US (United States) Code. Title 18. Chapter 65: Malicious mischief

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Crimes and criminal procedure

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-CITE-

18 USC CHAPTER 65 - MALICIOUS MISCHIEF 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 65 - MALICIOUS MISCHIEF

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 65 - MALICIOUS MISCHIEF

-MISC1-

Sec.

1361. Government property or contracts.

1362. Communication lines, stations or systems.

1363. Buildings or property within special maritime and territorial

jurisdiction.

1364. Interference with foreign commerce by violence.

1365. Tampering with consumer products.

1366. Destruction of an energy facility.

1367. Interference with the operation of a satellite.

1368. Harming animals used in law enforcement.

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Pub. L. 106-254, Sec. 2(b), Aug. 2, 2000, 114 Stat. 638,

added item 1368.

1990 - Pub. L. 101-647, title XXXV, Sec. 3543, Nov. 29, 1990, 104

Stat. 4926, inserted a period after ''1366''.

1986 - Pub. L. 99-646, Sec. 29(b), Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat. 3598,

redesignated item 1365, relating to destruction of an energy

facility, as item 1366.

Pub. L. 99-508, title III, Sec. 303(b), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat.

1873, added item 1367.

1984 - Section 1365(d) of this title as added by Pub. L. 98-473,

title II, Sec. 1011(a), Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat. 2141, added item

1365, relating to destruction of an energy facility.

1983 - Pub. L. 98-127, Sec. 3, Oct. 13, 1983, 97 Stat. 832, added

item 1365, relating to tampering with consumer products.

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in section 2516 of this title.

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18 USC Sec. 1361 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 65 - MALICIOUS MISCHIEF

-HEAD-

Sec. 1361. Government property or contracts

-STATUTE-

Whoever willfully injures or commits any depredation against any

property of the United States, or of any department or agency

thereof, or any property which has been or is being manufactured or

constructed for the United States, or any department or agency

thereof, or attempts to commit any of the foregoing offenses, shall

be punished as follows:

If the damage or attempted damage to such property exceeds the

sum of $1,000, by a fine under this title or imprisonment for not

more than ten years, or both; if the damage or attempted damage to

such property does not exceed the sum of $1,000, by a fine under

this title or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or both.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 764; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXII, Sec. 320903(d)(1), title XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), (L),

Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2125, 2147; Pub. L. 104-294, title VI,

Sec. 601(a)(3), 605(e), 606(a), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3498,

3510, 3511.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 82 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch.

321, Sec. 35, 35 Stat. 1095; Oct. 23, 1918, ch. 194, 40 Stat. 1015;

June 18, 1934, ch. 587, 48 Stat. 996; Apr. 4, 1938, ch. 69, 52

Stat. 197).

The embezzlement and theft provisions of section 82 of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed., are now incorporated in section 641 of this

title.

Words ''or any corporation in which the United States of America

is a stockholder'' were omitted as unnecessary in view of

definition of ''agency'' in section 6 of this title.

Designation of the place of confinement as ''in a jail'' was

omitted because section 4082 of this title commits all prisoners to

the custody of the Attorney General or his authorized

representative, who shall designate the place of confinement. (See

reviser's note under section 1 of this title.)

The smaller penalty for offenses involving $50 or less was

extended to offenses involving $100 or less. The use of $50 as the

dividing line between felonies and misdemeanors originated at a

time when that sum was of much greater value than $100 is now.

The word ''damage'' was substituted twice for the word ''value'',

and the definition of ''value'' was omitted as inapplicable to this

section. These words and definition, however, are retained in that

part of said section 82 which is now section 641 of this title.

Minor changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-294, Sec. 605(e), inserted comma after

''foregoing offenses'' in first par.

Pub. L. 104-294, Sec. 601(a)(3), 606(a), in second par.,

substituted ''fine under this title'' for ''fine of under this

title'' in two places and ''$1,000'' for ''$100'' in two places.

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 320903(d)(1)(A), inserted ''or

attempts to commit any of the foregoing offenses'' before ''shall

be punished'' in first par.

Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(1)(H), (L), in second par.,

substituted ''under this title'' for ''not more than $10,000''

before ''or imprisonment for not more than ten years'' and for

''not more than $1,000'' before ''or by imprisonment for not more

than one year''.

Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 320903(d)(1)(B), inserted ''or attempted

damage'' after ''damage'' in two places in second par.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 1956, 2332b, 2339A, 3050,

3286 of this title.

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18 USC Sec. 1362 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 65 - MALICIOUS MISCHIEF

-HEAD-

Sec. 1362. Communication lines, stations or systems

-STATUTE-

Whoever willfully or maliciously injures or destroys any of the

works, property, or material of any radio, telegraph, telephone or

cable, line, station, or system, or other means of communication,

operated or controlled by the United States, or used or intended to

be used for military or civil defense functions of the United

States, whether constructed or in process of construction, or

willfully or maliciously interferes in any way with the working or

use of any such line, or system, or willfully or maliciously

obstructs, hinders, or delays the transmission of any communication

over any such line, or system, or attempts or conspires to do such

an act, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than

ten years, or both.

In the case of any works, property, or material, not operated or

controlled by the United States, this section shall not apply to

any lawful strike activity, or other lawful concerted activities

for the purposes of collective bargaining or other mutual aid and

protection which do not injure or destroy any line or system used

or intended to be used for the military or civil defense functions

of the United States.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 764; Pub. L. 87-306, Sept. 26,

1961, 75 Stat. 669; Pub. L. 103-322, title XXXII, Sec.

320903(d)(2), title XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(L), Sept. 13, 1994, 108

Stat. 2125, 2147; Pub. L. 107-56, title VIII, Sec. 811(c), Oct. 26,

2001, 115 Stat. 381.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 116 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch.

321, Sec. 60, 35 Stat. 1099).

This section was extended to include radio and radio stations.

Minor changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

2001 - Pub. L. 107-56, in first par., struck out ''or attempts

willfully or maliciously to injure or destroy'' after ''Whoever

willfully or maliciously injures or destroys'' and inserted ''or

attempts or conspires to do such an act,'' before ''shall be

fined''.

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322, in first par., inserted ''or attempts

willfully or maliciously to injure or destroy'' after ''willfully

or maliciously injures or destroys'' and substituted ''fined under

this title'' for ''fined not more than $10,000''.

1961 - Pub. L. 87-306 extended the provisions of the section to

means of communication used or intended to be used for military or

civil defense functions of the United States, made the provisions

inapplicable to lawful strike activities, which do not injure any

line or system used for such functions, and increased the

punishment by fine from $1,000 to $10,000 and by imprisonment from

3 to 10 years.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2332b, 2339A of this

title.

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18 USC Sec. 1363 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 65 - MALICIOUS MISCHIEF

-HEAD-

Sec. 1363. Buildings or property within special maritime and

territorial jurisdiction

-STATUTE-

Whoever, within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction

of the United States, willfully and maliciously destroys or injures

any structure, conveyance, or other real or personal property, or

attempts or conspires to do such an act, shall be fined under this

title or imprisoned not more than five years, or both, and if the

building be a dwelling, or the life of any person be placed in

jeopardy, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more

than twenty years, or both.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 764; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), (K), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147;

Pub. L. 104-132, title VII, Sec. 703, Apr. 24, 1996, 110 Stat.

1294; Pub. L. 107-56, title VIII, Sec. 811(d), Oct. 26, 2001, 115

Stat. 381.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 464, 465 (Mar. 4, 1909,

ch. 321, Sec. 285, 286, 35 Stat. 1144).

Said sections were consolidated and rewritten both as to form and

substance. The provisions relating to arson are incorporated in

section 81 of this title. (See reviser's note under said section 81

of this title for explanation of changes.)

AMENDMENTS

2001 - Pub. L. 107-56 struck out ''or attempts to destroy or

injure'' after ''destroys or injures'' and inserted ''or attempts

or conspires to do such an act,'' after ''personal property,''.

