US (United States) Code. Title 20. Chapter 43: American folklife preservation

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Education

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20 USC CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

-MISC1-

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec.

2101. Congressional declaration of findings and purpose.

2102. Definitions.

2103. American Folklife Center.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Board of Trustees; composition; regional balance.

(c) Term of office.

(d) Reimbursement for expenses.

(e) Chairman; Vice Chairman; election; vacancies;

quorum; annual meeting.

(f) Director; appointment and compensation.

(g) Duties of Director.

2104. Functions of Center.

(a) Contracts; national archive and center for

American folklife; loan of items in archive;

procurement, display, etc., of items in

archive; miscellaneous programs.

(b) Functions carried out through Center.

2105. Limitations on contracts.

(a) Time.

(b) Items excluded.

(c) Former Government employees.

2106. Administration.

(a) Regulations; receipt of money and other property;

compensation of personnel; services of experts

and consultants; contracts; payments.

(b) Annual report to Congress.

2107. Authorization of appropriations.

SUBCHAPTER II - VETERANS' ORAL HISTORY

2141. Findings; purpose.

(a) Findings.

(b) Purpose.

2142. Establishment of program at American Folklife Center to

collect video and audio recordings of histories of veterans.

(a) In general.

(b) Use of and consultation with other entities.

(c) Timing.

2143. Private support.

(a) Acceptance of donations.

(b) Establishment of separate gift account.

(c) Dedication of funds.

2144. Authorization of appropriations.

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20 USC SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

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20 USC Sec. 2101 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2101. Congressional declaration of findings and purpose

-STATUTE-

(a) The Congress hereby finds and declares -

(1) that the diversity inherent in American folklife has

contributed greatly to the cultural richness of the Nation and

has fostered a sense of individuality and identity among the

American people;

(2) that the history of the United States effectively

demonstrates that building a strong nation does not require the

sacrifice of cultural differences;

(3) that American folklife has a fundamental influence on the

desires, beliefs, values, and character of the American people;

(4) that it is appropriate and necessary for the Federal

Government to support research and scholarship in American

folklife in order to contribute to an understanding of the

complex problems of the basic desires, beliefs, and values of the

American people in both rural and urban areas;

(5) that the encouragement and support of American folklife,

while primarily a matter for private and local initiative, is

also an appropriate matter of concern to the Federal Government;

and

(6) that it is in the interest of the general welfare of the

Nation to preserve, support, revitalize, and disseminate American

folklife traditions and arts.

(b) It is therefore the purpose of this subchapter to establish

in the Library of Congress an American Folklife Center to preserve

and present American folklife.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-201, Sec. 2, Jan. 2, 1976, 89 Stat. 1129.)

-MISC1-

SHORT TITLE

Pub. L. 94-201, Sec. 1, Jan. 2, 1976, 89 Stat. 1129, provided:

''That this Act (enacting this subchapter) may be cited as the

'American Folklife Preservation Act'.''

Pub. L. 106-380, Sec. 1, Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1447, provided

that: ''This Act (enacting subchapter II of this chapter) may be

cited as the 'Veterans' Oral History Project Act'.''

FINDINGS AND PURPOSE OF 1998 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 105-275, title III, Sec. 312(a), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat.

2457, provided that:

''(1) Findings. - Congress makes the following findings:

''(A) The American Folklife Center in the Library of Congress

was created by Congress in 1976, building on the vast expertise

and archival material existing at the Library since 1928.

''(B) As an instrumentality of the Congress, it is fitting that

the American Folklife Center should have a direct and close

relationship with the representatives of the people, who are best

able to oversee the ongoing activities of the Center to preserve

and promote the cultural traditions of the people, and to ensure

that the resources of the Center be readily available to all

Americans.

''(C) In over 20 years since its creation, the American

Folklife Center in the Library of Congress has -

''(i) increased the size of the Archive of Folk Culture from

500,000 to 1,500,000 multi-format ethnographic items;

''(ii) engaged in 15 cultural surveys and field documentation

projects in all regions of the country;

''(iii) provided publications, documentary equipment on loan,

and advisory and reference service to persons and institutions

in all 50 States;

''(iv) produced exhibitions and other educational programs on

American Folklife at the Library and around the country;

''(v) begun sharing its unique collections in digital form

via the Internet; and

''(vi) served as a national center for the professions of

folklore, ethnomusicology, and cultural studies.

