US (United States) Code. Title 18. Chapter 29: Elections and political activities

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Crimes and criminal procedure

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18 USC CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-MISC1-

Sec.

(591. Repealed.)

592. Troops at polls.

593. Interference by armed forces.

594. Intimidation of voters.

595. Interference by administrative employees of Federal, State, or

Territorial Governments.

596. Polling armed forces.

597. Expenditures to influence voting.

598. Coercion by means of relief appropriations.

599. Promise of appointment by candidate.

600. Promise of employment or other benefit for political activity.

601. Deprivation of employment or other benefit for political

contribution.

602. Solicitation of political contributions.

603. Making political contributions.

604. Solicitation from persons on relief.

605. Disclosure of names of persons on relief.

606. Intimidation to secure political contributions.

607. Place of solicitation.

608. Absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters.

609. Use of military authority to influence vote of member of Armed

Forces.

610. Coercion of political activity.

611. Voting by aliens.

(612 to 617. Repealed.)

SENATE REVISION AMENDMENT

By Senate amendment, item 610 was changed to read, ''610.

Contributions or expenditures by national banks, corporations, or

labor organizations''. See Senate Report No. 1620, amendment Nos.

4 and 5, 80th Cong.

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-208, div. C, title II, Sec. 216(b), Sept. 30,

1996, 110 Stat. 3009-573, added item 611.

1993 - Pub. L. 103-94, Sec. 4(c)(2), Oct. 6, 1993, 107 Stat.

1005, added item 610.

1990 - Pub. L. 101-647, title XXXV, Sec. 3516, Nov. 29, 1990, 104

Stat. 4923, substituted ''Making political contributions'' for

''Place of solicitation'' in item 603 and ''Place of solicitation''

for ''Making political contributions'' in item 607.

1986 - Pub. L. 99-410, title II, Sec. 202(b), Aug. 28, 1986, 100

Stat. 929, added items 608 and 609.

1980 - Pub. L. 96-187, title II, Sec. 201(a)(2), Jan. 8, 1980, 93

Stat. 1367, struck out item 591 ''Definitions''.

1976 - Pub. L. 94-453, Sec. 2, Oct. 2, 1976, 90 Stat. 1517,

substituted ''political contribution'' for ''political activity''

in item 601.

Pub. L. 94-283 title II, Sec. 201(b), May 11, 1976, 90 Stat. 496,

struck out items ''608. Limitations on contributions and

expenditures'', ''610. Contributions or expenditures by national

banks, corporations or labor organizations'', ''611. Contributions

by Government contractors'', ''612. Publication or distribution of

political statements'', ''613. Contributions by foreign

nationals'', ''614. Prohibition of contributions in name of

another'', ''615. Limitation on contributions of currency'', ''616.

Acceptance of excessive honorariums'', and ''617. Fraudulent

misrepresentation of campaign authority''.

1974 - Pub. L. 93-443, title I, Sec. 101(d)(4)(B), (f)(3), Oct.

15, 1974, 88 Stat. 1267, 1268, substituted ''Contributions by

foreign nationals'' for ''Contributions by agents of foreign

principals'' in item 613, and added items 614 to 617.

1972 - Pub. L. 92-225, title II, Sec. 207, Feb. 7, 1972, 86 Stat.

11, substituted ''contributions and expenditures'' for ''political

contributions and purchases'' in item 608, ''Repealed'' for

''Maximum contributions and expenditures'' in item 609, and

''Government contractors'' for ''firms or individuals contracting

with the United States'' in item 611.

1966 - Pub. L. 89-486, Sec. 8(c)(1), July 4, 1966, 80 Stat. 249,

added item 613.

STATE LAWS AFFECTED; DEFINITIONS

Section 104 of Pub. L. 93-443 provided that:

''(a) The provisions of chapter 29 of title 18, United States

Code, relating to elections and political activities, supersede and

preempt any provision of State law with respect to election to

Federal office.

''(b) For purposes of this section, the terms 'election',

'Federal office', and 'State' have the meanings given them by

section 591 of title 18, United States Code.''

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in title 10 section 2670.

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18 USC Sec. 591 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

(Sec. 591. Repealed. Pub. L. 96-187, title II, Sec. 201(a)(1), Jan.

8, 1980, 93 Stat. 1367)

-MISC1-

Section, acts June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 719; May 24, 1949,

ch. 139, Sec. 9, 63 Stat. 90; Sept. 22, 1970, Pub. L. 91-405, title

II, Sec. 204(d)(4), 84 Stat. 853; Feb. 7, 1972, Pub. L. 92-225,

title II, Sec. 201, 86 Stat. 8; Oct. 15, 1974, Pub. L. 93-443,

title I, Sec. 101(f)(2), 102, 88 Stat. 1268, 1269; May 11, 1976,

Pub. L. 94-283, title I, Sec. 115(g), title II, Sec. 202, 90 Stat.

496, 497, defined terms applicable to prohibitions respecting

elections and political activities.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL

Repeal effective Jan. 8, 1980, see section 301(a) of Pub. L.

96-187, set out as an Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note under

section 431 of Title 2, The Congress.

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18 USC Sec. 592 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 592. Troops at polls

-STATUTE-

Whoever, being an officer of the Army or Navy, or other person in

the civil, military, or naval service of the United States, orders,

brings, keeps, or has under his authority or control any troops or

armed men at any place where a general or special election is held,

unless such force be necessary to repel armed enemies of the United

States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than

five years, or both; and be disqualified from holding any office of

honor, profit, or trust under the United States.

