US (United States) Code. Title 20. Chapter 25A: Overseas defense dependents education

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Education

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-CITE-

20 USC CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS'

EDUCATION 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-MISC1-

Sec.

921. Defense dependents' education system.

(a) Establishment.

(b) Program purposes and activities.

(c) Consultation requirements.

(d) Optional summer school programs.

922. Administration of defense dependents' education system.

(a) Operation; Director.

(b) Implementation of program functions of Secretary

of Defense through Director.

(c) Functions of Director.

(d) Establishment of regional or area offices;

reports to Congress on reorganizations;

authorized number of civilian employees.

923. Tuition-paying students.

(a) Enrollment of ineligible child in system school.

(b) Determination of amount of tuition; use of

payments.

(c) Regulations respecting enrollment requirements.

(d) Enrollment of certain children in overseas

schools.

924. Annual educational assessment.

(a) Contents.

(b) Availability.

925. Budget request for school construction funds for Director of

Dependents' Education.

926. School system for dependents in overseas areas.

(a) Establishment and operation.

(b) Tuition and assistance when schools unavailable.

(c) Continuation of enrollment for certain dependents

of members of Armed Forces involuntarily

separated.

(d) Auxiliary services available to home school

students.

927. Allotment formula.

(a) Establishment by regulation of minimum allotment

formula; criteria.

(b) Issuance, etc., of regulations.

(c) Applicability of certain provisions.

928. School advisory committees.

(a) Establishment; functions; membership.

(b) Election of members; regulations respecting

qualifications and election procedures.

(c) Members to serve without pay.

929. Advisory Council on Dependents' Education.

(a) Establishment; membership; Director.

(b) Terms of office of members.

(c) Meetings; functions.

(d) Compensation, etc., of members.

(e) Termination.

930. Study of defense dependents' education system.

(a) Scope; conduct and report to Director by

contractor.

(b) Consultation requirements respecting study

specifications and contractor selection.

(c) Reporting requirements of Director.

931. Regulations; issuance and contents.

932. Definitions.

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in section 3489 of this title; title

10 section 2605; title 15 sections 2642, 2643, 2646; title 37

sections 429, 430; title 42 section 300j-21.

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 921 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 921. Defense dependents' education system

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment

The Secretary of Defense shall establish and operate a program

(hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the ''defense

dependents' education system'') to provide a free public education

through secondary school for dependents in overseas areas.

(b) Program purposes and activities

(1) The Secretary shall ensure that individuals eligible to

receive a free public education under subsection (a) of this

section receive an education of high quality.

(2) In establishing the defense dependents' education system

under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall provide

programs designed to meet the special needs of -

(A) the handicapped,

(B) individuals in need of compensatory education,

(C) individuals with an interest in vocational education,

(D) gifted and talented individuals, and

(E) individuals of limited English-speaking ability.

(3) The Secretary shall provide a developmental preschool program

to individuals eligible to receive a free public education under

subsection (a) of this section who are of preschool age if a

preschool program is not otherwise available for such individuals

and if funds for such a program are available.

(c) Consultation requirements

The Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Secretary of

Education on the educational programs and practices of the defense

dependents' education system.

(d) Optional summer school programs

(1) The Secretary of Defense may provide optional summer school

programs in the defense dependents' education system.

(2) The Secretary shall provide any summer school program under

this subsection on the same financial basis as programs offered

during the regular school year, except that the Secretary may

charge reasonable fees for all or portions of such summer school

programs to the extent that the Secretary determines appropriate.

(3) The amounts received by the Secretary in payment of the fees

shall be available to the Department of Defense for defraying the

costs of conducting summer school programs under this subsection.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-561, title XIV, Sec. 1402, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 2365;

Pub. L. 99-145, title XII, Sec. 1204(b)(1), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat.

720; Pub. L. 102-484, div. A, title III, Sec. 382, Oct. 23, 1992,

106 Stat. 2392; Pub. L. 106-65, div. A, title III, Sec. 354(1),

Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 572; Pub. L. 107-314, div. A, title III,

Sec. 343, Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2515.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

This chapter, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original

''this title'', meaning title XIV of Pub. L. 95-561, Nov. 1, 1978,

92 Stat. 2365, as amended, known as the Defense Dependents'

Education Act of 1978, which enacted this chapter, section 429 of

Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services, and section

1769b of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, amended sections

1773 and 1789 of Title 42, and enacted provisions set out as notes

under this section. For complete classification of this title to

the Code, see Short Title note below and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 107-314 amended par. (2)

generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: ''The

Secretary shall provide in regulations for fees to be charged for

the students enrolling in a summer school program under this

subsection in amounts determined on the basis of family income.''

1999 - Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 106-65 substituted ''to receive''

for ''to recieve''.

1992 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102-484 added subsec. (d).

1985 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99-145 added subsec. (c).

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section 1415 of title XIV of Pub. L. 95-561 provided that:

''(a)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) this title (see

Short Title note below) shall take effect on July 1, 1979.

