred upon the Secretary of State by the provisions

of this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 401, formerly Sec. 41, Sept. 26,

1961, 75 Stat. 635; Pub. L. 93-332, Sec. 1(a), July 8, 1974, 88

Stat. 289; Pub. L. 95-108, Sec. 5, Aug. 17, 1977, 91 Stat. 872;

Pub. L. 102-228, title IV, Sec. 401(b), Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat.

1698; Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 715, Apr. 30, 1994, 108

Stat. 498; renumbered Sec. 401 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G,

subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(13), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat.

2681-770, 2681-772.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as

amended, referred to in subsec. (a), is act June 30, 1949, ch. 288,

63 Stat. 377, as amended. Except for title III of the Act, which is

classified generally to subchapter IV (Sec. 251 et seq.) of chapter

4 of Title 41, Public Contracts, the Act was repealed and reenacted

by Pub. L. 107-217, Secs. 1, 6(b), Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1062,

1304, as chapters 1 to 11 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property,

and Works.

The provisions of title 5 governing appointment to the

competitive service, referred to in subsec. (b), are classified to

section 3301 et seq. of Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees.

The General Schedule, referred to in subsec. (b), is set out

under section 5332 of Title 5.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(13)(A), substituted "In

addition to any authorities otherwise available, the Secretary of

State in the performance of functions under this chapter" for "In

the performance of his functions, the Director" in introductory

provisions.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(13)(B), (C), substituted

"Department of State" for "Agency" and "Secretary of State" for

"Director", and struck out "It is the intent of this section that

the Director rely upon the Department of State for general

administrative services in the United States and abroad to the

extent agreed upon between the Secretary of State and the

Director." after "may appear desirable."

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(13)(B), (D)(i), in

introductory provisions, substituted "Secretary of State" for

"Director" and struck out "appoint officers and employees,

including attorneys, for the Agency in accordance with the

provisions of title 5 governing appointment in the competitive

service, and fix their compensation in accordance with chapter 51

and with subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title, relating to

classification and General Schedule pay rates, except that the

Director may, to the extent the Director determines necessary to

the discharge of his responsibilities," before "appoint and fix".

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(13)(D)(ii),

substituted "subsection" for "exception" in introductory

provisions.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(13)(B), (D)(iii),

substituted "subsection" for "exception", "Department of State's"

for "Agency's", and "positions allocated to carry out the purpose

of this chapter" for "ceiling".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(13)(B), substituted

"Department of State" for "Agency".

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(13)(G), amended subsec.

(f) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (f) read as follows:

"establish advisory boards to advise with and make recommendations

to the Director on United States arms control and disarmament

policy and activities. The members of such boards may receive the

compensation and reimbursement for expenses specified for

consultants by subsection (d) of this section;".

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(13)(B), (E), (F),

redesignated subsec. (h) as (g), substituted "Secretary of State's"

for "Director's", and struck out former subsec. (g) which read as

follows: "permit, under such terms and conditions as he may

prescribe, any officer or employee of the Agency, in connection

with the attendance by such officer or employee at meetings or in

performing advisory services concerned with the functions or

activities of the Agency, to accept payment, in cash or in kind,

from any private agency or organization, or from any individual

affiliated with such agency or organization, for travel and

subsistence expenses, such payment to be retained by such officer

or employee to cover the cost thereof or to be deposited to the

credit of the appropriation from which the cost thereof is paid;".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(13)(B), (F), (H),

redesignated subsec. (i) as (h) and substituted "Under Secretary

for Arms Control and International Security" for "Deputy Director",

"Department of State" for "Agency", and "Secretary of State" for

"Director". Former subsec. (h) redesignated (g).

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(13)(B), (F), redesignated

subsec. (j) as (i) and substituted "Secretary of State" for

"Director". Former subsec. (i) redesignated (h).

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(13)(F), redesignated

subsec. (j) as (i).

1994 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103-236 substituted "except that the

Director may, to the extent the Director determines necessary to

the discharge of his responsibilities, appoint and fix the

compensation of employees possessing specialized technical

expertise without regard to the provisions of title 5 governing

appointments in the competitive service and the provisions of

chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating

to classification and General Schedule pay rates, if the Director

ensures that - " for "except that during the 2-year period

beginning on August 17, 1977, the Director may, to the extent he

deems necessary to the discharge of his responsibilities, appoint

and fix the compensation of officers and employees for the Agency

without regard to such provisions, subject to the following

requirements:", added pars. (1) and (2), and struck out former

pars. (1) to (3) which read as follows:

"(1) an officer or employee whose compensation is fixed under the

foregoing exception may not be paid a salary at a rate in excess of

the rate payable under such chapter 51 and such subchapter III for

positions of equivalent difficulty or responsibility except for (A)

those officers and employees whose compensation is fixed by law,

and (B) scientific and technical personnel who may be compensated

at a rate not to exceed the rate in effect for grade GS-18 of the

General Schedule;

"(2) the Director shall make adequate provision for

administrative review of any determination to suspend or dismiss

any officer or employee appointed under the foregoing exception;

and

"(3) an officer or employee of the Agency serving under a career

or career conditional appointment on August 17, 1977, may not be

involuntarily deprived, while employed by the Agency, of any rights

normally granted such officer or employee in the competitive

service;".