''(D) Congress has consistently provided encouragement and

support of American Folklife as an appropriate matter of concern

to the Federal Government, passing legislation to reauthorize the

Center eight times since its creation in 1976.

''(E) The American Folklife Center is the only unit in the

Library of Congress which is not permanently authorized. Since

its establishment in 1976, the Center's collections and

activities have been fully and successfully integrated into the

Library of Congress. It is useful to statutorily conform the

American Folklife Center with the rest of the Library of

Congress.

''(2) Purpose. - It is the purpose of this section (amending

sections 2103, 2106, and 2107 of this title and enacting provisions

set out as a note under section 2103 of this title) to authorize

permanently the American Folklife Center in the Library of Congress

to preserve and present American Folklife.''

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20 USC Sec. 2102 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2102. Definitions

-STATUTE-

As used in this subchapter -

(1) the term ''American folklife'' means the traditional

expressive culture shared within the various groups in the United

States: familial, ethnic, occupational, religious, regional;

expressive culture includes a wide range of creative and symbolic

forms such as custom, belief, technical skill, language,

literature, art, architecture, music, play, dance, drama, ritual,

pageantry, handicraft; these expressions are mainly learned

orally, by imitation, or in performance, and are generally

maintained without benefit of formal instruction or institutional

direction;

(2) the term ''Board'' means the Board of Trustees of the

Center;

(3) the term ''Center'' means the American Folklife Center

established under this subchapter;

(4) the term ''group'' includes any State or public agency or

institution and any nonprofit society, institution, organization,

association, or establishment in the United States;

(5) the term ''Librarian'' means the Librarian of Congress;

(6) the term ''State'' includes, in addition to the several

States of the Union, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the

District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, and the Virgin

Islands; and

(7) the term ''workshop'' means an activity the primary purpose

of which is to encourage the development of skills, appreciation,

or enjoyment of American folklife among amateur, student, or

nonprofessional participants, or to promote scholarship or

teaching among the participants.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-201, Sec. 3, Jan. 2, 1976, 89 Stat. 1129.)

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20 USC Sec. 2103 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2103. American Folklife Center

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

There is hereby established in the Library of Congress an

American Folklife Center.

(b) Board of Trustees; composition; regional balance

(1) The Center shall be under the direction of a Board of

Trustees. The Board shall be composed as follows:

(A) four members appointed by the President from among

individuals who are officials of Federal departments and agencies

concerned with some aspect of American Folklife traditions and

arts;

(B) four members appointed by the President pro tempore of the

Senate from among individuals from private life who are widely

recognized by virtue of their scholarship, experience,

creativity, or interest in American Folklife traditions and arts,

and four members appointed by the Speaker of the House of

Representatives from among such individuals;

(C) four members appointed by the Librarian of Congress from

among individuals who are widely recognized by virtue of their

scholarship, experience, creativity, or interest in American

folklife traditions and arts; and

(D) seven ex officio members including -

(i) the Librarian of Congress;

(ii) the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution;

(iii) the Chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts;

(iv) the Chairman of the National Endowment for the

Humanities;

(v) the President of the American Folklore Society;

(vi) the President of the Society for Ethnomusicology; and

(vii) the Director of the Center.

(2) In making appointments from private life under paragraph

(1)(B) and (C), the President pro tempore of the Senate, the

Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the Librarian of

Congress shall give due consideration to the appointment of

individuals who collectively will provide appropriate diversity and

regional balance on the Board. Not more than three of the members

appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate or by the

Speaker of the House of Representatives may be affiliated with the

same political party.

(3) In making appointments under paragraph (1)(C), the Librarian

of Congress shall include at least two members who direct or are

members of the boards of major American folklife organizations

other than the American Folklore Society and the Society for

Ethnomusicology.

(c) Term of office

The term of office of each appointed member of the Board shall be

six years; except that (1)(A) the members first appointed under

clause (1) of subsection (b) of this section shall serve as

designated by the President, one for a term of two years, two for a

term of four years, and one for a term of six years, and (B) the

members first appointed under clause (2) of subsection (b) of this

section shall serve as jointly designated by the President pro

tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of

Representatives, two for terms of two years, four for terms of four

years, and two for terms of six years; and (2) any member appointed

to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term to

which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the

remainder of such term. Members appointed by the President under

clause (1) of subsection (b) of this section shall serve only

during the time they are officials of Federal departments and

agencies concerned with some aspect of American folklife traditions

and arts.

