US (United States) Code. Title 18. Chapter 205: Searches and seizures

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Crimes and criminal procedure

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-CITE-

18 USC CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-MISC1-

Sec.

3101. Effect of rules of court - Rule.

3102. Authority to issue search warrant - Rule.

3103. Grounds for issuing search warrant - Rule.

3103a. Additional grounds for issuing warrant.

3104. Issuance of search warrant; contents - Rule.

3105. Persons authorized to serve search warrant.

3106. Officer authorized to serve search warrant - Rule.

3107. Service of warrants and seizures by Federal Bureau of

Investigation.

3108. Execution, service, and return - Rule.

3109. Breaking doors or windows for entry or exit.

3110. Property defined - Rule.

3111. Property seizable on search warrant - Rule.

(3112. Repealed.)

3113. Liquor violations in Indian country.

3114. Return of seized property and suppression of evidence; motion

- Rule.

3115. Inventory upon execution and return of search warrant - Rule.

3116. Records of examining magistrate judge; return to clerk of

court - Rule.

3117. Mobile tracking devices.

3118. Implied consent for certain tests.

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Pub. L. 90-351 enacted section 3103a of this title as part of

chapter 204, and Pub. L. 90-462, Sec. 3, Aug. 8, 1968, 82 Stat.

638, corrected the chapter designation from 204 to 205.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

1990 - Pub. L. 101-647, title XXXV, Sec. 3573(d), Nov. 29, 1990,

104 Stat. 4929, struck out item 3112 ''Search warrants for seizure

of animals, birds, or eggs'' and renumbered item 3117, ''Implied

consent for certain tests'', as 3118.

1988 - Pub. L. 100-690, title VI, Sec. 6477(b)(2), Nov. 18, 1988,

102 Stat. 4381, added item 3117 ''Implied consent for certain

tests''.

1986 - Pub. L. 99-508, title I, Sec. 108(b), Oct. 21, 1986, 100

Stat. 1858, added item 3117 ''Mobile tracking devices''.

1968 - Pub. L. 90-351, title IX, Sec. 1401(b), June 19, 1968, 82

Stat. 238, added item 3103a.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Words ''magistrate judge'' substituted for ''magistrate'' in item

3116 pursuant to section 321 of Pub. L. 101-650, set out as a note

under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

-SECREF-

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in title 26 section 7302.

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18 USC Sec. 3101 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3101. Effect of rules of court - (Rule)

-STATUTE-

SEE FEDERAL RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Rules generally applicable throughout United States, Rule 54.

Acts of Congress superseded, Rule 41(g).

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 819.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rule 41(g), referred to in text, was relettered 41(h) by 1972

amendment eff. Oct. 1, 1972.

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18 USC Sec. 3102 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3102. Authority to issue search warrant - (Rule)

-STATUTE-

SEE FEDERAL RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Federal, State or Territorial Judges, or U.S. magistrate judges

authorized to issue search warrants, Rule 41(a).

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 819; Pub. L. 90-578, title III,

Sec. 301(a)(4), Oct. 17, 1968, 82 Stat. 1115; Pub. L. 101-650,

title III, Sec. 321, Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5117.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1968 - Pub. L. 90-578 substituted ''magistrates'' for

''Commissioners''.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

''U.S. magistrate judges'' substituted for ''U.S. magistrates''

in text pursuant to section 321 of Pub. L. 101-650, set out as a

note under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial

Procedure.

-MISC4-

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1968 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 90-578 effective Oct. 17, 1968, except when

a later effective date is applicable, which is the earlier of date

when implementation of amendment by appointment of magistrates (now

United States magistrate judges) and assumption of office takes

place or third anniversary of enactment of Pub. L. 90-578 on Oct.

17, 1968, see section 403 of Pub. L. 90-578, set out as a note

under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

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18 USC Sec. 3103 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3103. Grounds for issuing search warrant - (Rule)

-STATUTE-

SEE FEDERAL RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Grounds prescribed for issuance of search warrant, Rule 41(b).

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 819.)

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 3103a of this title.

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18 USC Sec. 3103a 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3103a. Additional grounds for issuing warrant

-STATUTE-

(a) In General. - In addition to the grounds for issuing a

warrant in section 3103 of this title, a warrant may be issued to

search for and seize any property that constitutes evidence of a

criminal offense in violation of the laws of the United States.

