US (United States) Code. Title 22. Chapter 34: The Peace Corps

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Foreign Relations and Intercourse

  • Enviado por: El remitente no desea revelar su nombre
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
  • 97 páginas
publicidad
publicidad

-CITE-

22 USC CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-MISC1-

Sec.

2501. Congressional declaration of purpose.

2501-1. Independent agency status of Peace Corps.

2501a. Voluntary service programs.

(a) Congressional declaration of policy of

encouragement.

(b) Limitations on executive activities and use of

funds.

(c) Compromise of national character.

2502. Presidential authorization; appropriations and

financial readjustments.

(a) Terms and conditions of authorization.

(b) Authorization of appropriations.

(c) Appropriations for increases in salary, pay,

etc.

(d) Integration of women into national economics.

(e), (f) Repealed.

(g) Redesignated (d).

(h) Integration of disabled people.

2503. Director and Deputy Director; delegation of functions.

(a) Appointment.

(b) Exercise of functions by Director.

(c) Powers and functions of Secretary of State;

coordination of activities; responsibility for

supervision and direction of programs.

(d) Prohibition on performance of services more

usefully performed by other agencies.

2504. Peace Corps volunteers.

(a) Persons eligible; terms and conditions of

service; Federal employee status; racial, sex,

religious, or color discrimination.

(b) Living allowances, travel, leave and related

items; transfers of supplies and equipment.

(c) Readjustment allowances.

(d) Repealed.

(e) Health care.

(f) Retirement and other credits based upon length

of service.

(g) Assignment to other entities.

(h) Tort claims; absentee voting; general average

contributions for transportation of baggage;

check cashing and currency exchange; claims

for overpayment of pay; passport fees.

(i) Termination of service.

(j) Oath of office.

(k) Counseling programs for returned volunteers.

(l) Legal expenses of defendant in judicial or

administrative proceedings.

(m) Allowances and expenses of minor children.

(n) Moving expenses.

2505. Peace Corps volunteer leaders; number; applicability

of chapter; benefits.

2506. Peace Corps employees.

(a) Foreign employment; compensation, allowances,

and benefits; utilization of Presidential

authority respecting Foreign Service;

additional compensation and differentials;

additional governmental employment by person

receiving Foreign Service Reserve or staff

appointment or assignment; limitation on

length of employment.

(b) Repealed.

(c) Peace Corps representatives; terms and

conditions of service; removal.

2507. Training program.

(a) Applicants for enrollment and enrolled

volunteers.

(b) Citizen trainees for voluntary programs;

foreign nationals as trainees; advances of

funds or reimbursement basis; use of credits.

2508. Foreign participants; admission into the United States

as nonimmigrants; removal.

2509. Presidential powers and authorities.

(a) Contract authority; assignment of volunteers;

acceptance of voluntary services and gifts and

transfers of property; personal service

contracts.

(b) Claim settlements.

(c) Five-year contract authority.

(d) Waiver of certain Federal laws.

(e) Allocation of funds.

(f) Utilization of other Government agency services

and facilities.

(g) Reimbursement for commodities, services, and

facilities.

(h) Hospitalization and medical treatment for

Foreign Service local employees.

(i) Procurement of legal services.

(j) Malpractice protection.

2510. Omitted.

2511. Peace Corps National Advisory Council.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Functions.

(c) Membership.

(d) Compensation.

(e) Quorum.

(f) Financial interests of members.

(g) Chair and Vice Chair.

(h) Meetings, bylaws, and regulations.

(i) Reports to the President and the Director.

(j) Administrative assistance.

2512. Experts and consultants.

(a) Employment; compensation, travel expenses and

per diem; renewal of contracts.

(b) Exemption from restrictions upon receipt of

retirement benefits.

2513. Assignment of personnel to foreign governments or

international organizations.

(a) Authority; oath of allegiance.

(b) Benefits of detailed personnel.

(c) Reimbursement provisions.

2514. Use of funds.

(a) Administrative and other expenses.

(b) Travel expenses abroad; transportation of

personal effects, household goods and

automobiles; storage.

(c) Costs of training personnel employed or

assigned overseas.

(d) Payment of expenses.

2515. Foreign Currency Fluctuations Account.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Use of funds in account.

(c) Exchange rates applicable to obligations.

(d) Transfers back to account.

(e) Limitation on transfers back.

(f) Transfers to account from regular

appropriations.

(g) Authorization of appropriations.

(h) Reports.

2516. Use of foreign currencies.

2517. Activities promoting Americans' understanding of other

peoples.

2518. Seal and name.

(a) Judicial notice.

(b) Exclusiveness of use; penalties for violations;

injunctions.

2519. Security investigations.

2520. Military training and service exemption.

2521. Foreign language proficiency.

2521a. Nonpartisan appointments.

2522. Definitions.

2523. Separability.

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in sections 2275, 2371, 2398, 4071c,

5424 of this title; title 5 sections 8332, 8334, 8411, 8422; title

20 sections 1087ee, 1092; title 26 sections 912, 3121, 3122, 6051;

title 42 sections 292d, 292r, 297b, 405, 409, 410, 12639.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2501 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2501. Congressional declaration of purpose

-STATUTE-

(a) The Congress of the United States declares that it is the

policy of the United States and the purpose of this chapter to

promote world peace and friendship through a Peace Corps, which

shall make available to interested countries and areas men and

women of the United States qualified for service abroad and willing

to serve, under conditions of hardship if necessary, to help the

peoples of such countries and areas in meeting their needs for

trained manpower, particularly in meeting the basic needs of those

living in the poorest areas of such countries, and to help promote

a better understanding of the American people on the part of the

peoples served and a better understanding of other peoples on the

part of the American people.

(b) The Congress declares that it is the policy of the United

States and a purpose of the Peace Corps to maintain, to the maximum

extent appropriate and consistent with programmatic and fiscal

considerations, a volunteer corps of at least 10,000 individuals.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 2, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612;

Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 2, Aug. 2, 1978, 92 Stat. 414; Pub. L. 99-83,

title XI, Sec. 1102(a), Aug. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 272.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original

"this Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612,

as amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out below and Tables.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1985 - Pub. L. 99-83 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a) and added subsec. (b).

1978 - Pub. L. 95-331 inserted "particularly in meeting the basic

needs of those living in the poorest areas of such countries" after

"manpower".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1985 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 99-83 effective Oct. 1, 1985, see section

1301 of Pub. L. 99-83, set out as a note under section 2151-1 of

this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section 28, formerly section 27, of Pub. L. 87-293, as renumbered

by Pub. L. 99-83, title XI, Sec. 1105(a)(1), Aug. 8, 1985, 99 Stat.

276, provided that: "This Act [see Short Title note below] shall

take effect on the date of its enactment [Sept. 22, 1961]."

SHORT TITLE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

Section 1 of Pub. L. 95-331 provided: "That this Act [amending

this section and sections 2501a, 2502, 2504, 2509, and 2510 of this

title and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 2501a

and 2509 of this title] may be cited as the 'Peace Corps Act

Amendments of 1978'."

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 87-293 provided that: "This Act [enacting

this chapter, amending section 2253 of former Title 5, Executive

Departments and Government Officers and Employees, section 425 of

Title 20, Education, sections 912, 1303, 3121, 3122, 3401, and 6051

of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, and sections 405, 409, and 410

of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, and enacting provisions

set out as notes under this section and sections 912 and 3121 of

Title 26] may be cited as the 'Peace Corps Act'."

DESIGNATION OF PAUL D. COVERDELL PEACE CORPS HEADQUARTERS

Pub. L. 107-21, Sec. 1, July 26, 2001, 115 Stat. 194, provided

that:

"(a) In General. - Effective on the date of enactment of this Act

[July 26, 2001], the headquarters offices of the Peace Corps,

wherever situated, shall be referred to as the 'Paul D. Coverdell

Peace Corps Headquarters'.

"(b) References. - Any reference before the date of enactment of

this Act [July 26, 2001] in any law, regulation, order, document,

record, or other paper of the United States to the headquarters or

headquarters offices of the Peace Corps shall, on and after such

date, be considered to refer to the Paul D. Coverdell Peace Corps

Headquarters."

-EXEC-

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 10924

Ex. Ord. No. 10924, Mar. 1, 1961, 26 F.R. 1789, relating to the

establishment and administration of the Peace Corps, was superseded

by Ex. Ord. No. 11041, Aug. 6, 1962, 27 F.R. 7859, formerly set out

below.

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 11041

Ex. Ord. No. 11041, Aug. 7, 1962, 27 F.R. 7859, as amended by Ex.

Ord. No. 11250, Oct. 10, 1965, 30 F.R. 13003, which provided for

the continuance and administration of the Peace Corps in the

Department of State, was superseded by Ex. Ord. No. 11603, June 30,

1971, 36 F.R. 12675, formerly set out below.

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 11603

Ex. Ord. No. 11603, June 30, 1971, 36 F.R. 12675, as amended by

Ex. Ord. No. 12107, Dec. 28, 1978, 44 F.R. 1055, which provided for

the continuance and administration of the Peace Corps within

ACTION, was superseded by Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16, 1979, 44 F.R.

29023, set out below.

EX. ORD. NO. 12137. ADMINISTRATION OF PEACE CORPS AS AN AGENCY

WITHIN ACTION

Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16, 1979, 44 F.R. 29023, as amended by

Ex. Ord. No. 12245, Oct. 6, 1980, 45 F.R. 66769; Ex. Ord. No.

12292, Feb. 23, 1981, 46 F.R. 13968; Ex. Ord. No. 12399, Dec. 31,

1982, 48 F.R. 379, provided:

By virtue of the authority vested in me by the Peace Corps Act,

as amended (22 U.S.C. 2501-2523) and Section 301 of Title 3 of the

United States Code, and as President of the United States of

America, it is hereby ordered as follows:

-MISC2-

1-1. PEACE CORPS

1-101. The Peace Corps, which was established as an agency in the

Department of State pursuant to Executive Order No. 10924 of March

1, 1961 (26 FR 1789) [formerly set out under this section], which

was continued in existence in that Department under the Peace Corps

Act (the "Act") [this chapter] pursuant to Section 102 of Executive

Order No. 11041 of August 6, 1962 (27 FR 7859) [formerly set out

under this section], and which was transferred to and continued as

a component of ACTION [now Corporation for National and Community

Service] by Executive Order No. 11603 of June 30, 1971 (36 FR

12675) [formerly set out under this section], shall be an agency

within ACTION pursuant to the provisions of this Order.

1-102. All references to the "Director" in Part 1-1 of this Order

shall refer to the Director of the Peace Corps for whom provision

is made in Section 4(a) of the Act (22 U.S.C. 2503).

1-103. Exclusive of the functions otherwise delegated by or

reserved to the President by this Order, and subject to the

provisions of this Order, there are hereby delegated to the

Director all functions conferred upon the President by the Act

[this chapter] and by Section 2(b) of Reorganization Plan No. 1 of

1971 [5 U.S.C. App.].

1-104. The function of determining the portion of living

allowances constituting basic compensation, conferred upon the

President by Section 201(a) of Public Law 87-293 (26 U.S.C.

912(3)), is hereby delegated to the Director and shall be performed

in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury.

1-105. The functions of prescribing regulations and making

determinations (relating to appointment of Peace Corps employees in

the Foreign Service System), conferred upon the President by

Section 5 of Public Law 89-135 (79 Stat. 551) [probably means

section 5(b) of Pub. L. 89-134, Aug. 24, 1965, 79 Stat. 551, set

out as a note under section 2506 of this title], are hereby

delegated to the Director.

1-106. The functions of prescribing conditions, conferred upon

the President by the second sentence of Section 5(e), as amended

(22 U.S.C. 2504(e)), and the third proviso of Section 6 of the Act

(22 U.S.C. 2505) (relating to providing health care in Government

facilities) and hereinabove delegated to the Director, shall be

exercised in consultation with the head of the United States

Government agency responsible for the facility.

1-107. The reports required by Section 11 of the Act, as amended

([former] 22 U.S.C. 2510), shall be prepared by the Director and

submitted to the Congress through the President.

1-108. Subject to applicable provisions of law, all funds

appropriated or otherwise made available to the President for

carrying out the provisions of the Act [this chapter] shall be

deemed to be allocated without any further action of the President

to the Director or to such subordinate officer as the Director may

designate. The Director or such officer may allocate or transfer,

as appropriate, any of such funds to any United States Government

agency or part thereof for obligation or expenditures thereby

consistent with applicable law.

1-109. Nothing in this Order shall be deemed to impair or limit

the powers or functions vested in the Secretary of State by the Act

[this chapter].

1-110. The negotiation, conclusion, and termination of

international agreements pursuant to the Act [this chapter] shall

be under the direction of the Secretary of State.

1-111. Any substantial change in policies in effect on the date

of this Order for the utilization of the Foreign Service Act of

1980 [22 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.], pursuant to Section 7 of the Act (22

U.S.C. 2506), shall be coordinated with the Secretary of State.

1-112. The Director shall consult and coordinate with the

Director of ACTION to assure that the functions delegated to the

Director by this Order are carried out consistently with the

functions conferred upon the Director of ACTION by the Domestic

Volunteer Service Act of 1973 (42 U.S.C. 4951 et seq.), ("Volunteer

Service Act"), Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1971 [5 U.S.C. App.]

and this Order.

1-2. THE PEACE CORPS ADVISORY COUNCIL [REVOKED BY EX. ORD. NO.

12399, DEC. 31, 1982, 48 F.R. 379]

1-3. RESERVATION OF FUNCTIONS TO THE PRESIDENT

1-301. There are hereby excluded from the delegations made by

Section 1-1 of this Order the following powers and functions of the

President:

(a) All authority conferred by Sections 4(b), 4(c)(2), 4(c)(3),

10(d), and 18 of the Act (22 U.S.C. 2503(b), (c)(2), (c)(3),

2509(d), and 2517).

(b) The authority conferred by Section 4(a) of the Act (22 U.S.C.

2503(a)) to appoint the Director and the Deputy Director of the

Peace Corps.

(c) The authority conferred on the President by Section

5(f)(1)(B) of the Act (22 U.S.C. 2504(f)(1)(B)).

(d) The authority conferred by Section 10(f) of the Act (22

U.S.C. 2509(f)) to direct any agency of the United States

Government to provide services, facilities, and commodities to

officers carrying out functions under the Act [this chapter].

(e) The authority conferred by Section 19 of the Act (22 U.S.C.

2518) to adopt and alter an official seal or emblem of the Peace

Corps.

1-4. INCIDENTAL PROVISIONS

1-401. Persons appointed, employed, or assigned under Section

7(a) of the Act (22 U.S.C. 2506(a)) shall not, unless otherwise

agreed by the agency in which such benefits may be exercised, be

entitled to the benefits provided by Section 310 of the Foreign

Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3950) in cases in which their

service under the appointment, employment, or assignment exceeds

thirty months.

1-402. Pursuant to Section 10(d) of the Act (22 U.S.C. 2509(d)),

it is hereby determined to be in furtherance of the purposes of the

Act [this chapter] that functions authorized thereby may be

performed without regard to the applicable laws specified in

Section 1 and 2 of Executive Order No. 11223 of May 12, 1965 [22

U.S.C. 2393 note], and with or without consideration as specified

in Section 3 of that Order, but subject to the limitations set

forth in that Order.

1-403. As used in this Order, the words "Volunteers,"

"functions," "United States," and "United States Government agency"

shall have the same meanings, respectively, as they have under the

Act [this chapter].

1-5. NATIONAL VOLUNTARY ACTION PROGRAM

1-501. The National Voluntary Action Program to encourage and

stimulate more widespread and effective voluntary action for

solving public domestic problems, established in the Executive

Branch of the Government by Section 1 of Executive Order No. 11470

of May 26, 1969 [formerly set out as a note under section 2701 of

Title 42, the Public Health and Welfare], is continued in ACTION.

That program shall supplement corresponding action by private and

other non-Federal organizations such as the National Center for

Voluntary Action. As used in this Order, the term "voluntary

action" means the contribution or application of non-governmental

resources of all kinds (time, money, goods, services, and skills)

by private and other organizations of all types (profit and

nonprofit, national and local, occupational, and altruistic) and by

individual citizens.

1-6. DIRECTOR OF ACTION

1-601. In addition to the functions vested in the Director of

ACTION by the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973 (42 U.S.C.,

Section 4951 et seq.), Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1971 [5 U.S.C.

App.], and Section 1-401 of this Order, the Director of ACTION

shall:

(a) Encourage local, national and international voluntary

activities directed toward the solution or mitigation of community

problems.

(b) Provide for the development and operation of a clearinghouse

for information on Government programs designed to foster voluntary

action.

(c) Initiate proposals for the greater and more effective

application of voluntary action in connection with Federal

programs, and coordinate, as consistent with law, Federal

activities involving such action.

(d) Make grants of seed money, as authorized by law, for

stimulating the development or deployment of innovative voluntary

action programs directed toward community problems.

1-602. The head of each Federal department and agency, or a

designated representative, when so requested by the Director of

ACTION or the Director of the Peace Corps, shall, to the extent

permitted by law and funds available, furnish information and

assistance, and participate in all ways appropriate to carry out

the objectives of this Order, the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of

1973 [42 U.S.C. 4951 et seq.] and Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1971

[5 U.S.C. App.].