''(2) Section 1407(b) (enacting section 926(b) of this title) and

the amendments made by section 1407(c) (enacting section 429 of

Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services), 1408(a)

(enacting section 1769b of Title 42, The Public Health and

Welfare), and 1408(b) (amending sections 1773 and 1789 of Title 42)

shall take effect on October 1, 1978.

''(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) or any other provision of

this title no provision of this title shall be construed to impair

or prevent the taking effect of the provision of any other Act

providing for the transfer of the functions described in this title

to an executive department having responsibility for education.''

SHORT TITLE

Section 1401 of title XIV of Pub. L. 95-561 provided that: ''This

title (enacting this chapter, section 429 of Title 37, Pay and

Allowances of the Uniformed Services, and section 1769b of Title

42, The Public Health and Welfare, amending sections 1773 and 1789

of Title 42, and enacting provisions set out as a note under this

section) may be cited as the 'Defense Dependents' Education Act of

1978'.''

PILOT PROGRAM ON PRIVATE OPERATION OF DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' SCHOOLS

Pub. L. 104-106, div. A, title III, Sec. 355, Feb. 10, 1996, 110

Stat. 269, provided that:

''(a) Pilot Program. - The Secretary of Defense may conduct a

pilot program to evaluate the feasibility of using private

contractors to operate schools of the defense dependents' education

system established under section 1402(a) of the Defense Dependents'

Education Act of 1978 (20 U.S.C. 921(a)).

''(b) Selection of School for Program. - If the Secretary

conducts the pilot program, the Secretary shall select one school

of the defense dependents' education system for participation in

the program and provide for the operation of the school by a

private contractor for not less than one complete school year.

''(c) Report. - Not later than 30 days after the end of the first

school year in which the pilot program is conducted, the Secretary

shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the program.

The report shall include the recommendation of the Secretary with

respect to the extent to which other schools of the defense

dependents' education system should be operated by private

contractors.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 927 of this title; title

10 section 2164.

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 922 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 922. Administration of defense dependents' education system

-STATUTE-

(a) Operation; Director

The defense dependents' education system is operated through the

field activity of the Department of Defense known as the Department

of Defense Education Activity. That activity is headed by a

Director, who is a civilian and is selected by the Secretary of

Defense. The Director reports to an Assistant Secretary of Defense

designated by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of this

chapter.

(b) Implementation of program functions of Secretary of Defense

through Director

Except with respect to the authority to prescribe regulations,

the Secretary of Defense may carry out his functions under this

chapter through the Director.

(c) Functions of Director

The Director shall -

(1) establish personnel policies, consistent with the Defense

Department Overseas Teachers Pay and Personnel Practices Act (20

U.S.C. 901 et seq.), for employees in the defense dependents'

education system,

(2) have authority to transfer professional employees in the

defense dependents' education system from one position to

another,

(3) prepare a unified budget for each fiscal year, which shall

include necessary funds for construction and operation and

maintenance of facilities, for the defense dependents' education

system for inclusion in the Department of Defense budget for that

year,

(4) have authority to establish, in accordance with section 928

of this title, local school advisory committees,

(5) have authority to arrange for inservice and other training

programs for employees in the defense dependents' education

system, and

(6) perform such other functions as may be required or

delegated by the Secretary of Defense or the Assistant Secretary

of Defense designated under subsection (a) of this section.

(d) Establishment of regional or area offices; reports to Congress

on reorganizations; authorized number of civilian employees

(1) The Director shall establish appropriate regional or area

offices in order to provide for thorough and efficient

administration of the defense dependents' education system.

(2) Whenever the Department of Defense Education Activity is

reorganized in a manner that affects the defense dependents'

education system, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to

the Congress describing the reorganization.

(3) Subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense, the

Department of Defense Education Activity is authorized an

appropriate number of civilian employees in its central office and

such regional or area office as are established pursuant to

paragraph (1).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-561, title XIV, Sec. 1403, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 2365;

Pub. L. 106-65, div. A, title III, Sec. 354(2), Oct. 5, 1999, 113

Stat. 572; Pub. L. 106-398, Sec. 1 ((div. A), title X, Sec.

1087(g)(8)), Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-294.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Defense Department Overseas Teachers Pay and Personnel

Practices Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), is Pub. L. 86-91,

July 17, 1959, 73 Stat. 213, as amended, which is classified

generally to chapter 25 (Sec. 901 et seq.) of this title. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title

note set out under section 901 of this title and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 106-398 struck out ''the'' before

''the Assistant Secretary of Defense''.

1999 - Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(2)(A), amended section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(2)(A), added subsec. (a)

and struck out former subsec. (a) which read as follows:

''(1) There is established within the Department of Defense an

office to be known as the Office of Dependents' Education.

''(2) The Office of Dependents' Education shall be headed by a

Director of Dependents' Education (hereinafter in this chapter

referred to as the 'Director'), who shall be a civilian and who

shall be selected by the Secretary of Defense and shall report to

the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower, Reserve Affairs,

and Logistics.''

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(2)(B), made technical

amendment to reference in original act which appears in text as

reference to this chapter.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(2)(C), inserted ''(20

U.S.C. 901 et seq.)'' after ''Personnel Practices Act''.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(2)(D), substituted a

comma for the period at end.

Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(2)(E), substituted ''the

Assistant Secretary of Defense designated under subsection (a) of

this section'' for ''Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower,

Reserve Affairs, and Logistics''.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(2)(F), struck out ''for

the Office of Dependents' Education'' after ''area offices''.

Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(2)(G), struck out first

sentence which read: ''Not later than six months after November 1,

1978, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Congress a

report (A) describing the organization of the Office of Dependents'

Education in accordance with paragraph (1), (B) describing the

assignment of personnel to the central office of the Office of

Dependents' Education and to such regional or area offices as are

established pursuant to paragraph (1), and (C) detailing the

personnel requirements of the defense dependents' education

system.'' and substituted ''Whenever the Department of Defense

Education Activity'' for ''Whenever the Office of Dependents'

Education'', ''in a manner that affects the defense dependents'

education system'' for ''after the submission of the report

required under the preceding sentence'', and ''a report'' for ''an

additional report''.

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(2)(H), substituted ''the

Department of Defense Education Activity'' for ''the Office of

Dependents' Education''.

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20 USC Sec. 923 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 923. Tuition-paying students

-STATUTE-

(a) Enrollment of ineligible child in system school

Subject to subsection (b) of this section and in accordance with

regulations issued under subsection (c) of this section, the

Director may authorize the enrollment in a school of the defense

dependents' education system of a child not otherwise eligible to

enroll in such a school if and to the extent that there is space

available for such child in the school.

(b) Determination of amount of tuition; use of payments

(1) Except as otherwise provided under subsection (c) of this

section, any child permitted to enroll in a school of the defense

dependents' education system under this section shall be required

to pay tuition at a rate determined by the Secretary of Defense,

which shall not be less than the rate necessary to defray the

average cost of the enrollment of children in the system under this

section.

(2) Amounts received under paragraph (1) shall be available to

the defense dependents' education system to assist in defraying the

cost of enrollment of children in the system under this section.

(c) Regulations respecting enrollment requirements

The Secretary of Defense may by regulation identify classes of

children who shall be eligible to enroll in schools of the defense

dependents' education system under this section if and to the

extent that there is space available, establish priorities among

such classes, waive the tuition requirement of subsection (b)(1) of

this section with respect to any such class, and issue such other

regulations as may be necessary to carry out this section.

(d) Enrollment of certain children in overseas schools

(1) The Secretary of Defense may authorize the enrollment in

schools of the defense dependents' education system of children in

the following classes:

(A) Children of officers and employees of the United States

(other than civilian officers and employees who are sponsors

under section 932(2) of this title) stationed in overseas areas.

(B) Children of employees of contractors employed in carrying

out work for the United States in overseas areas.

(C) Children of other citizens or nationals of the United

States or of foreign nationals, if the Secretary determines that

enrollment of such children is in the national interest.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary

may not waive the tuition requirements of subsection (b)(1) of this

section with respect to children referred to in paragraph (1).

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-561, title XIV, Sec. 1404, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 2366;

Pub. L. 99-145, title XII, Sec. 1205, Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 721;

Pub. L. 101-189, div. A, title III, Sec. 325(b), Nov. 29, 1989,

103 Stat. 1415.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1989 - Subsec. (d)(1)(A). Pub. L. 101-189 substituted ''(other

than civilian officers and employees who are sponsors under section

932(2) of this title)'' for ''(including employees of

nonappropriated fund activities of the Department of Defense)''.

1985 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 99-145 added subsec. (d).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1989 AMENDMENT

Section 325(c) of Pub. L. 101-189 provided that: ''The amendments

made by this section (amending this section and section 932 of this

title) shall apply with respect to periods of enrollment in schools

of the defense dependents' education system beginning after

September 30, 1989.''

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 924 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 924. Annual educational assessment

-STATUTE-

(a) Contents

The Director shall assess each year the performance of the

defense dependents' education system in providing an education of

high quality to children enrolled in the system. Such assessment

may include the use of educational assessment measures and such

other means as the Director determines to be suitable for assessing

student performance.

(b) Availability

The results of each annual assessment under subsection (a) of

this section with respect to an individual enrolled in the defense

dependents' education system shall be made available to the sponsor

of such individual, and summary results of each such annual

assessment shall be made available to Members of Congress and to

professional employees in the system.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-561, title XIV, Sec. 1405, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat.

2366.)

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 925 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 925. Budget request for school construction funds for Director

of Dependents' Education

-STATUTE-

The President shall include in his budget for each fiscal year a

separate request for funds for construction of school facilities by

the Director.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-561, title XIV, Sec. 1406, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat.

2367.)

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 926 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 926. School system for dependents in overseas areas

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment and operation

The Secretary of Defense shall establish and operate a school

system for dependents in overseas areas as part of the defense

dependents' education system.

(b) Tuition and assistance when schools unavailable

(1) Under such circumstances as the Secretary of Defense may

prescribe in regulations, the Secretary may provide tuition to

allow dependents in an overseas area where a school operated by the

Secretary is not reasonably available to attend schools other than

schools established under subsection (a) of this section on a

tuition-free basis. Any school to which tuition is paid under this

subsection to allow a dependent in an overseas area to attend such

school shall provide an educational program satisfactory to the

Secretary.

