US (United States) Code. Title 1. Chapter 1: Rules of construction

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos). Legislación federal estadounidense # General provisions

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1 USC CHAPTER 1 - RULES OF CONSTRUCTION 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 1 - RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

.

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CHAPTER 1 - RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

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Sec.

1. Words denoting number, gender, etc. (FOOTNOTE 1)

2. ''County'' as including ''parish'', etc. (FOOTNOTE 1)

(FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Does not conform to section

catchline.

3. ''Vessel'' as including all means of water transportation.

4. ''Vehicle'' as including all means of land transportation.

5. ''Company'' or ''association'' as including successors and

assigns.

6. Limitation of term ''products of American fisheries.''

7. Definition of ''marriage'' and ''spouse''.

8. ''Person'', ''human being'', ''child'', and ''individual'' as

including born-alive infant.

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-207, Sec. 2(b), Aug. 5, 2002, 116 Stat. 926,

added item 8.

1996 - Pub. L. 104-199, Sec. 3(b), Sept. 21, 1996, 110 Stat.

2420, added item 7.

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1 USC Sec. 1 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 1 - RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

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Sec. 1. Words denoting number, gender, and so forth

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In determining the meaning of any Act of Congress, unless the

context indicates otherwise -

words importing the singular include and apply to several

persons, parties, or things;

words importing the plural include the singular;

words importing the masculine gender include the feminine as

well;

words used in the present tense include the future as well as

the present;

the words ''insane'' and ''insane person'' and ''lunatic''

shall include every idiot, lunatic, insane person, and person non

compos mentis;

the words ''person'' and ''whoever'' include corporations,

companies, associations, firms, partnerships, societies, and

joint stock companies, as well as individuals;

''officer'' includes any person authorized by law to perform

the duties of the office;

''signature'' or ''subscription'' includes a mark when the

person making the same intended it as such;

''oath'' includes affirmation, and ''sworn'' includes affirmed;

''writing'' includes printing and typewriting and reproductions

of visual symbols by photographing, multigraphing, mimeographing,

manifolding, or otherwise.

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(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 633; June 25, 1948, ch. 645, Sec.

6, 62 Stat. 859; Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, Sec. 1, 65 Stat. 710.)

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AMENDMENTS

1951 - Act Oct. 31, 1951, substituted, in fourth clause after

opening clause, ''used'' for ''use''.

1948 - Act June 25, 1948, included ''tense'', ''whoever'',

''signature'', ''subscription'', ''writing'' and a broader

definition of ''person''.

SHORT TITLE OF 2002 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 107-207, Sec. 1, Aug. 5, 2002, 116 Stat. 926, provided

that: ''This Act (enacting section 8 of this title) may be cited as

the 'Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2002'.''

SHORT TITLE OF 1996 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 104-199, Sec. 1, Sept. 21, 1996, 110 Stat. 2419, provided

that: ''This Act (enacting section 7 of this title and section

1738C of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure) may be cited

as the 'Defense of Marriage Act'.''

CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES

Section 48 of Pub. L. 86-70, June 25, 1959, 73 Stat. 154,

provided that: ''Whenever the phrase 'continental United States' is

used in any law of the United States enacted after the date of

enactment of this Act (June 25, 1959), it shall mean the 49 States

on the North American Continent and the District of Columbia,

unless otherwise expressly provided.''

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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 7 section 241; title 10

section 101; title 16 section 2402; title 20 section 5607b; title

28 section 3701; title 30 sections 1511, 1531; title 31 section

5312; title 32 section 101; title 37 section 101; title 39 section

5215; title 42 section 14902; title 49 sections 5102, 10102, 13102,

40102, 60101.

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1 USC Sec. 2 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 1 - RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

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Sec. 2. ''County'' as including ''parish'', and so forth

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The word ''county'' includes a parish, or any other equivalent

subdivision of a State or Territory of the United States.

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(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 633.)

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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 10 section 101; title 12

sections 3702, 3752; title 32 section 101; title 37 section 101.

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1 USC Sec. 3 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 1 - RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

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Sec. 3. ''Vessel'' as including all means of water transportation

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The word ''vessel'' includes every description of watercraft or

other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a

means of transportation on water.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 633.)

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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 10 section 101; title 32

section 101; title 37 section 101; title 46 section 2101; title 46

App. section 1241o.

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1 USC Sec. 4 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 1 - RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

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Sec. 4. ''Vehicle'' as including all means of land transportation

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The word ''vehicle'' includes every description of carriage or

other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a

means of transportation on land.

-SOURCE-

(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 633.)

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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 10 section 101; title 32

section 101; title 37 section 101.

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1 USC Sec. 5 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 1 - RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

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Sec. 5. ''Company'' or ''association'' as including successors and

assigns

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The word ''company'' or ''association'', when used in reference

to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words ''successors

and assigns of such company or association'', in like manner as if

these last-named words, or words of similar import, were expressed.

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(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 633.)

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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 10 section 101; title 32

section 101; title 37 section 101.

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1 USC Sec. 6 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 1 - RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

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Sec. 6. Limitation of term ''products of American fisheries''

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Wherever, in the statutes of the United States or in the rulings,

regulations, or interpretations of various administrative bureaus

and agencies of the United States there appears or may appear the

term ''products of American fisheries'' said term shall not include

fresh or frozen fish fillets, fresh or frozen fish steaks, or fresh

or frozen slices of fish substantially free of bone (including any

of the foregoing divided into sections), produced in a foreign

country or its territorial waters, in whole or in part with the use

of the labor of persons who are not residents of the United States.

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(July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634.)

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1 USC Sec. 7 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 1 - RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

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Sec. 7. Definition of ''marriage'' and ''spouse''

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In determining the meaning of any Act of Congress, or of any

ruling, regulation, or interpretation of the various administrative

bureaus and agencies of the United States, the word ''marriage''

means only a legal union between one man and one woman as husband

and wife, and the word ''spouse'' refers only to a person of the

opposite sex who is a husband or a wife.

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(Added Pub. L. 104-199, Sec. 3(a), Sept. 21, 1996, 110 Stat. 2419.)

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1 USC Sec. 8 01/06/03

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TITLE 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

CHAPTER 1 - RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

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Sec. 8. ''Person'', ''human being'', ''child'', and ''individual''

as including born-alive infant

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(a) In determining the meaning of any Act of Congress, or of any

ruling, regulation, or interpretation of the various administrative

bureaus and agencies of the United States, the words ''person'',

''human being'', ''child'', and ''individual'', shall include every

infant member of the species homo sapiens who is born alive at any

stage of development.

(b) As used in this section, the term ''born alive'', with

respect to a member of the species homo sapiens, means the complete

expulsion or extraction from his or her mother of that member, at

any stage of development, who after such expulsion or extraction

breathes or has a beating heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord,

or definite movement of voluntary muscles, regardless of whether

the umbilical cord has been cut, and regardless of whether the

expulsion or extraction occurs as a result of natural or induced

labor, cesarean section, or induced abortion.

(c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to affirm, deny,

expand, or contract any legal status or legal right applicable to

any member of the species homo sapiens at any point prior to being

''born alive'' as defined in this section.

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(Added Pub. L. 107-207, Sec. 2(a), Aug. 5, 2002, 116 Stat. 926.)

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