US (United States) Code. Title 1. Chapter 2: Acts and resolutions; formalities of enactment

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # General provisions

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-CITE-

1 USC CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF

ENACTMENT; REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-MISC1-

Sec.

101. Enacting clause.

102. Resolving clause.

103. Enacting or resolving words after first section.

104. Numbering of sections; single proposition.

105. Title of appropriation Acts.

106. Printing bills and joint resolutions.

106a. Promulgation of laws.

106b. Amendments to Constitution.

107. Parchment or paper for printing enrolled bills or resolutions.

108. Repeal of repealing act.

109. Repeal of statutes as affecting existing liabilities.

110. Saving clause of Revised Statutes.

111. Repeals as evidence of prior effectiveness.

112. Statutes at Large; contents; admissibility in evidence.

112a. United States Treaties and Other International Agreements;

contents; admissibility in evidence.

112b. United States international agreements; transmission to

Congress.

113. ''Little and Brown's'' edition of laws and treaties; slip

laws; Treaties and Other International Act (FOOTNOTE 1) Series;

admissibility in evidence.

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Does not conform to section

catchline.

114. Sealing of instruments.

AMENDMENTS

1972 - Pub. L. 92-403, Sec. 2, Aug. 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 619, added

item 112b.

1966 - Pub. L. 89-497, Sec. 2, July 8, 1966, 80 Stat. 271,

inserted ''slip laws; Treaties and Other International Acts

Series;'' in item 113.

1951 - Act Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, Sec. 2(a), 65 Stat. 710, added

items 106a and 106b.

1950 - Act Sept. 23, 1950, ch. 1001, Sec. 3, 64 Stat. 980, added

item 112a.

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 101 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 101. Enacting clause

-STATUTE-

The enacting clause of all Acts of Congress shall be in the

following form: ''Be it enacted by the Senate and House of

Representatives of the United States of America in Congress

assembled.''

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634.)

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 102 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 102. Resolving clause

-STATUTE-

The resolving clause of all joint resolutions shall be in the

following form: ''Resolved by the Senate and House of

Representatives of the United States of America in Congress

assembled.''

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634.)

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1 USC Sec. 103 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 103. Enacting or resolving words after first section

-STATUTE-

No enacting or resolving words shall be used in any section of an

Act or resolution of Congress except in the first.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634.)

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1 USC Sec. 104 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 104. Numbering of sections; single proposition

-STATUTE-

Each section shall be numbered, and shall contain, as nearly as

may be, a single proposition of enactment.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634.)

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1 USC Sec. 105 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 105. Title of appropriation Acts

-STATUTE-

The style and title of all Acts making appropriations for the

support of Government shall be as follows: ''An Act making

appropriations (here insert the object) for the year ending

September 30 (here insert the calendar year).''

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634; Pub. L. 93-344, title V,

Sec. 506(a), July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 322.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1974 - Pub. L. 93-344 substituted ''September 30'' for ''June

30''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1974 AMENDMENT

Section 506(b) of Pub. L. 93-344, which provided that the

amendment of this section by Pub. L. 93-344 was effective with

respect to Acts making appropriations for the support of the

Government for any fiscal year commencing on or after Oct. 1, 1976,

was omitted in the complete revision of title V of Pub. L. 93-344

by Pub. L. 101-508, title XIII, Sec. 13201(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104

Stat. 1388-609.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 2 sections 622, 691e.

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 106 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 106. Printing bills and joint resolutions

-STATUTE-

Every bill or joint resolution in each House of Congress shall,

when such bill or resolution passes either House, be printed, and

such printed copy shall be called the engrossed bill or resolution

as the case may be. Said engrossed bill or resolution shall be

signed by the Clerk of the House or the Secretary of the Senate,

and shall be sent to the other House, and in that form shall be

dealt with by that House and its officers, and, if passed, returned

signed by said Clerk or Secretary. When such bill, or joint

resolution shall have passed both Houses, it shall be printed and

shall then be called the enrolled bill, or joint resolution, as the

case may be, and shall be signed by the presiding officers of both

Houses and sent to the President of the United States. During the

last six days of a session such engrossing and enrolling of bills

and joint resolutions may be done otherwise than as above

prescribed, upon the order of Congress by concurrent resolution.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634.)

-MISC1-

REFERENCE TO OBRA; EFFECTIVE DATE; RATIFICATION OF ENROLLMENT

CORRECTIONS AND PRINTED ENROLLMENT

Pub. L. 100-360, title IV, Sec. 411(a), July 1, 1988, 102 Stat.

768, provided that:

''(1) Reference. - In this section, the term 'OBRA' refers to the

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987 (Public Law 100-203)

(Pub. L. 100-203, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330, see Tables for

classification).

''(2) Effective date. - Except as specifically provided in this

section, the amendments made by this section (amending sections

254o, 294f, 300aa-12, 300aa-15, 300aa-21, 426, 704, 912, 1320a-7,

1320a-7a, 1320a-7b, 1320b-5, 1320b-7, 1320b-8, 1320c-3, 1320c-5,

1320c-9, 1395e, 1395h, 1395i-2, 1395i-3, 1395k, 1395l, 1395m,

1395u, 1395w-1, 1395w-2, 1395x, 1395y, 1395aa, 1395bb, 1395cc,

1395dd, 1395gg, 1395mm, 1395ss, 1395tt, 1395ww, 1395aaa, 1395bbb,

1395ccc, 1396a, 1396b, 1396d, 1396j, 1396n, 1396o, 1396p, 1396r,

1396r-1, 1396r-3, 1396r-4, 1396s, and 1397d of Title 42, The Public

Health and Welfare, amending provisions set out as notes under

sections 426, 1320a-7a, 1320c-2, 1320c-3, 1395b-1, 1395h, 1395i-3,

1395l, 1395m, 1395n, 1395u, 1395w-1, 1395x, 1395aa, 1395dd, 1395mm,

1395ss, 1395ww, 1395bbb, 1396a, 1396b, and 1396r of Title 42, and

repealing provisions set out as notes under section 1395l of Title

42), as they relate to a provision in OBRA, shall be effective as

if they were included in the enactment of that provision in OBRA.

''(3) Ratification of enrollment corrections and printed

enrollment. -

''(A) In general. - Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the

enrollment corrections noted in footnotes numbered 9 through 72

of OBRA are hereby ratified and shall be considered to have been

enacted as part of OBRA. The printed enrollment of title IV of

OBRA (Pub. L. 100-203, title IV, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat.