(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland

Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating

as a service of the Navy, may provide financial assistance to

sponsors of dependents in overseas areas where schools operated by

the Secretary of Defense under subsection (a) of this section are

not reasonably available in order to assist the sponsors to defray

the costs incurred by the sponsors for the attendance of the

dependents at schools in such areas other than schools operated by

the Secretary of Defense.

(B) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland

Security shall each prescribe regulations relating to the

availability of financial assistance under subparagraph (A). Such

regulations shall, to the maximum extent practicable, be consistent

with Department of State regulations relating to the availability

of financial assistance for the education of dependents of

Department of State personnel overseas.

(c) Continuation of enrollment for certain dependents of members of

Armed Forces involuntarily separated

(1) A member of the Armed Forces serving on active duty on

September 30, 1990, who is involuntarily separated during the

period beginning on October 1, 1990, and ending on December 31,

2001, and who has a dependent described in paragraph (2) who is

enrolled in a school of the defense dependents' education system

(or a school for which tuition is provided under subsection (b) of

this section) on the date of that separation shall be eligible to

enroll or continue the enrollment of that dependent at that school

(or another school serving the same community) for the final year

of secondary education of that dependent in the same manner as if

the member were still on active duty.

(2) A dependent referred to in paragraph (1) is a dependent who

on the date of the separation of the member has completed the

eleventh grade and is likely to complete secondary education within

the one-year period beginning on that date.

(d) Auxiliary services available to home school students

(1) A dependent who is educated in a home school setting, but who

is eligible to enroll in a school of the defense dependents'

education system, shall be permitted to use or receive auxiliary

services of that school without being required to either enroll in

that school or register for a minimum number of courses offered by

that school. The dependent may be required to satisfy other

eligibility requirements and comply with standards of conduct

applicable to students actually enrolled in that school who use or

receive the same auxiliary services.

(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), the term ''auxiliary

services'' includes use of academic resources, access to the

library of the school, after hours use of school facilities, and

participation in music, sports, and other extracurricular and

interscholastic activities.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-561, title XIV, Sec. 1407, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 2367;

Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title V, Sec. 504(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104

Stat. 1559; Pub. L. 103-160, div. A, title V, Sec. 561(n), Nov.

30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1668; Pub. L. 105-261, div. A, title V, Sec.

561(k), title VI, Sec. 657, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2026, 2054;

Pub. L. 106-398, Sec. 1 ((div. A), title V, Sec. 571(k)), Oct. 30,

2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A-135; Pub. L. 107-107, div. A, title

III, Sec. 353, Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1063; Pub. L. 107-296,

title XVII, Sec. 1704(e)(7), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2315.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Section is comprised of section 1407 of Pub. L. 95-561. Subsec.

(e), formerly subsec. (c), of section 1407 enacted section 429 of

Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 107-296 substituted ''of Homeland

Security'' for ''of Transportation'' in two places.

2001 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-107 added subsec. (d) and

redesignated former subsec. (d) as (e). See Codification note

above.

2000 - Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 106-398 substituted ''December 31,

2001'' for ''September 30, 2001''.

1998 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105-261, Sec. 657, inserted heading,

designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted ''Under

such circumstances as the Secretary of Defense may prescribe in

regulations, the Secretary'' for ''Under such circumstances as he

may by regulation prescribe, the Secretary of Defense'', and added

par. (2).

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105-261, Sec. 561(k), substituted

''during the period beginning on October 1, 1990, and ending on

September 30, 2001'' for ''during the nine-year period beginning on

October 1, 1990''.

1993 - Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 103-160 substituted ''nine-year

period'' for ''five-year period''.

1990 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101-510 added subsec. (c) and

redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d). See Codification note

above.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2002 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 107-296 effective on the date of transfer of

the Coast Guard to the Department of Homeland Security, see section

1704(g) of Pub. L. 107-296, set out as a note under section 101 of

Title 10, Armed Forces.

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 927 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 927. Allotment formula

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment by regulation of minimum allotment formula;

criteria

The Director shall by regulation establish a formula for

determining the minimum allotment of funds necessary for the

operation of each school in the defense dependents' education

system. In establishing such formula, the Director shall take into

consideration -

(1) the number of students served by a school and the size of

the school;

(2) special cost factors for a school, including -

(A) geographic isolation of the school,

(B) a need for special staffing, transportation, or

educational programs at the school, and

(C) unusual food and housing costs,

(3) the cost of providing academic services of a high quality

as required by section 921(b)(1) of this title; and

(4) such other factors as the Director considers appropriate.

(b) Issuance, etc., of regulations

Any regulation under subsection (a) of this section shall be

issued, and shall become effective, in accordance with the

procedures applicable to regulations required to be issued by the

Secretary of Education in accordance with section 1232 of this

title.

(c) Applicability of certain provisions

(1) Children with disabilities

Notwithstanding the provisions of section 921(b)(3) of this

title, the provisions of part B of the Individuals with

Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1411 et seq.), other than

the funding and reporting provisions, shall apply to all schools

operated by the Department of Defense under this chapter,

including the requirement that children with disabilities, aged 3

to 5, inclusive, receive a free appropriate public education.