1991 - Subsecs. (h) to (j). Pub. L. 102-228 added subsec. (h) and

redesignated former subsecs. (h) and (i) as (i) and (j),

respectively.

1977 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95-108, Sec. 5(a), incorporated

existing provisions into introductory paragraph, and as so

incorporated, revised terminology to reflect current classification

of civil service laws, etc., and inserted provisions authorizing

the Director to appoint and fix compensation of officers and

employees of the agency, without regard to the provisions of title

5, during a two-year period beginning Aug. 17, 1977, and added

pars. (1) to (3).

Subsecs. (g) to (i). Pub. L. 95-108, Sec. 5(b), added subsec. (g)

and redesignated former subsecs. (g) and (h) as (h) and (i),

respectively.

1974 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 93-332 substituted "as authorized by

section 3109 of title 5" for "as authorized by section 55a of title

5, at rates not to exceed $100 per diem for individuals", "section

5703 of such title" for "section 73b-2 of title 5" and "130 days"

for "one hundred days".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-EXEC-

DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY TO MAKE CERTIFICATIONS UNDER SECTION 41(D)

OF THE ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT ACT

Memorandum of the President of the United States, Aug. 18, 1990,

55 F.R. 37693, provided:

Memorandum for the Director of the United States Arms Control and

Disarmament Agency

By virtue of the authority vested in me as President by the

Constitution and laws of the United States, including section 301

of title 3 of the United States Code, you are hereby delegated the

authority set forth in section 41(d) of the Arms Control and

Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 2581(d)) to certify that the employment

of persons referred to in that section in excess of the number of

days set forth in that section is necessary in the national

interest.

You are authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the

Federal Register.

George Bush.

[For abolition, transfer of functions, and treatment of

references to United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency,

see section 6511 et seq. of this title.]

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2566, 2585 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) See References in Text note below.

(!2) So in original. The period probably should be a semicolon.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Secs. 2582, 2583 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Secs. 2582, 2583. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A,

title XII, Sec. 1222, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-768

-MISC1-

Section 2582, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 42, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 636; Pub. L. 96-465, title II, Sec. 2204(a), Oct. 17,

1980, 94 Stat. 2159, related to appointment or employment of

Foreign Service personnel.

Section 2583, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 43, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 636, related to exemption from provisions of law relating

to contracts or expenditures of Government funds.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section 1201 of Pub. L.

105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under section 6511 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2584 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2584. Dual compensation exemption

-STATUTE-

Members of advisory boards and consultants may serve as such

without regard to any Federal law limiting the reemployment of

retired officers or employees or governing the simultaneous receipt

of compensation and retired pay or annuities, subject to section

5532 (!1) of title 5. This section shall apply only to individuals

carrying out activities related to arms control, nonproliferation,

and disarmament.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 402, formerly Sec. 44, Sept. 26,

1961, 75 Stat. 636; Pub. L. 88-448, title IV, Sec. 401(d), Aug. 19,

1964, 78 Stat. 490; renumbered Sec. 402 and amended Pub. L.

105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(14), (21), Oct.

21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-771, 2681-772.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

"Section 5532 of title 5" substituted in text for "section 201 of

the Dual Compensation Act" [5 U.S.C. 3102], on authority of section

7(b) of Pub. L. 89-554, Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 631, section 1 of

which enacted Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Section 5532 of title 5 was repealed by Pub. L. 106-65, div. A,

title VI, Sec. 651(a)(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 664.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-277, in section catchline, struck out

"Conflict of interest and" before "dual compensation", in first

sentence, substituted "Members of advisory boards and consultants

may serve as such without regard to any" for "The members of the

General Advisory Committee created by section 2566 of this title,

and the members of the advisory boards, the consultants, and the

individuals of outstanding ability employed without compensation,

all of which are provided in section 2581 of this title, may serve

as such without regard to the provisions of section 281, 283, 284,

or 1914 of title 18, or of section 190 of the Revised Statutes (5

U.S.C. 99), or of any other Federal law imposing restrictions,

requirements, or penalties in relation to the employment of

individuals, the performance of services, or the payment or receipt

of compensation in connection with any claim, proceeding or matter

involving the United States Government, except insofar as such

provisions of law may prohibit any such individual from receiving

compensation from a source other than a nonprofit educational

institution in respect of any particular matter in which the Agency

is directly interested. Nor shall such service be considered as

employment or holding of office or position bringing such

individual within the provisions of sections 3323(b) and 8344 of

title 5, or any other", and inserted at end "This section shall

apply only to individuals carrying out activities related to arms

control, nonproliferation, and disarmament."

1964 - Pub. L. 88-448 struck out provisions which stated that

such service shall not be considered as employment or holding of

office or position bringing such individual within the provisions

of section 59a of title 5, and inserted ", subject to section 3102

of title 5".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1964 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 88-448 effective on first day of first month

which begins later than ninetieth day following Aug. 19, 1964, see

section 403 of Pub. L. 88-448.