This section shall not prevent any officer or member of the armed

forces of the United States from exercising the right of suffrage

in any election district to which he may belong, if otherwise

qualified according to the laws of the State in which he offers to

vote.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 719; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(K), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 55 and 59 (Mar. 4,

1909, ch. 321, Sec. 22, 26, 35 Stat. 1092, 1093).

This section consolidates sections 55 and 59 of title 18, U.S.C.,

1940 ed.

Mandatory punishment provision was rephrased in the alternative.

In second paragraph, words ''or member of the Armed Forces of the

United States'' were substituted for ''soldier, sailor, or marine''

so as to cover those auxiliaries which are now component parts of

the Army and Navy.

Changes in phraseology were also made.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $5,000''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 10 section 2670.

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18 USC Sec. 593 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 593. Interference by armed forces

-STATUTE-

Whoever, being an officer or member of the Armed Forces of the

United States, prescribes or fixes or attempts to prescribe or fix,

whether by proclamation, order or otherwise, the qualifications of

voters at any election in any State; or

Whoever, being such officer or member, prevents or attempts to

prevent by force, threat, intimidation, advice or otherwise any

qualified voter of any State from fully exercising the right of

suffrage at any general or special election; or

Whoever, being such officer or member, orders or compels or

attempts to compel any election officer in any State to receive a

vote from a person not legally qualified to vote; or

Whoever, being such officer or member, imposes or attempts to

impose any regulations for conducting any general or special

election in a State, different from those prescribed by law; or

Whoever, being such officer or member, interferes in any manner

with an election officer's discharge of his duties -

Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five

years, or both; and disqualified from holding any office of honor,

profit or trust under the United States.

This section shall not prevent any officer or member of the Armed

Forces from exercising the right of suffrage in any district to

which he may belong, if otherwise qualified according to the laws

of the State of such district.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 719; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(K), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 56-59 (Mar. 4, 1909,

ch. 321, Sec. 23-26, 35 Stat. 1092, 1093).

Four sections were consolidated with only such changes of

phraseology as were necessary to effect the consolidation.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $5,000'' in sixth par.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 10 section 2670.

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18 USC Sec. 594 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 594. Intimidation of voters

-STATUTE-

Whoever intimidates, threatens, coerces, or attempts to

intimidate, threaten, or coerce, any other person for the purpose

of interfering with the right of such other person to vote or to

vote as he may choose, or of causing such other person to vote for,

or not to vote for, any candidate for the office of President, Vice

President, Presidential elector, Member of the Senate, Member of

the House of Representatives, Delegate from the District of

Columbia, or Resident Commissioner, at any election held solely or

in part for the purpose of electing such candidate, shall be fined

under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 720; Pub. L. 91-405, title II,

Sec. 204(d)(5), Sept. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 853; Pub. L. 103-322,

title XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 61, 61g (Aug. 2, 1939,

11:50 a.m. E.S.T., ch. 410, Sec. 1, 8, 53 Stat. 1147, 1148).

This section consolidates sections 61 and 61g of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed., with changes in phraseology only.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $1,000''.

1970 - Pub. L. 91-405 substituted ''Delegate from the District of

Columbia, or Resident Commissioner'' for ''Delegates or

Commissioners from the Territories and possessions''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1970 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 91-405 effective Sept. 22, 1970, see section

206(b) of Pub. L. 91-405, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 25a of Title 2, The Congress.

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18 USC Sec. 595 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 595. Interference by administrative employees of Federal,

State, or Territorial Governments

-STATUTE-

Whoever, being a person employed in any administrative position

by the United States, or by any department or agency thereof, or by

the District of Columbia or any agency or instrumentality thereof,

or by any State, Territory, or Possession of the United States, or

any political subdivision, municipality, or agency thereof, or

agency of such political subdivision or municipality (including any

corporation owned or controlled by any State, Territory, or

Possession of the United States or by any such political

subdivision, municipality, or agency), in connection with any

activity which is financed in whole or in part by loans or grants

made by the United States, or any department or agency thereof,

uses his official authority for the purpose of interfering with, or

affecting, the nomination or the election of any candidate for the

office of President, Vice President, Presidential elector, Member

of the Senate, Member of the House of Representatives, Delegate

from the District of Columbia, or Resident Commissioner, shall be

fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or

both.

This section shall not prohibit or make unlawful any act by any

officer or employee of any educational or research institution,

establishment, agency, or system which is supported in whole or in

part by any state or political subdivision thereof, or by the

District of Columbia or by any Territory or Possession of the

United States; or by any recognized religious, philanthropic or

cultural organization.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 720; Pub. L. 91-405, title II,

Sec. 204(d)(6), Sept. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 853; Pub. L. 103-322,

title XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), (L), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat.

2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 61a, 61g, 61n, 61s, 61u

(Aug. 2, 1939, 11:50 a.m., E.S.T., ch. 410, Sec. 2, 8, 53 Stat.

1147, 1148; July 19, 1940, ch. 640, Sec. 1, 54 Stat. 767; Aug. 2,

1939, ch. 410, Sec. 14, 19, as added July 19, 1940, ch. 640, Sec.

4, 54 Stat. 767; Aug. 2, 1939, ch. 410, Sec. 21, as added Oct. 24,

1942, ch. 620, 56 Stat. 986).