1-603. The head of each Federal department or agency shall, when

so requested by the Director of ACTION, designate a senior official

to have primary and continuing responsibility for the participation

and cooperation of that department or agency in matters concerning

voluntary action.

1-604. The head of each Federal department or agency, or a

designated representative, shall keep the Director of ACTION

informed of proposed budgets, plans, and programs of that

department or agency affecting voluntary action programs.

1-605. Under the direction of the President and subject to the

responsibilities of the Secretary of State, the Director of ACTION

shall be responsible for the general direction of those ACTION

functions, which jointly serve ACTION domestic volunteer components

and the Peace Corps, and for advising the Director of the Peace

Corps to ensure that the functions delegated under this Order to

the Director of the Peace Corps are carried out.

1-7. GENERAL PROVISIONS

1-701. Except to the extent that they may be inconsistent with

this Order, all determinations, authorizations, regulations,

rulings, certifications, orders, directives, contracts, agreements,

and other actions made, issued or entered into with respect to any

function affected by this Order and not revoked, superseded, or

otherwise made inapplicable before the effective date of this Order

shall continue in full force and effect until amended, modified, or

terminated by appropriate authority.

1-702. Except as otherwise expressly provided herein, nothing in

this Order shall be construed as subjecting any department,

establishment, or other instrumentality of the Executive Branch of

the Federal Government or the head thereof, or any function vested

by law in or assigned pursuant to law to any such agency or head,

to the authority of any other agency or head or as abrogating,

modifying, or restricting any such function in any manner.

1-703. So much of the personnel, property, records, and

unexpended balances or appropriations, allocations, and other funds

employed, used, held, available, or to be made available in

connection with the functions assigned to the Director of the Peace

Corps or to the Director of ACTION by this Order as the Director of

the Office of Management and Budget shall determine, shall be

transferred to the Director of the Peace Corps or the Director of

ACTION at such time or times as the Director of the Office of

Management and Budget shall direct.

1-704. To the extent permitted by law, such further measures and

dispositions as the Director of the Office of Management and Budget

shall deem to be necessary in order to effectuate the provisions of

this Order shall be carried out by such agencies as the Director of

the Office of Management and Budget shall specify.

1-705. The authority conferred by Sections 1-703 and 1-704 of

this Order shall supplement, not limit, the provisions of Section

1-108 of this Order.

1-706. Executive Order Nos. 11041, 11250, 11470 and 11603 are

hereby superseded.

1-707. This Order shall become effective May 16, 1979.

-EXEC-

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 12468

Ex. Ord. No. 12468, Mar. 22, 1984, 49 F.R. 11139, which

established the Presidential Advisory Council on the Peace Corps

and provided for its membership, functions, etc., was revoked by

Ex. Ord. No. 12534, Sept. 30, 1985, 50 F.R. 40319, formerly set out

as a note under section 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act in

the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2510, 2517 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2501-1 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2501-1. Independent agency status of Peace Corps

-STATUTE-

Effective on December 29, 1981, the Peace Corps shall be an

independent agency within the executive branch and shall not be an

agency within the ACTION Agency, the successor to the ACTION

Agency, or any other department or agency of the United States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 2A as added Pub. L. 97-113, title

VI, Sec. 601(a), Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1540; amended Pub. L.

103-82, title IV, Sec. 405(e), Sept. 21, 1993, 107 Stat. 921.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1993 - Pub. L. 103-82 inserted ", the successor to the ACTION

Agency,".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1993 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 103-82 effective Apr. 4, 1994, see section

406(b) of Pub. L. 103-82, set out as a note under section 8332 of

Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS, PERSONNEL, ETC., TO PEACE CORPS

Section 601(b), (c) of Pub. L. 97-113 provided that:

"(b) There are transferred to the Director of the Peace Corps all

functions relating to the Peace Corps which were vested in the

Director of the ACTION Agency [now Corporation for National and

Community Service] on the day before the date of the enactment of

this Act [Dec. 29, 1981].

"(c)(1) All personnel, assets liabilities, contracts, property,

records, and unexpended balances of appropriations, authorizations,

allocations, and other funds are are determined by the Director of

the Office of Management and Budget, after consultation with the

Comptroller General of the United States, the Director of the Peace

Corps, and the Director of the ACTION Agency, to be employed, held,

used, or assumed primarily in connection with any function relating

to the Peace Corps before the date of the enactment of this Act

[Dec. 29, 1981] are transferred to the Peace Corps. The transfer of

unexpended balances pursuant to the preceding sentence shall be

subject to section 202 of the Budget and Accounting Procedures Act

of 1950 (31 U.S.C. 581c) [31 U.S.C. 1531].

"(2)(A) The transfer pursuant to this subsection of full-time

personnel (except special Government employees) and part-time

personnel holding permanent positions shall not cause any employee

to be separated or reduced in rank, class, grade, or compensation,

or otherwise suffer a loss of employment benefits for one year

after -

"(i) the date on which the director of the Office of Management

and Budget submits the report required by subsection (f)(l) of

this section, or

"(ii) the effective date of the transfer of such employee,

whichever occurs later.

"(B) The personnel transferred pursuant to this subsection shall,

to the maximum extent feasible, be assigned to such related

functions and organizational units in the Peace Corps as such

personnel were assigned to immediately before the date of the

enactment of this Act [Dec. 29, 1981].

"(C) Collective-bargaining agreements in effect on the date of

the enactment of this Act [Dec. 29, 1981] covering personnel

transferred pursuant to this subsection or employed on such date of

enactment [Dec. 29, 1981] by the Peace Corps shall continue to be

recognized by the Peace Corps until the termination date of such

agreements or until such agreements are modified in accordance with

applicable procedures.

"(3) Under such regulations as the President may prescribe, each

person who, immediately before the date of the enactment of this

Act [Dec. 29, 1981], does not hold an appointment under section

7(a)(2) of the Peace Corps Act [22 U.S.C. 2506(a)(2)] and who is

determined under paragraph (1) of this subsection to be employed

primarily in connection with any function relating to the Peace

Corps shall, effective on the date of the enactment of this Act

[Dec. 29, 1981], and notwithstanding subparagraph (B) of section

7(a)(2) of the Peace Corps Act, be appointed a member of the

Foreign Service under section 7(a)(2) of the Peace Corps Act [22

U.S.C. 2506(a)(2)], and be appointed or assigned to an appropriate

class of the Foreign Service, except that -

"(A) any person who, immediately before such date of enactment

[Dec. 29, 1981], holds a career or career-conditional appointment

shall not, without the consent of such person, be so appointed

until three years after such date of enactment [Dec. 29, 1981],

during which period any such person not consenting to be so

appointed may continue to hold such career or career-conditional

appointment; and

"(B) each person so appointed who, immediately before such date

of enactment [Dec. 29, 1981], held a career or career-conditional

appointment at grade GS-8 or lower of the General Schedule

established by section 5332 of title 5, United States Code, shall

be appointed a member of the Foreign Service for the duration of

operations under the Peace Corps Act [this chapter].

Each person appointed under this paragraph shall receive basic

compensation at the rate of such person's class determined by the

President to be appropriate, except that the rate of basic

compensation received by such person immediately before the

effective date of such person's appointment under this paragraph

shall not be reduced as a result of the provisions of this

paragraph."

-MISC2-

REFERENCES TO ACTION AGENCY OR DIRECTOR OF ACTION AGENCY WITH

RESPECT TO PEACE CORPS OR DIRECTOR FUNCTIONS OR ACTIVITIES

Section 601(g) of Pub. L. 97-113 provided that: "References in

any statute, reorganization plan, Executive order, regulation, or

other official document or proceeding to the ACTION Agency [now

Corporation for National and Community Service] or the Director of

the ACTION Agency with respect to functions or activities relating

to the Peace Corps shall be deemed to refer to the Peace Corps or

the Director of the Peace Corps, respectively."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2501a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2501a. Voluntary service programs

-STATUTE-

(a) Congressional declaration of policy of encouragement

The Congress declares that it is the policy of the United States

and a further purpose of this chapter (1) to encourage countries

and areas to establish programs under which their citizens and

nationals would volunteer to serve in order to help meet the needs

of less developed countries or areas for trained manpower; (2) to

encourage less developed countries or areas to establish programs

under which their citizens and nationals would volunteer to serve

in order to meet their needs for trained manpower; and (3) to

encourage the development of, and participation in, international

voluntary service programs and activities.

(b) Limitations on executive activities and use of funds

(1) Activities carried out by the President in furtherance of the

purposes of clauses (1) and (2) of subsection (a) of this section

shall be limited to -

(A) furnishing technical assistance, materials, tools,

supplies, and training appropriate to the support of volunteer

programs in such countries or areas; and

(B) conducting demonstration projects in such countries or

areas.

None of the funds made available to carry out the purposes of

clauses (1) and (2) of subsection (a) of this section may be used

to pay the administrative costs of any program or project, other

than a demonstration project, or to assist any program or project

of a paramilitary or military nature. Funds allocated for

activities set forth in this paragraph should be kept to a minimum

so that such allocation will not be detrimental to other Peace

Corps programs and activities.

(2) Not more than 2 per centum of the amount appropriated to the

Peace Corps for a fiscal year may be used in such fiscal year to

carry out the provisions of clause (3) of subsection (a) of this

section. Such funds may be contributed to educational institutions,

private voluntary organizations, international organizations, and

foreign governments or agencies thereof, to pay a fair and

proportionate share of the costs of encouraging the development of,

and participation in, international voluntary programs and

activities.

(c) Compromise of national character

Such activities shall not compromise the national character of

the Peace Corps.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title III, Sec. 301, as added Pub. L. 88-200, Sec.

8, Dec. 13, 1963, 77 Stat. 360; amended Pub. L. 91-99, Sec. 3, Oct.

29, 1969, 83 Stat. 166; Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 9, July 24, 1970, 84

Stat. 465; Pub. L. 92-352, title IV, Sec. 402, July 13, 1972, 86

Stat. 495; Pub. L. 95-331, Secs. 7, 8(a), Aug. 2, 1978, 92 Stat.

415, 416.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original

"this Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612,

as amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 2501 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1978 - Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 7, substituted

provisions limiting activities to furnishing technical assistance,

etc., in support of volunteer programs, and conducting

demonstration projects and provisions relating to payment of costs

of any program or project for provisions limiting activities to

furnishing of knowledge and skills relating to the selection,

training, and programming of voluntary manpower and provisions

relating to use of available funds.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 8(a), substituted provisions

authorizing use of 2 per centum of amount appropriated in a fiscal

year for provisions authorizing use of $350,000 in a fiscal year.

1972 - Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 92-352 substituted "$350,000" for

"$300,000" and "in any fiscal year to carry" for "in fiscal year

1971 to carry".

1970 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 9(a), changed the

policy objective from encouragement of participation in any

international register which seeks to provide volunteers to serve

in less developed countries or areas, training, or other assistance

in order to help such countries or areas to meet their needs for

trained manpower to encouragement of participation in international

voluntary service programs and activities.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 9(b), substituted fiscal

year 1971 for fiscal year 1970 and changed the authorization of the

contribution of funds from a fair and proportionate share of the

costs of the international registers to a fair and proportionate

share of the costs of encouraging the development of and

participation in international voluntary programs and activities.

1969 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91-99, Sec. 3(1), redesignated

existing provisions as cls. (1) and (2), and added cl. (3).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91-99, Sec. 3(2), redesignated existing

provisions as cl. (1), struck out the provision which authorized

the use of not more than $300,000 in carrying out the purposes of

this section in fiscal year 1964 and inserted references to cls.

(1) and (2) of subsec. (a) of this section, and added cl. (2).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

Section 8(b) of Pub. L. 95-331 provided that: "The amendment made

by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on

October 1, 1978."

-TRANS-

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of President under this section delegated to Director

of Peace Corps by section 1-103 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16,

1979, 44 F.R. 29023, eff. May 16, 1979, set out as a note under

section 2501 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2502 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2502. Presidential authorization; appropriations and financial

readjustments

-STATUTE-

(a) Terms and conditions of authorization

The President is authorized to carry out programs in furtherance

of the purposes of this chapter, on such terms and conditions as he

may determine.

(b) Authorization of appropriations

(1) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the

purposes of this chapter $270,000,000 for fiscal year 2000,

$298,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, $327,000,000 for fiscal year

2002, and $365,000,000 for fiscal year 2003.

(2) Amounts authorized to be appropriated under paragraph (1) for

a fiscal year are authorized to remain available for that fiscal

year and the subsequent fiscal year.

(c) Appropriations for increases in salary, pay, etc.

In addition to the amount authorized to be appropriated by

subsection (b) of this section to carry out the purposes of this

chapter, there are authorized to be appropriated for increases in

salary, pay, retirement, or other employee benefits authorized by

law, for each fiscal year, such sums as may be necessary.

(d) Integration of women into national economics

In recognition of the fact that women in developing countries

play a significant role in economic production, family support, and

the overall development process, the Peace Corps shall be

administered so as to give particular attention to those programs,

projects, and activities which tend to integrate women into the

national economics of developing countries, thus improving their

status and assisting the total development effort.

(e), (f) Repealed. Pub. L. 97-113, title VI, Sec. 601(e)(1), Dec.

29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1542

(g) Redesignated (d)

(h) Integration of disabled people

In recognition of the fact that there are over 400,000,000

disabled people in the world, 95 percent of whom are among the

poorest of the poor, the Peace Corps shall be administered so as to

give particular attention to programs, projects, and activities

which tend to integrate disabled people into the national economies

of developing countries, thus improving their status and assisting

the total development effort.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 3, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612;

Pub. L. 87-442, Apr. 27, 1962, 76 Stat. 62; Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 1,

Dec. 13, 1963, 77 Stat. 359; Pub. L. 88-285, Mar. 17, 1964, 78

Stat. 166; Pub. L. 89-134, Sec. 1, Aug. 24, 1965, 79 Stat. 549;

Pub. L. 89-572, Sec. 1, Sept. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 764; Pub. L.

90-175, Dec. 5, 1967, 81 Stat. 542; Pub. L. 90-362, June 27, 1968,

82 Stat. 250; Pub. L. 91-99, Sec. 1, Oct. 29, 1969, 83 Stat. 166;

Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 1, July 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 464; Pub. L.

92-135, Oct. 8, 1971, 85 Stat. 376; Pub. L. 92-352, title IV, Sec.

401, July 13, 1972, 86 Stat. 495; Pub. L. 93-49, Sec. 1, June 25,

1973, 87 Stat. 99; Pub. L. 93-302, Secs. 1, 2, June 1, 1974, 88

Stat. 191; Pub. L. 94-130, Secs. 1-3, Nov. 14, 1975, 89 Stat. 684;

Pub. L. 94-281, Secs. 1, 2, May 7, 1976, 90 Stat. 458; Pub. L.

95-102, Secs. 1, 2, Aug. 15, 1977, 91 Stat. 841; Pub. L. 95-331,

Sec. 3, Aug. 2, 1978, 92 Stat. 414; Pub. L. 96-53, title III, Sec.

301, Aug. 14, 1979, 93 Stat. 370; Pub. L. 96-533, title VI, Sec.

601(a), (b), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3155; Pub. L. 97-113, title

VI, Secs. 601(e)(1), 602, 603, Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1542; Pub.

L. 99-83, title XI, Sec. 1101, Aug. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 272; Pub. L.

99-399, title XIII, Sec. 1301, Aug. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 897; Pub.

L. 102-565, Sec. 1, Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 4265; Pub. L. 106-30,

Sec. 1, May 21, 1999, 113 Stat. 55.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a) to (c), was in the

original "this Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75

Stat. 612, as amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 2501 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106-30 amended subsec. (b) generally.

Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows: "There are

authorized to be appropriated to carry out the purposes of this

chapter $218,146,000 for fiscal year 1993, which are authorized to

remain available until September 30, 1994."

1992 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102-565 amended subsec. (b)

generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows: "There

are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the purposes of this

chapter $130,000,000 for the fiscal year 1986 and $137,200,000 for

the fiscal year 1987."

1986 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99-399 in amending subsec. (b)

generally, substituted provision authorizing appropriations of

$130,000,000 for fiscal year 1986 and $137,200,000 for fiscal year

1987 for provision authorizing appropriations of $130,000,000 for

fiscal years 1986 and 1987, providing that unobligated balances

continue to be made available for the general purposes for which

appropriated, and prohibiting the use of funds to carry out this

chapter for the Volunteers to America Program or any similar

program involving the service or training of foreign nationals in

the United States.

1985 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99-83 substituted provisions

authorizing appropriations of $130,000,000 for fiscal years 1986

and 1987 for provisions authorizing appropriations of not to exceed

$105,000,000 for fiscal years 1982 and 1983, and struck out

provisos limiting use of funds in fiscal year 1967, and limiting

contracts and agreements for research.

1981 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97-113, Sec. 602(a), substituted "the

fiscal year 1982 not to exceed $105,000,000 and for the fiscal year

1983 not to exceed $105,000,000" for "fiscal year 1981 not to

exceed $118,000,000".

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97-113, Sec. 602(b), substituted "each

fiscal year" for "fiscal year 1981".

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97-113, Sec. 601(e)(1), redesignated subsec.

(g) as (d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which provided for

rectification of imbalance in readjustment allowance for the period

Mar. 1, 1961, to Feb. 28, 1973.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97-113, Sec. 601(e)(1), struck out subsec.

