US (United States) Code. Title 18. Chapter 204: Rewards for information concerning terrorist acts and espionage

Codificación normativa de EEUU (Estados Unidos) Legislación Federal estadounidense # Crimes and criminal procedure

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  • País: Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
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publicidad

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18 USC CHAPTER 204 - REWARDS FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING

TERRORIST ACTS AND ESPIONAGE 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 204 - REWARDS FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING TERRORIST ACTS AND

ESPIONAGE

.

-HEAD-

CHAPTER 204 - REWARDS FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING TERRORIST ACTS AND

ESPIONAGE

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Sec.

3071. Information for which rewards authorized.

3072. Determination of entitlement; maximum amount; Presidential

approval; conclusiveness.

3073. Protection of identity.

3074. Exception of governmental officials.

3075. Authorization for appropriations. (FOOTNOTE 1)

(FOOTNOTE 1) Section repealed by Pub. L. 107-273 without

corresponding amendment of chapter analysis.

3076. Eligibility for witness security program.

3077. Definitions.

AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-359, title VIII, Sec. 803(c)(2), Oct. 14,

1994, 108 Stat. 3439, inserted ''AND ESPIONAGE'' after ''TERRORIST

ACTS'' in chapter heading.

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CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This chapter is referred to in title 22 section 5512.

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18 USC Sec. 3071 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 204 - REWARDS FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING TERRORIST ACTS AND

ESPIONAGE

-HEAD-

Sec. 3071. Information for which rewards authorized

-STATUTE-

(a) With respect to acts of terrorism primarily within the

territorial jurisdiction of the United States, the Attorney General

may reward any individual who furnishes information -

(1) leading to the arrest or conviction, in any country, of any

individual or individuals for the commission of an act of

terrorism against a United States person or United States

property; or

(2) leading to the arrest or conviction, in any country, of any

individual or individuals for conspiring or attempting to commit

an act of terrorism against a United States person or property;

or

(3) leading to the prevention, frustration, or favorable

resolution of an act of terrorism against a United States person

or property.

(b) With respect to acts of espionage involving or directed at

the United States, the Attorney General may reward any individual

who furnishes information -

(1) leading to the arrest or conviction, in any country, of any

individual or individuals for commission of an act of espionage

against the United States;

(2) leading to the arrest or conviction, in any country, of any

individual or individuals for conspiring or attempting to commit

an act of espionage against the United States; or

(3) leading to the prevention or frustration of an act of

espionage against the United States.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 98-533, title I, Sec. 101(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98

Stat. 2706; amended Pub. L. 103-359, title VIII, Sec. 803(a), Oct.

14, 1994, 108 Stat. 3438.)

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AMENDMENTS

1994 - Pub. L. 103-359 designated existing provisions as subsec.

(a) and added subsec. (b).

SHORT TITLE

Section 1 of Pub. L. 98-533 provided that: ''This Act (enacting

this chapter and section 2708 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and

Intercourse, amending sections 2669, 2678 and 2704 of Title 22,

enacting provisions set out as a note under section 5928 of Title

5, Government Organization and Employees and amending provisions

set out as a note under section 2651 of Title 22) may be cited as

the '1984 Act to Combat International Terrorism'.''

ATTORNEY GENERAL'S AUTHORITY TO PAY REWARDS TO COMBAT TERRORISM

Pub. L. 107-56, title V, Sec. 501, Oct. 26, 2001, 115 Stat. 363,

which provided that funds available to Attorney General could be

used for payment of rewards to combat terrorism and defend Nation

against terrorist acts, in accordance with procedures and

regulations established or issued by Attorney General, and set

forth conditions in making such rewards, was repealed by Pub. L.

107-273, div. A, title III, Sec. 301(c)(1), Nov. 2, 2002, 116

Stat. 1781.

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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in sections 3072, 3074 of this title.

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18 USC Sec. 3072 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 204 - REWARDS FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING TERRORIST ACTS AND

ESPIONAGE

-HEAD-

Sec. 3072. Determination of entitlement; maximum amount;

Presidential approval; conclusiveness

-STATUTE-

The Attorney General shall determine whether an individual

furnishing information described in section 3071 is entitled to a

reward and the amount to be paid.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 98-533, title I, Sec. 101(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98

Stat. 2707; amended Pub. L. 107-273, div. A, title III, Sec.

301(c)(2), Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1781.)

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AMENDMENTS

2002 - Pub. L. 107-273, which directed amendment of section 3072

of chapter 203, was executed to this section, which is in chapter

204, by striking out at end ''A reward under this section may be in

an amount not to exceed $500,000. A reward of $100,000 or more may

not be made without the approval of the President or the Attorney

General personally. A determination made by the Attorney General

or the President under this chapter shall be final and conclusive,

and no court shall have power or jurisdiction to review it.''

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18 USC Sec. 3073 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 204 - REWARDS FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING TERRORIST ACTS AND

ESPIONAGE

-HEAD-

Sec. 3073. Protection of identity

-STATUTE-

Any reward granted under this chapter shall be certified for

payment by the Attorney General. If it is determined that the

identity of the recipient of a reward or of the members of the

recipient's immediate family must be protected, the Attorney

General may take such measures in connection with the payment of

the reward as deemed necessary to effect such protection.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 98-533, title I, Sec. 101(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98

Stat. 2707.)

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18 USC Sec. 3074 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 204 - REWARDS FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING TERRORIST ACTS AND

ESPIONAGE

-HEAD-

Sec. 3074. Exception of governmental officials

-STATUTE-

No officer or employee of any governmental entity who, while in

the performance of his or her official duties, furnishes the

information described in section 3071 shall be eligible for any

monetary reward under this chapter.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 98-533, title I, Sec. 101(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98

Stat. 2707.)