1996 - Pub. L. 104-132 substituted ''any structure, conveyance,

or other real or personal property'' for ''any building, structure

or vessel, any machinery or building materials and supplies,

military or naval stores, munitions of war or any structural aids

or appliances for navigation or shipping''.

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $1,000'' after ''shipping, shall be'' and for

''fined not more than $5,000'' after ''jeopardy, shall be''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 1956, 2332b, 2339A, 3050

of this title.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 1364 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 65 - MALICIOUS MISCHIEF

-HEAD-

Sec. 1364. Interference with foreign commerce by violence

-STATUTE-

Whoever, with intent to prevent, interfere with, or obstruct or

attempt to prevent, interfere with, or obstruct the exportation to

foreign countries of articles from the United States, injures or

destroys, by fire or explosives, such articles or the places where

they may be while in such foreign commerce, shall be fined under

this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 764; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(L), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 381 (June 15, 1917, ch.

30, titles IV, XIII, Sec. 1, 40 Stat. 221, 231; Mar. 28, 1940, ch.

72, Sec. 4, 54 Stat. 79).

Mandatory punishment provisions were rephrased in the

alternative.

Definition of the term ''United States'' was omitted and

incorporated in section 5 of this title.

Minor verbal changes were made.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $10,000''.

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18 USC Sec. 1365 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 65 - MALICIOUS MISCHIEF

-HEAD-

Sec. 1365. Tampering with consumer products

-STATUTE-

(a) Whoever, with reckless disregard for the risk that another

person will be placed in danger of death or bodily injury and under

circumstances manifesting extreme indifference to such risk,

tampers with any consumer product that affects interstate or

foreign commerce, or the labeling of, or container for, any such

product, or attempts to do so, shall -

(1) in the case of an attempt, be fined under this title or

imprisoned not more than ten years, or both;

(2) if death of an individual results, be fined under this

title or imprisoned for any term of years or for life, or both;

(3) if serious bodily injury to any individual results, be

fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years,

or both; and

(4) in any other case, be fined under this title or imprisoned

not more than ten years, or both.

(b) Whoever, with intent to cause serious injury to the business

of any person, taints any consumer product or renders materially

false or misleading the labeling of, or container for, a consumer

product, if such consumer product affects interstate or foreign

commerce, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more

than three years, or both.

(c)(1) Whoever knowingly communicates false information that a

consumer product has been tainted, if such product or the results

of such communication affect interstate or foreign commerce, and if

such tainting, had it occurred, would create a risk of death or

bodily injury to another person, shall be fined under this title or

imprisoned not more than five years, or both.

(2) As used in paragraph (1) of this subsection, the term

''communicates false information'' means communicates information

that is false and that the communicator knows is false, under

circumstances in which the information may reasonably be expected

to be believed.

(d) Whoever knowingly threatens, under circumstances in which the

threat may reasonably be expected to be believed, that conduct

that, if it occurred, would violate subsection (a) of this section

will occur, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more

than five years, or both.

(e) Whoever is a party to a conspiracy of two or more persons to

commit an offense under subsection (a) of this section, if any of

the parties intentionally engages in any conduct in furtherance of

such offense, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not

more than ten years, or both.

(f)(1) Whoever, without the consent of the manufacturer,

retailer, or distributor, intentionally tampers with a consumer

product that is sold in interstate or foreign commerce by knowingly

placing or inserting any writing in the consumer product, or in the

container for the consumer product, before the sale of the consumer

product to any consumer shall be fined under this title, imprisoned

not more than 1 year, or both.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1), if any

person commits a violation of this subsection after a prior

conviction under this section becomes final, such person shall be

fined under this title, imprisoned for not more than 3 years, or

both.

(3) In this subsection, the term ''writing'' means any form of

representation or communication, including hand-bills, notices, or

advertising, that contain letters, words, or pictorial

representations.

(g) In addition to any other agency which has authority to

investigate violations of this section, the Food and Drug

Administration and the Department of Agriculture, respectively,

have authority to investigate violations of this section involving

a consumer product that is regulated by a provision of law such

Administration or Department, as the case may be, administers.