(e) which related to waiver of claims resulting from erroneous

payments to volunteers who terminated their volunteer service

between Mar. 1, 1961, and Feb. 28, 1973.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 97-113, Sec. 601(e)(1), struck out subsec.

(f) which related to relief from liability for improper payment of

readjustment allowances made to volunteers between Mar. 1, 1961,

and Feb. 28, 1973.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 97-113, Sec. 601(e)(1), redesignated subsec.

(g) as (d).

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 97-113, Sec. 603, added subsec. (h).

1980 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96-533, Sec. 601(a), substituted

appropriations authorization of $118,000,000 for fiscal year 1981

for such authorization of $105,404,000 for fiscal year 1980.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 96-533, Sec. 601(b), substituted "1981" for

"1980".

1979 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96-53, Sec. 301(1), substituted

provisions authorizing to be appropriated for fiscal year 1980 not

to exceed $105,404,000, for provisions authorizing to be

appropriated for fiscal year 1978 not to exceed $86,544,000, and

for fiscal year 1979 not to exceed $112,424,000, and setting forth

availability of funds for the United Nations contributions by the

Corps.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 96-53, Sec. 301(2), substituted "1980" for

"1978, $1,069,000, and for fiscal year 1979".

1978 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 3(1), substituted

provisions authorizing to be appropriated for fiscal year 1978 not

to exceed $86,544,000 and for fiscal year 1979 not to exceed

$112,424,000 and limitation with respect to volunteer program, for

provisions authorizing to be appropriated for fiscal year 1978 not

to exceed $82,900,000.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 3(2), inserted provisions

increasing 1978 appropriation from $1,000,000 to $1,069,000, and

provisions authorizing to be appropriated such sums as necessary

for fiscal year 1979.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 3(3), added subsec. (g).

1977 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95-102, Sec. 1, substituted

provisions authorizing appropriations for fiscal year 1978 not to

exceed $82,900,000 for provisions authorizing appropriations for

fiscal year 1976 not to exceed $88,468,000, for the period July 1,

1976, through Sept. 30, 1976, not to exceed $27,887,800, for fiscal

year 1977 not to exceed $81,000,000.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95-102, Sec. 2, substituted provisions

authorizing additional appropriations for fiscal year 1978 of

$1,000,000 for increases in salary, pay, etc., for provisions

authorizing additional appropriations for fiscal year 1976 and the

period July 1, 1976, through Sept. 30, 1976, not in excess of

$1,000,000, and for fiscal year 1977 such sums as may be necessary

for increases in salary, pay, etc.

1976 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94-281, Sec. 1, authorized

appropriation of not to exceed $81,000,000 for fiscal year 1977.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94-281, Sec. 2, inserted provisions relating

to fiscal year 1977 and authorization of such sums as may be

necessary for such year.

1975 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94-130, Sec. 1, authorized

appropriation of $88,468,000 for fiscal year 1976, and $27,887,800

for period July 1, 1976, through Sept. 30, 1976, and struck out

appropriation authorization of $82,256,000 for fiscal year 1975.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94-130, Sec. 2, authorized appropriation of

$1,000,000 for fiscal year 1976, for increase in employee benefits,

in addition to amounts authorized for fiscal year 1976, and for

period July 1, 1976, through Sept. 30, 1976, and deleted prior

appropriation authorization of $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1975, for

increase in employee benefits, in addition to amounts authorized

for fiscal year 1975.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 94-130, Sec. 3, substituted "shall

transfer", "no later than December 31, 1975, not to exceed $315,000

from any sums available to carry out the purposes of this chapter

in fiscal year 1976" for "is authorized to transfer" and "from any

sums appropriated to carry out the purposes of this chapter in

fiscal year 1975 not to exceed $315,000".

1974 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 93-302, Sec. 1, substituted "There

are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1975 not to

exceed $82,256,000 to carry out the purposes of this chapter" for

"There are authorized to be appropriated to the President for the

fiscal year 1974 not to exceed $77,001,000 to carry out the

purposes of this chapter".

Subsecs. (c) to (f). Pub. L. 93-302, Sec. 2, added subsecs. (c)

to (f).

1973 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 93-49 substituted "1974" for "1973"

and "$77,001,000" for "$88,027,000".

1972 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 92-352 substituted "1973" for "1972"

and "$88,027,000" for "$77,200,000".

1971 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 92-135 substituted "1972" for "1971"

and "$77,200,000" for "$98,800,000".

1970 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91-352 substituted "1971" for "1970"

and "$98,800,000" for "$98,450,000".

1969 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91-99 substituted "1970" for "1969"

and "$98,450,000" for "$112,800,000", and inserted provision

prohibiting funds authorized to carry out the purposes of this

chapter to be used to carry out the Volunteers to America Program

conducted under the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of

1961, or any similar program.

1968 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90-362 substituted "1969" for "1968"

and "$112,800,000" for "$115,700,000".

1967 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90-175 substituted "1968" for "1967"

and "$115,700,000" for "$110,000,000".

1966 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89-572 authorized an appropriation of

$110,000,000 for the fiscal year 1967 and provided for obligation

of limited amount of funds under contracts or agreements to carry

out research relating to the basic responsibilities of the Peace

Corps and for continuing availability of unobligated balances of

funds.

1965 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89-134 substituted "1966" for "1965"

and inserted $500,000 limit on funds available for research.

1964 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 88-285 authorized an appropriation of

$115,000,000 for fiscal year 1965.

1963 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 88-200 substituted "1964" and

"$102,000,000" for "1963" and "$63,750,000", respectively.

1962 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 87-442 authorized an appropriation of

$63,750,000 for the fiscal year 1963.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1985 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 99-83 effective Oct. 1, 1985, see section

1301 of Pub. L. 99-83, set out as a note under section 2151-1 of

this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1979 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-53 effective Oct. 1, 1979, see section

512(a) of Pub. L. 96-53, set out as a note under section 2151 of

this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1977 AMENDMENT

Section 3 of Pub. L. 95-102 provided that: "The amendments made

by this Act [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1,

1977."

-TRANS-

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS; ALLOCATION OF FUNDS

Functions of President under this section delegated to and funds

available to President under this chapter allocated to Director of

Peace Corps by sections 1-103 and 1-108 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May

16, 1979, 44 F.R. 29023, eff. May 16, 1979, set out as a note under

section 2501 of this title.

-MISC2-

APPLICABILITY OF PUB. L. 97-113 TO ACTIONS PRIOR TO DECEMBER 29,

1981

Section 601(e)(2) of Pub. L. 97-113 provided that: "The amendment

made by paragraph (1) of this subsection [redesignating former

subsec. (g) as (d) and striking out subsecs. (d) to (f) of this

section] shall not alter or affect (A) the validity of any action

taken before the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 29, 1981]

under those provisions of law repealed by that amendment, or (B)

the liability of any person for any payment described in section

3(f) of the Peace Corps Act [former subsec. (f) of this section] as

in effect immediately before the date of the enactment of this

Act."

PAYMENT OF READJUSTMENT ALLOWANCES FROM AMOUNT APPROPRIATED FOR

FISCAL YEAR 1977; LIMITATION ON AMOUNT AVAILABLE

Section 3 of Pub. L. 94-281 provided that: "Of the amount

appropriated for fiscal year 1977 to carry out the purposes of the

Peace Corps Act [see Short Title note set out under section 2501 of

this title], $10,100,000 shall be available only for payment of the

readjustment allowances authorized by sections 5(c) and 6(1) of

such Act [sections 2504(c) and 2505(1) of this title]."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2503 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2503. Director and Deputy Director; delegation of functions

-STATUTE-

(a) Appointment

The President may appoint, by and with the advice and consent of

the Senate, a Director of the Peace Corps and a Deputy Director of

the Peace Corps.

(b) Exercise of functions by Director

The President may exercise any functions vested in him by this

chapter through the Director of the Peace Corps. The Director of

the Peace Corps may promulgate such rules and regulations as he may

deem necessary or appropriate to carry out such functions, and may

delegate to any of his subordinates authority to perform any of

such functions.

(c) Powers and functions of Secretary of State; coordination of

activities; responsibility for supervision and direction of

programs

(1) Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to

infringe upon the powers or functions of the Secretary of State.

(2) The President shall prescribe appropriate procedures to

assure coordination of Peace Corps activities with other activities

of the United States Government in each country, under the

leadership of the chief of the United States diplomatic mission.

(3) Under the direction of the President, the Secretary of State

shall be responsible for the continuous supervision and general

direction of the programs authorized by this chapter, to the end

that such programs are effectively integrated both at home and

abroad and the foreign policy of the United States is best served

thereby.

(4) The Director of the Peace Corps may prescribe such

regulations as may be necessary to assure that no individual

performing service for the Peace Corps under any authority

contained in this chapter shall engage in any activity determined

by the Director to be detrimental to the best interests of the

United States.

(d) Prohibition on performance of services more usefully performed

by other agencies

Except with the approval of the Secretary of State, the Peace

Corps shall not be assigned to perform services which could more

usefully be performed by other available agencies of the United

States Government in the country concerned.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 4, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612;

Pub. L. 88-426, title III, Sec. 305(27), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat.

426; Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 2, July 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 464; Pub. L.

97-113, title VI, Sec. 601(d)(1), Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1541.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (b) and (c), was in the

original "this Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75

Stat. 612, as amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 2501 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1981 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97-113 substituted provision

authorizing the President to exercise functions vested in him under

this chapter through the Director of the Peace Corps and the

Director of the Peace Corps to promulgate rules and regulations as

deemed appropriate for provision authorizing the President to

exercise functions vested in him under this chapter through such

agency or officer of the United States Government as he directs and

the head of such agency or such officer to promulgate rules and

regulations as deemed appropriate.

1970 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91-352 added par. (4).

1964 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 88-426 repealed provisions which

prescribed the compensation of the Director and Deputy Director.

See sections 5314 and 5315 of Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1964 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 88-426 effective on first day of first pay

period which begins on or after July 1, 1964, except to extent

provided in section 501(c) of Pub. L. 88-426, see section 501 of

Pub. L. 88-426.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Transfer to President of the United States of functions conferred

upon Director of Peace Corps by subsec. (c)(4) of this section, see

section 2(b) of Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1971, eff. July 1, 1971, 36

F.R. 11181, 85 Stat. 819, set out in the Appendix to Title 5,

Government Organization and Employees.

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of President under subsecs. (c)(1), (4), (d) delegated

to Director of Peace Corps by sections 1-103 and 1-301(a), (b) of

Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16, 1979, 44 F.R. 29023, eff. May 16, 1979,

set out as a note under section 2501 of this title.

-MISC2-

CONTINUING FUNCTIONS OF DIRECTOR OF PEACE CORPS FROM DECEMBER 14,

1981

Section 601(d)(2) of Pub. L. 97-113 provided: "The Director of

the Peace Corps shall continue to exercise all the functions under

the Peace Corps Act [this chapter] or any other law or authority

which the Director was performing on December 14, 1981."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2504 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2504. Peace Corps volunteers

-STATUTE-

(a) Persons eligible; terms and conditions of service; Federal

employee status; racial, sex, religious, or color discrimination

The President may enroll in the Peace Corps for service abroad

qualified citizens and nationals of the United States (referred to

in this chapter as "volunteers"). The terms and conditions of the

enrollment, training, compensation, hours of work, benefits, leave,

termination, and all other terms and conditions of the service of

volunteers shall be exclusively those set forth in this chapter and

those consistent therewith which the President may prescribe; and,

except as provided in this chapter, volunteers shall not be deemed

officers or employees or otherwise in the service or employment of,

or holding office under, the United States for any purpose. In

carrying out this subsection, there shall be no discrimination

against any person on account of race, sex, creed, or color.

(b) Living allowances, travel, leave and related items; transfers

of supplies and equipment

Volunteers shall be provided with such living, travel, and leave

allowances, and such housing, transportation, supplies, equipment,

subsistence, and clothing as the President may determine to be

necessary for their maintenance and to insure their health and

their capacity to serve effectively. Supplies or equipment provided

volunteers to insure their capacity to serve effectively may be

transferred to the government or to other entities of the country

or area with which they have been serving, when no longer necessary

for such purpose, and when such transfers would further the

purposes of this chapter. Transportation and travel allowances may

also be provided, in such circumstances as the President may

determine, for applicants for enrollment to or from places of

training and places of enrollment, and for former volunteers from

places of termination to their homes in the United States.

(c) Readjustment allowances

Volunteers shall be entitled to receive a readjustment allowance

at a rate not less than $125 for each month of satisfactory service

as determined by the President. The readjustment allowance of each

volunteer shall be payable on his return to the United States:

Provided, however, That, under such circumstances as the President

may determine, the accrued readjustment allowance, or any part

thereof, may be paid to the volunteer, members of his family or

others, during the period of his service, or prior to his return to

the United States. In the event of the volunteer's death during the

period of his service, the amount of any unpaid readjustment

allowance shall be paid in accordance with the provisions of

section 5582(b) of title 5. For purposes of the Internal Revenue

Code of 1986, a volunteer shall be deemed to be paid and to receive

each amount of a readjustment allowance to which he is entitled

after December 31, 1964, when such amount is transferred from funds

made available under this chapter to the fund from which such

readjustment allowance is payable.

(d) Repealed. Pub. L. 89-554, Sec. 8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat.

661

(e) Health care

Volunteers shall receive such health care during their service,

applicants for enrollment shall receive such health examinations

preparatory to their service, applicants for enrollment who have

accepted an invitation to begin a period of training under section

2507(a) of this title shall receive such immunization and dental

care preparatory to their service, and former volunteers shall

receive such health examinations within six months after

termination of their service, as the President may deem necessary

or appropriate. Subject to such conditions as the President may

prescribe, such health care may be provided in any facility of any

agency of the United States Government, and in such cases the

appropriation for maintaining and operating such facility shall be

reimbursed from appropriations available under this chapter. Health

care may not be provided under this subsection in a manner

inconsistent with the Assisted Suicide Funding Restriction Act of

1997 [42 U.S.C. 14401 et seq.].

(f) Retirement and other credits based upon length of service

(1) Any period of satisfactory service of a volunteer under this

chapter shall be credited in connection with subsequent employment

in the same manner as a like period of civilian employment by the

United States Government -

(A) for the purposes of section 816(a) of the Foreign Service

Act of 1980 [22 U.S.C. 4056(a)] and every other Act establishing

a retirement system for civilian employees of any United States

Government agency; and

(B) except as otherwise determined by the President, for the

purposes of determining seniority, reduction in force, and layoff

rights, leave entitlement, and other rights and privileges based

upon length of service under the laws administered by the Office

of Personnel Management, the Foreign Service Act of 1980 [22

U.S.C. 3901 et seq.], and every other Act establishing or

governing terms and conditions of service of civilian employees

of the United States Government: Provided, That service of a

volunteer shall not be credited toward completion of any

probationary or trial period or completion of any service

requirement for career appointment.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection,

volunteers and volunteer leaders shall be deemed to be receiving

compensation during their service at the respective rates of

readjustment allowances payable under subsection (c) of this

section and section 2505(1) of this title.

(g) Assignment to other entities

The President may detail or assign volunteers or otherwise make

them available to any entity referred to in paragraph (1) of

section 2509(a) of this title on such terms and conditions as he

may determine: Provided, That not to exceed two hundred volunteers

may be assigned to carry out secretarial or clerical duties on the

staffs of the Peace Corps representatives abroad: Provided,

however, That any volunteer so detailed or assigned shall continue

to be entitled to the allowances, benefits and privileges of

volunteers authorized under or pursuant to this chapter.

(h) Tort claims; absentee voting; general average contributions for

transportation of baggage; check cashing and currency exchange;

claims for overpayment of pay; passport fees

Volunteers shall be deemed employees of the United States

Government for the purposes of the Federal Tort Claims Act and any

other Federal tort liability statute, section 3342 of title 31,

section 5732 and section 5584 of title 5 (and readjustment

allowances paid under this chapter shall be considered as pay for

purposes of such section), and section 214 of this title.

(i) Termination of service

The service of a volunteer may be terminated at any time at the

pleasure of the President.

(j) Oath of office

Upon enrollment in the Peace Corps, every volunteer shall take

the oath prescribed for persons appointed to any office of honor or

profit by section 3331 of title 5.

(k) Counseling programs for returned volunteers

In order to assure that the skills and experience which former

volunteers have derived from their training and their service

abroad are best utilized in the national interest, the President

may, in cooperation with agencies of the United States, private

employers, educational institutions and other entities of the

United States, undertake programs under which volunteers would be

counseled with respect to opportunities for further education and

employment.

(g742l) Legal expenses of defendant in judicial or administrative

proceedings

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, counsel may be

employed and counsel fees, court costs, bail, and other expenses

incident to the defense of volunteers may be paid in foreign

judicial or administrative proceedings to which volunteers have

been made parties.

(m) Allowances and expenses of minor children

The minor children of a volunteer living with the volunteer may

receive -

(1) such living, travel, education, and leave allowances, such

housing, transportation, subsistence, and essential special items

of clothing as the President may determine;

(2) such health care, including health care following the

volunteer's service for illness or injury incurred during such

service, and health and accident insurance, as the President may

determine and upon such terms as he may determine, including

health care in any facility referred to in subsection (e) of this

section, subject to such conditions as the President may

prescribe and subject to reimbursement of appropriations as

provided in such subsection (e);

(3) such orientation, language, and other training necessary to

accomplish the purposes of this chapter as the President may

determine; and

(4) the benefits of subsection (l) of this section on the same

basis as volunteers.