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18 USC Sec. 3075 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 204 - REWARDS FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING TERRORIST ACTS AND

ESPIONAGE

-HEAD-

(Sec. 3075. Repealed. Pub. L. 107-273, div. A, title III, Sec.

301(c)(2), Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1781)

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Section, added Pub. L. 98-533, title I, Sec. 101(a), Oct. 19,

1984, 98 Stat. 2707, authorized appropriations for the purpose of

this chapter.

Pub. L. 107-273, which directed the repeal of section 3075 of

chapter 203, was executed to this section which is in chapter 204.

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18 USC Sec. 3076 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 204 - REWARDS FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING TERRORIST ACTS AND

ESPIONAGE

-HEAD-

Sec. 3076. Eligibility for witness security program

-STATUTE-

Any individual (and the immediate family of such individual) who

furnishes information which would justify a reward by the Attorney

General under this chapter or by the Secretary of State under

section 36 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956

may, in the discretion of the Attorney General, participate in the

Attorney General's witness security program authorized under

chapter 224 of this title.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 98-533, title I, Sec. 101(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98

Stat. 2707; amended Pub. L. 99-646, Sec. 45, Nov. 10, 1986, 100

Stat. 3601.)

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REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 36 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956,

referred to in text, is classified to section 2708 of Title 22,

Foreign Relations and Intercourse.

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AMENDMENTS

1986 - Pub. L. 99-646 substituted ''chapter 224 of this title''

for ''title V of the Organized Crime Control Act of 1970''.

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18 USC Sec. 3077 01/06/03

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TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART II - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CHAPTER 204 - REWARDS FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING TERRORIST ACTS AND

ESPIONAGE

-HEAD-

Sec. 3077. Definitions

-STATUTE-

As used in this chapter, the term -

(1) ''act of terrorism'' means an act of domestic or

international terrorism as defined in section 2331;

(2) ''United States person'' means -

(A) a national of the United States as defined in section

101(a)(22) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C.

1101(a)(22));

(B) an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the

United States as defined in section 101(a)(20) of the

Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(20));

(C) any person within the United States;

(D) any employee or contractor of the United States

Government, regardless of nationality, who is the victim or

intended victim of an act of terrorism by virtue of that

employment;

(E) a sole proprietorship, partnership, company, or

association composed principally of nationals or permanent

resident aliens of the United States; and

(F) a corporation organized under the laws of the United

States, any State, the District of Columbia, or any territory

or possession of the United States, and a foreign subsidiary of

such corporation;

(3) ''United States property'' means any real or personal

property which is within the United States or, if outside the

United States, the actual or beneficial ownership of which rests

in a United States person or any Federal or State governmental

entity of the United States;

(4) ''United States'', when used in a geographical sense,

includes Puerto Rico and all territories and possessions of the

United States;

(5) ''State'' includes any State of the United States, the

District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any

other possession or territory of the United States;

(6) ''government entity'' includes the Government of the United

States, any State or political subdivision thereof, any foreign

country, and any state, provincial, municipal, or other political

subdivision of a foreign country;

(7) ''Attorney General'' means the Attorney General of the

United States or that official designated by the Attorney General

to perform the Attorney General's responsibilities under this

chapter; and

(8) ''act of espionage'' means an activity that is a violation

of -

(A) section 793, 794, or 798 of this title; or

(B) section 4 of the Subversive Activities Control Act of

1950.

-SOURCE-

(Added Pub. L. 98-533, title I, Sec. 101(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98

Stat. 2707; amended Pub. L. 100-690, title VII, Sec. 7051, Nov. 18,

1988, 102 Stat. 4401; Pub. L. 101-647, title XXXV, Sec. 3572, Nov.

29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4929; Pub. L. 103-322, title XXXIII, Sec.

330021(1), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2150; Pub. L. 103-359, title

VIII, Sec. 803(b), Oct. 14, 1994, 108 Stat. 3439; Pub. L. 104-294,

title VI, Sec. 605(g), Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3510; Pub. L.

107-56, title VIII, Sec. 802(b), Oct. 26, 2001, 115 Stat. 376.)

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REFERENCES IN TEXT

Section 4 of the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950,

referred to in par. (8)(B), is classified to section 783 of Title

50, War and National Defense.

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AMENDMENTS

2001 - Par. (1). Pub. L. 107-56 amended par. (1) generally.

Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows: '' 'act of terrorism'

means an activity that -

''(A) involves a violent act or an act dangerous to human life

that is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or

of any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed

within the jurisdiction of the United States or of any State; and

''(B) appears to be intended -

''(i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;

''(ii) to influence the policy of a government by

intimidation or coercion; or

''(iii) to affect the conduct of a government by

assassination or kidnapping;''.

1996 - Par. (8)(A). Pub. L. 104-294 substituted ''this title''

for ''title 18, United States Code''.

1994 - Par. (1)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 103-322 substituted

''kidnapping'' for ''kidnaping''.

Par. (8). Pub. L. 103-359 added par. (8).

1990 - Pub. L. 101-647 substituted a semicolon for a period at

end of pars. (1) to (3), moved the comma from before the close

quotation mark to after that mark in par. (4), substituted a

semicolon for a period at end of par. (5), and substituted '';

and'' for period at end of par. (6).

1988 - Par. (4). Pub. L. 100-690 amended par. (4) generally.

Prior to amendment, par. (4) read as follows: '' 'United States' -

''(A) when used in a geographical sense, includes Puerto Rico

and all territories and possessions of the United States; and

''(B) when used in the context of section 3073 shall have the

meaning given to it in the Immigration and Nationality Act (8

U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).''

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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

This section is referred to in section 1957 of this title; title

49 section 44941.

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