(h) As used in this section -

(1) the term ''consumer product'' means -

(A) any ''food'', ''drug'', ''device'', or ''cosmetic'', as

those terms are respectively defined in section 201 of the

Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321); or

(B) any article, product, or commodity which is customarily

produced or distributed for consumption by individuals, or use

by individuals for purposes of personal care or in the

performance of services ordinarily rendered within the

household, and which is designed to be consumed or expended in

the course of such consumption or use;

(2) the term ''labeling'' has the meaning given such term in

section 201(m) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21

U.S.C. 321(m));

(3) the term ''serious bodily injury'' means bodily injury

which involves -

(A) a substantial risk of death;

(B) extreme physical pain;

(C) protracted and obvious disfigurement; or

(D) protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily

member, organ, or mental faculty; and

(4) the term ''bodily injury'' means -

(A) a cut, abrasion, bruise, burn, or disfigurement;

(B) physical pain;

(C) illness;

(D) impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or

mental faculty; or

(E) any other injury to the body, no matter how temporary.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 98-127, Sec. 2, Oct. 13, 1983, 97 Stat. 831; amended

Pub. L. 101-647, title XXXV, Sec. 3544, Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat.

4926; Pub. L. 103-322, title XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(L), (O), (Q),

(S), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147, 2148; Pub. L. 107-307, Sec. 2,

Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2445.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Another section 1365 was renumbered section 1366 of this title.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsecs. (f) to (h). Pub. L. 107-307 added subsec. (f) and

redesignated former subsecs. (f) and (g) as (g) and (h),

respectively.

1994 - Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(1)(O),

substituted ''fined under this title'' for ''fined not more than

$25,000''.

Subsec. (a)(2), (3). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(1)(S),

substituted ''fined under this title'' for ''fined not more than

$100,000''.

Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(1)(Q), substituted

''fined under this title'' for ''fined not more than $50,000''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(1)(L), substituted

''fined under this title'' for ''fined not more than $10,000''.

Subsecs. (c)(1), (d), (e). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(1)(O),

substituted ''fined under this title'' for ''fined not more than

$25,000''.

1990 - Subsec. (g)(1)(A). Pub. L. 101-647 inserted opening

quotation marks before ''device''.

SHORT TITLE OF 2002 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 107-307, Sec. 1, Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2445, provided

that: ''This Act (amending this section) may be cited as the

'Product Packaging Protection Act of 2002'.''

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 98-127 provided: ''That this Act (enacting

this section and section 155A of Title 35, Patents) may be cited as

the 'Federal Anti-Tampering Act'.''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 37, 38, 43, 113, 1153,

1347, 1993, 2119, 2332b, 2332f, 2339C, 3559, 3663A of this title;

title 8 section 1324; title 49 section 30170.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 1366 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 65 - MALICIOUS MISCHIEF

-HEAD-

Sec. 1366. Destruction of an energy facility

-STATUTE-

(a) Whoever knowingly and willfully damages or attempts to damage

the property of an energy facility in an amount that in fact

exceeds or would if the attempted offense had been completed have

exceeded $100,000, or damages or attempts to damage the property of

an energy facility in any amount and causes or attempts to cause a

significant interruption or impairment of a function of an energy

facility, shall be punishable by a fine under this title or

imprisonment for not more than 20 years, or both.

(b) Whoever knowingly and willfully damages or attempts to damage

the property of an energy facility in an amount that in fact

exceeds or would if the attempted offense had been completed have

exceeded $5,000 shall be punishable by a fine under this title, or

imprisonment for not more than five years, or both.

(c) For purposes of this section, the term ''energy facility''

means a facility that is involved in the production, storage,

transmission, or distribution of electricity, fuel, or another form

or source of energy, or research, development, or demonstration

facilities relating thereto, regardless of whether such facility is

still under construction or is otherwise not functioning, except a

facility subject to the jurisdiction, administration, or in the

custody of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission or an interstate gas

pipeline facility as defined in section 60101 of title 49.

(d) Whoever is convicted of a violation of subsection (a) or (b)

that has resulted in the death of any person shall be subject to

imprisonment for any term of years or life.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 98-473, title II, Sec. 1011(a), Oct. 12, 1984, 98

Stat. 2141, Sec. 1365; renumbered Sec. 1366, Pub. L. 99-646, Sec.