(2) Infants and toddlers with disabilities

The responsibility to provide comparable early intervention

services to infants and toddlers with disabilities and their

families in accordance with individualized family service plans

described in section 677 (FOOTNOTE 1) of the Individuals with

Disabilities Education Act and to comply with the procedural

safeguards set forth in part H (FOOTNOTE 1) of such Act shall

apply with respect to all eligible dependents overseas.

(FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below.

(3) Implementation

In carrying out paragraph (2), the Secretary shall have in

effect a comprehensive, coordinated, multidisciplinary program of

early intervention services for infants and toddlers with

disabilities among Department of Defense entities involved in the

provision of such services to such individuals.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-561, title XIV, Sec. 1409, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 2369;

Pub. L. 102-119, Sec. 24, Oct. 7, 1991, 105 Stat. 605; Pub. L.

106-65, div. A, title III, Sec. 354(3), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat.

573.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, referred to in

subsec. (c)(1), (2), is title VI of Pub. L., 91-230, Apr. 13, 1970,

84 Stat. 175, as amended. Part B of the Act is classified

generally to subchapter II (Sec. 1411 et seq.) of chapter 33 of

this title. Part H of the Act and section 677 of the Act were

classified generally to subchapter VIII (Sec. 1471 et seq.) of

chapter 33 of this title and section 1477 of this title,

respectively, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 105-17, title II, Sec.

203(b), June 4, 1997, 111 Stat. 157, effective July 1, 1998. For

complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1400

of this title and Tables.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(3)(A), substituted

''Secretary of Education'' for ''Department of Health, Education,

and Welfare'' and made technical amendment to reference in original

act which appears in text as reference to section 1232 of this

title.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(3)(B), struck out ''by

academic year 1993-1994'' after ''public education''.

Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(3)(C), substituted

''Implementation'' for ''Implementation timelines'' in heading,

substituted ''In carrying out paragraph (2), the Secretary shall

have in effect a comprehensive'' for ''In carrying out the

provisions of paragraph (2), the Secretary shall - '', struck out

the subpar. (A) designation and ''in academic year 1991-1992 and

the 2 succeeding academic years, plan and develop a comprehensive''

before '', coordinated'', substituted a period for the semicolon

after ''such individuals'', and struck out subpars. (B) and (C)

which related to implementation in academic years 1994-1995,

1995-1996, and succeeding academic years.

1991 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102-119 amended subsec. (c)

generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) read as follows: ''The

provisions of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of

1975 shall apply with respect to all schools operated by the

Department of Defense under this chapter.''

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1991 AMENDMENT

Section 27 of Pub. L. 102-119 provided that:

''(a) Sections 8, 9, and 10. - The amendments made by sections 8,

9, and 10 (amending sections 1423, 1431, 1434, and 1435 of this

title) shall take effect on October 1, 1991, or on the date of

enactment of this Act (Oct. 7, 1991), whichever is later.

''(b) Sections 5, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, and 18. - The amendments

made by sections 5, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, and 18 (amending sections

1413, 1472, 1476, 1477, 1478, 1480, and 1482 of this title) shall

take effect July 1, 1992, except that each State shall have the

option to have any of the amendments apply earlier than such date.

''(c) Remaining Provisions. - The remaining sections of this Act

(enacting section 1484a of this title, amending this section,

sections 241, 1087ee, 1400 to 1402, 1404, 1405, 1407, 1411 to 1417,

1419, 1421 to 1425, 1431 to 1433, 1435, 1442, 1443, 1451, 1452,

1461, 1471 to 1473, and 1475 to 1485 of this title, sections 2503

and 2504 of Title 25, Indians, sections 721, 774, 777a, 795m, and

796d of Title 29, Labor, and sections 1396b, 1396n, 6022, 6024,

9835, 9855d, 9862, and 9886 of Title 42, The Public Health and

Welfare, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this

section and sections 1400 and 1484 of this title) and the

amendments made by such sections shall take effect on the date of

the enactment of this Act (Oct. 7, 1991).''

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 928 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 928. School advisory committees

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment; functions; membership

(1) The Director shall provide for the establishment of an

advisory committee for each school in the defense dependents'

education system. An advisory committee for a school shall advise

the principal or superintendent of the school with respect to the

operation of the school, may make recommendations with respect to

curriculum and budget matters, and, except as provided under

paragraph (2), shall advise the local military commander with

respect to problems concerning dependents' education within the

jurisdiction of the commander. The membership of each such

advisory committee shall include an equal number of parents of

students enrolled in the school and of employees working at the

school and, when appropriate, may include a student enrolled in the

school. The membership of each such advisory committee shall also

include one nonvoting member designated by the organization

recognized as the exclusive bargaining representative of the

employees working at the school.

(2) In the case of any military installation or overseas area

where there is more than one school in the defense dependents'

education system, the Director shall provide for the establishment

of an advisory committee for such military installation or overseas

area to advise the local military commander with respect to

problems concerning dependents' education within the jurisdiction

of the commander.