TERMINATION OF ADVISORY COMMITTEES AND BOARDS

Advisory committees and boards, in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to

terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period

following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, in the case of a committee or board

established by the President or an officer of the Federal

Government, such committee or board is renewed by appropriate

action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the

case of a committee or board established by the Congress, its

duration is otherwise provided by law. See sections 3(2) and 14 of

Pub. L. 92-463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, 776, set out in the

Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) See Codification note below.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Secs. 2585 to 2588 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Secs. 2585 to 2588. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A,

title XII, Sec. 1222, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-768

-MISC1-

Section 2585, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 45, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 637; Pub. L. 88-186, Sec. 2, Nov. 26, 1963, 77 Stat. 341;

Pub. L. 94-141, title I, Sec. 147, Nov. 29, 1975, 89 Stat. 759;

1978 Reorg. Plan No. 2, Sec. 102, eff. Jan. 1, 1979, 43 F.R. 36037,

92 Stat. 3783; Pub. L. 97-339, Sec. 3, Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat.

1635; Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 716, Apr. 30, 1994, 108

Stat. 498, related to national security requirements.

Section 2586, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 46, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 638, related to Comptroller General audit of contracts.

Section 2587, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 47, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 638, related to transfer of activities and facilities to

Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.

Section 2588, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 48, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 638; Pub. L. 96-465, title II, Sec. 2204(b), Oct. 17,

1980, 94 Stat. 2159; Pub. L. 99-550, Sec. 2(c), Oct. 27, 1986, 100

Stat. 3070; Pub. L. 101-216, title I, Sec. 106, Dec. 11, 1989, 103

Stat. 1854, related to use of funds by Director.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section 1201 of Pub. L.

105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under section 6511 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Secs. 2589, 2590 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Secs. 2589, 2590. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec.

717(a)(1), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 498

-MISC1-

Section 2589, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 49, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 639; Pub. L. 88-186, Secs. 1, 4, Nov. 26, 1963, 77 Stat.

341, 342; Pub. L. 89-27, May 27, 1965, 79 Stat. 118; Pub. L.

90-314, May 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 129; Pub. L. 91-246, May 12, 1970,

84 Stat. 207; Pub. L. 92-352, title III, Sec. 301, July 13, 1972,

86 Stat. 494; Pub. L. 93-332, Sec. 1(b), July 8, 1974, 88 Stat.

289; Pub. L. 94-141, title I, Secs. 141, 148, Nov. 29, 1975, 89

Stat. 757, 760; Pub. L. 95-108, Sec. 6, Aug. 17, 1977, 91 Stat.

873; Pub. L. 95-338, Secs. 2, 3, Aug. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 458, 459;

Pub. L. 96-66, Sec. 2(a), Sept. 21, 1979, 93 Stat. 414; Pub. L.

97-339, Sec. 2(a), Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1635; Pub. L. 98-202,

Sec. 1, Dec. 2, 1983, 97 Stat. 1381; Pub. L. 99-93, title VII,

Secs. 701, 702, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 444; Pub. L. 100-213, Sec.

2, Dec. 24, 1987, 101 Stat. 1444; Pub. L. 101-216, title I, Sec.

101, Dec. 11, 1989, 103 Stat. 1853; Pub. L. 102-228, title IV, Sec.

401(a), Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1698; Pub. L. 103-236, title I,

Sec. 106(b), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 391, authorized

appropriations to carry out purposes of this chapter.

Section 2590, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 50, Sept. 26, 1961,

75 Stat. 639; Pub. L. 94-141, title I, Sec. 149, Nov. 29, 1975, 89

Stat. 760, required submission of reports to Congress on Agency

activities.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2591 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2591. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII,

Sec. 1222, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-768

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 49, formerly Sec. 51, as

added Pub. L. 98-202, Sec. 4, Dec. 2, 1983, 97 Stat. 1382; amended

Pub. L. 103-199, title IV, Sec. 401(b), Dec. 17, 1993, 107 Stat.

2324; renumbered Sec. 49 and amended Pub. L. 103-236, title VII,

Secs. 717(a)(2), 719(g), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 498, 502, related

to specialists fluent in Russian or other languages of the

independent states of the former Soviet Union.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section 1201 of Pub. L.

105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under section 6511 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2592 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2592. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 704(3), Apr.

30, 1994, 108 Stat. 492

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 52, as added Pub. L.

99-93, title VII, Sec. 703, Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 444; amended

Pub. L. 100-213, Sec. 5, Dec. 24, 1987, 101 Stat. 1446; Pub. L.

103-199, title IV, Sec. 401(c), Dec. 17, 1993, 107 Stat. 2324,

related to reports on adherence to and compliance with arms control

agreements.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Secs. 2592a, 2592b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Secs. 2592a, 2592b. Repealed. Pub. L. 103-199, title IV, Sec.

403(a)(1), (b)(1), Dec. 17, 1993, 107 Stat. 2325

-MISC1-

Section 2592a, Pub. L. 99-145, title X, Sec. 1002, Nov. 8, 1985,

99 Stat. 705; Pub. L. 100-456, div. A, title IX, Sec. 905(a), Sept.

29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2032, related to submission by President of

annual report to Congress on Soviet compliance with arms control

commitments.