(n) Moving expenses

The costs of packing and unpacking, transporting to and from a

place of storage, and storing the furniture and household and

personal effects of a volunteer who has one or more minor children

at the time of his entering a period of pre-enrollment training may

be paid from the date of his departure from his place of residence

to enter training until no later than three months after

termination of his service.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 5, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 613;

Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 2, Dec. 13, 1963, 77 Stat. 359; Pub. L.

89-134, Sec. 2, Aug. 24, 1965, 79 Stat. 549; Pub. L. 89-554, Sec.

8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 661, 662; Pub. L. 89-572, Sec. 2(a),

Sept. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 765; Pub. L. 91-99, Sec. 2, Oct. 29, 1969,

83 Stat. 166; Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 3, July 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 464;

Pub. L. 94-130, Secs. 4, 6, Nov. 14, 1975, 89 Stat. 684; Pub. L.

95-331, Sec. 4, Aug. 2, 1978, 92 Stat. 414; Pub. L. 96-465, title

II, Sec. 2202(a), Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2157; Pub. L. 97-113,

title VI, Secs. 604(b), 606, Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1543; Pub. L.

99-83, title XI, Sec. 1105(b), Aug. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 276; Pub. L.

99-514, Sec. 2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095; Pub. L. 105-12, Sec.

9(j), Apr. 30, 1997, 111 Stat. 27; Pub. L. 106-30, Sec.

2(b)(1)-(3), May 21, 1999, 113 Stat. 55.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a), (e) to (h), and (m),

was in the original "this Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22,

1961, 75 Stat. 612, as amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title

note set out under section 2501 of this title and Tables.

The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (c), is

classified generally to Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

The Assisted Suicide Funding Restriction Act of 1997, referred to

in subsec. (e), is Pub. L. 105-12, Apr. 30, 1997, 111 Stat. 23,

which is classified principally to chapter 138 (Sec. 14401 et seq.)

of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 14401 of Title 42 and Tables.

The Foreign Service Act of 1980, referred to in subsec. (f)(1),

is Pub. L. 96-465, Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2071, as amended, which

is classified principally to chapter 52 (Sec. 3901 et seq.) of this

title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see

Short Title note set out under section 3901 of this title and

Tables.

The Federal Tort Claims Act, referred to in subsec. (h), is

classified generally to section 1346(b) and chapter 171 (Sec. 2671

et seq.) of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (f)(1)(B). Pub. L. 106-30, Sec. 2(b)(1),

substituted "Office of Personnel Management" for "Civil Service

Commission".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 106-30, Sec. 2(b)(2), substituted "section

3342 of title 31, section 5732 and" for "the Federal Voting

Assistance Act of 1955 (5 U.S.C. 2171 et seq.), the Act of June 4,

1954, chapter 264, section 4 (5 U.S.C. 73b-5), the Act of December

23, 1944, chapter 716, section 1, as amended (31 U.S.C. 492a),".

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 106-30, Sec. 2(b)(3), substituted "section

3331 of title 5." for "section 1757 of the Revised Statutes of the

United States, as amended (5 U.S.C. 16), and shall swear (or

affirm) that he does not advocate the overthrow of our

constitutional form of government in the United States, and that he

is not a member of an organization that advocates the overthrow of

our constitutional form of government in the United States, knowing

that such organization so advocates."

1997 - Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105-12 inserted at end "Health care

may not be provided under this subsection in a manner inconsistent

with the Assisted Suicide Funding Restriction Act of 1997."

1986 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99-514 substituted "Internal Revenue

Code of 1986" for "Internal Revenue Code of 1954".

1985 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-83 in amending last sentence

generally, struck out provisions prohibiting political tests.

1981 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97-113, Sec. 606, substituted "not

less than $125" for "not to exceed $125".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 97-113, Sec. 604(b), struck out provision

making section 2702 of this title, relating to malpractice

protection, applicable to volunteers and vesting the President with

the authority reposed in the Secretary of State in section 2702(f)

of this title, and deeming a Peace Corps representative to be a

principal representative of the United States for purposes of

section 2702(g) of this title. See section 2509(i) and (j) of this

title.

1980 - Subsec. (f)(1)(A). Pub. L. 96-465, Sec. 2202- (a)(1)(A),

substituted "section 816(a) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980" for

"section 852(a)(1) of the Foreign Service Act of 1946, as amended

(22 U.S.C. 1092(a)(1)),".

Subsec. (f)(1)(B). Pub. L. 96-465, Sec. 2202(a)(1)(B),

substituted "Foreign Service Act of 1980" for "Foreign Service Act

of 1946".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 96-465, Sec. 2202(a)(2), substituted

"section 2702 of this title" for "section 817 of this title" and

"President" for "Director of ACTION".

1978 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 4(1), struck out

provisions relating to allowances for volunteers with minor

children at the time of their entering a period of pre-enrollment

training.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 4(2), inserted provisions

relating to applicability of malpractice protection.

1975 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94-130, Sec. 4, prohibited

discrimination against any person on account of sex.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94-130, Sec. 6, substituted $125 for $75 in

initial clause of first sentence.

1970 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 3(a), inserted exception

that in case of volunteers having one or more children at time of

entering a period of pre-enrollment training, one parent would be

entitled to receive a readjustment allowance not exceeding $125 for

each month of satisfactory service as determined by the President,

and substituted "section 5582(b) of title 5" for "section 61f of

title 5".

Subsecs. (m), (n). Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 3(b), added subsecs. (m)

and (n).

1969 - Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 91-99 inserted provision that for

purposes of section 5584 of title 5 (and readjustment allowances

made thereto) volunteers are to be deemed employees of the United

States Government.

1966 - Subsec. (d). Repealed by Pub. L. 89-554, and now covered

by section 8142 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Subsec. (f). Repealed, as applicable to the Civil Service

Retirement Act, as amended, by Pub. L. 89-554, and now covered by

section 8332(b) of Title 5.

Subsec. (h). Repealed, as applicable to act June 4, 1954, chapter

264, section 5 (5 U.S.C. 73b-5), by Pub. L. 89-554, and now covered

by section 5732 of Title 5.

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 89-572 added subsec. (l).

1965 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89-134, Sec. 2(a), provided that, for

purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, a volunteer is

deemed to be paid and to receive readjustment allowance to which he

is entitled after December 31, 1964, when the amount is transferred

from funds made available under this chapter to the fund from which

the readjustment allowance is paid.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 89-134, Sec. 2(b), extended health care

provisions to include health examinations for applicants for

enrollment preparatory to their service, immunization and dental

care for applicants who have accepted an invitation to begin a

period of training under section 2507(a) of this title, and health

examinations to former volunteers within six months after

termination of their service.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 89-134, Sec. 2(c), authorized an increase

from 100 to 200 in the number of volunteer secretaries and clerical

workers permitted to serve on the staffs of Peace Corps

representatives abroad.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 89-134, Sec. 2(d), extended check cashing

and currency exchange transaction privileges of government

employees to Peace Corps volunteers.

1963 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 2(a), inserted provision

for transfer of supplies and equipment.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 2(b), substituted "a

readjustment allowance" for "termination payments" in first

sentence, the second sentence reading "The readjustment allowance

of each volunteer shall be payable on his return to the United

States: Provided, however, That, under such circumstances as the

President may determine, the accrued readjustment allowance, or any

part thereof, may be paid to the volunteer, members of his family

or others, during the period of his service, or prior to his return

to the United States" for "The termination payment of each

volunteer shall be payable at the termination of his service, or

may be paid during the course of his service to the volunteer, to

members of his family or to others, under such circumstances as the

President may determine" and "readjustment allowance" for

"termination payment" in third sentence.

Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 2(c), substituted

"readjustment allowances" for "termination payments."

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 2(d), provided for assignment

of volunteers to duties on staffs of Peace Corps representatives

abroad.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 2(e), provided that volunteers

shall be deemed employees of the U.S. Government for the purposes

of absentee voting assistance and payment of general average

contributions for transportation of baggage.

Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 2(f), added subsec. (k).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1997 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 105-12 effective Apr. 30, 1997, and

applicable to Federal payments made pursuant to obligations

incurred after Apr. 30, 1997, for items and services provided on or

after such date, subject to also being applicable with respect to

contracts entered into, renewed, or extended after Apr. 30, 1997,

as well as contracts entered into before Apr. 30, 1997, to the

extent permitted under such contracts, see section 11 of Pub. L.

105-12, set out as an Effective Date note under section 14401 of

Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1985 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 99-83 effective Oct. 1, 1985, see section

1301 of Pub. L. 99-83, set out as a note under section 2151-1 of

this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-465 effective Feb. 15, 1981, except as

otherwise provided, see section 2403 of Pub. L. 96-465, set out as

an Effective Date note under section 3901 of this title.

-TRANS-

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of President under this section, except those under

subsec. (f)(1)(B), delegated to Director of Peace Corps, with

function of prescribing conditions in subsec. (e) to be exercised

in consultation with head of agency responsible for facility, by

sections 1-103, 1-106, and 1-301(c) of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16,

1979, 44 F.R. 29023, eff. May 16, 1979, set out as a note under

section 2501 of this title.

-MISC2-

EVALUATION OF HEALTH-CARE SERVICES PROVIDED TO PEACE CORPS

VOLUNTEERS

Pub. L. 102-565, Sec. 3, Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 4266, provided

that:

"(a) In General. - The Director of the Peace Corps shall contract

with an eligible organization or organizations to conduct before

January 1, 1997, a total of three evaluations of the health-care

needs of the Peace Corps volunteers and the adequacy of the system

through which the Peace Corps provides health-care services in

meeting those needs.

"(b) Requirements of the Evaluations. - Each evaluation shall

include an assessment of the adequacy of the Peace Corps

health-care system -

"(1) to provide diagnostic, treatment, and referral services to

meet the health-care needs of Peace Corps volunteers, and

"(2) to conduct health examinations of applicants for

enrollment as Peace Corps volunteers and to provide immunization

and dental care preparatory to service of applicants for

enrollment who have accepted an invitation to begin a period of

training for service as a Peace Corps volunteer.

"(c) Reports to the Peace Corps. - An organization making an

evaluation under this section shall submit to the Director of the

Peace Corps a report containing its findings and recommendations

not later than May 31, 1993, December 31, 1994, and December 31,

1996, as the case may be. Each report shall include recommendations

regarding appropriate standards and procedures for ensuring the

furnishing of quality medical care and for measuring the quality of

care provided to Peace Corps volunteers.

"(d) Report to Congress. - Not later than 90 days after receipt

of a report required by subsection (c), the Director of the Peace

Corps shall transmit the report, together with the Director's

comments, to the appropriate congressional committees.

"(e) Definitions. - For purposes of this section -

"(1) the term 'appropriate congressional committees' means the

Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on

Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs

[now Committee on International Relations] and the Committee on

Appropriations of the House of Representatives; and

"(2) the term 'eligible organization' means an independent

health-care accreditation organization or other independent

organization with expertise in evaluating health-care systems

similar to that of the Peace Corps."

LEGAL EXPENSES INCURRED PRIOR TO SEPT. 13, 1966

Section 2(b) of Pub. L. 89-572 provided that: "The authority

contained in subsection (a) [adding subsec. (l) to this section]

shall extend to counsels fees, costs, and other expenses of the

types specified therein that were incurred prior to the date of

enactment of this Act [Sept. 13, 1966]."

-EXEC-

EX. ORD. NO. 11103. APPOINTMENT OF FORMER VOLUNTEERS TO CIVILIAN

CAREER SERVICES

Ex. Ord. No. 11103, Apr. 10, 1963, 28 F.R. 3571, as amended by

Ex. Ord. No. 12107, Dec. 28, 1978, 44 F.R. 1055, provided:

By virtue of the authority vested in me by the Civil Service Act

(22 Stat. 403) [see, generally, section 1101 et seq. of Title 5,

Government Organization and Employers], and section 1753 of the

Revised Statutes [section 3301 of Title 5], and as President of the

United States, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. Under such regulations as the Office of Personnel

Management may prescribe, the head of any agency in the Executive

Branch may appoint in the competitive service any person who is

certified by the Director of the Peace Corps as having served

satisfactorily as a Volunteer or Volunteer Leader under the Peace

Corps Act [see Short Title note set out under section 2501 of this

title] and who passes such examination as the Office of Personnel

Management may prescribe. Any person so appointed shall, upon

completion of the prescribed probationary period, acquire a

competitive status.

Sec. 2. The head of any agency in the Executive Branch having an

established merit system in the excepted service may appoint in

such service any person who is certified by the Director of the

Peace Corps as having served satisfactorily as a Volunteer or

Volunteer Leader under the Peace Corps Act [see Short Title note

set out under section 2501 of this title] and who passes such

examination as such agency head may prescribe.

Sec. 3. Certificates of satisfactory service for the purposes of

this order shall be issued only to persons who have completed a

full term of service (approximately two years) under the Peace

Corps Act [see Short Title note set out under section 2501 of this

title]: Provided, That such certificates may be issued to persons

who have completed a lesser period of satisfactory service if, in

the judgment of the Director of the Peace Corps, (1) their service

was of sufficient duration to demonstrate their capability to

complete satisfactorily a full term, and (2) their failure to

complete a full term was due to circumstances beyond their control.

Sec. 4. Any appointment under this order shall be effected within

a period of one year after completion of the appointee's service

under the Peace Corps Act [see Short Title note set out under

section 2501 of this title]: Provided, That such period may be

extended to not more than three years in the case of persons who,

following such service, are engaged in military service, in the

pursuit of studies at a recognized institution of higher learning,

or in other activities which, in the view of the appointing

authority, warrant an extension of such period.

Sec. 5. Any law, Executive Order, or regulation which would

disqualify an applicant for appointment in the competitive service

or in the excepted service concerned shall also disqualify an

applicant for appointment under this order.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2505, 2509, 2715b of this

title; title 5 sections 8142, 8332, 8334, 8422; title 26 sections

912, 3401, 9801; title 29 section 1181; title 42 sections 300gg,

409, 14402.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2505 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2505. Peace Corps volunteer leaders; number; applicability of

chapter; benefits

-STATUTE-

The President may enroll in the Peace Corps qualified citizens or

nationals of the United States whose services are required for

supervisory or other special duties or responsibilities in

connection with programs under this chapter (referred to in this

chapter as "volunteer leaders"). The ratio of the total number of

volunteer leaders to the total number of volunteers in service at

any one time shall not exceed one to twenty-five. Except as

otherwise provided in this chapter, all of the provisions of this

chapter applicable to volunteers shall be applicable to volunteer

leaders, and the term "volunteers" shall include "volunteer

leaders": Provided, however, That -

(1) volunteer leaders shall be entitled to receive a

readjustment allowance at a rate not less than $125 for each

month of satisfactory service as determined by the President;

(2) spouses and minor children of volunteer leaders may receive

such living, travel, and leave allowances, and such housing,

transportation, subsistence, and essential special items of

clothing, as the President may determine, but the authority

contained in this paragraph shall be exercised only under

exceptional circumstances;

(3) spouses and minor children of volunteer leaders

accompanying them may receive such health care as the President

may determine and upon such terms as he may determine, including

health care in any facility referred to in section 2504(e) of

this title, subject to such conditions as the President may

prescribe and subject to reimbursement of appropriations as

provided in section 2504(e) of this title; and

(4) spouses and minor children of volunteer leaders

accompanying them may receive such orientation, language, and

other training necessary to accomplish the purposes of this

chapter as the President may determine.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 6, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 615;

Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 3, Dec. 13, 1963, 77 Stat. 360; Pub. L.

89-134, Sec. 3, Aug. 24, 1965, 79 Stat. 549; Pub. L. 91-352, Sec.

4, July 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 465; Pub. L. 97-387, Sec. 1(a), Dec. 23,

1982, 96 Stat. 1947.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, as

amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2501 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1982 - Par. (1). Pub. L. 97-387 substituted "not less than $125"

for "not to exceed $125".

1970 - Pub. L. 91-352 struck out provisions extending health care

under cl. (3) to a married volunteer's child if born during the

volunteer's service.

1965 - Pub. L. 89-134 extended the health care provisions of cl.

(3) to a married volunteer's child if born during the volunteer's

service.

1963 - Pub. L. 88-200 substituted "a readjustment allowance" for

"termination payments" in cl. (1).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1982 AMENDMENT

Section 1(b) of Pub. L. 97-387 provided that: "This amendment

[amending this section] shall be effective as of December 29,

1981."

-TRANS-

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of President under this section delegated to Director

of Peace Corps with functions relating to providing health care in

government facilities under clause (3) to be exercised in

consultation with head of agency responsible for facility by

sections 1-103 and 1-106 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16, 1979, 44

F.R. 29023, eff. May 16, 1979, set out as a note under section 2501

of this title.

