US (United States) Code. Title 20. Chapter 4: National Zoological Park

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Education

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20 USC CHAPTER 4 - NATIONAL ZOOLOGICAL PARK 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 4 - NATIONAL ZOOLOGICAL PARK

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CHAPTER 4 - NATIONAL ZOOLOGICAL PARK

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Sec.

81. Administration by Regents of Smithsonian Institution.

82. Aid in acquisition of collections.

83. Omitted.

84. Plans for buildings and bridges.

85. Concessions.

(a) Authorization; use of proceeds for research and

educational work.

(b) Voluntary services.

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20 USC Sec. 81 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 4 - NATIONAL ZOOLOGICAL PARK

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Sec. 81. Administration by Regents of Smithsonian Institution

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The National Zoological Park is placed under the direction of the

Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, who are authorized to

transfer to it any living specimens, whether of animals or plants,

in their charge, to accept gifts for the park at their discretion,

in the name of the United States, to make exchanges of specimens,

and to administer and improve the said Zoological Park for the

advancement of science and the instruction and recreation of the

people.

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(Apr. 30, 1890, ch. 173, Sec. 2, 26 Stat. 78; Pub. L. 87-360, Oct.

4, 1961, 75 Stat. 779.)

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AMENDMENTS

1961 - Pub. L. 87-360 inserted ''and improve'' after

''administer''.

ESTABLISHMENT OF PARKS

The National Zoological Park was established under provisions of

the District of Columbia Appropriation Act for the Fiscal Year

1890, act Mar. 2, 1889, ch. 370, Sec. 4, 25 Stat. 808, which

constituted a commission to select from a certain district along

Rock Creek a tract of land, including a section of the creek,

suitable for a zoological park, and to purchase the land so

selected, or take proceedings for the condemnation thereof, the

United States to have title to the land on payment therefor to the

owners.

The Rock Creek Park was established by act Sept. 27, 1890, ch.

1001, 26 Stat. 492.

The Potomac Park was established by act Mar. 3, 1897, ch. 375, 29

Stat. 624.

ADDITION OF LANDS

Certain parcels of land were added to the National Zoological

Park by acts June 5, 1920, ch. 235, Sec. 1, 41 Stat. 892; Mar. 4,

1921, ch. 161, Sec. 1, 41 Stat. 1384.

CONNECTING PARKWAY

Provisions for a parkway connecting Potomac Park with Zoological

Park and Rock Creek Park were made by act Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 147,

Sec. 27, 37 Stat. 885.

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20 USC Sec. 82 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 4 - NATIONAL ZOOLOGICAL PARK

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Sec. 82. Aid in acquisition of collections

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The heads of executive departments of the Government are

authorized and directed to cause to be rendered all necessary and

practicable aid to the said Regents in the acquisition of

collections for the Zoological Park.

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(Apr. 30, 1890, ch. 173, Sec. 3, 26 Stat. 78.)

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20 USC Sec. 83 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 4 - NATIONAL ZOOLOGICAL PARK

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Sec. 83. Omitted

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CODIFICATION

Section, act Aug. 18, 1894, ch. 301, Sec. 1, 28 Stat. 384, which

required that a detailed report of expenses on account of the

National Zoological Park be made to Congress at the beginning of

each regular session, terminated, effective May 15, 2000, pursuant

to section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, set out as a note

under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance. See, also, page

192 of House Document No. 103-7.

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20 USC Sec. 84 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 4 - NATIONAL ZOOLOGICAL PARK

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Sec. 84. Plans for buildings and bridges

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All plans and specifications for the construction of buildings

and bridges in the National Zoological Park shall be prepared under

the supervision of the Smithsonian Institution.

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(Aug. 24, 1912, ch. 355, Sec. 1, 37 Stat. 437; 1966 Reorg. Plan No.

4, eff. Aug. 23, 1966, 31 FR 11137, 80 Stat. 1611.)

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REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 4 OF 1966

EFF. AUG. 23, 1966, 31 F.R. 11137, 80 STAT. 1611

Prepared by the President and transmitted to the Senate and the

House of Representatives in Congress assembled, June 13, 1966,

pursuant to the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1949, 63

Stat. 203, as amended (see 5 U.S.C. 901 et seq.).

NATIONAL ZOOLOGICAL PARK BUILDINGS AND BRIDGES

All those functions of the Board of Commissioners of the District

of Columbia which were vested in the municipal architect of the

District of Columbia by the provisions of the Act of August 24,

1912, c. 355, 37 Stat. 437 (20 U.S.C. 84; D.C. Code (former) Sec.

8-134), in respect of buildings of the National Zoological Park,

and all functions of that Board which were vested in the engineer

of bridges of the District of Columbia by those provisions in

respect of bridges of the National Zoological Park, are hereby

transferred to the Smithsonian Institution.

MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT

To the Congress of the United States:

I transmit herewith Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1966, prepared

in accordance with the Reorganization Act of 1949, as amended, and

providing for a reorganization relating to the National Zoological

Park located in the District of Columbia.

Today, all responsibilities for the administration of the park

are vested in the Smithsonian Institution with one exception - the

function of preparing plans and specifications for the construction

of buildings and bridges at the zoo. That statutory responsibility

is now conducted by the Board of Commissioners of the District of

Columbia (now the Mayor).

Under the accompanying reorganization plan, the responsibility

for the preparation of these plans and specifications would be

transferred from the District of Columbia Board of Commissioners to

the Smithsonian. The complete administration of the park would then

be vested in one agency - the Smithsonian Institution. This will

allow the more efficient and effective development and management

of the park.

In 1912, the functions to be transferred were vested in the

Municipal Architect of the District of Columbia and in the

Engineers of the Bridges of the District of Columbia. In 1952, they

were transferred to the Board of Commissioners.

When the 1912 act was passed, the District of Columbia shared the

costs of capital improvements in the National Zoological Park. In

1961, it ceased sharing these costs, and the Federal Government

assumed complete responsibility for financing the improvements.

Accordingly, the District government retains no capital improvement

responsibilities for the National Zoological Park except those

functions relating to construction plans and specifications for

buildings and bridges, as specified in the 1912 statute. Upon the

transfer of these remaining functions to the Smithsonian

Institution, the administration of the National Zoological Park

will, at last, be fully centered in one agency. It is not

practicable at this time, however, to itemize the resulting

reduction in expenditures.

I have found, after investigation, that each reorganization

included in the accompanying reorganization plan is necessary to

accomplish one or more of the purposes set forth in section 2(a) of

the Reorganization Act of 1949, as amended.

I recommend that the Congress allow the reorganization plan to

become effective. Lyndon B. Johnson.

The White House, June 13, 1966.

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20 USC Sec. 85 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 4 - NATIONAL ZOOLOGICAL PARK

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Sec. 85. Concessions

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(a) Authorization; use of proceeds for research and educational

work

The Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, in

furtherance of the mission of the National Zoological Park to

provide for the advancement of science and instruction and

recreation of the people, is authorized to negotiate agreements

granting concessions at the National Zoological Park to nonprofit

scientific, educational, or historic organizations. The net

proceeds of such organizations gained from such concessions granted

under this subsection shall be used exclusively for research and

educational work for the benefit of the National Zoological Park.

(b) Voluntary services

The Smithsonian Institution is authorized to accept the voluntary

services of such organizations, and the voluntary services of

individuals, for the benefit of the National Zoological Park.

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(Pub. L. 89-772, Nov. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 1322.)

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