Section 2592b, Pub. L. 100-456, div. A, title IX, Sec. 906, Sept.

29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2033, related to submission by President of

annual report to Congress on arms control strategy of the United

States.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2593 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2593. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII,

Sec. 1222, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-768

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 50, formerly Sec. 53, as

added Pub. L. 100-213, Sec. 6(a), Dec. 24, 1987, 101 Stat. 1446;

renumbered Sec. 50 Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 717(a)(2), Apr.

30, 1994, 108 Stat. 498, related to Inspector General of the Arms

Control and Disarmament Agency.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section 1201 of Pub. L.

105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under section 6511 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2593a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2593a. Annual report to Congress

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

Not later than April 15 of each year, the President shall submit

to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and to the chairman

of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a report

prepared by the Secretary of State with the concurrence of the

Director of Central Intelligence and in consultation with the

Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Energy, and the Chairman of

the Joint Chiefs of Staff on the status of United States policy and

actions with respect to arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament. Such report shall include -

(1) a detailed statement concerning the arms control,

nonproliferation, and disarmament objectives of the executive

branch of Government for the forthcoming year;

(2) a detailed assessment of the status of any ongoing arms

control, nonproliferation, or disarmament negotiations, including

a comprehensive description of negotiations or other activities

during the preceding year and an appraisal of the status and

prospects for the forthcoming year;

(3) a detailed assessment of adherence of the United States to

obligations undertaken in arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament agreements, including information on the policies and

organization of each relevant agency or department of the United

States to ensure adherence to such obligations, a description of

national security programs with a direct bearing on questions of

adherence to such obligations and of steps being taken to ensure

adherence, and a compilation of any substantive questions raised

during the preceding year and any corrective action taken;

(4) a detailed assessment of the adherence of other nations to

obligations undertaken in all arms control, nonproliferation, and

disarmament agreements or commitments, including the Missile

Technology Control Regime, to which the United States is a

participating state, including information on actions taken by

each nation with regard to the size, structure, and disposition

of its military forces in order to comply with arms control,

nonproliferation, or disarmament agreements or commitments, and

shall include, in the case of each agreement or commitment about

which compliance questions exist -

(A) a description of each significant issue raised and

efforts made and contemplated with the other participating

state to seek resolution of the difficulty;

(B) an assessment of damage, if any, to the United States

security and other interests; and

(C) recommendations as to any steps that should be considered

to redress any damage to United States national security and to

reduce compliance problems;

(5) a discussion of any material noncompliance by foreign

governments with their binding commitments to the United States

with respect to the prevention of the spread of nuclear explosive

devices (as defined in section 6305(4) of this title) by

non-nuclear-weapon states (as defined in section 6305(5) of this

title) or the acquisition by such states of unsafeguarded special

nuclear material (as defined in section 6305(8) of this title),

including -

(A) a net assessment of the aggregate military significance

of all such violations;

(B) a statement of the compliance policy of the United States

with respect to violations of those commitments; and

(C) what actions, if any, the President has taken or proposes

to take to bring any nation committing such a violation into

compliance with those commitments; and

(6) a specific identification, to the maximum extent

practicable in unclassified form, of each and every question that

exists with respect to compliance by other countries with arms

control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements with the

United States.

(b) Classification of report

The report required by this section shall be submitted in

unclassified form, with classified annexes, as appropriate. The

portions of this report described in paragraphs (4) and (5) of

subsection (a) of this section shall summarize in detail, at least

in classified annexes, the information, analysis, and conclusions

relevant to possible noncompliance by other nations that are

provided by United States intelligence agencies.

(c) Reporting consecutive noncompliance

If the President in consecutive reports submitted to the Congress

under this section reports that any designated nation is not in

full compliance with its binding nonproliferation commitments to

the United States, then the President shall include in the second

such report an assessment of what actions are necessary to

compensate for such violations.

(d) Additional requirement

Each report required by this section shall include a discussion

of each significant issue described in subsection (a)(6) of this

section that was contained in a previous report issued under this

section during 1995, or after December 31, 1995, until the question

or concern has been resolved and such resolution has been reported

in detail to the appropriate committees of Congress (as defined in

section 1102(1) of the Arms Control, Non-Proliferation, and

Security Assistance Act of 1999).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 403, formerly Sec. 51, as added and

amended Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 717(a)(3), title VIII,

Sec. 828(a), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 498, 520; renumbered Sec. 403

and amended, Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII, Sec.

1223(15), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-771, 2681-772; Pub.

L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. B, title XI, Sec. 1113],

Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-487; Pub. L. 107-228, div. B,

title XI, Sec. 1103, Sept. 30, 2002, 116 Stat. 1426.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 1102(1) of the Arms Control, Non-Proliferation, and

Security Assistance Act of 1999, referred to in subsec. (d), is

section 1000(a)(7) [div. B, title XI, Sec. 1102(1)] of Pub. L.

106-113, which is set out as a note under section 2652c of this

title.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-228 substituted "April 15" for

"January 31" in introductory provisions.