-MISC2-

APPOINTMENT TO CIVILIAN CAREER SERVICES

Appointment of former volunteer leaders to civilian career

services, see Ex. Ord. No. 11103, Apr. 10, 1963, 28 F.R. 3571, set

out as a note under section 2504 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2504, 2509, 2522 of this

title; title 5 sections 8142, 8331, 8332, 8334, 8422; title 26

sections 912, 3401; title 42 section 409.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2506 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2506. Peace Corps employees

-STATUTE-

(a) Foreign employment; compensation, allowances, and benefits;

utilization of Presidential authority respecting Foreign Service;

additional compensation and differentials; additional

governmental employment by person receiving Foreign Service

Reserve or staff appointment or assignment; limitation on length

of employment

(1) For the purpose of performing functions under this chapter

outside the United States, the President may employ or assign

persons, or authorize the employment or assignment of officers or

employees of agencies of the United States Government which are not

authorized to utilize the Foreign Service personnel system, who

shall receive compensation at any of the rates established under

section 402 or 403 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 [22 U.S.C.

3962, 3963], together with allowances and benefits thereunder; and

persons so employed or assigned shall be entitled, except to the

extent that the President may specify otherwise in cases in which

the period of the employment or assignment exceeds thirty months,

to the same benefits as are provided by section 310 of that Act [22

U.S.C. 3950] for persons appointed to the Foreign Service.

(2) The President may utilize such authority contained in the

Foreign Service Act of 1980 [22 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.] relating to

members of the Foreign Service and other United States Government

officers and employees as the President deems necessary to carry

out functions under this chapter, except that -

(A) no Foreign Service appointment or assignment under this

paragraph shall be for a period of more than seven and one-half

years, subject to paragraph (5) and except as provided in

paragraph (6); and

(B) no individual whose Foreign Service appointment or

assignment under this paragraph has been terminated shall be

reappointed or reassigned under this paragraph before the

expiration of a period of time equal to the preceding tour of

duty of that individual.

Subparagraphs (A) and (B) do not apply with respect to foreign

national employees. Such provisions of the Foreign Service Act of

1980 [22 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.] (other than the provisions of section

309 [22 U.S.C. 3949]) as the President deems appropriate shall

apply to individuals appointed or assigned under this paragraph,

including in all cases, the provisions of section 310 of that Act

[22 U.S.C. 3950], except that (i) the President may by regulation

make exceptions to the application of section 310 [22 U.S.C. 3950]

in cases in which the period of the appointment or assignment

exceeds thirty months, (ii) members of the Foreign Service

appointed or assigned pursuant to this paragraph shall receive

within-class salary increases in accordance with such regulations

as the President may prescribe, and (iii) under such regulations as

the President may prescribe, individuals who are to perform duties

of a more routine nature than are generally performed by members of

the Foreign Service assigned to class 9 in the Foreign Service

Schedule may be appointed to an unenumerated class ranking below

class 9 in the Foreign Service Schedule and be paid basic

compensation at rates lower than those for class 9, except that

such rates may be no less than the then applicable minimum wage

rate specified in section 206(a)(1) of title 29.

(3) The President may specify what additional allowance

authorized by section 5941 of title 5 and which of the allowances

and differentials authorized by sections 5923 through 5925 of such

title 5, may be granted to any person employed, appointed, or

assigned under this subsection and may determine the rates thereof

not to exceed the rates otherwise granted to employees under the

sections of title 5 referred to in this paragraph.

(4) An individual who has received an appointment or assignment

in the Foreign Service under this subsection may, not later than

September 30, 1982, or three years after separation from such

appointment or assignment, whichever is later, be appointed to a

position in any United States department, agency, or establishment

-

(A) in the competitive service under title 5 without

competitive examination and in accordance with such regulations

and conditions consistent with this subsection as may be

prescribed by the Director of the Office of Personnel Management,

or

(B) in an established merit system in the excepted service,

if such individual (i) served satisfactorily under the authority of

this subsection, as certified by the President, for not less than

thirty-six months on a continuous basis without a break in service

of more than three days, and (ii) is qualified for the position in

question.

(5) Except as provided in paragraph (6), the Director of the

Peace Corps may make appointments or assignments of United States

citizens under paragraph (2) for periods of more than five years

only in the case of individuals whose performance as employees of

the Peace Corps has been exceptional and only in order to achieve

one or more of the following purposes:

(A) To permit individuals who have served at least two and

one-half years of such an appointment or assignment abroad to

serve in the United States thereafter.

(B) To permit individuals who have served at least two and

one-half years of such an appointment or assignment in the United

States to serve abroad thereafter.

(C) To permit individuals who have served at least two and

one-half years of such an appointment or assignment in a

recruitment, selection, or training activity to be reassigned to

an activity other than the one in which they have most recently

so served.

(D) To promote the continuity of functions in administering the

Peace Corps.

At no time may the number of appointments or assignments of United

States citizens in effect under paragraph (2) for periods in excess

of five years exceed fifteen percent of the total of all

appointments and assignments of United States citizens then in

effect under paragraph (2).

(6) Notwithstanding the limitation set forth in paragraph (2)(A)

on the length of an appointment or assignment under paragraph (2)

and notwithstanding the limitations set forth in paragraph (5) on

the circumstances under which such an appointment or assignment may

exceed five years, the Director of the Peace Corps, under special

circumstances, may personally approve an extension of an

appointment or assignment under paragraph (2) for not more than one

year on an individual basis.

(b) Repealed. Pub. L. 96-465, title II, Sec. 2205(9), Oct. 17,

1980, 94 Stat. 2160

(c) Peace Corps representatives; terms and conditions of service;

removal

In each country or area in which volunteers serve abroad, the

President may appoint an employee or a volunteer as a Peace Corps

representative to have direction of other employees of the Peace

Corps abroad and to oversee the activities carried on under this

chapter in such country or area. Unless a representative is a

volunteer, the compensation, allowances and benefits, and other

terms and conditions of service of each such representative, shall

be the same as those of a person appointed, or assigned pursuant to

paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a) of this section, except that

any such representative may, notwithstanding any provision of law,

be removed by the President in his discretion.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 7, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 615;

Pub. L. 87-793, Sec. 1001(l), Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 865; Pub. L.

88-200, Sec. 4, Dec. 13, 1963, 77 Stat. 360; Pub. L. 89-134, Sec.

4, Aug. 24, 1965, 79 Stat. 549; Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 5, July 24,

1970, 84 Stat. 465; Pub. L. 96-53, title III, Sec. 302, Aug. 14,

1979, 93 Stat. 371; Pub. L. 96-465, title II, Secs. 2202(b),

2205(9), Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2157, 2160; Pub. L. 98-473, title

I, Sec. 101(1) [title V, Sec. 541(a)], Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat.

1884, 1903; Pub. L. 99-83, title XI, Sec. 1103(a), Aug. 8, 1985, 99

Stat. 272.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, as

amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2501 of this title and Tables.

The Foreign Service Act of 1980, referred to in subsec. (a)(1),

(2), is Pub. L. 96-465, Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2071, as amended,

which is classified principally to chapter 52 (Sec. 3901 et seq.)

of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Short Title note set out under section 3901 of this title and

Tables.

The effective date of this paragraph, referred to in subsec.

(a)(4), probably means the effective date of Pub. L. 96-53, Aug.

14, 1979, 93 Stat. 359, section 302 of which added subsec. (a)(4)

and which became effective Oct. 1, 1979, see Effective Date of 1979

Amendment note below.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Amendment by Pub. L. 98-473 is based on section 703 of H.R. 5119,

Ninety-eighth Congress, as passed by the House of Representatives

May 10, 1984, which was enacted into permanent law by Pub. L.

98-473.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1985 - Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 99-83, Sec. 1103(a)(1),

substituted "seven and one-half" for "five", substituted ", subject

to paragraph (5) and except as provided in paragraph (6)" for

"unless the Director of the Peace Corps, under special

circumstances, personally approves an extension of not more than

one year on an individual basis", and inserted reference to section

309 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980.

Subsec. (a)(5), (6). Pub. L. 99-83, Sec. 1103(a)(2), added pars.

(5) and (6).

1984 - Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 98-473 inserted provision that

subparagraphs (A) and (B) do not apply with respect to foreign

national employees.

1980 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 96-465, Sec. 2202(b)(1)(A),

substituted "which are not authorized to utilize the Foreign

Service personnel system, who shall receive compensation at any of

the rates established under section 402 or 403 of the Foreign

Service Act of 1980" for ", who shall receive compensation at any

of the rates provided for persons appointed to the Foreign Service

Reserve and Staff under the Foreign Service Act of 1946, as amended

(22 U.S.C. 801 et seq.)" and "section 310" for "section 528" and

struck out reference to the applicability of section 1005 of the

Foreign Service Act of 1946.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 96-465, Sec. 2202(b)(1)(B), among other

changes, substituted references to the Foreign Service Act of 1980

for references to the Foreign Service Act of 1946 and references to

class 9 for class 10, and inserted provision relating to section

206(a)(1) of title 29.

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 96-465, Sec. 2202(b)(2), among other

changes, struck out provisions relating to the time Congress enacts

Foreign Service personnel reform legislation, inserted reference to

September 30, 1982, and substituted "such individual" for "such

person" and "continuous basis without a break in service of more

than three days" for "substantially continuous basis".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96-465, Sec. 2205(9), struck out subsec. (b)

which related to criteria for performance of foreign employment,

separation, and severance benefits. See sections 3922 and 4007 to

4009 of this title.

1979 - Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 96-53 added par. (4).

1970 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 91-352 substantially reenacted

provisions and substituted references to section 5941 of title 5,

and sections 5923 through 5925 of such title 5, for references to

section 118h of title 5 and title II of the Overseas Differentials

and Allowances Act.

1965 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89-134, Sec. 4(a), (b), redesignated

subsec. (c) as (a), incorporated into par. (1) material formerly

set out as introductory material, spelled out the authority of the

President to utilize his authority to appoint and assign persons

under the Foreign Service Act of 1946 by making specific reference

to his authority as it related to Foreign Service Reserve Officers,

Foreign Service Staff officers and employees, alien clerks and

employees and other Government officers and employees apart from

the Foreign Service, limited to five-year duration all Foreign

Service Reserve or Staff appointments and assignments unless the

Director of the Peace Corps personally approved one-years

extensions on an individual basis, prohibited reappointment or

reassignment under this par. before expiration of a period of time

equal to the length of the appointee's preceding tour of duty,

inserted proviso in par. (2) allowing appointment of an

unenumerated class of Foreign Service staff officers and employees

ranking below class 10 to be paid basic compensation at rates lower

than those of class 10 to perform duties of a more routine nature

than are usually performed by Foreign Service staff officers and

employees of class 10, and, in par. (3), inserted reference to

section 118h of title 5 and substituted reference to subsec. (a)

for reference to subsec. (c). Former subsec. (a), relating to

domestic employment, was repealed.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89-134, Sec. 4(c), redesignated subsec. (d)

as (b), inserted "for the purpose of performing functions under

this chapter outside the United States" after "or assigned", and

substituted reference to subsec. (a)(2) for reference to subsec.

(c)(2). Former subsec. (b), relating to compensation for domestic

employment, was repealed.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89-134, Sec. 4(d), redesignated subsec. (e)

as (c) and substituted reference to subsec. (a) of this section for

reference to subsec. (c) of this section. Former subsec. (c)

redesignated (a).

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 89-134, Sec. 4(c), (d), redesignated

subsecs. (d) and (e) as (b) and (c), respectively.

1963 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 88-200 struck out "so" before

"employed".

1962 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 87-793 substituted "but not in excess

of the highest grade 18 of such general schedule" for "and of these

not to exceed two may be compensated at a rate in excess of the

highest rate provided for grades of such general schedule but not

in excess of $19,000 per year".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1985 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 99-83 effective Oct. 1, 1985, see section

1301 of Pub. L. 99-83, set out as a note under section 2151-1 of

this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-465 effective Feb. 15, 1981, except as

otherwise provided, see section 2403 of Pub. L. 96-465, set out as

an Effective Date note under section 3901 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1979 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-53 effective Oct. 1, 1979, see section

512(a) of Pub. L. 96-53, set out as a note under section 2151 of

this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1965 AMENDMENT

Section 5(a) of Pub. L. 89-134 provided that: "Section 4 of this

Act [amending this section] shall not become effective until the

first day of the fourth pay period which begins after the date this

Act becomes law. [Aug. 24, 1965]."

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1962 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 87-793 effective on first day of first pay

period which begins on or after Oct. 11, 1962, see section 1008 of

Pub. L. 87-793.

-TRANS-

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of President under this section delegated to Director

of Peace Corps by section 1-103 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16,

1979, 44 F.R. 29023, eff. May 16, 1979, set out as a note under

section 2501 of this title.

-MISC2-

COORDINATION OF CHANGES IN POLICY WITH SECRETARY OF STATE

Any substantial changes in policies in effect on May 16, 1979,

for the utilization of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (Sec. 3901

et seq. of this title) pursuant to this section are to be

coordinated with the Secretary of State, see section 1-111 of Ex.

Ord. No. 12137, May 16, 1979, 44 F.R. 29023, set out as a note

under section 2501 of this title.

REPORTS TO CONGRESS

Section 1103(b) of Pub. L. 99-83, which required the Director of

the Peace Corps to submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations of

the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of

Representatives reports on the exercise of certain appointment

authority granted under section 1103(a) of Pub. L. 99-83 (amending

subsec. (a) of this section), terminated, effective May 15, 2000,

pursuant to section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, set out as

a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance. See,

also, page 189 of House Document No. 103-7.

BENEFITS FOR PERSONS APPOINTED OR ASSIGNED UNDER SUBSEC. (A)

Persons appointed, employed, or assigned under subsec. (a) of

this section are not, unless otherwise agreed by the agency in

which such benefits may be exercised, entitled to the benefits

provided by section 928 of this title in cases in which their

service under the appointment, employment, or assignment exceeds

thirty months, see section 1-401 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16,

1979, 44 F.R. 29023, set out as a note under section 2501 of this

title.

TRANSFER OF WASHINGTON HEADQUARTERS PERSONNEL FROM CIVIL SERVICE TO

FOREIGN SERVICE APPOINTMENTS

Section 5(b) of Pub. L. 89-134 provided that: "Under such

regulations as the President may prescribe, each person employed

under authorities repealed by section 4(a) of this Act [which

repealed former subsecs. (a) and (b) of this section providing for

employment of Washington headquarters personnel in accordance with

standard civil service laws] immediately prior to the effective

date of that section [see Effective Date of 1965 Amendment note

above] shall effective on that date be appointed a Foreign Service

Reserve officer or Foreign Service staff officer or employee under

the authority of section 7(a)(2) of the Peace Corps Act [subsec.

(a)(2) of this section], as amended, and appointed or assigned to

an appropriate class thereof; except that -

"(1) no person who holds a career or career-conditional

appointment immediately prior to the effective date of section

4(a) of this Act [see effective date of 1965 Amendment note

above] shall, without his consent, be so appointed until three

years after such effective date; and

"(2) each person so appointed who, immediately prior to the

effective date of section 4(a) of this Act [see effective date of

1965 Amendment note above], held a career or career-conditional

appointment at grade 8 or below of the General Schedule

established by the Classification Act of 1949, as amended [see

Sec. 5101 et seq. of Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees], shall receive an appointment for the duration of

operations under the Peace Corps Act, as amended [see Short Title

note set out under section 2501 of this title].

Each person appointed under this subsection shall receive basic

compensation at the rate of his class determined by the President

to be appropriate, but the rate of basic compensation received by

such person immediately prior to the effective date of his

appointment under this subsection shall not be reduced by the

provisions of this subsection."

[Functions of the President conferred by section 5(b) of Pub. L.

89-134, set out above, to prescribe regulations and make

determinations (relating to appointment of Peace Corps Employees in

the Foreign Service System) were delegated to the Director of the

Peace Corps, by section 1-105 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16, 1976,

44 F.R. 29023, set out as a note under section 2501 of this title.

Such functions were previously transferred from the President to

the Director of ACTION [now Corporation for National and Community

Service] by section 102(c) of Ex. Ord. No. 11603, June 30, 1971, 36

F.R. 12675, set out as a note under section 2501 of this title,

which was superseded by section 1-707 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137.]

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2514 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2507 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2507. Training program

-STATUTE-

(a) Applicants for enrollment and enrolled volunteers

The President shall make provision for such training as he deems

appropriate for each applicant for enrollment as a volunteer and

each enrolled volunteer. All of the provisions of this chapter

applicable respectively to volunteers and volunteer leaders shall

be applicable to applicants for enrollment as such during any

period of training occurring prior to enrollment, and the

respective terms "volunteers" and "volunteer leaders" shall include

such applicants during any such period of training.

(b) Citizen trainees for voluntary programs; foreign nationals as

trainees; advances of funds or reimbursement basis; use of

credits

The President may also make provision, on the basis of advances

of funds or reimbursement to the United States, for training for

citizens of the United States, other than those referred to in

subsection (a) of this section, who have been selected for service

abroad in programs not carried out under authority of this chapter

which are similar to those authorized by this chapter. The

provisions of section 2508 of this title shall apply, on a similar

advance of funds or a reimbursement basis, with respect to persons

while within the United States for training under authority of this

subsection. Advances or reimbursements received under this

subsection may be credited to the current applicable appropriation,

fund, or account and shall be available for the purposes for which

such appropriation, fund, or account is authorized to be used.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 8, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 616;

Pub. L. 102-511, title IX, Sec. 904, Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat.