This section consolidates sections 61s, 61n, and 61g with 61a,

all of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., in first paragraph, and

incorporates section 61u as second paragraph.

Words ''or agency thereof'' and words ''or any department or

agency thereof'' were inserted to remove any possible ambiguity as

to scope of section. (See definitions of department and agency in

section 6 of this title.)

Words ''or by the District of Columbia or any agency or

instrumentality thereof'' were inserted upon authority of section

61n of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., which provided that for the

purposes of this section, ''persons employed in the government of

the District of Columbia shall be deemed to be employed in the

executive branch of the Government of the United States.''

After ''State'' the words ''Territory, or Possession of the

United States'' were inserted in two places upon authority of

section 61s of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., which defined ''State,''

as used in this section, as ''any State, Territory, or possession

of the United States.''

The punishment provision was derived from section 61g of title

18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., which, by reference, made this punishment

applicable to this section.

The second paragraph was derived from section 61u of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed., which made its provisions applicable to this

section by reference.

Changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(1)(L), which directed the

amendment of this section by substituting ''under this title'' for

''not more than $10,000'', could not be executed because the phrase

''not more than $10,000'' does not appear in text.

Pub. L. 103-322, Sec. 330016(1)(H), substituted ''fined under

this title'' for ''fined not more than $1,000'' in first par.

1970 - Pub. L. 91-405 substituted reference to Delegate from

District of Columbia or Resident Commissioner for Delegate or

Resident Commissioner from any Territory or Possession.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1970 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 91-405 effective Sept. 22, 1970, see section

206(b) of Pub. L. 91-405, set out as an Effective Date note under

section 25a of Title 2, The Congress.

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18 USC Sec. 596 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 596. Polling armed forces

-STATUTE-

Whoever, within or without the Armed Forces of the United States,

polls any member of such forces, either within or without the

United States, either before or after he executes any ballot under

any Federal or State law, with reference to his choice of or his

vote for any candidate, or states, publishes, or releases any

result of any purported poll taken from or among the members of the

Armed Forces of the United States or including within it the

statement of choice for such candidate or of such votes cast by any

member of the Armed Forces of the United States, shall be fined

under this title or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both.

The word ''poll'' means any request for information, verbal or

written, which by its language or form of expression requires or

implies the necessity of an answer, where the request is made with

the intent of compiling the result of the answers obtained, either

for the personal use of the person making the request, or for the

purpose of reporting the same to any other person, persons,

political party, unincorporated association or corporation, or for

the purpose of publishing the same orally, by radio, or in written

or printed form.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 720; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on section 344 of title 50, U.S.C., 1940 ed., War and

National Defense (Sept. 16, 1942, ch. 561, title III, Sec. 314, as

added Apr. 1, 1944, ch. 150, 58 Stat. 146).

Changes in phraseology were made.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $1,000'' in first par.

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18 USC Sec. 597 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 597. Expenditures to influence voting

-STATUTE-

Whoever makes or offers to make an expenditure to any person,

either to vote or withhold his vote, or to vote for or against any

candidate; and

Whoever solicits, accepts, or receives any such expenditure in

consideration of his vote or the withholding of his vote -

Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one

year, or both; and if the violation was willful, shall be fined

under this title or imprisoned not more than two years, or both.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 721; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147; Pub. L.

104-294, title VI, Sec. 601(a)(12), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3498.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on sections 250, 252, of title 2, U.S.C., 1940 ed., The

Congress (Feb. 28, 1925, ch. 368, title III, Sec. 311, 314, 43

Stat. 1073, 1074).

This section consolidates the provisions of sections 250 and 252

of title 2, U.S.C., 1940 ed., The Congress.

Reference to persons causing or procuring was omitted as

unnecessary in view of definition of ''principal'' in section 2 of

this title.

The punishment provisions of section 252 of title 2, U.S.C., 1940

ed., The Congress, were incorporated at end of section upon

authority of reference in such section making them applicable to

this section.

Words ''or both'' were added to conform to the almost universal

formula of the punishment provisions of this title.

Changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-294 substituted ''shall be fined under this

title'' for ''shall be fined not more than $10,000'' in last par.

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''shall be fined under this

title'' for ''shall be fined not more than $1,000'' in last par.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 598 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 598. Coercion by means of relief appropriations

-STATUTE-

Whoever uses any part of any appropriation made by Congress for

work relief, relief, or for increasing employment by providing

loans and grants for public-works projects, or exercises or

administers any authority conferred by any Appropriation Act for

the purpose of interfering with, restraining, or coercing any

individual in the exercise of his right to vote at any election,

shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one

year, or both.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 721; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 61f, 61g (Aug. 2, 1939,

11:50 a.m., E.S.T., ch. 410. Sec. 7, 8, 53 Stat. 1148).

This section consolidates sections 61f and 61g of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed., with changes of phraseology necessary to effect

consolidation.

The punishment provision was derived from section 61g of title

18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., which, by reference, was made applicable to

this section.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $1,000''.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 599 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 599. Promise of appointment by candidate

-STATUTE-

Whoever, being a candidate, directly or indirectly promises or

pledges the appointment, or the use of his influence or support for

the appointment of any person to any public or private position or

employment, for the purpose of procuring support in his candidacy

shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one

year, or both; and if the violation was willful, shall be fined

under this title or imprisoned not more than two years, or both.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 721; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), (L), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on sections 249, 252, of title 2, U.S.C., 1940 ed., The

Congress (Feb. 28, 1925, ch. 368, title III, Sec. 310, 314, 43

Stat. 1073, 1074).