(b) Delay. - With respect to the issuance of any warrant or court

order under this section, or any other rule of law, to search for

and seize any property or material that constitutes evidence of a

criminal offense in violation of the laws of the United States, any

notice required, or that may be required, to be given may be

delayed if -

(1) the court finds reasonable cause to believe that providing

immediate notification of the execution of the warrant may have

an adverse result (as defined in section 2705);

(2) the warrant prohibits the seizure of any tangible property,

any wire or electronic communication (as defined in section

2510), or, except as expressly provided in chapter 121, any

stored wire or electronic information, except where the court

finds reasonable necessity for the seizure; and

(3) the warrant provides for the giving of such notice within a

reasonable period of its execution, which period may thereafter

be extended by the court for good cause shown.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 90-351, title IX, Sec. 1401(a), June 19, 1968, 82

Stat. 238; amended Pub. L. 107-56, title II, Sec. 213, Oct. 26,

2001, 115 Stat. 285.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Pub. L. 90-351 enacted section 3103a of this title as part of

chapter 204, and Pub. L. 90-462, Sec. 3, Aug. 8, 1968, 82 Stat.

638, corrected the chapter designation from 204 to 205.

-MISC3-

AMENDMENTS

2001 - Pub. L. 107-56 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a), inserted heading, and added subsec. (b).

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18 USC Sec. 3104 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3104. Issuance of search warrant; contents - (Rule)

-STATUTE-

SEE FEDERAL RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Issuance of search warrant on affidavit; contents to identify

persons or place; command to search forthwith, Rule 41(c).

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 819.)

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18 USC Sec. 3105 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3105. Persons authorized to serve search warrant

-STATUTE-

A search warrant may in all cases be served by any of the

officers mentioned in its direction or by an officer authorized by

law to serve such warrant, but by no other person, except in aid of

the officer on his requiring it, he being present and acting in its

execution.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 819.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 617 (June 15, 1917, ch.

30, title XI, Sec. 7, 40 Stat. 229).

Minor change was made in phraseology.

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18 USC Sec. 3106 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3106. Officer authorized to serve search warrant - (Rule)

-STATUTE-

SEE FEDERAL RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Officer to whom search warrant shall be directed, Rule 41(c).

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 819.)

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18 USC Sec. 3107 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3107. Service of warrants and seizures by Federal Bureau of

Investigation

-STATUTE-

The Director, Associate Director, Assistant to the Director,

Assistant Directors, agents, and inspectors of the Federal Bureau

of Investigation of the Department of Justice are empowered to make

seizures under warrant for violation of the laws of the United

States.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 819; Jan. 10, 1951, ch. 1221,

Sec. 2, 64 Stat. 1239.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on section 300a of title 5, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Executive

Departments and Government Officers and Employees (June 18, 1934,

ch. 595, 48 Stat. 1008; Mar. 22, 1935, ch. 39, title II, 49 Stat.

77).

Section 300a of title 5, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Executive Departments

and Government Officers and Employees, was used as the basis for

this section and section 3052 of this title.

AMENDMENTS

1951 - Act Jan. 10, 1951, included within its provisions the

Associate Director and the Assistant to the Director.

-TRANS-

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

Functions of all other officers of Department of Justice and

functions of all agencies and employees of such Department, with a

few exceptions, transferred to Attorney General, with power vested

in him to authorize their performance or performance of any of his

functions by any of such officers, agencies, and employees, by

Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1950, Sec. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R.

3173, 64 Stat. 1261, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government

Organization and Employees.

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18 USC Sec. 3108 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3108. Execution, service, and return - (Rule)

-STATUTE-

SEE FEDERAL RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Method and time for execution, service and return of search

warrant, Rule 41(c), (d).

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 819.)

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 3109 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3109. Breaking doors or windows for entry or exit

-STATUTE-

The officer may break open any outer or inner door or window of a

house, or any part of a house, or anything therein, to execute a

search warrant, if, after notice of his authority and purpose, he

is refused admittance or when necessary to liberate himself or a

person aiding him in the execution of the warrant.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 820.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Sec. 618, 619 (June 15,

1917, ch. 30, title XI, Sec. 8, 9, 40 Stat. 229).