3356.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (b), was in the

original "this Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75

Stat. 612, as amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 2501 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1992 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102-511 struck out subsec. (c) which

read as follows: "Training hereinabove provided for shall include

instruction in the philosophy, strategy, tactics, and menace of

communism."

-TRANS-

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of President under this section delegated to Director

of Peace Corps by section 1-103 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16,

1979, 44 F.R. 29023, eff. May 16, 1979, set out as a note under

section 2501 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2504 of this title; title

5 section 8142.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2508 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2508. Foreign participants; admission into the United States

as nonimmigrants; removal

-STATUTE-

In order to provide for assistance by foreign nationals in the

training of volunteers, and to permit effective implementation of

Peace Corps projects with due regard for the desirability of

cost-sharing arrangements, where appropriate, the President may

make provision for transportation, housing, subsistence, or per

diem in lieu thereof, and health care or health and accident

insurance for foreign nationals engaged in activities authorized by

this chapter while they are away from their homes, without regard

to the provisions of any other law: Provided, however, That per

diem in lieu of subsistence furnished to such persons shall not be

at rates higher than those prescribed by the Secretary of State

pursuant to section 2679 of title 22. Such persons, and persons

coming to the United States under contract pursuant to section

2509(a)(5) of this title, may be admitted to the United States, if

otherwise qualified, as nonimmigrants under section 1101(a)(15) of

title 8 for such time and under such conditions as may be

prescribed by regulations promulgated by the Secretary of State and

the Attorney General. A person admitted under this section who

fails to maintain the status under which he was admitted or who

fails to depart from the United States at the expiration of the

time for which he was admitted, or who engages in activities of a

political nature detrimental to the interests of the United States,

or in activities not consistent with the security of the United

States, shall, upon the warrant of the Attorney General, be taken

into custody and promptly removed pursuant to chapter 4 of title II

of the Immigration and Nationality Act [8 U.S.C. 1221 et seq.] (!1)

proceedings under this section shall be summary and the findings of

the Attorney General as to matters of fact shall be conclusive.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 9, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 617;

Pub. L. 97-113, title VI, Sec. 605(a), Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat.

1543; Pub. L. 104-208, div. C, title III, Sec. 308(e)(18), Sept.

30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-621.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, as

amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2501 of this title and Tables.

The Immigration and Nationality Act, referred to in text, is act

June 27, 1952, ch. 477, 66 Stat. 163, as amended. Chapter 4 of

title II of the Act is classified generally to part IV (Sec. 1221

et seq.) of subchapter II of chapter 12 of Title 8, Aliens and

Nationality. For complete classification of this Act to the Code,

see Short Title note set out under section 1101 of Title 8 and

Tables.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-208 substituted "removed pursuant to chapter 4

of title II of the Immigration and Nationality Act" for "deported

pursuant to sections 1251, 1252, and 1253 of title 8. Deportation".

1981 - Pub. L. 97-113 substituted reference to section

"2509(a)(5)" for "2509(a)(4)" of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 104-208 effective, with certain transitional

provisions, on the first day of the first month beginning more than

180 days after Sept. 30, 1996, see section 309 of Pub. L. 104-208,

set out as a note under section 1101 of Title 8, Aliens and

Nationality.

-TRANS-

ABOLITION OF IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE AND TRANSFER OF

FUNCTIONS

For abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service, transfer

of functions, and treatment of related references, see note set out

under section 1551 of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of President under this section delegated to Director

of Peace Corps by section 1-103 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16,

1979, 44 F.R. 29023, eff. May 16, 1979, set out as a note under

section 2501 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2507 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a period and

"Removal".

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2509 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2509. Presidential powers and authorities

-STATUTE-

(a) Contract authority; assignment of volunteers; acceptance of

voluntary services and gifts and transfers of property; personal

service contracts

In furtherance of the purposes of this chapter, the President may

-

(1) enter into, perform, and modify contracts and agreements

and otherwise cooperate with any agency of the United States

Government or of any State or any subdivision thereof, other

governments and departments and agencies thereof, and educational

institutions, voluntary agencies, farm organizations, labor

unions, and other organizations, individuals and firms;

(2) assign volunteers in special cases to temporary duty with

international organizations and agencies when the Secretary of

State determines that such assignment would serve the purposes of

this chapter;

(3) assign volunteers to duty or otherwise make them available

to any entity referred to in paragraph (1), in order to assist

such organizations and agencies in providing development or other

relief assistance to displaced persons and refugees in any

country, if the government of the country agrees to such

assignment;

(4) accept in the name of the Peace Corps and employ or

transfer in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter (A)

voluntary services notwithstanding the provisions of section 1342

of title 31, and (B) any money or property (real, personal or

mixed, tangible or intangible) received by gift, devise, bequest,

or otherwise; and

(5) contract with individuals for personal services abroad, and

with aliens (abroad or within the United States) for personal

services within the United States: Provided, That no such person

shall be deemed an officer or employee or otherwise in the

service or employment of the United States Government for any

purpose.

(b) Claim settlements

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever the

President determines that it will further the purposes of this

chapter, the President, under such regulations as he may prescribe,

may settle and pay, in an amount not exceeding $20,000, any claim

against the United States, for loss of or damage to real or

personal property (including loss of occupancy or use thereof)

belonging to, or for personal injury or death of, any person not a

citizen or resident of the United States, where such claim arises

abroad out of the act or omission of any Peace Corps employee or

out of the act or omission of any volunteer, but only if such claim

is presented in writing within one year after it accrues. Any

amount paid in settlement of any claim under this subsection shall

be accepted by the claimant in full satisfaction thereof and shall

bar any further action or proceeding thereon.

(c) Five-year contract authority

Subject to any future action of the Congress, a contract or

agreement which entails commitments for the expenditure of funds

available for the purposes of this chapter, including commitments

for the purpose of paying or providing for allowances and other

benefits of volunteers authorized by sections 2504 and 2505 of this

title, may extend at any time for not more than five years.

(d) Waiver of certain Federal laws

Whenever the President determines it to be in furtherance of the

purposes of this chapter, functions authorized by this chapter may

be performed without regard to such provisions of law (other than

section 5 of title 41, section 252 of title 41, and the

Renegotiation Act of 1951, as amended [50 App. U.S.C. 1211 et

seq.]) regulating the making, performance, amendment, or

modification of contracts and the expenditure of Government funds

as the President may specify.

(e) Allocation of funds

The President may allocate or transfer to any agency of the

United States Government any funds available for carrying out the

purposes of this chapter including any advance received by the

United States from any country or international organization under

authority of this chapter, but not to exceed 20 per centum in the

aggregate of such funds may be allocated or transferred to agencies

other than the Peace Corps. Such funds shall be available for

obligation and expenditure for the purposes of this chapter in

accordance with authority granted in this chapter or under

authority governing the activities of the agencies of the United

States Government to which such funds are allocated or transferred.

(f) Utilization of other Government agency services and facilities

Any officer of the United States Government carrying out

functions under this chapter may utilize the services and

facilities of, or procure commodities from, any agency of the

United States Government as the President shall direct, or with the

consent of the head of such agency, and funds allocated pursuant to

this subsection to any such agency may be established in separate

appropriation accounts on the books of the Treasury.

(g) Reimbursement for commodities, services, and facilities

In the case of any commodity, service, or facility procured from

any agency of the United States Government under this chapter,

reimbursement or payment shall be made to such agency from funds

available under this chapter. Such reimbursement or payment shall

be at replacement cost, or, if required by law, at actual cost, or

at any other price authorized by law and agreed to by the owning or

disposing agency. The amount of any such reimbursement or payment

shall be credited to current applicable appropriations, funds, or

accounts from which there may be procured replacements of similar

commodities, services, or facilities, except that where such

appropriations, funds, or accounts are not reimbursable except by

reason of this subsection, and when the owning or disposing agency

determines that such replacement is not necessary, any funds

received in payment therefor shall be covered into the Treasury as

miscellaneous receipts.

(h) Hospitalization and medical treatment for Foreign Service local

employees

The President may provide hospitalization and medical treatment

to Foreign Service local employees who are within the United States

for training related to their employment under this chapter, for

illnesses, injuries, or conditions other than those arising out of

and in the course of employment, which, in the judgment of the

President, began during such employee's travel related to such

training or so near to the beginning of such travel that the onset

of the illness, injury, or condition could not have been known, and

for which immediate medical treatment or hospitalization is

reasonably required.

(i) Procurement of legal services

The Director of the Peace Corps shall have the same authority as

is available to the Secretary of State under section 2698(a) of

this title. For purposes of this subsection, the reference in such

section 2698(a) of this title to a principal officer of the Foreign

Service shall be deemed to be a reference to a Peace Corps

representative and the reference in such section to a member of the

Foreign Service shall be deemed to be a reference to a person

employed, appointed, or assigned under this chapter.

(j) Malpractice protection

The provisions of section 2702 of this title shall apply to

volunteers and persons employed, appointed, or assigned under this

chapter, and to individuals employed under personal services

contracts to furnish medical services abroad pursuant to subsection

(a)(5) of this section..(!1) For purposes of this subsection,

references to the Secretary in subsection (b) of such section shall

be deemed to be references to the Director of the Peace Corps,

references to the Secretary in subsection (f) of such section shall

be deemed to be references to the President, and the reference in

subsection (g) of such section to a principal representative of the

United States shall be deemed to be a reference to a Peace Corps

representative.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 10, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 617;

Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 5, Dec. 13, 1963, 77 Stat. 360; Pub. L.

89-134, Sec. 6, Aug. 24, 1965, 79 Stat. 551; Pub. L. 89-572, Sec.

6, Sept. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 765; Pub. L. 93-49, Sec. 2, June 25,

1973, 87 Stat. 99; Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 5(a), (c), Aug. 2, 1978, 92

Stat. 414, 415; Pub. L. 97-113, title VI, Sec. 604(a), Dec. 29,

1981, 95 Stat. 1543; Pub. L. 103-236, title VI, Sec. 602, Apr. 30,

1994, 108 Stat. 491; Pub. L. 106-30, Sec. 2(b)(4), May 21, 1999,

113 Stat. 56.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, as

amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2501 of this title and Tables.

The Renegotiation Act of 1951, as amended, referred to in subsec.

(d), is act Mar. 23, 1951, ch. 15, 65 Stat. 7, as amended, which

was classified principally to section 1211 et seq. of Title 50,

Appendix, War and National Defense, prior to its omission from the

Code. See Codification note preceding section 1211 of Title 50,

Appendix.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 106-30 substituted "section 1342

of title 31" for "31 U.S.C. 665(b)".

1994 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103-236, Sec. 602(a), which directed

amendment of subsec. (c) by substituting "five years" for "thirty

six months", was executed by making the substitution for

"thirty-six months" to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 103-236, Sec. 602(b), inserted before period

at end of first sentence ", and to individuals employed under

personal services contracts to furnish medical services abroad

pursuant to subsection (a)(5) of this section."

1981 - Subsecs. (i), (j). Pub. L. 97-113 added subsecs. (i) and

(j).

1978 - Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 5(a)(1), struck out

proviso limiting to no more than 125 Peace Corps volunteers or

volunteer leaders the number assignable to the described

organizations.

Subsec. (a)(3) to (5). Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 5(c), added par. (3)

and redesignated former pars. (3) and (4) as (4) and (5),

respectively.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 5(a)(2), substituted "$20,000"

for "$10,000".

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 5(a)(3), added subsec. (h).

1973 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 93-49 excepted from waiver of Federal

laws the application of sections 5 and 252 of title 41.

1966 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 89-572 inserted "or transfer"

after "and employ" and struck out ", and transfer such money or

property to the government or other entities of the country or area

with which the volunteers are serving, when such transfers would

further the general purposes of the chapter".

1965 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 89-134 inserted "money or" after

"and transfer such".

1963 - Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 88-200 inserted provision for

transfer of property.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT

Section 5(b) of Pub. L. 95-331 provided that: "The amendment made

by paragraph (2) of subsection (a) [amending this section] shall

apply to claims made after the date of the enactment of this Act

[Aug. 2, 1978]."

-TRANS-

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS; ALLOCATION OF FUNDS

Funds available to President under this chapter allocated to and

functions of President under this section, except subsec. (d) and

those functions under subsec. (f) relating to directing agencies to

provide services, facilities, and commodities to officers carrying

out functions under this chapter, were delegated to Director of

Peace Corps by sections 1-103 and 1-301(a), (d) of Ex. Ord. No.

12137, May 16, 1979, 44 F.R. 29203, eff. May 16, 1979, set out as a

note under section 2501 of this title.

-MISC2-

PROHIBITION AGAINST USE OF FUNDS APPROPRIATED AFTER FEBRUARY 15,

1981, AND BEFORE DECEMBER 29, 1981, FOR LEGAL SERVICES OR

MALPRACTICE PROTECTION

Section 604(c) of Pub. L. 97-113 provided: "To the extent that

the authorities provided by the amendments made by subsection (a)

[enacting subsecs. (i) and (j) of this section] are authorities

which are not applicable with respect to the Peace Corps

immediately before the enactment of this Act [Dec. 29, 1981] and

which require the expenditure of funds, those authorities may not

be exercised using any funds appropriated after February 15, 1981,

and before the date of the enactment of this Act."

WAIVER OF CERTAIN LAWS BY PRESIDENT UNDER SUBSEC. (D)

For determination under subsec. (d) of this section that it is in

the furtherance of the purposes of this chapter and that the

functions under this chapter may be performed without regard to the

applicable laws specified in section 1 and 2 of Ex. Ord. No. 11223,

May 12, 1965, 30 F.R. 6635, set out as a note under section 2393 of

this title, with certain limitations see section 1-402 of Ex. Ord.

No. 12137, May 16, 1979, 44 F.R. 29203, set out as a note under

section 2501 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2504, 2517 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2510 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2510. Omitted

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section, Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 11, Sept. 22, 1961, 75

Stat. 619; Pub. L. 95-331, Sec. 6, Aug. 2, 1978, 92 Stat. 415; Pub.

L. 99-83, title XI, Sec. 1102(b), Aug. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 272, which

required the President to transmit to Congress, at least once in

each fiscal year, a report on operations under this chapter,

terminated, effective May 15, 2000, pursuant to section 3003 of

Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of

Title 31, Money and Finance. See, also, page 26 of House Document

No. 103-7.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2511 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2511. Peace Corps National Advisory Council

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

A Peace Corps National Advisory Council (hereinafter in this

section referred to as the "Council") shall be established in

accordance with the provisions of this section.

(b) Functions

(1) The Council shall advise and consult with the President and

the Director of the Peace Corps with regard to policies and

programs designed to further the purposes of this chapter and

shall, as the Council considers appropriate, periodically report to

the Congress with regard to the Peace Corps.

(2) Members of the Council shall (subject to subsection (d)(1) of

this section) conduct on-site inspections, and make examinations,

of the activities of the Peace Corps in the United States and in

other countries in order to -

(A) evaluate the accomplishments of the Peace Corps;

(B) assess the potential capabilities and the future role of

the Peace Corps;

(C) make recommendations to the President, the Director of the

Peace Corps, and, as the Council considers appropriate, the

Congress, for the purpose of guiding the future direction of the

Peace Corps and of helping to ensure that the purposes and

programs of the Peace Corps are carried out in ways that are

economical, efficient, responsive to changing needs in developing

countries and to changing relationships among people, and in

accordance with law; and

(D) make such other evaluations, assessments, and

recommendations as the Council considers appropriate.

(3) The Council may provide for public participation in its

activities.

(c) Membership

(1) Persons appointed as members of the Council shall be broadly

representative of the general public, including educational

institutions, private volunteer agencies, private industry, farm

organizations, labor unions, different regions of the United

States, different educational, economic, racial, and national

backgrounds and age groupings, and both sexes.

(2)(A) The Council shall consist of fifteen voting members who

shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and

consent of the Senate. At least seven of such members shall be

former Peace Corps volunteers, and not more than eight of such

members shall be members of the same political party.

(B) The first appointments of members of the Council under this

paragraph shall be made not more than sixty days after August 8,

1985, and, solely for purposes of determining the expiration of

their terms, shall be deemed to take effect on the sixtieth day

after August 8, 1985.

(C) No member appointed under this paragraph may be an officer or

employee of the United States Government.

(D) Of the members initially appointed under this paragraph,

eight shall be appointed to 1-year terms and seven shall be

appointed to 2-year terms. Thereafter, all appointed members shall

be appointed to 2-year terms.

(E) A member of the Council appointed to fill a vacancy occurring

before the expiration of the term for which the member's

predecessor was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder

of that term.

(F) No member of the Council may serve for more than two

consecutive 2-year terms.

(G) Members of the Council shall serve at the pleasure of the

President.

(H) An appointed member of the Council may be removed by a vote

of nine members for malfeasance in office, for persistent neglect

of or inability to discharge duties, or for offenses involving

moral turpitude, and for no other cause.

(I) Within thirty days after any vacancy occurs in the office of

an appointed member of the Council, the President shall nominate an

individual to fill the vacancy.

(3) In addition to the voting members of the Council, the

Secretary of State and the Administrator of the Agency for

International Development, or their designees, and the Director and

Deputy Director of the Peace Corps, shall be non-voting members, ex

officio, of the Council.