1330-39), as prepared and printed under section 8004 of OBRA

(section 8004 of Pub. L. 100-203, set out below) (including the

footnote corrections described in subparagraph (B) and as

incorporating the clarifications described in subparagraph (C)),

shall be deemed to constitute title IV of OBRA as enacted.

''(B) Footnote corrections. - (i) With respect to the reference

to which footnote 28 relates (101 Stat. 1330-81), the reference

shall be deemed to have read '1320a-7b)'.

''(ii) With respect to the word to which footnote 30 relates

(101 Stat. 1330-91), the word shall be deemed to have read 'the'.

''(iii) With respect to the designation to which footnote 52

relates (101 Stat. 1330-151), the designation shall be deemed to

have read '(F)'.

''(C) Clarifications of illegible matter. - (i) Section

1842(n)(1)(A) of the Social Security Act, as added by section

4051(a) of OBRA (101 Stat. 1330-93) (42 U.S.C. 1395m(n)(1)(A)),

is deemed to have the phrase 'the supplier's reasonable charge to

individuals enrolled under this part for the test' immediately

after 'or, if lower, the'.

''(ii) Section 1834(a)(7)(B)(i) of the Social Security Act, as

inserted by section 4062(b) of OBRA (101 Stat. 1330-103) (42

U.S.C. 1395m(a)(7)(B)(i)), is deemed to have a reference to

'1987' immediately after 'December'.''

PRINTED ENROLLMENTS PREPARED AFTER ENACTMENT

Pub. L. 106-93, Nov. 10, 1999, 113 Stat. 1310, provided: ''That

the provisions of sections 106 and 107 of title 1, United States

Code, are waived for the remainder of the first session of the One

Hundred Sixth Congress with respect to the printing (on parchment

or otherwise) of the enrollment of any bill or joint resolution

making general appropriations or continuing appropriations for the

fiscal year ending September 30, 2000. The enrollment of any such

bill or joint resolution shall be in such form as the Committee on

House Administration of the House of Representatives certifies to

be a true enrollment.''

Pub. L. 105-253, Oct. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1887, provided: ''That

the provisions of sections 106 and 107 of title 1, United States

Code, are waived for the remainder of the One Hundred Fifth

Congress with respect to the printing (on parchment or otherwise)

of the enrollment of any bill or joint resolution making general

appropriations or continuing appropriations for the fiscal year

ending September 30, 1999. The enrollment of any such bill or joint

resolution shall be in such form as the Committee on House

Oversight of the House of Representatives certifies to be a true

enrollment.''

Pub. L. 105-120, Nov. 26, 1997, 111 Stat. 2527, provided: ''That

the provisions of sections 106 and 107 of title 1, United States

Code, are waived for the balance of the first session of the One

Hundred Fifth Congress with respect to the printing (on parchment

or otherwise) of the enrollment of any bill or joint resolution

making general appropriations for the fiscal year ending on

September 30, 1998, or continuing appropriations for the fiscal

year ending on September 30, 1998. The enrollment of any such bill

or joint resolution shall be in such form as the Committee on House

Oversight of the House of Representatives certifies to be a true

enrollment.''

Pub. L. 105-32, Aug. 1, 1997, 111 Stat. 250, provided: ''That the

provisions of sections 106 and 107 of title 1, United States Code,

are waived with respect to the printing (on parchment or otherwise)

of the enrollment of H.R. 2014 (Pub. L. 105-34, Aug. 5, 1997, 111

Stat. 788) and of H.R. 2015 (Pub. L. 105-33, Aug. 5, 1997, 111

Stat. 251) of the One Hundred Fifth Congress. The enrollment of

each of those bills shall be in such form as the Committee on House

Oversight of the House of Representatives certifies to be a true

enrollment.''

Pub. L. 104-207, Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3008, provided that:

''SECTION 1. WAIVER OF REQUIREMENT FOR PARCHMENT PRINTING.

''(a) Waiver. - The provisions of sections 106 and 107 of title

1, United States Code, are waived with respect to the printing (on

parchment or otherwise) of the enrollment of any appropriation

measure of the One Hundred Fourth Congress presented to the

President after the enactment of this joint resolution (Sept. 30,

1996).

''(b) Certification of Enrollment by Committee on House

Oversight. - The enrollment of any such measure shall be in such

form as the Committee on House Oversight of the House of

Representatives certifies to be a true enrollment.

''SEC. 2. APPROPRIATION MEASURE DEFINED.

''For purposes of this joint resolution, the term 'appropriation

measure' means a bill or joint resolution that includes provisions

making general or continuing appropriations for the fiscal year

ending September 30, 1997.''

Pub. L. 104-129, Apr. 9, 1996, 110 Stat. 1199, provided: ''That

the provisions of sections 106 and 107 of title 1, United States

Code, are waived with respect to the printing (on parchment or

otherwise) of the enrollment of H.R. 3019 (Pub. L. 104-134, Apr.

26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321) and the enrollment of H.R. 3136 (Pub. L.

104-121, Mar. 29, 1996, 110 Stat. 847), each of the One Hundred

Fourth Congress. The enrollment of either such bill shall be in

such form as the Committee on House Oversight of the House of

Representatives certifies to be a true enrollment.''

Pub. L. 104-56, title II, Sec. 201, 202, Nov. 20, 1995, 109 Stat.

553, provided that:

''SEC. 201. WAIVER OF REQUIREMENT FOR PARCHMENT PRINTING.

''(a) Waiver. - The provisions of sections 106 and 107 of title

1, United States Code, are waived with respect to the printing (on

parchment or otherwise) of the enrollment of any of the following

measures of the first session of the One Hundred Fourth Congress

presented to the President after the enactment of this joint

resolution (Nov. 20, 1995):

''(1) A continuing resolution.

''(2) A debt limit extension measure.

''(3) A reconciliation bill.

''(b) Certification by Committee on House Oversight. - The

enrollment of a measure to which subsection (a) applies shall be in

such form as the Committee on House Oversight of the House of

Representatives certifies to be a true enrollment.

''SEC. 202. DEFINITIONS.

''As used in this joint resolution:

''(1) Continuing resolution. - The term 'continuing resolution'

means a bill or joint resolution that includes provisions making

further continuing appropriations for fiscal year 1996.