29(a), Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat. 3598; amended Pub. L. 101-647,

title XXXV, Sec. 3545, 3546, Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4926; Pub. L.

103-272, Sec. 5(e)(9), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1374; Pub. L.

103-322, title XXXII, Sec. 320903(d)(3), title XXXIII, Sec.

330016(2)(C), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2125, 2148; Pub. L. 107-56,

title VIII, Sec. 810(b), Oct. 26, 2001, 115 Stat. 380.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2001 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-56, Sec. 810(b)(1), substituted

''20 years'' for ''ten years''.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107-56, Sec. 810(b)(2), added subsec. (d).

1994 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(2)(C),

substituted ''fine under this title'' for ''fine of not more than

$50,000''.

Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 320903(d)(3), inserted ''or attempts to

damage'' after ''damages'' in two places, ''or would if the

attempted offense had been completed have exceeded'' after

''exceeds'', and ''or attempts to cause'' after ''causes''.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(2)(C), substituted

''fine under this title'' for ''fine of not more than $25,000''.

Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 320903(d)(3)(A), (C), inserted ''or

attempts to damage'' after ''damages'' and ''or would if the

attempted offense had been completed have exceeded'' after

''exceeds''.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103-272 substituted ''an interstate gas

pipeline facility as defined in section 60101 of title 49'' for

''interstate transmission facilities, as defined in section 2 of

the Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act of 1968''.

1990 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101-647, Sec. 3545, substituted

''section 2 of the Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act of 1968'' for

''49 U.S.C. 1671''.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101-647, Sec. 3546, struck out subsec. (d)

which read as follows: ''The table of contents for chapter 65 of

title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end

thereof the following new item: '1365 Destruction of an energy

facility.' ''

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 2332b, 2339, 2339A, 2516

of this title.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 1367 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 65 - MALICIOUS MISCHIEF

-HEAD-

Sec. 1367. Interference with the operation of a satellite

-STATUTE-

(a) Whoever, without the authority of the satellite operator,

intentionally or maliciously interferes with the authorized

operation of a communications or weather satellite or obstructs or

hinders any satellite transmission shall be fined in accordance

with this title or imprisoned not more than ten years or both.

(b) This section does not prohibit any lawfully authorized

investigative, protective, or intelligence activity of a law

enforcement agency or of an intelligence agency of the United

States.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 99-508, title III, Sec. 303(a), Oct. 21, 1986, 100

Stat. 1872.)

-MISC1-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective 90 days after Oct. 21, 1986, and, in case of

conduct pursuant to court order or extension, applicable only with

respect to court orders and extensions made after such date, with

special rule for State authorizations of interceptions, see section

302 of Pub. L. 99-508, set out as a note under section 3121 of this

title.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 1368 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 65 - MALICIOUS MISCHIEF

-HEAD-

Sec. 1368. Harming animals used in law enforcement

-STATUTE-

(a) Whoever willfully and maliciously harms any police animal, or

attempts or conspires to do so, shall be fined under this title and

imprisoned not more than 1 year. If the offense permanently

disables or disfigures the animal, or causes serious bodily injury

to or the death of the animal, the maximum term of imprisonment

shall be 10 years.

(b) In this section, the term ''police animal'' means a dog or

horse employed by a Federal agency (whether in the executive,

legislative, or judicial branch) for the principal purpose of

aiding in the detection of criminal activity, enforcement of laws,

or apprehension of criminal offenders.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 106-254, Sec. 2(a), Aug. 2, 2000, 114 Stat. 638;

amended Pub. L. 107-273, div. B, title IV, Sec. 4003(a)(4), Nov.

2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1811.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-273 inserted ''to'' after

''serious bodily injury''.

SHORT TITLE OF 2000 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 106-254, Sec. 1, Aug. 2, 2000, 114 Stat. 638, provided

that: ''This Act (enacting this section) may be cited as the

'Federal Law Enforcement Animal Protection Act of 2000'.''

-CITE-