1999 - Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [title

XI, Sec. 1113(a)(1)(A)-(C)], in introductory provisions, inserted

"or commitments, including the Missile Technology Control Regime,"

before "to which", "or commitments" before ", and shall", and "or

commitment" before "about which".

Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [title XI, Sec.

1113(a)(1)(D), (2), (3)], added par. (6).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106-113, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [title XI, Sec.

1113(b)], added subsec. (d).

1998 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(15)(A)(ii), (iii),

in introductory provisions, substituted "Secretary of State with

the concurrence of the Director of Central Intelligence and in

consultation with" for "Director, in consultation with the

Secretary of State," and "and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of

Staff" for "the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the

Director of Central Intelligence".

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(15)(A)(i), inserted ",

nonproliferation," after "arms control".

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(15)(A)(iv), (v),

redesignated par. (3) as (2) and struck out former par. (2) which

read as follows: "a detailed statement concerning the

nonproliferation objectives of the executive branch of Government

for the forthcoming year;".

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(15)(A)(v),

redesignated par. (5) as (3). Former par. (3) redesignated (2).

Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(15)(A)(i), inserted ",

nonproliferation," after "arms control".

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(15)(A)(iv), (v),

redesignated par. (6) as (4) and struck out former par. (4) which

read as follows: "a detailed assessment of the status of any

ongoing nonproliferation negotiations or other activities,

including a comprehensive description of the negotiations or other

activities during the preceding year and an appraisal of the status

and prospects for the forthcoming year;".

Subsec. (a)(5) to (7). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(15)(A)(v),

redesignated pars. (5) to (7) as (3) to (5), respectively.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(15)(B), inserted at end

"The portions of this report described in paragraphs (4) and (5) of

subsection (a) of this section shall summarize in detail, at least

in classified annexes, the information, analysis, and conclusions

relevant to possible noncompliance by other nations that are

provided by United States intelligence agencies."

1994 - Subsec. (a)(5) to (7). Pub. L. 103-236, Sec.

828(a)(1)-(3), struck out "and" at end of par. (5), substituted ";

and" for period at end of par. (6), and added par. (7).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103-236, Sec. 828(a)(4), added subsec. (c).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1994 AMENDMENT

Amendment by section 828(a) of Pub. L. 103-236 effective 60 days

after Apr. 30, 1994, see section 831 of Pub. L. 103-236, set out as

an Effective Date note under section 6301 of this title.

REQUIREMENT FOR TRANSMITTAL OF SUMMARIES

Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(a)(7) [div. B, title XI, Sec.

1118], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-489, provided that:

"Whenever a United States delegation engaging in negotiations on

arms control, nonproliferation, or disarmament submits to the

Secretary of State a summary of the activities of the delegation or

the status of those negotiations, a copy of each such summary shall

be further transmitted by the Secretary of State to the Committee

on Foreign Relations of the Senate and to the Committee on

International Relations of the House of Representatives promptly."

TRANSMISSION OF EXECUTIVE BRANCH REPORTS PROVIDING CONGRESS WITH

CLASSIFIED SUMMARIES OF ARMS CONTROL DEVELOPMENTS

Pub. L. 105-261, div. A, title XV, Sec. 1502, Oct. 17, 1998, 112

Stat. 2171, as amended by Pub. L. 106-65, div. A, title X, Sec.

1067(3), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774, provided that:

"(a) Reporting Requirement. - The Director of the Arms Control

and Disarmament Agency (or the Secretary of State, if the Arms

Control and Disarmament Agency becomes an element of the Department

of State) shall transmit to the Committee on Armed Services of the

House of Representatives on a periodic basis reports containing

classified summaries of arms control developments.

"(b) Contents of Reports. - The reports required by subsection

(a) shall include information reflecting the activities of forums

established to consider issues relating to treaty implementation

and treaty compliance."

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2652c of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2593b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2593b. Public annual report on world military expenditures and

arms transfers

-STATUTE-

Not later than December 31 of each year, the Secretary of State

shall publish an unclassified report on world military expenditures

and arms transfers. Such report shall provide detailed,

comprehensive, and statistical information regarding military

expenditures, arms transfers, armed forces, and related economic

data for each country of the world. In addition, such report shall

include pertinent in-depth analyses as well as highlights with

respect to arms transfers and proliferation trends and initiatives

affecting such developments.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 404, formerly Sec. 52, as added

Pub. L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 717(a)(3), Apr. 30, 1994, 108

Stat. 499; renumbered Sec. 404 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G,

subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(16), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat.

2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(16), substituted "Secretary of

State" for "Director" in first sentence.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Secs. 2593c, 2593d 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER IV - ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Secs. 2593c, 2593d. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A,

title XII, Sec. 1222, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-768

-MISC1-

Section 2953c, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 53, as added Pub.

L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 718(a), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 500,

related to requirement for authorization of appropriations.

Section 2593d, Pub. L. 87-297, title IV, Sec. 54, as added Pub.

L. 103-236, title VII, Sec. 718(a), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 500,

related to transfers and reprogrammings of funds.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section 1201 of Pub. L.