''(2) Debt limit extension measure. - The term 'debt limit

extension measure' means a bill or joint resolution that includes

provisions increasing or waiving (for a temporary period or

otherwise) the public debt limit under section 3101(b) of title

31, United States Code.

''(3) Reconciliation bill. - The term 'reconciliation bill'

means a bill that is a reconciliation bill within the meaning of

section 310 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C.

641).''

Identical provisions were contained in Pub. L. 104-54, title II,

Sec. 201, 202, Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 545.

Pub. L. 102-387, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1519, provided: ''That

the provisions of sections 106 and 107 of title 1, United States

Code, are waived with respect to the printing (on parchment or

otherwise) of the enrollment of any appropriation bill of the One

Hundred Second Congress hereafter to be presented to the President.

Such an enrollment shall be in such form as the Committee on House

Administration of the House of Representatives certifies to be a

true enrollment. As used in this resolution, the term

'appropriation bill' means a bill or joint resolution making or

continuing appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30,

1993.''

Pub. L. 102-260, Mar. 20, 1992, 106 Stat. 85, provided that:

''SECTION 1. WAIVER OF REQUIREMENT FOR PARCHMENT PRINTING.

''The provisions of sections 106 and 107 of title 1, United

States Code, are waived with respect to the printing (on parchment

or otherwise) of the enrollment of H.R. 4210 of the 102d Congress

(H.R. 4210 was vetoed by the President on Mar. 20, 1992).

''SEC. 2. CERTIFICATION BY COMMITTEE ON HOUSE ADMINISTRATION.

''The enrollment of H.R. 4210 of the 102d Congress shall be in

such form as the Committee on House Administration of the House of

Representatives certifies to be a true enrollment.''

Pub. L. 101-497, Oct. 31, 1990, 104 Stat. 1205, provided that:

''SECTION 1. WAIVER OF REQUIREMENT FOR PARCHMENT PRINTING OF

ENROLLMENT OF CERTAIN MEASURES.

''(a) Waiver. - The provisions of sections 106 and 107 of title

1, United States Code, are waived with respect to the printing (on

parchment or otherwise) of the enrollment of S. 2830 (Pub. L.

101-624, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3359).

''(b) Certification of Enrollment by the Secretary of the Senate.

- The enrollment of S. 2830 shall be in such form as the Secretary

of the Senate certifies to be a true enrollment.

''SEC. 2. SUBSEQUENT PREPARATION AND CERTIFICATION OF PRINTED

ENROLLMENT.

''(a) Preparation. -

''(1) In general. - If S. 2830 is presented to the President in

the form of a hand enrollment pursuant to the authority of

section 1, then upon the enactment of that bill the Secretary of

the Senate shall prepare a printed enrollment of the bill as in

the case of a bill to which sections 106 and 107 of title 1,

United States Code, apply.

''(2) Typographical corrections. - A printed enrollment

prepared pursuant to paragraph (1) may, in order to conform to

customary style for printed laws, include corrections in

indentation, type face, and type size and may include notations

(in the margins or as otherwise appropriate) of obvious errors in

spelling or punctuation in the hand enrollment.

''(b) Transmittal to President. - A printed enrollment prepared

pursuant to subsection (a), after being certified by the Secretary

of the Senate to be a correct printing of the hand enrollment,

shall be signed by the presiding officer of each House of Congress

and transmitted to the President.

''(c) Certification by President; Preservation in Archives. -

Upon certification by the President that a printed enrollment

transmitted pursuant to subsection (b) is a correct printing of the

hand enrollment, such printed enrollment shall be transmitted to

the Archivist of the United States, who shall preserve it with the

hand enrollment.

''(d) Publication of Law. - In preparing the bill or joint

resolution for publication in slip form and in the United States

Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112 of title 1, United States

Code, the Archivist of the United States shall use the printed

enrollment certified by the President under subsection (c) in lieu

of the hand enrollment.

''SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

''As used in this resolution:

''(1) (sic) Hand enrollment. - The term 'hand enrollment' means

the enrollment, as authorized by section 1, of a bill or joint

resolution for presentment to the President in a form other than

the printed form required by sections 106 and 107 of title 1,

United States Code.''

Pub. L. 101-466, Oct. 27, 1990, 104 Stat. 1084, provided that:

''SECTION 1. WAIVER OF REQUIREMENT FOR PARCHMENT PRINTING OF

ENROLLMENT OF CERTAIN MEASURES.

''(a) Waiver. - The provisions of sections 106 and 107 of title

1, United States Code, are waived with respect to the printing (on

parchment or otherwise) of the enrollment of any reconciliation

bill, appropriation bill, or continuing resolution of the One

Hundred First Congress presented to the President after the

enactment of this joint resolution (Oct. 27, 1990).

''(b) Certification of Enrollment by Committee on House

Administration. - The enrollment of any such bill or joint

resolution shall be in such form as the Committee on House

Administration of the House of Representatives certifies to be a

true enrollment.

''SEC. 2. SUBSEQUENT PREPARATION AND CERTIFICATION OF PRINTED

ENROLLMENT.

''(a) Preparation. -

''(1) In general. - If a reconciliation bill, appropriation

bill, or continuing resolution is presented to the President in

the form of a hand enrollment pursuant to the authority of

section 1, then upon the enactment of that bill or joint

resolution the Clerk of the House of Representatives shall

prepare a printed enrollment of the bill or joint resolution as

in the case of a bill or joint resolution to which sections 106

and 107 of title 1, United States Code, apply.

''(2) Typographical corrections. - A printed enrollment

prepared pursuant to paragraph (1) may, in order to conform to

customary style for printed laws, include corrections in

indentation, type face, and type size and may include notations

(in the margins or as otherwise appropriate) of obvious errors in

spelling or punctuation in the hand enrollment.

''(b) Transmittal to President. - A printed enrollment prepared

pursuant to subsection (a), after being certified by the Committee

on House Administration of the House of Representatives to be a

correct printing of the hand enrollment, shall be signed by the

presiding officer of each House of Congress and transmitted to the

President.

''(c) Certification by President; Preservation in Archives. -

Upon certification by the President that a printed enrollment

transmitted pursuant to subsection (b) is a correct printing of the

hand enrollment, such printed enrollment shall be transmitted to

the Archivist of the United States, who shall preserve it with the

hand enrollment.