(d) Reimbursement for expenses

Members of the Board shall serve without pay, but members who are

not regular full-time employees of the United States may, at the

discretion of the Librarian, be reimbursed for the actual and

necessary traveling and subsistence expenses incurred by them in

the performance of the duties of the Board.

(e) Chairman; Vice Chairman; election; vacancies; quorum; annual

meeting

(1) The Librarian shall call the first meeting of the Board, at

which the first order of business shall be the election of a

Chairman and a Vice Chairman, who shall serve for a term of one

year. Thereafter each Chairman and Vice Chairman shall be elected

for a term of two years. The Vice Chairman shall perform the

duties of the Chairman in his absence. In case of a vacancy

occurring in the chairmanship or vice-chairmanship, the Board shall

elect a member to fill the vacancy for the remainder of the

unexpired term.

(2) A majority of the members of the Board currently serving

shall constitute a quorum.

(3) The Board shall meet at least once each fiscal year.

(f) Director; appointment and compensation

After consultation with the Board, the Librarian shall appoint

the Director of the Center. The basic pay of the Director shall be

at an annual rate that is not less than an amount equal to 120

percent of the minimum rate of basic pay payable for GS-15 of the

General Schedule nor more than an amount equal to the pay payable

under level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of

title 5.

(g) Duties of Director

The Director shall be the chief executive officer of the Center.

Subject to the direction of the Board and the general supervision

of the Librarian, the Director shall have responsibility for

carrying out functions of the Center, and shall have authority over

all personnel and activities of the Center.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-201, Sec. 4, Jan. 2, 1976, 89 Stat. 1130; Pub. L.

95-259, Sec. 2, Apr. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 196; Pub. L. 105-275, title

III, Sec. 312(b)(1), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2458.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The General Schedule, referred to in subsec. (f), is set out

under section 5332 of Title 5, Government Organization and

Employees.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-275, Sec. 312(b)(1)(A), added

subsec. (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which read as

follows: ''The Center shall be under the direction of a Board of

Trustees. The Board shall be composed as follows -

''(1) four members appointed by the President from among

individuals who are officials of Federal departments and agencies

concerned with some aspect of American folklife traditions and

arts;

''(2) four members appointed by the President pro tempore of

the Senate from among individuals from private life who are

widely recognized by virtue of their scholarship, experience,

creativity, or interest in American folklife traditions and arts,

and four members appointed by the Speaker of the House of

Representatives from among such individuals;

''(3) the Librarian of Congress;

''(4) the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution;

''(5) the Chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts;

''(6) the Chairman of the National Endowment for the

Humanities; and

''(7) the Director of the Center.

In making appointments from private life under clause 2, the

President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of

Representatives shall give due consideration to the appointment of

individuals who collectively will provide appropriate regional

balance on the Board. Not more than three of the members appointed

by the President pro tempore of the Senate or by the Speaker of the

House of Representatives may be affiliated with the same political

party.''

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105-275, Sec. 312(b)(1)(B), added subsec.

(d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which read as follows:

''Members of the Board who are not regular full-time employees of

the United States shall be entitled, while serving on business of

the Center, to receive compensation at rates fixed by the

Librarian, but not exceeding $100 per diem, including traveltime;

and while so serving away from their homes or regular places of

business, they may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem

in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5

for persons in Government service employed intermittently.''

Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 105-275, Sec. 312(b)(1)(C)(i), inserted

''currently serving'' after ''Board''.

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 105-275, Sec. 312(b)(1)(C)(ii), added

par. (3).

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 105-275, Sec. 312(b)(1)(D), added subsec.

(f) and struck out former subsec. (f) which read as follows:

''After consultation with the Board, the Librarian shall appoint

the Director of the Center. The basic pay of the Director shall be

at a per year rate not to exceed GS-18 of the General Schedule

under section 5332 of title 5. The Librarian upon the

recommendation of the Director shall appoint a Deputy Director of

the Center. The basic pay of the Deputy Director shall be fixed at

a rate not to exceed GS-16 of the General Schedule under section

5332 of such title.''

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105-275, Sec. 312(b)(1)(E), struck out

''(1)'' before ''The Director'' and struck out par. (2) which read

as follows: ''The Deputy Director shall perform such functions as

the Director, with the approval of the Librarian, may prescribe,

and shall serve as Acting Director during the absence or disability

of the Director or in the event of a vacancy in the office of the

Director.''