(d) Compensation

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a member of the Council

who is not an officer or employee of the United States Government -

(A) shall be paid compensation out of funds made available for

the purposes of this chapter at the daily equivalent of the

highest rate payable under section 5332 of title 5 for each day

(including travel time) during which the member is engaged in the

actual performance of duties as a Council member, and

(B) while away from his or her home or regular place of

business on necessary travel, as determined by the Director of

the Peace Corps, in the actual performance of duties as a Council

member, shall be paid per diem, travel, and transportation

expenses in the same manner as is provided under subchapter I of

chapter 57 of title 5.

(2) A member of the Council may not be paid compensation under

paragraph (1)(A) for more than twenty days in any calendar year.

(e) Quorum

A majority of the voting members of the Council shall constitute

a quorum for the purposes of transacting any business.

(f) Financial interests of members

A member of the Council shall disclose to the Council the

existence of any direct or indirect financial interest of that

member in any particular matter before the Council and may not vote

or otherwise participate as a Council member with respect to that

particular matter.

(g) Chair and Vice Chair

At its first meeting and at its first regular meeting in each

calendar year thereafter, the Council shall elect a Chair and Vice

Chair from among its appointed members who are citizens of the

United States. The Chair and Vice Chair may not both be members of

the same political party.

(h) Meetings, bylaws, and regulations

(1) The Council shall hold a regular meeting during each calendar

quarter and shall meet at the call of the President, the Director

of the Peace Corps, the Council's Chair, or one-fourth of its

members.

(2) The Council shall prescribe such bylaws and regulations as it

considers necessary to carry out its functions. Such bylaws and

regulations shall include procedures for fixing the time and place

of meetings, giving or waiving of notice of meetings, and keeping

of minutes of meetings.

(i) Reports to the President and the Director

Not later than January 1, 1988, and not later than January 1 of

each second year thereafter, the Council shall submit to the

President and the Director of the Peace Corps a report on its views

on the programs and activities of the Peace Corps. Each report

shall contain a summary of the advice and recommendations provided

by the Council to the President and the Director during the period

covered by the report and such recommendations (including

recommendations for administrative or legislative action) as the

Council considers appropriate to make to the Congress. Within

ninety days after receiving each such report, the President shall

submit to the Congress a copy of the report, together with any

comments concerning the report that the President or the Director

considers appropriate.

(j) Administrative assistance

The Director of the Peace Corps shall make available to the

Council such personnel, administrative support services, and

technical assistance as are necessary to carry out its functions

effectively.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 12, as added Pub. L. 99-83, title

XI, Sec. 1104(a), Aug. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 273.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (b)(1) and (d)(1)(A), was

in the original "this Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961,

75 Stat. 612, as amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title

note set out under section 2501 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 2511, Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 12, Sept. 22,

1961, 75 Stat. 619, established Peace Corps National Advisory

Council and set forth its composition, functions, and terms of

members, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 92-352, title IV, Sec. 403,

July 13, 1972, 86 Stat. 495, effective 90 days after July 13, 1972.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 1, 1985, see section 1301 of Pub. L.

99-83, set out as an Effective Date of 1985 Amendment note under

section 2151-1 of this title.

TERMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions in subsec.

(i) of this section relating to requirement that the President

submit to Congress a copy of each report received under subsec.

(i), see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, set out as a

note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance, and page 14

of House Document No. 103-7.

TERMINATION OF ADVISORY COUNCILS

Advisory councils established after Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate

not later than the expiration of the 2-year period beginning on the

date of their establishment, unless, in the case of a council

established by the President or an officer of the Federal

Government, such council is renewed by appropriate action prior to

the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a council

established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided for

by law. See sections 3(2) and 14 of Pub. L. 92-463, Oct. 6, 1972,

86 Stat. 770, 776, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

TERMINATION OF SIMILAR ADVISORY BODY

Section 1104(b) of Pub. L. 99-83 provided that: "Any advisory

body carrying out functions similar to those assigned to the Peace

Corps National Advisory Council provided for in subsection (a)

[enacting this section] shall cease to exist sixty days after the

date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 8, 1985]."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2512 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2512. Experts and consultants

-STATUTE-

(a) Employment; compensation, travel expenses and per diem; renewal

of contracts

Experts and consultants or organizations thereof may, as

authorized by section 3109 of title 5, be employed by the President

for the performance of functions under this chapter, and

individuals so employed may be compensated at rates not in excess

of the per diem equivalent of the highest rate payable under

section 5332 of title 5, and while away from their homes or regular

places of business, they may be paid actual travel expenses and per

diem in lieu of subsistence and other expenses at the applicable

rate prescribed in the Standardized Government Travel Regulations,

as amended from time to time, while so employed: Provided, That

contracts for such employment may be renewed annually.

(b) Exemption from restrictions upon receipt of retirement benefits

Service of an individual as a member of the Council authorized to

be established by section 2511 (!1) of this title or as an expert

or consultant under subsection (a) of this section shall not be

considered as employment or holding of office or position bringing

such individual within the provisions of sections 3323(b) and 8344

of title 5, section 4064 of this title, or any other law limiting

the reemployment of retired officers or employees or governing the

simultaneous receipt of compensation and retired pay or annuities.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 13, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 619;

Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 6, Dec. 13, 1963, 77 Stat. 360; Pub. L.

88-448, title IV, Sec. 401(c), Aug. 19, 1964, 78 Stat. 490; Pub. L.

91-352, Sec. 6, July 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 465; Pub. L. 96-465, title

II, Sec. 2202(c), Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2158; Pub. L. 107-107,

div. A, title X, Sec. 1048(i)(9), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1229.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original

"this Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612,

as amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 2501 of this title and Tables.

Section 2511 of this title, referred to in subsec. (b), was

repealed by Pub. L. 92-352, title IV, Sec. 403, July 13, 1972, 86

Stat. 495.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2001 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-107 struck out ", subject to

section 5532 of title 5" before period at end.

1980 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96-465 substituted "section 4064 of

this title" for "section 1112 of this title".

1970 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 6(a), substituted

"section 3109 of title 5" for "section 55a of title 5" and "the per

diem equivalent of the highest rate payable under section 5332 of

title 5" for "$75 per diem".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 6(b), substituted "sections

3323(b) and 8344 of title 5" and "section 5532 of title 5" for

"section 2263 of title 5" and "section 3102 of title 5",

respectively.

1964 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 88-448 struck out provisions

providing that such service shall not be considered as employment

or holding of office or position bringing such individual within

the provisions of section 59a of title 5, and inserted ", subject

to section 3102 of title 5".

1963 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 6(a), substituted

"President" for "Peace Corps".

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 6(b), struck out provisions for

exemption from conflict-of-interest laws and restrictions upon

receipt of compensation.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-465 effective Feb. 15, 1981, except as

otherwise provided, see section 2403 of Pub. L. 96-465, set out as

an Effective Date note under section 3901 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1964 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 88-448 effective on first day of first month

which begins later than ninetieth day following Aug. 19, 1964, see

section 403 of Pub. L. 88-448.

-TRANS-

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of President under this section delegated to Director

of Peace Corps by section 1-103 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16,

1979, 44 F.R. 29023, eff. May 16, 1979, set out as a note under

section 2501 of this title.

-MISC2-

PEACE CORPS NATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL

Abolition of Peace Corps National Advisory Council, see section

2511 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) See References in Text note below.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2513 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2513. Assignment of personnel to foreign governments or

international organizations

-STATUTE-

(a) Authority; oath of allegiance

In furtherance of the purposes of this chapter, the head of any

agency of the United States Government is authorized to detail,

assign, or otherwise make available any officer or employee of his

agency (1) to serve with, or as a member of, the international

staff of any international organization, or (2) to any office or

position to which no compensation is attached with any foreign

government or agency thereof: Provided, That such acceptance of

such office or position shall in no case involve the taking of an

oath of allegiance to another government.

(b) Benefits of detailed personnel

Any such officer or employee, while so detailed or assigned,

shall be considered, for the purpose of preserving his allowances,

privileges, rights, seniority, and other benefits as such, an

officer or employee of the United States Government and of the

agency of the United States Government from which detailed or

assigned, and he shall continue to receive compensation,

allowances, and benefits from funds authorized by this chapter. He

may also receive, under such regulations as the President may

prescribe, representation allowances similar to those allowed under

section 4085 of this title. The authorization of such allowances

and other benefits, and the payment thereof out of any

appropriations available therefor, shall be considered as meeting

all of the requirements of section 5536 of title 5.

(c) Reimbursement provisions

Details or assignments may be made under this section -

(1) without reimbursement to the United States Government by

the international organization or foreign government;

(2) upon agreement by the international organization or foreign

government to reimburse the United States Government for

compensation, travel expenses, and allowances, or any part

thereof, payable to such officer or employee during the period of

assignment or detail in accordance with subsection (b) of this

section; and such reimbursement shall be credited to the

appropriation, fund, or account utilized for paying such

compensation, travel expenses, or allowances, or to the

appropriation, fund, or account currently available for such

purpose; or

(3) upon an advance of funds, property or services to the

United States Government accepted with the approval of the

President for specified uses in furtherance of the purposes of

this chapter; and funds so advanced may be established as a

separate fund in the Treasury of the United States Government, to

be available for the specified uses, and to be used for

reimbursement of appropriations or direct expenditure subject to

the provisions of this chapter, any unexpended balance of such

account to be returned to the foreign government or international

organization.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 14, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 620;

Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 7, July 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 465; Pub. L.

96-465, title II, Sec. 2202(d), Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2158.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, as

amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2501 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1980 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96-465 substituted "section 4085 of

this title" for "section 1131 of this title".

1970 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91-352 substituted "section 5536 of

title 5" for "section 70 of title 5".

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-465 effective Feb. 15, 1981, except as

otherwise provided, see section 2403 of Pub. L. 96-465, set out as

an Effective Date note under section 3901 of this title.

-TRANS-

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of President under this section delegated to Director

of Peace Corps by section 1-103 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16,

1979, 44 F.R. 29023, eff. May 16, 1979, set out as a note under

section 2501 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2514 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2514. Use of funds

-STATUTE-

(a) Administrative and other expenses

Funds made available for the purposes of this chapter may be used

for compensation, allowances and travel of employees, including

members of the Foreign Service whose services are utilized

primarily for the purposes of this chapter, for printing and

binding without regard to the provisions of any other law, and for

expenditures outside the United States for the procurement of

supplies and services and for other administrative and operating

purposes (other than compensation of employees) without regard to

such laws and regulations governing the obligation and expenditure

of Government funds as may be necessary to accomplish the purposes

of this chapter.

(b) Travel expenses abroad; transportation of personal effects,

household goods and automobiles; storage

Funds made available for the purposes of this chapter may be used

to pay expenses in connection with travel abroad of employees and,

to the extent otherwise authorized by this chapter, of volunteers,

including travel expenses of dependents (including expenses during

necessary stopovers while engaged in such travel), and

transportation of personal effects, household goods, and

automobiles when any part of such travel or transportation begins

in one fiscal year pursuant to travel orders issued in that fiscal

year, notwithstanding the fact that such travel or transportation

may not be completed during the same fiscal year, and cost of

transporting to and from a place of storage, and the cost of

storing automobiles of employees when it is in the public interest

or more economical to authorize storage.

(c) Costs of training personnel employed or assigned overseas

Funds available under this chapter may be used to pay costs of

training employees employed or assigned pursuant to section

2506(a)(2) of this title (through interchange or otherwise) at any

State or local unit of government, public or private nonprofit

institution, trade, labor, agricultural, or scientific association

or organization, or commercial firm; and the provisions of

subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5 may be used to carry out the

foregoing authority notwithstanding that interchange of personnel

may not be involved or that the training may not take place at the

institutions specified in that Act.(!1) Any payments or

contributions in connection therewith may, as deemed appropriate by

the head of the agency of the United States Government authorizing

such training, be made by private or public sources and be accepted

by any trainee, or may be accepted by and credited to the current

applicable appropriation of such agency: Provided, however, That

any such payments to an employee in the nature of compensation

shall be in lieu, or in reduction, of compensation received from

the United States Government.

(d) Payment of expenses

Funds available for the purposes of this chapter shall be

available for -

(1) rent of buildings and space in buildings in the United

States, and for repair, alteration, and improvement of such

leased properties;

(2) expenses of attendance at meetings concerned with the

purposes of this chapter, including (notwithstanding the

provisions of section 1346 of title 31) expenses in connection

with meetings of persons whose employment is authorized by

section 2512(a) of this title;

(3) rental and hire of aircraft;

(4) purchase and hire of passenger motor vehicles: Provided,

That, except as may otherwise be provided in an appropriation or

other Act, passenger motor vehicles for administrative purposes

abroad may be purchased for replacement only, and such vehicles

may be exchanged or sold and replaced by an equal number of such

vehicles, and the cost, including exchange allowance, of each

such replacement shall not exceed the applicable cost limitation

described in section 2396(a)(5) of this title in the case of an

automobile for any Peace Corps country representative appointed

under section 2506(c) of this title: Provided further, That the

provisions of section 1343 of title 31 shall not apply to the

purchase of vehicles for the transportation, maintenance, or

direct support of volunteers overseas: Provided further, That

passenger motor vehicles may be purchased for use in the United

States only as may be specifically provided in an appropriation

or other Act;

(5) entertainment (not to exceed $5,000 in any fiscal year

except as may otherwise be provided in an appropriation or other

Act);

(6) exchange of funds and loss by exchange;

(7) expenditures (not to exceed $20,000 in any fiscal year

except as may be otherwise provided in an appropriation or other

Act) not otherwise authorized by law to meet unforeseen

emergencies or contingencies arising in the Peace Corps:

Provided, That a certificate of the amount only of each such

expenditure and that such expenditure was necessary to meet an

unforeseen emergency or contingency, made by the Director of the

Peace Corps or his designee, shall be deemed a sufficient voucher

for the amount therein specified;

(8) insurance of official motor vehicles acquired for use

abroad;

(9) rent or lease abroad for not to exceed five years of

offices, health facilities, buildings, grounds, and living

quarters, and payments therefor in advance; maintenance,

furnishings, necessary repairs, improvements, and alterations to

properties owned or rented by the United States Government or

made available for its use abroad; and costs of fuel, water, and

utilities for such properties;

(10) expenses of preparing and transporting to their former

homes, or, with respect to foreign participants engaged in

activities under this chapter, to their former homes or places of

burial, and of care and disposition of, the remains of persons or

members of the families of persons who may die while such persons

are away from their homes participating in activities under this

chapter;

(11) use in accordance with authorities of the Foreign Service

Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.), not otherwise provided for;

(12) ice and drinking water for use abroad; and

(13) the transportation of Peace Corps employees, Peace Corps

volunteers, dependents of such employees and volunteers, and

accompanying baggage, by a foreign air carrier when the

transportation is between two places outside the United States

without regard to section 40118 of title 49.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 15, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 621;

Pub. L. 89-134, Sec. 7, Aug. 24, 1965, 79 Stat. 551; Pub. L.

89-572, Sec. 3, Sept. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 765; Pub. L. 96-465, title

II, Sec. 2202(e), Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2158; Pub. L. 96-533,

title VI, Sec. 601(c), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3155; Pub. L.

100-202, Sec. 101(e) [title II, Sec. 201], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat.

1329-131, 1329-145; Pub. L. 106-30, Sec. 2(a), (b)(5)-(8), May 21,

1999, 113 Stat. 55, 56.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, as

amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2501 of this title and Tables.

The Foreign Service Act of 1980, referred to in subsec. (d)(11),

is Pub. L. 96-465, Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2071, as amended, which

is classified principally to chapter 52 (Sec. 3901 et seq.) of this

title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see

Short Title note set out under section 3901 of this title and

Tables.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106-30, Sec. 2(b)(5), substituted

"subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5" for "sections 1881 to 1888

of title 7".

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 106-30, Sec. 2(b)(6), substituted

"section 1346 of title 31" for "section 9 of Public Law 60-328 (31

U.S.C. 673)".

Subsec. (d)(6). Pub. L. 106-30, Sec. 2(b)(7), struck out "without

regard to section 3561 of the Revised Statutes (31 U.S.C. 543)"

after "exchange of funds".

Subsec. (d)(11). Pub. L. 106-30, Sec. 2(b)(8), substituted

"Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.)" for "Foreign

Service Act of 1946, as amended (22 U.S.C. 801 et seq.)".

Subsec. (d)(13). Pub. L. 106-30, Sec. 2(a), added par. (13).

1987 - Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 100-202 substituted "the

applicable cost limitation described in section 2396(a)(5) of this

title" for "$2,500" and inserted proviso that section 1343 of title

31 not apply to the purchase of vehicles for the transportation,

maintenance, or direct support of volunteers overseas.

1980 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96-465 substituted "members of the

Foreign Service" for "Foreign Service personnel".

Subsec. (d)(7). Pub. L. 96-533 increased to $20,000 from $5,000

fiscal year expenditures limitation.

1966 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89-572, Sec. 3(a), substituted

"2506(a)(2)" for "2506(c)(2)".

Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 89-572, Sec. 3(b), substituted "2506(c)"

for "2506(e)".

1965 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89-134 struck out provision that

training not be considered employment or holding of office under

section 2 of the Act of July 31, 1894, as amended (5 U.S.C. 62).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-465 effective Feb. 15, 1981, except as

otherwise provided, see section 2403 of Pub. L. 96-465, set out as

an Effective Date note under section 3901 of this title.