''(d) Publication of Law. - In preparing the bill or joint

resolution for publication in slip form and in the United States

Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112 of title 1, United States

Code, the Archivist of the United States shall use the printed

enrollment certified by the President under subsection (c) in lieu

of the hand enrollment.

''SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

''As used in this resolution:

''(1) Reconciliation bill. - The term 'reconciliation bill'

means a bill to provide for reconciliation pursuant to section 4

of the concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal year 1991.

''(2) Appropriation bill. - The term 'appropriation bill' means

a general appropriation bill making appropriations for the fiscal

year ending September 30, 1991.

''(3) Continuing resolution. - The term 'continuing resolution'

means a joint resolution making continuing appropriations for the

fiscal year 1991.

''(4) Hand enrollment. - The term 'hand enrollment' means the

enrollment, as authorized by section 1, of a bill or joint

resolution for presentment to the President in a form other than

the printed form required by sections 106 and 107 of title 1,

United States Code.''

Pub. L. 100-454, Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 1914, provided that:

''SECTION 1. HAND ENROLLMENT AUTHORIZED FOR GENERAL APPROPRIATIONS

BILLS.

''(a) Waiver of Certain Laws With Respect to Printing of Enrolled

Bills. - During the remainder of the second session of the One

Hundredth Congress, the provisions of sections 106 and 107 of title

1, United States Code, are waived with respect to the printing (on

parchment or otherwise) of the enrollment of any general

appropriations bill making appropriations for the fiscal year

ending September 30, 1989.

''(b) Certification by Committee on House Administration. - The

enrollment of any such bill shall be in such form as the Committee

on House Administration of the House of Representatives certifies

to be a true enrollment.

''SEC. 2. SUBSEQUENT PREPARATION AND CERTIFICATION OF PRINTED

ENROLLMENTS.

''(a) Preparation. -

''(1) In general. - Upon the enactment of a bill following

presentment of such bill to the President in the form of a hand

enrollment pursuant to the authority of section 1 of this

resolution, the Clerk of the House of Representatives shall

prepare a printed enrollment of that bill as in the case of a

bill to which sections 106 and 107 of title 1, United States

Code, apply.

''(2) Limited stylistic corrections. - A printed enrollment

prepared pursuant to paragraph (1) may, in order to conform to

customary style for printed laws, include corrections in

spelling, punctuation, indentation, type face, and type size and

other necessary stylistic corrections to the hand enrollment.

Such a printed enrollment shall include notations (in the margins

or as otherwise appropriate) of all such corrections.

''(b) Transmittal to President. - A printed enrollment prepared

pursuant to subsection (a) shall be signed by the presiding officer

of each House of Congress as a correct printing of the hand

enrollment and shall be transmitted to the President.

''(c) Certification by President; Legal Effect. - Upon

certification by the President that a printed enrollment

transmitted pursuant to subsection (b) is a correct printing of the

hand enrollment, such printed enrollment shall be considered for

all purposes as the original enrollment of the bill concerned and

as valid evidence of the enactment of that bill.

''(d) Archives. - A printed enrollment certified by the President

under subsection (c) shall be transmitted to the Archivist of the

United States, who shall preserve it with the hand enrollment. In

preparing the bill concerned for publication in slip form and in

the United States Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112 of

title 1, United States Code, the Archivist of the United States

shall use the printed enrollment certified by the President under

subsection (c) in lieu of the hand enrollment.

''(e) Hand Enrollment Defined. - As used in this section, the

term 'hand enrollment' means the enrollment, as authorized by

section 1, of a bill for presentment to the President in a form

other than the printed form required by sections 106 and 107 of

title 1, United States Code.''

Pub. L. 100-203, title VIII, Sec. 8004, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat.

1330-282, provided that:

''(a) Preparation of Printed Enrollment. - (1) Upon the enactment

of this Act enrolled as a hand enrollment, the Clerk of the House

of Representatives shall prepare a printed enrollment of this Act

as in the case of a bill or joint resolution to which sections 106

and 107 of title 1, United States Code, apply. Such enrollment

shall be a correct enrollment of this Act as enrolled in the hand

enrollment.

''(2) A printed enrollment prepared pursuant to paragraph (1)

may, in order to conform to customary style for printed laws,

include corrections in spelling, punctuation, indentation, type

face, and type size and other necessary stylistic corrections to

the hand enrollment. Such a printed enrollment shall include

notations (in the margins or as otherwise appropriate) of all such

corrections.

''(b) Transmittal to President. - A printed enrollment prepared

pursuant to subsection (a) shall be signed by the presiding

officers of both Houses of Congress as a correct printing of the

hand enrollment of this Act and shall be transmitted to the

President.

''(c) Certification by President; Legal Effect. - Upon

certification by the President that a printed enrollment

transmitted pursuant to subsection (b) is a correct printing of the

hand enrollment of this Act, such printed enrollment shall be

considered for all purposes as the original enrollment of this Act

and as valid evidence of the enactment of this Act.

''(d) Archives. - A printed enrollment certified by the President

under subsection (c) shall be transmitted to the Archivist of the

United States, who shall preserve it with the hand enrollment. In

preparing this Act for publication in slip form and in the United

States Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112 of title 1, United

States Code, the Archivist of the United States shall use the

printed enrollment certified by the President under subsection (c)

in lieu of the hand enrollment.

''(e) Hand Enrollment Defined. - As used in this section, the

term 'hand enrollment' means enrollment in a form other than the

printed form required by sections 106 and 107 of title 1, United

States Code, as authorized by the joint resolution entitled 'Joint

resolution authorizing the hand enrollment of the budget

reconciliation bill and of the full-year continuing resolution for

fiscal year 1988', approved December 1987 (H.J. Res. 426 of the

100th Congress) (Pub. L. 100-199, Dec. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 1326).''

Pub. L. 100-202, Sec. 101(n), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329-432,

provided that:

''(1) Upon the enactment of this resolution enrolled as a hand

enrollment, the Clerk of the House of Representatives shall prepare

a printed enrollment of this resolution as in the case of a bill or

joint resolution to which sections 106 and 107 of title 1, United

States Code, apply. Such enrollment shall be a correct enrollment

of this resolution as enrolled in the hand enrollment.

''(2) A printed enrollment prepared pursuant to subsection (n)(1)

may, in order to conform to customary style for printed laws,

include corrections in spelling, punctuation, indentation, type

face, and type size and other necessary stylistic corrections to

the hand enrollment. Such a printed enrollment shall include

notations (in the margins or as otherwise appropriate) of all such

corrections.