1978 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95-259 inserted provision limiting

time of service of members appointed by the President to the time

they are officials of Federal departments and agencies concerned

with some aspect of American folklife traditions and arts.

BOARD OF TRUSTEES, TRANSITION PERIOD

Pub. L. 105-275, title III, Sec. 312(d), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat.

2460, provided that: ''The term of office of members of the Board

of Trustees appointed by the Librarian of Congress under the

amendments made by subsection (b)(1) (amending this section) shall

be 6 years, except that of the four members first appointed by the

Librarian, one shall serve for a term of 2 years, two for a term of

4 years, and one for a term of 6 years.''

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20 USC Sec. 2104 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2104. Functions of Center

-STATUTE-

(a) Contracts; national archive and center for American folklife;

loan of items in archive; procurement, display, etc., of items

in archive; miscellaneous programs

The Librarian is authorized to -

(1) enter into, in conformity with Federal procurement statutes

and regulations, contracts with individuals and groups for

programs for the -

(A) initiation, encouragement, support, organization, and

promotion of research, scholarship, and training in American

folklife;

(B) initiation, promotion, support, organization, and

production of live performances, festivals, exhibits, and

workshops related to American folklife;

(C) purchase, receipt, production, arrangement for, and

support of the production of exhibitions, displays,

publications, and presentations (including presentations by

still and motion picture films, and audio and visual magnetic

tape recordings) which represent or illustrate some aspect of

American folklife; and

(D) purchase, production, arrangement for, and support of the

production of exhibitions, projects, presentations, and

materials specially designed for classroom use representing or

illustrating some aspect of American folklife;

(2) establish and maintain in conjunction with any Federal

department, agency, or institution a national archive and center

for American folklife;

(3) procure, receive, purchase, and collect for preservation or

retention in an appropriate archive creative works, exhibitions,

presentations, objects, materials, artifacts, manuscripts,

publications, and audio and visual records (including still and

motion picture film records, audio and visual magnetic tape

recordings, written records, and manuscripts) which represent or

illustrate some aspect of American folklife;

(4) loan, or otherwise make available, through Library of

Congress procedures, any item in the archive established under

this subchapter to any individual or group;

(5) present, display, exhibit, disseminate, communicate, and

broadcast to local, regional, State, or National audiences any

exhibition, display, or presentation referred to in clause (3) of

this section or any item in the archive established pursuant to

clause (2) of this section, by making appropriate arrangements,

including contracts with public, nonprofit, and private radio and

television broadcasters, museums, educational institutions, and

such other individuals and organizations, including corporations,

as the Board deems appropriate;

(6) loan, lease, or otherwise make available to public,

private, and nonprofit educational institutions, and State arts

councils established pursuant to the National Foundation on the

Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 951 et seq.), such

exhibitions, programs, presentations, and material developed

pursuant to clause (1)(D) of this subsection as the Board deems

appropriate; and

(7) develop and implement other appropriate programs to

preserve, support, revitalize, and disseminate American folklife.

(b) Functions carried out through Center

The Librarian shall carry out his functions under this subchapter

through the Center.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-201, Sec. 5, Jan. 2, 1976, 89 Stat. 1131.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of

1965, referred to in subsec. (a)(6), is Pub. L. 89-209, Sept. 29,

1965, 79 Stat. 845, as amended, which is classified principally to

subchapter I (Sec. 951 et seq.) of chapter 26 of this title. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title

note set out under section 951 of this title and Tables.

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 2105 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2105. Limitations on contracts

-STATUTE-

(a) Time

No payment shall be made pursuant to this subchapter to carry out

any research or training over a period in excess of two years,

except that with the concurrence of at least two-thirds of the

members of the Board of the Center such research or training may be

carried out over a period of not to exceed five years.

(b) Items excluded

Assistance pursuant to this subchapter shall not cover the cost

of land acquisition, construction, building acquisitions, or

acquisition of major equipment.

(c) Former Government employees

No individual formerly in the employment of the Federal

Government shall be eligible to receive any assistance pursuant to

this subchapter, or to serve as a trustee of the Center in the

two-year period following the termination of such employment.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-201, Sec. 6, Jan. 2, 1976, 89 Stat. 1132.)