This section consolidates the provisions of sections 249 and 252

of title 2, U.S.C., 1940 ed., The Congress, with changes in

arrangement and phraseology necessary to effect consolidation.

Words ''or both'' were added to conform to the almost universal

formula of the punishment provisions of this title.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $1,000'' after ''candidacy shall be'' and for

''fined not more than $10,000'' after ''willful, shall be''.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 600 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 600. Promise of employment or other benefit for political

activity

-STATUTE-

Whoever, directly or indirectly, promises any employment,

position, compensation, contract, appointment, or other benefit,

provided for or made possible in whole or in part by any Act of

Congress, or any special consideration in obtaining any such

benefit, to any person as consideration, favor, or reward for any

political activity or for the support of or opposition to any

candidate or any political party in connection with any general or

special election to any political office, or in connection with any

primary election or political convention or caucus held to select

candidates for any political office, shall be fined under this

title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 721; Pub. L. 92-225, title II,

Sec. 202, Feb. 7, 1972, 86 Stat. 9; Pub. L. 94-453, Sec. 3, Oct. 2,

1976, 90 Stat. 1517; Pub. L. 103-322, title XXXIII, Sec.

330016(1)(L), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 61b, 61g (Aug. 2, 1939,

11:50 a.m., E.S.T., ch. 410, Sec. 3, 8, 53 Stat. 1147, 1148).

This section consolidates sections 61b and 61g of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed.

Minor changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $10,000''.

1976 - Pub. L. 94-453 substituted $10,000 for $1,000 maximum

allowable fine.

1972 - Pub. L. 92-225 struck out ''work,'' after ''position,'',

inserted ''contract, appointment,'' after ''compensation,'' and

''or any special consideration in obtaining any such benefit,''

after ''Act of Congress,'', and substituted ''in connection with

any general or special election to any political office, or in

connection with any primary election or political convention or

caucus held to select candidates for any political office'' for

''in any election''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1972 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 92-225 effective Dec. 31, 1971, or sixty

days after date of enactment (Feb. 7, 1972), whichever is later,

see section 408 of Pub. L. 92-225, set out as an Effective Date

note under section 431 of Title 2, The Congress.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 601 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 601. Deprivation of employment or other benefit for political

contribution

-STATUTE-

(a) Whoever, directly or indirectly, knowingly causes or attempts

to cause any person to make a contribution of a thing of value

(including services) for the benefit of any candidate or any

political party, by means of the denial or deprivation, or the

threat of the denial or deprivation, of -

(1) any employment, position, or work in or for any agency or

other entity of the Government of the United States, a State, or

a political subdivision of a State, or any compensation or

benefit of such employment, position, or work; or

(2) any payment or benefit of a program of the United States, a

State, or a political subdivision of a State;

if such employment, position, work, compensation, payment, or

benefit is provided for or made possible in whole or in part by an

Act of Congress, shall be fined under this title, or imprisoned not

more than one year, or both.

(b) As used in this section -

(1) the term ''candidate'' means an individual who seeks

nomination for election, or election, to Federal, State, or local

office, whether or not such individual is elected, and, for

purposes of this paragraph, an individual shall be deemed to seek

nomination for election, or election, to Federal, State, or local

office, if he has (A) taken the action necessary under the law of

a State to qualify himself for nomination for election, or

election, or (B) received contributions or made expenditures, or

has given his consent for any other person to receive

contributions or make expenditures, with a view to bringing about

his nomination for election, or election, to such office;

(2) the term ''election'' means (A) a general, special primary,

or runoff election, (B) a convention or caucus of a political

party held to nominate a candidate, (C) a primary election held

for the selection of delegates to a nominating convention of a

political party, (D) a primary election held for the expression

of a preference for the nomination of persons for election to the

office of President, and (E) the election of delegates to a

constitutional convention for proposing amendments to the

Constitution of the United States or of any State; and

(3) the term ''State'' means a State of the United States, the

District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any

territory or possession of the United States.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 721; Pub. L. 94-453, Sec. 1, Oct.

2, 1976, 90 Stat. 1516; Pub. L. 103-322, title XXXIII, Sec.

330016(1)(L), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 61c, 61g (Aug. 2, 1939,

11:50 a.m., E.S.T., ch. 410, Sec. 4, 8, 53 Stat. 1147, 1148).

This section consolidates sections 61c and 61g of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed.

The words ''except as required by law'' were used as sufficient

to cover the reference to the exception made to the provisions of

subsection (b), section 61h of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., which

expressly prescribes the circumstances under which a person may be

lawfully deprived of his employment and compensation therefor.

Changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under

this title'' for ''fined not more than $10,000'' in concluding

provisions.

1976 - Pub. L. 94-453 struck out provisions relating to

deprivations based upon race, creed, and color which are now set

out in section 246 of this title, replaced term ''political

activity'' with more precise terms and definitions, and raised the

amount of maximum fine from $1,000 to $10,000.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 602 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 602. Solicitation of political contributions

-STATUTE-

(a) It shall be unlawful for -

(1) a candidate for the Congress;

(2) an individual elected to or serving in the office of

Senator or Representative in, or Delegate or Resident

Commissioner to, the Congress;

(3) an officer or employee of the United States or any

department or agency thereof; or

(4) a person receiving any salary or compensation for services

from money derived from the Treasury of the United States; to

knowingly solicit any contribution within the meaning of section

301(8) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 from any

other such officer, employee, or person. Any person who violates

this section shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not

more than 3 years, or both.