''(3) A printed enrollment prepared pursuant to subsection (n)(1)

shall be signed by the presiding officers of both Houses of

Congress as a correct printing of the hand enrollment of this

resolution and shall be transmitted to the President.

''(4) Upon certification by the President that a printed

enrollment transmitted pursuant to subsection (n)(3) is a correct

printing of the hand enrollment of this resolution, such printed

enrollment shall be considered for all purposes as the original

enrollment of this resolution and as valid evidence of the

enactment of this resolution.

''(5) A printed enrollment certified by the President under

subsection (n)(4) shall be transmitted to the Archivist of the

United States, who shall preserve it with the hand enrollment. In

preparing this resolution for publication in slip form and in the

United States Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112 of title 1,

United States Code, the Archivist of the United States shall use

the printed enrollment certified by the President under subsection

(n)(4) in lieu of the hand enrollment.

''(6) As used in this section, the term 'hand enrollment' means

enrollment in a form other than the printed form required by

sections 106 and 107 of title 1, United States Code, as authorized

by the joint resolution entitled 'Joint resolution authorizing the

hand enrollment of the budget reconciliation bill and of the

full-year continuing resolution for fiscal year 1988', approved

December 1987 (H.J. Res. 426 of the 100th Congress) (Pub. L.

100-199, Dec. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 1326).''

CERTIFICATION OF PRINTED ENROLLMENTS OF CERTAIN PUBLIC LAWS

Memorandum of the President of the United States, Jan. 10, 1991,

56 F.R. 1481, provided:

Memorandum for the Archivist of the United States

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution

and laws of the United States, including Section 301 of Title 3 of

the United States Code, I hereby authorize you to ascertain whether

the printed enrollment of H.R. 5835, the Omnibus Budget

Reconciliation Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-508), approved on

November 5, 1990, is a correct printing of the hand enrollment and

if so to make on my behalf the certification specified in Section

2(c) of H.J. Res. 682 (Public Law 101-466) (set out as a note

above).

Attached is the printed enrollment that was received at the White

House on January 7, 1991.

This memorandum shall be published in the Federal Register.

George Bush.

Memorandum of the President of the United States, Dec. 12, 1988,

53 F.R. 50373, provided:

Memorandum for the Archivist of the United States

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution

and laws of the United States, including Section 301 of Title 3 of

the United States Code, I hereby authorize you to ascertain whether

the printed enrollments of H.R. 4637, the Foreign Operations,

Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1989

(Public Law 100-461), H.R. 4776, the District of Columbia

Appropriations Act, 1989 (Public Law 100-462), and H.R. 4781, the

Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1989 (Public Law

100-463), are correct printings of the hand enrollments, which were

approved on October 1, 1988, and if so to make on my behalf the

certifications required by Section 2(c) of H.J. Res. 665 (Public

Law 100-454) (set out as a note above).

Attached are the printed enrollments of H.R. 4637, H.R. 4776, and

H.R. 4781, which were received at the White House on December 1,

1988.

This memorandum shall be published in the Federal Register.

Ronald Reagan.

Memorandum of the President of the United States, Jan. 28, 1988,

53 F.R. 2816, provided:

Memorandum for the Archivist of the United States

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution

and laws of the United States, including Section 301 of Title 3 of

the United States Code, I hereby authorize you to ascertain whether

the printed enrollments of H.J. Res. 395, Joint Resolution making

further continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1988 (Public

Law 100-202), and H.R. 3545, the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act

of 1987 (Public Law 100-203), are correct printings of the hand

enrollments, which were approved on December 22, 1987, and if so to

make on my behalf the certifications required by Section 101(n)(4)

of H.J. Res. 395 and Section 8004(c) of H.R. 3545 (set out as notes

above).

Attached are the printed enrollments of H.J. Res. 395 and H.R.

3545, which were received at the White House on January 27, 1988.

This memorandum shall be published in the Federal Register.

Ronald Reagan.

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 106a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 106a. Promulgation of laws

-STATUTE-

Whenever a bill, order, resolution, or vote of the Senate and

House of Representatives, having been approved by the President, or

not having been returned by him with his objections, becomes a law

or takes effect, it shall forthwith be received by the Archivist of

the United States from the President; and whenever a bill, order,

resolution, or vote is returned by the President with his

objections, and, on being reconsidered, is agreed to be passed, and

is approved by two-thirds of both Houses of Congress, and thereby

becomes a law or takes effect, it shall be received by the

Archivist of the United States from the President of the Senate, or

Speaker of the House of Representatives in whichsoever House it

shall last have been so approved, and he shall carefully preserve

the originals.

-SOURCE-

(Added Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, Sec. 2(b), 65 Stat. 710; amended

Pub. L. 98-497, title I, Sec. 107(d), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2291.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Pub. L. 98-497 substituted ''Archivist of the United

States'' for ''Administrator of General Services'' in two places.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 98-497 effective Apr. 1, 1985, see section

301 of Pub. L. 98-497, set out as a note under section 2102 of

Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

-TRANS-

SIMILAR PROVISIONS; REPEAL; SAVING CLAUSE; DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS;

TRANSFER OF PROPERTY AND PERSONNEL

Similar provisions were contained in R.S. Sec. 204; act Dec. 28,

1874, ch. 9, Sec. 2, 18 Stat. 294; 1950 Reorg. Plan No. 20, Sec. 1,

eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3178, 64 Stat. 1272, which with the

exception of the reorganization plan, were repealed by section

56(h) of act Oct. 31, 1951. Subsec. (l) of that section 56 provided

that the repeal should not affect any rights or liabilities

existing under those statutes on the effective date of the repeal

(Oct. 31, 1951). For delegation of functions under the repealed

statutes, and transfer of records, property, personnel, and funds,

see sections 3 and 4 of 1950 Reorg. Plan No. 20, set out in the

Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 106b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 106b. Amendments to Constitution

-STATUTE-

Whenever official notice is received at the National Archives and

Records Administration that any amendment proposed to the

Constitution of the United States has been adopted, according to

the provisions of the Constitution, the Archivist of the United

States shall forthwith cause the amendment to be published, with

his certificate, specifying the States by which the same may have

been adopted, and that the same has become valid, to all intents

and purposes, as a part of the Constitution of the United States.