-FOOTNOTE-

(!1) So in original. Probably should be "that subchapter."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2515 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2515. Foreign Currency Fluctuations Account

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

(1) There is established in the Treasury of the United States an

account to be known as the "Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Peace

Corps, Account". The account shall be used for the purpose of

providing funds to pay expenses for operations of the Peace Corps

outside the United States which, as a result of fluctuations in

currency exchange rates, exceed the amount appropriated for such

expenses.

(2) Funds in the account may be transferred, upon the

certification of the Director of the Peace Corps (or the Director's

designee) that the transfer is necessary for the purpose specified

in paragraph (1), to the account containing funds appropriated for

the expenses of the Peace Corps.

(b) Use of funds in account

Funds transferred under subsection (a) of this section shall be

merged with, and be available for the same time period, as the

appropriation to which they are applied. Notwithstanding any

provision of law limiting the amount of funds the Peace Corps may

obligate in any fiscal year, such amount shall be increased to the

extent necessary to reflect fluctuations in exchange rates from

those used in preparing the budget submission.

(c) Exchange rates applicable to obligations

An obligation of the Peace Corps payable in the currency of a

foreign country may be recorded as an obligation based upon

exchange rates used in preparing a budget submission. A change

reflecting fluctuations in exchange rates may be recorded as a

disbursement is made.

(d) Transfers back to account

Funds transferred from the Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Peace

Corps, Account may be transferred back to that account -

(1) if the funds are not needed to pay obligations incurred

because of fluctuations in currency exchange rates of foreign

countries in the appropriation to which the funds were originally

transferred; or

(2) because of subsequent favorable fluctuations in the rates

or because other funds are, or become, available to pay such

obligations.

(e) Limitation on transfers back

A transfer of funds back to the account under subsection (d) of

this section may not be made after the end of the fiscal year or

other period for which the appropriation, to which the funds were

originally transferred, is available for obligation.

(f) Transfers to account from regular appropriations

(1) At the end of the fiscal year or other period for which

appropriations for the expenses of the Peace Corps are made

available, unobligated balances of such appropriation may be

transferred into the Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Peace Corps,

Account, to be merged with, and to be available for the same period

and purposes as, that account.

(2) The authority of this subsection shall be exercised only to

the extent that specific amounts are provided in advance in an

appropriation Act.

(g) Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Foreign Currency

Fluctuations, Peace Corps, Account for each fiscal year such sums

as may be necessary to maintain a balance of $5,000,000 in such

account at the beginning of such fiscal year.

(h) Reports

Each year the Director of the Peace Corps shall submit to the

Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of

the House of Representatives, and to the Committee on Foreign

Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, a

report on funds transferred under this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 16, as added Pub. L. 102-565, Sec.

2(a), Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 4265.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 2515, Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 16, Sept. 22,

1961, 75 Stat. 622, related to appointment of persons serving under

prior law, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89-572, Sec. 5(a), Sept. 13,

1966, 80 Stat. 765.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives treated

as referring to Committee on International Relations of House of

Representatives by section 1(a) of Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a

note preceding section 21 of Title 2, The Congress.

-MISC2-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section 2(b) of Pub. L. 102-565 provided that: "The amendment

made by subsection (a) [enacting this section] applies with respect

to each fiscal year after fiscal year 1992."

REPEALS; AMENDMENTS AND APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS UNAFFECTED;

CONTINUATION OF DETERMINATIONS, AUTHORIZATION, REGULATIONS, ORDERS,

CONTRACTS, AGREEMENTS, AND OTHER ACTIONS

Section 5 of Pub. L. 89-572, Sept. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 765,

provided that:

"(a) Section 16 of the Peace Corps Act, as amended [former

section 2515 of this title], which relates to appointment of

persons serving under prior law, section 20 of the Peace Corps Act,

as amended, which relates to moratorium on student loans [amending

section 425 of Title 20, Education], section 21 of the Peace Corps

Act, as amended, which amends the Civil Service Retirement Act

[section 8301 et seq. of Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees], and title II of the Act, which relates to Internal

Revenue Code and Social Security Act amendments [amending sections

912, 1303, 3121, 3122, 3401 and 6051 of Title 26, Internal Revenue

Code, and sections 405, 409 and 410 of Title 42, The Public Health

and Welfare, and notes under sections 912 and 3121 of Title 26] are

hereby repealed.

"(b) Such repeal shall not be deemed to affect amendments

contained in such provisions and the application of the amendments

contained in the title. All determinations, authorizations,

regulations, orders, contracts, agreements, and other actions

issued, undertaken, or entered into under authority of the

provisions of law repealed by subsection (a) shall continue in full

force and effect until modified by appropriate authority."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2516 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2516. Use of foreign currencies

-STATUTE-

Whenever possible, expenditures incurred in carrying out

functions under this chapter shall be paid for in such currency of

the country or area where the expense is incurred as may be

available to the United States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 17, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 623.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, as

amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2501 of this title and Tables.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2517 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2517. Activities promoting Americans' understanding of other

peoples

-STATUTE-

In order to further the goal of the Peace Corps, as set forth in

section 2501 of this title, relating to the promotion of a better

understanding of other peoples on the part of the American people,

the Director, utilizing the authorities under section 2509(a)(1) of

this title and other provisions of law, shall, as appropriate,

encourage, facilitate, and assist activities carried out by former

volunteers in furtherance of such goal and the efforts of agencies,

organizations, and other individuals to support or assist in former

volunteers' carrying out such activities.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 18, as added Pub. L. 100-202, Sec.

101(e) [title II, Sec. 201], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-131,

1329-145.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 2517, Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 18, Sept. 22,

1961, 75 Stat. 623, provided that Mutual Defense Assistance Control

Act of 1951 (22 U.S.C. 1611 et seq.) applied, subject to an

exception, to functions carried out under this chapter, prior to

repeal by Pub. L. 97-113, title VI, Sec. 605(b), Dec. 29, 1981, 95

Stat. 1543. The 1951 Act was superseded by the Export

Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2401 et seq.).

PAUL D. COVERDELL WORLD WISE SCHOOLS PROGRAM

Pub. L. 106-570, title VI, Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 3051, as

amended by Pub. L. 107-21, Sec. 2, July 26, 2001, 115 Stat. 194,

provided that:

"SEC. 601. SHORT TITLE.

"This title may be cited as the 'Paul D. Coverdell World Wise

Schools Act of 2000'.

"SEC. 602. FINDINGS.

"Congress makes the following findings:

"(1) Paul D. Coverdell was elected to the Georgia State Senate

in 1970 and later became Minority Leader of the Georgia State

Senate, a post he held for 15 years.

"(2) As the 11th Director of the Peace Corps from 1989 to 1991,

Paul Coverdell's dedication to the ideals of peace and

understanding helped to shape today's Peace Corps.

"(3) Paul D. Coverdell believed that Peace Corps volunteers

could not only make a difference in the countries where they

served but that the greatest benefit could be felt at home.

"(4) In 1989, Paul D. Coverdell founded the Peace Corps World

Wise Schools Program to help fulfill the Third Goal of the Peace

Corps, 'to promote a better understanding of the people served

among people of the United States'.

"(5) The World Wise Schools Program is an innovative education

program that seeks to engage learners in an inquiry about the

world, themselves, and others in order to broaden perspectives;

promote cultural awareness; appreciate global connections; and

encourage service.

"(6) In a world that is increasingly interdependent and ever

changing, the World Wise Schools Program pays tribute to Paul D.

Coverdell's foresight and leadership. In the words of one World

Wise Schools teacher, 'It's a teacher's job to touch the future

of a child; it's the Peace Corps' job to touch the future of the

world. What more perfect partnership.'.

"(7) Paul D. Coverdell served in the United States Senate from

the State of Georgia from 1993 until his sudden death on July 18,

2000.

"(8) Senator Paul D. Coverdell was beloved by his colleagues

for his civility, bipartisan efforts, and his dedication to

public service.

"SEC. 603. DESIGNATION OF PAUL D. COVERDELL WORLD WISE SCHOOLS

PROGRAM.

"(a) In General. - Effective on the date of enactment of this Act

[Dec. 27, 2000], the program under section 18 of the Peace Corps

Act (22 U.S.C. 2517) referred to before such date as the 'World

Wise Schools Program' is redesignated as the 'Paul D. Coverdell

World Wise Schools Program'.

"(b) References. - Any reference before the date of enactment of

this Act [Dec. 27, 2000] in any law, regulation, order, document,

record, or other paper of the United States to the Peace Corps

World Wise Schools Program shall, on and after such date, be

considered to refer to the Paul D. Coverdell World Wise Schools

Program.

"(c) New References in Peace Corps Documents. - The Director of

the Peace Corps shall ensure that any reference in any public

document, record, or other paper of the Peace Corps, including any

promotional material, produced on or after the date of enactment of

this subsection [July 26, 2001], to the program described in

subsection (a) be a reference to the 'Paul D. Coverdell World Wise

Schools Program'."

PAUL D. COVERDELL FELLOWS PROGRAM

Pub. L. 106-309, title IV, Sec. 408, Oct. 17, 2000, 114 Stat.

1100, provided that:

"(a) Short Title. - This section may be cited as the 'Paul D.

Coverdell Fellows Program Act of 2000'.

"(b) Findings. - Congress makes the following findings:

"(1) Paul D. Coverdell was elected to the George [sic] State

Senate in 1970 and later became Minority Leader of the Georgia

State Senate, a post he held for 15 years.

"(2) Paul D. Coverdell served with distinction as the 11th

Director of the Peace Corps from 1989 to 1991, where he promoted

a fellowship program that was composed of returning Peace Corps

volunteers who agreed to work in underserved American communities

while they pursued educational degrees.

"(3) Paul D. Coverdell served in the United States Senate from

the State of Georgia from 1993 until his sudden death on July 18,

2000.

"(4) Senator Paul D. Coverdell was beloved by his colleagues

for his civility, bipartisan efforts, and his dedication to

public service.

"(c) Designation of Paul D. Coverdell Fellows Program. -

"(1) In general. - Effective on the date of the enactment of

this Act [Oct. 17, 2000], the program under section 18 of the

Peace Corps Act (22 U.S.C. 2517) referred to before such date as

the 'Peace Corps Fellows/ USA Program' is redesignated as the

'Paul D. Coverdell Fellows Program'.

"(2) References. - Any reference before the date of the

enactment of this Act [Oct. 17, 2000] in any law, regulation,

order, document, record, or other paper of the United States to

the Peace Corps Fellows/ USA Program shall, on and after such

date, be considered to refer to the Paul D. Coverdell Fellows

Program."

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2518 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2518. Seal and name

-STATUTE-

(a) Judicial notice

The President may adopt, alter, and use an official seal or

emblem of the Peace Corps of such design as he shall determine,

which shall be judicially noticed.

(b) Exclusiveness of use; penalties for violations; injunctions

(1) The use of the official seal or emblem and the use of the

name "Peace Corps" shall be restricted exclusively to designate

programs authorized under this chapter.

(2) Whoever, whether an individual, partnership, corporation, or

association, uses the seal for which provision is made in this

section, or any sign, insignia, or symbol in colorable imitation

thereof, or the words "Peace Corps" or any combination of these or

other words or characters in colorable imitation thereof, other

than to designate programs authorized under this chapter, shall be

fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than six months, or

both. A violation of this subsection may be enjoined at the suit of

the Attorney General, United States attorneys, or other persons

duly authorized to represent the United States.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 19, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 623;

Pub. L. 88-200, Sec. 7, Dec. 13, 1963, 77 Stat. 360.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsec. (b), was in the original

"this Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612,

as amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 2501 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1963 - Pub. L. 88-200 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a) and added subsec. (b).

-TRANS-

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of President under this section, except authority to

adopt and alter an official seal or emblem, delegated to Director

of Peace Corps by section 1-103 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16,

1979, 44 F.R. 29023, eff. May 16, 1979, set out as a note under

section 2501 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2519 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2519. Security investigations

-STATUTE-

All persons employed or assigned to duties under this chapter

shall be investigated to insure that the employment or assignment

is consistent with the national interest in accordance with

standards and procedures established by the President. If an

investigation made pursuant to this section develops any data

reflecting that the person who is the subject of the investigation

is of questionable loyalty or is a questionable security risk, the

investigating agency shall refer the matter to the Federal Bureau

of Investigation for the conduct of a full field investigation. The

results of that full field investigation shall be furnished to the

initial investigating agency, and to the agency by which the

subject person is employed, for information and appropriate action.

Volunteers shall be deemed employees of the United States

Government for the purpose of this section.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 22, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 624.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, as

amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2501 of this title and Tables.

-TRANS-

DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of President under this section delegated to Director

of Peace Corps by section 1-103 of Ex. Ord. No. 12137, May 16,

1979, 44 F.R. 29023, eff. May 16, 1979, set out as a note under

section 2501 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2520 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2520. Military training and service exemption

-STATUTE-

Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law or regulation,

service in the Peace Corps as a volunteer shall not in any way

exempt such volunteer from the performance of any obligations or

duties under the provisions of the Universal Military Training and

Service Act [50 App. U.S.C. 451 et seq.].

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 23, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 624.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Universal Military Training and Service Act, referred to in

text, subsequently renamed the Military Selective Service Act, is

act June 24, 1948, ch. 625, 62 Stat. 604, as amended, which is

classified principally to section 451 et seq. of Title 50,

Appendix, War and National Defense. For complete classification of

this Act to the Code, see References in Text note set out under

section 451 of Title 50, Appendix, and Tables.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2521 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2521. Foreign language proficiency

-STATUTE-

No person shall be assigned to duty as a volunteer under this

chapter in any foreign country or area unless at the time of such

assignment he possesses such reasonable proficiency as his

assignment requires in speaking the language of the country or area

to which he is assigned.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 24, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 624.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, as

amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2501 of this title and Tables.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2521a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2521a. Nonpartisan appointments

-STATUTE-

In carrying out this chapter, no political test or political

qualification may be used in -

(1) selecting any person for enrollment as a volunteer or for

appointment to a position at, or for assignment to (or for

employment for assignment to), a duty station located abroad, or

(2) promoting or taking any other action with respect to any

volunteer or any person assigned to such a duty station.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 25, as added Pub. L. 99-83, title

XI, Sec. 1105(a)(2), Aug. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 276.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, as

amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2501 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 25 of Pub. L. 87-293 was renumbered section 26

and is classified to section 2522 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective Oct. 1, 1985, see section 1301 of Pub. L.

99-83, set out as an Effective Date of 1985 Amendment note under

section 2151-1 of this title.

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2522 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2522. Definitions

-STATUTE-

(a) The term "abroad" means any area outside the United States.

(b) The term "United States" means the several States and the

District of Columbia.

(c) The term "function" includes any duty, obligation, right,

power, authority, responsibility, privilege, discretion, activity,

and program.

(d) The term "health care" includes all appropriate examinations,

preventive, curative and restorative health and medical care, and

supplementary services when necessary.

(e) For the purposes of this chapter or any other Act, the period

of any individual's service as a volunteer under this chapter shall

include -

(i) except for the purposes of section 2504(f) of this title,

any period of training under section 2507(a) of this title prior

to enrollment as a volunteer under this chapter; and

(ii) the period between enrollment as a volunteer and the

termination of service as such volunteer by the President or by

death or resignation.

(f) The term "United States Government agency" includes any

department, board, wholly or partly owned corporation, or

instrumentality, commission, or establishment of the United States

Government.

(g) The word "transportation" in sections 2504(b), 2504(m), and

2505(2) of this title includes transportation of not to exceed

three hundred pounds per person of unaccompanied necessary personal

and household effects.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 26, formerly Sec. 25, Sept. 22,

1961, 75 Stat. 624; Pub. L. 89-572, Sec. 4, Sept. 13, 1966, 80

Stat. 765; Pub. L. 91-352, Sec. 8, July 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 465;

renumbered Sec. 26, Pub. L. 99-83, title XI, Sec. 1105(a)(1), Aug.

8, 1985, 99 Stat. 276.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsec. (e), was in the original

"this Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612,

as amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete

classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set

out under section 2501 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 26 of Pub. L. 87-293 was renumbered section 27

and is classified to section 2523 of this title.

AMENDMENTS

1970 - Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 91-352 inserted reference to section

2504(m) of this title.

1966 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89-572 struck out territories from

definition of "United States".

-End-

-CITE-

22 USC Sec. 2523 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

CHAPTER 34 - THE PEACE CORPS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2523. Separability

-STATUTE-

If any provision of this chapter or the application of any

provision to any circumstances or persons shall be held invalid,

the validity of the remainder of this chapter and the applicability

of such provision to other circumstances or persons shall not be

affected thereby.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 87-293, title I, Sec. 27, formerly Sec. 26, Sept. 22,

1961, 75 Stat. 625; renumbered Sec. 27, Pub. L. 99-83, title XI,

Sec. 1105(a)(1), Aug. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 276.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original "this

Act", meaning Pub. L. 87-293, Sept. 22, 1961, 75 Stat. 612, as

amended, known as the Peace Corps Act. For complete classification

of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section

2501 of this title and Tables.

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 27 of Pub. L. 87-293 was renumbered section 28

and is set out as an Effective Date note under section 2501 of this

title.

-End-