(b) The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to any

activity of an employee (as defined in section 7322(1) of title 5)

or any individual employed in or under the United States Postal

Service or the Postal Rate Commission, unless that activity is

prohibited by section 7323 or 7324 of such title.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 722; Pub. L. 96-187, title II,

Sec. 201(a)(3), Jan. 8, 1980, 93 Stat. 1367; Pub. L. 103-94, Sec.

4(a), Oct. 6, 1993, 107 Stat. 1004; Pub. L. 103-322, title XXXIII,

Sec. 330016(1)(K), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 208, 212 (Mar. 4, 1909,

ch. 321, Sec. 118, 122, 35 Stat. 1110; Feb. 28, 1925, ch. 368, Sec.

312, 43 Stat. 1073).

This section consolidates sections 208 and 212 of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed.

This section, like section 201 of this title, was expanded to

embrace all officers or persons acting on behalf of any independent

agencies or Government-owned or controlled corporations by

inserting words ''or any department or agency thereof.'' (See

definitive section 6 of this title.)

The punishment provision was taken from section 212 of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed., which, by reference, made the punishment

applicable to the crime described in this section.

Changes were made in phraseology.

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 301(8) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971,

referred to in subsec. (a)(4), is classified to section 431(8) of

Title 2, The Congress.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322, which directed the amendment of this

section by substituting ''under this title'' for ''not more than

$5,000'', could not be executed because the phrase ''not more than

$5,000'' does not appear in text. See 1993 Amendment note below.

1993 - Pub. L. 103-94 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a), substituted ''; to knowingly solicit any contribution within

the meaning of section 301(8) of the Federal Election Campaign Act

of 1971 from any other such officer, employee, or person. Any

person who violates this section shall be fined under this title or

imprisoned not more than 3 years, or both'' for ''to knowingly

solicit, any contribution within the meaning of section 301(8) of

the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 from any other such

officer, employee, or person. Any person who violates this section

shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than

three years, or both'' in par. (4), and added subsec. (b).

1980 - Pub. L. 96-187 amended section generally to conform its

terms to revision of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 by

title I of Pub. L. 96-187.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1993 AMENDMENT; SAVINGS PROVISION

Amendment by Pub. L. 103-94 effective 120 days after Oct. 6,

1993, but not to release or extinguish any penalty, forfeiture, or

liability incurred under amended provision, which is to be treated

as remaining in force for purpose of sustaining any proper

proceeding or action for enforcement of that penalty, forfeiture,

or liability, and no provision of Pub. L. 103-94 to affect any

proceedings with respect to which charges were filed on or before

120 days after Oct. 6, 1993, with orders to be issued in such

proceedings and appeals taken therefrom as if Pub. L. 103-94 had

not been enacted, see section 12 of Pub. L. 103-94, set out as an

Effective Date; Savings Provision note under section 7321 of Title

5, Government Organization and Employees.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-187 effective Jan. 8, 1980, see section

301(a) of Pub. L. 96-187, set out as a note under section 431 of

Title 2, The Congress.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 606 of this title; title 5

section 3374.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 603 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 603. Making political contributions

-STATUTE-

(a) It shall be unlawful for an officer or employee of the United

States or any department or agency thereof, or a person receiving

any salary or compensation for services from money derived from the

Treasury of the United States, to make any contribution within the

meaning of section 301(8) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of

1971 to any other such officer, employee or person or to any

Senator or Representative in, or Delegate or Resident Commissioner

to, the Congress, if the person receiving such contribution is the

employer or employing authority of the person making the

contribution. Any person who violates this section shall be fined

under this title or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.

(b) For purposes of this section, a contribution to an authorized

committee as defined in section 302(e)(1) of the Federal Election

Campaign Act of 1971 shall be considered a contribution to the

individual who has authorized such committee.

(c) The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to any

activity of an employee (as defined in section 7322(1) of title 5)

or any individual employed in or under the United States Postal

Service or the Postal Rate Commission, unless that activity is

prohibited by section 7323 or 7324 of such title.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 722; Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, Sec.

20(b), 65 Stat. 718; Pub. L. 96-187, title II, Sec. 201(a)(4), Jan.

8, 1980, 93 Stat. 1367; Pub. L. 103-94, Sec. 4(b), Oct. 6, 1993,

107 Stat. 1005; Pub. L. 103-322, title XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(K),

Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 209, 212 (Mar. 4, 1909,

ch. 321, Sec. 119, 122, 35 Stat. 1110).

This section consolidates sections 209 and 212 of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed., without change of substance.

To eliminate ambiguity resulting from use of identical words in

reference ''officer or employee of the United States mentioned in

section 208 of this title'' as those appearing in section 208 of

title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., now section 602 of this title, words

''person mentioned in section 602 of this title'' were inserted.

Words ''from any such person'' were inserted after ''purpose'',

so as to make it clear that the section does not embrace State

employees in its provisions. Some Federal agencies are located in

State buildings occupied by State employees.

The punishment provision was derived from section 212 of title

18, U.S.C., 1940 ed. (See reviser's note under section 602 of this

title.)

Minor changes were made in phraseology.