-SOURCE-

(Added Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, Sec. 2(b), 65 Stat. 710; amended

Pub. L. 98-497, title I, Sec. 107(d), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2291.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Pub. L. 98-497 substituted ''National Archives and Records

Administration'' and ''Archivist of the United States'' for

''General Services Administration'' and ''Administrator of General

Services'', respectively.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 98-497 effective Apr. 1, 1985, see section

301 of Pub. L. 98-497, set out as a note under section 2102 of

Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

-TRANS-

SIMILAR PROVISIONS; REPEAL; SAVING CLAUSE; DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS;

TRANSFER OF PROPERTY AND PERSONNEL

Similar provisions were contained in R.S. Sec. 205; 1950 Reorg.

Plan No. 20, Sec. 1, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3178, 64 Stat.

1272. R.S. Sec. 205 was repealed by section 56(h) of act Oct. 31,

1951. Subsec. (l) of section 56 provided that the repeal should not

affect any rights or liabilities existing under the repealed

statute on the effective date of the repeal (Oct. 31, 1951). For

delegation of functions under the repealed statute, and transfer of

records, property, personnel, and funds, see sections 3 and 4 of

1950 Reorg. Plan No. 20, set out in the Appendix to Title 5,

Government Organization and Employees.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 112 of this title.

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 107 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 107. Parchment or paper for printing enrolled bills or

resolutions

-STATUTE-

Enrolled bills and resolutions of either House of Congress shall

be printed on parchment or paper of suitable quality as shall be

determined by the Joint Committee on Printing.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 635.)

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 108 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 108. Repeal of repealing act

-STATUTE-

Whenever an Act is repealed, which repealed a former Act, such

former Act shall not thereby be revived, unless it shall be

expressly so provided.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 635.)

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 109 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 109. Repeal of statutes as affecting existing liabilities

-STATUTE-

The repeal of any statute shall not have the effect to release or

extinguish any penalty, forfeiture, or liability incurred under

such statute, unless the repealing Act shall so expressly provide,

and such statute shall be treated as still remaining in force for

the purpose of sustaining any proper action or prosecution for the

enforcement of such penalty, forfeiture, or liability. The

expiration of a temporary statute shall not have the effect to

release or extinguish any penalty, forfeiture, or liability

incurred under such statute, unless the temporary statute shall so

expressly provide, and such statute shall be treated as still

remaining in force for the purpose of sustaining any proper action

or prosecution for the enforcement of such penalty, forfeiture, or

liability.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 635.)

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 110 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 110. Saving clause of Revised Statutes

-STATUTE-

All acts of limitation, whether applicable to civil causes and

proceedings, or to the prosecution of offenses, or for the recovery

of penalties or forfeitures, embraced in the Revised Statutes and

covered by the repeal contained therein, shall not be affected

thereby, but all suits, proceedings, or prosecutions, whether civil

or criminal, for causes arising, or acts done or committed prior to

said repeal, may be commenced and prosecuted within the same time

as if said repeal had not been made.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 635.)

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 111 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 111. Repeals as evidence of prior effectiveness

-STATUTE-

No inference shall be raised by the enactment of the Act of March

3, 1933 (ch. 202, 47 Stat. 1431), that the sections of the Revised

Statutes repealed by such Act were in force or effect at the time

of such enactment: Provided, however, That any rights or

liabilities existing under such repealed sections shall not be

affected by their repeal.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 635.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Act of March 3, 1933, referred to in text, was repealed by

section 2 of act July 30, 1947, section 1 of which enacted this

title.

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 112 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 112. Statutes at Large; contents; admissibility in evidence

-STATUTE-

The Archivist of the United States shall cause to be compiled,

edited, indexed, and published, the United States Statutes at

Large, which shall contain all the laws and concurrent resolutions

enacted during each regular session of Congress; all proclamations

by the President in the numbered series issued since the date of

the adjournment of the regular session of Congress next preceding;

and also any amendments to the Constitution of the United States

proposed or ratified pursuant to article V thereof since that date,

together with the certificate of the Archivist of the United States

issued in compliance with the provision contained in section 106b

of this title. In the event of an extra session of Congress, the

Archivist of the United States shall cause all the laws and

concurrent resolutions enacted during said extra session to be

consolidated with, and published as part of, the contents of the

volume for the next regular session. The United States Statutes at

Large shall be legal evidence of laws, concurrent resolutions,

treaties, international agreements other than treaties,

proclamations by the President, and proposed or ratified amendments

to the Constitution of the United States therein contained, in all

the courts of the United States, the several States, and the

Territories and insular possessions of the United States.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 636; Sept. 23, 1950, ch. 1001,

Sec. 1, 64 Stat. 979; Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, Sec. 3, 65 Stat. 710;

Pub. L. 98-497, title I, Sec. 107(d), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat.

2291.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Pub. L. 98-497 substituted ''Archivist of the United

States'' for ''Administrator of General Services'' in three places.

1951 - Act Oct. 31, 1951, substituted ''106b of this title'' for

''205 of the Revised Statutes'' in first sentence.

1950 - Act Sept. 23, 1950, amended section generally to implement

1950 Reorg. Plan No. 20, Sec. 1, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3178,

64 Stat. 1272, which transferred to the Administrator of General

Services certain duties formerly performed by the Secretary of

State.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 98-497 effective Apr. 1, 1985, see section

301 of Pub. L. 98-497, set out as a note under section 2102 of

Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

PUBLISHING PUB. L. 107-206 IN STATUTES AT LARGE

Pub. L. 107-206, title III, Sec. 3002(h), Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat.

924, provided that: ''In publishing the Act in slip form and in the

United States Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112, of title

1, United States Code, the Archivist of the United States shall

include after the date of approval at the end an appendix setting

forth the text of the bill referred to in subsection (a) (set out

as a Short Title of 2002 Amendment note under section 101 of Title

39, Postal Service).''

PUBLICATION OF CERTAIN LAWS OF 106TH CONGRESS

Pub. L. 106-554, Sec. 1(b), Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763,

provided that: ''In publishing this Act in slip form and in the

United States Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112 of title 1,

United States Code, the Archivist of the United States shall

include after the date of approval at the end appendixes setting

forth the texts of the bills referred to in subsection (a) of this

section (enacting into law H.R. 5656, H.R. 5657, H.R. 5658, H.R.