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 2106 01/06/03

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TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2106. Administration

-STATUTE-

(a) Regulations; receipt of money and other property; compensation

of personnel; services of experts and consultants; contracts;

payments

In addition to any authority vested in it by other provisions of

this subchapter, the Librarian of Congress, in carrying out the

Center's functions, is authorized to -

(1) prescribe such regulations as he deems necessary;

(2) receive money and other property donated, bequeathed, or

devised, without condition or restriction other than that it be

for the purposes of the Center and to use, sell, or otherwise

dispose of such property for the purpose of carrying out its

functions, without reference to Federal property disposal

statutes;

(3) in the discretion of the Board of Trustees, receive (and

use, sell, or otherwise dispose of, in accordance with clause

(2)) money and other property donated, bequeathed, or devised to

the Center with a condition or restriction, including a condition

that the Center use other funds of the Center for the purpose of

the gift;

(4) appoint and fix the compensation of such personnel as may

be necessary to carry out the provisions of this subchapter in

accordance with the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III

of chapter 53 of title 5 relating to classification and General

Schedule pay rates, except that the Librarian of Congress may

appoint and fix the compensation of a reasonable number of

personnel without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and

subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5 relating to

classification and General Schedule pay rates;

(5) obtain the services of experts and consultants in

accordance with the provisions of section 3109 of title 5;

(6) accept and utilize the services of voluntary and

noncompensated personnel and reimburse them for travel expenses,

including per diem, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5;

(7) enter into contracts to carry out the provisions of this

subchapter, and such contracts may, with the concurrence of

two-thirds of the members of the Board, be entered into without

performance or other bonds and in conformity with section 5 of

title 41; and

(8) make advances, progress, and other payments which the Board

deems necessary under this subchapter in conformity with the

provisions of section 3324(a) and (b) of title 31.

(b) Annual report to Congress

The Director shall submit to the Librarian for inclusion in the

annual report of the Library of Congress to the Congress an annual

report of the operations of the Center under this subchapter, which

shall include a detailed statement of all private and public funds

received and expended by it, and such recommendations as the Center

deems appropriate.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-201, Sec. 7, Jan. 2, 1976, 89 Stat. 1133; Pub. L.

105-275, Sec. 312(b)(2), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2459.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

For Federal property disposal statutes, referred to in subsec.

(a)(2), see, generally, subtitle I of Title 40, Public Buildings,

Property, and Works.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

In subsec. (a)(8), ''section 3324(a) and (b) of title 31''

substituted for ''section 3648 of the Revised Statutes, as amended

(31 U.S.C. 529)'' on authority of Pub. L. 97-258, Sec. 4(b), Sept.

13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1067, the first section of which enacted Title

31, Money and Finance.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 105-275 struck out before

semicolon at end '', but no individual so appointed shall receive

compensation in excess of the rate received by the Deputy Director

of the Center''.

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 2107 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

-HEAD-

Sec. 2107. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Center to carry

out this subchapter such sums as may be necessary for each fiscal

year.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 94-201, Sec. 8, Jan. 2, 1976, 89 Stat. 1134; Pub. L.

95-259, Sec. 1, Apr. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 196; Pub. L. 96-522, Dec.

12, 1980, 94 Stat. 3038; Pub. L. 98-392, Sec. 1, 2, Aug. 21, 1984,

98 Stat. 1362; Pub. L. 99-473, Oct. 16, 1986, 100 Stat. 1212; Pub.

L. 101-99, Sept. 26, 1989, 103 Stat. 637; Pub. L. 102-399, Oct. 7,

1992, 106 Stat. 1954; Pub. L. 103-101, Sec. 1, Oct. 8, 1993, 107

Stat. 1020; Pub. L. 104-197, title II, Sec. 209, Sept. 16, 1996,

110 Stat. 2410; Pub. L. 105-275, title III, Sec. 312(c), Oct. 21,

1998, 112 Stat. 2459.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1998 - Pub. L. 105-275 reenacted section catchline without change

and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as

follows: ''There are authorized to be appropriated to the Center to

carry out this subchapter such sums as may be necessary for each of

the fiscal years 1997 and 1998.''