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 301(8) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971,

referred to in subsec. (a), is classified to section 431(8) of

Title 2, The Congress.

Section 302(e)(1) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971,

referred to in subsec. (b), is classified to section 432(e)(1) of

Title 2.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under

this title'' for ''fined not more than $5,000''.

1993 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103-94 added subsec. (c).

1980 - Pub. L. 96-187 substituted provisions relating to the

making of political contributions for provisions relating to the

place of solicitation. See section 607 of this title.

1951 - Act Oct. 31, 1951, struck out ''from any such person''

after ''purpose''.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1993 AMENDMENT; SAVINGS PROVISION

Amendment by Pub. L. 103-94 effective 120 days after Oct. 6,

1993, but not to release or extinguish any penalty, forfeiture, or

liability incurred under amended provision, which is to be treated

as remaining in force for purpose of sustaining any proper

proceeding or action for enforcement of that penalty, forfeiture,

or liability, and no provision of Pub. L. 103-94 to affect any

proceedings with respect to which charges were filed on or before

120 days after Oct. 6, 1993, with orders to be issued in such

proceedings and appeals taken therefrom as if Pub. L. 103-94 had

not been enacted, see section 12 of Pub. L. 103-94, set out as an

Effective Date; Savings Provision note under section 7321 of Title

5, Government Organization and Employees.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENT

Amended by Pub. L. 96-187 effective Jan. 8, 1980, see section

301(a) of Pub. L. 96-187, set out as a note under section 431 of

Title 2, The Congress.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 5 sections 3374, 3704.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 604 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 604. Solicitation from persons on relief

-STATUTE-

Whoever solicits or receives or is in any manner concerned in

soliciting or receiving any assessment, subscription, or

contribution for any political purpose from any person known by him

to be entitled to, or receiving compensation, employment, or other

benefit provided for or made possible by any Act of Congress

appropriating funds for work relief or relief purposes, shall be

fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or

both.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 722; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 61d, 61g (Aug. 2, 1939,

11:50 a.m., E.S.T., ch. 410, Sec. 5, 8, 53 Stat. 1148).

This section consolidates sections 61d and 61g of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed.

Minor changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $1,000''.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 605 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 605. Disclosure of names of persons on relief

-STATUTE-

Whoever, for political purposes, furnishes or discloses any list

or names of persons receiving compensation, employment or benefits

provided for or made possible by any Act of Congress appropriating,

or authorizing the appropriation of funds for work relief or relief

purposes, to a political candidate, committee, campaign manager, or

to any person for delivery to a political candidate, committee, or

campaign manager; and

Whoever receives any such list or names for political purposes -

Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one

year, or both.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 722; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 61e, 61g (Aug. 2, 1939,

11:50 a.m., E.S.T., ch. 410, Sec. 6, 8, 53 Stat. 1148).

This section consolidates sections 61e and 61g of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed.

Reference to persons aiding or assisting, contained in words ''or

to aid or assist in furnishing or disclosing'' was omitted as

unnecessary as such persons are made principals by section 2 of

this title.

Changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $1,000''.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 606 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 606. Intimidation to secure political contributions

-STATUTE-

Whoever, being one of the officers or employees of the United

States mentioned in section 602 of this title, discharges, or

promotes, or degrades, or in any manner changes the official rank

or compensation of any other officer or employee, or promises or

threatens so to do, for giving or withholding or neglecting to make

any contribution of money or other valuable thing for any political

purpose, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more

than three years, or both.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 722; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(K), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 210, 212 (Mar. 4, 1909,

ch. 321, Sec. 120, 122, 35 Stat. 1110).

This section consolidates sections 210 and 212 of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed.

Changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $5,000''.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 5 sections 3374, 3704.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 607 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 607. Place of solicitation

-STATUTE-

(a) Prohibition. -

(1) In general. - It shall be unlawful for any person to

solicit or receive a donation of money or other thing of value in

connection with a Federal, State, or local election from a person

who is located in a room or building occupied in the discharge of

official duties by an officer or employee of the United States.

It shall be unlawful for an individual who is an officer or

employee of the Federal Government, including the President, Vice

President, and Members of Congress, to solicit or receive a

donation of money or other thing of value in connection with a

Federal, State, or local election, while in any room or building

occupied in the discharge of official duties by an officer or

employee of the United States, from any person.

(2) Penalty. - A person who violates this section shall be

fined not more than $5,000, imprisoned not more than 3 years, or

both.

(b) The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to the

receipt of contributions by persons on the staff of a Senator or

Representative in, or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, the

Congress or Executive Office of the President, provided, that such

contributions have not been solicited in any manner which directs

the contributor to mail or deliver a contribution to any room,

building, or other facility referred to in subsection (a), and

provided that such contributions are transferred within seven days

of receipt to a political committee within the meaning of section

302(e) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 722; Pub. L. 96-187, title II,

Sec. 201(a)(5), Jan. 8, 1980, 93 Stat. 1367; Pub. L. 103-322, title

XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(K), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147; Pub. L.

107-155, title III, Sec. 302, Mar. 27, 2002, 116 Stat. 96.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 211, 212 (Mar. 4, 1909,

ch. 321, Sec. 121, 122, 35 Stat. 1110).

This section consolidates sections 211 and 212 of title 18,

U.S.C., 1940 ed.