5660, H.R. 5661, H.R. 5662, and H.R. 5663 of the 106th Congress, as

introduced on Dec. 14, 2000, and H.R. 5666 and H.R. 5667 of the

106th Congress, as introduced on Dec. 15, 2000, except that the

text of H.R. 5666, as so enacted, shall not include section 123)

and the text of any other bill enacted into law by reference by

reason of the enactment of this Act.''

Pub. L. 106-553, Sec. 1(b), Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2762,

provided that: ''In publishing this Act in slip form and in the

United States Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112 of title 1,

United States Code, the Archivist of the United States shall

include after the date of approval at the end appendixes setting

forth the texts of the bills referred to in subsection (a) of this

section (enacting into law H.R. 5547 and H.R. 5548 of the 106th

Congress, as introduced on Oct. 25, 2000).''

Pub. L. 106-429, Sec. 101(a) (title V, Sec. 595(b)), Nov. 6,

2000, 114 Stat. 1900, 1900A-60, provided that: ''In publishing the

Act in slip form and in the United States Statutes at Large

pursuant to section 112, of title 1, United States Code, the

Archivist of the United States shall include after the date of

approval at the end appendixes setting forth the texts of the bill

referred to in subsection (a) of this section (enacting into law S.

3140 of the 106th Congress, as introduced on Sept. 28, 2000).''

Pub. L. 106-429, Sec. 101(b), Nov. 6, 2000, 114 Stat. 1900,

provided that: ''In publishing this Act in slip form and in the

United States Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112 of title 1,

United States Code, the Archivist of the United States shall

include after the date of approval at the end an appendix setting

forth the text of the bill referred to in subsection (a) of this

section (enacting into law H.R. 5526 of the 106th Congress, as

introduced on Oct. 24, 2000).''

Pub. L. 106-398, Sec. 2, Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, provided

that: ''In publishing this Act in slip form and in the United

States Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112 of title 1, United

States Code, the Archivist of the United States shall include after

the date of approval an appendix setting forth the text of the bill

referred to in section 1 (enacting into law H.R. 5408 of the 106th

Congress, as introduced on Oct. 6, 2000).''

Pub. L. 106-387, Sec. 1(b), Oct. 28, 2000, 114 Stat. 1549,

provided that: ''In publishing this Act in slip form and in the

United States Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112 of title 1,

United States Code, the Archivist of the United States shall

include after the date of approval at the end an appendix setting

forth the text of the bill referred to in subsection (a) of this

section (enacting into law H.R. 5426 of the 106th Congress, as

introduced on Oct. 6, 2000).''

Pub. L. 106-377, Sec. 1(b), Oct. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 1441,

provided that: ''In publishing this Act in slip form and in the

United States Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112 of title 1,

United States Code, the Archivist of the United States shall

include after the date of approval at the end appendixes setting

forth the texts of the bills referred to in subsection (a) of this

section (enacting into law H.R. 5482 and 5483 of the 106th

Congress, as introduced on Oct. 18, 2000).''

Pub. L. 106-346, Sec. 101(b), Oct. 23, 2000, 114 Stat. 1356,

provided that: ''In publishing the Act in slip form and in the

United States Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112 of title 1,

United States Code, the Archivist of the United States shall

include after the date of approval at the end an appendix setting

forth the text of the bill referred to in subsection (a) of this

section (enacting into law H.R. 5394 of the 106th Congress, as

introduced on Oct. 5, 2000).''

Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, Sec. 1000(b), Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat.

1536, provided that: ''In publishing the Act in slip form and in

the United States Statutes at Large pursuant to section 112, of

title 1, United States Code, the Archivist of the United States

shall include after the date of approval at the end appendixes

setting forth the texts of the bills referred to in subsection (a)

of this section (enacting into law H.R. 3421, H.R. 3422, H.R. 3423,

H.R. 3424, H.R. 3425, H.R. 3426, H.R. 3427 (as amended), H.R. 3428,

and S. 1948 of the 106th Congress, as introduced on Nov. 17,

1999).''

EFFECT OF REPEAL OF SECTION 73 OF ACT JAN. 12, 1895

This section and section 112a of this title as not affected by

the repeal of section 73 of act Jan. 12, 1895, ch. 23, 28 Stat.

615, which related to the same subject matter, see section 56(i) of

act Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, 65 Stat. 729.

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 112a 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 112a. United States Treaties and Other International

Agreements; contents; admissibility in evidence

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary of State shall cause to be compiled, edited,

indexed, and published, beginning as of January 1, 1950, a

compilation entitled ''United States Treaties and Other

International Agreements,'' which shall contain all treaties to

which the United States is a party that have been proclaimed during

each calendar year, and all international agreements other than

treaties to which the United States is a party that have been

signed, proclaimed, or with reference to which any other final

formality has been executed, during each calendar year. The said

United States Treaties and Other International Agreements shall be

legal evidence of the treaties, international agreements other than

treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and

agreements, therein contained, in all the courts of the United

States, the several States, and the Territories and insular

possessions of the United States.

(b) The Secretary of State may determine that publication of

certain categories of agreements is not required, if the following

criteria are met:

(1) such agreements are not treaties which have been brought

into force for the United States after having received Senate

advice and consent pursuant to section 2(2) of Article II of the

Constitution of the United States;

(2) the public interest in such agreements is insufficient to

justify their publication, because (A) as of the date of

enactment of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal

Years 1994 and 1995, the agreements are no longer in force,

(FOOTNOTE 1) (B) the agreements do not create private rights or

duties, or establish standards intended to govern government

action in the treatment of private individuals; (C) in view of

the limited or specialized nature of the public interest in such

agreements, such interest can adequately be satisfied by an

alternative means; or (D) the public disclosure of the text of

the agreement would, in the opinion of the President, be

prejudicial to the national security of the United States; and

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. The comma probably should be a

semicolon.

(3) copies of such agreements (other than those in paragraph

(2)(D)), including certified copies where necessary for

litigation or similar purposes, will be made available by the

Department of State upon request.

(c) Any determination pursuant to subsection (b) shall be

published in the Federal Register.

-SOURCE-

(Added Sept. 23, 1950, ch. 1001, Sec. 2, 64 Stat. 980; amended Pub.

L. 103-236, title I, Sec. 138, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 397.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The date of enactment of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act,

Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995, referred to in subsec. (b)(2)(A), is

the date of enactment of Pub. L. 103-236, which was approved Apr.