Said sections 618 and 619 were consolidated with minor changes in

phraseology but without change of substance.

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18 USC Sec. 3110 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3110. Property defined - (Rule)

-STATUTE-

SEE FEDERAL RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Term ''property'' as used in Rule 41 includes documents, books,

papers and any other tangible objects, Rule 41(g).

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 820.)

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rule 41(g), referred to in text, was redesignated 41(h) by 1972

amendment eff. Oct. 1, 1972.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 3111 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3111. Property seizable on search warrant - (Rule)

-STATUTE-

SEE FEDERAL RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Specified property seizable on search warrant, Rule 41(b).

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 820.)

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 3112 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

(Sec. 3112. Repealed. Pub. L. 97-79, Sec. 9(b)(3), Nov. 16, 1981,

95 Stat. 1079)

-MISC1-

Section, acts June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 820; Dec. 5, 1969,

Pub. L. 91-135, Sec. 7(c), 83 Stat. 281; Nov. 8, 1978, Pub. L.

95-616, Sec. 3(j)(1), 92 Stat. 3112, provided for issuance of

search warrants for seizure of animals, birds, and eggs. See

section 3375 of Title 16, Conservation.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 3113 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3113. Liquor violations in Indian country

-STATUTE-

If any superintendent of Indian affairs, or commanding officer of

a military post, or special agent of the Office of Indian Affairs

for the suppression of liquor traffic among Indians and in the

Indian country and any authorized deputies under his supervision

has probable cause to believe that any person is about to introduce

or has introduced any spirituous liquor, beer, wine or other

intoxicating liquors named in sections 1154 and 1156 of this title

into the Indian country in violation of law, he may cause the

places, conveyances, and packages of such person to be searched.

If any such intoxicating liquor is found therein, the same,

together with such conveyances and packages of such person, shall

be seized and delivered to the proper officer, and shall be

proceeded against by libel in the proper court, and forfeited,

one-half to the informer and one-half to the use of the United

States. If such person be a trader, his license shall be revoked

and his bond put in suit.

Any person in the service of the United States authorized by this

section to make searches and seizures, or any Indian may take and

destroy any ardent spirits or wine found in the Indian country,

except such as are kept or used for scientific, sacramental,

medicinal, or mechanical purposes or such as may be introduced

therein by the Department of the Army.

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 820; Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, Sec.

30, 65 Stat. 721; Pub. L. 103-322, title XXXIII, Sec. 330004(15),

Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2142.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Based on sections 246, 248, 252 of title 25, U.S.C., 1940 ed.,

Indians (R.S. Sec. 2140; Mar. 1, 1907, ch. 2285, 34 Stat. 1017; May

18, 1916, ch. 125, Sec. 1, 39 Stat. 124).

Said sections 246, 248, and 252 were consolidated. References to

Indian agent and subagent were deleted since those positions no

longer exist. See section 64 of title 25, U.S.C., 1940 ed.,

Indians, and notes thereunder.

Words ''except such as are kept or used for scientific,

sacramental, medicinal or mechanical purposes'' were inserted. See

reviser's note under section 1154 of this title.

Words ''conveyances and packages'' were substituted for the

enumeration, ''boats, teams, wagons and sleds * * * and goods,

packages and peltries.''

Minor changes were made in phraseology.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 struck out last par. which read as

follows: ''In all cases arising under this section and sections

1154 and 1156 of this title, Indians shall be competent

witnesses.''

1951 - Act Oct. 31, 1951, substituted ''Department of the Army''

for ''War Department'' in second par.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 1161, 3670 of this title.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 3114 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3114. Return of seized property and suppression of evidence;

motion - (Rule)

-STATUTE-

SEE FEDERAL RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Return of property and suppression of evidence upon motion, Rule

41(e).

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 820.)

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 3115 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3115. Inventory upon execution and return of search warrant -

(Rule)

-STATUTE-

SEE FEDERAL RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Inventory of property seized under search warrant and copies to

persons affected, Rule 41(d).

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 820.)

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 3116 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3116. Records of examining magistrate judge; return to clerk

of court - (Rule)

-STATUTE-

SEE FEDERAL RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Magistrate judges and clerks of court to keep records as

prescribed by Director of the Administrative Office of the United

States Courts, Rule 55.