This section was expanded to embrace all officers or persons

acting on behalf of any independent agencies or Government-owned or

controlled corporations by inserting words ''or any department or

agency thereof.'' (See definitive section 6, and reviser's note

under section 201 of this title.)

Changes were made in phraseology.

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 302(e) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971,

referred to in subsec. (b), is classified to section 432(e) of

Title 2.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-155, Sec. 302(1), added subsec.

(a) and struck out former subsec. (a) which read as follows: ''It

shall be unlawful for any person to solicit or receive any

contribution within the meaning of section 301(8) of the Federal

Election Campaign Act of 1971 in any room or building occupied in

the discharge of official duties by any person mentioned in section

603, or in any navy yard, fort, or arsenal. Any person who

violates this section shall be fined under this title or imprisoned

not more than three years, or both.''

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107-155, Sec. 302(2), inserted ''or

Executive Office of the President'' after ''Congress''.

1994 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103-322 substituted ''fined under

this title'' for ''fined not more than $5,000''.

1980 - Pub. L. 96-187 substituted provisions relating to the

place of solicitation for provisions relating to the making of

political contributions.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2002 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 107-155 effective Nov. 6, 2002, see section

402 of Pub. L. 107-155, set out as an Effective Date of 2002

Amendment; Regulations note under section 431 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 96-187 effective Jan. 8, 1980, see section

301(a) of Pub. L. 96-187, set out as a note under section 431 of

Title 2, The Congress.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in title 5 sections 3374, 3704.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 608 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 608. Absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters

-STATUTE-

(a) Whoever knowingly deprives or attempts to deprive any person

of a right under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee

Voting Act shall be fined in accordance with this title or

imprisoned not more than five years, or both.

(b) Whoever knowingly gives false information for the purpose of

establishing the eligibility of any person to register or vote

under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act, or

pays or offers to pay, or accepts payment for registering or voting

under such Act shall be fined in accordance with this title or

imprisoned not more than five years, or both.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 99-410, title II, Sec. 202(a), Aug. 28, 1986, 100

Stat. 929.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act, referred

to in text, is Pub. L. 99-410, Aug. 28, 1986, 100 Stat. 924, as

amended, which is classified principally to subchapter I-G (Sec.

1973ff et seq.) of chapter 20 of Title 42, The Public Health and

Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see

Short Title of 1986 Amendment note set out under section 1971 of

Title 42 and Tables.

-MISC2-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 608, acts June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 723;

Feb. 7, 1972, Pub. L. 92-225, title II, Sec. 203, 86 Stat. 9; Oct.

15, 1974, Pub. L. 93-443, title I, Sec. 101(a), (b), 88 Stat. 1263,

1266, set limitations on campaign contributions and expenditures,

prior to repeal by Pub. L. 94-283, title II, Sec. 201(a), May 11,

1976, 90 Stat. 496. See section 441a of Title 2, The Congress.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section applicable with respect to elections taking place after

Dec. 31, 1987, see section 204 of Pub. L. 99-410, set out as a note

under section 1973ff of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 609 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 609. Use of military authority to influence vote of member of

Armed Forces

-STATUTE-

Whoever, being a commissioned, noncommissioned, warrant, or petty

officer of an Armed Force, uses military authority to influence the

vote of a member of the Armed Forces or to require a member of the

Armed Forces to march to a polling place, or attempts to do so,

shall be fined in accordance with this title or imprisoned not more

than five years, or both. Nothing in this section shall prohibit

free discussion of political issues or candidates for public

office.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 99-410, title II, Sec. 202(a), Aug. 28, 1986, 100

Stat. 929.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 609, act June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 723,

prescribed maximum contributions and expenditures limitation of

$3,000,000 for any calendar year, prior to repeal by Pub. L.

92-225, title II, Sec. 204, Feb. 7, 1972, 86 Stat. 10, effective

sixty days after Feb. 7, 1972.

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section applicable with respect to elections taking place after

Dec. 31, 1987, see section 204 of Pub. L. 99-410, set out as a note

under section 1973ff of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 610 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 610. Coercion of political activity

-STATUTE-

It shall be unlawful for any person to intimidate, threaten,

command, or coerce, or attempt to intimidate, threaten, command, or

coerce, any employee of the Federal Government as defined in

section 7322(1) of title 5, United States Code, to engage in, or

not to engage in, any political activity, including, but not

limited to, voting or refusing to vote for any candidate or measure

in any election, making or refusing to make any political

contribution, or working or refusing to work on behalf of any

candidate. Any person who violates this section shall be fined

under this title or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 103-94, Sec. 4(c)(1), Oct. 6, 1993, 107 Stat. 1005;

amended Pub. L. 104-294, title VI, Sec. 601(a)(1), Oct. 11, 1996,

110 Stat. 3497.)

-MISC1-

PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 610, acts June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 723;

May 24, 1949, ch. 139, Sec. 10, 63 Stat. 90; Oct. 31, 1951, ch.

655, Sec. 20(c), 65 Stat. 718; Feb. 7, 1972, Pub. L. 92-225, title

II, Sec. 205, 86 Stat. 10; Oct. 15, 1974, Pub. L. 93-443, title I,

Sec. 101(e)(1), 88 Stat. 1267, prohibited campaign contributions or

expenditures by national banks, corporations, and labor

organizations, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 94-283, title II, Sec.

201(a), May 11, 1976, 90 Stat. 496. See section 441b of Title 2,

The Congress.

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-294 substituted ''fined under this title'' for

''fined not more than $5,000''.