(b) Election of members; regulations respecting qualifications and

election procedures

Except in the case of a nonvoting member designated under the

last sentence of subsection (a)(1) of this section, members of a

school advisory committee established under this section shall be

elected by individuals of voting age residing in the area to be

served by the advisory committee. The Secretary of Defense shall

by regulation prescribe the qualifications for election to an

advisory committee and procedures for conducting elections of

advisory committee members.

(c) Members to serve without pay

Members of school advisory committees established under this

section shall serve without pay.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-561, title XIV, Sec. 1410, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 2369;

Pub. L. 96-88, title V, Sec. 508(j)(1), (2), Oct. 17, 1979, 93

Stat. 693; Pub. L. 99-145, title XII, Sec. 1204(b)(2), Nov. 8,

1985, 99 Stat. 720.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1985 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 99-145, Sec. 1204(b)(2)(A),

included as member of the advisory committee the designee of the

exclusive bargaining representative of the employees.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99-145, Sec. 1204(b)(2)(B), (C), substituted

''Except in the case of a nonvoting member designated under the

last sentence of subsection (a)(1) of this section, members'' for

''Members'' and ''The Secretary of Defense'' for ''The Secretary of

Education, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense,''.

1979 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 96-88, Sec. 508(j)(1), substituted

''parents'' for ''representatives of sponsors''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96-88, Sec. 508(j)(2), empowered the

Secretary of Education, in consultation with the Secretary of

Defense, to prescribe election qualifications and procedures in

regard to advisory committees rather than vesting such power in the

Secretary of Defense exclusively.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1979 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-88, effective May 4, 1980, with specified

exceptions, see section 601 of Pub. L. 96-88, set out as an

Effective Date note under section 3401 of this title.

TERMINATION OF ADVISORY COMMITTEES

Advisory committees established after Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate

not later than the expiration of the 2-year period beginning on the

date of their establishment, unless, in the case of a committee

established by the President or an officer of the Federal

Government, such committee is renewed by appropriate action prior

to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a

committee established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise

provided for by law. See section 14 of Pub. L. 92-463, Oct. 6,

1972, 86 Stat. 776, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 922 of this title.

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 929 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 929. Advisory Council on Dependents' Education

-STATUTE-

(a) Establishment; membership; Director

(1) There is established in the Department of Defense an Advisory

Council on Dependents' Education (hereinafter in this section

referred to as the ''Council''). The Council shall be composed of -

(A) the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Education, or

their respective designees;

(B) 12 individuals appointed jointly by the Secretary of

Defense and the Secretary of Education who shall be individuals

who have demonstrated an interest in the field of primary or

secondary education and who shall include representatives of

professional employee organizations, school administrators, and

parents of students enrolled in the defense dependents' education

system, and one student enrolled in such system; and

(C) a representative of the Secretary of Defense and of the

Secretary of Education.

(2) Individuals appointed to the Council from professional

employee organizations shall be individuals designated by those

organizations.

(3) The Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary's designee, and

the Secretary of Education, or the Secretary's designee, shall

serve as cochairmen of the Council.

(4) The Director shall be the Executive Secretary of the Council.

(b) Terms of office of members

The term of office of each member of the Council appointed under

subsection (a)(2) of this section shall be three years, except that

-

(1) of the members first appointed under such paragraph, four

shall serve for a term of one year, four shall serve for a term

of two years, and four shall serve for a term of three years, as

determined by the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of

Education at the time of their appointment, and

(2) any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring before the

expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed

shall be appointed for the remainder of such term.

No member appointed under subsection (a)(2) of this section shall

serve more than two full terms on the Council.

(c) Meetings; functions

The Council shall meet at least two times each year. The

functions of the Council shall be to -

(1) recommend to the Director general policies for operation of

the defense dependents' education system with respect to

curriculum selection, administration, and operation of the

system,

(2) provide information to the Director from other Federal

agencies concerned with primary and secondary education with

respect to education programs and practices which such agencies

have found to be effective and which should be considered for

inclusion in the defense dependents' education system,

(3) advise the Director on the design of the study and the

selection of the contractor referred to in section 930(a)(2) of

this title, and

(4) perform such other tasks as may be required by the

Secretary of Defense.

(d) Compensation, etc., of members

Members of the Council who are not in the regular full-time

employ of the United States shall, while attending meetings or

conferences of the Council or otherwise engaged in the business of

the Council, be entitled to receive compensation at the daily

equivalent of the rate specified at the time of such service for

level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5,

including traveltime, and while so serving on the business of the

Council away from their homes or regular places of business, they

may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of

subsistence, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5 for persons

employed intermittently in the Government service.

(e) Termination

The Council shall continue in existence until terminated by law.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-561, title XIV, Sec. 1411, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 2370;

Pub. L. 96-88, title V, Sec. 508(j)(3)-(8), Oct. 17, 1979, 93 Stat.

693, 694; Pub. L. 99-145, title XII, Sec. 1204(b)(3)-(5), Nov. 8,

1985, 99 Stat. 720, 721; Pub. L. 106-65, div. A, title III, Sec.

354(4), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 573.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106-65 substituted ''level IV of the

Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5'' for ''grade

GS-18 in section 5332 of title 5''.