105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under section 6511 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC SUBCHAPTER V - ON-SITE INSPECTION ACTIVITIES 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER V - ON-SITE INSPECTION ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER V - ON-SITE INSPECTION ACTIVITIES

-SECREF-

SUBCHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This subchapter is referred to in section 2593d of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2595 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER V - ON-SITE INSPECTION ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 2595. Findings

-STATUTE-

The Congress finds that -

(1) under this chapter, the Department of State is charged with

the "formulation and implementation of United States arms control

and disarmament policy in a manner which will promote the

national security";

(2) the On-Site Inspection Agency was established in 1988

pursuant to the INF Treaty to implement, on behalf of the United

States, the inspection provisions of the INF Treaty;

(3) on-site inspection activities under the INF Treaty include

-

(A) inspections in Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus,

Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, the Czech Republic, and Germany,

(B) escort duties for teams visiting the United States and

the Basing Countries,

(C) establishment and operation of the Portal Monitoring

Facility in Russia, and

(D) support for the inspectors at the Portal Monitoring

Facility in Utah;

(4) the On-Site Inspection Agency has additional

responsibilities to those specified in paragraph (3), including

the monitoring of nuclear tests pursuant to the Threshold Test

Ban Treaty and the Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty and the

monitoring of the inspection provisions of such additional arms

control agreements as the President may direct;

(5) the personnel of the On-Site Inspection Agency include

civilian technical experts, civilian support personnel, and

members of the Armed Forces; and

(6) the senior officials of the On-Site Inspection Agency

include representatives from the Department of State.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title V, Sec. 501, formerly Sec. 61, as added Pub.

L. 101-216, title II, Sec. 201, Dec. 11, 1989, 103 Stat. 1855;

amended Pub. L. 102-228, title IV, Sec. 402(a)(1), Dec. 12, 1991,

105 Stat. 1699; Pub. L. 103-199, title IV, Sec. 401(d), Dec. 17,

1993, 107 Stat. 2324; renumbered and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div.

G, subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(17), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112

Stat. 2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Par. (1). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(17)(A), substituted

"Department of State" for "United States Arms Control and

Disarmament Agency".

Par. (2). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(17)(B), (C), redesignated

par. (3) as (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as

follows: "as defined in this chapter, the terms 'arms control' and

'disarmament' mean 'the identification, verification, inspection,

limitation, control, reduction, or elimination, of armed forces and

armaments of all kinds under international agreement to establish

an effective system of international control';".

Par. (3). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(17)(C), redesignated par.

(4) as (3). Former par. (3) redesignated (2).

Par. (4). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(17)(C), (D), redesignated

par. (5) as (4) and substituted "paragraph (3)" for "paragraph

(4)". Former par. (4) redesignated (3).

Par. (5). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(17)(C), redesignated par.

(6) as (5). Former par. (5) redesignated (4).

Pars. (6), (7). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(17)(C), (E),

redesignated par. (7) as (6) and struck out "United States Arms

Control and Disarmament Agency and the" before "Department of

State". Former par. (6) redesignated (5).

1993 - Par. (4)(A). Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 401(d)(1), substituted

"Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan,

the Czech Republic, and Germany" for "the Soviet Union,

Czechoslovakia, and the German Democratic Republic".

Par. (4)(B). Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 401(d)(2), struck out "Soviet"

before "teams".

Par. (4)(C). Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 401(d)(3), substituted

"Russia" for "the Soviet Union".

Par. (4)(D). Pub. L. 103-199, Sec. 401(d)(4), struck out "Soviet"

before "inspectors".

1991 - Pars. (5) to (7). Pub. L. 102-228 added par. (5) and

redesignated former pars. (5) and (6) as (6) and (7), respectively.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

ACCOUNTING FOR REIMBURSABLE EXPENSES INCURRED BY DEPARTMENT OF

DEFENSE ON BEHALF OF SOVIET UNION OR SUCCESSOR ENTITIES IN

MONITORING INF TREATY

Pub. L. 103-139, title VIII, Sec. 8033, Nov. 11, 1993, 107 Stat.

1447, provided that: "During the current fiscal year and

thereafter, of the funds appropriated, reimbursable expenses

incurred by the Department of Defense on behalf of the Soviet Union

or its successor entities in monitoring United States

implementation of the Treaty Between the United States of America

and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of

Their Intermediate-Range or Shorter-Range Missiles ('INF Treaty'),

concluded December 8, 1987, may be treated as orders received and

obligation authority for the applicable appropriation, account, or

fund increased accordingly. Likewise, any reimbursements received

for such costs may be credited to the same appropriation, account,

or fund to which the expenses were charged: Provided, That

reimbursements which are not received within one hundred and eighty

days after submission of an appropriate request for payment shall

be subject to interest at the current rate established pursuant to

section 2(b)(1)(B) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 (59 Stat.

526) [12 U.S.C. 635(b)(1)(B)]. Interest shall begin to accrue on

the one hundred and eighty-first day following submission of an

appropriate request for payment: Provided further, That funds

appropriated in this Act [see Tables for classification] may be

used to reimburse United States military personnel for reasonable

costs of subsistence, at rates to be determined by the Secretary of

Defense, incurred while accompanying Soviet Inspection Team members

or inspection team members of the successor entities of the Soviet

Union engaged in activities related to the INF Treaty: Provided

further, That this provision includes only the in-country period

(referred to in the INF Treaty) and is effective whether such duty

is performed at, near, or away from an individual's permanent duty

station."