1996 - Pub. L. 104-197 substituted ''Authorization of

appropriations'' for ''Authorization'' in section catchline and

amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows:

''There are authorized to be appropriated to the Center to carry

out the provisions of this subchapter $133,500 for the fiscal year

1976 and for the period from July 1 through September 30, 1976,

$295,000 for the fiscal year 1977, $349,000 for the fiscal year

1978, $685,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979,

$1,065,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1980,

$1,355,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981, $740,000

for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1982, $890,000 for the

fiscal year ending September 30, 1983, $990,000 for the fiscal year

ending September 30, 1984, $838,549 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1985, $867,898 for the fiscal year ending September

30, 1986, $867,900 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1987,

$919,974 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1988, $975,172

for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1989, $998,000 for the

fiscal year ending September 30, 1990, $1,050,100 for the fiscal

year ending September 30, 1991, $1,120,000 for the fiscal year

ending September 30, 1992, $1,120,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1993, $1,120,000 for the fiscal year ending September

30, 1994, and $1,120,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30,

1995.''

1993 - Pub. L. 103-101 struck out ''and'' after ''September 30,

1992,'' and inserted before period at end '', $1,120,000 for the

fiscal year ending September 30, 1994, and $1,120,000 for the

fiscal year ending September 30, 1995''.

1992 - Pub. L. 102-399 substituted ''1991,'' for ''1991, and''

and inserted '', and $1,120,000 for the fiscal year ending

September 30, 1993'' after ''September 30, 1992''.

1989 - Pub. L. 101-99 inserted provisions authorizing

appropriations for fiscal years ending Sept. 30, 1990, Sept. 30,

1991, and Sept. 30, 1992, of $998,000, $1,050,100, and $1,120,000,

respectively. Direction to strike out ''and'' after ''1988'' was

executed by striking ''and'' after ''1988,'' to reflect the

probable intent of Congress.

1986 - Pub. L. 99-473 struck out subsec. designation ''(a)''

before ''There are authorized'' and ''and'' after ''1985,'',

inserted '', $867,900 for the fiscal year ending September 30,

1987, $919,974 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1988, and

$975,172 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1989'', and

struck out subsec. (b) which provided that no amount authorized by

subsec. (a) of this section for fiscal years ending Sept. 30, 1985,

or Sept. 30, 1986, be used for pay, benefits, or other expenses of

any personnel position established after Aug. 21, 1984.

1984 - Pub. L. 98-392 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a), in subsec. (a), as so designated, inserted provisions

authorizing appropriations for fiscal years ending Sept. 30, 1985,

and Sept. 30, 1986, of $838,549 and $867,898, respectively, and

added subsec. (b).

1980 - Pub. L. 96-522 inserted provisions authorizing

appropriations for fiscal years ending Sept. 30, 1982, Sept. 30,

1983, and Sept. 30, 1984, of $740,000, $890,000, and $990,000,

respectively.

1978 - Pub. L. 95-259 inserted provisions for the appropriation

of $685,000, $1,065,000 and $1,355,000 for the fiscal years ending

Sept. 30, 1979, 1980 and 1981, respectively.

-CITE-

20 USC SUBCHAPTER II - VETERANS' ORAL HISTORY 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER II - VETERANS' ORAL HISTORY

.

-HEAD-

SUBCHAPTER II - VETERANS' ORAL HISTORY

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 2141 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER II - VETERANS' ORAL HISTORY

-HEAD-

Sec. 2141. Findings; purpose

-STATUTE-

(a) Findings

Congress finds as follows:

(1) Military service during a time of war is the highest

sacrifice a citizen may make for his or her country.

(2) 4,700,000 Americans served in World War I, 16,500,000

Americans served in World War II, 6,800,000 Americans served in

the Korean Conflict, 9,200,000 Americans served in the Vietnam

Conflict, 3,800,000 Americans served in the Persian Gulf War, and

countless other Americans served in military engagements overseas

throughout the 20th century.

(3) The Department of Veterans Affairs reports that there are

almost 19,000,000 war veterans living in this Nation today.

(4) Today there are only approximately 3,400 living veterans of

World War I, and of the some 6,000,000 veterans of World War II

alive today, almost 1,500 die each day.

(5) Oral histories are of immeasurable value to historians,

researchers, authors, journalists, film makers, scholars,

students, and citizens of all walks of life.

(6) War veterans possess an invaluable resource in their

memories of the conflicts in which they served, and can provide a

rich history of our Nation and its people through the retelling

of those memories, yet frequently those who served during times

of conflict are reticent to family and friends about their

experiences.

