US (United States) Code. Title 18. Chapter 26: Criminal street gangs

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Crimes and criminal procedure

  • Enviado por: El remitente no desea revelar su nombre
  • Idioma: inglés
  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
  • 3 páginas
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18 USC CHAPTER 26 - CRIMINAL STREET GANGS 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 26 - CRIMINAL STREET GANGS

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CHAPTER 26 - CRIMINAL STREET GANGS

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Sec.

521. Criminal street gangs.

AMENDMENTS

1996 - Pub. L. 104-294, title VI, Sec. 604(a)(2), Oct. 11, 1996,

110 Stat. 3506, added chapter analysis.

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18 USC Sec. 521 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I - CRIMES

CHAPTER 26 - CRIMINAL STREET GANGS

-HEAD-

Sec. 521. Criminal street gangs

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(a) Definitions. -

''conviction'' includes a finding, under State or Federal law,

that a person has committed an act of juvenile delinquency

involving a violent or controlled substances felony.

''criminal street gang'' means an ongoing group, club,

organization, or association of 5 or more persons -

(A) that has as 1 of its primary purposes the commission of 1

or more of the criminal offenses described in subsection (c);

(B) the members of which engage, or have engaged within the

past 5 years, in a continuing series of offenses described in

subsection (c); and

(C) the activities of which affect interstate or foreign

commerce.

''State'' means a State of the United States, the District of

Columbia, and any commonwealth, territory, or possession of the

United States.

(b) Penalty. - The sentence of a person convicted of an offense

described in subsection (c) shall be increased by up to 10 years if

the offense is committed under the circumstances described in

subsection (d).

(c) Offenses. - The offenses described in this section are -

(1) a Federal felony involving a controlled substance (as

defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21

U.S.C. 802)) for which the maximum penalty is not less than 5

years;

(2) a Federal felony crime of violence that has as an element

the use or attempted use of physical force against the person of

another; and

(3) a conspiracy to commit an offense described in paragraph

(1) or (2).

(d) Circumstances. - The circumstances described in this section

are that the offense described in subsection (c) was committed by a

person who -

(1) participates in a criminal street gang with knowledge that

its members engage in or have engaged in a continuing series of

offenses described in subsection (c);

(2) intends to promote or further the felonious activities of

the criminal street gang or maintain or increase his or her

position in the gang; and

(3) has been convicted within the past 5 years for -

(A) an offense described in subsection (c);

(B) a State offense -

(i) involving a controlled substance (as defined in section

102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802)) for

which the maximum penalty is not less than 5 years'

imprisonment; or

(ii) that is a felony crime of violence that has as an

element the use or attempted use of physical force against

the person of another;

(C) any Federal or State felony offense that by its nature

involves a substantial risk that physical force against the

person of another may be used in the course of committing the

offense; or

(D) a conspiracy to commit an offense described in

subparagraph (A), (B), or (C).

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 103-322, title XV, Sec. 150001(a), Sept. 13, 1994,

108 Stat. 2034; amended Pub. L. 104-294, title VI, Sec. 607(q),

Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3513; Pub. L. 107-273, div. B, title IV,

Sec. 4002(b)(3), Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1807.)

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AMENDMENTS

2002 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-273 realigned margins of par.

defining ''State''.

1996 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104-294 inserted par. defining

''State'' at end.

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