Return or filing of records with clerk, Rule 41(f).

-SOURCE-

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 821; Pub. L. 90-578, title III,

Sec. 301(a)(4), Oct. 17, 1968, 82 Stat. 1115; Pub. L. 101-650,

title III, Sec. 321, Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5117.)

-MISC1-

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

Section 627 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., relating to the filing

of search warrants and companion papers, was omitted as unnecessary

in view of Rule 41(f) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure.

-REFTEXT-

REFERENCES IN TEXT

Rule 41(f), referred to in text, was redesignated 41(g) by 1972

amendment eff. Oct. 1, 1972.

-MISC2-

AMENDMENTS

1968 - Pub. L. 90-578 substituted ''Magistrates'' for

''Commissioners''.

-CHANGE-

CHANGE OF NAME

Words ''magistrate judge'' substituted for ''magistrate'' in

section catchline and ''Magistrate judges'' substituted for

''Magistrates'' in text pursuant to section 321 of Pub. L. 101-650,

set out as a note under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary and

Judicial Procedure.

-MISC4-

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1968 AMENDMENT

Amendment by Pub. L. 90-578 effective Oct. 17, 1968, except when

a later effective date is applicable, which is the earlier of date

when implementation of amendment by appointment of magistrates (now

United States magistrate judges) and assumption of office takes

place or third anniversary of enactment of Pub. L. 90-578 on Oct.

17, 1968, see section 403 of Pub. L. 90-578, set out as a note

under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 3117 01/06/03

-EXPCITE-

TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3117. Mobile tracking devices

-STATUTE-

(a) In General. - If a court is empowered to issue a warrant or

other order for the installation of a mobile tracking device, such

order may authorize the use of that device within the jurisdiction

of the court, and outside that jurisdiction if the device is

installed in that jurisdiction.

(b) Definition. - As used in this section, the term ''tracking

device'' means an electronic or mechanical device which permits the

tracking of the movement of a person or object.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 99-508, title I, Sec. 108(a), Oct. 21, 1986, 100

Stat. 1858.)

-COD-

CODIFICATION

Another section 3117 was renumbered section 3118 of this title.

-MISC3-

EFFECTIVE DATE

Section effective 90 days after Oct. 21, 1986, and, in case of

conduct pursuant to court order or extension, applicable only with

respect to court orders and extensions made after such date, with

special rule for State authorizations of interceptions, see section

111 of Pub. L. 99-508, set out as an Effective Date of 1986

Amendment note under section 2510 of this title.

-SECREF-

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 2510 of this title.

-CITE-

18 USC Sec. 3118 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 205 - SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

-HEAD-

Sec. 3118. Implied consent for certain tests

-STATUTE-

(a) Consent. - Whoever operates a motor vehicle in the special

maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States consents

thereby to a chemical test or tests of such person's blood, breath,

or urine, if arrested for any offense arising from such person's

driving while under the influence of a drug or alcohol in such

jurisdiction. The test or tests shall be administered upon the

request of a police officer having reasonable grounds to believe

the person arrested to have been driving a motor vehicle upon the

special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States

while under the influence of drugs or alcohol in violation of the

laws of a State, territory, possession, or district.

(b) Effect of Refusal. - Whoever, having consented to a test or

tests by reason of subsection (a), refuses to submit to such a test

or tests, after having first been advised of the consequences of

such a refusal, shall be denied the privilege of operating a motor

vehicle upon the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of

the United States during the period of a year commencing on the

date of arrest upon which such test or tests was refused, and such

refusal may be admitted into evidence in any case arising from such

person's driving while under the influence of a drug or alcohol in

such jurisdiction. Any person who operates a motor vehicle in the

special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States

after having been denied such privilege under this subsection shall

be treated for the purposes of any civil or criminal proceedings

arising out of such operation as operating such vehicle without a

license to do so.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 100-690, title VI, Sec. 6477(b)(1), Nov. 18, 1988,

102 Stat. 4381, Sec. 3117; renumbered Sec. 3118, Pub. L. 101-647,

title XXXV, Sec. 3574, Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4929.)

-MISC1-

AMENDMENTS

1990 - Pub. L. 101-647 renumbered second section 3117 of this

title as this section.

-CITE-