EFFECTIVE DATE; SAVINGS PROVISION

Section effective 120 days after Oct. 6, 1993, and no provision

of Pub. L. 103-94 to affect any proceedings with respect to which

charges were filed on or before 120 days after Oct. 6, 1993, with

orders to be issued in such proceedings and appeals taken therefrom

as if Pub. L. 103-94 had not been enacted, see section 12 of Pub.

L. 103-94, set out as a note under section 7321 of Title 5,

Government Organization and Employees.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 611 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

Sec. 611. Voting by aliens

-STATUTE-

(a) It shall be unlawful for any alien to vote in any election

held solely or in part for the purpose of electing a candidate for

the office of President, Vice President, Presidential elector,

Member of the Senate, Member of the House of Representatives,

Delegate from the District of Columbia, or Resident Commissioner,

unless -

(1) the election is held partly for some other purpose;

(2) aliens are authorized to vote for such other purpose under

a State constitution or statute or a local ordinance; and

(3) voting for such other purpose is conducted independently of

voting for a candidate for such Federal offices, in such a manner

that an alien has the opportunity to vote for such other purpose,

but not an opportunity to vote for a candidate for any one or

more of such Federal offices.

(b) Any person who violates this section shall be fined under

this title, imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

(c) Subsection (a) does not apply to an alien if -

(1) each natural parent of the alien (or, in the case of an

adopted alien, each adoptive parent of the alien) is or was a

citizen (whether by birth or naturalization);

(2) the alien permanently resided in the United States prior to

attaining the age of 16; and

(3) the alien reasonably believed at the time of voting in

violation of such subsection that he or she was a citizen of the

United States.

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(Added Pub. L. 104-208, div. C, title II, Sec. 216(a), Sept. 30,

1996, 110 Stat. 3009-572; amended Pub. L. 106-395, title II, Sec.

201(d)(1), Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1635.)

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PRIOR PROVISIONS

A prior section 611, acts June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 724;

Feb. 7, 1972, Pub. L. 92-225, title II, Sec. 206, 86 Stat. 10; Oct.

15, 1974, Pub. L. 93-443, title I, Sec. 101(e)(2), 103, 88 Stat.

1267, 1272, prohibited campaign contributions by government

contractors, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 94-283, title II, Sec.

201(a), May 11, 1976, 90 Stat. 496. See section 441c of Title 2,

The Congress.

AMENDMENTS

2000 - Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106-395 added subsec. (c).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2000 AMENDMENT

Pub. L. 106-395, title II, Sec. 201(d)(3), Oct. 30, 2000, 114

Stat. 1636, provided that: ''The amendment made by paragraph (1)

(amending this section) shall be effective as if included in the

enactment of section 216 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and

Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-208; 110 Stat.

3009-572). The amendment made by paragraph (2) (amending section

1015 of this title) shall be effective as if included in the

enactment of section 215 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and

Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-208; 110 Stat.

3009-572). The amendments made by paragraphs (1) and (2) shall

apply to an alien prosecuted on or after September 30, 1996, except

in the case of an alien whose criminal proceeding (including

judicial review thereof) has been finally concluded before the date

of the enactment of this Act (Oct. 30, 2000).''

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 612 to 617 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 29 - ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES

-HEAD-

(Sec. 612 to 617. Repealed. Pub. L. 94-283, title II, Sec. 201(a),

May 11, 1976, 90 Stat. 496)

-MISC1-

Section 612, acts June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 724; Aug. 25,

1950, ch. 784, Sec. 2, 64 Stat. 475; Aug. 12, 1970, Pub. L. 91-375,

Sec. 6(j)(7), 84 Stat. 777, regulated publication and distribution

of political statements. See section 441d of Title 2, The

Congress.

Section 613, added Pub. L. 89-486, Sec. 8(a), July 4, 1966, 80

Stat. 248; amended Pub. L. 93-443, title I, Sec. 101(d)(1)-(3),

(4)(A), (e)(3), Oct. 15, 1974, 88 Stat. 1267, prohibited campaign

contributions by foreign nationals. See section 441e of Title 2,

The Congress.

Section 614, added Pub. L. 93-443, title I, Sec. 101(f)(1), Oct.

15, 1974, 88 Stat. 1268, prohibited making of campaign

contributions in the name of another. See section 441f of Title 2,

The Congress.

Section 615, added Pub. L. 93-443, title I, Sec. 101(f)(1), Oct.

15, 1974, 88 Stat. 1268, placed limitations on contributions of

currency. See section 441g of Title 2, The Congress.

Section 616, added Pub. L. 93-443, title I, Sec. 101(f)(1), Oct.

15, 1974, 88 Stat. 1268, prohibited acceptance of excessive

honorariums. See section 441i of Title 2, The Congress.

Section 617, added Pub. L. 93-443, title I, Sec. 101(f)(1), Oct.

15, 1974, 88 Stat. 1268, prohibited fraudulent misrepresentation of

campaign authority. See section 441h of Title 2, The Congress.

SAVINGS PROVISION

Repeal by Pub. L. 94-283 not to release or extinguish any

penalty, forfeiture, or liability incurred under such sections,

with each section to be treated as remaining in force for the

purpose of sustaining any proper action or prosecution for the

enforcement of any penalty, forfeiture, or liability, see section

114 of Pub. L. 94-283, set out as a note under section 441 of Title

2, The Congress.

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