(7) It is in the Nation's best interest to collect and catalog

oral histories of American war veterans so that future

generations will have original sources of information regarding

the lives and times of those who served in war and the conditions

under which they endured, so that Americans will always remember

those who served in war and may learn first-hand of the heroics,

tediousness, horrors, and triumphs of war.

(8) The Library of Congress, as the Nation's oldest Federal

cultural institution and largest and most inclusive library in

human history (with nearly 119,000,000 items in its multimedia

collection) (FOOTNOTE 1) is an appropriate repository to collect,

preserve, and make available to the public an archive of these

oral histories. The Library's American Folklife Center has

expertise in the management of documentation projects and

experience in the development of cultural and educational

programs for the public.

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be followed by a

comma.

(b) Purpose

It is the purpose of this subchapter to create a new federally

sponsored, authorized, and funded program that will coordinate at a

national level the collection of video and audio recordings of

personal histories and testimonials of American war veterans, and

to assist and encourage local efforts to preserve the memories of

this Nation's war veterans so that Americans of all current and

future generations may hear directly from veterans and better

appreciate the realities of war and the sacrifices made by those

who served in uniform during wartime.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-380, Sec. 2, Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1447.)

-MISC1-

SHORT TITLE

For short title of this subchapter as the ''Veterans' Oral

History Project Act'', see section 1 of Pub. L. 106-380, set out as

a note under section 2101 of this title.

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 2142 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER II - VETERANS' ORAL HISTORY

-HEAD-

Sec. 2142. Establishment of program at American Folklife Center to

collect video and audio recordings of histories of veterans

-STATUTE-

(a) In general

The Director of the American Folklife Center at the Library of

Congress shall establish an oral history program -

(1) to collect video and audio recordings of personal histories

and testimonials of veterans of the Armed Forces who served

during a period of war;

(2) to create a collection of the recordings obtained

(including a catalog and index) which will be available for

public use through the National Digital Library of the Library of

Congress and such other methods as the Director considers

appropriate to the extent feasible subject to available

resources; and

(3) to solicit, reproduce, and collect written materials (such

as letters and diaries) relevant to the personal histories of

veterans of the Armed Forces who served during a period of war

and to catalog such materials in a manner the Director considers

appropriate, consistent with and complimentary (FOOTNOTE 1) to

the efforts described in paragraphs (1) and (2).

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should be complementary.

(b) Use of and consultation with other entities

The Director may carry out the activities described in paragraphs

(1) and (3) of subsection (a) of this section through agreements

and partnerships entered into with other government and private

entities, and may otherwise consult with interested persons (within

the limits of available resources) and develop appropriate

guidelines and arrangements for soliciting, acquiring, and making

available recordings under the program under this subchapter.

(c) Timing

As soon as practicable after October 27, 2000, the Director shall

begin collecting video and audio recordings under subsection (a)(1)

of this section, and shall attempt to collect the first such

recordings from the oldest veterans.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-380, Sec. 3, Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1448.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2143 of this title.

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 2143 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER II - VETERANS' ORAL HISTORY

-HEAD-

Sec. 2143. Private support

-STATUTE-

(a) Acceptance of donations

The Librarian of Congress may solicit and accept donations of

funds and in-kind contributions to carry out the oral history

program under section 2142 of this title.

(b) Establishment of separate gift account

There is established in the Treasury (among the accounts of the

Library of Congress) a gift account for the oral history program

under section 2142 of this title.

(c) Dedication of funds

Notwithstanding any other provision of law -

(1) any funds donated to the Librarian of Congress to carry out

the oral history program under section 2142 of this title shall

be deposited entirely into the gift account established under

subsection (b) of this section;

(2) the funds contained in such account shall be used solely to

carry out the oral history program under section 2142 of this

title; and

(3) the Librarian of Congress may not deposit into such account

any funds donated to the Librarian which are not donated for the

exclusive purpose of carrying out the oral history program under

section 2142 of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-380, Sec. 4, Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1448.)

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 2144 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 43 - AMERICAN FOLKLIFE PRESERVATION

SUBCHAPTER II - VETERANS' ORAL HISTORY

-HEAD-

Sec. 2144. Authorization of appropriations

-STATUTE-

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this

subchapter -

(1) $250,000 for fiscal year 2001; and

(2) such sums as may be necessary for each succeeding fiscal

year.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 106-380, Sec. 5, Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1449.)

-CITE-