1985 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-145, Sec. 1204(b)(3)(A), amended

subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment subsec. (a) read as

follows: ''There is established in the Department of Education an

Advisory Council on Dependents' Education (hereinafter in this

section referred to as the 'Council'). The Council shall be

composed of -

''(1) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower, Reserve

Affairs, and Logistics, and the Administrator of Education for

Overseas Dependents of such department, who shall be co-chairman

of the Council;

''(2) twelve individuals appointed by the Secretary of

Education, who shall be individuals who have demonstrated an

interest in the fields of primary or secondary education and who

shall include representatives of professional employee

organizations, school administrators, parents of dependents

enrolled in the dependents' education system, and one student

enrolled in such system;

''(3) a representative of the Secretary of Education and of the

Secretary of Defense.

The Director shall be the Executive Secretary of the Council.''

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 99-145, Sec. 1204(b)(4), inserted

reference to Secretary of Defense.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99-145, Sec. 1204(b)(5)(A), substituted

''two times each year'' for ''four times each year'' in provisions

before par. (1).

Subsec. (c)(2), (3). Pub. L. 99-145, Sec. 1204(b)(5)(B), (C),

redesignated par. (3) as (2), and struck out par. (2) which

required the Council to make recommendations to the Director and to

the Secretary of Education on the orderly transfer of the functions

under this chapter to the Secretary and Department of Education.

Subsec. (c)(4), (5). Pub. L. 99-145, Sec. 1204(b)(5)(C), (D),

redesignated par. (5) as (4), and substituted Secretary of Defense

for Secretary of Education. Former par. (4) redesignated (3).

1979 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96-88, Sec. 508(j)(3), substituted

''Department of Education'' for ''Department of Defense'' in text

preceding par. (1).

Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 96-88, Sec. 508(j)(4), provided that the

Administrator of Education for Overseas Dependents of the

Department of Education was to be a member of the council and its

co-chairman.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 96-88, Sec. 508(j)(5), substituted

''Secretary of Education'' for ''Assistant Secretary'',

''demonstrated an interest'' for ''versed by training or

experience'', ''parents of dependents'' for ''sponsors of

students'', and ''dependents' education system'' for ''defense

dependents' education system''.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 96-88, Sec. 508(j)(5), required

membership on the Council for representatives of the Secretaries of

Education and Defense and struck out requirements for

representation of the Commissioner of Education, Director of the

National Institute of Education, Director of the Educational

Directorate of the National Science Foundation, Chairman of the

National Endowment for the Arts, Chairman of the National Endowment

for the Humanities, and the Secretaries of the military

departments.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 96-88, Sec. 508(j)(6), substituted

''Secretary of Education'' for ''Assistant Secretary''.

Subsec. (c)(2) to (5). Pub. L. 96-88, Sec. 508(j)(7), (8), added

par. (2), redesignated former pars. (2), (3), and (4) as (3), (4),

and (5), respectively, and in par. (5), as so redesignated,

substituted ''Secretary of Education'' for ''Assistant Secretary''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1979 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-88 effective May 4, 1980, with specified

exceptions, see section 601 of Pub. L. 96-88, set out as an

Effective Date note under section 3401 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 930 of this title.

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 930 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 930. Study of defense dependents' education system

-STATUTE-

(a) Scope; conduct and report to Director by contractor

(1) The Director may from time to time, but not more frequently

than once a year, provide for a comprehensive study of the entire

defense dependents' education system. Any such study shall include

a detailed analysis of the education programs and the facilities of

the system.

(2) Any study under paragraph (1) shall be conducted by a

contractor selected by the Director after an open competition.

After conducting such study, the contractor shall submit a report

to the Director describing the results of the study and giving its

assessment of the defense dependents' education system.

(b) Consultation requirements respecting study specifications and

contractor selection

In designing the specifications for any study to be conducted

pursuant to subsection (a)(1) of this section, and in selecting a

contractor to conduct such study under subsection (a)(2) of this

section, the Director shall consult with the Advisory Council on

Dependents' Education established under section 929 of this title.

(c) Reporting requirements of Director

The Director shall submit to the Congress any report submitted to

him under subsection (a)(2) of this section describing the results

of a study carried out pursuant to subsection (a)(1) of this

section, together with the recommendations, if any, of the

contractor for legislation or any increase in funding needed to

improve the defense dependents' education system. Notwithstanding

any law, rule, or regulation to the contrary, such report shall not

be submitted to any review before its transmittal to the Congress,

but the Secretary of Defense shall, at the time of the transmittal

of such report, submit to the Congress such recommendations as he

may have with respect to legislation or any increase in funding

needed to improve the defense dependents' education system.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-561, title XIV, Sec. 1412, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 2371;

Pub. L. 96-46, Sec. 2(a)(8), Aug. 6, 1979, 93 Stat. 340; Pub. L.

106-65, div. A, title III, Sec. 354(5), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat.