Similar provisions were contained in the following prior

appropriation acts:

Pub. L. 102-396, title IX, Sec. 9045, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat.

1912.

Pub. L. 102-172, title VIII, Sec. 8045, Nov. 26, 1991, 105 Stat.

1182.

Pub. L. 101-511, title VIII, Sec. 8049, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat.

1885.

Pub. L. 101-165, title IX, Sec. 9062, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat.

1142.

Pub. L. 100-463, title VIII, Sec. 8138, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat.

2270-46.

UNITED STATES PROGRAM FOR ON-SITE INSPECTIONS UNDER ARMS CONTROL

AGREEMENTS

Pub. L. 101-189, div. A, title X, Sec. 1014, Nov. 29, 1989, 103

Stat. 1547, provided that:

"(a) Findings Concerning On-Site Inspection Personnel. - Congress

makes the following findings:

"(1) The United States is currently engaged in multilateral and

bilateral negotiations seeking to achieve treaties or agreements

to reduce or eliminate various types of military weapons and to

make certain reductions in military personnel levels. These

negotiations include negotiations for (A) reductions in strategic

forces, conventional armaments, and military personnel levels,

(B) regimes for monitoring nuclear testing, and (C) the complete

elimination of chemical weapons.

"(2) Requirements for monitoring these possible treaties or

agreements will be extensive and will place severe stress on the

monitoring capabilities of United States national technical

means.

"(3) In the case of the INF Treaty, the United States and the

Soviet Union negotiated, and are currently using, on-site

inspection procedures to complement and support monitoring by

national technical means. Similar on-site inspection procedures

are being negotiated for inclusion in possible future treaties

and agreements referred to in paragraph (1).

"(4) During initial implementation of the provisions of the INF

Treaty, the United States was not fully prepared for the

personnel requirements for the conduct of on-site inspections.

The Director of Central Intelligence has stated that on-site

inspection requirements for any strategic arms reduction treaty

or agreement will be far more extensive than those for the INF

Treaty. The number of locations within the Soviet Union that

would possibly be subject to on-site inspections under a START

agreement have been estimated to be approximately 2,500 (compared

to 120 for the INF Treaty).

"(5) On-site inspection procedures are likely to be an integral

part of any future arms control treaty or agreement.

"(6) Personnel requirements will be extensive for such on-site

inspection procedures, both in terms of numbers of personnel and

technical and linguistic skills. Since verification requirements

for the INF Treaty are already placing severe stress on current

personnel resources, the requirements for verification under

START and other possible future treaties and agreements may

quickly exceed the current number of verification personnel

having necessary technical and language skills.

"(7) There is a clear need for a database of the names of

individuals who are members of the Armed Forces or civilian

employees of the United States Government, or of other citizens

and nationals of the United States, who are qualified (by reason

of technical or language skills) to participate in on-site

inspections under an arms control treaty or agreement.

"(8) The organization best suited to establish such a database

is the On-Site Inspection Agency (OSIA) of the Department of

Defense, which was created by the President to implement (for the

United States) the on-site inspection provisions of the INF

Treaty.

"(b) Status of the OSIA. - (1) Congress finds that -

"(A) the Director of the OSIA (currently a brigadier general of

the Army) is appointed by the Secretary of Defense with the

concurrence of the Secretary of State and the approval of the

President;

"(B) the Secretary of Defense provides to the Director

appropriate policy guidance formulated by the interagency arms

control mechanism established by the President;

"(C) most of the personnel of the OSIA are members of the Armed

Forces (who are trained and paid by the military departments

within the Department of Defense) and include linguists, weapons

specialists, and foreign area specialists;

"(D) the Department of Defense provides the OSIA with

substantially all of its administrative and logistic support

(including military air transportation for inspections in the

Soviet Union and Eastern Europe); and

"(E) the facilities in Europe and the United States at which

OSIA personnel escort personnel of the Soviet Union conducting

inspections under the on-site inspection terms of the INF Treaty

are under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense (or under

the jurisdiction of entities that are contractors with the

Department of Defense).

"(2) In light of the findings in paragraph (1) and the report

submitted pursuant to section 909 of Public Law 100-456 [div. A,

title IX, Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2036] entitled 'Report to the

Congress on U.S. Monitoring and Verification Activities Related to

the INF Treaty' (submitted on July 27, 1989), Congress hereby

determines that by locating the On-Site Inspection Agency within

the Department of Defense for the purposes of administrative and

logistic support and operational guidance, and integrating on-site

inspection responsibilities under the INF Treaty with existing

organizational activities of that Department, the President has

been able to ensure that sensitive national security assets are

protected and that obligations of the United States under that

treaty are fulfilled in an efficient and cost-effective manner.

"(c) Establishment of Personnel Database. - (1) In light of the

findings in subsection (a), the Director of the On-Site Inspection

Agency shall establish a database consisting of the names of

individuals who could be assigned or detailed (in the case of

Government personnel) or employed (in the case of non-Government

personnel) to participate in the conduct of on-site inspections

under any future arms control treaty or agreement that includes

provisions for such inspections.