30, 1994.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-236 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a) and added subsecs. (b) and (c).

EFFECT OF REPEAL OF SECTION 73 OF ACT JAN. 12, 1895

This section and section 112 of this title as not affected by the

repeal of section 73 of act Jan. 12, 1895, ch. 23, 28 Stat. 615,

which related to the same subject matter, see section 56(i) of act

Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, 65 Stat. 729.

WRITTEN REQUESTS FOR DOCUMENTS

Copies of United States Treaties and Other International

Agreements not available to Senators or Representatives unless

specifically requested by them, in writing, see Pub. L. 94-59,

title VIII, Sec. 801, July 25, 1975, 89 Stat. 296, set out as a

note under section 1317 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 112b 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 112b. United States international agreements; transmission to

Congress

-STATUTE-

(a) The Secretary of State shall transmit to the Congress the

text of any international agreement (including the text of any oral

international agreement, which agreement shall be reduced to

writing), other than a treaty, to which the United States is a

party as soon as practicable after such agreement has entered into

force with respect to the United States but in no event later than

sixty days thereafter. However, any such agreement the immediate

public disclosure of which would, in the opinion of the President,

be prejudicial to the national security of the United States shall

not be so transmitted to the Congress but shall be transmitted to

the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee

on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives under an

appropriate injunction of secrecy to be removed only upon due

notice from the President. Any department or agency of the United

States Government which enters into any international agreement on

behalf of the United States shall transmit to the Department of

State the text of such agreement not later than twenty days after

such agreement has been signed.

(b) Not later than March 1, 1979, and at yearly intervals

thereafter, the President shall, under his own signature, transmit

to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the chairman of

the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate a report with

respect to each international agreement which, during the preceding

year, was transmitted to the Congress after the expiration of the

60-day period referred to in the first sentence of subsection (a),

describing fully and completely the reasons for the late

transmittal.

(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an international

agreement may not be signed or otherwise concluded on behalf of the

United States without prior consultation with the Secretary of

State. Such consultation may encompass a class of agreements rather

than a particular agreement.

(d) The Secretary of State shall determine for and within the

executive branch whether an arrangement constitutes an

international agreement within the meaning of this section.

(e) The President shall, through the Secretary of State,

promulgate such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry

out this section.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 92-403, Sec. 1, Aug. 22, 1972, 86 Stat. 619; amended

Pub. L. 95-45, Sec. 5, June 15, 1977, 91 Stat. 224; Pub. L. 95-426,

title VII, Sec. 708, Oct. 7, 1978, 92 Stat. 993; Pub. L. 103-437,

Sec. 1, Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4581.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-437 substituted ''Committee on

Foreign Affairs'' for ''Committee on International Relations''.

1978 - Pub. L. 95-426 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a), inserted ''(including the text of any oral international

agreement, which agreement shall be reduced to writing)'', and

added subsecs. (b) to (e).

1977 - Pub. L. 95-45 substituted ''Committee on International

Relations of the House of Representatives'' for ''Committee on

Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives'' and inserted

requirement that any department or agency of the United States

Government which enters into any international agreement on behalf

of the United States transmit to the Department of State the text

of such agreement not later than twenty days after the agreement

has been signed.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Committee on Foreign Affairs of House of Representatives treated

as referring to Committee on International Relations of House of

Representatives by section 1(a) of Pub. L. 104-14, set out as a

note preceding section 21 of Title 2, The Congress.

-MISC4-

SHORT TITLE

This section is popularly known as the Case-Zablocki Act.

TERMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of law

requiring submittal to Congress of any annual, semiannual, or other

regular periodic report listed in House Document No. 103-7 (in

which the report required by subsec. (b) of this section is listed

on page 38), see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, set

out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance.

ENFORCEMENT

Pub. L. 100-204, title I, Sec. 139, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat.

1347, provided that:

''(a) Restriction on Use of Funds. - If any international

agreement, whose text is required to be transmitted to the Congress

pursuant to the first sentence of subsection (a) of section 112b of

title 1, United States Code (commonly referred to as the

'Case-Zablocki Act'), is not so transmitted within the 60-day

period specified in that sentence, then no funds authorized to be

appropriated by this or any other Act shall be available after the

end of that 60-day period to implement that agreement until the

text of that agreement has been so transmitted.

''(b) Effective Date. - Subsection (a) shall take effect 60 days

after the date of enactment of this Act (Dec. 22, 1987) and shall

apply during fiscal years 1988 and 1989.''

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 113 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 113. ''Little and Brown's'' edition of laws and treaties; slip

laws; Treaties and Other International Acts Series;

admissibility in evidence

-STATUTE-

The edition of the laws and treaties of the United States,

published by Little and Brown, and the publications in slip or

pamphlet form of the laws of the United States issued under the

authority of the Archivist of the United States, and the Treaties

and Other International Acts Series issued under the authority of

the Secretary of State shall be competent evidence of the several

public and private Acts of Congress, and of the treaties,

international agreements other than treaties, and proclamations by

the President of such treaties and international agreements other

than treaties, as the case may be, therein contained, in all the

courts of law and equity and of maritime jurisdiction, and in all

the tribunals and public offices of the United States, and of the

several States, without any further proof or authentication

thereof.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 636; Pub. L. 89-497, Sec. 1, July

8, 1966, 80 Stat. 271; Pub. L. 98-497, title I, Sec. 107(d), Oct.

19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2291.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1984 - Pub. L. 98-497 substituted ''Archivist of the United

States'' for ''Administrator of General Services''.

1966 - Pub. L. 89-497 made slip laws and the Treaties and Other

International Acts Series competent legal evidence of the several

acts of Congress and the treaties and other international

agreements contained therein.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 98-497 effective Apr. 1, 1985, see section

301 of Pub. L. 98-497, set out as a note under section 2102 of

Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

-CITE-

1 USC Sec. 114 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 2 - ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALITIES OF ENACTMENT;

REPEALS; SEALING OF INSTRUMENTS

-HEAD-

Sec. 114. Sealing of instruments

-STATUTE-

In all cases where a seal is necessary by law to any commission,

process, or other instrument provided for by the laws of Congress,

it shall be lawful to affix the proper seal by making an impression

therewith directly on the paper to which such seal is necessary;

which shall be as valid as if made on wax or other adhesive

substance.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 636.)

-CITE-