573.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(5)(A),

substituted ''The Director may from time to time, but not more

frequently than once a year, provide for'' for ''As soon as

practicable after November 1, 1978, the Director shall provide

for'' and ''system. Any such study'' for ''system, which''.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(5)(B), substituted ''Any

study under paragraph (1)'' for ''The study required by this

subsection'' and struck out ''not later than two years after July

1, 1979,'' after ''shall submit a report to the Director''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(5)(C), substituted ''any

study'' for ''the study''.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(5)(D), substituted ''any

report'' for ''not later than one year after July 1, 1979, the

report'' and ''a study'' for ''the study''.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106-65, Sec. 354(5)(E), struck out subsec.

(d) which read as follows: ''The Director may provide for

additional studies of the defense dependents' education system to

be conducted in accordance with the provisions of this section, but

such studies shall not be conducted more frequently than once a

year. A report of each study shall be submitted to the Congress in

accordance with subsection (c) of this section, and the second

sentence of such subsection shall apply with respect to the

transmission of each such report.''

1979 - Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 96-46 substituted ''two years

after July 1, 1979'' for ''one year after July 1, 1979''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1979 AMENDMENT

Section 8 of Pub. L. 96-46 provided that: ''The amendments made

by this Act (enacting section 3164 of this title, amending this

section, sections 240, 241-1, 1211a, 1221-3, 1221h, 1226c, 1232g,

2308, 2310, 2603, 2721, 2733 to 2735, 2740, 2762, 2763, 2772, 2782,

2902, 3084, 3163, 3200, 3289, 3381 to 3386 of this title, and

sections 2001, 2002, 2006, 2008, 2012 of Title 25, Indians,

enacting a provision set out as a note under section 1221e of this

title, and amending provisions set out as notes under sections 236,

1211b, 1221-1, 1231a, and 2701 of this title and section 13 of

Title 25) shall take effect October 1, 1978.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 929 of this title.

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 931 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 931. Regulations; issuance and contents

-STATUTE-

The Secretary of Defense shall issue regulations to carry out

this chapter. Such regulations shall -

(1) prescribe the educational goals and objectives of the

defense dependents' education system,

(2) establish standards for the development of curricula for

the system and for the selection of instructional materials,

(3) prescribe professional standards for professional personnel

employed in the system,

(4) provide for arrangements between the Director and

commanders of military installations for necessary logistic

support for schools of the system located on military

installations,

(5) provide for a recertification program for professional

personnel employed in the system, and

(6) provide for such other matters as may be necessary to

ensure the efficient organization and operation of the defense

dependents' education system.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-561, title XIV, Sec. 1413, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 2372;

Pub. L. 106-65, div. A, title III, Sec. 354(6), Oct. 5, 1999, 113

Stat. 574.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106-65 substituted ''The Secretary''

for ''Not later than 180 days after July 1, 1979, the Secretary''

in introductory provisions.

-CITE-

20 USC Sec. 932 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 20 - EDUCATION

CHAPTER 25A - OVERSEAS DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION

-HEAD-

Sec. 932. Definitions

-STATUTE-

For purposes of this chapter:

(1) The term ''dependent'' means a minor individual -

(A) who has not completed secondary schooling, and

(B) who is the child, stepchild, adopted child, ward, or

spouse of a sponsor, or who is a resident in the household of a

sponsor who stands in loco parentis to such individual and who

receives one-half or more of his support from such sponsor.

(2) The term ''sponsor'' means a person -

(A) who is -

(i) a member of the Armed Forces serving on active duty, or

(ii) a full-time civilian officer or employee of the

Department of Defense and a citizen or national of the United

States; and

(B) who is authorized to transport dependents to or from an

overseas area at Government expense and is provided an

allowance for living quarters in that area.

(3) The term ''overseas area'' means any area situated outside

the United States.

(4) The term ''United States'', when used in a geographical

sense, means the several States, the District of Columbia, the

Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the possessions of the United

States (excluding the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands and

Midway Island).

(5) The term ''involuntarily separated'' has the meaning given

that term in section 1141 of title 10.

(6) The term ''Director'' means the Director of the Department

of Defense Education Activity.

-SOURCE-

(Pub. L. 95-561, title XIV, Sec. 1414, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 2372;

Pub. L. 101-189, div. A, title III, Sec. 325(a), Nov. 29, 1989,

103 Stat. 1415; Pub. L. 101-510, div. A, title V, Sec. 504(b),

Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1559; Pub. L. 106-65, div. A, title III,

Sec. 354(7), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 574.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1999 - Par. (6). Pub. L. 106-65 added par. (6).

1990 - Par. (5). Pub. L. 101-510 added par. (5).

1989 - Par. (2). Pub. L. 101-189 amended par. (2) generally.

Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: ''The term 'sponsor'

means -

''(A) a member of the Armed Forces serving on active duty, or

''(B) a civilian officer or employee of the Department of

Defense paid from appropriated funds.''

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1989 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 101-189 applicable with respect to periods

of enrollment in schools of the defense dependents' education

system beginning after Sept. 30, 1989, see section 325(c) of Pub.

L. 101-189, set out as a note under section 923 of this title.

-TRANS-

TERMINATION OF TRUST TERRITORY OF THE PACIFIC ISLANDS

For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see

note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and

Insular Possessions.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 923 of this title.

-CITE-