"(2) The database should be composed of the names of individuals

with skills (including linguistic and technical skills) necessary

for the conduct of on-site inspections.

"(d) INF Treaty Defined. - For purposes of this section, the term

'INF Treaty' means the Treaty Between the United States and the

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their

Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, signed in

Washington, DC, on December 8, 1987."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2595a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER V - ON-SITE INSPECTION ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 2595a. Policy coordination concerning implementation of

on-site inspection provisions

-STATUTE-

(a) Interagency coordination

OSIA should receive policy guidance which is formulated through

an interagency mechanism established by the President.

(b) Role of Secretary of Defense

The Secretary of Defense should provide to OSIA appropriate

policy guidance formulated through the interagency mechanism

described in subsection (a) of this section and operational

direction, consistent with section 113(b) of title 10.

(c) Role of Secretary of State

The Secretary of State should provide to the interagency

mechanism described in subsection (a) of this section appropriate

recommendations for policy guidance to OSIA consistent with

sections 2551(3) and 2574(b) of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title V, Sec. 502, formerly Sec. 62, as added Pub.

L. 101-216, title II, Sec. 201, Dec. 11, 1989, 103 Stat. 1855;

renumbered Sec. 502 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A,

title XII, Sec. 1223(18), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(18), in heading

substituted "Secretary of State" for "Director" and in text

substituted "Secretary of State" for "Director" and "2551(3) and

2574(b)" for "2551(d), 2562, and 2574(c)".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2595b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER V - ON-SITE INSPECTION ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 2595b. Repealed. Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title

XII, Sec. 1222, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-768

-MISC1-

Section, Pub. L. 87-297, title V, Sec. 63, as added Pub. L.

101-216, title II, Sec. 201, Dec. 11, 1989, 103 Stat. 1856,

authorized appropriations for On-Site Inspection Agency for fiscal

years 1990 and 1991.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section 1201 of Pub. L.

105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under section 6511 of

this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2595b-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER V - ON-SITE INSPECTION ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 2595b-1. Review of certain reprogramming notifications

-STATUTE-

Any notification submitted to the Congress with respect to a

proposed transfer, reprogramming, or reallocation of funds from or

within the budget of OSIA shall also be submitted to the Committee

on International Relations of the House of Representatives and the

Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, and shall be subject

to review by those committees.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title V, Sec. 503, formerly Sec. 64, as added Pub.

L. 102-228, title IV, Sec. 402(b)(2), Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat.

1699; renumbered Sec. 503 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G,

subdiv. A, title XII, Sec. 1223(19), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat.

2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(19) substituted section

catchline for former section catchline "Improving congressional

oversight of on-site inspection activities", struck out subsec. (b)

designation and heading, substituted "International Relations" for

"Foreign Affairs", and struck out heading and text of subsec. (a).

Text read as follows: "Concurrent with the submission to the

Congress of the request for authorization of appropriations for

OSIA for fiscal year 1993, the President shall submit a report on

OSIA to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of

Representatives, the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate,

and the Committees on Armed Services of the House of

Representatives and Senate. The report shall include a review of -

"(1) the history of OSIA, including how, when, and under what

auspices it was established, including the applicable texts of

the relevant executive orders;

"(2) the missions and tasks assigned to OSIA to date;

"(3) any additional missions and tasks likely to be assigned to

OSIA during fiscal year 1993;

"(4) the budgetary history of OSIA; and

"(5) the extent to which OSIA plays a role in arms control

policy formulation and operational implementation."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2595c 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 35 - ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT

SUBCHAPTER V - ON-SITE INSPECTION ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 2595c. Definitions

-STATUTE-

As used in this subchapter -

(1) the term "INF Treaty" means the Treaty Between the United

States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on

the Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range

Missiles (signed at Washington, December 8, 1987);

(2) the term "OSIA" means the On-Site Inspection Agency

established by the President, or such other agency as may be

designated by the President to carry out the on-site inspection

provisions of the INF Treaty;

(3) the term "Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty" means the

Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of

Soviet Socialist Republics on Underground Nuclear Explosions for

Peaceful Purposes (signed at Washington and Moscow, May 28,

1976); and

(4) the term "Threshold Test Ban Treaty" means the Treaty

Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet

Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear

Weapons Tests (signed at Moscow, July 3, 1974).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-297, title V, Sec. 504, formerly Sec. 64, as added Pub.

L. 101-216, title II, Sec. 201, Dec. 11, 1989, 103 Stat. 1856;

renumbered Sec. 65 and amended Pub. L. 102-228, title IV, Sec.

402(a)(2), (b)(1), Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1699; renumbered Sec.

504 and amended Pub. L. 105-277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII, Sec.

1223(20), (21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-772.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Par. (1). Pub. L. 105-277, Sec. 1223(20), inserted "of

America" after "United States".

1991 - Pars. (3), (4). Pub. L. 102-228, Sec. 402(a)(2), added

pars. (3) and (4).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-277 effective Apr. 1, 1999, see section

1201 of Pub. L. 105-277, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 6511 of this title.

-End-